Docstoc

A complete range of Enza Zaden vegetable seed varieties offered in

Document Sample
A complete range of Enza Zaden vegetable seed varieties offered in Powered By Docstoc
					     A complete range of
     Enza Zaden vegetable
     seed varieties offered in
     organic seed form,
     sold under the
     Enza Zaden - Vitalis
     brand. Please ask your
     Area Sales Manager for
     further information.




                   All our seeds are produced organically. The seeds are grown   We are certified for the National Organic Program
                   in compliance with EU-regulation (EEC) 2092/91 for organic    Standards of the USDA.
                   production. Our SKAL registration number is 017981.           Certificate number CU800388.


102 | Enza Zaden
Enza Zaden’s               wins the
Fruit Logistica Innovation Award
Enza Zaden won the prestigious Fruit Logistica Innovation Award for its
product Sweetgreen, the sweet green pepper with a high vitamin C content.
This award is presented yearly to the trade’s most innovative product
or service at the Fruit Logistica in Berlin, the world’s most important
international fruit and vegetable fair.

The innovative company Enza Zaden was nominated for the second year in
a row. Last year, the Dutch company from Enkhuizen was put forward for
the award with the Oriental Cucumber, which ended second. This year, Enza
Zaden won the first prize with the sweet tasting green pepper Sweetgreen.
This pepper variety retains its green colour throughout the ripening process.
It is, contrary to the conventional green pepper, a mature fruit and therefore
it tastes sweet. Besides this higher sugar content of at least thirty percent,
the vitamin C content of Sweetgreen can also be fifty percent higher than
the normal green pepper. The fruit’s vitamin content can
 14 economie
therefore be compared to an orange pepper.             Trouw              Trouw                                                                                                       zaterdag 24 januari 2009                    zaterdag 24 januari 2009


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     per saldo E
Brinkman: Genoeg verborgen vraag in bouw
All companies participating at the fair may compete for the
                                                                                                                                                                            Top-architectenbureau
                                                                                                                                                                            sneuvelt door kredietcrisis                 TCA woedend op Schiphol
Van onze correspondent                    hij dat desondanks jaarlijks een in-      onder jongelui het beeld ontstaat dat         er volgens hem wel degelijk is, te ac-    rotterdam –De kredietcrisis is het

Innovation Award by sending in an innovative product or
tilburg – Werk voor de bouwsector
                                          stroom van 25.000 tot 30.000 nieuwe
                                          krachten nodig blijft, onder andere
                                                                                    er ook vandaag uitstekende moge-
                                                                                    lijkheden in de bouw zijn”, vindt
                                                                                                                                  tiveren. De regering moet bestaande
                                                                                                                                  regelingen zoals de hypotheekga-
                                                                                                                                                                            gerenomeerde architectenbureau
                                                                                                                                                                            van Erick van Egeraat noodlottig ge-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Taxicentrale Amsterdam
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        raakt Schiphol kwijt als
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           E
is er nog altijd voldoende om de          omdat oudere werknemers met pen-          Brinkman. „Deze negen studenten               rantie snel uitbreiden, en het ener-      worden. Het bureau met vestigin-

service. From all entries, ten of them are nominated for the
bouw er weer bovenop te helpen.
  Dat is de overtuiging van Elco
                                          sioen gaan.
                                            Brinkman deed zijn optimistische
                                                                                    zijn daarin onze ambassadeurs.”
                                                                                       Brinkman wil voorkomen dat er te
                                                                                                                                  giezuiniger maken van oude wonin-
                                                                                                                                  gen stimuleren.
                                                                                                                                                                            gen in Rotterdam, Londen, Moskou,
                                                                                                                                                                            Boedapest en Praag is failliet. Er
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        klant. De voorheen omstre-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        den vervoerder maakt de                                                                                                                            m
Brinkman, voorzitter van Bouwend          uitspraken bij de lancering van een       weinig nieuwe aanwas is als de pro-             „Deze crisis is psychologisch. Als je   werken ruim 140 mensen. Van Ege-            gang naar de rechter.
prize. Visitors of the three day fair, more than fifty thousand,
Nederland. „Er is nog steeds een          nieuw opleidingsprogramma in Til-         ductie weer aantrekt. Zijn schrik-            kopers meer zekerheid biedt, gaan         raat wordt gerekend tot de top tien
maatschappelijke vraag naar ruime-        burg. Werkgevers in de bouw in            beeld is de situatie van vijf jaar gele-      particulieren vanzelf meer geld uit-      van belangrijkste architecten ter           Van onze redactie economie                                                                                                   De verkoop van ener
re huizen, naar goed waterbeheer en       Zuid-Nederland werken samen met           den, toen volgens hem vrijwel nie-            geven.” Brinkman wil dat de btw op        wereld. Hij was in 1983 mede-op-                                                                                                                                         sent aan het Duitse R

subsequently vote for thewww.enzazaden.com which this
                             innovation of the year,
naar beter vervoer”, stelt Brinkman.
„Er wordt alleen op dit moment min-
der gekocht. We moeten de vraag
                                          onder andere hogeschool Avans om
                                          beginnende technici in de bouw ma-
                                          nagementvaardigheden bij te bren-
                                                                                    mand HBO- of MBO- opleidingen in
                                                                                    de bouwsector deed. „We hebben de
                                                                                    afgelopen jaren veel gedaan aan
                                                                                                                                  bouwactiviteiten omlaag gaat, en
                                                                                                                                  dat de overheid zelf grote projecten
                                                                                                                                  versneld gaat uitvoeren. „Haal bij-
                                                                                                                                                                            richter van het roemruchte archi-
                                                                                                                                                                            tectenbureau Mecanoo. Sinds 1995
                                                                                                                                                                            werkt hij zelfstandig. Hij ontwierp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Schiphol heeft zich de woede van
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Taxicentrale Amsterdam (TCA) op de
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        hals gehaald. De taxiorganisatie
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     heftig verzet. Het lev
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     9,3 miljard euro op,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     een goede reden om

year was Sweetgreen!
naar de markt brengen.”
  Eerder deze week stelde Brinkman
dat er de komend twee jaar mogelijk
                                          gen. Het programma begint met ne-
                                          gen afgestudeerde HBO’ers civiele
                                          techniek. Later zijn ook andere
                                                                                    beeldvorming. Nu pas zie je de eerste
                                                                                    lichtingen afgestudeerden.”
                                                                                       De voorman van Bouwend Neder-
                                                                                                                                  voorbeeld onderhoud van dijken
                                                                                                                                  naar voren. In de landen om ons
                                                                                                                                  heen wordt geïnvesteerd. Het zou
                                                                                                                                                                            onder meer het stadhuis van Alp-
                                                                                                                                                                            hen aan den Rijn, poppodium MeZZ
                                                                                                                                                                            in Breda en de medische faculteit in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        stapt naar de rechter omdat ze straks
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        niet langer ritten vanaf Schiphol
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        mag rijden.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     energiebedrijf van h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     den te geven?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Ja, dat zou wel een
50.000 banen verdwijnen in de bouw        HBO’ers en MBO’ers in de bouw wel-        land blijft erbij dat fors ingrijpen van      toch raar zijn als wij dat kunstje niet   Utrecht. De laatste jaren werkte              Dat zei vertrekkend directeur Bas                                                                                          de reden kunnen zijn
door de crisis. Gisteren benadrukte       kom. „We moeten ervoor zorgen dat         de overheid nodig is om de vraag, die         kunnen vertonen.”                         Egeraat veel in Rusland.                    Vos van TCA gisteren. De opdracht                                                                                            ger bod is namelijk n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        van Vos om bij TCA puin te ruimen is                                                                                         schijnlijk. En als dat
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        volgens hem volbracht.                                                                                                       jaar blijkt te kloppen
• Groene paprika na veredeling aanzienlijk zoeter en gezonder                                                                                                               Ook Fortis Bank verlaagt                      TCA verliest per 1 juni alle stand-                                                                                        de huidige eigenaren
                                                                                                                                                                            rente op hypotheken                         plaatsen op de nationale luchthaven.                                                                                         provincies Noord-Bra




Geboorte van zoete paprika
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Schiphol gunt de ritten aan een drie-                                                                                        sel, Limburg en Gron
                                                                                                                                                                            amsterdam – Fortis Bank heeft de            tal vervoersbedrijven, Connexxion,                                                                                           met afstand de slims
                                                                                                                                                                            rentetarieven van hypotheken, in            Willemsen de Koning en ZCN Totaal-                                                                                           van Nederland noem
                                                                                                                                                                            navolging van verschillende aanbie-         vervoer. Dat laatste bedrijf neemt de                                                                                          De eerlijkheid geb
                                                                                                                                                                            ders eerder deze week, verlaagd.            plek in van TCA, dat vijf jaar geleden                                                                                       dat hun slimheid nie
                                                                                                                                                                            Fortis schroefde de variabele rente         de aanbesteding won samen met                                                                                                halen het trucje nu v
                                                                                                                                                                            gisteren met een half procentpunt           Connexxion en Willemsen de Ko-                                                                                               keer uit. De eerste ke




                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Invitation
                                                                                                                                                                            naar beneden. Woonfonds Hypothe-            ning. Het bedrijf was dertig jaar lang                                                                                       zich slimmer dan de
                                                                                                                                                                            ken, onderdeel van de verzekeraar           vaste vervoerder vanaf Schiphol.          TCA-taxi's op de luchthaven Schiphol.                 FOTO VALERIE KUYPERS, ANP    reld toonden, was in
                                                                                                                                                                            Achmea, en SNS Bank verlaagden                Voor de taxicentrale is het verlies                                                                                        Toen verkochten ze E
                                                                                                                                                                            de variabele rente eerder al met 0,5        van vaste plekken een flinke finan-       eens vraagtekens bij het onderhoud       om de concurrentie uit de hoofdstad       belnet aan private-eq
                                                                                                                                                                            procent. Vorige week woensdag ver-          ciële tegenvaller. Ruim tweehon-          van onze auto's.” Schiphol laat we-      en van Schiphol te weren. Sommi-            Die internationale
                                                                                                                                                                            laagde de Europese Centrale Bank            derd van de ruim 2000 chauffeurs          ten dat de samenwerking ’altijd          gen deinsden daarbij niet terug voor      betaalden 2,6 miljar


                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Fruit Logistica
                                                                                                                                                                            (ECB) de rente met 0,5 procent naar         wordt straks gedwongen in Amster-         goed’ is geweest maar dat op basis       geweld en afpersing. Vos zegt dat die     derde van alle Neder
                                                                                                                                                                            2 procent. De Consumentenbond               dam te rijden en daar te concurreren      van kwaliteit de voorkeur uitgaat        negatieve berichten verleden tijd         sluitingen. Dat beloo
                                                                                                                      The organic brand of Enza Zaden                       klaagde dat de lagere tarieven te           met andere chauffeurs. Vos denkt          naar een andere vervoerder.              zijn. Ruim zes jaar geleden gingen er     goeds. Het net werd
                                                                                                                                                                            weinig werden doorgegeven.                  dat met de economische crisis erbij         Volgens Vos had Schiphol een reke-     bij Schiphol taxi’s in vlammen op         met twee andere en
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        een aantal besluit te stoppen. Ruim       ning te vereffenen met TCA. „Ze heb-     omdat TCA-chauffeurs andere rij-          der de naam Ziggo m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tachtig procent van alle ritten vanaf     ben een stok gevonden om de hond         ders betichtten van broodroof. Aan-       helft van alle vaderla
                                                                    FruitLogi_invitation09indd.indd 1                                                                       Crucell blijft ondanks fusie                Schiphol komt op rekening van ho-         mee te slaan.” De baas van de Am-              05-01-2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           leiding voor het12:56:10 was de libe-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             geweld                  nees. Ziggo heeft ech
                                                                                                                                                                            toch doel voor overname                     telgasten.                                sterdamse taxicentrale doelt op de       ralisering van de taxibranche. Vos        schulden. Geld voor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          TCA meent dat er geen sprake is         reputatie van TCA. Sommige chauf-        vreest geen herhaling van soortgelij-     is er amper en prijsv
                                                                                                                                                                            amsterdam – Dat farmareus Pfizer            van een eerlijke procedure. „Op alle      feurs en voormalige directieleden        ke taferelen. „We kunnen niet heb-        ken de enige manier
                                                                                                                                                                            en het Amerikaanse farmaciecon-             vlakken scoorden we net zo goed als       van het bedrijf bedienden zich in het    ben dat er opstand uitbreekt. Ik wil      ooit uit de kosten ka
                                                                                                                                                                            cern Wyeth praten over een fusie,           de concurrentie. Schiphol zet nu in-      verleden van onorthodoxe middelen        rust.”                                      Maar grote prijsver
                                                                                                                                                                            betekent niet dat een overname van                                                                                                                                       men er niet. Aanvan
                                                                                                                                                                            vaccinmaker Crucell van de baan is.                                                                                                                                      door de toezichthou
                                                                                                                                                                            Dat hebben bronnen dichtbij de on-
                                                                                                                                                                            derhandelingen gezegd tegen pers-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Oude optie van ex-minister Paulson duikt weer op                                                                           boden, maar inmidd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     dat concurrentie dat
                                                                                                                                                                            bureau Reuters. Het aandeel Crucell                                                                                                                                      gaat maken. Want am
                                                                                                                                                                            maakte gisteren een smak op de
                                                                                                                                                                            beurs en sloot bijna 10 procent la-
                                                                                                                                                                            ger. Beleggers vrezen dat de moge-
                                                                                                                                                                            lijke overname van Wyeth door Pfi-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Rommelbank moet                                                                                                              Consume
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        bankbalansen zuiveren                                                                                                        over over
                                                                                                                                                                            zer voor 60 miljard dollar (46 mil-
                                                                                                                                                                            jard euro), een overname van het
                                                                                                                                                                            Leidse biotechnologiebedrijf Cru-
                                                                                                                                                                            cell door Wyeth in de weg staat.                                                                                                                                         amsterdam – De Ned
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     dingingsautoriteit (N
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     consumenten klach
                                                                                                                                                                            AFM waarschuwt voor                         Wereldwijd zien overheden                 gevallen beleggingen waarvan nie-        eindeloos nieuwe kapitaalinjecties,       over de overvloed aan
                                                                                                                                                                            oplichting via mail                         zich gedwongen opnieuw de                 mand weet wat ze waard zijn, maar        of in één keer alle slechte leningen      lialen. Volgens de kl
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  die banken in een verlammende            opkopen.                                  stad of wijk wel hee
                                                                                                                                                                            amsterdam – De Autoriteit Finan-            banken te hulp te schieten.               greep houden. De onduidelijkheid            Het oprichten van een rommel-          vestigde een woord
                                                                                                                                                                            ciële Markten (AFM) heeft gisteren          Daarbij komen ook eerder                  over de waarde van de eigen bezittin-    bank is zeker geen nieuw idee. Het        NMa berichtgeving
                                                                                                                                                                            consumenten gewaarschuwd niet               verworpen oplossingen weer                gen zorgt ervoor dat banken terug-       oorspronkelijke plan van de afge-         Journaal gisteren. In
                                                                                                                                                                            in te gaan op aanbiedingen per tele-                                                  houdend zijn met kredietverstrek-        zwaaide Amerikaanse minister van          de NMa tien tot tw
Wouter Lindeman in een kas voor het kweken van de zoete groene paprika bij Enza Zaden in Enkhuizen.                                              FOTO HERMAN WOUTERS        foon of mail om aandelen te kopen           in beeld.                                 king, en elkaar ook niet vertrou-        financiën Paulson was erop gericht        sinds begin dit jaar. „
                                                                                                                                                                            of verkopen.                                Jan Kleinnijenhuis                        wen.                                     voor 700 miljard dollar aan slechte       dat ze nu verder weg
                                                                                                                                                                            De financiële toezichthouder stelt                                                      Het idee van die slechte bank is op    leningen op te kopen. De vraag tegen      een andere superma
Groene paprika's zijn impo-               Sweetgreen is de naam. De zoetheid        land was ons duidelijk dat zij interes-       liteitstomaat die wij eerder ontwik-      dat de signalen voor oplichtings-           Wouter Bos wil nog niets uitsluiten.      verschillende manieren uit te voe-       welke prijs de overheid de leningen       pen te kunnen doen
pulair. Ze zijn niet alleen               is te vergelijken met die van een         se hebben voor een zoete, groene pa-          kelden. Daarvoor legt de consument        praktijken zijn toegenomen. Het             Ook de volledige nationalisatie van       ren. In één variant is de overheid de-   zou moeten opkopen bleek uiteinde-        vrouw. De keuze van
                                          oranje paprika: 55 milligram suiker       prika. Maar telers en verwerkers              ook wat extra's neer.”                    gaat om zogenoemde boiler rooms,            het Nederlandse bankwezen als op-         gene die de nieuwe bank opricht en       lijk een te groot struikelblok. Im-
groen, ze smaken ook groen.               per gram vruchtvlees. Het vitamine        hebben ook hun eisen”, zegt                      Technisch is het onmogelijk eigen-     waarbij volgens de AFM op „een              lossing voor de voortmodderende           alle slechte leningen van banken op-     mers, wanneer de overheid te weinig
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     advertentie

Na twintig jaar onderzoek                 C gehalte is vergelijkbaar met een ro-    Groot. Dan gaat het bijvoorbeeld om           schappen van planten één op één           agressieve en vasthoudende wijze”           problemen bij banken is nog niet                                                   betaalt komen de banken in nog gro-
wordt de groene eindelijk                 de paprika: 110 milligram per 100         zaken als bladvorming, hoogte van             over te brengen, licht Lindeman het       wordt geprobeerd om aandelen te-            verlaten. De minister van financiën                                                tere problemen dan ze al zaten. Be-
zoet én gezonder.
                                          gram vruchtvlees. En dat is al snel       de plant, resistentie tegen ziekten en        tijdrovende veredelingsproces toe.        lefonisch te verkopen. Het gaat             wil er maar mee zeggen dat hij zal          De keuze tussen                        taalt de overheid te veel, dan worden
                                          twee keer zoveel als 110 gram sinaas-     vorm van de vrucht. „Voor een teler           „Kruisingen maken is daarbij nood-        daarbij vaak om aandelen die waar-          doen wat noodzakelijk is, tegelijker-                                              de banken beloond voor de slechte
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    opkopen of nieuwe
Jeroen den Blijker                        appel.
                                            Zelf heeft Lindeman elf jaar werk
                                                                                    is minstens even belangrijk wat de
                                                                                    opbrengst is per vierkante me-
                                                                                                                                  zakelijk, waarbij iedere kruising de
                                                                                                                                  eigenschappen van twee gekruiste
                                                                                                                                                                            deloos zijn geworden of zelfs niet
                                                                                                                                                                            meer bestaan.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        tijd laat het de onduidelijkheid zien
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        waarin de toekomst van de banken-           kapitaalinjecties
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           investeringen. Dat is onaantrekke-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           lijk voor de schatkist en niet uit te                   Een g
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   scho
Plantjes links, plantjes rechts: op het   in het project zitten. „Maar met voor-    ter?” Voor een rendabele teelt zijn 30        planten combineert.” Maar in welke                                                    sector nog is gehuld.                                                              leggen aan de kiezers. Toen veel Eu-
oog is er weinig bijzonders te zien in    bereidend werk heeft het wel twin-        kilo paprika's per vierkante meter de         mate is onvoorspelbaar. De ene krui-                                                    Bos was deze week niet de enige die                                              ropese landen ervoor kozen direct
de proefkas van Enza Zaden in Enk-        tig jaar gekost”, zegt hij. Want de       norm. „Met deze nieuwe plant zitten           sing is de andere niet. „Je moet dus de   ING: Autoverkoop wacht                      radicale opties opperde om de al an-                                               geld in de banken te steken, gooide
huizen. Maar schijn bedriegt. Links       nieuwe paprika moet aan talloze ei-       we iets lager.” Groot tekent er direct        juiste combinatie selecteren en daar-     grootste daling sinds 1993                  derhalf jaar durende crisis bij de ban-   koopt. Een andere is dat elke bank       ook Paulson zijn plan over een ande-
staat de klassieke paprikaplant. Hier
en daar is al een piepklein papri-
kaatje te ontwaren. „En rechts de
                                          sen voldoen, legt Chris Groot uit. Hij
                                          is marketing project manager van
                                          Enza Zaden. „Uit gesprekken met de
                                                                                    bij aan dat het hier een speciaal pro-
                                                                                    duct betreft, waarvoor de teler ook
                                                                                    een hogere prijs zal ontvangen. „Ver-
                                                                                                                                  mee kun je dan weer verder wer-
                                                                                                                                  ken.” Omdat planten nu eenmaal
                                                                                                                                  een paar maanden nodig hebben om
                                                                                                                                                                            amsterdam – Nederlandse autodea-
                                                                                                                                                                            lers wacht dit jaar de sterkste daling
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ken aan te pakken. Sterker nog, in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        een week tijd spraken opvallend veel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ministers van financiën over de mo-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  zelf een aparte dochter opricht en
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  daar alle slechte leningen instopt. De
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  overheid garandeert vervolgens (een
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           re boeg.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Een studie van de Wereldbank uit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2002, die de financiële crises van de
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   De T
capsicum chinense, een wilde paprika-
variant uit het Zuid-Amerikaanse
oerwoud”, zegt veredelaar Wouter
                                          supermarkten in binnen- en buiten-        gelijk het met de Tasty Tom, de kwa-          tot volle wasdom te komen, duurt
                                                                                                                                  het uiteindelijk een jaar voordat het
                                                                                                                                  eindresultaat van een kweeklijn kan
                                                                                                                                                                            in de verkoop van nieuwe perso-
                                                                                                                                                                            nenauto's sinds 1993. Volgens een
                                                                                                                                                                            gisteren gepubliceerde analyse van
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        gelijkheid een zogenoemde ’slechte
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        bank’ op te richten. De nieuwe mi-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        nister van financiën in de Verenigde
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  deel van) de verliezen die op de be-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  leggingen worden geleden. In beide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  gevallen zijn de banken geschoond
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           afgelopen 50 jaar onderzocht, con-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           cludeert echter dat de nu gekozen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           maatregelen als garanties voor de
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Scho
Lindeman. En om die wilde variant is
het te doen. Dankzij het erfelijk ma-
                                          Enza Zaden leidend bij tomaat en komkommer                                              worden beoordeeld.
                                                                                                                                     Enza Zaden heeft hoge verwachtin-
                                                                                                                                                                            bankconcern ING neemt de ver-
                                                                                                                                                                            koop met 17 procent af tot 415.000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Staten, Timothy Geithner, zei
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        woensdag in het Congres serieus te
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  van hun slechte kredieten en kun-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  nen zij zich weer richten op het uit-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           spaarders en terugkerende kapitaal-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           injecties de kosten én de duur van de                   help
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   deze
teriaal van deze plant, het vakman-       Enza Zaden ontwik-         ven ter wereld. Het be-            ken 1100 werknemers       gen van Sweetgreen. De introductie        stuks. De afname wordt veroor-              overwegen zo'n rommelbank op te           geven van kredieten.                     crisis vaak verlengen. Directe natio-
schap en geduld van Lindeman en           kelt en verhandelt we-     drijf, nog steeds fami-            voor Enza Zaden in 17     in de vakhandel is inmiddels achter       zaakt doordat consumenten en be-            richten. Europese ministers van fi-         In beide gevallen zal de overheid      nalisatie, apart zetten van slechte le-
zijn collega's wist Enza Zaden een gat    reldwijd groenteza-        liebezit, is op vrijwel            landen. Het bedrijf       de rug, de eerste bestellingen van        drijven de aanschaf van nieuwe au-          nanciën in België, Duitsland en En-       weer flink geld moeten inleggen om       ningen en snelle doorverkoop van de
in de markt aan te boren. Het bedrijf     den. Het bedrijf is in     alle continenten ac-               heeft een wereldwijd      handelskwekerijen uit de VS maar          to's uitstellen. Ook zullen poten-          geland spelen eveneens met het            de banken overeind te houden. Maar       banken zijn op korte termijn duur
ontwikkelde een groene paprika die        1938 in Enkhuizen ge-      tief. Het telt 15 ver-             leidende positie in ge-   ook Europa zijn binnen. „Maar we          tiële kopers eerder besluiten om            idee.                                     nu in Europa regeringen telkens ron-     en vaak moeilijk uit te leggen, maar
zoet van smaak is en meer vitamine        start door Jacob Maze-     kooporganisaties en                wassen als tomaat (zo-    blijven doorontwikkelen”, zegt            een tweedehands auto te kopen,                Dit nieuw te vormen bedrijf zou al-     des van kapitaalinjecties bij de ban-    maken aan de crisis wel snel een                        Kijk op w
C bevat dan de gewone paprika.            reeuw en behoort tot       17 onderzoeks- en ont-             als de Tasty Tom),        Groot. Want eisen van consumenten         omdat de prijzen van occasions zijn         le slechte leningen bij de banken         ken moeten doorvoeren om ze over-        eind. Na anderhalf jaar kredietcrisis
Waarschijnlijk liggen nog dit jaar de-    de tien grootste groen-    wikkelingsstations we-             komkommer, sla en         en producten zijn veranderlijk, daar-     gedaald. Branchevereniging Bovag            moeten weghalen. Dan gaat het om          eind te houden, komt langzaam de         beginnen overal ministers van finan-
ze paprika's in het groentenschap.        teveredelingsbedrij-       reldwijd. In totaal wer-           paprika.                  op moet het bedrijf blijven inspelen.     vreest een golf aan faillissementen.        al die gestructureerde producten en       vraag op wat er meer gaat kosten:        ciën wat aan dat idee te wennen.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Enza Zaden | 103
   Worldwide Distributors
   East Europe                   Romania                             Bosnia                            Slovenia
   Armenia                       SemPlant                            Habitus                           Zeleni Hit
   Rubik Hakobyan                Bucharest                           Gabela                            Ljubljana
   Yerevan                       office@semplant.ro                  habitus@tel.net.ba                info@zelenihit.si
   rubik_h@yahoo.com             www.semplant.ro                                                       www.zelenihit.si
                                                                     Bosnia
   Azerbaijan                    Romania                             Golic Trade                       Turkey
   Agroservis                    Revaho                              Gradiska                          AG Tohum
   Baku                          Bucharest                           gtrade@rskoming.net               Antalya
   agroservicegz@intrans.az      revaho@eurovoice.ro                                                   agtohum@agtohum.com.tr
                                                                     Croatia                           www.agtohum.com.tr
   Azerbaijan                    Russia                              Zeleni Hit
   Nusraddin Gasimov             Agroprom-MDT                        Zagreb                            Middle East
   Gandja                        Moscow                              info@zeleni-hit.hr
   nusreddin@yandex.ru           fokin@agromdt.ru                    www.zeleni-hit.hr                 Egypt
                                 www.agromdt.ru                                                        Al Kathoum
   Belarus                                                           Cyprus                            Mansoura
   Agrimatco                     Slovakia                            Spyros Stavrinides                alkathoum@hotmail.com
   Minsk                         A.C.H. Zaden Shop                   Nicosia
   agrimatco.bel@agrimatco.com   Komarno                             chemicals@stavrinides.com.cy      Egypt
   www.agrimatco.by              zadenshop@stonline.sk                                                 Assem Doss
                                                                     Greece                            Cairo
   Belarus                       Turkmenistan                        The House of Agriculture Spirou   assem.doss@yara.com
   Vladimir Baranov              Begmurat Mollayev                   Athens
   Pinsk                         Ashgabat                            info@spirou.gr                    Jordan
   f.baranov@tut.by              akdashayak@mail.ru                  www.spirou.gr                     Consolidated Suppliers
                                                                                                       Amman
   Georgia                       Ukraine                             Iran                              csco1@orange.jo
   Garemo da Analitika           SV Impex                            Behta
   Tbilisi                       Kiev                                Tehran                            Kuwait
   info@garemo.ge                svimpex@citiustele.com              behta@behta.com                   Al Rabwa
                                 www.svimpex.com                                                       Salmiya
   Hungary                                                           Israel                            rabwaco@qualitynet.net
   Farmer                        Uzbekistan                          Efal
   Budapest                      Agrokontinent                       Netanya                           Kuwait
   farmer@farmer.hu              Tashkent                            joan@efal.com                     Veterinary & Agriculture Materials
   www.farmer.hu                 info@agrokontinent.uz               www.efal.com                      Hawally
                                                                                                       vamcokwt@qualitynet.net
   Kazakhstan                    Uzbekistan                          Kosovo
   Agrimatco                     Novagro                             Jonathan Agricultural Pharmacy    Lebanon
   Almaty                        Tashkent                            Gjakove-Kosove                    Antagro
   amc-kaz-astana@rambler.ru     novagro@rol.uz                      jonathan_gi@yahoo.com             Beirut
                                                                                                       antagro@antagro.com
   Kyrgyzstan                    East Mediterranean                  Macedonia
   Holland Seeds                                                     Rima Comerc                       Libya
   Bishkek                                                           Strumica                          Lwai Ben Ramadan
                                 Albania
   ludmt@elcat.kg                                                    rimacomerc@rima.com.mk            Tripoli
                                 Agroprogres
                                                                                                       gfest03@yahoo.com
                                 Tirana
   Moldova                                                           Montenegro
                                 maxagroprogres@yahoo.com
   Agrimatco                                                         Holcorn                           Oman
   Chisinau                                                          Golubovci                         Agricultural Materials Company
                                 Algeria
   agrimatco@moldnet.md                                              holcorn-pq@cg.yu                  Muscat
                                 Agrimatco
   www.agrimatco.md                                                                                    amcmct@omantel.net.om
                                 Algiers
                                                                     Serbia
                                 amcalg@assila.net
   Moldova                                                           Zeleni Hit                        Qatar
   Vadalex Agro                                                      Belgrade                          Agricultural Materials Company
   Chisinau                      Algeria                                                               Doha
                                                                     info@zelenihit.rs
                                 Golden Field
   vadalex.agro@gmail.com                                            www.zelenihit.rs                  amcqatar@qatar.net.qa
                                 Algiers
                                 rouhi.tutanji@goldenfield-alg.com




104 | Enza Zaden
Saudi Arabia                     South/Central America           Peru                           New Zealand
Al Osama                         Caribbean                       Peruvian Soilless Culture      South Pacific Seeds
Riyadh                                                           Lima                           Pukekohe
main@asdco.com.sa                Argentina                       ventas@perusoilless.com.pe     sales@spsnz.com
                                 Uruguay                         www.perusoilless.com.pe        www.spsnz.com
Syria                            Roque Lauria
Agricultural Materials Company   Concordia                       Venezuela                      New Zealand
Damascus                         roquelauria@arnet.com.ar        Tropical Plant                 Terranova Seeds
amck@net.sy                                                      El Tocuyo                      Auckland
                                 Brasil                          internacionalsunproducts@      nz@tnseeds.com
United Arab Emirates             Agristar                        hotmail.com                    www.tnseeds.com
Technical Agriculture            Itaipava
Al Ain                           info@agristar.com.br            Asia/Oceania                   Philippines
agritech@eim.ae                  www.agristar.com.br/            Africa                         Ramgo
                                                                                                Manila
Scandinavia                      Chile                           Australia                      info@ramgoseeds.com
Baltic States                    Bio America                     South Pacific Seeds            www.ramgoseeds.com
                                 Santiago                        Griffith
Estonia                          gerardo.montes@bioamerica.cl    spssales@spseed.com.au         South Africa
Schetelig                        www.bioamerica.cl               www.spssales.com.au            Kenya
Tallinn                                                                                         Hygrotech
schetelig.ev@mail.ee             Chile                           Australia                      Pretoria
www.schetelig.com                Semillas Latinoamericanas       Terranova Seeds                talkto@hygrotech.co.za
                                 Nogales                         Sydney                         www.hygrotech.com
Finland                          sla@sla.cl                      info@tnseeds.com
Schetelig                                                        www.tnseeds.com                South Africa
Helsinki                         Colombia                                                       Starke Ayres
schetelig@schetelig.com          Sanavi                          India                          Eppindust
www.schetelig.com                Boyaca                          Namdhari Seeds                 headoffice@starkeayres.co.za
                                 distrisanavi@yahoo.es           Bangalore                      www.starkeayres.co.za
Finland                                                          info@namdhariseeds.com
Puutarhaliike Helle              Costa Rica                      www.namdhariseeds.com          Taiwan
Vanhalinna                       Agrosuperior                                                   Acegreen
www.puutarhaliikehelle.fi        San Jose                        Indonesia                      Tainan
                                 frobles@agrosuperior.com        East West Indonesia            acegreen@ms55.hinet.net
Latvia                           www.agrosuperior.com            Purwakarta
Agrimatco                                                        www.eastwestindo.com           Thailand
Riga                             Costa Rica                                                     Horti Grow
office@agrimatco.lv              Nicaragua                       Japan                          Chiang Mai
www.agrimatco.lv                 Panama                          Best Crop                      www.horti-grow.com
                                 Resusa                          Oita
Lithuania                        San Jose                        bestcrop@wonder.ocn.ne.jp      Senegal
Agrimatco                                                        www.geocities.jp/bestcrop_jp   Tropicasem
                                 federico.lizano@resusa.co.cr
Vilnius                                                                                         Dakar
info@agrimatco.lt                                                Japan                          amadou.sarr@tropicasem.sn
                                 Dominican Republic
www.agrimatco.lt                                                 L-Field                        www.tropicasem.com
                                 Cuba
                                 Le Naturel                      Tokyo
Norway                           Santo Domingo                   info@l-field.co.jp             Thailand
LOG                              export.europea@codetel.net.do   www.l-field.co.jp              Vietnam
Oslo                                                                                            Chia Tai
ragnhild.eri@log.no                                              Korea                          Bangkok
                                 Ecuador
www.log.no                                                       Mifko                          manasch@chiataigroup.com
                                 Bioagro
                                                                 Seoul                          www.chiataigroup.com
                                 Cuenca
Norway                           bioagro2@etapaonline.net.ec     info@mifko.co.kr
Norgro                                                           www.mifko.co.kr
Hamar                            El Salvador
norgro@norgro.no                 Guatemala                       Malaysia
www.norgro.no                                                    Unitrade
                                 Honduras
                                 Ahern International             Kuala Lumpur
Denmark                          San Diego                       tcwj@tm.net.my
Sweden                           Kevin@ahernseeds.com
Weibulls Horto                   www.ahernseeds.com
Hammenhög
Info@weibullshorto.se




                                                                                                                      Enza Zaden | 105
106 | Enza Zaden
Disclaimer | Resistances
Descriptions, recommendations and illustrations in         strains of the pathogen for which the resistance is
brochures and leaflets shall correspond as closely         claimed this means that resistance is claimed only to
as possible to tests and practical experience. This        certain not further specified strains of the pathogen
information shall be provided to assist professional       and herewith disclaiming any guarantee that the
growers and users, whereby variable local conditions       variety will not be infected by the said pathogen.
must be taken into account. Under no circumstances
shall Enza Zaden accept liability based on such            Two examples:
information for deviating results in the cultivated        Tm: A Tm:0-3 resistant sweet pepper variety is
product. The Purchaser shall itself determine whether      resistant to Tobamo (Bell Pepper Mosaic Virus, Pepper
the items are suitable for the intended cultivation and    Mild Mottle Virus,Tobacco Mild Green Mosaic Virus,
whether they can be used under local circumstances.        Tobacco Mosaic Virus,Tomato Mosaic Virus) strain
Current information concerning the resistances is          0,1,2 and 3.
available on www.enzazaden.com.                            TSWV: A TSWV resistant variety has resistance to
                                                           certain non specified strains of Tomato Spotted Wilt
The General Terms and Conditions of Enza Zaden             Virus
apply to all contracts entered into by Enza Zaden. The
General Terms and Conditions are published in this
brochure and/or are further available on our website       Two levels of resistance are defined:
www.enzazaden.com, are available at the Chamber            High resistance (HR) - plant varieties that highly
of Commerce Noordwest Holland in Alkmaar (The              restrict the growth and development of the specified
Netherlands) and will be sent to you, free of charge,      pest or pathogen under normal pest or pathogen
upon your request.                                         pressure when compared to susceptible varieties.
                                                           These plant varieties may, however, exhibit some
Your attention is required for:                            symptoms or damage under heavy pest or pathogen
Resistances in varieties of our crops will be coded (see   pressure.
for explanation our coding list at www.enzazaden.          Intermediate resistance (IR) - plant varieties that
com), unless indicated otherwise. In case a variety is     restrict the growth and development of the specified
resistant to more than one pathogen, the individual        pest or pathogen, but may exhibit a greater range of
resistance codes will be separated by the symbol “/”.      symptoms or damage compared to highly resistant
• If in a resistance code of a certain variety reference   plant varieties. Intermediately resistant plant varieties
is made to certain strains for which the resistance is     will still show less severe symptoms or damage than
claimed this means that no resistance is claimed to        susceptible plant varieties when grown under similar
other strains of the same pathogen.                        environmental conditions and/or pest or pathogen
• If in a resistance code no reference is made to          pressure.




                                                                                                           Enza Zaden | 107
                   Code     Scientific name                          English name                        Code          Scientific name                     English name

 Tomato
                                                                                                                       Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.
 Viruses           BCTV     Beet curly top virus                     Curly top                Fungi      Fol
                                                                                                                       lycopersici
                                                                                                                                                           Fusarium wilt


                                                                                                                       Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-   Fusarium crown and root
                   CMV      Cucumber mosaic virus                    Cucumber mosaic                     For
                                                                                                                       lycopersici                         rot

                                                                                                                       Leveillula taurica (anamorph:
                   PepMV    Pepino mosaic potexvisus                 Pepino mosaic virus                 Lt                                                Powdery mildew
                                                                                                                       Oidiopsis sicula)

                                                                                                                       Oidium neolycopersici (ex Oidium
                   TMV      Tobacco mosaic virus                     Tobacco mosaic                      On                                                Powdery mildew
                                                                                                                       lycopersicum)

                   TSWV     Tomato spotted wilt virus                Tomato spotted wilt                 Pi            Phytophthora infestans              Late blight

                   ToMV     Tomato mosaic virus                      Tomato mosaic                       Pp            Phytophtora parasitica              Buckeye fruit and root rot

                                                                     Tomato yellow leaf
                   TYLCV    Tomato yellow leaf curl virus                                                Pl            Pyrenochaeta lycopersici            Corky root rot
                                                                     curl

                            Clavibacter michiganensis subsp.                                                           Stemphylium botryosum f.sp.
 Bacteria          Cmm
                            michiganensis
                                                                     Bacterial canker                    Sbl
                                                                                                                       lycopersici
                                                                                                                                                           Gray leaf spot


                   Pc       Pseudomonas corrugata                    Pith necrosis                       Sl            Stemphylium lycopersici             Gray leaf spot

                   Pst      Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato          Bacterial speck                     Ss            Stemphylium solani                  Gray leaf spot

                   Rs       Ralstonia solanacearum                   Bacterial wilt                      Va            Verticillium albo-atrum             Verticillium wilt

                            Xanthomonas vesicatoria
                   Xcv      (ex. Xanthomonas campestris pv.          Bacterial spot                      Vd            Verticillium dahliae                Verticillium wilt
                            vesicatori)

 Fungi             Aal      Alternaria alternata f.sp. lycopersici   Alternaria stem canker   Nematode   Ma            Meloidogyne arenaria                Root-knot

                   As       Alternaria solani                        Early blight                        Mi            Meloidogyne incognita               Root-knot

                   Cc       Corynespora cassiicola                   Target spot                         Mj            Meloidogyne javanica                Root-knot

                            Fulvia fulva (ex Cladosporium
                   Ff                                                Leaf mold
                            fulvum)


 Pepper
 Viruses           ChiVMV   Chili veinal mosaic virus                Chili veinal mosaic      Bacteria   Rs (BW)       Ralstonia solanacearum              Bacterial wilt

                                                                                                                       Xanthomonas vesicatoria
                                                                                                         Xv
                   CMV      Cucumber Mosaic Virus                    Cucumber mosaic                                   (ex Xanthomonas campestris pv.      Bacterial spot
                                                                                                         (Xant, Xcv)
                                                                                                                       vesicatoria)

                   PepMoV   Pepper Mottle Virus                      Pepper mottle            Fungi      Foc           Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. capsici   Fusarium wilt

                   PepYMV   Pepper yellow mosaic virus               Pepper yellow mosaic                Pc            Phytophthora capsici                Buckeye fruit and root rot

                                                                                                                       Leveillula taurica
                   PVY      Potato Y Virus                           Potato Y                            Lt                                                Leveillula taurica
                                                                                                                       (anamorph: Oidiopsis sicula)

                   TEV      Tobacco etch Virus                       Tobacco etch             Nematode   Mi            Meloidogyne incognita               Root-knot

                   TSWV     Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus                Tomato spotted wilt                 Ma            Meloidogyne arenaria                Root-knot

                            Pepper mild mottle virus, Tobacco
 Tobamovirus
                   Tm:0-3   mild green mosaic virus, Tobacco                                             Mj            Meloidogyne javanica                Root-knot
 group                      mosaic virus, Tomato mosaic virus.


 Cucumber
                            Cucumber green mottle mosaic             Cucumber green
 Viruses           CGMMV
                            virus                                    mottle
                                                                                              Fungi      Ccu           Cladosporium cucumerinum            Scab and gummosis


                   CMV      Cucumber mosaic virus                    Cucumber mosaic                     Co            Colletotrichum orbiculare           Anthracnose

                                                                     Cucumber vein                                                                         Corynespora blight and
                   CVYV     Cucumber vein yellowing virus                                                Cca           Corynespora cassiicola
                                                                     yellowing                                                                             target spot

                            Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder        Cucumber Yellowing
                   CYSDV                                                                                 Db            Didymella bryoniae                  Gummy stem blight
                            virus                                    Stunting disorder

                                                                     Cucumber green                      Ec            Erysiphe cichoracearum (now
                   KGMMV    Kyuri green mottle mosaic virus                                                                                                Powdery mildew
                                                                     mottle                              (now Gc)      Golovinomyces cichoracearum)

                                                                                                                       Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.
                   PRSV     Papaya ringspot virus                    Papaya ringspot                     Foc                                               Fusarium wilt
                                                                                                                       cucumerinum

                                                                                                                       Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-   Fusarium crown and root
                   WMV      Watermelon mosaic virus                  Watermelon mosaic                   For
                                                                                                                       cucumerinum                         rot

                   ZYMV     Zucchini yellow mosaic virus             Zucchini yellows                    Fsc           Fusarium solani f.sp. cucurbitae    Crown and root rot

 Bacteria          Et       Erwinea tracheiphila                     Bacterial wilt                      Pcu           Pseudoperonospora cubensis          Downy mildew

                            Pseudomonas syringae pv.                                                                   Sphaerotheca fuliginea (now
                   Psl                                               Angular leaf spot                   Px                                                Powdery mildew
                            lachrymans                                                                                 Podosphaeria xanthii)


108 | Enza Zaden
           Code          Scientific name                      English name                        Code   Scientific name                     English name

Squash
                                                              Cucumber green                             usarium oxysporum f.sp.
Viruses    CGMMV         Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus
                                                              mottle mosaic
                                                                                                  Foc
                                                                                                         cucumerinum
                                                                                                                                             Fusarium wilt


                                                                                                         Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.
           CMV           Cucumber mosaic virus                Cucumber mosaic                     Fol                                        Fusarium wilt
                                                                                                         lagenariae

           LYMV          Luffa yellow mosaic virus            Luffa yellow mosaic                 Fom    Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis    Fusarium wilt

           PRSV          Papaya ringspot virus                Papaya ringspot                     Fon    Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. niveum     Fusarium wilt

           SqMV          Squash mosaic virus                  Squash mosaic                       Fsc    Fusarium solani f.sp. cucurbitae    Crown and root rot

           WMV           Watermelon mosaic virus              Watermelon mosaic                   Ps     Phomopsis sclerotioides             Black root rot

                                                              Moroccan watermelon                                                            Damping off , Pythium
           MWMV          Watermelon morocconmosaic virus                                          Pa     Pythium aphanidermatum
                                                              mosaic                                                                         fruit rot (cottony leak)

                                                                                                                                             Phytopthora crown and
           ZYMV          Zucchini yellow mosaic virus         Zucchini yellows                    Pc     Phytophthora capsici
                                                                                                                                             root rot


Bacteria   Aac           Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli    Bacterial fruit blotch              Pcu    Pseudoperonospora cubensis          Downy mildew

                                                                                                         Sphaerotheca fuliginea (now
Fungi      Db            Didymella bryoniae                   Gummy sten blight                   Px
                                                                                                         Podosphaeria xanthii)
                                                                                                                                             Powdery mildew


                         Erysiphe cichoracearum (now
           Ec (now Gc)                                        Powdery mildew
                         Golovinomyces cichoracearum)


Eggplant
                                                                                                         Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.
Viruses    ToMV          Tomato mosaic virus                  Tabacco mosaic           Fungi      Fom
                                                                                                         melongenae
                                                                                                                                             Fusarium wilt


           TSWV          omato spotted wilt virus             Tomato spotted wilt                 Va     Verticillium albo-atrum             Verticillium wilt

Bacteria   Rs            Ralstonia solanacearum               Bacterial wilt                      Vd     Verticillium dahliae                Verticillium wilt

                                                                                       Nematode   Mi     Meloidogyne incognita               Root-knot


Onion
Viruses    LYSV          Leek yellow stripe virus             Leek yellow stripe       Fungi      Pt     Pyrenochaeta terrestris             Pink Root

                                                              Pseudomonas leek
Bacteria   Psp           Pseudomonas syringae pv. porri
                                                              blight
                                                                                                  Sc     Sclerotium cepivorum                White Rot


Fungi      Ap            Alternaria porri                     Purple Blotch            Insects    Tt     Thrips tabaci                       Onion thrips

           Ba            Botrytis allii                       Botrytis Neck Rot        Nematode   Dd     Ditylenchus dipsaci                 Stem and bulb nematode

           Bs            Botrytis squamosa                    Onion Leaf Blight

           Cg            Colletotrichum gloeosporioides       Antracnose

           Foc           Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cepae       Basal Rot

           Pd            Peronospora destructor               Downy Mildew

           Pp            Phytophthora porri                   White tip of leek

           Pa            Puccinia allii                       Rust


Lettuce
Viruses    BWYV          Beet western yellows virus           Yellows                  Fungi      Bl     Bremia lactucae                     Downy mildew


           CMV           Cucumber mosaic virus                Cucumber mosaic                     Fol    Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lactucae   Fusarium wilt


           LNSV          Lettuce necrotic stunt virus         Lettuce die-back                    Mpa    Microdochium panattonianum          Anthracnose


           LMV           Lettuce mosaic virus                 Lettuce mosaic           Insects    Me     Macrosiphum euphorbiae              Potato aphid


           MLBVV         Mirafiori lettuce big-vein virus     Lettuce big vein                    Mpe    Myzus persicae                      Green peach aphid

           TBSV          Tomato bushy stunt virus             Lettuce die-back                    Nr     Nasonovia ribisnigri                Lettuce leaf aphid

           TSWV          Tomato spotted wilt virus            Spotted wilt                        Pb     Pemphigus bursarius                 Lettuce root aphid

Bacteria   Pc            Pseudomonas cichorii                 Bacterial rot

                         Rhizomonas suberifaciens (now
           Rs (now Ss)                                        Corky root
                         Sphingomonas suberifaciens)

           Xcv           Xanthomonas campestris pv. vitians   Bacterial spot




                                                                                                                                                  Enza Zaden | 109
            Code       Scientific name                       English name                        Code          Scientific name                     English name

 Melon
 Viruses    CGMMV      Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus    Cucumber green mottle    Bacteria   Aac           Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli   Bacterial fruit blotch

            CMV        Cucumber mosaic virus                 Cucumber mosaic          Fungi      Db            Didymella bryoniae                  Gummy stem blight

                                                             Cucumber vein                                     Erysiphe cichoracearum (now
            CVYV       Cucumber vein yellowing virus                                             Ec (now Gc)                                       Powdery mildew
                                                             yellowing                                         Golovinomyces cichoracearum)


            MNSV       Melon necrotic spot virus             Melon necrotic spot                 Fom           Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis    Fusarium wilt


            PRSV       Papaya ringspot virus                 Papaya ringspot                     Pcu           Pseudoperonospora cubensis          Downy mildew

                                                                                                               Sphaerotheca fuliginea (now
            WMV        Watermelon mosaic virus               Watermelon mosaic                   Sf (now Px)                                       Powdery mildew
                                                                                                               Podosphaeria xanthii)

            ZYMV       Zucchini yellow mosaic virus          Zucchini yellows         Insects    Ag            Aphis gossypii                      Cotton aphid


 Pumpkin
                                                             Cucumber green mottle                             Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.
 Viruses    CGMMV      Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus
                                                             mosaic virus
                                                                                      Fungi      Foc
                                                                                                               cucumerinum
                                                                                                                                                   Fusarium wilt


                                                                                                               Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.
            CMV        Cucumber mosaic virus                 Cucumber mosaic                     Fol                                               Fusarium wilt
                                                                                                               lagenariae


            LYMV       Luffa yellow mosaic virus             Luffa yellow mosaic                 Fom           Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis    Fusarium wilt


            PRSV       Papaya ringspot virus                 Papaya ringspot                     Fon           Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. niveum     Fusarium wilt


            SqMV       Squash mosaic virus                   Squash mosaic                       Fsc           Fusarium solani f.sp. cucurbitae    Crown and root rot

            WMV        Watermelon mosaic virus               Watermelon mosaic                   Ps            Phomopsis sclerotioides             Black root rot

                                                             Moroccan watermelon                                                                   Damping off, Pythium fruit
            MWMV       Watermelon morocconmosaic virus                                           Pa            Pythium aphanidermatum
                                                             mosaic                                                                                rot (cottony leak)

                                                                                                                                                   Phytopthora crown and
            ZYMV       Zucchini yellow mosaic virus          Zucchini yellows                    Pc            Phytophthora capsici
                                                                                                                                                   root rot

 Bacteria   Aac        Acidovorax avenae subsp. citrulli     Bacterial fruit blotch              Pcu           Pseudoperonospora cubensis          Downy mildew

                                                                                                               Sphaerotheca fuliginea (now
 Fungi      Db         Didymella bryoniae                    Gummy sten blight                   Px
                                                                                                               Podosphaeria xanthii)
                                                                                                                                                   Powdery mildew


            Ec         Erysiphe cichoracearum (now
                                                             Powdery mildew
            (now Gc)   Golovinomyces cichoracearum)

 Spinach
                                                                                                               Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.
 Viruses    CMV        Cucumber mosaic virus                 Cucumber mosaic          Fungi      Fos                                               Fusarium wilt
                                                                                                               spinaciae

                                                                                                               Peronospora farinosa f.sp.
 Fungi      Ao         Albugo occidentalis                   White rust                          Pfs
                                                                                                               spinaciae
                                                                                                                                                   Downy mildew


            Cv         Cladosporium variabile                Leaf spot


 Corn Salad
 Fungi      Pv         Perenospora valerianellae             Downy mildew

            Phv        Phoma valerianellae                   Damping off


 Cauliflower
                                                                                                               Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.
 Viruses    CaMV       Cauliflower mosaic virus              Cauliflower mosaic       Fungi      Foc
                                                                                                               conglutinans
                                                                                                                                                   Yellows


            TuMV       Turnip mosaic virus                   Turnip mosaic                       Mb            Mycosphaerella brassicicola         Ring spot

                                                                                                               Leptosphaeria maculans
 Bacteria   Psm        Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola   Peppery leaf spot                   Lm
                                                                                                               (anamorph: Phoma lingam)
                                                                                                                                                   Black leg


                       Xanthomonas campestris pv.
            Xca                                              Leaf spot                           Pp            Peronospora parasitica              Downy mildew
                       armoraciae

                       Xanthomonas campestris pv.
            Xcc                                              Black rot                           Pb            Plasmodiophora brassicae            Clubroot
                       campestris

 Fungi      Ac         Albugo candida                        White rust                          Va            Verticillium albo-atrum             Verticillium wilt

            Am         Albugo macrospora                     White rust                          Vd            Verticillium dahliae                Verticillium wilt

            Abe        Alternaria brassicae                  Black leaf spot                     Vl            Verticillium longisporum            Verticillium wilt

            Aba        Alternaria brassicicola               Black leaf spot          Insects    Bb            Brevicoryne brassicae               Cabbage aphid

            Aj         Alternaria japonica                   Black spot                          Px            Plutella xylostella                 Diamond back moth

            Ec         Erysiphe cruciferarum                 Powdery mildew                      Tt            Thrips tabaci                       Thrips


110 | Enza Zaden
           Code   Scientific name                      English name                    Code   Scientific name                         English name

Leek
Viruses    LYSV   Leek yellow stripe virus             Leek yellow stripe   Viruses    Pd     Peronospora destructor                  Downy Mildew

                                                       Pseudomonas leek
Bacteria   Psp    Pseudomonas syringae pv. porri
                                                       blight
                                                                                       Pp     Phytophthora porri                      White tip of leek


Fungi      Ap     Alternaria porri                     Purple Blotch                   Pa     Puccinia allii                          Rust


           Ba     Botrytis allii                       Botrytis Neck Rot               Pt     Pyrenochaeta terrestris                 Pink Root


           Bs     Botrytis squamosa                    Onion Leaf Blight               Sc     Sclerotium cepivorum                    White Rot


           Cg     Colletotrichum gloeosporioides       Antracnose           Insects    Tt     Thrips tabaci                           Onion thrips


           Foc    Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cepae       Basal Rot            Nematode   Dd     Ditylenchus dipsaci                     Stem and bulb nematode


Endive/Chicory
Viruses    LMV    Lettuce mosaic virus                 Lettuce mosaic                  Ade    Altenaria dauci f.sp. endiviae          Antracnose


           BWYV   Beet western yellows virus           Yellows                         Mp     Microdochium panattoniana               Antracnose

                                                                                              Puccinia hieracii var. hieracii f.sp.
           LBVV   Lettuce big vein virus               Big Vein                        Phhe                                           Rust
                                                                                              endiviae


           TSWV   Tomato spotted wilt virus            Spotted Wilt                    Ec     Erysiphe cichoracearum                  Powdery Mildew



           ENV    Endive necrotic virus                Necrotic Virus       Insects    Mp     Myzus persicae                          Green peach aphid


Bacteria   Pc     Pseudomonas cichorii                 Bacteriosis                     Me     Macrosiphum euphorbia                   Potato aphid


           Xcv    Xhantomonas campestris pv. vitians   Bacterial spot                  Nr     Nasonovia ribisnigri                    Lettuce leaf aphid


Fungi      Bc     Botrytis cinerea                     Botrytis                        Lt     Lyriomyza trifolii                      Leafminer


           Sm     Sclerotinia minor                    Sclerotinia minor               Pb     Pemphigus bursarius                     Lettuce root aphid


           SS     Sclerotinia sclerotiorum             Sclerotinia major               Tv     Trialeurodes vaporarium                 White fly


           Rs     Rhizoctonia solani                   Rhizoctonia                     Fo     Frankliniella occidentalis              Thrips




                                                                                                                                             Enza Zaden | 111
   General Terms and Conditions of Sale
   (Enza Zaden’s ref. no. EX08)
   Article 1 - Definitions                                                       2.   Enza Zaden shall invoice the Buyer for the costs of Products, plus any
   1. Enza Zaden shall mean Enza Zaden Export B.V., having its registered             other costs such as costs of transport, insurance, VAT, etc.
       office in (1602 DB) Enkhuizen at Haling 1/E and registered at the
       Chamber of Commerce Noordwest Holland in Alkmaar.                         Article 5 - Cancellation
   2. Buyer shall mean the natural or legal person entering into a contract      If a purchase order is cancelled after an Agreement has been made,
       of sale with Enza Zaden for the purchase of Products.                     Buyer shall be required to pay 10% of the invoice price that would
   3. Parties shall mean Enza Zaden and Buyer jointly.                           have been charged, without prejudice to Enza Zaden’s right to demand
   4. Party shall mean either Enza Zaden or Buyer.                               compensation in full.
   5. Products shall mean seeds and planting material delivered by Enza
       Zaden to the Buyer.                                                       Article 6 - Delivery
   6. Processing shall mean the treatment of the Product including,              1. Enza Zaden shall deliver the purchased Products to Buyer within
       without limitation, the treatment for the improvement of the                  a reasonable period of time after Order Confirmation and in
       sowability, germination, plant quality and/or for the prevention of           accordance with the planting season.
       pests and/or diseases.                                                    2. Delivery times agreed by the Parties serve as an indication but
   7. Price List shall mean an overview of the selling prices of Products            should not be regarded as firm dates. In the event of late delivery,
       that Enza Zaden publishes and distributes from time to time. Enza             Buyer shall provide Enza Zaden with written notice thereof and shall
       Zaden retains the right to change those prices at any time.                   allow Enza Zaden a further reasonable period of time to deliver the
   8. Incoterms 2000 shall mean the Incoterms 2000 drawn up by the                   Products. In no event shall Enza Zaden be liable for damages due to
       International Chamber of Commerce in Paris (ICC).                             late delivery nor shall Buyer be entitled to end the Agreement made
   9. Product Specifications shall mean the information provided in                  by the Parties.
       Schedule 1.                                                               3. Delivery by Enza Zaden takes place carriage paid to the agreed
   10. Resistance shall mean the information and terminology provided in             destination (CPT) Incoterms 2000, after which the Product shall be
       Schedule 2.                                                                   for Buyer’s own risk and account. Buyer hereby authorizes Enza
   11. Naktuinbouw shall mean the Netherlands Inspection Service for                 Zaden to select the carrier and to charge the cost of transport to
       Horticulture having its registered office at Sotaweg 22, Postbus 40,          Buyer.
       2370 AA Roelofarendsveen, The Netherlands.                                4. Enza Zaden shall be allowed to make partial deliveries and to invoice
   12. Order Confirmation shall mean written confirmation of acceptance by           each delivery separately.
       Enza Zaden of the purchase order placed by the Buyer.
   13. Offer shall mean the specific sale conditions offered by Enza Zaden       Article 7 - Payment
       to a Buyer.                                                               1. The Buyer shall arrange for payment in Euros within thirty days from
                                                                                     the date of invoice by transfer into a bank account specified by Enza
   Article 2 - Applicability of These General Terms and Conditions                   Zaden.
   1. These General Terms and Conditions of Sale shall apply to and form         2. The Buyer does not have the right to suspend payment or make
       part of all contracts of sale of Products entered into by Enza Zaden          deductions or set-offs.
       and Buyer unless the Parties deviate explicitly from one or more of       3. If on the thirty-first day after invoice Enza Zaden has not received
       these provisions in writing.                                                  payment in full the Buyer shall be in default without any notice being
   2. The applicability of Buyer’s general terms and conditions are hereby           required.
       explicitly excluded.                                                      4. In case of payment in installments, the Buyer shall be in default
   3. The Product Specifications and Resistance Terminology, which have              without any notice being required in the event of late payment
       been attached hereto as Schedule 1 and 2 respectively, form an                of any installment and the remaining installments shall become
       integral part of these General Terms and Conditions of Sale.                  immediately payable.
   4. Any provision of these General Terms and Conditions of Sale that           5. Contractual interest at a rate of one percent per calendar month
   is considered to be null, void or invalid and therefore is set aside, shall       shall be charged to overdue accounts. The contractual interest due
   be replaced by a provision that approximates as much as possible the              shall be computed over the total invoice amount inclusive of VAT.
   nature and intent of the invalid provision. The invalidity of one of the          The contractual interest shall be charged from the date on which
   provisions shall not affect the other provisions agreed by the Parties.           the Buyer is in default until the date of payment in full, with part of
                                                                                     a calendar month counted as a full month. Each time after expiry of
   Article 3 - Purchase Order and Order Confirmation                                 a calendar year the amount on which contractual interest is charged
   1. Enza Zaden agrees to sell Product to Buyer at the rates set forth in           shall be computed increased by the contractual interest due over
       Enza Zaden’s Price List valid at the time of Buyer’s purchase order.          that calendar year.
   2. Offers made by Enza Zaden are without commitment and will lapse            6. Enza Zaden has the right to proceed with extrajudicial collection of
       in any case after five working days.                                          overdue accounts without prior notice being required. The Buyer
   3. An agreement (hereinafter Agreement) shall be considered to be                 shall pay all costs of extrajudicial collection which are deemed
       made between Enza Zaden and the Buyer upon Order Confirmation                 to amount to at least 15% of the amount to be collected with a
       or upon acceptance of an Offer. No rights or obligations shall                minimum of EUR 250 ex VAT.
       therefore arise between the Parties until the Order Confirmation has      7. Payments made by the Buyer shall first serve to reduce the
       been sent or an Offer has been accepted.                                      extrajudicial costs of collection due at that point, then to reduce
   4. All purchase orders are subject to seed availability and may be                the outstanding contractual interest and finally to reduce the oldest
       prorated by Enza Zaden. Buyer shall not be entitled to damages if             outstanding invoice.
       Enza Zaden elects to prorate any Buyer’s purchase order.                  8. In the event of the Buyer’s bankruptcy, liquidation or suspension
   5. Enza Zaden shall always perform its delivery obligation to the best            of payments, all Buyer’s payment obligations shall immediately
       of its ability. Nevertheless, Enza Zaden shall be entitled to deviate         become payable and Enza Zaden shall be authorized to suspend any
       minimally from the purchase order placed by the Buyer with respect            further performance of the Agreement or to terminate it, without
       to size, packaging, quantity or weight.                                       prejudice to Enza Zaden’s right to claim damages from the Buyer.
   6. When placing an order, Buyer shall report which information,               9. Enza Zaden’s office in Enkhuizen shall be regarded as the place of
       specifications and documents are required under the rules and                 payment for all amounts to be paid in relation to the Agreement.
       regulations of the country of delivery. The Buyer shall be responsible
       to inform Enza Zaden of any formalities that must be complied with        Article 8 - Complaints
       to enable importation. The Buyer shall also provide Enza Zaden with       1. Buyer shall inspect the Products upon delivery or as soon as
       information on any required certificates, phytosanitary matters,              possible thereafter. Buyer shall determine, in accordance with the
       import documents or invoices.                                                 Order Confirmation, whether:
   7. Enza Zaden cannot be held liable for delays or non-delivery of an              - the correct items have been delivered;
       order due to Buyer’s failure to comply with the abovementioned                - the correct quantities have been delivered;
       obligations. The Buyer shall be liable for any loss or damage incurred        - the items delivered satisfy all quality requirements expressly
       by Enza Zaden due to incorrect or late information.                             agreed to in writing by the Parties.
                                                                                 2. Within five working days after delivery, Buyer shall notify Enza
   Article 4 - Prices                                                                Zaden in writing of any visible defect or shortcomings. In case of
   1. All prices stated by Enza Zaden in its Price List and/or in an                 non-visible defects, the written notification should be made within
       Offer are:                                                                    five working days after discovery of the defect.
       - in Euros,                                                               3. The writing notification shall provide the consignment information
       - exclusive of a handling fee of EUR 25, which shall be charged if the        (seed lot number, the packing slip and the invoice details) as well as
         value of the Products ordered is less than EUR 250,                         the basis for any complaint in such a manner that Enza Zaden or an
       - exclusive of costs of transport and insurance,                              outside expert can verify each complaint.
       - exclusive of VAT and other government levies.                           4. In no event shall the Buyer return the Products unless otherwise
                                                                                     agreed by Enza Zaden in writing.

112 | Enza Zaden
5.   If Enza Zaden does not receive written notice of a complaint                Resistances as defined in Schedule 2 and/or Resistances to
     within the applicable time periods, Buyer shall be deemed                   diseases indicated per Product.
     to have accepted the Products and the sale shall be final.             5.   Enza Zaden shall not be liable to Buyer for any Product that
     All claims for damage or loss not made in writing within the                has been treated and/or conditioned and/or manipulated in
     applicable time period shall be deemed waived by Buyer and                  any other manner by Buyer or by a third party on the Buyer’s
     Buyer expressly assumes and accepts all liability for such                  request.
     damage or loss.                                                        6.   Buyer acknowledges that Products delivered by Enza Zaden are
6.   If the Parties are unable to resolve a dispute regarding the                not fit for human or animal consumption.
     quality of the Products, either Party may order an inspection
     to be performed by Naktuinbouw, with the Party proven to be            Article 12 - Liability
     wrong paying the costs of it. The inspection shall be performed        1. Enza Zaden shall under no circumstances be liable for special,
     on a certified sample and the findings shall be binding on both            incidental or consequential damages (including but not limited
     Parties, without prejudice to their right to submit disputes               to lost profits, lost goodwill, lost revenue, lost production, lost
     concerning the consequences of these findings to the bodies                contracts or lost opportunity).
     referred to in Article 16.                                             2. In any case and to the greatest extent permitted by law,
7.   If a complaint is well-founded, Enza Zaden shall have the right            Enza Zaden’s liability shall be limited to the invoice amount of
     to replace the Products in question or, at its discretion, credit          the delivered Products related to the problem.
     the Buyer for that part of the delivery.                               3. Buyer hereby explicitly understands and agrees to this
8.   In any event, Enza Zaden liability is limited as provided in Article       limitation of Enza Zaden’s liability.
     12 below.                                                              4. Article 12 may be also invoked by current or former personnel,
                                                                                directors and any third parties engaged by Enza Zaden,
Article 9 - Reservation of Title                                                including heirs and legal successors.
1. Enza Zaden shall retain title to the Products until the Buyer has
    complied with all its obligations towards Enza Zaden including          Article 13 - Intellectual Property Rights and Use of the Products
    but not limited to payment of invoices, contractual interest and        1. Buyer agrees that all intellectual property rights relating to the
    extrajudicial costs of collection.                                          Products shall at all times be and remain absolutely vested in
2. The Buyer may use the Products delivered by Enza Zaden in the                Enza Zaden and Buyer shall acquire no rights thereto.
    ordinary course of business but may not pledge them to third            2. Buyer agrees that Enza Zaden has the exclusive right, title and
    parties or otherwise use them as security for claims without                interest in and to Enza Zaden’s trademarks, trade names and
    Enza Zaden’s written consent.                                               trade dress (including designs and color schemes).
3. If the laws of the country where the Products are delivered              3. Buyer agrees neither to register, nor to have registered, any
    provide for farther-reaching possibilities to reserve title other           trademarks, trade names or symbols of Enza Zaden or those
    than those contained in this Article, such possibilities shall be           which are confusingly similar to those of Enza Zaden.
    deemed to have been agreed by the Parties. The provisions               4. Buyer may not use Enza Zaden’s trademark, trade name and/
    contained in paragraph 2 shall continue to apply if it is unclear           or trade dress for any purpose unless otherwise approved in
    whether other possibilities to reserve title apply.                         writing by Enza Zaden.
4. At the first request of Enza Zaden, the Buyer shall create a pledge      5. Under no circumstances shall Buyer use the Products and/or
    on all proceeds from the growing of the Products and the sale of            its components and/or its harvestable material in any way for
    them.                                                                       multiplication and/or reproduction of any kind of material.
                                                                            6. Buyer agrees to allow and fully cooperate with any inspection
Article 10 - Force majeure                                                      by Enza Zaden for the purpose to verify any possible
1. In the event of force majeure and without judicial intervention              infringement of Enza Zaden’s rights. Buyer shall allow Enza
    being required, Enza Zaden shall be able to wholly or partially             Zaden or a person or company appointed by Enza Zaden
    suspend execution of the Agreement or, if the event of force                to have direct access to Buyer’s premises including, but
    majeure persists, to wholly or partially terminate it. In no event          not limited to, its greenhouses, administrative and farming
    shall Enza Zaden be required to pay any compensation to the                 activities. The term ‘activities’ shall be understood to include
    Buyer.                                                                      activities carried out by third parties on behalf of the Buyer.
2. Force majeure means: any circumstance that could not be                  7. Buyer shall fully cooperate with Enza Zaden to defend its rights
    reasonably foreseen and/or influenced by Enza Zaden and                     against infringement.
    a result of which delivery is impossible or frustrated wholly           8. Buyer shall ensure that anyone who manipulates or somehow
    or partially. Force majeure includes at any rate war, risk of               receives Products from Buyer shall comply with the obligations
    war, riots, floods, water damage, fire, transport difficulties,             set forth in this article.
    unforeseen technical complications, breakdowns, strikes at
    Enza Zaden or at any third parties engaged by Enza Zaden,               Article 14 - Suspension and Dissolution of the Agreement
    blockades, bans on import and export, full or partial seizure or        1. In the event a Party fails to perform any of its obligations under
    requisition of stocks at Enza Zaden or its suppliers by civil or            the Agreement and such failure continues for a period of thirty
    military authorities, lack of transport capacity, non-delivery or           (30) days after written notice, the other Party shall be authorized
    late delivery by suppliers of Enza Zaden, machine breakdowns,               to suspend any further performance of the Agreement or to
    destruction and other stagnations in the companies of Enza                  terminate it, without prejudice to its right to claim damages.
    Zaden or its suppliers as well as scarcity as a result of which         2. If the Buyer is liquidated, files for bankruptcy or is granted
    delivery is impossible or frustrated wholly or partially.                   suspension of payments, its payment obligations shall be
3. Force majeure also means any circumstance that gives reason                  immediately payable and Enza Zaden shall be authorized
    to rely on the harvesting and processing reservations usual                 to suspend any further performance of the Agreement or
    in the seed industry. Such circumstances entitle Enza Zaden                 to terminate it, without prejudice to the right to claim full
    to deliver to the Buyer a pro rata volume of the order, without             compensation from Buyer.
    prejudice of the rights provided in the first paragraph of this
    Article.                                                                Article 15 - Applicable Law
                                                                            These General Terms and Conditions of Sale and all Agreements
Article 11 - Product Information, Use and Warranty                          are governed by Dutch law. The applicability of the Vienna Sales
1. All illustrations, catalogues and statements provided by or              Convention is expressly excluded.
    on behalf of Enza Zaden about quality, composition, weight,
    measurement, treatment in the broadest sense, applications              Article 16 - Resolution of Disputes
    and properties of the Products correspond as closely as                 1. All claims and disputes arising out or relating to the sale of
    possible to Enza Zaden’s tests and practical experience.                    Products or to any provision of these General Terms and
2. Buyer acknowledges that any information provided by                          Conditions of Sale shall be first referred to mediation to be held
    Enza Zaden in relation to the quality (such as viability,                   in Enkhuizen (The Netherlands).
    germination, mechanical or genetic purity, seed health)                 2. If the Parties fail to resolve the dispute through mediation or in
    and performance of the Products applies only to the tests                   the event that one of the Parties refuse to mediate, the matter
    done by Enza Zaden, to the specific seed sample used and                    shall be decided by binding arbitration to be held in Enkhuizen
    to the specific conditions under which the tests were done.                 under the Rules of Arbitration of the International Chamber of
    Buyer agrees that the abovementioned information does not                   Commerce. Enza Zaden shall however be entitled to summon
    constitute an express or implied warranty.                                  Buyer at any time to appear before the competent court in the
3. The results obtained by the Buyer will depend on such factors                district in which Buyer has its registered office.
    as the place of cultivation, the conditions prior to and during         3. All rights of action against Enza Zaden, its employees, directors
    cultivation, including how the Product are stored, the climate,             and members of the Advisory Board (‘commisarissen’) and/or
    the soil and crop protection methods used by the Buyer.                     third parties engaged by it, including heirs and legal successors
    The Buyer shall be solely responsible for determining the                   shall lapse after one calendar year of the occurrence of the
    suitability and appropriateness of the use of the Products in               incident that gave rise to the action.
    the different conditions and/or for the different purposes.
4. Enza Zaden provides all Product information to assist the Buyer
    and under no circumstances shall Enza Zaden be liable to Buyer
    for results deviating from that information. Enza Zaden shall
    not be held liable for any information provided in relation to

                                                                                                                                               Enza Zaden | 113
   General Terms and Conditions of Sale
   (Enza Zaden’s ref. no. EX08)
   Schedule 1 - Product Specifications                                              Schedule 2 - Resistance

   1. - Introduction                                                                1. - Terminology and definitions
   Vegetable growing has become a highly specialized and intensive activity.        a) ‘Immunity’ means not subject to attack or infection by a specified
   As a result of the ever increasing demand for a better quality, vegetable             pest or pathogen.
   growers and plant raisers require an improved quality of basic material.         b) ‘Resistance’ is the ability of a plant variety to restrict the growth and
                                                                                         development of a specified pest or pathogen and/or the damage they
   The demand for specific seed forms and more information about seed                    cause when compared to susceptible plant varieties under similar
   quality has strongly increased to better influence emergence and required             environmental conditions and pest or pathogen pressure. Resistant
   number of plants.                                                                     varieties may exhibit some disease symptoms or damage under heavy
                                                                                         pest of pathogen pressure.
   Seed is a natural product. The often varying environmental conditions                 Two levels of resistance are defined:
   thus influence final results. It is therefore often not possible to                   I. High resistance (HR): plant varieties that highly restrict the
   give detailed information about seed performance and other seed                           growth and development of the specified pest or pathogen under
   characteristics.                                                                          normal pest or pathogen pressure when compared to susceptible
                                                                                             varieties. These plant varieties may, however, exhibit some
   In order to meet customer’s demands, ECS has drawn up quality                             symptoms or damage under heavy pest or pathogen pressure.
   standards for the various seed categories.                                            II. Intermediate resistance (IR): plant varieties that restrict the
                                                                                             growth and development of the specified pest or pathogen, but
   The specifications mentioned are ECS’ minimum standards. In relation                      may exhibit a greater range of symptoms or damage compared to
   to germination, the specifications are based on the use of ISTA methods.                  highly resistant varieties. Intermediately resistant plant varieties
   In the event that the seed does not meet the product specifications                       will still show less severe symptoms or damage than susceptible
   mentioned, ECS will inform their customers.                                               plant varieties when grown under similar environmental
                                                                                             conditions and/or pest or pathogen pressure.
   2. - General Definitions                                                         c) ‘Susceptibility’ is the inability of a plant variety to restrict the growth
   a) ‘Normal Seed’                                                                      and development of a specified pest or pathogen.
        In general normal seed has not been subjected to special processes. It
        is sold by weight and/or by count, depending on the product. Normal         2. - Information per variety
        seed complies with the EEC standards.                                       Resistances in varieties of our crops will be coded (see coding list at
   b) ‘Precision’                                                                   www.enzazaden.com), unless indicated otherwise. In case a variety is
        ‘Precision’ seed has been subjected to additional processes. It is of       resistant to more than one pathogen, the individual resistance codes will
        a uniform size and has high germination capacity. ‘Precision’ seed          be separated by the symbol ‘/ ‘.
        is sold by count and complies with the standards as provided in the
        table below.                                                                If in a resistance code of a certain variety reference is made to certain
   c) ‘Priming’                                                                     strains for which the resistance is claimed this means that no resistance is
        Priming is defined as an activation of the germination process in order     claimed to other strains of the same pathogen.
        to break seed dormancy or obtain a faster or more uniform emergence
        after sowing. Primed seed is sold by count.                                 If, in a resistance code, no reference is made to strains of the pathogen
   d) ‘Pill’                                                                        for which the resistance is claimed, resistance is claimed only to certain
        Pill is the product of a seed pelleting/coating procedure. Pelleting is     not further specified strains of the pathogen and we hereby disclaim any
        defined as the process of changing the seed form by covering it with        guarantee that the variety will not be infected by the said pathogen.
        filling materials with the main purpose to facilitate easier sowing. Also
        additional ingredients may be added. Pelleted seed is sold by count
        and complies with the standards as provided in the table below.
   e) ‘Filmcoat’
        Filmcoat is a full covering, usually pigmented layer around the seed.
        The original seed form remains intact. Additional ingredients may be
        added. Filmcoat is used for insecticide treatments by Enza Zaden.
        Filmcoated seeds are sold by count.
   f) ‘Basiscoat’
        Basiscoat is a pigmented layer around the seed. The original seed
        form and size remain intact. Basiscoat is mainly used for fungicide
        treatments by Enza Zaden.
   g) ‘Germination’
        The germination figure mentioned is valid from the moment of
        delivery. Germination figures refer to the ISTA procedures.
   h) ‘Genetic Purity’
        Genetic Purity is defined as the percentage of plants derived from a
        seed lot that meets the variety description.




114 | Enza Zaden
3 - Information per crop



 Crop                                Product     Germination %   Seed Size mm                    Genetic Purity

 Cauliflower                         Precision   90              0.20 or 0.25 round sieve        90

 Others Brassica                     Precision   90                                              93

 Carrot                              Precision   85              0.20 or 0.25 round sieve

 Celery                              Pill        90

 Chicory Witlof                      Precision   85              0.20 or 0.25 round sieve

 Corn salad                          Precision   85              0.20 or 0.25 round sieve

 Cucumber                            Precision   92                                              99

 Red beet monogerm                   Precision   80              0.50

 Red beet multigerm                  Precision   90              0.50

 Eggplant                            Precision   90                                              98

 Endive                              Precision   90

 Endive                              Pill        92

 Fennel                              Precision   90              0.5 round or 0.2 length sieve

 Fennel                              Pill        90

 Leek OP                             Precision   90              0.2 or 0.25 round sieve

 Leek F1                             Precision   85

 Butterhead, Batavia, Iceberg, Cos   Precision   93                                              98

 Butterhead, Batavia, Iceberg, Cos   Pill        95                                              98

 Others Lettuce                      Precision   93

 Others Lettuce                      Pill        95                                              95

 Melon                               Precision   90                                              98

 Parsley                             Precision   87

 Sweet and hot pepper                Precision   90                                              97

 Radicchio                           Precision   88

 Radish                              Precision   92              0.25 round sieve

 Scorzonera                          Precision   80

 Spinach                             Precision   85              0.75

 Squash                              Precision   92                                              97

 Tomato                              Precision   92                                              98

 Onion                               Precision   90              2.00-2.75

 Watermelon normal                   Precision   90                                              98

 Watermelon seedless                 Precision   85                                              98

                                                                                                              Enza Zaden | 115
www.enzazaden.com


Enza Zaden Export B.V. | P.O. Box 7 | 1600 AA Enkhuizen | tel +31 (0)228 35 01 00 | fax +31 (0)228 35 02 00

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:487
posted:8/9/2011
language:English
pages:15