VIEWS: 42 PAGES: 43 POSTED ON: 8/9/2011
PITCH AGENDA: • Brainstorming Map • Definitions • Teaching order for pitches • Pentatonic PITCH Teaching strategies: 1. Pitch maps 2. Hand signs & body signs 3. Kinesthetic rhythm 4. Pat clap patterns PITCH (Hookey, 2000, p. 51- 55) It refers to the highness or lowness of each sound or the placement of whole melodies. PITCH • Direction: – movement up, down or the same • Intervals between pitches: – may be steps, skips or jumps • Phrases: – melodic patterns that in simple songs are usually indicated by where one would naturally take a breath when singing PITCH N.B. Before we teach specific pitches we use pitch maps to show relative pitch. PITCH TEACHING ORDER FOR PITCHES: 1. s m tone call responses and simple chants (Grade 1) 2. s l s m tone call responses and simple songs (Grade 1 & 2) 3. d r m songs with instruments (Grade 2 and 3) PITCH TEACHING ORDER FOR PITCHES: 1. s m tone call responses and simple chants (Grade 1) PITCH TEACHING ORDER FOR PITCHES: 2. s l s m tone call responses and simple songs (Grade 1 & 2) PITCH TEACHING ORDER FOR PITCHES: 3. d r m songs with instruments (Grade 2 and 3) PENTATONIC SCALE Definition: • It is a 5 note pattern of whole tones and tones and a half. It is the black notes on the piano. When any of these notes are played at the same time it makes a sound that is pleasant to the ear. The pattern is: –d r m s l (d’) d PENTATONIC SCALE: HANDSIGNS l s m r The hand signs for the d pentatonic scale are: d r m s l d. PENTATONIC SCALE Pentatonic Songs: • Musicanada 3: Rocky Mountain p. 21, Iroquois Lullaby p. 23, Jim Along Josie p. 32, Little Tommy Tinker p. 31 • Musicanada 4: Canoe Song p. 14, Liza Jane p. 36 Sourwood Mountain p. 79 • Others: Head and Shoulders Baby, Jingle At the Windows, Burnie Bee, Bell Horses, Blue Bells, Thanks a Lot, Gitsigakomim Music Play 3 and 4 PITCH RECAP: • Brainstorming Map • Definitions • Teaching order for pitches • Pentatonic PITCH RECAP: Teaching strategies: 1. Pitch maps 2. Hand signs & body signs 3. Kinesthetic rhythm 4. Pat clap patterns References Brooks, P. et al (1982). Musicanada 3, 4 & 5. Toronto:Holt, Rinehart & Winston. Gagne, D. (1997). Musicplay Grade 3, 4 &5. Red Deer Alberta: Themes & Variations Harrison, J. & Harrison, M. (2000) Canada Is Music…3/4. Toronto: Gordon V. Thompson Hookey, M. (2000). Learning Music: A team approach to elementary music education. Toronto: Museworks Schafer, P. & Stack, Y. (1991). Musicanada 2. Toronto: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. PITCH AGENDA: Scales: • major scale, warm up and hand signs – related songs • minor scale, warm up and hand signs – related songs PITCH Scales: • Patterns of tones and semi tones. • The distance between any two tones on a piano keyboard is a semitone. • The distance between c and d is an example of a tone because there is a black note in between. MAJOR SCALE • It is a pattern of tones and semi tones. The syllable pattern is: – d r m f s l t d. • Interval pattern:tone, tone, half tone, tone, tone, tone, half tone. MAJOR SCALE • Do lesson 24 Music Ace 1 to learn about major scales. • Create C major Scale in Music Ace Doodle Pad • Interval pattern:tone, tone, half tone, tone, tone, tone, half tone. MAJOR SCALE If you need to go up to a note then it is sharp. (When you are pricked with something sharp you say OW!) If you need to go down to a note then it is a flat. (The note is a flat like a tire is flat and it lowers the whole car.) MAJOR SCALE d HANDSIGNS t l s f m • The hand signs for r the major scale are: d -d r m f s l t d. MAJOR SCALE Major Scale examples: Musicanada 3: Five Little Pumpkins, p. 26 and Do-Re-Mi p. 38 MAJOR SCALE Major Scale examples- Hallowe’en songs: • Five Little Pumpkins • There Was an Old Witch • DO The stuff that’s in my doughnut • RE The guy who makes my doughnut • MI The one who eats the doughnut • FA A long, long way for doughnuts • SO I think I’ll have a doughnut • LA La-la-la-la-la doughnut • TI No thanks I’ll have a doughnut • And that brings us back to DO • (doughnut, doughnut, doughnut…) MINOR SCALE What you need to know: • what it sounds like • what clues are in the music • what it often starts on • what is the warm up • d t l d m d l One two ready sing MINOR SCALE HANDSIGNS l s • The handsigns for the f natural minor scale m are: r – l, t, d, r, m,f, s, l d t l MINOR SCALE Minor Scale Examples in Seasonal Music: • Skin and Bones • Hallowe’en Night • Hallowe’en 2 • Poor Tom MINOR SCALE Minor Scale Examples: Other • Musicanada 3: Iroquois Lullaby p. 23, Someone p. 108 • Musicanada 4 Drill Ye Tarriers Drill p. 64 • Musicanada 5 Shalom Chaverim p. 147 Others: Hey Ho Nobody Home, Gitsagakomim (Music Play 3 and 4) PITCH: Summary Two tonalities: • Major: d r m f s l t d – home tone is d – warm up: d m s m d s (or a variation) • Minor: l t d r m f s l – home tone is l – Warm up: d t l d m d l (or a variation) PITCH: Ministry Expectations Grade 1 & 2 • Identify higher and lower pitched sounds in their environment and in music • Reproduce specific pitches in group call response activities • Sing music from a variety of cultures and periods (all grades) • Sing expressively showing awareness of the meaning of the text (all grades) PITCH: Ministry Expectations Grade 3: • Identify melodic contour • Create melodic contour maps that indicate the direction of pitches (higher and lower) using familiar songs. PITCH: Ministry Expectations Grade 4: • Recognize that specific pitches may be represented by notes placed on a staff: lines- egbdf (Every good boy deserves fun) and spaces- face. • Distinguish between movement by step (one note higher) and movement by skip (from line to line or space to space). • Create musical compositions that show appropriate use of pitch etc. Grades 4-6 PITCH: Ministry Expectations Grade 5 • Recognize the major scale through listening and through notation • Demonstrate understanding of the meaning of sharp, flat and natural symbols. • Explain the use of key signature and identify the key (key of G) of music they sing or play • Begin to sing or play the major scale in the keys that occur in the music they sing or play. • Sing or play in tune (unison, partner songs and rounds) PITCH: Ministry Expectations Grade 6 • All of the expectations from grades 4 and 5 and • Read correctly familiar and unfamiliar songs using their knowledge of sharps, flats, natural signs and key signatures PITCH: KEY QUESTIONS • Can the students identify higher pitches from lower pitches? • Do the intervals in the melody give a jagged or smooth feeling? PITCH: KEY QUESTIONS • What effect is created by the tonality chosen for the melody? • Does the message in the melody match the message in the words? • Can the children make the appropriate handsigns? PITCH: CONTENT • A pitch may be higher or lower. • Melody: – is a series of tones sounding one after the other in an expressive, organized way. – Tones in melody are called pitches. – They have a shape or contour. PITCH: CONTENT – The shape can have repeated tones, steps between tones, jumps or skips. – Melodies can have pitches that are far apart. – Melodies may use tones from a scale or home tone. PITCH ACTIVITIES • Differentiate between high and low sounds. • Represent contrasts through movement and mapping. • Sing melodies to sol-fah syllables. PITCH ACTIVITIES • Follow the rise and fall of familiar written music. • Sing using standard hand signs. • Use a modulator for pitch. PITCH ACTIVITIES • Relate melody to scale patterns. • Improvise a melody for a lullaby or a march. • Improvise a melody for a commercial. (toy, cereal) PITCH ACTIVITIES • sing a song and link melody to feelings of lyrics • discuss appropriateness of rising and falling melody • respond to pitch through hand mapping, body mapping or on paper.
Pages to are hidden for
"PITCH"Please download to view full document