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The Trial of Socrates

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					The Trial of
 Socrates
I. Athenian Justice System
A. Any citizen could accuse another
B. Trial verdict decided by 500
   all-male jurors over age of 30
C. Held in the Agora
   (marketplace/civic center
II. The Charges
A. Refusal to recognize the gods of
   the city
1. Denied that gods could behave
   immorally
2. Skipped religious festivals
3. Argued against silly rituals
B. Following his own “gods”

1. Always claimed an inner voice
 from the gods spoke to him and
 guided him

             Socrates…
             Cover your
              nipples
C. “corrupting the youth”
1. How to argue and win…even if
   wrong
2. Reject the establishment and
   think for yourself
3. Former student became an evil
   tyrant
III.   Other annoying qualities
       (according to athenians)
A. Seen as arrogant eye-roller
   out to ridicule the dumb
B. A homosexual relationship
   with the son of one of his
   accusers
            Socrates, does this
          Toga make me look fat?

                No. You look
                 Ravishing.
C. Ridiculed Athenian democracy
“…[Socrates argued that no one]
 would choose a pilot or a builder
 or a flautist by lot, nor any other
 craftsman for work in which
 mistakes are far less dangerous
 than mistakes in statecraft. Such
 sayings, his accuser argued, led the
 young to despise the established
 constitution and made them
 violent.”
                     -Xenophon
IV. Socrates javelins himself in the foot

   A. Socrates expected and
      possibly wanted to die
   B. Offers to pay fine (1/5 wealth)
      but refuses to change his ways
   C. arrogant during the trial
Chaerephon, as you know, was very
impetuous in all his doings, and he
went to Delphi and boldly asked the
oracle to tell him whether, as I was
saying, I must beg you not to interrupt,
he asked the oracle to tell him
whether any one was wiser than I was,
and the prophetess answered that
there was no man wiser.

               Plato’s Apology
Men of Athens, do not
interrupt, but hear me; there
was an understanding between
us that you should hear me to
the end: I have something more
to say, at which you may be
inclined to cry out; but I believe
that to hear me will be good for
you, and therefore I beg that
you will not cry out.

               Plato’s Apology
I would have you know, that if
you kill such an one as I am, you
will injure yourselves more
than you will injure me. Nothing
will injure me, not Meletus nor
yet Anytus, they cannot, for a
bad man is not permitted to
injure a better than himself.

               Plato’s Apology
And now, Athenians, I am not going
to argue for my own sake, as you
may think, but for that you may not
sin against the God by condemning
me, who am his gift to you. For if
you kill me you will not easily find
a successor to me…. [I] am a sort
of gadfly, given to the state by
God; and the state is a great and
noble steed who is tardy in his
motions owing to his very size, and
requires to be stirred into life.

                 Plato’s Apology
V. The Sentencing
A. Guilty: 280-220
B. he suggests a penalty: They
   should call him a hero and give
   him a free lunch for a year like
   they do for Olympic champions
C. They sentence him to death:
   330-170

				
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posted:8/10/2011
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