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					       2011
HILL VIEW FARMS




    A CATABOOK OF

“PROVEN PRODUCTS
      FOR THE
    DISCRIMINATING



HORSE AND RIDER”

    www.hillviewfarms.com
                                                  THE FACTS
 A P RODUCT CATALOGUE AND REVIEW OF: P ROVEN P RODUCTS FOR HORSE AND RIDER
Hill View Farms is a small family business and we we pride ourselves on prompt, friendly, and knowledgeable
customer service. If you have any questions or concerns about your order or a product please feel free to call. Any
member of our staff can assist you. If you prefer to communicate via email, please do. Our mission is to provide
only the very best products, all of which have been thoroughly field-tested and we welcome any input. Cata-
books: Call or email if you would like a one for yourself or a friend. Order: by phone, mail, email, or fax. In
order to avoid mistakes, your invoice may be emailed to you for confirmation before shipping. This is especially
true if you email your order instead of using the forms provided. Payments Accepted: VISA, Master Card,
Discover, check, cashier check, money order or wire . A 2% discount for cash and check payments is available -
ask when ordering. Returns: Items for return or exchange must be in new and unused condition, with their original
packaging. A re-stocking fee or refusal of return may occur if these requirements are not met. Some items may be
offered to repair rather than exchange – based on mfg., recommendations. Any item returned beyond 30 days will
not be accepted. Any items returned in a “used” condition will not be accepted. For all custom orders there is no
return unless it was found to be a mistake made by Hill View Farms ®. Once a return is received in house a credit
will be issued within 48 hours or on the next business day. All returns are to be sent to our SHIP TO address. Returns
not sent to this address will take 10 days longer to process. All returns must be made within 30 days of purchase and
must be accompanied by the receipt or a copy of. Shipping charges are non-refundable. It’s recommended to use
an insured and trackable shipping company (UPS, FEDEX or USPS Insured). Purchases paid by check must be
refunded by check. Credit card purchases must be refunded to the same credit card used for payment. If you are
unable to provide a copy of the CC #, the credit will be applied toward future purchases. We are not able to look
up accounts other than yours to determine purchase history. Sales are FINAL and non-refundable on clearance and
deep discounted products items so please make sure you have the right size & color. Shipping: Will be by UPS
ground and US post, allow up to 5 business days for delivery. If you would like us to ship your order by other means,
just call we will make those arrangements. Special and Custom Orders: If we do not have the exact item that
you need, we may be able to order it for you. If it is not an item that we normally stock, we will require an advance
deposit. Otherwise, you will not be charged for any item until it is being shipped. Many of the products are made
exclusively for Hill View Farms which maybe customized for little to no charge. For other custom orders, there will
be no returns unless item is found to be defective or a mistake by hill view farms. Pricing: All prices and
availability are subject to change without notice. Sizing Information: We know how hard it can be to figure out
sizing not only for your own clothing, but also for the wide variety of clothing and equipment for your horse. That
is why our staff is available to help you. We have customers all over the world and so have devised creative ways
for measuring all kinds of things “from a distance”. Saddle and Strap Goods Repair and Custom Work: We
are happy to offer repair services for your saddles and strap goods. Please give us a call regarding these services.
Saddle Trials: We understand how hard it can be to find the right saddle for you and your horse. Accordingly, we
do allow a trial period and provide written guidelines for you to follow to help you care for the saddles while they
are in your possession. Before we ship a saddle to you, we ask that you call us. We have knowledgeable and qualified
staff members available to answer any fitting questions that you might have. You have 30 days after receiving the
saddle to “trial” and check the fit. Please remember the saddle must be protected during riding and be kept in the
condition it was shipped to you in case you need to return or exchange it. Payment for the price of the saddle,
shipping and sales tax (if applicable) are required before shipment. Do, wrap your leathers in plastic or a tube sock,
Don’t wear your tall boots or chaps-they might mark the saddle, Always use a pad to prevent sweat marks and do
not oil or clean the saddle unless you plan to buy it. Saddle Orders: To order you must call in so that your order
can be customized for you and your horse. Orders placed require a 50% deposit. Once the saddle is completed
payment in full is required within 30 days or your deposit returned, less any custom charges. Lay-a-way: Will
require 25% down with the balance due prior to shipment. A 10% charge will be assessed on lay-a-way orders
canceled or returned within the time period for money back. 50% will be assessed on custom ordered items. Lay-
a-way items must be paid for within one year, if not it will become the property of hill view farms and monies paid
will be returned less the assessment. Out of Stock /Back Orders: Items will be ordered and shipped when
received from the vendor. We’ll keep in touch with you to let you know the status of your order. Gift
Certificates: For the hard to shop we offer gift certificates available in any denomination. Gift certificates are
valid for one year after the purchase date. Privacy and Security: We collect customer information through our
web site and retail store. We use this information to process orders, enhance your shopping experience, and
communicate with you about our products, services, and promotions. Please be assured that we will not sell any
customer information to outside parties under any circumstances. Bad Check/Credit policy: If we receive a bad
check or are told “the check is in the mail” when it isn’t, bad credit card or someone has product not paid for, the
person’s name, city and state will be listed on the web site until the debt is paid. Product Warrantees: If one is
provided , extend to the manufacturer only. Hill View Farms ® sells retail and is NOT liable for any defective or
warrantee product made by any manufacturer other than the HVF brand that Hill View Farms ® manufacture
themselves. All warrantees from any manufacturer are limited to the original purchase price of the product and to
the original purchaser who must have a copy of the original receipt for the item in question. Wholesale: Hill View
Farms ®distributes ToeStoppers, Evolutionary Saddles, etc. nationally for re-sale, call for information.
Appointments: There is no charge for appointments / consultations made. However, due to the extreme
demand on our time and the needs of other waiting customers, appointments made with Hill View Farms ® / Cathy
Sheets Tauer must be confirmed by a credit card. Appointments cancelled or rescheduled within 24 hours to avoid
the Non-refundable $50.00 no show fee. Disclaimer: We have done our best to accurately portray the products
listed. Contact us if there is something that is not correct so that it can be corrected. The photo’s used in on the
website and Catabook are of our horses, all whom have been imprinted and desensitized from birth. We are
professionals; do not try to duplicate any of the stunts shown without properly training your horse or using the
proper safety equipment such as helmets, vests, stirrups and foot ware. The purpose of the website and catabook
is to further educate and entertain. The producer Cathy Sheets Tauer and Hill View Farms ® LLC disclaim
responsibility or liability directly or indirectly in regard to any loss or damage incurred as the result of this
information.
                      Hill View Farms® LLC “Proven Products for Horse and Rider”
                                                             INDEX


       We do the field-testing so you don’t have to, because we are consumers just like you!


Acknowledgment.........................................................................................................3
Bags..............................................................................................................................5
Bits ..............................................................................................................................7
Blankets.......................................................................................................................9
Books, Cards & Videos ..........................................................................................10
Breast Collars...........................................................................................................11
Cart by Ranch Handler............................................................................................12
Clothing......................................................................................................................13
Girths..........................................................................................................................21
Grooming....................................................................................................................23
Hardware & Rigging: (Barn, trailer, tanks, fencing & camping)...................................26
Handy Tips/Knots.....................................................................................................50
Headstalls..................................................................................................................38
Horse Boots .............................................................................................................41
Horse Camping - Things to consider.....................................................................42
Horse Camping Pack List...........................................................Inside Back Cover
Order Form...............................................................................................................77
Pads............................................................................................................................47
Questions..................................................................................................................127
Recipes for Camping........................................................................................63 - 83
Saddes - Evolutionary Saddles ™..........................................................................98
Saddling Basics and Palpation.................................................................................90
Saddle & Tack Care.................................................................................................51
Saddle - The history of the flexible panel.............................................................124
Saddle - In search of; A trainers perspective.......................................................122
Safety..........................................................................................................................53
Stall Flooring - Stall Skins & Mats....................................................................36-37
Stirrups.......................................................................................................................57
Treasures: (Gifts, cooking, decore, camping, & unique hard to find items)..............59 & 85
Vaccination Form......................................................................................................76
Where We’ve Been ...............................................................................................151
     Throughout this catalogue you will see products being tested, exhibited and
    demonstrated by the Tauer family, as well as guest appearances by our horses.




           Family horse                            We fish too

Saddles are tipped up to dry




                      Only Kelly                Next ...

Don’s Team




2
                      PROVEN PRODUCTS FOR HORSE AND RIDER


We,Hill View Farms® LLC are devoted to putting the Horse First and providing the best service possible.
We are a family business, so we have wonderful prices because of our low overhead. We give our
customers the individual service that is so important.
   Cathy Sheets Tauer has been involved with horses since 1965 and the Tauer family has been riding
Delrin system saddles since 1994. In 1996 they decided to share their knowledge and experiences with
others by providing products that they themselves use and have thoroughly tested for at least one year.
Cathy has a B.S. degree with honors in Animal Science (1982), ESMT Certification (Equine Sports
Massage Therapy) from Equissage™ . Cathy is a member of both the International Association of Equine
Massage Sports Therapists and the Minnesota Horse Council. She worked in corporate sales and
marketing for over a decade, and has ridden and trained horses all of her life. Cathy was schooled abroad
and at home in hunt seat, equitation, dressage, western, and English pleasure, and saddle-seat style of
riding; she has gamed and has, along with her family, participated in endurance and competitive riding.
Don and Cathy Tauer have raised three girls and over a dozen horses out on the trail. Cathy spends nearly
every weekend from April through November on the trail and during this season she can be found riding
and camping with friends and family (when they can join her), logging in anywhere from 20 to 100 miles
of real horseback riding each week/weekend. The family owns, ride, train and breed both gaited and non-
gaited horses and love each and every one of their “babies” as if they were family.
  This passion, along with Cathy’s quest for perfection, has led to the development of countless products
specifically designed for the horse and rider. To date there is no one person who comes close to the miles
ridden using the various types of panel system saddles or who has sold and fit as many panel saddles as
Cathy has. Who else better to know what does and does not work? Because of this wealth of experience,
Hill View Farms® / Tauer Manufacturing is now producing its own line of saddles and tack. So advanced
and perfect is this system that Hill View Farms® offers an unconditional 30-day money back customer
and horse satisfaction guarantee. So whatever the discipline, every Evolutionary Saddle ™ is equipped
with the Delrin® System X flexible panel. This orthopedic flexible panel has revolutionized saddlery as
we know it by bending and flexing with the horse allowing true freedom of movement. Besides the
saddles, we carry an array of accessories - all unique and not easily found elsewhere. All of our products
are field tested with 1000 miles of annual riding and horse camping. We then select and sell only the best
products with the best warranties in the business. Everything we carry is on display yearly at the
Minnesota Horse Exposition and at our shop in Springfield, MN. This facility offers an expanded retail
store, a show room for the Brenderup Horse trailers, manufacturing and assembly rooms for our line of
saddles and tack and lastly a state-of-the-art fitting room for horses complete with stalls. We would be
delighted to serve you and the needs of your horse. Just call for an appointment or to ask any questions
you might have. We will be happy to answer them all. In our Cata-book or on our web site, you will find
information and products to enjoy and to share with others.
  Our mission is to find and carry products from those manufacture that provide the quality and service
that we ourselves expect. Together, the employees of Hill View Farms® along with the Tauer family are
dedicated to making a difference within the equine industry.
Sincerely,
Hill View Farms
“Helping one customer at a time”




 1535 W Central St, Springfield, MN 56087 Store Phone: 507-276-8571 Order Line: 507-723-5937          3
                                                        Two “yearlings”



                             Weaning time
              “Stuart” sleeping




                                    Yummy




      “Lassy” a mini                  Riding in Costa Rica
Done Riding + A Hot Day + Water
                                           Age 19 & 15 they wear helmets!
  Tank + Teenage girls = RELAX




                                               Bag training




How our girls (age 6 & 10) rode when we
were not looking. A bail string at best.
4
                                                 B AGS

Snugpax Slimline: This Codura® pommel pack fits both western and
English saddles. Sharon and I worked to make these pommel packs
perfect! The pack, with a fleece bottom, has straps and strings all over
so it will attach to any saddle. Two zippered pouches on each side 8 x 4
x 4 will hold a 20 oz. Bottle. We also have an extra long with a pouch
that is 10 inches deep - designed for the Berky water bottle. The
zippered pouch in the center is perfect for such extras as a compass,
map, lip balm, knife, keys, (you get the idea). We stock black and brown
for fast delivery, but you can order other colors. HVF-Exclusive.
Item # BA-SPS - Price $50.00

Snugpax Uni: This is the whopper cantle pack for both
English and western saddles. Again, Sharon and I worked to
get this one just right. Its rings, strings, buckles and straps
let you attach this Codura® pack with a fleece bottom to
anything. The roomy side pouches are large enough for EZ
boots, snacks, etc. The center pouch is the largest (12.5 x
5.5 x 4.5) with tie straps to tie on the whole pack and are
long enough to crisscross over the center pouch to stabilize
the whole pack for a bounce-free ride-, (no more smashed chips and crummy cookies- gaited horses help
in that area as well…). We stock black and brown for quick delivery, but you can choose from loads of
colors. HVF-Exclusive. Item # BA-SPU - Price $58.00

Garment Bag: This bag holds more than cantle bags and can
eliminate the use of saddle bags altogether. No matter how full
or empty, the 6 snaps can be arranged to keep it snug against the
cantle. The 6 scissor snaps and the center fold design are what
put this great bag in a class of its own. Perfect for carrying
jackets and sweaters. Available in red or brown laminated vinyl,
which will not crack or get brittle in cold weather. HVF-
Exclusive. Item # BA-G - Price $60.00

Hay Duffel: Red laminated vinyl, #7 nylon zipper on one end. Two handles
for carrying. To cover, stand bale on end and slip duffel over bale. Zip the
duffel closed and haul it away. Protects feed from, critter and keep loose hay
out of your vehicle, trailer and tack compartment. Red or Brown color
Standard size 41" x 20" x 15" or X-large 48" x 25" x 18". HVF-Exclusive.
                           Item # BA-HD - Price $55.00 Std. or $75.00 XL

                           Saddle Dust Cover: This dust cover is great for
                           any English, endurance or western 28 inch length
                           saddle . It will cover the flaps and skirt on all saddles - even over most saddle
                           packs! But not the fenders on a western saddle. Made from the best quality
                           washable cordura that is water resistant. Perfect for keeping your saddle dry
                           and dust free. Has an elastic neck for quick on and off. HVF Exclusive.
                           Item # BA-SC - Price $25.00

Kangaroo Feed Bag: This roomy feed bag is now even greater with the addition of aeration holes! Now
dust and dirt from the hay fall through and you can rinse the hay before feeding (great for heave horses).
Bag has 3 long adjustable nylon straps to hold it anywhere, at any length and to keep it from spinning.
The large Kangaroo pouch works great for feeding grain, cubes or just catching the hay leaves. Safer than
rope bags, less wasteful and better than mesh bags, which
inevitably will fray and rip. This tough laminated red vinyl bag
will handle the worst “Hannibal Lechters” you have in your
herd! Bag size: 28" W x 26" H for easy filling and a roomy 9 inch
                                             diameter hole so
                                             your horse can eat
                                             comfortably. HVF-
                                             Exclusive. This will
                                             be the last feed bag
                                             you will own.
                                             Item # BA-KR
                                             Price $60.00
                                                                                                        5
                                   B AGS continued

                                   Duffel Bag: This tough red laminated vinyl “picket - line
                                   duffel bag” is 24" long, 8" in diameter and has straps on three
                                   sides. Best of all, it has a strap on the inside that can open and
                                   shut so you can loop it around your picket line. If you hang
                                   your duffel bag up by the end, your picket rope will stay neat
                                   and tidy. Use this duffel to keep all your picketing supplies

                                                                     Time to get up
together and in good order. HVF-
Exclusive.
Item # BA-DB - Price $30.00

             Butterfly hat
                                              Pack Training




 Sonia’s Princess


                                                                Montana 2004




 6              Skijoring is a great wintertime sport - way COOL.
                                                   B ITS

How do you adjust and fit a bit correctly? The width of a bit should allow a finger width on either side of
the horse’s lips. The height of the bit in the mouth should be where the bit will make a wrinkle in the corner
of the horse’s mouth. The bit should have a cavesson/flash (to hold the mouth shut, thus engaging the bit)
or a chin/lip strap. The chin/lip strap should be adjusted so that you can slip one or two fingers between it
and the horse’s chin groove. Always undo this strap when removing the bit from the horse’s mouth to avoid
banging the bit against the horse’s teeth causing him to rear or pull back. When testing new bits always have
your old one handy and test new bits in a controlled area. To engage a horse’s mouth (get him on the bit)
gather up the reins slowly in your hands while the horse is standing still. Walk your hands up the reins until
the horse takes one step back/raises head/or collects. This is the point where you are on the horse’s mouth
communicating with him. Remember to check your horse's teeth yearly.

                                      Hackamore:          This      easy
                                      hackamore is often referred to as
                                      an English hackamore, but it can
                                      go western just as easily. The
                                      hackamore is broken down into
                                      three parts. First, the incredible
lightweight polished aluminum cheek pieces weight only 3 oz each.
They are 7 inches in over all length with 4-inch shanks. The noseband
is made of “Beta “ a wonderful and easy to maintain product. It is
adjustable up to two inches and you can also adjust the removable
Velcro nose cushion to shape your noseband perfectly. Lastly this
Hack comes with a stainless steel chin strap and end hooks. This is the
best Hackamore I have ever come across. Specify medium or large
size. (Parts can be sold separately: Cheek pieces: $50.00; Nose band:
$25.00; Hooks and chain: $10.00.)
Item # H-HACK - Price $85.00 Complete set.

                                                    Myler Bits
    Go to hillviewfarms.com for viewing bits, as there are too many to list in this publication. The
                                        following is an overview on bitting.
Points to remember: Myler bits are measured on the curve. Myler bit mouthpieces are all 7/16th unless
otherwise stated. All Myler bits offer independent side movement allowing the rider to isolate and lift one
side of the bit, assisting in lifting a shoulder, bending, balancing and collection, Myler bits DO NOT allow
the ¼ to ½ inch extra room need for the lips, so size up when selecting.
Myler bits are categorized in levels. Level 1 is the strongest moving up to Level 3 that will offer the
most tongue relief and for the highest level of training. Please Note: On all bits, the higher the port, the
greater the pressure on the upper palate (roof of the mouth).
Myler bits offer several metals: Stainless, that has no taste, is rust-free, strong and durable. Sweet
Iron, that is a strong metal with a sweet taste as it slowly oxidizes or rusts which encourages a horse to
salivate creating a softer mouth. Cyprium, which is gold in color and is a composite of brass and copper
and has both strength and salivation qualities. Many of the Myler bits have copper inlays to encourage
salivation creating a soft mouth. Many of the Myler bits are acceptable for competition. But be advised
that show organizations and rules vary and change - regularly. Check with your association for the latest
on bit rules for your discipline.
Pony, Loose ring-C-sleeve, half cheek (spoon type bit), liverpools (Pelham type bit), gag
combinations (how a gag works), hackmores and signature series bits are available but not listed as
with variations of the bits currently listed. To view the complete Myler collection of bits go to
www.mylerbits.com Call if you have any questions or special requests as Myler bits can be custom
ordered to your exact specifications.

                                              SHANK BITS:
         Western five inch round and seven inch flat Shank bits offer some poll pressure:
The Double bridle -In order to obtain finer positioning of the head the use of a curb bit in addition to a
snaffle may be introduced. With this combination it is possible to obtain a lowering of the head, and
flexion of the poll and lower jaw. The snaffle, when used with a curb bit, is called a bradoon and operates
in an identical manner to when it’s used on its own. A curb bit is designed to exert pressure on the poll and
curb groove whilst lying directly across the bars. It can, depending upon the shape of the mouth, exert
additional pressure on the tongue, and in rare cases, operate on the roof of the mouth.

               DEE RING, EGGBUTT AND LOOSE RING (allow for more mouthing)
The snaffle/bradoon -This group of bits, when used on their own operates using only the points of
control within the mouth. These are the corners, bars, tongue, and in some cases the roof.
Although these days the roof is seldom used for humane reasons. In general there is little flexion 7
                                             B ITS    continued

of the poll or the lower jaw, and in most cases the movement results in an upward or raising of the horse's
head back towards the rider's hands. There are a huge variety of mouthpieces available. Traditionally the
snaffle had a jointed mouth, however in more recent times there has been a movement towards the linked
and multi-linked bits. These give a gentler corner action and encourage mouthing. There are some unusual
members of the snaffle family. One of these is the Wilson Snaffle, which was the original ride and drive
snaffle. It has now made its move to astride riding and is associated with predominantly hunting and
eventing.
 Western 2 ½ inch Dees with hook holes and also vertical holes for either bridle attachment or to be
  used as a Gag. (To properly use a bit as a gag you must use two reins, one on the ring of the bit and
  the other rein attached to the piece that run through the vertical holes of the bit, this will apply poll
                pressure lowering the head where as the other will bring back up the head.)
 English Dee’s with hook holes and also vertical holes for either bridle attachment or to be used as a
  Gag. (To properly use a bit as a gag you must use two reins, one on the ring of the bit and the other
  rein attached to the piece that run through the vertical holes of the bit, this will apply poll pressure
 lowering the head where as the other will bring back up the head.) Bits 4 ½ and 4 ¾ have a 3 inch Dee
                                  and those over will have a 3 ¾ inch Dee.
  Eggbutt with hook holes and also vertical holes for either bridle attachment or to be used as a Gag.
   (To properly use a bit as a gag you must use two reins, one on the ring of the bit and the other rein
     attached to the piece that run through the vertical holes of the bit, this will apply poll pressure
                     lowering the head where as the other will bring back up the head.)
  Loose 3-inch ring to encourage mouthing (A Bradoon – would be a thin bit with small rings suitable
                                            for a double bridle)

                                               SPOON CHEEKS
In full or half. Are great for direct rein aid by pushing contact with the side of the horses face, excellent
for starting and training young horses. The full cheek -The addition of spoons can help to prevent the
bit being pulled through the horse’s mouth. In addition, they give a directional assistance, evoked by the
rider’s rein aid, by indicating to the horse the direction the head should face. This is specifically useful for
young horses or in the re-education of an older one. With the use of keepers, the full cheek prevents the
horse turning the bit over in his mouth and if tightly fitted can stop a horse evading by crossing the jaw.
Poll pressure snaffles -Within the snaffle family, the hanging or baucher cheek, gives in addition to the
usual points of control associated with the snaffle an additional element of poll pressure, to ask for a
lowering of the horse’s head. The lever action of the new Jumper cheek gives a greater degree of poll
pressure and introduces a lifter action to keep the horse upright and light in the hand.
                              Full 6” Cheek with hole for rein attachment:
     Baucher (or hanging cheek) Unlike other cheeks, this bit exerts a degree of poll pressure to
                                    encourage the horse to lower his head.

                                              PELHAMS
This family of bits attempts to achieve the same results as a double bridle, but by using only one
bit. (Pelhams attempt to have all of the attributes of a double bridle set without the aggravation and
bulkiness.) To perform properly, they should always be used with double reins. This single bit works on
a variety of points of control within the mouth and in addition exerts pressure on the poll and the curb
groove. Whilst not allowed in many competitions it has achieved wide popularity and some spectacular
results, particularly within the jumping and hunting fields. (A note on Gag Pelhams: This odd
combination may look cool, but is designed to control a horses head upwards, downwards, back
backwards, sideways and out. Talk about confusion. And to add to this, three reins must too be used to
achieve this – yeah right. So to avoid undue confusion for the horse and rider, gag pelhams should be
avoided.

                                                               Kimberwicks: (or some to say Kimblewick
                                  Sonia delivering               or Spanish jumping bit performs like a
                                                               Pelham but using only one rein) Bit has a 2
                                     Hernando                       position rein attachment on Dee.

                                                                DUTCH GAG / BUBBLE BIT / 4-RING
                                                                         CONTINENTAL GAG:
                                                               3-Ring 6” Shank Combination Bit: This
                                                                bit has 4 rings, three of which allow for 3
                                                                 different rein positions (Performs like a
                                                                Baucher cheek but has shank leverage). In
                                                                   addition to this feature the bit has a
                                                                     noseband that aids in additional
 8                                                             communication (much like a Cavison), but is
                                                                            attached to the bit.
                                              BLANKETS

Cotton Summer Sheets: At last a blanket that
actually passes our testing. After two years
watching this blanket perform under extreme
conditions I can put our name on them! These are
quality-hand-crafted blankets that are custom
designed for durability, convenience and comfort at
an affordable price. The Standard construction of
these blankets includes: Velcro closures, tail flaps,
contoured rump darts, wide belly bands, closed
fronts and will have heavy-duty nylon thread. The
light weight, breathable cotton sheets are 80%
cotton and 20% Polly-blend keeping horses dry
and comfortable. (Nylon sheets cause fungus and
mildew to form next to skin). Colors choices are red, black, blue, purple, tan, hunter and burgundy. Trim
choices are black, white, gray, tan, red, navy, hunter, teal and purple. Completely machine washable, made
in Minnesota. Blankets of similar quality are priced as high as $200.00, but our affordable pricing is.
                                        Cotton Sheets: Item # BL-S (State size & color)
                                        Price - $25.00 for 28 to 36
                                        Price - $30.00 for 38 to 48
                                        Price - $35.00 for 50 to 58
                                        Price - $40.00 for 60 to 66
                                        Price - $45.00 for 68 to 70
                                        Price - $50.00 for 72 to 86

                                        Winter Cordura Blankets: At last a
                                        blanket that actually passes our testing.
                                        After two years watching this blanket
                                        perform under extreme conditions I can
                                        put our name on them! These are quality-
                                        hand-crafted blankets that are custom
designed for durability, convenience and comfort at an affordable price. The
Standard construction of these blankets includes: Velcro closures, tail flaps,
contoured rump darts, wide belly bands, closed fronts
and will have heavy-duty nylon thread. The winder
blankets will have a tough outer shell of codura with a
quilted poly batting for insulation. This blend of layers
will keep your horse warm and dry. Colors choices are
red, black, blue, purple, tan, hunter and burgundy. Trim
choices are black, white, gray, tan, red, navy, hunter,
teal and purple. Completely machine washable, made
in Minnesota. Blankets of similar quality are priced as
high as $200.00, but our affordable pricing is.
Winter Blankets: Item # BL-W (State size & color)
Price - $30.00 for 36 and less
Price - $52.00 for 38 to 48
Price - $62.00 for 50 to 58
Price - $72.00 for 60 to 66
Price - $82.00 for 68 to 70
Price - $92.00 for 72 to 86
Neck Hood: Item # BL-Hood (State size & color)
Price - $49.00 (medium or large)
Price- $45.00 (small or XS)
Dog measurements: in addition to length, measure
the circumference of largest part of the dogs chest
and state the breed of dog.

Proper fit and sizing: when fitting be careful NOT to over-snug the bellybands. There should be enough
room to put a fist between the bellyband and belly (When a horse lays down his belly will expand causing
stress on the seams). When determining size to order, measure the horse from the center of the chest to the
center of the tail, that number will be the size to order. Other options are; Aadjustable shoulder tabs and
open fronts each at an additional $4.00.
Washing and Care: Close all Velcro straps before machine washing in cold water and hang to dry.
Spraying sheets with any silicone or camp-dry spray will help repel water, stains and shavings.
* Each order is custom and dropped shipped direct. Additional shipping charges may apply.               9
                                    B OOKS ,     CARDS       &   DVD ’ S




Equine Massage : This very complete guide is both comprehensive and well illustrated. From anatomy,
principles and concepts of massage, to stretches, stress points and massage routines. By Jean-Pierre
Hourdebaigt. Paperback, spiral. Item # BK-JP – Price $27.95

The Well Adjusted Horse: Is a book on equine chiropractic by Dr. Kamen. It is the book that the
chiropractors use; illustrated in a format that is easy to understand and put to practice. It is also a
fantastic reference book. Bound paperback. Item # BK-DK - Price $16.95

Ten Feet Tall, Still: A wonderful and true story for all persons regardless of age. This book chronicles
the life of Julie Suhr, beginning with her child hood dream, Julie shares 70 years of her life, bringing the joy
and passion of the horse to all. When reading her book, I was already in tears by the acknowledgment and
had not even gotten to chapter 1. We, my husband, daughter and I were honored to have had the
opportunity to ride with Julie and her husband Bob, in Peru January 2005. At age 81 Julie can still ride
like the wind, what a role model she is for all of us and "I want to be her when I grow up", (even it I don’t
have 22 Trevis Cups under my belt!) As Julie’s gift to us all, she is donating her book profits to the
American Endurance Ride Conference Trail Committee and The Western States Trails Foundation Trails
Committee, for trail development. "A woman with a relentlessly sunny disposition and a will of steel",
Sports Illustrated 1987; "Suhr has received a good share of admiration…" New Your Times, 1990; " At age
63, she is one of the world’s best long distance horseback riders…" KPIX TV, San Francisco, 1987. All
books are personally autographed by the author. Item # BK-JS –Price $24.95

The Truth About Women and Horses: YEE-HAW! Grab onto your hats and take a wild ride
through topics of love, sex, death, beauty, aging, and more as seen through the eyes of 11 unforgettable
characters and their horses. You'll laugh, cry, and be disturbed in full measure as you enter the crazy,
profound and daring mind of award winning playwright, Nancy Conger. This DVD is absolutely
outstanding and one that you will watch over and over and share with your horsy friends -guaranteed.
Available only though Hill View Farms ® and Nancy directly if you attend one of her live stage
performances! Running time 88 minutes. Item# BK-NC Price $18.95 (reg. $20.00)

All About Saddling - A 2 disk set: Get a front row seat to a saddling demonstration. See first hand how
saddles work, how they are they are designed and how technology is changing the way we saddle the horse.
Learn how to properly tack up both English and Western saddles and how to properly fit, cruppers, breast
collars, bridles, bits, pads, girths, cinches and even britching. Learn how to identify various back shapes and
how to test for proper saddle fit. Learn how to use shims to correct saddle fit and how to palpate your horse's
back for condition. Lastly learn how to identify problems associated with your tack and how to care for it.
Nowhere else will you find a more complete DVD set chucked full of so much information that took over a
decade to assemble. Making horses, mules and even donkeys comfortable along with their owners was the
driving force behind this production, which is guaranteed to change the life of those you love. Running time 128
minutes. ISBN 0-9776591-0-0. Item # BK-DVD - Price $ 19.95

Wild Life Unlimited: North Dakota Bad Lands DVD. Ride the Maah Daah Hey Trail with
Bill Porter. 120 min. Item # BK-Bill Price $10.00
                                                                                                   An Experts Guide
An Expert’s Guide to Horse Camping: This 6-disk DVD set will teach you how to camp To Horse Camping
safely with your horse. Avoid the unnerving and potentially dangerous trial and error
method. Learn what questions to ask, how to pack, travel, hook-up and park your rig and
most importantly how to keep your horse safe in over 20 different situations. Go from
arena and day riding to glorious adventures in the wilderness. This complete 6 hour set, will
show you the ins and outs of it all. Getting you there. This is a all inclusive DVD production was
produced, edited and directed by Cathy Sheets Tauer. As a part of this incredible set, you will receive the
bonus All About Trail Riding dvd, which will help you to prepare your steed for the trail. About the
author: Cathy lives her passion, horse camping and riding throughout North America, Central America,
South America, and Europe. Cathy grew up riding and with her husband Don, has raised three daughters
who did the same. Armed with this experience and a video camera, Cathy has produced this one-of-a-kind,
     unique horse-camping documentary. Cathy, an innovator and an expert in horsemanship and horse
 10 camping shares her life experiences and provides a wealth of information absolutely guaranteed to
      make horse camping a safer, more enjoyable activity for all. Item # BK-HC - Price $59.95
                                           BREAST       COLLARS

                                        Leather English or Western Breast collar: Give your mount a soft-
                                        touch with a soft-sided breast collar. These breast collars begin with an
                                        inner core of nylon webbing that makes this collar strong enough to pull
                                        a car. The core is padded with soft neoprene foam, which gives the
                                        breast collar soft cushioned edges that can’t cut into your horse. The
                                        bottom of the breast collar then is covered with supple moisture-
                                        resistant garment leather that can’t become sweat-soaked, so this breast
                                        collar needs only a fraction of the maintenance required by other fine
                                        tack. The top of this breast
                                        collar is covered with top
                                        quality      grain    leather.
                                        Because of its construction
                                        this breast collar doesn’t
                                        cause the friction and galling
                                        when your horse gets
                                        sweaty and wet. A strap
that goes over the neck is standard to help maintain the position,
which classifies this as a Pulling Breast Collar as shown in the
photos. This allows your horse maximum freedom of movement.
This breast collar goes English or western. Many western riders
order the English because it’s super strong, yet very conservative in
overall appearance. The English collar is 1" wide, soft and pliable,
tough and carefree. The arms on the small are 18 inches and 21
inches on the large. The western is 2" wide and can be tooled. The
                                                arms are 16 inches on
                                                the small and 19 inches on the large. Stainless steel snaps are
                                                provided at all ends for quick attachment to the saddle and the
                                                girth dees. Available in small or large size. The small will go up
                                                to a medium and the large down to a medium. State leather color.
                                                HVF-Exclusive. Item # BC-E ( English) - Price $125.00
                                                Item # BC-W (Western) - Price $150.00

                                               To properly fit the breast collar. Adjust the breast collar so it
                                               can pulled it away from the horse’s shoulder on one side 3-4"
                                               inches. This allows the animal's shoulder to move freely
                                               forward. Use the neck tug (the strap that goes over the horse's
                                               withers) to adjust the height of the "arms" that lay along the
                                               shoulder slope, offering a comfortable fit and maximum support.
                                               These arms come together in the center of the chest and are
                                               connected to a center strap that connects the breast collar to the
                                               to the dee on the girth, between the horse's front legs. This center
                                               strap will keep the breast collar from moving up, and choking the
                                               horse and will allow your horse to eat and drink comfortably.
 Rhea on Rhya and the proper                   Correctly fit this strap should hang down no more than 1 to 2
   placement of the breast                     inches when the horse is standing. The over all position of the
                                               breast collar should be as shown in the photos above and below.




          Mom and her girls showing properly fitting breastcollars                                            11
                                      CART BY RANCH H ANDLER

                                   The Collapsible Ranch
                                   Handler         Cart:        A
                                   collapsible cart that goes
                                                                        Cart folded up, stored
                                   together in two steps. Folds         in tack compartment.
                                   up fast, lays flat for easy
                                   trailer hauling. Made with
                                   ¾ inch steel tubing, the cart
                                   has epoxy powder coat
                                   finish,           air-inflated
                                   pneumatic 12-inch diameter
                                   tires and bearings with
                                   grease fittings. This cart
                                   will support a number of
cart accessories that will pivot on the cart’s trunnion mount,
always riding level for easy pushing and no spilling. Initial
assembly required. Item # C-CRH - Price $155.00

                                   The Collapsible Muck
                                   Bag: This completely collapsible
                                   muck bag is made of tough, laminated
                                   vinyl that will not crack or get brittle
                                   in cold weather. The trunnion pivot
                                   system on the cart will allow you to
                                   dump this bag easily using the pull
                                   strap. Will hold 20 gallons. Collaps-
                                   ible Muck Bag Complete: Item # C-CD - Price $65.00

                                   The Collapsible Water Bag:
                                   This completely collapsible water
                                 bag is made of tough yellow,
                                 laminated vinyl that will not crack
                                 or get brittle in cold weather. Best
                                 of all you will be able to zip close
                                 this bag, so you will not loose one
                                 drop of water while pushing your
                                 cart even over very rough terrain.
                                      The trunnion pivot system on
                                      the cart will allow you to
                                      easily set down the water bag -
      In Use                          full or empty, while using
                                      your cart for other chores.
                                      Will hold 20 gallons. Bag is
                                      red in color. Item #
                                      C-CWB - Price $85.00

                                        The Collapsible Cart
                                        with water and muck bag folded up. This cart is built. Strong
                                                  al!
                                           andSt b eActual shipping charges apply for cart and
                                                                         accessories:




                                                                Don - ready to ride
12 Solana’s first ride with out-riders
                                               CLOTHING

Lightweight Oilskin Jacket: This unisex is the Ladies Choice when it
comes to comfort and cut. This light weight 8 oz. waterproof oilskin jacket
by Outback. gets two thumbs up with us. Riders everywhere love this jacket
with racy details include piped front and back yokes and the Outback ponies
embroidered on the back. Flattering fit, drawstring waist, snap-open back
gussets, zipper with storm placket closure and zippers pockets underneath
reverse flaps. Quilted lining with taffeta in the sleeves. Ladies Sizes are: S,
M, L, XL, XXL. Available in Bronze with black trim. A wonderful coat that
is lightweight and warm. I love this coat! NOTE: The manufacture has done
a substitution on this coat. The new coat offers duel entry pockets with a
stand up collar and a slightly different yolk and piping pattern. It also has a
straight cut along the bottom with out any embroidered ponies on the back.
Other than that, it is the same. When your order is placed you will only
receive this new coat when the other is out of stock.
Item # CL-OL - Price $90.00

Oilskin Wind Breaker: A unisex back-packable parka by Outback. that
is only 4 oz. of waterproof oilskin. The perfect coat for multi-layering.
This coat has lockable drawstring waist, 2-way zipper protected by a
snap-over storm placket, zippered pockets, adjustable cuffs and a roll-up-
hood in the collar. (As a hidden bonus this coat rolls into it's built-in tiny
back-pack!) Perfect for traveling and for those long rides where the weather
changes from cool mornings, warm afternoons then back again. Available in
Bronze. S, M, L, XL, XXL Perfect for layering.
Item # CL-OW - Price $80.00

Packable Poncho: The Original lightweight 8 oz. Oilskin poncho by
Outback is waterproof, and has a hood. It has a large gusseted V-neck
pullover opening with zipper closure and the lockable shock-
cord hood can be drawn tight and close to protect head and neck.
It has a 4-strap opening down each side and large zippered front
pouch protected by deep placket. This poncho will not only
protect you from the rain but also your saddle. Unlined and
folds into zippered rip-stop nylon pouch outfitted with D-
rings to be attached to your saddle! One size that will slide over
your riding helmet and go over it keeping your head dry. Avail-
able in Black, Navy and Bronze.(Folds into itself and can be
attached to the back of your saddle.) Wonderful.
                    Item # CL-OP - Price $79.95

                   Emergency Poncho: A hooded polyethyl-
                   ene poncho that is lightweight and reusable.
                   One size fits all. Keep one in the glove box of your car, truck
                   or trailer, in your backpack and in your saddlebags. Super in
                   a pinch or to just give away for the price.
                   Item # TR-P - Price .75

Oil Skin Cream: This Duck Back reproofing cream from the Outback Trading
Co., is what is needed for re-conditioning oilskin clothing. A 6 oz container contains
mineral oil, selected waxes, lanolin and vitamin E oil. Item # CL-CR Price $8.50

                               Top Grain Half Chaps: A name to
                               trust OVATION has the most beautiful
                               Top Grain stretch ribbed half chaps that
                               I have seen. These half chaps are clean,
                               elegant and durable with a heavy zipper
                               and snap closure at bottom. Designed
                               to conform to your leg for a perfect fit.
                                      Comes in Black and Chocolate.
XS: 12-14 inches x 14 -15.5” high Select size based on widest calf
S: 13-15 inches x 15 - 16” high       measurement and ankle to back
M: 14-16 inches x 16 - 17” high       of knee:
L: 15-17 inches x 17 -17.5” high      Item # CL-HC - Price $69.99
XL: 16-18 inches x 18” high         HILL VIEW FARMS • 866-723-5937                       13
                                        CLOTHING        continued


Conceal and Carry Vests - Coronado Leather: Simply put they are the manufacturer with the highest
quality workmanship and timeless designs. Usinge the best quality leather their products are all available
at a reasonable price, with a lifetime guarantee, on workmanship, leather, seams and most hardware
(lining, Velcro and elastics are guaranteed for one year). The details and the finish on these vests are
unsurpassed and will make you proud to own one. Coronado leather is the true innovator of the
concealed-carry and protection leatherwear. The vests have been designed to comfortably and discreetly
conceal a weapon. Each garment includes a removable universal holster that can be attached to an internal
Velcro patch sewn into the concealment pocket. The garments allow you to customize the angle and the
position of the firearm. Coronado Leather - Discering quality and build: Sizing: 38 through 60 (even
sizing only) Select: Regular or Long (adds 1.5 inches of length in body – if you have a long torso or a
prosperous waistline select this size.) All Vests will have: • Ambidextrous concealed-carry pocket
hidden within the garment • Tough Ballistic nylon shell sewn in between the leather and inside lining to
help prevent printing • Premium leathers-sourced world wide form the finest tanneries • Shoulder and
side stitched for bi-directional weight support to prevent sagging and pulling • Removable internal holster
allows for personal firearm positioning and universal handgun support • Tough suede lined hand pockets,
practically tear-proof and more comfortable than fabric. • Pocket watch loop sewn in on most vests •
Quality US-made brass YKK Zippers for reliability and finish (all solid brass) • Mildew-resistant nylon
thread. • Inside breast pockets and zipper pocket for wallet, cell phone, spare clip, etc. • Refined and
Distinguished.
                                   Classic Lapel Vest: This is the original western style vest for concealed
                                  carry. Casually styled with two outside slanted hand pockets and an
                                  upper chest pocket. Trimmed with leather and finished with four
                                  buffalo nickel snaps. Color is black or cognac. Totally gorgeous.
                                  Item # CL-CV25 - Price $200.00 (reg.$219.00)

                              Deertan Eagle Vest: This classic cut vest is made
                              from naked Deertan Cowhide leather (tanned
                              from cowhide to resemble deerskin). This
                              butter-soft, leather has a fantastic drape and a
                              full-grain, slight natural pebble surface that
                              is warm and rich. This vest has custom
                              American bald eagle snaps, a double
                              western yoke back with cinch buckle for a
                              semi-custom fitted garment. Black or
congnac. (reg.$229.00) Item # CL-CV122 - Price $210.00

                                        American Bison Vest: Exclusive and truly a
                                        unique garment not to be found anywhere else.
                                        Made from rich, supple and super durable
                                        American Bison leather and complemented
                                        with Buffalo Nickel snaps. Suede-lined
                                        hand pockets, a pocket-watch loop and
                                        five inside pockets, absolutely make
                                        this vest exquisite. Black and
                                        congnac. (reg.$329..00)
                                        Item # CL-CV29 - Price $299.00

Coronado Concealment Bag: This slim bag is made of ultra-soft glove leather,
which gives a luxurious supple feel that is forever contemporary in fashion. The bag is 13 x
                                                    8 x 5 in size, has a two-inch wide shoulder strap with
                                                    slide adjuster (18 to 37 inches)
                                                    for either a cross-body or tra-
                                                    ditional carry. The hardware is
                                                    of polished nickel with metal
                                                    zippers. It has two main top
                                                    zipper compartments with an
                                                    inside zip pocket, an outside
                                                    gusset pocket and one outside
                                                    key-locking zipper conceal-
                                                    ment pocket with Velcro strips
                                                    to secure the holster, allowing
                                                    you to customize angle, depth
                                                    and position. (reg, $155.00)
 14                   Ahh...                        Item #CL-HB Price $135.00
                                         CLOTHING         continued


Head size in inches = Hat size            Hat Sizing: Getting the correct size will give you years of wearing
21 = 6 5/8 (XS)                           pleasure. Using a tape measure, measure the widest part of your
21.5 to 21.7 = 6.7 and 6 7/8 = (S)        head, just above the ears and eyebrows, to the nearest 1/8th inch.
22 to 22.5 = 7 and 7 1/8 = (M)
22.7 to 23 = 7.25 and 7 3/8 = (L)         Felt Hat: Here is a marvelous
23.5 to 24 =7.5 and 7 5/8 = (XL)          crushable Lite Felt Hat by
                                          Bailey. I’ve seen these hats and
wondered "are they for real?" You bet they are! This hat can be scrunched
into a ball, jammed into saddlebags and still keep its shape-great for trav-
eling! It is 100% wool, stylish, durable, water repellent and comes with a
stampede string to keep your hat on as you tear down the trail or come
into gusty winds. This Morgan hat is a brown olive mix in color and comes
in S (21-21.5"), M (22"), L (23"), and XL (23.5).
Item # CL-HAT – Price $40.00

Felt hat with Earflaps: Here is another marvelous crushable Lite Felt
Hat by the Bailey Hat company, called "Aspen". This hat too can be
scrunched into a ball, jammed into saddlebags and still keep its shape,
great for traveling! It is 100% lite wool, stylish, durable, water repellent
and comes with a stampede string to keep your hat on as you tear down
the trail or come into gusty winds. This hat has the added benefit of
earflaps that fold up or down depending on the weather. The hat is a medium brown in color and comes in
XS (20 -20.5) S (21-21.5"), M (22"), L (23"), and XL (23.5). Item # CL-HATF – Price $40.00

Crushable Felt Hat by Bailey: Yet another wonderful felt hat called
“The Sequoia”. This hat has a 3.5-inch crown and a 3 1/4 inch brim.
Stylish and very western with stampede string. Black in color. Sizes are
XS, S, M, L, and XL. Item # CL-HATB-Price $40.00

Aussie Breezer Hat: This packable, crushable Aussie hat is made of
cotton twill. It has 3-inch brim and mesh sides. Great for keeping your
head cool during the hot season. Comes with a stampede cord. Available in
Khaki or Sage Green. Sizes S (21 3/4), M (22 3/4), L (23 1/8), or LX (23
7/8). Item # CL-MHAT– Price $24.00

                                                 Polar Fleece Cap: This
                                                 cap is exactly what the
                                                 riders in Iceland use un-
                                                 der their riding helmets
                                                 to keep their heads
                                                 warm and they should
                                                 know! After seeing this, and being the seamstress that I
                                                 am, I knew that I could whip these up in a jiffy. This single
layer cap is made of either black, "Polar-Tec 200" (will allow for some air movement through fabric) The
"Windblock" fleece (will not allow any wind to blow through). This cap covers
your ears and Velcro’s shut under your chin. This cap is designed to be worn
under a hat or helmet. A must for any cold outdoor activity such as; doing chores,
riding, skiing, snowmobiling or dog sledding, but my husband loves his worn
under his logger/brush helmet as he cuts wood in the bitterly cold, windy Minne-
sota winters.
The Deluxe Cap (with face warmer): On cold, windy, bitter days when the
wind is so raw you have to walk backwards just to keep your face from freezing
off. This is the cap to have. Neck warmers work, but not with a helmet. This
two-in-one cap is marvelous. Use the wrap to keep your face nice and warm as
you are out riding and doing chores or remove it for those slightly warmer days.
Adjusts easily with 4 Velcro closures for a personal fit. One size fits all. HVF
exclusive. **Please note that with the windblock material you can't hear
very well through. So when out by roads you may not be able to hear traffic.
If you need to hear select the Polar-Tec 200. The Polar-Tec 200 comes in
black only and for the Windblock hunter green or black. Item # CL-CAP -
Price $10.00. or Deluxe Item # CL-CAPD – Price $20.00

HVF Ball Cap: Elegantly styled and adjustable. No Velcro!                                                15
Item # CL-HVF – Price $10.50
                                         CLOTHING         continued


The Tilley Cap: The best cap EVER!
The lighterweight Tilley cap is
                                                                      Cathy
handcrafted of a strong, laminated,
waterproof nylon, Tilley Nylamtium®
which is 10-ounce (per square yard)
cotton duck, a tough, soft, closely
woven, preshrunk, water and mildew-
repellent, canvas-like material. This cap
has been certified with an ultraviolet
protection factor (UPF) of 50+, the
maximum rating given. Designed so that
it picks up sweat from your forehead
and wicks it away to your temple area where it evaporates. A layer of
closed-cell foam in the crown, and brim, provides the positive buoyancy,
great for boaters and anglers. The Tilley Cap comes with a tuck-away,
adjustable, fore 'n' aft wind cord. When it's calm, the wind cord stays hidden
in the crown. When there's a breeze, place the part with the sliding knots
behind your head and for your comfort, they're held on by gravity, not painful pressure on your forehead.
Guaranteed for life and replaced free if they ever wear out, shrink or fall apart. They're so carefully
handcrafted and made of such strong materials, that many outlive their owners. For sizing, the cap has an
internal size-adjustment device that allows you to adjust it to suit your unique head size. Three sizes: S/M
fits 6 7/8 to 7 1/8, L fits 7 1/4 to 7 1/2 and XL fits 7 5/8 to 8. Item # CL-TC Price $58.00 (reg. 65.00)

                     Glitter Cap: Accessorize any outfit with a glitter cap. One size fits all, with adjustable
                     Velcro tap. Colors are: yellow, white, turquoise, khaki, green fuchsia, silver, wine,
                     orange, lime black, olive, brown, navy, sky blue, pink, purple and red. State color
                     Item # CL-GC - Price $14.50

The “bug cap”: This all mesh hood slips easily over your head, helmet, hat,
keeping out those pesky deer flies, mosquitoes, flies, and gnats. Perfect for all
outdoor activities, such as riding, hiking, mowing lawns, gardening, fishing and
pitching stalls. It has excellent visibility and ventilation. It provides facial
protection without poisonous chemicals. This mesh hood comes with an adjustable
elastic cord for under your shoulders, so it will not ride up when you bend over or
when your race down the trails. We keep this hood in our saddlebags at all times. It
takes up no room at all and has been a lifesaver. Item # TR-Bug Cap – Price $10.00

The Mosquito/Gnat Jacket: No chemicals or nasty sprays, just the
best netting protection yet! This hooded jacket has reinforced shoulders,
elbows, and hood, and zipper closures. It folds into itself for handy
storage, The specially designed hand cover comes with a thumb hole that
allows you to have your hands protected or free and ready for work or
play. Perfect for hiking, riding, angling, yard work, gardening, or any other
activity that exposes your skin to blood-thirsty insects. Lightweight,
cool to wear, strong netting - absolutely outstanding, available in XL, L,
M S. Item # CL-NJ – Price $45.00

                         The Winter 3-finger Glove: By Mountain Horse this design makes this the
                         perfect glove for winter riding. Breathable and waterproof this glove has
                         reflective piping with an elastic wrist with hook & loop closure for a wonderful
                         fit. It also has extra reinforcements to prevent wear from the reins. Color is black,
                         outer shell: 96% polyester, 4% elastane, lining is 100% polyester fleece and the
                         insulation is 100% fiberfill Thinsulate™. Size: S, M, L XL and XXL.
                         Item # CL-3G - Price $32.00

Riding Glove: The Hill View Farms Riding glove is the most perfect riding glove ever made. It took over
2 decades to find a manufacturer who would make these gloves to Cathy’s exacting specifications.
Perfection is the only word to describe them. Kit thin—at 3 oz, these deerskin gloves allow you to feel
                            everything. They have wear patches just where you need them for riding, so
                            no more split seams, snags, or sloppy fit. These gloves are your second skin;
                            they protect your hands as you ride, pick a horse’s foot, or button your shirt.
                            (You can even pick up a pin while wearing them!) How sweet is that?
                            FANTASTIC!. Available in natural, brown or black. Sizes are: 7, 7.5, 8 and
 16                         8.5. Specify color and size. Item # CL-RG-Price 45.00
                                         CLOTHING         continued

Holster Belt: Very unlike the common “leather belt”, as Coronado
Belts are designed and built to withstand the weight of a handgun while
retaining classic good looks and attention to detail. These are not your
average belts! They are built to last, down to every detail with a lifetime
guarantee. 10 oz black or brown latigo cowhide, double stitched, 1 ½
                               inch width. Chicago screw for changing
                               the buckle. Comes with mat-finished
                               nickel plated buckle. Color black. Size: add 4 inches to your pant size.
                               Item # CL-BLH - Price $ 55.00.

                              Ranger Belt: Made from the finest shrunken American Bison leather and
                              latigo trimmed. This Coronado belt is 1.25 inches wide with double
                              keepers, solid brass buckle, latigo lined and sturdy enough for use as a
                              holster belt; all with a lifetime guarantee. Size: add 4 inches to your pant
                              size. Color: All black, all brown and black with brown overlays. Very
                              sophisticated. Item # CL-BLR - Price $ 95.00.

                              Tilley Walking and Riding Socks:
                              Guaranteed to last three years - or your
                              money back. These walking and riding socks
offer a cushioned sole and ribbed arch arch support and no-feel toe seam
for comfort on long hikes or posting for long stretches. Made mostly
(63%) of itchless Merino Wool, plus (25%) stretch nylon, (11%) Teflon®
for stopping blisters before they start, and (1%) Lycra®. They will
usually dry overnight, depending on preparation and humidity. Comes in
sagebrush, black or gray color and sizes M (Women's shoe size 6 1/2 – 10
or men's 5 - 8 1/2, L (Women's shoe size 10 1/2 - 13 ½ or men's 9 – 12 or
XL (Women's shoe size 14 - 16 ½ or men's 12 1/2 – 15 size.) We love these sox, they do not work their
way down and feel totally great. We now know why you actually do get what you pay for! Plus these
are guaranteed against holes for 3 years! Item # CL-TS Price $18.50 (reg. $22.50)

Boot Warmers: Cold Feet? Tired of stepping into a cold boot? Love
your chore boots but don’t like that cold and hard feeling you get when
you step into them? Well then, give these a try. These insoles are made of
real surgically tanned sheepskin that will cushion your foot, absorb
moisture and provide shock absorption while keeping your foot warm
and comfortable all day. Three sizes designed to be trimmed to fit: Small
(Ladies 4-5). Medium (ladies 6-11 men up to size 8. Large (ladies 12
plus, men size 9 plus) Natural color. Seen elsewhere for $16.95. Our
price: Item # CL-BW- Price $9.99
                                                Sizes Waist
Women's Travel Brief: They ain’t pretty XS 24
– that's for sure, but now you have the best S        26-27
in riding and traveling underwear! Sexy they M         29-31
                                                                                                   high
may not be but only two pair will take you L          33
around the world - fact! These are the most XL 35-37                                                cut
practical, comfortable travel underwear you 2XL 40
will ever own. Fast drying and sweat defy- 3XL 43-46
ing, they will neither chafe nor bind and
virtually shows no panty lines. Made from a patented light-
weight polyester fiber that wicks away moisture and dries quickly. Stain, odor                  low
and bacteria resistant. It will keep its shape and appearance longer than tradi-                cut
tional cotton. This patented fabric wicks away perspiration better than cotton
                                                      keeping you cooler and
                                                      drier in the summer and
                                                      warmer in the winter. No
                                                      special-care required, simply wash twist in a towel
                                                      and hang overnight to dry and eureka, a fresh pair to
                                                      wear by morning! These briefs virtually show NO
                                                      panty lines compared to anything else! And YES they
                                                      DO eliminate heat chaffing on those LONG rides! Se-
               No                                     lect size and color, either white or gray and either high
            Lines                   Lines             or low cut. Item # CL-U Price $14.00 (reg. 18.50)
                                                                                                          17
                                        CLOTHING         continued

                             Riding Pants: The Cadence boot cut riding pants by Irideon are awesome!
                             Over the years I have been asked to carry riding pants, but none were to my
                             taste. This left my customers on there own to find a decent pant while I made
                             my own, until now. Functional and sophisticated this pant is designed for a
                             prefect fit in or out of the saddle. It has a 4-way stretch that is 92% nylon and
                             8% lycra cord that has outstanding wicking properties. This pant has a
                             medium rise, 1 ½ inch no-roll waist band with belt loops, a slightly faired
                             relaxed leg to go over boots, available with faux suede knee patches or a full
                             seat, has a zipper pocket, comes in regular or long length inseam and sizes up
                             to XL. But best of all, these pants are tummy tuckers and butt lifters! They
                             offer fantastic support from your knees up to your tummy while allowing
                             complete movement with nothing riding-up or binding. Available in Black,
                             indigo (navy blue), Cafe' (a light coffee color), Wllow (sand color) and Truffle
                             (tany-grey color). S (Hip 36-37), M (38-39), L (40-42), XL (43-45), Regular
                             (inseam 31 to 32) or long length (inseam 34 – 38). Specify size, color and
                             length. Item #CL-RP Price $75.00

                                     Summer Tights: This is the summer boot-
                                     cut riding pant that you will not strip off
                                     after a hot day of riding. This all-purpose
                                     tight allows you to go from the saddle to the
                                     store with style. The polyester/Lycra blend
                                     wicks away moisture and the comfortable
mid-rise and flat seam eliminate chafing and complement your figure. Designed
to be durable, with four-way stretch and chamois -soft knee patches that offer
exceptional performance. Color; dark mocha, navy, Willow (sand color) and
black. Sizes M, L, XL and available in a long leg (LL) for inseams longer than 34
in. State size, length, and color when ordering. Item # CL-SRP – Price $70.00

                                                   Polo Riding Jeans: A
                                                   tough durable jodhpur riding
                                                   pant that will take you from the
                                                   trail to the rail. Any equestrian
                                                   will look great in this tailored
                                                   fit. The leg stirrups prevent fab-
                                                   ric from bunching-up when
                                                   riding and same-fabric knee
                                                   patch provides additional rein-
                                                   forcement. Woven of 92% cot-
                                                   ton 8% lycra for supreme com-
                                                   fort and fit. These are unisex
                                                   pants (believe it or not). Zip-
                                                   pered closure, pockets and belt
                            loops. Sold by waist size 26. 28. 30. 32, 34, 36, 38
                            and 40 with standard leg length, in black. WONDER-
FUL State waiste size when ordering. Item #CL-PJ – Price $55.00

Sticky Seat Riding Pants: These boot cut pants totally rock with their patented
                           grip seat. (Totally keeps your Butt in the Saddle
                           ladies!). The cotton nylon Lycra 4 -way
                           compression stretch fabric (67% cotton, 28%
                           nylon, 5% spandex) fights muscle fatigue, wicks
                           away moisture and flatters your figure. Flattering style lines are used for
                           your silhouette and the seam placement will never interfere with riding.
                           The pant design offers no slide action with genuine ultra suede elongated
                           knee patches. The belt loops and inside key pocket
                           wrap up the whole ensemble. As an extra option you
                           can dress up your pants by adding the rhinestone leg
                           bling for an additional $10.00. Pants come in two
                           lengths, 31" (Medium) or 35" (long). Size S (6/8), M
                           (10/12, L (14/16) and XL (18). Color black.
                           Fantastic STICK! Machine washable. Specify length,
                           size and color. Color selections are: Black, Chocolate
 18                        Brown and Burgundy. Item # CL-SS - $77.00
                             with rhinestones $88.00
                                        CLOTHING         continued


                                                      Reversible Pony–
                                                      Up Fur Vest:
                                                      Black         100%
                                                      polyester       knit
                                                      suede on one side
                                                      which reverses to
                                                      a Chinchilla like
                                                      soft faux fur on the
                                                      other. Welt side
                                                      entry pockets -
                                                      Antique        brass
                                                      horse detail on
                                                      back – Princess
                                                      seams on front and
                                                      back for slimming
fit – Machine wash - Ladies sizing S, M, L and XL. An Outstanding, Great
Looking, Fun Vest. Item #CL-RV – Price $47.95

                                            The Traveler Vest: By Kakdu
                                            Traders Australia: An all round
                                            “gunn-worn       -    pre-washed”
                                            storage vest that sports strong
                                            rugged canvas, a cowhide inner
                                            collar, hold-firm tabs, antiqued
                                            brass hardware, with loads of
                                            multi-functional          pockets,
                                            including a back storage bag. Vest
                                            is fully lined with
                                            100% cotton. An
                                            outstanding vest
                                            for       shopping
                                            (need no purse),
riders, anglers, hikers, farmers, miners, outdoor and working
folks alike that require the best in working gear. Color is
Mustard. Men’s sizing. XS, S, M, L, XL, XXL, XXXL.
Item # CL-V - Price $69.95

                            The Wool              Competitor
                            Vest: By Schaefer. The shell is 24 oz. Legacy Melton Wool that is woven so
                            tight it has a felt-like feel that is virtually windproof. It is lined with premium
                            grade taffeta. The collar and western yoke piping is full-grain leather.
                            Durable reinforced stitching throughout. Hand and warmer pockets, heavy-
                            duty two-way zippered front with storm flap that is trimmed with solid
                            brass snaps. The slightly elasticized hip gathers up the sides without a
                            bunched up fit. Once you own one, you’ll consider it to be one the finest
                            vests you’ve ever worn. Proudly made in USA and is the official vest of the
                            National Federation Rodeo. Black, Brown or Camel color, sizes: M, L, XL,
                            XXL. Item# CL-VMC – Price $119.00

                            The Wool Stockman Vest: By Schaefer, this
                            vest is so versatile, it will become your favorite.
Designed to be worn as a single layer or as a valued layer of warmth under an
over coat. The shell is constructed of genuine Legacy Melton Wool, 24
ounces strong and lined with premium grade taffeta. Distinctly western with
hand tailored full grain leather trim on the front pocket welts and western
yoke piping with brass snap closures on the back. The cut is full, with open
armholes. The back drops to the bottom of the belt line for warmth and
overall comfort. Proudly made in USA. Black or Brown, sizes: M, L, XL,
XXL Item# CL-VMS – Price $99.00

Silk Wild Rags: Made of the finest silk and with the greatest
workmanship. We offer the standard size of 36" x 36”. The hems are serged and guaranteed for the life
of the rag. These silks are just right for most occasions and are available in many prints. See web
site fdor colors. Item # CL-SR – Price $35.00                                                       19
                                         CLOTHING         continued

                              Ladies Natasha Vest: The unique, simple styling of contrast quilted
                              stitching against rich ultra suede combines elegance and performance. This
                              vest looks wonderful on all builds, especially on those with narrow builds.
                              Vest has an adjustable, elasticized back for a perfect fit along with a 2-way
                              zipper closure with side vents for maximum comfort in or out of the saddle.
                              100% polyester, available in either black with champagne stitching or
                              champagne with black stitching, sizes, S, M,
                              L, XL, XXL. Item # CL-VJP Price $42.00

                               Ladies Valencia Suede Vest: Made with
                               soft, rich ultra suede and styled with a unique
                               embroidered design. This vest offers elegant
                               beauty that looks superb on all builds
                               especially those with curves. Vest has an
adjustable, elasticized back for a perfect fit along with a 2-way zipper
closure with side vents for maximum comfort in or out of the saddle. 100%
polyester, available in either black or brown and sizes, S, M, L, XL, XXL.
Item # CL-VJPD Price $42.00

                    Fixaphone™ : A unique mobile phone case designed
                    for those with an active life-style or anyone who wants
                    quick and easy access to their mobile phone.
                    FIXAPHONE™ is constructed of wet-suit neoprene,
                    which is machine washable, durable, stretchy material,
                    that is soft and lightweight, making it comfortable to
                    wear on your arm or leg, eliminating uncomfortable
                    belt clips at your waist. The adjustable Velcro strap
                    gives a firm fit and allows free movement while
                    working or playing. A convenient way to carry your mobile
                    phone while you are running, biking, gardening, hiking,
                    shopping, horseback riding, at the gym, and so much more…
Never miss a call again! Available in black, red, yellow, green or blue and 2
sizes, small or large. Small will fit phones 2 to 4 inches and large will fit phones
3 to 5 inches. New colors in small size only of ocean blue, pink and purple.
Fits most mobile phones and holds some pagers, mp3 players and 2-way radios. State color and size.
Item #TR-FIX – Price $14.95. Extender Strap: Adds 6 inches for thighs or fitting over clothing.
Item# TR-FXE - Price $3.50

 CUSTOM clothing (Boots/Frock Coats, Vest and more) - ON LINE: www.Hillviewfarms.com




                     Kelly and Henry napping. A young girls best friend.
20
                                                  GIRTHS

Contoured Leather Girth: Give your mount a soft touch with this
soft-sided girth. These girths have no stretch and are premolded to a
curve to fit around the horse; the girth is shaped wide at the sternum
underneath (6.5 inches) and narrow at the horse’s elbows (2 3/8th
inch). Excellent on round-barreled or mutton-withered horses due to
this feature of fitting like “little saddles” under the horse, holding a
saddle more securely than any other girth. The contour behind the
elbow is excellent for those horses that have a narrow girth area, a large
tricep muscle or those that have tremendous extension, especially
performance horses. Even “cinchy” horses love this girth. These
girths are complicated to make, but they’re worth the extra effort.
First, leather skirting is backed with nylon webbing and wet-molded to a curve. Next, neoprene wet-suit
foam is placed behind the webbing and folded over the edges of the leather and sewn in place, giving your
mount soft sedges that will not dig in. Then the neoprene is covered with a thin layer of cabretta leather
and sewn in place. The stainless buckles (1-inch roller for the english) and the dees are added so a breast
strap and flank cinch can be attached. Finally, beautiful top grain leather (matching your saddle) is sewn
on top just short of the finished soft edges. It’s the ultimate! State size (even
sizes only 18 to 52 inches) and leather color. HVF-Exclusive. Western Roller
Option: For an additional $3.00 charge you have the option of having a roller
buckle Dee ring on one side that will allow for easier cinching.
Request when ordering. Item # G-SE for English or G-SW
for Western - Price $120.00 (38 inches and over add $10.00)

The Neoprene Smooth and the NO-SLIP Grippy
Neoprene Girth: Select the smooth black smooth neoprene
girth or the textured non-slip neoprene girth. The No-Slip girth is exactly what
you need for those round horses and for saddles that slip as this girth will give
you the extra grip necessary to keep you in place. Both girths are made from
the highest grade of neoprene available and have a longer life than the less
expensive neoprene girths on the market. The 1-inch roller buckles on the
English girth and the Dee’s on the western girths have two center Dees are of
stainless steel and attached with special 10,000 pound test strength nylon
webbing to ensure maximum strength and performance. The roller buckles are attached so they pull
against the edges of the main strip of webbing. This keeps the webbing from curling inside the neoprene
tube, which can create a hard spot or lump that can sore the delicate skin of the elbow, or cut in at the
sternum area. The thread used in the Neo-girth is heavy-duty 248 series for extra strength with UV
inhibitor to protect against deterioration from sunlight. Even sizes only, starting from sizes 18 inches up
to 54. For sizes over 40 inches add $10.00. HVF-Exclusive. Select Style and Type of
Neoprene.Western Roller Option: For an additional $3.00 charge you have the option of having a
roller buckle Dee ring on one side that will allow for easier cinching. Request when ordering. Item #G-NE
English or Item #G-NW Western Price $55.00 Specify smooth or Grippy Neoprene.

Girth Sock: At last a real innovation, this stretchy cotton
terry girth sock prevents or eliminates galling completely. The
sock slips over any type or shape of girth and will roll with the
horses skin and is the perfect absorbent girth cover up. Two
sizes: Small 28” un-stretched will easily stretch up to 36
inches. Medium 34” un-stretched will easily stretch up to 42 inches. Specify size. Black color only.
Item # G-SOX – Price $15.50

Leather Rear Flank Cinch: A rear flank cinch, properly used,
holds the back of the saddle down, keeping it from tipping up. To
adjust a rear flank, tighten firmly when on the ground so that when
you are in the saddle the rear cinch does not hang more than one
inch. This girth is 3-inch wide, top quality leather, stainless steel
hardware, a center strap and snap for attachment to your front
girth. Even sizes only, state leather color. Item #G-RF- Price $80.00

Girth Converter: Made exclusively for HVF, this devise converts a
western girth to English! Converter is made of black top grain leather
with a center nylon core for strength. It has stainless steel 1-inch
roller buckles for easy girthing, making this gadget simple to use. It is
self-adjusting, thus enhancing comfort. HVF-Exclusive. Sold in sets
of two Item # HR-GC $18.00                                                                            21
                                            GIRTHS continue

                                             Convert Western rigging to English: The Western converter
                                             is a billet that attaches to any western saddle’s D rings. It has
                                             1-inch billets for attachment of an English girth. Made with
                                             top grain leather on top and bottom with an inner core of nylon
                                             web for strength. Comes with both laces and Chicago screws
                                             for easy attachment. Sold in Pairs. Black or brown color.
                                              HVF-Exclusive. Item # HR-CVW - Price $24.00

                                            Kwik Cinch Barney Buckle: Easy tightening for western
                                            cinches. This unique buckle is thin and adds no extra bulk
                                            under your leg. The Barney Buckle turns any western cinch
                                            into a Smart Cinch. Great for different sized horses that require
                                            different cinch sizes Easily tighten the cinch without
                         dismounting! Remember, horses ridden for long periods of time in warm
                         conditions can lose up to 50 lbs. in body weight through sweating. So having the
                         ability to do a "Kwik cinch-up" is wonderful! Made of polished stainless steel
                         and leather. 3.5" x 2.5" w. For use on western saddles that have a 1 to 13/4 inch
                         latigo belt. The Kwik Cinch stays with your saddle and can be used on any size
                         western cinch. Selected as the top 101 innovations for 2003 by Tack n’ Togs trade
                         magazine. HVF-Exclusive. Item # HR-KC - Price $24.99

                                          English Girth Tightener: By using leverage, this "belly buster"
                                          allows easy cinching up of even the biggest air bag of a horse! No
                                          more than 10 inches long its easy to take along out on the trail. Make
                                          cinching up fast and easy with this nifty device. (Warning: you can
                                          easily over tighten.) HVF exclusive. Item # HR-BB - Price $19.95

                                           How do I know what size girth or cinch to purchase? You might
                                           need two girths sizes, depending upon how fat your horse gets in
                                           the off season and how much he shapes-up during riding. On
                                           western saddles, you should never be more than 6 inches away
                                           from the D ring on either side of the saddle and no closer than one
inch. On English saddles your girth should be half way up the billets on either side. On both saddles,
towards the end of and the beginning of the riding season, when your horse is either putting on weight or is
fat from his time off, you will be on the outer edges of your billets or distance from the D ring. The opposite
is true when your horse is in peak form, upper half of billets and closer to the D ring.

      Camping
    with 6 head,
       3 kids
   a dog and cat.




                                                   Rhea and her “Mister Man”
                                                 One of our last memories before
                                                  he left us to that place where
                                                     horses forever run free.
22
                                             GROOMING

Premier Rose’ Conditioner Concentrate: This is the
leave-in hair and skin conditioner (The best kind.) You are
not rinsing your money down the drain! Apply when horse
is wet or dry. Formulated with some of the richest oils
available, to give your horse the most beautiful supple hair
and skin. A "wet look" with NO silicone, to cause saddle
slipping or glycerin, which can cause breakage from
buildup. Leaves moisture-rich hair with color and does not
attract dust. This is a concentrate that needs to be diluted
and I strongly recommend the Premier spray bottle, which
has the calibration marks for you. When mixed, this product
is less than $3.00 per gallon! (Just so you all know, we’ve got three girls who LOVE hair, and have 10
Peruvian Paso horses with incredible manes and tails. This is the ONLY product that we have found to
condition our horses’ hair and allow for the continuous brushing from our girls. This stuff is wonderful).
Item # GR-SC – Price $18.95 for quart or $45.95 for one gallon.

Premier Nature Sheen Shampoo: When you need shampoo, use this pH-balanced moisturizing
shampoo that is NEVER drying. This is a concentrated product- a little goes a long way. Lathers great,
and rinses easily in COLD water. (If shampoos do not say cold water they don’t) Kid safe, so if they miss
a patch of shampoo during rinsing, the shampoo will not encourage dandruff. A veterinarian, Bob
Wallace, developed all of the Premier line. Item # GR-SH - Price $13.95 quart or $32.95 for gallon.

Premier White Magic: If needed, use this pH balanced formula for a "shimmering white" or a horse that
"glows white" (that is what those who use it say). Great for paints, grays, palominos and even known to
intensify black horses. This product is not like any other and will never turn purple on your horse, you
or your cloths. Item # GR-MW - Price $10.95 pint or $16.95 quart.

Premier Spray Bottle: The ultimate sprayer. This calibrated spray bottle holds up to 3
times the volume of other hand sprayers. Bottle has a full year warranty, even with fly spray!
Item # GR-SB – Price $5.95

Carrs Mane and Tail Conditioner. By appointment to her majesty The Queen, this
conditioner will give you a tangle free main and tail with results lasting for up to two weeks.
This imported product is easy to use with no mess. Outstanding results, actually
unbelievable, for completely eliminating wind knots for up to two weeks. Use on manes and
tails only. One liter. Item # GR-MT Price $32.00

Jelly Brush: This soft groomer is perfect for gently bathing and massaging your
horse's face and ears. Assorted colors. Item # GR-JB – Price $3.50

Hand-Held Flow-Through Body Brush-Deluxe: When we found this brush, it was
a dream come true. This hand-held brush will cut your scrubbing time by half.
Now you can gently scrub your horse clean as the water flow rinses dirt away
from the bristles and off your horse. The slim head of this brush reaches into all
the small hard-to-scrub places. With an overall length of 15 in., you have plenty
of leverage to scrub off the ickiest of grime. The bristles on this brush are
sturdy, yet soft enough to do under belly and flanks. Comes with a speed
control valve and “quick connect” pieces for customizing its use. Green color. HVF exclusive.
Item # GR-HB – Price $9.50

Mane and Tail Brush: This brush by Tail Tamers is wonderful. No more
cracked brush heads or handles. In fact, this handle is contoured for your hand.
Neat assorted colors. Item # GR-TB - Price $8.00

The Miracle Mitt. This soft gentle mitt is made with thousands of
micro-fibers per square inch allowing this mitt to absorb 8 times it's own
weight in water. This mitt holds dust and dirt like a magnet making it
great for dusting tack and windows, home, cars or trailer as it cleans with
out sprays or polishes. It also is great for washing your horse, especially
the face and legs. But is even better for finishing work. Outstanding for
wiping down your horse prior to the show ring in removing all those
little dust particles, leaving your animal with gleaming coat that would
make even Pledge stand up and take notice. Size 8 x 10 with an elastic cuff, Machine
washable, scratch-free and ultra soft. Item # GR-MM- Price $5.99                                      23
                                        GROOMING          continued

                                     Natural Sea Sponges: At last REAL sponges. I’ve used both real
                                     and synthetic sponges over the years and until you have used a
                                     REAL sponge you do not know what you are missing! These
                                     sponges are commercially raised and collected. There are several
                                     different types of sponges on the market. I’ve selected two types
                                     in two sizes. 6-7 in. perfect for small hands and 8-9 in. for larger
                                     hands. After several lengthy tests, we could not decide on just one
                                     or just one size - they both had their merits- so we carry both
                                     species and two sizes. The yellow sponge is firmer than the wool
sponge, moderately absorbent and durable. This sponge has scrubbing power, great for a horse’s body
and legs. The wool sponge, hands down, is the softest, most pliable and absorbent sponge available. It
is the uncontested champion of all natural sponges in performance. It is superb for the horse’s face and
genital area and perfect for human use too! Specify size.
Item # GR-SPY (yellow) - Price $7.99 for a 6-7 in. or $12.50 for a 8-9 inch.
Item # GR-SPW (wool) - Price is $13.50 for a 6-7 in. or $24.50 for a 8-9 inch.

Tangle Wrangler Brush: This detangling brush is a delight to use. Designed with seven
unique flexible comb rows that bend out and snap back to loosen even the toughest tangles,
snarls and wind knots. This design helps avoid the ripping and tearing that you would get
with a brush that has fixed bristles. This sturdy brush will last and last because it has
nothing to pull out or fall apart. Available in hot pink, orange, lime, purple or black.
Item # GR-WB - Price $5.00

              Sprayer: This sprayer with hose connection kit is made of durable polymer featuring a
              protective soft dial rear trigger for precision flow control. The luxury nozzle pampers your
              horse with various delivery settings from mist to jet. Also includes “quick connect” pieces
              for use with hose. Green color. HVF exclusive. Item # GR-NZD – Price $5.95

                      Curly Hose: This hose tidies up after itself without tangling or bunching.
                      Imagine not having to deal with yards of heavy, wet, knotted hose at the end
                      of watering or washing - that’s the idea behind this clever hose that "rewinds"
                      itself after every use. Stores easily in minimal space and weighs half as much
                      as an ordinary hose. Flexible poly hose with brass fittings. Assorted colors.
                      Available in 25 or 50 feet. Specify length.
Item # GR-HOSE - Price $15.00 or $25.00 for 50 ft.

Mesh Sponge Bag: Cool down your horse without leaving your saddle. Just “throw
your sponge overboard" into a creek, stream or water trough. Natural sponges are
preferred for their capacity to hold a lot of water, but they become heavy and usually
break through the grommet. So here is the solution! This sponge bag is made of tough
polyurethane mesh, which helps keep dirt and debris off the sponge while dunking,
and comes with a snap for fastening anywhere onto your saddle or breast collar, and also has an extra-long
string. Great bag for holding all your little pieces of sponge or a great big new one! Ideal for competitive,
endurance or long distance riders! Item # GR-Mesh – Price $9.00

Hoof Pick with Brush: Assorted colors. Tough. Item # GR-HP - Price $1.50

Two sided Brush: This brush is worth having at the price. With two different
types of bristles on a strong wooden handle, this brush is versatile and handy.
                   Item # GR- 2B - Price $4.00

                   Roaching Shears: The best way to make a bridle path are
                   with these 8 inch curved roaching shears are heavy duty scissors with a comfort grip
                   that will not sore your hand when cutting away. They are strong and will cut easily
                   through any thickness of mane. Stainless steel . Item # GR-RS - Price $10.00

                  Rubber Curry: The classic oval rubber curry, with a comfort
strap across the top for holding comfort. Sized perfectly for the smaller hand.
                   Assorted colors. Item # GR-OC – Price $ 1.75

                     Big Touch Groomer: An easy to use round rubber curry with heavy knobs to really
                     work out the horse’s coat. It has a comfort strap across the top for holding
                     comfort. This groomer is OUTSTANDING for shedding out winter hair coats!
24                   Actually in my opinion, the ONLY groomer worth using. Assorted colors (red, navy,
                     black and hunt green). Item # GR-RC – Price $4.50
                                         GROOMING          continued

Shedding Tool: This is the best! The
Furminator shedding tool (5”-wide edge)
removes a horse’s winter coat and loose hair from
the undercoat. It also brings up the natural oils
from the bottom coat to the topcoat, leaving a
more lustrous, healthy, and naturally shiny coat. The Ferminator shedding tool does not cut or damage
the coat, reduces allergens, has an ergonomically designed handle, and stimulates circulation and hair
growth. This grooming aid is guaranteed to work better than any brush, comb, or rake. Spend less time
grooming and more time riding and enjoying your horse! Fantastic. We also carry this tool for cats (blade
size 1.75” ) (reduces hair balls and shedding by 90%) - and dogs (blade size 2.65”). This maybe the most
expensive brush you’ll ever buy, but worth every penny! Horse: Item # GR-FH – Price $55.00
Dog: Item # GR-FD - Price $45.00 Cat: Item # GR-FC - Price $35.00

Bathing Brush: TubNub bathing brush by Furminator. Massage your critters as
you work cleansing shampoo into your pet’s coat with a gentle, circular motion to
work out loose hair and deep-down dirt. This bathing brush stimulates skin and hair
follicles while bathing. Wonderful and very easy to use with the ergonomically designed
handle. Item # GR-BT - Price $10.00

The Easy Brush: Perfect for brushing out your horses. Easy-to-grip handle, no strain on
your shoulder, elbow, or wrist. The bush everyone grabs before and after riding. 8” handle.
Synthetic: Item # GR - ZB-Price $5.00 or Natural: Item # GR-ZBN - Price $5.50

Sparkle and Shine: Glitter and solid color hoof polish. Make your horses’ and
mules’ hooves come alive in parades, during events, trail riding or just for fun.
Surprise a friend or sibling by dazzling them with this JUST FOR FUN polish.
Guaranteed to make you giggle! Glitter colors come in: gold, silver, hot pink, red,
               blue, purple and turquoise. Solid colors available in: lime, clear,
               black, purple, and hot pink. Item # GR-SP - Price $12.99

              Sparkle and Shine Gel: Make your horses’ and mules’ come alive in
              parades, during events, trail riding or just for fun. Surprise a friend or sibling
              by dazzling them with this JUST FOR FUN gel. Guaranteed to make you
              giggle! Gel colors come in: gold, silver, hot pink, red, blue, purple and
              turquoise. Item # GR-SG - Price $7.00

               Sparkle and Shine Spray: Make your horses’ and mules’ coats and manes
come alive in parades, during events, trail riding or just for fun. Surprise a friend or sibling
by dazzling them with this JUST FOR FUN spray. Guaranteed to make you giggle!
Glitter colors come in: gold or silver. Item # GR-SPS - Price $12.99

The Original Riders Rasp: This is not the cheap disposable model, but the
good model. When the blades become worn, you can replace them and continue to
use this rasp. The Riders Rasp features an ergonomic design that fits all hands and has a soft grip with no-
slip sides to protect hands. The rasp uses finish files, which are great for rounding or beveling the hoof,
maintaining hoof form without the risk of removing too much wall. Perfect for the rider who prefers a
barefoot horse with a natural hoof The rasps are 52 Rockwell hardness and the protective plate is stainless
steel. This tool withstood 3 years of testing. It’s tough! Item # GR-RR - Price $35.95
Replacement Rasps: Package of two pairs (4 total) in medium finish. Item # GR-RB - Price $39.95 or
Package of one pair (2 total) of medium coarse files. Item # GR-RB1 - Price $19.95

Taveling Tack Rack: Clips over stall edge, horse trailer, tack trunk or use at
              home. Enameled tubular and bar steel construction. Assorted
              colors. Item # GR-TACK - Price $5.50

                 Harness Hook: A super way to organize your tack room. Hang from the ceiling, and then
                 pile on your blankets, bridles, reins, or harness etc. This 12” , 4-prong hook
                 comes in black or red. Item # HR-HH - Price $5.50

                 Bridle Hook: Vinyl coated – black with screws. Item # HR-BH – Price $2.50

                 Sweat Scraper: This aluminum scrape is the easiest to us,
store and clean up. Item # GR-SS - Price $1.50
                                                                                                       25
                    GROOMING continued             /   HARDWARE AND           RIGGING

                                Tidy Pockets: The best trailer and barn organizer.
                                Store sponges, wipes and grooming items. Made of
                                tough 600-denier water-resistant polyester that can be
                                easily cleaned. Has mesh pockets to allow airflow and
                                inhibit mildew and mold growth and grommets that
                                allow for easy mounting. The deluxe is 23" wide x 46"
                                long and has 14 pockets with a large zipper pocket at
                                the bottom. The basic or half door is 23 in. wide and 25
                                in. long with 9 pockets. Colors: green, burgundy,
                                purple, red, navy blue or black. Specify color and
                                style. Item # GR-TP 9 - Price $28.00
                                GR-TP 19 - Price $48.00 for deluxe.

Mosquito Beater Natural Granules: This remarkable all natural, non-toxic,
biodegradable product is the first insect repellent in a ready, easy-to-use shaker
applicator. This product is non-toxic, biodegradable, and pleasantly scented.
Contains geranium oil, cedar oil, lemon grass oil, garlic and citronella Oil. Repels
mosquitoes, black files, flies, no-see-ums for up to 3 weeks,. Great anywhere
                                           insects are a problem - great for
                                           camping. 1.3 lb, treats 4,000 sq. feet.
                                           Item # SU-MB – Price $14.95

                                           Hot Pepper Wax Animal Repellent: A natural repellent for
                                           use on fruits, vegetables, and ornamentals. Even stops animals
                                           from chewing wood structures, fences—even their blankets.
                                           One application can last up to 4 weeks. Made from hot cayenne
                                           peppers. 1-quart spray bottle. Item # SU-HPW – Price $14.95

                                          Bug Balm: This belly balm is made with bees wax this product
               stays on and lasts for days. Smells great, is soothing and helps the body heal naturally as
               it has Aloe Vera. Contains natural repellents and has the consistency of soft butter.
               Wonderful. Item # SU-BB - Price $11.99

               Eucalyptus Oil: 4 oz. Hard to find and costly to buy. One of the essential
                ingredients in preparing an all natural fly/insect spray for your horses.
                Recipe for fly spray on pg. 83. Item # SU-EU - Price $14.95 (reg 22.95)

                10% Permethrin: Controls fleas, lice, mites and flies. Long lasting - broad
                spectrum insecticide effectiveness. Residual activity for up to 28 days. 8 oz
                bottle. Item # SU-P Price $8.00

              Mosquito Yard Fog: By Bonide, this triple-action formula is highly
              effective against flying and crawling insects. Use outdoors and in.
              (Mosquitoes, flies of all types, wasps, hornets, and bees, plus all those all
those crawling bugs!) Active ingredients are teramethrin, permethrin and piperonyl
butoxide. Item # SU-YS– Price $6.50

                                                      Picket Line Tightener: This “tight
                                                      rope” is the ONLY way to tighten up your sagging
                                                      picket/high line. It is so easy and yet ingenious (we
                                                      were the inventor’s inspiration for this gizmo, after he
                                                      saw us struggling with our self-tightening knots). You
may think about making one yourself but for the price offered… forget it. Just order one, you will never
be sorry. How to use: Put your rope up and make it as tight as you can by hand. Then position the two
knobs of the tightener so that the rope runs between them. Then firmly hold the tightener and begin to
walk -twisting the tightener so that the rope twists around the knobs of the tightener. When very tight,
                          latch the clip on the line. HVF-Exclusive. Item # HR-PT – Price $25.00

                           The Horse Positioner: At last a picket or high line fastener that you can put
                           on both a high line cable and a picket rope too! A fastener that you can move
                           without lowering or loosening your high line/picket line. This ingenious little
                           loop attaches easily to rope or cable stays put and will not slide. Position your
                           hay bags, feed bags and horses and reposition them with total ease.
26                         Continued on following page...
                               HARDWARE AND RIGGING continued

We offer a 2-inch ring for an additional $1.00. This ring will allow for a quicker
release of your lead rope. To use the horse positioner: 1) Hold the positioner with
your hand by the copper crimp in front of the line and about 2" above it. 2) With your
other hand take the bottom of the “horse positioner” and bring it up behind the picket
line and through its self and over . 3) Repeat step 2 two more times. 4) Pull the loop
down and straighten the rope so that copper clip is flat in front and the coils of rope
are not over each other. 5) To test, side “the horse positioner” side-to-side with your
hand on the rope coils (not the bottom loop), next pull side ways with the bottom
loop and it will lock each way. 6) Note, if the loop is too long, repeat
step 2. Item # HR-HP - Price $4.00 or 4 for $15.00.
Optional ring - Price $1.00

No-Knot Eliminator Picket Fastener: By popular demand, I’ve in-
cluded this picket fastener. If you use a line heavier than a half inch or a line with
a lot of stretch, (basically not the rope we sell) you will find that the other picket
fasteners will "pop" loose. With this No-Knot-Eliminator I can absolutely
guarantee a secure hold! Item # HR-KNOT - Price $5.99

Picket Line Rope: At last here is the picket or “high line” rope you are
looking for. This top quality poly rope has a soft broken in feel, with very
little stretch. This rope comes only in red for easy visibility. (Our youngest daughter was nearly taken
out by a rope that she did not see and had a scar on her neck all summer.) We strongly recommend using
red picket leads as well. State length or at .40 cents a foot request a custom length.
Item # HR-PR - Price .40 cents a foot

Sta-Set Marine Rope: This is the rope that professionals use for
making the high quality halters, lead ropes and lounge lines. For anyone who may have handled this rope
and wondered "where did they get that?” here it is. The 5/16 is used for making the rope halters (requires
21 feet). Instructions available to make a halter or buy it completed- see headstalls in the index. Red with
white flecks. Item # HR- Rope - Price .75 cents per ft.

The Tree Hugger: Here is the friendly tree saver that is easy
to use, and best of all; it will NOT slip down the tree when
trying to position it. Black nylon, triple
enforced, 6-foot long, no hardware to rust.
Made in the good old USA! Sold as pairs. HVF-
Exclusive. Item # HR-TH - Price $12.00

Sure Knot Rope Cleat: Finally, for those who cannot tie a good knot to save
their life and those who do not want to struggle getting tight knots undone. This
rope cleat will take all of the guesswork out of knot-tying, plus it adds the safety
of being able to perform a quick release FAST. A must for those who use picket
lines. Just wrap your rope around this gizmo and then relax, knowing that your
horses are secure. Steel powder coat finish, 10 inches long. HVF-Exclusive.
Item # HR-RC - Price $10.00

The High Line Picket Pole: No more worrying about tying to trees or if there
is nothing to tie to at all. Now you can picket anywhere. Simply slide this into
your RV’s, SUV’s or pick-up’s 2-inch receiver hitch. This unique pole is 6 feet
high plus the additional height of your hitch. Fasten the end of your high line to
your trailer, then run the rope through the ring at the top of your “picket pole” and
tie off with a “belaying” knot (a continuous figure eight, securing the end by
tucking it under the last crossover) on the arms of the cleat. Quick and easy. Pole
is strong 11 gauge steel and weighs 22 lbs. Powder coat finish. HVF exclusive.
Actual shipping charges apply. Item # HR-PP - Price $69.00

Picket Lead / Cross Tie: This lead /cross tie is made in red for easy visibility. It
comes standard with a quick release swivel panic
snap on both ends or you can special order a snap of    Stainless.Steel trigger swivel and Spring
your choosing on the other end (for attachment to                       snap @ $3.00
your horse‘s halter). This lead is adjustable from 2 to
7 feet and is designed that even when adjusted short
it will not loop open, thus avoiding possible injury.
HVF-Exclusive. Item # HR-PL - Price $12.00                                                     27
                               HARDWARE AND RIGGING continued
                 *Safety Tip* When horse camping, space your leads 20 to 24 feet apart, giving each animal
                 an area that is 10 to 12 feet. Set the length of the animals lead long enough where they can
                 lie down. Make sure that he is 8 to 10 feet away from any vehicle, trailer or trees.

                  The Clip: Even the calmest of horses can struggle with pressure on occasion and "The
                  Clip" solves this problem. When a horse is tied to something solid and pulls back,
                  pressure is created at the horse’s poll. This pressure can induce panic. "The Clip" has 3
                  different attachment settings (see details to left) to allow relief from the pressure. If the
                  horse does pull back the panic is stopped before injury from falling, running away or
                  even having its (neck snap. The clip keeps the horse safe inside and outside the trailer
and is great on a picket line, especially one that does not give.Item # HR-CLIP - Price $18.50

Bells: Bells are commonly used to alert wild life when you are riding and are used on high-lines, picket-
                    lines and fencing to alert owners when things are getting out of control and require
                    attention. The large cowbell is copper and measures 4 x 3 x 2 and has a deeper ring.
                    The smaller liberty bell is brass and measures 2 x 2.5 inches and has a tingly ring.
                    Item # HR-CB Price $5.50 cow bell or Item # HR-LB Price $2.00 liberty bell.

                               Trailer Tie: This nylon web trailer tie has a heavy easy open bull snap on
                               one end and a panic release snap on the other. It’s adjustable from 18-36
                               inches, black or red color. Item # HR-TT - Price $7.00

                               Neoprene Tail Protector: Designed to help prevent rubbing of tail-hair
                               and protect the tailbone during trailer travel. An absolute must-have for
                horses that are hauled in straight-load trailers, who either sit or ride with their rear-ends on
                the butt bar or on the metal divide. (Trust us it will take a complete summer for tail hair
                to grow back in--but over a year if the rub wears a bald spot.) Available in black, hunter
                green, red or royal blue. Specify color. Item # HR-TAIL - Price $15.00

                 Twist n’ Flex: This giant twist tie is a handy twist, perfect for so many
                 uses. The strong, plastic-coated iron wire is 32 inches long. It is further
coated with soft foam and is simple to twist – as one would do with a twist-tie. This
Twist n’ Flex is perfect for tying up a loose end of rope on your picket or high line, for
tying up pails, buckets, tarps – you name it. No messing with baler twine and then with
scissors or knife cutting it loose. This is a wonderful product to have with a price that
cannot be beat. Packaged as a pair of two, red or black color. Item # HR-TW- Price $9.99

                        Feed Scoop: Holds-up, inexpensive, light-weight and the feed
                        doesn’t fall out while being carried. Size is 3 qt., select open or
                        closed scoop. Item # HR-SC - Price $3.50

                       Neoprene Crupper - A crupper will hold the back of the
saddle down, as well as keep the saddle in place when going downhill. If you do
not use a crupper when going downhill, your saddle may run into your mount’s
rotating shoulder and the girth may run into his elbow /arm pit area-with the
                              potential of galling and soring him terribly. A
                              crupper also will keep your saddle from ending up
                              on your mount’s neck! The proper use of a crupper can help alleviate both.
                              This crupper has a pliable braided nylon core for strength, and is sleeved
                              with soft Neoprene that actually doesn’t chafe! The tail loop has bridle
                              snaps on both ends so it rides balanced and has two long center straps of
                              black nylon webbing that can be easily adjusted either long or short for
                              different backed horses. Stainless Steel Hardware. HVF-Exclusive. To
                              properly adjust the crupper: Square your horse up, adjust the crupper so
                              you can lift it off the rump 3” to 4” inches. The loop on this crupper can
                              be purchase separately. Item # HR-C – Price $45.00.
                            Double Strap Crupper - Item # HR-C2 - Price $55.00
                            Loop only, Item # HR Loop - Price $20.00

                              Panniers: Forest Service panniers made of heavy-duty, light weight canvas,
                              Extra reinforced at corners. Stitched and hand riveted. Heavy wood dowel
                              set in for extra strength hang strap system. Center ring for lash strap. 1"
                              hang straps. Fully adjust able. 35" long, 18 " high and 10 inches wide. Pair
                              of two Item # HR-PAN - Price $299.00
 28
                               HARDWARE AND RIGGING continued

Fannier Inserts: Sold as a set of two. Fits in standard soft panniers. Nearly
indestructible. Weight: 16.0 lbs. - natural color - 23" L x 11" W x 16" H.
Item # HR-PAL - Price $70.00
                                                                                  Shown with tub-
Breeching: Designed with horses in mind. Why use breeching? Breeching
                                                                                 trugs sold on page
helps stabilize a load more than any crupper, and is also nicer to the animal.
                                                                                         30
Some horses and mules do not like a crupper, or they put up their tail up or
hold it off to the side and off goes the crupper. Some equines have such a
difficult tail set it is very hard to properly set a crupper and the animal ends
up galled or worse yet, ornery and may buck. This breeching is half the
weight anything else on the market. Stronger than any leather and more
stable with ten - yes 10 – 1 inch soft nylon straps from 30 to 40 inches long
to accommodate both small and huge equines. All the hardware is stainless,
no more rust ever. The ten stainless steel sliders and 6 swivel trigger snaps
make for quick and easy adjustments, on and off. Gone for good are those
horrible Conway buckles and dry, brittle – rotten leather that is impossible to work
with. The strap is now 3 inches wide and 37 inches long and completely padded. No
more cutting into and galling your animals’ buttocks. HVF-Exclusive. Comes in
black or brown. Item # HR-BR – Price $195.00

The Grazer: A spring-loaded hay-feeding machine that brings natural
grazing action to your stall. No more wasted hay! The Grazer will slow
feeding. Mounts at ground level, creating proper feeding posture. Reduces
boredom. No more wasted hay. The Grazer was developed to provide horses
with their most primitives need...the need to graze. The Grazer comes with
standard with 6-bar grate w/ 2.5 in spaces. Made of aluminum, it weighs
39lbs and is 28"x 27.5"x 13.5" Allow 4-6 weeks for delivery, Call for shipping
quote. Item # HR-GZ - Price $159.00

Measuring Cane: Now this is really neat. We’ve seen all kinds of measuring sticks and
even the new modern ones can scare or startle a horse. (Real nice when they need to stand
still to be measured.) This cane is not cumbersome or scary. Easy to use and reads in
centimeters or hands and has a level. Natural cane 39 inches. (shipping will be $10.00 if
ordered alone) Item # HR-CANE - Price $22.50

                    The Camp Saw: This Coghlan’s saw is for serious trail clearing. Saw is
                    19 inches overall in length with a 12-inch carbon steel tempered flexible
                    blade. It cuts smooth and clean on the pull stroke. The 3-sided razor
                    sharp teeth never need sharpening. Comes with sheath for attachment
                    to your person or saddle. Item #HR-CSS – Price$16.50

                     The Unbelievable Saw®: A hand-held, flexible, lightweight saw that cuts limbs
                     faster than you'd believe possible, even in the tightest spots. This is why it is called
                     the "Unbelievable" saw (or as we like to say, a pocket chain saw because) it can fit into
a pocket). Easily cut through a 3 inch tree limb, the toughest wood, the thickest brush, around corners,
under fences, around roots, along fence rows and even over high limbs in less than 20 seconds with the
Unbelievable Saw®. This saw is a must have. PERIOD. If you ride through wooded lands, clear trails;
are an outdoors enthusiast, a gardener, hunter, backpacker, fisherman, hiker, professional tree trimmer,
homeowner or camper you can’t possibly imagine how WONDERFUL this saw is. Our
only regret is that we did not find this years ago! Details: Extremely fast and easy to use;
doesn't require great strength.This unusually lightweight saw weighs just 5 ounces and
makes cutting branches over your head a breeze. Just throw the saw over the branch and
whiz it off. For commercial use, this saw cuts 2 x 4 lumber and PVC pipe (great for tight
areas, such as inside walls between studs or in the bottom of a ditch). The saw has 92 bi-
directional cutting teeth so it cuts in both directions it can be used by one or two people
and the unique design makes it much less likely to bind while cutting. This 21-inch saw
is made of high strength, heat-treated steel and is coated for rust
resistance, which makes it stay sharp almost indefinitely. If it ever needs
sharpening, a normal flat file does the job. This pocket sized saw comes
in handy zip-lock plastic pouch which is easy to store, (folds up to 4 x 2
x 1.5 bundle) and requires as much room as a crumpled up handkerchief! –
Fits in your pocket, back-pack or saddle bag.Made in the USA and makes
a truly useful, original gift that will be appreciated. We LOVE this saw - it
is phenomenal - so much so that we are still shaking our heads in                                         29
amazement! Item # HR-SAW - Price $19.95
                             HARDWARE AND RIGGING continued

                      The Sierra Folding Camp Saw: By Coghlan’s, a wonderful compact
                      lightweight-folding saw with a locking 7.25-inch blade that can be inexpensively
                      replaced instead of sharpened. Saw cuts on the pull stroke and is 9.5 inches long
                      when folded shut. Perfect for saddlebags. Replacement blades available.
                      Item #HR-CS – Price $7.50 complete saw.
                      Item #HR-CSB- Price $4.50 replacement blade

Scissor Snap: These are nickel over brass 3/4 inch-long snaps. These are wonderful for hooking all kinds
of stuff. Select round or square eye. Item # HR-SNAPS - Price $1.00

Breast collar Dee’s: Use these stainless steel Dee’s to attach a breast collar to the saddle. They come
with screws for easy attachment to the saddle. Item # HR-BD – Price $5.00 pr

Accessory Dee’s: Stainless steel, these are those ever needed loops for hooking anything and everything
to the saddle. They come with screws for easy attachment. Item # HR-AD – Price $5.00 pr

Crupper Dee: Stainless steel Dee with screws for easy attachment. Item # HR-CD – Price $3.00

Footman’s loops with screws: Stainless steel brackets are a welcome addition to any saddles’ fork or
cantle. Item # HR-FL – Price $5.00 pr

Rings: Stainless steel one-inch rings are a great addition. Attach under Footman’s Loops for an extra
"snap on" spot. Item # HR-R – Price $3.00 pr

Hoof Pick or Knife Holder: Comes with leather string for attachment to your saddle. Specify leather
color. Item # HR -Holder - Price $12.00

                       Saddle Strings: These strings are 30 inches long and come on Stainless steel
                       rings, footman loops or Dee’s with screws. State color of brown or blackwhen
                       ordering. Item # HR-ST – Price $20.00 pr

                       Western off-billet: Leather with nylon reinforced webbing.
                       Item # HR-OB – Price $20.00

                      Western latigo: Real latigo leather strap. Includes both leather ties and Chicago
                      screws and for attachment to saddle.Item # HR-WL – Price $30.00

                      English billets: Pair of billets with screws. Item # HR-EB - Price $50.00

                       Rear flank billets: Pair of leather billets for attachment to Dee rings on the rear
                       rigging of a western saddle. Item # HR-RB - Price $40.00.

                       TubTrugs: The world's most flexible 2 handled tub! This tub is the most useful
                       tool for thousands of jobs around the home and garden. Great for carrying, mixing,
                       pouring, scooping, plastering, storing, washing, gardening, pets: the list of uses
                       for your TubTrug is literally endless! Used by professionals the world over,
                       TubTrugs are fantastic for many heavy-duty jobs; used by landscape gardeners,
                       builders, plasterers, mechanics and fishermen the world over. Two extremely
                       strong handles and flexible body make handling a TubTrug much easier than any
                                                              normal bucket or tub. These tubs are frost
                                                              and UV proof, which means your
                                                              TubTrug, won’t degrade in sunlight or
                                                              frost. TubTrugs have super-strong
                                                              handles, come in a huge range of sizes and
                                                              colors. They are flexible yet very, very
                                                              strong. TubTrugs Flexible are suitable for
                                                              everyone as they are the containers you can
                                                              trust to help you get the job done. Comes in
                                                              assorted colors and sizes S, M, L, XL plus
                                                              the large pan which 6 x 23 inch, is
                                                              wonderful for feeding and great for standing
                                                              in during a camp shower: To round out the
                                                              collection is the small shallow pan, 6.5 x
 30                                                           15.5 which makes the ideal equestrian
                                                              feeder.
                                        HARDWARE AND RIGGING continued

                     Item #   GR-Tub S (~ 4 gallons) - Price $10.00
                     Item #   GR-Tub M (~7 gallons) - Price $12.00
                     Item #   GR-Tub L (~10 gallons) - Price $14.00
                     Item #   GR-Tub XL (~20 gallon) - Price $30.00
                     Item #   GR-Tub F (~9.4 gallons- large flat 6.5” high - Price $22.00
                     Item #   GR-Tub SF (~ 4 gallons- small flat) - Price $10.00

Water Bag: This is a perfect bag for trail riders and hikers
alike. Made of nylon with carry straps. This bag will carry
2.5 gallons of water without spilling a drop – even if you set
it down! When empty, this bag scrunches down to the size of
your fist, perfect for pockets or saddlebags.
 Item# HR-WB- Price $5.50

Collapsible Water Bucket: This versatile bucket holds 3 gallons,
yet doesn’t take up any space when it’s empty. Ideal for anyone on
the go to shows, camping, boating, or hiking.
Item #TP-CB - Price $14.50

Portable / adjustable pail / bucket holder: This easy-to-use pail/
bucket holder will not rust, rot or corrode. Made of stainless steel
hardware and nylon this holder is strong, completely safe and will
last a lifetime. 22 inches long with 1-inch black nylon; 4-inch SS
spring snap and a 2-inch SS O-ring. HVF exclusive.
Item # HR-PH – Price $10.00

Tri-Leveler: Raise your living quarters, camper or RV up to 3 and 7/
8 inches on any tire for a level position. Helps appliances and tanks
operate correctly. Lightweight, durable resin has a non-slip service.
Each Tri-leveler has a load capacity of 4000 pounds. Easy to use and
store! Sold singly. Item # TP-TRI – Price $18.00

Trailer Wheel Chock: Super Wheel Chock. Keep your vehicle and
trailer from moving. Keep your trailer in place and re-hitch with
confidence. Solidly constructed of durable polypropylene with UV
inhibitors. So bright and you can not leave these behind. Sold as singles.
Item #TP - SC - Price $9.50

Wheel / Tongue Dock: The wheel dock keeps your trailer stable and
prevents your trailer tongue wheel from rolling on the pavement or
sinking into the driveway, grass or soft ground. Heavy duty, durable dock
is easy to store and transport. Item # TP - WD - Price $15.99

Trailer Aid - Wheel lift: Trailer-Aid is a fast, safe, easy way to change your
trailer’s flat tire without having to unload your horses. A flat tire never
happens at a good time, usually when you are by yourself, on a busy
highway, with a trailer full of horses. Trailer-Aid allows anyone to change a
flat tire anywhere, anytime-without help, without a jack and without
unloading. Trailer-Aid can withstand weights up to 15,000 lbs., and is waterproof
and rustproof. Made from a high-tech polymer, Trailer-Aid is both small and
lightweight plus Trailer-Aid is as strong as steel. The front holes and rear slot
allow for easy handling and access. The Trailer-Aid PLUS is engineered specifically
for recreational trailers. This PLUS gives your tire and extra one-inch of lift for
performing maintenance on brakes, wheels and axles. Llifetime guarantee.
Regular Trailer-Aid: Item #TP - 21 - Price $38.50 or
Plus Trailer-Aid: Item #TP-23 - Price $55.00

Aluminum Wash: Trailer-Glitter Aluminum Wash. Make your aluminum trailer shine.
Formulated to remove oxidation and restore shine on aluminum trailers. 32 oz.
Item # TP - AW - Price $5.50

Wall mount standard levels: Screw-mounted level provides front–to-back and/or
side-to-side leveling. Easy to use and read – the best Set of two.
Item# TP-LL – Price $3.25                                                                   31
                              HARDWARE AND RIGGING continued

                                 The Trailer Broom: This heavy-duty corn broom is right
                                 size for travel and storage at just 4 ½’ high. The perfect
                                 stiffness, along with the perfect diameter bristles for
                                 sweeping out chips and poop that get lodged in your trailer
                                 mat. Item # HR-CB - Price $14.99

                      The Trailer Fork: At only 4.5 feet tall and 12 inches wide this is the
                      perfect manure fork for any horse trailer or better yet young kids to
                      use! A great fork at a super price. Call for shipping quote.
                      Item # HR-TF – Price $13.99

                                                Basket Fork Head: Long tnes to go through grass.
                                                Assorted clors. Item # HR-FHB - Price $14.95

                                               Mounting Block: Now
                                               you can mount up with
                                               out pulling out your
                                               horse’s back or your
                                               own.. This 3-step rise by
High Country Plastics is 18” wide, 31 ¼” and 22” high. Actual shipping
rate applies. Choose from forest green, blue, red, tan, gray, black, purple
or pink. Item # HR-MS Price $75.99 call for shipping

The HOOF-it® 'two in one' Smart Stand: Hoof care made easy for the horse and
user by relieving stress on the back and knees. This stand has post and cradle
integrated into one. The post and cradle are covered with a shock-absorbing rubber
material and provide a stable, comfortable support for the horse. The cradle readily
fits different hoof sizes. Super for older horses or those that require special support
during all phases of shoeing, trimming, treatment or other tasks. Allows the horse to
relax without putting all of its weight on the user. The wide base unit provides stability and safety for the
user reducing risk of) injury during hoof care tasks. The Hoof-it is only for use on horses that have been
trained to submit their foot to the handler. For safety and stability, keep one foot on the base unit when
working with the Hoof-it® stand and do not leave the horse’s leg or hoof in the cradle or on the stand,
when unattended. Working with and around horses may be hazardous. Hoof- it is not responsible for
damages that may occur due to the use of this product. Item # HR-HJ - Price $150.00

                           Ride-N-Tie: This is an easy and safe way of tethering your horse - four feet
                           way from your trailer. This complete unit includes: the spring-loaded Ride-N-
                           Tie arm, receiver, holding clamp and hardware. This unit will go onto all trailers
                           except the Brenderup and folds flat against the trailer for easy stowage. Made
                           of all steel construction with easy instillation. Additional receivers sold sepa-
                           rately if multiple locations are needed for a single Ride-N-Tie arm. Complete
                           unit Call for shipping quote. Item # HR-RNT - Price $240.00
                           Extra receiver Item # HR-RN - Price $35.00

                          The Highline/ Tie-Picket-Arm: 3 in 1 offers 3+ options in one easy
                         package! 1) the Highline option allows height adjustments in one-inch
                         increments. Using this option, the highline can be run from the trailer to
                         another location. 2) by simply turning this pole upside down, it provides an
                         instant Picket-line attachment. 3) best of all, when there is nothing else to tie
                         to, it is easy to add the flexible Arm Extension. With the extension, horse is
                         cantilevered to 4 feet from the trailer! Complete package kit includes: powder
                         coated 11 gauge steel mounting bracket with one 1/8 x 4 x 12 inch backer plate,
                         one 3/8 inch nut, two 3/8 inch washers, two 3/8 x 2 1/2 inch button head
                                                           cap mounting bolts and two quick adjustment
                                                           pins (Specify thickness of trailer frame so the
                                                           correct length can be sent); adjustable4-foot ¾
                                                           inch flexible acetyl Arm Extension that
                                                           includes quick adjustment pin.        Call for
                                                           shipping quote. Complete package:
                                                           HR-PHLA – Price $285.00
                                                           The basic (without the arm):
            Completed - construction of a                  Item # HR-PHL – Price $135.00
 32         7-stall lean using Stall Skins.                The add on (flexible arm extension):
                                                           Item # HR-PA – Price $170.00
                               HARDWARE AND RIGGING continued

HiTie: As an alternative to trailer tying, the HiTie, once
attached to your horse trailer, will extend out 4 feet with a
flexible fiberglass arm. This system will allow your horse to
graze, eat, drink, roll and lie down while tied. HiTie is ideal
when you do not have the room or ability to picket or corral
your horse. Hi Tie is made of stainless steel and fiberglass and
will fold flat against your trailer when not in use. Your horse
needs to be trained to tether, hobble and/or be trained to a hi-
line or picket line system. (The manufacturer, Easy Care, or
the distributor, Hill View Farms, will not be held responsible
for property damage injury to a misbehaving horse while
tethered or personal injury associated with problem horses.) It
is required that your horse be trained to tether, hobble and/or
be trained to a hi-line or picket line system. The complete
HiTie system will include arm, d-ring pin and safety clip,
mounting plate and hardware. Actual shipping charges apply.
Item # HR-HiTie - Price $300.00

Portable Electric Fencing: In as mush as I have seen; from
poorly designed and installed electric fencing, I am compelled
to realize that it is only under certain conditions that this type
of fencing is necessary. Thus, for portable corrals to be used
when camping, we offer Gallagher Fencing which we have
found to be the best product. It is well-designed to avoid
improper installation and helps avoid injury to your horses.
While we do not generally recommend portable corrals for
your animals while camping, this fencing does meet our strict
quality standards for those occasions.

                                      The Smart Fence - At
                                      lasts the safest way for
                                      those who use portable
                                      electric fencing that is as
                                      easy as 1-2-3. This
            Reel out                  completely            self-
                                       contained Smart Fence is
                                       quick and easy to install
                                       and take down. The
                                       four-wire system has ten
                                       posts and can go up to 328
                                       feet. The unit is easy to carry
        Makes its own gate             and store, as it combines
                                       posts, reels and wire in one
                                       convenient system. Great for
                                       rolling terrain or flat ground
and is perfect for dividing or making a temporary pasture or
containment for horses, cattle, dogs, sheep or goats. All you need is
to add in an energizer. Item # HR-SF - Price $250.00                        Reels up and ready to store

The package that I have put together here and on the following page, is not the pre-
pack sold by Gallagher that is the quickie kit made for the sand box type ground, but
the products I have selected are made for real horse camping with hard ground and
                                                years of use. You get what you pay
                                                for.

                                                 Electric poly wire on a
                                                 reel: 1,312 feet~2.5 acres, 6
                                                 strand, strength 150 lbs,
                                                 high conductivity.
                                                 Item # HR-EL – Price
                                                 $39.99
                                        Left: Instillation of 7-stalls over
                                         Stall Skins in a commercial
                                                    application.
                                                                                                    33
                             HARDWARE AND RIGGING continued

                                                         Gold Foot Pig Tails: Set of 10 heavy-duty
                                                         7mm , 42 inch, Strong, UV, high visibility.
                                                         Item # HR-EPIG – Price $39.99

                                                  Ground Rod: 3 foot T-rod with clamp.
                                                  Item # HR-EGR – Price $16.50

Solar Charger: 6 volt powers up to 10 acres, built in panel charges battery even on
cloudy days, large terminals, fits on top of T-post, carry handle, portable, for
outdoor use with maintenance free rechargeable battery included.
Item # HR-ES – Price $172.99

Rod Insulator: For use with pig tails to make an additional strand of
wire. Pack of 12 screw on insulators. Item # HR-EI – Price $7.50

                      Gate handle: Strong. Item # HR-EH – Price $7.99

                              Canvas Carry Case: Will carry all of the above items:
                              Item # HR-EBG – Price $50.00

                            Continuous Fencing: When you decide to build
                                                  steel corrals, or if you want a
                                                  solid pen to keep your animals
                                                  contained - period. To install
                                                  your fence, just lay it out, set your posts, fit the
                                                  panel into your previous one (male and female slide
                                                  in attachment) and clamp it into place. The simple
     Contours over hills
                                                  design allows you to be creative when laying out
     and around curves.
                                                  your fence - including curves. This is the only fence
   Fast and easy to put up.
                                                  that will move with - freezing, thawing and shifting
                                                  terrain. Wind can not destroy it, no wire to keep
                    taught, no rough edges for injuries to occur. Visit web site for details.

                      The Itchin Post: This is the next best thing to eating in a horse’s life! This
                      incredible “itching” mat is to die for. Horses and mules alike will love you forever.
                      But better yet, the “itching” post will save money in building repairs and vet bills.
                      Horses itch – period. They will do this on anything they can find. In doing so they
                      can cut themselves on sharp metal edges, get splinters while damaging your
                      buildings. Why not avoid these costly vet bills and repairs by providing your
                      equine with a safe and healthy post to scratch on? The “itching” mats are available
                                    in the colors that horses respond to most, black, yellow and blue.
                                    The Itchin Post mat will go onto any surface, flat, round or square.
                                    The mat is approximately 23 x 15 inches with nubs that are 1.5 inches
                                    high. Comes with mounting hardware. Specify color. Introductory
                                    offer at: Item #HR-IP Price $49.00

                                    The Drinking Post. No electricity needed. Field-tested for more
                                    than 30 years the Drinking Post has proven itself time and time again.
                                    It can be installed anywhere there is a pressurized water line; in
                     stables, paddocks or pastures. Ideal for cold/freezing climates, where water should
                     be at least 40° Fahrenheit. The Drinking Post™, provides water at an ambient 50°
                     Fahrenheit, ensuring your animals will consume sufficient water throughout the
                     cold winter months. During summer when horses can increase their water
                     consumption up to 20%, there is no standing water for algae build up, bug larvae to
                     grow or for small rodents drown in. Your horse, regardless of climate will always
                     have fresh cool uncontaminated water available. This will ensure that your horses
                                       are drinking enough water to stay properly hydrated avoiding colic
                                       and impactions. The Drinking Post can stand indefinitely and still
                                       function perfectly! The Drinking Post is truly a unique system
                                       that requires: NO electricity, NO float, NO thermostat system,
                                       NO de-icer or heat cable. ALL YOU NEED is a pressurized water
                                       line and horses. The drinking Post waterer guarantees fresh, clean,
                                       cool water year-round. Actual shipping charges apply.
 34                                    Item #HR-DP - Price $410.00 8-foot cold climate or $380.00 for
                                       the 6-foot warm climate post.
                              HARDWARE AND RIGGING continued

                              High County Plastics: All tanks FDA approved, safe as containers for
                                     human consumables. Actual shipping charges apply.

                           30-gallon tank & saddle stand. Built for horse and stock trailers. A great
                           space saving product with this 2-in-1 caddy-water tank and saddle rack that
                           holds up to two saddles. The translucent plastic allows you to see water level
                           in the tank. Weight: 22 lbs. Size: 44" L top x 13" W x 20" H (32" L bottom)
                         Item# SKU: DC-1 - Price $82.00

                         48-gallon half moon tank that includes shut off water valve. Tank fits easily
                         on either side of gooseneck or along front inside wall of a straight load trailer. The
                         translucent plastic allows you to see water level in tank. Weight: 26 lbs. Size: 63
                         1/2" L x 18" W x 12" H. Item # SKU: HMLD-48 – Price $100.00

                        18-gallon capacity. The perfect tank for trailers that require a smaller
                tank; features two shut-off valves to allow for multiple applications, place a
                bucket under the upper valve and/or attach a hose to the lower valve. Weight:
                14.5 lbs. Size: 10 1/2" on two sides, 11 1/2" on one side x 72" H. Comes with
                strap. Item # SKU: SL-18 – Price $95.00

                25-gallon capacity: Fits conveniently in the corner of a walk-in-tack room
                utilizing the "dead space" just inside the door. It features a fill hole with a vent
                at the top of the tank for easy filling and a shut-off valve with hose connection
                at the bottom. Comes with strap. Item # SKU: SL-25– Price $98.00

                The optional stand (SL-STD) will position the tank higher for easier access to
                the shut off valve. It includes a compartment for out-of-the-way storage of a hose or other
                accessories. Stand specifications are: Weight: 5 lbs. Color ash gray. Size: 14 1/2" on three
             sides x 11 1/2" H. Stand: Item # SKU: SL-STD – Price $25.00

The Freedom Flashlight. The Freedom Flashlight offers revolutionary technology
that gives you the freedom of choice. The first click of the 3-way switch turns on a
lithium battery powered LED light. The second click offers endless self-generated
light. The third click turns it off. This flashlight combines the popular electromagnetic
“shake” technology with traditional battery-powered light. Both options give light
from an ultra bright white LED rated for 100,000 hours of continuous use. Housed in
a rugged waterproof ABS clear plastic case that floats, is shock resistant, and operates
in extreme heat or cold, perfect for the horse camper and every day use. This
revolutionary flashlight is always ready to use. No matter how long it sits in a drawer
or toolbox, it works. Just a few shakes and it generates light. The magnet inside the housing passes
through a copper coil generating enough energy to operate the flashlight for several minutes. This
Flashlight is dependable and durable and is warranted against all defects in material and workmanship for
life. This is WONDERFUL and not one of the cheap-o knock-offs that have just the shake feature -
sometimes you have no time to just shake! Item # TR-LIGHT – Price $14.00

L.E.D. Head Light: This all-purpose hands-free headlight has to be one of the nicest of
the cheaper LED headlamps to come along in some time. The Coghlan’s LED/
Incandescent Headlight features three different lights all in one. You can run either one
LED, three LED’s, or a high output incandescent bulb. The light runs on three AAA
batteries, which are not included. Operating times as stated by the manufacturer are
@240 hours on one LED, @80 hours on three LED’s, and @4 hours on the
Incandescent. Features: 3 - 5mm white LED’s, Focusing incandescent bulb (3volt 0.2amp), adjustable 1
inch head strap, 90 degree tilting headpiece, water resistant, shatter and shock proof, solid state circuitry.
Great headlight for doing camp chores after dark, checking on horses, road emergencies and even on the
trail – packs wonderfully into your saddlebags! Item # TR-HEAD – Price $22.00




                                                                                                          35
                               HARDWARE AND RIGGING continued

STALL SKINS: Saves MONEY - The alternative to rubber mats. Stall Skins are
the ultimate stall and paddock liner that costs 50% less than rubber mats.
Lightweight, durable, easy to clean and most importantly, Stall Skins are water
permeable! That means your bedding stays dry and your horse stays clean. Dirt
floors develop holes which need constant leveling, create dust which is constantly
inhaled and bedding that is always contaminated with dirt. Solid rubber mats have
helped solve these problems, but in turn have created problems of their own.
Rubber mats are expensive, bulky and heavy to handle, and tend to shift. But their
biggest drawback is their inability to let urine drain through. This causes large volumes of expensive urine-
soaked bedding to be removed daily. Enter the Stall Skin solution! Skin comes in roll (like a carpet) Lay
down, fasten to wall, and fill with bedding.Stall Skins are designed to allow water and urine to pass
through, leaching naturally into the subsoil. Bedding stays dry and lasts 2 to 3 times longer. During
periods of rain, outdoor paddocks remain mud free. Simply pouring disinfectant/deodorizer through the
liner, (e.g. Pinesol and water), can treat urine-soaked areas. This will help combat harsh ammonia buildup.
The simple installation system is easy to use indoors or outdoors. Installation instructions included with
each Stall Skin. Stall Skins are lightweight (12 x 12 = 40 lbs.) One-piece Geo -Textile* stall liner, which
will not shift in your stall. Stall Skins are a water permeable, Geo -Textile* so your bedding stays
dryer and lasts longer. The concept is quite simple: If a Stall Skin can save you $1.00 or more per day on
bedding costs, it will pay for itself in only 9 months. Stall skins are an economical investment and
are an alternative to rubber mats! Stall Skins are the ultimate stall liner that costs 50% less than rubber
mats. Lightweight, durable, easy to clean. Stall Skins are preferred over dirt floors, for they will not
allow the horse to dig holes that need constant leveling, control dust that dirt floors create, and prevent
stall bedding becoming contaminated by dirt. * Stall Skins are safe. They will not allow your horse’s
foot or leg to get caught, his shoe to be pulled off; nor do they get slippery when wet - great for newborn
foals.Stall Skins save time when pitching stalls; remove just what you have to, and cut your stall
pitching time by one third. What you need to do: 1) Establish good drainage under the Stall Skin. It is
important to pull urine through the Stall Skin as quickly as possible. This keeps bedding dry and clean. 2) Use
Deep Bedding (4 to 8") - Remember, with bedding it’s not what you put in that costs you money, but what you
throw away! Our concept, put in deep bedding but throw out very little. Deep bedding protects the durable
Stall Skin while the Stall Skin buffers your expensive bedding from dirt and urine. * GeoTextiles are nonwoven
polypropylene materials that were initially designed for use under roadways, landfills, railroad beds and pond
liners. Polypropylene does not rot and can withstand most harsh chemicals and adverse conditions. Stall Skins
spent 4 years testing geotextile materials and developed their own product to be used specifically as a stall and
paddock liner. After initially testing geotextile materials for the horse industry, Stall Skins found that off-the-
shelf product could not withstand the punishment of everyday barn life. So, founder Steve Rauch developed
his own geotextile formula, which after years of testing stands up to even the toughest horses.
Item # HR-Stall: Kit sizes: Include molding and wood screws. Fabric in kit will measure one foot larger
both ways. For installation instructions, visit www.hillviewfarms.com. Actual shipping charges apply.
12 x 12' $219.00
12 x 16' $275.00                         s!
                                     elve
12 x 20' $320.00                 ems
                             r th
12 x 24' $415.00 Pay fo
16 x 16' $380.00
Bulk fabric only: $1.15 per square foot




                                                                           Fill with 4 inches of bedding




 Roll of bulk Stall Skin for a 7
 stall instillation project at a horse
                 park.                                     Gooldings: Monument Valley -
                                                                      UTAH




36
                             HARDWARE AND RIGGING continued

Linear Rubber Ring Mats: Mats are perforated with 1" holes so Use Ring Mats over concrete
water, liquid and solid debris drain easily and quickly. Hundreds of flooring (with a floor sump)
nubs on the underside provide comfort and antifatigue qualities              followed by Stall Skin
while allowing air to circulate freely to evaporate any moisture.         installation is the ultimate
Made of nonporous rubber. Available in size 4’ x 6’ and will be
                                                                                 in stall flooring.
shipped direct from the factory. All Linear Rubber products are
quality made from nonporous, high-density rubber, which will not
absorb or retain moisture, urine, cleaning solutions or disinfectants.
They will not crack, peel or crumble under extreme heat or cold, nor
will they curl. Other mats in the marketplace are fabricated of rubber     With Stall Skins and Linear
dust or crumb (recycled) rubber, which is held together with clay,          Ring Mats -There is; NO
glue and other fillers and have the potential to breakdown or             Dust, NO holes, NO bedding
chemically erode and become absorbent with use. (Much like                  wasted & it is fun to pitch
comparing particleboard to genuine solid lumber.) These Linear           stalls! We highly endorse both
Rubber Mats install fast and easy over any existing surface, over                of these products!
concrete, natural soil, asphalt, clay, wooden floors or virtually any
surface. Linear Rubber Products Rubber Mats actually level the
surface while providing insulation to protect your horse. There’s no
more filling holes, or adding dirt, screenings or other costly fillings.
These mats reduce leg, knee and hoof fatigue, and stress and injury.
Linear Rubber Products mats will deliver years of reliable and
dependable service. When stripping or disinfecting stalls, the
maintenance of Linear Rubber Mats is as easy as mopping with soap               concrete floor
and water or other disinfectants (excessive use of lime, however, is
not recommended since it becomes pasty and slick when wet). It is not necessary to remove mats when
stripping or disinfecting. Since Linear Mats are genuine rubber, they are backed with a factory-direct 10
                   year warranty. A must for horse stalls, alleyways, trailers, grooming areas, breeding
                   areas, wash racks and for wet surfaces where traction is a must! What you will need for
                   the following stall sizes: Item # HR-Ring Mat - Price $70.00 each
                   Actual shipping charges apply

                  Slip-on Fenders: Fenders ( sometimes referred to as campaign
                  fenders) for the English or endurance saddle.
                  Use instead of half chaps, tall riding boots or
                  fleece comforters. Protect your legs from
                  pinching, horse sweat, and mud. Simply
                  thread 1-in. leathers through the slots and
                  presto, instant fenders! Fenders are 14 in.
                  long and available in black or brown. Can be
                  customized, Sold as a pair leathers not
                  included. HVF Exclusive.
                  Item # HR-F - Price $45.00

      At the top - Bob Marshall 8,500+ feet




                                                                                                     37
                                                HEADSTALLS

                           Soft-Touch Leather Halter Bridle:
                           This unique halter bridle is truly a rider’s
                           must have. It is adjustable on both sides
                           of the cheek piece, on the noseband,
                           throatlatch and on both sets of bit keep-
                           ers. Perfect for trail riding as the halter
                           can be used to tie a horse anywhere. For
                           the English rider, the halter can be ad-
                           justed to become the perfect cavesson.
                           Each 5/8-inch strap is comprised of three
                           different materials, yet the end product
                           is lighter, stronger and requires less care
                           than an all-leather headstall. A thin tube
                           of 3.4oz garment (which is very durable,
soft and supple against the horse) is folded over nylon webbing
and is then sewn onto top grain English bridle leather. This leaves
the garment leather’s smooth rolled edges against the horse’s face.
This sharp looking headgear has all stainless steel hardware. It comes
with two types of bit keepers, so the headstall does not have to be
disassembled to accommodate a different bit. Select the one piece bit
hanger which allows you to bit over the ears from one side with one hand
easily or the clip on hangers. Comes in large, medium and small sizes.
State leather color. This is the best for trail riding and training because
you have it all in one. HVF-Exclusive. Item # H-HB - Price $125.00

Shown right. As a trainer, I use many different bits depending upon the horse, their
mouth, and the head set I wish to achieve. I start with a hackmore followed by a training
bit and then move to a finishing bit. I even take bits out on the trail to test. Having a bits
on bit keepers makes selecting fast and easy, there is less down time changing out tack
when quick adjustments are necessary.

                                         Training “side pull” Halter Bridle: Is
                                         constructed in the same manor as the above halter bridle but with
                                         one difference, it has side-rings. These side rings are used as side
                                         pulls for teaching your mount to yield and move to direct rein
                                         pressure. With this halter bridle you clip a lead rope to the halter
                                         and loop it back to the saddle. This way, in the event of that “fright
                                         and flight “ instinct, the horse’s head can be pulled around
                                         (coupling) without pulling on his delicate mouth. Headstall comes
                                         with two sets of bit keepers; the second set can be used for a
                                         finishing bit. By using the side pulls and the bit keepers together,
                                         you can ride with double reins keeping your horse’s mouth soft.
                                         Comes in large, medium and small. State leather color. HVF
                                         Exclusive. Item # H-HBT – Price $125.00

                        The Easy Bridle: Designed by Cathy, inspired by customers, an easy bridle that
                        you can hook on to your existing halter. 5/8th inch wide leather with padded brown
                        band, stainless steel roller buckles and hardware. Beautifully sewn, truly crafted.
                        Select brown or black leather - size L, M, S. HVF exclusive.
                        Item # H-EZ-Price $55.00

                        Beaded Brow Band: Select from one
                        of the beautifully hand beaded brown
                        band. Comes in sizes 15 inches for
                        regular or 16 inches for a large. Sewn
                        on to brown or black leather. Select
                        color theme. Hand crafted, unique, supply limited. Item # H-BB – Price $30.00

                Poly Lead Rope: Lead has a soft, broken-in feel with a brass swivel snap. Rope is 5/8th
                in diameter and 10 feet in length. A great lead for a great price. Assorted colors in patterns
                and solids. Specify preferences. Item # H-LE - Price $8.00

      Lunge line: 30 foot red flat lunge line with 24 inch brass chain.
38
     Item # H-LL - Price $22.00
                                        HEADSTALLS          continued


                                   Thin Leather Reins: These are those impossibly hard-to-find thin
                                   leather reins, measuring only 3/8 inch wide, with scissors snap ends. They
                                   are made with two layers of leather sewn together for strength and
                                   measure 7 foot in length. HVF-Exclusive. State color.
                                  Item # H-LR - Price $100.00

                                  Soft-Touch Leather Reins: These soft reins are made the same way and
Thin Leather, Leather and         with the same materials as the halter bridle. They come with scissors
   Leather Knob Reins             snaps at the ends. The split reins have an adjustable buckle so you can
                                  keep your reins together without using a knot. Or, if you prefer, these
                                  reins are so soft and supple that you can easily knot them. One-half inch
                                  wide. State size and color. HVF-Exclusive.
                                  Item # H-SR for 8 ft. loop - Price is $75.00
                                  Item # H-SRS for 6 ft. split – Price is $100.00

Soft-Touch Leather Knob Reins: Inspired by a customer, we developed the perfect reins for riders who
need extra grip. These 6-foot split reins are made just like the other soft-touch reins, but with knobs (swells)
sewn right into the length of the reins. The knobs are spaced so that you have even contact your horse’s
mouth. Swells are inconspicuous so that only the rider knows they are there. State leather color please.
HVF-Exclusive. Item # H-TR - Price $100.00

Pig-Tail: Perfect for any loop reins. You can allow your horse to drink with
out loosing your reins, as this tail will give you an additional 30 inches of
reach. Specify width of your reins. Comes in brown or black leather.
Item # H-PT - Price $10.00

                               Ride and Tie: This is sweet. Made
                               for the Minneapolis Mounted Patrol,
                               this tie is perfect for those who work,
                               volunteer, or compete with their
                               mounts.       Made with 5/8“ black
                               polypropylene rope and heavy-duty
solid brass hardware. This 8-foot lead will allow you to ride and tie-
up without any hassles. The trigger snap attaches to any halter
bridle and is easily stored during travel around the animal’s neck. A
special thank you to Officer James, from the Minneapolis mounted patrol for this wonderful idea. We are
proud to serve and endorse this fine group of officers. Item # H-RT – Price $21.95

               Riding Swap: No more dropping your riding crop and having to get off, pick it up, then get
               back on. No more losing your grip or dropping your reins or accidentally poking your horse
               while trying to figure out how to carry that silly crop on the trail. At last, a simple, effective
               way to get your point across that works for both you and your mount, a wrist swap. This
               leather swap gives you an additional 29” of reach to swat the horse’s rump and is completely
               adjustable on the wrist. Great for barn and herd sour horses or those sassy ones when out on
               the trail. Item #HR-RS – Price $10.00

Fly Mask: Protect your horses head and ears from all kinds of pesky insects. (Deer
flies, mosquitoes, flies, and gnats just to name a few). Made of a lightweight, see
through, mesh fabric, which will not snag and yet light enough to not to over heat your
horses’ head, has Velcro closures. This loose fitting mask is designed to go over your
horses bridle, allowing air flow keeping your horses head cool. Fits great into your
saddlebags as it rolls up small. A must for trail riders or anyone who has their horses
out in the pasture during the "pesky" bug season. Item # H-Mask – Price $15.00

Pasture Mask: How cute is this? Perfect protection out in the field as this mask
provides your horse with a barrier from flies, dust, sun and other pesky insects. Made
from 1000 denier PVC coated mesh. Has fleece at the nose, ears and poll for a sure fit
                 and darts over the eyes for comfort and visibility. Comfortable,
                 non-abrasive, mildew resistant and easy to clean. Specify size of: S,
                 M, L, XL. Item # H-ME – Price $15.00

                  Cord Fly Mask: Easy on/off with any halter or bridle. Cords move
                  to keep flies away. Easy to pack and it stays on.
                  Item # H-SM – Price $5.50                                                                 39
                                          HEADSTALLS            continued


                       Rope Halter: Yes, this IS the sta-set rope halter that profes-
                       sionals use and charge up to $45.00 for. I make these halters and
                       they are gorgeous! They come in one color, red and one size fits
                       all, When closing the halter shut, remember this saying, “tie to
                       the post not the wire”. In other words, tie the halter shut by
                       looping the end through and around the throat latch. HVF-Ex-
                       clusive. Item # H-RH - Price $25.00

                                                 Basic Halter: We call this the "sleeping
                                                 halter", because we use this halter when
                                                 camping overnight with our horses. When
                                                 the horses lie down the wider straps of-
                                                 fer a more comfortable fit avoiding excessive
                                                 pressure on the nose and poll. The design
                                                 features brass hardware and snap that can
                                      stretch open when disaster strikes and then easily be
                                      bent back into shape. I have had our original halter since
                                      1984 and it still going strong. Available in small, medium
                                      and large in blue, red, green or black color.
                                      Item # H-SH Price $12.00

                            The Overnight Safety-Break-Away Halter
                            Strap: For 1-inch halters. This 4-oz., boot leather
                            strap is strong enough for normal use but in a serious
                            struggle, one of two things will happen: it will either tear
                            apart or the snap will release. In either case your troubled
                            horse will be set loose avoiding potential injury to his neck,
                            back and/or legs. This is extremely important when
                            you leave your horse unattended and tied, whether he
be tied to a tie line, picket line, high line, hitching rail, trees, your trailer or wherever as he can find himself in
a bad situation – fast, because as you know, a horse, if he can, will find a way of injuring himself. Be safe.
Item # H-SS – Price $4.50
       Rose’ Conditioner on this mane                                                 Beautiful




                                            Beauty make-over                          The right age




 40
                                           HORSE       BOOTS


                                Boa Horse Boot™ (Sold in Pairs) provides excellent
                                hoof protection for occasional and every day riding. It
                                can also be used in the correction and treatment of
                                founder, navicular disease, punctures, abscesses,
                                bruises, contracted heels, and other impact-caused
                                injuries. It provides protection to the frog, sole, hoof
                                wall, hairline and bulb area. This boot is designed to
                                protect and remain on the hoof during riding conditions without joint
                                interference during motion and is a quick fix for the occasional lost shoe.
                                The outside tread pattern of the Boa Horse Boot has been designed for
traction without injuries and since these boots are centered they can be worn on either the left or right
hoof. The Boa Horse Boot is quick and easy to use, for no tools or great strength are required to put on
or to take off this boot. The boot opens large enough to accommodate the wide base of a hoof and the
closure system uses the same technology that snowboard boots and modern athletic shoes use. This
system allows the boot to fit snugly to almost any hoof above the hairline. With the turn of a knob, the
reel develops significant leverage so tightening force is created with very little effort. Adjustments can be
made in very small increments, helping to fit many differently shaped feet. This closure is solid it cannot
loosen up, but as the boot itself stretches through the course of the day, a quick half turn of the knob
tightens it back up again. For removal, pull the dial and the lace tension is released and the boot is easily
slipped off. Pair of Boa boots with Gaiters. Item # BT-BOA - Price $140.00
                                                    SIZE        HOOF WIDTH               HOOF LENGTH
Sizing the Boa Boot: 1. Measure the width of
                                                    #00:        3 1/2"- 3 7/8"            4 - 4 3/8"
the hoof across the bottom at the widest point. 2.
                                                    #0:         3 7/8"- 4 1/4"            4 3/8"- 4 5/8"
Measure the length of the hoof from the toe to
                                                    #1:         4 1/4"- 4 7/8"            4 5/8"- 5 1/8"
the buttress line of the heel. The buttress line is
                                                    #2:         4 7/8"- 5 1/4"            5 1/8"- 5 3/8"
the farthest weight bearing point of the heel.3.
                                                    #3:         5 1/4"- 5 7/8"            5 3/8"- 5 7/8"
Compare your measurement with the size chart
                                                    #4:         5 7/8"- 6 1/4"            5 7/8"- 6 1/4"
below. 4. Ideally, the width and length
                                                    #5:         6 1/4"- 6 11/16"          6 1/4"- 6 11/16"
measurement will fit into the same Boa Horse
                                                    #6:         6 11/16"- 6 15/16"        6 11/16"- 6 15/16"
Boot™ size. If the width and length
                                                    #7:         6 15/16"- 7 3/8"          6 15/16"- 7 3/8"
measurements indicate different Boa Horse
Boot™ sizes, select the larger Boa Horse Boot™ size.

The Boa Gaiter; is recommended for sandy or muddy conditions to help keep
excessive sand and dirt out of the Boa Horse Boot. It can also be used on horses with
thin skin that have a tendency to chafe. Note: When using the gaiters they tend to
take up 1/8th inch of space so if you are on the borderline of sizes consider this and
go the next size larger. Sizes: Regular/Small: Fits #00, 0, 1; Large: Fits #2, 3; X-
Large: Fits #4. Item # HB-GAITER – Price $18.00

Studs available: These are designed for durability and ultimate traction. Great for
ice, pavement, asphalt, mud or grass riding. The stud tips are made with titanium-
coated, vanadium-rich hard metal (similar to steel). 3 studs per boot are recom-
mended, but more may be used. Comes complete with installation instructions.
Package of 4 studs with instructions. Item # HB-STUDS- Price $8.00

Boa Replacement Lace: Kit comes with lace tool and instructions. Sizes: 40 (#00-1), 50(#2-4) and
60 (#5-7) Item # HB-Lace –Price $5.00                        Size Width in mm Length in mm
                                                                    00         96-99            106-109
Extra Dial Cap: Item # HB-CAP - Price $1.50                         00.5      100-103           110-113
                                                                    0         104-107           114-117
Easyboot Glove: A revolution in hoof boot design. This form-        .05       108-111           118-121
fitting, seamless boot hugs the hoof and responds like a natural    1         112-115           122-125
foot. Flexible and tough, this boot adds traction to the hoof,      1.5       116-119           126-129
while allowing a free stride and natural break over. Like a         2         120-123           130-133
glove, this boot provides protection without stifling mobility.     2.5       124-127           134-137
The Easyboot Glove material stretches over the hoof and clings      3         128-131           138-141
to the wall so debris stays out of the boot, even in sand and
mud. No external hardware means there’s no need to worry
about grass or sticks getting caught in the boots. Because the boots have no hard-
ware or fastening system, achieving a good fit is more important than ever. There
are only 4 millimeters (the thickness of three dimes) of width difference between
sizes. Studs are available for winter riding. Sizes, #00 - #3. Sold individually
includes gaiter. Item # HB-GV – Price $55.00 Call for sizing kit.                                         41
                                           HORSE CAMPING

Why use a picket/high line? We put over 1,000 miles on our horses every year and have seen lots of
things and will continue to see things as life allows. The one thing that I’m convinced of is the use of a
picket line, or as some call it, a “high line.” Allow me to share with you the problems that I have
personally seen or experienced over the years with other restraint systems.
The portable corral: A great way to allow your horse to move and not tie up; but horses roll, play, jump,
squeal and kick. I’ve seen horses trapped under the portable gate panels; I’ve seen legs stuck, and shoes
pulled off. Some horses when stuck lie calmly and allow you to help them; most will struggle and injure
themselves.
Trailer tying: This allows for the horse no movement, increasing your risk of tying up. Knowing this,
people leave their lead ropes long, increasing the risk of major injury. I’ve seen horses tangled so tightly
in their leads from trying to scratch, lie down or rubbing that only a knife could cut the rope. The quick
release snap if used, usually is on the horses’s halter not the trailer (have you ever tried to get close to a
thrashing horse’s head to release him? It won’t happen). I’ve seen horses lie down and get stuck under the
trailer. The horses legs looked like raw hamburger when he was freed; sometimes the soft tissue damage
is so severe that your horse is out for the season. If trailer tying is your only option, tie the horse short
so he can’t get his head below his knees. Note: after a 24 hour period horses must have the option to lie
down to avoid internal distress.
The portable electric fence: This is super for allowing your horse to move and catch a bite to eat if on
grass, but as I said before, horses will be horses. I’ve seen horses play in the morning and run right through
the fence. Some horses get chased through the fence by their best buddy trying to reinforce the pecking
order. These horses try to stop but slide through the fence, only to get tangled, panicked and end up free
to run. Depending on the terrain, sometimes the posts can’t be set securely enough into the ground and
topple over in the slightest breeze. Also, horses try to eat that last piece of grass from under the fence
(portable corrals too) and get themselves into trouble. The worst accident I witnessed was at an endurance
ride in the fall when the horses were blanketed. For some reason the horses got out (maybe they did not
feel the shock of the fence through their blankets) and ended up on the freeway. One was killed instantly
when it went through the windshield of a car (the people were okay). The other was horribly injured. I
knew the girls and the horses. I cried. Granted, nothing is entirely safe, but we all do our best.
The Picket/high Line: The horses can move, walk, trot (small circle) and lie down. They can kick and
rear and even scratch themselves with a rear foot. The only two issues that I have had over the years (and
I picket 5 or 6 head each time we hit the trail) are that, a horse may catch his foot in the lead rope, or halter.
To free the horse, all you do it drop the line or quick release the lead rope or cross tie. You will just have
to use sheer strength to release a foot from a halter, and make sure the halter is not loose next time!!! The
worst injury one of my horses ever got was a slight rope burn on the rear pastern (horse was ridable, not
lame). The ROPE picket line has give and bounce, which prevents a solid, cutting, horse-laming pull. The
only other incident was when we left a young horse behind in camp; she reared and her front feet went
into the line. The line gave, she could move around, it felt to her like a girth or lead rope, and all we did was
release the lead rope when we returned. The horse was unharmed because the line gave. I have seen cables
used at some parks as picket lines. I do not like them because they do not give. If you use them be careful
and ALWAYS use a quick release at the top, away from the horse, so you can free him if necessary.
How to set your lead rope on your line? Adjust your line with your picket fasteners, spacing them far
enough (about 12 + feet) apart so that your horse can’t tangle with others. Also, when tying a horse on
a lead long enough so he can lie down, you need to make sure your lead is 8 feet away from your vehicle,
trailer, and trees. Then tighten the line with your “tight rope,” and hang your leads so they hang no closer
than 8 to 12 inches from the ground. The horse can then get his head to the ground, without any
interference from the lead. After you hang your hay bags you may need to retighten your line if your rope
has a tendency to stretch. We have also added D loops to the top of our trailer so we can use our trailer
as a picket post. Our friends have done the same, so we have a picket line city when we camp. All in-all,
we have found the picket line our best choice, even though we have had a couple of incidents.

                   Turtle (the RV kitty) is taking her morning walk.
   You can see the Ranch Handler cart in the background that we absolutely love for
  camping and for every day barn
             chores.

      Sonney




 42
                                      HORSE CAMPING               continued


(Written at the request of the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources in 2002 for their use in developing
horse parks) What are the various methods of securing a horse: There is a debate regarding the best ways
to secure an equine that has come to my attention. Therefore, I will share the various methods that I have
encountered over the years. We ride our horses over 1,000 miles every year and have seen lots of things and will
continue to see and do new things as life allows. Where we have been) What follows are the good and bad things
I’ve seen or experienced over the years in the ways campers secure their horses. To get started, we need to look
at the three areas:
The horse camper.
The horse and its safety.
The Park or Equine Camp and its financial and legal obligations.
The Horse Camper:
1) Horse campers and their horse trailers:
Horse trailers can be bumper-pull style towed by a pick-up truck, SUV, van, RV, bus or even a utility truck.
Horse trailers can be gooseneck or 5th wheel style towed by a pick-up truck or a semi tractor.
Horse trailers can accommodate anywhere from one to eight horses, and be up to 60 feet long including tow
vehicle. The park or campground has to plan for these various rigs, which are getting to be larger and larger.
2) Horse campers themselves:
Horse campers come by themselves or more often with families and friends. You may see several vehicles at one
campsite and even several trailers if the family is large and needs more than one trailer to haul all the horses. The
park or campground has to accommodate all these variations.
Horse campers have different sleeping arrangements. Some sleep in their horse trailers, some in tents or RV’s,
or in a combination of these. What they all have in common is that they like level camping spots.
The Horse and it’s Safety: The horse owners must be able to see or hear their horses from their rigs so in case
of an emergency, they can quickly get to their animals and lend assistance. This is an absolute must regardless
of type of restraint.
1) Using portable corrals:
This allows the horse to move around and not tie up (cramping of the heavy muscles in the back and hind
quarters, a medical condition that can lead to colic, which is an intestinal disorder that, if not properly treated,
can lead to death).
On the other hand, horses roll, play, jump, squeal and kick. I have seen horses trapped under the portable gate
panels. I’ve seen legs stuck, and shoes pulled off. When trapped, some horses lie calm and allow you to help
them, but most will struggle and injure themselves.
Horse campers using this method bring and set up their own corral. But not every camper has the means to do
this. The park or campground has no expense associated portable corrals.
Because this corral is portable, the wear and tear on the campground’s "lawn" will be widely distributed and not
confined to one spot. This is pleasant for the next camper, but the campground has to provide more room to
accommodate these corrals.
2) Tying to the Trailer:
This method allows minimal movement by the horse, thus increasing his risk of tying up or colicking, especially
after a hard day on the trail if he isn’t as fit as he should be.
People try to compensate for the horse’s lack of mobility by leaving lead ropes long, furthering the risk of major
injury. I’ve seen horses tangled in their leads from scratching themselves, lying down or rubbing, with the rope
pulled so tight that the only way to free the horse is to cut the rope with a knife. The quick release fastener, if
used, is not usually on the trailer, but on the horse’s halter. (Have you ever tried to get close to a thrashing
horse’s head to release him? It won’t happen). I’ve seen horses that lie down and get stuck under the trailer.
These horses’ legs look like raw hamburger when they get unstuck and sometimes the soft tissue damage is so
severe that the horse is out for the season. If tying to the trailer is the only option, the horses need to be tied
short enough so they can’t get their head below their knees – and subsequently can’t lie down to rest.
Ideally, this method of securing the horse should only be used for tacking him up.
This method is easy for the park or campground. No extra cost is involved and wear and tear to the ground is
spread out. But this method carries a very high risk of injury to the horses. I have witnessed two horse deaths
associated with trailer tying.
3) Using a Portable Electric Fence:
This method allows the horse to move and graze, but as I said before, horses will be horses. I’ve seen horses
play and run right through the fence. Others get chased through the fence by their best buddy reinforcing the
pecking order. These horses try to stop but end up sliding through the fence, getting tangled, panicking, breaking
the wire, and then being dangerously loose. Sometimes the posts that hold these lines can’t be set into the
ground properly and topple over in the slightest wind. And horses also try to eat that last blade of grass from
under the fence and get themselves into trouble. (This goes for portable corrals as well.) The worst incident I
witnessed was at an endurance ride in the fall when the horses were blanketed. For some reason they got out of
the pen (maybe they didn’t feel the shock of the fence through their blankets), but for whatever reason they
escaped and got out on the freeway. One horse was killed instantly as it went through the windshield of a car
(the people were not hurt). The other was horribly injured. I knew both the girls who owned them and the
horses. I cried. Granted, nothing is entirely safe, but we all do our best. The park or campground has no 43
                                       HORSE CAMPING               continued


associated with this system because the horse owners bring and set up their own corral. But not every camper
will have the means to provide this for their horses.
This corral is portable, so the wear and tear on the campground "lawn" is distributed and not all the damage is
confined to one spot. The down side is that these corrals require a lot of space, which the park or campground
must provide.
4) Using a Picket Line or High Line, with a Permanent Line (Rope, Cable, or Chain) Attached:
Using this method allows the horses to move, walk or trot in a small circle, and lie down. They can kick and rear,
and even scratch themselves with a rear foot. The freedom of movement helps prevent tying up and colic.
The issues I have had over the years (and I picket 5 or 6 head each time we hit the trail) is that while scratching
an itch, a horse may get his foot in the lead rope or even tangled in a halter. When a horse is attached to a
permanent cable or heavy marine rope, he may be hard to release if he gets tangled, and more importantly, a
cable does not give or stretch, so the horse’s leg maybe rubbed so raw that, the horse will be lame for an extended
period of time. The horse owner must have a quick release snap on the end that attaches to the line, for a lead
that is tied can’t be released quickly, especially if the lead it is damp or pulled tight, which it will be in a case of
entanglement.
Sometimes these permanent lines are not set far enough apart to avoid horse entanglements or horsy disputes.
Standard-sized horses need 8 to10 feet of space between them to allow for the weaker or lower ranking horse
to move away from an aggressor.
Many of these permanent lines do not have loops or rings permanently affixed on them, so the horse owner
must figure out a way to jerry-rig the rope so the horses’ leads do not slide together.
The park or campground has the expense of installing and maintaining posts and the high line. Because this is
a permanent fixture, erosion will occur in one spot and that one spot must be maintained so when it rains, the
horse is not standing in mud or water and the rider will be able to approach and tend the animal with out getting
covered in mud and slop.
The park or campground also must make sure that the camp is large enough to secure the number of horses that
one camper unit may bring (1 to 8 horses).
5) Using a Hitching Rail: (Two Posts with a Cross Piece at the Top)
Using a hitching rail works well for tacking up horses. The horse can stand fairly still while the rider moves
around him.
The hitching posts horizontal crosspiece should be made of a material other than wood because horses will
chew wood. Disadvantages are:
The park has an on-going expense of replacing crosspieces.
The horse gets splinters in his gums and mouth.
The owner has the responsibility and expense of treating the horse, which could involve the assistance of a
medical professional to remove splinters treat abscesses in the horse’s mouth.
To avoid this, the park could choose to use a pipe cross piece.
The height of the crosspieces also is an issue. Horse owners bring horses in many sizes, from a miniature,
standing at 9 hands (36 inches) high, to a warm blood, who can easily be 17 hands (5 feet 8inches) high. Ideally,
the crosspiece should be at the horse’s chest level, so where do you put a crosspiece?
I also have issues with these crosspieces themselves. Not only are they never the correct height, but a small
horse or a horse who lies down can get under these crosspieces and get into serious trouble. I have witnessed a
permanent back injury to a horse that got stuck under on hitching rail crosspiece. One of my horses got under
a crosspiece and came up on the other side. Of course she could not get down and crawl back under, so she
struggled with her head below her knees and the lead rope so tight that she could not move. Fortunately the
horses on the "wrong" side did not panic or viciously attach her, but she did receive a kick (from on of her herd
mates, telling her to go back to her own space, which clearly she could not do) before I got to her.
Because the hitching rail is a permanent fixture, it will cause erosion in one spot and that one spot must be
maintained so that when it rains the horse is not standing in mud or water and the rider will be able to approach
and tend the animal without getting covered with mud and slop.
The park also must make sure to provide enough area to secure the number of horses that one camper unit may
bring. (1 to 8 horses)
6) Using a Hitching Rail and Picket Line Combination: (looks like a goal post or the letter ‘H’, with a
cable, chain or heavy rope at the top)
The horses can move, and lie down (with a risk of back injury, but does allow them some freedom of movement
so they do not to tie up). They can kick, rear and even scratch themselves with a rear foot.
The issues I’ve had with this arrangement over the years (and I picket 5 or 6 head each time we hit the trail) is
that while scratching an itch, a horse could get its foot in the lead rope, or even the halter. Releasing a horse
attached to a permanent cable or heavy marine rope can be hard. Also a cable does not give, so the horse’s leg
can be rubbed so raw that the horse will be lame for an extended period of time. The horse owner must have a
quick release (panic snap) on the end of the lead that to the line, cable, chain or rope, because a lead that is pulled
tight cannot be released quickly. Some of these permanent lines are not set far enough apart to avoid horse
entanglements or horsy disputes. A standard - size horse needs 8 to10 feet of space between tying to allow for
      the weaker or lower ranking horse to move away from an aggressor. Many of these permanent lines do not
  44 have loops or rings permanently affixed to them, so the horse camper must figure out how to improvise
                                      HORSE CAMPING               continued


 an attachment that does not allow the horses’ leads to slide together.
The height of these cross pieces also is in issue. Horse owners bring horses in many sizes, from a miniature,
standing 9 hands (36 inches) high to a warm blood who can easily be 17 hands (5 feet 8 inches). Ideally, the
crosspiece should be at the horse’s chest level, so where do you put a crosspiece?
I also have issue with these crosspieces themselves. Not only are they never the correct height, but a small horse
or a horse who lies down can get under theses crosspieces and get into serious trouble. I’ve already talked about
some of the injuries this arrangement has caused.
The park or campground has the expense of installing and maintaining the posts and high line. Because this is
a permanent fixture, erosion will occur in one spot, and that one spot must be maintained so that when it rains
the horse is not standing in mud or water and the rider can approach and tend the animal without getting covered
in mud and slop.
The biggest expense for the park would be the wooden crosspiece that runs parallel to the ground attached to
both upright poles. Horse’s love to chew on these crosspieces; in fact they chew on any horizontal positioned
piece of wood. This chewing is bad for all involved. The park has the ongoing expense of replacing these
crosspieces. The horse can get painful splinters in the gums and mouth, which can become infected. The owner
has the expense of treating whatever damage the horse does to himself. To avoid this, the the park could choose
to use a pipe crosspiece.
The park must also provide enough area to secure the number of horses that each camper unit will bring (from
one to eight horses).
7) Using a Picket Pole as a high line/picket line which can double as a Hitching Post and Hitching Post
A hitching post should be a metal pole at least 5 feet tall and 8 inches in caliber with a rounded top. The pole
should have rings welded at several heights to accommodate different sized horses. This configuration gives the
horse nothing to chew on and is tall enough that a horse rearing would not come down on the post and impale
himself. It also allows horse campers to secure their horses at the proper height for each horse.
The picket poles should be arranged in groups of three, spaced so that the campers by using their own rope can
secure up to eight horses. Each pole should be at least 10 feet high with rings at various levels so that the
campers can select the proper height for their horses. These poles work best if they are of treated wood such
as a telephone pole. Campers can either tie their horses directly to the poles or use the upper rings to run their
own rope between the posts to set up their own picket lines for the number of horses they plan to tie. Using
their own unattached rope lets the camper space their own rings or "stops" in the rope using the proper spacing
to avoid the horsy conflicts that so often arise.
Using a picket line allows the horses to move, walk, trot in a small circle, and lie down. This gives them enough
freedom of movement to prevent tying up. The horse can kick and rear, and even scratch themselves with a rear
foot.
I picket 5 or 6 head of horses each time we hit the trail and have only one issue with a picket line. While trying
to scratch an itch, a horse can get his foot caught in the lead rope or even a halter. Using a removable picket line,
all it takes to free the horse is to drop the line or undo a quick-release snap on the lead rope or crosstie. To free
a horse’s foot from a halter requires sheer strength. Then making sure the halter is properly tight the next time!
The worst injury I ever encountered was a slight rope burn on a rear pastern and the horse could still be ridden;
he was not lame. The "give" in the picket line keeps the rope from binding, cutting or laming a horse. The only
other incidence had happened when we left a young horse behind by herself. She reared up and her front feet
went over the picket line. The line gave, so she could move around. She felt as if she had a girth or lead rope under
her belly, and all we had to do to free her was release the lead rope and drop the line. She didn’t have a mark on
her because the line gave.
The horse campers will have to bring their own rope for a picket line or they will have to tie to the post using
their own lead ropes.
The park or campground will have to install the round posts - preferably not wood - if they’re being used as
hitching posts. Square wood posts have corner edges that invite horses to chew on them. Large round 10 to 12
inch caliber utility posts, such as electrical companies use, last for many years and do not invite much chewing.
The campground also will have the expense of setting the rings or nailing wooden blocks (to prevent the picket
rope from sliding down the post) to the posts at the various heights.
The height selection allows the camper the option of using the picket post as a hitching post, eliminating the
need for an additional hitching post. Also the post should have lower wooden blocks nailed to it or metal blocks
welded or bolted to it for use as a “step-up” by campers to reach the height needed for a higher picket line. Using
the picket pole system makes erosion easier to manage because campers will try to move their horses on the
picket or high line and change configuration to attempt to minimize wear. They too do not want to step in mud
and muck, so the wear pattern between the posts will be fairly even.
The park or campground will have to determine the number of horses it can safely accommodate and space the
posts so that the campers can safely secure that many horses. NOTE TO HORSE CAMPER - FYI for the park
staff: To safely set your lead rope on your line, adjust your line so that your picket fasteners, rings, or other
stops are spaced far enough apart to keep your horse’s leads from tangling with others. Then tighten the line
with your "tight rope" or self-tightening knots. Hang your leads so that when tugged on, they won’t get closer
to the ground than 16 to 18 inches. This allows the horse to get his head to the ground without any
interference from the lead. If you hang your hay bags from your line instead of from the posts, you might 45
need to retighten your line.
                                      HORSE CAMPING              continued

Your rope might have a tendency to stretch. Also when tying horses on leads long enough to let them lie down,
make sure your lead is 8 ft away from obstructions (e.g., vehicles, trailers, trees). We also have added D- loops
to the top of our trailer so we can picket from our trailer and our friends have done the same, so we literally have
a picket line city when we camp. All in all, we have found the picket line our best choice. It is the most versatile
for all sizes of horses and can accommodate the ever-changing number of horses that we haul around. Also, it is
by far the safest means of securing a horse, even though we have had the troubles I shared with you earlier.
8) Using a Ground Tying-Type Picket:
A ground tying-picket is a permanent block of concrete with a ring set into it. The block and ring are sent into
the soil and extend about 4 in. above the ground surface.
This is the least expensive restraint method for the park or campground, but the low cost of each station is
somewhat offset by the need to have many stations because only one horse can use each station.
This restraint method can be the risky for a horse who is not trained to handle a rope. When ground tying-type
picketing, the horse is restrained by having a picketing hobble attached to one foot, usually a hind, and a rope
of whatever length the camper chooses attached to the hobble at one end and to the concrete block at the other.
This restrain method allows the horse to move about, lie down, etc., but is not widely used in the US today.
9) Using Permanent Corrals or Box Stalls:
When permanent corrals or stalls are installed properly, they are the best, but also the most expensive type of
restraint for the following reasons:
-Fences must be at least 5 ft. high and should be made of pipe. Horses will chew anything made of wood and
can break any board that is not at least 2 -in thick oak. Cattle panels and woven wire and strands of wire can
cause horses to pull their shoes off and can cause severe, even fatal cuts. Each stall also must have hardware so
that the camper can tie hay bags and water pails.
-Stall walls must be 8 ft. high and solid from the ground up. The smallest stall size suitable for a horse is 10 ft.
by 10 ft. The largest practical size is 12 ft. by 12 ft. Each stall also must have hardware so that the camper can
tie hay bags and water pails.
-Permanent corrals and stalls also require the most maintenance of any restraint type. They are permanent
fixtures, making erosion an issue, especially for the stalls because horses in dirt-floored stalls paw more, and the
resulting holes and uneven ground must be filled regularly. This requires huge amounts of dirt fill.
-If the stalls are covered, they will become excellent breeding grounds for contagious diseases, because rain and
the sun’s ultra- violet rays are unable to kill the germs left by previous occupants.
Horse campers seem less willing to clean up after their horses in a corral situation because they are not willing
to walk all over a corral to clean up manure. More manure left behind means more flying insects, objectionable
smells, and the potential for parasite infestation.
If the facilities are safe and well-constructed, this is the ultimate restraint method from the campers’ viewpoint.
They just come in and put their horses to bed, no setting up, no worries, and no extra equipment to take along.
The park or campground will need a lot of room to provide the number of box stalls and corrals needed to
accommodate the number of horses that a camper could bring.
The park will also need to schedule weekly maintenance to replace and repair what the horses have pawed up,
chewed up, and pooped on the previous weekend.
Park Obligations: To keep the campground full, the Park must provide the following:
Safe and secure accommodations for horse campers
Ample space for large rigs
Level camping sites for the rigs
Ample space for campers who bring large families and a large number of horses
An ample water supply (preferably piped-in running water, not hand pumps)
A manure compost site (rakes and wheelbarrows are optional)
Bathroom facilities, including showers
Trash receptacles
Picnic tables and fire rings
Optional electrical hook-ups
Horse wash station on a pad of concrete pad near a water supply (most horse campers bring their own hoses,
buckets, and washing materials).
Sand pit for horses to roll
Do not be afraid to charge for the amenities you provide. If you do not charge enough, you will not get the
quality camper that you would like to have at your facility. Offering family and group rates, and taking some
reservations, you can provide a financial incentive for the quality of camper your would like to have using your
facility.
Remember that if a facility is welcoming, safe, and allows the campers some freedom, the facility will stay
full.
I sincerely hope that I shed some light on the various needs of campers with horses and the ways they
restrain their animals. I know I haven’t seen it all, but I have seen a lot. I respectfully submit this proposal
for use in your debates and planning forums. I also would also be available to speak and provide photos and
       documentation with additional information if needed about the various restraint methods used throughout
  46 the country and other parts of the world. Sincerely, Cathy Sheets Tauer - Hill View Farms
                                                    PADS

Merino Wool Saddle Pad: It took years to find a manufacturer to make
a custom, top quality, affordable saddle pad. At last “Ranch Handler”
was able to get the job done! This pad is made up of three layers. The
bottom is the washable Merino lambs wool fleece, then the ½” of
medium density foam felt, topped off with a moisture resistant low
loop nylon felt. The pad is contoured over the top line of the horse,
hinged in the middle with nylon webbing cut back in the front and rear to
prevent pinching on the horses’ spine. The entire pad has rolled nylon edges for a clean, neat and sleek
appearance. The pad comes in black only, contoured, 28 inches in length by 35 inches opened wide,
(custom sizes available-see bottom of page 49 on how to make a pattern of your saddle). The pad design
offered here is exclusive to the Flexible Panel Saddle and will not help correct an ill-fitting saddle. HVF
Exclusive. Item # P-CSP – Price $100.00 Print upgrade add $35.00

                                      Saddle Sox: THESE ARE GREAT. But,
                                      what are they? Saddle Sox or “booties”
                                      replace traditional saddle pads. Slip them
                                      on the panels like a pair of socks; ride them
                                      as long as you like, slip them off for
                                      washing. Unlike saddle pads, they cannot
                                      become tight over the spine, they allow free
                                      airflow down the middle of the saddle &
                                       they can’t wrinkle. They are designed very
                                       thin, since no padding is needed under the
                                       comfortable Flex system panels. Little
                                       maintenance or washing is needed. They
                                       last so long, that even with all the miles we
                                       at Hill View Farms ride every year we
                                       count on one hand the number that have
                                       worn out! They come standard with a
                                       Cordura top layer and a polyester fleece
                                       bottom. Also available with washable
                                       Merino lambs wool sewn into a synthetic
                                       backing for an additional charge. The
                                       Merino wool is cooler for the horse, collects
less hair and dirt, mats less and is fantastic to wash.
(With all the sox, do rinse them twice to remove all
soapy residues) The color choices for the saddle
sox are: Top layer in Cordura, color of either black
or brown or select the quilted fabric in white or
black or the upholstery cloth print. Choice for the
underside toward horse, either a synthetic fleece in
black or white, or Merino Wool, which is a very               Tahoe Denim Red Diamond        Earth
light cream color, (shown left on black the saddle
sox). Or you can select a sox with out fleece and             Color photos     Aztec Black Purple Sage
                                                               on website.
choose the tacky tack underside. You can also
                                                             Pattern repeat
select a pad that is either contoured or square. So           will vary due
please specify which combination you would like.               size of pad
Saddle Sox: Item # P-SS - Price $150.00                       55% cotton,
Merino Wool: Upgrade add $100.00                            45% polyester -
Upholstery Print: Upgrade add $35.00                          pre-washed.

Trail Sox: For the real trail rider enthusiast, try a pair of Trail Sox. These have
zippered saddlebags sewn right on each side. Each bag will hold two-three bottles
plus lunch. These are lined for insulation and can be opened with one hand. For
contoured skirted saddles only. Color choice is brown or black. HVF Exclusive.
Item # P-TSS - Polly fleece price is $240.00
Item # P-TMW for Merino wool price is $350.00

Forever New: Is a pure, organic and biodegradable fabric care wash, formulated to gently
clean, brighten and promote longer life in all fine washables. It safely cleans lingerie, hosiery,
swimwear, silks, and woolens, including saddle pads and saddle Sox. It is FANTASTIC on
the merino lambs wool! The natural base of the citric and sodas, cleans then rinses
completely from the fabric, leaving no soap residues to damage thread fibers. We have been
testing various products for over a year and this product gets two thumbs up! Economy size             47
- 32 oz. Item # P-FN - Price $13.00
                                               PADS     continued


                                          Merino Wool Corrective Saddle Pad: This top quality, afford-
                                          able corrective saddle pad helps fit a saddle properly. It is less than
                                          a half-inch thick making it perfect for all panel saddles yet com-
                                          fortable enough for other saddles as well. The pad is comprised of
                                          three layers; the bottom layer next to the horse is washable Merino
                                          lambs wool fleece, then a ½" of medium density foam felt, topped
                                          off with a moisture resistant low loop nylon felt with a wear strip
                                          along the bottom edge protecting the pad from a saddles rigging.
                                          The pad is cut contoured to follow the back and top line of the
                                          horse and is hinged in the middle with nylon webbing that is cut
back on both ends making it easier to pull up into the saddles gullet without pinching the horses spine. The
full-length pocket is easy to open from the bottom, making it possible to put balance-shims in wherever you
need them, customizing fit for your horse’s needs. This all black pad measures 29 inches long and 15 inches
deep (32 opened up). HVF Exclusive- Shims sold separately. Item # P-CCSP-Price $135.00

         Front                 Center          Rear      Shims: Sold in sets of three shims each. These
                                                         shims are made of high-density 1/4 inch neo-
                                                         prene foam and are used for leveling your saddle,
                                                         compensating for an underdeveloped shoulder,
                                                         giving your saddle a lift, or filling in a hollow
behind the shoulder or center of back. Shims can be slipped into your saddle pad’s pocket; or they can be
attached to your saddle pad or to your panels by using or by using two-way sticky carpet tape. Specify
front, rear or center. Item # P-SH – Price $12.00

Custom Shims: Take advantage of multiple mix and match sizing.
These shims are sold in a set of 6 for a total of 12 shims. These shims are
made either of high-density ¼ inch neoprene foam or in the ½ inch felt –
shown in white. These are used for leveling your saddle, compensating                                    A
for an underdeveloped shoulder, giving your saddle a lift, or filling in a                           B       C
hollow behind the shoulder or center of back. Shims can be slipped into
your saddle pad’s pocket; or they can be attached to your saddle pad or
to your panels by using or by using two-way sticky carpet tape. Specify which you
                                                                                                    D            E
prefer. Item # P-SH-FULL - Price $60.00 for the felt ($5.00 each) or                                 F
 $70.00 ($5.80 each) for the neoprene.

 * Remember to shim away from pressure and check your saddles fit with a rider IN THE SADDLE,
      by sliding your hand under the front, center (behind the riders leg) and rear of the saddle.

                                          Tacky Tack Pad:Here is the saddle pad with so many great features
                                          that it is bound to satisfy even the most discriminating rider. First,
                                          this pad has grip. This material is the same stuff you see being used
                                          as shelf liners for fine crystal or under floor mats on a slippery floor,
                                          but has an inner nylon core for strength. Due to this unique feature of
                                          strength and grip, this pad will help keep your saddle from slipping.
                                          Second, it is soft and supple, great for your horse’s hair coat for it
will not pull or scratch. Third, there is little to no maintenance. It will not trap hair or sweat. You clean by
simply spraying with water. Fourth, this pad is thin (3/8 inch thick), soft and stretchy. It will not trap heat,
so you can use it as an under pad or as your primary pad. When used as a primary pad, the waffle design
will allow for airflow and sweat to drip away, keeping your horse cooler and your saddle’s fleece dry. Fifth,
trouble with loin rubbing? Say good-by to that problem at last! This pad has passed with flying colors in the
use as an under pad. But remember, If you use this pad as an under pad, make sure that you raise up the
Tacky-Tack pad between your saddle’s panels so not to bind your equine’s spine! Lastly, price, you just
can’t beat it! English and western pad measure 30 inches (spine is 27.5). The length of flap measured from
the spine to the bottom of the flap that has a wear strip is 18.5 inches for the western and 19.5 for the
English. State English (E) or Western (W) pad. The pad design offered here by Hill View Farms is exclusive
to the Flexible Panel Saddle and will not help correct an ill-fitting saddle. Item # P-TT - Price $55.00

                               The Tacky Tack Under pad: This is the original non-slip Tacky Tack
                               material under pad that helps prevent your saddle blanket / pad from slipping
                               and sliding. This pad helps keep dirt and sweat off the blanket, thus extending
                               the blanket’s life. Plus, it helps keep the saddle from sliding and rolling. The
                               open weave allows airflow under the saddle keeping your horse cooler. Rinse
                               with water to clean. 1/8th inch thick and comes 33 x 48 inches so you can cut
 48                            to fit. Item # P-TTU – Price $ 20.00
                                            PADS     continued


Bareback Tacky Tack Pad: By Weaver, this pad is made with the same Tacky
Tack material from above with the addition of a 5/8-inch padded Herculon material
that is mildew and mold resistant and quick drying. The pad is cutback over the
withers and comes with a fleece girth on nylon web billets. 21" x 35”, specify
Comanche stripe, bronco or black color. Item# P-BB- Price $72.00

Tandem Riding Pad/Buddy Seat: When we first saw this pad in 1988, we knew
this was the ticket. This pad attaches to your saddle. The front nylon strap will
attach to your saddle’s D-ring and the rear strap will attach to your girth’s D-ring.
This tandem saddle pad has seen many improvements over the years. Made of
tough Cordura nylon over shock-absorbing foam, with a rigid thick foam padded
cantle to help protect the rider from injury. This pad comes complete with stirrups
and adjustable nylon leathers. Nylon straps on the swell provide handles. We
would suggest removing the nylon stirrups for they are not a safety stirrup. The
rider behind has a risk of getting his foot through the stirrup. We used to put big
saddlebags under this pad and the very smaller rider then can put his feet in them.
If the rider is of medium size you can purchase the 4 inch English Toe Stoppers
that come with a free pair of nylon spur straps for easy attachment to the buddy seat stirrups. For a
bigger rider, you can replace the buddy seat stirrups and nylon straps with English leathers with irons
using Toe Stoppers. Also, if you use a crupper with your saddle and put this tandem pad on top of it,
make sure that the rider is not sitting on the buckle, for he will dig that buckle into your horse’s spine,
causing a problem. Item # P-TM - Price $55.00
 How do I make a pattern for a saddle sox or saddle pad? Cut a solid sheet of paper (the back of gift
 wrapping paper works great) the length of the panel or skirt. Set the saddle on a stand and have a helper
 lift up the saddle so you can slide the paper under the panel or skirt (we only need one side, so trace only
 one side). We also recommend that you use a blanket or pad under the paper (over the stand) making
 tracing easier. Then use a fine-tip "Sharpie ®"-type marker and trace the outline exactly. We will allow for
 seam allowances and movement room. Cut out the pattern and fit it to the panel or skirt to check fit. You
 MUST also locate both panel-mounting pedestals on the pattern and mark with an X; also write the
 saddle’s serial number and seat size on the pattern, along with your name, before sending it to us. How
 to trace a western saddle: Trace the skirt, lifting up drop yoke rigging. Then drop the rigging and trace
 around that, including the "D" ring, but stopping there. The area that will give you the most difficulty is
 tracing down the center of the saddle. Do your best, you will have to guess how the skirt panel flows (the
 center does not fit into a pocket like the back and front, so DON’T let your guess stress you out). This
 is your template and your saddle sox will be made exactly the way you submit your pattern. How to
 trace an English or endurance saddle: Trace the panel, lifting up the flap. Then drop the flap and trace
 around that. The area that will give you the most difficulty is tracing down the center of the saddle. Do
 your best; you will have to guess how the panel flows (the center does not fit into a pocket like the back
 and front, so DON’T let your guess stress you out). This is your template and your saddle sox will be
 made exactly as you submit your pattern.

 Words About Wool: Wool is a natural fiber and is the ultimate in softness and support. Why?
 1) Wool is the only fiber that adjusts to individual skin temperature, allowing your animal’s back to stay
 cool when the weather is hot and warm when the weather is cold, acting as a natural thermostat. It does
 this with countless air pockets between the wool fibers that trap and keep air circulating freely next to
 your animal’s back, far superior to synthetic fibers because of this breathability.
 2) Wool retains its superior qualities wet or dry, unlike synthetics, that flatten out with wear. Wool’s
 crimpiness has a natural resiliency, which allows it to spring back to its original size and shape.
 3) Wool is extremely durable. In scientific tests, wool recovered 95% of its original thickness when
 compressed compared to 67% to 79% for synthetic substitutes. Wool’s natural qualities allow it to be
 bent over 20,000 times without breaking and its crimped fibers form a springy cushioned support that
 cradles your saddle, relieving pressure points, muscle aches, and back pain.
 4) Wool can absorb large amounts of body moisture, keeping your animal’s back comfortable. Its
 absorbent, hollow fibers wick moisture to maintain body temperature and eliminate the chilling that can
 occur to a horse’s back causing muscle cramping and distress. Remember only natural products can
 absorb moisture and keep your animal’s back performing to its maximum abilities.
 5) Real 100% American Virgin Wool is the miracle fiber. We offer two selections of wool: the washable
 Merino wool which has a 1.5” pile, 65-oz wool sewn into a synthetic backing and is ivory in color.

 Sweat Patterns and Pad Material: Sweating is the body’s natural cooling system. Sweat cools the body
 as it evaporates. For this process to work, moisture must be exposed to air. Sweat patterns differ depending
 on the pad material used.
 1) Neoprene-, rubber-, and latex-based pads deliver the fastest sweat pattern. (If you were wearing
 rubber underwear you would get hot right away.)                                                          49
                                             PADS     continued


 Sweat Patterns and Pad Material - continued:
 2) Pads with a wool or felt-type covering over an open- or closed-cell neoprene or foam also deliver a quick
 sweat pattern.
 With either of these pads, when the horse is thoroughly warmed up, globs of sweat run from under the pad as
 he is literally wearing a sweat suit.
 3) Synthetic fleece pads deliver a slower sweat pattern than the first two.
 4) Felt wool and cotton pads initially deliver a sweat pattern similar to that of a synthetic fleece pad, but
 actually begin to keep the back cooler. This happens as the wool or cotton, both natural products, allow
 wicking action to absorb the sweat. Then air can move in and evaporate moisture, cooling the back. With
 either a wool or cotton pad less sweat will run from under the pad than with the synthetic pads.
 5) Wool fleece offers the most cooling because the fibers are loose and open, allowing excellent air and
 moisture exchange. Because of this exchange, wool fleece will not show an immediate sweat pattern. Thus,
 it can be difficult to determine uneven sweat patterns unless the horse has been worked hard enough for sweat
 to be running from his ears and rump. Even then, when you remove the pad you will see that the wool has
 wicked away much of the moisture and you may just have a pattern of dampness or compression.

 In conclusion, material makes a difference in how the horse's back cools and how quickly sweat
 patterns form.

Tip: If you have your horses picketed for several days in the same area and find that the ground is
becoming nasty from the manure/urine and is attracting flies. Using a coffee cup, sprinkle a little barn lime
over those spots. The lime dries up the area making a nice solid surface repelling flies. Note; on barn lime,
a small bag (the size of a 10-pound flour bag) will weigh 50 lbs.!
Tip: For those of you who have natural dirt or a sandy/clay arena flooring you may notice that this gets
dusty when riding. You may already be spraying it down with water, but it still remains dusty and may
even get dustier. Here is the fix. If you wet down your arena by spraying water, add to this water some
sodium chloride (salt). Or better yet, get several bags of water softener granules and sprinkle this over
your entire arena. The first application will take several bags to settle the dust, but after this initial
application it will be a simple matter of maintenance. A sprinkle here and there and ta-da, no more dust!
Tip: As I get older I have learned; If I cannot eat-it, read-it or wear-it (ride it), I don’t need it.




      Cathy
        in
      Mexico




 50
                                             SADDLE CARE

Bick-1 Leather Cleaner: Bick-1 is a balanced formula that was created to
thoroughly clean the dirtiest leather items both safely and effectively. It is pH-
balanced blend of non-alkaline cleaning agents that aggressively cleans smooth
finished leather safely and effectively. It removes soil, grease, spur marks and most
food and ink stains. Its foaming action lifts out embedded dirt and stains. Because it
contains no wax, oils, or additives to interfere with its cleaning ability, dirt will not
become trapped in the leather. 8 oz. Item # SC-BICK-1 - Price $6.50

Bick-4 Leather Conditioner: Bick-4 unique formula cleans, conditions, polishes and acts a water
repellent, making it ideal for keeping leather soft and supple while preventing the leather from drying and
cracking. It is safe to use on leather boots, shoes, bags, purses, jackets, saddles, belts and smooth finish
or exotic leather products including reptile. It is wax-free, does not contain silicone and will not seal the
pores of the leather. Bickmore guarantees Bick-4 will not darken any colorfast leather, as the formula is
free of animal fats and caustic chemicals. This conditioner is the product of choice for damp, moist or
moldy leather, as well as leather that is in good condition. 16 oz. Item # SC-BICK-4 - Price $13.00

Bick-Boot Guard: Boot-Guard is a fluorinated polymer that will protect and safeguard all leather, suede,
roughout and nubuck boots making them water repellent and stain resistant. It provides an invisible
barrier against water as well as against tough stains such as manure, wine, beer, and grease. It also
minimizes damage from barnyard acids. Since Boot-Guard is a non-silicone-based protector, it allows the
boots to breathe. Works great for felt hats too! 5.5 oz. Item # SC-BICK-G - Price $4.90

               Bick Travel Kit: The ultimate a travel or gift kit. This kit comes in a zippered acrylic
               pouch and contains a 2 oz. bottle of each the Bick 4 leather conditioner and the Bick-1
               leather cleaner. It also comes with a soft cotton cleaning cloth. Makes a great gift.
               Item # SC-GIFT - Price $7.00

                  Aussie Leather Conditioner: By a trusted name, Fieging, since 1895. Developed for
                  Australian horsemen, Aussie leather conditioner helps leather to withstand hot, dry climate
                  conditions. Contains natural beeswax. A must for saddle owners in bitter cold, dry areas as
                  well as those in hot, dry climates. Perfect for use on saddle, tack, boot, gun cases, handbags
                  and all those leather items that need a deep conditioning and to restore youthfulness. 15 oz
                  Item # SC-FB- Price $10.50

 Map reading                                                                            Beach Rider




                                                                                    Rhea starts Cita’s
                                                                                       training.




         Rhea cleaning
             tack


                                                                                                           51
                                        SADDLE CARE continued

                       HOW    DO   I   CLEAN AND CARE FOR MY SADDLE AND TACK?


Leather Cleaning: * Allow saddle to dry slowly and naturally after use. * Brush excess dirt and
perspiration salts from leather with a soft brush. * Dampen leather with a wet soft sponge till it
darkens uniformly. Use the least amount of water that will do the job. * With a soft firm brush, clear
bar glycerin soap and water, work up a uniform lather with a circular motion or use Bick 1 leather
cleaner. When you have removed the dirt and perspiration rinse your saddle with lukewarm water. *
Allow the saddle to dry slowly and naturally, preferably in the shade with a fan for ventilation.* After
the saddle has dried (when leather no longer feels cold to the cheek) condition the leather using oil,
Leather Max or Bick 4 leather conditioner. If your leather is very dry from water or excessive sweat, use
extra oil or Leather Max. Leather Max work well, but moderately darken leather. Pure neatsfoot oil
darkens leather quickly. Lexol NF will do a good job without darkening the leather too much or use Bick
4, which will not darken the leather at all. Choose which ever of the many food oils works best for your
saddle. Olive oil, corn oil, and Peanut oil also works well, but darkens leather.

Leather Care: * Keep your saddle clean and covered and avoid dust * Store in a cool dry place out of
direct sunlight * Use a saddle stand or a rope suspended from the swell of the saddle above the ground.
* Do not lay your saddle on the ground; leather absorbs moisture and this position will deform the
saddle’s shape. * Do not store near manure. Manure fumes contain ammonia that hardens and rots
leather. * Clean saddle every three months or after heavy use.* Use common sense. Leather is the skin
of an animal converted to a stable state. Treat leather as you would your own skin. * Do not use iron
or steel next to leather. The rusting action of iron rots leather. * Do not over-oil or over clean the leather,
too-much oil weakens its fibers. * Saddle soap or a glycerin bar can remove small amounts of dye from
in the leather; clean with these methods only when the saddle is heavily soiled.

How do I care for my neoprene tack such as girths? Wash all the manure and debris off. Then spray
with a Silicone spray, found in any automotive department store.

How do I care for my Delrin Panels? Depending on the amount of time you ride, the inserts/panels
should be oiled often. The mountings that hold the panels on your saddle are of steel or hardened steel.
In both cases you need to keep them rust free so use WD-40 as a solvent very sparingly and only for
this purpose. You will need to oil your mounts and washers (that slide and work against Delron - the
white plastic looking material). This (3 in One Household oil) can be purchased at any warehouse,
supermarket or automotive store etc. It comes in a small plastic or metal bottle with a thin straw like
tube for easy access to the mounts and inserts. Oil all 4 mounts and try to aim downward toward the
panels. Put some drops of OIL (3 in one Household oil) directly on the Delrin-panel (the white
plastic). After oiling, move the panel to distribute the oil under the washer/rear mount to distribute the
oil under the washers. This will keep the inserts and panels lubricated to let the panels move freely.




                               Helpful Hint:
In your tack room & horse trailer, put your animal’s name on a sticky label
above “their” tack hook and/or assign a color to each horse and use colored
  ribbon to mark your horse’s tack. This makes things easy for everyone.
52                                 HILL VIEW FARMS • 866-723-5937
                                                  SAFETY

                                  CAUTION HORSES Sign Se-
                                  ries™ and HORSE Decals: allow                   After Decals
                                  other drivers on the highway to see
                                  you during the day as well as at night.
                                  Made of engineer grade reflective vi-
                                  nyl (the same quality used on public
                                  service vehicles such as police and fire
                                  trucks). MAKE A DIFFERENCE
        Before                    AT NIGHT. Available in 3 colors and
                                  3 sizes. Choose from over 50 selec-
                                  tions. www.hillviewfarms.com.
                                  Prices start at $9.99

Safety Leg Wraps: Sold in pairs, these leg wraps are made from a special
material developed by 3-M. This washable 200-candle power reflective
material will not crack or get brittle. The leg wraps are made using two
colors (3 bands of strips) totaling a height of 4 1/2 inches. This material is
then backed with washable merino lamb’s wool for ultimate comfort with
less heat and dirt build up. The leg wraps have a 2- inch solid band of
Velcro for a secure hold. These leg wraps are used by mounted patrols and
important to have for any riding done at dawn, dusk or night. HVF
                           Exclusive. Item # SA-LW - Price $30.00 pr

                           Dr. Mohr’s Medical Case: This unique black medical case is designed for
                           rugged use, measuring 20" L X 9" W X 12.5" high, constructed of a tough
                           durable cyolac plastic that can easily be aseptically cleaned. This case has all
                           stainless steel hinges is stain resistant and the fold out top and inside
                            compartment will hold 100, 250 and 500 cc bottles, as well as vials, injections,
                            wraps, etc. This case is has rudders on the bottom, which can slide easily into
                            the vet’s pickup box slide. This medical case is a serious piece of equipment
                            designed for veterinarians and is a must for the discriminating horse owner.
                            Developed by Dr. Hilary Mohr and standard issue for veterinarians. HVF
                            Exclusive. Item # SA-VB - Price $350.00

                          Wound & Trauma Bandage Pack: This pack is for emergency and everyday
                          use by veterinary hospitals , physicians’ offices and hospitals. It was
                          developed using the latest technology to improve quality and performance and
                          produce results that matter. This pack offers the convenience of having
                          specialty bandage supplies at your fingertips in one complete package. It
                          keeps you and your horse prepared for almost any situation: keep on e in your
                          truck, trailer, or towing vehicle, fits in your saddle packs or bags easily. BE
                          SAFE – BE PREPARED. Note: all bandage items are designed to conform to
                          difficult-to-wrap areas. Pack contains: new sterile – LARGE 30" x 12"
                          wound and trauma dressing pad, sterile 8" x 3" nonstick pad, 4" x 4" gauze
sponge pads, 2 rolls conforming stretch gauze, new Pro Safe Wrap™ self-adherent bandage that
increases air flow by 70 percent compared to other bandages and easily tears by hand (in any direction),
 new lightweight elastic adhesive tape, povidone-iodine ointment, 1 pair Nitrile examination gloves
(non-latex). Item #SA-FK – Price $20.99

Build Your Own First Aid Package: Write item on order form: Limited supply
A) 4 oz bottle of Gentian Violet, Blue Kote w/ dauber, a treatment for bacterial and fungus lesions: (excellent
for hoof thrush) $5.50. B) 60 cc oral syringe for administering electrolytes (dry form & add water): $2.00 C)
4 oz bottle of chlorhexidine concentrate will make up 4 gallons of solution: $5.00 D) 6 oz. Proud Flexh Powder,
a treatment for slow healing wounds: $5.50 E) 6 oz. ElectroPlex, an emergency electrolyte paste with calcium:
$7.00 F) 16 oz tub of Nitrofurazone antibacterial topical ointment: $4.25 G) 5" Stainless steel angled bandage
scissors: $4.75 H) 8 oz. bottle of chlorhexidine antiseptic wash: $1.25 I) 12 oz. bottle of Absorbine Liniment
Gel: $8.00 J) 1" waterproof surgical tape: $2.50 K) 2" waterproof surgical tape: $5.00 L) 3M Vet Wrap (red
or white only): $1.85 M) 3” x 4” Telfa non-stick bandage pad: .30
N) Thermometer with case: $3.00 O) Stethoscope: $15.00
                                    Normal Equine Vital Signs
 Plus Rate: 30-40 (36 to 57) beats per minute. Respiratory Rate: 12 to 20 (10-20) breaths per minute.
 Rectal Temperature: 99.5 to 101.5 degrees. Capillary refill: 2 seconds. Hydration: Pinch skin
 should not stay “tented” longer than 2 seconds. (Variation in range based on age and size).      53
                                           SAFETY        continued

Troxel Helmets: is the world’s leading provider of riding helmets. Since 1990, Troxel has delivered more
than 3 million of the world’s most advanced protective certified helmets to the equestrian market. Troxel
helmets have proven efficacy in preventing or reducing the severity of head injury. Troxel helmets have
been through the rigorous ENHAP (Equestrian New Helmet Assessment Program), testing with the BEF
(British Equestrian Federation), MDIRF (Mark Davis Injured Riders Fund) and TRL (Transport Re-
search Laboratory) and its members supporting all efforts taken to improve riding hat safety. As a rider,
I know that Troxel Helmets save lives! One saved mine in 1992 as a horse that I was training spooked and
threw me. I landed on my lower back as the back of my head whiplashed on ground, splitting my Troxel
helmet in half. It felt as if my head were slamming into a pillow. I suffered only a lower ligament tear in
my sacral region, escaping a serious head injury. After this incident I followed the various manufacturers’
developments and have selected Troxel as my helmet of choice. My children wear Troxel helmets, as do I.
Light weight (14.1 oz), ventilated helmets. Laredo Spirit - Duratec: is an all-trails recreational helmet for
                         western trail, trail riders, schooling, training and ranch work. The helmet’s tough
                         DuratecTM matte finish outer shell protects it from day-to-day wear and can be
                         washed with soap and water to restore its original look. The helmet features accents
                         and a slightly extended visor for sun protection. The Laredo helmet has the GPS
                         IITM soft touch dial fit system that permits quick and precise helmet adjustment. It
                         also features the Flip-FoldTM fit system that provides an adjustable inner liner that
                           can accommodate a variety of head shapes and hairstyles. Colors: black, brown,
                           sand, dusk (denim color - while supplies last). Sizes: S (Up to 7), M (7 to 7 1/4), L
                           (7 3/8+) State size and color preference. Item # SA-TL price $35.00

                         The Sierra: Western Performance Helmet, The Sierra is the first all-terrain
                         helmet designed exclusively with the Western rider in mind. The Sierra offers
                         riders ASTM / SEI certification coupled with rugged, outdoor Western styling.
                         The helmet is designed to be ultra lightweight at only 15 oz., extremely well
ventilated and comfortable for long days in the saddle. Using Troxel’s unique combination of the GPS
III™ Micro Adjustable Fit System and the patented Flip-Fold™ Fit System, the rider can easily
customize their fit. The extended Soft-Tip™ visor offers extra sun protection while the mesh covered
vents keep out debris. The sleek profile, an in-molded polycarbonate shell, and the most advanced
technology and material on the market, make the Sierra the finest Western style helmet available. The
Sierra is the perfect Western headgear for those who want comfort, Western styling, and Troxel’s
leadership in protection. Free Helmet Bag Included. Comes in brown, tan and black color. . State size and
color preference. Item # SA-SW- Price $95.00

                               Ovation Riding Helmet: Both SEI and CE Certified this new riding helmet
                               is delightful. Fantastically priced, this low profile helmet has a rubberized
                               finish; reflective piping and coolmax lining (which you can launder) to keep
                               your head cool under extreme conditions. The helmet has a removable/break-
                               a-way visor and multiple air vents. The comfort buckle strap avoids pinching
                               and has an adjustable dial to ensure a proper and snug fit. Sizes in 6 ½ to 7 =
                               S/M or 7 1/8 to 7 5/8 = M/L. Color selection is all black, black and brown,
                               black and navy. Item # SA-OH - Price $55.00 (reg. $65.00)
                                                                      France
      Our wild matching riding outfits                     we took our helmets and Toe-
                                                                 Stoppers with us.




 54
                                          SAFETY       continued


                                                               Toe Stoppers: Rated the best safety device
                                                               since the helmet, Toe Stoppers have won 8
                                                               prestigious international awards! Riders
                                                               who use Toe Stoppers may gain a
                                                               competitive advantage because they no
                                                               longer lose concentration when their feet slip
                                                                forward off of the stirrup iron. Toe
                                                                Stoppers keep feet in the correct position
                                                                and prevent feet from slipping. Balance and
                                                                concentration is improved, as well as
                                                                performance and results. Toe Stoppers are
                                                                made of a durable material and attach easily
                                                                with Velcro and making for comfortable,
                                      safe riding and dismounting. Designed to fit western, endurance and
                                      English stirrups/irons, Toe Stoppers attach easily by sliding into the
                                      stirrup, the side straps wrap around the sides, top and base of the
                                      stirrup. Safety can be added to any stirrup! Did you know that being
                                      hooked up in the stirrup iron and dragged is the most dangerous
                                      aspect of horse riding resulting in serious injuries and death? Latest
                                      statistics show there are 210 horse-riding deaths and 75,000 serious
injuries each year in America alone. Avoid the inherent risk of dragging or worse. You know that feeling…
Your horse acts-up or falls you kick your feet loose from the stirrups… but they don’t release
immediately or you can’t get your feet free at all and your worst fear becomes a reality – of being dragged.
TOE STOPPERS are every bit as important as a riding helmet. PERIOD. Approved for all sanctioned
equestrian events. To determine size on western and endurance stirrups, measure inside- side-to-side and
if your stirrup has a 1-inch top bar, size down by one. For English measure tread width side-to-side on
inside. State size, color (brown or black) and style. Western & Endurance: 4 ¾, 5 and 5 ½ inch,
English: 3 ½, 4 , 4 ¼, 4 ½, 4 ¾, 5 and 5 ½ inch, Racing 3 ½ inch and Track 4 ¾ inch (black color only).
Item # ST-TS - Price $85.00 pr. (reg.99.95)

The Easy Tapadaro: Well, maybe no so easy to get on at
first, but once on there they will stay - offering you
safety from brush and from getting dragged in the
                   “Spike”          unfortunate event of
                                    an         unscheduled
                                    dismount. These taps
                                    go on to your existing
                                    stirrups – regardless of
                                    style            without
                                    sacrificing your foot position, length or size and keeps in style your
                                    western riding theme. Comes in brown or black leather with rosettes
                                    and strings. (8 sliver conchos optional for an additional $65.00).HVF
                                    Exclusive. State leather color. Item # ST-TAP – Price is $45.00
  *SAFETY TIP* For our young children we striped out the heavy western fenders and replaced them
  with English leathers and Kwick Out safety irons. WHY? First let us look at the child’s leg. Children’s
  legs in many cases stick straight out from the horse. Kids have small weak legs. It takes every bit of
  effort for them just to keep their boots on, let alone, kick their horses’ sides hard enough to get them
  moving. Knowing that kids have short legs that do not drop down easily onto the horses’ sides and
  western fenders are thick, stiff, and hard to adjust tells us the child can’t “get his leg on the horse.”
  Therefore, we put the English leathers on the saddle. They are soft, pliable and easily adjustable for the
  long or short legged rider. The child can easily move these leathers, for there is less bulk to move and
  more importantly the child can get his leg on the their horse - feeling the horse. We
  also put Kwik Out safety stirrups on or you can use any iron with Toe Stoppers.
  We have found, that there are no good western “safety” stirrups on the market for
  children, with the exception of the tapadero, covered western stirrup or Toe
  Stoppers. But these western set ups are still so hard for the kids to manipulate, due
  to the bulk of the western fender. Many times they can they can only get the just the
  tip of their boot in and do not have the downward pressure in many cases, to hold
  their foot in the stirrup and subsequently lose their stirrup easily. With the English
  leathers and irons the kids can get their feet deep in the stirrup (iron), regardless of
  what boot they are wearing; and in the event of a spill the either the iron kicks open
  or the Toe Stopper releases the child’s foot. From all that I have witnessed, this set
  up, by far, is the safest and most practical, user-friendly system . Please take my
  advice and make your child a better and a SAFER rider.                                                  55
                                       SAFETY      continued

Signs: Approximately 11 x 11 in size. State description upon ordering. Item # SA-SIGN - Price $ 7.00.




                                                               Cathy video taping and
 56                                                              poning in Montana
                                                 STIRRUPS

Leather Covered Bell Stirrup: These stirrups are unique and time consuming to
make. They are built on lightweight nylon cores with a 3" (front to rear measure-
ment) base. On the 2 1/2” neck, they are 4 ¾” wide and on the 3” neck they are 4 7/
8" wide. These bells are covered with leather to match your saddle. Wet-molded,
clamped and expertly stitched with all edges sanded, waxed and burnished, these
stirrups are gorgeous. They are comfortable too, with a cushioned ½" thick footpad,
nonskid sole that absorbs more concussion and prevents more foot pain than you
can imagine. Weight of stirrup 20.2 oz. Leather Covered Over Shoe Stirrup:
 Without the bulk as seen with other over shoe stirrups, these are just 2 inches deep.
Measured from the inside, they are a true six inches wide and six inches tall measured
to the bottom base of the half inch leather covered cushioned tread. This cushioned
pad can be either exposed as seen in the above photo or covered as shown here.
Available in 2, 2.5, 3 inch neck size and in brown, black or natural color leather.
Weight of stirrup 20.5 oz. pecify style and leather color. Sold as pair. Item # ST-LB – Price $75.00 Bell.
Item # ST-O - Price $75.00 Overshoe

E-Z Ride Stirrups: This is the number one long distance stirrup! These leather
covered aluminum stirrups rate the highest in comfort and quality. They are 5" wide
from side to side and 4" deep from toe to heel, allowing for the best possible weight
distribution throughout the foot. The thick, closed-cell foam pad provides comfort
for the knees and back and helps prevent overall fatigue. Comes in three different
top-bar sizes to fit your type of saddle. Choose: 1, 2, 2.5 or 3 inch top sizes - available in black or brown
leather. Weight of stirrup 20 oz. Sold as pair. Item # ST-EZ – Price $85.00

Comfort HVF Stirrups: Light weight and stylish, these endurance style stirrups
are five or six inches wide, three inches deep with a cushion tread. Select color of
copper or silver vein along with neck size in 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 or 3 inches. Weight of
stirrup 12 oz. Specify size. HVF Exclusive. Sold as pair.
Item # ST-CC - Price $75.00

Cushion Comfort Stirrups - Spring loaded, cushion comfort, rotating stirrups. In-
spired by a wife and developed by her husband with design by Hill View Farms, these
stirrups offer immediate relief to tired and sore knees, hips, ankles and the ball of the
foot.. Five inches wide, three inches deep with a cushion tread that is ergonomically
shaped. Select color of copper or silver vein (photo to right shown without standard pad
- select beveled or straight pad) along with neck size in 2, 2.5 or 3 inches. Weight of
stirrup 22 oz. Patent pending. HVF Exclusive. Sold as pair. Item # ST-CC - Price $125.00

Twisted Stirrup: Another super idea from those Icelandic folks up North. Leave it to them
to come up with a with a stirrup that puts no strain on your knees, elevating the annoying
twisting of your body as you lean over to get your foot properly placed into the stirrup iron.
Not to mention you will have no hassle in finding your stirrup with your foot. Sold
in pairs with a white footpad. 4 3/4 inches wide with a one inch tread. Sold as pair.
Item # ST-IR - Price $45.00

Aluminum 1-inch Top Stirrup: A custom made stirrup made just for HVF, this
highly polished stirrup is 5.5 inches wide with and has a two inch grippe foot tread.
Perfect for wide boots and for dressing up a saddle. HVF Exclusive. Sold as pair.
 Item # ST-AL Price $75.00

Stirrup Leathers: It’s not easy to find good stirrup leathers. These leathers have the
flat stainless steel buckles, followed by thin, top grain leather sewn over a tough nylon
web to ensure strength, thus avoiding annoying stretching and misshaping that hap-
pens to non-reinforced leathers. These leathers are thin and come with coverlets for
those who ride with their buckles down by the stirrup. Specify leather color and length
(49" short, 55" standard, 61" long and 1" wide.) HVF Exclusive. Sold as pair.
Item # ST-LTH - Price $75.00

Biothane Leathers: These "leathers" are made of thin but strong black biothane.
They are two inches wide, 62 inches long and will have a cam buckle for easy
adjustment. They come with a pair of leather sleeves in brown or black. These
biothane leathers will not stretch in the heat of summer or crack in the cold of winter.
So, replace your leather, "leathers" or fenders that are worn or stretched out. Sold in
pairs and can be custom ordered for longer length. HVF exclusive.                                       57
Item # ST-BL - Price $50.00
                                         STIRRUPS        continued

                  Easy-Up Stirrup Extender: With the Leg Saver swivel, you can mount-up with ease and
                  be comfortable too. Stirrup drops down 3 inches with the push of a button and then locks
                  back into place with the lift of your toe on one side. The Easy-up Extender comes in a pair
                  – one side has the drop down the other does not. Each stirrup can be swiveled 60º and can
                  be locked into any position. 2.5 and 3 inch sizes. Item # ST-UP – Price $139.00

                                  Stirrup Swivel: At last you can give your knees and ankles relief from the
                                  painful stress of twisting. These are the absolute best stainless steel
                                  stirrup swivels money can buy. They can be free-floating or locked in
                                  place. Available in 2.5 or 3 inch neck. Item # ST-SWIVEL - Price $49.95

                  Spring Loaded Stirrup Swivel: Sold as a pair, you can now add these spring-loaded
                swivels to your already favorite pair of stirrups. You will need to remove your top bar on
                your stirrup and with the hardware provided add in the spring-loaded swivel. Specify size
                of 2, 2.5 or 3-inch top bar. Item # ST-SS - Price $49.95

                Easy Twist: A pair of easy twist adaptors. Specify width of neck on
                your saddles fender and top bar of stirrup. Leather color black or brown.
                Item # ST-ETW - Price $25.00

Grippe Stirrup Pads: Custom cut to size for you and 1/2 inch thick.
Attach using 2 part epoxy cement and use a clamp to hold down hard until
cement is set. Sold in pairs. HVF exclusive. Specify size. Item # ST-GP - Price $10.00 for pair.

Easy Ride Stirrup Pads: Relive stress and strain to your feet by adding stirrup pads.
Pads are 4 1/2 inches wide (left to right) and 3 7/8 inches deep (front to back) at the
bottom edge of the pad. Easy to slide in and cut down - if necessary. Attach with 2-
part epoxy cement and use a clamp to hold down firmly until cement is set. Sold as
pair. Item # ST-P - Price $13.99

                                                 1996




                                                                                          My “Tito”


         My watermelon




                                                                                  Pequena and lots
 58                                                                                   of bags.
                                               TREASURES

               Natural Applezz n’ Oats Horse Treats: The crunchy little treat that you can carry in your
               pocket. Ingredients are: Apple Pomace, Rolled Oats, Cane Molasses, Brewers Dried Yeast,
               Ground Corn and Dehydrated Alfalfa. Horses just love them. A great value, for a little goes a
               long way! Comes in a three-pound plastic mouse-proof jar.Item # TR-C – Price $11.99

                Merino Sheepskin Fleece Leg Comforters: The Merino’s soft fine wool is
                thick and springy, has a nice soft cool feeling and prevents pinching or rubbing
                on your legs. Also prevents rubbing on the saddle flaps. These covers attach
with Velcro for easy on/off, and for stirrup adjusting. The comforters for 2" wide leather/
biothane straps are 12.5 inches long. For one-inch leathers they are 15 inches long. Custom
sizes are also available. Sold in pairs, completely washable, 10 colors available but we stock
black and brown for fast delivery. Item # TR- FLM – Price $35.00

                                  Merino Sheepskin Seat Saver “Tush Cush”: This
            English               seat cushion, by Just Merino Sheepskin Products, which has been chosen
                                  the best in sheepskin by John Lyons and by Michael Plumb’s Horse
                                  Journal. The Merino’s soft fine wool is thick and springy – the best that
                                  money can buy and just what you are looking for in a tush-cush.
                                  Completely washable, available in 10 different colors. We stock black and
         Western                  brown for fast delivery. Please state style and color.
                                  Item # TR-SS – Price $55.00

                                  Seat Cushion:This cushion was first
developed for stationary patients. It offers relief just where you need it,
allowing you to ride comfortably for hours. Made of 1.5-inch high-
density (23# test-20 year) spring-back foam that is sculpted and beveled
down to the edges for a smooth seat-to-leg transition. It is covered with a
soft velour chocolate shell with adjustable straps to securely attach it to
your saddle. This pad will not collapse, bunch up or hold in heat and is placed under your seat so that it will
not make your saddle smaller. Made in a style that will accommodate nearly all English, Western and
Endurance riders. Item # TR-TC Price $30.00

Seat Shrinker: This seat pad is the perfect answer for riders who have lost weight,
young riders who need to grow into their saddles, or guests who are too small to securely
fit into one of your saddles. You can install or remove the Seat Shrinker in less than 60
seconds with the stainless steel locking Dee’s and nylon strapping. Developed by HVF,
it is made of 2.5-oz upholstery leather and stuffed with three inches of synthetic and
wool fleece for a soft sofa-like feel. The Seat Shrinker is made to last a lifetime and is available
in black or brow. May reduce seat size by up to 2 inches. HVF Exclusive.
Item #TR-SSS – Price $45.00

Spurs: "Prince of Wales" spurs are the most popular spurs sold. These
are very nice, will never rust, perfect for everyday use and easy to walk in.
They come with nylon braided spur straps, which are great, because they
always will stay soft and require no maintenance. Pair. Item # TR-SPURS – Price $15.00

                       Activity Balls: For horseplay and human play too.
                       Designed for durability by Stacy Westfall as a train-
                       ing aid for horses as well as for improving a rider’s
                       balance. Small size is 26 inches high, purple in
                       color, is safe to use with shank bits, and is super
                       for advanced training. Medium size is 33 inches,
                       blue in color, for average sized horses and super for
                       desensitizing and reducing spooking. Can also be
                                                        used by riders to de-
                                                        velop core muscles
                                                        and improve seat position. Large size is 41 inches high,
                                                        red in color, easier for less advanced horses to control.
                                                        Do not use large ball with shank bits. Each ball in-
                                                        cludes air pump and instructional DVD. Supervision
                                                        is recommended at all times.
                                                        Item # TR-Ball- Price $35.00 (small)
                                                        Item # TR-Ball- Price $40.00 (medium) and
                                                        Item # TR-Ball- Price $75.00 (large)                 59
                                         TREASURES continued

                               Lantern Holder: We have always liked lantern stands, but other brands
                               have had their faults: they would blow or tip over, were either too high or too
                               low and were plain in appearance. Well, at last we were able have one made
                               that was "horsy," adjustable and had ground supports to prevent tipping.
                               Light stands are wonderful because you can get your lantern off the table,
                               giving you more room, and making the bugs that flock around light go away
                               too. Just set up your stand about two feet away from your table and you
                               have a perfect setting! This stand is also great for hanging baskets and bird
                               feeders. Made strong and durable with a black or gray powder coat finish.
                               HVF exclusive. Item # TR-LH – Price $39.95

                              Wash Stand: We were camping in Iowa when we came across a washstand
                              similar to this one. What a terrific idea. Now the whole family can wash up
                               outside before coming in or sitting down to eat. You can even do your dishes
                               outside. But what is really slick is that after you are tacked up, ready to ride
                               and just finished fly spraying your horse,
                               you can wash that yucky bug spray from
                               your hands before mounting up, or clean up
                               before going into the show ring. This stand
                               has a holder for liquid soap and a rack for
                               your drying towel. It comes with a large metal
                               washbowl and a "clip on" mirror! The tripod
                               design allows for easy assembly and storage.
                               When open, you can secure the stand by
                               pushing the legs slightly into the ground. You
                               can also use it to hold a trash bag as shown in
                               photo. Make your camping and riding
                               experience easier for sure! HVF Exclusive.
Black or gray powder coat finish.Item # TR-WASH – Price $40.00

Boot Scrape: Now here is the classic horseshoe boot scrape. Push the spike end
into the ground by your front and back door. Or take it along on your travels. No
more muddy "boot scrape" droppings on your trailer’s hitch or doorstep! Mod-
estly priced this is a great buy. 19 inches long, lays flat for storage, black powder
coat finish, strong and durable! HVF Exclusive.Item # TR-BS - Price $15.00

Deluxe Boot Scrape: Here is the classic horseshoe boot scrape designed so
that you can "brush" your boots as well scrape the soles. You can really scrub
and scrape the muck off your boots with the three nylon non-rotting scrub-
bing brushes and with the scrape. This unit can be mounted to a flat surface or
can be taken along on your travels. The bolts provided are used to either
mount this boot scrape or when turned over, use as ground cleats. Made strong and durable with a black or
gray powder coat finish. HVF exclusive. Item # TR-BSD - Price $39.00

Coghlan’s Mantels: Set of two. Fits most single or double propane or
liquid lanterns. Item # TR-MC - Price $1.98 Clip on mantles
Item # TR-MT - Price $1.48 Tie on mantles

Toothbrush Covers: Fits all sizes of toothbrushes and packaged 2 per
card. Wonderful for traveling, camping or if you carry your toothbrush
with you. Item # TR-TB - Price .75

Solar Heated Camp Shower: This lightweight, non-toxic PVC compact camp
shower is easy to use. Fill it up and set it in the sun. Works great! 5 gallon capacity
and includes a cord for hanging. Item # TR-S - Price $9.25

                             Easy Towel: As easy as 1-2-3 you can have a moist
                             towel to wipe anything clean. This product is great for
                             moms, travel, home office, school, daycare, camping, and fishing. (A must
                             for your purse/briefcase/glove box and SADDLE BAGS.) This EZ towel is
                             made of 100% rayon that is 100% biodegradable. Just take out a tablet, add
                             a few drops of water and watch it grow into a durable 9 x10 towel. Come with
                             an EZ carry tube. 50 towels. Limited time only, introductory offer by Hill
60                           View Farms of: buy three get one free. Item # TR-EZ - Price $6.99
                                        TREASURES continued




                                                          Tervis Tumbler Cups/Mug:
                                                These are the ORIGINAL. The ONLY
                                                insulated cups that WILL last a lifetime. In fact they have
                                                an UNCONDITIONAL lifetime guarantee. They are made
                                                of high-grade polycarbonate, which is virtually
                                                indestructible. Double wall insulation ensures that hot
                                                drinks and soups stay hot and cold drinks and ice cream
                                                stay cold longer. Your glass will not sweat and you can hold
                                                these cups without the temperature discomfort you would
                                                get from a single walled glass or bowl. Dishwasher,
                                                microwave and freezer safe; resists condensation,
                        scratching and discoloration; ultrasonically sealed, and made in the USA since
                        1946. There are cheap knock offs of this glass nearly everywhere but this is truly
                        one of those times when “cheap” really means “cheaply made” and of lesser
                        quality. (Trust us on this – we have been using these glasses for years on 100s of
                        camping trips.) State pattern and size. The sets of the same pattern are: The
                        horse head, horse shoe, kokopelli, dressage, mule, racer, eventing, prancing pony
                        and gun. The sets that are different are: Western, southwest, new west, frogs
                        and geckos. Mugs: These are the same awesome tumblers but in a 17 oz. MUG
                        form. Perfect for adults or children, as large or small hands can easily hold these
                        mugs with the handle. These mugs double as bowls, and are sometimes better than
real bowls, being insulated and having a handle. Also available for your mug a lid. Great for avoiding spills
and keeping the bugs out! State any pattern or set selection. and size. Many emblems are exclusive to Hill
View farms. Go to Hillviewfarms.com for color photos.
Item # TR-Cups “Tall” 16 oz. - Price $39.00 set of four
Item # TR-Cupshigh ball” 12 oz. - Price $35.00 set of four.
Item # TR-Mug – Price $12.00 Select any pattern.
Lid: Item # TR-Lid -Price $1.50
Travel Lid: Perfect for travel as this lid can be open and closed. Item# TR-TLID - Price $2.75

Laminated Table Cloth: Cathy used to be the one who always
insisted on using tablecloths that ARE CLOTH, even when camping.
But after years of dealing with kids and adults who spill; tablecloths
that are dew covered in the morning; fly covered specks on the spills;
and what to do with this messy, damp, stinky wet, thing until it can be
taken home and laundered, Cathy has reassessed her initial decision.
Yes, it does take a while to get things right and see the light! This
laminated heavy-duty, tablecloth is the answer. Just wipe all the messes away! The
laminated tablecloth is red and white, 54" inches wide and 9 feet long. For a longer length
the price per yard is $4.00. HVF Exclusive. Item # TR-TBL – Price $14.00

Deluxe Tablecloth Clamps: We have tested weighted clamps and slip on clamps, but
nothing compares to these spring-loaded plastic clamps. Wonderful. Set of 4
.Item # TR-CLIP – Price $1.75

Cowboy salt and pepper: Metal. 4 x 3 inches. Pair.
Item #TR-S&P-Price $5.95

For the FUN of words! Quiddler®, by SET Enterprises. A breakthrough in word
games. Because short words, like ‘at’, ‘is’, ‘of’, ‘ax’, ‘ow’ and ‘zoo’ can lead to
winning, readers of all ages can play and win. There are bonuses for both short and
long words. You simply combine all the cards in your hand into words. The words
don’t have to be related, and you don’t play off other player’s words. In the first
round players get three cards, in the second round four cards, on up to 10 cards in
the last round. An absolutely wonderful game for all ages! We play this game as an
open hand - it’s great! Item # TR-Game - Price $12.00                                                   61
                                        TREASURES continued

                          12 oz.                            Ruby red, hand-cut, hand-blown glasses:
                                                            Treat your self to a splash of elegance with
                                                            these little jewels. We first saw these glasses in
                                                            an up-scale designer store in Charlotte NC. It
                                                            took a while to track them down but here they
                                      4 oz.                 are. No worry about drinking out of lead cut
   2 oz.                                                    crystal or paying the price we saw in Charlotte.
                        Are you thinking… just what do these glasses have to do with horses or camping?
Nothing really, except when you want sit back and relax with your favorite drink or enjoy company and
share stories. Available in 3 different sets of 6 - each with a different design – great for keeping track of
which is your glass: Item # TR-GLS – Price $40.00 (6 -2 oz. small liquor/shot glasses - 2 ¼ inches high)
Item # TR-GLM – Price $ 60.00 (6 – 4 oz. liquor or juice glasses (my favorite)- 4 ¼ inches high)
Item # TR-GLL – Price $85.00 (6 - 12 oz. large double-old fashion or drinking glasses - 4 ½ inches high)

                                                                  Jeweled Entertaining Ware: These
                                                                  unique serving pieces are made of
                                                                  stainless steel and beads of glass and
                                                                  bone. Elegant and stylish, each is a
                                                                  work of art hand made by Carol and
                                                                  Cheryl. Thus the name “Too Wired
                                                                  Women Originals.” These jeweled
                                                                  pieces are such a delight and works of
                                                                  art they make beautiful one-of-a-kind
                                                                  gifts that will be treasured forever.
                                                                  Great     for     showers,   wedding,
                                                                  anniversaries, birthdays, holidays or
for your deserving self. True works or art, hand wash. Available are: Appetizer Forks/ Small Spoon/Large
and Small Serving Set/Spreader/Slotted Spoon. Visit web site for complete line.
Most Popular: Cork Stop with Spout: Item # TR-JCS – Price $16.50 and
Charm on Coffee Scoop: TR-JC-Price $16.00 with charm $16.50

Flask: 7 oz, stainless steel flask with the black bronco design. Ideal for travel.
Item # TR-FL – Price $22.95

                      2 in 1 Juicer: You know we would not carry this if it were not the best. We saw
                      this and knew that our store had to carry it. This 2 in 1 squeezer completely juices
                      both lemons and limes, leaving the seeds behind. Dishwasher safe, enameled
                      aluminum – made tough by Amco. Item # TR-JU – Price $16.95

                      The Oven Glove: This is the best heat, fire resistant glove made. Period. These
                      thick oven gloves allow you to handle hot objects with ease. They are better than
                      oven mitts for getting a better grip on any hot surface. Great for baking, grilling –
                      even unscrewing a hot light bulb. Machine washable. One size fits all. Inner lining
                      100% Cotton, outer cover 100% Aramid, launder as you would synthetics. Sold as
                      a pair of two. Order two sets as you for sure will be giving this as a gift!
                      Item # TR-OV – Price $18.50

                      Joy is the taste of the old west - Raspberry Habanera (hot) or Jalapeno (mild)
                      Jam: When we tasted this Joy brand we fell over with MMMMMM… So here are
                      the two top picks from our purchasing team of three tasters. Outstanding on crack-
                      ers and cream cheese or spread it over your breakfast bagel for a sweet kick. Serve
                      with omelets, snacks as a garnish for hors d’oeuvre. Delicious as a glaze or condi-
                      ment for pork, beef or lamb and is excellent with Mexican or Chinese dishes. All
                      Natural-no msg, 10 oz. Buy one as a gift, but purchase two, as you will have to have
                      one for yourself. Item # TR-JJ – Price $5.50

                 Mountain House®, the #1 brand of backpacking foods has been the choice of
                 backpackers, hikers, campers, and other outdoor enthusiasts for over 40 years. For
                 detailed nutritional information go to web site. Raspberry Crumble: Add 1 1/3 boiling
                 water, stand for 5 minutes. 4 Servings. Calories per serving: 160.
                 Item # TR-FRC - Price $5.50
Blueberry Cheese Cake: Add ¼ cup hot water, then 1 cup cold, stand for 10 minutes. 4 Servings.
    Calories per serving: 200. Item # TR-FBC - Price $5.50
62 Granola with Milk and Blueberries: Add ½ cup cold or hot water stir and eat. 1 Serving. Calories
    per serving: 500. Item # TR-FBG - Price $3.95
                                  CAMPING RECIPES

Jerry’s Crepes                          Breakfast
3 eggs
1 C. milk                                   In bowl, mix after each ingredient. Melt
1 C. flour                                  butter in the same pan you will cook in. In
1 Tbs. Sugar                                hot pan pour ½ cup of batter, swirling pan to
3 Tbs. Melted Butter                        thin out batter. Flip when top is dull. Serve
1 Tsp. Salt                                 rolled up with jam, sugar, maple syrup or
3 Tsp. Baking powder                        plain.                                      $
Cathy’s Buttermilk Pancakes                 1 egg
1 C. flour                                  1 C. buttermilk
1 Tsp. Sugar                                2 Tbs. melted butter - melted in cook pan.
½ Tsp. Salt                                 Mix all dry thoroughly then add liquid. Cook
¾ Tsp. Baking powder                        pancakes as you would normally flipping
½ Tsp. Baking Soda                          when all bubbly and dull on top.            $
                           Seasonal Delights – Desserts
Chuck’s Easy Rhubarb Cake                   9 x 13-greased pan. Drop rhubarb over cake
4 C. Chopped Rhubarb                        mix, sprinkle sugar over rhubarb and pour
1 Yellow Cake Mix                           whipping cram over all of it. Set pan on top
1 ½ C. Sugar                                of a cookie sheet to catch spills. Bake 45 min
1 Pint whipping cream                       at 350 degrees or until center starts to turn
Mix cake as directed, mix and pour into a   brown.                                      $
Camping Cheese Cake                         *To make crust mix ½ c. crushed graham
2 Pkg. Cream cheese                         crackers, ¼ C. granulated sugar, ¼ C.
2 Eggs beaten                               powder sugar, 1/3 c. melted butter – press
1 Tsp. Vanilla                              into pan and bake at 350 for 10 minutes,
½ C. Sugar                                  before adding filling. Blend until creamy
Graham cracker crust *                      frist four ingredients, pour into graham
16 oz sour cream **                         cracker crust Bake at 350 for 30 minutes.
1/2 c. sugar **                             Mix and add topping ** and bake for an
                                            additional 10 min. at 400 degrees.
                                                                                        $
Key Lime Pie                                Mix all and pour into crust. Cool and serve
1) 14oz. Sweetened condensed milk           with whipped cream. *To make crust mix ½ c.
1) 8 oz. Cream cheese                       crushed graham crackers, ¼ C. granulated
½ to ¾ C. key lime juice                    sugar, ¼ C. powder sugar, 1/3 c. melted
½ Tsp. Vanilla                              butter – press into pan and bake at 350 for 10
Mix and pour into graham cracker crust. *   minutes, before adding filling.             $
Cathy’s Rhubarb crisp                       ½ Tsp. salt
4 C. Chopped Rhubarb                        Put rhubarb in shallow pan & sprinkle with
1 ½ C. Sugar                                cinnamon and salt. Mix remainder of
1/3 C. Melted butter                        ingredients & cover rhubarb.           Bake
¾ C. Flour                                  uncovered at 350 degrees for 45 minutes.
1 Tsp. Cinnamon                             Serve with cream or vanilla ice cream.      $
Rice Crispy Squares                         Melt butter in large kettle, add
¼ C. Butter                                 marshmallows heat until melted. Add rice
10 oz. Bag marshmallows                     crispy. Stir until coated. Press mixture into
6 C. Rice Crispies                          greased pan. Cool.                          $
Grandma’s Fudge Sauce                       1 C. Water
2-3 Tbs. Corn starch                        1C. Sugar
3 Tbs. Cocoa                                Mix all ingredients and cook until thick, then
¼ Tsp. Salt                                 add ½ Tsp. Butter and ½ Tsp. Vanilla.          63
Oh Darn, five horses to ride




Tito, Henry, Stuart,   Cathy, Sadie & Arenosa




                                             Desensitizing

                                                   NO BUGS!
                                       When camping in early spring.
                                    Yes, it snowed and yes, we did have to
                                 insulate the holding tanks with straw bails,
                                              but what fun we had!




          Notice the eye wear            Rhea with her new pony Pete
64
                             CAMPING R ECIPES - continued

                      Seasonal Delights – Desserts - continued
Cathy’s Apple crisp
8 to 10 pealed and quartered apples               ½ C. Butter
¼ C. Water                                        ½ Tsp. nutmeg
½ C. Raisins or Crasins (Optional)                ½ Tsp. cinnamon
½ C. Sugar                                        Put apples, raisins and water in shallow pan.
½ to ¾ C. Brown Sugar                             Mix dry ingredients and sprinkle over
¼ Tsp. salt                                       apples. Dot with butter. Bake uncovered at
¾ C. Four                                         350 for 30 minutes.                      $
Cathy’s Fruit Cobbler                             1 C. Flour
4 cups of any fresh fruit (berry or pit fruits)   1 C. Sugar
½ C. Sugar                                        1 Tsp. Baking powder
½ Tsp. Cinnamon (omit if you are using            1 egg beaten
berries)                                          ½ C. evaporated milk
2 Tsp. Lemon Juice – if you are using berries     1/3 C. Melted butter
Mix above and pour into casserole dish.           Mix and pour over fruit. Bake uncovered at
Topping:                                          325 for 50-60 minutes.                   $
Cathy’s Berry Pie                                 Mix and pour into lightly floured uncooked
1 C. Strawberries or 1 ½ C. Cherries              pie crust bake at 450 degrees for 10 minutes
1 C. Blue berries                                 and then reduce heat to 350 and cook 35 to
1 C. Rasberries or Blackberries                   45 minutes longer. OR you can put berries
2 Tbs. Corn starch or 2 Tbs. Flour or 2 Tbs.      into a casserole and cover fruit with the
Tapioca                                           crust. Bake at 450 degrees for 10 minuts,
1 Tbs. Lemon juice.                               then reduce heat to 350 and cook 20 minutes
Pie crust                                         longer.                                  $
Arla’s Fruit Pizza                                 2 Tea. Vanilla
1st Layer                                         Blend until smooth. Spread over crust when
½ C. Powdered sugar                               cool.
¾ C. Melted butter                                3rd Layer
1 ½ C. Flour                                      Top with fresh or drained canned fruit. Save
Mix well and press onto a pizza pan that is       1 C. of juice (I like pineapple)
covered with aluminum foil. Press out to          4th Layer
form a pizza crust. Bake at 350 degrees for       1 C. Fruit juice
15 minutes (+ or -). Cool.                        ½ C. sugar
2nd Layer                                         2 Tbs. Corn starch
2) 8 oz cream cheese                              Mix and boil until thick. Cool & spoon over
1 C. Sugar                                        fruit. Refrigerate until ready to serve. $
Cathy’s Best Pie Crust                            Mix dry ingredients and then add shorting.
4 C. Flour                                        Use pasty knife to cut in or use fork. Mix
1 Tbs. Sugar                                      uniformly. In small bowl mix water with egg
1 Tsp. Salt                                       and vinegar. Combine ingredients mix in
1 ¾ C. Solid vegetable shorting (Crisco)          bowl using your hand, form into ball. Cover
1 Tbs. Vinegar                                    and refrigerate for 30 minutes. Remove and
1 Lrg. Egg                                        cut into 4 th.’s Freezes well.
½ C. Water                                                                                 $
Rhea’s Peanut-butter cookies                      1½ C. Flour
¼ C. Shortening (Crisco)                          1 Tsp. Baking soda
¼. C. Butter                                      ¼ Tsp. Salt
½ C. Sugar                                        Cream sugars, butter and Crisco. Add egg,
½ C. Brown sugar                                  peanut butter & vanilla.          Add dry
1 Egg                                             ingredients gradually. Make into balls put
½ C. Peanut butter                                on un-greased cookie sheet, press with
¼ Tsp. Vanilla                                    fork. Bake at 400 degrees for 12 minutes. 65
        Egg & spoon -on “Lassy” a Mini




     Born gaited - 1 day old
                                               Grandad riding home




                                                    Grandma power




 The mighty “Dakota”                     1945 Great Grandparents




66                                                    Hooked...
                                CAMPING R ECIPES - continued

                     Seasonal Delights – Desserts - continued
Powdered sugar glaze or frosting.                1-2 Tbs. Water for consistency.
1 ½ C. Powdered sugar                            Options include almonds, or other nuts
2 Tbs. Melted butter                             pieces, almond flavoring, chocolate chips,
1 ½ Tsp. Vanilla                                 cream cheese. Etc. Mix and spread warm.  $
Walnut delight                                   ½ C. Walnuts
1 pkg, Vanilla instant pudding                   ¾ -1 C. Fudge striped cookies or toffee chips
1 Tub cool whip                                  or heath bars all crumbled. Make pudding
1 ½ C. Butter milk                               with buttermilk, mix in other ingredients and
1 Can mandarin oranges                           top w/ cookie or candy crumbles.
1 Can crushed pineapple
                                                                                          $
Mexican Flan                                     1 Tbs. Vanilla
1-cup sugar with ¼ cup water: In heavy           3 eggs
Saucepan, bring to boil – Turing amber. No       3 egg yolks
stirring. Remove and coat ramekins/              Pour into dishes. (or just one pie/casserole
dishes.                                          dish) Bake in boiling water bath about 35
In blender mix:                                  minutes at 350 degrees. (or just bake, but
One can sweetened condensed milk                 lower temp to 325) until custard does not
One can evaporated milk
                                                 giggle.
One can of Nestlé’s media Crema                                                           $
Dip 1                        Hors D’oeuvre & Drinks
8 Oz. Cream cheese                        Dip 2
½ C. Chopped pecans                       8 Oz. Cream cheese
1 C. Sliced olives                        Small jar of pimientos
½ C. Mayonnaise                           ½ Lb. Shredded cheddar cheese
2 Tbs. Olive juice                        ½ C. Green Olives
Dash pepper                               ½ C. Chopped cooked bacon/ham/sausage
Dash parsley                              Parsley
                                          Evaporated milk – enough to blend
Mix well and serve with crackers                                                          $
                                          Mix well and serve with crackers
Cathy’s Pisco Sour –Peruvian drink               Dad’s Hot mulled cider
1 Lemon squeezed (or 1 Oz. Juice)                1 Gallon apple juice or cider
2 Oz. Sugar syrup or use 4 Oz 7-up or sprite     ½ C. Brown sugar
3 Oz. Pisco (Peruvian booze)                     dash nutmeg
1 egg white                                      6 cinnamon sticks
2 drops bitters – to use as topping – optional   1 Tsp. Whole all spice
In blender, mix above and add ice enough to      1 Tsp. Whole cloves
keep blender going. Serve in VERY small          1 orange sliced
glasses and top with bitters.                    Put ingredients in gauze mesh bag tied shut
                                                 or strain the solids out later. Bring to boil
Hot Chocolate warm up: In a cup of hot           and simmer for 10 minutes. Remove spice
chocolate add one jigger of Butterscotch         bag. Serve. Optional for adults add one
liquor .                                         jigger of Southern Comfort liquor per cup.
                                                                                          $
Sharon’s Zumbro Special                          Party Punch
1 Oz. Raspberri vodica                           1 C. Sugar
Cranberry Juice to fill glass                    1 Pkg. cherry Kool-Aid
Lime slice -squeeze                              1 Pkg. Strawberry Kool-Aid
Fill glass with ice and mix.                     1) 6 oz. Lemon aid
                                                 1) 6 oz. Orange juice
Dad’s Deviled Eggs: 12 hard boiled eggs          3 quarts water
cut in half. Remove yolk & mix using fork; ¼     1 quart 7-up
C. Real mayonnaise, 1 Tbs. Vineagar, 2 Tsp.      Mix in a one-gallon jug. I double this
Lemon juice, 1 Tsp. Mustard and ½ Tsp.           recipe.
Salt. Fill halfs and garnish with paprika.                                                      67
     Peru 2005                        Sonia and Colina after a swim




 Rhea with her Sadie in Montana




                                      Conquered




Tauer girls take 1st and 2nd place!




                                                  Kelly and Henry
68
                            CAMPING RECIPES         continued


Easy Daiquiri’s         Hors D’oeuvre and Drinks - continued
1 large can frozen lemonade               Norma’s Manhattan
1 large can frozen limeade                1-2 tsp. Sugar
1 C. rum                                  ½-3/4 hand squeezed juice from orange
2 ½ C. 7-up                               Canadian Club Whiskey
Mix in a 1-gallon pail. Freeze, stirring  Mix, Pour into galss with ice and add Club
occasionally.                             Soda as desired.                                $
Pam’s Cracker Snacks                           Rita’s Drink
2 Pkg. Oyster crackers                         2 Jiggers Dr. Vanilla Liquor
1 Pkg. Hidden valley ranch dressing            2 Jiggers cream
1C. Oil                                        1 Jigger 7-up
½ Tsp. Dill weed                               Lime slice
½ Tsp. Lemon pepper                            Fill glass with ice, mix drink and squeeze lime
Mix together and mix on crackers. Store in     with a lime wipe on rim of glass – then put
airtight container.                            lime in drink.                             $
                                Vegetables and Soups
Creamed Spinach Casserole                      Salt and Pepper to taste.
2 Lbs. Cooked chopped spinach                  For topping: ½ C. Seasoned breadcrumbs
1 Onion chopped and sautéed in butter          mixed with 2 Tbs. Melted butter.
6 Tbs. Cream                                   Butter a 1 Qt. Casserole. Add ingredients
6-8 Tbs. Grated Parmesan cheese                and top with breadcrumb mixture. Bake at
                                               350 degrees for 30 minutes.                $
Zucchini Appetizers                            ½ C. Vegetable oil
3 C. Thinly sliced zucchini                    ½ Tsp. Accent (optional)
1 C. Bisquick mix                              ½ Tsp. Marjoram
½ C. Chopped Onion                             ½ Tsp. Oregano
½ C. Grated Parmesan cheese                    Combine all mixing the zucchini in last. Put
2 Tbs. Parsley                                 into a greased 13 x 9 x 2 pan. Bake at 350 to
4 Eggs beaten                                  425 degrees until golden brown. About 25
½ Tsp. Salt                                    minutes.
Dash pepper                                                                               $
Potato Soup                                    1- 1 ¼ C. Milk
2 Diced medium potatoes                        ½ C. Cream (opt.)
1-2 Chopped onions                             1 Tbs. Chives
1C. Chopped celery about 4 stalks.             ¼ Tsp. Nutmeg
½ to 1 Tsp. Salt (use lesser amount if using   2 Slices cooked chopped bacon (Optional)
bacon)                                         Sauté onions and celery with butter in cook
1 bay leaf                                     pot. Add remaining ingredients. Simmer
1to 2 C. Chicken stock or 2 bouillon cubes     until potatoes are done (the longer the better
with 1to 2 C. water.                           the flavor).                               $
Cheese Soup – a Peruvian dish                  Spaghetti (the diameter of a nickel then
1 Med. Onion chopped                           break in half.
1 Med. Tomato chopped                          1 C. Evaporated milk
2 Cloves garlic chopped                        ½ C. Finely chopped Gouda cheese
Sauté above in 1-2 Tbs. Olive oil. Add:        1 Tsp. Salt
4 C. Water                                     ½ Tsp. Oregano
2 Chopped potatoes                             ¼ Tsp. Black pepper
When potatoes are cooked add:                  When spaghetti is cooked serve.
                                                                                          $
Martha’s Cabbage slaw                          ½ Tsp. Salt
½ C. Water                                     Shredded cabbage, about 6 cups
1C. Sugar                                      Boil and cool frist four ingredients. Add , 69
½ C. Vinegar                                   cabbage, mix and refrigerate for 24 hours.
 We would like to thank all of our customers
   past, present and those yet to come!




Containing Toddlers

                                                   “Ruby” Love
         Team Tauer “winners”                       Say ahh....




Happiness is riding with Dad




                                                        Looking smart


                                                        Looking smart

                      Spike




“Ruby” Love




70                                             Remember when?
                              CAMPING RECIPES       continued


New Potatoes             Vegetables and Soups - continued
2 Lbs. New potatoes – sliced and cooked  1 ½ Tbs. Snipped chives
4 Tbs. Butter                            1 Tsp. Salt
1 Tsp. Lemon zest                        ¼ Tsp. Pepper
2 Tbs. Lemon juice                       Heat and pour over cooked potatoes             $
Arla’s German Potato salad                     1 C. White sugar
2 Lbs. Cooked slice potatoes                   1C. Brown sugar
1 Lb. Bacon fried & crumpled (save ½ of fat)   In bacon fat, brown onion, then add the
1 Onion chopped                                remaining ingredients and cook until thick.
1C. Water mixed with 1/3 C. Flour              Pour over cooked sliced potatoes and mix in
1 C. Vinegar                                   crumbled bacon. Cool and refrigerate for 24
                                               hours before serving either warm or cool.$
Broccoli Salad 1
One head Broccoli chopped                      Broccoli Salad 2
1 lb. Mushrooms sliced                         Head Broccoli chopped or mix with ½ head
4-6 Green Scallions sliced                     of cauliflower
Mix with & marinate 8 to 12 hours.             1 Med. Onion chopped
1 C. Oil                                       ½ C. Raisins
¼ C. Sugar                                     ½ C. Sunflower seeds
1 ½ Tsp. Salt                                  ¼ C. Sugar
2 Tsp. Paprika                                 2 Tbs. Vinegar
2 Tsp. Celery seed                             ¾ C. Real mayonnaise
4 Tbs. Grated onion                            12 oz. Fried chopped bacon.
½ C. Cider vinegar                             Mix and marinate over night.             $
Sharon’s Caesar Salad
2 heads romaine lettuce                        1/3 C. Parmesan cheese to taste
½ C. Olive oil                                 Pepper to taste
1 tin anchovies                                Croutons as desired
1 egg                                          Toss and tear lettuce mix with oil. Drain and
¼ C. Lemon juice                               chop anchovies. Beat egg with anchovies
2 to 3 cloves garlic chopped fine              and lemon juice. Add finely chopped garlic,
¼ Tsp. Worchester sauce                        Worchester sauce, cheese etc. Mix all.   $
Potatoes O’ Gratin                             Pinch cayenne pepper (opt.)
2 Lbs. Sliced potatoes 1/8th inch thick        Rub casserole dish with ½ of garlic and
2 cloves chopped garlic                        butter. Simmer half and half, salt, pepper,
1 Tbs. Butter                                  nutmeg, garlic and potatoes – cook until
2 ¼ C. Half and half                           liquid thickens. Pour in baking dish. Dot
1 ¼ Tsp. Salt                                  with butter. Bake at 350 degrees for one hour
Pinch pepper                                   or until golden – you may have to baste with
Pinch nutmeg                                   butter.                                  $
Jerry’s Chicken Marinade             Main Dishes
1 Onion chopped                                1 Tsp. Thyme
1 lrg. Clove garlic chopped                    1 Tsp. Rosemary
2 Tbs. Parsley                                 1 Tbs. Soy sauce
½ C. Lemon Juice                               ½ Tsp. Pepper
3 Tbs. Vinegar                                 Marinate chicken 4 hours or longer. Bake or
                                               grill as desired.                        $
Spicy Baked or Grilled Shrimp
½ C. Olive oil                                 1 Tbs. Soy sauce
1 Tbs. Cajun or Creole seasoning               1 Lb. Uncooked shrimp – shelled and
2 Tbs. Lemon juice                             deveined.
1 Tbs. Parsley or cilantro                     Mix above and refrigerate for 1 to 6 hours.
1 Tbs. Honey                                   Bake in casserole at 450 for 10 minutes – 71
                                               until done or grill.
      Stall sitting                              Rhea and her boy




     Kansas                     Kelly & Turtle
                                                  Broken arm rider - Costa
                                                           Rica
                                 in Montana




72                    Kelly reading with her Henry.
                             CAMPING RECIPES         continued


                               Main Dishes - continued
Cabbage Casserole
                                                1 C. Spaghetti sauce
1 Lb. Ground beef
                                                1 Tbs. Worchester sauce
1 Med. Onion – chopped
                                                1 Tbs. Chives
2 Tbs. Butter
                                                ½ C. Shredded cheddar cheese
1 C. Shredded carrots
                                                Sauté onions, beef, cabbage and carrots.
3 C. Shredded cabbage
                                                Mix in remainder of ingredients. Top with
1 Tsp. Salt
                                                cheese. Bake covered at 350 degrees for 1
Pepper
                                                hour.                                     $
Chop Suey
                                                4 Tbs. Soy sauce
1 Lb. Beef (round steak cut bite-size chunks)
                                                2-3 Tbs. Corn starch
2 Tbs. Bead molasses
                                                Bag of chow mien noodles
½ C. Chopped onion
                                                In large kettle, Brown meat in butter with
½ C. Chopped celery
                                                bead molasses. Add celery and onion.
2-3 Tbs. Butter
                                                Cover with water and cook slowly about 30
1) 15 oz . Can mixed Chinese vegetables
                                                minutes. Add vegetables. In cup mix
1) 8 oz. Can sliced water chestnuts
                                                cornstarch with soy sauce and then add this
1 Can bamboo shoots (optional)
                                                to thicken the dish, stirring. Serve over rice
1) 8 oz. Can mushrooms (optional)
                                                with chow mien noodles.                   $
Tuna Casserole
                                                3 C. Noodles
2 Cans drained Tuna
                                                Combine all ingredients except noodles.
2 Cans cream of mushroom soup
                                                Warm gently for 10 minutes as you are
1 Large or small can of drained peas
                                                cooking the noodles. When noodles are
Pinch pepper
                                                cooked, drain them and add to mixture. Bake
1 Tbs. Lemon juice
                                                in casserole at 350 until brown on top or just
1 C. Shredded cheddar cheese
                                                serve warm.                               $
Pizza Casserole
                                                1 Cup Parmesan cheese
2 C. Cooked macaroni
                                                ½ Tea. Oregano
1 Lb. Ground beef browned with ½ C.
                                                1 cup shredded mozzarella cheese.
chopped onion
                                                Mix everythihng except cheese and put into
15 oz. Pizza sauce
                                                a greased 9 x 13 pan. Top with cheese and
1) 8 oz.. Can tomato sauce
                                                bake uncovered at 350 degrees for 45
1) 6 oz. Can sliced mushrooms
                                                minutes.                                  $
Meat Balls
                                                Add:
1 Lb. Ground beef
                                                1 can cream of mushroom soup
1 Egg
                                                ½ C. Milk
1 Tbs. Fine chopped onion
                                                ½ Tsp. Mustard
¾ C. Cracker crumbs
                                                ½ Tsp. Catsup
½ C. Milk
                                                Simmer 30 minutes. Serve with rice or
Mix , and form into balls and brown.
                                                noodles.                                  $
Marths’s Hot Dish
                                                ½ C. Milk
1 Lb. Ground beef
                                                2 to 3 C. Cooked noodles
1 Chopped onion
                                                Brown meat and onion. Add remaining
1 Can cream of mushroom soup
                                                ingredients and simmer 20 minutes.
1 Can cream of celery soup                                                                $
                                                1/3 C. Oil
Swiss Steak
                                                Mix Flour, salt and pepper and coat meat. In
Round steak
                                                heavy iron skillet, brown meat in oil. Add
Onion - sliced
                                                onion and then put tomato chunks on top of
2 Tomatoes or 15 oz can
                                                meat. Reduce heat, cover and cook on low
½ Tsp. Salt
                                                heat for 1+ hour. Serve with noodles or rice.
¼ Tsp. Pepper
1 Cup Flour (- or +)                                                                         73
     Sonia sleeping off a big meal on Joya                Tito training




                                             Princesses




     Only “Arenosa” with Kelly

      Beautiful




                                      Kelly and Cathy riding in Peru




74                          Dinner Jackets
                             “Sadie” Love

                          Notice the braids...

  Mom and the girls




                                                   We catch and carry
                                                  during the first week.
                                                 Then forever they know
                                                 that they are “littler”.



                          Road Traveling




                      Don’s horses


“Ave” Boss mare




                                                     How Cathy Started




Sonia’s “Princess”
                      Racing Peruvians Pasos -Staying in gait
           Got’em”         while riding double bareback                75
Name of horse    Tetnus      Equine EQ Westnile Potomac             Rhino                                           Coggins      Worm 1       Worm 2 Worm 3         Worm 4      Boosters
                date given   date given   date given   date given date given   date given date given   date given   date taken   date given   date given date given date given date given
                                                                                                                                                                                            VACCINATION FORM
BILL TO ADDRESS: _________________________                             ORDER FORM                                SHIP TO ADDRESS: _________________________
                      _________________________                       HILL VIEW FARMS ® LLC                                            _________________________
                      _________________________                               41564 CO RD 4                                            _________________________
                                                                           Morgan, MN 56266
PHONE NUMBER:         _________________________                                                                   PHONE NUMBER:        _________________________
                                                        Phone & fax 507-723-5937 or toll free in USA 866-723-5937
                                                                     e-mail: hillview@newulmtel..net
           Item #              Size                      Description / Style / Color: (1st & 2nd Choice)                                 Price      Qty       Total
                                                                                                                                                                      ORDER FORM




Payment:      Check / Money Order / Visa or Master Card                                                                                          Sub Total
Name on Card:__________________________________________________               Shipping: Continental USA: Saddle = $45.00: DVD = $3.00: Orders less than
                                                                              $25.00 or single book = $6.00: Orders over $25.01 to $100.00 = $12.00: Orders
Credit Card #_____________________________________Expiration date:________ over $100.01 add 5% of total (with a minimum of $12.00 ). Call for
Last 3 numbers on back of card by your signature (CVV code)__________________
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                                                                                                                                                   TOTAL




77
                                                        www.hillviewfarms.com
                               Pizarro’s Début




                Riding or swimming ? BOTH




           Kid Cathy                   Pizarro’s Début
                 Taking 5




                                Going home after 2 weeks of
                                         weaning.




 Winter
 camping


                                            Machinery training




78
                              CAMPING RECIPES         continued


Porcupines                       Main Dishes continued
2 Lbs. Ground beef                               ¼ Tsp. Pepper
1 C. Uncooked rice                               1) 15 oz. Can tomato sauce
1 Tbs. Minced onion                              1 ½ cans of water - tomato sauce cans. Put
¼ Tsp. Cinnamon                                  tomato sauce, water and seasonings in large
½ Tsp. Oregano                                   kettle and simmer as you make meatballs.
½ Tsp. Basil                                     Mix remaining ingredients, form into balls
1 Tsp. Salt                                      and put balls into sauce. Cover & simmer
                                                 slowly for 1 hour.                      $
Cowboy Goulash
1 Pkg. Prepared Mac-n-cheese                     1) 16 oz. Can whole kernel corn.
1 Lb. Ground beef                                Brown meat with onion, stir in chili powder,
½ C. Chopped onion                               add tomatoes with juice. Simmer 5 minutes.
1 Tbs. Chili powder                              Then add corn, & pour into prepared mac –
1) 16 oz. Can tomatoes                           n- cheese and mix well. Serve.
                                                                                         $
Sonia’s Easy Meat Loaf                           ½ C. Milk
2 Lbs. Ground beef                               1 Pkg. Onion soup mix
2 eggs                                           1) 8 oz. Can tomato sauce or salsa
1 ½ C. Bread crumbs                              Mix all except tomato sauce. Pat into
¾ C. Catsup                                      greased casserole. Cover with sauce. Bake
1 Tsp. Accent - optional                         uncovered at 350 degrees for 1 hour.
                                                                                         $
BBQ                                              1 Tsp. Pepper & 1 Tea. Salt
1 Lb. Ground beef                                1 Tbs. Worchester sauce
½ C. Chopped onion                               2 Tbs. Vinegar
½ C. Chopped celery                              2 Tbs. Brown sugar
½ C. Chopped green pepper                        ½ Tsp. Chili powder
1-2 cloves chopped garlic                        1 Tbs. Parsley
¼ - ½ C. Salsa                                   Horse radish – optional
1 Tsp. Mustard                                   1 Tsp. Liquid smoke
½ Tsp. Paprika                                   Brown meat with vegetables.            Add
½ C. Catsup                                      remaining ingredients and simmer to desired
1 C. Water                                       thickness about ~ 1 hour and serve on buns.
                                                                                         $
Flank Steak                                      ¼ C. Soy sauce
Cut against grain into long one-inch strips      1 Tbs. Lemon pepper
Marinate for 24 hours in:                        2 Tsp. Worchester sauce
                                                 4 Drops hot sauce
¾ C. Oil
                                                 Roll up and secure with shish-kebab stick
2/3 C. Water
                                                 Grill until done.
¼ C. Soy sauce                                                                           $
                                                 ¼ C. Butter
Cathy’s Shrimp & Fettuccine Alfredo
                                                 1 Egg yolk
1 Lb. Uncooked shrimp
                                                 ¼ C. Cream
Boil shrimp in a can of beer with 2 bay leaves
                                                 ½ C. Fresh grated parmesan cheese
cook until pink. Drain and serve with:
                                                 Salt and pepper to taste.
Fettuccine Alfredo: 1 lb. Fettuccine noodles
                                                 As noodles are cooking, beat until smooth
cooked. Drain and cover with sauce.
                                                 and pour over hot noodles.              $
Chicken Crunch
                                                 ¼ C. Lemon juice
4 Chicken breasts, de-boned and sliced in 1-
                                                 Dip chicken in flour, then dip in 1/3 C. Soup
inch strips
                                                 that is mixed with ¼ C. Milk, then coat in
1 Can of cream of chicken soup
                                                 breadcrumbs. Place on greased sheet.
½ C. Milk
                                                 Drizzle melted butter over strips and bake at
2 Tbs. Flour
                                                 400 for 30 minutes. Serve with sauce, made
1½ C. Seasoned breadcrumbs
                                                 by mixing the remaining milk, soup, and
2 Tbs. Melted butter                                                                         79
                                                 lemon juice, and parsley.
1 Tbs. Parsley
  Kisses                                           Denny




                                                Biscuit sleeping - is on his chain




     Watermelon anyone?



                                         The sand pit. A favorite rolling spot in the
                                                  pasture for our horses.

                                         How Cathy started




                                                                         Don & our RV
                                                                         kitty taking a
Cathy Training Competitive                                                 “cat nap”
     Four horses all sacked out on the picket line with their pajamas on. This is about the
                         maximum number you should have on one
                                     string/picket line.




80
                            CAMPING RECIPES        continued


Cathy’s Bratwurst Pasta        Main Dishes continued
                                           ¾ Lb. Cooked pasta
¼ C. Olive oil
                                           3 C. Frozen broccoli or fresh - steamed
2 Cans 16 oz. Whole tomatoes
                                           1/3 C. Grated parmesan cheese
4 large cloves garlic chopped
                                           Sauté onions and garlic, add tomatoes and
1 Med. Onion chopped
                                           basil. Bring to low boil, add cooked and
2 Tsp. Basil
                                           chopped brats, and broccoli, and serve over
4 to 5 brats, cooked and chopped
                                           cooked pasta – top with cheese.              $
Cumino Chicken
                                               1 Cup raw rice (To be cooked with one clove
4 boneless, skinless chicken breasts.
                                               chopped garlic and 1/4 cup peas - optional.)
1 Large chopped onion
                                               Brown chicken, both sides in olive oil while
1 Clove chopped garlic
                                               seasoning with salt and cumin. Remove.
2-4 Tsp. Cumin
                                               Sauté onions and garlic, add salsa and
½ to ¾ C. Salsa
                                               tomatoes. Then chicken. Simmer 15 minutes
1) 15 oz. Can stewed tomatoes
                                               and add lemon juice. Check seasoning.
Salt to taste
                                               Serve with rice
Juice of one lemon (¼ cup)                                                              $
                                               Bake at 400 degrees for 30 min, turn and
Arla’s chicken wings
                                               season other side with remaining mix.
3 Lbs. Wings
                                               (*) Season salt is:
4 Tsp. Seasoned salt (*)
                                               1 Tsp. Accent.
1 Tsp. Lemon pepper
                                               ½ Tsp. Paprika
1 Tsp. Paprika
                                               ½ Tsp. Sugar
1 Tsp. Garlic powder
                                               dash onion and garlic powder
Mix and sprinkle half of mixture over wings.                                            $
                                               Chopped onion or green onion
Sharon’s Egg Sandwiches
                                               Salt & pepper
Hard boiled eggs pealed and chopped
                                               Mix to desired consistency and flavor.
Real mayonnaise
                                               Serve with lettuce and bread.
Sweet relish                                                                            $
                                               ½ to 1 Onion chopped
Beans & Weenies
                                               ½ C. Brown sugar
2 Cans baked beans
                                               ½ C. Catsup
1C. Tomatoes - canned or fresh.
                                               Cook slowly several hours-Stir ccasionally.
2 to 8 Weenies cut up                                                                   $
                                               1- 2 Tbs. Drained capers
Lemon Caper Chicken
                                               ½ tsp. Black pepper, Parsley springs or one
4 boneless, skinless chicken breasts, cut
                                               Tbs. dried parsley. Strawberry half’s garnish
into one-inch slices.
                                               – optional. Coat chicken with flour and
½ Cup flour
                                               brown over medium heat in butter and garlic.
1/4 cup butter
                                               Turning once. Add wine or juice, lemon,
2 tsp. Chopped garlic. ( I use double that)
                                               pepper and heat until hot (I cover for several
½ to one cup white wine or apple juice
                                               minutes). Then add capers, parsley and
(wine tastes better)
                                               garnish. Server with white rice that has been
2 Tbs. Lemon juice (I double that)
                                               cooked with chopped garlic and peas.     $
Fried Steak (pork or beef)
                                                (Double dip all meat pieces and set on
Pound 2 nd grade cut of meat to ½ inch or
                                               wire rack over cookie sheet as oil is
less in thickness. Dip into batter of: 1-cup
                                               heating. In skillet heat 2 cups corn oil or a
milk and 2 large eggs.Dip then into flour
                                               depth of ½ to one inch oil. Fry all meat and
mix of: 3 Cups flour with 1 teaspoon of
                                               turning once. When cooked put on wire
each of : salt, oregano, basil, paprika,
                                               rack/ cookie sheet and place in 200-degree
black pepper, ¼ tea cayenne pepper, ½ tea
                                               oven with door ajar. Serve on burger buns
(accent or laweries seasoned salt). Then
                                               with mayo, lettuce etc. YUMMY. Option
add to mix: 1 tablespoon of garlic powder
                                               is to make a roux and gravy served with
and 2 tablespoons of hidden valley dried
                                               mashed potatoes if you do not go the
ranch-dressing powder. Dip back into egg
mixture and then Dip back into flour.
                                               burger route.                              81
                                                     Bella & Tony Llama “Forbidden
                                                                 Love”



 Sonia with Sita -“Sita’s do not like tulips”
         THANK YOU
 Don riding MooMoo in
 Monument Valley, UT




                                                 Rhea showing off Moo Moo with her 4th of
                                                      July -Tail Tamer horse paints.




                                   The Tauer Camp

                                                Rhea with Sita
                                                A blue eyed jet
                                                 black horse




                                                                   Don and Stuart

               Driving bucking stock with the Holloway Rodeo Clan, SD




82
                               CAMPING RECIPES           continued


 Cathy’s Biscuits (Buttermilk *) Breads and Biscuits
 1 ¾ C. Flour
 ½ Tsp. Salt                                Using fork, mix dry ingredients until
 3 Tsp. Baking powder                       crumbly. Add milk or buttermilk and * Mix
 4 to 6 Tbs. Butter                         then knead on floured surface quickly with
 ½ Tsp. Baking soda*                        no more than 8- to 10 folds. Press out and
 1 Tsp. Sugar *                             cut with cup dipped in flour. Place on
 ¾ C. Milk or Buttermilk *                  greased pan or in Dutch oven. Bake at 450
                                            degrees for 12-15 minutes.                        $
 Skillet corn bread
 1 ¼ C. Corn meal                                   1 egg beaten
 ½ C. Four                                          1 C. Buttermilk
 1-2 Tbs. Sugar                                     ¼ C. Veg. Oil (reserve 1 Tbs.)
 1½ Tsp. Baking powder                              Combine dry ingredients, then wet. Pour 1
 ½ Tsp. Salt                                        Tbs. Oil into iron skillet. Heat. Remove and
 ½ Tsp. Baking soda                                 pour in batter. Cover and bake in fire for 15-
                                                    20 minutes. (425 degrees)                 $
 Cathy’s Garlic Bread
 French bread -sliced but not cut through           ¼ Tsp. Salt
 ½ C. Butter                                        4 large cloves garlic chopped fine.
 ½ Tsp. Oregano                                     Melt butter until soft with seasonings and
 ½ Tsp. Basil                                       spread in-between slices. Wrap in foil. Bake
 ½ Tea. Marjoram                                    or grill 20 minutes at 350 degrees        $
 Larry’s Authentic Navaho Fry Bread/Taco’s          Make into patties with hands and thin out –
 7-8 Cups flour                                     like a pizza crust.Lay into hot ½ inch of hot
 4 Tbs. Baking Powder                               vegetable oil and fry – flipping once. Drain
 1 Tsp. Salt                                        on paper towels or wire rack. Or cook by
 4 Cups warm water or milk (can substitute          laying on open grill - flip when needed.
 powder milk, but adjust flour)                     Wonderful for buns or shells when folded or
 Mix and rest for 30 minutes                        serve as dessert with sugar / cinnamon.
                                                                                              $
                                          Extra’s
 Fly Spray for horses 2                             Fly Spray for horses 1
 ½ C. Dawn blue dish washing soap                   2-3 C. White Vinegar
 ½ C. Vinegar                                       1 C. Avon skin so soft oil
 1C. Listerine mouth wash                           1C. Water
 1-2 tea Vanilla                                    1 Tbs. Ecliptics oil
 ½ Oz permethrin 10%                                Mix and put in spray bottle or just mix-up
 Mix in 16 oz or 24 oz bottle and will with         in spray bottle.
 water.                                                                                       $
TIP: When using an RV type oven. Bake on an insulted air bake cookie sheet. If you can not
find an insulated air bake cookie sheet, then put your cookie sheet on top of another – doubling
them to avoid burning.




                                                 Kelly’s giant puff ball. Kelly carried this
                                               ball for miles and miles back to camp. We
                                              sliced it up and sautéed it in butter. Or you
        Deadwood, S.D.                          can dip it into beaten egg, then coat with
                                                   seasoned bread crumbs and fry .         83
                                                                The Picket Pole
             Charlie umbrella training                          and feed bag in
                                                               use




                                                                          Ponying Cita
      Summer fun

We desensitize our horses to trucks, bikes and garbage. Here Colina (age 3) is tied short to the back
of the pickup, so she can’t get her front feet under the rear tire. Driving slowly, as we walk road ditches,
Don dumps the garbage we pick up. He occasionally gives Colina a treat of grass. She learns quickly
that sometimes there is good stuff to be found while nosing through the floppy plastic, paper and noisy
aluminum cans.




                                           The Tauer Girls




84                                                                               Don packing
                                       TREASURES continued

British Berkefeld ® Gravity Water Filter and Sports Bottle: Just how safe is
your water? The powerful Berkey™ system is the ultimate in water filtration
systems. It provides the freshest, cleanest water possible in situations where
potable water might not be available. This simple, highly effective system was
developed almost 200 years ago. Its unique design combines the natural process of
micro-porous filtration with state-of-the-art technology and the highest quality
materials to make the finest water filtration system available. Missionaries,
explorers, and relief workers, including UNICEF, the Peace Corps, and Red Cross
societies in more than 140 countries have used the British Berkefeld® systems for
over 150 years. The Berkey™ system is so powerful it can filter untreated pond,
lake, and river water. The filters reduce up to 99.99% of particulates, cysts,
parasites, and pathogenic bacteria (coli, cryptosporidium, giardia, and salmonella typhi), along with
chlorine, rust, sediment, and organic chemicals, while preserving the minerals your body needs. Spectrum
Laboratories rate the filtration efficiencies at >98% down to 0.2 ìm >99.9% at 0.5 ìm >99.99% at 0.9 ìm.
Gravity Water Filter: The unique ceramic filters are impregnated with pure silver so they’re self-
sterilizing, and they can be cleaned repeatedly with a soft brush or Scotch-Brite™ pad. The upper
chamber of the unit is constructed of high grade, polished stainless steel making it hygienic, durable, and
easy to clean. To use fill the upper chamber with water. The water flows through the ceramic filters, then
collects in the lower chamber. The two piece housing is portable and can be used anywhere, anytime. An
easy-to-turn on-off spigot acts as the outflow tap. The "Big Berkey" water filter hold 2.25 gallons of
water, takes minutes to assemble, and can provide many gallons of good-tasting, sparkling, wholesome
drinking water each day. Ideal for home or camping. Item # TR-BB - Price $300.00 reg. 325.00

Berkey Sports Water Bottle: This portable water filtration system is the ideal for traveling
because you can use it to provide safe drinking water at any time from any water source with
complete confidence. The ingenious system forces raw water through the filter as the bottle
is pressed at a rate calculated to remove the greatest volume of pollutants. This product was
tested by the University of Arizona, Spectrum Laboratories, and the Aquatic Toxicology
Laboratory at Louisiana State University in accordance with the EPA Protocol for
Microbiological Purifiers and ANSI/NSF 53 adapted for sport bottles. Refills per 22-oz.
bottle: 160 (raw water), 640 municipal water. Ideal for any on-the-go sports activity, emergencies,
personal protection traveling companion, trail riding, biking, hiking and boating.
Item # TR-WB - Price $32.00. Replacement filter : Item # TR-Filter - Price $12.00

                                    Adults-Only Hotdog and Marshmallow Cooker: Hilarious! Made
                                    of stainless steel with a wooden handle. 30 in. long overall. Sold
                                    separately - specify gender. Item # TR-CO – Price $15.95 save and
                                    order both for $29.95

                                   Laundry Reel: Is constructed in sturdy ABS plastic
with 2 brass hooks included. Has a 21-foot strong nylon rope. No more tangled cords! Easy
to use and very handy indoors or outdoors. Item # TR-LR - Price $2.50

Chili lights: Festive, Festive, Festive! These 70 little gems are made of glass and use the
LED lights. That means that your lights will last longer and conserve energy. You can
order these lights in a 35 ft string or a 16” long cluster. For Cluster.
Item # TR-LITE-CC– Price $19.95 or String Item # TR-LITE-C – Price $19.95

Party Lights: All right, these are cool. Made of shotgun
shell casings to hang on your awning, Christmas tree,
bunkhouse or cabin. Great for parties. Lights come in
assorted colors in a string. Item # TR-Lite - Price: $18.00
8 ft. (20 lights) or $21.00 18 ft. (35 lights)
or $32.00 26 ft. (50 lights)

Fly Swish: This quality horsehair swish on a stick with a loop handle is perfect for
as you are sitting and relaxing, or riding as you can help your horse swish those bugs
away with your “tail”. Swish is 28 inches long with brown or black horsehair. HVF
Exclusive. Item # TR-Swish – Price $22.95

Shoo Fly: A fine tassel of 13-inch horsehair with an intricately woven top and brass
ring. Hang from your horse’s girth to help keep belly flies away. Or you can
hang from the breast collar or saddle. A beautiful and functional adornment.
Specify Brown or Black horse hair. Item # TR-SF Price $25.95                                          85
                                        TREASURES continued

                                 MRE's: "Meals Ready to Eat"- by The Wornick Co: These are the REAL
                                 MREs that were conceived by NASA over 30 years ago and introduced on
                                 Apollo flights to the moon, in Skylab, and on every US space Shuttle flight
                                 from Enterprise to Challenger. They have gone to Grenada, to fight forest
                                 fires in Alaska and bring relief after hurricanes. They fed Desert Shield and
                                 Desert Storm and they've done the job again in Afghanistan and Iraq Great
                                 for camping, car trips, search and rescue, truck drivers, horse shows,
backpacking and snow trips such as cross-country skiing, snowmobiling, dog sledding, ice fishing, snow
camping and in any emergency situation. The secret to this delicious instant survival meal is in the
pouch. US military research labs took the lead in the technology and development of the POUCH, which
has three special layers allowing the food to be sealed and then cooked inside never being exposed to the
air until ready to eat. Thus, the food is sterilized and blocked from future contamination. This packaging
delivers an almost unbelievable shelf life of 5-10 years (not 2 years like current commercial preparations).
Food, which is not FREEZE-DRIED, therefore retains its natural moisture, gravy, sauces and juices. The
resulting taste and texture are much more realistic and naturally delicious than those of dehydrated and
freeze dried foods. With over 30 years of field research experts have carefully designed these meals for
maximum nutrition (an average of 55% meat compared with 35% normally), familiarity, and TOTAL
convenience! These meals are ready to eat right from the pouch at room temperature (as they are pre-
cooked). Or they can be heated the following ways.
1) Just add a little water to activate the self-contained non-flame chemical heater, officially called the
"MRE Heater", which is included in each full meal.
2) Placing next to a non-liquid heat source: radiator, engine block, or even the human body. Be careful of
burning or melting the pouch if the heat source is too hot.
3) Boiling for 3-5 min. - take the pouch from outer carton and place it in clean boiling water heated from
available sources: fire, heating tabs, or stoves.
4) Microwave 2-3 min. after removing from the pouch. The pouch contains an aluminum, non-micro-
waveable layer that gives the pouch such a long shelf life.
                              These are so good that we eat them at home!
The Entrees are super for an after school snack or anytime! The “extras” in the full-meal packages –
power bars, cracker snacks, etc. – provide plenty of food for one person for a whole day.
Entrée: Select from six different 8 oz entrées: 1) Cajun style rice with beans and beef sausage: 2) Beef
roast with vegetables: 3) Breaded chicken breast patty with pasta shells in tomato sauce: 4) Chicken
breast strips with chunky salsa: 5) Spaghetti with meat and sauce: 6) Pasta and vegetables in Alfredo style
sauce (Vegetarian Meal). Item # TR-E - Price $2.50 each.
Full Meals with heaters: (These come in mixed assorted cases so call to select from the numerous
entrée choices, if not we will select for you.) The Full Meal will contain one Entrée, side dish, bakery Item
(crackers or bread), spread (jelly, peanut butter or cheese spread), dessert (cookies, energy bar, cake or
fruit), beverage base, accessory packet (coffee, creamer, sugar, salt, gum, matches, wet napkin, spork) and
heater packet. Item # TR-HM - Price $8.00

Net Food Cover: This speaks for itself and is a must for every camper serving
food in buggy conditions. 16 x 16. Item #TR-FC – Price $1.75

Roll-A-Table ®: This compact beauty is the ultimate camping table and the only
                         table that you can carry on your packhorses or mules.
                         It also stores easily in your horse trailer, RV, camper or pickup. It’s a full-
                         height table with lots of legroom and with no awkward X-braces to block
                         your knees. With its unique space-saving design, the rolled up Roll-a-Table
                         occupies less than 4% of the space it uses when set-up. The table top has 11
                         segments that are cut progressively larger so that they nest together perfectly
                                from one revolution to the next and with no bulky leg braces, the table
                                rolls up into a 32"x5.5"diameter 10 –lb. bundle that you can carry and
                                set up easily. When set up the table is 32"x32"x28", with a load capac-
                                ity of 100 lbs. The 11-segment roll-top is made of a select grade of
                                "Ultra-Core™" laminated wood completely covered by a water-resis-
                                tant royal blue fabric. The legs are aluminum with zinc - plated steel
                                fittings. We carry two of these fabulous tables and pushed together
                                they make a full-size picnic table that comfortably seats 6. As a special
                                promotion when purchasing two Roll-A-Tables you will receive a FREE
                                laminated tablecloth! Item # TR-RT - Price $65.00

                                   Small Pillow: Great for neck support when sitting back and
                                   lounging in a recliner watching TV. 6 x 12 - Specify saying-see
 86                                website. Item # TR-SPL-Price $10.00
                                        TREASURES continued

                                  Running                Horse
                                  Reversible             Patio
                                  Mat:This polypropylene
                                  9 x 12 mat offers a choice
                                  of two color patterns in
                                  one by simply flipping the
                                  mat over. The woven
                                  fibers allow dirt particles
                                  to fall through making it nearly maintenance free, as it is easy to sweep
                                  and, if needed, to wash as it only takes 10 minutes to dry. Outstanding
for camping, picnicking, the beach, sunbathing, a ground tarp under a tent or in your trailer to make a nice
clean surface. Available in brown, black/silver, green, burgundy and blue. Item # TR-OM Price $69.95

                               Storage Bag: For the Patio Mat. Mmade of sturdy nylon with easy to
                               open zippers. A front pocket provides easy access to stakes or pegs that
                               might be used for securing your mat. Made to hold up to 1 8x20, 2 8x16 or
                               2 9x12 mats. Item # TR-PT - $14.00

          Patio Rug/Mat Stakes: Easily secure your patio rug to the ground. Low
          profile ensures a smooth walking surface. Made of rust-resistant nickel-plated
          steel. Package of 4. Item # TP-ST Price $3.99

          Awning Hook By Camco: This telescoping) awing opener extends from 11
          inches to 47 inches so that you can easily reach up and open your awning. The
          rubber grip handle and stainless steel construction makes this an easy pole to
          use and a dream to store, causing you to toss away your cumbersome-hard-to-store-4-foot
          pole immediately. Item # TP-AH – Price $ 14.50

           Blanket Fabric Throw: by Wood River is
           elegantly rustic and from a fine line of bedding.
           Rich color and design; inspired by nature, wildlife
and western and Native American art. The craftsmanship and
quality are evident in this very soft extra large (60 x72 inches)
throw. Perfect for the back of the sofa or to take to the football
game, car or better yet HORSE CAMPING. 45% polyester,
30% acrylic, 20% wool and 5% other make this throw machine
washable and durable -cuddly. Beautiful. Select from the
following: Rodeo, Fringe Mashie, no-fringe Mashie,
Algonquin. Go to web site for color photo and selection. Item # TR-BL – Price $55.00 reg. $89.00.
Matching 20 x 20 Pillow; Item #TR-BLP – Price $20.00

Merino Wool Comfort Pad: For those who want the ultimate in sleeping comfort.
This 100% virgin wool, flame-resistant, and non-allergenic pad is the best in the
industry. Nothing comes close to wool for its inherent ability to act as a natural
thermostat. It adjusts throughout the night to accommodate your fluctuating body
temperature keeping you comfortable. Heaters and electric pads can't do that. Be-
cause wool is a natural temperature regulator; you stay warm in the winter and refresh-
ingly cool in the summer. A must have for horse campers; it eliminates the chilling and
overheating associated with sleeping out on the road. It can do this because of the air pockets in the wool
fibers, which allow warm air to circulate beneath your body so you stay warm during cool nights and cool
during the hot, muggy summer nights. The fibers allow air circulation to dissipate heat from under your
body and wick away moisture. (Great for reliving night sweats.) Slip a Comfort Wool Mattress Pad under
your sheet, over your memory foam pad, mattress, or waterbed (great for preventing the clammy feeling
                                          commonly associated with these beds) and get ready for a per-
# TR-Crib 28 x 52 $98.44                  fect night’s sleep. Nestle into the gentle embrace of a quality,
# TR-Twin 39 x 75 $159.87                 plush wool comfort sleeping pad. You'll love the excellent con-
#TR-XL Twin 39 x 80 $181.92               struction (1 1/2" to 1 5/8" high pile woven into a synthetic
#TR-Full 54 x 75 $219.72                  backing) and rich wool density (65 oz). Dry clean/vacuuming
#TR-Queen 60 x 80 $263.82                 recommended but if you have an over-size machine you can
#TR-King 78 x 80 $337.84                  machine wash and line dry. Special sizing is available on request.
#TR-Massage Table 30 x 73 $144.12         Words from Cathy, "You lie down and never move, it is the most
#TR-RV Twin 33 x 73 $155.14               rested sleep I've had-beats the memory foam pad to heck, It is
#TR-RV Full 48 x 73 $207.12               worth the expense. I now have it at home on my bed as well as in
#TR-RV Queen 60 x 75 $246.49              my RV". “ It is worth the expense”.Wool breathes, so make 87
                                          your rest the best. Price includs shipping. Item #
                                       TREASURES continued

Jellybean™ rug: This is the best floor mat yet! This 22 x 34 inch mat is constructed of polyproplyene
and acrylic fibers and works great both indoors and out. The mat is completely machine washable. In fact,
a Jellybean™ rug “washes better than your jeans.” Specify item letter. Go on line for color photos.
Item #TR-MAT – Price$28.99 (reg. 34.99)

            A                             B                            C                          D




             E                         F                               G                    H




              I                           J                        K                L




             M                        N                            O                  P




            Q                          R                           S                        X




            Y                              T                           Z




                                        Western
                                        Horseshoe
                                        Night Light:
                                        On/off switch,        ST                                    MF
                            made of resin, comes with
                            bulb. Sold each. Select style
                            (boy/girl, bronco rider or rider).
                             Item # TR-NL Price $6.75

             Wood Signs sm. to med: $5.00 - $10.50 and
             Tin/Metal Signs med.-lrg. $10.50- $12.50
             With Metal Lunch Boxes, Welcome Signs
             and other fine décor at Hillviewfarms.com

               Place settings: Fine linen ware from Silverado Home
               offers the true luxury of western décor. The placemats: are
all revisable allowing your the flexibility to match your dinning theme.
They come with two sides fringed and measure 14 by 20 inches: Tooled
cranberry, Running Horses (on forest green), Tooled Chocolate, Tooled
Chestnut, Ostridge and Metallic Gold. The Napkins: mix and match
100% cotton napkins have neatly finished edges that end with a decorative
blanket stitch. They measure 14 inches square: Color Selection: Blue stripe,
Teal Stripe and Buff. Specify color selections when ordering. Save money
      when purchased in a set of 6: Placemats $100.00 and Napkins $50.00.
 88 Placemats - $22.50 each and Napkins - $9.99 each
                                            TREASURES continued

Bumper Stickers: Select saying: I do whatever my horse tells me to do / I love horses / I was normal then I
bought my first horse / I whisper but my horse doesn’t listen / I’d be totally nuts without my horse / If I didn’t
own a horse...this would be a Ferrari / If my savings were as big as my manure pile, I’d be rich. / If you think
I’m high maintenance, then you haven’t met my horse / If you’re gonna ride my bumper, then you better put
a saddle on it. / I’m having a bad mare day / I’m just cantering through life / It’s a horse’s world, I’m just here
to rustle up the feed / Just put me back on my horse / Kiss my apps! / I love appaloosa butts / Life is a journey,
make the most of it / Love me love my horse / Love my horse / Love my Jack or don’t come back / Make your
hobby horses! / Manure happens! / Manure Mover /My ass is too big but I married him anyway / My horse
bucked off your honor student / My horse is more pampered than my boyfriend / My horse is more pampered
than my husband / My husband’s paycheck=new horse equipment / My other car has a horse trailer attached
to it. / My quarter horse beat up your fourth-level dressage horse / But officer, that’s not a U-turn, it’s a roll
back! / Caution: I already gelded the horse and he didn’t even tailgate! /Dressage /riders never die, they half pass
over! / Eventers do it 3 ways in 3 days / Fox hunters out fox everyone! / If found, please return to the barn! /
Paint my world spotted / Quarter Horses / Quarter Horses: They can turn on a dime and toss you back 9 cents!
/ Raised on horses, sometimes on crutches / Don’t ask me to do anything but ride my horse / Just horsin’ around
/ Put out to pasture and LOVIN’ it! /Ride a draft...It’ll make your butt look smaller / A woman and her rig, it’s
a beautiful thing. / A woman needs 2 animals: The horse of her dreams and a jackass to pay for it / A woman’s
place is on a horse /Alpha Mare / Anyone can ride, it just takes talent to stay on / Are you going to cowboy up
or just lay there and bleed? / Ask me about my horse / Barn Brat / Be all you can be: Thrown, kicked, bitten,
slimed, stomped on... / Behind every good horse is a human cleaning up. / Beware the mare / Born to ride...forced
to go to school / Born to ride...forced to go to work/ Call my shrink, I bought another horse / Caution Horses:
Do not tailgate / Caution: This vehicle makes sliding stops / AUTION: We stop at all tack shops / Don’t follow
me, I got the directions from the horse / Don’t get too close...I might kick / Driver carries no cash. All spent on
horse / Free & Easy down the trail I go... / Golf Courses: Just a waste of valuable pasture land / Happiness is
acres of pasture / I can muck thirty stalls before breakfast...what can you do? / I’m daft for my draft / Horses
are my therapy / Hell hath no fury as a chestnut Thoroughbred mare / Hi Ho, Hi Ho, it’s off to muck I go /
Hoofbeats: My favorite music / Horse Person / Happiness is being in the barn/ Screw Wall Street! All my assets
are in the barn!/ We don’t haul for 6th place! / my real treasure is in the barn/ My horse ate my paycheck / Still
plays with horses / Tacky and terribly unrefined / Diamonds are not a girl’s best unless they can be pawned for
a good horse! / I love chillin’ with my horse! / Just a few flakes short of a bale Yes, this is my trailer, no I am not
hauling your horse / You show girl! / Whinnying is everything / Yeah but can you ride? / When I grow up, I
wanna be a dually/ We came, we showed, we kicked but / Silly Cowboy! Trucks are for girls / Sorry! That barn
smell is my aromatherapy / Take my boyfriend, stay away from the horse /Take my husband, stay away from
the horse / The #1 tip for riders: Marry Money / The only stock I buy has 4 legs / The Surgeon general never
said a thing about smoking the competition / Trail Rider / Trail riders do it in the woods. / Trail riding is my
refuge / Treat you like my horse? Yeah, right! / Don’t be fooled by my car,! / One Mucking Day After Another
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                                          S ADDLING        BASICS

                           By: Cathy Sheets Tauer - B.S. Animal Science, E.S.M.T
 You will have your saddle for a lifetime, but not your horse. So does your saddle fit properly?
                  Doesn’t it just make sense to get a saddle that does?

• When putting on the saddle without a pad do you have 2" of complete clearance between the saddle and your
horse’s spine while sitting in the saddle? You should.

• Do you give your saddle a snuggie? That is, pull the blanket up into the gullet so as to not bind your horse’s
spine. You should.

• Do you have a three-inch rotation around the horse’s point of hip, where no saddle or blanket is interfering?
You should.

• When using a breast collar do you have it adjusted so that you can pull it away from the horse’s shoulder 3"-
4", allowing the shoulder to move freely? You should.

• When you raise your horse’s leg up and forward, do you have the 3-4" of free shoulder movement without
interference from the saddle? You should.

• When using a crupper, can you raise it off your horse’s rump 3"-4"? You should.

• Do you and your saddle weigh more than 20% of your horse’s weight? You shouldn’t.

• When going either up or down hill does your saddle slip forward or back, so that you see more than 2" of
sweat? If so you need either a crupper or a breast collar.

• Do you have the proper length girth? When cinched up your girth should be no more than 6" away from
the D ring on a western saddle and halfway up the billets on either side on an English saddle.

• When you are completely cinched up and mounted can you get two fingers between the pad and spine of
horse? You should.

• When using a rear flank cinch, mounted up and ready to go, is your rear flank cinch hanging more than an inch?
It should NOT be.

• When in the saddle, have someone check your girth. If they can pull it away from the horse’s body more than
an inch it is too loose.

• Classic signs your saddle doesn’t fit are: Dry spots in the sweat pattern, patches of white hair, raised spots
or bumps where any equipment touches, a horse that resists being saddled. Look and listen to what your
horse says.

  Anyone can make a beautiful saddle from the tree up, but if it doesn’t fit your horse what
                                       good is it?

     Henry Love.             Notice the proper length of the lead rope on
                                     a picket line.




90
                                   S ADDLING BASICS continued

                                      EQUINE SPORTS MEDICINE
                                       Excerpts from: Jack Meagher
The moving parts of the body were created and intended to move through a specified range of motion
freely, easily and completely. When for any number of reasons they lose the ability to do this there will
be a problem.... Muscular problems are most common to horses which are engaged in some form of
competition. Athletics, horse or human, produce a situation unique to all sports. The amount of strain
and exertion require to achieve maximum performance. What is maximum? How do you know when you
have reached it? You don't...Muscles can be an entire cause or a reflection of a deeper cause. It is always
proper to eliminate a deeper cause first. This is veterinarian expertise. The proper therapy for a muscle
problem could be the improper one for a deeper cause...
                                         INITIAL EVALUATION
                                      by Cathy Sheets Tauer E.S.M.T
Before I begin any saddle fit or work as a Sports Massage Therapist, I always perform an evaluation on
the equine. The following is a very light overview of what I do to uncover areas of concern. Realizing that
muscle represents 60% of the entire body, massage makes so much sense. Massage is a practical, hands-
on, non-invasive therapy for equines, enabling them to reach their full potential. Massage is most
effective as a preventive measure and is not a substitute for veterinary medicine. Massage increases the
range of motion, flexibility and circulation. It releases tension and improves the horse’s disposition.
Equines love massage. How do we know if our equine friends have pain? They cannot talk, but do
communicate non-verbally. Resistance in training or increased agitation resulting in poor performance and
bad behavior are symptoms that something is wrong. Proper fitting equipment and massage address the
cause of such trouble. "Putting the Horse First" lets us know that they are enjoying our company as much
as we enjoy theirs. Horses no longer are a beast of burden for man but a partner in a leisure activity that
everyone can enjoy. As for equipment, there is no question as to what our equine friends should be
saddled in: a properly fitted Delrin panel saddle. This saddling system allows the horse to move freely,
bending and flexing. It’s orthopedic. Since as a rider we will never know how it feels to be saddled, doesn’t
it make sense to get a saddle that feels as good to your horse as it does to you? If your current saddle fits
correctly and your horse can move freely and is not in pain (as determined by physical palpation) then
you have no reason to change your saddle. But how can you be sure? Looking at the figure, the circled
areas are pressure spots, the cross hatch marks are where you run your thumb or finger tips in a smooth
flowing fashion, observing areas of concern. When you begin, use 10-15 pounds of pressure. Along the
top of the spine you should use 20# of pressure. (You should have NO reaction but if you do, contact a
veterinarian or other professional for further advice.) Use a bathroom scale to judge your pressure and
test on yourself first.

IMPORTANT- MESSAGE As told
by: Mary Schriber- Equissage. When
you are near the equines face, watch
for teeth. There is a pressure point on
the cheek where you can place your
thumb and effectively prevent him
from tuning toward you. It is not
necessary to dig your thumb into the
pressure point, just simply rest it on
the surface. This action will dissuade
any biting response. Also, as you
work your way past the shoulder,
                                keep
                                your
                                eye on
                                the hind leg nearest
                                you. Inspired by the
                                fact that a horse is
                                capable of kicking a
                                fly off his ear, you are
                                cautioned to place
                                your free hand or fist,
                                with elbow locked,
                                near the stifle joint
                                both as a warning and
                                as a preventative for
                                you, and a reminder
                                for your client.
          Cathy                                                  Don and Cathy                           91
                                   S ADDLING BASICS continued

                  How to specifically test your saddle for fit on your horse
                   My horse has never has a sore back... How do you know?
 Use physical palpation to determine if a saddle is potentially causing back and performance
                                           trouble.
            By: Lisa Dawes Brown with supplemental additions by Cathy Sheets Tauer EMST:
If you are certain your horse does (or does not) have a sore back you can confirm your convictions by
making clear non-biased evaluations. You will need to observe physical traits that indicate back soreness,
record behaviors in your horse, which are common to sore-backed horses and then palpate the muscles.
(Do this before riding and again 8 to 24 hours after riding.)

Physical traits:
    • Do the muscles in the loin (gluteals) or "rump muscles" look especially tense ( some would call
         them well-developed) so that they stand out dramatically? (Figure 1) Please note that some
         breeds of horses "naturally" have over developed gluteals.
    • Does the muscle which extends from the poll to the point of the shoulder down the lower side
         of the neck (brachiocephalicus) look thicker and more developed than the upper half of the
         neck, resulting in an almost ewe-neck appearance? This may be caused by the horse traveling
         with a hollow back which forces him to fling out his legs to maintain his balance overworking
         the brachiocephalicus. The brachiocephalicus helps pull the humerous forward which extends
         the foreleg. It becomes over-worked and thicker due to repeated pinching of the trapezius
         muscle at the withers which causes the horse to raise his head and lock down his back muscles.
         (Figure 2)
    • Look for a hollow behind the shoulder on either side of the horse. Muscle in this region tends
         to diminish or atrophy when the nerves and muscles are pinched repeatedly. One almost never
         finds this trait in the young, un-ridden horse. This hollow of atrophied muscles will disappear
         once the horse has free lift and use of the back if permanent damage has not occurred. Also note
         that the older horse will have gradual wasting along their top line and this is not to be confused
         with pinching from an ill-fitting saddle. (Figure 3)

                 Figure 1
   The gluteals in the top of rump will
often look "well-developed" when they
  are being forced to work too hard. In                                                   Normal
fact, they are in spasm because the back
 is unable to function as it should due to
     pressure points from the saddle.                  Figure 1
               development.


                                  Figure 2                                        Figure 2
                                                                     The neck is over-developed due to
                                                                      being ridden with a high head and
                                                                     hollow back. This maybe caused by
                                                                    pinching the trapezius at the base of
                                                                  the withers when the rider is positioned
                                                                               too far forward.

                                             Correct



                                                                               Figure 3
                                                               A hollow behind the shoulder frequently
                                                             indicates long term pinching just behind the
                                                           shoulder by the arch of the saddle. It is thought
                                                          that pinching of nerves causes atrophy of these
                                                            "saddle muscles" as the old-timers used to call
                                                          them. With a properly fitting saddle this hollow
                                                           will diminish as the muscles regain their proper
                                                                               function.
                   Figure 3

Behavioral Traits: Once you have ruled out dentistry and shoeing as possible causes of bad behavior
    and performance, the following acts of disobedience are usually directly linked to saddling pain or
92                                        the anticipation of it.
                                   S ADDLING BASICS           continued




 Head tossing is a common result           This cold-backed horse is          This horse humps his back
 of discomfort under the saddle.        throwing his head even before        against the pressure points of
                                          the rider puts weight in the      the saddle. When this series of
So...                                                                      photos was taken, this horse had
                                                     saddle.
how do you know                                                              no evidence of bruising on his
if your horse has a sore back?                                                 back, but by the end of a
• Does your horse not tolerate saddling, cinching or mounting?              summer's riding, white hair was
• Bucks, runs away, nip, sidestep, and tosses head?                        beginning to grow on the sides of
• Hollow-backed, cold-backed, dry spots under a wet blanket?               his withers from excess pressure.
• Rear when girthed?
• Does not travel well downhill?
• Refuses jumps? Hard to catch?
• Stumbles frequently?
• Difficulty walking calmly?
• Quits working mid-season?
• Tacks-up more on one side that the other?
• Do his gaits appear uneven?

Test for soreness in the “check point” muscles: There are
three important muscles that can let you know instantly if
your horse is suffering pain due to his saddle even if there is
no pathology visible on the back. Most riders use enough
padding and rest their horses just enough to prevent bruising of the This horse is alert but content
back from becoming visible. But their horses are hurting and they                   while being saddled.
respond to the pain by tensing the muscles which are being pressed.
This tension flows to all connected muscle groups. The horse operates in a tense and unnatural form and
this places stress on other parts of his body, hard to believe a saddle could affect so many parts of the
body.
                                        Three major check point muscles are: The semimembranosis
  Don ponying a yearling                (on either side of the tail - in the hind quarters), the
                                        brachiocephalicus (following the lower half of the neck from poll to
                                        shoulder) and the triceps at the elbow. Many other muscles could
                                        also be probed, but these three, combined with your other findings,
                                        are all you need to make a trustworthy diagnosis. You will probe
                                        these muscles quickly and sharply with the ends of three fingers or
                                        your thumb held stiff. Remember, any force of the bite of kick
                                        your horse is likely to receive in the herd environment is far greater
                                        than any force you could possibly exert by using the ends of your
                                        fingers, however sharply. You will not injure your horse in any
                                        way by this probing, but you may discover that your horse's
                                        muscles jump violently when probed. Most novices probe too
                                        softly to
                                        illicit a
                                        reaction
                                        f r o m
their horse and are left with the impression their
horse is not sore. TTEAM therapy inventor,
Linda Tellington Jones, once stated that one
must probe as firmly as necessary to get a
reaction to see if the horse is sore. She
sometimes probes very strongly, in fact. If
there is no soreness, there will be little or no
reaction.                                                       Colina starts her training                93
                                    S ADDLING BASICS             continued

              YOUR HORSE'S REACTION-WHAT IS NORMAL AND WHAT IS NOT

Extreme contraction of muscle is not normal and should never be attributed to a high-strung temperament of
so-called sensitivity. When probed, the muscles should be flaccid and should produce no more reaction in
the horse than a wary expression on the face or fidgeting. Fidgeting should discontinue as soon as the horse
realizes you are not going to hurt him. "If any muscle is sore, in spasm or strained, the pain can be detected
at its origin or insertion"

Checkpoint 1: Semimembranosis (either side of the base of the tail). This muscle originates on either side
of the root of the tail. This is a long and rather narrow muscle which runs down the back of the hindquarters
beside the tail and attaches five to eight inches above the horse hock. Standing to the side of the horse's rear,
not directly behind, probe sharply as described with the tips of your first three fingers in to the muscle's
origin beside the base of the tail. The muscle should feel loose and relaxed-technically, "quiescent". The
horse should react by slightly tucking his hindquarters and slightly raising his back - both natural reflexes.
But if he is tense from soreness, he will "hump" his back and tuck his hind quarters violently and he may
even hop with both hind legs. If so, he may have a great deal of trouble directly under his saddle.

Checkpoint 2: Brachiocephalicus (from the poll to the shoulder covering the lower half of the side of the
neck). Probe the base of the neck in front of the shoulder blade about five inches above the point of the
shoulder. If your horse is sore, this muscle will jerk visibly and the horse will probably try to step away
from you or turn his head toward you, curving his neck away. He may even bend away while many related
and attached muscles jerk throughout his neck and shoulder. This muscle helps pull the humerous forward,
extending the foreleg.

Checkpoint 3: Triceps (muscle forming a wedge shape from the shoulder blade rearward to the elbow).
You'll feel this muscle as the fleshy area just to the rear of the bony ridge, which runs the length of the
shoulder blade. Probe just above the bony elbow. This is a wedge shaped muscle that is from the shoulder
blade to the elbow. If your horse is sore, he will jerk, move away and may bend his knee, all in varying
degrees, indicating a sore back. How violent the reaction depends on how sore and how much spasm his
back is in. You can also determine if your horse has been made sore by girth interference.




    Check Point 1                                Check Point 2                                 Check Point 3



Confirm your findings with palpation of the saddle area: There are three types of soreness to look for
when palpating your horse’s back. 1) Deep muscle soreness caused by excess pressure in a concentrated
area; 2) Friction soreness caused by movement of the horse under the saddle and/or by stirrup straps; 3)
Spondylosis or impingement of the spinal processes caused by jumping, rider concussion and the horse’s
traveling with his back muscles in contraction.

What to watch for: When palpating look for your horse to react in one or more of the following ways. He
may raise his head, dip his back, flatten his croup, step away from you , toss his head, pin his ears, or flick
his hide where you are palpating him as if he is ridding himself of a fly. (Termed here fly-jerk). He may
tense the muscles around your fingers, and his muscles may shudder in the area you are probing.
Remember to study his face as you are working. He may only tighten his lips, clench his teeth or have a
steely expression about his eyes. Form the time they are young horses are taught how to operate with
saddle pain. Many “old pros” will not readily admit they are hurting. That is why you must palpate
properly, know the natural reflex points and always keep an eye on the horse’s face.

Regardless, you should be able to get some kind of reaction from your horse as you palpate him. If after
     studying this method carefully and applying it, you cannot illicit any response from your horse,
 94 even when probing his natural reflex points, you can be sure your horse has severe long-term
     saddling problems.
                                    S ADDLING BASICS            continued

                                        Natural reflex vs. Soreness
 Natural reflex points along the back, especially at the base of the withers and at the loins, cause a mild
   momentary dipping or a fly-jerk reaction. If you continue holding pressure at a natural reflex, the
  reaction will dissipate after a few seconds and the horse will relax. If his reaction gets worse or he
         steps away after a few seconds of holding, you can be sure you have found a sore spot.

Probe gently but firmly: When probing for deep muscle bruising, replace the poking action with a firm
but steady downward pressure of 15 to 25 lbs for 10 seconds with the tips of your first three fingers or
your thumb. (Always use finger tips, never fingernails nor any narrow blunt object.) Why hold the
pressure for a full 10 seconds? Because the slight natural reflex will dissipate with in a couple of seconds,
and the horse which is not bruised will no longer show a reaction to the firm pressure. But if the horse is
sore, he will show an obvious reaction to the sustained pressure even after 10 seconds is up.

Where to Begin: Start where the arch of your saddle rests on either side of the withers. This is the
trapezius muscle. If your saddle rests farther back, it will be at the area where the trapezius meets the
longissimus dorsi. If you position the points of the tree of your saddle directly on top of the shoulder
blade, begin probing there. If a fly-jerk which continues longer than three seconds, the horse is bruised. If
your horse is very sore, he will initially give the fly-jerk reaction and then step away, dip his back
noticeably, bend his knees or toss his head. He may literally go down under sustained pressure. The horse
is severely bruised if he does any of these things. If he is not bruised, the fly-jerk will dissipate and he will
probably relax and go on munching hay for instance, while you continue to hold pressure. (Fig. #4
Rhomboid muscles, under the trapezius muscles and fig. #5 Trapezius muscles covering the rhomboids).

                                          Continue       down       the
                                          length of the horse's
                                          back: Probe your horse's
                                          back this way anywhere
                                          the saddle rests to locate
                                          sore areas. Very few horses
                                          ridden extensively with
                        Figure 4          any saddle will not be sore                             Figure 5
                                          where the fork rests. Some
                                          will also be sore under the
                                          middle of the bars or panels
and some also under the rear of the saddle tree near the loins. Probing either side of the spine, moving
down the length of the back, the sore horse's reaction will be slight; if very sore his back will drop sharply.

Probing the loins: When probing the loin area be on the lookout for friction soreness which will cause
the horse to flatten his croup or drop his back. With deep bruising the horse will continue to show pain
when pressure is applied longer than 15 seconds. So, If he continues to show pain or steps away from
you, he has deeper damage. If, on the other hand, it is only friction soreness ( the palpation technique for
which is explained below) then the reaction doesn't normally last any longer than the count of 5.

       Figure 6                          Palpating for friction soreness: Friction soreness is easily
                                         spotted and frequently called "ticklishness," because horses react
                                         to it when being brushed or touched lightly. (This maybe the case,
                                         but you must test to see if indeed, your horse has true friction
                                         soreness.) Since riders may not see shaved hair, sores, or swelling,
                                         they deduce that their horses are ticklish. It is also the most
                                         overrated type of soreness because most veterinarians at
                                         endurance races and competitive trail rides can easily spot it while
                                         missing deep muscle bruising, which is far more serious. To
                                         palpate for friction soreness, spread apart your fingers and curve
                                         them as if you are about to play the piano. With about three
pounds of pressure run your fingers down the horse’s back from the front to the rear, beginning on either
side of the spine and alternating your way downward until all saddle contact areas have been covered. The
sore horse will dip his back or flatten his croup or step away when you pass over a sore area. (Fig. #6.)

Detecting spondylosis: Spondylosis deformans goes largely undetected in many horses suffering from
it. It is characterized by irritation, pain, swelling or degeneration of the periosteum (surface) of the dorsal
spinal processes. This occurs when the articulation surfaces of the vertebrae or tops of the spinal
processes rub together (impinge) when the horse’s back hollows excessively. The impingement usually
happens between the 10th and 17th thorasic vertebrae when caused by improper saddling and riding.
It is very common in distance racing horses, who are allowed to travel great distances with                95
                                    S ADDLING BASICS            continued

hollow backs and heads up. It is also common in jumping horses                                  Spondylosis
who suffer vertebral impingement by the propulsion created by the
hind quarters when starting the jump with all the back muscles
contracted at the same time. The test for spondylosis is simple.

                                            How to check for
                                            Spondylosis: Beginning
                                            at the base of the wither,
                                            with three or four fingertips in line with the middle of the spine,
                                            press downward and hold. While maintaining a minimum of 10-
                                            20 lbs of pressure, slide your fingers toward the croup. No
              Normal spine                  matter how hard you press, there should be no reaction! If the
                                            horse raises his head noticeably, dips his back or tries to drop to
the ground, he is suffering. A very sore horse will be able to tolerate only light pressure here before
dropping his back or bending his knees. Spondylosis is extremely painful and use of the horse must be
stopped immediately as it can create a very unpredictable and sometimes explosive animal. With
continued use, the body will form false joints of calcification between the spinal processes. Next, the
vertebrae fuse in a condition called ankylosis, nature’s way of alleviating pain, which also results in a
stiffer, nonathletic horse. If you do experience any reaction from palpating your horse’s spine, contact a
veterinarian for medical treatment and consultation, for you may not have spondylosis but other issues
that will need to be resolved before you ride your animal again.

Always extend the foreleg to probe the rear edge of the scapula
Another important point to probe for bruising is often missed by
veterinarians and therapists and unknown by horsemen: the rear process of
the scapula called the "cartilage of prolongation".
When the horse extends his leg forward, his scapula rotates up to four
inches to the rear. It is in this rotation that it strikes-or must squeeze under-
the arch of the saddle, however padded. The scapula takes incredible
punishment, especially during jumping and the sitting trot. Yet when the
horse is standing still, one cannot probe the "fin" of cartilage, because it is
hidden under muscle bulk. It can be extremely damaged and can cause                             Figure 7
lameness which is never diagnosed, because it can not be palpated when the
horse is standing square.

How to: Have a helper stand in front of the horse and elevate the front hoof (leg straight) to normal
extension, such as during extended trot or gait. Firmly probe the rear of the shoulder blade now. Often,
horses which showed no soreness when standing square, nearly go to the ground when probed on this
otherwise hidden cartilage of prolongation.




                                                                                    Figure 10

      Figure 8
                                                               Figure 9



Figure 8: Find rear edge of the scapula with your fingertips

Figure 9: Trace around the scapula with a piece of chalk or spit on your finger and wipe the wetness onto
the shoulder for a visual outline

Figure 10: Have a helper elevate and extend the foreleg and again find the rear of the scapula, tracing
around it. Notice how far the scapula has rotated to the rear. Be sure your saddle doesn’t interfere with
this rotation.

Conclusion: If, after studying these methods carefully and applying them and you cannot illicit any
response from your horse, even when probing his natural reflex points, you can be sure your horse has
severe long-term issues. He is locked up and is blocking all stimuli. Therefore, contact a professional for
      further assistance.
 96                                      HILL VIEW FARMS • 866-723-5937
                                   S ADDLING BASICS           continued

                                   Discover What a Saddle Should Be
  The purpose of a saddle is to offer the rider support and to distribute the rider’s weight - efficiently
                                         over a large surface area.
The Delrin spring panels are positioned between the hard tree and the horse. These thin flexible panels are
attached to the tree with mountings that provide a ball and socket effect allowing the skirts to flex at
different angles from front to rear. (When the horse turns the panel flexes in an arc on the side of the turn
and straightens on the opposite side). The panels move with the horse, allowing freedom of movement,
preventing painful pressure points which can be the cause of bad behavior, resistance to training and poor
performance. A rider will never know how it feels to be saddled but still wants the horse to be as
comfortable as possible.

To check saddle fit you need TWO people. Begin
saddling by using a thin pillowcase or no pad at all.
Check for clearance between the tree and spine of the
horse. One person can now mount up. The other will
re-check for spine clearance as well as clearance
between the tree and the panels. The person on the
ground will slide their hand under the front middle and
rear of the saddle (both sides), checking for even
pressure as the horse is moved in a figure 8 pattern.
                                       Notice that the           Notice how the saddlelooks uneven
                                       saddle without a        without weight in the saddle. With the
                                       rider         sits      rider in the saddle, no pad or shims the
                                       uneven, as the         saddle fit was perfect. We then added the
                                       panels in a                           pad and rode.
                                       natural state will
                                       be straight. It is ONLY when weight is in the saddle that the panels
                                                           will conform to the horses back. For details
                      After a 3-hour ride, a perfect
                                                           saddle fitting and palpation purchase the all
                      sweat pattern (horse had no
                       prior issues). We palpated          about saddling video on page 10 .
                      before and after riding and
                      the horse passed saddle fit        Different and changing back shapes!
                              evaluation.




                                                Colina at start
                                               of riding season




            Wide withers
             and back
                                                     Photo is flipped
                                                       as a mirror
                                                          image.




                                                            Colina at end of riding season
                                      Above is, Colina age 3 at the start of the riding season, then after
                                         five months of riding and maturing. Look how her top-line and
                                       withers have changed. I never had to change or adjust my saddle.
                                        It did it all on it’s own. Young horses will continue to change and
                                         grow until the age of approximately 5 years, after that they will
                                      change but more slowly as they mature, age, gain and loose weight.
      Asymmetrical, narrow            Therefore, as a responsible horse owner you must make sure your
     withers that will require         saddle fits your horse as he changes throughout the year and
           shimming.                                          through his years of life.                 97
                              S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY S ADDLES ™

                        Ask yourself... Why do I want a flexible panel system?
This question is easy to answer. Experts tell us that approximately 80 to 90% – perhaps even more – of
all horses have back problems. Unqualified riders may cause some of the problem, but the overwhelming
majority are due to ill-fitting saddles. Some riders may think this figure too high, but this is probably
because many riders are completely unaware of the problems their horses are suffering from. Saddle
pressure is still often equated with the appearance of white hair, swelling, edema and dry spots.

By the time these symptoms appear, saddle pressure limits may already have been exceeded and irrevo-
cable damage already been done to the horse’s tissue. Saddle pressure begins much earlier. To recognize it
(and to be willing to recognize it), the rider must observe the horse and judge its actions and reactions. A
little prodding and probing of the horse’s body will give the best chance of finding and localizing prob-
lems. This procedure of physical palpation is far more advantageous than anything on the market. It is
more accurate and economical than any computer measurement. It is easy too. It is hands on, right now,
right there with your horse.

Some riders choose not to acknowledge these problems, for if they did, they might have a troubled
conscience – not to mention problems with animal welfare legislation. But there are also many that
recognize that their horse has some sort of problem with its existing saddle. However, instead of address-
ing the cause, they soothe their conscience with a variety of products such as; wonder pads, gel pads, air-
ride pads, layers of sheepskin, shock absorbers, and many other forms of "fixes." Clearly the rider is
trying, even if the effort is halfhearted.

To find a real solution, one must deal with the root of the problem. We begin with purely theoretical
considerations about the effects of an inflexible object, like a saddle on a horse’s very agile back. Logically,
how can we expect that a stiff object such as a saddle be able to fit a free moving horses back?
          Let us take a close look at the dynamics of this rigid tree saddle.




  As your horse stands, with its head up he has a slightly bent back, which a rigid saddle may bridge,
         leaving a gap in the center of the back, putting pressure on the four corners of the saddle.
  When your horse turns, one side becomes shorter and the other longer. A conventional saddle cannot
              adapt to this movement, and this results in increased pressure at certain points.
   A horse with its head lowered has a relatively straight spine. As with a horse that move down hill,
                     more pressure is place on the front edges of a conventional saddle.
  Therefore conventional saddles will always produce certain pressure points-at some time-at
                   some point, depending on the basic shape of the saddletree. Fact.
  Have you ever considered fastening two wooden boards on your back? Imagine this if you can, after
 tying them nice and tight, just try to bend and move in all directions. No matter how wonderfully the
  boards are cut and shaped you will, no doubt, be very uncomfortable. This is no different from what
horse feels with a rigid saddle. Worse still,) weight of a rider is piled onto the horse. Sit on your horse
  sometime without a saddle and ride a short distance. Look down and notice how the scapula rotates,
  how your horse’s whole back flexes and changes shape with each step. Now, think back about those
                                              imaginary boards.
 You can check your present saddle by putting it on your horse (without any extra pads to hide a true
   fit) and slipping your hands right under the supporting surface (for example, on the front, rear and
 center). Then check it with someone sitting in the saddle. You will probably pinch your fingers and it
will be uncomfortable. The situation for your horse is exactly the same as for your fingers! What your
                                     feel is what your horse feels. Fact.
This realization should make it clear to everyone that something as inflexible as a saddle can
            never really work together with something very flexible like a horse’s back.
But this is only the movement problem. Problems actually begin much earlier. They begin with the fact
   that horse backs come in an infinite number of shapes, with different shoulders, different withers,
different muscle structure, etc. This is why the saddle industry has produced so many different saddle
 tree patterns (about 8-15), nearly all ready-made sizes. But will these ready-made tree sizes really fit
 your horse? Take a look at how many different horse types you can see in the pastures, regardless of
             whether they are all the same breed or not. Can you really believe a saddle or saddle tree
 98                              manufacturer could provide for all that variation?
                        S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                Continued

                                           Allow me to share with
                                           you just two of our 15+
                                         riding horses. You can see
                                         how different their withers
                                             are, how wide their
                                          shoulders are, how dippy
                                         their backs are, how long/
                                         short their backs are, how
                                         fast the croup rises up. As
                                           you look at the photos,




 you can see that not just any saddle will work, for both horses, allowing the horse complete freedom of
                   movement. You can ONLY achieve this with a the system X Delrin Panel.
       So how can the traditional saddling industry, tree and saddle makers possibly cover all these
  variations? Truth is, they can't. At best, they offer only a handful of saddle tree patterns to choose
    from, and your horse must conform to those few choices. That is like saying that you must only
select a pair of pants to wear from only 4 sizes. Really now.... So are you so sure that your horse will
                                          fit into that one tree size?
  Now that we have established the fundamental variation in horse backs, we still have the problem of
     how the shape of a horse changes with movement. And, finally, the same horse is continuously
  changing over the course of its life! As the result of growth, aging, training, conditioning, feeding, etc.
                                    its contours are constantly evolving.
  This last point alone means you need to alter a production saddle or acquire a new one six to twelve
                    times over the course of a horse’s life. A very costly matter indeed.
    If all of this was not bad enough, another structural problem now arises, the pressure load on the
   horse’s body resulting from the rider’s weight. From medicine, we know that pressure of more than
105 grams per square centimeter [24 oz. per square inch] damages and can destroy organic tissue. Let's
 take a look for example at an English saddle: an average English saddle has a supporting surface on the
 horse’s body of approximately 440 square centimeters [27 square inches]. Now, we put another 75 kg
  [165 lb.] onto the saddle – the rider. This gives us a load of 170 grams per square centimeter [39 oz.
     per square inch]. Acceleration, gravitation, etc may at least double this value during movement,
                           producing a load of 340 g/cm2 [78 oz. per square inch].
Let's repeat this sample calculation with a western saddle. An average western saddle has a supporting
  surface of 620 cm2 [96 sq. in.]. Let's take our 75-kg rider again, giving us a load of 121 g/cm2 [28 oz.
   per square inch], or 242 g/cm2 [55 oz. per square inch] during movement. These values are valid for
    contact over 100% of the supporting area. As we know however, the horse alters its shape during
movement, making this 100% completely impossible to attain. Even if you add at least 1/4 to the load,
 your calculations will still be very much skewed in favor of
 the saddle. Now, think back to that 105-gram [24 oz.] limit
                            once again.
      So for review, any activity that involves concussion
(jumping, posting, etc,) will effectively double or even triple
    the rider's weight. What is that doing to our pound per
square inch? Are we causing damage? The only way to know
                         is by palpation.
      So What Is the Solution to All These Problems?
 A flexible saddle tree? This was out of the question, since it
 would not solve the basic problem of fitting the horse AND
   providing a stable seat for the rider. It should not be like
       sitting on a sponge. But that would be the logical               Custer
  consequence if the saddle tree were to actually follow the             South
 horse’s movement. Another effect would be a sagging of the
                                                                        Dakota
 tree, which would in turn concentrate the weight on certain                                              99
                        S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                    Continued

 points especially the spine The final point against the flexible tree was that it would not have a large
                 enough supporting surface to meet our – or rather the horse’s – needs.

    An adjustable saddle (bars & gullet)? Well yes, not such a bad idea but here again it would still be
  subject to the basic constraints of fitting it to the horse. Also, any adjustment reaches a limit at some
     point, not to mention that in this case the "normal rider" is always dependent on assistance from
   others (saddle dealers). In addition, we did not want something that is calibrated but something that
changes continuously. First, because there are almost infinite variations among horses, but also because
   these variations are gradual and not divided into standardized sizes. These comments also apply of
 course to these interesting variations of "saddle systems" that work with individually added padding.
  Custom made saddles? On the basis of all these considerations, we rejected the idea of custom-made
saddles from the beginning. Even a custom-made saddle can only in the best-case scenario, fit the horse
           100% in a standing position, and then only with respect to the horse’s present state.
     A treeless saddle? Also not such a great idea. With this, there is no need to take the traditional fit
 parameters into account. But there remains the problem of uneven, selective weight distribution. And
    the added problem of the pressure load on the spiny processes, because a treeless "saddle" cannot
                                              keep this area clear.
                               The solution is brilliant if not quite simple
A saddle in which the supporting surface is independent of the saddle tree, automatically conforms to the
greatest variety of horses, is able to adapt to the horse during movement, and is large enough to distribute
the weight over an area that is more than sufficient. Thus the purpose of a saddle... To offer the rider
support while distributing the riders weight over a large surface area.

This was the beginning of the various systems that revolutionized the panel saddle. With the System X
there is a strong, inflexible tree as a "chassis" to give the rider the desired stability. Mounts are attached
to this tree to connect it to the panels. These mounts are shaped to allow the panel to move in all three
dimensions (up, down, side-to-side)– independently of the tree! In order to guarantee that the weight is
distributed over the whole panel, we have chosen a material that is very smooth and flexible - Delrin. At
the same time, it is strong enough to distribute the force over the entire surface. This was very important,
because only in this way will it work as a whole. Of course, there are many saddles "out there" that
resemble these panels, where the panels give way in the front and behind, but they are not really able to
actually distribute the weight. All other saddles – whether flexible or traditional – have one thing in
common: you ride these saddles on the bars of the saddle tree, which is the source of the problems.

Finally, let us repeat the calculations we have just done of the load per square centimeter [inch] on the
horse’s back. Our saddles have an average supporting area of 2088 cm2 [324 sq. in.]. This means that the
calculations result in values of 35 or 70 g/cm2 [20 or 40 oz. per sq. in.]. And since our panels join in the
movement, we don’t need to make any reductions in the supporting surface. We are obviously far below
the 105-gram limit. As you can see it is it is actually quite easy to build a saddle that is truly horse friendly.
                       The Construction and Operation of the System X panel
In this section, we present the "inner lives" of our panels in simple sketched form. The illustrations are
   partially schematic, intended to merely show you the basic principles of our construction. We have
 omitted representations of the padding, etc. The operational principle is based on simple exploitation
    of the laws of mechanics and physics and is essentially quite simple and logical. Nevertheless, the
 application of these simple physical laws to saddle construction has required many years of intensive
                                              development work.
      This is a cross section showing the panel construction. You can see that it has a multi-layered
structure. This is very important, because only in this way is it possible to distribute the load over the
  entire surface. A single-layer panel, as found under other flexible panel saddles, is flexible only in the
  ends. It looks nice, but it doesn’t distribute the rider’s weight. You ride such saddles – like any other
 saddle – on the bars of the saddle tree. If connected with joints, a single-layered panel could even have
  disastrous effects. The joints could push through and cause uneven loads in certain places. With our
 saddles, the tree and supporting surface are independent. Although panel and tree form one unit, they
  are isolated from each other. This means that the supporting surface on the horse can assume a shape
                                  quite different from the shape of the tree.




100                                  HILL VIEW FARMS • 866-723-5937
                      S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                 Continued

When placed on the horse’s back and carrying the rider’s weight, the panels follow the laws of mechanics
and are forced to conform to the horse’s contour. This will result in flush contact over the entire surface
with even pressure distribution, and even during movement the panels adapt to the constantly changing
shape of the horse’s back. When placed on the horse’s back and carrying the rider’s weight, the panels
follow the laws of mechanics and are forced to conform to the horse’s contour. This will result in flush
contact over the entire surface with even pressure distribution, and even during movement the panels
adapt to the constantly changing shape of the horse’s back.
                                                 Shown Left:
                                            Are the panels in initial
                                            condition, with no load.
                                            Notice the huge weight
                                                 bearing area.

                                                 Shown Right:
                                                 Here you see a
                                                   simulated
                                             representation of how
                                            the panel conforms to a
                                               horse’s bent back.

                                              The panel ends are
   extremely pliable so as not to hinder the horse’s lateral movements and turns. This also prevents
                                     interference with the scapula.




 With a slender horse, for example, the panel would assume this angle. Here, on one side, we simulate
   the angle for a wide horse. In this shape, the panel can conform to a horse with extremely wide
        shoulders. This is my hand on the front edge of the panel without a rider in the saddle.




                                             YES... This is a
                                          system that can fit
                                           a wide variety of
                                            back shapes and
                                            allow you to go
                                           freely from horse
                                         to horse with little
                                            to no additional
                                           adjusting by you,
 the customer. With this system on the incredible inserts, there is more than enough room for even the
                         most distinctive, widest withers under these saddles.
          Using Cathy’s dining room table to further illustrate this incredible system.

                                           Mutton or high
                                           withers? ‘A’ frame,
                                           wide, short or long
                                           backed? Flat or
                                           sway back, slab
                                           sided or round?
                                                                                                      101
                       S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                  Continued




                                             Broad, deformed or knobby
                                                shoulder? Flat top line,
                                             mule or roach backed, high
                                               croop, angled or broad ?
                                       All can be fitted, going horse to
                                     horse with the Evolutionary Saddle
                                         ™ with little to no adjusting by you.
                                    The tree makes system, Narrow thin,
                                    strong bars with flaired ends allow free
                                    movement of the System X panels that give
                                    the rider close contact. Just 1.25 inches from
the back of the horse to the bar of the saddle. Add a pad that is 1/4 to 1/2 inch
thick and then compare that to ANY other saddle. Due to that flair, on a flat backed horse the saddle when
viewed from the rear, can sure look high off of the horses back.
The panels-Made of Delrin (a Dupont product) are very flexible. This
synthetic material is both heat and cold resistant and extremely sturdy.
Right is a panel shown with out an encasement and with the
encasement. The encasement is used on all saddles that do not have a
traditional western skirt. This encasement is tough it is the same
material used on the Ranch Handler water & muck carts and the
fabulous kangaroo feed bags. (The panels that we produce are beefy
and built to last. Each panel with the mounting hardware weights 2
pounds each! So a pair of panels is 4 lbs., which actually weigh as
much as the saddle tree it self.) Right is a close up of the stainless steel
slide plate and the nickel/aluminum rivets that are used. Also the back
side of a panel that is not encased. Under this foam layer is another
layer called the backer layer that keeps the washers in place and
working. It also keeps the hardware counter sunk so that absolutely no
pressure spots will ever appear nor will the bolt that holds the panel into the
insert ever fall free from the panel. This panel with the Stainless Steel Slide
plate- is produced on an ultramodern water jet CNC (computer number controlled) cutter. An expensive
procedure, but hard to out do for accuracy. The panel has cuts and feathering in the top area along the spinal
processes of the withers –allowing for a softer fit. The front of the panels are rounded and feathered,
designed for a scapula overlap of up to 3 inches- if needed for short backed horses, making it comfortable
for all different types of back shapes. In the front area, 1 the panel is built in the form of slats. This
permits an extra soft shoulder rotation. The slats extend as far as the withers area, 2 so horses with
extremely wide withers never feel too much pressure on this area. The second layer of the panel3 overlaps
with the slats from the first layer. This permits a transfer of the forces to the subsequent layer and also
a simultaneous distribution to the center of the panel. The remaining course4 of the panel construction
guarantees an optimal distribution over the entire surface. The distribution thus takes place in several
"stages." In this way, we for example prevent leverage on the panel from causing excess pressure on the
                                                            opposite side for horses with very wide shoulder
                                                            areas. This gives us an even fluid distribution of
                                                            forces. Through the choice of different material
                                                            strengths for each layer, we also avoid the
                                                            possibility of partially appearing pressure
                                                            points. Also developed is a particular design for
                                                            each layer in the rear area5 as well. This special
 102                                                        shape guarantees an optimal weight distribution
                                                            over the entire panel – even in the middle.
                       S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                  Continued

                                              State of the art technology. The saddle trees are designed
                                              for the panel and the panels are designed for horse. No shims
                                              used in fitting these backs! Perfect sweat patterns on them
                                              both. Horses and mules, gaited or non-gaited benefit from
                                              an Eolutionary Saddle. TM (A name that will continue to
                                              reflect technological growth and change.) With the panel now
                                              perfected, the mounting insert or how it is connected to the
                                              saddle tree is critical in the articulation of the panel. The
                                              insert design of the System X operates as a true ball and
                                              socket or ball bearing. This combined with the specially
                                              designed radius of the washers including the oil impregnated
                                                bronze washers used in the rear slot assembly, delivers
                                                pure fluidly of motion to the panel so that it can conform
                                                to the different widths of the horse. The panel thus
                                                independently produces the classic fit parameters like
                                                gullet width, flair, twist, rocker, etc. The flexibility of the
                                                material also helps it to further nestle against every curve.

                                Production Details: Distance, leisure and
                                western saddles all have tab "girth keepers"
                                for attaching the girth when the saddle is not
                                in use. English and Endurance saddle models
                                that have English rigging come standard with
                                the girth and stirrup strap to hook up the
                                               stirrups. This way your shins
                                               will not get banged when
                                               carrying your saddle. You can
                                               choose (If available for your particular model) between the
                                               comfortable standard seat containing 1/2 inch of neoprene or
  Standard                Soft-Seat            select the soft-seat. The soft-seat is comprised of two
                                               materials, first is the 1/4 inch of neoprene padding followed
      seat                                     by 3/4 inch of thick foam that is ergonomically sculpted for
                                               the riders butt. This special high density (HR #26) foam, not
                                               only has the best spring-back, but also the longest life
                                               expectancy (20 plus years) in the industry. There are some
                                               points to consider when deciding to select the Soft Seat
option. First, you will lose some of the seat room. If you are between sizes use this to help gauge your
seat size. Secondly when you select the Soft Seat, you will lose a bit of the "pocket" to sit down in. Lastly,
with the Soft Seat, the saddle will have a bit of a narrower twist. The twist is the part that is between your
upper thighs. Therefore, if you like a narrower twist, have bony buttocks or need a smaller seat size,
adding the extra padding of the Soft Seat is key

                                Variable Girth System: These
                                saddles will come with he
                                dropped cross-center fire ring
                                rigging, allowing you to have
                                Full, 7/8th, 3/4, centered and
                                anywhere in-between. This
                                lightweight strong nylon lock n’
slide rigging eliminates bulk under your thigh and allows you to adjust your girth
placement up to six inches in all directions and you can moderately adjust your
rigging up and down to match your girth and pad length. Saving the expense of
purchasing multiple cinches. You have it all plus some, with this 6,000 lbs, test
strength per inch rigging. Added to the nylon rigging we have a cosmetic leather
rigging flap on those saddles that use a fender. This allows for the fender to move
smoothly forward and back. Also available upon request will be the performance rigging that will have just
two adjustments for girth placement, but will allow lateral support for cutting cow
horses and barrel racers. With any of the riggings shown, combined with our no-
strain knee fenders on western saddles and the comfort flaps on English. One can ride
all day in the saddle, get off and feel just as good as they did when they mounted up.

Stirrup Hanger Bar: All English and endurance saddles will come standard with a
stainless steel hanger bracket that will accommodate both one inch and 2-inch
leathers.With 1- inch leathers the rider will be able to select between three different                  103
leg positions and two positions when using a 2-inch leather for exact leg placement.
                       S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                   Continued

                  Stitching and Edging: We strive
                  to make every detail as perfect as
                  the next. We use twist thread #207
                  with #24 needle and never less
                  than 6 stitches per inch. We make
sure every piece of leather is edged, burnished, died
and waxed.
                                                                                               Shoreline
Tooling: Border tooing is available. Price $150.00
                                                                                                Raindrop

                                                                                                     Aztec

                                                                                         Forest Floor

                                                                                          Mayan Rope

                                                                                             Aztec Dot

                                                                                                    Comet




                                                        The leather: In making our saddles we may use up
                                                        to 7 various combinations of types and grades of
                                                        leather. We use mostly drum dyed, vegetable (tree
                                                        bark, leaves, nuts and fruit) tanned, chromium
                                                        (mineral) tanned and a combination of both
vegetable and chromium tanned leather called “boot” or Latigo leather. We use grade A – top grain or full
grain leather - which has been hot stuffed or milled (the highest quality on the market) as much as possible
– this includes the English bridle and garment leather. The weights used in this leather range from 3 to 12
oz dependent upon where it is being used on the saddle. This leather is purchased from USA tanneries,
using USA grown cattle hides. Only the Garment leather is imported, as that process has now gone
overseas. We order our leather in half-hides and use the various parts of the hide for specific areas on the
saddle. This includes hides from the back or crop, shoulder, neck, head, butt or bend, side or dosset and
belly leather. Each part of the hide reacts and performs differently and so we match varying performance
qualities from one single half side of hide to the different parts of our saddles. As for the color of leather,
we have two color selections, a Havana or dark brown and Black. These selections can be altered to offer
the rider a two-tone saddle, such as a brown saddle with a black seat. In many western saddles/tack, no
dye is used and the leather is left natural with oils such as peanut, olive, animal fats etc., used to darken
it to a honey or amber color. However, these un-dyed saddles will continually change to a darker color
when exposed to sunlight, cleaning, elements of the weather and the daily wear of riding. The saddle, in
time, will not be recognizable as the same saddle color you purchased as every mud and sweat spot will
                          show. The seat and leg area of your saddle will also become several shades darker
                          than the rest of your saddle. This inconsistency in color is unacceptable to us
                          and therefore not offered for our saddles.

                          Standard for Encased panels -are Saddle Sox: Saddle Sox replace traditional
                          saddle pads. Slip them on your panels like a pair of socks; ride them as long as
                          you like, slip them off for laundering as you would a pair of jeans. Unlike saddle
                                       pads, they cannot become tight over the spine, allow airflow down
                                       the middle of the saddle & they can’t wrinkle or slip off. Designed
                                       very thin, as no additional padding needed under the comfortable
                                       panels. (page 47)

                                      Stirrups and Stirrup Leathers: A selection of stirrups are offered
                                      dependent upon the riders needs. (page 57) For saddles that do not
                                      have a fender, you can select either the 1-inch leathers, which are
                                      backed with nylon webbing to prevent stretching, or the 2-inch
104                                   biothane leathers. Both come with buckles at the bottom and a
                                      leather cover to prevent unpleasant bruises on your shins.
                       S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                Continued

                        Hardware and Silver: Saddles come with all of the necessary
                      fittings in stainless steel. (breast, crupper and accessory D-rings,)
                         Western saddles include conchos, footman loops and keepers.
                      Type and number of fittings varies according to saddle model and
                            rider request. Montana Silver with the Montana Armor.
     Montana Armor will protect your silvers brilliance and all that is needed is an
occasional wipe with a dam cloth to maintain the brilliance guaranteed. Do not use any
  chemical or abrasive cleaner on Montana Armor. We selected to carry the full line of
Flash Cut – diamond edge Concho. These are not the lower end concho’s but the upper
   middle. These concho’s have extraordinary beauty, with brilliant shine and lovely
                detail. We welcome custom orders, to see availably go to
                               www.montantasilversmiths.com
Solid Concho 1.5 inch with wood screw adapter: Item # C145 - Price $8.40
Slotted Concho 1.5 inch. Item # C145 - Price $8.40
Button Concho 3/4 inch with wood screw adapter Item # C142 - Price $5.00
Breast Collar Center Ring Concho 2 inch. Item # C147 - Price $20.00
Breast Collar Arm Concho 1 inch. Item # C143 - Price $5.50
Bridle Loop Concho 1.25 inch. Item # C144 BL - Price $6.90
Bit End Concho 5/8th inch sold as a pair. Item # C141 BE - Price $4.90 a pair.
Horn Cap Concho 2 inches. Item # C147 HC - Price $12.30
Horn Cap Concho 2.25 inch for Engraving. Item # HC21 - Price $18.50
Cantle Plate for Engraving 11/16 x 4.25 inches. Item # CP20 - Price $42.00
Black Enamel Engraving. Item # your name - Price is $1.15 per letter.
Brass: Select Brass fittings for your custom saddle. - Price $50.00

Girths, Breastcollars & Headstalls: Pages 20, 11 & 35. Are
available to match your saddle.

The Saddle Trees: Are cut using CNC machines for reliable consistency and covered with fiberglass
cloth and layered with resins. This is sprayed with a complete all in one sealer that deters corrosion,
abrasion, weather and ware. The trees made by Precision Manufacturing will offer a 5-year warrantee,
limited to the normal and proper use of the product. The saddle tree will come with System X panels.
A Western saddle has a horn on the fork and a well. We have two selections of the western saddle tree of
which four models are built off of.
The Endurance saddle is a cross between a western and English saddle. It has no saddle horn but does have
a well. We offer two-tree style on which we build six saddle models.
The English saddle has neither a fork, a well or a saddle horn. Instead it has a pommel. We have two tree
selections on which we build four saddle models. The pack saddle tree (a rawlide tree), which we make one
style of packsaddle from. This tree has a fork but no horn or well.

Western Trees: Right are the western trees. Left is a tree
with a slick fork. This tree will make the Caliente and Liberty
Saddle. Right is the tree that has undercut swells and will
make the Working Trail and Break Out saddle.

                                         Endurance Trees:
                                         (a tree with a well):
                                         Left is this photo.
                                         The tree to the left will make the Officer, Express, Freedom and
                                         Western Endurance Saddles. The tree to the right (the McClellan
                                         tree), will make the Battery and the Captain saddle.

                                         Left: Iis a photo comparing one of the
                                         Endurance trees with the Western
                                         Caliente/Liberty Tree. Shown right:
                                         is the pack saddle tree.

                                         English Trees: Below left is the tree
                                                                            that will make the Cutback
                                                                            and Jumping/Cross Training
                                                                            saddle. The other tree will
                                                                            make the Pleasure Plantation
                                                                            and Dressage Saddle.
                                                                                                    105
                S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                  Continued

                     Price, Performance, Quality: Tauer
                     Manufacturing and Hill View Farms ®
                     cannot be more proud, for it is here that
                     you will find the best quality functional
                     saddle at an affordable price which is
                     made and assembled in the United
                     States. Evolutionary Saddles™, are
                     engineered to fit horses and mules,
                     regardless of shape or size, this system
        Don Tauer    flexes to fit most animals. Gullet size,                  Dennis Wersal
         (owner)     twist, flare, and rocker are all addressed,               Saddle Builder
           The       while distributing the rider’s weight,                      and Shop
         Battery     allowing       complete     freedom      of                 Manager
          Saddle     movement for the
                          animal’s
Rhea Tauer                back       and
  (sales)                 shoulders.
 Made in                  3 0 - d a y
 the USA                  m o n e y
                          b a c k
                          satisfaction
                          guarantee.                                            Sonia Tauer
                                                                                 (model and
                            It is an                                               labor)
                          honor and
                          a privilege

                          ThankYou

                                                                                Barb Wersal
                                                                               Seamstress and
                                                                               Store Manager




 Cathy Tauer (president) Packed for a 4-
    day Bob Marshall, MT adventure                  Store and Manufacturing Building




106
                       S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                   Continued




The Ultimate Pack Saddle: Tested over 90 miles of non-stop riding in the Montana wilderness, this re-
engineered packsaddle by Evolutionary saddles will fit today’s horses and mules. Attached to the Ralide®
pack tree are the amazing System X panels which spread the dead-weight load across the pack animal’s
back, preventing pressure points, soreness, and galls. This saddle will clear even the tallest of withers. Also
added is the freely adjustable slide n’ lock rigging, allowing easy repositioning of the rigging –up and down;
forward and back - balance the load and to position the girth to avoid galling. The neoprene girth features
stainless steel roller buckles, allowing for easy and fast tightening and has a pocket to tuck away the billet
straps to protect the animal’s sides. Dee rings are strategically placed on the tree to allow for a perfect-
fitting pack load. Included are Saddle Sox™, which is a pad that stays attached to the packsaddle (but can
easily removed and laundered). This pad does not bunch or slip, thus avoiding bruising of the animal’s spine
or withers or causing galls. Made to order. Order form on line.
                                                      Price $800.00




 Packs, Tubs, Curpper, Breeching pg. 26
    Breastcollar pg. 11 Girth pg. 20
               Bags pg. 5
                                                                                                          107
             Rentals available
                       S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                  Continued


                   The Caliente                       The Caliente: Built on the same tree as the Liberty
                     Saddle                           this style is by far the most popular trail riding west-
                                                      ern saddle! The Classic Caliente spells comfort. A
                                                      contemporary design featuring tear drop fenders,
                                                      straight cantle binding, a slick fork and a deep seat
                                                      pocket gives the rider comforting lower back support
                                                      for the all day ride. Another attribute of this saddle is
                                                      the formed foam thigh rolls. These rolls are more
                                                      forgiving the hard wooden swells of a traditional tree
                                                      if your mule or horse makes some sudden unexpected
                                                      moves. The nicely padded soft-seat uses both uphol-
                                                      stery and neoprene foams, hand skived and shaped
                                                      to an anatomically correct shape with no stitching
                                                      lines that can rub you raw. This saddle is popular
                                                      with all breeds and types of horses and mules too!
                                                      The round skirt design gives it ability to fit the vari-
                                                      ous back shapes – long and short, dippy and straight.
                                                      This saddle has a narrow to moderate twist that al-
                                                      lows the rider to ride all day long without getting
                                                      fatigued in the knees and hips. Another plus for this
                                                      saddle is the easy free flowing movement of the fend-
                         Made to order                ers that virtually eliminate the problems that some
                                                      folks have with their legs and feet falling asleep. As
                                                      for security, it is all there. The ultra thin tree and
                                                      advance panel design allows the rider a next-to and
                                                      down-on the (horse secure seat. Oh… and don’t for-
                                                     get that horn… you can really use it. Great for pony-
                                                     ing young stock along, yet low enough where you will
                                                     not easily get impaled. In closing, the only difference
                                                     between the Caliente and the Liberty is that the
                                                     Caliente has the blocking Base Price $2,495.00
                With Silver




Seat size: 15, 16 and 17 inch
                                                                            Loaded
Weight: Aprox. 23, 24 & 26 lbs.
Panel length: 22.7, 23.77 & 24.77 inches. All
designed for up to a 3-inch scapula overlap.
Skirt length: 25, 26 & 27 inches as panels is
inside and there is the seam allowance.
Bar length: 20, 21 & 22 for 15, 16 & 17 seat
Saddle color: Black, Brown or Two-tone.
Seat type: Black or Brown Upholstery Cow-
hide, smooth or Suede.
Seat style: ½ inch smooth padding or the one-
inch Soft-Seat
Blocking: Yes
Fork: Slick – 3 1/2" high and 8" wide at base
(total height to top of horn measured from base
seat is 6 inches)
Horn: 2" High and Cap 2 3/8 inches
Cantle: measured from inside the seat 4 1/2"
high (varies with seat padding) and 13" wide with straight cantle binding. Height measured at back of cantle
is 4 inches.
Skirts: Round contoured with fleece lining or encased panels
Fenders: Round tear drop 8" wide backed with boot leather.
Leather rosettes: 1 ¼ and 1 3/4 inch.
Hardware: All Stainless Steel. Rings, Dee's and Footman loops: Specify quantity and where to place.
Rigging: Dropped cross fire with adjustable Stainless Steel sliders and rings with latigo and nylon rein-
       forced off billet
 108 All About Saddling DVD and Leather Care Kit: Yes                        www.Hillviewfarms.com
      Additional options: Available - order form on line.
                      S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                Continued

The Liberty: Built on the same tree as the
                                                                                 The Liberty
Caliente, this style is by far the most popular
                                                                                   Saddle
trail riding western saddle bar none! The Lib-
erty spells comfort. With a contemporary
design featuring) tear drop fenders, straight
cantle binding, a slick fork and a deep seat
pocket that gives comforting lower back sup-
port for the all day ride. This saddle is popular
with all breeds and types of horses and mules
too! The round skirt design gives it ability to
fit the various back shapes – long and short,
dippy and straight. This saddle has a narrow
to moderate twist allowing the rider to ride all
day long without getting fatigued in the knees
and hips. The nicely padded soft-seat uses
both upholstery and neoprene foam, is hand
skived and shaped to be anatomically correct,
has no stitching lines that can rub you raw.
Another plus for this saddle is the easy free
flowing movement of the fenders that virtu-
ally eliminates problems with legs and feet fall-
ing asleep. As for security, it is all there. The
ultra thin tree and advance panel design allow
the rider a next-to and down on the horse se-
                                                                      www.Hillviewfarms.com
cure seat. Oh… and don’t forget that horn…
you can really use it: great for ponying young stock
yet low enough to be generally out of the way, reduc-
ing the chance of having the horn get caught up in
clothing. The only difference between the Liberty and
the Caliente is the Liberty does not have the blocking.
Base Price $2,495.00 Made to order.

Seat size: 15, 16 and 17 inch                                         The Liberty
Weight: Aprox. 23, 24 and 26 lbs.
Panel length: 22.7, 23.77 and 24.77 inches. All de-
signed for up to a 3-inch scapula overlap.
Skirt length: 25, 26 and 27 inches as panels is inside
and there is the seam allowance.
Bar length: 20, 21 and 22 for 15, 16 and 17 inch seats
Saddle color: Black, Brown or Two-tone.
Seat type: Black or Brown Upholstery Cowhide, smooth or Suede.
Seat style: ½ inch smooth padding or the one-inch Soft-Seat
Blocking: None
Fork: Slick – 3 1/2" high and 8" wide at base (total height to top of       The soft-seat with no
horn measured from base seat is 6 inches)                                  stitcing lines that take
Horn: 2" High and Cap 2 3/8 inches                                        away softness and make
Cantle: measured from inside the seat 4 1/2" high (varies with seat           cleaning difficult.
padding) and 13" wide with straight cantle binding. Height measured
at back of cantle is 4 inches.
Skirts: Round contoured with fleece lining or encased panels
Fenders: Round tear drop 8" wide backed with boot leather.
Leather rosettes: 1 ¼ and 1 3/4 inch.
Hardware: All Stainless Steel. Rings, Dee's and Footman loops: Specify quantity and where to place.
Rigging: Dropped cross fire with adjustable Stainless Steel sliders and rings with latigo and nylon rein-
                                                   forced off billet.
                                                   Saddle Pad: Saddle sox standard when saddle is
                                                   ordered with encased panels: In black or brown
                                                   codura with synthetic fleece or tacky tack.
                                                   All About Saddling DVD and Leather Care Kit:
                                                   Yes
                                                   Additional options: Available - order form on line.

                                                     The Caliente and Liberty Saddle
                                                   The ONLY difference is the blocking.             109
                        S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™               Continued

The Working Trail: A classic western saddle fea-
turing a low reining style fork with moderate under
cut swells that is topped off with a practical horn
makes this western trail saddle great for roping and
extremely versatile. With a compact design this
saddle will perform on any breed of horse, from
Arabians to mules; from the narrowest thorough-
breds to the widest flat backed Quarter horses. This
saddle also makes a super youth saddle. It is perfect
to keep from over-powering a small rider or from
covering a horse from tail to ears This saddle is nar-
rower through the twist than traditional saddle mod-
els, and the seat is slightly dished to the cantle to
make (this saddle comfortable for the all day ride.
As for show, just jazz it up with a little extra silver
and you have yourself a beautiful western show
saddle. So whether in the show ring, on the trial or
even working cows this is the perfect all around
classic western saddle. Base Price $2,495.00

Seat size: 15, 16 and 17 inch
Weight: 24, 25 and 26 lbs.
Panel length: 22.7 inches on 15 inch seat: 23.77
inches on 16 inch seat and 24.77 inches on a 17 inch
seat. All designed for up to a 3-inch scapula overlap                           Made to order
Bar length: 20, 21 and 22 for 15, 16 & 17 inch seats
Saddle color: Black, Brown or two tone
Seat type: Black or Brown Upholstery Cowhide
either smooth or suede.
Seat style: ½ inch padding or the one-inch Soft-Seat
Fork: 12" wide and 3" high with leg notch in swells
(total height to top of horn measured from base seat
is 6 inches)
Horn: 2 1/2" high and cap is 1 7/8 "
Cantle: 4 " high as measured from inside the seat                      Silver added
and 13" wide with Cheyenne roll. Height measured at
back of cantle is 3 inches.
Skirts: Semi-square with fleece lining
Fenders: Round bottom 9 inches wide backed with
boot leather.
Leather rosettes: Yes at 1 ¼ and 1 3/4 inch.
Hardware: All Stainless Steel. Rings, Dee's and Footman loops: Specify quantity and where to place
Rigging: Dropped cross fire with adjustable Stainless Steel sliders and rings. Latigo and nylon reinforced
off billet and rear billets.
Saddle Pad: Saddle sox standard when saddle is ordered with encased panels: In black or brown
codura with synthetic fleece or tacky tack.
All About Saddling DVD and Leather Care Kit: Yes
Additional options: Available - order form on line. www.Hillviewfarms.com




110      In the beginning: Don hand cuts out a pattern before the time when we got clicker dies made.
                Cathy designs a fender pattern for a western saddle. www. Hillviewfarms.com
                       S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™             Continued

The Break Out: This saddle is built on the same tree     The Break Out - shown with
as the Working Trail. The slightly forward horn            suede seat & jockeys &
makes this an ideal saddle for the gaming and eventing         leather skirts
crowd or for the trainer when breaking-out new
stock. The lower fork and slightly forward horn is
perfect for mounted shooting The saddle comes with
suede seat jockeys and a specially padded suede seat
that has a pocket perfect for those fast break outs,
turns and twists. The saddle sports a small Cheyenne
roll allowing for a quick hand hold when needed and
comes with contoured skirts, and racing fenders with
a two inch easy twist neck. This saddle is made and
designed for speed and agility. You can enjoy some
rambunctious riding with this saddle - or you can
comfortably enjoy a more quiet all day ride.
Base Price $2,495.00 Made to order.
Seat size: 15, 16 and 17 inch
Weight: 24, 25 and 26 lbs. Saddles may vary +/- 2
pounds through different thickness of leather,
hardware and other points during the building-
process.
Panel length: 22.7 inches on 15 inch seat: 23.77
inches on 16 inch seat and 24.77 inches on a
17 inch seat. All designed for up to a 3-inch
scapula overlap
Bar length: 20, 21 and 22 for 15, 16 and 17
inch seats
Saddle color: Black, Brown or two tone
Seat type: Black or Brown Upholstery
suede with seat jockeys as well.
Seat style: ½ inch padding with an
additional ½ inch just under sit bones
Fork: 12" wide and 3" high with leg notch
in swells (total height to top of horn
measured from base seat is 6 inches)
Horn: 2 1/2" high and cap is 1 7/8 “
Cantle: 4 “ high as measured from inside
the seat and 13” wide with a shortened
Cheyenne roll. Height measured at back of
cantle is 3 inches.
Skirts: Contoured with fleece lining or encased panels.
Fenders: Curved bottom 7 inches wide backed with boot leather, with an easy twist 2 inch neck.
Leather rosettes: Yes at 1 ¼ and 1 3/4 inch.
Hardware: All Stainless Steel. Rings, Dee’s and Footman loops: Specify quantity and where to place
Rigging: Dropped cross fire with adjustable Stainless Steel sliders and rings. Latigo and nylon rein-
forced off billet and rear billets.
Saddle Pad: Saddle sox standard when saddle is ordered with encased panels: In black or brown codura
with synthetic fleece or tacky tack.
All About Saddling DVD and Leather Care Kit: Yes                            www.Hillviewfarms.com
Additional options: Available




                        Cathy sews rigging and helps Don lay a seat.                             111
                      S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                  Continued

                                                     The Western Endurance: Built on the same tree
                                                     used in the Express, Freedom and the Officer, The
                                                     Western Endurance is the western version built on
                                                     the endurance tree. This Express name comes from
                                                     the lightweight western saddle the pony express used
                                                     to deliver mail in the 19th century. It is a western
                                                     saddle built for action, speed and function with noth-
                                                     ing in the way to bind your legs or hold you back.
                                                     This is a saddle for the western or distance rider seek-
                                                     ing an exceptionally light weight supportive western
                                                     saddle but who doesn’t need the western saddle horn.
                                                     This saddle delivers the rider a secure low slick fork
                                                     that is anatomically designed allowing for a fast and
                                                     easy handgrip. This saddle has a nice secure seat and
                                                     a sweet pocket that allows you to sit back and enjoy
                       Made to order                 your ride while you eat up the miles! Made to order
                                                     Base Price $2,495.00
                      Saddle shown with
                       saddle sox and               Seat size: 15, 16 and 17 inch
                      endurance fenders             Weight: 22, 23 and 24lbs. Without stirrups also
                                                    saddles may vary +/- 2 pounds through different
                                                    thickness of leather, hardware and other points dur-
                                                    ing the building-process.
                                                    Panel length: 22.7, 23.77 and 24.77 inches. All de-
                                                    signed for up to a 3-inch scapula overlap.
                                                    Skirt length: 25, 26 and 27 inches as panels is in-
                                                    side and there is the seam allowance.
                                                    Bar length: 20, 21 & 22 for 15, 16 & 17 inch seats
                                                    Saddle color: Black, Brown or Two-tone.
                                                    Seat type: Black or Brown Upholstery Cowhide,
                                                    smooth or Suede.
                                                    Seat style: ½ inch smooth padding or the one-inch
                                                    Soft-Seat
                                                    Blocking and Horn: N/A
                                                    Fork: Slick – 3 inches high measured from base seat.
                                                    Cantle: 3.5" tall and 12 inches wide – straight cantle
                                                    binding. Height measured at back of cantle is 4 inches.
                                                    Skirts: Round contoured with fleece lining
                                                    Fenders: Endurance type or Round tear drop 8" wide
                                                    backed with boot leather.
                                                    Leather rosettes: 1 ¼ and 1 3/4 inch.
                      Saddle shown with             Hardware: All Stainless Steel. Rings, Dee's and Foot-
                        encased panels              m a n
                       that will require            loops:
                           saddle sox               Specify
                                                    quan-
                                                    tity and
                                                    where
                                           to place
                                           Rigging:
                                           Dropped cross
                                           fire with adjust-
                                           able Stainless
                                                                  Saddle
                                           Steel sliders and       shown
               standard                                             with
                                           rings with latigo
                  seat
                                           and nylon rein-         tear-
                                           forced off billet.       drop
                                           Saddle Pad:              2.5”
Saddle sox standard when saddle is ordered with encased             neck
panels: In black or brown codura with synthetic fleece or         fenders
tacky tack.                                                            &
All About Saddling DVD and Leather Care Kit: Yes                  western
     Additional options: Available - order form on line.           skirts
112              www.Hillviewfarms.com
                       S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™              Continued


The Express: Built on the same tree as the Officer, Freedom
and the Western Endurance - The Express provides a
wonderful and secure ride. With 2-inch soft, plush upper
thigh and knee blocking it offers terrific security during the
unexpected shy and is super for working young stock. This
saddle has an adjustable stirrup hanger bar which allows
one-inch leathers to be set in one of three positions for rider
comfort and for different leg positions from dressage to
moderate jumping. The saddle has a moderate to low rise
allowing the rider more room to move in the saddle while still
offering a great pocket to sit back in. This endurance saddle
has a wonderful smooth rounded fork that provides a
perfect handhold - the ultimate in additional security. The
seat is anatomically shaped for support; it has a hand skived
upholstery and neoprene foam padded soft-seat plus no
stitching lines for comfort. This saddle is great for
endurance riders, trainers, trail riders and anyone who
enjoys a western saddle but is tired of lugging around the
extra weight. A great saddle for all breeds of horses and mules
too. Base Price $2,495.00 Made to order

Seat Size: 15, 16 and 17 inch
Weight: 19, 20 and 21 lbs.
Panel length: 22.7, 23.77 and 24.77 inches. All designed
for up to a 3-inch scapula overlap.
Bar length: 20, 21 and 22 for 15, 16 and 17 inch seats
Saddle color: Black, Brown or two-tone
Seat type: Black or Brown Upholstery Cowhide, smooth
or Suede.
Seat style: ½ inch smooth padding or the one-inch Soft-
Seat
Blocking: Full thigh and knee
Fork: Slick – 3 inches high measured from base seat.
Horn: N/A
Cantle: 3.5" tall and 12 inches wide. Height measured at
back of cantle is 3 3/4 inches.
Hardware: All Stainless Steel. Pair of breast Dee’s, 1 pr. of
footman loops at base of fork, 2 pair of accessory Dee’s – rear bar, 2 pair footman loops on cantle with
crupper Dee. Additional hardware? Specify quantity and where to place.
Rigging: Dropped cross fire with adjustable Stainless Steel sliders and with 14-inch long nylon
reinforced one-inch English billets.
Stirrup leathers: 2 inch biothane with stainless steel cam lock buckles with leather sleeves (will come
with leather bell stirrups) or top grain 1" nylon reinforced leathers with sleeves.
Stirrup hanger bar: 3-position for a 1-inch leather or 2 inch
biothane strap.
Saddle pad: Saddle sox - synthetic in brown or black Codura
with black or white fleece.
All About Saddling DVD and Leather Care Kit: Yes
Additional options: Available - order form on line.

                     www.Hillviewfarms.com



                       Don gluing saddle parts




                                                                      Don covering
                                                                      saddle bars.                 113
                        S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                  Continued

                                               The Officer: Built on the same tree as the Express, Freedom
                                               and Western Endurance. The Officer is a secure saddle with
                                               the fork designed low and out of the way but still shaped just
                                               right for the perfect handhold. Really sweet is this saddle’s
                                               flap design with both front and rear thigh blocking for the
                                               best in security. The seat in this saddle has a lower rise allow-
                                               ing the rider room to move, while still offering a great pocket
                                               to sit back in. The seat itself is nicely padded and the soft-
                                               seat uses both upholstery and neoprene foams. It is hand
                                               skived and shaped to be anatomically correct with no stitch-
                                               ing lines to rub you raw. This saddle has the adjustable stir-
                                               rup hanger bar allowing one-inch leathers to be set in one of
                                               three positions for rider comfort and for different leg posi-
                     Made to order             tions from dressage to moderate jumping. A super trail or
                                               endurance saddle that looks and performs great on all breeds
                                               and sizes of horses and mules allowing you to sit back and
                                               eat up the miles. Made to order. Base Price $2,495.00

                                               Seat Size: 15, 16 and 17 inch
                                               Weight: 19, 20 and 21 lbs.
                                               Panel length: 22.7, 23.77 and 24.77 inches. All designed for
                                               up to a 3-inch scapula overlap.
                                               Bar length: 20, 21 and 22 for 15, 16 and 17 inch seats
                                               Saddle color: Black, Brown or two-tone
                                               Seat type: Black or Brown Upholstery Cowhide, smooth or
                                               Suede.
                                               Seat style: ½ inch smooth padding or the one-inch Soft-Seat
                                               Blocking: Upper and rear thigh
                                               Fork: Slick – 3 inches high measured from base seat.
                                               Horn: N/A
                                               Cantle: 3.5" tall and 12 inches wide. Height measured at
                                               back of cantle is 3 3/4 inches.
                                               Hardware: All Stainless Steel. Pair of breast Dee’s, 1 pr. of
                                               footman loops at base of fork, 2 pair of accessory Dee’s –
                                               rear bar, 2 pair footman loops on cantle with crupper Dee.
                                               Additional hardware? Specify quantity and where to place.
                                               Rigging: Dropped cross fire with adjustable Stainless Steel
                                               sliders and with 14-inch long nylon reinforced one-inch En-
                                               glish billets.




        www.Hillviewfarms.com

Stirrup leathers: 2 inch biothane with stain-
less steel cam lock buckles with leather sleeves                                               Saddle
(will come with leather bell stirrups) or top grain                                          shown with
1" nylon reinforced leathers with sleeves.                                                   merino wool
Stirrup hanger bar: 3-position for a 1-inch                                                  saddle sox,
leather or 2 inch biothane strap.                                                             barbwire
Saddle pad: Saddle sox - synthetic in brown or                                                 tooling,
black Codura with black or white fleece.                                                       strings,
All About Saddling DVD and Leather Care                                                       biothane
Kit: Yes                                                                                    leathers and
      Additional options: Available - order                                                   easy ride
 114 form on line.                                                                             stirrups
                         S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™            Continued

The Freedom: Built on the same tree as the Express,
Pony Express and the Officer. The Freedom is made for
distance riders with professional needs and for those
who are seeking an exceptionally light but supportive
saddle. This secure saddle has a low slick fork “A”-
frame design for a fast and easy handgrip. The seat is
nicely padded and uses both upholstery and neoprene
foams, it is hand skived and shaped to be anatomically
correct with no stitching lines to rub you raw. The seat
itself is flatter and this low rise allows the rider more
room to move in the saddle while still offering a great
pocket to sit back in. The flap has an upper thigh block-
ing that frees up the riders leg while still offering security
for that unexpected shy. This saddle has an adjustable
stirrup hanger bar allowing one-inch leathers to be set in
one of three positions for rider comfort and for different
leg positions from dressage to moderate jumping. A su-
per and versatile saddle for gaited and non-gaited horses
and mules alike, that come in all different sizes and
shapes. Madel to order. Base Price $2,495.00
                                                                              Made to order
Seat Size: 15, 16 and 17 inch
Weight: 19, 20 and 21 lbs.
Panel length: 22.7, 23.77 and 24.77 inches. All designed
for up to a 3-inch scapula overlap.
Bar length: 20, 21 and 22 for 15, 16 and 17 inch seats
Saddle color: Black, Brown or two-tone
Seat type: Black or Brown Upholstery Cowhide, smooth
or Suede.
Seat style: ½ inch smooth padding or the one-inch Soft-
Seat
Blocking: Upper thigh
Fork: Slick – 3 inches high measured from base seat.
Horn: N/A
Cantle: 3.5" tall and 12 inches wide. Height measured at
back of cantle is 3 3/4 inches.
Hardware: All Stainless Steel. Pair of breast Dee’s, 1 pr.
of footman loops at base of fork, 2 pair of accessory
Dee’s – rear bar, 2 pair footman loops on cantle with
crupper Dee.Additional hardware? Specify quantity and
where to place.
Rigging: Dropped cross fire with adjustable Stainless
Steel sliders and with 14-inch long nylon reinforced one-
inch English billets.
Stirrup leathers: 2 inch biothane with stainless steel
cam lock buckles with leather sleeves (will come with
                                                                                     Saddle
leather bell stirrups) or top grain 1" nylon reinforced
                                                                                   shown with
leathers with sleeves.
                                                                                    all black
Stirrup hanger bar: 3-position for a 1-inch leather or 2
                                                                                  saddle sox,
inch biothane strap.
                                         Saddle pad:
                                                                                     english
                                         Saddle sox -
                                                                                    leathers,
                                         synthetic in                               and easy
                                         brown or black                           ride stirrups
                                         Codura with
                                         black or white fleece.
                                         All About Saddling DVD
                                         and Leather Care Kit:
               Soft Seat                 Yes
                                         Additional options: Avail-
                                         able - order form on line

                                              www.Hillviewfarms.com
                                                                                           115
           S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™              Continued

                                              The Battery: This saddle is a modern rep-
                                              lica of the original McClellan saddle used by
                                              the US Civil War horse-drawn artillery units.
                                              There is a still active unit located in New
                                              Ulm, Mn. This militia was established in
                                              1863 for the city of New Ulm. Don Tauer,
                                              Cathy's husband, has been a member of this
                                              militia since 1997. Don works, trains, and
                                              rides the draft bred horses for many of the
                                              Battery's major functions. The original
                                              McClellan saddle was developed for men
                                              during the 1800's who averaged in height of
                                              5.5 to 5.7 and weighed 116 to 123 lbs., and
                                              who rode horses that were extremely narrow
                                              with razor type withers, (very much like the
                   Made to order
                                              thoroughbred track horses of today.) We
                                              know exactly how this original equipment
                                              can hurt a horse and cause him to perform
                    Shown with US             badly. This now modern McClellan Battery
                     emblem with              saddle has two important distinctions from
                   border tooling, all        the original: It’s comfortable for you and
                   black saddle sox,          won’t cause pressure points on your horse.
                   brass stirrups and         The substantial width dish in the seat makes
                    with a soft seat          it extremely comfortable for long hours of
                                              riding at any gait. The slightly narrowed rise
                                              helps keep you in the pocket of the seat for
                                    all day riding. The stirrup straps are adjustable for
                                    more security during fast stops. The whole package
                                    makes riding glorious. The ability to tie gear front and
                                    rear is legendary. Base Price $2,495.00

                                        Seat Size: 15, 16 and 17
                                        Weight: 19, 20 and 21 lbs.
                                        Panel length: 22.7, 23.77 and 24.77 inches. All de-
                                        signed for up to a 3-inch scapula overlap.
                                        Bar length: 20, 21 and 22 for 15, 16 and 17 inch
                                        seats
                                        Saddle color: Black, brown or two tone
                                        Seat Type: Smooth Black or Brown Upholstery Cow-
                                        hide
                                        Seat Style: 1 inch Soft-Seat or the standard ½ inch
                                        smooth neoprene padding.
                                        Blocking: N/A
                                        Fenders: Slide fenders.
                                        Fork: Slick and 4 inches high, measured from base
                                        seat.
                                        Horn: N/A
                                        Cantle: 5 inches tall and 11.5 inches wide. Height
                                        measured at back of cantle is 3 inches.
                                        Embossments: Yes, on seat flap - US
                                        Hardware: Brass in the traditional time period or
                                        Stainless Steel. Additional hardware? Specify quan-
                                        tity and where to place.
                                        Rigging: Dropped cross fire with adjustable Stain-
      Clicker dies are used to       less Steel sliders and with 14-inch long nylon reinforced
      stamp out saddle parts         one-inch English billets.
                                     Stirrup hanger bar: 3-position for a 1-inch leather or 2
                                     inch biothane strap.
                                     Stirrup leather: Top grain 1" nylon reinforced leathers
                                     with sleeves on a three position stirrup hanger bar.
                                     Saddle pad: Saddle sox - synthetic in brown or black
                                     Codura with black or white fleece.
                                     All About Saddling DVD and Leather Care Kit: Yes
116                                  Additional options: Available - order form on line.
                       S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™   Continued

The Captain. The best of two saddles put to-
gether, Officer and the Battery. The Captain has
the security of the Officer with the seat of the
Battery. Made off of the same tree as the Battery,
the Captain saddle has a narrow to moderate twist
with a low rise. The dished cantle and slight seat
pocket make this saddle extremely comfortable for
all day riding. Base Price $2,495.00

Seat Size: 15, 16 and 17 inch
Weight: 19, 20 and 21 lbs.
Panel length: 22.7, 23.77 and 24.77 inches. All
designed for up to a 3-inch scapula overlap.
Bar length: 20, 21 & 22 for 15, 16 & 17 inch seats
Saddle color: Black, Brown or two-tone                                    Shown with
Seat type: Black or Brown Upholstery Cowhide,                           border tooling,
smooth or Suede.                                                         merino wool
Seat style: ½ inch smooth padding or the one-inch                      saddle sox, easy
Soft-Seat                                                                ride stirrups,
Blocking: Upper and rear thigh
                                                                        fleece covers,
Fork: Slick and 4 inches high, measured from base
seat.                                                                     strings and
Horn: N/A                                                                 toestoppers
Cantle: 5 inches tall and 11.5 inches wide. Height
measured at back of cantle is 3 inches.
Hardware: All Stainless Steel. Pair of breast Dee’s,
4 pr. of footman loops at base of fork, fork and
cantle, 2 pair of rings and a crupper and gullet Dee.
Additional hardware? Specify quantity and where
to place.
Rigging: Dropped cross fire with adjustable Stain-
less Steel sliders and with 14-inch long nylon rein-
forced one-inch English billets.
Stirrup leathers: 2 inch biothane with stainless
steel cam lock buckles with leather sleeves or top
grain 1" nylon reinforced leathers with sleeves.
Stirrup hanger bar: 3-position for a 1-inch leather
or 2 inch biothane strap.
Saddle pad: Saddle sox - synthetic in brown or
black Codura with black or white fleece.
All About Saddling DVD and Leather Care Kit:
Yes                                                        Made to order
Additional options: Available - order form on
line. www. HillViewFarms. com
Don is forming the base seat & cutting
        the foam for blocking.




                                                                                    117
                      S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                 Continued

                                                  The Pleasure Plantation: Built on the same tree as
                                                  the Dressage, The Pleasure Plantation is just as com-
                                                  fortable as it looks. This saddle may look like the
                                                  Stitchdown in style but gone are the seat seams that can
                                                  rub in all the wrong places. The Pleasure Plantation
                                                  comes standard with the nicely padded soft-seat built
                                                  of both upholstery and neoprene foam, that is hand
                                                  skived and shaped to be anatomically correct. There are
                                                  no stitching lines that can rub you raw in this saddle.
                                                  Built for real comfort no matter how long you ride. The
                                                  Pleasure Plantation sports a deep seat pocket; a narrow
                                                  to moderate twist and a moderate rise to the seat. It has
                                                  a 3-position stirrup hanger that allows for different leg
                                                  positions from dressage to moderate jumping on the
                                                  Pleasure Plantation. Compete in competitive trail events
                                                  over the weekend, and take dressage lessons during the
                                                  week – all with the same saddle! A favorite pleasure
                                                  trail saddle, for it’s comfort, #1 choice for gaited horse
                                                  owners, super security with both front and rear thigh
                                                  blocking all make this a super saddle for both gaited and
                                                  non-gaited horses and mules alike. Base Price $2,495.00

                                                   Seat Size: 16.5, 17.5 and 18.5
                                                   Weight: 18 lbs., 19 lbs. and 20 lbs. with pad, leathers
                                                   and hardware all on.
                                                   Panel length: 22.7, 23.77 and 24.77 inches. All de-
                                                   signed for up to a 3-inch scapula
                                                   Bar Length: 19, 20 and 21 inch
                                                   Saddle color: Black, Brown or two-tone
                                                  Seat Type: Smooth Black or Brown Upholstery Cow-
                                                  hide
                                                  Seat Style: 1 inch Soft-Seat
                                                  Blocking: Upper and rear thigh
                                                  Cantle: 12" wide and 3 1/2 " high. Height measured at
                                                  back of cantle is 2 3/4 inches
                                                  Hardware: All Stainless Steel. Pair of breast Dee’s, 1
                                                  pair footman loops – on cantle, 2 sets of accessory Dee’s
                                                  on rear bar and crupper Dee. Additional hardware?
                                                  Specify quantity and where to place.
                                                  Rigging: Dropped cross fire with adjustable Stainless
                                                  Steel sliders and with 14-inch long nylon reinforced one-
                                                  inch english billets.
Stirrup leather: Top grain 1" nylon reinforced leathers
with sleeves on a three position stirrup hanger bar or 2
inch biothane with stainless steel cam lock buckles with
leather sleeves.
Saddle pad: Saddle sox - synthetic in brown or black
                                         Codura with
                                         black or white
                                         fleece.
                                         All About Sad-
                                         dling DVD and
                                         Leather Care
                                         Kit: Yes
                                         Additional op-
                                         tions: Available
                                         - order form on
                                         line.

                                                                                  Made to order
   One slip with the drill and
      Don must remake the
118         whole seat
                       S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                    Continued

The Dressage: Built on the same tree as the
Pleasure Plantation, The Dressage is contem-
porary yet conservative. This beautiful saddle
features a secure padded soft-seat that uses
both upholstery and neoprene foam in the seat
that is hand skived and shaped to be anatomi-
cally correct. This saddle has a deep seat pocket
with a nice flat spot enabling the experienced
rider to give proper aids to the horse. This
saddle has a high cantle for lower back support
with a narrow to moderate twist and a moder-
ate rise to the seat making this an excellent
dressage saddle. Unlike other saddles, which
fix the rider in one position, the Dressage has a
3-position stirrup hanger that allows for dif-
ferent leg positions. Easy to change your posi-
tion according to the needs of the horse you are
riding. The flap features the in-flap pocket so
that you can adjust, remove and select the kind
of blocking for the type of work being done in this saddle. Not only can
you use this saddle in show, but this good, well-balanced Dressage saddle
makes an excellent trail saddle as well. Just remember that any hardware
you add to your saddle is NOT allowable in the show ring. So check
with your association’s regulations as to what and is not permissible for
the level of dressage you will be competing in. Base Price $2,495.00

Seat Size: 16.5, 17.5 and 18.5
Weight at: 18 lbs., 19 lbs. and 20 lbs. with pad, leathers and
hardware all on.
Panel length: 22.7, 23.77 and 24.77 inches. All designed for up to a
3-inch scapula
Bar Length: 19, 20 and 21 inch
Saddle color: Black, Brown or two-tone
Seat Type: Smooth Black or Brown Upholstery Cowhide
Seat Style: 1 inch Soft-Seat or the standard ½ inch smooth neoprene
padding.
Blocking: In flap pocket containing one pair of removable show
blocking
Cantle: 12" wide and 3 1/2 " high. Height measured at back of cantle is
2 3/4 inches
Hardware: All Stainless Steel. Pair of breast Dee’s.
Rigging: Adjustable dropped cross fire nylon rigging with nylon
reinforced one-inch English billets.
Stirrup leather: Top grain 1" nylon reinforced leathers with sleeves
on a three position stirrup hanger bar
Saddle pad: Saddle Sox in brown or black Codura or quilted contoured
or square white or black cloth with black or white synthetic fleece.
All About Saddling DVD and Leather Care Kit: Yes
Additional options: Available - order form on line.
www.hillviewfarms.com
                     The following is a tale of One                            Pocket for
                     Saddle two horses. Elroy – a                               blocking
                      Morgan has a 6.5-inch dip
                              in his back.
                                                                               The saddle he is being
                                                                             ridden in, is the 18.5 inch
                                                                             Jumping Cross Trainer. In
                                                                                  order for complete
                                                                              suspension the saddle
                                                                                 required two center
                                                                                shims on either side.
                                                                              Continued on following
                                                                                      page.
                                                                                                    119
                      S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                 Continued

                                                  The Jumping Cross Trainer: Built on the same tree as
                                                  the Classic Cutback, this Jumping Cross Trainer saddle
                                                  has a very comfortable seat compared to the typical jump-
                                                  ing saddle. Most jumping saddles have been pared down
                                                  to their current size in a misguided attempt to reduce
                                                  weight and give the rider close contact. The Jumping CT
                                                  has a gentle curve to the seat and the cut-back pommel
                                                  frees the rider, for jumping, dressage, endurance, equita-
                                                  tion and cross country field trials. The panels spread out
                                                  the relentless concussion of jumping protect the horse’s
                                                  back, allowing him to perform and move freely. This
                                                  saddle sports the three- position stirrup hangers so the
                                                  leathers can be moved into a legs-under position for dres-
                                                  sage without switching saddles. The flap has a forward
                                       design with exterior soft knee blocking that opens to allow exact
                                       blocking placement or removal. The rear blocking has the same
                                       features. (This adjustable blocking offers the rider real security).
                                       This saddle makes for a wonderful all-purpose combined training
                                       saddle. It is fantastic and sits and rides like a dream.
                                       Made to order. Base Price $2,495.00

                                         Seat Size: 16.5, 17.5, 18.5 and 19.5
                                         Weight: 18, 19, 20 & 21 lbs. with pad, leathers & hardware.
                                         Panel length: 22.7, 23.77 and 24.77 inches. All designed for up to
                                          a 3-inch scapula
              The blocking                Bar Length: 19, 20, 21 and 22 inch bar
                 pockets                  Saddle color: Black, Brown or two-tone
                                          Seat Type: Smooth Black or Brown Upholstery Cowhide
                                          Seat Style:1 inch Soft-Seat
                                          Blocking: Two sets of removable blocking. One set for front and
                                          the other for the rear of the in-flap pocket
                                          Cantle: 10" wide and 2 3/4" high. Height measured at back of
                                          cantle is 2 inches.
                                          Hardware: All Stainless Steel. A pair of breast Dee’s & crupper
                                          Dee.
Rigging: Dropped cross fire with adjustable Stainless Steel sliders and with 14-inch long nylon reinforced
one-inch English billets.
Stirrup leather: Top grain 1" nylon reinforced leathers with sleeves on a three position stirrup hanger bar
or 2 inch biothane with stainless steel cam lock buckles with leather sleeves.
Saddle pad: Saddle Sox in brown or black Codura or quilted contoured or square white or black cloth with
black or white synthetic fleece.
All About Saddling DVD and Leather Care Kit: Yes
Additional options: Available- Order form on line www.hillviewfarms.com.

                              With the shims in place, the
                              saddle fits Elroy perfectly.
                              The next horse is Tad, who is a
                              Saddle Bred. He has a flatter
                              back with a bit of a hunters
      Using 2-way tape,       bump/roach back. No shims
       shims are placed       are needed for the saddle to fit
       so the largest is      him perfectly. So with one
         towards the          saddle and two totally different
         horse’s back         back shapes, one rider with
                                            one saddle can
                                            ride them all in
                                            perfect       comfort.
                                            (Actually the rider
                                            has three horses, she
                                            also rides Bobby
                                            who is a typical
                                            POA. The only
                                            difference        when
120                                         fitting all three is the
                                            is the girth size.
                       S ADDLE - E VOLUTIONARY SADDLES ™                  Continued

The Classic Cutback Built on the same tree as the
Jumper, this is a low profile saddle that has security
second to none. The nicely padded soft-seat uses both
upholstery and neoprene foam, hand skived and shaped
to be anatomically correct with no stitching lines that
can rub you raw. The cutback pommel allows the rider
to get low and far forward on the horse when scram-
bling up hill and to brace comfortably against the gener-
ous thigh rolls on the down hill. You also have a more
"leg-under" in the roughest going, thanks to close con-
tact and centered seat of this wonderful saddle. The 3-
position stirrup hanger allows for different leg posi-
tions from dressage to moderate jumping. Endurance
riders, trainers and Dressage riders love this saddle in
fact, many instructors use this saddle for their student’s
comfort and to teach proper positioning in the saddle.
This is a saddle that can easily go from Arabians to
Warm bloods and ponies too. And if you are a dressage
rider that is going into endurance, this is the saddle for
you. made to order. Base Price $2,495.00

Seat Size: 16.5, 17.5, 18.5 and 19.5
Weight: 18, 19, 20 and 21 lbs. with pad, leathers &
hardware on.
Panel length: 22.7, 23.77 and 24.77 inches. All de-
signed for up to a 3-inch scapula
Bar Length: 19, 20, 21 and 22 inch bar
Saddle color: Black, Brown or two-tone
Seat Type: Smooth Black or Brown Upholstery Cowhide                            Made to order
Seat Style:1 inch Soft-Seat
Blocking: Full upper thigh and knee
Cantle: 10" wide and 2 3/4" high. Height measured at back of cantle is 2 inches.
Hardware: All Stainless Steel. Pair of breast Dee’s, one pair footman loops – on cantle, two sets of
accessory Dee’s on rear bar and crupper Dee.
Rigging: Dropped cross fire with adjustable Stainless Steel sliders and with 14-inch long nylon reinforced
one-inch English billets.
Stirrup leather: Top grain 1" nylon reinforced leathers with sleeves on a three position stirrup hanger bar
or 2 inch biothane with stainless steel cam lock buckles with leather sleeves.
Saddle pad: Saddle Sox in brown or black Codura or quilted contoured or square white or black cloth with
black or white synthetic fleece.
All About Saddling DVD and Leather Care Kit: Yes
Additional options: Available - order form on line. www.hillviewfarms.com

Just how are those panels put on? To mount the panel, whether it is encased in a leather skirt with
fleece or in the vinyl zippered encasement, you will see a small hole or slit in the under side of the panel.
This is where an Allen tool is used to enter the panel to reach the bolt for the panel’s attachment to the
specialized mount that has been drilled into saddletree. This
bolt is counter sunk and enclosed in the panel among the
various layers of backer foam. Now you may think that you
will feel this pressure spot, but you are
wrong. Because of the layering of the
delrin material, called progressive
loading, you do not. This is the best
analogy that we can give you to
understand this: If you were lay on the
ground and someone sat a chair on
your back, you would feel each leg.
But now put a sheet of plywood over
you, then circles of wood followed by
yet another smaller circle under each
leg and soon you do not feel that chair
leg at all. This is progressive loading.

  HILL VIEW FARMS • 866-723-5937                                                                        121
                       I N SEARCH OF A          SADDLE - A trainers perspective

                       In Search of a Saddle – 1997 Nancy Wong - Gaitway Paso Finos
                            (Trainer and recipient of national awards in gaited Pasos)
                                           Revised 2003 - Cathy Tauer
  Since about 1955, I’ve been searching for a better way to gain my horse’s cooperation, a better way to
  help him reach his potential, a better way to help him perform with enthusiasm and willingness. I know
                 that if something hurts me, I don’t want to do it and neither does my horse.
                           I want to encourage his performance, not discourage it.
After the first dozen or so horses that I got in for training, I began to notice that their behavior changed
when the saddle changed or when I rode bareback.
Bucky was one of the first. A neighbor lady called because the 14 year-old buckskin grade gelding that
she bought for her ten-year-old son kept bucking the kid off. I went over and they saddled up Bucky and
I rode him. He had a jackhammer trot—it was awful! No wonder the kid fell off! I took the saddle off
and rode him bareback, and he had a smooth, comfortable trot (as trots go!)
A Paso mare came in for training because she wouldn’t hold still under saddle. Quiet, willing, calm
and cooperative on the ground but almost dangerous under saddle. The owner said, “After you ride her in
gait for a while she gets real hyper.” I thought I knew the problem. We took her to the arena and I hopped
on her bareback. She didn’t move. The owner was surprised but didn’t want to admit it so I rode her in
gait for a while and then asked her to stop. She stopped and stood still. The owners couldn’t believe that
a saddle could make that much difference.
A real interesting example was a lady I’ll call Cindy and a horse I’ll call Ruby. Every fall, Cindy
and 6 of her girl friends went trail riding for a week. They rode every day, all day long. Cindy had to pull
on her reins with all her might to keep Ruby from running. It didn’t matter if Ruby was at the back of the
pack or 2 miles ahead, she still wanted to run and she never got tired—she never quit. Ruby was huffing
and puffing, dripping with sweat, and all lathered up at the end of the ride. But at the next ride, Ruby
wanted to run again. Cindy was scared and out of control. Cindy and I worked with Ruby once a week
for a couple of months. I showed Cindy how to get Ruby to relax her neck and back, lower her head and
respond rather than react. Cindy was gradually gaining control and not feeling terrified. Then Cindy went
on a long ride down a gravel road with a couple of friends. The longer she rode, the worse Ruby got. Ruby
was dancing sideways, backing down into the ditch, rearing—back to square one. Cindy called, very
discouraged and told me about the ride. I couldn’t imagine what had gone wrong so I went over to Cindy’s
house with my saddle and decided that I should ride Ruby and try to figure out what was wrong. Cindy,
on another horse, and Ruby and I walked down the road on a loose rein—for an hour. Then we turned
around and walked home on a loose rein. Cindy couldn’t believe her eyes. Poor saddle fit was a big part
of the problem.                        Now I KNEW saddle fit affected behavior.
   I ride a lot of different breeds and hundreds of different backs. How can I get a saddle to fit all these
different shapes? I met a lot of different saddle makers and picked their brains trying to learn all I could
about the hows and whys of fitting a tree to horses back, how to tell if a tree fits, and how to help a tree
fit—short of remaking a tree.
   One saddle maker and I discussed the need for different trees for different backs and decided that neither
one of us could afford enough saddles to fit all the different backs that we rode. I learned that there is as
much variation among horse’s backs of a particular breed as there is variation in backs between breeds. I
learned an incredible amount from Dave Genedek and Deb Bennet, Ph.D., about the way a horse’s back
works and how it influences everything, including soundness, and why we must allow the back to function
naturally if we want to reach the horse’s performance potential. I learned that tack stores are in the
business of selling tack, but most aren’t aware of saddle fit. Their business is to sell tack.
I learned that a custom tree (saddle) fits beautifully if:
                       1.) The horse does not gain or lose condition.
                       2.) The horse does not gain or lose weight and
                         3.) The horse does not move.
                     A custom tree is fit to a horse’s back when he is standing still.
   When people call with a behavior problem, such as jigging, shying, high-headedness, barn sour, etc. I
ask if their saddle fits. Often their response is, “Of course, it’s a such and such brand. Or it’s a $3,500.00
saddle!” “Expensive” does not mean, “fit”. “Expensive” means you spent a lot of money.
     The purpose of the saddle’s tree is to distribute the weight over the greatest possible area. One of the
   most common problems is bridging. Bridging means that the tree makes contact at the front (withers,
  shoulder) and back (loin) but the middle of the tree does not make the same amount of contact with the
back and does not support the weight. Therefore, there are four points—2 front and 2 rear—that bear the
  brunt of the weight. It’s easy to understand that it won’t take long until these four points become sore.
          If you had four sore points on your back, what would you be thinking about?
    See for yourself. Find your saddle’s tree (the hard part) and when your horse is saddled and girthed
 up, put your fingers, knuckles up, between the tree and the house’s shoulder. Have a friend bend your
                              horse’s head toward you. What do you feel?
  Have a friend lead your horse while you walk backward with your hand under the tree. What do you
       feel? Keep your hand under the tree and have your friend mount your horse and turn his head
                           toward you and then walk your horse. What do you feel?
122                            If it hurts your hand, it hurts your horse.
                 I N SEARCH OF          A SADDLE - A trainers perspective continued

    Maybe it’s only some pressure now, but how will that feel after 5 hours of uphill, downhill, bending,
stepping over logs, jumping ditches? Now slip your hand under the cantle and see if there is pressure.
    Does your horse move around when you groom him? Does he sink his back when you curry his back?
If so, he is sore. Do you have 2 inches of clearance in the gullet? Two inches clearance is a necessity. If
you don’t have it, don’t ride. Pressure on top of the withers could cause damage that is very slow to heal.
    I’ve done hundreds of these saddle-fitting tests over the years and have found very few saddles that fit
in a way that allows the horse to move freely. I’ve seen a lot of behavior problems cured by taking the
saddle off or changing saddles, especially with a gaited horse that won’t gait.
      After all the research, talking to the saddle makers, and seeing all the behavior problems,
  feeling all the pinched knuckles from checking tree fit, it became clear that you couldn’t put a
                        stationary object on a moving back and achieve harmony.
    The flexible panels of an “Delrin”-Flex system are, as far as I can see, the only way to go. I went with
this because I needed to fit lots of different shapes and sizes. I chose it because it will allow my horse
optimum performance and will encourage my horse to try. If I’m riding in a Delrin-panel saddle and I still
am having behavior problems, I know that it’s not the saddle.
    Since this saddle is a “system”, not just a saddle, it is essential to understand how to fit the system
correctly to the horse’s back. When I first bought my Ortho-Flex (the only Delrin-panel saddle on the
market-then), before they had dealers, I had to call the company 8-10 times for advice on placing the saddle
correctly on different shaped backs. Some horses would not gait until I placed the saddle correctly. These
saddles have a regular tree, but attached to the underside of the tree between the tree and the horse’s back
is a flexible panel that not only distributes weight over a much greater area than a tree, but moves every
direction your horse’s back moves. To say that all saddles will fit any back is not exactly correct.
Obviously, if you put a 31 pound saddle with a 27" panels on a 13.2 hand 600 pound horse with a 20
inch back, it’s not going to fit. That is why it is important to discuss with your dealer your horse’s
conformation, your riding style and preferences, before you decide which saddle to buy. Test ride the saddle
before you decide which saddle to buy—what looks great in the picture may not feel good to you. By
the way, that 31 pound, 27 inch Delrin-panel saddle is going to fit any horse big enough to carry it.
    A saddle can sore a horse if it in not placed correctly on the horse’s back, or if it is cinched too tightly
or locked down with a breast collar or a crupper that is too tight. When you mount, you should be able
to pull an inch of slack in the girth. If you don’t have that much slack, your saddle is probably too tight
and will not allow the panels to move and may sore the horse’s back and/or cause white spots. The
movement is the advantage of these flexible panels. If your girth is so tight that the panels can’t move
you have lost the advantage.
    I had a lady call me last night who had a horse that shied, was prancy and barn sour and she was scared
of the horse. On Wednesday afternoon, I delivered a saddle to her and the next Friday she called to tell
me her horse’s behavior problem was cured. Flexible panel saddles won’t cure all behavior problems, only
those caused by poor saddle fit.
    Another person called tonight. The horse was extremely barn sour. The man (180 pounds of muscle and
part of the problem) said his arms got tired pulling on the bit all the way home. He has been doing this
for 3 years. We took away the bit, put the mare in the proper saddle and she walked all the way home on
a loose rein.
    If you hear of one of these saddles that doesn’t work or makes the back sore, there is a reason and there
is a solution. Not every saddle is going to fit
every back or each rider. Each horse and rider                      Valley de Bravo, Mexico
combination is going to be different so it may
take some effort to get the perfect fit. It is worth
it! Take advantage of all of my research, trial
and mistakes. Make your horse’s back
comfortable and watch the transformation in
his attitude and performance. - Nancy Wong

                          Don & Cathy-Utah



                                                                                Safe Rider - Soina




                                                                                                           123
                      EVOLUTION OF            THE FLEXIBLE DELRIN® PANEL

                             By: Cathy Sheets Tauer - B.S. Animal Science, E.S.M.T
     Patent numbers and dates as with specific details on the various systems was obtained during one-on-one
interviews with the developers/owners on their products. A note on Patents: After a period of years, depending
upon when the patent claim was filed and when it was accepted, a patent will expire which allows anyone within
   the market place to copy it. Also, if the owner of a patent does not file a claim of infringement within the
 statue of limitations (6 years) to protect a patent, the patent then becomes an Abandoned Patent (prima-face
latter). Meaning that the owner of the patent relinquishes all claims henceforth. Therefore making it available
                                                   to the public.
EVOLUTION: Delrin ® Panels are now available for saddle makers worldwide to use on their saddles. This
material was developed by the space program and is currently used throughout all aviation aircraft and also
within the medical field. These Delrin sheets were the panels that were the heart and soul for the patented saddle
that the Original Ortho-Flex ® Saddle Company developed. There are many companies that use the word
FLEX in their marketing to sell their saddles. Please do not take them at their word. Make sure you are getting
the “Delrin” panel and not some facsimile of “flex”, “panel”, “rubber” or even rawhide, wood or plastic bars
that are hinged on the fork and cantle. Remember a horse’s shoulders and back move with every step and the
“flex” needs to move as quickly and as freely in all directions as the animal’s shoulders and back do, while
distributing the rider’s weight evenly. Delrin material is such a product. It will not fatigue, misshape or wear out
easily, and will last over years of riding. The way these sheets of Delrin are shaped, tiered and layered will make
up your “Panel”. One critical point to remember when buying a saddle is that the basic saddletree itself must
be straight, and not hand made, where even the slightest variation will occur. The machines that make these
saddletrees are key in the function of your saddle. I will continue to research and carry only saddles from
companies that I feel make the best saddle at a reasonable price with dependable delivery and service. To better
illustrate the progress in technology represented by various saddle makers, I’ve put together a retrospective
look at the different types of flexible panels as they evolved starting in 1982 and those offered to date. We begin
with the foundation technology, from the Original Ortho-Flex 1 System, which subsequently led to Systems II,
III, IV, V, VI VII and the variations and extras.
IN THE BEGINNING: The System I or Mock I patent (6/26/1986-USA) was the original system used when
the Brown Performance Saddle Company started in 1982. Len Brown then incorporated his business and the
Ortho-Flex Saddle Co. came into existence in 1986. This is the first and oldest system developed by the
Original Ortho-Flex, and marked the beginning of the Ortho-Flex story. It is a relatively simple system, with
one layer of Delrin in the panel. System I is capable of allowing enough room for shoulder rotation and fits a
wide range of back types. However, it is not fully capable of following the full range of motion along the back,
(and can not sink or rise in the middle, for example) as the panels are not fully independent of the saddletree. It
is therefore necessary with System I to pay attention to the type of tree relative to the type of back, and is not
as “user-friendly” as the systems to follow. The System I saddle can be regarded as a flexible panel saddle, as
opposed to a flexible panel system fully independent of the saddletree. The panels are a single layer, with .093
of Delrin in the panel which attached to the tree about 6" inwards from the ends of the bars and were 1 ½” longer
than the following System II. This created longer skirts (not good for short backed or deep backed horses). The
panels are mounted by means of a wood screw with washer into the tree. The system had a few advantages,
being less expensive to build, and a little easier to mount the panels. This system was eventually replaced by
System II because it did not allow the panels to flex downward in the middle with the horse’s back, and the
panel stiffness had to be adjusted to compensate for the increased rider’s weight. Tree shape was also critical
for the system to function so custom fitting through tree changes was often necessary. The System I was a vast
improvement over the traditional saddle in weight-bearing area but required a tree shape not adaptable to all
types of riding.
THE SUCCESSOR: The System II or Mock II Patent (8/15/1991-USA) began in 1990. The Original Ortho-
Flex developed a breakthrough in the existing technology. System II offers a mounting system for the panels,
which allows the panels to conform to all three dimensions of motion dynamics, thus making possible an
automatic fit, not only in the shoulder rotation, but also along the back. The backs of the panels are mounted in
a track that enables the entire panel to conform to a radical range of back contours. With the addition of this
sliding mount at the rear, the panels actually push down and away from the center of the tree with force that
enables the entire panel to conform to a radical range of backs and most importantly, allows the panels to
conform to the horse’s back profile while the horse is motion, completely independent of the tree. In System
II the panels are moved away from the tree about 1/8" to 3/8" on steel rocker spacer mountings. The
construction of these panels is 3 layers of Delrin at the mounting, where each one is successively smaller,
creating what is termed as “progressive loading” or a load-distribution on the entire surface. This makes
pressure points virtually impossible directly under these rocker spacers, and mounting the front mounts 4.5
inches back from the front edge of the panel allows for scapula rotation. In addition to its other advantages,
System II can rise or sink with the back and so became the flagship system for the Original Ortho-Flex Saddle
Co. Since the buyout of the Original Ortho-Flex Saddle Company by the Saddle Works Saddle Company, the
System II mounting has been altered. The panels are now mounted 2.25 inches in from the front of edge of the
panel. This modification has seriously stiffened up the panels in the shoulder area.
THE EXTRA: System III In the quest for further progress, the Original Ortho-Flex developed this panel. It
       was designed to address fitting the most difficult horses to saddle; those with very pronounced shoulders,
 124 or mutton-withered and broad. That difficult conformation is often exaggerated by a short backed or
                EVOLUTION OF THE               FLEXIBLE DELRIN® PANEL continued


croup-high conformation. It’s also seen some in warm-bloods. (For history, the “original” System III is
patented (2/18/1994 -USA), and was based on three mountings, on either side of the saddle bars, allowing the
panel to slide. But Ortho-Flex Saddle Company never built this system because it did not work. So there are no
laws or patents to protect the current System III. This system was then modified based on the System II with
a refinement in the front part of the panel; it looks like a giant hand with five fingers. These fingers allow the
panel to conform itself even more closely to the shape and motion of the shoulder, thus offering more freedom
of movement. Two results of this new construction is that it was only offered as an expensive option on some
saddle models, and the use of rivets to stabilize the five fingers resulted in excessive stress which causes the
fingers to either crack or break.
THE ADJUSTABLE: System IV Pro-adjustable (tied into the extra system III patent) could be regarded as a
high-tech breakthrough in flexible panel systems. The height of the panel mounting points can be adjusted
quickly and easily with the use of an Allen wrench within a one-inch range, thus allowing the user to optimally
balance the saddle and the rider, even on a horse with truly unusual conformational challenges.
THE LICENSE: This license from the Original Ortho-Flex Saddle Co. was sold to “Rocking R” who then sold
out to Timberline, who then sold out to K-B Saddle Shop (who kept the brand name Timberline), SK Saddle,
Watson Brothers Saddles (former Rocking R for a time sold out to a company called Ozark Mountain Saddles
who since terminated relations with Rocking R) and the Saddle Ranch. This system is a hybrid of Ortho-Flex
Systems I and II. These saddle companies do not feature the System II mounting method but do offer the track
system at the back of the panel. Like System I, they are also built on a single layer of Delrin, but thicker (1.25
vs the .093) allowing for rider support. The saddletree selection is crucial to the panel/tree configuration and the
choice of thicker Delrin enables this system to perform nicely. The panels are also capable of some flexing in the
middle, although not to the degree that the higher systems offer. This saddle construction, like the System I, is
more like a saddle with a flexible panel, than a real system. Due to the adjustable rigging, the saddle can be
positioned to compensate for this difference most of the time and can be fitted relatively well to a wide range
of back types.
THE VARIATIONS: The Ultra Flex, Oakfield, Ultra-Flex Vario, Ultra-Flex Adjuster, Reactor Panel Saddle
and lastly the Free & Easy Saddles all have a multi-layered delrin panel, and some have removable and or
adjustable mounting spots to adjust for the limitations in the panel and tree design in regards to fitting the horses
shoulder and back. Great skill and knowledge is required to achieve a good fit, due to the fact that these panels
are truly not self-adjusting.
MODIFIED EXTRA & VARIATION: System VI or Mock 6, and the later System VIII or Mock 8 by the
Ortho-flex Saddle Works Company. This system has taken the rivets out of the fingers of the Original Ortho-
Flex System III and replaced this design with a flower petal pattern in both the front and sometimes rear of the
panel- resembling a 7-leaf clover. This pattern was first conceived in the Free and Easy saddle and then copied
by the Ortho-Flex Saddle Works Company, (which bought the original Ortho-Flex Saddle Co. and the rights to
use the “Ortho-Flex” ® trademark name). This design is added to the rear of the panel, and offered on select
saddle models as an upgraded feature. This design can be used alone in a single layer delrin or is used
conjunction with a multi-layer panel. So regardless how many names of “systems” come from this single
design is it all the same concept, just sliced up to make it appear as if there is more.
THE ULTIMATE: System V American Saddles-Grb (Patent in Germany only 3/9/2001-Europe #
EP1292316A2): Represents another step forward in flexible panel construction. This new construction that
improves upon principles seen in its predecessors and offers solutions to problems occasionally associated
with other systems. Due to the uniqueness of this system and its high performance, it is currently patented, and
copies no other. The front of the panel is made of three layers, with 15 separate fingers (and no rivets holding
them together) in the first layer, which is mounted 5" from the front edge of the panel, providing an even softer
fit in the shoulder, allowing complete freedom in its rotation. This construction extends to the area of the
withers so even extremely high and wide withers are afforded complete freedom. This is then covered by the
second layer with six fingers, overlapping the first and enabling an automatic and equal distribution of weight
along the entire length of the panel, including the middle section, thus preventing the so-called “bridge-fit”. After
that comes a third layer with no fingers. Every layer is smaller than the layer before. Construction was also
changed in the rear. This design has also three multi-layer construction; the second layer resembles that of two
fingers flowing towards the center of the panel, to insure optimal weight distribution–including the middle
section. This special design, using various sizes and thickness of Delrin, has been computer-calculated and
curved, insuring that this system gives optimal distribution of weight along the entire length of the panel, both
inside and out. Now even when your horse is in motion, bending and flexing, regardless of your horse’s shoulder
width, height, holes and dips behind the shoulder and back, you and he will be able to move in supreme comfort
and freedom. The mounts and hardware used is of steel and the rivets used in the layering of the Delrin sheets
are of aluminum. They call their saddle line American-Flex.
THE TECHNOLOGY CONTINUES: System VII (based on System V), American Saddles continued their
quest for perfection. Research tests made possible an addition. Added to the System V a plus. The panel has
more cuts (feathering in the top area along the spinal processes of the withers) and has a more rounded front,
making it more comfortable for those horses who not only have extremely high withers razor withers, but also
for horses who have broad and wide withers. It will even fit those “heart-shaped” horses that have backs
in which you can roll a marble down their spine. Overwhelming success during the 2002 confirmed what 125
                 EVOLUTION OF THE               FLEXIBLE DELRIN® PANEL continued

computer scans recommended. Both horses and riders are thrilled with the panel’s success.
COMBINATIONS: System VIII or Mock 8 Saddle Works Ortho-Flex has combined the single layer System
I with the finger cuts of the System III. This really does not qualify as new system but modifies preexisting
ones. However, they are calling this combination System VIII, which still requires great care in fitting, due to
the horses shape and selection of the correct saddle tree in order to achieve an acceptable fit. A NEW
DEVELOPMENT: System IX. In 2005 after 35 years of combined experience in repairing all of the earlier
systems of saddles Eldorado Saddle and Tack along with Hill View Farms came up with a better panel design.
Added to the rear mounts are stainless steel slides, making the panels virtually maintenance free. This feature
is added to the already proven System VII panel, however the rivets are of copper for better strength and
performance as compared tot the aluminum used in the system 5 and 7, and the mounts are of steel. So radical
was the improvement in 2005 on performance of the preexisting System VII, that the 7E easy slide as it was
referred to during the experimental year of testing, needs to be in a category by it self, thus the System IX (9)
was created. Eldorado Saddle and Tack call this line by a variety of names, Amera-Flex, Ameri-flex, 7E, Easy
Slide and Eldorado saddles.
EVOLUTION: System X. The year 2007, with the Delrin panels’ alone maximizing performance in
earlier systems, it is the little things that have made big changes in the over all panel performance, durability
and fit. Based on the System VII design and the slide plate of the System IX, the System X has taken the
features of these and made the best design yet. Several small changes together have made a major difference.
However this system must have a saddletree that is equal in design function for the panels to perform
exquisitely. The first of several changes to the panels are the rivets. Gone are the copper and aluminum that
were once used in the layering assembly of the panels. New are the stainless steel and nickel alloy rivets that
eliminate the work-hardening fatigue (the amount of flexing a metal can take before it breaks) seen with earlier
systems. Another improvement is the new pivot mechanism. With the advancements in machining we can get
a true ball-in-socket action. By using different radii on the insert and the washer, this ball-in-socket joint that
performs with pure fluidity, maximum panel movement with closer contact. With this new assembly the
clicking and popping noise once heard during the break in period of earlier systems has virtually been
eliminated. Another hindrance in panel flexibility has been the backer and foam layer of padding used on the
under side of all earlier systems. This padding is what cushions the semi-rigid Delrin material from direct
contact with the horses back. The improved backing is fingered to match the finger cuts in the Delrin panel it
self. Having this padding match the fingers allows for the little subtleties on a horse's or mule's shoulder, back
and wither confirmation – especially if he as an unusual or highly pronounced shoulder / scapula
confirmation, where as on earlier systems the panels tended to fall into the dip or hollow behind the shoulder,
creating excessive pressure from the over all rigidness of the front of the panel - especially in the western
saddles. These small differences have made so dramatic an improvement in the overall function of the panels
that this new system has been christened System X. The performance difference is such, that if you had been
playing the piano with mittens and then graduated to gloves. 2011 has allowed System X to evolve further with
the use of oil impregnated bronze washers and spring steel for the slide plate. With lighter weight trees and
rigging, Tauer manfacturing and Hill View Farms ® continue its quest for supior performance.

What is next to come? You can bet that I’ll keep you posted. Of which, I have had inquiries regarding special
saddles pads - as many companies are now producing them. These pads have a white semi-rigid product in
them that looks and performs similar to Delrin. The plastic material is NOT delrin but a flexible type of plastic
- "like the kind you can nail through" (Delrin you cannot do this with) as told to me by Len Brown developer
of one of these types of pads called the corrector. There is another pad, which I prefer, made by the CSI pad
company that contains the Flex-Plate. This plate is the exact design of the system 5 panel. All of these saddle
pads perform similar to an independent panel, free of the saddletree and working in conjunction with your
current ridged tree saddle to aid in its performance and fit. However you MUST already have a saddle that fits
your horse fairly well. As these pads, which may require shims to achieve an acceptable fit, without question
                                             will help an ill-fitting saddle. I have personally worked with these
    Starting under saddle                    pads and they do have a place within the saddling industry, especially
                                             for those who have spent thousands on a custom tree saddle - made
                                             for their horse, only to find that the saddle really does not fit. As with
                                             any expensive pad, you must have the option to return it for a refund
                                             (if within the time frame offered and in a clean condition) if the
                                             product does not meet with the manufactures claims.
                                                   Camp Time




126
                                           Q UESTIONS - H ORSE

As of 12/22/10, I have personally sold over 1,712 flexible, delrin panel saddles from over six different
manufacturers. I have addressed countless questions from people who were referred to me by manufacturers
and their representatives within the saddling industry. I do my best to remain objective, helping the consumer
while keeping the horses’ best interest at heart. My sincere and deepest thanks to all of the DR’s, DVM’s and
professors that I have questioned through the years regarding my quest for answers confirming my hypotheses.
The older I get the less I feel I know, and the minute I think I know it all is the day I stop learning! So with that
I will continue to pass on and find answers to your many great and wonderful questions. Horses, Tack and
People.

What does it mean when I see white hair? What happened? White hair means that the hair follicle has been
compromised. (The pigment is gone; this may or may not be temporary). Hair follicle damage has several
potential causes:
· The skin is under too much pressure, which restricts blood flow and possibly forms a hematoma and scar
tissue.
· The skin is too cold, which kills tissue, e.g., freeze branding.
· The skin is too hot, which kills tissue.
· Something is causing friction. Constant rubbing, brushing, or movement, evidenced by patches of white hair
on the head of a horse who wears a halter constantly, or in areas rubbed by an improperly adjusted breast collar,
saddle, pad or crupper.

What causes dry spots? Any of the following could play a role:
· Something is applying too much pressure, which doesn’t allow the skin to function normally. This is the case
with a saddle that is too narrow, has bars that are too straight, rocks too much or is cinched too tightly.
· The horse is not thoroughly sweated up. The first place a horse sweats generally is the ear area and the last is
the top of the rump muscles (gluteals). When the horse’s rump show sweat, you can safely say he is sweated
up.
· The saddle is not making contact with the horse (saddle bridging), so the airflow is drying the hair. The saddle
bars are too straight, so they dig into the shoulders and bridge the horse’s back.
· The area has damaged tissue, possibly from an old injury. Old injuries from saddle pressure or a bite will not
allow proper skin function. An area with an injury such as this may take up to 6 months to regain its function,
providing that the tissue has not been damaged permanently.

Why are some horses "cinchy"? Cinchiness simply means that your horse is reacting to being girthed up.
Several things may cause cinchiness.
 Pinched Trapezius muscle. The trapezius muscle is the resting place for the rigid arch of English saddles and the
front edges of the tree bars of western saddles. This muscle is called the "saddling muscle" by old timers. When
this muscle is pinched (during girthing) the horse’s natural response is to dip his back, raise his head, turn, nip,
switch his tail and possibly rear. When the trapezius muscle is in spasm the tension indirectly flows to the
surrounding muscles (think about the old song, "the head bone is connected to the …"), eventually affecting the
serratus muscles on the side of the horse’s trunk. The girth passes over these muscles, creating additional
pressure and spasm. Palpation will uncover the source of the trouble.
 Irritated Large Tricep. Extended leg movement / rotation or a narrow girthing area will cause the girth to rub or
dig into the tricep muscle. This is the muscle just above the elbow (elbow muscle). Again you will need to
palpate the area to determine if this muscle is sore. If it is, you may need to invest in the contoured soft leather
girth. You also might be able to correct the problem by setting your rigging back, if possible. However, the girth
eventually will follow the path of least resistance and move to the narrowest part of the horse’s barrel.
 Spasms Between the Intercostal Muscles. Some horses have a predisposition to spasms. You will have to
palpate the muscle by running your thumb across the ribs in the girthing area to determine this. If you get that
fly-has-landed jerk reaction or worse, you will need to massage out those spasms before girthing. This
procedure is outlined in the massage books. By working out these muscles before girthing, you will not create
a spasm when girthing up. Also the soft leather contoured girth is excellent for these horses because the pull is
coming from the sternum and not the horses sides.
 Muscle Memory. If your horse has had an issue with an ill-fitting girth or saddle, the horse will retain that
memory and react even if he currently is not uncomfortable. Time and patience should allow the horse to forget.
Massaging the area before and during saddling, backing several steps between stages of girthing, and then
removing and re-saddling several times before you actually ride may help. If your horse is relatively young, he
should get over this behavior, but if he is over 10, this behavior may have become habit. Just make sure that this
behavior is a memory issue and not caused by any of the previously mentioned three conditions. Palpation is
the only way to determine if your horse is sore.

What is loin rubbing and what causes it? Loin rubbing is a condition where the hair is rubbed off or
individual hairs are broken off over the horse’s back. Friction rubbing is a similar condition occurring from the
shoulders along the back to the loins. As with "scrub marks", these conditions can make the horse
sensitive. You also may see white or roaning hair associated with this. Rubbing is caused by constant 127
                                     QUESTIONS - HORSE continued

rubbing, brushing, or movement, which can occur from any of the following conditions.
1) The Sloshing Saddle. A long strung-out walk ridden for more than a few hours is harder on a horse’s back than
any other type of riding. The saddle may move forward and back 2 inches or more with every stride! It’s easy
to see how this can cause sensitivity all over the back, but it’s usually most noticeable over the loins at the rear
of the panels or skirts of the saddle. The sloshing saddle syndrome is accentuated by a loose girth. All that’s
necessary to correct the problem is a little natural collection, contact with the bit, and enough leg contact that
your horse knows he should ‘look alive’ and step under himself enough to bring his back up. Using a breast
collar and crupper also will help this problem. Your horse’s conformation and way of going may be hard to
change, and if you have done all that you can do to stop the sloshing saddle with no significant change, you will
need to purchase a Tacky Tack pad. The properties and design of this pad help alleviate this condition or even
eliminate it altogether. To use this pad alone or as an under pad, make sure that you pull it up between your
saddle’s panels so you don’t bind your horse’s spine.
2) Lack of Saddle Contact in the Rear. When you stand in the stirrups over long distances, particularly if you
brace yourself on the pommel or fork, the saddle’s arch or fork locks into the horse’s shoulders. This usually
pinches the trapezius muscle and the horse will drop his back. At the same time the rear of the saddle pops up.
When the horse hollows his back he stops using it correctly and he will begin to do a swinging ‘cha-cha-cha’
with his hindquarters. The added weight of the rider concentrated over the forehand of the horse causes him to
overbalance forward producing the "power trot" many distance riders are so proud of. As with the long
swinging walk, the horse is strung out and uncollected. The hindquarters shift dramatically under the saddle,
quickly causing friction and soreness. The answer, of course, is to sit down. Learn to half-post and ask for
moderate amount of natural collection at all times, and if your saddle has the adjustable rigging, try tightening
down the rear strap.
3) Upward Swoop to the Croup or a Swayback. Some horses have loins that swoop upward toward the croup
more than average. This type of confirmation is often seen in lines of Quarter horses that have been bred to be
rump-high and have a downhill slope to their backs. The skirts of western saddles often run into the loins of
horses with this downhill conformation. Traditionally, western saddle skirts are laced together in the rear. The
rear of the saddle saws back and forth with each stride, instead of moving with the horse. These laces also can
create enough pressure to bruise the spinal processes beneath them, causing a very painful bump on the top of
the spine. This bruising is serious because once the spine has been bruised, any pressure at a later time will cause
the injury to flare up quickly, as attested by anyone who has injured a horse with a harness. Therefore, on
traditional saddles used for training, trail and pleasure, the lacing between the skirts should be removed to allow
the saddle to move up and down alternately as the horse’s loins shift, to remove the pressure. One solution may
be to try a shorter saddle or a round-skirted saddle. On flexible panel saddles, rear shims set in about 1 to 1 ½
inches from the rear edge of the saddle might help; a fleece wool pad could help as well. If you have a saddle with
the adjustable System IV, raise the front of your saddle so that you are level with the croup/loins. You also might
have panels that are too long and curve up so far that they actually touch or "bottom out on" the rear of the
saddle tree. It this is the case, you might be able to solve the problem by using rear shims. If that doesn’t work,
you will need to change saddles. Also if your mount is sway- backed, you will need to add center shims, bringing
up the center and allowing the panel ends to move freely.
4) Biannual Coat change. When a horse sheds, the hair comes off more rapidly in areas that are being rubbed.
This is why people complain of loin rubbing in the spring, and notice that it mysteriously goes away by early
summer. This type of rubbing usually has no sores connected with it. Any rubbing that occurs during seasonal
coat change is magnified. According to one respected English saddler, every Spring he and his colleagues are
besieged by complaints about ill-fitting saddles. The annual coat change causes extra skin sensitivity in many
horses. One well-known German dressage competitor rests his horses during their coat change in spring and fall,
believing that shedding requires energy. Unfortunately, the early spring is just when endurance and competitive
trail riders are asking the most of their horses. If an incorrect riding stance or other rubbing factors are added to
the mix, real soreness results. I have also found that by using cowboy magic applied ONLY on the rub area
makes and allows for the pad to slide as if on oil across this area thus actually alleviating or even eliminating this
condition. Only apply this product to this area, for if it goes off the target area you and your saddle will slide
off of your horse.
5) An Ill-Fitting Breast Collar or Crupper. To properly fit the breast collar, adjust the breast collar so it can be
pulled away from the horse’s shoulder on one side 3-4 inches. This allows the animals shoulder to move freely
forward. Use the neck tug (the strap that goes over the horses withers) to adjust the height of the "arms" that
lie along the shoulder slope, offering a comfortable fit and maximum support. These arms come together in the
center of the chest and are connected to the center strap that connects the breast collar to the to the girth,
between the horses front legs. This center strap will keep the breast collar from moving up and choking the
horse and will allow your horse to eat and drink comfortably. Correctly fit, the strap should hang no more than
1 to 2 inches when the horse is standing. To properly adjust the crupper, fit it on a standing animal, adjusting
it so you can rise it off the animals rump 3-4 inches.
6) A Pad that Binds the Horse’s Spine or Shoulders. To properly fit a saddle pad you must bring the pad up off
of the horse’s spine, especially in the withers area, so that when you are sitting in the saddle you can easily slip
       2 fingers between the saddles pad and the animal’s spine.
 128 7) Scrub or Rub Marks on the Shoulders. More often than not, these marks are caused by the saddle being
       too far forward. Move the saddle back a bit.
                                     QUESTIONS - HORSE continued

I have white and or roaning hair under my flexible panel saddle, what do I check for? White hair means
that the hair follicle has been compromised. Review the question on loin rubbing. For other potential causes,
check the following:
• Is one side of your horse larger than the other? If so you will need to balance your saddle.
• Is the saddle pad consistently dirty, or damp, or wet?
• Is the saddle the right size for the rider? The panels are designed for the body weight of the rider that will fit
accordingly into that saddle’s seat size. Therefore a larger seat size means that larger panels are used to properly
distribute the rider’s weight. If the rider weights over 200 pounds and is not riding in a large enough saddle, the
panels may not be large enough to properly distribute the rider’s weight, causing excessive pressure. Make sure
that the rider is not too heavy for the horse and that the saddle is the correct size for the rider.
• Has debris worked its way into the saddle pad? If you are using saddle sox, booties or an easy pad, remove it
and look inside. There may be rocks, gravel, sticks or other form of foreign matter that is creating an uneven
surface against the horse’s back.
• Does the horse have a very flat back? This is more often seen in mules and donkeys than in horses. This flat
back conformation may cause the panel to remain completely flat and not move away from the saddle tree in
a concave-convex manner that follows the horse’s motion. Adjust the System IV panels out so that the panel
moves away from the saddle tree giving the necessary clearance for the panels to function properly.
• Have you performed a saddle safety check? To learn how to do this look for "how to perform a safety check"
under the "person related" questions.

The white hair my horse had before I bought an delrin panel saddle went away during the summer
with my new saddle, then came back in the fall, in the same pattern as before, why? Although rare, this
can happen. When you see white hair, it simply means that the melanin producing cells in the hair follicle have
been shut down. As you know, this may or may not be permanent. With animals that have a hair coat, hair
follicles are not all the same. With horses, different hair follicles are active during different times of the year and
are stimulated by hormones that are triggered by temperature and the length of daylight. Some hair follicles
produce longer guard hairs, some produce a softer downy undercoat and some are in-between. What you are
seeing is the "winter" hair follicles (for lack of a better word) being triggered into production by temperature and
daylight, and those follicles were the ones that were damaged by your old saddle. Hopefully with each season
this will get less and less.

What are the bumps I see on my horse, and what causes them? Two types of bumps seem to be related
to tack. The first is edema; the second is hematoma.
 Edema is fluid under the skin. Pressing your finger on the bump identifies it. The bump will depress and when
you remove your finger the fluid returns. This fluid is the body’s natural reaction to a rub or pressure that is
damaging the tissue underneath. This fluid will be reabsorbed after about 24 hours, only to return if the problem
is not corrected. If the problem continues, a hematoma may develop.
 A hematoma is most often associated with white hair. When you feel this area you will feel tissue lumps. If
caught early enough and the source of the problem is eliminated, the tissue will be reabsorbed, but the process
may take up to a year. If the hematoma was not caught early enough the tissue underneath may be so severely
damaged that the hematoma will evolve into scar tissue. If this happens you may be faced with surgery to
remove the lump, because when your horse’s tack has been correctly fitted and the atrophied muscles return to
normal, the scar tissue will be a bump on the skin’s surface and subject to rubbing. The white hair associated
with any of these conditions should return to normal if permanent damage has not occurred.

How do you measure a horse’s back? Stand the horse square. Feel for the back edge of his shoulder blade.
This is located near his withers and down off the side of the spine about 2 inches. Then measure from the back
edge of his shoulder to his point of hip. From this measurement deduct 7 to 8 inches, 4 inches for the shoulder
rotation and 3 to 4 inches surrounding the hip. This is your horse’s back length. Many saddle makers request
this information and may take their measurements differently so let them know how you measured your
horse’s back. Remember, when looking at the Delrin System V, VII, IX and X panel saddle, the panel can
overlap the horses scapula up to 3 inches. They are designed this way; this is what makes this panel design
unique. When looking for a saddle for a short-backed horse, deduct 4 inches from all the System V, VII, IX and
X panel saddles; that will give you the length that will work on your horse’s back for a square skirted saddle.
For example, if a Delrin panel saddle is 23 inches long, deduct 4 inches, giving you a 19-inch length for a saddle
to fit on a horse’s back. If the saddle is still too long, you will need to select a contoured-skirted saddle in order
to give the necessary clearance. Some manufacturers automatically deduct 4-6 inches in their literature when the
panels actually are 4 to 6 inches longer.

After riding what rinse do you use? After we are done riding and have pulled the saddles, we wash the
horses with a hose – scrubbing off the mud and dirt chunks. Then we use a pail with water combined with
a couple of cups - or more –of white vinegar added and sponge them down. This softens the hair coat,
offers mild bug protection while neutralizes the salty sweat.
                                                                     HILL VIEW FARMS • 866-723-5937              129
                                    QUESTIONS - HORSE continued

My Horse is Colicking and /or Tying up. What is the difference and what do I do? After years of sitting
back and keeping my mouth shut on this controversial topic I am coming forward and adding my two cents
worth! Something that I witnesses in 2002 was the straw that broke the camel’s back for me. So, let us begin our
lesson. Please note: I am not a veterinarian. I have a Bachelor of Science degree with honors in animal science,
I have taken advanced courses in medical studies, and I am a certified Equine Sports Massage Therapist. I have
over 30 years of field experience and have consulted countless veterinarians on this topic. The following are my
field observations and personal opinions. Please consult your veterinarian for information about your indi-
vidual animal’s care. Have him or her show you how to take your animal’s pulse and temperature, how to listen
for bowel sounds, and how to test for capillary refill and dehydration. Knowing these vital signs will help you
identify your horse’s condition. Remember your veterinarian could save your animal’s life. So get to know your
vet well!
What is Colic: Colic is basically indigestion, abdominal pain, a bellyache. This intestinal distress, if not
properly addressed, may lead to death.
What causes Colic? Ninety percent are caused by parasite infections, so worm your horses regularly. The
other 10 percent are tied mostly to feed consumption and occasionally to exercise, including lack of exercise. If
you change your feed do so gradually over a 7 to 10 day period. Other factors that contribute to colic are as
follows:
1. Bad teeth may make it difficult for your horse to chew properly, so have his teeth floated once a year.
2. Bolting food (eating too fast) or fine textured feed. Try putting softball-size rocks in the feeder to slow his
pace down.
3. Overfeeding, so do not overfeed.
4. Moldy feed
5. Lack of water, a 1000 pound animal drinks 9-15 gallons of water a day, and if working hard or if the
temperature is over 80 ° F will drink 20 percent more, so make sure your horse has plenty of fresh water. In
winter, supply cool - not cold - water. If the water temperature is near freezing, a horse will not drink enough.
6. Constipation, sometimes caused by lack of water or lack of roughage.
7. Excessive eating of bedding. If your animal has this condition and you have tried everything else, try using
dried reed canary grass. It makes great bedding and they can eat it.
8. Feeding too much too infrequently. Horses are grazing animals designed to eat small frequent meals. Feed
horses at least twice a day.
9. Feeding while horse is too hot (puffing) or before working hard. Wait 15 to 30 minutes for the horse to cool
down to water or feed and 30 to 60 minutes after feeding before working hard.
10. Old age.
11. Stalled horses not getting enough water or exercise.
12. Feeding horses on ground where the can ingest sand or small stones. (Sand colic).
13. Wood chewing.
14. Kidney colic (kidney stones) and foaling colic in mares.
What are the symptoms of colic? No fever, rapid pulse, sweating, marked pain, heavy breathing, refusing feed
and water, kicking at belly, getting up and down frequently, standing in a stretched out "saw horse" position,
rolling. With severe pain the horse will sweat and can go into shock; movements will be quite violent.
What are the forms of colic: The three forms of colic are flatulence or gas, torsion or twist and an obstruction.
The symptoms and treatment are different for in each type.
1. Flatulence or gas: This can be caused by a fresh pasture or change in feed. Symptoms will include, a pulse
(measures heart rate) of 50 beats per minute, periodic pain, abdominal sounds of gassy pings. Treatment: Walk
the horse, administer a mild relaxant or sedative, and administer a liter of 7-Up. This is what "old timers" used
to give to help get the gas out, although I’m sure any carbonated beverage would work. This is what I was told
to use. Massage the back and belly; call your veterinarian if symptoms continue for more than 30 minutes.
2. Obstruction: This is caused by a blockage of food or foreign materials, engorgement or impaction. Symp-
toms include, pulse of 60 per minute, and no gut sounds. The onset is more gradual than with gas colic, with
continued pain. If after 30 minutes the horse’s condition has not improved, call a veterinarian immediately. The
animal will require a rectal exam and may go into shock from pain or dehydration and could require IV infusion
of large quantities of liquid. To treat, administer 1 gallon of mineral oil via a stomach tube to aid in moving the
blockage and decrease the absorption of toxins that will be released from the gut if huge quantities of grain were
ingested. These toxins are what lead to a secondary condition of founder. Administer massage techniques but
only if the horse is not going into shock. Give medication for relaxation and pain, and to calm a cramping
stomach. Walk the horse if it is not going into shock. Shock is identified by a reduction in circulation (check
capillary refill time), rapid breathing and pulse, and weakness. Shock can be brought about by hemorrhage, heat
exhaustion and severe pain. Call the vet immediately. Do not move or excite the horse. Do not massage. If shock
is not addressed and treated quickly, the horse will die. Drugs are used to combat shock, but they are no good
if the horse is dead.
3. Torsion or twist: Torsion colic is usually fatal. Symptoms include rapid pulse (100 to 120 per minute),
continuous severe pain, rolling, sweating and shivers from the pain, no gut sounds, onset of shock-like symp-
toms or shock with violent movements. The onset is sudden. Treatment: Call your veterinarian, who will
 130 perform a rectal exam. Keep the horse walking, because thrashing can lead to a ruptured bowel and/or
                                      QUESTIONS - HORSE continued

injury to the his head. The veterinarian will administer a sedative and meperidine or morphine IV to relieve
serious pain. The veterinarian can help you determine if surgery is an option.
• Shock: The state of collapse caused by acute or progressive failure of blood flow to body tissues. It can be
triggered by many forms of serious distress, including cardiac failure, hemorrhage, burns, overwhelming
infections, intestinal obstructions, heat exhaustion, severe pain and dehydration. It is identified by reduced
circulation (check for capillary refill time in the horse’s gums), rapid breathing, rapid pulse of 100, clammy skin,
violent movements, and weakness. Treatment: Call the vet immediately. Do not move or excite the horse. Do
not massage. The vet will administer an electrolyte solution. The goal is to return blood volume and pressure to
normal. If shock is not addressed and treated quickly it becomes irreversible and death soon follows. Drugs are
available to combat shock but they are no good if the horse is dead.
• Dehydration: A fluid and electrolyte imbalance caused by a deficit of water intake, caused by neglect, heat
stress, respiratory disease, fever, and /or diarrhea. Dehydration can lead to shock. If not treated promptly
dehydration will reach a critical point where cellular death occurs. When you ride in hot weather or on very long
rides, your horse can lose up to 50 pounds of body weight in sweat. This liquid needs to be replaced! Horses
can colic, go into shock, and die from dehydration.
• Hyperthermia: Heat exhaustion, heat cramps, heat stroke and sunstroke, all of which can show colic-like
symptoms. Your horse may have the following symptoms: Panting, rapid pulse, body temperature of 109
degrees. Treatment: Move your horse to a shady area. Lower his body temperature by running water on his legs
from the knee down. For severe high temperature, give a rectal enema. The animal will need electrolytes in an IV
solution. Offer water and or fresh moist grass to help re-hydrate the horse.
• Azoturia (Tying up): Also called Monday morning sickness and black water disease. Symptoms include,
lameness, rigidity of the muscles over the loin, sitting or lying down on side, and coffee-colored urine, which is
caused by the myoglobin that is released from the damaged cells. There may be blood in the urine, which
indicates kidney damage. In severe cases, the animal refuses to move. Treatment: Massage over back and loins,
reduce grain intake, and walk animal out. Contact your vet for additional suggestions about treatment or the use
of supplements such as vitamin E and selenium, etc.
Preventive tips to use on the trail: Have on hand a stethoscope, a watch with a second hand, and a
thermometer with a string attached. Know how to take your horse’s pulse, heart rate, respiration rate, and
temperature. Know how to check for dehydration with a skin pinch, how to check for capillary refill time by
pressing on your horse’s gums, and how to listen for gut sounds. Know your horse’s normal pulse, heart and
respiration rates, temperature and capillary refill time. If you don’t know what’s normal you might not
recognize a problem as it begins. Have buckets and big sponges so that you can cool your horse down quickly.
If your horse is hot and puffing wait 15 minutes before watering him. If he still is puffing, give him a gallon or
so, then wait another 15 minutes, then allow him to drink freely. Allow your horse to eat grass on the trail - it
is 80 percent moisture and has essential microelements. Have and give electrolytes but only if the horse is
properly hydrated and drinking well. Give and have your horse drink enough water. Remember, a resting animal
will consume an average of 10 gallons of water a day, 15 gallons if trail riding and then increase that amount for
hot weather. Also remember that a horse cannot reach the bottom of one of those white 5 gallon buckets, so if
you water your horse with this bucket and he does not drink it all, he may just be unable to get his head into the
bucket to finish the water. This is why we use that big water tub to water our horses. They can have free
movement of their head and the bucket holds 15 gallons so they can drink and drink. In cool weather, have a light
or cooling-out blanket to put on to keep the muscles warm, so the horse cools out gradually and does not chill.
Most of all, use common sense. Put yourself in your horse’s shoes. Would you want to carry your big butt up
and down hills for miles on end? Especially if your equipment is not the best fitting or even hurting? Would you
enjoy not being allowed to catch your breath, eat or drink along the way? Think smart; an ounce of prevention
is worth a pound of cure.

I have been visiting your website and have found it very interesting. I am convinced that my saddle
doesn't fit correctly. The part I really don't like about it is when it’s placed on his back it's twisted. I feel
twisted when I ride in it also. The guy fitting the saddle thinks it fits but doesn't see the twisting like
I do. One side fits great the other side doesn't even look like it’s his saddle. It must be because he is
asymmetrical and if so, how do they get this way? Just like us, about 10% of the horses are right or left sided
and canter using one lead so predominately, that it affects their conformation. Even the size and shape of the
foot may be different when comparing the two front feet. The horse may also not flex his neck as well to the
larger side. At a canter they may not like taking the lead on the weaker/smaller side. They may not like to canter
in a round pen/on a longe-line the direction that requires them to use the weaker/smaller side, and may counter-
canter as a result. You may also have difficulty posting off of the weaker side. Having a saddle that is NOT
fitted for each side of the horse will cause discomfort and may continue to make the situation worse. Therefore
you must have a saddle that properly fits and one which will allow your horse’s shape to change. To start
changing his shape, you must begin by exercising the weaker side. At the trot, post off of the weaker diagonal,
do not allow the horse to counter-canter and encourage him to pick-up the correct lead. (If he can not hold that
lead very long, even if it is for only a few strides, then that is fine, at least you gotten that far and can build later
off of that.) Also under saddle, try to get him to pick up the lead on the weaker side and ride the canter heavily-
with your seat. Lastly get the correct trimming on the foot that is off and lower the heel. Years ago, I had
a 3-year-old horse with this same issue and by the end of the summer her front feet were the same size,
                                                                                                                   131
                                    QUESTIONS - HORSE continued

as was her conformation from side to side. Before I started training and riding, her one foot was an entire shoe
size larger. Ruby was also horribly different in the shoulder when viewed from the rear. So misshapen she was,
I figure that NO WAY could this deformed horse ever get balanced. She bucked when I asked her for her correct
lead at the canter (the weaker side) and she would not lounge-at all, when asked to canter in the direction of her
weaker side. So, all summer I posted and posted off of that weak side and built her up. Slowly she began to take
the canter on the correct lead and hold it without objection. She HAD changed her shape completely. By end
of the summer she was fantastic and to this day she is an incredible horse. I was very happy that I did not have
any saddle issues for my saddle accommodated her comfortably as she was developing in all directions. Even
though Ruby was a young horse with a pre-existing condition, older horses can also have an asymmetrical shape
if the rider continues to only post off of one diagonal or only canters the horse using one lead. So the rider must
be kept aware of their riding skills and that of their horse’s build.

My saddle is too tight over horse’s shoulders. If you find that your saddle is too tight over the
shoulder/wither area, or slips forward when riding on level ground, you either have the saddle positioned
too far forward or the rigging is not properly adjusted. To properly adjust the rigging you will need move
the saddle back - causing the front edge of the panel to over-lap very slightly or not at all, over the back
edge of the scapula. The System V, VII, IX and X panels are designed for this. Adjust the saddle’s rigging
by letting it out (lengthening it), so that the girth moves forward into the heart girth area keeping the
saddle in the correct position.

How can you tell if your horse has a sore back or is just being difficult? Does your horse not tolerate
saddling, cinching or mounting, buck, run away, nip, sidestep, toss his head, rear when girthed, refuse
jumps, stumble frequently, quit working mid-season, behave well for first portion of ride then act up, tack-
up better on one side than the other? Is your horse hollow-backed or cold-backed, showing dry spots under
a wet blanket, hard to catch? Does your horse travel downhill badly or have difficulty walking calmly? Does
his gait appear uneven? These are just a few symptoms to indicate that your horse may be suffering from
a sore back. To determine if your horse is sore you need to palpate. Use 5-10 pounds of pressure (use your
bathroom scale to judge the amount of pressure).

I have high readings from saddle fitting scans, what does that mean? Is my horse really sore? The only
way to determine if your horse truly is sore is by physical palpation. Any number of equipment readings
or scans can register heat or pressure, but who’s to say those readings indicate that your equipment is soring
or will sore your horse? Some people bruise easily; some do not, so remember those readings are just
readings, supplying you with information. It is up to you to determine if those readings correlate to
muscular or skeletal pain, injury, or lack of performance. The only way to determine if your horse is sore is
to physically palpate the muscle tissue.

I am getting gall rubs from my neoprene tack. Why? There could be several reasons, but the reason in
90 percent of the cases is this: contrary to what you’ve been told, neoprene does wear out. The cheap stuff
wears out very quickly in fact sometimes almost before it gets sold off the shelves at the tack store! Check
your neoprene tack for cracks; if it’s cracked, replace it. Check the "skin" of the neoprene. Neoprene has a
surface that when wet is slippery; if this skin wears away you are left with a raw rubber surface that literally
will wear a hole through your horse’s hide. If you purchase top-quality neoprene (and I do not mean the
highest priced stuff), your tack will last many, many years. Now for the other 10 percent: the neoprene girth
may be too bulky for your horse. As your horse’s leg passes by or over the girth, the thickness of the girth
may be what is catching his skin. If this is the case, you need a thinner girth. Your girth may also be too wide
for his armpit. If so, you can get a cutout or a contoured girth, or you can try adjusting your saddle’s rigging
back. Your horse’s movement may also be to blame. Does he kick up sand and grit? Is the underside of your
girth covered with sand when you take it off or is there is sand between it and the horse? This sand is
abrasive and will contribute to wearing off of the neoprene’s "skin" as well as damaging your horse’s skin.
Lastly, is your horse just getting chafed? There may be too much loose skin, heat and sweat, just like with
our human rear ends- (I know - too much information here). You need to "lube-up". So try Preparation H,
Destin Ointment (or any baby diaper rash ointment-but this gets gooey and is good for healing already
damaged skin), or KY Jelly or Vaseline applied in the armpit area; it will do the trick.

Why do you put blankets on your horses when camping? We love blankets when camping for several
reasons. The heavier blankets we use when the temperature drops into the low 40 and 30’s. The blankets
keep the horses warm and when they lie down and they do not get dirty from the manure or wet ground. The
lighter blankets we use as coolers and during the summer months to keep the bugs/mosquitoes off and to
keep them clean. (Somehow now matter how clean you keep the area under the picket/high line, some horses
just love to poop / pee beneath themselves and wallow in it!). Both types of blankets keep the horses
cleaner and will make the grooming job easier the next morning.

132 So these saddles really fit different shape backs?        Yes! Testimonials, video’s and photo’s visit us on
     line at www.hillviewfarms.com.
                                   QUESTIONS - HORSE continued

What is casting? Casting is when a horse lies down and cannot get up for he is stuck in a cast position and
is unable to get his legs under his body. He may be cast against a wall, under a fence or like our gelding in a
snow bank. Stuart, our quarter horse gelding, went for a roll in a snow bank and got cast! We watched from
the window as all the horse went for a snow bath- it was fun watching from the window. But when Stuart
tired to get up, he could not, he laid his head back down, and he tried again and again. Was he just resting?
Then what seemed an eternity, we realized that he was truly cast, because as the rest of the herd moved on,
leaving him behind, he just laid there. We dashed out of the house and across the pasture, got to him and dug
him out! I shutter to think if we had not been watching the horses…. How long would he have lasted? He
would have frozen to death – cast in the snow bank. That day we closed off that pasture for the winter and
kept them in a dry-lot until spring. Horses can get cast under fences, against walls, in stalls, in brush and
even in snow banks. If they stay cast for several hours you run a high risk of internal injury, colic and if cast
longer, death. That is why in some stalls you see a board or pipe 3-foot off of the floor nailed to the wall
all the way around. This is so the thrashing horse can catch a leg against the wall and push himself over and
get up. You may also see barns that have bedding banked up against the walls so much so, that the stall looks
like a bird’s nest – with the horse in the center. For safety, make sure you have the right size stall for your
horse. The average size for a stall is 12 x 12. If you have a small horse/pony a 10 x 10 will work.

Cathy what is your opinion on having a veterinarian do a pre-purchase exam on a prospective
horse? I strongly recommend it. I have seen horses who were purchased and taken home with strangles
(that is death to older and young horses alike) and other contagious diseases, which can lead to very
expensive treatment programs. I have seen horses who were drugged, lame, or ill sold as healthy, whose
problems would have been uncovered by a pre-purchase exam. On the other hand, a pre-purchase exam will
not tell you how a horse will hold up under use. I have seen horses pass a pre-purchase exam turn up three-
legged lame the day after a one- to three-hour ride. Remember, these tests are just a snapshot, a view of the
horse’s condition at the moment of the x-ray or ultrasound or whatever. I have found the best way to test
for soundness is to ride the horse for a good time, 5 to 20 miles or more per day for three days straight
(naturally with proper fitting tack and hoof care). This test of endurance and soundness, I can assure you,
will uncover any issues that relate directly to future performance, at least in the near term and assuming that
the horse has proper care throughout his life. Again—this is just a three-day test and does not account for
proper hoof trimming and or shoeing. That, in itself, can open a another can of worms. Also, when you bring
home newly purchased stock, always quarantine the animal for at least 10 days to make sure he isn’t
incubating a disease that he could pass to your other animals. This means that the quarantined animal does
not share a water bucket, stall, paddock or any grooming products with any other animal and that he is not
close enough to the other animals to rub noses or pass airborne pathogens.

Why do horses roll? Should I let my horse roll? Is it good for them? Rolling is good for your horse. Let
them roll. Horses roll to dry off, when itchy –especially when shedding out –to remove biting bugs and after
being ridden. They roll in water to get cool or in mud for a protective layer against biting insects. Horses roll
to relieve internal distress - rolling does not cause colic. They roll to give themselves a dust bath in summer
and a snow bath in wither. It is wonderful for them! The only exception is if they are kicking at their belles
and are in severe abdominal distress. If they are kicking at their bellies (not flies!) and keep going down to
roll, you need to monitor their condition and consult your veterinarian.

What do I look for when purchasing a horse? When looking for a horse review the following questions.
The price of the horse can vary based on the answers to these questions and on the horse’s age. When
planning to purchase a horse, tell the seller of the horse that you want to see them load and unload the horse
from a trailer. Have them catch the horse, bring it in, groom and saddle it. Have them ride the horse first. Ask
them to remove the saddle and ride the horse bareback– if they can –as well as ride the horse with just a
halter. Then have them saddle the horse and let you ride -with a helmet and with covered stirrups or with
toestoppers on. A good test to perform to see if the horse is a safe and secure horse is to kick him in the hind
shin – or ask the seller to do it! A calm, secure and steady horse – regardless of age, will not move or move
very little. A horse that is not, will jump, stomp, kick back or become highly skittish. If the horse has passed
the kick and riding test, now you can review the level of training the horse has had and what he has
accomplished for his age. Let the price of the horse with the questions below be your guide when purchasing
a companion or performance horse.
What price do you put on your safety – your life?                                 The plastic bag lesson
How old are you?
What level of rider are you, beginner, intermediate, advanced?
At what age did you start riding?
Have you ridden bareback?
How often do you ride?
Do you train horses, yours and/or outside horses coming in?
Are you a timid person?
Are you afraid of getting hurt?                                                                             133
What type of riding will you be doing?
                                  QUESTIONS - HORSE continued
What are the Gaits of horses? I have referenced over 20 different books/ articles that I accumulated over the
past 30 years, compiling the data. Gaited horses are (I’m sure I missed a few) Fox Trotter, Gaited Morgan,
Icelandic, Pacers, Peruvian Paso, Paso Fino, Racking Horse, Rocky Mountain, American Gaited Largo,
Mountain Horse, Mountain Pleasure, KY Mountain Saddle Horse, Single-Footing Horse, Spotted Walking
Horse, Spotted Saddle Horse, Single Foot Breeds, Saddle Bred, Spanish mustang, Tennessee Walker, Trotting
Bred, Walk-a-loosa, etc.
                                                                                         Sacked out
WALK
·  Diagonal (square)
·  4 even beats
·  rider feels movement forward and back
   and each leg lift and drop

FLAT WALK or FLAT FOOT WALK
·  diagonal (square)
·  4 even beats
·  faster than a walk
·  more active                                                              Spray training
·  rider feels less forward and back movement
·  more comfy for the rider

RUNNING WALK or PASO LLANO or SHOW WALK
·  Lateral (square if even 4 beat)
·  4 beats
·  horse will have over stride, up to two feet
·  PASO LLANO will not have as much over stride as the others
·  evenly timed sounds
·  2-3 feet always on ground
·  same as flat walk but with more speed
·  this can be done slow or fast and is half way between a trot and a pace in timing
·  looks like pulling or trotting in front with driving behind
                                                                                   Remember when
·  deep nod but not like the pecking nod of fox trot
·  tail may move side to side                                                   looking at the gait, all
·  fastest of all walking gaits                                                   gaits start with the
·  rider may move a bit forward and back.                                            rear leg first.

TROT or “hard” TROT or EXTENDED TROT or PASITROTE or TROTE
·  diagonal (square)
·  2 beats with suspension of air
·  the “hard” or Extended Trot will have faster movement and more air
·  PASITROTE this is very close to the TROT but maybe just maybe break with rear foot first.

FOX TROT or TROCHA or PASITROTE or Broken TROT
·  diagonal (square)
·  4 beats
·  rider moves forward and back–no side-to-side movement
·  a broken trot with no suspension
·  not even sounds, sounds like 1,2 – 3,4
·  looks like trotting in back and walking in front       Don & Stuart
·  hind foot caps and slides over track from front foot  Black Hills, SD
·  also has over stride
·  horse may or may not have head and neck bob
·  horse has higher step in back
·  rider feels like trotting but with no bounce

FOX WALK
·  slower version of the FOX TROT or TROCHA
·  hind foot will cap the front foot print
·  rider feels less forward and back with less bounce

RACK or SLOW RACK or SADDLE RACK or STEPPED RACK or PLEASURE RACK or RACING
   RACK or PASO FINO or PASO CORTO or PASO LARGO or TOLT – (FAST TO SLOW) or
   HREINA TOLT
 · lateral gaits
134 · all the above are evenly timed but the speed is varied
                                QUESTIONS - HORSE continued

·   no head nod of horse
·   no over reach
·   will have 2-3 feet on ground at all times with exception of RACK
·   on the RACK there is more over step than on the SADDLE RACK but less than that of a
     RUNNING WALK and when evenly timed is then considered a square gait.
·   SADDLE RACK and RACK are very smooth and rider is very centered
·   SADDLE RACK has high action in front
·   PASO CORTO or PLEASURE RACK there is very slight side to side movement of rider. Rider is
     sitting still as horse is moving underneath
·   PASO FINO and SLOW RACK has very short strides and is slower
·   RACK will at times have one foot on the ground
·   FAST TOLT and RACING RACK is very fast with speeds up to 20 mph
·   PASO LARGO is on the faster side
SOBREANDANDO or AMBLE or SINGLE FOOT or STEPPING PACE or BROKEN PACE or
SLICK PACE or SKEITH TOLT
·   Lateral
·   Closer to the PACE
·   Great extension
·   Great over reach
·   May or may not have even sounds
·   1,2 – 3,4 with rear leg landing a split-
   second before front
·   no air suspension
·   SINGLE FOOT has higher action                    Rest stop
·   SOBREANDANDO has huge over reach
·   horse swings head side to side
·   can be smooth or rough for the rider depending on timing
·   side to side rider movement

PACE or DEAD PACE or SLOW PACE or FLYING PACE or HARD PACE or HACHANO or
AMBLADURA or FLUG SKEITH
·  lateral (where the legs on one side move in unison.)
·  With suspension and side to side rider motion
·  2 beat                                               Delivering catalogs
                                                         with my Tito
CANTER or LOPE
·  diagonal (square), 3 beats

GALLOP or RUN
·  diagonal (square), 4 beats

What are the Normal Equine Vital Signs? Page 53




 When our kids were young we used saddlebags to keep them balanced and
 their legs secure. They also could store all kinds of “goodies” in the
                             bags as well.                              135
                                   QUESTIONS - HORSE continued

What can I use to keep gnats out of my horses ears? Wipe them out with Avon Skin so Soft oil. It
conditions the ear and repels gnats.

Should my horse be barefoot or have shoes? I get this question a lot. all of those who say barefoot is the
only way to go, they are wrong, for it may work on some horses and not for others. Horses in the wild travel
an average of 20-50 miles a day; they live in harsh and drier conditions than our domesticated (pet) horses.
The time a stallion is able to acquire a harem of mares is about the age of 5. Stallions that survive to this age
pass on their good feet genes, and if not are taken out of the genetic pool fairly young by natural selection.
Horses in the wild are the products of this natural selection and only those with good feet survive to
breeding age. Those with thin walls and soles or those who cannot grow a foot fast enough to keep up with
the herd are contributors to the food chain. Horses that survive, have feet like iron and grow FAST. Ask any
farrier who has worked on a mustang’s foot and they will tell you that taking a horse from that environment
to a soft, lush, cushy pasture with no natural rocks, stones, gravel and sand to down the hoof, requires a
weekly trim. We do not put down our horse "pets" that we love, breed, raise, and buy just because they have
thin hoof walls or soft soles. Nor can we control the weather where they live. Dry climates tend to cause
harder feet and cracks, wet climates softer feet and thrush. Horse’s hooves are much like our own fingernails
–some of us have thick, thin, hard or soft nails – we are all different. We have to work with what we have.
I have horses that have thick walls and soles that grow fast! If I put shoes on my little mare, she will be lame
in 3 weeks with puffy tendons due to the strain of a long toe. She can grow a ¾ of inch of hoof that fast. So
I leave her barefoot and can ride her in the roughest terrain. My other mare has good sole, but thin hoof walls.
I cannot put a shoe on because the wall is just too thin and the nailing drives her nuts. When barefoot on
pasture she is great, but on the gravel road she looks like I would look walking barefoot over sharp rocks,
yeow! So I use the Boa horse boots on her and they are wonderful. I have other horses that have shoes on
and they wear them well. (I have my horses hot shod, which means that the iron shoe is heated, to give the
metal extra strength and to make shoe last longer; however they are also more slippery. I hot shoe my horses
because I wear out the keg shoes (those that are not heated), faster than my horses can grow enough hoof to
put the new nails into.) Yes, I ride that much. My horses’ feet vary widely, yet all of my horses are in the
same environment receiving the same care and feed. The difference is in their genes. My horses have a soft
pasture in the low areas that is moist – sometimes muddy – and then in the same pasture there are sandy/
rocky hills where the horses stand catching a summer breeze. They have free walking over 20 acres of
pasture. They have to walk though a low, muddy and always damp ditch (allowing moisture to be absorbed
into the hoof), in order to get to the automatic water fountain, which is located on a rough cement pad, under
the lean-to and the huge squirrel cage fan. It is in this area during the heat of the day the horses hang out,
stomping around, hardening and filing their feet. So when trying to decide to shoe, go barefoot or use horse
boots consider your environmental conditions, your horse’s genetic make-up, your activity level with your
animal, where you are riding, availability of a good farrier, and manage your horses’ feet accordingly. On a
closing note, the horse’s hoof is a pump for the horse’s leg, and must be allowed to expand and contract with
each step. We always pull our shoes in the fall and leave the horses barefoot over the winter. The most
growth on a hoof is in the spring and summer and it takes a complete year for a hoof to grow completely out.
When trimming and looking at diet or environment changes you can look at the growth rings/lines on the
horses hoof, tell a story.

Please share your first aid and tips for health on the trail and issues regarding health care when
horse camping. I have been asked repeatedly to write about what to do for certain health conditions that
arise during horse camping. These are the remedies that work for me. Please consult your veterinarian
before administering any of the following treatments, as I will not be held liable.
 Cathy’s 101-field treatment begins before administering any medications of any kind. First, I take the
horse’s temperature, listen for gut sounds, and check for dehydration by checking for capillary refill. This
gives an idea of the horse’s current condition and helps to decide how to treat the horse. These checks
require the use of a thermometer, a stethoscope, and a watch with a second hand. The thermometer and
stethoscope should be part of your first aid kit. Practice with them at home before going out into the
wilderness. That way you know how to use the equipment. You will also know what is normal for your
particular animal and your animal will be accustomed to the procedure.
 How to use a thermometer. Make sure your thermometer has a string and clothespin attached, so you can
clip the thermometer to the animal’s tail. (This keeps the thermometer from getting sucked into and lost in
the animal’s rectum). Before inserting the thermometer, shake down the indicator fluid and put a glob of
petroleum jelly on the end. Insert the thermometer into the rectum, following the rectum wall so you don’t
insert it into a fecal ball. The fecal ball will give an inaccurate reading. Leave the thermometer for 3 minutes.
The normal temperature of an adult horse is about 101.5. (It might be helpful to store a pair of reading
glasses with your thermometer.)
How to use a stethoscope. Learn how and where to listen for gut sounds and heartbeat. (You can hear gut
sounds with just your ear, but not heartbeats). For gut sounds, listen from the last rib backward into the
belly and flanks. You should hear loud gurgles. No sound or very small sounds can mean dehydration
 136 leading to colic. To listen for a heartbeat, place the stethoscope on the animal’s near side in the armpit
       area.
                                   QUESTIONS - HORSE continued

You can also check his heart rate by placing your fingertips against the artery that runs along the underside
of his inner jaw and feeling for the pulse. A normal resting heart rate is 30 to 40 beats per minute.
How to check his respiration rate. Watch his flanks. They move in and out with each breath. A normal
resting respiration rate on an adult horse is 8 to 15 breaths per minute. Also check your animal’s eyes. They
should be bright and clear, not half closed, blinking, or sunken in. You can also tap the eyelid for blinking
reaction.
How to test for dehydration and shock (capillary refill). On the neck above the shoulder, pinch a fold of skin
between your forefinger and thumb. If the skin stays tented for 1 second, the horse is getting dehydrated,
if it stays for 2 or more second, he is very dehydrated. Confirm his condition by looking at his gums. Are
they pink, moist, and slippery? If not he is dehydrated. To check capillary refill on the gums, press hard
with your thumb or finger. The gum color should turn from pink to white. When you let go, they should
return to a healthy pink color. If they are white, yellow, red, blue or purple, you have a big problem. Call
a vet. Check anal tone as well. Make sure the rectum is fully closed and normally pinched and tucked in,
not droopy. To prevent dehydration, make sure your horse at rest drinks at least 10 gallons a day per
1,000 pounds. Do not give electrolytes if the horse has not been drinking. I like to give electrolytes before
long trailer hauls, when the horse is at home and comfortable, or the day before a big event so that he is
already properly hydrated. Also allow your animal to eat as much grass as possible as grass is 90%
moisture. You can also wet down hay, hay cubes, and beet pulp, if you feed it. Have caution feeding too
much beet pulp, as it may not provide enough roughage/bulk, increasing the propensity for obstruction
colic. Have on hand electrolytes with calcium and a way to administer them—a 60 cc syringe with
graduated tip is ideal. You can also monitor the fecal out put of your animal. A nice moist, juicy deposit is
perfect, dry and hard without a glistening sheen of moisture is warning to take notice. The occasional cow
pies – or liquid projectile is not normal but may happen due to nerves or an event anticipation Continued
loose stools over a 12 hour period will lead to dehydration.
Galls, friction and heat abrasions. Carry petroleum and K-Y® jelly, as well as Preparation H™. If your
horse gets a bad gall, wrap your girth in cellophane and cover this with K-Y or petroleum jelly. This will
allow the girth to slide over the skin. This means that you must also have a roll of plastic wrap along. If you
use a rear cinch, you can use that on top of your latigo by hooking it in the girth buckle and tightening it up,
pulling the girth back from the gall.
Crusty spots. Carry athlete’s foot cream and some Blu-Kote® (gentian violet). Both these products are
super for fungal infections. They work super on any superficial crusty spots on the horse’s hide, which
many times are fungal in origin such as ring worm. Gentian violet is great for thrush and hoof issues, the
athlete’s foot cream is wonderful on scratches, greasy heal, pastern dermatitis, mud fever, etc., where you
want to keep the skin moist to avoid cracking. (To treat these conditions clip feathering and wash down area
with a Betadine solution and pat dry, then apply ointment.) If swelling occurs, you may have to use a
DMSO/ nitrofurazone solution as well (see below). Also have Destine diaper rash ointment on hand. This
is super for healing any wound and encourages healing along with hair growth. Use this on all areas that are
raw and rubbed. If your horse has warts on his face or muzzle, pinch them off. You can use pair of
hemostats or pliers. Pinch them until they bleed. This will release the virus and kick in the horse’s immune
system and his own body will rid him of the warts.
Bad abrasions, kicks, twists, sprains, open scuffs, leg or body trauma, swellings. Carry a tub of nitrofura-
zone and a bottle (I prefer a spay bottle) of DMSO. (Wear surgical rubber gloves when handling this
product at it has been linked to cancer in women.) Using rubber gloves, place three finger-full scoops of
furazone in the mixing tub (I use an empty cottage cheese container). Add enough DMSO to make a three
parts furazone – one part DMSO mixture (one or two squirts). Mix until it reaches the consistency of
melted butter or ice cream. Apply this mixture to the injured area. This will aid in healing and pull out
swelling. Do not use any other liniment with this or apply this over any other liniment because the DMSO
will blister your horse and all of his hide will come off! If the skin is not broken, you can spray and rub
down the area lightly with DMSO. You can also wrap the leg in plastic wrap, followed by cotton batting
and a cloth leg wrap. You can use Vet Wrap®, but make sure you do not stretch it when wrapping the leg.
You must change this wrap every 24 hours. Carry plenty of leg wraps and Vet Wrap® along with Telfa®
or other nonstick pads and medical tape, along with a sharp pair of bandage scissors.
Over work and stress. Horses that are out of condition can develop a calcium imbalance if they are short
of legumes in their diet (e.g., alfalfa, clover, and vetch). Lack of calcium will cause a horse to develop
thumps. This is a condition where the diaphragm contractions are out of synchronization with the heart. I
always make sure that my horses have alfalfa hay cubes when out camping and working hard. Make sure
your horse is introduced to any new feed at home. Many of the heavier muscled breeds of horses may
develop a condition called azutoria (tying up). Their urine may exhibit reddish color and they may become
colicky. Make sure you limit grain and sugar when riding hard. If you do grain, do so a least 1 hour,
preferably 2, before riding. Consult your veterinarian for other remedies, including selenium and Vitamin E
injections. Have a pail for soaking feet or for use in cooling down your horse. The handiest size is the 14-
liter (3-gallon) flexible Tubtrug® bucket. Keep in mind that the quickest way to cool down your animal is
from the knees and hocks down because the blood vessels are close to the surface. Also, wait until the
horse is cooled down before hitting the heavy muscled areas with cold water because these muscles 137
                                  QUESTIONS - HORSE continued

 can go into spasm if cooled too quickly. Always give your horse every opportunity to drink when out on
the trail. Dehydration is the number one concern and cause of distress when out riding. Make sure you have
farrier tools along, as well as horse boots. You do not want to sit back in camp as your friends are out riding
because your horse got sore or lost a shoe. Also have blankets, both light and heavy, to help cool down your
horse and to keep the cold ground-chill off when he lies down after a hard day of riding. Muscle spasms can
do a lot of harm if not attended.
Bugs and insects. Another area of irritation for the horse is bugs, along with allergies to them. You can keep
ticks off by spraying any product containing DEET from the knees and hocks down and the bottom of the
tail. The treatment lasts 8 hours and works great. For gnats, wipe around eyes and in ears with Avon Skin
So Soft® or baby oil. For face and deer flies, use a mask. For mosquitoes, use a DEET or some organophos-
phate product as well as, various all-natural products. For udder, belly, and back horseflies, flysheets work
well. Also provide a good rolling area. Always carry a gallon of white vinegar as wash. A wash of one part
vinegar to four parts water is great for stopping itching. Use after riding or when bugs are out of control and
your horse is crawling out of his skin. Use it on yourself if you get into poison ivy. Use both antihistamines
and cortisone if necessary to treat bites.
Veterinarian-dispensed medications. Consult your veterinarian for use of the following products. Also,
make sure to check with your veterinarian to help outfit your first aid kit. I use antibiotics that are stable
(do not require refrigeration), such as Naxcel and tetracycline in capsule or tablet form to treat for tick or
blood sucking vectors that carry ehrilichiosis (Potomac horse fever [Equine ehrlichial colitis]) and equine
granulocytic ehrlichiosis (similar to Lyme disease in dogs or humans), both of which can debilitate your
horse. Being able to use a field application of tetracycline is very important until you can seek the proper
medical treatment. Phenylbutazone (bute) reduces swelling and pain, Banamine (flu-nix, flunixin megllumine)
reduces fever and pain and relaxes muscles, Lidocaine is a local anesthetic. Have tranquilizers on hand, such
as Acepromazine (Ace), Xylazine (Rompin), Torbugesic, Dormosedan, for use in many applications and
are great when used in combination. Also make sure you have injection needles and syringes in a variety
of sizes (10 and 20 cc are most used with 18-gauge, 1 ½-in. needles), suture needles and sutures, again in
a variety of sizes. If you decide to carry injectable drugs you may need to consult your veterinarian
regarding the use of epinephrine, but this requires refrigeration as it ages quickly. Also carry topical
scrubs/antiseptic washes/solutions, such as Xenodine, Povidone iodine, or chlorhexidine and a bag of
saline solution for rinsing/flushing open wounds along with 200 cc of sterile water. Carry antihistamines
such as Tripellenamine and cortisone (Dexamethasone) for situations that will allow you to get home.
Lastly, make sure you have emergency numbers with you at all times, along with your veterinarian's after-
hours number. Play smart and use common sense.

Question: “I get fluid-filled bumps on my horse’s back when no tack at all touches that area.
Why?” For over 14 years I have received 1 to 2 inquiries a year regarding this question. I have consulted
veterinarians from around the country, other professionals in the field as well as questioning owners to no
avail. This seems to occur with both rigid and flexible tree saddles (but more so with flexible saddles -
which allow greater back movement). This occurs with no plausible explanation and therefore has
remained a mystery until summer of 2010. At last, I solved this case. A client called, stating that after 9
months of riding her new saddle she was just now getting fluid filled spinal bumps. (The same story that
I have heard throughout the years, of soft fluid filled bumps that are not hot, warm or tender to the touch,
with the horse passing all palpation tests perfectly and that go away within 24 hours.) Naturally, the
client’s saddle passed the inspection test. So what is different? Medications? Vaccinations? What?
The different joint supplement! That is what was changed. It took 30 days for the new joint supplement
to take full effect. I asked the customer to stop using it and see what happens. Within one month no
bumps were present. No one had ever thought of asking for
changes 30 days past. With something acute, such as spinal
bumps, one looks for sudden changes, so the answer to this
question laid dormant all these years. I cannot disclose the
manufacturer of the supplement. But keep in mind that many
products used for livestock are not subject to FDA regulations
and thus tests that would normally uncover undesirable side
effects are not done. In conclusion: When changing your
                                   horse’s diet/medications,
                                   give the change 30 days to
                                   evaluate if it is the right for
                                   your horse.                                   Pizarro’s first bath
                                                                                        with mom
                                    Is your horse’s shoulder free to move completely without any
                                    interference from the saddletree? With a person in the saddle
                                    slide your hand under the front, center and rear, checking that the
138                                 weight is distributed evenly. Do this test at a walk as well.
                                           Q UESTIONS - TACK

What is a saddle designed to do? A saddle is designed to distribute the rider’s weight over the largest
surface area possible and to offer the rider support.

Saddle Fitting? Important message to all saddle fitters, massage therapists and veterinarians. Do not just
set the saddle on the horse’s back to determine fit, but cinch or girth it down tightly (remember to set the
saddle] on the horse’s bare –no blanket or pad - back). Then check the saddle fit. Many saddles now use
Delrin panels, gel or air, etc., that require a downward force to achieve fit which can only be done by cinching
the saddle down tightly and/or having someone sit in the saddle. You can then re-check fit by sliding your
hand under the saddle, feeling just what the horse feels. You can then finalize your initial fitting with the
rider in the saddle and the horse in motion. If the saddle requires a corrective pad in order to achieve a good
fit, remember to shim away from pressure and to check the horse’s conformation prior to any saddle fitting.
You do this by squaring the horse up and looking over his rump, viewing his shoulder and wither area.

How do you measure a saddle’s seat? For English saddles (including cutbacks): measure from the head
pin to the center of the cantle, but this may not accurately portray the saddle’s seat size. Many saddles are
now being sloped back at the front of the tree and will give you a false measurement of the actual seat area
for the rider, so a smaller measurement will actually indicate a larger seat size. (Yes, the available seat area
is actually bigger than the measurement.) For Western saddles (including endurance models with a fork):
measure from the back of the fork to the center of the cantle. Many of these saddles are being constructed
with soft swells for your thigh that cut back into the seat, so your measurement will be larger than your
actual seat size.

On our saddles (System V, VII, IX and X ), the panels sit a bit further forward than the saddletree
itself. You know, where the horse’s withers are. So where do I set my saddle on my horse’s back?
The saddle is designed so that the soft Delrin panels can overlap the horse’s scapula by 1 to 3 inches. *
Please Note* On some horses, with very long backs or a very steep shoulder slope, the saddle does not
overlap the scapula at all, but when you place your saddle in the saddling "sweet spot" the panel is actually
an inch or so behind the scapula. Not to worry, the soft flexible front edges of the panel will allow for your
horse’s shoulder to move effortlessly under the panel without injury. You will however need to adjust the
saddle’s rigging so your girth falls into your horse’s heart girth area (the correct location for the girth). To
find the scapula, square your horse up so that his front legs are in line with each other. Then, by the withers
and down from the spine 4 to 5 inches, palpate your horse’s shoulder, feeling for the point where the back
edge of the scapula drops off into the back. Mark that area in your mind’s eye, then place the saddle so the
panel overlaps the scapula by 1 to 3 inches (the higher figure if a western saddle) or not at all, depending on
the horse’s length of back. The horse’s shoulders can now move freely under the panels. Remember a horse
can have up to a 4-inch backward rotation of the scapula and with the advanced panel design, he is now free
in his shoulder and back. A rigid-tree saddle does not move with the horse. Those saddles need to be set 3
to 4 inches (or a hand width) behind the horse’s scapula due to the fact that horses have a 3-4 inch shoulder
extension with rotation backward. This fitting might work with an English saddle, because it has a shorter
tree to begin with. But these saddles are not really practical if the rider needs a larger seat or if the horse has
a short back and setting it that far back may also position the rider behind the horse’s center of gravity and
the weight bearing area. These panels allow a softer fit in the shoulder area; however you can achieve even
a softer fit by tightening up the saddles rear rigging, which will pull the saddle down in the rear, freeing up
the wither area slightly more. These incredible panels not only provide the "flair," the opening needed for
free shoulder movement, but they can "twist" from the horse’s wither area to the flat of its back, yet still
have the ability to curve down to "rocker" into the horse’s back, or go straight depending on the horse’s
shape. The panels can do all that, while providing the maximum amount of surface area for distributing the
rider’s weight on a moving object: your horse!

My saddle is bouncy. Can you help me? Several things can cause bounciness on a Delrin panel saddle.
First, never, ever, use a girth that has elastic in it. The panels on these saddles have the right amount of
spring and flex so the horse can move freely under them. If you use a girth that gives you more spring you
will feel like one of those balls attached to an elastic string hitting the paddle. Second, the girth could be too
loose. You need to "over tighten" the girth just a bit on the ground. Tighten just enough so that you cannot
get your fingers under the girth. When you mount up, the saddle’s panels will mold into the horse’s back,
loosening the girth. To see if the fit is right , have someone on the ground check it. If they can get their hand
under the girth it is just right; if they can pull it away from the horse’s body more than an inch, it is too loose.
If your saddle has a rear rigging, use it and tighten it down, so that when you are riding it will hang no more
than one inch below the horse’s belly. Third, you could be using the wrong pad. Do not use a pad more than
1/2 inch thick. Do not use a neoprene or foam pad. These will just add more bulk, heat and more bounce. The
Delrin panels have all the cushion and bounce you and your horse need. Any more and you will be
"bouncing" all over the place. Fourth, if your saddle has adjustable rigging, check it, because you may need
to tighten up the rear-rigging strap. Fifth: Your saddle maybe too far forward, try moving it back. Sixth:
Check your horse's conformation - he may be built down hill and you may need forward shims to 139
balance your saddle.
                                    Q UESTIONS - TACK            continued

The adjustable system on the front mounts of my American-flex saddle does not stay where I adjust
it. If you find that adjustment you desire does not stay in position, try applying a few drops of Loctite
Blue® - found in any automotive store. To apply this, adjust the mount to its farthest outward position,
wipe away any oily residue, then apply a few drops of "loctite blue" and reset the mount to the position
desired. Remember that the rear of the saddle DOES NOT have the adjustable system. DO NOT even think
of adjusting the rear. If you do, YOU WILL damage your saddle.

Do you sell used saddles? No, we do not sell used saddles, but post all brands of Delrin panel saddles that
are for sale by their owners on our web site at no charge.

On my western saddle the fenders don’t swing very freely or I have a very long "neck" on the
fender that interferes with my boot. What can I do? Western fenders are hung on the saddle tree, either
over the saddle bar, through a slot in the bar, or on a hanger attached to the bar. The ideal attachment is to
have the fender hung over the bar. This is the only way to have maximum strength and greater versatility in
adjusting your fender for the length desired, providing the manufacturer has not riveted or laced the fender
closed. To adjust the fender to the correct length, grab either side of the fender (front and back) and pull
either down or up using opposite directions to rotate the fender on the saddle. This way you can achieve
greater swing or less neck at the area above your stirrup.

In what order do I put my tack on, and in what order do I take it off? What I tell my students is this:
1) The saddle and cinch it on. 2) Rear or flank strap, if you have one. 3) Breast collar if you have one. 4)
Crupper if you have one. 5) Bridle. I bridle last because if I have a problem in the saddling process, I have
the horse by the halter and am not pulling with the bridle. Take the equipment off in almost the reverse order.
1) Bridle 2) Breast collar 3) Crupper 4) Rear strap 5) Girth (saddle).

I was told that I need to get a special saddle for my gaited horse. A "gaited horse saddle" do you have
any? Oh my, I do get this question a lot. For starters, a gaited horse is NO DIFFERENT in conformation
than a trotting horse. The ONLY difference is the timing of the footfalls. This timing is what we spend big
money for, what gives us a smooth ride, and the reason why we ride gaited horses. To achieve this timing we
do not want anything to impair the horse’s movement, affecting foot-falls. We need to have a saddle that will
allow freedom of movement, especially in the shoulder area. This is why the System VII panels are so
wonderful. These saddles are not only great for gaited horses, but for all horses! What the people who say
that you need a gaited horse saddle are really trying to tell you, is that you need to have a saddle that does
not interfere with the horse’s shoulder movement. Many "rigid tree-gaited horse saddles" are very short in
length allowing the shoulder more room, but with a short tree comes excessive pressure. The saddle may
also offer too much flair in the shoulder area, which can cause the saddle to ride on the horse’s spine! Yikes!
So remember, regardless what horse you ride, make sure that they have complete freedom movement in
order to perform to their potential.

How do I adjust the English leathers and use the coverlet on the am-f saddles? Here
is the proper way to attach the stirrups and the closing of the leather with the coverlet.
Notice that the tongue of the buckle is on the inside as is the tail of the leather. If you find
that the "tail" is too long, you can cut off what you do not need. After the leather is adjusted
to the proper length, slide the coverlet down over the buckle until it is completely hidden.
(Photo to right shows process with the coverlet that still needs to be pulled down over the
buckle).

What are those odd pieces of leather on western saddles up by the fork, the ones that
have the horizontal and vertical splits in them? And for English saddles, what is that
leather tab in the rear with holes in it? Good question. On the western saddles, those are the
keepers for either your cinch or latigo strap. The keeper with the vertical slit, on the off side
(the side you do not mount the horse from) is to hook your cinch when you are done riding.
You buckle your girth into that piece of leather and it will hold the cinch up so does not drag
when you are carrying the saddle. The other piece of leather with the horizontal slot, located
on the near side (the side you mount up from), holds the tail of your latigo strap when you
are done cinching up. Many English saddles have a leather tab with holes in it, on the "off
side" toward the rear of the saddle. This is a girth keeper, used to attach the girth when
putting your saddle away.

Why do the buckles on my stirrup leathers move? If you are riding in a saddle that has biothane leathers
with a cam buckle, and find that the buckle is riding up your leg (which will sore your leg terribly), you will
need to reposition that buckle to the other side of the stirrup. To do this, rotate the biothane leather (through
     the tree) so that you can place the stirrup on the other side of the buckle then rotate the biothane so that
140 buckle is sitting on top of the stirrup. Then slide the coverlet over the buckle. This will solve your
     migrating buckle problem.
                                     Q UESTIONS - TACK            continued

How do I perform a safety check on flexible panel system saddles? How often should I do this? You
should perform a safety check twice a year. In the following procedures, you will be comparing one side of
the saddle with the other. Turn your saddle over on its back. Take off any pads that the saddle may have on
it.
1) First look at your panel spacing: If you have a System I, II, III, V, VI or the license- there should be at least
1 to 2 inches of space between the front panels (under the gullet area). If you have system VII, IX or X this
spacing can be as little as a-half inch.
2) Next wiggle the panel on the front mounting, comparing the two sides. Do they wiggle the same? They
should. Try pulling the panels away from the saddle. Do both move out the same? They should. During
either of these tests, are the panels excessively loose? They should not be. Do the panels move freely during
this procedure? They should.
3) Next check the back mounting pedestals. Do the same tests as for the front panels, but the rear panels
should move more freely than the front, if your saddle has the System II, III, V, VI, or VII. The panel has a
little slot that allows for this extra freedom. Is your panel moving freely in the slot? Can you pull on the
center of your panel and see the panel sliding on the rear mount? The panels should slide freely.
4) If the panels are not adjusted correctly, that is, if one side is freer than the other, you will need to have
your panels reset. I strongly (!!!!!!!) recommend that you send your saddle in to the nearest service
representative to do this. However, if you must do it yourself, here is how you go about it. If you decide to
"fix" your saddle yourself and mess it up, you may void your warranty. With that in mind, for all saddles
except the System IV, V, VII, IX and X panels, get a large Phillips screwdriver. For the System IV, V, VII, IX
and X use the adjuster tool or an Allen wrench. Find the hole in the panel where the pedestal is located.
Starting with the front mounts, carefully remove the screw from the mount. If the saddle has the adjustable
System IV, you need to turn the adjuster out 1/2 inch, then hold the mount with hex nut wrench or pliers
while turning with the adjuster tool to break the Loctite. Be careful not to damage the threads on the adjuster
mount and do not lose any of the washers! (Please note that the washers on some of the saddles are beveled
and so the beveled side must be against the cone part of the saddle’s insert-mount). For the rear of the saddle,
you must take great care to find the hole in the backer layer to unscrew the panel. You must slide your panel
forward and back until you find the hole that your adjuster tool will fit into. If you do not do this carefully
and very gently, you will break or crack your backer layer and will have a bigger problem than misadjusted
panels. After your panels are loose, add a few drops of "Loctite Red ® " (located at any auto department;
it bonds metal to metal). Then screw the panel back on with all washers in place, starting with the rear
panels. Tighten firmly, as if you were to putting a lid on a jar to put back in your refrigerator, but not as tight
as you would if you were shipping the jar. Once done, back the screw out one revolution for System I, II,
III, and VI. For the System V and VII, back the screw out ¾ of a revolution. Then put the panel on the front
mounts, adding a few drops of "Loctite Red ®." Allow the glue to set for the time specified on the Loctite
directions. For any other concerns please call and I will be happy to assist or direct you to those saddle
makers that can repair the flexible panel system saddles.
5) Place your hand on the underside of the panel over the area where the panel is mounted to the tree, push
with your fingers and palm of your hand. You SHOULD NOT feel any lump or bulge. If you do, do not ride
your saddle and contact the nearest repair center.
6) The mountings on the saddles are steel; on the advanced systems - hardened steel. In both cases you need
to keep them rust free so use WD-40 as a solvent very sparingly and only for this purpose. You also will
need to need to oil your mounts and washers (the washers that slide and work against the Delrin panels need
to be lubricated). Use 3-In-One Household Oil. As a second option, you can also use white lithium grease
sold in spray cans with a straw, but you will need to use this heavily. Drip this well into and around the
mounts located directly under the saddle tree and above the topside of the panel. Do this monthly
7) If your saddle has been in a wreck, and you hear clicking and cracking, your Delrin panels may be cracked
or the rivets used in the building process.
8) As time passes and your saddle becomes very used you may hear a clicking from under the mounts. This
sound may be the mount and washer assembly. The clicking is that "joint" catching on the washers. The
washers may be dirty or rusty. If this is the case you can use WD-40 to remove the rust. Then OIL with 3-
In-One Household Oil. If you can still hear the clicking and you have put on between 7,000 and 13,000 miles
or for the advanced systems double that amount, you may find that your mounts are worn and need
replacing.

Where do I oil the panels on my panel saddle? Put some drops of oil (3 in one Household oil) directly on
the Delrin-panel (the white plastic). Then move the panel to distribute the oil under the washer/rear mount.
Depending on the length of time you ride, and especially if you ride often, the inserts should be oil several times
a year. This (3 in One Household oil) can be purchased at any ware-
house, supermarket or automotive store etc. It comes in a small plastic or
metal bottle with a thin straw like tube for easy access to the mounts and
inserts. Oil all 4 mounts and try to aim downward toward the panels.
This will keep the inserts and panels lubricated to let the panels move
freely. Oil the front and rear mounts.                                                                         141
                                     Q UESTIONS - TACK            continued

How do I properly cinch up my western saddle? Do I tie a latigo knot? You do not tie a latigo knot. That
will create bulk under your leg and make a bulge against the horse's side. Instead, take the latigo strap from
the saddle, run it down through the back of the D-ring on the cinch then back up through the front of the D-
ring on the saddle, then back down through the D-ring on the cinch. Then give your saddle a bit of a push to
the off side (side you do not mount up from). Place your left hand on the horse's side or shoulder area, then
with your right hand pull the latigo strap hard, straight out towards your waist, pulling the cinch across the
horse's underside, not just up on one side (The same as, for example, a drawstring on your pants: if you just
pull on one side, that side will pull on your waist harder, but if you pull out to the side and then around you
will have a more even and comfortable fit.) Some saddles will actually have latigo rigging on both sides, so
that the pull will be exactly equal, but giving that saddle a bit of a shove to the off side will give you the same
results as an even pull. Don't tighten down the saddle yet. Look everything over and let the horse breathe.
Now go back and tighten the saddle down. Pull up firmly on the near side, then put the tongue of the cinch
buckle in the hole of the latigo strap and pull back up on the latgio strap until the buckle is firmly in place.
Next, thread the tail of the latigo through the slit in the latigo keeper located below the fork or swells of the

                                h
saddle. The cinch should be tight, because when you get on, it will loosen some. It's a good idea to have
someone on the ground check your cinch while you're in the saddle. If your helper can pull the cinch more
than an inch away from the horse's body, it's too loose. He should be able to comfortably slide his hand
under the cinch, but not pull it away from the horse’s body. Remember too, when you ride in hot weather
or on very long rides, your horse can lose up to 50 pounds of body weight in sweat, so check your girth. You
will be amazed at how loose it can become.

How do I use Shims? Shims come in sets of three for each side; they can be purchased for the front of the
saddle, the center or the rear, each designed to help certain conditions. The front shims are designed to allow
you to raise the front of your saddle (if your horse is rump high), to fill in a hole behind the shoulder blade,
or to balance your saddle from right to left. How do you do this? First get yourself a helper. Next, square
your horse up. Have your helper hold him, squaring him up with his front feet even. Have your helper move
his mane out of the way so you can clearly see his shape. Then stand behind your horse and look over his
rump to his shoulder and withers area. Look at his shoulders. Is one side significantly larger than the other?
If so, you need to put front shims in on the smaller side. While your helper holds them (the largest shim
always towards the horse), you will have to sculpt the low side to match the high side. Now that you know
he has a weak side you will need to post off of that diagonal, encourage him to take that lead and longe him
in the direction to use his weak side, building up that shoulder muscle. You also will need to check him
monthly, because his shape will change, especially if you are riding him in a flex-system saddle. If you don’t
check his conformation, you won’t know when he no longer needs the shims. You could be adding bulk
where it isn’t needed and cause dry spots and white hair. If your horse has a hollow behind the shoulder, you
will need to fill that in to make a level saddling area. The flex-panel system saddles will flex and will "fall"
into that hole and the panel will be flexed up so that it is "bottoming" out on the hard saddle tree itself. If this
happens, all of your saddle’s suspension has been used up (similar to filling the back of your trunk with
concrete blocks and bottoming out the shock absorbers). You will need to fill in that hollow behind the
shoulder so that does not happen. The hollow usually is caused by muscle atrophy; as I mentioned earlier,
his shape will change so you need to check his body monthly. If you do not, you will could more harm than
good. The center shims are used to fill in the dip on a sway-backed horse. Lastly, the rear shims are used in
raising the rear of the saddle or in eliminating loin rubbing. For more on loin rubbing go to the horse-related
questions that were answered earlier. * Note: I recently discovered that many of the new saddles that are
being marketed with the Delrin panels are not constructed to fit a wide range of back shapes, (excluding the
System 7, 9 and 10 flex-panel saddles.) I have seen and fitted these saddles. The simple act of girthing up the
saddle on the horse will bottom out the panels due to the saddle tree construction. You must check this while
someone is in the saddle. Walk your horse around slowly and observe the panels. They should NOT be
banging or hitting the bottom part of the saddle. If so, you will need a special pad that has a "full length"
pocket, using shims to help restore your saddle’s suspension or you may need to get an entirely different
saddle. Do not ride in a saddle that has no suspension. You may sore your horse.

Is it true that the System VII, IX and X saddle will fit almost any size horse without too much
adjustment? Yes, these System VII, IX and X will fit nearly all horses with little – adjusting. The biggest
adjustment will be the girth length. The same saddle will fit a horse that takes a 20-inch girth up to the largest
girth (so far) of 54 inches (and that is on a saddle with dropped rigging-long billets). These saddles
consistently amaze even me. The biggest limitation is the tree that these incredible panels are mounted on
and how they are assembled.

Is the System X saddle just a “knock - off” of an Ortho-Flex saddle? No, this is an entirely new system
and is not an Ortho-Flex® saddle; it is a new system. True, they use Delrin in the building process, but the way
the Delrin is cut, shaped, and layered, using advanced computer technology in conjunction with pressure
      testing equipment has put this saddle in a league of its own.
142
      How can I tell if my horse is asymmetrical? See shimming above.
                                    Q UESTIONS - TACK            continued


Why is my saddle slipping? Saddles can slip in two directions, side to side and forward and back. To figure
out why your saddle is slipping answer the following questions:
• Is your girth too long and you can’t get it tight enough? If so you need a shorter girth. Is your girth too
short? Is it more than 6 inches away from the D rings of your western saddle or on a English saddle is it on
the lower third of the billets? If so, you need a longer girth.
• Is your girth or rear cinch off center? Both sides need to reach the same place on the horse’s body. Is your
girth too long and you can’t get it tight enough? If so you need a shorter girth.
• If your saddle has this option, is your adjustable rigging set the same on both sides? If your rigging is fixed,
is it the same on both sides?
• Is your girth or rear cinch off center? Both sides need to reach the same place on the horse’s body. Is your
girth too big; you can’t get it tight enough? If so you need a smaller girth.
• Are you using a girth with elastic? This is a big no-no. The flex in the panels added to that of the girth will
make your saddle bouncy and less secure, and will cause slipping.
• Are you giving your saddle a bit of a push to the off side before you begin to girth up? You need to do this,
so you bring your saddle back to center when you tighten the girth or mount up.
• Is your saddle pad binding your horse’s spine? If so, your saddle can’t "lock" down. Make sure you draw
your pad up between the panels, but not so much that you jam it between the panels, keeping them from
flexing properly.
• Check your horse’s conformation. One shoulder could be larger than the other causing your saddle to slip
off to one side. Or your horse could be rump high causing the saddle to slip forward. Follow the instructions
for shimming, to help with this situation or select a saddle with the adjustable System IV.
• If you saddle has the adjustable rigging, check to make sure that on both sides, top and bottom are the same.
• Are your saddle panels on Systems, I, II, III or any of the modified systems, touching in the center and not
able to flex down? If so you need to send your saddle in for repair. Also perform a safety check on your
saddle.
• Are you using two pads under your saddle? Unless you have a real good reason (and keeping your pad
clean is not one), you should use only one thin pad.
• Is your horse shaped like a football or beach ball? Round, rotund horses are hard to fit. You might consider
switching to a contoured leather girth and using a breast collar and crupper. You might also consider trying
a Tacky Tack Pad, by Hill View Farms â, to be used under an already thin pad or alone under your saddle.
If you do this you must make sure that you draw the pad up between the panels so as NOT to bind the
horse’s spine. All of these will help stabilize your saddle. For saddles that do not have the advance System
you will need to select saddle models with wider trees, since the panels are limited by the saddle tree they
are on. Or select saddles that have Systems beyond VII.
• The panel saddles are designed to move with the horse and to not "dig in" behind the shoulder blades.
Because of this, your saddle may slip forward when going down steep hills. I have some horses with
"perfect" saddle fitting backs and our saddles do not move but an inch, going down a hill where the horses
are sitting on their butts! I have others with very broad shoulders, where the shoulder and back are level with
each other, but they have nice withers. With those horses I have to use a crupper. The panel saddles on these
horses do not curve down into their backs and, if I do not have a crupper, my saddle slips forward and I’m
literally on my horse’s neck whispering in his ears! Use a crupper in this situation and if you are bounding
up those steep hills you also will need to use a breast collar. Adjust both these pieces of equipment as
described on saddling basics.
• Are you mounting up in such a way that you are pulling the saddle over? If so, you may need to use a
mounting block when mounting your horse. Also make sure you grab a bit of mane and not the saddle when
mounting.
• I know this is obvious, but it has happened - are your stirrups (fenders and/or leathers) the same length?
Double check and measure.

How do I use the adjustable System IV? This system allows for the adjustment in distance of the panel
away from the saddle tree of up to one inch. This allows the user to optimally balance the saddle, for the
rider and for the horse with truly unusual conformation challenges, such as one shoulder significantly larger
than the other, or a rump-high horse. This adjustment can be made easily and quickly with the use of an
Allen wrench “adjuster tool”. To adjust, insert the adjuster tool in the small slot on the underside of the
panel, located under the front mount. Wiggle it around gently - until you find the “sweet spot,” then turn the
handle of your adjuster tool and customize your saddle’s height. If you find that the adjustment of your
saddle does not “stick” in place, maintaining position, apply a few drops of loctite blue (found in any
automotive department store). To apply this, adjust the mount to it’s farthest outward position, wipe
away any oily residue, then apply a few drops of “locite blue” and re-set the mount to the position desired.

How do I meausre for a stirrup? When foot with shoe is in the stirrup, the ball of the foot is on the tread
and the foot is over to one side: “There must be 15-20 mm or 1/2 to 3/4 inch to spare when the foot is in the
stirrup over to one side” Pony Club Gear Check Guidelines -Jan 2006. (Or I would like to say: A
finger width on either side of the foot.)                                                               143
                                   Q UESTIONS - TACK            continued

Why have I not heard about lubricating these panel saddles before? That is a darn good question! If
you think about this, any moving part needs lubrication. Take your car’s engine for example; it will not last
long if you do not change or add oil. The philosophy of not telling customers the whole truth is exactly what
many manufacturers are counting on, to make even more money off of you! The repair and the saddle pad
business is BIG.) It was not until 2002 that we learned of this ourselves, and, like many of you, we learned
the hard way. No matter what saddle you have, if is has a moving part, keep it lubricated and your saddle
investment will last a very long time.

My leg is getting pinched under the leathers, biothane or leather. Why? This is caused primarily by
the rider not carrying enough weight in the stirrup and/or too much leg movement (your leg could be getting
tired). Wearing half or full chaps, full britches with leather or suede leggings, wearing full-length boots, or,
alternatively, covering that biothane or leather strap with the Merino lambs wool leg comforters as shown
in treasusres.

What is a Mantie vs. Panniers? You use a mantie tarp and rope to make a mantie load. Hard to balance
each side until you get it tied and then you can sometimes adjust by raising or lowering the mantie on the
horse. Panniers are boxes that are formed to and loaded on to the pack tree. You attach with the short leather
straps that go under the dowel onto the tree. If you have a decker tree, just buckle through the decker rings.
If you have a sawbuck or decker rings with knobs you buckle the strap and place the loop on the far side of
the tree. Easy to balance load and unload. If your stock likes to jump things you must use a bottom strap
to hold the pack down because the pannier could come off.

Why does my saddle "pad" (ie. blanket / booties / easy pad / saddle sox / riding cloth / numnah have
more hair and dirt on both the front and rear ends? Good question and I get this one a lot. Under the
flexible panel saddle your horse can move more. More movement means that the panels are working and the
pad is doing its job. Put your hand in the center of your back (about the area of your middle waist) and twist
your upper and lower body in opposite direction. Notice that the area does not move but acts as a pivot for
the upper and lower portion of your back. Your horse’s back works the same way. With the flexible system,
he will be able to bend and flex in both directions and the farther out you move to either end the greater the
swing. This extra movement releases more dirt and hair that collects on your pad. You do need to launder
your pad regularly so it doesn’t dry hard and stiff and perhaps cause abrasions on your horse’s back.
Maintain your saddle pads, and carrying an extra pad is a great idea, especially in the spring and fall when
your horse is shedding.

Have you ever found these saddles not to work? Over the years - and I am talking about all the various
Delrin panels used on the horses, I have found only one confirmed case of the saddle not “working”. In this
case the customer asked me to come out, she was tired of dealing directly with the manufacturer and had
worked with System I, II and then III saddles with no positive results). I evaluated the horse, the rider, the
equipment. The horse was great, the rider superb, the equipment in perfect working order and most of all
the fit was a perfect match of the saddle and horse, but without question the horse could not deal with any
type of movement on his shoulders or back, no matter how many times we tried to disengage his brain. We
tested my theory with the rider riding bare back. The horse behaved as he did with the panel saddle. But
when we put on his “old” saddle, the one he was trained under and had been ridden in for 10 years, he was
wonderful. So, YES, one in a thousand or even 2 in a thousand! I just recently (November 2003) found
another horse who seems to be the same way, but I was not able to personally confirm this. Through e-mail
correspondence I suspect that this may be the second animal, who does not care at all for a panel saddle. So
looking at the percentages and based on testing several systems, with several saddle styles, with various
manufactures, selling well over 1000 of these saddles, and with my background in animal science and as a
sport massage therapist for horses, I can safely say that I have found that some horses, though very few,
will not accept a panel saddle.

What do I look for when purchasing a used panel saddle? www.hillviewfarms.com -Trading post.

I am having trouble with my flexible panel saddle, can you help? www.hill viewfarms.com- questions.

What do others say about these Saddles? Go to www.hillviewfarms.com-testimonials

What saddle pad material is best? Page 49

How do I clean and care for my saddle and tack? Page 52

How do I make a pattern for a saddle sox or saddle pad? Page 49

144   How do I fit a bit correctly? Page 7.
                                          Q UESTIONS - P ERSON

Cathy, what issues have you experienced horse camping? Golly, that is a loaded question with a huge
answer. And it depends on what you mean by “issues.” First. let me make clear that when I mention trail
riding, I mean that we are out or gone for 3 to 10 + days and have to make do. Secondly, remember that what
is addressed here are things that can happen and not all of the fun and adventure we have had over lots of
years and many, many miles with no mishaps or “issues”. So with that said, as of spring 2009, here are the
areas I address:
People: We all have been bucked off or fallen off of horses, everyone has had bee stings, Kelly had a bicycle
accident that required stitches, Sonia broke some teeth, Don fractured his finger, and I fractured five ribs, my
arm and a bone in my foot. We always continued with our plans and took the injuries all in stride. Whether
you keep going or abort the trip depends, of course, on how badly the person in your party is injured and
how he or she feels about continuing.
Horses: The horses haven’t come out of our adventures unscathed either. All the horses have had some
type of scrape, kick, bite, and some form of rope burn and nearly all have needed stitches at one time or
other—and all were stitched up in camp, For example, Colina was nearly disemboweled when a stick
flipped up and ripped open her udder. Rhya fell on the trail and dislocated her shoulder; I cranked the leg
around and back in place and we managed to get back to camp, loaded up, and to the vet. Stuart, our muscle-
bound quarter horse has had repeated bouts of azutoria (also known as tying up or Monday morning
sickness). He also got shin splints that later had to have surgery for removal and then a face laceration that
needed sewing up. Denny suffered an impacted caecum, a kick that needed stitches, and numerous bouts
with asthma/allergies and once required an immediate injection of epinephrine; Dakota got moon blindness;
Joya caught West Nile Virus, even though she’d been vaccinated. Henry got the thumps after 2 weeks on the
road – barely made the 5 hour drive to the vet, where an IV that included 500 cc of Calcium saved his life.
Princess had an internal muscle cramping – cause unknown - that I treated with muscle relaxants, then drove
6 hours for a veterinarian consultation. I have had three cases of Ehrlichiosis (Ehrlichia equi), the tick-borne
fever or Lymes as the human population call it. Anaplasma is similar to Potomac horse fever (Ehrlichia
risticii) but does not include diarrhea and laminitis. Both diseases need to be treated with Tetracycline (that
I carry with me at all times) within 24-48 hours for easy outcomes. (We also vaccinate against Potomac but
as of yet there is no approved vaccination for Lymes). Unfortunately, not all the adventures had such
successful outcomes. Mister fractured a sesamoid bone 10 hours from home and had to be put down, Tito
got plural pneumonia on our Montana trip and continued on until we got home, where he was hospitalized
for a month with a drain tube before having to be put down. Basically, anything that can happen to a horse
at home (which that list is double from the above listed) can happen on the trail or in camp. The only
difference is that you’re usually miles from home and the vet. This means you need a comprehensive horse
first-aid kit and you need to know how to use it. It also means that you need to know your horse well
enough to recognize when he’s in distress before an issue becomes life threatening. And, of course, you need
to make sure that you’ve taken all the preventive measures that you can—like making sure your horse is fit
enough for the ride you’re planning and has all his vaccinations.
Equipment: Once I ripped the fuel tank off the truck as I was turning around in the pitch dark in a horse
pasture with a stump that the owner forgot to tell me about. That mishap also blew a tire that was mounted
on a split rim—a nasty mess. Twice the bearings on the engine fan went out, sending the fan blades through
the radiator 2 hours from home. Once the transmission on the truck went out 11 hours from home. And,
of course we’ve had numerous flat tires on trailers and vehicles. Once we had five flats in 4 weeks, two of
which happened within 6 miles of each other! (Now, I change all the tires every 2 years—regardless of
wear.) On one trip we lost a complete trailer wheel, including the rim, 3 hours from home. On another the
RV windshield blew in 4 hours from home, but we continued on slowly. We backed into a tree and smashed
the ladder of the RV, drove up onto a cement barrier, and smashed the side of the RV, hooked a picnic table
and bent the bumper of the RV. Obviously visibility is an issue when driving these rigs. Over time the RV
frame cracked because it was not strong enough to handle the load it was pulling. On one trip, the RV awning
blew open and part of it ripped off going 65 miles per hour down the freeway. Wheel bearings have gone out
on the horse trailer – that only will happen once – now we grease and repack yearly. Brakes failed on the
RV because it had almost no brake fluid. Many times belts have broken and engines overheated, so now we
always check the oil, transmission fluid, and brake fluid, belts, and water levels before each trip. Again,
preventive measures make all the difference. All to often, as we all know, Murphy’s Law comes into play—
anything that can go wrong, will go wrong. So, anyway, that is roughly what has happened so far and you
can be sure that more is still to come! I believe that stuff happens whether you stay at home or venture out
on the trail. I also believe in living life and not letting it go by. So I say to you … buck up and go for it, ’cause
if you don’t you’ll never know what you’re missing. Embrace every moment. Live life as if today were
your last.

What is under mounted mean? Under mounted is when you have a horse that is not strong or big enough
to carry you. You and your saddle should not exceed 20% of the horse’s weight. If your weight greater than
200 lbs., it is doubly important to make sure you have a saddle that adequately distributes your weight.
Remember a saddle must do two things: 1) distribute the riders weight evenly and 2) offer the rider
support. A Horse will dance and jig in an attempt to avoid pressure. When stopped he will streatch 145
                                  Q UESTIONS - P ERSON            continued

out. He will also carry his high thus hollowing out his back in an attempt to avoid this pressure. (When
horse carries his head / nose high it makes it difficult for the rider to control his mount, thus the rider puts
a tie-down on this horse in-order to hold his head down.) Please note that when a horse is under this type
of stress he will be subject to colic and heat exhaustion. To avoid all of this make sure you are not under
mounted and have proper fitting tack. Also, do not be too quick to judge this rider for we are all on this life’s
path of learning together. (photo’s of this on web site)

Hill View Farms do you have any of your horses for sale and do you take outside horses in for
training? No, we do not take outside horses in for training and yes, occasionally we do have horses for sale.

What saddles do you personally ride? Ok here goes: A 15" Ortho-Flex Express Lite from the original
Ortho-Flex Company with System X panels. A 14" Traditional from the original Ortho-Flex saddle com-
pany with an Eddie Steel saddle tree and System VII panels. One – 13" Trail Partner saddles from the
original Ortho-Flex saddle company with System II panels. A 16.5-inch original Ortho-flex Stitchdown
saddle with System II panels. 16" original Ortho-Flex Patriot Officer Saddle with System V panels. A 17.5
inch American-Flex Stitchdown with adjustable System IV and V panels. A 17.5 Pleasure Plantation from
Evolutionary saddles with System X. A 16" original Ortho-Flex Caliente with adjustable System IV and VII
System panels. A 16" Soft-Seat Traditional Ortho-Flex saddle – from the original company with the System
1X panels. A soft-seat traditional with the Eddie Steel tree with System X panels and lastly a regular
traditional with the Eddie Steel tree from the original Ortho-Flex Saddle company that cannot be used until
it has been converted to the System X panels so for now it is office decoration as seating. My personal
comment on all of this is, IF your saddle fits correctly and your horse can move freely and is not in pain
(verified by PHYSICAL PALPATION), then you have no reason to change your current saddle. "If it ain’t
broke then don’t fix it," and do your yearly equipment check on all your tack.

What is a saddle conversion and what is an upgrade? A conversion puts Delrin panels onto your current
rigid tree saddle. An up grade puts higher system panels on your current flexible panel saddle. Go to
hillviewfarms.com for a current listing.Contact Hill View Farms.

What do you recommend for keeping mice out of your horse trailer and /or RV during winter
storage? In-side, moth balls kept in old nylon stockings or socks work great, but we found that the RV has
to air out for a week or longer before we can stay in it without dying from the residual fumes. Then we
discovered Bounce dryer sheets. They are wonderful, smell great, and the mice hate them! They also work
as wipes on your horses legs to repel biting insects. We put those dryer sheets inside the RV and trailer and
leave the moth balls out-side sprinkled around the tires, to deter the mice from crawling up and getting in.

When I first tried these saddles I felt like I was off the horse. Yes, that is correct. You are not on the
horse’s back. You are slightly off the horse’s back, allowing him to bend and move. Believe it or not, you are
actually physically closer to your horse and what you’re feeling is your horse moving under you. We know
that English saddles allow you the "closest feeling" so let’s use that saddle as an example. Put a rigid tree
English saddle on your horse’s bare (with no pad) back and measure from the horse’s back to the seat of the
saddle. Then put the saddle (System V, VII, IX or X) on your horse’s bare back. You will notice that this
saddle will measure closer to the horse than the regular English saddle. How can that be? First look at the
panel. The panel itself is just 3/4 inch thick and the mount adds only another 1/2 inch before contact with
the hard saddle tree, so you are a mere 1 1/4 inch from the horse. No other saddle with all the flocking and
padding is this close. Now add your regular saddle pad and compare it to the pads used with the advanced
system panel saddles. Is your pad 1/4-inch thick? Because the panels are so soft and pliable they do not
require a thick pad to protect the horse’s sensitive back from an ill-fitting saddle. Now re-measure using
your rigid tree saddle with the pad. How far is your saddle off the horse’s back? So, back to the original
question: with the flexible panel system, you are not directly pressing on the horse’s back with a hard rigid
tree. You are on your horse’s back with a saddle that will allow him to lift, bend and use his back. For some
riders this requires more skill in riding. Because you are now allowing your horse greater freedom of
movement you too will experience this movement. But with a little riding you will find your seat and
balance and will never go back to a rigid tree saddle. What a thrill for both you and your horse.

Will you ever carry a real Peruvian saddle with this system on it? No, but Rain Tree Tack does. Now
you can get an Original Peruvian Saddle with this amazing system on it! Call Cheryl at Rain Tree Tack directly
at 817-594-1597 or Email raintreetack@yahoo.com.

Why should I purchase a flexible panel saddle? Looking back through the years of buying, selling, and
trading countless new and used saddles, searching for the perfect saddle at a bargain price, being never quite
happy, was a yearly event that passed like the seasons. When the first Delrin Panel System II saddle came
into my life that trend was broken forever! The reality of the situation is that a top quality Delrin panel
 146 saddle will cost a couple of thousand dollars. I suggest setting your sights high and purchasing the
                                  Q UESTIONS - P ERSON            continued


 most technologically advanced equipment on the market today. Take out an installment loan if you need to,
but think big and bite your lip. A year or two down the line you will be glad you made the investment,
because if you don’t, you undoubtedly will want to upgrade your saddle. You will probably spend more
money in the long run than if you bought an advanced flexible panel saddle in the first place. The results you
and your horse will enjoy with the advanced panel system will forever be worth the initial expense.

I have heard that these saddles are no good, is that true? No, no, no! These saddles ARE the only saddle
to use on your horse. If someone is having trouble it is caused by one or a combination of the following.
The Horse. The horse may have an unresolved issue (i.e., unbalanced shoulder development, short back,
high croup, narrow girthing area, mutton withers, "razor" withers, etc.). The horse’s physical and mental
condition also need to be assessed. Does he have any old injuries, behavioral issues, or bad memories?
The Tack. Does the fit correctly? . Something also may be technically wrong with the saddle. Remember,
people make saddles and tack, and people make mistakes. The equipment should be reviewed annually for
function and any worn out, missing or damaged parts should be repaired or replaced. Cars will not function
properly if in disrepair and neither will tack. The Person. Believe it or not, the person might be doing
something wrong.

What suggestions do you have on what to carry with you in your saddle bags? Lip balm; cell phone;
a global positioning system (GPS) unit; tissues; a knife or Leather man ®; a hoof pick; a flashlight (prefer-
ably a head unit); fly masks for both horse and rider; an Easy boot or similar device, insect repellent that can
be used on both horse and rider, extra reins, leather strips, snaps and Chicago screws: a lead rope or other
rope, a camera and or binoculars; flora and fauna reference guides; a compass; blood stop powder, gentian
violet, Vet wrap ®, nonstick bandages; waterproof tape; medications for horse or rider (e.g. aspirin, epi-
nephrine, antihistamine); a water bottle (preferable a filtered water bottle); a bandana, a pen and paper,
sunglasses, sun screen, lolli pop’s-or hard candy; granola bars; map of area; wire cutters and /or small hoof
nippers; a flask of 151 - (for starting fires, disinfecting and easing rider pain,) matches; a whistle; money;
rain coat and a weapon or other deterrent - if riding in the wilderness.

Would you run in wooden shoes? That is exactly what we are asking our horses to do if they are not
saddled in a flexible system saddle. Unless you are riding a flexible system saddle your horse bears more
than the responsibility of the ride, he bears the concussion and shearing forces of a solid tree against its
moving shoulders. The system has thin flexible panels attached to a solid wooden tree by mountings, which
provide a ball and socket effect, allowing the skirts to flex at different angles from front to rear. When the
horse turns, the panel flexes in an arc on the side that the horse flexes and straightens on the opposite side,
moving with the horse and allowing freedom of movement. The best advice I can give you is to put you hand
under the saddle-any saddle either on a solid saddle stand or on a horse’s back. Put your hand under the
front, the center and the back of the saddle. Have someone sit in that saddle, lean forward and back and
bounce up and down. What you feel on your hand IS what your horse feels. FACT, FACT, FACT!

With the Evolutionary Saddle, why do you use nylon webbing instead of leather (harness leather)
or polypropylene webbing? And why don’t you use rivets to attach the saddles' rigging?First, we use
nylon because it is stronger than leather. It also will not rot away and weaken over time as leather or
polypropylene products do. At times we use polypropylene sewn in conjunction with leather to strengthen
areas where the overkill of nylon is not needed. Second, we sew both leather and nylon instead of using
rivets because using rivets actually takes material away. A hole is pre-punched to put the rivet in), weakening
the structure; in time rivets may pull through. Copper rivets also corrode over time and weaken leather, so
care must be taken if you have these on your tack. We do use rivets where they are the only way to attach
metal or hard plastic to leather. We cannot sew through metal or hard plastic. We also may use Chicago
screws instead of rivets because they can be unscrewed and taken apart to replace worn pieces. The down
side of Chicago screws is that you must take care to add a drop of Lock-Tight-red so the screw will not
accidentally come apart and you lose a rein. . Sewing is the strongest and most secure way of securing
nylon webbing. Therefore, whenever possible, we sew all nylon products. We also use nylon thread
because cotton and polyester thread, rots over time. Nylon, whether it be webbing, rope, thread, or fabric
is the product of choice for the marine industry because it resists salts and damp conditions. We strive to
use only the best materials for the job at hand, so don’t think that nylon is not strong—just look at your cars
seat belts. These are the same belts that take astronauts into space and keep our troops safe within their
parachute jumping harnesses. Yes - that webbing is all 100 percent nylon, and it is sewn, not riveted.

Why does American-Flex show up on your web site? Over the years I have come up with and purchased
many names or have had the persons that I worked with purchase these names. Naturally I purchased Hill
View Farms â and Evolutionary TM saddles among many others such as Camping with Cathy, as my
camping with horses DVD launches. Now for the rub, when you register a domain name, (and you can have
hundreds) you must select one as your target or master that all the other names point to. Well that is
what I have. As American-Flex was in print throughout many publications, I thought it best to just 147
                                   Q UESTIONS - P ERSON            continued


leave it there for now and have the other names directed to it. Yes, it can be changed, but when dealing in
printed materials the wait time is 10 years. Other companies have modified our names or purchased them
in another market, such as .org, .net, .co, etc., to imitate those currently owned by Hill View Farms.

Iwent to a clinic and listened to a saddle maker talk about trees and saddle fitting. He said that
flexible panels would be ideal for the horse’s back, but he’s seen horses develop hot spots and
pressure sores beneath the rockers, so he doesn’t recommend them. Can you address that issue?
Yes, your saddle maker is correct on both counts. There is nothing better than a flexible panel saddle for
achieving a good fit for a horse that changes shape over time or for a rider who rides multiple horses with
differently shaped backs. Just like your car’s engine needs oil to function correctly, so does your saddle. You
will need keep your saddle lubricated, and perform a yearly safely check to keep it in top performing
condition. Unfortunately for the past 20 years – and even currently, (YES, you heard correctly) to my
knowledge, no other manufacturer informs customers on this detail. If the rider does not maintain his saddle
or purchases a used saddle that has not been maintained, that rider unknowingly may be using a saddle with
worn out Delrin panels and/or rockers, which will cause hot spots under the mounting pedestals. If the rider
properly maintains his saddle, this should never occur. Some dealers may go out of their way, as I do, to
inform the consumer of the maintenance required. We want this saddle to last you as long as you ride. (But
if you’re like me, who rides in several disciplines, you’ll need several different saddles.)

What can I expect as a horse owner? As a trainer/instructor, I tell all my students that five things will
happen to you if you stick around horses long enough. If you survive these five things and still enjoy the
horse, you are a true equestrian. You will be stepped on, be kicked, fall off, be bitten, be bucked off. All of
these things will happen to you in time, so embrace each experience and remember that everyone else who
is into horses has had the same thing happen to them. As my 6 year old daughter said loudly (crying and half
smiling) after she got up from being bucked off , "Mom, I’m a true horse person now!" I did not get it at first,
but then when I asked her she said that was the last of the five things that hadn’t happened to her until now.
Good Grief! * A note * for new horse owners: Horse ownership is 10 percent love, hugs and kisses and 90
percent hard work, with pockets full of money. Caution: If you participate in equine activities you will be
injured at some point. Injuries can range from minor cuts, abrasions and/or contusions, to death. The
question is not if you will be injured but when. You accept all inherent risks, because all horses are living
creatures with minds of their own and can exhibit unpredictable behavior and unexpected reactions.

I hear a "clicking" when I ride my panel saddle, what is that? That clicking sound can be several things.
First, if your saddle is new, the advanced panel system uses various adhesives during the assembly process.
There may be some excess adhesive that leaked beyond the target area and with movement is breaking free.
This is standard, like opening up a new book. The second possibility is that you may have your saddle too
far forward on your horse’s shoulders so re-adjust the rigging to set it back a little. Third, the sound may be
coming from the rocker mounts and washer assembly. You will need to oil this mount and the rear mounts
with "3-in-one Household Oil." This is available in any warehouse, supermarket or automotive store, etc.
Lastly, if your saddle has been in a wreck and you hear clicking and cracking that does not go away with
oiling, it may be that your Delrin panels are cracked, or the rivets used in the building process of the
progressive loading System II, III, V, VI, and VII may be broken. (You may also notice dry spots or whit hair
on your horse’s back, which is an indication that something is not right). Again, contact your dealer for the
nearest service representative.

What is Delrin? Early in 1950 research director and chemists Frank C McGrew developed a tough and heat
resistant material he called "synthetic stone." During the years of development, which involved a patent
dispute, DuPont patented Delrin® in 1956. Delrin® (Polyoxymethylene) is an acetal homopolymer resin that
is a durable lightweight crystalline plastic, which uses a breakthrough in stabilization technology. It has an
excellent balance of desirable properties that bridge the gap between metals and ordinary plastics. Delrin has a
unique combination of strength, stiffness, tensile strength, hardness, dimensional stability, toughness, fatigue
resistance, solvent and fuel resistance, abrasion resistance, low wear, low friction, creep resistance under a wide
range of temperature and humidity conditions, with high fatigue endurance, corrosion resistance and mechanical
resilience. Due to these outstanding characteristics Delrin is popular for its versatility within a broad use of
industry applications, such as automotive, aerospace, electrical and medical applications.

Why did you name your saddle line Evolutionary TM saddles? This name was selected first of all, because
I did not want any affiliation with the word “flex”, as there are too many companies using the word “flex” when
selling their products (many of which do not flex). Secondly, we wanted a name that would reflect the
technological growth and changes that have occurred within the industry and we wanted to embrace that change.
So thanks to my dear friend Sharon, the name EVOLUTIONARY TM Saddles was born.

     “What we have learned about business is: Companies that produce quality products, support home
148 grown industries, market fairly, provide superior customer service and have strong product knowledge -
     from start to finish, will succeed!”
                                  Q UESTIONS - P ERSON            continued

Why did start your own saddle company? From 1996 to 2007, 12 years of trying to get saddle
companies to do what needed to be done has been a roller-coaster ride at best for Hill View Farms®. The
knowledge that we, (Don and Cathy) have gained dealing with the mix of good, not so good, and horrible
saddle builders have given us a lifetime of knowledge. Years of repairing what the others could not has
blazed the trail for our biggest adventure yet. Located just 8.5 miles from the farm, Hill View Farms ® LLC
together with Tauer Manufacturing LLC are now manufacturing saddles and tack. Based on what we have
accomplished on both a personal and professional level, we are thrilled to now have the entire facility
under one roof. At last, we control quality, design and materials used, with everything being built to our
exact specifications. The new saddle line is called Evolutionary Saddles™ because Hill View Farms®
will adopt changing technology to continually improve our products for both horse and rider. Join us on
this marvelous journey by visiting our web site. Hill View Farms.com to view first hand how dreams can
come true. Yes, we could have settled or decided not to sell saddles at all, but it IS for the love of the equine
and my (our) dear, dear horses that we love so very much. We, I - Cathy - Owe it to them.

I feel that I am sitting crooked on my horse. What is wrong? Several things could cause this sensation.
1) Check your animal’s conformation. 2) If your saddle has the adjustable System IV on the saddle tree, you
may not have both sides adjusted evenly or your adjustment may not be maintaining the desired position.
If that is the case, turn your adjuster all the way out, wipe away any grease that may be on it, then add a few
drops of Loctite Blue® (found in any automotive supply store) and turn the adjuster back into position. 3)
Your stirrup length may not be the same on both sides. Do not depend on the markings on the stirrup
leathers or fenders themselves- measure the length. 4) If your saddle has adjustable rigging, check to make
sure that both sides are set the same and that neither one has come loose. 5) Check that the girth is equally
up on both sides and that it is the proper length. 6) Your conformation –is one leg longer than the other - hip
or back issues? 7) Perform a saddle safety check. 8) If all possibilities are exhausted, send the saddle to a
repair shop for inspection. Although rare, it could have one mount that is set in further than the other or a
faulty rivet.

Why are there not more dealers selling these advanced panel saddles? The bottom line is that it takes
about 2 hours to properly educate the customer on saddle fit, horse palpation, and the function of the
saddle. There are not many stores, web sites or catalogs willing to devote enough time or space to do this.
Also these businesses know that in a person’s lifetime they will buy 5-7 saddles because the horse changes
shape or the customer gets a different horse and the rigid tree saddle will need to be changed. If the business
sold the advanced panel system saddle in the first place, their repeat business would be lost. It all boils down
to money.

Will Delrin panels wear out? Yes, All Delrin used in the panels of all brands of saddles will wear out in
time, just like tires on your car. The time depends on several factors-the rider’s weight, the maintenance and
upkeep of the Delrin panels and how much you ride. With proper maintenance and using, for example, rider
weight of 160 lbs., you can expect 25,000 plus miles from the improved System IX and X panels. This is
because the technology of this panel system has progressed with the layering of materials. This progressive
loading offers a longer and more useful life for your panels. As with any saddle, at least once a year, perform
a safety check on all your equipment.

How do I protect myself against unscrupulous merchants? If a vendor or merchant is not taking credit
cards, that should trigger a red flag unless the merchant has a real good reason. You’ll have to be the judge.
If the bank or lending institution will not give the merchant or vendor credit to enable them to take credit
cards, then the buyer should beware. Credit card companies do offer consumers recourse against unscrupu-
lous merchants and misrepresented merchandise. Using credit cards also aids the merchant by ensuring
payment for goods/services provided. Always, always get a trial period, with a money back guarantee and
be wary of signing any contracts before finalizing your purchase! ". "What can I do? Please, can you help
me? "I have a saddle that does not fit and they (the company/tack dealer) will not return my call or take the
saddle back". I get calls like this on average of once a week. Your only recourse is your Credit Card Company
or bank. For those of you who are looking for a saddle, heed this advice. Never, never, purchase a saddle
unless you are able to return it after a test ride for your money back. If a retailer will not give you a money
back test ride on a saddle, TURN AND WALK AWAY! It makes no difference who makes the saddle or
what brand, if you can not get a test-ride with a money back agreement then you WILL BE TAKEN
ADVANTAGE OF and both you and your horse will have paid dearly for your mistake.

How good is a warranty and what is the warranty on the Evolutionary TM saddle? My personal
opinion is, "A warranty is only as good as the paper it is written on." Look at what happened to the saddle
companies here in the USA: The Brown Saddle Company, The ‘Original’ Ortho-Flex Saddle Company, The
Rocking R ( old Timberline) Saddle Company. They all went belly-up. I can only tell you that with my
years of trials and tribulations with saddle companies, I will conduct business only with those
companies who comply with our mission statement. Products from those companies are the ones I 149
can whole heartedly put our name HILL VIEW FARMS ® on, for their quality, service,
                                  Q UESTIONS - P ERSON            continued


 dependability and above all else, INTEGRITY! As a consumer you can trust Hill View Farms. We offer the
customer a full money back guarantee on all products with the HILL VIEW FARMS label as specified in the
"trial period" of product use, see the facts. The warranty on Evolutionary TM saddles is 2 years for quality
and workmanship with 20 years on the tree.

What is a Trophy Saddle? Funny you should ask, because we too were unfamiliar with this term, when
on our travels to the over half a dozen saddle manufacturing plants across the county, we uncovered the
true meaning, function and purpose of a trophy saddle. A trophy saddle replaces a trophy that one would
win at an event. A trophy saddle is made from the cheapest saddle trees and leather (the heavy dry kind)
and is highlighted with a black indelible marker. It is flashy; hand-tooled by laborers, and not meant to fit
a horse, but to be used as a trophy for your home, show room or barn. The owner of one company told
us that they sold approximately 12,000 trophy saddles a year to clubs and various organizations, which
represents over 90% of their business. Also selling this type of saddle is easy and very profitable as there
are no returns or saddling fitting issues (because the saddles are NOT intended to be used for riding). He
then told us a story of how one recipient who won a trophy saddle, called to complain that the saddle was
crooked and did not fit her horse and “would they replace or fix the saddle.” He told her, “Ma’am it is a
trophy saddle.” “We don’t make trophy saddles to fit horses.” Boy did we feel silly as we too had no idea
that those prizes were intended for decoration purposes and if you got lucky, maybe, just maybe you
could find a horse that it would fit. Now this may not be true for all trophy saddles, but this is what we
uncovered.

An interesting perspective on price: Written by John Ruskin, who lived between 1819 and 1900. “It’s unwise
to pay too much. But it’s worse to pay too little. When you pay too much, you lose a little money, that is all.
When you pay too little, you sometimes lose everything, because the thing you bought was incapable of doing
the thing it was bought to do. The common law of business balance prohibits paying a little and getting a lot. It
can’t be done. If you deal with the lowest bidder, it is well to add something for the risk you run. And if you
do that, you will have enough to pay for something better. There is hardly anything in the world that someone
can’t make a little worse and sell a little cheaper - and people who consider price alone are this man’s lawful
prey.”

                                                                      Kelly and Moo-moo.
                                                                   Teenage girls and horses! I
                                                              Cathy riding Colina in Montana




                                             The New Ulm Battery performing to
                                            1812 overture by Tchaikovsky. BANG




    A new use for the
       picket pole, when
         the windshield
150
                    WHERE WE ’VE BEEN                 RIDING AND MAY SEE YOU AT

By request, I have rated the parks we frequent. My favorites will have a four-star rating. This rating is based off of my
DNR report as well as, condition and maintenance, miles of trails and extra activities available. The rating may not be
current due to a lack of follow up visits and does not include bug conditions. No rating indicates that the park is good,
but warrants no special attention or because one area of critique is in need of improvement. For current horse camping
and trail conditions, horse campgrounds and the staff ratings across America go to www.hillviewfarms.com and index:
Horse Campers Corner. The ONLY place to fine up-to-date information on Park, Trail and Bug conditions.
         In Minnesota:                    Tamarack -MN                              Cattle Ranch
PP Beaver Falls, Renville Co             Sunburg, MN                               PPPWillow Creek, Custer, SD -
   Park, MN                              PPPUpper Sioux Agency State                Black Elk National forest and
Camden State Park, MN                     Park, Granite Falls MN                    Harney Peak.
P Cedar Rock Ranch, Delhi, MN            P Thistledew, Togo, MN                    PPPLower French Creek, Custer,
P Crow Hassen Park Reserve,              Wetbark Oak Ridge Unit Dorer               SD
   MN                                      Forest, Houston, MN                     Eagle Butte to Timber Lake, SD
P Foothills State forest, Backus,        PPPWild River State Park, MN               driving stock with the Holloway’s
  MN Foothills horse camp                PPZumbro Bottoms Unit Dorer               PPPJamestown TN - East Fork
PPPForestville State Park, MN             Forest, MN                                Stables
PPPFort Ridgely State Park,                                                        PPGouldings, Monument Valley,
   MN                                          Out of State/Country:                UT
PPPGranite Falls, State Park,            Meyer, AZ- Quarter Circle V Bar           Kedron Valley -VT
   MN                                      Ranch                                   Lake Wissota State Park,
Garvin Co. Park-Lyon Co. MN              PBuffalo National Park, AR                  Chippewa Falls, WI
Glacial Lakes State Park, Starbuck,      "The Rocks" Agua Dulse, CA                PPPP Kickapoo Valley
  MN                                     Pikes Peak, CO                              Reserve WI Ontario WI, - End
PPHay Creek State Park, MN               PPYellow River St. Park, IA,                of the Trail Equine Camp
High Island Creek Park, Sibley Co.         Paint Creek Unit                        PP Prairie DuChien, Co.
park -Arlington, MN.                     PPPBrushy Creek, IA                          Park, WI
Hole in the Mt. Co Park, Lake            P Shimek St. Forest- Lick creek           Shawano, WI
   Benton, MN                               Unit - Farmington, IA                  PSolon Springs, WI -Bird
Huntersville State Forest, MN            PVolga River State Park, IA                 Sanctuary
PHuston, MN “ The Bunk                   PThe Natural Gait, Harpers                PCorloine the lions club annual
  House”                                   Ferrey, IA                                 Colorama ride, WI
Huston MN. Whispering Hills              PPP Siloam Springs State Park,            PPPPWild Cat Mtn. Ontario
  Resident Girl Scout Camp                 Clayton, IL                               WI,
Isabella-Boundry Waters of               PPP Shawnee national forest,              PPPWild Rock Horse Trails -
  northern, MN                             IL                                        Clark County Park - WI
Jorden River Bottoms, MN                 Lexington, KY-Long View Stables           PPPGovernor Knolls/Trade River
K-Bar Ranch, Franklin, MN                PPKanopolis State Park, KS                Camp Ground, Grantsburg, WI
PLake Carlos, Alexandria, MN               “Rokin’ K Campground”
PLake Elmo Park Reserve,                 Phippsburg, ME                            PPP Coasta Rica- cross
   Lake Elmo MN                          Greenfelder County Park, St.               country to: Parque Prussia,
Lake Louise State Park, MN                 Louis MO                                 Tucanet, Tango Mar, Valley of
Lake Maria State Park, MN                PPP Lewis & Clark National                  the Monkeys, Monteverde
Lanesboro, MN Eagle Bluff-                 Forest - Bob Marshall &                  Cloud Forrest and Tabacon.
   Environmental Learning                  Scapegoat Wilderness. MT                 “Rico Tours”
  Center www.eagle-bluff.org             PPPLittle Missouri State Park,            PPV de Bravo, Mexico-
                                                                                         alle
PPMaplewood State Park, MN                 North of Killdeer ND                     Finca Enyhe-La Sierra
PPMaple Springs Camp Ground,             South Hampton, Long Island,                Cabalgatas -Equetours
  Preston, MN                             NY                                          www.mexicohorsevacation.com
Morton -Franklin Redwood River           PP The Maah Daah Hey Trail                Ontario, Canada -Muskoka
  Bottoms, MN                               starting at: Sully Creek and Bar X,     Region
Murphy-Hannrehan Park -                    Wannagan, Elkhorn, Magpie,              Le Touquet, France
  Hennepin County Park, MN                Bennett & CCC Campground., ND            Granes, Puivert, Labau,
North Redwood, MN                        PPP Sheyenne Oaks Horse Camp               Ayguebonnes, Bouchard -
POutback Ranch, Houston MN                and RV Park, ND                            Southern France
Pillager State Forest, MN                Malibar Farm, OH                          Bermuda
Pillsbury State Forest, MN               PPPP Ouachita National                    Buenos Aries, Argentina -
Reno Unit Dover Forest, MN                 Forest - Cedar lake, OK                  The Jockey Club
Rush River Park, Henderson, MN           PPPHay Creek Ranch, Nemo, SD              PPP Peru - Northern part:
Sand Dunes State Forest, MN              PP1/2 (+)Newton Hills, Canton,             Cajmarca, Trujillo, Paijan,
Sibley State Park, MN                     SD                                        Chiclayo, Pimento Beach.
Skalbekken –Renville Co. Park,           PPBlack Hills, T.C.Ranch , Custer,
  MN                                      SD
Spirit Mt. Duluth, MN                    PPPP Broken Arrow Horse
PStony Brook - Mc Carthy                  Camp, Custer, SD
  Beach State Park, MN                   P Sisseton-Prairie Sky, SD
St. Croix, Hinkly MN                     Sisseton- Sica Hollow State park, SD
P St. Croix State Forest,                White, SD- The Leiferman                                                  151
       Little Missouri, ND




Looken real good and acting smart, until you drop the reins!




                                                                                    Solana’s first all
                                                                                       alone ride

                                        RV Kitty                The new crop of trail horses
                                        wants out




        Started with a tent

           High Bridge                                      Covered bridge




Over the years I have received many questions about how to raise a foal. To respond to these questions
and others and to pass along my knowledge I have decided to write a book that will help you raise a great
companion. The book will be full of wonderful hints and constructive suggestions, delivered with humor
that will be illustrated with loads of pictures of my family and our horses. It will show you the techniques
and everyday equipment we use to prepare our horses and that you can use to prepare yours to be a great
     riding companion and trusted friend. This book is scheduled for release ???
152
                                 HORSE CAMPING           PACK LIST


FOOD                          Mayonnaise                 Jackets, coat, sweater     Bulbs, all sizes
Bread & crumbs                Popcorn                    Long and short-sleeved     Fuses
Chips, crackers, graham,      Water                       shirts                    Volt meter
 saltines, etc.               Ice                        Shoes: riding boots,       Circuit tester
Hamburger& hot dog buns       Ice making machine            sandals, tennis shoes   Jumper cables
Milk                          GALLEY                     Sox                        Tire air gauge
Buttermilk                    Dishes                     Gloves                     Water can
Sour cream and cream          Cups                       Hat, cap                   Gas can
Butter                        Silver ware                Bathing-suit               Holding tank hose
Cheeses                       Tumblers                   Rain gear                  Flares, reflectors
Cream cheese                  Coffee pot                 Handkerchiefs              Fresh water hose
Eggs                          Pots and pans with lids    Pajamas                    Fire extinguishers
Sugars: brown, powder,        Utensils, flipper, tongs   Pants: riding, shorts      Rope
 white                        etc                        SLEEPING GEAR              Jack
Flour                         Water filter               Pillows                    Out side carpet
Corn meal                     Paper plates and cups      Sheets and pillow cases    Check: tires, tanks,
Coffee/tea                    Napkins                    Blankets                     lugs, batteries,
Spices:(salt, pepper,         Paper towels               Sleeping bags              run-
cocoa, bayleafs, cumin,       Can opener                 Tent                         ing lights, safety-
cinnamon, marjoram,           Bottle opener              Ground tarp                  chains, breaks,
basil, cinnamon, parsley,     Sponges and dish rag       RELAXING                     sway control bars,
lemonpepper, yeast, greek     Dish towels & table        Playing cards                coupler & hitch.
seasoning, etc.)              cloth                      Games, puzzles             HORSES
Onion soup mix                Dish drainer               Books and magazines        Water
Baking powder and soda        Liquid dish soap           Writing paper              Hay & / or cubes
Corn starch                   Laundry soap               Pens and pencils           Grain, pelleted feed
Catsup and BBQ sauce          Window cleaner             Shade awning               Electrolytes
Vanilla                       Waxed paper and foil       Batteries, all sizes       Straw, lime
Vinegar                       Baggies large and small    Radio, C.D’s               Hay bags
Ranch dressing                Clock, watch               Chairs                     Saddle bags
Hot sauce                     Table                      TV tables                  Saddles
Soy sauce                     Cooler                     Fishing rods               Pads
Worstershire sauce            Broom and dust pan         Tackle and bait            Blankets
Mustard                       Scissors                   Baseball bat & glove       Fly spray
Bacon, sausage, jerky         Rubber bands               Frisbee                    Ropes, leads,
Lunch meat                    Tape                       Water squirters            hobbles
Meat dinners                  Trash bags large &         Football                   Halters
Hot-dogs                      small                      Back pack                  Bridles
Potatoes, onions, garlic,     Grill                      Hunting knife              Tandem pad
  green pepper, corn, other   Charcoal and starter       Pocket knife               Buckets: water &
  vegetables                  fluid                      Compass                    feed
Lemons, limes and other       Cloths line and pins       Swim fins and mask         Tack holder
 fruit                        Matches, long lighter      Air pump                   Stands
Cereals hot and cold          Pail                       Kite and string            Helmets
Beverages: pop, beer,         Candles                    Binoculars                 Riding gloves
              booze           TOILETRIES                 Bird book                  Rubber boots
Juice: Orange, lemon, lime    Soap: hand, shampoo,       Game licenses              Tack box w/
Cookies                        laundry                   Raft, floats               supplies
Candy                         Wash cloth                 Camera and film            Vet box w/ supplies
Marshmallows                  Towels: bath, beach,       Maps; road and trail       Washbucket &
Oil: corn, olive, butter      hand                       Fire wood                     wash supplies
 crisco                       Shower mat                 Bike                       Picket line &
Jam                           Tissue, toilet paper       TV., VCR and movies           equipment
Peanut butter                 Personal products          Cell phone, G.P.S.         Pitch fork
Granola bars                  Hair brush                 TOOLS                      Manure / water cart
Syrup                         Tooth brush and paste      Screw driver               Fly nets horse &
Soups; cream of               Combs                      Adjustable wrench          rider
mushroom                      Lip balm                   Pliers                     Farrier equipment
   and chicken                Lotion: for sun and        Saw                        Horse boots
Tuna fish                     hand                       Hammer                     Whip & longe line
Canned beef and meals         Razor/blades               Hatchet                    Trailer ties
Tomato: paste, sauce,         Nail clippers, file        Extension cords            Dog and cat food
    canned.                   Insect repellent           Adapters                   EXTRAS HERE
Beans: kidney, pork &         Deodorant                  Porta potty
beans                         First aid kit              WD-40®, oil
Olives, pickles               Sun glasses                Fire ring
Mushrooms canned              Potty chemicals            Cooking tripod
Macaroni n cheese             Sewing kit                 Lantern and stand
Noodles                       Clothes hangers            Lantern fuel and
Nuts                          CLOTHING                   mantels
Salsa                         Underwear                  Folding shovel
Rice                          Sports bra                 Flashlights
Hill View Farms® LLC
“Proven Products for Horse and Rider”
1535 West Central St.
Springfield, MN 56087




              EXPLORING O UR G REAT COUNTRY
                               (866) 723-5937




      For Current Information & Videos: www.hillviewfarms.com   $5.00

				
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