Ecce venis

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					Ecce 10
Present Tense
  Conjugations

  • You can identify a verb’s
    conjugation by the infinitive
    ending

ambulare is an infinitive!
1st Conjugation

• The infinitive of the 1st
  conjugation ends in –are


• ambulo, ambulare
• voco, vocare
• curo, curare
2nd Conjugation

• The infinitive of the 2nd
  conjugation ends in –ēre


• terreo, terrēre
• doceo, docēre
• timeo, timēre
3rd Conjugation

• The infinitive of the 3rd
  conjugation ends in –ere


• curro, currere
• iacio, iacere
• duco, ducere
4th Conjugation

• The infinitive of the 4th
  conjugation ends in –ire


• dormio, dormire
• nescio, nescire
• venio, venire
 Which conjugation is this
 verb?
• pono, ponere



         3rd
  Which conjugation is this
  verb?
• salto, saltare



           1st
 Which conjugation is this
 verb?
• advenio, advenire



         4th
 Which conjugation is this
 verb?
• timeo, timēre



         2nd
  Which conjugation is this
  verb?
• iacio, iacere



           3rd
  Which conjugation is this
  verb?
• erro, errare



           1st
   How do I write the verb
   forms for 1st conjugation?
sing.
1st person     amo
2nd person     amas
3rd person     amat
plural
1st person     amamus
2nd person     amatis
3rd person     amant

Hint: o + 5 a’s
   How do I write the verb
   forms for 2nd conjugation?
sing.
1st person    terreo
2nd person    terres
3rd person    terret
plural
1st person    terremus
2nd person    terretis
3rd person    terrent

Hint: 6 e’s
   How do I write the verb
   forms for 3rd conjugation?
sing.
1st person    curro
2nd person    curris
3rd person    currit
plural
1st person    currimus
2nd person    curritis
3rd person    currunt

Hint: O, 4 I’s, U!
       How do I write the verb
       forms for 3rd io & 4th
       conjugation?
    sing.
    1st person    iacio       venio
    2nd person    iacis       venis
    3rd person    iacit       venit
    plural
    1st person    iacimus     venimus
    2nd person    iacitis     venitis
    3rd person    iaciunt     veniunt

Hint: 6 I’s are watching U!
         Do you remember these categories of
            verbs? Let’s give them names.

 portāre         timēre         surgere         arripere       audire

   porto           timeo          surgo          arripio        audio
  portas           times          surgis         arripis        audis
   portat           timet         surgit          arripit        audit
 portamus       timemus         surgimus        arripimus      audimus
  portatis        timetis        surgitis        arripitis      auditis
  portant         timent         surgunt        arripiunt      audiunt

    1st            2nd             3rd           3rd – i         4th
conjugation    conjugation     conjugation     conjugation   conjugation

      Which conjugation / category do the following verbs follow?
    excitāre, conspicere, docēre, agere, induere, intrāre, venire?
Verb “Conjugations”
   Verbs are classified into “conjugations” (verb
    categories) according to their infinitives
     -are  verbs are in the 1st conjugation
     -ēre verbs are in the 2nd conjugation
     -ire verbs are in the 4th conjugation
     All verbs that end in –ere are in the 3rd declension,
      BUT
          If their first form ends in –o they are regular 3rd
          If their first form ends in –io they are 3rd-I.
Labora re                  Surgere

“Labora, ancilla!”     “Surge, Marce!”
  inquit Aurelia.        inquit Gaius.

  A verb that gives a command is
       called an imperative.
                             scribere    legere
                             portare     spectare
                             audire       tenēre




                             Scribe
                              Porta
                              Lege
                               Tene
                                Audi
                             Specta epistulas, Flavia.
                 mitte re

“Mitte epistulas, Flavia,”
     inquit Cornelia.
         te
   laborare                               tacēre
                                              te

“Laborate, ancillae!”         Tacete, pueri!”
   inquit Aurelia.             inquit mater.

      venire
    lacrimare
      manēre              Manete
                          Venite
                        Lacrimate, pueri!
      These are plural imperatives.
There are 2 verbs we have met,
   and 2 we haven’t, that have
 irregular singular imperatives:
 •Fac (from facere, make, do)
 •Dic (from dicere, say)
 •Duc (from ducere, lead)
 •Fer (from ferre, bring)
Watch this verb carefully as it forms a
          plural imperative.




                                                  Notice my
                                              infinitive ending.



      “Induite togas, pueri!” inquit Gaius.
Imperatives
   The special verb form to give a command is called an
    imperative.
   The imperative verb has no subject (“you” understood).
   Singular imperatives are used when giving a command
    to one person.
       Imperatives singular are formed by dropping the –re off the
        infinitive form.
   Plural imperatives are used when giving a command to
    two or more people.
       Imperatives plural are formed in the 1st, 2nd, & 4th conjugations by
        adding –te to the singular form.
       Imperatives plural in the 3rd conjugation end in –ite.
                     promittere
lacrimareNoli = don’t!            Now you tell Sextus not to do
vexare                  currere
                                         something.
                        don’t
    Noli + infinitive =dormire
appropinquare
cadere(do the infinitive)
                    descendere      Don’t be afraid to add an
discedere              advenire    accusative or prepositional
                                            phrase.
 Now you tell the boys not to do
                                      petere                  errare
                                    Imperativum Negativum Plurale
          something.
                                      timēre                 vexare
                                           Nolite + infinitivum
Add accusatives and prepositional     respondere        observare
        phrases as well.              excipere             coquere
                                      venire            ascendere

				
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posted:8/10/2011
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