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BRITISH AND AMERICAN HOLIDAYS In this page you will be given some information about British and American holidays celebrated each month. You can get some infotmation about these festivals and solve some exercises. So, no wonder-visit our website every month and ..............ENJOY YOURSELF!!! FIRST IS HALLOWEEN!!! Halloween… the day - or night - when monsters come to life... When is Halloween? Halloween is a very old Celtic festival celebrated on the night of the 31st of October every year. The name ‘Halloween’ comes from ‘Hallows’ Eve(ning)’ - the day before ‘All Hallows’ Day’ (the 1st of November, now known as ‘All Saints’ Day’).What happens on Halloween? Halloween is traditionally the day when it is possible to meet ghosts, witches, devils and other scary monsters. On this day, the monsters are able to visit us and cause bad things to happen: accidents, sickness and bad luck of all kinds. There are many traditions associated with Halloween. Large fires - bonfires - are lit in many places to keep the night and the ghosts away, and people, of course, cook many things over and in the bonfires - especially potatoes and apples. In England, bonfires are not lit until Bonfire Night (the 5th of November).Another tradition is called Lighting the Witches. At 11.00 in the evening people light candles and carry them with them until midnight. If the candles go out then it means that witches have blown them out and that the family will have bad luck. Better be careful... On Halloween people also make Jack O’Lanterns out of pumpkins. The pumpkin is hollowed out with a knife and holes are cut for eyes, a nose and a (scary) mouth. Then a candle is put inside and the pumpkin is put in the window for everyone to see. The more terrifying the pumpkin, the better!Halloween gamesHalloween parties are very popular in both the UK and the US and there are many different games which are played. For example, a game called Snap Apple is popular: an apple is hung from the ceiling on a long piece of string and you have to try to take a bite without using your hands.Another popular game using apples is called Bobbing for Apples. In this game apples are put into a bowl of water and you have to try to pick up an apple in your mouth, again without using your hands.Tricks and practical jokes are a traditional part of Halloween and a game called Trick or Treat is very popular in the US. In this game children dress up as ghosts and monsters and visit local houses; they knock on the door and ask for a treat - something nice to eat or some money - and it is a good idea to give them something because otherwise they will play a trick on you... Look at the words below. All are connected with Halloween traditions, but how? Try to guess. · pumpkins · apples · candles · costumes · bonfires FIRST READING Read the text quickly to check your guesses. VOCABULARY 1 Find words or phrases to match the definitions. The numbers in brackets are the parts of the text in which you can find each answer (there are four parts in total). 1. a special occasion when people celebrate somethingand there may be a holiday, such as Christmas (1) 2. to make something happen, especially somethingbad (2) 3. to stop somebody or something coming close (3) 4. if you do this to a small flame or a fire then you makeit stop burning only using your breath (3) 5. to make a hole or an empty space by taking out theinside part of something (3) 6. a thread, thinner than a rope, which you can used fortying round a parcel or a package, for example (4) 7. to wear special clothes for fun, or for a specialoccasion (4) 8. used when you say what bad thing will happen if something is not done (4) (all definitions adapted from the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English) VOCABULARY 2 Complete the sentences using one of the words or phrases from Vocabulary 1. 1. When I go on holiday to hot countries I use a special spray to __________ the mosquitos __________. 2. I put the cake in a box and tied it up with ____________________ so the cake would not fall out. 3. We must put the ice-cream in the freezer, ____________________ it will melt. 4. Halloween is a popular ____________________ in the UK and the US. 5. The wind suddenly __________ the lamp __________. 6. We went to a wedding on Saturday, so of course we all ____________________ in our most elegant clothes. 7. I used a spoon to ____________________ a big red pepper. 8. The road was very icy and that ____________________ the crash. GRAMMAR / SECOND READING There are ten sentences below, eight with errors and two which are correct. Work with a partner and try to find and correct the errors. 1. Halloween is a very old Celtic festival celebrated in the night of the 31st of October every year. 2. Halloween is traditionally the day when it is possible to meet ghosts, witches, devils and other scary monsters. 3. On this day, the monsters are able to visit us and cause bad things to happen: accidents, sickness and bad luck of all kinds. 4. There are many traditions associated on Halloween. 5. If the candles go out then it means that witches have blown them out and that the family will not have luck. 6. Then a candle is put inside and the pumpkin is put through the window for everyone to see. 7. For example, a game called Snap Apple is popular: an apple is hung from the ceiling on a long piece of string and you have to try to take a bite without use your hands. 8. In this game apples are put into a bowl of water and you have to try to pick up an apple by your mouth 9. In this game children dress down as ghosts and monsters and visit local houses 10. ... it is a good idea to give them something because otherwise they will play a trick over you...
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