Lord of the Flies by liaoqinmei

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									Lord of the Flies
                    William Golding


“The theme is an attempt to trace
the defects of society back to the
defects of human nature”
―The end of the human race will be that it will
eventually die of civilization.‖
—Ralph Waldo Emerson

   You are traveling by plane as a class when the
    pilot is forced to make an emergency landing.
    The pilot, luggage, and plane wash out to sea,
    but the class members all come ashore on an
    uninhabited tropical island. You are dressed
    as you are now and have carried no equipment
    with you. There are no adults present, and you
    will have no mechanical assistance of any kind.
    Your only tools or implements are what you
    can fashion from materials on the island or in
    the ocean, and you must hunt and gather all of
    your food.
The Island
A list of rules and regulations

      An explanation of how you’re going to
      survive and get rescued
 Who will be the leader, and        What will you eat and
  how will you elect this leader?     drink?
 What laws and rules are            How will you deal with
  necessary?                          the sick and injured?
 How will you enforce these         How will you start a
  rules, and who will enforce         fire?
  them?                              What tools are
 How will you divide the             available?
  tasks?                             How will help and
 How will you solve problems         rescue be obtained?
  between the sexes?                 Will you attempt to
 How will you solve religious        leave the island?
  differences?                       Where will you set up
 Who will teach and be               camp on the island?
  taught?
Setting

    Time
    Place
    Details of setting that affect mood or tone
    Details of setting that reveal character
    Details of setting that affect conflict and
     meaning
Setting Free Write

  Why would an author, in this case
   William Golding, choose to set his story
   on an island?
  In other words, how could an island
   setting affect mood or tone, reveal
   character, or affect conflict and meaning
   in the story?
Lord of the Flies

William Golding
1954
Characters

  1. Ralph

  2. Jack

  3. Piggy

  4. Simon
1-page Active Reading

    Give your journal entry the same title as
     the title of the chapter (For instance,
     your journal entry for Chapter 1 should
     be titled: “The Sound of the Shell”).
     Write one or two sentences explaining
     the significance of the title of the
     chapter/your journal entry.
1-page Active Reading                                   (cont.)


       Select two important quotes you say or that
        are said about you. Write them down using
        proper MLA documentation (Golding 12).
        Give two-sentence explanations of what each
        quote reveals about your character.
         If your character doesn‟t have a big part, you‟re
          still “on stage” as an observer. React to the
          events even if you are not part of them. Therefore,
          you would still select two quoted passages that
          seem particularly important to you. Write them
          down using proper MLA documentation. Give
          two-sentence explanations of each selection.
1-page Active Reading                 (cont.)


    Finish the page by writing a journal
     entry of the chapter‟s events from the
     point of view of the character assigned
     to you. Tell what happens. Who was
     involved? How do you feel about it?
     Describe new places you‟ve seen? This
     should be about ½ of a page.
Reading Schedule:

   Chapter 1:   due 2/5, Fri.
   Chapter 2:   due 2/8, Mon.
   Chapter 3:   due 2nd block (2/10 or 2/11)
   Chapter 4:   due 1st block (2/16 or 2/17)
   Chapter 5:   due 2/19, Fri.
   Chapter 6:   due 2/22, Mon.
Reading Schedule:

   Chapter 7:    due 2nd block (2/24 or 2/25)
   Chapter 8:    due 1st block (3/2 or 3/3)
   Chapter 9:    due 3/5, Fri.
   Chapter 10:   due 1st block (3/9 or 3/10)
   Chapter 11:   due 3/12, Fri.
   Chapter 12:   due 3/15, Mon.
Symbolism
 Symbol
   Something that stands for something beyond
    itself (functions as expected & means more)
     Characters, objects, settings
     Commonly accepted symbols are Public Symbols
   Symbols are often visual
   Often reappear throughout the story
   A form of Figurative Language
    (associations)
   Relates to theme, but is not the theme
Possible Symbols
    Conch
    Fire
    Piggy‟s glasses
    The sea
    The island
    Characters (Jack, Ralph, Simon, Piggy)
    Others?
 Identify the symbolic value of each.
 Provide textual evidence (quote).
 Symbolism Paragraph #1
1.       Transition, Topic Sentence: 1 sentence
                  , the             is a symbol of            in the novel.
2.       Expand/Explain: 1 – 2 sentences
     -     Explain the object‟s literal function in the novel. (Don‟t use the word
           „literal‟).
3.       Set-up Quote: 3 sentences
     -     Answer surface level questions (who, what, when, where) showing
           the symbol early on in the novel.
4.       Quote: 2 – 4 sentences
     -     He says, “~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~” (Golding 35).
5.       Explain Quote: 2 – 3 sentences
     -     Explain symbolic function of the object. Be explicit: Here, the
           ______ symbolizes ______. Then give commentary (how/why).
6.       Concluding Sentence: 1 sentence
     -     Subtle return to the topic sentence.
Character & Symbol
Illustration
  Choose a character from the novel:
    Illustrate that character
       Provide a meaningful quote about that character


  Choose a symbol you associate with that
   character:
    Illustrate that symbol
       Provide a meaningful quote about that symbol
 Symbolism Paragraph #2
1.       Transition, Topic Sentence: 1 sentence
                  , the             is a symbol of            in the novel.
2.       Expand/Explain: 1 – 2 sentences
     -     Explain the object‟s literal function in the novel. (Don‟t use the word
           „literal‟).
3.       Set-up Quote: 3 sentences
     -     Answer surface level questions (who, what, when, where) showing
           the symbol early on in the novel.
4.       Quote: 2 – 4 sentences
     -     He says, “~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~” (Golding 35).
5.       Explain Quote: 2 – 3 sentences
     -     Explain symbolic function of the object. Be explicit: Here, the
           ______ symbolizes ______. Then give commentary (how/why).
6.       Concluding Sentence: 1 sentence
     -     Subtle return to the topic sentence.
LotF Baseball Cards
4 characters

        Front                    Back

   Name               5 Characteristics
                          Bullet points acceptable
   Picture
                       2 Quotes by or about each
   Symbolic Border     character
                          “proper citation” (Golding 1).
Integrating Quotes

Sample Paragraph: LotF Symbolism
  1
      First, Golding uses the conch to show the
necessity of having law and order in order to
                                  2
maintain civility among people. The conch is used
by Ralph to call assemblies and to control who is
                   3
allowed to talk. After being stranded on an island,
Piggy and Ralph find the shell. Ralph digs it up,
and with Piggy‟s guidance, he blows the conch to
assemble the boys. As the small boys hear the
noise they run from everywhere to gather at
                4
Ralph‟s feet. “Meanwhile Ralph continued to blow
till voices shouted in the forest. The small boy
squatted in front of Ralph…as he received the
reassurance of something purposeful being done”
                5
(Golding 18). Here, the conch…
Integrating Quotes

  As the small boys hear the noise they run
  from everywhere to gather at Ralph‟s
  feet. “Meanwhile Ralph continued to blow
  till voices shouted in the forest. The small
  boy squatted in front of Ralph…as he
  received the reassurance of something
  purposeful being done” (Golding 18).
Integrating Quotes

  As the small boys hear the noise they run
  from everywhere to gather at Ralph‟s
  feet. One small boy “squatted in front of
  Ralph…as he received the reassurance
  of something purposeful being done”
  (Golding 18).
Integrating Quotes


  He runs to the mountain only to find their
  own fire was out. “The fire was out,
  smokeless and dead; the watchers were
  gone” (Golding 68).
Integrating Quotes


  He runs to the mountain only to find their
  own fire “was out, smokeless and dead;
  the watchers were gone” (Golding 68).
Integrating Quotes


  Jack wants to use it. “For hunting. Like in
  war…dazzle paint. Like things trying to
  look like something else” (Golding 63).
Integrating Quotes


  Jack wants to use it “for hunting. Like in
  war…dazzle paint. Like things trying to
  look like something else” (Golding 63).
Integrating Quotes


  So after many failed attempts, Ralph
  finally gets it to work. “Ralph grasped the
  idea and hit the shell with air from his
  diaphragm. Immediately the shell
  sounded” (Golding 17).
Integrating Quotes


  So after many failed attempts, Ralph “hit
  the shell with air from his diaphragm.
  Immediately the shell sounded!” (Golding
  17).
Integrating Quotes
Ralph asks, “There‟s the fire. Can‟t they see?” (Golding 92).

Piggy says, “my specs…broken!” (Golding 71).

“Piggy cried out in terror, ‘my specs…broken!’” (Golding 71).

“You cut a pig‟s throat to let the blood out,” said Jack,
“otherwise you can‟t eat the meat.”

Jack says, “You cut a pig‟s throat to let the blood
out...otherwise you can‟t eat the meat” (Golding 31).
Possible Symbols

    The conch              Ralph
    The fire               Hair
    Piggy‟s glasses        The beast
    Huts on the beach      The island
    The scar               The sea
    Simon                  Jack‟s knife
    Jack                   Dead parachutist
 Symbolism Paragraph #3
1.       Transition, Topic Sentence: 1 sentence
                  , the             is a symbol of            in the novel.
2.       Expand/Explain: 1 – 2 sentences
     -     Explain the object‟s literal function in the novel. (Don‟t use the word
           „literal‟).
3.       Set-up Quote: 3 sentences
     -     Answer surface level questions (who, what, when, where) showing
           the symbol early on in the novel.
4.       Integrate Quote: 2 – 4 sentences
     -     “~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~” (Golding 35).
5.       Explain Quote: 2 – 3 sentences
     -     Explain symbolic function of the object. Be explicit: Here, the
           ______ symbolizes ______. Then give commentary (how/why).
6.       Concluding Sentence: 1 sentence
     -     Subtle return to the topic sentence.
Study Questions (4 – 7)
 1. What stops Roger from actually hitting Henry with the stones (4)?
 2. How do the hunters‟ painted masks change their behavior (4)?
 3. What is the symbolic significance of Jack breaking Piggy‟s glasses
  (4)?
 4. What three issues does Ralph raise at the assembly (5)?
 5. How does Piggy‟s view of the Beast differ from that of the littluns (p.
  83-84)?
 6. What contact comes from the grown up world (6)?
 7. What do the boys do instead of minding the fire (6)?
 8. How is the balance of power shifting towards Jack (6)?
 9. How is the other side of the island different (7)?
 10. What is Ralph‟s and the other boys‟ reaction to Ralph‟s new role
  as a hunter (7).
 11. Answer Ralph‟s question for Jack: “Why do you hate me?”
  (Golding 118).
 12. At the end of Chapter 7, what do Ralph, Jack, and Roger see on
  the mountaintop?
Chapter 1 – The Sound of the Shell

  Main Characters: Ralph, Piggy, littl‟uns, Jack,
   Simon, the choir
  Setting: uninhabited, tropical island, on the beach,
   bathing pool, platform
  Primary Conflict: realization of being stranded,
   electing a leader
  Main events from the plot: Ralph meets Piggy, find
   a conch, call an assembly, elect a leader, explore the
   island
  Climax: Ralph is elected chief, but Jack feels he
   deserves to be the leader
  Resolution: Ralph, Jack, and Simon explore the
   island, and Jack is unable to kill a baby pig.
       Lord of the Flies
         Project Menu

 With a partner, choose one of the
  following projects and complete it by
  Thursday, March 18th, 2010.

 Projects will be presented to the class on
  the date they are due.
       Lord of the Flies
          Project Menu
   Symbol Portfolio
   TV Guide
   CD
   Masks
   Scrapbook
   Comic Book
   Movie
   Map
   Imagination
        Lord of the Flies
            Project Menu
   Symbol Portfolio: Fashion a portfolio identifying at
    least 10 specific symbols from the novel. Describe
    each, citing specific passages from the novel, and
    define each in terms of its symbolic meaning.
    Illustrate each in color.

   TV Guide: Create a TV Guide featuring Lord of the
    Flies related programming. Design a cover and
    interior so that all shows for the week (as well as
    background articles) deal with characters, plot-lines,
    themes, settings, etc. from the novel. Your guide
    must have a minimum of 7 show synopses and 3
    articles.
        Lord of the Flies
            Project Menu
   CD: Design an album featuring Lord of the Flies
    inspired music. All songs must relate to themes,
    events, and/or characters from the novel. You may
    use songs that already exist, but you can change the
    title as it relates to the novel. You must design an
    album cover, and include all lyrics for each song with
    an explanation of why the song belongs on the
    album. Your album must have a minimum of 10
    songs (at least 1 of which must include lyrics you‟ve
    composed).

   Masks: Design, fashion, and label four masks
    representing the four main characters from the novel.
    Each mask must be accompanied by a one-page
    gallery write up describing what the mask represents.
        Lord of the Flies
            Project Menu
   Scrapbook: Create a scrapbook, complete with
    cover, as though it had been designed and illustrated
    by Ralph, Jack, Piggy, or Simon during his time in
    the novel. Your scrapbook must include pictures and
    written entries, and it must contain a minimum of 10
    entries.

   Comic Book: Rename each of the twelve chapters of
    Lord of the Flies. Storyboard each in color with 4 – 6
    scenes per chapter (include dialogue and/or
    exposition).
        Lord of the Flies
            Project Menu
   Movie: Create an advertising campaign for a new
    Lord of the Flies film. Cast the film with well-known
    actors. Your ad campaign must include any THREE
    of the following: a poster, magazine article with
    fictitious critical accolades from famous critics and/or
    publications, radio commercial, teaser/trailer,
    Podcast with cast/director interviews, etc.

   Map: Using a medium of your choice, create a three
    dimensional map of the island. Your map must
    include all of the locales where important events take
    place (minimum of 5). Each locale must include a ½-
    page written description of the locale, key events that
    took place there, and the characters that were
    involved.
        Lord of the Flies
           Project Menu
   Imagination: Come up with a project of your own.
    Your project must represent the detail and amount of
    work reflected in the projects described above. You
    MUST get my approval.
LotF Project Work
   Your name & your partner‟s name
   Which project have you selected?
   When is this project due?
   What exactly does this project require (details)?
   How are you going to divide the tasks?
   How much time do you anticipate this project
    taking?
   When do you plan on working on this?
   Where are you going to work?
   What materials are you going to need?
   How are you going to get these materials?
LotF Essay Prompt:

  How does Golding use symbolism to
   reflect the disintegration of societal
   structures, leading to the uncontrolled
   savagery of the boys?
LotF Essay Thesis:

    Golding uses symbolism to suggest
     that the natural state of man, when
     the rules of civilization are removed,
     is evil.
9-part paragraph
 1.   Transition, topic sentence
 2.   Expand/Explain
 3.   Set-up quote #1
 4.   Quote #1
 5.   Explain quote #1
 6.   Closing sentence
      Transition, set-up quote #2
 7.   Quote #2
 8.   Explain quote #2
 9.   Closing sentence
9-part paragraph
 1.   Transition, topic sentence
 2.   Expand/Explain
 3.   Set-up quote #1
 4.   Quote #1
 5.   Explain quote #1
 6.   Transition, set-up quote #2
 7.   Quote #2
 8.   Explain quote #2
 9.   Closing sentence
  1
      First, Golding uses the conch to show the
necessity of having law and order in order to
                                  2
maintain civility among people. The conch is used
by Ralph to call assemblies and to control who is
                   3
allowed to talk. After being stranded on an island,
Piggy and Ralph find the shell. Ralph digs it up,
and with Piggy‟s guidance, he blows the conch to
assemble the boys. As the small boys hear the
noise they run from everywhere to gather at
                4
Ralph‟s feet. “Meanwhile Ralph continued to blow
till voices shouted in the forest. The small boy
squatted in front of Ralph…as he received the
reassurance of something purposeful being done”
                5
(Golding 18). Here, the conch…
5Here, the conch symbolizes the laws the boys rely
on to preserve order. It reminds them of the adult
world and all of the rules that they have been
taught throughout their lives. 6However, as the boys
begin to forget their past lives, they ignore the
power of the conch. They begin to speak out of
turn, and do not go to the assembly when they hear
the conch‟s call. The reverence the boys once held
for the conch slowly diminished until Roger
destroys it. Jack sees the conch in ruins, and
reminds Ralph of the enormity of the loss, 7  “There
isn‟t a tribe for you anymore!” (Golding 181). 8  The
conch, and the law it represented, held the boys
together. With this final destructive act, the last ties
to any civilization are crushed. 9 Ultimately, the
conch symbolizes the necessity for a legal system.
Introduction
 a. Interest Catcher (Do not define symbol or use the word “you”.
       Outside the text: quote, question, or definition)




 b. Transitional Statements (Build a bridge between your Interest
      Catcher and the thesis. Mention Lord of the Flies, author William
      Golding, and give Plot Summary)




 c. Thesis Statement (Global) Golding uses symbolism to suggest
      that the natural state of man, when the rules of civilization
      are removed, is evil.
Conclusion
  a. Restate Thesis (using different words)       ,


  b. Summarize topic sentences (Remind the reader of the major
      symbols and their meanings, in the same order they were
      presented)




  c. Concluding general statements (Your thoughts on the matter, “I”
      statements accepted)
Clever title: Symbols in LotF

    Introduction
    9-part paragraph
    9-part paragraph
    9-part paragraph
    Conclusion
Where does evil exist?
        6-part paragraph
 Transition, Topic Sentence (To begin, evil exists...)

 Expand/Explain (Explain general characteristics, then show the scene below)

 Set Up Quote (Describe the scene from the novel)
        Who:
        What
        When:
        Where:

 Quote – Ralph says, “~ ~ ~” (Golding 45).

 Explain Quote (Explain how/why this scene proves your topic sentence):
         How:
         Why:

 Concluding sentence (Rephrase topic sentence)

								
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