s r o i У - - max ) 1 Н г published by the Ukrainian National Association 1 nc^ a fraternal non-profit "association! І x - - Js И a: x - О -s о Ukrainian Weelcl ї -4 z оо z -n c– о о -о о z n О аз 3D - м іч О о w о ІЛ 10 - vol. Li No. 43 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 23.1983 25 cents Weekly anniversary commentary 78 senators become co-sponsors of Senate famine resolution Reflections at 50: by Eugene lwanciw expression of Soviet behavior and what of tomorrow? WASHINGTON Eighteen sena– policies which, in fundamental aspects, have changed little in over half a tors have become co-sponsors of Senate century." it was the year that "beauty killed the beast," as King Kong plummeted Concurrent Resolution 70 relating to The senator went on to state that "a from atop the Empire State Building and into the annals of American myth. the anniversary of the Ukrainian famine government willing to exterminate an The New York Giants were the newly crowned kings of baseball and Kate of 1932-33, which was introduced in the average of over 10,000 of its own people Hepburn won herfirstOscar for "Morning Glory."Prohibit ion was repealed, U.S. Senate on September 29 under the a day does not hesitate to kill another and Depression-weary Americans could again lift their spirits or drown their sponsorship of Sens. Ernest Ho!lings 269 for reasons of state or whim." The sorrows without breaking the law. it was a time when the insouciance of the (D-S.C.)and Pete Domenici (R-N.M.), 269 was in reference to the shooting 1920s gave way to the grim realities of unemployment, bread lines and soup reported the Congressional Subcom– down of the Korean airliner on Septem– kitchens. But there was hope, as an aristocratic former governor of New York mittee of the National Committee to ber 1. was sworn in as the 32nd president of the United States, promising a "New Commemorate Genocide victims in Deal" for all Americans. Sen. Domenici. chairman of the Ukraine. Senate Budget Committee, also made it was a time of profound paradox, in Europe, the revolutionary ardor that in his introductory remarks. Sen. reference to the KAL incident by sought to build a democratic world on the post-World War 1 ashes of the old Hol!ings. a candidate for the Democra– stating: "Just as the Soviets at first order had waned in the face of economic chaos and social upheaval, and was tic presidential nomination, stated: "it denied shooting down the Korean replaced by its opposite - totalitarianism. While artists and physicists is time to break the silence and recog– airliner and then defended their action, proclaimed that the laws of nature could only be seen in the context of relative nize the enormity of what occurred in the Soviets denied the existence of the probabilities instead of absolute certainties, dogmatic leaders - Mussolini, Ukraine at that time. We must also tamineand then, when the evidence was Stalin and, in 1933. Adolf Hitler emerged and arrogantly claimed they understand it as a clear and brutal (Continued on page i) could make order out of confusion because they had absolute knowledge Appealing to fear and intolerance, they planned to erect eternal empires on the bones of innocent victims. Over 7 million Ukrainians died of starvation in the man-made famine of 1933. Millions more were to die in the gas chambers Rep. Rinaldo to Kirkpatrick: U.N. should of Auschwitz and on the battlefields of Europe. For Ukrainian Americans in the United States, it was a time of re- replace Soviet-picked delegates from Ukraine assessment and change. A large first generation of Ukrainian Americans was the most brutal chapters in human growing up, faced with the difficult challenge of maintaining its ethnic WASHINGTON Rep Matthew.). Rinaldo (R-N.J.). recently sent U.S. history, and on this 50th anniversary oi identity while staking its share oi the American dream. The Ukrainian their deaths, the Moscow puppets in the American community had come a long way since the first immigrants had set Ambassador to the United Nations Jeane Kirkpatrick a letter which urged Ukrainian delegation at the U.N. totally foot on America's shore. Churches and fraternal associations. — the UNA ignored it." among them - had long been established, and the community now had the the ambassador to introduce a resolu– tion seeking to replace the Soviet- "The horror of 7 million people dying vigor and self-confidence to express its concerns and to show off its culture, it of forced starvation and malnutrition was becoming more political and more sophisticated. Ukrainians picked delegates from Ukraine with delegates selected by Ukrainian na– while available food was being taken vociferously protested President Roosevelt's decision to diplomatically away and exported from Ukraine recognize the Soviet Union, and marched to call attention to the Great tionalists, the congressman's office reported. should not be forgotten." Rep. Rinaldo Famine that was ravaging their homeland. At the Chicago World's Fair of said, "it was nothing short of a holo– 1933. the Ukrainian Pavilion was a proud embodiment of Ukrainian heritage in a release dated October 10. caust." and resourcefulness, as it was the only exhibition not financed by government he stated that the Ukrainian delegation funds. to the United Nations should be block– Rep. Rinaldo said the U.N. Charter ed from participating in the General provides that delegates may be chal– it was into this ethos that The Ukrainian Weekly was born 50 years ago on lenged if they have no valid claim in October 6. it began as an English-language offshoot of Svoboda aimed, as Assembly because it does not represent the Ukrainian people. representing the people of their country. outlined in its inaugural editorial, specifically at Ukrainian American youth, in He said the Soviets installed Commu– those early years, its editor was keenly aware of the difficult balancing act Bob DeLazaro. special assistant to nist rule in Ukraine and have exiled confronting Ukrainian American young people who were caught between the the congressman,reported that.to date. Ukrainian nationalists. lure of assimilation and the instinctive desire to maintain the culture of their Mrs. Kirkpatrick has not responded to He slated that a Soviet-imposed parents. He knew that the future of the Ukrainian American community the request. blackout on news about Ukraine has depended on its young people and the ability of the older generation of The New Jersey Republican said that prevented it from coming to the atten– community leaders to make way for youth and entrust it with that future. 37 members of the Ukrainian Public (Continued on page 16) Stephen Shumey ko, who became the first editor of the Weekly at age 25, was Group to Promote the implementation instrumental in the formation of the Ukrainian Youth League of North of the Helsinki Accords are either in America, and maintained his interest in the problem of Ukrainian American prison. Soviet labor camps, internal youth his whole life. exile, or have been deported by the Soviets for their support for human The future , rights for the Ukrainians. He said the group has a legitimate right to represent Although The Weekly is no longer geared primarily for young adults, having the Ukrainian people at the United grown into a wholly independent paper covering a broad range of community Nations. concerns, both domestic and international, it remains aware of the relevance Following a September 30 visit to his of its founding principles and their underlying truisms. With a staff that offices in Washington by a Ukrainian averages 27 years of age. The Weekly remains committed to looking ahead to American delegation composed of the future of the community. members and friends of Americans for But, as it was 50 years ago, the future is clouded with uncertainty. What is Human Rights in Ukraine. Rep. Ri– clear is that our community - here defined as an aggregate of institutions naldo also included a mention of the such as fraternal organizations, credit unions, civic, cultural and political tragedy of the Great Famine in Ukraine groups - is facing a crisis of leadership, it is showing signs of age and in his letter to Ambassador Kirkpatrick. attrition. Young people have not, in any appreciable way, stepped in to He wrote: assume responsible roles in the community. "Seven million Ukrainians were starved to death by Stalin's forced (Continued on page 11) agricultural collectivization in one of Rep. Matthew Rinaldo THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY. OCTOBER 23.1983 No. 43 Dissident sketch Red Army massacres Afghan civilians 1S1.AMABAD, Pakistan - A former bad was in reprisal for an insurgent Serhiy N a b o k a Atghan diplomat asserted on October 19 that Soviet troops massacred 126 attack the day before on a troop convoy in which several tanks were destroyed. BORN: 1955. villagers in southeastern Afghanistan Mr. Karazai said: "1 was told that the -two weeks ago. reported the Associated troops returned on foot the next day. OCCUPAT10N: Journalist. Press They rounded up the people, gunning LATEST ARREST: January І І, The former diplomat, quoting sur– down the men and bayoneting the vivors of the attack, said women and women and children. 1981. children were bayoneted. "Then they leveled the houses, in one CHARGE: Pasting leaflets concern– Although the account could not be case. 18 members of one family were ing Ukrainian Political Prisoner's independently conlirmed, the lormer killed." Day and circulating the journal diplomat. Habibullah Karazai, has Other villages in the area were later (Continent. been accurate in past reports from the subjected to heavy aerial bombing, he area, which is near Kandahar. Af– said. Many villagers managed to flee SENTENCE: Three years in a labor ghanistan's second largest city. before troops encircled the area, he camp. Mr. Karazai. who represented the added. у PREviOUS TERMS: None. Kabul government at the United Na– Mr. Karazai said local resistance tions in 1972. based his report on groups had begun hit-and-run attacks CAMP ADDRESS: accounts of survivors reaching the southwestern Pakistani city of Quetta. on convoys earlier in the week when USSR troops began installing military out– Khmelnitskaya oblast ' where he lives. The current Soviet- backed government of President Ba– -posts around Kandahar. On October Khmelnitsky raion 11, three tank columns were sighted s. Raikovtsky brak Karmal took power in a coup in 1979. That same year, Soviet troops, encircling the city. Guerrillas attacked uchr. MKH-324 78-12-121 and destroyed 11 tanks and armored estimated to be over 100.000 now, invaded the country to help the govern– personnel carriers, he said. ment fi^ht a popular Moslem rebellion. The following day another column Soviet peace activist jailed According to the report Mr. Karazai moved in and was attacked. That, he obtained, the attack on October 13 in said, appeared to trigger the brutal MOSCOW - Oleg Radinsky, a immediate explanation for the relative the viii,nw -' - oshkizai and Kolcha– reprisals against the civilian population. member of a small unsanctioned Soviet leniency. peace group, was sentenced to a year in Mr. Radzinsky was the first member (D-Md.). J. James Exon (D-Neb.), ,'rison and five years' internal exile on October 13 on charges of slandering the of the so-called Group of Trust to be tried, although his friends said the 78 senators... Joseph R. Biden (D-Del.), Gary Hart (D-Colo.), Frank R. Lautenberg (D– Soviet state, reported The New York charges against him were based on (Continued from page 1) N.J.). Dale Bumpers (D-Ark.), John Times. writings found at his home rather than overwhelming, defended their action. Heinz (R-Pa.), Alan J. Dixon (D-lll.), on his activities in the peace group. Nothing has changed in Soviet behavior Charles Percy (R-lll.), Dan Quaylc (R– Mr. Radzinsky. 25. has already spent during these past 50 years." He is said to have first fallen afoul of lnd.), Robert Dole (R-Kan.) and nearly a year in detention, so he was the authorities for holding seminars on The New Mexico senator also quoted Quentin N. Burdick (R-N.D.). expected to be sent directly to exile banned Soviet writers. somewhere in the Soviet hinterland. from recent interviews with Malcolm The Congressional Subcommittee The peace group was founded last Muggeridgeand former Rep. Hamilton has urged Ukrainians to write to their The article under which he was year to promote understanding between Fish, who 50 years ago sponsored a senators and urge their co-sponsorship sentenced. Article 190 of the Russian the Soviet Union and the United States. similar resolution concerning the fa- of S.Con.Res. 70 if they have not Criminal Code, carries a maximum A founder of the group, Sergei Batov– mine. already co-sponsored it. For those penalty of seven years in prison and five rin, an artist, was allowed to leave for The resolution urges the president to senators who have co-sponsored the years' internal exile. There was no the West earlier this year. designate May 28, 1984, the 50th an– resolution, a thank-you letter should be niversary of the date Rep. Fish intro– sent. The subcommittee hopes to get at duced his resolution on the famine in least 40 co-sponsors of the resolution Ukrainian Baptists adopt resolution the House of Representatives, as a day and action by the Senate Foreign to commemorate the Great Ukrainian Relations Committee. The key to the Famine. The resolution also calls on the Foreign Relations Committee's con– scoring Soviets for religious persecution president to focus world attention on sideration of the resolution is the the famine through public and diplo– number of co-sponsors the resolution ELMHURST. ill. - The Ukrainian Soviet Union to adhere to the U.N. De– matic channels, and to urge the Soviet has attracted. Evangelical Baptist Convention has claration of Human Rights and the Hel– Union to lift restrictions on the ship– The subcommittee stressed that what adopted resolutions criticising the sinki Accords. ment of food parcels and other necessi– is especially important for the prospects Soviet Union for persecuting Chris– The resolution urges all Christians to ties to Soviet citizens by private indivi– of the resolution is co-sponsorship by tians; condemning the Soviet Union for pray for their suffering brethren and to duals and charitable organizations. members of the Senate Foreign Rela– shooting down the Korean airliner and inform the world about their plight. in a "dear colleague" letter dated tions Committee. Members of the killing 269 persons; and memorialising Resolution 2 condemns the Soviet September 29. Sens. Hollings and committee who have not yet co-spon– the Great Famine in Ukraine. Union for shooting down the Korean Domenici appealed to their colleagues sored are: Howard H. Baker (R-Tenn.). The resolutions were passed during airliner with 269 passengers aboard. to join as co-sponsors of S.Con. Res. 70. Jesse Helms (R-N.C). Charles McC. the 38th annual convention held Sep– The delegates expressed Christian As of October 18, 18 senators respond– Mathias (R-Md.). Nancy Landon tember 2-4 at the First Ukrainian mercy, sympathy and love for human life, ed to the letter and were added as co- Kassebaum (R-Kan.), Rudy Boschwitz Baptist Church of Chicago. Members of as taught in the Bible, and called the sponsors of the resolution. (R-Minn.). Frank H. Murkowski (R– churches from across the nation partici– Soviet attack on an unarmed civilian Thev "are: Daniel P. Moynihan (D– Alaska). Claiborne Pell (D-R.L). John pated in the conference. passenger jet a barbaric act. N.Y.). Richard G. Lugar(R-lnd,), Dave Glenn (D-Ohio), Edward Zorinsky (D– Elected as the new president for a The resolution calls upon all govcrn– Durenberger (R-Minn.), Larry Pressler Neb.), Paul E. Tsongas (D-Mass.), Alan three-year term was the Rev. Jaroslaw ments in the free world to punish the (R-S.D.), Mark O. Hatfield (R-Ore.), Cranston (D-Calif.) and Christopher J. Paprockyj, pastor of the First Ukrai– Soviet Union appropriately to dis– Jake Garn (R-Utah). Paul S. Sarbanes Dodd (D-Conn.). nian Baptist Church of Philadelphia.. couragc similar incidents in the future. Dr. Myron Kuropas personally deli– The resolution expresses deep sym– vcred greetings on behalf of the Ukrai– pathy to the families of the victims and nian National Association. asks God to comfort the bereaved. Resolution 1 points out that the new Soviet regime under Yuri Andropov is reverting to the brutal methods of repression used during the Stalin era. Resolution 3 scores the Soviet Union for creating the world's greatest holo– caust - an artificial famine in Ukraine during 1932-33 - in order to wipe out ulcrainian Weelclv The resolution states that the number resistance to collectivization in Ukraine FOUNDED 1933 of prisoners of faith is increasing and other places where Ukrainians Ukrainian weekly newspaper published by the Ukrainian National Association inc., a fraternal steadily, pastors of the Council of predominated. non-profit association, at 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, NJ. 07302. Evangelical Christian Baptist Churches (The Ukrainian Weekly - USPS 570-870) are dying in concentration camps, and The resolution notes that between 7 Also published by the UNA: Svoboda, a Ukrainian-language daily newspaper. cruel treatment against wives and and 10 million innocent Ukrainians families of imprisoned believers is perished during the famine and millions The Weekly and Svoboda: UNA: intensifying. of others - including a significant (201)434-0237,434-0807, 434-3036 (201) 451-2200 number of Ukrainian Baptists - were Therefore, the delegates expressed exiled to Siberia or imprisoned. their indignation against persecution Yearly subscription rate: S8, UNA members - S5. and cruel treatment of Christians and The delegates mourned the memo"ry called upon the Soviet government to of the victims of the terrible genocide of Postmaster, send address changes to: release all imprisoned believers and to the Ukrainian nation and vowed to THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY Editor ROHM Hedzewycz halt persecution against Churches. continue informing the world about the P.O. Box 346 AMOcvte дойог George Bondwi Zcrycky Jersey City. NJ. 07303 - Aeefctmt editor Msrta Kotomsyets The delegates also appealed to na– perpetrators of this holocaust, the tions of the free world to pressure the Communist government in Moscow. No. 43 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 23.1983 з Western Pennsylvania Ukrainians hold famine observances PITTSBURGH - The weekend of growth nf Ukrainian cultural аг.и niques, the now currently accepted marched as did units of the Ukrainian October 7-9 was the occasion for the intellectual life, but then turned against number of 7 million victims of the National Women's League of America, Pittsburgh and western Pennsylvania the policy, accusing persons who carried famine has been authenticated. He also the Ukrainian Orthodox League and Ukrainian community's observance of out their initial policy of being bour– related how eyewitness testimony is the Poltava Dance Ensemble. The the 50th anniversary of the Great geois nationalists. being used in writing the book he is marchers assembled on the patio and Famine in Ukraine. The events were Marco Carynnyk, visiting fellow at working on. Following Dr. Mace's talk, steps of Soldiers and Sailors Hall where supported by all segments of the com– the Kennan institute in Washington, a panel discussion between all four Mr. Komichak read the text of the open munity and the many members of the who is writing a book on the Great speakers and the audience was held. letter that was read before the Soviet Ukrainian Technological Society play– Famine, was the next to sneak. His This lively session drew all the prescnta– Embassy in Washington on October 2. ed pivotal roles in the organization and topic was "The Dogs the Did Not tions together to show how the Soviets Then he led the assembled throng in support of the events. Bark: The United States and Great purposefully attempted to destroy the renditions of "God Bless America." the As the observances began, the Pitts- Britain and the Ukrainian Famine of Ukrainian nation intellectually and Ukrainian national anthem and chants burgh Post-Gazette pubjished a feature 1933." in his talk, Mr. Carynnyk quoted culturally, economically and spiritually of "Freedom for Ukraine." The people article by Bohdan Hodiak titled, " extensively from messages from the through planned genocide by famine. then entered the hall for an ecumenical article by Bohdan Hodiak titled British Embassy in Moscow to the Over 200 different individualsattend– requiem service and memorial pro- " 'Hidden,' Famine in Ukraine Killed British Foreign Office in London and ed various parts of the symposium with gram. MillioTis" on the front page of its Friday from petitions of Ukrainian groups to more than 75 percent attending the Participating in the panakhyda were issue. Later in the evening, Dr. James President Roosevelt and the U.S. State entire symposium program. Thesympo– Orthodox and Catholic clergy. Re– Mace from the Harvard Ukrainian Department. These documents indi– sium was videotaped by the university's sponses were led by the League of Research institute was interviewed on cated the both the U.S. and British audio-visual department, and after Ukrainian Catholics Kalyna Choir WP1T Radio, and the Roy Foxx Radio governments knew full well the extent editing will be available to interested under the direction of irene viaduchick Program on KDKA Radio devoted one of the famine, but did nothing about it groups, individual members of the UTS and the Ukrainian Orthodox Choir hour to callers responding to the Post- because of economic and official reluc– contributed financially to the video- under the direction of Lesya Andrews. Gazette article. tance to become involved in an "inter– taping project. Following the service, a memorial On Saturday, an all-day symposium nal" matter of another country. The symposium was covered by- program was presented. The two re– titled "Genocide in Ukraine" was held at Channel 4 Tv and a news story with an gional choirs sang appropiatc selec– the University of Pittsburgh at the Frick Concluding the morning session was interview with Dr. Mace was shown on tions, as did Nadia Worobij. Dr. Mace Fine Arts Building. University organi– Dr. Bohdan Bociurkiw of Carleton the 6 p.m. and 11 p.m. telecasts. gave a short presentation in English and zations sponsoring the symposium were University in Ottawa, who spoke on the On Sunday two feature articles ap– Mr. Carynnyk spoke in Ukrainian. Mr. the Office of Urban and Community "Destruction of the Ukrainian Ortho– peared in The Pittsburgh Press. Both were Komichak read telegrams of praise and Services, the Russian and East Euro– dox Church in Soviet Ukraine during written by Robert Baird. One, titled remembrance from Sen. John Heinz pean Studies Program, the Pennsyl– the 1930s." He related in detail how the "Ukrainians Recall 'The Forgotten (R-Pa.), Allegheny County Commis– vania Ethnic Heritage Studies Center, Soviets,used the technique of the big lie Holocaust,' " appeared on the front sioners Chairman Thomas J. Foerster, and the department of Slavic languages to accuse the Ukrainian Autocephalous page. At 2:30 p.m., a manifestation and U.S. Reps. William J. Coyne (D), and literatures. Also acting as sponsors Orthodox Church of being in collusion march from Flagstaff Hill in Schenley Joseph Gaydos (D) and Doug Wal– were the Ukrainian Student Organiza– with the "League for Liberation of Park to the Soldiers and Sailors Hall in gren (D) of Pennsylvania. tion of the University of Pittsburgh and Ukraine," an organization claimed to be Oakland took place. The march was the Ukrainian Famine Committee of made up of nationalist counter-revolun– organized by the Ukrainian' Famine Raymond Komichak read the resolu– Western Pennsylvania. tionaries, but which was in fact a Committee of Western Pennsylvania, tion of the Western Pennsylvania U– figment of th^ Soviet big lie propa– with UTS member MichaelKomichak krainian Community on the Famine in Dr. Bernard J. Kobosky, vice chan– ganda. Confused and panicky church cellor for public affairs of the Univer– officials "confessed" to these accusa– as general chairman. The Rt. Rev. English, while Yaroslawa Polataijko sity of Pittsburgh, welcomed the invited tions at a GPU-staged sobor in 1930. Andrew Beck and Msgr. Russell Danyl– Komichak read the same resolution in speakers and symposium attendees. He This effectively sealed the fate of the chuk served as honorary chairmen. Ukrainian. The resolution was unani– then handed over the program to Dr. Ukrainian Orthodox Church as the According to press estimates, more mously passed by those present. John Basarab, formerly program direc– Soviets used the "confession"at will and than 600 persons participated in the Sunday's march and memorial pro- tor of the Ukrainian section of Radio whim to destroy the Church as they march. UTS members E. Manasterski gram were extensively covered by the Liberty, who acted as moderator. Dr. pleased. and George Hanczar Jr. had the honor print and broadcast media. All three Basarab introduced the first speaker. of carrying the proclamation banner local television channels presented Dr. George Shevelov, professor emeri– Dr. Mace, who is working on a book which read "1932-33-1983; We Cannot stories with films of the march and tus of Columbia University, who spoke about the famine, presented the talk Forget 7 Million Ukrainians that Died interviews with Dr. Mace. Mr. Carynnyk on the "Rise and Fall of the Policy of "The Man-Made Famine of 1933" to in Stalin's Organized Famine 50 Years and Kateryna Dowbenko. The Press Ukrainianization." He indicated how begin the afternoon session. He out- Ago. vichnaya Pamiat." Ukrainian and Post-Gazette ran follow-up articles the Soviets at first encouraged the lined how. by using demographic tech- Catholic and Orthodox clergy also with photos in Monday's editions. Percy names Kuropas to rights council San Francisco community plans CH1CAGO - Dr. Myron B. Kuro– former U.S. secretaries of state Dean pas, Ukrainian National Association Rusk, William P. Rogers and Alex– famine protest at Soviet Consulate supreme vice president and special ander M. Haig. SAN FRANC1SCO - A weekend of yet, unlike Hitler's genocide of the Jews, assistant for ethnic affairs to President Such community leaders as Cardinal protest and remembrance is planned in the Great Ukrainian Famine of 1932-33 Gerald R. Ford, was recently appointed Joseph Bernardin of Chicago and San Francisco November 5 and 6 as has gone unnoticed by the media and to the Advisory Council on Religious Aloysius Mazewski, head of the Polish hundreds of Ukrainian Americans in forgotten by the world. Rights in Eastern Europe and the National Alliance of the United States, Northern California unite to protest the A major demonstration is planned USSR. also serve on the council. continuing Soviet cover-up of Stalin's for midday, Saturday, November 5, in The appointment to'the 25-member The council's first public hearing will man-made famine in Ukraine in 1932- front of the Soviet Consulate in San body was made by Sen. Charles R. be held on Wednesday, November 9, 33. Over 7 million men, women and Francisco. Ukrainians, Poles, Czechs, Percy (R-lll.), who also serves as the from 9 a.m. to noon, at the Kluchinski children were deliberately starved to Soviet Jews, Afghans, Cubans, Koreans chairman of the Senate Foreign Rela– Building, 232 S. Dearborn in Chicago. death in little over a year by Soviet and other groups are expected to mass tions Committee. The council will Dr. Kuropas will testify on human rulers. at the consulate in solidarity against the advise the senator on religious issues in rights in Eastern Europe, especially in This long-forgotten tragedy ranks Soviets. Demonstrators will march in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. Ukraine, in the ceremonial courtroom among the world's greatest atrocities. (Continued on pap ") Former President Ford is the hono– on that day. Subsequent hearings will rary chairman of the council, which be held in Washington before the includes such prestigious members as Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Famine memorial conferences slated CLEvELAND - The Cleveland and Dr. James Mace of Harvard University, Youngstown communities and their "Famine in Ukraine 1932-33"; and Dr. AJC wants more liberal refugee policy memorial committees have prepared George Kulchycky of Youngstown two scholarly conferences to be held at State University, "Precedents and NEW YORK - The American Je– refugees by providing, together with Cleveland State University on October Cover-Up of the Ukrainian Famine of wish Committee has filed a legal brief other free nations, a safe haven for the 29 and Youngstown State University on 1932-33." urging that a person seeking to avoid world's oppressed." deportation need establish only that October 30. in the amicus brief filed with the The Cleveland State conference will On the next day the same speakers there is a "well-founded fear" that he United States Supreme Court, in a suit be held at 10 a.m. in the international will read' their papers at Youngstown will face political persecution if he is involving Predrag Stevic1, a native and Theater, Room 1, on East 22nd and State University at 10 a.m. in the Arts forced to return to his country instead citizen of Yugoslavia, and the lmmigra– Euclid Avenue. Participating in the and Sciences Building, Room 132. of a "clear probability." l tion and Naturalization Service, the program will be Dr. M. Ciskewycz of Shown at the conference will be slides "This more liberal approach," said American Jewish Committee joined Ohio State University, who will speak on and films about the Ukrainian holo– AJC's legal director, Samuel Rabinove, with the international institute of "Art and Actuality: The Harvest Theme caust. A proclamation from Gov. "will uphold the basic humanitarian Boston, an agency providing free or in Soviet Social Realism"; Dr. B. Richard Celeste declaring the week of principle that the United States should low-cost immigration counseling and Czepak, "Famine: individual and So– October 22 to 29 as "Ukrainian Famine play a key role in securing freedom for . (Continued on paft 11) . ciety trom the Medical Perspective"; Week" will be read. 4 „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ . ^ T H E UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 23.1983- - - - . " . . -.:. . – v:No. 43 13th Congress aftermath: our struggle for unity and law and order by John O. His PART І fmmediaiely alter the walkout lrom between the Liberation Front leader- Dr. Dobriansky commenced by ex- the 13th Congress, the 27 or so organi– ship, which seized control of the tolling both sides to mend the existing We all remember October 1980. it zations that walked out ol the conven– governing organs of the UCCA rift. He called ґоґ”а united front in was the month of the infamous 13th tion hall combined into the Committee at the 13th Congress, and those meeting the challenges before all Ukrai– Congress. But how have the UNA and for Law and Order in the UCCA in Ukrainian national organizations nians. the entire Ukrainian American com– order to present one voice in the nego– which walked out of the convention hall The committee did not intend to be munity fared since then'.' tiating process which was certain to take of the Congress in protest against the drawn into polemics with Dr. Dobrian– The UNA Supreme Executive Com– place, we thought, in the very near conduct of the convention presidium; sky's team. We knew that it would not . mittee came out of the 13th Congress future. І don't believe that there was one the secrecy under which the 13th Con– be an easy task to convince them of the full of apprehension and uncertainty. person who wanted a second central gress was organized and conducted; and righteousness of our cause. We did So did the Ukrainian American commu– Ukrainian organization which would the total disregard of. and violation of. expect Dr. Dobriansky to wield his nity. it is absolutely normal for a human perform services for the Ukrainian the by-laws and the customs and pro– influence. But he didn't. We expected being to be uncertain at times. community parallel to those services ccdures of the UCCA at the 13th him to at least be neutral. But he wasn't. performed by the UCCA. We all wanted Congress. Members of the UCCA delegation no– However, as regards UNA actions at to reorgan ize the UCCA in such a manner The committee had desired the meet– ticed my tape recorder on the confe– the congress, no one must suspect that in the future no political organiza– ing to take place as early as possible at rence table. They were against record– uncertainty on the part of the UNA tion or group of political organiza– the Ukrainian institute of America. No ing the proceedings and made their Supreme Executive Committee. These tions could seize control and use the response was received from Dr. Do– feelings known. Not to further antago– seven men and women are elected and UCCA for its own narrow purposes. briansky. lvan Bazarko, the UCCA's niz.e our adversaries, 1 put the recorder are expected to lead the UNA, which is the largest in membership, the wealth– Not one of us believed that the UCCA administrative director informed us away. iest in assets, the oldest in years of would try to continue to exist without that Dr. Dobriansky would meet with it is our understanding that at the last existence, and the most patient in its those 27 plus organizations that walked us on December 12. 1980. The meeting UCCA executive board meeting when attitude and actions ol all Ukrainian out. We all believed that our walkout would take place not at the Ukrainian Dr. Dobriansky had proposed a "presi– American organizations. would lead the Ukrainian Congress institute of America (as we had re- dents' meeting with our committee, the Committee to an immediate reassess– quested), but at the UCCA head- leaders of the Liberation Front would not The UNA delegates voted unani– ment and revision of the entire or– quarters. permit him to meet with our committee mous!y for the UNA to walk out of the ganizational structure of this central Our committee did not wish to jeo– and appointed big guns of the Libera– l3ti. Congress. The UNA did. So did 26 Ukrainian organization. Little did we pardize any future talks between the tion Front like Messrs. Billinsky, other national organizations plus those know that the organization which two sides, so it agreed to the proposition Futala, Lozynskyj and ivashkiv to go which were not counted. Only the gained control of the UCCA was mo'ti– related by Mr. Bazarko. with the help him. Liberation Front organizations were vated by something other than good old As expected, the UCCA sent out the Although this was a meeting called by left in the convention hall; some of them American community horse sense and first notice of meeting that was to be the president and he could have pro- were real organizations, while others was guided by ideals which were far held on December 12. 1980. signed by posed the settlement terms, being fully- existed only on paper. The hall was half from democratic, and far from the Evhen ivashkiv, as secretary of the aware of the cause of our walkout at the empty after the great exodus. original aims of the UCCA. i.e., to serve UCCA and Mr. Bazarko as administra– 13th Congress, he turned to our com– We came back to the UNA offices on the Ukrainian cause. tive director, it read, in part, as follows: mittee and asked: "What is it that you Monday following the infamous 13th if the Ukrainian American commu– "This meeting will attempt to resolve want?" Congress. We wanted someone, some– nity remains divided today, it is not constructively the dissonances and This committee was then compelled where. somehow, to say something because of the organizations that stand disagreements that occurred between to present its demands in order to get cheerful. No one did. We drank our askance of the UCCA. if blame has to various central national organizations, the talks moving. We submitted that coffee and muttered very little, but we be fixed for the division of our Ukrai– which are part of the UCCA." compromise could only be reached on became more talkative as we were nian American community, let us fix the the basis of the following four points. finishing our coffee - more talkative blame for the cause of our walkout from The notice was addressed to the 1. Full return to the UCCA By-laws and much louder. the hall where the 13th Congress of Ukrainian National Association, the of 1976 and to the objectives for which "We must issue a statement and have Ukrainian Americans was being held. Ukrainian Fraternal Association, the the UCCA was formed. it printed in Svoboda and The Ukrai– The 27 organizations that walked out Providence Association of Ukrainian Catholics, the Ukrainian National Aid 2. Return to the rotational system of nian Weekly. Our members and the were not guilty of seizing the ruling the executive vice presidency of the entire Ukrainian community must be organs of the UCCA; nor were they Association, the Ukrainian National Women's League of America, the Or– UCCA, whereby that office was held a reassured that the Supreme Executive guilty of relegating the fraternal or– year each by the four fraternals. Committee has not abandoned the ganizations. which had never been ganization for the Rebirth of Ukraine and the Association of Ukrainians in 3. Return to the original character of interests of the UNA or forsaken our found guilty of being selfish, to a the UCCA as a patriotic community Ukrainian community." We immediate– subordinate status within the UCCA America. The Committee for Law and Order in the UCCA was not mentioned, organization and not a party-political ly got down to formulating such a framework; nor were these orgarriza– organization, as it turned out to be at statement. tions guilty of seizing over half a million "ignore it and it will disappear," must have been their thought. the 13th Congress. The UNA has always maintained a dollars in assets belonging to the Ukrai– 4. Prior approval of items on the watchful eye on the happenings in our nian American community; nor were Why Providence and the Ukrainian agenda for meetings of the Executive community and where necessary it these organizations guilty of deceptive– National Aid Association were included Committee and of the National Council sounded the drums as the community ness, chicanery and subterfuge, before in this notice is uncertain. Those two of the UCCA. The approval should be purified its ranks. One has but to recall and during the 13th Congress, in seizing organizations did not walk out of the made by the Presidium or another the events before and after the first and control of the UCCA; nor were they 13th Congress. body, the membership of which would second world wars to find out that the guilty of attempting to impose their We had heard that Dr. Dobriansky be agreed upon. . UNA acts the part of a public watchdog political thinking upon others. insisted on this meeting, while others at A return to By-laws of 1976, before when it comes to protecting the interests The members of the Committee for the UCCA opposed scheduling it. They the illegal increase of the Executive and the safety of the Ukrainian Ameri– Law and Order in the UCCA have for were to argue that: "No organization Committee from 15 to 25, would gua– can community. over two and a half years made every resigned from the UCCA, so what is rantee an equal voice on the UCCA Those of us who walked out of the effort to bring about unity in our there is discuss? All those that walked bodies to the democratically inclined 13th Congress were immediately dubb– community life. The committee was out of the і 3th Congress could return to organizations, since the increase in the ed and remain so, to the present time, ready at all times to talk to the UCCA. the UCCA and take the places reserved number of Executive Committee mem– according to the press controlled by the listen to offers for mediation from any for them." That was to be the gist of all bers resulted in the Liberation Front Banderivtsi. "undemocratic" and "poor quarter, be it from hierarchy, clergy, their arguments at the peace table. acquiring the absolute majority in that losers." organizations or individuals — all to no What we were afraid of was that what body. Points 2 and 3 are self- No mention is made in that press of avail. the Liberation Front leaders really- explanatory. Point 4 would guarantee the real reasons there is no one else left So that readers have a full picture of meant was: "return to the UCCA and , that the UCCA Executive Committee and in the UCCA except the Banderivtsi. No efforts made to bring about unity in our we'll tell you what to do." the National Council would consider at mention is made of the secretiveness Ukrainian American community, the The opposing negotiating teams were their meetings only items agreed upon with which the Liberation Front following is being written from detailed composed of Mr. Bazarko, ignatius beforehand as proper for their consi– leadership prepared its attack notes kept by the undersigned. Billinsky. Askold Lozynskyj,.. Lev deration and action. This would forego against the entire non-Banderivsky Futala. Mr. ivashkiv, Alexander the return to the Grigorenko matter Ukrainian American world. No The first meeting Kaiynyk, Jaroslaw Sawka, Bohdan which had received so much unwarrant– mention is made of the seizure Todoriw and, of course. Dr. Dobrian– ed attention at UCCA meetings and in of more than half a million The Committee for Law and Order in sky. our Ukrainian press - all at the instiga– dollars in assets, in real estate and ready the UCCA, upon its establishment, The team, from the Committee for tion of the Liberation Front leadership cash that was amassed by the entire immediately dispatched a letter to Dr. Law and Order was composed of Dr. which claimed this to be a major issue Ukrainian American community. Lev Dobriansky, president of the Bohdan Shebunchak, iwanna Rozan– facing the Ukrainian American commu– Nothing is ever mentioned about the UCCA, stating that the members of the kowsky; Roman Danyluk, lvan Olek– nity. loss by the Ukrainian American com– Law and Order Committee desired to syn and myself. munjty of trust in its leadership since it With the delegates from the Law and meet with him and anyone else that he As we walked in, everyone was tense. Order Committee, Point 2 was nego– permitted seizures by one political party cared to bring with him, in order to We shook some hands and indulged in of community wealth and community tiable and, if all else went well, the right discuss a possible compromise in regard some insignificant chit-chat to brighten to the rotational system for the frater– attainments. to the problems which had arisen the atmosphere that prevailed. (Continued on pate 12) No. 43 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY. OCTOBER 23.1983 Media reports on famine and Communist Politburos" trying to "crush Ukrai– nian nationalism." "Against this background the famine of 1932-33 THE GREAT FAM1NE takes on genocidal implications." he wrote. "Other Sarasota Herald-Tribune grain-producing regions of the Soviet Union were affected, but none so severely as the Ukraine." SARASOTA. Ha. The Great Famine in Ukraine Mr. O'Donnell said that much of the confiscated (1932-33) was the subject of two editorials in the grain taken from the Ukrainian countryside was Sarasota Herald-Tribune, the most recent in the "exported to earn hard currency for the purchase paper's October 1 issue. abroad of industrial equipment." Titled "The Forgotten Holocaust."theeditorial said He characterised Stalin as a "totally vindictive man that thousands of Ukrainians were expected in with a totally devious mind whose preferred solution Washington on October 2 to commemorate the 50th to any problem of opposition was murder." anniversary of the famine. Noting that Ukrainian history goes back "to the This year marks the 50th anniversary of one of history's most horrifying cases of genocide - the glory ol Kiev, when Moscow was still a mean little duchy," the paper said that the famine was orchestrat– Washington Times Soviet-made Great Famine of 1932-33, in which ed by the Soviet government to " 'teach a lesson'to the some 7 million Ukrainians perished. independent-minded Ukrainians." WASH1NGTON - The Great Famine in Ukraine Relying on news from Svoboda and, later. it said that the famine "went remarkably unre– (1932-33). and the role of certain Western journalists The Ukrainian Weekly (which began publica– marked in the rest of the world."partly because certain in covering it up. was the subject of John Lofton's tion in October 1933), this column hopes to members of the foreign press at the time were Journal in the October 3 issue of The Washington remind and inform A mericans and Canadians of unwilling to admit brutality "in the midst of what they Times. this terrible crime against humanity. still sought to regard as a 'noble experiment' in Mr. Lofton also mentioned the famine in a By bringing other events worldwide into the communist government." September 2 column on "communist morality" in the picture as well, the column hopes to give a The paper said that because Ukrainians, both by wake of the downing of the KAL airliner, noting that perspective on the state of the world in the years geography and history, have been "neighbors of this the Soviet system "caused the only man-induced of Ukraine's Great Famine. brutal phenomenon among nations far too long," they famine in history, a famine which forced the deaths of are not surprised by such Soviet actions as the shooting down of the Korean airliner. Moscow's millions in the Ukraine." in the October 3article, headlined "Shameful cover- February 1934 intransigence on arms control and the invasion of up of Russian famine." Mr. Lofton examined the role PART xxxvi Afghanistan. of New York Times correspondent Walter Duranty in distorting reports about the severity of the famine. A story datelined Moscow in the February 5 Writing about the October 2 observance in Wash– issue of Svoboda reported that Soviet actions ington. the paper said it hoped "perceptive Ameri– Citing John William Crowl's recently published book, "Angels in Stalin's Paradise: Western Reporters against the Ukrainian nationalists continued. cans" would join the Ukrainians "in person or in According to the story. Ukrainian nationalists spirit." in Soviet Russia. 1917 to 1937, A Case of Louis Fischer and Walter Duranty." Mr. Lofton said that had supplied books on Ukrainian nationalism to "The 'Forgotten Holocaust' is not all that forgotten, schools. Only after Pavel Postyshev came to and recent events serve to remind others that the Mr. Duranty willfully misinformed his readers about the famine, while privately acknowledging that Ukraine was this action halted, Komsomolska menace of 50 years ago has hardly receded at all." the Pravda reported. editorial said. millions starved in Ukraine in the early 1930s. "This distortion of the news, Crowl says, was a 'vital That same day. Svoboda printed a letter in The famine was also the subject of a July lOeditorial English which was written by a staff worker for titled "Two Anniversaries." which contrasted "joyful" factor' in convincing the West that there was little or no truth to the famine stories," wrote Mr. Lofton. The Oregonian. Quoting a lecture by a labor occasions such as this year's 50th anniversary of the expert Whiting Williams, who was formerly on All Star Game, with somber events such as the 50th in private, however, Mr. Duranty betrayed a thorough knowledge of the famine, according to Mr. the faculties of Harvard. Dartmouth and Ober– anniversary of the Great Famine. lin, he wrote: Lofton. He once startled fellow journalist Eugene "We are reminded by Adrian Karatnycky. writing in " 'All of my observations in Russia last Lyons by providing an estimate of the famine death toll The Wall Street Journal, that this summer is a very summer led me to support the pope in his con– that was even higher than Mr. Lyons ^had imagined. different kind of anniversary in the Soviet Union,"the tention that there is widespread starvation in the paper said citing the famine, which it said was Stalin's "incredibly, in 1932. Walter Duranty won the Pulitzer Prize because his dispatches showed 'pro– red land.' " "weapon of choice of 'denationalize' the Ukrainian "American correspondents in Moscow were peasantry." fundity,'an 'intimate comprehension of conditions in Russia' and they were marked by 'scholarship, prohibited from entering the starvation districts Noting that the famine killed millions of Ukrai– impartiality, sound judgement and exceptional in the Ukraine at the time Mr. Williams was nians. the paper said that it is almost certain that "this c l a r i t y , ' " w r o t e Mr. Lofton, who called those visiting the district and seeing many persons 'golden anniversary' is not being remembered in the -conclusions "nonsense." starving to death before his own eyes. Between Ukraine - nor in any of the Siberian or other exile the harvest of І932 and І933 at least 5 million spots to which some Ukrainians were dispatched — persons died as a result of starvation," the report with any semblance of fondly reminiscent cheer." noted. U.S. News a World Report On February 8, Svoboda printed a news item about helping the hungry in Ukraine. The article Alberta Report NEW YORK - Marvin Stone, writing in the September 19 issue of U.S. News A World Report, stated that the foreign press had quieted down about famine in Ukraine. The press in western EDMONTON - The August 22 issue of Alberta alluded to the great famine in an Editor's Page Ukraine was unable to write much about it Report carried a story about Conservative Leader commentary dealing with President Ronald because of Polonization. The article stated that Brian Mulroney's political swing through western Reagan's response to the shooting down of the Korean it was up to Ukrainians beyond the boundaries Canada, focusing on his stop at the Ukrainian airliner by the Soviets. of Ukraine, who had the power to speak out Cultural Heritage village, where he spoke on the in recalling the Soviet Union's historical record of against the Soviet Union, to protest the famine Great Famine in Ukraine. violence, Mr. Stone wrote: "Millions of Ukrainians in Ukraine. Written by members of a committee Mr. Mulroney described the man-made atrocity, were liquidated by starvation. The secret police to help the hungry in Ukraine, sponsored by the which killed some 7 million people, as "the least imposed a reign of terror to stifle dissent." Ukrainian National Women's League of Ame– understood event of this century." and added that it rica, the article appealed to the Ukrainian remained "unavenged." community in the United States and to the The article said that Mr. Mulroney "did not dwell on the grisly details" of the famine in his 15-minute Youngstown vindicator American press to take an interest in the situation in Ukraine. address, and reminded his audience that they should YOUNGSTOWN. Ohio - Dr. George P. Kulchy– On February 9. Svoboda reprinted news from not only mourn the victims of the famine, but rejoice in cky of Youngstown State University, who will present English newspapers, which stated that the the freedom afforded in Canada. a paper at the end of October on peasant reaction to reason the capital of Ukraine was moved back to the Great Famine in Ukraine, was the subject of an Kiev from Kharkiv was because the Soviets article by Michael Kreca in the September 5 issue of wanted to cultivate better relations with Poland, the Youngstown vindicator. and Kiev was geographically better placed for The Evening Sun Mr. Kreca said that in preparing his paper. Dr. this. Kulchycky. a specialist in Soviet and East European That same day Svoboda printed an article BALT1MORE - The Great Famine in Ukraine affairs, told him that he had talked to famine survivors which had appeared in izvestia on January 17 (1932-33). which killed some 7 million people, was the in the Youngstown area, many "whoare afraid to talk." and gave an outline of the continued Russifica– subject of a lengthy article by Brophy O'Donnell in the tion of Ukraine. The article blamed Mykola September 29 issue of The Evening Sun in Baltimore. Dr. Kulchycky said that the famine, which killed Skrypnyk for breeding a bourgeois nationalist some 7 million Ukrainians in 1932-33. was "a planned environment in Ukraine. Th author commended Headlined "Ukrainians recall their agony at the effort on the part of Joseph Stalin's totalitarian regime the achievements of Postyshev in Ukraine; in an hands of the Russians," the article provided a and part of his policy to force agricultural USSR to J 1-month period, he managed to purge the historical overview of the famine, and added that industralize completely," wrote Mr. Kreca. schools of 4,000 teachers, nationalists, Petliu– Ukrainians were planning to commemorate the 50th Dr. Kulchycky also provided Mr. Kreca with rists and Makhnovtsi. anniversary of the tragedy in Washington on October several eyewitness accounts, including incidences of On February 10, Svoboda printed an article 2. cannibalism, infanticide and peasants eating carrion with the headline: "Why the Soviets are Moving Mr. O'Donnell said that the "origin of the Ukrai– to survive. the Capital Back to Kiev." News reports in nian famine lies partly in the multinational structure of He also noted that the industrial areas of Ukraine Pravda revealed that workers and "kolhosp– the Soviet Union," noting that the independent- were untouched by the famine, which he said nyks" in Kharkiv were, applauding the move minded Ukrainians have traditionally been seen as a exemplifies Stalin's plan to industrialize at the expense , (Continued on pgjj 15) ^^^^^^^^ threat by the dominant Russians, with both Tsars of agriculture. THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY. OCTOBER .23.1983 No. 43 To our youth Opportunity Text of the editorial published in the Ukrainian Weekly's premiere issue. Text of the USA pri"itdent's statement published in the Ukrainian Weekly's inaugural issue. With this number we begin the publication of a regular weekly supplement to Svoboda. to be known as the Ukrainian .Weekly, and to be devoted For the past 39years, Ukrainian immigrants in Amenta have been building exclusively to the benefit of the American Ukrainian youth. up the Ukrainian National Association, together with its organ. Svoboda - The Ukrainian National Association has undertaken to bear the extra cost the first newspaper edited in the Ukrainian language in American of this publication, in order to give our youth the opportunity of having an From a humble beginning, the Ukrainian National Association has grown exclusive organ of its own; written in its own style and language; wherein it during these years into a nationwide S3 million dollar fraternal organization, can meet, exchange its thoughts and ideas, come to a belter understanding of with 35.000 members; and Svoboda. from a weekly issue to the largest each other, and perhaps point out those paths of endeavor which shall lead to Ukrainian daily in America. -^ a newer and better life. ' Coincident with this growth of the Ukrainian National Association and its The Ukrainian Weekly is for the youth. The youth alone shall be its master, Svoboda. has been the growth of the younger generation of American its voicealone shall be heeded here. And all that we desire from our readers, in Ukrainians. order to continue this organ as such, is just a little good will and cooperation, Today, the paths of these two elements, the association and the American it is necessary that the youth read it. it is necessary, further, that the youth Ukrainian youth, have met. The time has come when this youth must begin to become interested in it and give it their support, so that it shall grow and take over the reins of the association from its builders, it must begin to assume flourish to the point wherein it will embrace every phase of the life of our the burdens as well as the benefits of its parents. American Ukrainian youth. That is the principal problem before us today - the problem of our youth The Ukrainian National Association is prepared to cheerfully make even taking over and continuing the tasks of the older generation. further expenditures in order to enlarge this organ in scope and size, provided For a long time we have been calling and are still urging the youth to take a however, that the youth desires it. And in order to achieve this goal, the youth greater interest in the association, to become more active in it, to gradually must not only read this weekly, it must also contribute articles to it. Our youth take over the reins not only of the supreme executive assembly but of all local must strive to become members of the Ukrainian National Association and as branches as well. such, endeavor to make this organization, which with the passage of time Our organization is so constructed that it is run solely by its members, in shall pass into its hands, bigger and better. order to take a hand in the running of this organization, one must be a This is not the first venture of its kind made by the Ukrainian National member of it. in any organization whatsoever, membership coupled with Association to do something for our youth. During the 40 years of its activity can build the organization to greater and better heights. This is what existence the association has contributed vast sums of money for the young American Ukrainians should realize before they can take over the reins upbringing of our youth, both in America and in Ukraine. The association of our. or for that matter, any other organization. published booklets and newspapers for our youth in the Ukrainian language, And yet, despite our callings and urgings, the youth declares that it is not and also in the Ukrainian and English languages; and during the last seven given a "chance" to do its part. That is wrong, for the "chance" is already there years published The Ukrainian Juvenile Magazine, in addition, the for the taking, it only requires some personal initiative and hard work. association inauguaratcd English contributions to our daily, Svoboda, which Again, a chance or opportunity is not a guarantee of success. Opportunity proved to be of great benefit to our youth. plus unstinted work spells success. Only hard work and unceasing efforts lead All of this indicates that the Ukrainian National Association, in an effort to to recognition, not only among our people, but other peoples as well. help our youth, has gone more than halfway to meet it. it is true, of course, Therefore, before our youth can take over the reins of our institutions, it must that perhaps the method of approach by the older generation was not the first show proof of its ability to do so. proper one at times: but at any rate, it was sincere and inspired by idealism, if Therefore, to give this long sought for "chance" to every young Ukrainian any mistakes were made, there is still time to remedy them; if any gains were in America, the Ukrainian National Association, with the cooperation and made, let us retain them. To study this problem, will be one of the tasks of this help of its Junior Department, is sponsoring the Ukrainian Weekly, edited in organ. the English language. This paper shall serve as a medium through which the in youth one dreams and hopes; that is what we need. We want the youth American Ukrainian youth can build up not only the Ukrainian National that dreams, and then goes to work and makes the dreams come true. We need Association, "but also institutions of commercial, industrial and cultural the fresh ideas of youth, and that unconquerable fighting spirit of our Kozak nature. ancestors. І am sincerely convinced that with the highest cooperation and interest of We are living in a mighty country which was built upon dreams and ideals: the young American-Ukrainians, the Ukrainian Weekly shall grow and a country where nothing is impossible: where air castles are succeeded by flourish. 1, as the president of the Ukrainian National Association, wish the concrete achievements: and where the dreams of yesterday are the realities of paper the best of success. today. Such is the spirit that we, the American Ukrainian youth need. Such is Nicholas Murashko, the spirit which shall raise high our Ukrainian name and our culture here in President of the Ukrainian National Association. America. Re: The Weekly's jubilee Letter to the editor, dated October 19. 1983, from the UNA Supreme Executive Committee. Ms. Roma Hadzewycz, Editor The Ukrainian Weekly 30 Montgomery Street Jersey City, N.J. 07302 Dear Ms. Hadzewycz: in October of this year, we are marking the 50th anniversary of the founding of The Ukrainian Weekly. The Supreme Executive Committee of the Ukrainian National Association would be remiss in its duty if it did not express its thanks and appreciation to you as editor, to George B. Zarycky as associate editor and to Marta Kolomayets as assistant editor." it is only proper that we mention with pride the name of Stephen Shumeyko, the founding father of The Ukrainian Weekly and its first editor, through whose efforts as weli was organized the Ukrainian Youth League of North America. He was instrumental in the organization and served as the first president of the Ukrainian Congress Committee. Zenon Snylyk followed in his footsteps as an editor until 1979. The Ukrainian Weekly can be justly proud of its past service to the Ukrainian American community which you and your staff are proudly continuing and enhancing. More recently, your reporting the trials and tribulations of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group, the arrests and imprisonment of Ukrainian fighters for human and national rights, the Great Ukrainian Famine of 1932-33 and all other subjects of interest and concern to Ukrainians and Ukrainian Americans, bears witness to the high quality of the content of The Ukrainian Weekly. The Supreme Executive Committee is justly proud of your editorial work and accomplishments and extends its heartfelt wishes to you and to your staff for further and greater accomplishments in the future accruing to the benefit of the Ukrainian National Association, the Ukrainian American community and the Ukrainian cause. "Mnohaya Lita" to The Ukrainian Weekly and its editorial staff. Top portion of the front page of the Ukrainian Weekly's inaugural issue dated The Supreme Executive Committee of the Ukrainian National Association October 6, 1933. NaJl THE UKRA1N M, WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1983 The Ukrainian Weekly: a great idea whose time had come by Dr. Myron B. Kuropas Despite a decidedly nationalistic editorial policy, the Weekly did publish articles which were contrary to main- Fifty years ago, the Ukrainian Ame– stream c o m m u n i t y sentiment. Espe– rican community was losing its youth, it cially popular (and controversial) was a was a familiar pattern. As children, the column titled "Potpourri"written b y a n A m e r i c a n - b o r n generation attended insightful gadfly who wrote under the Ridna Shkola where they perfected the nom-dc-plume "Burma Capelin". Com– Ukrainian language, learned about plaining thai second generation organi– Ukraine and her people, and came to zations in 1936 were controlled by older appreciate their cultural heritage. As immigrants. Mr. Capelin wrote: young adults, however, they felt es– tranged from their community. Believ– " The attempt has been, in almost ing that no one from the older genera– every instance, to inculcate Ukrainian tion cared a b o u t their ideas, t h e i r culture or Ukrainian ideas whatever feelings and the problems they faced in the tinge may be. religious, nationalis– attempting to reconcile their two en– 'tic, socialistic or something else into vironments. they tended to drift away. the second generation. While in itself Concern lor "saving our Ukrainian this may be neither good nor bad, it is a youth" reached crisis proportions during luxurv. it you please, which the second the early 1930s when articles on the generation cannot afford... The immi– subject began to appear with increasing grant organizations cannot reconcile frequency in the Ukrainian press, "ifwe themselves to the fact that theorganiza– S v o b o d a e d i t o r - i n - c h i e f , L u k e My– Stephen Shumeyko, the first editor of are honest with ourselves." Providence tions including the church, which have shuha who proposed that the UNA The Ukrainian Weekly. Association vice-President Theodosij served the immigrant tolerably well, are publish an English-language news- ill-adjusted ('out ol date') to the second Kaskiw warned the older generation, the second. We write about Ukraine. paper. generation as the horse and buggy is in "we must realise that we are old and that Mr. S h u m e y k o e x p l a i n e d in 1933. the time to die is just around the corner. One of the few members of the older because the Weekly "must serve as a our motorized urban life. The second And let's ask ourselves if we really have generation to appreciate the dilemma of guide to our American Ukrainian youth generation simply cannot fit into the anyone to whom we can leave that the American-born was Luke Myshuha. by pointing out in its own inimitable scheme of thinking, the way of behavior, inheritance which we have developed in editor of Svoboda. Explaining his views language and style the road to the goal and the organization of the first genera– this new land. Will anyone be left to at the 18th UNA Convention in 1933, which is dear to all Ukrainians a lree tion. By virtue of having been born in attend our churches, our schools, our Mr. Myshuha emphasized the affective and independent state of Ukraine."'' A m e r i c a , its fates a n d f o r t u n e s lie national homes and the other institu– dimension in a t t e m p t s to reach the While much if not most of what within American conditions... Ukrai– tions which now extist?...Let's save our younger generation. We should always a p p e a r e d in the Weekly d u r i n g t h e nian youth organizations, if they are to c h i l d r e n , o u r b l o o d , b e f o r e it's t o o stress the joy. beauty and excitement of 1930s concerned itself with such matters achieve anything more viable than late!" 1 Ukrainian history, culture, music and as the Great Famine and other acts of speech making or paper publicity, must language to our youth, he declared. But Soviet repression. 7 denationalization in recognize that it is American and not The gravity of the youth problem was Ukrainian conditions to which prima– we should also be aware of the fact that partitioned Ukraine," the OUN' trials in analyzed by the venerable UNA activist rily the second generation must ad- every generation must develop its own Poland. 4 the dangers of pacifism and Dr. v o l o d y m y r Simenovych shortly just..." Ukrainian identity. Polish-Ukrainian rapproachement in before his death. "Among our older The education of our youth is com– Galicia. 10 Rumanian repression," Hit– Older generation support of Ameri– organizations involved with our politi– posed of "elements found in the home of ler's designs on Ukraine, l J Carpatho– can born youth should be uncondi– cal work we see very few young people. the Ukrainian immigrant, in Ukrainian U k r a i n e . " American misinformation tional, Mr. Capelin suggested. 22 Work Our immigration is diminishing from c o m m u n i t y life a n d in U k r a i n i a n regarding Ukrainian aspirations, 1 4 and (Continued on page 11) d a y t o d a y not b e c a u s e w e ' r e not schools...A young person who has been P o l i s h r e p r e s s i o n , 1 5 d o m e s t i c issues receiving any more immigrants from exposed to such an education is decided– were also considered. 1. Theodosij Kaskiw, "Orhanizuymo Europe or because they are dying out Nashu Molod v Ameryisi." ("Let's Organize but because our immigrants are getting ly d i f f e r e n t from an i m m i g r a n t , in Military training for Ukrainian youth addition to American life.'he's familiar Our Youth in America") Calendar of the older. Tired by old age and hard work, was supported because: Providence Association for 1931 (Philadel– they a r e slowly leaving the field of with the life from which parents emerg– "...As the Ukrainian young men in phia: The Providence Association. 1931) pp. n a t i o n a l work and they are leaving ed." While biculturalism is an adequate Europe are deprived of the opportunity 40-41. behind people who are also old. The alternative, argued Mr. Myshuha. it too to learn the manipulations of modern 2. volodymyr Simenovych. "Chomu youth, however, our school youth, our has its d r a w b a c k s for the y o u n g e r war machines...it remains for us here in vashi Molodi Nedbayut" ("Why Your university youth, and our professional generation: t h e United S t a t e s , to p r o d u c e t h e Youth Don't Care") Ukraina (December 4, youth, is not with us...in large measure "...the life of their parents is not a officers a n d i n s t r u c t o r s which t h e 1931). we ourselves are to blame because we model for them simply because their Ukrainian nation and its people need so 3. Joan J. Skuba. "Good Americans: still believe that an older person, even e n v i r o n m e n t is different, it may be badly! And which America can use The Problem of Ukrainian Youth," The one without the slightest education, is easier for them to break' into American too." 1 6 Ukrainian Review (May. 1931). wiser and more worthy of leadership mainstream life than it was for their C h a n g i n g s u r n a m e s was frowned 4. Luka Myshuha. "Yak Formuvavsya Svitohlyad Ukrayinskoho lmigranta v that a younger person with a higher parents but it is still not as easy as it is upon because: Ameryisi," (The Development of the Ukrai– education. An older person has more for t h e c h i l d r e n of A m e r i c a n - b o r n "We of Ukrainian descent are espe– nian American Outlook") Jubilee Book ol dignity and experience but a young parents." cially duty-bound to retain our Ukrai– lhc Ukrainian National Association (Jersey person has more education and views The problem must be solved by the nian family names. Our parents are City: Svoboda Press. 1936) pp. 144-146. life with wider horizons. Let's bring in youth itself, concluded Mr. Myshuha, a m o n g the latest arrivals and naturally 5. Cited ibid., p. 146. our youth, let's give some of them our and to do that, they need a news forum they did not have the time nor opportu– 6. Ukrainian Weekly (December 9. work, let's give them an opportunity to that is written and edited exclusively by nity to make any outstanding contribu– 1933). develop themselves in our midst as them. 4 tions to American development. Such 7. Ukrainian Weekly (November 2ч," Ukrainian patriots; only then will our Mr. Myshuha's proposal wasaccept– opportunities, however, are conlront– 1933). task be easier and only then will we ing us now... And yet how will posterity 8. Ukrainian Weekly (December 1, ed by t h e U N A d e l e g a t e s a n d , on double our progress..." 2 judge our contributions to the develop– 1933). October 6, 1933, the first issue of The ment of this country if we lose our na– 9. Ukrainian Weekly (June 20 and Ukrainian Weekly appeared with the November 29, 1935). An awareness of the lack of youth tional identity by giving our Ukrainian following editorial: 10. Ukrainian Weekly (April 4. 1936 and involvement in Ukrainian American life names various Anglo-Saxon. Germanic was also felt by the younger generation "The Ukrainian Weekly is for the March 6. 1937). youth. The youth alone shall be its and Scandinavian forms'.'"17 11. Ukrainian Weekly (March 12 and some of whom attributed the roots of matter, its voice alone shall be heeded No consensus was reached regarding Octobers. 1938). the problem t o culture conflict. Ameri– here. the proper date for celebrating Ukrui– 12. Ukrainian Weekly (June 18 and can born youth, wrote J o a n J. Skuba in "The Ukrainian National Associa– nian Christmas. Some youth a r g u e ^ August 6. 1938). T h e Ukrainian Review, "see different 13. Ukrainian Weekly (October 8 and tion has undertaken to bear the extra that December 25 was acceptable "as h o m e s t a n d a r d s , d i s c i p l i n e a n d nu– December 10, 1938: March !8and 25. 1939). cost of this publication in order to give long as all the traditions were main– merous other conditions in their contact 14. Ukrainian Weekly (December 10. our youth the opportunity of having an tained." 1 8 Others supported the tradi– with American children which seem 1938). exclusive organ of their own, written in tional Julian calendar date (January 7) r a d i c a l l y r e m o v e d from t h e i r o w n 15. Ukrainian Weekly(May 7, November its own style and language, wherein it because a change could, a m o n g other surroundings. Realizing this, what 5, 19 and 26. 1938; January 21 and Novem– can meet, exchange its thoughts and things, make it easier for Ukrainians in ber 14. 1939). h a p p e n s ? T h e y a r e e m b a r r a s s e d at ideas, come to a better understanding of G a l i c i a t o c h a n g e a n d t h e r e b y give 16. Dmitri Horbaychuk, "Militarism and being 'a foreigner.'They d o not seem to each other and perhaps point out those Poland "more power in her attempt to the Ukrainian Young M a n , " Ukrainian 'fit in' with the pattern of the New paths of endeavor which shall lead to a Polonize the U k r a i n i a n s . " " Weekly (March 15, 1935). World. Hectic in their desire to become thoroughly American, they go to the newer and' better life." 15 Nor were any conclusions reached 17. "Changing One's Name." Ukrainian Weekly (January 11. 1936). extreme and imitate the worst that Edited by Stephen Shumeyko, the regarding intermarriage. Some believed 18. Ukrainian Weekly (February 2 1 , . American has to offer in dress, manners Weekly soon became the most widely read that from a nationalistic and family 1936). and customs. They cut themselves off y o u t h p u b l i c a t i o n in t h e U k r a i n i a n perspective, Ukrainians marrying non- 19. Ukrainian Weekly (March 14. 1936). from all that is fine in their ancestral American 1 community. Just as Svoboda Ukrainians was inadvisable. 20 Other 20. Ukrainian Weekly (July 18, 1936). heritage and attach themselves to. the had helped Ukrainianize the first ge– youth were convincedthat one had to be 21. Ukrainian Weekly (August 1. 1936). low and degrading features of modern neration, the Ukrainian Weekly de- realistic. No policy, pro or con. they 22. Ukrainian Weekly (September 12. life in America." 3 voted itself'to the Ukrainianization' of argued, was possible. 21 . 1936). .. .– ' .. - 8 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 23.1983 No. 43 Stephen Shumeyko: energetic builder of Ukrainian American life Following the death of the first editor u twin organization for older indivi– of this newspaper. Stephen Shumeyko. duals also founded at the World's Fair in August 1962, The Ukrainian Weekly. in Chicago. then a section of Svoboda. eulogized in his recollections, of student days him in an editorial: he wrote: "For the past 30 years. Stephen "Literature and English, 1 always Shumeyko was an important and lead– liked, which probably gave me a bent ing figure in the intricate fabric of for writing. To Chaucer 1 took like a Ukrainian American life and he was duck, and still can recite from memory greatly responsible for the cultural mold passages (1 have a good memory). І of our present Ukrainian American finished first in English in the graduat– generation. More than that, he has been ing class." a towering Ukrainian American fighter After returning from a highly mo– whose influence and views spanned far tivating UYL-NA convention in Chi– beyond the boundaries of the Ukrainian cago, its president and founder Mr. American youth organisation." Shumeyko gave up a career in law. Yet. it was with youth that Mr. w hich did not interest him, and assumed Shumeyko began his career in the the editorship of the Ukrainian Weekly public eye. and it was the youthful with the first issue dated October 6. idealism that kept him a leader and 1933. Under the guiding hand of Dr. organiser over his brief, yet fruitful and Luke Myshuha. Svoboda editor-in- diligent career. chief, the Ukrainian Weekly was born, it uas in 1933 that the 25-year-old it was a newspaper of youth, tor youth Mr. Shumeyko assumed editorship of by youth. the Ukrainian Weekly, an English- Stephen Shumeyko with associates at Svoboda. Seated: Svoboda editor-in-chief The 1962 Weekly editorial written language supplement to Svoboda esta– Luke Myshuha (left) and Mr. Shumeyko; standing (from left): lwan Korowytsky, after Mr. Shumeyko's death notes this: blished through the efforts of the 18th Semen Demydchuk, Anthony Dragan, N'asyl Chaplenko and Luke i.uciw. "Our youth owes a great deal to Convention of the Ukrainian National and told to report in a week to the school, take a train to Journal Square, Steve. As the first editor of The Ukrai– Association held that year. Greenville freight Yards in Jersey City from there take a Greenville bus, about nian Weekly, he became their mentor The oldest of seven children. Stephen adjoining the Hudson River, not very a 20-minute ride up to Gates Avenue, and guided their educational and their was born on January 17, 1908, in far from the Statue of Liberty. My and then hike through the yard, some social and cultural training with this all- Newark, N.J.. the son of Michael and salary was to be S32 per week, which in three-quarters of a mile, or hitch a important objective in mind: that they T ekla Shumeyko, immigrants from those days - this was in 1929 - was ride — a hazardous thing - on one of become good and patriotic Americans western Ukraine. very good for a fellow my age — 21 the moving freight trains making their and that they should also become able Soon after Stephen's birth, the family- years old. way down to the bridges. After work І and effective fighters for a cause — moved back to the Ternopil region of "But now came the rub. 1 didn't know would get home by 2 a.m.. have some- which is so dear and close to the hearts Ukraine to show off the grandson, a darn thing about typing, although І thing to eat. then bed, etc. І always had of their immigrant parents: the freedom recalls his sister. Anne Sedlock, from faked to the interviewer, who was boss with me several law books, which І and national independence of Ukraine." family stories, it was in Ukraine that of the huge Waverly yards, that 1 did studied while traveling back and forth The neophyte took hisjob as editor of two more siblings, Mary and Anthony, know how to type. 1 promptly hired a to work." the Weekly seriously. He persevered, were born before the family ventured typewriter, practiced on it daily, and Mr. Shumeyko graduated from law skillfully blending news of current back to the United States, in the states, became not badly proficient at it. school, but he never practiced law. He problems in the Ukrainian American four more children were born: Anne, "in a couple of months 1 got a better– got married and became involved in the community with national and interna– Daniel, Sophia and Theodore. payingjob. that of a checker ofthecars. Ukrainian community, first writing for tionai issues, reacting strongly to U.S. The family, recalls Mrs. Sedlock, was My job was to trudge up and down the the Ukrainian Catholic daily America, recognition of the Soviet Union and close-knit and very aware of its Ukrai– long rows of cars, with a lantern slung in 1931. urging all Ukrainian Americans to nian roots. The head of the family, over my left forearm, a listing held in my make others aware of the Great Famine in August 1933, Mr. Shumeyko raging through Ukraine and the Poloni– Michael, was a leading activist at St. left hand, and a pencil in right hand. My traveled to the Chicago World's Fair, John's Ukrainian Catholic Church and task was to list the car number, the zation of the western Ukrainian lands in where the Ukrainians had organized the 1930s; encouraging support for the the children were all engaged in church railroad it belonged to, and also the seal their own pavilion and where the activities, especially the church choir. numbers. І worked from 4 to 12 p.m., United States war effort in the 1940s; Ukrainian Youth League of North helping the new immigrants in the "We were quite a singing family. and sometimes 1 had to work twoshifts, America was founded, it was a time During every gathering there was sing– from 1 p.m. to 4 a.m. The work was not 1950s. when the first generation of Ukrainian ing in the house," recalls Tony Shumeyko. hard in itself, but very hard because of Americans was growing up. it was a A lover of literature, he introduced According to his brother Ted, current– the very intense cold. time when youth recognized the need for English translations of Ukrainian works ly a partner in the public relations firm "My law school hours were from 9 an organization through which it by Shevchenko, Franko, Stefanyk, of T.J. Ross in New York, Stephen had a.m. to 1 p.m. My timing schedule was could share its problems, enthusiasm Kotsiubynsky and others — many of a beautiful tenor voice. He and his as follows: 1 would get up from bed at and friendship. which he prepared himself. brothers were featured on the Sonart about a quarter to 8. The walk to He wrote many essays and articles on in this prevailing atmosphere of recording of the Koshetz Choir, which school, at a fast pace was about a half Ukrainian culture, literature and politi– hope, as hundreds of youths were toured the United States. Stephen could hour in length, i'd get home about 1:30 cal history, contributing to numerous mobilized into action, Mr. Shumeyko boast of Prof. Kaskiw, Alexander p.m., change my clothes, have a quick magazines and journals. was elected their president. Later he was Koshetz and Michael Hayvoronsky as lunch, and then hike to the Hudson in the first issue of the Ukrainian also elected president of the Ukrainian personal friends. He also belonged to Tubes station, not far from the law Quarterly in 1940, Mr. Shumeyko, then Professional Society of North America. the "Simka," a choir composed of seven president of the Ukrainian Congress area church choirs. Committee of America, wrote about As a young adult, he organized a Ukrainian Americans. He noted the social club for students in the Newark role of The Ukrainian Weekly of which area, which eventually led to the forma– he was still editor: "The younger Ame– tion of the Youth Chorus of New Jersey rican-born generation has The Ukrai– and then merged with the New York nian Weekly, published in English by Chorus, directed by Stephen Maru– the UNA. it strives to serve the younger sevich. generation from the viewpoint of their Stephen graduated from Central American environment and Ukrainian High School and when the time came to background: imparting to them a keen decide on a career, his father.suggested appreciation of the best elements of law, for he felt the Newark community both and helping them to adjust them– needed an able lawyer. selves properly to both." Stephen pursued law at the New On the 10th anniversary of the found– Jersey Law School, today's Rutgers. He ing of the newspaper, he ventured to supported himself by working, in notes summarize the work The Weekly had on this experience, h,e wrote the follow– done. ing. "The Ukrainian Weekly has endea– "One of the most interesting and vored to fulfill its function as such to the arduous experiences 1 had when work– best of its ability. Primarily it has ing my way through law school - was devoted itself to the problems and issues the job 1 had with the Pennsylvania confronting our young people in rela– Railroad. І had been workin,g at some tion to their Ukrainian background and other jobs then, but not too well-paying, their American environment, in this in a want ad column, 1 saw that the PR Presidium of the Pan American Ukrainian Conference held March 2-4, 1951, in connection it has, first of all, striven to needed typists in its freight department. Winnipeg. First row, from left: Dmytro Halycliyn, the Rev. Dr. Basil Kushnir, make them good and loyal Americans. І want to the Waverly Freight Yards. Stephen Shumeyko, Walter Dushnyck. Standing: A.J. Yaremowich, T. Datzkiw, Likewise it has endeavored to make just outside of Newark, was interviewed. v. Shandor, J.H. Syrnick, W. Kossar and B. Katamay. them worthy descendants of the free- No. 43 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY. OCTOBER 23.1983 9 meyko went to Paris, the scene of the Peace Conference, where he delivered a detailed and moving memorandum on t h e plight of e n s l a v e d U k r a i n e a n d conducted interv iews and Conversations with foreign diplomats and newspaper correspondents, many of which he knew personally. The following year, he was instru– mental in the creation of the Pan- American Ukrainian Conference, in which Ukrainian central organizations from the United States. Canada. Argen– tina, Brazil, Uruguay. Paraguay and Y e n e z u e l a . j o i n e d t o g e t h e r for t h e p u r p o s e of e n l i s t i n g the s u p p o r t of citizens and governments of both North a n d S o u t h A m e r i c a for the c a p t i v e Ukrainian people. in 1959. due to health reasons, Mr. S h u m e y k o r e t i r e d as e d i t o r of The Ukrainian Weekly, a post he held for ovei 25 vears. however, he continued to free-lance lor the publication, and translated articles lor Ukraine; Л Con– cisc Encyclopedia. He died on August 12. 1962. after a stroke followed be a severe case of pneumonia He was 54 vears old. The Weekly editorial following his death concluded ОП tins note: "Above all, what his contemporaries treasured in Steve was his good nature, his disposition to help everyone, to give advice or a helping hand to those who needed it. and his gentlemanly ways and The Ukrainian Youth Chorus of New York and New Jersey 1 center) and New Jersey founder Stephen Shumeyko (second manners." with New York founder Stephen Marusevich (front row, row, center). in a personal remembrance, written d o m - l o v i n g U k r a i n i a n r a c e . At t h e A true and untiring idealist. Mr. jects. discussions on them which in by Dimitri Horbay, the writer adds that same time it has constantly inculcated Shumeyko continued to take an active some cases were bitterly partisan, a Mr. Shumeyko was reserved and later them with the idea that as native-born role in all aspects of Ukrainian.Ameri– concert given by a male chorus superbly developed a teasing sense ol humor. He Americans of Ukrainian descent they can life, often being asked to speak at led by the late Prof. Alexander Koshetz praises Mr. Shumeyko for his loyalty are d u t y - b o u n d to help their blood various events, on various topics. He of international fame, and the usual toward friends, saying: "Once he made kinsmen in foreign-occupied and op- was relentless in serving the community. banquet. Many U.S. senators and friends with you. there was nothing you pressed Ukraine to win the national D u r i n g this t i m e , t h e U k r a i n i a n congressmen addressed this conclave, could do. no hurt you might inflict upon f r e e d o m for w h i c h they h a v e been American community was advancing while others sent in their greetings and him to terminate his friendship with fighting and sacrificing for many cen– politically, and new organizations were expressions of hope that Ukraine will you. To him friendship was a lifelong turies. forming, in his notes. Mr. Shumeyko soon regain its national independence. thing." " T h e s e t h e n h a v e been t h e m n i n wrote about this time: Among the principal speakers was 1. Stephen Shumeyko had died before objectives of the Ukrainian Weekly. To "1 first came into contact with the My address was in English. And thus his time, a dedicated, idealistic man, attain them The Weekly has (1) pro– U k r a i n i a n C o n g r e s s C o m m i t t e e of the UCCA came into being with duly who was committed to the problems of pagated among its readers the inspiring America when it was still embryonic in elected officers, and much hope was Ukrainian American youth throughout principles of Americanism; (2) given formation, it spawned from the confe– placed on it." his e n t i r e lifetime. His friend, M r . them at least a rudimentary knowledge rences held in early 1940, between the Mr. Shumeyko was elected the presi– Horbay, remembers a conversation with of their Ukrainian cultural heritage and representatives of the 'Big Four,' that is dent of this newly formed UCCA, which another close friend of Mr. Shumeyko's: a l s o of t h e c e n t u r i e s - o l d U k r a i n i a n t h e four f r a t e r n a l s , the U k r a i n i a n got off to a shaky start, but was later "it is a pity he was not a wealthy man - s t r u g g l e for n a t i o n a l f r e e d o m ; (3) National Association, the Ukrainian revitalized when he served as president a m a n d e d i c a t e d t o the U k r a i n i a n supported, and at times inspired their Workingmen's Association, the Provi– again in 1943 and 1946. movement as he was, does not have time organizational efforts; (4) impressed dence Association of Ukrainian Catho– in 1945, at the founding of the United to accumulate wealth — or he would upon them the necessity of their becoming lics in America and the Ukrainian Nations in San Francisco, he led a have made some provision to leave a active members of the UNA - the chief National Association. Ukrainian Americarr delegation which material legacy for his beloved Ukrai– bulwark of Ukrainian American life; (5) presented a lengthy memorandum to nian American youth along with the "Most of the meetings were held at acted as a forum for their views on the v a r i o u s d e l e g a t i o n s , d e m a n d i n g the spiritual one. Perhaps, a scholarship the UNA, and, as an observer, 1 attend– various important problems and issues right of the Ukrainian people to free– fund," the friend commented. ed quite a number of them. The sessions facing them; (6) kept them abreast of the were long. Sometimes there was har– dom. Meeting with the Soviet Union's Mr. Horbay thought to himself: "1 latest developments in Ukrainian Ame– mony prevailing at them, more often Foreign Minister vyacheslav Molotov, am quite sure Stephen is happy with rican organized life; (7) kept them than not there were acrimonious de- Mr. Shumeyko declared that Molotov things just the way they are, for, all his informed on the current events in the bates. ... ; "professed to represent the Ukrainian life, he placed spiritual values above land from which their parents emigrat– people," but added that "anyone ac– material wealth." "Finally, it was decided to convene in ed; and (8) generally provided for them quainted with the totalitarian nature of W a s h i n g t o n t h e F i r s t C o n g r e s s of a type of inspiration, information and the Soviet state realized that under such Americans of Ukrainian Descent. That All photographs accompanying reading which they cannot get eise– conditions there can be no true Ukrai– congress was held in May of 1940. it was Shumeyko profile were provided cour– where. n i a n r e p r e s e n t a t i o n at the c u r r e n t attended by hundreds of delegates and tesy of The Ukrainian Museum's Shu– guests from all over the country, it security parley." "How far The Ukrainian Weekly has meyko Archives and Ted Shumeyko. advanced towards its objectives, is not featured addresses on pertinent sub- in the summer of 1946, Mr. Shu– for us to say. However, we would like to point out a fact long-recognized by impartial observers, that no other younger generation of Americans of old Ukrainian Weekly editors w o r l d b a c k g r o u n d is as g r o u p - c o n – scious as is the Ukrainian American younger generation, and that no other past and present such generation has shown as much interest in its old world cultural heritage 1933-59 Stephen Shumeyko and the valuable role k can play in the 1959-62 Editorship held for various periods of time by Walter Dushnyck, d e v e l o p m e n t of A m e r i c a n life a n d Helen Perozak and Rostyslav Chomiak culture, as has the younger generation 1962-79 Zenon Snylyk of Americans of Ukrainian descent. We lhor Dlaboha, assistant editor, 1974-79 like to think that The Ukrainian Weekly Roma Sochan, assistant editor. 1977-79 deserves some credit for this, in any 1979-80 lhor Dlaboha and Roma Sochan Hadzewycz 0 event, if thus far The Ukrainian) Weekly 1980 - і Roma Hadzewycz has succeeded in serving our younger George Zarycky and lka Koznarska Casanova, assistant editors, generation as well as the Svoboda has 1980-81 Zenon Snylyk, who is now editor-in- served the older generation, then cer– George B. Zarycky, associate editor, 1982- chief of S v o b o d a , served as The tainly it may be said that The Weekly Marta Kolomayets. assistant editor, 1982- Weekly editor in 1962-79. has d o n e more than well ei,uugh." 10 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 23.1983 No. 43 The Ukrainian Weekly today: changed, yet unchanged When its hrst issue rolled off the assimilation has already claimed many presses on October 6. 1933. the (lower Ukrainians and will continue to do so. case "t") Ukrainian Weekly was a four- The reality is that fewer and fewer page tabloid-format English-language Ukrainians speak or read Ukrainian, newspaper dedicated to the needs and and p r e l i m i n a r y a n a l y s e s by demo– interests ot young Americans of Ukrai– graphers of the І9Я0 U.S. Census have nian descent, it was a one-editor opera– revealed t h a t less t h a n o n e in five tion. Ukrainians speaks the language. Today. 50 у ears later. The (upper case "T") Ukrainian Weekly is a 16-page The only way to keep these Ukrainians tabloid-format English-language news- Ukrainian is to make them feel welcome paper dedicated to the needs and in– and wanted within the Ukrainiancomrou– tere.sts of Ukrainian Americans and nity. and to speak to them and urge Ukrainian Canadians of all ages, it is them to respond in the language they prepared bv a three-person editorial know best. The value of a contribution staff. d o e s n o t . after a l l . d e p e n d on the language in which it is communicated. Originally, the Weekly's flag (the nameplate atop the front page) indi– in 1933. the UNA realized that an cated that it was a "supplement" to the English-language publication would be Ukrainian-language Svoboda daily. e s s e n t i a l in d i s s e m i n a t i n g the t r u t h Later this description changed to "sec– about Ukraine and Ukrainians among t i o n " a n d . later still, to "edition." English-speaking America. This was especially critical at a lime when famine Today, these descriptive words are was r a g i n g in S o v i e t - d o m i n a t e d U– gone, since The Weekly - while indebt– krainc. while the world knew next to ed to its p a r e n t p u b l i c a t i o n has n o t h i n g a b o u t it or us m i l l i o n s of grown and. like every child, has let go of victims. the apron strings and set out on its own. in 1983, The Weekly continues to During its 50 years of operation. The spread the truth about Ukrainian- Weekly has undergone several changes related matters to the English-speaking in its outward appearance, as partially world through its news stories, edi– illustrated by the montage of flags on torials. commentaries and other special the left. O t h e r design changes have features, such as, for e x a m p l e , this produced a more modern layout and led year's special issue dedicated to the 50th to the use of more photographs. anniversary of the Great Famine. A generation of Ukrainian Ameri– The Weekly's first editor. Stephen cans grew up and matured while reading Shumeyko, saw the newspaper's role as The Weekly during its first half century. influencing its readers - American T h i s g e n e r a t i o n did n o t , h o w e v e r , youth of Ukrainian descent — to be– outgrow The Weekly, since The Weekly come good and loyal Americans and grew and matured along with them, worthy descendants of the freedom- shifting its focus from y o u t h to all loving Ukrainian nation. He sought to segments of the community. At the use The Weekly to "inculcate them with same time. The Weekly attracted readers the idea that as Americans of Ukrai– among this generation's children and nian descent they are duty-bound to g r a n d c h i l d r e n — but only b e c a u s e help their kinsmen in foreign-occupied certain things remained the same. a n d o p p r e s s e d U k r a i n e t o win t h e national freedom for which they have When the 18th Convention of the been fighting and sacrificing for many Ukrainian National Association de– centuries." cided in 1933 that it was about time for the younger American-born generation Mr. Shumeyko enumerated the goals to have a newspaper of its own, it was in of The Weekly as follows: to propagate order to reach this generation, which principles of Americanism: to impart included many non-Ukrainian-speak– knowledge of Ukrainian culture; to act ing members and persons who were not as a f o r u m for views; to s t r e s s t h e sufficiently fluent in Ukrainian to read importance of membership in Ukrain– and contribute to a Ukrainian-language nian organizations: to keep abreast of the newspaper. latest developments in Ukrainian life abroad and in Ukraine; and to generally Through this decision, the UNA was provide the type of information, in– wisely acknowledging that knowledge spiration and reading which readers of the Ukrainian language could not be cannot get elsewhere. the sole h a l l m a r k of U k r a i n i a n i s m . What mattered, the UNA must have The current editors of The Weekly reasoned, was that a person consider cannot improve upon this list of goals himself Ukrainian and because of this set by Mr. Shumeyko. it is their belief kinship feel a responsibility to contri– that they can only strive to continue bute to the development of Ukrainian fulfilling them. For. they know that community life. c o n t i n u i n g to serve the Ukrainian community in the name of the Ukrai– T o d a y . The Weekly c o n t i n u e s to nian National Association and in the reach out to all Ukrainians, being fully tradition established by The Weekly's cognizant of the fact that, like it or not. first editor is the best they can do. amw. oerosw 9. xm The present flag of The Ukrainian Weekly is consistent with its new status as an The montage of (lags above illustrates the changing face of The Ukrainian Weekly e d i t o r i a l l y a n d a d m i n i s t r a t i v e l y i n d e p e n d e n t n e w s p a p e r p u b l i s h e d by t h e during the 50 years of its publication. - Ukrainian National Association, a fraternal benefit association. її шм THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 23.1983 San Francisco... dignitaries have been invited to attend (Continued from page 3) (his program. !Tiroughout communities in nor– Reflections at 50... thern California proclamations are (Continued from page 1) protest for past Soviet insensitivity for being issued by mayors and other civic The reasons tor this are manifold and complex. The children of Ukrainian h u m a n life; to remember the victims of dignitaries. The California Legislature immigrants, particularly those that are first-generation, arc faced with two the Great Famine; and to voice dissent has recognized and memorialized the distinct societies. On the one hand, they are products of the American against the current Soviet regime and victims ol the Ukrainian lam'ine ot educational system, and often work and socialize in the non-U krainian world. the regime's apparent continuing bla– 1932-33 by approving Assembly Joint On the other hand, they enjoy the benefits of community institutions through tant disregard for human life as evi– Resolution No. 47 sponsored by As– childhood and adolescence. Some drop out because they see the community denced in the Korean airliner incident. infrastructure as a superfluous by-product of their parents' reluctance or semblyman Mike Roos of Los Angeles, On Sunday. November 6. a com– in Sacramento. Ukrainian leaders have inability to abandon their past and acclimate themselves to American life. memorative program is planned at the asked Gov. George Duekmejian to Others drift away when the demands of American society take up most of San Francisco Hyatt Regency Hotel. support this solemn commemoration by their time and energy. One imagines they feel that the community institutions Dr. Robert Conquest of the Hoover issuing a p r o c l a m a t i o n proclaiming arc somehow self-perpetuating and eternal, as are the people who freely institute at Stanford University is the November as Ukrainian Famine Com– devote hours to keeping them going. keynote speaker. Dr. Conquest is con– memoration month. Underpinning all this is the sense that somehow the two societies, the sidered to be оле of the world's leading Ukrainian and American, are mutually exclusive. This notion is bolstered by A famine photo exhibit, prepared by authorities on Soviet terrorism and is the fact t h a t , unlike other ethnic g r o u p s , U k r a i n i a n s c o n t i n u e to be the Los Angeles Ukrainian community, the a u t h o r e f many books on the subject, misunderstood or largely unknown, partly because of their reluctance to will be unveiled at the November 2press including: "The Great T e r r o r " and become involved, in some cases even marginally, with non-Ukrainian society. conference at the San Francisco Press "Russia After Krushchev." Dr. Con- This is an old story. Fifty years ago. Stephen Shumeyko and his associates Club. A weeklong display of this exhibit quest is currently completing work on a were confronted with a similar situation, and his response is as pertinent now at the State Capitol is planned. comprehensive book about the Ukrai– as it was t h e n . He felt that Ukrainian A m e r i c a n s could be just t h a t , Many survivors of the Ukrainian nian famine of 1932-33. The book is Ukrainians and Americans, and that serving the Ukrainian community need famine of 1932-33 living in northern jointly sponsored by the Harvard U– not impede integration into American society, in fact, he was convinced that California have come forward to tell k r a i n i a n Research institute and the Ukrainian Americans could only be effective community leaders if they were their stories of this forgotten tragedy. Ukrainian National Association. successful Americans and managed to work their way to influential positions These eyewitness accounts are being in addition to the keynote speech, collected by the Famine Commemora– in the non-Ukrainian world, in effect, he could see the uselessness of several eyewitness accounts will be read, tion Committee for storage in local becoming a big fish in a little ghetto pond, and encouraged young people to describing conditions experienced by archives. aspire to bigger things as the best means of helping their U k r a i n i a n the survivors. A brief cultural program The public is invited to attend both community and the Ukrainian nation. will wrap up the commemorative pro- events. Ticket prices for the comme– We agree. Nobody expects our young people to become professional gram. A solemn commemorative meal morative program on November 6, are Ukrainians like some of their parents. We don't expect young people to give will a l s o be s e r v e d . T h e g o v e r n o r , S20, S15 and S5; call (415) 653-6149 for up their careers or sacrifice all their leisure time. But as established Ukrainian congressmen, local politicians and civic ticket information. businesses and institutions must make changes to accommodate the needs of today's young Ukrainians, our young adults must help shoulder some of the liberal standards ot proot ol refugee burden and not assume that someone else will do all the work. AJC... status. if the Ukrainian community is to survive into the 21st century, it needs the (Continued from page 3) The American Jewish C o m m i t t e e input of today's young adults and their expertise. Someone has to take over representation to low income persons. and the others on the amicus brief the credit unions, the fraternal organizations, the cultural, civic and other Reps. Walter E. Fauntroy, Major R. argued that the Refugee Act of 1980 groups, it is an inevitable part of ethnic community life that some young Owens and Ed Towns, and the Lawyers changed the substantive standard for people will be irretrievably lost to the community, it is also true that our Committee for international Human establishing refugee status from proof community's past and present political bickerings have alienated some young Rights, which assists in providing legal of a "clear probability" of persecution p,eople, as has the reluctance of a generation of community leaders to step representation for applicants for politi– to proof of a "well-founded fear" of aside. But if young people feel that the community is worth salvaging, they cal asylum in the United States. persecution, the latter of which is easier will step in and make changes, if they don't, it will continue to flounder and ' The case came to the Supreme Court to prove. then slowly disintegrate. What is needed is a commitment to the future. Given in the form of appeal by the government f-ounded in 1906. the A m e r i c a n the political situation in Ukraine, it is doubtful that a new wave of immigrants from a decision by the U.S. Court of J e w i s h C o m m i t t e e is this c o u n t r y ' s will arrive to give the community a shot in the arm. A p p e a l s o r d e r i n g the r e o p e n i n g of pioneer human relations organization, it combats bigotry, protects the civil For 50 years The Ukrainian Weekly has reflected the changing face of the deportation proceedings by the Board and religious rights of Jews at home and Ukrainian community it has been the voice of myriad Ukrainian causes. The of immigration Appeals. The Appeals abroad, and seeks improved human question is simple: will our future entail reporting on the rebirth of the Court remanded the case for a new relations for all people everywhere. community or its slow and irreversible demise? hearing in accordance with the more devoted to efforts by Russian Ameri– cible religious and political differences Not ail of our problems of the past The Ukrainian Weekly... cans t o " c a p t u r e " Ukrainian youth. "We a m o n g ' m a n y of our leaders... have been solved, of course. Many of cannot stand idly by and permit this "We appeal...to our youth to not pay o u r y o u t h a r e still s e g r e g a t e d i n t o (Continued from page 7) Musophilism to entice our American any attention to these petty squabbles, partisan camps, we still suffer from the in Ukrainian youth organizations, he Ukrainian youth away from their na– selfish ambitions, religious and political "disease of discord" and many Ameri– continued, was based on "gross unrea– tionality" 2 '' — assimiliation. 27 the defa– i n t o l e r a n c e s of m a n y of o u r o l d e r can-born are still ambivalent regarding lity, the reference being to making the mation campaign, 2 8 and the American generation. Shun them as you would be certain aspects of their bicultural com– second generation hostages, if you will, heritage: plague... munal existence. to either the 'cause a b r o a d ' or to a "it is interesting for us to observe how "Let us accept from the older genera– But the process continues and as we special brand of Ukrainianism as con– much pleasure our American Ukrai– tion only those elements which are good reflect upon how far The Ukrainian ceived by parties of the older genera– nians derive from taking part in the and honorable: tolerance, understand– Weekly has come during the past 50 tion." The first generation Mr. Capelin Fourth of July parades and manifesta– ing and mutual self-respect; and ignore years, we have much reason to rejoice. observed, hasn't helped youth "to get tions... For our parents are very much all of those which have been impreg– Today The Ukrainian Weekly is still jobs in American life" or "educated aware of the fact that back in the old nable obstructions to our older genera– e d i t e d by o u r y o u t h , it enjoys un– them on the values of contacts with country they would not be allowed to tion's attempts to organize itself..."32 paralled status not only within our A m e r i c a n s , " or e x t e n d e d a h e l p i n g parade freely, carrying flags and dressed "The Ukrainians have a disease," Mr. community but in American circles as hand "to scores of those who being 'at in U k r a i n i a n c o s t u m e s . . . But w h a t Shumeyko declared in 1934. "that may well, it is a beacon of hope which richly sea' land in American social agencies, about us, the younger generation, born safely be called great, not only because deserves the support of all of us. Kecpup juvenile courts, etc." 2 3 and raised here? D o we appreciate our it is so widely prevalent but more so the good work, Ukrainian Weekly, and The hope of older Ukrainians that American freedom and democracy? because its results are so vast, it is Mnohaya Lita! youth will resist the "mania of Ameri– Does the Declaration of independence costing Ukrainians their country and canization" and help in some way in mean as much to us as to our parents?" 2 ' their freedom, it is breeding discontent, 23. Ukrainian Weekly (October 3. 1936). fear and inertia... І am referring to that 24. Ukrainian Weekly (September 19. "fashioning the future Ukrainian state," For the Weekly, A m e r i c a n - b o r n cancerous growth, 'discord'..." 3 3 1936). rests on two fallacies: "One that by reluctance to become involved in Ukrai– 25. See Ukrainian Weekly (September living in America and hoping to be nian affairs was due to immaturity, a Admitting to certain shortcomings on 19. 26. October 24 and November 7. Ukrainians they can be such and se– lack of "clear, self-orientation," vague– the part of the younger generation in 1936). cond!y, that, they can be of significant ness regarding their role in the commu– 1936, Mr. Shumeyko pointed to a "far 26. Ukrainian Weekly (February 15 help abroad... The mos't healthy situa– n i t y , a lack of e x p e r i e n c e , 3 0 a n d a more serious canker that threatens all and December 5, 1936). tion for the individual," concluded Mr. debilitating emphasis on social activi– organized American-Ukrainian youth 27. Ukrainian Weekly (July 13, 1937). Capelin, "is a respect for Ukrainian ties. 31 life"...the " a t t e m p t s being made to 28. Ukrainian Weekly (July І, 1939). ways and only a gradual absorption of The single most important issue of segregate our youth into religious and 29. "Cherishing Our American ideals," American culture, in this sense it can be which the Weekly devoted consistent partisan camps..." 3 4 Ukrainian Weekly (July 12. 1936). truly said that one cannot be e i t h e r a 30. "Reviewing Ourselves." Ukrainian attention, however, was the problem of good Ukrainian or a good American Weekly (July 29. 1935). Ukrainian American unity. As early as A great idea 31. "For More Harmony and Progress." without being both." 2 4 Mr. Capelin's 1933 Mr. Shumeyko wrote: Ukrainian Weekly (January 4. 1936). views, of course, generated a series of "...Our youth has long been witness And so it went. Dr. Myshuha's dream 32. "Discard intolerance." Ukrainian responses, mostly pro, which the Week– to the fact that the principal cause of the to create a forum which would allow Weekly (October 20. 1933). ly published through the remainder of w e a k e n i n g and destructive divisions American-born youth an opportunity 33. "The Ukrainian Disease," Ukrainian the y e a r . " a m o n g the older generation of Ameri– to develop their identity was realized, it Weekly (February 23, 1934). Articles and editorials were also can Ukrainians have been the irrecon– was a great idea whose time had come. 34. "For More Harmony and Progress." 1 2 ^ ^ ^ ^ „ ^ ^ „ ^ ^ ^ 'THE UKRAINIAN WEFKIY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 23. 1983 N^i3 ings ol the entire congress because the Dr. Dobnankky acquiesced. І was delegates from member-organizations 13th Congress... result represented the will of the "ma– requested to read my list of violations ol of the Ukrainian Liberation Front, it is (Continued from page 4) jority." "The Liberation Front worked the UCCA By-laws perpetrated by the a known fact that the Ukrainian Libera– nals could be surrendered in part, or hard for a-majority .and mr–1 h^ve representatives of the Liberation Front tion Front is not an incorporated perhaps in total. The Ukrainian Na– recognition for this work." he con– at the 13th Congress. І read in Ukrai– American organization and that its tional Association and Ukrainian Fra– tinued. "We must face fundamental nian. central headquarters are located outside lernal Association had voluntarily reality majority rules." He didn't the United States. The takeover of the agreed to that. know how much we disagreed with him. UCCA by organizations Utot are merely Mr. Billinsky immediately entered Mr. Futala extended another invita– replicas in the United Statetj of a the frey. announcing that only two of the tion to Dr. Shebunchak anything to Lawlessness of the 13th Congress "foreign" headquarters would 'be in above points could be discussed. The divide and conquer that Mr. Billin– complete violation of the UCCA^tK– return to the rotational system for sky (Banderivtsi) and Dr. Shebunchak During the 13th Congress of Ukrai– laws and would lawfully render it a choosing vice presidents and the crea– (Melnykivtsi) split the lour years' rota– nian Americans that was held in Phila– "foreign agency" with a legal require– tion of a body to approve the agenda for tion. He didn't get far. delphia October 10-12, 1980. as well as ment to register as such with the De– meetings of the Executive Committee І was asked to enumerate, item by during the preparations for it (and in partment of Justice. To clarify. we add. and the National Council, could be item, how the UCCA By-laws had been many instances even prior to that time), that although such an "agency" of itself discussed. Points 1 and 3 could not be violated before and"at the convention. І actions were taken and situations does not signify any wrongdoing and discussed since, in his opinion, the agreed to prepare such a report within occurred which by their very nature can even be beneficial to the United UCCA By-laws had not been violated at two weeks and present it at the next and content were blatant violations and States, in the case of the UCCA it does the 13th Congress and the original meeting. in direct opposition not only to the not follow the existing by-laws. purposes of the UCCA are and were Some very important developments established law and order of the by- strictly adhered to throughout. came up at this first meeting. First, as laws, resolutions and regulations of 3. Grigorenko resolution. The resolu– Dr. Shebunchak. on the other hand, was claimed by Messrs. Billinsky and congresses and UCCA authorities, but tion regarding "the political conception hit back hard. He claimed the 13th Lozynskyj, "Flis is against the Libera– also to the fundamental principles andof Gen. Petro Grigorenko." proposed Congress to have been illegal. The other tion Front." Nonsense. For 25 years Flis goals upon which and for which the by lgnatius Billinsky and passed by the side was obstinate about this point and worked, as an attorney, with Bande– UCCA was created 40 years ago. UCCA National Council on December he knew it. But he threw in a bone for rivtsi as he did with all other members of For example: 15. 1979, is by its form and content, as compromise. He stated that the require– the community. A leopard doesn't well as by the procedure followed in its ment of the By-Laws of 1976 calling for change his spots overnight. 1. Title. The First Congress was held proposal and adoption, in complete 15 members on the UCCA Executive in Washington in 1940 under the formal violation and opposition to the UCCA The Liberation Front representatives title "Congress of American Ukrai– By-laws and their law and order, and in Committee could be open to compro– claimed that the rotational system in mise if all other items.were agreed upon. nians." The Second Congress was called obvious testimony to the validity of the choosing the vice president was the and took place in Philadelphia in 1944. above-mentioned points. І here were suggestions by the UCCA most acute problem that we faced. The negotiating team that Dr. Shebunchak formally titled "Congress of Americans walkout from the 13th Congress took of Ukrainian Descent." All subsequent 4. Preparations for the Congress. accept for the Organisation for the place because the rotational system was Rebirth ol Ukraine (ODvU) a two-year congresses were held using the title Facts confirm that the committee taken away from the fraternals. they "Congress of American Ukrainians." preparing for the congress, chaired by term as executive vice president, while said, in fact, the walkout took place the other two years would be served by Resolutions, greetings, etc.. which'- lgnatius Billinsky. proceeded with its with the entire non-Banderivsky assem– were passed by these congresses, began as preparations in a planned and steadfast Mr. Billinsky of the Liberation Front. blage taking part. Why? if the rota– Dr. Shebunchak. knowing that this wasa follows: "We, Americans of Ukrainian manner which included one aim: the tional system was the greatest irritant atdescent..." in this context, we mention takeover of the UCCA by the Libera– ruse to drive a wedge between the frater– the 13th Congress, as claimed now by the nals and their ally. ODvu. refused, also the "Renewed confirmation of the tion Front, allowing for clear violations Liberation Front, why did 27 organiza– political principles of the UCCA." that of the by-laws and the established law saying that ODvu has all the represen– tions and not just the two fraternals. tation it needs: therefore it has no desire was proposed by UCCA president Dr. and order. Let us only mention: falsifi– walk out of the 13th Congress? Lev Dobriansky and passed in New cation of the representative rnembers of to seek compromise on this point. "Our organisation is opposed to political Both sides having drawn up uncom– York on March 20, 1965. by the UCCA the nominating committee: lawlessness leaders occupying such posts," he said. promising lines, at the suggestion of Mr. Executive Committee, the first principle of the meetings and proposals of the Mr. Billinsky maintained that the lvashkiv. it was proposed and accepted of which states: "The UCCA is in all publications committee: full disregard fraternals no longer performed a useful that the next meeting would be held on respects an American organization with for the established practices of the service for'the UCCA. He concluded January 16. 1981, at the UCCA office. a first and foremost task to look after committee on resolutions and the that the Liberation Front now does Prior to the second meeting 1 had the well-being and safety of the United preparations for the draft of the resolu– most of the work in the field and. as a been invited through the good offices of States of America." All this wasdictated tions. (The Gommittee on Resolutions consequence, if the Liberation Front Mr. Bazarko to meet with Mr. lvashkiv. with a verity, that we, as American did not hold any meetings and did not walked out of the UCCA. the UCCA one of the participants at the original citizens, born or naturalized, can with prepare a draft of the resolutions.) would soon fold up. A questionable conference. І accepted. Our Law incomparably more success help our and Order Committee was informed 5. Delegates, their registration and conclusion, our committee thought. Ukrainian nation in its struggle for qualifications. The first communique Are not Svoboda and Narodna volia that such a meeting was taking place so freedom and national liberty, by de– from the UCCA Executive Committee part of the fraternals? Mr. Billinsky that the opposition could not claim that manding this of our American govern– concerning the "13th Congress of would probably now wish they weren't. "Flis is already talking to us about ment and gaining the good will and Ukrainians in U.S.A." listed the dead- Dr. Shebunchak. who is president of return of the UNA into the fold." support of our entire American nation. line for the election and registration of O D v u . stressed one important point - Nothing materialized from these However, at the 12th Congress-that delegates as September 15. 1980. it is although he himself was a representa– talks, since 1 insisted on compliance was held in New York in October 1976. said that the UCCA Executive Com– tive of a political party, the Melnykivtsi with our original four demands. He the UCCA secretary, lgnatius Billinsky. mittee extended the deadline to the end - that the Ukrainian community does proclaimed right then and there that the proposed that congresses be held using of September. However, we are not not want domination from any Ukrai– Liberation Front would never agree to the title "Congress of Ukrainians in aware of any public notification of such nian political party. The entire argu– our demands. U.S.A." But the congress, after dis– an extension, instead, we do know of ment was stated in that one concise cussion. passed the formal title, as it was several "delegates" whom no one elect– sentence. The UCCA representatives The second meeting subsequently included in the UCCA By- ed. who did not have any statutory acted as if this had never been uttered laws: (Article ІУ): "Conventions of all qualifications, who registered them– and quickly changed the subject. The second meeting in Dr. Dobrian– UCCA members are held using the title selves during the time of the congress sky's effort to mediate the differences 'Congress of Ukrainian Americans." " and who received all the rights and Mr. lvashkiv. seeing that things were between the "in group." the UCCA. and 'Now, in the first communique issued privileges of delegates and actively getting out of order, argued that he the "group looking in." the Committee by the Executive Committee of the participated in the congress and cast foresaw the rotational system as our for Law and Order in the UCCA, took UCCA (dated April 23. 1980) it is given: votes, it is certainly apparent that it main problem. Again, an attempt to place on January 16, 1981. "The 13th Congress of Ukrainians in takes just one such "delegate" to nullify separate the fraternals from their allies. Olha Kuzmowyc7 was a welcome America will be held..." Error? Hardly. the entire congress and any decisions it He admitted that Ukrainian fraternals addition to our negotiating team. The The official Congress Report Book might have made. had been faithful to the UCCA and had opposing team stood as was. carries the following title (on the cover performed a volume of work for it in the Dr. Dobriansky opened the meeting and on the title'page): 13th Congress of 6. Congress. The preparations for the past. They should be given a place on by saying that as a result of the last Ukrainians in U.S.A. This must mean congress, as well as the entire con– the rotational system. He proposed that meeting, only one point remained to be that some other congress was held, one gressional proceedings were in complete these negotiating meetings to reach settled. І disagreed with Dr. Dobrian– not foreseen or called for by the UCCA violation of established law and order, compromise on differences be con– sky. There was disagreement on more By-laws. beginning with the adoption of the rules tinued every two weeks until a final than one point. Mr. Billinsky im– of procedure. The report of the no– compromise was reached. But. since, as mediately warned all not to indulge in 2. Remote control. 1 he deliberate minating committee, with its disregard he claimed, he was not a representative polemics because it would lead to forcing of the un-statutory title upon of the by-laws regarding the number of of the Liberation Front, we did not futility. the congress is additionally underscored Executive Committee members and the know how much reliance to place on 1 stated that 1 was asked at the last by an article written by lgnatius Billin– way in which the agreed-to rotational this proposition. meeting to show proof of the total sky, titled: "On the Brink of Commu– system of carrying out the duties and Surprising to the Law and Order disregard and violation of the UCCA nity irresponsibility." published in the responsibilites of UCCA executive vice Committee, in view of the fact that this By-laws at the 13th Congress. І was' ODFFU (Organization for the Defense president were eliminated, were .the meeting was called by the UCCA presi– .ready to read such propf at this time. of Four Freedoms for Ukraine) visnyk straw that broke the camel's back and, derit to bring the parties together to Mr. Oleksyn, president of Ukrainian and disseminated on separate leaflets by forced the representatives of virtually discuss their differences, was Dr. Do– Fraternal Association, backed me and Liberation Front members, in this all those institutions and organizations briansky's assertion that "the bottom- reminded Dr. Dobriansky that he had article Mr. Bilinsky uses only the un- that are not "controlled from a distance- line argument was the fact of majority agreed to have such report read at this statutory title and clearly writes about by the Liberation Front to walk out of vote." evidently approving the proceed– meeting. -. the participation in that congress of (Continued on page 13) No. 4 3 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 23,1983 із 13th Congress... Order Committee at the outset of our negotiations. Discussion brought out the political and religious inclinations. "The UCCA being a central organi?a– c o n c l u d e d . " 1 he e x e c u t i v e of t h e UCCA will continue its work." he said, (Continued from page 12) fact that Dr. Dobrianskv had never re– tion." she continued, "should not lake a "and the door to community peace is the congress or protest its conduct and ceived the invitation from this committee stand on anN controversial political always open." the resolutions that it passed. and had nevet heard ol its existence. matters." What did he mean: that negotiations Mr. Oleksyn confirmed our stand. Mr. Billinsky then stated that the were ended and that he would not call We were a committee representing 27 "opposition" still insisted on the four another such meeting'' Or did he mean in addition to the above. 1 ad libbed organizations which had exited trom points presented. Evidently speaking that only this session was over? We quite a bit. But when 1 talk 1 can't write the 13th Congress. lor the. UCCA. he dismissed three ol the walked out a little disappointed that the at the same time. So 1 didn't make any Dr. Dobriansky insisted that the lact points as impossible to accept. The Liberation Front leadership had been notes as to what 1 said. remained that the opposition did not do fourth point could be discussed, he said, so unyielding. As 1 concluded my report, Mr. Billin– enough spade work in preparation lor but he didn't say which. 1 never did find out if Dr. Dobrian– sky reacted as if someone had poured the 13th Congress and did not send 1. speaking lor the Law and Order sky meant to call another session in boiling water on him. Said he: "1 did not enough delegates to the convention. C o m m i t t e e , then s t a t e d t h a t if t h e these talks. І sustained a stroke on expect that matters would be allowed to Respect must be shown for the "demo– present UCCA would not accept any of February 3. 1981. Waller Sochan, oui degenerate to such a low level, it is eratic majority." he said. ' o u r t e r m s for r e c o n c i l i a t i o n , t h e r e secretary, rode the ambulance with me i n s u l t i n g t o r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s of t h e He accused the committee of insince– remained nothing else to be said or done to t h e J e r s e y City M e d i c a l C e n t e r , U C C A . and if the opposition will so rity and of having no desire to corn- at this meeting. where 1 was hospitalized lor tour weeks. continue, then 1 refuse to engage in p r o m i s e . He failed t o a d d that ;he Mr. billinsky remarked that this was F r o m t h e r e 1 went to t h e Kessler further discussion." He was especially representatives of the liberation Lronl the first time in his memory that the institute for R e h a b i l i t a t i o n in West affronted and angered by my'disserta– had refused to even listen to the "in– fraternal had shown so much concern Orange. N.J., where 1 spent another six tion on whether the present UCCA is an sincerity" of the "opposition." for others. This hurt, but neither 1 nor weeks. organization of American Ukrainians Mr. Billinsky joined in and stated Mr. Oleksyn retorted as we would haxc At least one thing can be said about or of Ukrainians living in America. He that he had discussed all the arguments liked. spending such a long time in a hospital: stated that all of the points made by me voiced by the "opposition." Mr. Lozyn– Some on both sides rose to leave as you sure have a lot of time to think, to were " u n i m p o r t a n t " and "unsubstan– skyj advised the "opposition" to get rid Mr. Todoriw continued, favoring think and reassess the importance ol tial." He had thought we would be of its hatred of the Banderiwsi. further discussions. "As long as we sit things that you deem important in your d i s c u s s i n g t h e f u t u r e a n d not such The return of the rotational system to and discuss our difficulties, we are sure life. This 1 did. "inessential" matters as those enume– the fraternals received a little attention to come up with solutions." he said. S'ext week: The unsuccessful efforts rated by me. he said. from Mr. Todoriw and Dr. Dobrian– The hour was late. Dr. Dobriansk) of the World Congress of Free Ukrai– if M r . Billinsky t h o u g h t he was sky. Dr. Dobriansky repeated the offer declared the negotiations as having nians at peace-making. succeeding in terrorizing me, he was made by the Liberation front at the mistaken. "1 must be doing something 13th Congress, i.e. a rotational system right if he is reacting this way." І said to based on two years for Mr. Billinsky and two years for the fraternals. This The UNA: myself. Mr. Lozynskyj came to his rescue, seeing that Mr. Billinsky needed help. had been rejected by the Ukrainian National Association and t h e Ukrai– more than an insurance company He declared that doing away with the nian Fraternal Association a number ol rotational system seemed to be the crux t i m e s before on t h e t h e o r y t h a t a of the problem at this time. He asked political party does not belong in the why 1 did not adhere to the agreement rotational system and because the r e a c h e d at o u r first m e e t i n g as t o fraternals believed in earnest that the SVOBODA PRINT SHOP suspension of polemics in our news- political party would at the next con– papers while negotiations were taking gress s w a l l o w t h e e n t i r e f o u r - y e a ; place. І answered that news about our r o t a t i o n a l s y s t e m at the f r a t e r n a l s ' Professional typesetting and printing services. first meeting was only printed after the expense. We print: appearance in America, the Ukrainian Mrs. Rozankowsky, president of the d a i l y p u b l i s h e d by t h e P r o v i d e n c e BOOKS и BROCHURES ш LEAFLETS U N W L A , then spoke for her organiza– Association of Ukrainian Catholics, of tion, which has members of various an article by Mr. Billinsky in which he For information and rates contact c l a i m e d t h a t t h e first m e e t i n g h a d Дентист SVOBODA almost produced agreement. T h e Svo– ОЛЬГА О Л Е Н К О b o d a a r t i c l e was p r i n t e d t o i n f o r m 30 Montgomery Street ш Jersey City. N.J. 07302 Профілактико хворів всен 1 зубів. Л1ку- readers of the truth about the meeting вання 1 протоіуаання. Косметичні стома- Telephone: (201) 434-0237; (201) 434-0807; and about the work of the Law and ТОПОГІЖ. Order Committee. Приймаємо тільки за попереднім домое- ленням Говоримо також по-лольськи. M r . B i l l i n s k y a n n o u n c e d t h a t he Адреса would not hold discussions with any у МангеттенІ: Адреса у КвІнсІ: " c o m m i t t e e " b u t only with f o r m e r Buffalo, N.Y. Buffalo, N.Y. members of the UCCA. Dr. Dobriansky ЗО Central Park So. 2nd Floor 105-37 64th Avenue and Mr. Mazur agreed with him. І then New York, N.Y. 10019 fontt HUs. N.Y. 11375 UNA D1STR1CT СОММІТТЕЕ reminded D r . Dobriansky that he was (212) 421-7879 (212) 459 0111 ANNOUNCES THAT first invited to meet with the Law and THE UKRAINIAN S.TUDENTS CLUB ORGANIZING MEETING at RUTGERS UNivERSlTY in NEW BRUNSW1CK PRESENTS 1st ANNUAL WILL BE HELD FALL DANCE Sunday, October 30, 1983, at 2:30 p.m. S A T U R D A Y , N O V E M B E R 12,1983 at the Ukrainian American Civic Center, inc. 8:30 PM 205 Military Road, BUFFALO. N.Y. At The Mariott Hotel in Bound Brook, N. J. All members of the District Committee, Convention Delegates and Branch Officers Across From The Ukrainian Cultural Center and Delegates of the following Branches are requested to attend: Music By "У A T R A" Adults: S8.00 Students: S5.00 40, 87, 127, 149, 299, 304, 360 and 363 For information And To Reserve Tables Call: PROGRAM: 1RENE NAHORNY ( 2 0 1 ) 4 6 9 - 1 1 8 2 1. Opening Remarks. 2. Review of the organizational work of the District during the past months. 3. Discussion of Fall Organizational Campaign. 4. General UNA topics. STILL AVAILABLE 5. Adoption of membership campaign plan for balance of 1983. SAGA OF UKRAINE 6. Questions and answers, adjournment. Meeting will be attended by AN 0UTL1NE H1ST0RY S t e f a n H a w r y S Z , UNA Supreme Organizer ' vol. 1 - The Ago of Royalty u vol. 2 - The Age of Heroism AFTER THE MEETfNG UNA F1LM (in English) By Myron B. Kuropas "HELM OF DEST1NY" ' WILL BE SHOWN. Only S2.00 each at the: All UNA members and guests are invifed to the showing of the film. Svoboda Book Store ADMISSION FREE 30 Montgomery St. Roman Konotopskyj. Presider– Jersey City, N. J. 0 7 3 0 2 Peter Harawus. Treasurer Joseph Hawry!uk. Secretary (New Jersey residents add 6', sales tax.І 14 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY OCTOBER 23.1983 No. 43 UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION Monthly reports for August RECORDING DEPARTMENT Disbursements for August 1983 Paid To Or For Members: Juv Adults Cash Surrenders 544,791.82 TOTAL AS OF JULY 1983 20,108 54.566 6,667 81.341 Endowments Matured 44,409.00 Death Benefits 65.027.00 GA1NS 1N AUGUST 1983 , interest On Death Benefits 63.99 New members 68 15 131 Payor Death Benefits 637.90 Reinstated 68 1 95 Reinsurance Premiums Paid 278.17 Transferred in 9 1 20 Dues From Members Returned 76.28 indigent Benefits Disbursed 900.00 Change class in 1 - 3 Transferred from Juv. Dept. 2 - 2 Scholarships 41,950.00 TOTALS GA1NS: 148 251 Total 5198,134.16 LOSSES 1N AUGUST 1983 Operating Expenses: Suspended 41 24 "85" Real Estate 5150,695.88 Transferred out 6 1 її "Svoboda" Operation 89,803.09 Change class out 1 5 Official Publication - "Svoboda" 55,000.00 Transferred to adults 1 Organizing Expenses: Died 81 1 86 Advertising 51,172.97 Cash surrender 61 - 98 Medical inspections Reward To Special Organizers 117.95 2.500.00 Endowment matured 35 - 78 112 Reward To Branch Secretaries 106.44 Fully paid-up Reduced paid-up 84 - Reward To Branch Organizers 2,508.58 Extended insurance Traveling Expenses - Special Organizers 1,407.95 Cert terminated Total 57,813.89 TOTAL LOSSES: 141 309 27 477 Payroll, insurance And Taxes: INACTIVE MEMBERSHIP Salaries Of Executive Officers 511,625.01 Salaries Of Office Employees 31,278.69 GA1NS 1N AUGUST 1983 Employee Hospitalization Plan Premiums 7,743.18 Paid up 28 84 117 Taxes - Federal, State and City On Employee Wages 16,529.58 4 26 - 30 Tax - Canadian Witholding and Pension Plan On Employee Wages 455.43 TOTAL GA1NS- 32 110 - 142 Total 567,631.89 LOSSES 1N AUGUST 1983 Died 2 32 34 General Expenses: 12 20 32 Actuarial And Statistical Expenses 51,382.00 Reinstated 4 8 - 12 Books And Periodicals 195.00 Lapsed 4 5 9 Furniture And Equipment 4,079.62 General Office Maintenance 2,363.02 TOTAL LOSSES: 22 65 - 87 insurance Department Fees Operating Expense Of Canadian Office 268.44 297.14 TOTATL UNA MEMBERSH1P Postage 1,450.51 AS OF AUGUST 1983 20,063 54,450 6,657 81,170 Printing And Stationary 9,518.22 Rental Of Equipment And Services 2,571.62 Telephone, Telegraph 7,610.76 WALTER SOCHAN Traveling Expenses–General 1,341.90 Supreme Secretary Total 531.078.23 FINANCIAL DEPARTMENT Miscellaneous: income for August 1983 Convention Expenses - 511,040.00 Expenses Of Annual Session : 77.60 Loss On Bonds 5,488.30 Donation's 2,050.00 Dues From Members ,– . 5223,112.95 Youth Sports Activities 1,500.00 income From "Svoboda" Operation 87,511.31 Taxes Held in Escrow 860.33 investment income: Marketing ft Research Development 425.00 Bonds J292.401.73 Real Estate : 137,024.02 Total 521,441.23 Mortgage Loans 25,191.10 Ct,Aficate Loans 2,567.48 investments: Stocks 1,962.64 Bonds 549,675.00 Banks 4,443.91 Mortgages 120,000.00 Stock 1,942.64 Total (463,590.88 Certificate Loans 9,142.48 E.D.P. Equipment 184.20 Refunds: Taxes-Federal. State S City On Employee Wages 512,013.56 Total S180.944.32 Taxes - Canadian Witholding і Pension Plan 375.33 Taxes Held in Escrow 757.00 Disbursements For August 1983 5802,542.69 Employee Hospitalization Plan Premiums 2,470.04 Official Publication "Svoboda" :. 16,945.70 Postage Refd 40.00 Printing S Stationary 260.00 BALANCE Scholarship ,.–. '. 50.00 ASSETS LIABILITIES Fund. Total 532.911.63 Cash ...5694,421.68 Bonds .34,478,212.94 Life insurance . 547,949,349.44 Miscellaneous: Stocks 552,554.83 Donations To Fraternal Fund 530.00 Mortgage Loans .2,947,421.24 Fraternal 154,639.73 Sale Of "Ukrainian Encyclopedia" 1,629.78 Certificate Loans 815,595.35 Real Estate 644,399.52 Orphans 292,165.10 Total 51,659.78 Printing Plant S E.D.P. Equipment ' ..224,093.06 Old Age Home „271,421.21 investments: ^' Loan To U.N.U.R.C 8,400,000.00 ' Bonds Matured Or Sold '. 579,469.92 Copyrights 1,200.00 Emergency 90,323.14 Mortgages Repaid 22,679.96 Certificate Loans Repaid 3,698.28 Total 548,757.898.62 Total .548.757.898.62 Total 5105,848.16 ULANA D1ACHUK income For August 1983 5914.634.71 Supreme Treasurer Noil THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY OCTOBER 2 3 . 1983 Bishop Dudick names mission pastor Ukrainian committee in Philadelphia D A Y T O N A B E A C H . Fla. Michael J. Dudick of the Byzantine Bishop C a t h o l i c D i o c e s e of P a s s a i c , N . J . , Since the appointment ol the Res. S o p o l i g a , w h o is an honorary, life member of the Knights of Columbus, bolsters Egan's campaign for mayor 1.2(K) people. appointed the Res. Michael J.Sopoliga the mission has the use of the Knights oi PHILADELPHIA Theukrainian as the first administrator of the Day– Columbus Hall located in Hollv Hill. He was also the guest of honor at a American Community Committee of tona Beach Mission. D i v i n e liturgy is at 10:30 a . m . on fund-raising party hosted by Mr. and Philadelphia lor the Election ol J o h n Sunday mornings. Mrs. Walter Bijaliw The event, held The appointment came in response to Egan. Republican mayoral candidate. The Res. Sopoliga resides at 706-3 September S. allowed'Mr. Egan. who the rapid growth of B y a n t i n c Catholics has begun a very active pre-election attended with Frances Weston, candi– B u t l e r Blvd.. D a y t o n a Beach. Fla., campaign. John Odezynsky recently in the area most because of migration date for the office ol controller, to meet 32018. About his appointment, he said: reported. from northern cities because ofemploy– "1 am most grateful to my bishop tor his Ukrainian community members Both ment opportunities or to retirement. Mr Odezynsky, a member of the candidates participated in a question– vote ol confidence in me to build up this Republican Parts and Ukrainian Na– and-answer period and explained their For the past three years the mission mission. 1 am also most grateful to tional Association supreme adviser. positions concerning vital and pressing has been served by the Rev. James Richard Osterndorf. grand knight of stated that Philadelphia's Republican problems in Philadelphia. Fiori, pastor of Transfiguration of Our the Knights of Columbus for his frater– m a y o r a l c a n d i d a t e has visited with Lord Byzantine Catholic Church in nal support and assistance to our small The campaign committee, headed bv Ukrainians on a number of occasions. Orlando, it has been using the facilities mission. І know we will succeed." M r . O d e z y n s k y . p l a n n e d t o hold a of St. Paul's Roman Catholic Church in The Daytona'Beach mission marks is Mi. Egan a t t e n d e d t h e U N A D a y b a n q u e t in h o n o r of M r . E g a n on Daytona Beach, where the Res. Sean the sixth parish for Byzantine Catholics picnic, held in Horsham. Pa., in August, Sunday. October 9; with all proceeds Heslin is pastor. in Florida. w h e r e he a d d r e s s e d an a u d i e n c e of earmarked for the campaign. Dnieper, well at the center ol the 'black earth' February 1934 agricultural region, on which the old prosperity an appeal on behalf of starving Ukrainians, it read, in part: "The Relief Committee for the (Continufd from page 5) of the Ukraine has always rested. Kharkiv. upon Starving Ukrainians is making a special appeal the other hand, lies close to the Ukraine's to the Young American Ukrainians to join them back to Kiev, stating that it would cure the northeastern border, it has only two good in their humanitarian work. We know that all people of Kiev of any nationalistic-counterre– qualifications as a capital: it is without historical young Ukrainians arc enthusiastic and willing to volutionary tendencies they might have had. traditions and it is remote from Russia's western help in any worthy cause, but often do not know During this time, it was announced in Kiev frontier. Now that the Soviet government is on just what procedure t o take." The appeal was that Ukraine would be divided into gubernias. best terms with Poland, one of these reasons issued by the U k r a i n i a n N a t i o n a l W o m e n ' s On February 12, Svoboda printed a news item loses its old force. What of the other? Kiev is l e a g u e of America, proposing a plan to sell about Cardinal T h e o d o r e lnnitzer's interna– much more than the most ancient of all Russian raffle tickets to make money, which would be tional conference to help the hungry in Ukraine. cities, i t s great 1 l t h c e n t u r y c a t h e d r a l , St. sent to aid brothers and sisters in Ukraine. According t o the news in Svoboda, the actions Sophia, and its cloisters have kept alive the The following week the Ukrainian Weekly were aimed at focusing world attention on the influence on popular imaginations throughout editorial stressed the importance of youth taking situation in Ukraine. Russia, its wonder-working ikons drew their part in the drive. Titled "A Good Example," the millions of pilgrims before the revolution. Their editorial pointed out that the chairperson of the Svoboda published news about the Commii– power is gone, but the old city cannot lose its UNWl.A drive was Dr. Nellie Pclechovitch, nist Party's meeting at which the worst enemies power, it is the spiritual center of Ukrainian someone of the young generation who was born of the Ukrainians, the ones who most spoke out nationalism, and Moscow is acutely conscious of a n d raised in A m e r i c a a n d w a s c u r r e n t l y against Ukrainian nationalists, were elected to the danger of Ukrainian nationalism. practicing medicine in New York. The editorial the party's executive. "The recent party and administrative purges urged young people to give the drive their most On February 14, Svoboda printed a story have shown the strength of this half-conscious active support. datelined Moscow, whose headline read: "Posty– movement against Moscow. The peasants of the shev Struggles against Ukrainian Nationalists." Ukraine have suffered more than any other from According to the story, Postyshev believed that the ruthless process of collectivization: their Skrypnyk had developed a plan for Ukrainian inarticulate resistance could be crushed, but the A r o u n d the w o r l d : nationalism, including separating the nationali– m o r e d a n g e r o u s p r o p a g a n d a of t h e petty Austrian chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss took a ties question from that of the class struggle. bourgeois in the peoples' commissariats is the strong position against the Nazis. A Christian On February 19, Svoboda published a reprint harder to stamp out. Hence, the most drastic Socialist, he enacted measures against the Social from t h e M a n c h e s t e r G u a r d i a n a b o u t t h e measure to purify Ukrainian administration Democrats who offered to cooperate on mode- moving of the capital of Ukraine from Kharkiv during 1932 and 1933. Poland is faced with the rate terms against the Nazis. Dollfuss rejected their back t o Kiev. Excerpts follow. same problem in Galicia and has been 'solving offer and the Socialists resisted by force. They " T h i s is m u c h m o r e t h a n a m e a s u r e of it' by comparable measures. The restoration of were c r u s h e d in a b a t t l e w h i c h b r o k e o u t a d m i n i s t r a t i v e c o n v e n i e n c e . T h e r e a r e , of the capital to Kiev will make it easier for the February 12 and lasted for several days with c o u r s e , good geographical reasons why the rulers of the Ukraine to cooperate with the heavy casualties. Many socialists were thrown 'mother of all Russian cities'should return to its Poles." into concentration camps and the movement old status as the capital, it lies on the great river On February 9, the Ukrainian Weekly printed was driven underground. Share The Weekly with a friend You're active in the community. You're a career woman, NEW RELEASE You're a wife, FUNNY TEARS a mother, a c o l l e c t i o n of s h o r t stories At times, you're all of the above. by MYKOLA PONED1LOK You're too vital to too many people to in English t r a n s l a t i o n f r o m the original Ukrainian. without life insurance. l l u s t r a t i o n s by EKO (Edward Kozak) and Halyna Mazepa. To order send S10.00 plus ( 1 0 0 postage t o : When it comes to making this important step, consider the Ukrainian National Association, Svoboda Book Store where you're more th; n a policy holder; you're part-owner. 3 0 Montgomery S t The UNA provides competitively priced insurance. The UNA pumps its revenue into the Jersey City, N. J. 0 7 3 0 2 Ukrainian community, rather than into the dividends of stockholders, as do commercial in– (New Jersey residents add 6S sales tax.) surance companies. THATS THE UNA D1FFERENCE. For more information, write to: HELP WANTED!!! THE UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION 30 Montgomery Street m Jersey City, N.J. 07302 MANAGER Name Address FOR M1DDLE S1ZE RESORT. CATSK1LL AREA. City State Гір Knowledge of Ukrainian ft English. 5 years managerial experience. Date ol Birth Full charge hotel, dining room, maintenance. Send resume: S v O B O D A , Я 5 0 0 S' Please send more information about the UNA D , ...j . .P.O. Box 17a m Jersey City. N J . 0 7 3 0 3 Please arrange ameeiingfor me.with a UNA representative D 16 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 23,1983 No. 43 Sunday, October 23 as also are classes in English and EAST HANOvER, N.J.: Branch 86 PREVIEW OF EVENTS Ukrainian. The Northeast Regional Library is located on Cottman 4 : of the Ukrainian National Women's guest of honor. A buffet dinner will November 1 program at 2 p.m. at Avenue and Oakland. League of America will present a be served following the ceremony. Washington lrving High School on fashion show by a la Carte Boutique Suggested donations are S15 per 17th Street. W1NN1PEG: The Ukrainian Cul– І at 4 p.m. at the Ramada inn on person, S25 per couple. tural and Educational Centre is g Route 10. The afternoon will also Monday, October 31 sponsoring an exhibition titled :; feature door prizes, canapes, cakes PERTH AMBOY, N.J.: A jubilee "Mama. Bread!" commemorating and coffee. Admission is S10;S5 for concert in observance of the 75th EDMONTON: The Canadian lnsti– the 50th anniversary of the famine in i–, seniors and students. anniversary of the founding of As– tute of Ukrainian Studies at the Ukraine. 1932-33. sumption Ukrainian Catholic Church University of Alberta will present a it is held in the Pool of the Black , Weekend of October 28-30 will be held tonight at 7 p.m. in the lecture by Marco Carynnyk, titled Star in the Manitoba Legislative ^ school auditorium. The Boyan Parish "The Years of the Hungry Horse: Building from Wednesday. October ig CHFCAGO: Branch 6 of the Ukrai– choir will sponsor the program as The Ukrainian Famine of 1932-33." 5. to Monday. October 31. The t nian National Women's League will well as perform. The Homin Stepiv Mr. Carynnyk, a visiting fellow at the exhibition consists of nine panels of і host an exhibit of paintings by the Bandura Ensemble and St. John the Kennan institute in Washington, will photographs, newspaper clippings Rev. Archpriest Serhij Pastuchiv in Baptist Ukrainian Catholic Church present his talk at 7:30 p.m. at St. and documents pertaining to the the Plast Building. 2124 W. Chicago Choir will also perform. Admission viadimir's College. For more infor– famine. Ave. The opening reception will take- will be by voluntary contribution. mation, please call (403) 432-2972. The Manitoba Legislative Build– a place on Friday. October 28, at 8 ing is open every day from 8:30 a.m. p.m. EAST HANOvER, N.J.: Branch 75 to 8 p.m. of the Ukrainian National Women's ONGOING The exhibit will be available for t Saturday, October 29 League, in Maplewood, will hold a booking after November 1, 1983. For f 10th anniversary dinner-dance at the PHILADELPHIA: The Northeast information concerning booking Ї- YONKERS, N.Y.: t h e second an– Ramada inn on Route 10. The dinner Regional Library is hosting a month- procedure call Christina Korbutiak nual Halloween bash sponsored by will begin at 7 p.m., followed by long exhibit of Ukrainian folk art, at (204) 942-0218 or write to: Ukrai– j the SUM-A Yonkers branch will be dancing to music provided by the during October. On display at the nian Cultural and Educational Cen– held tonight at 8 p.m. at the Ukrai– Tempo Orchestra. Tickets are S25 library's humanities department are tre, 184 Alexander Ave. E., Winni– '; nian Youth Center. 301 Palisades per person. For reservations, please many forms of art. including py– peg, Man. R3B 0L6. Ave.. in Yonkers. There promises to call Anna Myhal at (201) 964-6742. sanky (Ukrainian Easter eggs), dolls be plenty of food, drinks and sur– PREviEW OF EvENTS, a listing in colorful costumes, embroidered prises in store. The lskra Band will Sunday, October 30 of Ukrainian community events open pillows, Hutsul ceramics, Trypillian perform. Tickets are S5 with costume to the public, is a service provided ceramics with designs from 2,500 and S7 without. Prizes will beaward– BAYONNE, N.J.: The annual Chi– free of charge by The Weekly to the B.C.. woodcarvings and leather- ed lor best costume. No one is too old nese Auction sponsored by Ss. Peter Ukrainian community. To have an 1 craft. Also on display is a collection to attend. and Paul Ukrainian Catholic Church event listed in this column, please of kylyms, woven rugs. of Jersey City will be held at the Hi- send information (type of event, ' This exhibit was provided by the date, time, place, admission, spon– NEW YORK: The Pvt. Nicholas Hat Club. 180 W. 54th St., beginning Community Outreach Department at noon. sor, etc.), along with the phone Minue Post No. 7 of the Ukrainian of the Ukrainian Educational and number of a person who may be American veterans will host the Tickets are available for S10 a Cultural Center which is located at reached during daytime hours for UAv national executive board nieet– person, which includes admission. 10 700 Cedar Road in Abington Town- additional information, to: PRE– ing scheduled for 3 p.m. at the free ticket stubs and a roast beef ship. This department of the center viEW OF EvENTS, The Ukrainian Ukrainian institute of America, 2 E. dinner. They may be purchased at the offers exhibits of Ukrainian art to Weekly, 30 Montgomery St., Jersey 79th St. church rectory, 30 Bentley Ave., libraries, banks, museums or other City, N.J. 07302. At 6 p.m., the Pvt. Nicholas Minue (432-3122) and from committee community institutions. Thisdepart– Post No. 7. together with the Pvt. members Olga Balutanski. Olga ment also has compiled a list of PLEASE NOTE: Preview items Nicholas Minue Post No. l260ofthe Fitzgerald. Helen Masakowska. available speakers for schools, and must be received one week before American Legion, will hold a me– Barbara Conyack, Nancy Steblecki community groups on various Ukrai– desired date of publication. No morial service in honor of the de- and Maria Shevchuk. Proceeds from nian area related topics, history, information will be taken over the ceased member of both posts, l.t. this event will go toward the church religion, art, human rights, etc. phone. Preview items will be publish– Col. Walter Steck. Representatives building fund. The exhibit is meant to acquaint ed only once (please note desired date of American and American Ukrai– the public with the many programs of of publication). All items are publish– nian veterans, fraternal and civic- NEW YORK: The United Ukrainian the Ukrainian center. Courses of ed at the discretion of the editorial organizations arc invited to partici– American Organizations of Metro– Ukrainian folk dance, workshops in staff and in accordance with available pate. Ulana Steck will be the politan New York will sponsor a pysanky and other crafts are offered. space. Now University of Toronto exhibit to chronicle D.P. Hie available: additional copies of TORONTO "The D.P. Expe– experience. Ukrainian D.P. publications and U– The Ukrainian Weekly's rience: Ukrainian Refugees after World The display cases will illustrate such krainian Canadiana put together by the special issue on the War 11." will be held November 1 to topics as information on the problem of late John Luczkiw and recently ac– December 22. in the University of To– displaced persons: background on quired by the U of T Library. GREAT ronto John P. Robarts Research Library. 130 St. George St. Ukrainian refugees; organized relief from Canada and the United States; The exhibit is sponsored by the John P. Robarts Research Library, U of T's FAMINE Highlights of the exhibit include: " a Bible printed in a D.P. camp with aspects of daily life in the camps; literature and intellectual life and the Community Relations Office and the Ukrainian Librarians Association of metal covers made from tin cans; arts. Canada. " a hand-carved album with photo- Much of this important material is For more information call (416)978- drawn from an extensive collection of Ukrainian Weekly graphs from the 'internment camp in Rimini, ltaly–: 6564. " books by authors from the D.P. period: UYL-NA reunion agenda released " copies of official documents re– cently declassified; KERHONKSON. N.Y.– Theagenda reunion assembly; 5-6 p.m., champagne e rare photographs from the D.P. for the 50th anniversary reunion of the cocktail party; 6:30 - 9 p.m., banquet; Ukrainian Youth League of North 9:30 p.m., dance. America, which is scheduled to take Sunday, November 20: 8:30-10:30 Rep. Rinaido. place here at Soyuzivka on November 18-20. has been finalized, according to a.m., brunch. (Continued from page 1) reunion committee members. A brief program titled "Recollec– tion of the United Nations delegates. He in addition. Ted Maksymowich. tions" will be given at the banquet, it is is co-sponsoring a bill in Congress to accommodations coordinator, has re- being compiled by John Kuchmy, Bob establish a special commission to studv ported that all of Soyuzivka is booked Hussar, Ted Shumeyko, and Mike and the causes and effects of the great for the weekend and that reunion guests Jennie Bochar. famine in the Ukraine in 1933 to in– will be lodged in nearby hotels and in order to coordinate the reunion crease public knowledge of Soviet motels. plans the following people will serve as the repression. The agenda for the weekend follows. following people will serve as the Order by writing in a separate letter dated October 6. Friday. November 18: 6-8 p.m., committee's officers: Gene Woloshyn, or calling Rep. Rinaido wrote to President Ro– buffet dinner; 8:30 p.m.. cocktail party. chairman; Gen Zerebniak and Mrs. The Weekly nald Reagan on behalf of the persecuted Saturday. November 19: 9-Ю a.m.. Bochar, vice chairpersons; Mr. Maksy– at (201) 434 0237. Ukrainian political prisoners and mem– breakfast: 10 a.m.-noon, reunion as– mowich, treasurer: Estelje Woloshyn, bers of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group. 'sembly; 12:30 p.m... lunch; 2-4 p.m.. secretary.