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					Regional Workshop for African Countries on Compilation
of Basic Economic Statistics

Addis Ababa, 16-19 October 2007


The Role of an Economic Census in Zambia


                     Litia Simbangala
             Central Statistical Office, Zambia
               www.zamstats.gov.zm
What is an Economic Census?

 An Economic Census is the full measurement of the
  state of the economy
    It is the total process of collecting, compiling,
     evaluating, analysing and publishing economic
     data pertaining, at a specific time or times, from all
     business and social establishments in a
     designated area or country
    It is the primary source of information about
     business activities in an economy
    It ultimately forms a basis for all economic surveys
     in an economy
Background
 In the early 1990’s, Zambia      Privatisation of previously
  embarked on a vigorous              government run/owned
  restructuring exercise of its       companies
  economy that brought about         Liberalisation of both domestic
  structural changes in almost        and foreign trade
  all the sectors of the             Liberalisation of the foreign
  economy. The restructuring          exchange market
  exercise included:                 Restructuring of the Health,
                                      Education and other sectors
                                     Basically promoting the private
                                      sector as the engine for
                                      economic growth
Rationale I
 In order to measure the impact of the changes in the economy,
  there is need for a set of macro-economic indicators that are
  produced regularly and on a timely basis and using the most
  recent internationally accepted methodologies and classification
  systems.
Additionally the Office is faced with the
constraints outlined below:-
      Lack of up-to-date benchmark data
      Lack of comprehensive indicators for the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) compilation
      New revised methodologies such as the 1993 System of National Accounts (SNA) and
       revised classification systems (e.g. ISIC rev. 4) have not been fully adopted due to
       lack of comprehensive data
      To measure the full value added (GDP) of the Zambian economy
      To provide a comprehensive frame of establishments for all economic surveys, which
       will be updated from time to time
      To provide data which will enable the CSO compile a full set of national accounts
       (input-output tables, Gross Fixed Capital formation, Investment, etc)
Objectives
   To measure the full value added (GDP) of the Zambian economy
   To provide a comprehensive frame of establishments for all economic
    surveys, which will be updated from time to time
   To provide data which will enable the CSO compile a full set of national
    accounts (input-output tables, Gross Fixed Capital formation,
    Investment, etc)
   To measure the true extent of investment in Zambia; both foreign and
    domestic
   To provide a basis for setting up comprehensive Balance of Payments
    statistics
   To provide a basis for the production and rebasing of different kinds of
    Economic Statistics (Producer Price Index, Index of Industrial
    Production, etc.)
Start up activities
 Pre-test was carried out in March 2007
     Targeted 3 Districts
 Pilot survey was conducted in May & June 2007
    Covered 18 Districts
    Data was analyzed in July
 Study tours to the USA, Egypt and India
Methodology
The Economic Census is being carried out in two phases

       Listing of all establishments in Zambia
       Enumeration of the listed establishments
Coverage I


   All establishments domiciled in Zambia in all the 72
    districts will be covered
     Formal or informal
     Large scale, medium scale, small scale or micro
       businesses
 An establishment is any entity where a good or service
    is produced or provided
Coverage II
 All industrial sectors as classified in ISIC rev. 4 will be covered
 Exception: Subsistence agriculture
 These include:
       Established agriculture
       Forestry & fisheries
       Mining and quarrying
       Manufacturing
       Electricity and water supply
       Construction
       Trade
       Hotels, bars and restaurants
       Transport, storage and communication
       Financial intermediation and insurance (bank and non-bank)
       Real estate, business services
       Education, health, personal services, etc.
Coverage III
 CSO has mapped Zambia into enumeration areas within
  administrative boundaries (provinces, districts, constituencies
  and wards)
 At the last mapping exercise (for the 2000 Population Census)
  16, 800 EAs were generated
 All the 16, 800 EAs will be covered during the Economic census
Survey Questionnaires
The listing phase consists of three types of
      questionnaires:
         The household business activity roster
         The household establishments listing book
         The Listing of Establishments book

During the enumeration phase each
industry will have its on type of questionnaires:
Household Business Activity Roster
 The household business activity roster targets the
  following:
    Establishments that operate within the household
     premises
    Establishments that operate outside the household
     premises
       Not in fixed locations and not in any structure such as
        mobile traders, hawkers, pirate taxis, etc
       Landlords
    Household establishments listing book
 This questionnaire will be used to list all the
  establishments identified in the Household
  Business Activity Roster
Listing of Establishments Book
Targets the following:
 Establishments that can be clearly identified i.e. those that are either
     in a fixed location but not in a structure, or
     those in fixed structures and not within the household premises
 These establishments include stone crashers, tuntemba, grocery shops,
   carpentry shops, banks, schools, hospitals, offices (government ministries
   and their departments, non-governmental organisations etc), and
   churches and so on
The following data sets will be the outputs from the Economic Census

    Provincial, quarterly and total GDP
    Re-based National Accounts
    Full set of National Accounts
    Level of investment
    Total Balance of Payments (BOP)
    Revised weights for the Index of Industrial Production (IIP)
    Revised weights for the Producer Price Index (PPI)
    Input-Output Tables
    Social Accounting Matrix
    Comprehensive register of establishments
Periodicity


  The CSO is undertaking an Economic
    Census for the first time

  It intends to be conducting these
    censuses every five (5) years
    End of Presentation

Thank you for your attention