ESTHETICS TRAINING PROGRAM OUTLINE by liaoqinmei

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									                                                  ESTHETICS TRAINING
                                                   PROGRAM OUTLINE




                                                          April 2010




         This publication may be obtained from the
         Estheticians and Spa Therapists Association (E-SPA)

         Online: www.e-spabc.com




                                                         Developed By
                                                         Sage Transitions




Esthetics Training Program Outline • April 2010      1
                                                              TABLE OF CONTENTS

           Section 1 – Occupational Analysis                                            1

           Occupational Analysis Chart                                                  2

           Section 2 – Program Outline                                                  8

           Suggested Schedule of Time Allotment                                         9

           Program Outline                                                             15

           Core Competencies                                                           16

           Level 1                                                                     66

           Level 2                                                                    119

           Section 3 – Training Provider Standards                                    189

           Recommended Reference Textbooks                                            190

           Websites                                                                   191

           Training Provider Standards for Instructors                                192

           Tools and Equipment                                                        193

           Section 4 - Appendices                                                     202

           Appendix A: Science of esthetics cross-reference list                      203

           Appendix B: Molecule size chart for nail enhancements                      204




Esthetics Training Training Provider Standards • April 2010                       2
                                    FOREWORD

This program outline is for use in the esthetician training program and will be used as a
guide for instructors in the classroom portions of this training.

The esthetician program is delivered in a format which combines in-school-theory,
practical and work-based training, all designed to meet the competency standards and
profile defined by the industry.

Practical demonstration and student participation should always be integrated with
classroom sessions.

Safe working practices, though not always specified in each of the competencies and
learning tasks, are an implied part of the program and should be stressed throughout
the training.

This program outline includes a list of recommended reference resources that are
available to support the learning objectives and the minimum practical requirements
needed to support instruction.

The esthetician program is designed to be modularized to allow students to take any
combination of modules, or the full program and to allow schools to provide any
combination of modules. There is some overlap between certain modules, so
examinations should be provided in a way that tests all necessary skills with minimal
overlap.

Finally, this program requires knowledge about various branches of science for
estheticians. Each module details science components integrated into the learning
outcomes and objectives. Appendix A provides an outline of which specific science
topics are necessary for the relevant modules.
                             ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Program Outline was launched under the direction of Personal Services Industry
Human Resources Committee (PSI-HR) with funding from the The Province of British
Columbia via the Cosmetology Industry Association of British Columbia, and prepared
by Sage Transitions with the assistance of the industry participants listed below.

Industry Participants
Paul Bousaleh – Suki’s
Martin Constable – London School of Hairdressing
Ruth Coogan – Hair Bin
Louise Dannhauer – Spa Time
Susan Belton Erkau
Laura Gobbo – Fruition Day Spa
Allison Hegedus – Vida Wellness
Madeleine Jones – Madeleine’s
Dee Lewis – Deeco
Ida Marie Huska – Root’s
Nanci Spencer – The Nail Scene
Debra Tarvin

Working group
A working group contributed many hours to meetings and on-line review developing a
program model and supporting the completion of the full program outline.
Louise Dannhauer - Spa Time
Laura Gobbo - Fruition Day Spa
Dee Lewis - Deeco
Debbie Nickel - Blanche MacDonald
Nanci Spencer - The Nail Scene
Debra Tarvin


Industry Observers
Cindy Bubb – Private Career Training Institutions Agency of BC (PCTIA)
Kim Savage – Chair
Neil Floyd – Service Canada
Tom Newall – Industry Training Authority (ITA)

Sage Transitions would like to acknowledge the dedication and hard work of the
industry representatives appointed to identify the training requirements of the esthetics
trade.


Facilitators
Heather Stewart – Project Manager, Sage Transitions
Ian MacRae – Technical Writer & Research Consultant, Sage Transitions
Lucy Griffith - Subject Matter Expert & Technical Writer
SAFETY ADVISORY
Please note that it is always the responsibility of any person using these materials to
inform him/herself about the Occupational Health and Safety Regulations pertaining to
his/her work. The references to the WorkSafeBC of British Columbia safety regulations
contained within these materials do not/may not reflect the most recent Occupational
Health and Safety Regulations.

The current Standards and Regulations in BC can be obtained on the following website:
                           http://www.worksafebc.com
                               JOB DESCRIPTION
                                 ESTHETICIAN

Workers in this unit group provide facial and body treatments designed to enhance an
individual's physical appearance. They are employed in beauty spas/salons, electrolysis
studios, scalp treatment and hair replacement clinics and other similar establishments
and in cosmetic departments of retail establishments such as pharmacies and
department stores, or they may be self-employed.

The following is a summary of main duties for some occupations in this unit group:

  •   Estheticians give facial and other body treatments using specialized products
      and techniques.
  •   Cosmeticians advise customers on the use of make-up and other beauty
      products and apply make-up to customers; may specialize in applying makeup to
      models or other individuals for special occasions.
  •   Electrologists remove unwanted hair permanently from client's face or body using
      needle method only, specialized hair removal equipment, producing the art and
      science of electrolysis, thermolysis and blend methods
  •   Nail technicians clean, shape and apply lacquer to fingernails and toenails and
      provide related treatments.
                                                         SECTION 1

                               OCCUPATIONAL ANALYSIS




Esthetics Training Training Provider Standards • April 2010          1
                                                               ESTHETICS
                                                            Technical Training
                                                        Occupational Analysis Chart
                                                           Core Competencies
 Describe safe       Describe safe and   Describe infection    Describe             Describe glass         Describe              Describe diseases
 beauty              hygienic work       control               sanitation,          and metal              bacteriology          and disorders of
 practices           environment                               cleaning and         implements                                   the skin
                                                               disinfection


 A                   A-1                 A-2                   A-3                  A-4                    A-5                   A-6



 Introduction to    Describe ethetics    Describe history      Describe industry    Describe career        Describe              Describe
 esthetics          and its              of skin care and      trends and           and business           professional spa/     professional
                    relationship to      its development       statistics           opportunities for      salon conduct         ethics for
                    healthcare                                                      esthetics              with co-workers       esthetician
                                                                                                           and clients

                                                                                                                                 B-6
 B                  B-1                  B-2                   B-3                  B-4                    B-5



 Describe tools      Describe single-    Describe multi-       Describe basic       Describe               Describe disposal
 and equipment       use tools and       use tools and         electrical theory    knowledge of           of single-use
                     accessories         accessories           and processes        electrical esthetics   equipment
                                                                                    therapy
                                                                                    equipment



 C                   C-1                 C-2                   C-3                  C-4                    C-5




 Describe           Describe             Describe client       Describe effective   Describe problem       Describe ability to   Describe special
 consultation       processes,           service skills        communication        solving processes      establish rapport     needs and
 with client        systems and                                methods with         and tasks              with clients          identifies related
                    procedures to                              coworkers and                                                     precautions and
                    meet client needs                          clients                                                           procedures


 D                  D-1                  D-2                   D-3                  D-4                    D-5                   D-6




 Describe            Describe            Describe              Describe             Describe
 science of          knowledge of        knowledge of the      knowledge of         knowledge of
 esthetics           physiology and      systems of the        chemistry and its    nutrition and its
                     related processes   body                  branches as          importance to
                                                               related to           skin
                                                               cosmetics


 E                   E-1                 E-2                   E-3                  E-4




 Describe           Describe             Describe draping      Describe client’s    Describe
 routine tasks      preparing client     client for services   jewellery and        processes to
                    for services                               piercing(s) are      record and
                                                               removed as           maintain product
                                                               required             inventory


 F                  F-1                  F-2                   F-3                  F-4




Esthetics Training Training Provider Standards • April 2010                                                                                     2
Describe          Describe the         Describe positive   Describe              Describe           Describe
promoting         importance of        promotions          techniques of         customers rights   Consumer
additional        sales                                    prescription retail                      Protection Act
products and
services


G                 G-1                  G-2                 G-3                   G-4                G-5




Describe spa/     Describe             Describe booking    Describe              Describe
salon reception   reception area and   appointments        sensitivity patch     accounting
duties            duties                                   tests                 principles




H                 H-1                  H-2                 H-3                   H-4




Describe spa/     Describe             Describe business   Describe spa/         Describe           Describe
salon business    knowledge of         operations          salon operations      accounting         knowledge of
management        industry history                                               principles         human resource
                                                                                                    management

                                                           I-3
I                 1-1                  I-2                                       I-4                I-5
                                                   CERTIFIED ESTHETICIAN
                                                        Technical Training
                                                  Occupational Analysis Chart
                                               Level 1 Endorsements - Esthetician

B1 - Body
 Improve and     Describe basics of   Describe and         Describe and        Describe and
 maintain skin   skin care for the    demonstrate          demonstrate all     demonstrate basic
 condition on    body                 planning and         stages of a body    body treatment
 the body                             preparation for a    treatment           (including
                                      body treatment                           extraction)


 B1.A            B1.A-1               B1.A-2               B1.A-3              B1.A-4




H1 - Hair removal
 Hair removal    Describe and         Describe and         Describe and        Describe theory     Describe follow-
                 demonstrate          demonstrate          demonstrate         of permanent hair   up treatments
                 waxing               elimination of       alternate hair      removal
                                      ingrown hair(s)      removal processes



 H1.A            H1.A -1              H1.A -2              H1.A -3             H1.A -4             H1.A -5




 Intimate        Describe intimate    Describe client      Demonstrate
 waxing          waxing               consultation,        removal of
 (Optional)                           planning and         unwanted hair
                                      preparation


 H1.B            H1.B-1               H1.B-2               H1.B-3




N1 - Nail care
 Nail care       Describe and         Describe and         Describe nail
                 demonstrate          demonstrate          science
                 assessment of        providing
                 nail, hand and       manicure to client
                 foot health


 N1.A            N1.A-1               N1.A -2              N1.A-3




M1 - Make-up
 Makeup and      Describe colour      Describe and         Describe and        Demonstrate         Describe and       Describe follow-
 enhancement     theory               demonstrate basic    demonstrate         product             demonstrate        up treatments
 options                              makeup               specialty makeup    knowledge           enhancing
                                      application          application                             eyelashes


 M1.A            MI.A-1               MI.A-2               MI.A-3              MI.A-4              MI.A-5             MI.A-6
S1 - Skin
 Massage -         Describe contra-      Describe and
 facial            indications and       demonstrate basic
                   safety for all skin   massage
                   types                 movements and
                                         techniques



 S1.A              S1.A-1                S1.A-2




 Improve and       Describe basics of    Describe skin       Describe and        Describe and       Describe and
 maintain facial   skin                  types and skin      demonstrate         demonstrate all    demonstrate skin
 condition                               conditions          planning and        stages of a skin   treatment
                                                             preparation for a   treatment          (including
                                                             skin treatment                         extractions)


 S1.B              S1.B-1                S1.B-2              S1.B-3              S1.B-4             S1.B-5
                                                    CERTIFIED ESTHETICIAN
                                                       Technical Training
                                                   Occupational Analysis Chart
                                          Level 2 Endorsements - Advanced Esthetician

B2 - Body
 Aromatherapy        Describe essential   Describe effects     Describe and         Describe               Describe and
                     oils                 of aromatherapy      demonstrate          regulations related    demonstrate
                                                               methods of           to aromatherapy        product
                                                               application                                 knowledge


 B1.A                B1.A-1               B1.A-2               B1.A-3               B1.A-4                 B1.A-5




 Head and body      Describe types of     Describe the        Describe and         Describe client        Describe
 massage            massage               effects of manual   demonstrate          consultation,          mechanical
 treatment                                massage             massage              planning and           massage
                                                              movements and        preparation            treatments
                                                              application


 B1.B               B1.B-1                B1.B-2              B1.B-3               B1.B-4                 B1.B-5




 Provide self       Describe self-        Describe client     Describe and         Describe and           Describe home
 tanning            tanning               consultation,       demonstrate          demonstrate            care advice for
 treatments         treatments            planning and        application of       application of         client
 (Optional)                               preparation         self-tan products:   self-tan products
                                                              manually             with air brush


 B1.C               B1.C-1                B1.C-2              B1.C-3               B1.C-4                 B1.C-5




N2 - Nails

 Nail               Describe              Describe and        Describe and         Describe and           Describe and       Describe and
 enhancement        advanced nail         demonstrate         demonstrate gel      demonstrate            demonstrate nail   demonstrate
 systems            science               acrylic nail        nail                 wrap/resin nail        art (acrylic and   application of
                                          enhancements        enhancements         enhancements           gel)               nail
                                                                                                                             enhancements to
                                                                                                                             the toes


 N2.A               N2.A-1                N2.A-2              N2.A-3               N2.A-4                 N2.A-5             N2.A-6



S2 - Skin
 Microdermabra      Describe and          Describe and
 ision              demonstrate           demonstrate
                    outcome of            microdermabraiso
                    microdermabraisi      n
                    on

 S2.A               S2.A-1
                                          S2.A-2




Esthetics Training Training Provider Standards • April 2010                                                                               6
 IMPROVE        Describe             Describe faradic   Describe and        Describe and        Describe audio      Describe vacuum
 FACE AND       improving face       electro-therapy    demonstrate         demonstrate high-   sonic electro-      suction electro-
 SKIN           and skin             treatments         galvanic electro-   frequency           therapy             therapy
 CONDITION      condition using                         therapy             electro-therapy     treatments
 USING          electro-therapy                         treatments          treatments
 ELECTRO-
 THERAPY


 S2.B           S2.B-1               S2.B-2             S2.B-3              S2.B-4              S2.B-5              S2.B-6




                Describe micro-
                current electro-
                therapy



                S2.B -7




E2 - Electrolysis

 Electrolysis   Introduction to      Describe causes    Describe and         Describe skin       Describe anatomy    Describe
                electrology          of hair problems   demonstrate          dermatology and     and physiology      structure of hair
                                                        hygiene,             history
                                                        bacteriology and
                                                        sterilization


 E2.A           E2.A-1               E2.A -2            E2.A -3              E2.A -4             E2.A -5             E2.A -6




                Describe and         Describe           Describe general     Describe
                demonstrate          principles of      treatment            developing a
                practical analysis   electricity and    procedures           practice
                of skin and hair     equipment


                E2.A -7              E2.A -8            E2.A -9              E2.A -10
                               SECTION 2

                            PROGRAM OUTLINE




Esthetics Program Outline                     8
                            SUGGESTED SCHEDULE OF TIME ALLOTMENT
                                              CORE COMPETENCIES
                                                                          Theory   Practical       Page
       Line A     Demonstrate safe beauty practices                       100%     0%
       A-1        Describe safe and hygienic working environment                                  17
       A-2        Describe infection control                                                      18
       A-3        Describe sanitation and disinfection                                            19
       A-4        Describe glass and metal implements                                             20
       A-5        Describe bacteriology                                                           21
       A-6        Describe diseases and disorders of the skin                                     22
       A-7        Describe health, safety, basic first aid and WHMIS                              23

       Line B     Introduction to esthetics                               100%     0%
       B-1        Describe esthetics and its relationship to healthcare                           24
       B-2        Describe history of skin care and its’ development                              25
       B-3        Describe industry trends and statistics                                         26
                  Describe business and career opportunities for
       B-4                                                                                        27
                  estheticians
                  Describe professional spa/salon conduct with co-
       B-5                                                                                        28
                  workers and clients
       B-6        Describe professional ethics for estheticians                                   29


       Line C     Maintain tools and equipment                            100%     0%
       C-1        Describe single-use tools and accessories                                       30
       C-2        Describe multi-use tools and accessories                                        31
       C-3        Describe basic electrical theory and processes                                  32
       C-4        Describe knowledge of electrical equipment                                      33
       C-5        Describe disposal of single-use equipment                                       34

       Line D Describe consultation with client                       100%         0%
              Describe processes, systems and procedures to meet
       D-1                                                                                        35
              client needs
       D-2    Describe client service skills                                                      36
              Describe effective communication methods with co-
       D-3                                                                                        37
              workers and clients
       D-4    Describe problem-solving processes and tasks                                        38
       D-5    Describe ability to establish rapport with clients                                  39
              Describe special needs and identify related precautions
       D-6                                                                                        40
              and procedures

       Line E Describe science of esthetics                               100%     0%




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                      9
                                                                           Theory   Practical        Page
                  Describe knowledge of physiology and related
       E-1                                                                                          41
                  processes
       E-2        Describe knowledge of the systems of the body                                     43
                  Describe knowledge of chemistry and its’ branches as
       E-3                                                                                          46
                  related to cosmetics
                  Describe knowledge of nutrition and its’ importance to
       E-4                                                                                          47
                  skin

       Line F Perform routine tasks                                        100%     0%
       F-1    Describe preparing client for services                                                48
       F-2    Describe draping client for services                                                  49
              Describe client’s jewelry and piercing(s) are removed
       F-3                                                                                          50
              as required
              Describe processes to record and maintain product
       F-4                                                                                          51
              inventory

       Line G Promote additional products and services                     100%     0%
       G-1    Describe importance of sales                                                          52
       G-2    Describe position promotions                                                          53
       G-3    Describe techniques of prescription retail                                            54
       G-4    Describe customers’ rights                                                            55
       G-5    Describe Consumer Protection Act                                                      56

       Line H     Fulfill spa/salon reception duties                       100%     0%
       H-1        Describe reception area and duties                                                57
       H-2        Describe booking appointments                                                     58
       H-3        Describe sensitivity patch tests                                                  59
       H-4        Describe accounting principles                                                    60


       Line I     Spa/salon business management                            100%     0%
       I-1        Describe industry history                                                         61
       I-2        Describe business operations                                                      62
       I-3        Describe spa/salon operations                                                     63
       I-4        Describe accounting principles                                                    64
       I-5        Describe human resource management                                                65


                              Total Percentage for Core Competencies 100%                 0%




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                       10
                              SUGGESTED SCHEDULE OF TIME ALLOTMENT
                                           LEVEL 1 ENDORSEMENTS
                                                                           Theory   Practical        Page
              B1 - BODY
       Line
              Improve and maintain skin condition on the body 40%                   60%
       B1.A
       B1.A-1 Describe basics of skin care for the body                                             68
              Describe and demonstrate planning and preparation for
       B1.A-2                                                                                      70
              a body treatment
              Describe and demonstrate all stages of a body
       B1.A-3                                                                                      72
              treatment
              Describe and demonstrate basic body treatment
       B1.A-4                                                                                      74
              (including extraction)

                  H1 - HAIR REMOVAL
       Line
              Hair Removal                                                 20%      80%
       H1.A
       H1.A-1 Describe and demonstrate waxing                                                      77
              Describe and demonstrate elimination of ingrown hair
       H1.A-2                                                                                      80
              (s)
              Describe and demonstrate alternate hair removal
       H1.A-3                                                                                      81
              processes
       H1.A-4 Describe theory of permanent hair removal                                             82
       H1.A-5 Describe follow-up treatments                                                         83

       Line
                  Intimate waxing (Optional)                               20%      80%
       H1.B
       H1.B-1     Describe intimate waxing                                                          84
       H1.B-1     Describe client consultation, planning and preparation                            85
       H1.B-1     Demonstrate removal of unwanted hair                                             86

                  N1 - Nails
       Line
                  Nail care                                                35%      65%
       N1.A
              Describe and demonstrate assessment of hand, foot
       N1.A-1                                                                                      88
              and nail health
       N1.A-2 Describe and demonstrate providing manicure to client                                90
       N1.A-3 Describe and demonstrate providing pedicure to client                                92
       N1.A-4 Describe nail science                                                                 94


                  M1 - Make-up
       Line
              Make-up and enhancement options                               15%        85%
       M1.A
       M1.A-1 Describe colour theory                                                                97



Esthetics Program Outline                                                                       11
                                                                          Theory   Practical        Page

       M1.A-2 Describe and demonstrate basic makeup application                                   98
              Describe and demonstrate specialty makeup
       M1.A-3                                                                                     100
              application
       M1.A-4 Describe and demonstrate product knowledge                                          101
       M1.A-5 Describe and demonstrate enhancing eyelashes                                        102
       M1.A-6 Describe follow-up treatments                                                        104


                  Skin
       Line
              Massage - Facial                                             20%        80%
       S1.A
       S1.A-1 Describe contra-indications and safety for all skin types                            106
              Describe and demonstrate basic massage movements
       S1.A-1                                                                                     107
              and techniques

       Line
                  Improve and maintain facial condition                    45%        55%
       S1.B
       S1.B-1 Describe basics of skin                                                              109
       S1.B-2 Describe skin types and skin conditions                                              111
       S1.B-3 Describe and demonstrate planning and preparation for
                                                                                                  113
              a skin treatment
       S1.B-4 Describe and demonstrate all stages of skin treatment                               115
       S1.B-5 Describe and demonstrate skin treatment (including
                                                                                                  117
              extraction)




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                      12
                                 SUGGESTED SCHEDULE OF TIME ALLOTMENT
                                                LEVEL 2 ENDORSEMENTS
                                                                              Theory   Practical   Page
                            B2 - BODY
             Line           Aromatherapy
                                                                               70%        30%
             B2.A
             B2.A-1         Describe essential oils                                               121
             B2.A-2         Describe effects of aromatherapy                                      123
             B2.A-3         Describe and demonstrate methods of application                      124
             B2.A-4         Describe regulations related to aromatherapy                          125
             B2.A-5         Describe and demonstrate product knowledge                           126


             Line           Head and body massage treatment
                                                                               20%        80%
             B2.B
             B2.B-1 Describe types of massage                                                     127
             B2.B-2 Describe the effects of manual massage                                        128
                    Describe and demonstrate massage movements and
             B2.B-3                                                                              129
                    application
             B2.B-4 Describe client consultation, planning and preparation                        131
             B2.B-5 Describe mechanical massage treatment                                         132


             Line   Provide self-tanning treatments (Optional)
                                                                               30%        70%
             B2.C
             B2.C-1 Describe self-tanning treatments                                              133
             B2.C-2 Describe consultation, planning and preparation                               134
                    Describe and demonstrate application of self-tan
             B2.C-3                                                                              135
                    products manually
                    Describe and demonstrate application of self-tan
             B2.C-4                                                                              136
                    products with air brush
             B2.C-5 Describe home care advice for client                                          137


                            N2 - Nails
             Line           Nail enhancement systems
                                                                               35%        65%
             N2.B

             N2.B-1 Describe and demonstrate advanced nail science                               139

             N2.B-2 Describe and demonstrate acrylic nail enhancements                           141
             N2.B-3 Describe and demonstrate gel nail enhancements                               145
                    Describe and demonstrate wrap/resin nail
             N2.B-4                                                                              149
                    enhancements



Esthetics Program Outline                                                                    13
                                                                                 Theory   Practical   Page

             N2.B-5 Describe and demonstrate nail art (acrylic and gel)                             152
                    Describe and demonstrate application of nail
             N2.B-6                                                                                 154
                    enhancements to the toes



                            S2 - Skin
             Line
                            Microdermabrasion                                    25%      75%
             S2.A
                    Describe and demonstrate outcome of
             S2.A-1                                                                                 156
                    microdermabrasion
             S2.A-2 Demonstrate microdermabrasion                                                   157

             Line           Improve face and skin condition using electro-
                                                                                 25%      75%
             S2.A           therapy
                            Describe improving face and skin condition using
             S2.B-1                                                                                  158
                            electro-therapy
             S2.B-2         Describe faradic electro-therapy treatments                              159
                            Describe and demonstrate galvanic electro-therapy
             S2.B-3                                                                                 160
                            treatments
                            Describe and demonstrate high-frequency electro-
             S2.B-4                                                                                 161
                            therapy treatment
             S2.B-5         Describe audio sonic electro-therapy treatments                          162
             S2.B-6         Describe vacuum suction electro-therapy treatments                       163
             S2.B-7         Describe micro-current electro-therapy treatments                        163


                            E2 - Electrolysis
             Line
                    Electrolysis                                                 28%      72%
             E2.A
             E2.A-1 Introduction to electrology                                                      166
             E2.A-2 Describe causes of hair problems                                                 168
                    Describe and demonstrate hygiene, bacteriology and
             E2.A-3                                                                                 170
                    sanitation
             E2.A-4 Describe skin dermatology and history                                            172
             E2.A-5 Describe anatomy and physiology                                                  174
             E2.A-6 Describe structure of hair                                                       177
                    Describe and demonstrate practical analysis of skin
             E2.A-7                                                                                  178
                    and hair
             E2.A-8 Describe principles of electricity and equipment                                 180
             E2.A-9 Describe general treatment procedures                                           184
             E2.A-10Describe developing a practice                                                  186




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                       14
                            PROGRAM OUTLINE




Esthetics Program Outline                     15
                            CORE COMPETENCIES




Esthetics Program Outline                       16
       LINE A:              DESCRIBE SAFE BEAUTY PRACTICES


       Competency:          A-1
                            Describe safe and hygienic work environment

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe personal and public hygiene


       LEARNING TASK                               CONTENT

       1.     Describe personal and public     •     Occupational Health and Safety
              hygiene                                (OH&S)
                                               •     Regulations and directions such as
                                                     Workplace Hazardous Materials
                                                     Information Systems (WHMIS)
                                                     symbols
                                               •     Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
                                                     information and manufacturers’
                                                     warnings




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 17
       LINE A:               DESCRIBE SAFE BEAUTY PRACTICES


       Competency:           A-2
                             Describe infection control

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe proper infection control procedures related to the spa/salon environment


       LEARNING TASK                                CONTENT

       1.     Describe infection control        •    Methods of infection control such as
              procedures related to the spa/         washing hands and cleaning work
              salon environment                      station
                                                •    Cleaning products and their
                                                     applications
                                                •    Types of personal protective
                                                     equipment such as gloves and masks
                                                •    Clean work areas
                                                •    Communicable diseases




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   18
       LINE A:               DESCRIBE SAFE BEAUTY PRACTICES


       Competency:           A-3
                             Describe sanitation, cleaning and disinfection

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe procedures and materials required for sanitation
       2.     Describe the importance of sanitation
       3.     Describe materials and procedures for disinfection
       4.     Describe the importance proper disinfection and its relationship with health safety


       LEARNING TASK                                  CONTENT
       1.     Describe the importance of          •    Reasons for sanitation
              sanitation                          •    Consequences of improper sanitation
                                                       processes

       2.     Describe procedures and             •    Sanitize equipment
              materials required for sanitation   •    Maintain equipment
                                                  •    Use and apply cleaning products

       3.     Describe materials and              •    Disinfection procedures such as
              procedures for disinfection              immersing tools in disinfectant solution
              maintaining disinfecting                 and applying spray disinfectant
              equipment                           •    Disinfect tools and equipment according
                                                       to manufacturers directions
                                                  •    Select method of disinfecting according
                                                       to applicable regulations, type of
                                                       contamination and type of tools and
                                                       equipment
                                                  •    Replace disinfection solution regularly to
                                                       maintain disinfection strength
                                                  •    Store disinfection solutions according to
                                                       local health and safety regulations




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                    19
       LINE A:              DESCRIBE SAFE BEAUTY PRACTICES


       Competency:          A-4
                            Describe glass and metal implements

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe glass and metal instruments


       LEARNING TASKS                              CONTENT
       1.     Describe the sterilization       •     Sterilization and disinfection
              process for glass and metal            techniques for both glass and metals.
              instruments                      •     Machines and products used
                                               •     Workplace policies
                                               •     Health and safety when using
                                                     sterilization machines




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                    20
       LINE A:               DESCRIBE SAFE BEAUTY PRACTICES


       Competency:           A-5
                             Describe bacteriology

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe bacteriology that applies to the spa/salon environment

       LEARNING TASKS                                CONTENT
       1.     Describe bacteriology that         • Bacteriology
              applies to the spa/salon
                                                 • Cell classification and reproduction
              environment bacteriology



       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 21
       LINE A:               DESCRIBE SAFE BEAUTY PRACTICES


       Competency:           A-6
                             Describe diseases and disorders of the skin

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe diseases and disorders of the skin that apply to the spa/salon environment

       LEARNING TASK                                 CONTENT

       1.     Describe diseases and              Diseases and disorders of the skin, which
              disorders of the skin that apply   include:
              to the spa/salon environment       •    Bacterial infections
                                                 •    Viral infections
                                                 •    Infestations
                                                 •    Fungal diseases
                                                 •    Sebaceous gland disorders
                                                 •    Pigmentation disorders
                                                 •    Skin disorders involving abnormal
                                                      growth
                                                 •    Tumors
                                                 •    Skin allergies




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 22
       LINE A:               DESCRIBE SAFE BEAUTY PRACTICES


       Competency:           A-7
                             Describe health, safety, basic first aid and WHMIS

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe health, safety and basic first aid

       LEARNING TASKS                                 CONTENT
       1.     Describe safety measures to         • Emergency services
              follow in case of an emergency
                                                  • WHMIS
                                                  • Contacting family member

       2.     Describe safety measures to         • Burns
              follow in case of an emergency
                                                  • Electric shock
                                                  • Heat exhaustion
                                                  • Nose bleed
                                                  • Fainting
                                                  • Epileptic fit
                                                  • Heart attack




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                         23
       LINE B:               INTRODUCTION TO ESTHETICS


       Competency:           B-1
                             Describe esthetics and its’ relationship to healthcare

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe esthetics and its’ relationship to healthcare

       LEARNING TASKS                                 CONTENT
       1.     Describe esthetics and its’         • History of the development of
              relationship with healthcare          esthetics
                                                  • Contributions of 20th and 21st
                                                    century pioneers




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                             24
       LINE B:               INTRODUCTION TO ESTHETICS


       Competency:           B-2
                             Describe history of skin care and development

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe history of skin care and its’ development

       LEARNING TASKS                                CONTENT
       1.     Describe modern history of skin    • Skin care development
              care and its’ development
                                                 • Modes of skin care

       2.     Describe health and safety         • Relationship to sanitation, hygiene
              considerations                       and disinfection

       3.     Describe historical esthetics      • Various products and materials that
              practices                            have been used in esthetics
                                                 • Ancient esthetics practices
                                                 • Ingredients ancient cultures used to
                                                   prepare facial masks

       4.     Describe the present day trend     • Current esthetics practices
              in cosmetics and skin care
                                                 • Effects of the media on trends that
              practices                            relate to esthetics




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 25
       LINE B:               INTRODUCTION TO ESTHETICS


       Competency:           B-3
                             Describe industry trends and statistics

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe industry trends and statistics

       LEARNING TASKS                                   CONTENT
       1.     Describe industry trends and        • Wages
              statistics
                                                  • Salaries
                                                  • Benefits
                                                  • Working conditions
                                                  • Size of industry
                                                  • Demographics
                                                  • Industry trends




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                26
       LINE B:               INTRODUCTION TO ESTHETICS


       Competency:           B-4
                             Describe career opportunities for estheticians

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe career opportunities for estheticians

       LEARNING TASKS                                CONTENT
       1.     Describe career and business       • Range of career and business
              opportunities for estheticians       opportunities
                                                 • Build toward the development of a
                                                   career development plan
                                                 • Opportunities for an esthetician to
                                                   open his/her own business
                                                 • Career opportunities in the world of
                                                   education




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 27
       LINE B:               INTRODUCTION TO ESTHETICS


       Competency:           B-5
                             Describe professional spa/salon conduct with co-workers and clients

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe professional spa/salon conduct with co-workers and clients

       LEARNING TASKS                               CONTENT
       1.     Describe professional spa/salon   • Working well with others
              conduct with co-workers and
                                                • Spa/salon conduct
              clients
                                                • Workplace policies
                                                • Ethics
                                                • Diet, exercise and sleep
                                                • Hygiene in the workplace

       2.     Describe visual pride as it       • Posture
              relates to professional conduct
                                                • Appropriate shoes
                                                • Dress code
                                                • Personal grooming
                                                • Personal hygiene




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                           28
       LINE B:               INTRODUCTION TO ESTHETICS


       Competency:           B-6
                             Describe professional ethics for estheticians

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe professional ethics for estheticians

       LEARNING TASKS                                CONTENT
       1.     Describe professional ethics for    • Points of good ethics
              estheticians
                                                  • What constitutes poor ethics
                                                  • Spa/salon rules and regulations
                                                  • Laws governing professional practice
                                                    and estheticians
                                                  • Services rendered on the basis of
                                                    quality and price

       2.     Describe common courtesies          • Friendly smile and facial expressions
              as related to co-workers and
                                                  • Greeting the client immediately
              clients
                                                  • Fully inform client
                                                  • Punctuality




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   29
       LINE C:               DESCRIBE TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT


       Competency:           C-1
                             Describe single-use tools and accessories

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe single-use tools and accessories

       LEARNING TASKS                              CONTENT

       1.     Describe what qualifies as a     •    Types of tools for services
              single-use tool

       2.     Describe selection activities    •    Tools that are available for all
              which identify various single         esthetics services
              use tools and accessories        •    Equipment and materials
                                               •    Equipment list for all services




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                              30
       LINE C:               DESCRIBE TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT


       Competency:           C-2
                             Describe multi-use tools and accessories

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe multi-use tools and accessories

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT

       1.     Describe multi-use tools used     •   Types of tools for additional services
              for esthetics services            •   Imperial and metric measurements

       2.     Describe the maintenance of       •   Health and safety
              multi-use tools for esthetics     •   Sanitizing equipment
              services
                                                •   Disinfecting equipment
                                                •   Communicable diseases
                                                •   Storage techniques
                                                •   Disposal requirements




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                    31
       LINE C:              DESCRIBE TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT


       Competency:          C-3
                            Describe basic electrical theory and processes

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe basic electrical theory and processes

       LEARNING TASKS                                CONTENT
       1.     Describe and show evaluation       •   Matter
              of electrical theory and           •   Electric Current
              processes
                                                 •   Electrical insulators and conductors
                                                 •   Electrical measurements
                                                 •   Electrical machines used in esthetics:
                                                     An overview




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   32
       LINE C:                 DESCRIBE TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT


       Competency:             C-4
                               Describe knowledge of electrical skin and esthetics equipment

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe knowledge of use and maintenance of esthetics equipment

       LEARNING TASKS                                CONTENT
       1.     Describe use and maintenance           •   Types of tools
              of electrical tools for all types of
                                                     • Spray electric tools and equipment
              services                                 with disinfecting spray according to
                                                       manufacturers directions.
                                                     •   Recognize when tools need to be
                                                         replaced or repaired
                                                     •   Organize and store electrical tools


       2.     Describe safe practices for use        •   Health and safety
              and maintenance of electrical          •   Sanitizing equipment
              tools
                                                     •   Disinfecting equipment
                                                     •   Communicable diseases
                                                     •   Storage techniques
                                                     •   Disposal requirements




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                      33
       LINE C:               DESCRIBE TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT


       Competency:           C-5
                             Describe disposal of single-use equipment

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe professional ethics for estheticians

       LEARNING TASKS                                 CONTENT
       1.     Describe the importance of          •   Health and safety
              correct recycling/disposal of       •   Communicable diseases
              such tools and accessories
                                                  •   Sanitize equipment
                                                  •   Disposal requirements
                                                  •   Recycle procedures
                                                  •   Storage techniques




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                     34
       LINE D:              DESCRIBE WITH CLIENT


       Competency:          D-1
                            Describe and discuss processes, systems and procedures to meet
                                  client needs

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe important elements needed to prepare for and meet customer needs.

       LEARNING TASKS                          CONTENT
       1.     Describe aspects necessary to    • Types of spa/salon documents such
              prepare for client needs           as client records, appointment book
                                                 and receipts
                                               •   Spa/salon policy and procedures
                                                   manual
                                               •   Time required for each service
                                               •   Price of each service

       2.     Describe aspects necessary to    •   Communications and interpersonal
              meet client needs                    skills
                                               •   Identify client allergies or sensitivities
                                               •   Consult with client
                                               •   Determine customer needs




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                       35
       LINE D:                DESCRIBE WITH CLIENT


       Competency:            D-2
                              Describe client service skills

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe aspects of effective client service skills

       LEARNING TASKS                              CONTENT
       1.     Describe effective people skills     • Effective interpersonal interaction
                                                   •   Procedures in greeting the client
                                                   •   Awareness of personal affect
                                                   •   Ability to establish rapport

       2.     Describe a professional image        • Professional etiquette
              to establish client rapport

       3.     Describe spa/salon policies to       •   Spa/salon policies and procedures
              address concerns

       4.     Describe concerns and answer         • Effective interpersonal interaction
              questions

       5.     Describe information by              • Critical thinking skills
              questioning client to determine
                                                   • Reflective listening and paraphrasing
              possible solutions or answers
              and follow up to ensure client       • Use of open-ended questions
              satisfaction                         •   Recommending services and
                                                       products to meet client needs
                                                   •   Sales ability




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                    36
       LINE D:               DESCRIBE CONSULTATION WITH CLIENT


       Competency:           D-3
                             Describe effective communication methods with co-workers and
                                   clients

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe effective communication methods with co-workers and clients

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe professional             •   Interpersonal communication
              conversation and topics to
                                                •   Appropriate conversation topics
              avoid

       2.     Describe and all elements of      •   Personality patterns and types
              verbal and non-verbal
                                                •   Various aspects of communication
              communication

       3.     Describe factors that influence   •   Listening skills
              good human relations in the
                                                •   Professional etiquette
              workplace
                                                •   Spa/salon policies and procedures




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                               37
       LINE D:              DESCRIBE CONSULTATION WITH CLIENT


       Competency:          D-4
                            Describe problem-solving processes and tasks

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe problem-solving processes and tasks

       LEARNING TASKS                          CONTENT
       1.     Describe problem-solving         •   Problem solving
              processes and tasks for
                                               •   Conflict resolution
              success in the industry
                                               •   Handling client complaints




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                       38
       LINE D:               DESCRIBE CONSULTATION WITH CLIENT


       Competency:           D-5
                             Describe professional behaviour

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe professional behaviour

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe aspects of               • Professional behaviour
              professional behaviour

       2.     Professional hygiene, health      • Professional appearance
              and appearance
                                                • General rules for employees,
                                                  including jewelry, nails, shoes etc)
                                                • hygiene in the workplace




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                39
       LINE D:               DESCRIBE CONSULTATION WITH CLIENT


       Competency:           D-6
                             Describe special needs and identifies related precautions and
                                   procedures

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe special needs and identifies related precautions and procedures

       LEARNING TASKS                                CONTENT
       1.     Describe special needs, identify   •   Identify and describe special needs
              precautions and procedures             you may come across within the spa/
                                                     spa/salon environment
                                                 •   Contra-indications to treatments
                                                 •   Contra-actions to treatments
                                                 •   Consult with client and plan
                                                     treatments




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  40
       LINE E:               DESCRIBE SCIENCE OF ESTHETICS


       Competency:           E-1
                             Describe knowledge of physiology and related processes

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe knowledge of physiology and related processes as it relates to esthetics

       LEARNING TASKS                                CONTENT
       1.     Describe knowledge of              •   Overview of cells and tissues
              physiology: Cells and tissues      •   Types of tissue and general function
                                                 •   Fuctions of the skin
                                                 •   The epidermis: Structure and fuction
                                                 •   The dermis: Structure and function
                                                 •   Skin types
                                                 •   Skin conditions

       2.     Describe knowledge of              •   The nerve network
              physiology: Neurology              •   Neuron structure
                                                 •   Chemical transmitters

       3.     Describe knowledge of              •   The structure and function of hair and
              physiology: The hair                   its surrounding tissue
                                                 •   Types of hair
                                                 •   Hair growth
                                                 •   Factors affecting growth rate and
                                                     quantity of hair

       4.     Describe knowledge of              •   The structure and function of the nail
              physiology: The nails              •   Nail growth

       5.     Describe knowledge of              •   The forebrain
              physiology: The brain              •   The mid-brain
                                                 •   The Hind-brain
                                                 •   The meninges
                                                 •   Cerebral spinal fluid




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                     41
       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                         42
       LINE E:               DESCRIBE SCIENCE OF ESTHETICS


       Competency:           E-2
                             Describe knowledge of the systems of the body

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe knowledge of the systems of the body as it relates to esthetics

       LEARNING TASKS                                CONTENT
       1.     Describe the skeletal system       •   Structure and function of the skeletal
                                                     system
                                                 •   Bones and joints
                                                 •   Bones of the skull
                                                 •   Bones of the hand and forearm
                                                 •   Bones of the foot and lower leg

       2.     Describe the muscular system       •   Overview of the muscular system
                                                 •   Muscle tissue
                                                 •   Muscle tone
                                                 •   Properties of muscle tissue
                                                 •   Disorders of the muscular system
                                                 •   Muscles of the head and neck
                                                 •   Muscles of the abdomen
                                                 •   Muscles of the upper arm and chest
                                                 •   Muscles of the hand and forearm
                                                 •   Muscles of the back and forearm
                                                 •   Muscles used for breathing
                                                 •   Muscles of the legs and buttocks
                                                 •   Muscles of the foot




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                     43
       3.     Describe the nervous system       •   Overview of the nervous system and
                                                    its two main divisions.
                                                •   Functions and structure of the central
                                                    nervous system (CNS)
                                                •   Functions and structure of the
                                                    autonomic nervous system
                                                •   How nerves receive their nutrition

       4.     Describe the vascular system      •   Heart, blood vessels and pulmonary
                                                    circulation
                                                •   Arteries, veins and capillaries
                                                •   Fluids of the body
                                                •   The circulation system

       5.     Describe the endocrine system     •   Overview of the endocrine system
                                                •   Endocrine glands and their functions
                                                •   The effect of hormones on hair, skin
                                                    and body shape
                                                •   Lymphatic system

       6.     Describe the lymphatic system     •   Overview of the lymphatic system
                                                •   Lymph vessels
                                                •   Lymph nodes

       7.     Describe the respiratory system   •   Overview of the respiratory system
                                                •   Organs of the respiratory system
                                                •   Breathing: Inhalation and exhalation
                                                •   Connection to vascular system

       8.     Describe the digestive system     •   Overview of the digestive system
                                                •   Mouth, pharynx and oesophagus
                                                •   Stomach
                                                •   Small intestines
                                                •   Large intestines
                                                •   Elimination
                                                •   The liver
                                                •   The gallbladder
                                                •   Pancreas




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                    44
       9.     Describe the excretory system   •   Overview of the excretory system
                                              •   The kidneys
                                              •   The ureters
                                              •   The bladder
                                              •   The urethra

       10. Describe the olfactory system      •   Structure and function of the olfactory
                                                  system.
                                              •   Structure and function of the limbic
                                                  system

       11. Describe the reproductive          •   Male reproductive system
           system                             •   Female reproductive system,
                                                  menstruation, the menopause and
                                                  female reproductive disorders




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                45
       LINE E:               DESCRIBE SCIENCE OF ESTHETICS


       Competency:           E-3
                             Describe knowledge of chemistry and its’ branches as it relates to
                                   cosmetics

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe knowledge of chemistry as it relates to esthetics

       LEARNING TASKS                                CONTENT
       1.     Describe basics of chemistry as    •   Organic and inorganic chemistry
              it relates to esthetics            •   Elements, compounds, atoms, ions
                                                     and molecules
                                                 •   Electrical conductors and insulators
                                                 •   Physical and chemical properties
                                                 •   Different kinds of mixtures

       2.     Describe chemistry as it relates   •   pH scale, pH levels of the skin and
              to esthetics                           hair
                                                 •   Types of emulsion used in cosmetic
                                                     preparations
                                                 •   Basic ingredients commonly used in
                                                     cosmetics

       3.     Legality related to chemistry      •   Laws governing the manufacture of
                                                     cosmetics
                                                 •   Describe the functions and purpose of
                                                     the FDA




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   46
       LINE E:               DESCRIBE SCIENCE OF ESTHETICS


       Competency:           E-4
                             Describe knowledge of nutrition and its’ importance to skin

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe knowledge of nutrition and its’ importance to skin

       LEARNING TASKS                                 CONTENT
       1.     Describe elements of the            •   Exercises, details and elements of the
              Canada Food Guide                       Canada Food Guide

       2.     Describe principle groups of        •   Carbohydrates
              nutrients and how they affect       •   Fats
              the skin and body
                                                  •   Proteins
                                                  •   Vitamins
                                                  •   Water
                                                  •   Fibre

       3.     Describe internal and external      •   Caffeine
              nutritional threats to the skin     •   Drugs
              and body
                                                  •   Smoking
                                                  •   Medications
                                                  •   Stress
                                                  •   Ultra-violet light
                                                  •   Climate, environmental stress &
                                                      pollution




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  47
       LINE F:              DESCRIBE ROUTINE TASKS


       Competency:          F-1
                            Describe preparing client for services

       Learning Objectives:

       1.

       LEARNING TASKS                              CONTENT
       1.     Assessing the client and         •   Appointment making
              preparing treatment plans        •   Arrival, professional consultation
                                               •   Assessment techniques including
                                                   questioning.
                                               •   Contra-indications
                                               •   Equipment and materials
                                               •   Preparing the client

       2.     Observation and diagnostic       •   Skin analysis
              assessment                       •   Body analysis
                                               •   Client and therapist posture




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                               48
       LINE F:               DESCRIBE ROUTINE TASKS


       Competency:           F-2
                             Describe draping client for services

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe draping client for services, and use and maintenance of capes

       LEARNING TASKS                         CONTENT
       1.     Describe draping techniques     •   Inspect sheets, towels, smocks and
              for all types of services           uniform for stains and wear and
                                                  replace as required
                                              •   Types of client draping; Body
                                                  treatments, wraps, facial
                                                  treatments, waxing, make up

       2.     Describe safe practices for     •   Health and safety
              draping techniques              •   Sanitizing equipment
                                              •   Disinfecting equipment
                                              •   Communicable diseases
                                              •   Storage techniques
                                              •   Disposal requirements




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                              49
       LINE F:               DESCRIBE ROUTINE TASKS


       Competency:           F-3
                             Describe client’s jewelry and piercings are removed as required

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe client’s jewelry and piercings are removed as required

       LEARNING TASKS                                CONTENT
       1.     Describe clients jewelry and       •   Consult and plan for treatment
              piercings are removed when         •   Health and safety of client when
              required                               undergoing services and electrical
                                                     treatments




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 50
       LINE F:              DESCRIBE ROUTINE TASKS


       Competency:          F-4
                            Describe processes to record and maintain product inventory

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe processes to record and maintain product inventory

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe principles of            • Physical and electronic management
              maintaining products and
                                                • Order and maintain products
              inventory
                                                • Manage and display products
                                                • Manage and maintain display
                                                  equipment such as shelves and racks
                                                • Operate pricing equipment
                                                • Interact with product suppliers
                                                • Stock rotation
                                                • Storing stick




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                              51
       LINE G:              DESCRIBE ADDITIONAL PRODUCTS AND SERVICES


       Competency:          G-1
                            Describe the importance of sales

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe the importance of sales

       LEARNING TASKS                                CONTENT
       1.     Describe the importance of         •   Overview of retail sales and how they
              sales                                  effect the business
                                                 •   Increase profitability
                                                 •   Time effective to the business




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                52
       LINE G:               DESCRIBE ADDITIONAL PRODUCTS AND SERVICES


       Competency:           G-2
                             Describe positive promotions

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe positive promotions

       LEARNING TASKS                                CONTENT
       1.     Describe positive promotions.      •   Identify different products and
                                                     services which are available
                                                 •   Promoting products and services
                                                 •   Clients needs
                                                 •   Preparation and evaluation or events
                                                     and promotions

       2.     Communication                      •   Verbal and non-verbal communication
                                                 •   Correct information
                                                 •   Questioning & listening skills

       3.     Promotions                         •   Reasons for promotions
                                                 •   Preparation and evaluation

       4.     Describe advertising and public    •   Advertising with website, emails or
              relations, its uses and benefits       newsletters
                                                 •   Local press, local radio and local
                                                     television




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   53
       LINE G:               DESCRIBE ADDITIONAL PRODUCTS AND SERVICES


       Competency:           G-3
                             Describe techniques of prescription retail

       Learning Objectives:

       LEARNING TASKS                               CONTENT
       1.     Describe positive techniques in   •   Preparation and staff training
              selling                           •   Promoting products and services
                                                •   Displays
                                                •   Different ranges of products
                                                •   Inform clients about additional
                                                    products and services
                                                •   Gain client commitment using
                                                    additional products and services
                                                •   Communication

       2.     Describe treatment and product    •   A group demonstration
              demonstrations
                                                •   Single client demonstration

       3.     Describe financial targets for    •   Analysis of overall performance
              employees and business
                                                •   Design target mapping
                                                •   Goal setting

       4.     Describe productivity             •   Retail incentives
                                                •   Promotional incentives
                                                •   Gaining client feedback




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                              54
       LINE G:              DESCRIBE ADDITIONAL PRODUCTS AND SERVICES


       Competency:          G-4
                            Describe customer’s rights

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe customer’s rights

       LEARNING TASKS                             CONTENT
       1. Describe consumer rights when       •   Professional code of practice
          selling and providing products      •   Insurance
          and services

       2.     Describe legal requirements     •   Health and safety
                                              •   Data protection
                                              •   Equal opportunities




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                         55
       LINE G:              DESCRIBE ADDITIONAL PRODUCTS AND SERVICES


       Competency:          G-5
                            Describe Consumer Protection Act

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe Consumer Protection Act

       LEARNING TASKS                                CONTENT
       1.     Describe consumer protection       •   Cosmetic products (safety)
              legislation                            regulations
                                                 •   FDA Regulations
                                                 •   Consumer Protection Act
                                                 •   Consumer Safety Act
                                                 •   Consumer protection (distance
                                                     selling) regulations




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                            56
       LINE H:              DESCRIBE SPA/SALON RECEPTION DUTIES


       Competency:          H-1
                            Describe reception area and duties

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe reception area and duties

       LEARNING TASKS                              CONTENT
       1.     Describe reception area and          • The design of the area (decor, size,
              duties                                 equipment
                                                   • Receiving clients
                                                   • Qualities of a receptionist
                                                   • Customer service
                                                   • Professional presentation
                                                   • Spa/salon policies and procedures
                                                   • Managing client records




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   57
       LINE H:              DESCRIBE SPA/SALON RECEPTION DUTIES


       Competency:          H-2
                            Describe booking appointments

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe booking appointments

       LEARNING TASKS                             CONTENT
       1.     Describe booking appointments   •   Services provided by the spa/salon
                                              •   Prices
                                              •   Time to complete each service
                                              • Appointment booking & appointment
                                                problems
                                              • Telephone etiquette: Communication,
                                                taking messages
                                              • Payment: Methods, equipment and
                                                materials needed




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                              58
       LINE H:               DESCRIBE SPA/SALON RECEPTION DUTIES


       Competency:           H-3
                             Describe sensitivity patch tests

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe sensitivity patch tests

       LEARNING TASKS                                CONTENT
       1.     Describe sensitivity patch test    •   Carry out sensitivity (patch) tests
                                                 •   Contra-indications




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  59
       LINE H:              DESCRIBE SPA/SALON RECEPTION DUTIES


       Competency:          H-4
                            Describe accounting principles

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe accounting principles

       LEARNING TASKS                          CONTENT
       1.     Describe bookkeeping and         • Tabulate daily transactions
              business management
                                               • Perform calculations such as
              principles                         commissions, taxes and discounts
                                               • Operate point-of-sale equipment such
                                                 as cash register, debit machine and
                                                 computer
                                               • Handle money exchanged during
                                                 transaction
                                               • Basic math such as percentages and
                                                 fractions




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                             60
       LINE I:              DESCRIBE SPA/SALON BUSINESS MANAGEMENT


       Competency:          I-1
                            Describe industry history

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe knowledge of industry history

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe knowledge of industry    • Industry history
              history
                                                • Demonstrate knowledge of how
                                                  industry changes relate to business
                                                  and practices
                                                • Demonstrate knowledge of current
                                                  industry regulations and requirements
                                                • Industry knowledge

       2. Describe knowledge of how             • Industry knowledge
          industry changes relate to
                                                • Business and practices
          business and practices

       3. Describe knowledge of current         • Current industry regulations and
          industry regulations and                requirements
          requirements
                                                • Provincial and national regulations
                                                  related to business practices
                                                • WHMIS




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                               61
       LINE I:              DESCRIBE SPA/SALON BUSINESS MANAGEMENT


       Competency:          I-2
                            Describe business operations

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe business operations

       LEARNING TASKS                         CONTENT
       1.     Describe business operations    •   Overview of business operations
                                              •   Laws and regulations that affect the
                                                  spa business
                                              •   Name of your business (Naming)
                                              •   Legal trading
                                              •   The running of a spa business
                                              •   Financial regulations
                                              •   Health and safety check list, policies
                                                  and procedure




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  62
       LINE I:               DESCRIBE SPA/SALON BUSINESS MANAGEMENT


       Competency:           I-3
                             Describe spa/salon operations

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe spa/salon operations

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe principles of spa/salon   • Telephone etiquette
              operations
                                                 • Customer services
                                                 • Professional presentation
                                                 • Spa/salon policies and procedures
                                                 • Scheduling and managing
                                                   appointments
                                                 • Managing client records




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                              63
       LINE I:              DESCRIBE SPA/SALON BUSINESS MANAGEMENT


       Competency:          I-4
                            Describe accounting principles

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe accounting principles

       LEARNING TASKS                          CONTENT
       1.     Describe bookkeeping and         • Tabulate daily transactions
              business management
                                               • Perform calculations such as
              principles                         commissions, taxes and discounts
                                               • Operate point-of-sale equipment such
                                                 as cash register, debit machine and
                                                 computer
                                               • Handle money exchanged during
                                                 transaction
                                               • Basic math such as percentages and
                                                 fractions




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                             64
       LINE I:              DESCRIBE SPA/SALON BUSINESS MANAGEMENT


       Competency:          I-5
                            Describe human resource management

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe knowledge of human resource management

       LEARNING TASKS                         CONTENT
       1.     Describe knowledge of human     •   Recruitment and selection
              resource management
                                              •   Telephone interviewing process
                                              •   Licensing and qualification
                                                  requirement
                                              •   Compensation
                                              •   Performance review
                                              •   Employee performance issues
                                              •   Training guidelines
                                              •   Staff motivational programs




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                          65
                               LEVEL 1
                            ENDORSEMENTS




Esthetics Program Outline                  66
                            BODY 1
                             (B1)




Esthetics Program Outline            67
       LINE B1.A:           IMPROVE AND MAINTAIN BODY CONDITION


       Competency:          B1.A-1
                            Describe basics of skin care for the body

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe basics of skin care for the body, including implements, equipment and products

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe the implements and       •   Introduction to equipment and
              equipment used                        materials
                                                •   Treatment couch, stool and trolley
                                                •   Sundries
                                                •   Comedone remover
                                                •   Milia remover
                                                •   Pulverizer (Lucas)
                                                •   Infrared lamps
                                                •   Ultra-violet lamps
                                                •   Brush unit
                                                •   Magnifying lamp
                                                •   Vaporizer
                                                •   Vacuum spray




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                68
       2.     Describe the products used      •   Cleansing: Product types, features
                                                  and benefits
                                              •   ph scale: Acid and Alkaline
                                              •   Toning: Product types, features and
                                                  benefits
                                              •   Moisturizers: Product types, features
                                                  and benefits
                                              •   Specialized products: Product types,
                                                  features and benefits
                                              •   Exfoliation: Physical and chemical,
                                                  product types, features and benefits
                                              •   Masques: Product types, features and
                                                  benefits
                                              •   Massage mediums: Product types,
                                                  features and benefits
                                              •   Selection of appropriate products
                                              •   Client need for specific product
                                              •   Contra-indications to products and
                                                  ingredients




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.!




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 69
       Improve and maintain body condition

       Competency:           B1.A-2
                             Describe skin types and skin conditions

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe skin types and skin conditions
       2.     Describe safe beauty practices as they relate to skin types and conditions

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe skin types                •   Skin types: Structure and
                                                     physiological functioning
                                                 •   Dry (allipoid) skin type
                                                 •   Oily skin type
                                                 •   Sensitive skin type (couperouse)
                                                 •   Acne Skin
                                                 •   Normal skin type
                                                 •   Combination skin type


       2.     Describe skin conditions           •   Dehydration skin condition
                                                 •   Premature aging skin condition
                                                 •   Analyze muscle tone
                                                 •   Sensitized skin condition
                                                 •   Hyper/hypo pigmentation
                                                 •   Breakouts
                                                 •   Hyper keratosis
                                                 •   Intrinsic factors affecting the condition
                                                 •   Extrinsic factors affecting the
                                                     condition
                                                 •   Scar tissue
                                                 •   Premature aging


       3.     Factors affecting skin type and    •   High blood pressure
              skin condition
                                                 •   Allergic reactions
                                                 •   Sex and ethnicity




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                    70
       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                            71
       LINE B1.A:            IMPROVE AND MAINTAIN BODY CONDITION


       Competency:           B1.A-3
                             Describe and demonstrate planning and preparation for a body
                                   treatment

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate planning and preparation for a body treatment
       2.     Describe and demonstrate consultation, reception duties and promoting products and
              services, as it relates to body treatment s

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate the       •   Consultation with client
              planning and preparation for the
                                                 •   Making and booking the appointment
              body care treatment
                                                 •   Client arrival
                                                 •   Contra-indications
                                                 •   Preparing the service area
                                                 •   Preparing the client
                                                 •   Preparation on the therapist


       2.     Describe and demonstrate skin/     •   Preparation procedure
              body analysis
                                                 •   Verbal communication
                                                 •   Skin/ body analysis: Step by step
                                                     procedure
                                                 •   recording information
                                                 •   Choosing the correct ingredients to
                                                     suit visual and verbal outcomes from
                                                     the skin/body analysis




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   72
       3.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Skin type
              treatment advice
                                              •   Skin conditions
                                              •   Recommended ingredients
                                              •   Equipment
                                              •   Recommended products
                                              •   Advising client
                                              •   Link to treatment and home care




       Achievement Criteria:

       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                            73
       LINE B1.A:            IMPROVE AND MAINTAIN BODY CONDITION


       Competency:           B1.A-4
                             Describe and demonstrate all stages of a body treatment

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate all stages of a body treatment
       2.     Describe science of esthetics as it relates to body treatments

       LEARNING TASKS                             CONTENT
       1.     Use required implements             •   Appropriate products based on skin
                                                      type and condition
                                                  •   Safety procedures
                                                  •   Equipment and products


       2.     Describe and demonstrate the        •   Consultation
              stages of a prescriptive skin
                                                  •   Back/ body cleansing
              treatment
                                                  •   Link to skin/ body analysis
                                                  •   Exfoliation
                                                  •   Extractions
                                                  •   Masques
                                                  •   Massage
                                                  •   Moisturizer for the body
                                                  •   SPF
                                                  •   Application and removal of products
                                                  •   Hands on techniques


       3.     Describe and demonstrate            •   Additional treatments
              follow-up treatment
                                                  •   Home care advice
                                                  •   Prescriptive retail




       Achievement Criteria:

       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.


Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   74
       LINE B1.A:           IMPROVE AND MAINTAIN BODY CONDITION


       Competency:          B1.A-5
                            Describe and demonstrate basic body treatment (including extraction)

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate basic body treatment (including extraction)

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Use required implements           •   Appropriate products based on skin
                                                    type and condition
                                                •   Safety procedures
                                                •   Equipment and products


       2.     Describe and demonstrate the      •   Consultation
              stages of a prescriptive skin
                                                •   Back/ body cleansing
              treatment
                                                •   Link to skin/ body analysis
                                                •   Exfoliation
                                                •   Extractions
                                                •   Masques
                                                •   Massage
                                                •   Moisturizer for the body
                                                •   SPF
                                                •   Application and removal of products
                                                •   Hands on techniques


       3.     Describe and demonstrate          •   Additional treatments
              follow-up treatment
                                                •   Home care advice
                                                •   Prescriptive retail




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 75
                            HAIR REMOVAL 1
                                  (H1)




Esthetics Program Outline                    76
       LINE H1.A:            HAIR REMOVAL


       Competency:           H1.A-1
                             Describe and demonstrate waxing

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Demonstrate knowledge of hair histology as it relates to hair removal
       2.     Demonstrate knowledge of temporary hair removal
       3.     Describe science of esthetics, as it relates to temporary hair removal
       4.     Describe and demonstrate safe beauty practices as it relates to temporary hair removal
       5.     Describe and demonstrate consultation, reception duties and promoting products and
              services.

       LEARNING TASKS                             CONTENT
       1.     Plan and prepare for waxing         •   Introduction to the method of
              treatment                               temporary hair removal
                                                  •   Consultation with client
                                                  •   Booking treatments and reception
                                                  •   Contra-indications with prevent
                                                      waxing treatment
                                                  •   Contra-indication which restrict
                                                      waxing treatment
                                                  •   Preparation of waxing treatment




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                77
       2.     Describe and demonstrate       •   Equipment and materials
              using warm wax
                                             •   Disinfection, sanitization and
                                                 sterilization
                                             •   Plan and preparing for the waxing
                                                 treatment
                                             •   Treatment and technique in the
                                                 removal of unwanted hair
                                             •   Temperatures of wax
                                             •   Half leg wax
                                             •   Full leg wax
                                             •   Half arm wax
                                             •   Full arm wax
                                             •   Underarm wax
                                             •   Facial waxing
                                             •   Eyebrow waxing
                                             •   Regrowth


       3.     Describe and demonstrate hot   •   An introduction to hot (hard) wax
              (hard) waxing
                                             •   Equipment and materials
                                             •   Booking and re-booking appointments
                                             •   Preparation of hot wax treatment
                                             •   How to provide a hot wax treatment


       4.     Describe sugaring and strip    •   Introduction to sugaring and strip
              sugar                              waxing
                                             •   Booking and re-booking appointments
                                             •   Equipment and materials
                                             •   Preparing the client
                                             •   How to provide a sugar wax (paste)
                                                 treatment
                                             •   How to provide a strip sugar
                                                 treatment
                                             •   Contra-actions
                                             •   Aftercare advice




Esthetics Program Outline                                                             78
       5.     Describe roller applicator      •   An introduction to roller applicator
              waxing systems                      waxing systems
                                              •   Equipment and materials
                                              •   preparing the client
                                              •   How to provide a roller applicator wax
                                                  treatment
                                              •   Aftercare advice


       6.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Ingrowing hairs
              completing the treatment,
                                              •   Skin removal
              contra-actions, aftercare and
              advice                          •   Burns
                                              •   Erythema
                                              •   Aftercare advice




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                79
       LINE H1.A:            HAIR REMOVAL


       Competency:           H1.A-2
                             Describe and demonstrate elimination of ingrown hair(s)

       Learning Tasks:

       1.     Eliminate ingrown hair(s)

       LEARNING TASKS                          CONTENT
       1.     Describe the process of          •   Home care advice to eliminate and
              eliminating and preventing           prevent ingrown hairs
              ingrown hairs
                                               •   How ingrowing hairs arise
                                               •   How ingrown hairs are recognized
                                               •   Infected ingrown




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                              80
       LINE H1.A:           HAIR REMOVAL


       Competency:          H1.A-3
                            Describe and demonstrate alternate hair removal processes

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate alternate hair removal processes

       LEARNING TASKS                          CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate         •   Reasons for using other methods of
              other methods of hair removal        hair removal
                                               •   Process of shaving
                                               •   Process of depilatory creams
                                               •   Process of abrasive mitt
                                               •   Process of cutting the hair with
                                                   scissors




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                               81
       LINE H1.A:            HAIR REMOVAL


       Competency:           H1.A-4
                             Describe theory of permanent hair removal

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe theory of permanent hair removal

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe laser theory             •   Introduction to laser
                                                •   Process and technique of laser hair
                                                    removal
                                                •   Amount of treatments needed and
                                                    length of treatment
                                                •   Laser hair removal results and
                                                    expectations


       2.     Describe electrolysis theory      •   Introduction to electrolysis
                                                •   Process and technique of electrolysis
                                                •   Galvanic electrolysis
                                                •   Electrical epilation
                                                •   Blend epilation technique




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 82
       LINE H1.A:           HAIR REMOVAL


       Competency:          H1.A-5
                            Describe follow-up treatments

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe follow-up treatments

       LEARNING TASKS                         CONTENT
       1.     Describe follow-up treatments   •   Re-booking appointments
                                              •   After care and home care advice




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                           83
       LINE H1.B:            INTIMATE WAXING (OPTIONAL)


       Competency:           H1.B-1
                             Describe female intimate waxing

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe female intimate waxing
       2.     Describe science of esthetics, as it relates to temporary hair removal

       LEARNING TASKS                             CONTENT
       1.     Describe male and female            •   Introduction
              intimate waxing
                                                  •   Intimate waxing services and
                                                      technique
                                                  •   Anatomy and physiology: Structure
                                                      and function of the male and female
                                                      genitalia




       Achievement Criteria:
       This is not required for Certificate of Completion or Certificate of Qualification, schools may use
       their own assessment criteria if they choose to include this module.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   84
       LINE H1.B:            INTIMATE WAXING (OPTIONAL)


       Competency:           H1.B-2
                             Describe client consultation, planning and preparation

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe client consultation, planning and preparation
       2.     Describe and demonstrate consultation, reception duties and promoting products and
              services

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe client consultation       •   Reception, booking and rebooking
                                                 •   Consultation
                                                 •   Treatment time
                                                 •   Contra-indication


       2.     Describe planning and              •   Treatment advice for clients
              preparation before the
                                                 •   Equipment and materials
              treatment
                                                 •   Sterilization and disinfection
                                                 •   Preparation of the treatment area
                                                 •   Preparation of the therapist
                                                 •   Preparation of the client




       Achievement Criteria:
       This is not required for Certificate of Completion or Certificate of Qualification, schools may use
       their own assessment criteria if they choose to include this module.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  85
       LINE H1.B:            INTIMATE WAXING (OPTIONAL)


       Competency:           H1.B-3
                             Demonstrate removal of unwanted hair

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Demonstrate removal of unwanted hair
       2.     Describe and demonstrate safe beauty practices as it relates to temporary hair removal

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate the       •   Plan the treatment
              planning and treatment of
                                                 •   Intimate waxing styles
              female intimate waxing
                                                 •   Removing intimate waxing
                                                 •   Waxing systems; Hot (hard) wax,
                                                     warm wax, sugar paste
                                                 •   Process of intimate waxing for men
                                                     and women


       2.     Describe the completion of         •   Complete the waxing service
              waxing services
                                                 •   Aftercare
                                                 •   Contra-actions




       Achievement Criteria:
       This is not required for Certificate of Completion or Certificate of Qualification, schools may use
       their own assessment criteria if they choose to include this module.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  86
                            NAIL CARE 1
                                (N1)




Esthetics Program Outline                 87
       LINE N1.A:            NAIL CARE


       Competency:           N1.A-1
                             Assess nail, hand and foot health

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Assess nail, hand and foot health
       2.     Describe and demonstrate safe beauty practices as it relates to nail care
       3.     Describe and demonstrate science of esthetics as it relates to nail care

       LEARNING TASKS                             CONTENT
       1.     Demonstrate knowledge of            •   An introduction
              diseases and disorders of the
                                                  •   Contra-indications
              hands
                                                  •   Disorders that prevent treatment
                                                  •   Disorders that restrict treatment
                                                  •   Bacteriology
                                                  •   Hand and nail diseases


       2.     Demonstrate knowledge of            •   An introduction
              diseases and disorders of the
                                                  •   Contra-indications
              feet
                                                  •   Disorders that prevent treatment
                                                  •   Disorders that restrict treatment
                                                  •   Bacteriology
                                                  •   Foot and nail diseases


       3.     Demonstrate knowledge of            •   Shapes of the nail
              appearance of hands, feet and
                                                  •   Structure of the nail
              nails
                                                  •   Nail growth
                                                  •   Shapes of hands and feet
                                                  •   Appearance of healthy nails
                                                  •   Function of nails




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 88
       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                            89
       LINE N1.A:            NAIL CARE


       Competency:           N1.A-2
                             Provide manicure to client

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Provide manicure to client
       2.     Describe and demonstrate use of instruments, equipment and products
       3.     Describe and demonstrate consultation, reception duties and promoting products and
              services

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Use instruments and products      •   Equipment and implements
                                                •   Products required for manicure
                                                •   Home care products
                                                •   Preparing the work area


       2.     Describe and demonstrate          •   Filling techniques
              manual and mechanical
                                                •   Buffing techniques
              shaping
                                                •   Benefits and results of buffing and
                                                    shaping the nail plate


       3.     Describe and demonstrate          •   Cuticle work
              cuticle treatment
                                                •   How to provide cuticle work
                                                •   Cuticle oil and warm oil treatments
                                                •   Massage manipulation
                                                •   Benefits and results of cuticle
                                                    treatment


       4.     Describe and demonstrate          •   Exfoliating treatment
              hand exfoliating treatment        •   Massage technique with exfoliation
                                                •   Benefits of exfoliation
                                                •   Application and removal of exfoliating
                                                    products




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 90
       5.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Application of treatment masque
              hand treatment masque and       •   Benefits of treatment masque
              paraffin wax
                                              •   Application of paraffin wax
                                              •   Benefits of paraffin wax

       6.     Describe and demonstrate        •   An introduction
              hand and forearm massage        •   Massage movements; Effleurage and
                                                  petrissage
                                              •   Reasons and benefits for offering
                                                  hand and forearm massage
                                              •   How to provide hand and forearm
                                                  massage

       7.     Nail lacquer application        •   Reasons for nail lacquer application
                                              •   Styles of lacquer application
                                              •   Reasons for peeling and chipping nail
                                                  lacquer
                                              •   Types of lacquer; Creams, pearls,
                                                  shimmers, base coat, top coat
                                              •   Contra-indications to nail lacquer
                                              •   Application of base coat, nail lacquer
                                                  and top coat in numerous shades and
                                                  tones

       8.     Manicure for the male client    •   Procedure for the male manicure

       9.     Completing the manicure         •   Contra-actions
              treatment                       •   After care and advice
                                              •   Exercises for hands




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                91
       LINE N1.A:             NAIL CARE


       Competency:            N1.A-3
                              Provide pedicure to client

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Provide pedicure to client
       2.     Describe and demonstrate use of instruments, equipment and products
       3.     Describe and demonstrate consultation, reception duties and promoting products and
              services

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Use instruments and products       •   Equipment and implements
                                                 •   Products required for manicure
                                                 •   Home care products
                                                 •   Preparing the work area
                                                 •   Preparing the client
                                                 •   Treatment plan


       2.     Describe and demonstrate           •   Filling techniques
              cutting, filling and buffing
                                                 •   Buffing techniques
              toenails
                                                 •   Benefits and results of buffing and
                                                     shaping the nail plate


       3.     Describe and demonstrate           •   Cuticle work
              cuticle treatment and hard skin
                                                 •   How to provide cuticle work
              removal
                                                 •   Cuticle oil and other cuticle
                                                     treatments
                                                 •   Massage manipulation
                                                 •   Reason for hard skin removal
                                                 •   Tools and techniques for removing
                                                     hard skin
                                                 •   Benefits and results of cuticle
                                                     treatment and hard skin removal




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  92
       4.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Exfoliating treatment
              hand exfoilating treatment      •   Massage technique with exfoliation
                                              •   Benefits of exfoliation
                                              •   Application and removal of exfoliating
                                                  products

       5.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Application of treatment masque
              hand treatment masque,          •   Benefits of treatment masque
              paraffin wax and thermal
              booties                         •   Application of paraffin wax
                                              •   Benefits of paraffin wax
                                              •   Benefits of thermal booties

       6.     Describe and demonstrate foot   •   An introduction
              and lower leg massage           •   Massage movements; Effleurage,
                                                  petrissage and tapotement
                                              •   Reasons and benefits for offering foot
                                                  and lower leg massage
                                              •   How to provide foot and lower leg
                                                  massage

       7.     Nail lacquer application        •   Reasons for nail lacquer application
                                              •   Styles of lacquer application
                                              •   Reasons for peeling and chipping nail
                                                  lacquer
                                              •   Types of lacquer; Creams, pearls,
                                                  shimmers, base coat, top coat
                                              •   Contra-indications to nail lacquer
                                              •   Application of base coat, nail lacquer
                                                  and top coat in numerous shades and
                                                  tones

       8.     Pedicure for the male client    •   Procedure for the male manicure

       9.     Completing the manicure         •   Contra-actions
              treatment                       •   After care and advice
                                              •   Exercises for feet and ankles




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.


Esthetics Program Outline                                                                93
       LINE N1.A:           NAIL CARE


       Competency:          N1.A-4
                            Describe nail science

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe nail science

       LEARNING TASKS                         CONTENT
       1.     Describe nail growth            •     Nail growth facts
                                              •     Factors that could slow nail growth
                                                      •   Paralyzation
                                                      •   Poor circulation
                                                      •   Malnutrition
                                                      •   Lactation
                                                      •   Infection
                                                      •   Psoriasis
                                                      •   Medications




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 94
       2.     Describe physiology of the nail   •   Nail folds
                                                      •   Proximal nail fold
                                                      •   Lateral nail fold
                                                •   True cuticle, eponychium and
                                                    hyponychium
                                                •   Matrix
                                                •   Nail plate
                                                      •   Keratin
                                                      •   Amino acids
                                                      •   Proteins
                                                •   Lunula
                                                •   Nail bed
                                                      •   Dermis
                                                      •   Epidermis
                                                •   Solehorn cuticle



       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                          95
                            MAKE-UP 1
                              (M1)




Esthetics Program Outline               96
       LINE M1.A:           MAKE-UP


       Competency:          M1.A-1
                            Describe colour theory

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe colour theory

       LEARNING TASKS                         CONTENT
       1.     Describe physiognomy            •   Basic facial shapes and features
                                              •   Measuring sections of the face


       2.     Colour psychology               •   Functions of colour
                                              •   Classifications of colour
                                              •   Selecting colours to match skin tone
                                              •   Colour in relation to the skin




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                97
       LINE M1.A:            MAKE-UP


       Competency:           M1.A-2
                             Describe and demonstrate basic make-up application

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Demonstrate application of basic make-up
       2.     Demonstrate product knowledge as it relates to basic make-up application
       3.     Describe science of esthetics as it relates to basic makeup
       4.     Describe and demonstrate safe beauty practices as it relates to basic makeup
       5.     Describe and demonstrate consultation, reception duties and promoting products and
              services.
       6.     Describe and demonstrate tools and equipment for applying basic makeup

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Plan and prepare for make up       • Reception and booking make up
              application                          services
                                                 • The consultation
                                                 • Contra-indications
                                                 • Equipment and materials
                                                 • Sterilization and disinfection
                                                 • Preparing the treatment area; Lighting
                                                 • Preparing the client
                                                 • Treatment plan and the make up
                                                   sequence


       2.     Demonstrate make-up                • Concealing blemishes
              application techniques:
              Concealer                          • Application of concealer
                                                 • Using concealer to camouflage

       3.     Demonstrate make-up                • Overview of foundations
              application techniques:
              Foundation                         • Types of foundations
                                                 • Colours
                                                 • Application of foundations




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   98
       4.     Demonstrate make-up                • Cosmetics used for contouring
              application techniques:
              Contouring                         • Application of powder blusher
                                                 • Application of cream blusher
                                                 • Face shapes
                                                 • Facial features

       5.     Demonstrate make-up                • Overview of face powders
              application techniques: Face
              Powder                             • Types of face powders
                                                 • Application of face powder

       6.     Demonstrate make-up                • Eyeshadow
              application techniques: The
              eyes                               • Types of eyeshadow
                                                 • Eyeliner and application
                                                 • Eyebrows and colour
                                                 • Mascara and application
                                                 • Corrective eye make up and eye
                                                   shapes


       7.     Demonstrate make-up                • Overview of lip make up
              application techniques: The lips
                                                 • Lipliner, lipstick and lip gloss
                                                 • Lip condition
                                                 • Application of corrective lip make up
                                                 • Application of lipstick




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  99
       LINE M1.A:           MAKE-UP


       Competency:          M1.A-3
                            Describe and demonstrate specialized make-up application

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Apply specialized make-up
       2.     Demonstrate product knowledge as it relates to specialized make-up application

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Demonstrate specialized make-     •   Day make up
              up application
                                                •   Evening make up
                                                •   Special occasion make up
                                                •   Photographic make up
                                                •   Make up to suit hair and skin
                                                    colouring
                                                •   Variations of eye-makeup techniques




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                              100
       LINE M1.A:            MAKE-UP


       Competency:           M1.A-4
                             Describe and demonstrate product knowledge

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate product knowledge required to apply make-up
       2.     Describe and demonstrate knowledge of chemistry as it applies to cosmetic ingredients

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Identify products for day,        •   Foundations
              evening and artistic make-up
                                                •   Powders
                                                •   Eyeliners
                                                •   Eyeshadow
                                                •   Mascara
                                                •   Lipsticks, gloss and liners


       2.     Identify and describe basic       •   Comodogenic ingredients
              product ingredients and related
                                                •   No-comodogenic ingedients
              chemistry
                                                •   Formulations
                                                •   Ranges of brands and products




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                              101
       LINE M1.A:            MAKE-UP


       Competency:           M1.A-5
                             Enhances eyelashes

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Prepare treatment area for enhancing eyelashes
       2.     Describe and demonstrate methods of colouring lashes and brows
       3.     Describe and demonstrate eyelash application
       4.     Describe and demonstrate safe beauty practices as it relates to enhancing eyelashes
       5.     Describe and demonstrate consultation, reception duties and promoting products and
              services.
       6.     Describe and demonstrate tools and equipment for enhancing eyelashes
       7.     Describe and demonstrate use of tools and equipment used for enhancing eyelashes

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate          •   Contra-indications
              preparation of treatment area
                                                •   Preparing for treatment
                                                •   Equipment and materials
                                                •   Sterilization and disinfection
                                                •   Treatment plan
                                                •   Preparation of chair and tray


       2.     Describe and demonstrate          •   Basic colours for eyebrows and
              colouring lashes and brows            lashes
                                                •   Basic techniques
                                                •   Removal and safety measures
                                                •   Application of colour
                                                •   Time involved in processing stage
                                                •   Removal of last and brow colours




Esthetics Program Outline                                                               102
       3.     Eyelash application             •   Contra-indications
                                              •   Equipment and materials
                                              •   Sterilization and disinfection
                                              •   Preparing and planning the treatment
                                              •   Cleanse lashes
                                              •   Application of individual lashes
                                              •   Strip lashes
                                              •   Contra-actions and home care
                                              •   Removal and replacement of
                                                  individual lashes




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                            103
       LINE M1.A:           MAKE-UP


       Competency:          M1.A-6
                            Describe follow-up treatments

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe follow-up treatments and care of lashes

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe treatments and need      •   Repeated shaping treatment
              for taking care of individual
                                                •   Lash care
              lashes
                                                •   Lash regrowth
                                                •   Benefits of re-tinting




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                        104
                            SKIN 1
                             (S1)




Esthetics Program Outline            105
       LINE S1.A:            MASSAGE - FACIAL


       Competency:           S1.A-1
                             Describe contra-indications and safety for all skin types

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe contra-indications and safety for all skin types
       2.     Describe safe beauty practices as it relates to facial massage
       3.     Describe science of esthetics as it relates to facial massage

       LEARNING TASKS                             CONTENT
       1.     Describe contra-indications to      •   General contra-indications which
              facial massage                          affect the whole body
                                                  •   Local contra-indications which which
                                                      are concentrated in a particular area
                                                  •   Temporary contra-indications have a
                                                      short time frame in which they affect
                                                      the skin
                                                  •   Consultation techniques




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 106
       LINE S1.A:           MASSAGE - FACIAL


       Competency:          S1.A-2
                            Demonstrate basic massage movements and techniques

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Demonstrate basic massage movements and techniques
       2.     Describe and demonstrate use of equipment and products used for facial massage
       3.     Describe and demonstrate consultation, reception duties and promoting products and
              services.

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Plan and prepare treatment        •   Plan the treatment
                                                •   Prepare the treatment
                                                •   Sterilization and disinfection
                                                •   Preparation of therapist and client
                                                •   Estheticians’s stance and posture


       2.     Describe and demonstrate          •   Effleurage
              basic massage movements
                                                •   Petrissage
                                                •   Percussion
                                                •   Friction
                                                •   Vibration


       3.     Describe and discuss              •   Types of massage
              equipment and products
                                                •   Manual massage
              needed for cosmetic massage
                                                •   Mechanical massage
                                                •   Equipment
                                                •   Products




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 107
       4.     Describe and discuss the need   •   Physiological effects
              for each massage techniques
                                              •   Psychological effects
                                              •   Stimulating
                                              •   Relaxing
                                              •   Cleansing massage


       5.     Demonstrate and describe        • Preparation of facial massage
              manual facial massage
                                              • Application of massage medium
                                              • Process of facial massage
                                              • Completing the treatment
                                              • Homecare advice




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                           108
       LINE S1.B:            IMPROVE AND MAINTAIN FACIAL CONDITION


       Competency:           S1.B-1
                             Describe basics of skin care for the face

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe the basics of skin care for the face
       2.     Describe and demonstrate safe beauty practices as it relates to skin care for the face
       3.     Describe and demonstrate use of implements and equipment used for skin care

       LEARNING TASKS                             CONTENT
       1.     Describe the implements and         •   Introduction to equipment and
              equipment used                          materials
                                                  •   Treatment couch, stool and trolley
                                                  •   Sundries
                                                  •   Comedone remover
                                                  •   Milia remover
                                                  •   Pulverizer (Lucas)
                                                  •   Infrared lamps
                                                  •   Ultra-violet lamps
                                                  •   Brush unit
                                                  •   Magnifying lamp
                                                  •   Vaporizer
                                                  •   Vacuum spray




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  109
       2.     Describe the products used      •   Cleansing: Product types, features
                                                  and benefits
                                              •   ph scale: Acid and Alkaline
                                              •   Toning: Product types, features and
                                                  benefits
                                              •   Moisturizers: Product types, features
                                                  and benefits
                                              •   Specialized products: Product types,
                                                  features and benefits
                                              •   Exfoliation- Physical and chemical:
                                                  Product types, features and benefits
                                              •   Masques: Product types, features and
                                                  benefits
                                              •   Massage mediums: Product types,
                                                  features and benefits
                                              •   Serums, boosters, complexes:
                                                  Product types, features and benefits
                                              •   Selection of appropriate products
                                              •   Client need for specific product
                                              •   Contra-indications to products and
                                                  ingredients




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                110
       LINE S1.B:            IMPROVE AND MAINTAIN FACIAL CONDITION


       Competency:           S1.B-2
                             Describe skin types and skin conditions

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe skin types and skin conditions
       2.     Describe science of esthetics as it relates to skin care for the face

       LEARNING TASKS                              CONTENT
       1.     Describe skin types                  •   Skin types: Structure and
                                                       physiological functioning
                                                   •   Dry (allipoid) skin type
                                                   •   Oily skin type
                                                   •   Sensitive skin type (couperouse)
                                                   •   Acne Skin
                                                   •   Normal skin type
                                                   •   Combination skin type


       2.     Describe skin conditions             •   Dehydration skin condition
                                                   •   Premature aging skin condition
                                                   •   Analyze muscle tone
                                                   •   Sensitized skin condition
                                                   •   Hyper/ hypo pigmentation
                                                   •   Breakouts
                                                   •   Hyper keratosis
                                                   •   Intrinsic factors affecting the condition
                                                   •   Extrinsic factors affecting the
                                                       condition
                                                   •   Scar tissue
                                                   •   Premature aging




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                     111
       3.     Factors affecting skin type and   •   High blood pressure
              skin condition
                                                •   Allergic reactions
                                                •   Sex and race




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                 112
       LINE S1.B:            IMPROVE AND MAINTAIN FACIAL CONDITION


       Competency:           S1.B-3
                             Describe and demonstrate planning and preparation for a skin
                                   treatment

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate consultation, planning and preparation for a body treatment

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate the       •   Consultation with client
              planning and preparation for the
                                                 •   Making and booking the appointment
              skin care treatment
                                                 •   Client arrival
                                                 •   Contra-indications
                                                 •   Preparing the service area
                                                 •   Preparing the client
                                                 •   Preparation on the therapist


       2.     Describe and demonstrate skin      •   Preparation procedure
              analysis
                                                 •   Verbal communication
                                                 •   Skin analysis: Step by step procedure
                                                 •   recording information
                                                 •   Choosing the correct ingredients to
                                                     suit visual and verbal outcomes from
                                                     the skin analysis


       3.     Describe and demonstrate           •   Skin type
              treatment advice
                                                 •   Skin conditions
                                                 •   Recommended ingredients
                                                 •   Equipment
                                                 •   Recommended products
                                                 •   Advising client
                                                 •   Link to treatment and home care




Esthetics Program Outline                                                               113
       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                           114
       LINE S1.B:           IMPROVE AND MAINTAIN FACIAL CONDITION


       Competency:          S1.B-4
                            Describe and demonstrate all stages of a skin treatment

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate all stages of a skin treatment
       2.     Describe and demonstrate promoting products and services and reception duties

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Use required implements           •   Appropriate products based on skin
                                                    type and condition
                                                •   Safety procedures
                                                •   Equipment and products


       2.     Describe and demonstrate the      •   Consultation
              stages of a prescriptive skin
                                                •   Eye and lip cleansing
              treatment
                                                •   Facial and decollate cleansing
                                                •   Link to akin analysis
                                                •   Exfoliation
                                                •   Extractions
                                                •   Masques
                                                •   Massage
                                                •   Treatment products (serums, booster,
                                                    complexes)
                                                •   Toning
                                                •   Moisturizer for face
                                                •   Eye and lip treatment
                                                •   SPF
                                                •   Application and removal of products
                                                •   Hands on techniques




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 115
       3.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Additional treatments
              follow-up treatment
                                              •   Home care advice
                                              •   Prescriptive retail




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                           116
       LINE S1.B:           IMPROVE AND MAINTAIN FACIAL CONDITION


       Competency:          S1.B-5
                            Describe and demonstrate basic skin treatment (including extraction)

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Demonstrate basic body treatment (including extraction)



       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Use required implements           •   Appropriate products based on skin
                                                    type and condition
                                                •   Safety procedures
                                                •   Equipment and products


       2.     Describe and demonstrate the      •   Consultation
              stages of a prescriptive skin
                                                •   Eye and lip cleansing
              treatment
                                                •   Facial and decollate cleansing
                                                •   Link to akin analysis
                                                •   Exfoliation
                                                •   Extractions
                                                •   Masques
                                                •   Massage
                                                •   Treatment products (serums, booster,
                                                    complexes)
                                                •   Toning
                                                •   Moisturizer for face
                                                •   Eye and lip treatment
                                                •   SPF
                                                •   Application and removal of products
                                                •   Hands on techniques




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 117
       3.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Additional treatments
              follow-up treatment
                                              •   Home care advice
                                              •   Prescriptive retail




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                           118
                               LEVEL 2
                            ENDORSEMENTS




Esthetics Program Outline                  119
                            BODY 2
                             (B2)




Esthetics Program Outline            120
       LINE B2.A:            AROMATHERAPY


       Competency:           B2.A-1
                             Describe essential oils

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe essential oils

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe aromatherapy             •   Essential anatomy and physiology
                                                    knowledge requirements (see chart)
                                                •   An introduction to aromatherapy

       2.     Describe and demonstrate the      •   Essential oils: An introduction
              use of essential oils
                                                •   Properties of essential oils: Basic
                                                    properties, top, middle and base
                                                    notes
                                                •   Extraction techniques: Distillation,
                                                    Enfleurage, comminution, maceration,
                                                    solvent extraction and expression
                                                •   Storage of essential oils
                                                •   Purchasing essential oils
                                                •   Essential oils: Name of oils, plants of
                                                    origin and details of specific oils
                                                    including health and safety.
                                                •   Safety when using essential oil


       3.     Describe and demonstrate the      •   Carrier oils: An introduction
              use of carrier oils
                                                •   Extraction of carrier oils: Solvent
                                                    extraction and cold pressing
                                                •   How to choose a carrier oil
                                                •   Carrier oils: Name of oil, plant of
                                                    origin and specific details


       4.     Demonstrate selecting pre-        •   Pre-blended oils to meet clients
              blended massage oils                  needs
                                                •   Choose oils to suit particular
                                                    outcomes



Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 121
       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                           122
       LINE B2.A:            AROMATHERAPY


       Competency:           B2.A-2
                             Describe effects of aromatherapy

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe effects of aromatherapy

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe effects of                •   Uses in skin care
              aromatherapy
                                                 •   Methods of entry to essential oils into
                                                     the body: Skin, lungs, digestive
                                                     system
                                                 •   Physiological effects and the
                                                     elimination process of essential oils




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                    123
       LINE B2.A:           AROMATHERAPY


       Competency:          B2.A-3
                            Demonstrate methods of application

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Demonstrate methods of application

       1.     Describe and demonstrate the     •   Massage techniques in
              types of massage techniques          aromatherapy: An introduction
              used in aromatherapy
                                               •   Swedish massage
                                               •   Neuromuscular massage
                                               •   Shiatsu massage
                                               •   Contra-indications
                                               •   Contra-indicated essential oils
                                               •   Plan and prepare the treatment area:
                                                   Equipment needed, sterilization and
                                                   disinfection, presentation of the
                                                   therapist, preparation of the client

       2.     Describe and demonstrate         •   Treatment procedures
              providing aromatherapy
                                               •   Compatibility of essential oils
              massage
                                               •   Skin sensitivity test
                                               •   Order of aromatherapy massage
                                               •   Aftercare
                                               •   Contra-actions




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                             124
       LINE B2.A:            AROMATHERAPY


       Competency:           B2.A-4
                             Describe regulations related to aromatherapy

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe regulations related to aromatherapy

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe regulations related to   •   Provincial regulations
              aromatherapy
                                                •   Health and safety




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                    125
       LINE B2.A:           AROMATHERAPY


       Competency:          B2.A-5
                            Demonstrate product knowledge

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Demonstrate product knowledge

       LEARNING TASKS                         CONTENT
       1.     Demonstrate product             •   Product knowledge
              knowledge
                                              •   Storage
                                              •   Essential oils for home care: Bathing
                                                  and vaporization




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                             126
       LINE B2.B:           HEAD AND BODY MASSAGE TREATMENT


       Competency:          B2.B-1
                            Describe types of massage

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe types of massage

       LEARNING TASKS                         CONTENT
       1.     Describe aromatherapy           •   Essential anatomy and physiology
                                                  knowledge requirements (see chart)
                                              •   An introduction to aromatherapy


       2.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Manual massage
              types of massage used in head
                                              •   Mechanical massage
              and body treatments
                                              •   Audio sonic




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                              127
       LINE B2.B:           HEAD AND BODY MASSAGE TREATMENT


       Competency:          B2.B-2
                            Describe the effects of manual massage

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe the effects of manual massage

       LEARNING TASKS                          CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate the     •   Physiological effects of manual
              effects of manual massage            massage
                                               •   Psychological effects of manual
                                                   massage


       2.     Describe and demonstrate the     •   The skin
              effects body massage on the
                                               •   The nervous system
              systems of the body
                                               •   The lymphatic system
                                               •   The circulatory system
                                               •   The muscular system
                                               •   The lungs


       3.     Describe and demonstrate heat    •   Pre-heating treatments
              treatments used to enhance the
                                               •   Infra-red
              effect manual massage
                                               •   Hot stone
                                               •   Hot and cold stone therapy




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                            128
         LINE B2.B:          HEAD AND BODY MASSAGE TREATMENT


       Competency:           B2.B-3
                             Describe and demonstrate massage movements and application

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate massage movements and application

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate          •   Effleurage
              basic massage movements
                                                •   Petrissage
                                                •   Tapotement (Percussion)
                                                •   Friction
                                                •   Deep pressure
                                                •   Vibration
                                                •   Pressure points


       2.     Describe and demonstrate          •   Pregnancy
              adaption of massage to suit the
                                                •   Relaxing massage
              client
                                                •   Tight/contracted muscles
                                                •   Massage for weight problems
                                                •   Slack muscles
                                                •   Massage for males
                                                •   Older clients
                                                •   Skin condition
                                                •   Postural condition


       3. Describe and demonstrate the          •   Massage cream
          use and knowledge of massage
                                                •   Massage oil
          mediums
                                                •   Purified talc
                                                •   Massage emulsion
                                                •   Massage gel




Esthetics Program Outline                                                         129
       4. Demonstrate head and body           •   Arm massage
          massage
                                              •   Neck and chest massage
                                              •   Abdomen massage
                                              •   Leg massage
                                              •   Gluteals massage
                                              •   Back and neck massage
                                              •   Head massage
                                              •   Completing the treatment




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                           130
       LINE B2.B:            HEAD AND BODY MASSAGE TREATMENT


       Competency:           B2.B-4
                             Describe client consultation, planning and preparation

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe client consultation, planning and preparation

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe client consultation       •   Consultation
                                                 •   Reception
                                                 •   Contra-indications to massage
                                                 •   Greeting and communication
                                                 •   Physiology and histology


       2.     Describe client planning and       •   Sterilization and disinfection: Manual
              preparation                            massage, mechanical massage
                                                 •   Preparation of the therapist
                                                 •   Preparation of the client
                                                 •   Draping client
                                                 •   Preparation of treatment area
                                                 •   Equipment required
                                                 •   Planning head and body massage
                                                     treatments
                                                 •   Body posture and working positions
                                                     for the therapist




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 131
       LINE B2.B:           HEAD AND BODY MASSAGE TREATMENT


       Competency:          B2.B-5
                            Describe mechanical massage treatments

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe mechanical massage treatments

       LEARNING TASKS                          CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate         •   Refer to module ‘Improve body
              mechanical massage                   condition using electro-therapy’ to
              treatments and how they relate       learn the techniques for preforming
              to head and body massage             mechanical massage treatment
                                               •   Machines and implements
                                               •   Effects
                                               •   Benefits
                                               •   Electrical equipment




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                132
       LINE B2.C:            PROVIDE SELF-TANNING TREATMENTS (OPTIONAL)


       Competency:           B2.C-1
                             Describe self-tanning treatments

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe self-tanning treatments

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe self-tanning              •   Self tanning treatments: An
              treatments                             introduction
                                                 •   Essential anatomy and physiology
                                                     knowledge requirements (see chart)
                                                 •   Anatomy and physiology: Active
                                                     ingredients and how they react with
                                                     the skin
                                                 •   Reception: Booking appointments,
                                                     advice for clients before and after
                                                     treatment




       Achievement Criteria:
       This is not required for Certificate of Completion or Certificate of Qualification, schools may use
       their own assessment criteria if they choose to include this module.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  133
       LINE B2.C:            PROVIDE SELF-TANNING TREATMENTS (OPTIONAL)


       Competency:           B2.C-2
                             Describe client consultation, planning and preparation

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe client consultation, planning and preparation

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate           •   Consultation
              client consultation, planning
                                                 •   Contra-indications
              and preparation
                                                 •   Plan the self tan treatment
                                                 •   Equipment list
                                                 •   Prepare for the treatment
                                                 •   Sterilization and disinfection
                                                 •   Preparation of treatment area
                                                 •   Preparation of the client
                                                 •   Products to consider for professional
                                                     self tanning




       Achievement Criteria:
       This is not required for Certificate of Completion or Certificate of Qualification, schools may use
       their own assessment criteria if they choose to include this module.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 134
       LINE B2.C:            PROVIDE SELF-TANNING TREATMENTS (OPTIONAL)


       Competency:           B2.C-3
                             Describe and demonstrate application of self-tanning products
                                   manually

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate application of self-tanning products manually

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate the       •   How to apply self tanning products
              application of self tan products
                                                 •   Step by step procedure in manual
                                                     application
                                                 •   Exfoliation technique prior to self
                                                     tanning application




       Achievement Criteria:
       This is not required for Certificate of Completion or Certificate of Qualification, schools may use
       their own assessment criteria if they choose to include this module.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  135
       LINE B2.C:            PROVIDE SELF-TANNING TREATMENTS (OPTIONAL)


       Competency:           B2.C-4
                             Describe and demonstrate application of self-tanning products using
                                   airbrush

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate application of self-tanning products using airbrush

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Application of self tanning        •   Airbrush technique: An introduction
              products using airbrush
                                                 •   How to apply self tan using spray
                                                     application technique
                                                 •   Step by step in airbrush tanning




       Achievement Criteria:
       This is not required for Certificate of Completion or Certificate of Qualification, schools may use
       their own assessment criteria if they choose to include this module.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  136
       B2.C:                PROVIDE SELF-TANNING TREATMENTS (OPTIONAL)


       Competency:          B2.C-5
                            Describe home care advice for clients

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe home care advice for clients

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe home care advice for      •    Completing the treatment
              clients after tanning
                                                 •    Aftercare advice
                                                 •    Products to use to maintain the self
                                                      tanning treatments




       Achievement Criteria:
       This is not required for Certificate of Completion or Certificate of Qualification, schools may use
       their own assessment criteria if they choose to include this module.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                    137
                            NAILS 2
                             (N2)




Esthetics Program Outline             138
       LINE N1.A:           NAIL CARE


       Competency:          N2.A-1
                            Describe advanced nail science

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe nail science

       LEARNING TASKS                        CONTENT
       1.     Describe nail growth           •   Nail growth facts
                                             •   Factors that could slow nail growth
                                                   •   Paralyzation
                                                   •   Poor circulation
                                                   •   Malnutrition
                                                   •   Lactation
                                                   •   Infection
                                                   •   Psoriasis
                                                   •   Medications




Esthetics Program Outline                                                              139
       2.     Describe physiology of the nail     •   Nail folds
                                                        •   Proximal nail fold
                                                        •   Lateral nail fold
                                                  •   True cuticle, eponychium and
                                                      hyponychium
                                                  •   Matrix
                                                  •   Nail plate
                                                        •   Keratin
                                                        •   Amino acids
                                                        •   Protiens
                                                  •   Lunula
                                                  •   Nail bed
                                                        •   Dermis
                                                        •   Epidermis
                                                  •   Solehorn cuticle


       3.     Describe chemistry, as it relates   •   Impact of molecule size (see
              to nail science                         Appendix)
                                                  •   Catalysts and curing


       3.     Describe adhesion and primers       •   Adhesion and primers


       4.     Describe and demonstrate nail       •   Monomers and polymers
              enhancements
                                                  •   Cross linkers
                                                  •   Volatility
                                                  •   Catalysts


       5.     Describe safe beauty practices,     •   Nail disorders
              as they relate to nail science
                                                  •   Levels of decontamination




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                            140
       LINE N2.A:             NAIL ENHANCEMENT SYSTEMS


       Competency:            N2.A-2
                              Describe and demonstrate acrylic nail enhancements

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate acrylic nail enhancements
       2.     Describe purpose and benefits for all stages of an acrylic nail enhancement
       3.     Describe and demonstrate procedure and application for all stages of an acrylic nail
              enhancement
       4.     Describe and demonstrate guidelines for choosing acrylic tips for enhancements
       5.     Describe and demonstrate sanitation, disinfection and sterilization in the spa/salon
       6.     Describe and demonstrate preparation, adhesion and primers
       7.     Describe and demonstrate filing and finishing
       8.     Describe benefits of each stage of an acrylic nail enhancement

       LEARNING TASKS                             CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate            •   Sanitize and disinfect
              preparation of the nail plate
                                                  •   Inspection of nails and hands
                                                  •   Push back cuticle
                                                  •   Detail cuticle with nippers
                                                  •   Remove shine and true cuticle with
                                                      180 grit file
                                                  •   Dust
                                                  •   Cleanse
                                                  •   Prime nail plate


       2.     Describe and demonstrate            •   Greeting and consultation
              client consultation for acrylic
                                                  •   Plan acrylic enhancement
              enhancements
                                                  •   Plan treatment area
                                                  •   Products and supplies
                                                  •   Preparation of client
                                                  •   Reasons for acrylic enhancements
                                                  •   Home maintenance




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  141
       3.     Describe chemistry of acrylic       •   Molecules related to acrylics
              nail enhancements
                                                  •   Monomers, polymers and catalysts
                                                  •   Primers used with acrylics, acids and
                                                      non-acids
                                                  •   Adhesion to the nail plate
                                                  •   Vapors and volatility
                                                  •   Difference between acrylics, gels and
                                                      resins
                                                  •   Adding acrylic to gels or resins


       4.     Describe purpose of acrylic nail    •   Types of acrylics
              enhancements
                                                  •   Effectiveness
                                                  •   Benefits
                                                  •   Adhesion
                                                  •   Volatility
                                                  •   Safety
                                                  •   Maintenance


       5.     Describe procedures and             •   Work station setup
              precautions related to acrylic
                                                  •   Work station cleanliness
              nail enhancements
                                                  •   Work station cleanup
                                                  •   Dust and dust collectors
                                                  •   Vapors and ventilation
                                                  •   Safety


       6.     Describe and demonstrate safe       •   Ventilation
              beauty practices for acrylic nail
                                                  •   Safety eyewear
              enhancements
                                                  •   Use of dust collector
                                                  •   Disposal of waste in airtight container




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  142
       7.     Describe and demonstrate         •   Bead methods
              application methods of acrylic
                                               •   Brush angles for application
                                               •   Placement of beads for best adhesion
                                                   and strength
                                               •   Working properties of different shades
                                                   of acrylic
                                               •   Differences between working with
                                                   acrylic and gel
       8.     Describe and demonstrate         •   Forms, types, angles and custom
              sculpting acrylic nail
                                               •   Types and shades of acrylic products
              enhancements
                                                   and supplies
                                               •   Reasons for sculptured


       9.     Describe and demonstrate tips    •   Types/shades of tips
              and overlay
                                               •   Types/shades of acrylic products and
                                                   supplies


       10. Describe and demonstrate            •   Types/shades of acrylic products and
           overlay                                 supplies
                                               •   Reasons for overlay


       11. Describe and demonstrate            •   Blending and nail prep prior to filling
           maintenance (fills)
                                               •   Natural fills
                                               •   French fills
                                               •   Types/shades of acrylic products and
                                                   supplies


       12. Describe and demonstrate            •   Cracks and chips
           repairs of acrylic nail
                                               •   Tip or sculpt repair
           enhancements
                                               •   Types/shades of acrylic products and
                                                   supplies


       13. Describe and demonstrate filing     •   Hand filing
           and finishing acrylic nail
                                               •   Grits of files and buffers
           enhancements
                                               •   E-filing
                                               •   Electric files and attachments
                                               •   Finishing products




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                    143
       14. Describe and demonstrate           •   Removal products
           removal of acrylic nail
                                              •   Ventilation
           enhancements
                                              •   Soaking and removal
                                              •   Post-manicure
                                              •   Home care




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                           144
       LINE N2.A:             ENHANCE THE APPEARANCE OF THE NATURAL NAIL SYSTEMS


       Competency:            N2.A-3
                              Describe and demonstrate gel nail enhancements

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate gel nail enhancements
       2.     Describe purpose and benefits for all stages of a gel nail enhancement
       3.     Describe and demonstrate procedure and application for all stages of a gel nail
              enhancement
       4.     Describe and demonstrate guidelines for choosing gel enhancements
       5.     Describe and demonstrate sanitation, disinfection and sterilization in the spa/salon
       6.     Describe and demonstrate preparation, adhesion and primers
       7.     Describe and demonstrate filing and finishing of gel enhancements
       8.     Describe benefits of each stage of gel nail enhancements

       LEARNING TASKS                             CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate            •   Sanitize and disinfect
              preparation of the nail plate
                                                  •   Inspection of nails and hands
                                                  •   Push back cuticle
                                                  •   Detail cuticle with nippers
                                                  •   Remove shine and non-living cuticle
                                                  •   Dust
                                                  •   Cleanse


       2.     Describe and demonstrate            •   Greeting and consultation
              client consultation for gel
                                                  •   Plan gel enhancement
              enhancements
                                                  •   Plan treatment area
                                                  •   Products and supplies
                                                  •   Preparation of client
                                                  •   Reasons for gel enhancements
                                                  •   Home maintenance




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   145
       3.     Describe chemistry of gel nail    •   Molecules related to gels
              enhancements
                                                •   Oligimers and photo-initiators
                                                •   Curing lamps (UV vs. LED)
                                                •   Bulbs and wattages
                                                •   Freezing and full curing
                                                •   Burning on nail plate (causes and
                                                    solutions)
                                                •   Adding gel to acrylic or resins


       4.     Describe purpose of gel nail      •   Benefits of LED curing lamps
              enhancements
                                                •   Types of gels
                                                •   Effectiveness
                                                •   Benefits
                                                •   Adhesion
                                                •   Volatility
                                                •   Safety
                                                •   Maintenance


       5.     Describe procedures and           •   Work station setup
              precautions related to gel nail
                                                •   Work station cleanliness
              enhancements
                                                •   Work station cleanup
                                                •   Dust and dust collectors
                                                •   Vapors and ventilation
                                                •   Safety


       6.     Describe and demonstrate safe     •   Ventilation
              beauty practices for gel nail
                                                •   Safety eyewear
              enhancements
                                                •   Use of dust collector
                                                •   Sanitation and disinfection


       7.     Describe and demonstrate          •   Placement of gel for best strength
              application methods of gel            and adhesion
                                                •   Brushing angles and techniques for
                                                    application




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                146
       8.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Forms, types, angles and custom
              sculpting gel nail
                                              •   Types and shades of gel products
              enhancements
                                                  and supplies


       9.     Describe and demonstrate tips   •   Types/shades of tips
              and overlay
                                              •   Types/shades of gel products and
                                                  supplies
                                              •   Application


       10. Describe and demonstrate           •   Types/shades of gel products and
           overlay                                supplies
                                              •   Curing


       11. Describe and demonstrate           •   Types/shades of gel
           maintenance (fills)
                                              •   Natural fills
                                              •   French fills
                                              •   Colour fills
                                              •   Types/shades of gel products and
                                                  supplies
                                              •   Blending, shaping, curing and filing


       12. Describe and demonstrate           •   Cracks and chips
           repairs of gel nail
                                              •   Tip or sculpt repair
           enhancements
                                              •   Types/shades of gel
                                              •   Products and supplies
                                              •   Curing


       13. Describe and demonstrate filing    •   Hand filing
           and finishing gel enhancements
                                              •   Grits of files and buffers
                                              •   E-filing
                                              •   Filing and blending
                                              •   Finishing products




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                147
       14. Describe and demonstrate           •   Removal products
           removal of gel enhancements
                                              •   Removal by filing
                                              •   Products and supplies
                                              •   Safety and precautions
                                              •   Post-manicure
                                              •   Home care




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                           148
       LINE N2.A:             ENHANCE THE APPEARANCE OF THE NATURAL NAIL SYSTEMS


       Competency:            N2.A-4
                              Describe and demonstrate wrap/resin nail enhancements

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate wrap/resin nail enhancements
       2.     Describe purpose and benefits for all stages of a wrap/resin nail enhancement
       3.     Describe and demonstrate procedure and application for all stages of a wrap/resin nail
              enhancement
       4.     Describe and demonstrate guidelines for choosing wrap/resin tips enhancements
       5.     Describe and demonstrate sanitation, disinfection and sterilization in the spa/salon
       6.     Describe and demonstrate preparation and adhesion
       7.     Describe benefits of each stage of wrap/resin nail enhancements

       LEARNING TASKS                             CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate            •   Sanitize and disinfect
              preparation of the nail plate
                                                  •   Inspection of nails and hands
                                                  •   Push back cuticle
                                                  •   Detail cuticle with nippers
                                                  •   Remove shine and non-living cuticle
                                                  •   Dust
                                                  •   Cleanse


       2.     Describe and demonstrate            •   Greeting and consultation
              client consultation for wrap/
                                                  •   Plan wrap/resin enhancement
              resin enhancements
                                                  •   Plan treatment area
                                                  •   Products and supplies
                                                  •   Preparation of client
                                                  •   Reasons for gel enhancements
                                                  •   Home maintenance




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   149
       3.     Describe chemistry of wrap/       •   Resins
              resin nail enhancements
                                                •   Different types of materials used for
                                                    wraps
                                                •   Catalysts used with resins
                                                •   Adhesion to the nail plate
                                                •   Vapors and volatility
                                                •   Differences between gels, acrylics
                                                    and wraps/resins


       4.     Describe purpose of wrap/resin    •   Types of wraps/resins
              nail enhancements
                                                •   Effectiveness
                                                •   Benefits
                                                •   Adhesion
                                                •   Volatility
                                                •   Safety
                                                •   Maintenance


       5.     Describe procedures and           •   Work station setup
              precautions related to wrap/
                                                •   Work station cleanliness
              resin nail enhancements
                                                •   Work station cleanup
                                                •   Dust and dust collectors
                                                •   Vapors and ventilation
                                                •   Safety


       6.     Describe and demonstrate safe     •   Ventilation
              beauty practices for wrap/resin
                                                •   Safety eyewear
              nail enhancements
                                                •   Use of dust collector
                                                •   Disposal of waste in airtight container


       7.     Describe and demonstrate tips     •   Types/shapes of tips
              and overlay
                                                •   Types of resins/wraps
                                                •   Catalyst used with resins/wraps




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   150
       8.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Types of resins/wraps
              overlay
                                              •   Catalysts used with resins/wraps


       9.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Types of resins/wraps
              maintenance (fills)
                                              •   Catalyst
                                              •   Products and supplies
                                              •   Blending and shaping


       10. Describe and demonstrate           •   Cracks and chips
           repairs of wrap/resin nail
                                              •   Tip repair
           enhancements
                                              •   Products and supplies


       11. Describe and demonstrate filing    •   Hand filing products and supplies
           and finishing wrap/resin nail
                                              •   E-filing products and supplies
           enhancements
                                              •   Resin finishes
                                              •   Gel finishes


       12. Describe and demonstrate           •   Removal products
           removal of wrap/resin nail
                                              •   Products and supplies
           enhancements
                                              •   Precautions and ventilation
                                              •   Soaking times




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                             151
       LINE N2.A:             ENHANCE THE APPEARANCE OF THE NATURAL NAIL SYSTEMS


       Competency:            N2.A-5
                              Describe and demonstrate nail art (acrylic and gel)

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate nail art (acrylic and gel)
       2.     Describe and demonstrate procedure and application for nail art
       3.     Describe and demonstrate guidelines for choosing acrylic and gel nail art
       4.     Describe and demonstrate sanitation, disinfection and sterilization in the spa/salon
       5.     Describe and demonstrate preparation, adhesion and primers

       LEARNING TASKS                             CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate            •   Sanitization and disinfection
              preparation of the nail plate
                                                  •   Inspection of hands and nails


       2.     Describe and demonstrate            •   Greeting and consultation
              client consultation
                                                  •   Planning for treatment area and nail
                                                      art
                                                  •   Client preparation
                                                  •   Differences between acrylic and gel
                                                      nail art


       3.     Describe and demonstrate            •   Products and supplies related to
              simple acrylic nail art                 acrylic art
                                                  •   Simple affixed art
                                                  •   Simple coloured acrylic application


       4.     Describe and demonstrate            •   Products and supplies related to gel
              simple gel nail art                     nail art
                                                  •   Simple affixed art
                                                  •   Simple coloured gel
                                                  •   Curing of coloured gel and how it
                                                      differs from non-coloured gel




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                    152
       5.     Describe and demonstrate             •   Finishing with gel, lacquer and resin
              finishing acrylic and gel nail art
                                                   •   Products and supplies for finishing
                                                   •   Reasons for finishing


       7.     Describe and demonstrate             •   Removal supplies
              removal of acrylic and gel nail
                                                   •   Soaking removal
              art
                                                   •   File removal
                                                   •   Safety and precautions
                                                   •   Ventilation




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                      153
       LINE N2.A:            ENHANCE THE APPEARANCE OF THE NATURAL NAIL SYSTEMS


       Competency:           N2.A-6
                             Describe and demonstrate application of nail art to toes

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate application of nail art to toes
       2.     Describe and demonstrate guidelines for choosing nail art for toes
       3.     Describe and demonstrate sanitation, disinfection and sterilization in the spa/salon
       4.     Describe and demonstrate preparation, adhesion and primers

       LEARNING TASKS                             CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate            •   Sanitize and disinfect
              application of enhancement
                                                  •   Inspection of foot, toenails and
              prior to pedicure
                                                      surrounding areas
                                                  •   Push back cuticle with sanitizing
                                                      solution
                                                  •   Removal of shine and non-living
                                                      cuticle
                                                  •   Cleanse
                                                  •   Choice of enhancement
                                                  •   Application
                                                  •   Filing and finishing
                                                  •   Reasons and benefits of application
                                                      of enhancement application prior to
                                                      pedicure
                                                  •   Proceed with pedicure if desired




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   154
                            SKIN 2
                             (S2)




Esthetics Program Outline            155
       LINE S2.A: MICRODERMABRASION


       Competency:          S2.A-1
                            Describe and demonstrate outcome of microdermabrasion

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate outcome of microdermabrasion

       LEARNING TASKS                         CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Micro-dermabrasion treatment: An
              improving the appearance of         introduction
              the skin using micro-
                                              •   Essential anatomy and physiology
              dermabrasion
                                                  knowledge requirements (see chart)
                                              •   General effects
                                              •   Anatomy & physiology of how micro-
                                                  dermabrasion effects the skin
                                              •   Treatment times and series of
                                                  treatments
                                              •   Contra-indications
                                              •   Sterilization and disinfection




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                              156
       LINE S2.A:           MICRODERMABRASION


       Competency:          S2.A-2
                            Describe and demonstrate microdermabrasion treatment

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate performing microdermabrasion treatment

       LEARNING TASKS                         CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate the    •   Preparation of treatment area
              micro-dermabrasion treatment
                                              •   Preparation of the therapist
                                              •   Preparation of the client
                                              •   Treatment application: Step by step
                                              •   Aftercare
                                              •   Contra-actions




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                               157
       LINE S2.B:            IMPROVE FACE AND SKIN CONDITION USING
                             ELECTRO-THERAPY


       Competency:           S2.B-1
                             Describe improving face and skin condition using electro-therapy

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe improving face and skin condition using electro-therapy

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe and electro-therapies     •   Essential anatomy and physiology
                                                     knowledge requirements (see chart)
                                                 •   Introduction to body electro-therapy




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   158
       LINE S2.B:            IMPROVE FACE AND SKIN CONDITION USING
                             ELECTRO-THERAPY


       Competency:           S2.B-2
                             Describe faradic electro-therapy treatments.

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe faradic electro-therapy treatments

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe faradic electro-therapy            Introduction
                                                     •
              treatments
                                                     •    Anatomy and physiology


       2.     Describe the planning,             • Treatment times and series of
              preparation, treatments             treatments
              procedure and aftercare of
                                                 •       Equipment and materials
              faradic treatments
                                                 •       Contra-indications
                                                 •       Sterilization and disinfection
                                                 •       Preparation of treatment area
                                                 •       Preparation for the therapist
                                                 •       Preparation for the client
                                                 •       Treatment application for the face and
                                                         skin
                                                 •       Aftercare and contra-actions




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                    159
       LINE S2.B:           IMPROVE FACE AND SKIN CONDITION USING
                            ELECTRO-THERAPY


       Competency:          S2.B-3
                            Describe and demonstrate galvanic electro-therapy treatments.

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate galvanic electro-therapy treatments

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate              •    Introduction
              galvanic electro-therapy
              treatment                             •    Anatomy and physiology
                                                    •    Electrical and chemical effects
                                                    •    Disincrustation
                                                    •    Iontophoresis


       2.     Describe and demonstrate          •       Treatment times and series of
              planning, preparation,                    treatments
              treatments procedure and          •       Equipment and materials
              aftercare for galvanic
              treatments                        •       Electrodes for galvanic
                                                •       Contra-indications
                                                •       Sterilization and disinfection
                                                •       Preparation of treatment area
                                                •       Preparation for the therapist
                                                •       Preparation for the client
                                                •       Disincrustation treatment application
                                                        for the face and skin
                                                •       Iontophoresis treatment application
                                                        for the face and skin
                                                •       Aftercare and contra-actions




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                     160
       LINE S2.B:           IMPROVE FACE AND SKIN CONDITION USING
                            ELECTRO-THERAPY


       Competency:          S2.B-4
                            Describe and demonstrate high-frequency electro-therapy treatments.

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate high-frequency electro-therapy treatments

       LEARNING TASKS                          CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate             •    Introduction
              high-frequency electro-therapy
              treatments                           •    Anatomy and physiology
                                                   •    Direct High-frequency
                                                   •    In-direct high-frequency
                                                   •    Electrical and chemical effects
                                                   •
       2.     Describe and demonstrate the     •       Treatment times and series of
              planning, preparation,                   treatments
              treatments procedure and         •       Equipment and materials
              aftercare high-frequency
              treatments                       •       Electrodes for high-frequency
                                               •       Contra-indications
                                               •       Sterilization and disinfection
                                               •       Preparation of treatment area
                                               •       Preparation for the therapist
                                               •       Preparation for the client
                                               •       Direct high-frequency treatment
                                                       application for the face and skin
                                               •       In-direct high-frequency treatment for
                                                       the face and skin
                                               •       Aftercare and contra-actions


       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   161
       LINE S2.B:            IMPROVE FACE AND SKIN CONDITION USING
                             ELECTRO-THERAPY


       Competency:           S2.B-5
                             Describe audio sonic electro-therapy treatments.

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe audio sonic electro-therapy

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe audio sonic electro-         •    Introduction
              therapy treatments
                                                    •    Anatomy and physiology
                                                    •    Audio sonic effects


       2.     Describe the planning,            •       Treatment times and series of
              preparation, treatments                   treatments
              procedure and aftercare for       •       Equipment and materials
              audio sonic treatments
                                                •       Attachment heads for Audio sonic
                                                •       Contra-indications
                                                •       Sterilization and disinfection
                                                •       Preparation of treatment area
                                                •       Preparation for the therapist
                                                •       Preparation for the client
                                                •       Treatment application for the face and
                                                        skin
                                                •       Aftercare and contra-actions




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   162
       LINE S2.B:            IMPROVE FACE AND SKIN CONDITION USING ELECTRO-THERAPY


       Competency:           S2.B-6
                             Describe vacuum suction electro-therapy treatments

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe vacuum suction electro-therapy treatments

       LEARNING TASKS                          CONTENT
       1.     Describe vacuum suction              •    Introduction to vacuum suction
              electro-therapy treatments                therapy
                                                   •    Anatomy and physiology
                                                   •    Vacuum suction effects


       2.     Describe the planning,           •       Treatment times and series of
              preparation, treatments                  treatments
              procedure and aftercare for      •       Equipment and materials
              vacuum suction treatments
                                               •       Different types of vacuum cups
                                               •       Contra-indications
                                               •       Sterilization and disinfection
                                               •       Preparation of treatment area
                                               •       Preparation for the therapist
                                               •       Preparation for the client
                                               •       Treatment application for the face and
                                                       skin
                                               •       Aftercare and contra-actions




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  163
       LINE S2.B:            IMPROVE FACE AND SKIN CONDITION USING
                             ELECTRO-THERAPY


       Competency:           S2.B-7
                             Describe micro-current electro-therapy treatments.

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe micro-current electro-therapy treatments

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe micro-current electro-       •    Introduction
              therapy treatments
                                                    •    Anatomy and physiology
                                                    •    Micro-current effects
                                                    •    Electrical science


       2.     Describe the planning,            •       Treatment times and series of
              preparation, treatments                   treatments
              procedure and aftercare for       •       Equipment and materials
              micro-current treatments
                                                •       Different types needles
                                                •       Contra-indications
                                                •       Sterilization and disinfection
                                                •       Preparation of treatment area
                                                •       Preparation for the therapist
                                                •       Preparation for the client
                                                •       Treatment application for the face and
                                                        skin
                                                •       Aftercare and contra-actions




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   164
                                      ELECTROLYSIS* 2
                                           (E2)

                            *REQUIRES USE OF ELECTROLOGY COURSE OUTLINE (SEE LIST OF
                                           RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS)




Esthetics Program Outline                                                              165
       LINE E2.A:            ELECTROLYSIS


       Competency:           E2.A-1
                             Introduction to electrology

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Demonstrate knowledge of key concepts and brief history of electrology

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe the history of            •   History of electrology
              electrology
                                                       •   Social implications
                                                       •   Origins
                                                 •   Historical evolution of electrolysis,
                                                     thermolysis and the blend
                                                 •   Processes of electrolysis, thermolysis
                                                     and blend


       2.     Describe the required skills       •   Nature of electrolysis treatment
              performed by the electrologist
                                                 •   Skills required to perform electrolysis
                                                     treatment
                                                 •   Process leading to professional
                                                     qualification
                                                 •   Personal qualities for services career


       3.     Identify electrolysis terms used   •   Terms
              for services
       4.     Describe the Electrolysis          •   Role of the Electrolysis Association
              Associations
                                                 •   Role of members
                                                 •   Role of the Federation of Canadian
                                                     Electrolysis Associations




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                    166
       5.     Describe code of ethics and     •   Code of ethics
              professional conduct
                                              •   Reasons for guides and professional
                                                  conduct
                                              •   Ethics related to:
                                                    •   Clients/patients
                                                    •   General public
                                                    •   Employee/employer
                                                        responsibilities


       6.     Describe personality            •   Personality development
              development, motivation and
                                              •   Motivation
              goal setting
                                              •   Goal setting


       7.     Describe image projection       •   Image projected to clients
                                              •   Relationship between image and
                                                  atmosphere of professionalism and
                                                  competence


       8.     Describe safety procedures      •   Potential hazards
                                              •   Safety precautions related to:
                                                    •   Electrical equipment
                                                    •   Filament/probe/electrode
                                                    •   Sanitation/sterilization


       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                             167
       LINE E2.A:            ELECTROLYSIS


       Competency:           E2.A-2
                             Describe causes of hair problems

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe causes of hair problems

       LEARNING TASKS                            CONTENT
       1.     Describe congenital, topical       •   Glands associated with hair, their
              and systematic growth                  function and related products
                                                 •   Stimulation of new hair growth
                                                 •   Abnormal and normal congenital
                                                     patters
                                                 •   Topical causes
                                                 •   Systematic causes and changes
                                                 •   Endocrine system and relationship
                                                     with stimulation of hair growth:
                                                       •   Puberty
                                                       •   Pregnancy
                                                       •   Menopause
                                                 •   Abnormal systematic and pathological
                                                     changes causing hypertrichosis:
                                                       •   Inherited
                                                       •   Acquired
                                                       •   Tumor
                                                       •   Diet
                                                       •   Adrenogenital syndrome
                                                       •   Cushing’s syndrome
                                                       •   Surgical changes
                                                       •   Medicinal changes
                                                       •   Emotional changes




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 168
       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                         169
       LINE E2.A:            ELECTROLYSIS


       Competency:           E2.A-3
                             Describe and demonstrate hygiene, bacteriology and sterilization

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe principles of electricity as it relates to the different methods of permanent hair
              removal, including filament and selection of appropriate current will also be discussed

       LEARNING TASKS                              CONTENT
       1.     Describe bacteriology and            •   Bacterial infection
              related diseases and disorders
                                                   •   Types of bacteria
                                                   •   Difference between active and
                                                       inactive stages
                                                   •   Favorable growth conditions for
                                                       bacteria
                                                   •   Contagious/communicable diseases
                                                   •   Infection agents
                                                   •   Common skin diseases from
                                                       pathogens
                                                   •   Primary and secondary lesions
                                                   •   Common terms for diseases
                                                   •   Disorders of the sebaceous gland
                                                   •   Normal defense system in the human
                                                       body
                                                   •   Acquired immunity deficiency
                                                       syndrome (AIDS)


       2.     Describe and demonstrate             •   Rules of cleanliness and personal
              personal hygiene                         hygiene
                                                   •   Necessity for personal hygiene
                                                   •   Relationship between cleanliness,
                                                       good health and success
                                                   •   Appropriate dress code
                                                   •   Personal hygiene, grooming and
                                                       dress code




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   170
       3.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Public hygiene
              public hygiene
                                              •   Clinic or school’s responsibilities to
                                                  assure public health
                                              •   Provincial requirements


       4.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Sterilization
              sanitation/sterilization
                                              •   Sanitation measures
                                              •   Disinfectants
                                              •   Antiseptic
                                              •   Physical sanitation agents
                                              •   Methods of sterilization and sanitation
                                              •   Uses of sanitizing agents
                                              •   Safety precautions and procedures
                                              •   Sanitation and sterilization rules and
                                                  approved methods in the clinic




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  171
       LINE E2.A:            ELECTROLYSIS


       Competency:           E2.A-4
                             Describe skin dermatology and histology

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe skin dermatology and histology

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe skin characteristics     •   Sensitive skin
                                                •   Average skin
                                                •   Insensitive skin
                                                •   Soft-firm skin
                                                •   Thin-thick skin
                                                •   Moist-dry skin
                                                •   Oil - not oily
                                                •   Aged skin
                                                •   Acne
       2.     Describe histology and            •   Skin divisions
              pathology of the skin
                                                •   Skin functions
                                                •   Strata of the epidermis
                                                •   How skin is nourished
                                                •   Motor nerves of the skin
                                                •   Sensory nerves of the skin
                                                •   Colour of the skin
                                                •   Skin elasticity and pliability
                                                •   Sebaceous and suderiferous glands
                                                    and their disorders
                                                •   Cause of increased activity of the
                                                    sweat gland
                                                •   Areas where hirsutism is common on
                                                    a female




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                172
       3.     Describe dermatology            •   Skin lesions
                                              •   Skin disorders and imperfections
                                              •   Common terms for diseases and
                                                  disorders
                                              •   Skin inflammations
                                              •   Parasitic diseases
                                              •   Skin diseases where electrolysis
                                                  treatment must not be administered
                                              •   Hypertrophies of the skin
       4.     Describe tissue                 •   Physiology of cells and tissue
                                              •   Four main kinds of tissue
                                              •   Stages of mitosis
                                              •   Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
                                              •   Effects of sun on skin and hair


       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                              173
       LINE E2.A:           ELECTROLYSIS


       Competency:          E2.A-5
                            Describe anatomy and physiology

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe anatomy and physiology

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe the skeletal system      •   Functions of the skeletal system
                                                •   Divisions of the skeletal system


       2.     Describe the muscular system      •   Function and importance of skeletal
                                                    muscles
                                                •   General functions of the muscular
                                                    system
                                                •   How skeletal muscles maintain
                                                    posture


       3.     Describe the nervous system       •   Divisions of the nervous system and
                                                    how they function
                                                •   Neuron and its functions
                                                •   Diseases of the nerves
                                                •   Pain threshold and the function of the
                                                    synapse
                                                •   Twelve pairs of cranial nerves
                                                •   Function of spinal cord and spinal
                                                    nerves
                                                •   Diseases of the brain and spinal cord
                                                •   Structure and function of the
                                                    thalamus and hypothalamus


       4.     Describe the digestive system     •   Gastrointestinal tract
                                                •   Digestion process
                                                •   Absorption process
                                                •   Metabolism
                                                •   Anabolism and catabolism


Esthetics Program Outline                                                                 174
       5.     Describe the respiratory system   •   Six organs of the respiratory system
                                                •   Mechanisms of breathing
                                                •   Respiratory disorders


       6.     Describe the circulatory          •   Angiology
              (vascular) system
                                                •   Four organs of the circulatory system
                                                •   Heart and its functions
                                                •   Blood circulatory system
                                                •   Structure and function of blood
                                                •   Main diseases of the blood
                                                •   Platelets
                                                •   Four main blood types
                                                •   Blood vessels
                                                •   Blood pressure
                                                •   Lymphatic system
                                                •   Important functions of the lymphatic
                                                    system
                                                •   Function of the spleen


       7.     Describe the excretory system     •   Excretory system and its functions
                                                •   Main diseases of the excretory
                                                    system


       8.     Describe the reproduction         •   Masculinizing hormone and related
              system                                glands
                                                •   Feminizing hormone and related
                                                    glands
                                                •   Ovulating hormone and related
                                                    glands
                                                •   Diseases that affect hair growth




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  175
       9.     Describe the glandular system   •   Endocrine systems and its eight
                                                  major glands
                                              •   Duct and ductless glands
                                              •   Internal secretion glands
                                              •   External secretion glands
                                              •   Glands of double secretion
                                              •   Hormone and its effect on hair growth
                                              •   Diseases of the endocrine system
                                                  and related syndromes
                                              •   Endocrine system in connection with
                                                  hair stimulation




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                            176
       LINE E2.A:           ELECTROLYSIS


       Competency:          E2.A-6
                            Describe hair structure

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate knowledge of hair structure

       LEARNING TASKS                          CONTENT
       1.     Describe hair growth, shapes     •   Function of hair
              and reproduction
                                               •   Lanugo hair and vellus
                                               •   Terminal hair and reasons for length
                                                   varition
                                               •   Lifespan of hair on various areas of
                                                   the body
                                               •   Hair growth
                                               •   Stages of hair growth
                                               •   Types of hair
                                               •   Structure of the hair follicle
                                               •   Distortions of the hair follicle and
                                                   reasons for them
                                               •   Multiple hair growth from one follicle
                                               •   Follicle, root, hair bulb, shaft and
                                                   papilla
                                               •   Growth potential in the pilosebaceous
                                                   unit




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                   177
       LINE E2.A:           ELECTROLYSIS


       Competency:          E2.A-7
                            Describe and demonstrate practical analysis of hair and skin

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate analysis of hair and skin

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate          •   Characteristics of the skin
              examination
                                                •   Sensitivity level
                                                •   Allergies
                                                •   Hair texture
                                                •   Previously removed hair growth
                                                •   Virgin hair
                                                •   Unusual hair growth


       2.     Demonstrate practical             •   Holding a probe
              application
                                                •   Insertion into follicle
                                                •   Angle of inclination
                                                •   Use of magnifying devices during
                                                    examination and insertion
                                                •   Methods for making good insertion
                                                •   Establishing a depth gauge
                                                •   Holding forceps
                                                •   Correct epilation
                                                •   Effect of keratinized hair bulb on
                                                    insertion
                                                •   Hair condition
                                                •   Evaluation of re-growth cycle
                                                •   Causes of re-growth
                                                •   Scheduling according to re-growth
                                                •   Communication facets of re-growth to
                                                    the client



Esthetics Program Outline                                                                178
       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                           179
       LINE E2.A:            ELECTROLYSIS


       Competency:           E2.A-8
                             Describe principles of electricity and equipment

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe principles of electricity and equipment

       LEARNING TASKS                             CONTENT
       1.     Describe electrical currents        •   Polarity and electron flow
                                                  •   Basic electricity
                                                  •   Measurement of electricity
                                                  •   Milliamperemeter
                                                  •   Function of negative and positive
                                                      reaction
                                                  •   Electrolysis by galvanic current
                                                  •   High frequency current
                                                  •   Outcome of galvanic and high
                                                      currency combined in a treatment
                                                      (blend)


       2.     Describe electrology equipment      •   Rectifier, filter, oscillator and rheostat
                                                  •   Types of electrology equipment
                                                  •   Equipment/treatments for permanent
                                                      hair removal (laser)
                                                  •   Safety measures associated with
                                                      equipment




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                      180
       3.     Describe electrolysis   •   Theory of galvanic current
                                      •   Effects of galvanic lye on tissue
                                      •   Effect of moisture gradient in galvanic
                                          blend treatment
                                      •   Needle depth and current intensity
                                      •   Effects of polarity
                                      •   Effect of needle diameter on the
                                          treatment
                                      •   Selecting the needle
                                      •   Procedure for setting up galvanic
                                          technique
                                      •   Multiple needle method
                                      •   Catophoresis and anaphoresis as
                                          applicable to electrology


       4.     Thermolysis             •   Function of thermolysis
                                      •   High frequency current
                                      •   Examples of high frequency heating
                                      •   Modes of tissue destruction
                                      •   Intensity of heat pattern on various
                                          sizes of hair
                                      •   Effects of moisture gradient of skin
                                      •   Effects of varying electrode diameters
                                      •   Timing of current on various sizes of
                                          hair
                                      •   Differences between manual and
                                          automatic (flash) technique
                                      •   Problems which may occur on a
                                          distorted follicle
                                      •   Procedures of application of the flash
                                          technique
                                      •   Procedure of the application for
                                          manual technique
                                      •   Working point




Esthetics Program Outline                                                         181
       5.     Describe the blend            •   Blend method
                                            •   Effect of blend method on hair
                                            •   Application of the blend
                                            •   Neutral effects of the blend
                                            •   Determining proper balance of
                                                currents
                                            •   Time factor in the blend
                                            •   Lye quantity factor
                                            •   Variations in the sequence of currents
                                            •   Elimination of galvanic after-count
                                            •   Extension of galvanic after-count
                                            •   Progressive epilation
                                            •   Progressive epilation as a guide to
                                                accurate insertions
                                            •   Treating double and triple hair
                                                patterns


       6.     Describe the needle (probe/   •   History of needle types
              electrode)
                                            •   Bulbous needle
                                            •   Coated needle
                                            •   Two-piece needle
                                            •   Tapered needle
                                            •   Metals used in needles
                                            •   Needle as a probe
                                            •   Needle as an electrode
                                            •   Comparison of straight and tapered
                                                needles
                                            •   Proper use of tapered needles
                                            •   Suggested methods for increasing
                                                needle life
                                            •   Decrease needle diameter, shape a
                                                needle point, shorten a needle shaft,
                                                restore polish to a needle, straighten
                                                needles
                                            •   Colour-coding of various sizes of
                                                needles



Esthetics Program Outline                                                             182
       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam.




Esthetics Program Outline                                         183
       LINE E2.A:            ELECTROLYSIS


       Competency:           E2.A-9
                             Describe and demonstrate general treatment procedures

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate general treatment procedures
       2.     Describe and demonstrate safety and hygiene rules for all treatment procedures
       3.     Describe and demonstrate client positioning for each treatment area
       4.     Describe and demonstrate characteristics for each treatment area
       5.     Describe and demonstrate suggested work pattern for each treatment area
       6.     Describe and demonstrate post-treatment for each treatment area

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate pre-     •   Liability release form
              treatment procedures
                                                •   Skin (predisposition) test
                                                •   Patch test
                                                •   Consultation with client’s doctor
                                                •   Consultation/first interview
                                                •   Personal history card


       2.     Preparations for hair removal     •   Preparation of treatment area and
                                                    equipment
                                                •   Client positioning and draping
                                                •   Sanitizing client’s skin
                                                •   Lighting requirements
                                                •   Appearance of skin
                                                •   Epilation using forceps
                                                •   Needle insertion and setting current
                                                    and intensity




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  184
       3.     Specific treatment areas        •   Upper and lower lip
                                              •   Chin, underchin and throat
                                              •   Side face
                                              •   Eyebrows
                                              •   Ears
                                              •   Underarms
                                              •   Back and shoulders
                                              •   Chest and breasts
                                              •   Legs
                                              •   Nape of neck
                                              •   Hairline


       4.     Follow-up treatments            •   Formation of fluid or scabs
                                              •   Home care and protective advice
                                              •   Products to avoid




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                           185
       LINE E2.A:             ELECTROLYSIS


       Competency:            E2.A-10
                              Describe and demonstrate developing a practice

       Learning Objectives:

       1.     Describe and demonstrate developing a practice

       LEARNING TASKS                           CONTENT
       1.     Describe and demonstrate          •   Personal hygiene
              professional integrity
                                                •   Honesty and integrity
                                                •   Appropriate attitude towards client/
                                                    patient
                                                •   Dress code


       2.     Describe clinic/office            •   Desirability of neighbourhood
              requirements
                                                •   Location and type of office
                                                •   Rental situations
                                                •   Required equipment and supplies
                                                •   Business promotion
                                                •   Clinic/office layout
                                                •   Basic interior decoration
                                                •   Purchasing and naming
                                                •   Lease terms
                                                •   Legal council


       3.     Describe the need for insurance   •   General
              coverage
                                                •   Malpractice
                                                •   Tenants and legal liability
                                                •   Theft and burglary
                                                •   Vandalism
                                                •   Fire, etc.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  186
       4.     Describe regulations            •   Federal and Provincial tax laws for
                                                  self-employed and for employees
                                              •   Local laws related to:
                                                    •   Building inspection
                                                    •   Health inspection
                                                    •   Municipal licensing
                                                    •   City by-laws


       5.     Describe clinic/office policy   •   Importance of maintaining office
                                                  policy
                                              •   Employer/employee responsibility
                                              •   Hours and fees
                                              •   Displaying business license
                                              •   Displaying qualification/training
                                                  certificates
                                              •   displaying Association certificates
                                              •   fulfilling obligations to clients/patients,
                                                  employees and co-workers


       6.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Telephone techniques and manners
              telephone communication
                                              •   Adjusting complaints over the phone
                                              •   Necessity for scheduling
                                                  appointments
                                              •   Proper telephone usage on an on-
                                                  going basis


       7.     Describe reception services     •   Requirements to be a good
                                                  receptionist
                                              •   Need for good record keeping
                                              •   Electrolysis treatment performed in an
                                                  electrology centre and explain why it
                                                  is not possible to accurately estimate
                                                  treatment time without consultation




Esthetics Program Outline                                                                  187
       8.     Describe and demonstrate        •   Need for professional attitude
              professional attitude
                                              •   Requirements to maintain sufficient
                                                  clinic/office supplies
                                              •   Keeping equipment at peak
                                                  performance
                                              •   Knowledgeability of new
                                                  developments, techniques, equipment
                                                  in your profession
                                              •   Subscribing to electrolysis
                                                  publications
                                              •   Need to form a good working
                                                  relationship with co-workers or
                                                  colleagues in your area




       Achievement Criteria:
       The student must receive at least 70% on a written exam and practical assessment.




Esthetics Program Outline                                                               188
                                        SECTION 3

                      TRAINING PROVIDER STANDARDS




Esthetics Training Provider Standards               189
                                        RECOMMENDED REFERENCE TEXTBOOKS
       All esthetician training program instructors and trainees are required to ensure they use the most
       current standard for safety, industry specifications, ITA policies, etc.

       The following textbooks are recommendations only. Instructors may use any combination of
       these and other resources to teach students the required competencies.

       Milady’s Standard Comprehensive Training for Estheticians
       Publisher: Miladay Publishing, Albany, New York

       Milady’s Nail Technology Course
       Publisher: Miladay Publishing, Albany, New York

       A Consumer’s Dictionary of Cosmetic Ingredients
       Publisher: Three Rivers Press

       WorkSafeBC Occupational Health and Safety Regulation
       Publisher: Crown Publications Inc., Victoria, BC

       Introductory Guide to Business
       Publisher: EMS Publishing

       Nail Artistry
       Publisher: Thomson Learning

       Make-Up Artistry for Professional Qualifications
       Publisher: Neinemann

       The Complete Spa Book for Massage Therapists
       Publisher: Delmar Learning

       Spa - The Official Guide to Spa Therapy - Levels 2 & 3
       Publisher: Thomson Learning

       An Introductory Guide to Anatomy and Physiology
       Publisher: EMS Publishing

       An Introductory Guide to Aromatherapy
       Publisher: EMS Publishing

       Electrology Course Outline
       Province of BC, April 1989 - available through The Association of Professional Electrologists of
       British Columbia

       Electrolysis, Thermolysis and The Blend: The Principles and Practice of Permanent Hair
       Removal
       Publisher: Arroway Publishers

       Unwanted Hair, Its Cause and Treatment
       Publisher: Parthenon Press


Esthetics Training Provider Standards                                                     190
                                                  WEBSITES

       The following website links have been provided solely for the convenience of users of the
       Esthetics Training Program Outline and were correct at the time of publishing. We are not
       responsible for the accuracy, currency or the reliability of the content; we are not responsible for
       the information found through these links nor do we endorse the site and its content.


       Trade National Occupation Analysis: Esthetics
       http://www5.hrsdc.gc.ca/NOC/English/NOC/2006/Profile.aspx?val=6&val1=6482

       Hand Washing Slide Show
       http://www2.worksafebc.com/media/fss/handWashing/slideshow.htm

       WorkSafeBC Home page
       http://www.worksafebc.com/

       Health Canada – Canada’s Food and Drugs Acts and Regulations
       http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/legislation/acts-lois/act-loi_reg-eng.php

       Labour Canada
       http://canadaonline.about.com/od/labourstandards/
       Canada_Employment_and_Labour_Standards.htm


       Occupational Health and Safety – Hand Washing
       http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/diseases/washing_hands.html




Esthetics Training Provider Standards                                                       191
                          TRAINING PROVIDER STANDARDS FOR INSTRUCTORS
               Instructor qualifications

               Instructors must possess the following qualifications

               •     Level 2 Certificate of Qualification or equivalent
               •     A minimum of 3 years industry experience
               •     A minimum of 1 year of formal teaching experience or teaching credentials
                     appropriate to the level of the program
               •     Or a combination of formal education qualifications and industry experience that
                     equals the minimum requirements.
               Institutions hiring instructors must require their instructors to possess both formal industry
               and teaching credentials and experience.

               Continuing studies
               Instructors must complete a total of 16 hours of professional development in teaching and
               esthetics each year: 8 hours of professional development related to teaching and
               education and 8 hours of professional development in esthetics.




Esthetics Training Provider Standards                                                          192
                                         TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT


       Make-up
       Pressed powder
       Translucent powder
       Liquid foundation
       Concealers
       Specialty concealers
       Blush
       Eyeshadow
       Black mascara
       Eyeliner
       Lipstick
       Lipgloss
       Lip pencil
       Spatula
       Pencil sharpener
       Wedge sponges
       Disposable mascara sponges
       Brush: Lip
       Brush: Large shadow
       Brush: Powder
       Brush: Blush
       Brush: Pointed crease/shader
       Brush: Angle
       Brush: Small shadow
       Brush: Brow
       Brush: Fan
       Brush: Eyeliner

       Manicures/pedicures
       Nail Clippers - 5 1/2” (Stainless steel)
       Cuticle scissors - straight (Stainless steel)
       Cuticle nippers - 4” 4mm (Stainless steel)
       Tweezers (Stainless steel)
       Ptergium Knife (Stainless steel)
       Nail lifter - 6 1/2” (Stainless steel)
       Cuticle pusher (Stainless steel)
       Corn plate - Credo blade (Stainless steel)
       Extra blades
       Hindu stone
       Foot paddle/callous rasp
       Sanitizing buffing block
       3-sided buffer
       Nail file (sanitizable)
       Nail brush
       Birchwood sticks
       Pedicure slippers
       Toe separators
       Red lacquer


Esthetics Training Provider Standards                          193
       French manicure lacquer (pink/white)
       Cuticle oil
       Base, top coat lacquer
       Manicure bowl
       Box gloves
       Ear loops masks
       Disposable apron

       Facial skin care
       Beds
       Trolley
       Magnifying lamp
       High frequency machine
       Steamer
       Galvanic machine
       Stool/chair
       Sterilizer (chemical)
       Wood’s lamp
       Lucas or Atomizer spray
       Brush machine

       Skin and body care
       Facial cleansers
       Facial toners
       Facial skin peels - granular, enzymatic and AHA creams
       Eye care cleanser
       Eye care cream
       Moisturizers
       Cleanser
       Body peels/exfoliants
       Body moisturizing cream
       Massage medium
       Essential oils
       Algae or seaweed wrap
       Mud wrap
       Treatment/night care
       Ampoules/concentrates
       Facial masks

       Waxing
       Beds
       Trolley
       Magnifying lamp
       Wax pot (warm wax)
       Wax pot (hot wax)
       Disposable gloves
       Disposable wax applicators
       Powder
       Pre-waxing solution
       Post-waxing product
       Covered garbage disposal


Esthetics Training Provider Standards                           194
                                SECTION 3

                                APPENDICES




Esthetics Training Appendices                195
                   APPENDIX A: SCIENCE OF ESTHETICS CROSS-REFERENCE LIST
             A&P         Aromatherapy Head & body   Provide self   Improve body Improve skin Enhance the       Maintain,        Micro-
                                        massage       tanning        condition     condition    appearance of   repair &     dermabraision
                                       treatments   treatments      using electro using electro natural nail    enhance
                                                                       therapy       therapy      systems     artificial nail
                                                                                                               structures




       Skin: Cells &
       Tissues

       Neurology


       The hair


       The nails


       The brain


       Skeletal system


       Muscular
       system


       Nervous system


       Cardiovascular
       system

       Endocrine
       system

       Lymphatic
       system

       Respiratory
       system

       Digestive
       system

       Excretory
       system

       Olfactory
       system

       Reproductive
       system




Esthetics Training Appendices                                                                                                                196
               APPENDIX B: MOLECULE SIZE CHART FOR NAIL ENHANCEMENTS


                                                         Molecule Size

                                       Smallest              Small                 Larger              Largest




                                  Methyl               Ethyl Methacrylate    Methoxyethoxy        Urethane Acrylate
                                  methacrylate         (EMA)                 Ethyl Methacrylate   Oligomers (UAO)
                                  (MMA)                                      (MEM)
              Chemical Name
                                  Hazardous &
                                  Illegal

                                  Fast cure            Moderate cure         Moderate cure        UV-Cure

                                  No surface           No surface            Moist surface        Moist surface
                                  residue.             residue.              residue for dust-    residue - needs to
              Cure
                                                                             free filing.          be wiped off.

                                  Dangerously hard,    Durable, flexible      Durable, flexible     Durable, flexible
                                  rigid acrylic.*      acrylic.              acrylic.             acrylic.

                                  Volatile             Somewhat volatile     Low volatility       Low volatility
              Volatility
                                  Sharp odor.          Average odor.         Virtually no odor.   Virtually no odor.

                                  Very poor inherent   Good with only        Very good with       Very good.
                                  adhesion to the      light buffing and      light buffing and
                                  natural nail, even   appropriate           appropriate
                                  with primer.         priming.              primer.
              Adhesion
                                  Natural nail must    No aggressive         Some people can      Difficult to remove.
                                  be filed              filing is necessary.   wear it primerless
                                  aggressively --                            (not
                                  “shredded” -- to                           recommended, but
                                  make MMA stick **                          possible)


       *MMA is stronger than natural nails. If a break occurs, the natural nail can be severely injured or torn off.
       **This “shredding” accounts for much of the damage associated with MMA usage on nails. Unfortunately, techs
       trained on MMA may continue filing the nail down too aggressively after they change over to legitimate products, not
       know that itʼs no longer necessary. This highlights the importance of product education.




Esthetics Training Appendices                                                                                           197

								
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