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Clean Auto Repair for Students


									        Rick Neves
      Environmental Specialist
Hazardous Waste Management Section
 Bureau of Solid & Hazardous Waste
       Clean Car Care
 Hazardous  Items of Concern
 General Items of Concern
 Do-It-Yourselfers (DIYers)
 P2 Strategies and Products
 Environmentally Friendly Auto-Shops
 “Green” fees
      P2: Pollution Prevention
 Steps taken to ELIMINATE or REDUCE
 pollutants at the SOURCE rather than at
 the point of release
  –   to protect human health and the

4    R’s
    Pollution Prevention in Car
 Cars are a metal box filled with hazardous
 There are few opportunities for the average
  home owner to reduce the used of hazardous
  materials in the operation and maintenance of
  their vehicle
 The best strategy is to be an environmentally
  aware consumer and follow the 4 Rs
             The Four R’s
 Refuse (to buy hazardous items or
 things that you don’t need)

 Reduce    (what you do buy)

 Re-use   (as long as possible)

 Recycle   (LAST OPTION)
It isn’t pollution that’s harming the
environment. It’s the impurities in our air and
water that are doing it.
(Vice President Dan Quayle)

Sure, it’s going to kill a lot of people, but they
may be dying of something else anyway.
(Othal Brand, member of a Texas pesticide review board, on
Hazardous Items of Concern:
 Gasoline
 Oil & Oil Filters
 Wash Water
 Refrigerants
 Brakes
 Tires
 Lead Acid Batteries
 Engine Coolant
 Solvent Based Cleaners
 Body Work
Problem: Toxic, ignitable
 Use the proper fuel
 Practice proper driving technique
 Maintain air pollution control devices
 Avoid/clean-up spills
 Old gasoline or contaminant = HHW
                Oil & Oil Filters

Problem: Toxic, leaching, landfill capacity

 Used Oil includes engine oil as well as
  transmission, brake and hydraulic fluids
 Maintain proper levels for engine efficiency
 Recycle used oil and filters
  –   call 1-800-741-4337 (4DEP) for site nearest you
              Wash Water
Problem: Conservation/Pollution
 Wash on permeable surface (water you
  lawn rather than create runoff)
 Use flow restriction device (nozzle)
 Use no-phosphate cleaners
 Use elbow grease
 (A study by the Minnesota Extension service showed
 that any cleaner, including plain water, was an
 effective cleaner, given enough brush strokes)
 Problem:   Landfill space/stability/fire
 Maintain proper pressure to ensure
  engine efficiency and tire life
 Practice proper driving technique
 Are specifically banned from landfill
 $1 fee assessed on new tires
       Lead Acid Batteries
Problem: Lead (toxic)
           Sulfuric Acid (Corrosive)
 Fluid levels/maintenance free
 Are specifically banned from landfill
 $1 fee assessed on new batteries
 Recyclable
          Engine Coolant
Problem: Ethylene Glycol is mildly toxic
 Maybe be hazardous due to
  contamination (heavy metals)
 Should be professionally serviced
 Maintain coolant system hoses and
 Can be recycled
 Switch to “green” coolants
Refrigerants (Air Conditioning)

Problem: Ozone depletion
 Illegal to vent CFC’s (Freon, R-12)
 Only certified technicians can purchase
 R-134a replacement/upgrade
 Beware unapproved replacements
  (GHG, FRIGC, OZ-12)
 Should be professionally serviced
 May  contain asbestos (health hazard:
 Practice proper driving technique to
  minimize brake use
 Avoid hazardous brake cleaners
 Brake fluid is used oil (recyclable)
          Solvent Cleaners
Problem: Toxic, corrosive, ignitable

 Avoid using chlorinated solvents
 Clean only as needed
 Use elbow grease
 “Green” cleaners (citrus based or
  microbial cleaners)
               Body Work

 almost   all materials are hazardous

 Professional   service
   General Items of Concern

 Recyclables    (metal, glass, plastic,

 Sorbent   (kitty litter)

 Rags
 Metal, glass, plastic, paper,
     are highly recyclable
 Clean, segregate
 cans
  –   empty
  –   do not puncture
 Good    housekeeping

 Drip   pans

 Rags
 Reduce   paper consumption

 Wash   and re-use
 Educate  yourself
 Follow the 4 R’s
 Practice good housekeeping
 Shop around for safe alternatives
 Ensure proper management of waste
  P2 Strategies and Products
 Practice   4 R’s

 Non-hazardous      alternatives
  – elbow grease
  – citrus based compounds (terpene)
  – microbial cleaners
  – see “How To Be An Environmentally Aware
    Consumer” at end of handout section
    Enviro- Friendly Auto Shops
 Evaluate as you would a restaurant
 Check cleanliness
 Do the operators seem knowledgeable?
    –   employees’ behavior (clean, organized)
    –   P2 activities
 Can they back up what they claim in writing?
 Are they forthcoming (answer your questions)?
 Check local authorities (Better Business Bureau)
 Ask questions (neighbors, other customers)
             “Green” Fees
 Proper   management is expensive

 Cost   is passed on to consumer

 State   vs. Business charges
      State Fees vs. Business
 State     fees (clearly identified on bill)
  –   state sales tax

  –   tire fee ($1 per tire on retail purchase)
       •   NOT retreads

  –   battery fee (1$ on retail purchase)
       •   operator obligated to accept old battery
       •   added to purchase of vehicle
           Business Charges
        has to pay for proper
 Operator
 management of all wastes

 Two    typical charge schedules
  –   per item fee
  –   percentage of total bill

 MUST     be separate from state fees on
Rick Neves, MS 4555
2600 Blair Stone Road
Tallahassee, FL 32399-2400


FDEP Web Page:
“Nature gave men two ends - one to sit on
and one to think with. Ever since then,
man’s success or failure has depended on
the one he used the most.”

(George R. Krikpatrick)

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