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					SOUTH-SOUTH TRADE PROMOTION PROGRAMME




           BANGLADESH



         SUPPLY AND DEMAND SURVEY ON
           AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS




                 August 2002
              Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh




The “South-South Trade Promotion Programme” is executed by the International Trade Centre
UNCTAD/WTO (ITC) and is financed by the Global Trust Fund. One of the objectives of the
programme is the generation of new trade flows, and other trade-related business arrangements,
among developing countries. The survey described in this document was written in pursuance of
this objective.




The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this document do not imply the
expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO
(ITC) concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or
concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

While every effort has been made to verify the information contained in this document, ITC
cannot accept any responsibility for any errors that it may contain.




      This report has not been formally edited by the International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO (ITC).


                                                 - ii -
                Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

                                        Table of content
                                                                                         Page

I.     INTRODUCTION                                                                         1

A.     Background of the study                                                              1
B.     Objectives of the survey                                                             2
C.     Methodology of study followed                                                        3
D.     Summary of findings, conclusions and recommendations                                 3


II.    MAIN REPORT ON DEMAND AND SUPPLY SURVEY OF                                           5
       VEHICLES

A.     Automobile industry sector in Bangladesh                                             5
B.     Auto parts and components industry in Bangladesh                                    14
C.     Domestic parts and components industry                                              17


III.   IMPORT OF AUTO PARTS AND COMPONENTS                                                 18

A.     Previous import performance                                                         18
B.     Factors affecting imports                                                           18
C.     Projection of imports of next five years                                            18
D.     Sources of imports                                                                  19
E.     Import policy and procedures                                                        20
F.     Rules and regulations on imports                                                    20
G.     Categories of importers and eligibility criteria for issuance of import license     22
H.     Quantitative/value restrictions on imports                                          23
I.     Specific licensing arrangements for imports                                         23
J.     Import licenses for public sector / Government undertakings                         23
K.     Transfer of import licenses and premiums                                            24
L.     Import duties (description of classification, basis of assessment and amount of     24
       percentage duty
M.     Custom duty and charges on imports                                                  24
N.     Customs valuation                                                                   25
O.     Import licenses                                                                     25
P.     Other charges on imports                                                            25
Q.     Value assessment                                                                    26
R.     Documentary requirements for imports                                                26
S.     Import impediments, malpractice and suggested remedies                              26
T.     Import and distribution channels                                                    28
U.     Importers profiles                                                                  28
V.     Registration procedures                                                             28
W.     Power to the Government to control road transport                                   29



                                                - iii -
               Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


                                                                                Page

IV.    MARKET SCENARIO OF MAJOR AND FAST MOVING PARTS AND                         30
       COMPONENTS


V.     MARKET PROSPECTS AND MARKET ENTRY STRATEGY                                 36


       USEFUL ADDRESSES                                                           38


                                       ANNEXES

I.     Profile of fast moving auto parts and components                           41
II.    Duty and taxes rates for different key parts and components                43
III.   Import information – Foreign trade statistics of Bangladesh                47
IV.    Company/product profile forms                                              61


                                      List of charts

1.     Share of automobile import in the total imports: 1997-98                    2
2.     Motor-cycle for the last five years                                         8
3.     Motor cycle for the next five years                                         9
4.     Auto-rickshaw for the last five years                                      10
5.     Cars for the last five years                                               11
6.     Cars for the next five years                                               11
7.     Light and heavy commercial vehicles for next five years                    12
8.     Farm & agricultural vehicles for the last five years                       12
9.     Farm & agricultural vehicles for the next five years                       13
10.    Projected demand of auto parts import in Bangladesh                        15
11.    Other parts & accessories for the last four years                          18
12.    Projection of imports of next five years                                   19


                                      List of tables

1.     Different brands of vehicles in Bangladesh                                  6
2.     Various types of vehicles in Bangladesh during 1994-99 (Million Taka)       6
3.     Projected demand of automobile / vehicles in Bangladesh                    13
4.     Project demand of auto parts import in Bangladesh                          15




                                               - iv -
                 Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


The following abbreviations are used:

CD            Custom duty
CIF           Cost, Insurance and Freight
CKD           Completely knocked down components
CP            Clearance Permit
CRF           Clean Report Finding
GIR           General Index Register
HS            Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System
IP            Import Permit
IRC           Import Registration Certificate
ITC           International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO
L/C           Letter of Credit
LCA           Letter of Credit Authorization
MRP           Maximum Retail Price
NGO           Non-government Organization
PSI           Pre-shipment Inspection
SD            Supplementary duty
SKD           Semi knocked down components
Taka          TAKA (Local Currency and the conversion rate $US 1 = Tk 58.00)
TIN           Tax Identification Number
VAT           Value added tax




                                                -v-
                  Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh



                                      I. INTRODUCTION

                                   A. Background of the study
The International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO (ITC) is organizing a buyers/sellers meeting on
automobile components and replacement parts at Singapore in October 2002. Representatives from
countries namely Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Lao
PDR, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, The Philippines and China are expected to participate
in the proposed meeting. The product sectors include all components and replacement parts
(mechanical, electrical, electronic, hydraulic, rubber and plastic) pertaining to two and three-wheelers,
motorcars, light and heavy commercial vehicles, farm and agricultural vehicles.

1.     Introduction

In preparation of the meeting, the International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO (ITC) sponsored the study
to specifically cover demand and supply aspects of the above-mentioned products in order to assess the
import requirements and the export capacities of Bangladesh.

2.     Product(s) covered under the survey

Mainly, the study covers the automobile components and replacement parts, which are large in
numbers and varied in specifications. However, all the parts and components can be generally grouped
under categories like ‘mechanical’, ‘electrical,’ ‘electronics,’ ‘hydraulic,’ ‘rubber’ and ‘plastic’. A list
of the fast moving parts and components may be seen in Annex I. HS code of the automobile parts and
components starts from 8701109 and ends at 8716900.

3.     Significance of the product

Like in any other country, various kinds of vehicles both private and commercial play a significant role
in Bangladesh also. Besides, allowing people to travel at anytime and at their own pace, they help in
carrying the raw materials from its sources up to the delivery of the finished goods at the port for
export, or at the doorsteps of the ultimate consumers. In the urban and rural areas the labor force
including the managerial work force use them to go and come back from the working place. Apart from
the private utility, there are uses of various types of vehicles for other purposes including agricultural
purposes. Baring some local production of insignificant quantities of indigenous parts and
components, all vehicles and parts are imported into Bangladesh in either in CKD or SKD or in
finished conditions.

Interestingly, a ratio can be drawn between the total value of import of vehicles in the country and that
of import of parts and components. Pie chart shown below gives an indication of the involvement of
import trade relating to the parts and components. Share of automobile business in the total annual
imports is shown also through pie chart




                                                   -1-
                 Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


                 Chart-1: Share of automobile import in the total imports: 1997-98

                    S h a re o f a u to m o b ile im p o rt in th e to ta l im p o rts
                                                                  P a rts &
                         A u to m o tiv e                      C o m p o n e n ts
                            Im p o rt                                2%
                               2%




                                                   T o ta l Im p o rt
                                                         96%




                                    B. Objectives of the survey
The main objective of the demand survey is to provide comprehensive information on the market for
selected products in Bangladesh, with a view to assisting potential suppliers of these products in taking
advantage of existing trade opportunities.

The demand surveys will, in particular, aim at:

•   Describing the characteristics and structure of the market, including details concerning individual
    importer end-users;

•   Assessing the potential for increasing demand and / or changing to new sources of supply;

•   Identifying impediments affecting imports of parts and components;

•   Determining areas wherein specific measures are required, with reference to customs procedures,
    payment arrangements, licensing and other rules and regulations.

In addition to describing market characteristics for the benefit of potential suppliers in Bangladesh, the
survey also aims at analyzing the existing constraints in the import sector concerned and at formulating
recommendations for action by governments and others relevant authorities.




                                                  -2-
                  Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


                               C. Methodology of study followed
The methodology followed for the study comprised of surveys, desk research, field studies, interview
and discussions with the knowledgeable people. Relevant papers, reports, government gazette
notifications, newspapers reporting were reviewed in the desk research phase. Interviews and
discussions were held with the assemblers/ entrepreneurs, importers, concerned officials of the
government agencies, trade associations, bankers, automobile workshop owners, computerized
servicing centers, local agent of branded automobile companies, automobile technicians and experts,
etc. for objective analysis of the sector. Data has been collected from both primary and secondary
sources for necessary analysis.


              D. Summary of findings, conclusions and recommendations
While concluding the report on the demand and supply analysis of the automobile parts and
components sector in Bangladesh, the following issues and findings have come out having importance:

•   There is a steady growth in the use of various types of vehicles in Bangladesh. Reasons are
    increased economic activities, high degree of mobility of people for different purposes, improved
    bridge and culverts, roads and highways, etc. Increased trade, commerce and export have also
    created additional demand for various types of automobile. Demand of construction vehicles and
    auto equipment used in construction works also increased to a great extent due to the increased
    number of on-going construction works both in private and public sector. On the top of that, the life
    style of the Bangladeshi people particularly the middle class in the urban areas have been changing
    very fast and improving, which has resulted in greater movements and greater use of vehicles in the
    country.

•   Bangladesh does not have any vehicles industry except a few private sector automotive assembling
    companies and one government owned assembling plant named Progati Industries Limited who has
    entered into a collaborative arrangement with Ashoke Leyland of India. All these local private
    assembling plants are established in collaboration with the foreign companies.

•   The local assemblers are using mostly the imported parts and components except a very few local
    components like body, battery, plastic and rubber components, etc.

•   Only the battery for various types of vehicles is being produced in Bangladesh and its is also being
    exported to other countries.

•   Locally produced parts and components are not durable and they lack quality standard, and are not
    well-designed compared to the imported brands available in the market.

•   Most of the vehicles are being imported from countries like Japan, India, China, South Korea,
    Malaysia, Indonesia, Italy, UK, Germany, France, USA, etc. through their local agents in
    Bangladesh.




                                                  -3-
                 Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


•   Domestic parts and components industries are not developed at all due to lack of adequate attention
    from the government, skilled manpower, absence of large amount of capital investment required,
    technology up-gradation, absence of suitable foreign collaborators and traditional small market size
    in the country, etc.

•   Importers are facing problems while importing various types of parts for lack of transport security,
    unexpected and “whimsical” interference of customs department, etc.

•   Parts and components are mainly being imported by road from India and by sea from other
    sources. Limited quantities are also imported by air on emergency basis.

•   The use of various types of motor parts is being influenced by several groups of people involved in
    this sector and they are technicians in the workshop, retailers promoting their imported spares ,
    automobile engineers/managers of large private and government corporate houses.

•   The government under its development program is encouraging use of motor vehicles and buses in
    the major cities by imposing restrictions in the use of three wheeler human carriers which are
    considered hazardous to environmental pollution. The World Bank has extended support to float
    more than 10,000 commercial vehicle i.e. taxi cab/buses in the capital city.




                                                  -4-
                 Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


       II.    MAIN REPORT ON DEMAND AND SUPPLY SURVEY
                          OF VEHICLES

                        A. Automobile industry sector in Bangladesh
While assessing the demand and supply of auto parts and components in Bangladesh, it is essential to
analyze the users, their usage habits and requirements and other related aspects of auto parts and
components. The automotive sector that uses various parts and components in Bangladesh comprises of
both imported and locally assembled vehicles. In estimating the overall demand and supply of auto
parts and components, it is important to critically look into the existing scenario of automobile industry
in Bangladesh since these two things are inter-related and positively correlated.

1.     Existing scenario of automobile industry in Bangladesh

Bangladesh does not have automobile industry worth the name except the single government owned
agency i.e. Progati Industries Limited involved in assembly of CKD/SKD automobiles.

Over the last two decades, particularly since 1985, the use of various types of vehicles has shown a
definite increased trend. Reasons are many, namely, increased income of particular segment of people,
availability of financial support, improved roads and high ways, increased level of economic activities,
increased mobility of people from one place to another in search of jobs, increased volume of trade,
commerce and export, etc.

It may be mentioned here that only the export oriented ready made garment and textile industries
required a large number of various types of vehicles stating from heavy duty carrier, pickup van, truck,
etc. to motor cars. This single largest sector needs various types of vehicles for various purposes and
account for about 65% of the country’s commercial transport requirements.

Increase in the mobility of individual people has also resulted in a tremendous increase in the use of
various light motor vehicles. There are few assembling houses that assemble small quantity of vehicles
compared to the total demand of the country.

Most typical character of Bangladesh automobile sector is that there is a wide variety of brands and the
countries of origin mainly include countries like Japan, India, South Korea, China, Germany, France,
Malaysia, UK and USA. Following brands of vehicles are now available in the local market that require
different types of parts and components on regular basis:




                                                  -5-
                  Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

Table 1: Different brands of vehicles in Bangladesh

 Products category                          Brand names
 Heavy Bus                                  Hino, Mitsubishi, Isuzu, Volvo, Tata, Ashok Leyland, etc.
 Mini bus                                   Hino, Mitsubishi, Isuzu, Toyota, Sawraz Mazda, Tata,
                                            Eicher, etc.
 Microbus                                   Nissan, Mitsubishi, Toyota, etc.
 Heavy truck                                Hino, Tata, Bed Ford, Isuzu, Ashok Leyland
 Mini Truck                                 Hino, Tata, Mitsubishi, Isuzu, Toyota, Eicher, Sawraz
                                            Mazda, etc.
 Motor Car                                  Toyota, Mercedes Benz, Nissan, Mitsubishi, Ford, Suzuki,
                                            Dewoo, Proton Saga, Proton Vira, Hyundai, BMW, Maruti
                                            etc.
 Four wheels                                Toyota, Tata, Mitsubishi, Nissan, etc.
 Auto tempo                                 Bajaj, Krishan
 Scooter                                    Bajaj, Krishan
 Motor-cycle                                Honda, Xingfu, Jialing, Jangshen, Yamaha, Suzuki, Hero,
                                            TVS Victor, Bajaj, Vespa, etc.
 Light & heavy commercial vehicles          Nissan, Dewoo, Huyandi, Volvo, Ashok Leyland, Tata,
                                            Hino, Mitsubishi, etc.
 Farm and agricultural vehicles             Hyundi, Dewoo, Dongfang, Dongchang, etc.


Basically, parts and components are required for the above types of vehicles from countries of origin or
from other reliable sources. Use of parts and components has a positive co-relation with number of
vehicles in use in the country. During the last five years, the following vehicles were imported in
Bangladesh:

Table 2: Various types of vehicles in Bangladesh during 1994-99 (Million Taka)

Vehicle/Year                              1994-95         1995-96      1996-97     1997-98      1998-99
Two & Three Wheelers
Taxi                                        2,235         2,262           2,295      2,335       2,376
Auto-rickshaw/three wheeler                47,145        57,452         64,874      69,379      89,317
Motor-cycle                               134,303       142,596        152,641     162,566     165,460
                                                                    Light & Heavy Commercial Vehicles
Bus/ Minibus                               23,314         24,113        24,882      25,637      26,707
Micro-bus                                   6,259          7,665          8,993     10,007      12,560
Trucks                                     34,936         37,534        39,348      40,336      42,756
Jeep                                        9,425          9,646          9,884     10,098      10,346
Car                                        39,454         43,856        49,054      52,588      56,377
                                                                           Farm & Agricultural Vehicles
Tractor                                     2,702          2,806          2,929      2,981       3,119
Trailers                                    1,794          1,801          1,817      1,826       1,877
Others                                      2,543          2,772          3,500      4,552       9,770
Total                                      304,110        332,503      360,217      382,305     420,665
Source: Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh 1999 (12th edition)

                                                    -6-
                   Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


The table above shows different categories of vehicles that include two and three wheelers, motor cars,
light and heavy commercial vehicles and farm and agricultural vehicles that are already in use. It is
evident from the above table that the demand of vehicles has been increasing and as such, the
requirement of parts and components is also increasing in the same proportion.

2.      Factors influencing increase in demand of automobile

Factors influencing increase in demand of vehicles are as below:

•    Government annual development plan has given priority on transport and communication
     development;

•    Government has introduced effective transport policy in its five-year plan;

•    Availability of financial support from formal and informal sources. Formal sources are banks,
     leasing companies, purchases companies, renal companies etc;

•    Encouragement of the private sector to make investments in automobile industry;

•    Promulgation of laws to make the importation of vehicles at cheaper price (duty and taxes reduced
     to import new vehicles);

•    Improved roads and highways and increased number of bridge and culverts;

•    Improved life style in the urban areas;

•    Alternative and cheaper means of fuel, like natural gas;

•    Adaptation of improved technology in agricultural activities/cultivation activities.

There has been an increasing trend in the use of all sorts of automobiles/vehicles in Bangladesh.
However, the increased demand of individual types of automobile varies from case to case. For
example, the use of motor cars for personnel and official movement has increased at a higher rate than
other types of vehicle. Also, the use of urban commercial vehicles has also increased at a higher rate to
meet increased requirements. These trends are expected to continue in future.

3.      Comparative scenario of different types of automobiles in Bangladesh

A comparative scenario of different vehicles and their usage trend may be explained as below:




                                                    -7-
                           Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


(a)      Motorcycle

There is an increasing trend in the use of motorcycle in Bangladesh by a new group of users.
Traditionally, students, individual businessmen, officials of marketing companies and pharmaceutical
industries use motorcycles. Over the last one and a half decades, the field level officials of different
non- government organizations have been using a large number of motorcycles. Also, there are some
occasional uses of motorcycle like election campaign and other national and social program. In
Bangladesh, both locally assembled motorcycle and imported motorcycle are available for intending
users as detailed below:

         (i)             Locally assembled motorcycle: Mainly, there are about 20 locally assembled brands. For
                         example, ATLAS, EMMA, NITOL and SINGER. List of the local motorcycle
                         assembling houses is given in the annex.

         (ii)            Imported motorcycle: There are at least 7-8 different regular brands of motorcycle and
                         these are: Honda CD 80, Yamaha, Suzuki from Japan, Xinfu, Jangshen, Jailing, Hero,
                         TVS Victor, Yamaha, Suzuki, Bajaj, Vespa, etc.

Motorcycle is extensively used in Bangladesh in both rural and urban areas. The use of motorcycle has
gradually increased in Bangladesh due to several reasons as mentioned below:

•     Easy to drive;
•     Easy access to remote location;
•     Cheapest transport;
•     Longevity of the vehicle;
•     Easy to handle and park at any place.

Due to the above advantages, the demand of motorcycle has been increasing over the years as can be
seen in the chart below:


                                   M otor-cycle for the last five years

                         200000
                         150000                                      152641       162566     165460
                Volume




                                            134303      142596
                         100000
                          50000
                              0
                                     1994-95      1995-96       1996-97     1997-98     1998-99
                                                                 Year




                                                          -8-
                      Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


While assessing the future demand of motorcycle, we observe that there is an increase in the use of
motorcycle facilitated by the present trend of economy and the changed behavior of the target users.
Key factors influencing the market demand of motorcycles are:

•     Withdrawal of three wheelers by the Bangladesh Government creating more demand for
      motorcycle by certain segment of people;

•     Improved roads and high ways;

•     Availability of leasing finance facilities by almost all leasing companies, banks and financial
      institutions.

At present, there are a limited number of producers of spare parts of motorcycle in Bangladesh.
Therefore, the major spare and parts are imported form different countries like Japan, China, India,
Pakistan, Italy, England, America, Germany, etc.

The prospective demand of motorcycle for the next five years is shown in the chart below:


                               M otor-cycle for the next five years

                      300000
                                                              221729      232815       244455
             Volume




                      200000          201116      211171
                      100000
                           0
                                2002-03     2003-04      2004-05    2005-06     2006-07
                                                          Year




(b)      Auto rickshaw / Three wheelers

There has been a tremendous increase over the past two decades in the number of auto rickshaw and
tampoo in Bangladesh to compensate for inadequate number of commercial buses, minibuses, etc.
Now, it is an important vehicle in Bangladesh. Low and middle class family members mainly use these
vehicles. But, the government of Bangladesh has already banned these two vehicles to avoid
environmental pollution. It is estimated that presently there are 160,000 auto rickshaws including
unauthorized units in Dhaka City alone. There has been a phenomenal.




                                                   -9-
                     Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


However, effective 1st September,2002, the two stroke auto rickshaw will be totally banned, which is
expected to dramatically reduce the requirement of parts for these type of vehicles, but increase
demand for the new CNG auto rickshaw and three stroke auto rickshaws will be there with increased
demand for parts and components. The number of auto rickshaw in the last five years is shown in the
chart below:

                                 A u to -r ic k s h a w fo r th e la s t fiv e y e a r s

                     100000
                                                                                                        89317
            Volume




                                                                         64874             69379
                      50000                             57452
                                        47145

                           0
                                1 9 9 4 -9 5    1 9 9 5 -9 6    1 9 9 6 -9 7     1 9 9 7 -9 8   1 9 9 8 -9 9
                                                                   Y ear



Source: Statistical Source: Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh 1999 (12th edition)

(c)    Motorcars

Increased demand, economic development and changed life style have resulted in a great increase in
the number of motor cars and the demand for motor cars is still increasing day by day. Both brand new
and reconditioned cars are imported into the country. Statistics show that majority of the people usually
prefer reconditioned motorcars more than brand new cars due to lower price.

In Bangladesh, more than 65% of the total motorcars are coming from Japan. Many Bangladeshis
living in Japan involve themselves in reconditioned car business. Recently, the government has put an
age restriction on the import of reconditioned motor cars. Reconditioned cars more than 3 years old
can not be imported.

The government has also reduced the duties and taxes on the import of new cars to discourage
reconditioned car import. Impact is that people now can buy new cars at a reasonable price having
longer durability. The government has introduced new system of taxicab in 1998. As a result, the
number of motorcars has been increasing. But, the requirement of spare parts and components will be
lesser. Again, after the 1st September 2002, the ban of auto rickshaw will lead to a significant increase
in motorcars mainly in the form of taxi cabs.




                                                       - 10 -
                        Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


Use of motorcars has increased tremendously, which is evident from the statistics for the last five years
shown in the chart below:


                                              Car for the last five years

                       60000                                                                           56377
                                                                          49054         52588
                                                          43856
             Volume




                       40000               39454
                       20000
                              0
                                   1994-95        1995-96            1996-97      1997-98      1998-99
                                                                      Year


On the other hand, motorcars show the highest growth as may be seen above. This will lead to an
increase in the use of motor parts and components as well. The projected
demand for motor cars for the next five years is shown in the chart below


                                            C ar for the nex t five years

                      1 5 0 0 00
                                                                                                    11 2 3 2 9
           Volume




                      1 0 0 0 00                                          94546        103055
                                           79578          86 7 4 0
                       5 0 0 00
                              0
                                   2 0 0 2 -0 3   2 0 0 3 -0 4   2 00 4 -0 5   2 0 0 5 -0 6   2 0 0 6 -0 7
                                                                      Y ear




(d)    Light & heavy commercial vehicles (bus, minibus, truck, pick-up, etc)

Like the motorcar, there has been an increasing trend in the number of light and heavy commercial
vehicles that include mini bus, bus, human howlers, passenger carriers, trucks, pick-ups, covered vans,
large covered vans, etc. Over the last one decade, the use of these types of vehicles has increased at a
high rate. This is due to increased demand for the these types of vehicles/automobiles effectively
backed by institutional financial support to procure them. This growth rate will continue to increase in
the near future. The average growth rate is 5.63% and 4,644 in the number of vehicles annually. The
increasing demand of the light and heavy commercial vehicles for the last five years is given in the
chart below:


                                                            - 11 -
                       Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


There are different brands of new and reconditioned light and heavy commercial vehicles available in
Bangladesh. The prospective demand of the light and heavy commercial vehicles for the next five years
is given in the chart below:


                            L ig ht and heavy com m ercial vehicles for nex t five y ears

                       200000
                       150000                                                                                   142457             15 1 0 0 4
            Volume




                                                    119611             12 6 7 8 7            1 3 4 3 94
                       100000
                        50000
                            0
                                            2 0 0 2 -0 3      2 0 0 3 -0 4       2 00 4 -0 5           2 0 0 5 -0 6       2 0 0 6 -0 7
                                                                                    Y ear



(e)    Farm and agricultural equipment/vehicles

Also, there is an increasing trend in the number of farm and agricultural equipment/vehicles due to
increased application of modern tools and techniques in farming and agricultural production. Now-a-
day, agricultural vehicles like power tiller, tractor and trailers are being used in the rural areas more
frequently than the past. During the last one decade, various agricultural development projects funded
by the different donor agencies have been implemented in the rural areas and under those programs, the
farmers were given financial facilities through NGOs and banks to procure modern agricultural
equipment including farm vehicles. Traditional cow based cultivation method is giving away to
mechanized farming in the rural areas of Bangladesh. One of the key elements that made this possible
is the availability of lease financing facilities in the country and the large amount of agricultural credit
funds. It has been observed that there is a reasonable growth in the number of agricultural equipment
every year. This growth rate will continue to increase in the near future provided there is no drastic
change in the government policy relating to agricultural sector like reduction in the subsidy and
assistance and low cost fund for the farmers. The average annual growth rate is 2.5% and 125 in
number of vehicles every year. The use of the farm and agricultural vehicles for the last five years is
given in the chart below:


                            F a r m     &    a g r ic u lt u r a l v e h ic le s     f o r     t h e   la s t f iv e   y e a r s

                        5   2   0   0
                        5   0   0   0                                                                                                 4 9 9 6
              Volume




                        4   8   0   0                                                        4 7 4 6            4 8 0 7
                        4   6   0   0                                  4 6 0 7
                                                    4 4 9 6
                        4   4   0   0
                        4   2   0   0
                                        1 9 9 4 -9 5          1 9 9 5 - 9 6      1 9 9 6 - 9 7         1 9 9 7 - 9 8      1 9 9 8 - 9 9
                                                                                   Y e a r s




                                                                        - 12 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

The estimated demand of the farm and agricultural vehicles for the next five years is given in the chart
below:


                       F a rm & a g ricu ltu ra l v eh icles fo r th e n ex t fiv e y ea rs

                    6500
                                                                                                      6323
                                                                                       6139
           Volume




                    6000                                                5961
                                                    5788
                    5500            5620

                    5000
                            2 0 0 2 -0 3    2 0 0 3 -0 4       2 0 0 4 -0 5    2 0 0 5 -0 6   2 0 0 6 -0 7
                                                                    Y ear



4.     Estimated demand of automobile /vehicles in Bangladesh

Taking into consideration the future prospects and also keeping the resent growth pace influenced by
various elements discussed earlier, it is expected that there would an additional increase in the use of
vehicles. In view of the possible new avenues and prospects and looking into the weighted average
growth rate of 6%, table below shows estimated demand for the next five years.

Table 3: Projected demand of automobile /vehicles in Bangladesh

Vehicle/Year                                2002-03             2003-04         2004-05        2005-06       2006-07
Two & Three Wheelers
Taxi                                          2,570              2,724           2,887          3,060          3,243
Auto-rickshaw/three wheeler                 130,766            143,842         158,226        174,048        191,452
Motor-cycle                                 201,116            211,171         221,729        232,815        244,455
Light & Heavy Commercial Vehicles
Bus/ Minibus                                 32,461                 34,084       35,788        37,577         39,455
Micro-bus                                    19,762                 22,133       24,789        27,763         31,094
Trucks                                       53,977                 57,215       60,647        64,285         68,142
Jeep                                         11,197                 11,420       11,648        11,880         12,117
Car                                          79,578                 86,740       94,546       103,055        112,329
Farm & Agricultural Vehicles
Tractor                                       3,646              3,791           3,942          4,099          4,262
Trailers                                      2,030              2,070           2,111          2,153          2,196
Others                                       18,051             21,300          25,134         29,658         34,996
Total                                       555,154            596,490         641,447        690,393        743,741




                                                           - 13 -
                     Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


                    P r o je c te d d e m a n d o f a u to m o b ile s in B a n g la d e s h

                    1000000
           Volume                                                                       7
                                                                                   69039343741
                     500000                 555154       596490       641447

                              0
                                   2 0 0 2 -0 3 2 0 0 3 -0 4 2 0 0 4 -0 5 2 0 0 5 -0 6 2 0 0 6 -0 7
                                                               Y ear


Source: Statistical Year Book, BSS

5.     Regulatory environment and the role of the Government

After independence in 1971, the country had to follow the rules and regulations of the then Pakistan
government. Even soon after 1971, the same rules and regulations were followed with slight
modification. Before 1982, the government did not effectively control the sector to the extent now it is.
However, the regulatory body needs reforms and restructuring to bring efficiency and dynamism in
day-to-day work. Effective program to modernize and expansion the regulatory body has become
indispensable to handle the expanded activities in the total transport sector. They are mainly concerned
with the environmental impact, registrations of vehicles, road and route permits; licensing of vehicles;
and vehicle fitness for plying on roads, etc.


                      B. Auto parts and components industry in Bangladesh
1.     Auto parts and components industry in Bangladesh

As Bangladesh have no automobile industry, the sector is totally depended on import, except a few
automobile-assembling units. Every year number of automobile is increasing due to increased
requirement, demand as well as increased population. The sector has growth potentials.

Consumption of auto parts depends on several factors. There is a numerous types of auto parts being
used by different types of automobile. Some parts have very short usage time and some have longer
usage time. In Bangladesh, since there is no automobile manufacturing plant, there is not enough
producers of auto parts. However, there is an area in southern part of Dhaka City where there are few
indigenous auto parts manufacturing units. These parts are required for the exterior purpose but not for
the important and critical interior purpose. These are limited to horn, light, glass, mirror, etc.

Total demand for parts and components will increase in future because of increased use of vehicles on
roads, which has to be met by imports and import only. The projected demand of auto parts of various
types of vehicles are estimated below:




                                                                  - 14 -
                        Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


Table 4: Projected demand of auto parts import in Bangladesh
                                                                                                                         (000’ Taka)
Parts/Year                                            2002-03         2003-04          2004-05          2005-06         2006-07
Chassis with engine for tractor etc                  620,774          664,228         710,723          760,473          813,706
Body for tractor, passenger car, etc.                 29,214           32,135          35,348           38,882           42,770
Parts and accessories of tractor, goods               78,346           92,448         109,088          128,723          151,893
vehicles etc.
Motorcycle/auxiliary motor fit                     1,776,157        2,095,865        2,473,120        2,918,281     3,443,571
Invalid carriage, mechanical propel                    5,218            6,157            7,265            7,464         8,807
Part/and accessory of motorcycle etc.                 79,377           93,664          110,523          130,417       153,892
Total                                              2,589,086        2,984,497        3,446,067        3,984,240     4,614,639


        The projected total demand of auto parts import in Bangladesh are given below:

                             P ro jected d em a n d o f a u to p a rts im p o rt in B a n g la d esh

                      5 00 0 00 0
                                                                                                             4614639
                      4 00 0 00 0                                                              3984240
                                                                              3446067
             Volume




                      3 00 0 00 0                            2984497
                                            2 58 9 08 6
                      2 00 0 00 0
                      1 00 0 00 0
                                0
                                     2 00 2 -03      2 0 0 3 -0 4     2 0 0 4 -0 5     2 0 0 5 -0 6      2 0 0 6 -0 7
                                                                        Y ear



2.      Structure of the auto parts market

The parts and components market in Bangladesh is almost 100% import based. There is no quality
local manufacturer of parts and components. So, several groups of importers of parts and components
are there that include commercial importers, automobile assembling houses, public sector institutions
and diplomatic importers. In Bangladesh, parts and components are mainly imported from countries
like Japan, UK, Taiwan, China, Korea, Malaysia, USA, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, etc.

The market of parts and components is very small but expanding rapidly. Commercial importers
facilitate bulk quantity import of parts that are distributed through wholesalers and retailers. End users
get the parts from the retailers and the retailers buy parts from the importers. However, there are also
importers who have their own retail outlets. An assembler may also be an importer who requires a large
quantity of parts and components for its assembling unit. A limited number of commercial importers
import parts and components from different sources as mentioned above.




                                                             - 15 -
                 Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


In most cases, the assembler imports parts and components from the country where the brand is
originated. Some assemblers even purchase parts and components directly from the big importers.
There is another group within the distribution channel of parts and components i.e. auto servicing
centers like garage, mechanical workshop, body building units, etc. The servicing centers purchase
parts from the whole seller as well as from the retailer. End users get parts and components from
retailers dealing in different type and brand of automobile. Although no local manufacturer of quality
parts does exist, but active negotiations are going on to set up joint venture parts and component
manufacturing units with China, Korea and Taiwan. Present structure of parts and components market
is graphically shown below:


                 Assemblers                                                 Importers




          Servicing             Whole seller
                                                                Retailer                Wholeselle
           Center                                                                          r


                                                                           Servicing
                 Retailer
                                                                            center

                                               End
                                               users


In Bangladesh, neither we have an automobile industry nor a quality auto parts industry. So, the people
of Bangladesh have no clear idea about the automobile industry or auto parts and components and their
usage. The market of auto parts and components is influenced by couple of elements. People while
purchase auto parts and components, they are influenced by several factors and these auto servicing
centers, workshop and garage, motor pool managers, Institutional Importers (i.e. embassy), retailers,
agents of branded automobile, etc.

3.     Foreign exporters of automobile components

The automobile market in Bangladesh has been dominated by the multinationals from Japan, Korea,
China, India, and Europe since independence. Still the multinationals play significant role to meet the
demand and supply and occupy a large market share in comparison to their number. Over the last
couple of years, some automobile importers like Nitol Motors, Uttara Motors, Aftab Vehicles, Ifad
Autos, Meghna Vehicles, Navana Vehicles, etc. have enter the local market. But, as our local
automobile market are 65% dominated by Japan, we continue to import a large share from Japan. There
is large market for the exporters of automobile parts and components of the participating countries as
the local industry is based on the imported components.



                                                       - 16 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


4.       Role of the international trade organizations

ITC can extend support by providing information on the traders, exporters, and importers of automobile
parts and components through development of Web site on Automobile in Asia. Individual country
wise database will be very effective for both importers and exporters to locate their business
counterparts in different countries. Support and assistance may also be provided by international
organization through advocacy on necessary policy changes and adopting new policy in the automobile
components sectors. Finally, different policy support on bilateral trade and commerce in this sector
should continue further with more emphasis than earlier.


                           C. Domestic parts and components industry
1.       Domestic parts and components industry

Presently, there is no well-organized and quality manufacturer of parts and components in Bangladesh.
Some low quality indigenous manufacturing of parts and components are there but they are carried out
against specific order to meet emergency requirement. There is no mass production to meet the
requirements. Given below are some idea of what the local manufacturers try to produce:

•    Filters, radiators, radiator hoses, air filter housing;

•    Brake pads, brake drum, brake disc;

•    Electrical parts such as battery, horn, wiring, wiper and washer assembly, head lights and other
     lights;

•    Trim and upholstery such as carpet, floor mat, rear parcel shelf, seat assembly, safety belt and melt
     damping sheet;

•    General parts such as paint and thinner, under seal, tyres and tube, and mirrors.

2.       Production for the last five years

There is no automotive manufacturing plant in Bangladesh. Only few company are involved in the
automotive support industry. Some company also involved in the automobile assembling units such as
Nitol Motors, Navana Motors, Pragati Industries (government), Uttara Motors, Meghna Vehicles, Fiat
Autos, etc. They assemble and promote brand automobiles.

3.       Product specifications, quality and prices

There is no standard product specification in Bangladesh. But, the assembler, who is involved in the
assembling the brand product, ensure specification of the Brand Company. Average quality of the
product is not compatible to the imported product.




                                                      - 17 -
                     Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


           III. IMPORT OF AUTO PARTS AND COMPONENTS

                                    A. Previous import performance
There are various types auto parts and components imported from various countries. The curve below
shows the value of the yearly imports of auto parts and components during the last five years:

                           O th e r p a r ts & a c c e sso r ie s fo r th e la st fo u r y ea r s

                    7500
                                                              7 2 6 0 .6 1
                    7000                                                                             6 9 8 6 .1 5
           Volume




                    6500               6 3 6 1 .7 8
                    6000                                                             6173
                    5500
                               1 9 9 5 -9 6           1 9 9 6 -9 7           1 9 9 7 -9 8     1 9 9 8 -9 9
                                                                     Y ear

       *Amount in million Taka.


                                       B. Factors affecting imports
Sometimes import is affected by factors that include political unrest, sudden fall in overall demand of
automobile, flood, change of government policy, delay in shipment, custom clearance, etc.


                             C. Projection of imports of next five years
Considering the past trend and the possibility of further development in roads and high ways of
Bangladesh, it is expected that the requirement for import of automobile will increase in future. Also,
there is a propensity of further improvement in the domestic economy that enhances per capita income
of households, which has positive correlation with individual’s expenditure on transport. Moreover, the
following factors may be considered for the increased automobile business in Bangladesh in future:

•   Reduction of tax on the new brand motor vehicles;

•   Government initiative to float 10,000 number of urban commercial vehicles;

•   Improved roads and highways;

•   Increased economic activities;

•   Expanded and increased volume of export and shipment of exportable;

                                                           - 18 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

•   High degree of mobility of human beings.

The projection of imports for the next five years has been made as shown below curve:


                                P rojection of im ports of next five year

                   1000000
                    800000                                                              868198
                                                                 705495     768989
                    600000          593802       647244
           Value




                    400000
                    200000
                         0
                              2002-03      2003-04          2004-05   2005-06       2006-07
                                                             Y ear




                                      D.     Sources of imports
The important source of imports are shown in the following table:

 Source               Items                                                          Value in mil (Tk)
                                                                                            2000-2001
 Japan                Heavy truck, bus, mini truck, mini bus, commercial                     4,173.981
                      vehicles, farm and agricultural vehicles, motorcars,
                      motorcycles, etc and other motor parts and components,
                      tyre, battery, etc.
 India                Truck, bus, mini truck, minibus, commercial vehicles,                   2,967.664
                      motorcars, motorcycles, scooter, auto tempo, etc. and other
                      motor parts and components, tyre, battery, etc.
 Pakistan             Auto tempo                                                               119.719
 Singapore            Motor parts and components, tyre, etc.                                   210,236
 Malaysia             Motorcars, tyre, etc.                                                     29.227
 Indonesia            Tyre, battery, etc.                                                       33.152
 Italy                Auto tempo, parts and components                                          12.677
 South Korea          Motorcars, heavy truck, bus, coster, light commercial                     79,766
                      vehicles, motorcycles, parts and components
 China                Motorcycles, parts and components                                        720,474
 USA                  Farm and agricultural vehicles, motor parts and                           91.000
                      components, etc.
 UK                   Tyre, battery, motorcars, farm and agricultural vehicles,                264.002
                      motor parts and components, etc.
 Hong Kong            Motorcycles, parts and components                                          33.105



                                                   - 19 -
                  Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


                                E. Import policy and procedures
Government is committed to foster a gradual development of free market economy in the light of
GATT agreement. In the interest of export promotion and investment in the country, Bangladesh have
long term, stable, facilitative and liberal Import Policy. Efforts have been made to make the Import
Policy easier and more liberal by relaxing or rescinding the regulatory provisions of the previous
Import Policy. Provisions have already been made to allow import of capital machinery and industrial
raw materials on consignment basis without the cover of the Letter of Credit. In the present Import
Policy Order second hand / reconditioned machinery are importable subject to fulfillment of certain
conditions. Gradually efforts will be made to classify those machinery under HS Code.

                              F. Rules and regulations on imports
For import purpose, the new ITC Numbers (HS Code) can be uses with at least six digits corresponding
to the classification of goods as given in the Import Trade Control Schedule 1988, based on the
Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, shall be mandatory.

(a) Import of any goods or machinery in Bangladesh will be done according to certain rules and
    regulations as laid down in the “Imports and Exports (Control) Act, 1950”. Parts, accessories or
    component, import of which is otherwise banned or restricted, shall however, be importable along
    with machinery item is permissible for import.

(b) Manufacturing age of the used reconditioned vehicles must not be more than three years at the time
    of shipment. In case of determining the date/age of the concerned vehicles, the age of the vehicles
    shall start counting from the first day of the next year of manufacturing. In case of vehicle made in
    Japan, the date of manufacturing shall be determined from the chassis book, published by the Japan
    Automobile Association. In case of import of vehicles made in other countries where chassis book
    is not published, importer shall submit a certificate regarding the date of manufacture of vehicle
    from an internationally reputed surveyor firm.

(c) Commercial import of second hands/reconditioned engines and gearboxes of bus, truck, mini – bus
    and macro bus will be permissible. But such engine and gearboxes shall not be permissible for
    import if they are more than five years old. In this case a certificate regarding age-limit, either from
    exporting country’s recognized Chamber of Commerce & Industry or from an internationally
    reputed surveyors shall be submitted to the customs Authority at the time of release of the goods.
    Following documents along with the LCA must be submitted to the nominated banks by the
    importers:

•   L/C application form duly signed by the importer;
•   indents for goods issued by indent or a pro forma invoice obtained from the foreign supplier;
•   insurance cover note.




                                                   - 20 -
                  Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


1.      Government regulations on imports

(a)     Pre-shipment inspection

        Unless otherwise specified, pre-shipment inspection of imported goods shall not be obligatory
in case of import by the private sector importers.

(b)     Import procedures

(i)     Import License not required: No import License will be necessary for import of any item;

(ii)    Import against LCA Form: unless otherwise specified, all imports transacted through a bank
        (L/Cs, bank drafts, remittances etc.) shall require LCA form irrespective of the source of
        finance;

(iii)   Import against L/C: Unless otherwise specified, import shall be made only by opening
        irrevocable letter of credit (L/C);

        However, L/C is not required for import of each consignment, by road, of easily perishable item
        valued form $US 5,000 to 7,500 and for import of capital machineries and raw-materials for
        industrial use without any price limit. Existing conditions regarding import on deferred payment
        under L/C shall be applicable in this case also and importer shall be required to register with
        Bangladesh Bank for importation without L/C

(iv)    Import against LCA Form but without opening of Letter of Credit (L/C): Import against LCA
        Form may be allowed without opening of letters of credit;

(v)     Import on deferred payment basis or against supplier’s credit: Subject to restriction and
        prohibitions contained in this order, import on deferred payment basis or against suppliers.
        Credit may be allowed on the basis of procedure laid down by the Bangladesh Bank in this
        behalf;

(vi)    Import against direct payment abroad: Only Bangladeshi nationals living abroad may send any
        importable item irrespective of value ceiling against direct payment abroad in the name of any
        Bangladeshi living in Bangladesh. The name and address of the consignee shall be mentioned in
        the import documents. For such import, no permission or import permit from the Import
        Control Authority shall be necessary;

(vii)   Document required to be submitted along with LCA Form: Importer in both public sector and
        private sector shall submit to their nominated banks the following documents along with the
        L/C Authorization Form for opening letter of credit:

        •   L/C application form duly signed by the importer;
        •   Indents for goods issued by indent or a pro forma invoice obtained from the foreign suppler,
            as the case may be;
        •   Insurance cover note;


                                                 - 21 -
                     Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh



(viii)    Auditioned documents to be furnished by public sector importers: In addition to the documents
          mentioned above, the following document will be required;
          The attested photocopy of sanction letter from the Administrative Ministry or Division or
          Authority, wherever applicable;

(ix)      Additional documents to be furnished by private sector importers: In addition to the document
          mentioned above, the following documents will be required.

(c)      Import of parts, accessories and components

Parts, accessories or components, import of which is otherwise banned or restricted, shall however, be
importable along with machinery only as its integral and indispensable part provided the said
machinery item is permissible for import.


     G. Categories of importers and eligibility criteria for issuance of import license
Generally, there are three categories of importers are in Bangladesh. To import automobile, the
importers have to have the following criteria:

1.        Foreign firms

Foreign firms are allowed to import permissible commercial items against prior permission from the
Chief Controller of Import and Export and need to provide following documents:

•      Photocopy of the valid Import Registration Certificate;

•      Photocopies of invoices, bill of lading, and import permit duly certified by the bank;

•      Original or copy General Index Register (GIR) certificate from Income Tax Authority;

•      Certified copy of the last income tax assessment order; and

•      Name and description of each item to be imported with quantity and C&F value.

2.        Public sector importers

Public sector importers need to provide the following documentation:

•      Attested photocopy of allocation letter issued by the allocating authority in favor of the concerned
       public sector agency specifying the source, amount, purpose, validity, and the terms and conditions;

•      Attested photocopy of sub-allocation letter, if any, issued in favor of the importing agency or unit;




                                                     - 22 -
                   Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

•    Attested photocopy of sanction letter from the administrative ministry or authority where
     applicable; and

•    A declaration by the authorized officer of the importing agency indicating the amount of
     utilized/unutilized government funds and that imported raw materials will not be sold.

3.      Private sector importers

Private sector importers need to furnish the following additional documents:

•    Valid membership certificate from the registered local chamber of commerce and industry or any
     trade association, established on an all-Bangladesh basis, representing any special trade or business;

•    Proof of payment of renewal fees for the Import Registration Certificate (IRC) for the concerned
     fiscal year;

•    Copy of a "TIN Certificate" issued by the tax authority. The TIN (Tax Identification No.)
     Certificate is a new requirement aimed at ensuring collection of income tax, VAT and other
     revenues from importers;

•    A declaration, in triplicate, that the importer has paid income tax or submitted an income tax return
     for the preceding year; and

•    Any such documents as may be required by import policy order or public notice, or instruction
     issued by the Chief Controller of Imports and Exports.


                         H. Quantitative/value restrictions on imports
There is no quantitative or value restriction for imports of spares and components. Import is open from
all countries except Israel.


                        I. Specific licensing arrangements for imports
No specific licensing arrangements for imports is there. Registered importers of parts and components
can open letters of credit through their banker on the basis of pro forma invoices from the suppliers
abroad.


             J. Import licenses for public sector / Government undertakings
In the following case, neither an LCA nor the opening of an L/C will be necessary, but an import
permit (IP) or clearance permit (CP) will have to be obtained by the importer:




                                                   - 23 -
                  Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


•   Import of books, magazines, journals, periodicals and scientific and laboratory equipment against
    surrender of UNESCO;

•   Coupons;

•   Imports under pay-as-you-earn scheme for a limited number of cars, fishing vessels, cargo or
    passenger vessels, and new machinery on the basis of clearance from the Bangladesh Bank;

•   Import of items by passengers coming from abroad in excess of the permissible limits as per
    permitted allowance; and

•   Import of free samples, advertising materials, and gift items above prescribed ceilings.


                        K. Transfer of import licenses and premiums
Standard procedures applicable for other products.


           L. Import duties (description of classification, basis of assessment
                           and amount of percentage duty)
Like others, import duty and other taxes are charged on the automobile components items. Every
import of automobile components has to pay certain amount (%) of import duty, development
surcharge, Value added tax, fees and charges, etc. A detailed statement of duty and taxes applicable for
different parts and components is annexed


                           M. Custom duty and charges on imports
Normally, the main basis of assessment of import duty and other taxes is the Cost, Insurance and
Freight (CIF) value plus 1% landing charge. Duty and taxes are assessed as a percentage of the landed
cost. However, such tariff value is assessed on the basis of the highest CIF value of same materials
being imported by other importers. Here, the local importer does not avail the benefit of lower price
which he /she could have settled with the suppliers on his/her own choice. So, tariff value assessment
depends on the discretion of the customs authority.

Bangladesh has made significant progress in liberalizing its trade regime. Customs duty rates have been
compressed to a range of 0.0-40.0%. The 2.5% import permit fee is the only other protective instrument
for most imports (a trade neutral 15% value-added tax is also applied). The import permit system is
now automatic. The cumbersome procedure for opening letters of credit has been simplified.

Customs duties are levied on all imports except raw cotton, textile machinery, certain machinery used
in irrigation and agriculture, animal feeds used by the poultry and dairy industries, and certain drugs
and medical equipment. A 2.5% infrastructure development surcharge is levied on imports.


                                                  - 24 -
                 Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

A supplementary duty is levied on luxury items like cars with engine capacity greater than 1,000 cc and
"undesirable" items like cigarettes. Certain products are exempt from the value-added tax. A detailed
statement on duty and taxes for different parts and components is given in the Annex II.


                                      N. Customs valuation
The customs valuation of imported goods for the purpose of assessment and realization of customs duty
is based on the normal value concept. Ad valorem duties are generally assessed on the basis of the CIF
(cost, insurance, freight and other charges cost of goods). Duties are collected in Bangladesh currency
by Customs authorities under the Bangladesh Customs and Excise Departments of the Ministry of
Finance's National Board of Revenue. Follows is an example of how duties are charged on an imported
item [duty rate used in this example may not be actual rate]:

 1300 cc car, C&F value                                                    $US 10,000
 Insurance (1% or actual)*                                                    100
 Landing Charge (1%)*                                                         100
 Assessable value                                                            10,200
 a. customs duty at 45% of assessable value                                 $US 4,590
 b. supplementary duty at 10% of assessable value                           $US 1,020
 c. duty paid value                                                        $US 15,610

* Added only for arriving at the assessable value

•   VAT at 15% of duty paid value $US 2,371.50;
•   Advance income tax 2.5% of assessable value $US 255;
•   License fee 2.5% on assessable value $US 255;
•   Total duties and taxes $US 8,491.50.

Our $US 10,000 vehicle's landed cost is therefore $US 18,691.50.


                                        O. Import licenses
Import licenses are not required for any imported items except those on the restricted list. However,
importers need to use Letter of Credit Authorization (LCA) forms to import goods.


                                 P. Other charges on imports
In addition to the above duty and taxes, there is a provision for imposition of Development Surcharge,
which is 2.5% of the CIF value. Apart from these, every import incurs other cost elements that include
License Fee (0.25% of the CIF value), Commission for opening letter of credit (0.3% to 0.5% of the
L/C value), Bank charges, Charges for telex, etc. Insurance premium normally ranges from less than
1% to 1% of the C & F value of the materials to be imported.


                                                    - 25 -
                  Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


                                        Q. Value assessment
The local Customs Authority assesses the value of import through converting the foreign currency in
the local Taka which for arriving at the assessable value and calculation of the import duty and taxes.


                             R. Documentary requirements for imports
Like other imports, the following documents are required to be submitted for import of parts and
components :

•   Letter of credit application (full set of applications is supplied by bank);

•   Letter of credit application for duly filled-in and stamped (Bank prescribed );

•   Copy of indent mentioning source and price (six copies);

•   Copy of Import License from Chief Controller of Export and Import (CCEI);

•   Insurance cover note from an insurance company acceptable to the bank;

•   Certificate of country of origin;

•   Certificate of origin;

•   Pre-shipment inspection certificate;

•   Commercial invoice;

•   Insurance certificate;

•   Others.


               S. Import impediments, malpractice and suggested remedies
The automobile sector of Bangladesh is heavily depended on imported parts and components, as
mentioned in the earlier sections. Since the volume of consumption has been increasing during the last
one-decade, the importers frequently procure the fast moving items to meet the market demand. To
identify major impediments, malpractice and to seek remedial measures, an opinion survey has been
carried out on individual importers and finding are summarized below:




                                                   - 26 -
                  Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


1.      Import impediments

Importers of auto parts and components face various problems as explained by different importers.
Main problems and obstacles that the local importers have been facing are lying with the port and
custom authority and the operating procedures and practices. To assess taxes there is a provision for
Clean Report finding based on PSI but the custom officials do not accept pre-shipment inspection
certificate while assessing the CRF value, as attended by the individual importers. Also they mentioned
that the custom officials lack adequate information and knowledge about various parts and components.
After the customs and clearing issue, the next impediment is being faced by the importer is lack of
integrity honesty within business environment.

Another problem that hinders smooth import of parts and components is the higher amount of L/C
margin required by the bank sometimes i. e. 50%. Earlier this margin was only 25%. Due to higher
margin the importer suffered financial loses.

Finally, the importers do not have access to important data and information on automobile import and
consumption. There is a severe lacking in organized data on use, consumption, production and import
of auto parts, due to which the demand and supply sometimes do not match that result in price
distortion in the local market. However, an individual importer or an overseas supplier of parts and
components should undertake a detailed study and analyse the market before setting a business target.

2.      Malpractice, unfair means, etc. in import

Almost majority of importers surveyed informed that there has been a significant volume of parts and
components available in the local market coming through smuggling and illegal ways. Importers under
invoice the value of goods and sometimes country of origin of goods is not accurate.

The government custom authority fails to prevent illegal entry of smuggled items of parts and
components. Entry of huge quantity of smuggled items somehow escapes duty and taxes that result in
price distortion for the honest importers.

3.      Suggested remedies

A number of suggestions, advice, appeal and recommendations have been made by the individual
importers which they were contacted. Overall remedies suggested can be discussed under different
point of views according to their importance:

•    Reduction of import duty and taxes;

•    Immediate measures to stop entry of smuggled and illegal parts and components;

•    Up gradation and smoothening the custom procedures;

•    Reduction of L/C margin of the banks and financial institutions;

•    Unified duty and tax structure for all parts and components;


                                                  - 27 -
                   Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

•     Custom officials should accept pre-shipment inspection certificate while assessing duty and taxes;

•     Clean Report Finding should be basis for the pre-shipment inspection certificate;

•     No duty and taxes should be imposes on any import of parts and components from the SAARC
      Countries;

•     The government should bring changes in its import and other local policy relating to the automobile
      and auto parts industry.


                               T. Import and distribution channels
Spares and components are imported by sea, by roads (from India only) and also emergency imports by
air. By far the sea port is the most popular entry point for the imports. Importers maintain bulk
inventory of imported parts and components and the retailers go to them to obtain their requirements.
End users obtain their requirements from the retailers.


                                         U. Importers profiles

Annex III


                                     V. Registration procedures
An application by or on behalf of the owner of a motor vehicles for registration shall be in Form ”H” as
set forth in the first schedule, shall contain the information required by that form, and shall be
accompanied by the prescribed for:

Provided that where motor vehicles is jointly owned by more persons that one, the application shall be
made by one of them on behalf of all the owners and such applicant shall be deemed to be owner of the
motor vehicles for the purpose of this Ordinance.

(a)      The registering authority shall issue to the owners of a motor vehicle registered by it a
         certificate of registration in Form “I” as set forth in the first schedule and shall enter in a record
         to be kept by it particulars of such certificate.

(b)      The registering authority shall assign to the vehicles for display there on in prescribed manner, a
         distinguishing mark (in the Ordinance referred to as the registration mark) consisting of group
         of letters allotted to the district or area of the district concerned in the sixth schedule followed
         by a letter or letters denoting the class of the vehicle and a number consisting of not more than 4
         digit.




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                     Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


                     W. Power to the Government to control road transport
The government, having regard to –

the advantages offered to the public, trade and industry by the development of motor transports, and the
desirability of co-ordinations road and rail transport, and the desirability of preventing uneconomic
competition among motor vehicles, and after having heard the representatives of the interests affected
and having consulted the Authority, may by notification in the official gazette, -

i)        Prohibit or restrict throughout Bangladesh or in any area or on any route within Bangladesh,
          subject to such conditions as it may think desirable the conveying of long distance goods traffic
          generally, or of prescribed class of goods by private of public carriers;

ii)       Fix maximum or minimum fares or freights for stage carriages, contract carriages and public
          carriers to be applicable throughout Bangladesh or within any area or on any route within
          Bangladesh;

iii)      Disallow the use as transport vehicle, any vehicles or class of vehicle manufactured prior to a
          particular year.

The government shall permit at such intervals of time as it may fix, the interests affected by any
notification issued under sub-section (1) to make representations urging the cancellation or variation of
the notification on the following grounds namely:

•      That the railways are not giving reasonable facilities or are taking unfair advantage of the action of
       the government under this section;

•      That condition have changed since the publication of the notification;

•      That the special needs of a particular industry or locality require to be considered afresh.

If the government, after considering any representation made to it under sub-section (2) and having
heard the representatives of the interests affected and the Authority is satisfied that any notification
issued under sub-section (1) ought to be cancelled or varied, it may cancel the notification or vary it in
such manner as it thinks fit.




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                 Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


IV. MARKET SCENARIO OF MAJOR AND FAST MOVING PARTS
                 AND COMPONENTS

Since there is no local industry in Bangladesh producing quality, durable and well designed auto parts
and components, whatever competition takes place that is within the imported parts. Below is a
comparative analysis of major fast moving parts and components that will give an indication about the
individual market share, pricing structure, etc. (Data used below have collected through a field survey
on more than 50 companies–).

1.     Washers / Other seals

In the local market, there are 7-8 different brands of gasket, washer and other seals including local
product and these are imported from countries like Japan, India, England, Taiwan and Singapore.
Among the imported brands, Apex brand of England and Lyo of Taiwan occupy around 15% market
share each and then Alaska of India and Ishikawa of Japan occupy 10% market share each and the rest
are on an average 5% equal share in the market. However, the local brand occupies around 15% share
of the market. Price ranges from Taka 40 to Taka 70 per piece. There are also different brands of full
set gasket available in the market and these are imported Japan, Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan and
Singapore. Only three different brands are imported from Japan. Price of full set gasket ranges from
Tk 500 to Taka 2,200 per piece.

2.     Tapered roller bearing: TR assemble

      Sl. No.      Brands                            Origin              Price Range (in Taka)
         1.        N&K                               Japan                   Taka 500-800
         2.        KOYO                              Japan                 Taka 500-700-800
         3.        NTN                               Japan                 Taka 500-700-800
         4.        KG                                China                   Taka 300-800
         5.        NGK                               India                   Taka 300-800


The market of Tapered Roller Bearing is dominated by the Japanese brands of parts and the market
share for Japan is more than 50%,while China has around 30% and India has less than 20%. Price
ranges from Taka 300 to Taka 2,000. However, price of Indian and Chinese products is at the lower
level, while Japanese parts are of higher level.

3.     Crank shaft and cam shaft

      Sl. No.      Brands                 Origin                    Price range (Taka)
        1.         Voxcel                 England                   Taka 30,000 – 35,000
        2.         HINDUSTAN              India                     Taka 15,000 – 22,000
        3.         Not found              China                     Taka 6,000 – 11,000




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                 Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

There are three different imported brands available in the local market originated from England, China
and India. Around 42% of the total market is captured by England. India and China are occupying the
rest 58% of the total market share. Price of this item ranges from Taka 6,000 to Taka 35,000, however,
Chinese parts are low priced.

4.     Fly wheel and pully including pully blocks

 Sl. No.           Brands                          Origin                  Price Range (Taka)
           1.      KARSONS                          India                     Taka 80 – 400
           2.      Mostafa                       Bangladesh                   Taka 80 – 300
           3.      Iqbal                          Pakistan                    Taka 80 - 800


Three different brands are available in the local market including, namely Iqbal of Pakistan, Mostafa of
Bangladesh and KARSONS of India. Price ranges from Taka 80 to Taka 800. Parts from India and one
produced in Bangladesh occupy equal market share i.e. 38% and the rest 24% is occupied by the brand
from Pakistan.

5.     Gasket / Kit

      Sl. No.      Brands                         Origin                   Price Range (Taka)
         1.        Payen                          England                      Taka 2,500
         2.        Voxcell                        England                  Taka 2,000 – 3,000


There are two different brands of gasket available in the local market both originated from England.
Price of one gasket ranges from Taka 2,000 to Taka 3,000 and Payen brand occupies the major market
share.

6.     Main and began

      Sl. No.      Brands                         Origin                   Price range (Taka)
         1.        GLASIAR                          UK                     Taka 1,000 – 1,600
         2.        GM                               UK                     Taka 1,200 – 2,000
         3.        KILL & ASCOR                    India                   Taka 1,000 – 1,500
         4.        NDC                            Japan                    Taka 1,000 – 2,000
         5.        Thiho                          Japan                    Taka 1,000 – 2,000


The local market of the above item is occupied by different brands imported from UK, India and Japan.
Two brands of UK occupied 46% of the total market, 31% share is occupied by two Japanese brands
and Indian brand occupies the rest 23% market share. Price ranges from Taka 1,000 to Taka 2,000.




                                                 - 31 -
                Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


7.     Oil pump gear

      Sl. No.      Brands                       Origin                  Price range (Taka)
         1.        GM                             UK                         Taka 350
         2.        GM                           Taiwan                       Taka 350
         3.        Toyota                        Japan                      Taka 1,200
         4.        Toyota                       Taiwan                       Taka 800


The entire oil pump gear market is dominated by mainly two brands; GM of UK and GM of Taiwan,
both the brand occupy 30% market share each equally. The next one is the Toyota brand of Japan that
occupies 20% of the total market share. Price of Japanese Toyota is the most expensive one i.e. Taka
1,200 per piece. While other brands are sold at Taka 350 / per piece.

8.     Gasket shallac

      Sl. No.      Brands                       Origin                  Price range (Taka)
         1.        Vesachem Lion                 USA                       Taka 40 – 70
         2.        Texxov                        USA                       Taka 40 – 70


The entire market of gasket shallac is captured by two main brands of USA and these are Vesachem
Lion and Texov and price ranges from Taka 40 to Taka 70 per piece.

9.     Bolt and nuts

      Sl. No.      Brands                       Origin                  Price range (Taka)
         1.        Voxcell                       UK                 Taka 100 – 350, Taka 3 - 350
         2.        Texxon                        UK                   Taka 3 – 100, Taka 2 - 5


10.    Sparkling plug

      Sl. No.      Brands                      Origin                   Price range (Taka)
         1.        Toyota                      Japan                       Taka 60 - 70
         2.        NGK                         Japan                       Taka 60 - 70
         3.        Champion                     USA                        Taka 60 - 70
         4.        BOSS                       Germany                      Taka 60 - 70


The market of spark plug is dominated by 4 different brands of Japan, USA and Germany. Two
Japanese brands as mentioned above occupy around 40% of the total market share and the rest 36%
share is occupied by USA and Germany originated brands. The price ranges from Taka 60 to Taka 70
per piece.




                                               - 32 -
                  Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


11.    Starter motor

      Sl. No.      Brands                     Origin            Price range (Taka)
         1.        Lucas                      England           Taka 1,200
         2.        Princo                      India            Taka 400 – 500
         3.        Gold Star                   Japan            Taka 1,400 – 2,000
         4.        DK                          Japan            Taka 1,400 – 2,000
         5.        Toyota                      Japan            Taka 3,500 – 4,000


There are five major brands of starter motor originated from England, India and Japan. 3 brands are
coming from Japan occupying around 50% of the market share. Rest 50% is captured by Lucas of
England (25%) and Princo of India (25%). Price ranges from Taka 400 to Taka 4,000. Indian parts are
the cheapest whereas the Japanese parts are most costliest one.

12.    Water pump

      Sl. No.      Brands                     Origin            Price range (Taka)
        1.         NP                          Japan            Taka 800 – 2,000
        2.         GMBCO                       Japan            Taka 800 – 1,200
        3.         Parrat                      Japan            Taka 600 – 2,000
        4.         Jeumi                       Japan            Taka 2,000 – 4,000
        5.         Miko                        India            Taka 2,000 – 2,200
        6.         GM                           UK              Taka 1,200 – 1,400
        7.         Iqbal                     Pakistan           Taka 900 – 1,100
        8.         Local                    Bangladesh          Taka 700 – 900
        9.         Local                    China/Korea         Taka 600 – 1,000


The above brands are available in the market. However, Miko of India, GM of England and Iqbal of
Pakistan dominate the market. Also, there are locally produced water pump at lower price near Chinese
brand. Price ranges from Taka 600 to 4,000 per piece.

13.    Push rod

      Sl. No.      Brands                      Origin           Price range (Taka)
         1.        Locheed                       UK             Taka 800 – 1,600
         2.        Locheed                     Taiwan           Taka 600 – 1,200
         3.        KARSONS                      India           Taka 350 – 400
         4.        NOC                          Japan           Taka 140 – 150
         5.        Taiho                        Japan           Taka 190 - 200
         6.        Daido                        Japan           Taka 190 - 200


Six different brands of Push Rod are available in the local market as mentioned in the table above. This
is one of the Japanese parts offering cheaper price than other brands available. Price ranges from Taka
140 to Taka1,600.


                                                 - 33 -
                 Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


14.    Axle shaft

      Sl. No.       Brands                       Origin        Price range (Taka)
         1.         NKN                          Japan         Taka 4,000 – 6,000
         2.         URW                          Japan         Taka 4,000 – 6,000
         3.         HDK                          Japan         Taka 4,000 – 6,000
         4.         Voxem                       England        Taka 2,000 – 2,500
         5.         EYE                         Pakistan       Taka 1,400 – 1,600
         6.         KARSONS                       India        Taka 1,000 – 1,200
         7.         KARNAPHULI                 Bangladesh      Taka 800 – 1,100


In the local market, both imported and locally produced axle shaft are available. However, Japanese
parts dominate the market. Price ranges from Taka 800 to Taka 6,000.

15.    Piston / E. VALUES /LINER

      Sl. No.       Brands            Origin                   Price range (Taka)
         1.         Glasiar           UK (III)                 Taka 800 – 1,200
         2.         Hindustan Motor   India                    Taka 2,200 – 3,000
         3.         Toyota            Japan                    Taka 1,600 – 1,800
         4.         Toto              Japan                    Taka 1,600 – 3,000


16.    Valves

      Sl. No.       Brands            Origin                   Price range (Taka)
         1.         Toyota            Japan                    Taka 4,000 – 6,000
         2.         Dokoro            Japan                    Taka 1,100 – 1,600
         3.         Roky              Japan                    Taka 1,000 – 2,000


The market of piston is captured by different trends from Japan, UK and India and the Japanese brands
dominate the market. Price ranges from Taka 800 – 3,000. The market of E/Values is 100% dominated
by Japanese brands. There are three different brands of E/Values available in the local market.

17.    Oil / Petrol filter

      Sl. No.       Brands            Origin                   Price range (Taka)
         1.         Japanese          Japan                    Taka 200 – 300
         2.         Lucas             England                  Taka 125
         3.         Lucas             Pakistan                 Taka 60 - 90
         4.         AFA               Bangladesh               Taka 60
         5.         Toyota            Japan                    Taka 240
         6.         Toyota            Taiwan                   Taka 300
         7.         Toyota            Taiwan                   Taka 60




                                                  - 34 -
                 Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

There are 6-7 different brands of oil and/or petrol filter available in the local market including one
locally produced brand. There are imported from Japan, England, Pakistan and Taiwan. Price widely
varies from brand to brand. The lowest price is Taka 60 and the highest price is Taka 300.

18.    Clutch plate

      Sl. No.     Brands             Origin                   Price range (Taka)
         1.       AP                 UK                       Taka 2,000 – 2,400
         2.       Renon              India                    Taka 1,300
         3.       AP                 China                    Taka 1,300 – 1,400
         4.       Toyota             Japan                    Taka 1,900 – 2,500
         5.       ASCO Co.           Japan                    Taka 800 – 1,500
         6.       DK                 Japan                    Taka 800 – 1,500


There are 6-7 different brands of clutch plate sold in the local market, which have been imported from
UK, India, China, Korea and Japan. However, the market is dominated by three Japanese brands
available in the country. This is one of the items imported from Japan having lower price compared to
its main competitors. Price ranges from Taka 800 to Taka 3,000 per piece.




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                   Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh




     V.     MARKET PROSPECTS AND MARKET ENTRY STRATEGY

1.        Macro economic environment

The local automobile industries are heavily depended on import. Both the vehicles and parts and
components are being imported from outside except 2-3 parts and components like battery, plastic
parts, etc. which are being produced and supplied by a few local companies. The local automobile
assembling houses assemble vehicles using mostly the imported parts and components and the parts are
being imported from countries like China, India, Japan, Germany, Taiwan, South Korea, Malaysia,
Italy, UK, etc. Almost 95% of the parts and components used by the local vehicles are imported and the
rest 5% are locally produced.

Due to increased economic activities, high degree of mobility of human being and goods, improved
roads and highways, increasing purchasing power, tendency to improve life style of people day by day,
and finally, existence of favorable government policy indicate a positive growth in the use of vehicles
that in turn indicates an increased demand for parts and components in the local market. Also,
availability of lease finance facility, provision of hire purchase, credit line of the different donor
agencies, etc. create accelerated demand for vehicles and its parts and components. Since the local
automobile and parts industry is not developed, there is an ample scope for market development and
penetration by a new entrant.

Although 3-4 local assembling units have been quite regular in their production activities with sound
financial condition but the parts and components manufacturing companies are not so regular except
one or two. However, recent growth in the assembling of light vehicles for commercial use has been
very impressive, and it attracted most of the local manufacturers of parts to expand their production and
product lines as well. Again, the percentage of using locally produced components is very low,
compared to the imported. Therefore, the aggregate demand for parts and components, no matter what
is the source, will increase in the coming years, wherein the existing government policy will contribute
positively.

2.        Availability of marketing services

The country has already experienced presence of a good number of local marketing organizations. Over
the years these entities built up solid clientele among the local business communities to facilitate
marketing of products. To promote auto parts and components of any type in the local market,
importers and assembling houses are now taking advantages of various marketing support services that
includes local marketing Agency ship, Distributorship, Indenting, Stockiest, etc. Apart from these, for
the purpose of direct marketing, hiring adequate number of qualified marketing professionals is not a
problem now–a-day. Also, a large number of local advertising firms/agents have been assisting the
companies in promoting their products. Training on marketing, sales and distribution are being offered
and imparted by various training institutes. There are local trade journals on auto parts specifically
covering the automobile sector. Also, for promotion of local market, trade fair, exhibitions and other
events take place at certain intervals. Marketing services can be explored and developed.
Advertisement agencies are also well developed in Bangladesh.


                                                 - 36 -
                  Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

3.      Recommended strategy for new entrants

The present market of automobile/spares and components is dominated by a few companies having
major share of the entire market. For any new entrant, it will be desirable if he has sound technical
know how, precise plan with adequate financial and other resources. Success will largely depend on
several factors that are not mutually exclusive, rather a combination of elements, which are explained
below:

•    Sound technology and technical know how;

•    Innovative and sustainable products;

•    Adequate quality control, research and development facilities and ISO certification;

•    Concrete and precise financial planning and available financial resources;

•    Proper marketing plan with adequate sales and marketing force.

In view of the above analysis and considering the present market competition the recommended
strategies for a new entrant may be:

a.      Product characteristics
        Maximum automobile companies of Bangladesh are running with common products. To attain
        competitive edge, new entrant should emphasis on product design, quality, durability, etc.

b.      Price
        The price of automobile spares and components should be economical to be affordable by the
        people.

c.      Trade channel
        Traditionally, most automobile companies sell and distribute their products directly to the
        retailers through its own sales showrooms and Dealers. Middlemen like Stockiest, Distributors,
        Wholesalers are normally avoided. This is feasible when a company has with range of sales
        showrooms with adequate delivery and dealership system. New entrant should adopt trade
        channels that minimize its cost.

d.      Promotion
        Product promotion activities are possible through electronic or printed media. There is a
        automobile magazine in Bangladesh that can be use for product promotion. Push selling system
        will be an effective technique for product promotion.

e.      Joint venture arrangements
        Joint venture arrangement with foreign reputed automobile companies possibly from USA,
        England, Japan, China, Singapore, India will be an added advantage for new entrant in terms of
        technical know-how, brand image, quality control and marketing.

Finally, the new entrant should identity its market niches and re-appraises its operational plans time to
time. It should also have sales centers in important towns and cities.

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                  Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


                                    USEFUL ADDRESSES

List of the government departments, importers associations and useful addresses is given below:

 Sl. No.   Company Name             Contact Person            Address                  Telephone, Fax,
                                                                                       email
 1.        Pacific Traders          Salim Mahmud              89/A, New Eskaton        412869
                                                              Road, Dhaka-1000         Fx.9343012
 2.        Noor Automobile          Haji Motiur Rahman        95, New Eskaton Road,    9331569
                                                              Dhaka-1000
 3.        M/S Rahman Autos         Haji Motiur Rahman        12No. Mymensing          502169
                                                              Road, Bangla Motor,
                                                              Dhaka-1000
 4.        BTMC                     Alamgir Hossain Khan      Mohashin Plaza (1st      8319976
                                                              Floor) 89/B Eskaton      Fx.9334506
                                                              Road, Dhaka-1000
 5.        Agrani Motors            A.S.M.Faruque             84, New Eskaton Road,    8314042
                                                              Dhaka-1000               Fx.9125702
 6.        Ajmal Autos              Asif Ali Tanvir           83 New Eskaton Road,     018-231454
                                                              Dhaka-1000               837825
 7.        DIA Motors               A.S.M.Shamim              89/B New Eskaton         416507
                                                              Road, Dhaka-1000         Fx.9348093
 8.        Motor Image              Md. Abul Kalam            Helena Centre 95New      8322469
                                                              Eskaton Road, Dhaka-     Fx.8313907
                                                              1000
 9.        New Tokyo Motors         Md.Amjad Hossain Salim    58, New Eskaton Road,    9345334
                                                              Dhaka-1000               Fx.833143
 10.       Mamun Motors             Md.Badruzzaman            87, New Eskaton Road,    8316325
                                    Mamun                     Dhaka-1000               Fx.8314400
 11.       Atia Motors              Md. Ashamul Hafiz         89/B, New Eskaton        9346836
                                    Picklu                    (Mohsin Plaza)           Fx.9346836
                                                              Dhaka-1000
 12.       Khadiza Motors           Md. Ashamul Hafiz         876/3,Outer Circular     017561166
                                    Picklu                    Road, Dhaka-1000         9346836
 13.       Noor Auto Syndicate      Md. Ashamul Hafiz         89 New Eskaton Road,     9346836
                                    Picklu                    Dhaka-1000               Fx.9346836
 14.       Asia                     Md. Altaf Hossain         11, North Brook Hall     7119555
                                                              Road (1st Floor)         Fx.9565276
                                                              Dhaka-1100
 15.       Ideal Motors             Alhaj Bodiuzzaman         19, North Brook Hall     7117240
                                    Bhuiyan                   Road, Dhaka-1100         Fx.9567708
 16.       M/S. Salim Autos         Monirul Hasan (Salim)     51/4, North Brook Hall   7113975
                                                              Road, Dhaka-1100
 17.       Kazi Automobiles         Alhaj Md. Anwar           24, North Brook Hall     7110461
                                    Hossain                   Road, Dahka-1100         9565278
 18.       Uniq Autos               Md. Amjad Hossain         54-C-9, North Brook      7117086
                                    Khan                      Hall Road, Dhaka-1100    8018458
 19.       Zillu Auto Corporation   Md. Ziauddin (Zillu)      19, North Brook Hall     7123980
                                                              Road, Dhaka-1100         9564408
                                                 - 38 -
             Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

20.   Aslam Automobiles         Mohammad Aslam          53/1,North Brook Hall    7119693
                                                        Road, Dhaka-1100         8313143
21.   Bitoroni Motors           Prodip Roy              22, North Brook Hall     7122294
                                                        Road, Dhaka-1100
22.   Tanzina Motors            Md. Nasirullah          4, North Brook Hall      7120078
                                                        Road, Dhaka-1100         7112401
23.   Elahee Motors             Md.Habibur Rahman       57/E, North Brook Hall   7119729
                                Habib                   Road, Dhaka-1100
24.   Lovely Autos              Alhaj Khandoker Iqbal   57, North Brook Hall     711638
                                Hossain                 Road, Dhaka-1100
25.   Auto Motor Importing      A.Q.Sikder (Quadir)     52, North Brook Hall     7113755
                                                        Road, Dhaka-1100         Fx.9333085
26.   Sikder Autos              Sikder M.H.Rashid       7/8 B.C.C.Road           7123657
                                                        (Thatari Bazar)          Fx.9333085
                                                         Dhaka-1203
27.   Sikder Autos              Sikder M.H.Rashid       21, Roindra Nath Road,   73929,
                                                        Jessor                   017-335932
28.   New Motors                Hazi Mofizur Rahman     13/9, North Brook Hall   7115417
                                Khan                    Road, Dhaka-1100
29.   New Nippon Traders        Md. Mujahid             7/7a, North Brook Hall   7117259
                                                        Road, Dhaka-1100
30.   A.K. Autos                                        6/1, North Brook Hall    7112418
                                                        Road, Dhaka-1100
31.   Rhea Automobile           Alhaj Md. Shah Alam     4, North Brook Hall      7115396
                                                        Road, Dhaka-1100         Fx.9344904
32.   Rahman Trading            Md. Zillur Rahman       3, North Brook Hall      7122363
                                                        Road, Dhaka-1100         Fx.7111575
33.   Protigga Motors           Abdur Rouf (Minto)      3, North Brook Hall      7121868
                                                        Road, Dhaka-1100         Fx.9568718
34.   Shanower Autos            Hazi Md. Saleh Ahmed    10, North Brook Hall     7116247
                                                        Road, Dhaka-1100
35.   Cheoro Automobiles        Kazi Fazlur Rahman /    9Auto Complex,           031-638029
                                Imran Rahman            Dewanhat, Chittagong
36.   Eastern Engineering                               68 Nasirabad I/A         031-682686
      Works Ltd.                                        Chittagong               Fx.031-652272
37.   Hajee Spring Mfg. Co.                             118/3, Sk.Mujib Road     031-710236
      Ltd.                                              Chittagong
38.   Hossain Spring Mfg. Co.                           Sk.Mujib Road,           031-723889
      Ltd.                                              Dewanhat, Chittagong     Fx.031-710832
39.   Mowla Traders                                     467 Sk.Mujib Road,       031-713680
                                                        Gowsia Market,
                                                        Chittagong
40.   Manco Motors                                      1168/A DT Road,          031-502929
                                                        Dhanialapara,
                                                        Chittagong
41.   National Corporation                              Mir Mahbub Mansion       031-724495
                                                        (1st Floor) 304/A,       Fx.031-710788
                                                        Sk.Mujib Road,
                                                        Chittagong




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             Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


42.   Shafi Motors Ltd.        Mr.Syed M.F.Quader    41/26 DT Road, GPO
                                                     Box No.1015
                                                     Chittagong
43.   Aero Asia Pvt. Limited                         16, MCA,(3rd Floor)      9568703
                                                     Dhaka-1000
44.   Solar Trading                                  2, R.K. Mission Road     9559578
                                                     Dhaka-1203
45.   Ria Motors                                     12, North Brook Hall
                                                     Road, Dhaka-1100
46.   Nitol Group                                    Nitol Center, 71         9887076
                                                     Mohakhali, C/A,          Fx.9883121
                                                     Dhaka-1212
47.   Rahimafrose                                    104, Motijheel C/A,      9565238-44
                                                     Dhaka-1000               Fx.9554160
48.   Navana Ltd.                                    Islam Chamber, 125-A     9552212
                                                     Motijheel C/A, Dhaka     Fx.9566324
49.   Ifad                                           21, Rajuk Avenue, Prai   9555797
                                                     Bhaban (8th Floor)       Fx.9562028
                                                     Dhaka-1000




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                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

                                                    Annex I

                               Profile of fast moving auto parts and components

Besides using motor car, motor car components also have been used in different companies and
different countries. There are some motor car components are have been used in the Bangladesh local
market. These are:

 SL     Name of Spare and Parts                       Brand Name                       Country of Origin
 No
 1      Gasket/Washers/other Seals                    Cherry Gasket, Ishikawa Gasket   Japan
                                                      KP Gasket                        Malaysia
                                                      Atom Gasket                      Thailand
                                                      Ariston Gasket                   Taiwan
 2      Tapered roller bearing, inc, cone & T.R.      NSK                              Japan
        Assem                                         Koyo                             Japan
                                                      NTN                              Japan
 3      Crank Shaft & Cam Shaft
 4      Fly Wheel & Pully including Pully blocks
 5      Gasket / Kit
 6      Main & Began                                  NDC                              Japan
                                                      TAIHOO                           Japan
 7      R. Core
 8      Gasket shallac                                Vesachem Lion                    USA
                                                      TEXXOV                           USA
 9      Bolts
 10     Nuts
 11     Oil pump gear                                 Toyota                           Japan
                                                      Toyota                           Taiwan
 12     Sparking plug                                 Toyota                           Japan
                                                      NGK                              Japan
                                                      Boss                             Germany
 13     Made of bd                                    Champion                         USA
 14     Starter Motor                                 Gold Star                        Japan
                                                      DK                               Japan
                                                      Toyota                           Japan
 15     Steering wheel / STG Columns / STG, Boxes     GM                               England
                                                                                       Pakistan
 16     Water pump                                    GMB                              Japan
                                                      NPW                              Japan
                                                                                       China
                                                                                       South Korea
 17     Push rod                                      NDC                              Japan
                                                      Taiho                            Japan
 18     Axle shaft
 19     Piston / E. Valves / Liner                    Toyota                           Japan
 20     Oil / Petro 1 Filter                          Toyota                           Japan
                                                      Toyota (II)                      Taiwan
                                                      Toyota Plastic (II)              Taiwan
 21     Clutch plates                                 Toyota                           Japan
                                                      Asco                             Japan




                                                     - 41 -
Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh




                            - 42 -
                Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

                                             Annex II

                  Duty and taxes rates for different key parts and components

Name                                                            SRD      CD       SD
Bodies for the Motor Vehicles
For the vehicles of heading No. 87.03                           999.99   999.99   000
Bonnet (body parts)
For the Vehicles of hdg. No. 87.01, 8702, 87.04, 87.05          999.99   999.99   0.00
Bumper and Parts thereof – For tractors                         3000     000      0.00
Do (other hdg. No. 87.02 to 87..05)                             100.00   2500     000
Do - Front Bumper
Other parts and accessories of bodies – Safety seat belts for   30.00    0..00    0.00
tractors
Do – Safety seat belts for hdg. No. 87..02 - 87.05              100.00   2500     0.00
Seat Belts (2 places seat)
Other parts & accessories of bodies for tractors                30.00    0.00     0.00
Do – hdg. no. 87.02 to 87.05                                    100.00   25.00    0.00
Car mats (5 piece set)
Brakes and servo-brakes and parts – Mounted brake lining for    30.00    0.00     0.00
tractor
Do – Mounted linings hdg. no. 87.02 to 87.05                    100.00   0.00     0.00
Do – other - for tractors                                       30.00    0.00     0.00
Do – other – for hdg. no. 87.02 to 87.05                        100.00   25.00    0.00
Break shoe. Part no. 04495 – 86070, per set
Gear boxes – for tractors                                       30.00    0.00     0.00
Do – hdg. no. 87.02 to 87.05                                    100.00   25.00    0.00
Drive axles with differential – transmission components for     30.00    0.00     0.00
tractors
Do - hdg. no. 87.02 to 87.05                                    100.00   25.00    0.00
Non driving axles and parts – for tractors                      30.00    0.00     0.00
Do - hdg. no. 87.02 to 87.05                                    100.00   25.00    0.00
Rear axles shaft, per piece
Road wheels & parts & accessories – for tractors                30.00    0.00     0.00
Do - hdg. no. 87.02 to 87.05                                    100.00   25.00    0.00
Wheel rim – motor cycle/Three wheelers/ Tampoo/Baby taxi,
per piece
Do – Car Pickup/Micro Bus/ Jeep/Hyster/Light &Medium
Truck
Do – Other truck & Heavy Truck
Suspension shock-absorber – for tractors                        30.00    0.00     0.00
Do - hdg. no. 87.02 to 87.05                                    100.00   25.00    0.00
Shock absorber – part no. 48510-12420, 48530-12040
Do – with other part
Other parts & accessories, radiators – for tractors             30.00    0.00     0.00
Do - hdg. no. 87.02 to 87.05                                    100.00   25.00    0.00
Radiator assembly

                                               - 43 -
               Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

Name                                                         SRD       CD       SD
Silencers and exhaust pipes – for tractors                    30.00    0.00     0.00
Do - hdg. no. 87.02 to 87.05                                  100.00   25.00    0.00
Clutches and parts – for tractors                             30.00    0.00     0.00
Do - hdg. no. 87.02 to 87.05                                  100.00   25.00    0.00
Clutch Plate / Clutch disc, per piece
Pressure plate/Cover, per piece
Clutch facing (set of 2 pieces)
Steering wheels, steering columns and steering boxes for      30.00    0.00     0.00
tractors
Do - hdg. no. 87.02 to 87.05                                  100.00   25.00    0.00
Other parts & accessories, nos. Chassis frames                999.99   25.00    0.00
Do – for tactors                                              30.00    0.00     0.00
Do - hdg. no. 87.02 to 87.05                                  100.00   25.00    0.00
Tie rod, per set
Pitman Arm, per piece
Idler Arm, per piece
King pin kit, per set
Damper guide, per piece
Engine mounting, per piece
Clutch/accelerator wire for three wheelers, per dozen
Parts and Accessories of Vehicles of hdg. no. 87.11 to 87..13
Motor cycle parts – saddles                                   100.00   25.00    0.00
Do – other                                                    100.00   25.00    0.00
Do – Axle pir.
Do – Axle shaft
Do – Brake pedal – from Taiwan
Do - Brake pedal – from other countries
Do – Centre clutch – from Taiwan
Do – Centre clutch – from other countries
Do – Chain case set – from Taiwan
Do – Chain case set – from other countries
Do – Clutch box assembly – from Taiwan
Do – Clutch box assembly – from other countries
Do – Clutch /Brake cable – from Taiwan
Do – Clutch /Brake cable – from other countries
Do – Clutch (2 pcs. set)– from Taiwan
Do – Clutch (2 pcs. set)– from other countries
Do – Clutch (4 pcs. set)– from Taiwan
Do – Clutch (4 pcs. set)– from other countries
Do – Clutch plate screw
Do – Clutch rubber rivet
Do – Foot rest set (2 pcs. set)
Do – Front/Rear hub
Do – Fuel cork
Do – Fuel tank

                                             - 44 -
                Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


Name                                                               SRD      CD      SD
Do – Handle
Do – Head light case (plastic)
Do – Head light case (steel)
Do – Kick starter – from Taiwan
Do – Kick starter – from other countries
Do – Leg Shield
Do – Liver Handle assembly (2 pcs set)
Do – Liver Holder set (2 pcs set)
Do – Meter cover set
Do – Oil pump spindle
Do – Petrol tank cap (with lock)
Do – Plug cup
Do – Rear / Front wheel axle
Do – Rim head light
Do – Silencer washer
Do – wheel spoke
Do – Wind shield glass – small
Do – Wind shield glass – medium
Do – Wind shield glass – large
Do – Brake shoe set (2 pcs set)
Parts and accessories of invalid carriage                          60.00    37.50   0.00
Other parts and accessories – Frames & Froks & parts – of          100.00   37.50   0.00
bicycle & other
Other parts and accessories – Frames & Froks & parts – other       100.00   37.50   0.00
Other parts and accessories –Wheel rims and spoke – of             100.00   37.50   0.00
bicycle & other
Free wheel , per piece
Other parts and accessories – Wheel rims and spokes-others         100.00   37.50   0.00
Parts / accessories – Hub. Excl. coaster braking hub brakes,       100.00   15.00   0.00
free wheel.
Cycle rim
Free Wheel
Hubs
Other parts and accessories – Hub. Excl. coaster braking hub       100.00   37.50   0.00
brakes, free wheel
Parts / accessories – Hub. Excl. coaster braking hub brakes,       100.00   15.00   0.00
free wheel.
Brake set (4 piece set)
Brake shoe with rubber – from India
Brake shoe with rubber – from other countries
Parts / accessories –Brakes, incl. Coaster braking hubs, hub       100.00   37.50   0.00
brakes and parts
Parts / accessories – Saddles – of bicycle and other cycles, not   100.00   15.00   0.00
motorized
Saddles

                                                 - 45 -
                Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

Name                                                               SRD      CD      SD
Parts / accessories – Saddles - other                              100.00   37.50   0.00
Parts / accessories – Pedals and crank –gear and parts- bicycles   100.00   15.00   0.00
and other cycles, not motorized
Parts / accessories – Pedals and crank –gear and parts             100.00   37.50   0.00
Parts / accessories – bicycles and other cycles, not motorized     100.00   37.50   0.00
Head parts – 5 pcs. Set
Head Bar – per piece
Hub spindle front/rear, per dozen
BB axle and cups set
BB axle per dozen.
BB cups, per 3 pieces set
Chain adjuster, per gross
Hand parts, 5 piece set
Parts and accessories – other                                      100.00   37.50   0.00




                                                - 46 -
               Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

                                           Annex III

                                       Import information
             Foreign trade statistics of Bangladesh (Bangladesh Statistics Bureau)

                                          July to June

Table: 1 Import of Commodities by Value
                                                                       (Value in “000” Taka)
H.S       Commodities                   1994-95        1995-96   1996-97 1997-98 1998-99
Code
87        VEHICLES OTHER THAN           6221950        8587261   8693689   7376967   8282396
          RAIL/TRAM
8701      TRACTR,EXCL RAIL              61549          112636    141551    147367    157933
          STATIN P/FORM
8701100   PEDESTRAIN                    3324           62021     32402     88635
          CONTROLLED
          TRACTORS
8701100   PEDESTRAIN                    13532
          CONTROLLED
          TRACTORS
8701101   TRACTR                                                                     69093
          PEDESTRINCONTRL
          AGRI, WH
8701109   TRACTOR, PEDESTRIN                                                         51705
          CONTRL NEC
8701200   ROAD TRACTORS FOR             12             20823     29350     5817      37136
          SEMI-TRACTOR
8701200   ROAD TRACTORS FOR             25479
          SEMI-TRACTOR
8701300   TRACTOR,EXCL RAIL                                      1135
          STATION FLATFOR
8701900   TRACTORS (EXCL RAIL           2435           29792     78664     52915
          STATION P/FORM)
8701900   TRACTORS (EXCL RAIL           16767
          STATION P/FORM)
8702      PUBLIC-PASSENGER              936241         836094    1169249   421021    660424
          MOTOR VEHICLE
8702101   BUS, DIESEL/SEMI,15-32        844            86238     193978    23926     73400
          SEAT
8702101   BUS, DIESEL/SEMI,15-32        126784
          SEAT
8702102   BUS, DIESEL/SEMI<15-          2061           38178     42551     5778      27452
          32>SET
8702102   BUS, DIESEL/SEMI<15-          22448
          32>SET


                                              - 47 -
              Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


H.S       Commodities                 1994-95        1995-96   1996-97   1997-98   1998-99
Code
8702103   BUS,DIESEL<15-32>SEAT       640814         678243    725678    326239    427762
          CKD
8702901   BUS,OTHER 15-32 SEAT        57876          21877     34815     541       8841
          ASSEMBLED
8702902   BUS,OTHER, <15-32>          80469          11558     23959     25702     108542
          SEAT ASSEMBL
8702903   BUS,OTHER<15-32> SEAT       4947                     148268    38835     14427
          ,CKD
8703      MOTOR CAR, OTHER            2367939        2529912   2562140   2911668   2185426
          MOTOR VEHICLE
8703101   MOTOR                       6059           875                 2612      197
          VEHI’SNOW/GOLF BULT-
          UP
8703102   MOTOR VEHI,                                3665      35
          SNOW:GOLF SIMLR,CKD
          C
8703211   AUTO-RICKSHW,SPK-           24938          1919      732       752       237
          IGNT,<1000CC
8703212   MOTOR CAR, CYLIN            1              24467     8551      10764     48156
          CAPA <=850CC
8703212   MOTOR CAR, CYLIN            36879
          CAPA <=850CC
8703213   MTR CAR CYLIN CAPA          23203          10010     6219      2135      2249
          850-1000CC
8703214   MOTOR CAR OTHER             1                        51        577
          MOTOR VEHIVLES
8703214   MOTOR CAR OTHER             186
          MOTOR VEHIVLES
8703215   M/CAR, FITED AIR-                                    23
          COOL,ETC 850-1
8703219   M/VEHI,<=1000CC,OTR         20990          10701     7641      5892      7740
          ,CKD CONDI
8703221   3 WHEEL                     14712          10761     10863     208394    940
          M/VEHI,SPRK<=1500C
8703221   3 WHEEL                     141974
          M/VEHI,SPRK<=1500C
8703222   M/CAR,INCL STATION          112500         61946     51594     35843     20166
          WAGN<1300CC
8703223   M/CAR ,C/CAPACITY           1832           964805    908217    554702    631175
          1300-1500CC
8703223   M/CAR ,C/CAPACITY           890244
          1300-1500CC
8703224   MOTOR CAR, FILLED           5005           4196      1521      11107
          AIR- COOL, ETC

                                            - 48 -
            Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

H.S     Commodities                 1994-95        1995-96   1996-97   1997-98   1998-99
Code
8703225 M/CAR FIT AIR-COOL          11411                    430
        ETC,1300 1500
8703229 M/VEHI,PISTN                1264           249109    185160    262228    246124
        ENGN1500, CKD CON
8703229 M/VEHI,PISTN                466073
        ENGN1500, CKD CON
8703231 P/CAR, SPARK-               8              292030    426752    270304    127901
        IGNITE,1501-1650CC
8703231 P/CAR, SPARK-               18221
        IGNITE,1501-1650CC
8703234 M/VEHI,1501CC-                                                           767655
        1650CC,CKD CONDI
8703239 MOTOR VEHI SPARK            1260           497510    632939    1101559
        IGNITE
8703239 MOTOR VEHI SPARK            305165
        IGNITE
87.0324 P/CAR,SPARK IGNITE          16781          7318      14274     8934      4983
1       3000CC+
8703243 P/CAR,SPARK,3000CC++,                                                    151592
        CKD CONDI
8703249 MOTOR VEHICLE,              30607          59014     90988     142637
        SPARK IGNITE 3000CC
8703311 3WHEEL VEHI ENGN            1937           41        29                  829
        <1500CC
8703312 P/CAR,DIESEL/SEMI,1000      931            849       2140      978       2376
        CC
8703319 M/VEHI                      3364           7978                          2922
        DIESEL<=1500CC,CKD,C
        OND
8703321 P/CAR,DIESEL/SEMI,1501-     3608           6781      11980     4353      4658
        1650C
8703325 MOTOR VEHI 1500-                                                         7021
        2500CC BUILT TUP
8703326 M/VEHICLE,DIESEL.1500-      15467
        2500CC,CKD,NEC
8703329 MOTOR VEHICL DEISEL/        449            130203    4410      9594
        SEMI,1501-250
8703329 MOTOR VEHICL DEISEL/        94599
        SEMI,1501-250
8703331 CAR, DIESEL/SEMI,                          3281      4806      1319
        2500CC
8703332 S/WAGONS,DIESEL/SEMI,                                                    33230
        2500CC
8703337 MOTOR VEHICLE,                                       100727
        DIESEL/ SEMI, 2500 CC

                                          - 49 -
            Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

H.S     Commodities                 1994-95        1995-96   1996-97   1997-98   1998-99
Code
8703339 MOTOR VEHICLE,              5602           21868               15644
        DIESEL/SEMI 2500CC
8703901 THREE-WHEEL/VEHI            22008          3901      8346      5972
        DESIGN PERSON,
8703901 THREE-WHEEL/VEHI            30877
        DESIGN PERSON,
8703902 P/MOTOR CAR,USED,ALL        161            16        166       11296     25
        C/CAPACIT
8703909 M/CAR&OTR MOTOR             1              156668    83546     244067    125250
        VEHICLE,NEC
8703909 M/CAR&OTR MOTOR             58601
        VEHICLE,NEC
8704    M/VEHICLE FOR GOODS         1182234        2212074   1425723   926347    2967018
        TRANSPORT
8704101 DUMPER DESIGN FOR           3023           11966     20919     48008     158876
        OFF-HIGHWAY
8704101 DUMPER DESIGN FOR           1639
        OFF-HIGHWAY
8704102 OFF-HIGHWAY USE             84207          24959               29
        DUPPER CKD COND
8704211 TRUCK,DIESEL/SEMI,          1368           705057    134265    122842    173618
        <GVW<=5TON
8704211 TRUCK,DIESEL/SEMI,          14082
        <GVW<=5TON
8704212 T/DIESEL/SEMI,<=5           111656         134900    219565    116810    203297
        TON,CKD
8704213 PICK-UP TRUCK               14051
        DIESEL/SEMI, GVW<=3
        TON
8704214 PICK-UP TRUCK               3419
        DIESEL/SEMI, G.V.N<=3
        TON, CKD COND
8704221 T/DIESEL/SEMI,5-20 TON,     4942           22857     136875    71133     168707
        ASSEMBLE

8704221 T/DIESEL/SEMI,5-20 TON,     31780
        ASSEMBLE

8704222 T/DIESEL/SEMI,5-20          804384         537954    501379    82526     395760
        TON,CKD,COND
8704231 T/DIESEL/SEMI,GVW           151            11368     2491      69059     113321
        20TON+,ASSEM




                                          - 50 -
          Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


H.S     Commodities               1994-95        1995-96   1996-97   1997-98   1998-99
Code
8704232 TRUCK,DISEL,SEMI,20       6920           52105     30499
        TON+
        KNOCK
8704311 T/SPARK-                  59931          550068    267432    338263    1652451
        IGNITE,GVW<=5TON,
        ASSE
8704312 TRUCK,SPARK-              424            16338     23787     19286     17706
        IGNIT,<=5TON
8704321 TRUCK,SPK-                8260           15176     28861     839       47404
        IGNIT,GVW5TON>ASSEM
        B
8704322 TRUCK SPK-                12405                                        6434
        IGNITE,5TON CKD
8704901 GOODS TRASP               17770          126679    59640     57552     20589
        M/VEHI,BUILT-UP CO
8704902 MOTOR VEHI FOR            1822           647       10
        GOODS TRANSPORT, OT
8704909 GOODS TRASP                                                            8854
        M/VEHI,CKD CONDI N
8705    SPECIAL PURPOSE           56897          199246    133806    291450    317052
        MOTOR VEHICLE
8705100 CRANE LORRIES             16087          66460     9127      16703     207359
8705200 MOBILE DRILLING                          4738
        DERRICKS
8705300 FIRE FIGHTING             5371           24979     72378     106947    51996
        VEHICLES
8705300 FIRE FIGHTING             10752
        VEHICLES
8705400 CONCRETE-MIXER            1274           1166      3691                12352
        LORRIES
8705900 SPECIAL PURPOSE           10074          101903    486101    106966
        MOTOR VEHICLES, O
8705901 AMBULANCE, ROAKD          13339
8705905 MOBILE WORK-SHOPS                                            4405
8705909 SPECIAL PURPOSE                                              429       45345
        MOTOR
        VEHICLES
8706    CHASSIS WITH ENGINE                      8705      254854    469626
        FOR TRACTOR , ETC
8706000 CHASSIS WITH ENGINE                      8705      254854    469626
        FOR TRACTOR , ETC
8707    BODY, FOR TRACTOR,        9                        10109     5770      19955
        PASSENGER CAR


                                        - 51 -
           Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


H.S     Commodities                1994-95        1995-96   1996-97   1997-98   1998-99
Code
8707100 BODY FOR MOTOR CAR,                                 909                 5
        RACING CAR
8707900 BODY, FOR TRACTOR          9                        9200      5770
        PASSENGER CAR
8707901 BODIES OF TRACTOR                                                       19950
8708    PART,ACESORY               227771         455326    385452    523609    404071
        TRACTOR,GOODS VEH
8708101 BUMPER&PARTS FOR           5084           10328     27893     1844      519
        TRACTOR
8708109 BUMPR PARTS OTR            30075          17617     12107     9133      4597
        THAN TRACTOR
8708211 SAFETY SEAT BELTS          4440           22664     8476      109
        FOR TRACTORS
8708219 SAFETY SEAT BELT OTR       35883          4452      4159      1742      55
        THAN TRAC
8708291 PART/ACCESSORIES,          5009           4719      4094      1407      3606
        TRACTOR BODIE
8708299 PART/ACESR,BODY OTR        5257           12875     7563      26735     4119
        THN TRACTOR
8708311 MOUNTED BRAK               8              818                 7121
        LININGES FOR TRACTOR
8708319 MUNT BRAK LINING           47             569       1461      4759      33
        OTR THN TRACT
8708391 TRACTOR BRAKE,             103            386                 19        224
        SERVO –
        BRAKE, PART
8708399 BRAKE,SERVO-               2969           2821      4330      6963      4117
        BREK,OTR THN TRCTO
8708401 GEAR BOXES FOR             3                        1565      118       2
        TRACTOR
8708409 GEAR BOXES OTHER           1252                     988       336       1398
        THAN TRACTORS
8708501 DRIVE-AXLE DIFFERENT                      1847      2631
        FOR TRACTOR
8708509 DRIV-AXLE DIFERNT,         2001           621       776       5032      7786
        OTR
        THN TRCT
8708601 PART,ACCESSORY                                      16053               18
        TRACTOR, GOOD
8708609 NON-DTIV AXL PART          3259           9219      719       15059     10255
        OTR
        THN TRCT
8708701 TRACTOR ROAD WHEEL                        10130     29674     8246      45
        PARTS/ACCES

                                         - 52 -
           Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

H.S     Commodities                1994-95        1995-96   1996-97   1997-98   1998-99
Code
8708709 ROAD WHEEL PART            2944           9394      6         4350      7388
        ACSRI N-TRACT
8708801 TRACTOR SUSPENSION         12             30        7547      27
        SHOCK-ABSORBER
8708809 SUSPEN SHOK-ABSORBR        5132           6342      8429      10758     6902
        NOT TRCTOR
8708911 RADIATORS FOR              1447           2464      3544      27        2170
        TRACTORS
8708919 RADIATR M/VEHI OTR         4731           3809      14        7443      12989
        THAN TRACTR
8708921 SILENCR EXHAUST PIPE       12
        MOTOR VEHICL
8708929 SILENCR EXHUST PIP         285            58        480       712       980
        N/TRACTOR
8708931 CLUTCH&PARTS FOR           4043           167       23481     163       51
        TRACTOR
8708939 CLUCH PART THERE OF        18289          20101     150       23764     22807
        TRCTO
8708941 PARTS, ACCESSORY           17                       224
        TRACTOR, GOODS VEH
8708949 STEERG WHEEL , OTR         870            740       8798      181       289
        THAN
        TRACTOR
8708991 CHASSIS FRAMES FOR         1402           1516      19434     6850      8884
        MOTOR VEHI
8708991 CHASSIS FRAMES FOR         4406
        MOTOR VEHI
8708992 PART/ACCSR TRACTR          5793           7248      190857    12283     19347
        WHEL/TRACLAY
8708999 PARTS/ACCESSORY OF         82998          304391    11457     367858    285489
        MOTOR VEHI
8709    WORKS,TRUCK,SELF-          114680         45272     36        53736     10189
        PROPEL, SHORT
8709111 PLATFORM TRUCK,            5569                     22        1937      4534
        SELF-PROPEL, ELE
8709112 STOCKER,CRANE/BUCK         41879                                        146
        ET TRUCK ELE
8709112 STOCKER,CRANE/BUCK         45969
        ET TRUCK ELE
8709191 PLATFORM TRUCK,            60000          42345               42903     1890
        SELF-PROPEL
8709192 STACKER,                   1180                     11399     377
        CRANE/BUCKET TRUCK,
        N/ELE


                                         - 53 -
            Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


H.S     Commodities                 1994-95       1995-96   1996-97   1997-98   1998-99
Code
8709900 PART OF WORK                83            2927      327986    8519      3618
        TRUCK,SELF-PROPEL
8710    TANK/OTR ARMOURED           12281         319436    327486    66055     9433
        VEHI, MOTORIS
8710000 TANK/OHR ARMOURED           12281         319436    1502198   66055     9433
        VEHICLE, M
8711    M/CYCLE/CYCLE,AUXIL         743021        1351667   9800      1014558   916123
        RY MOTOR
8711101 MOTOR CYCLE, PISTN          4413          45558     14        6802      48604
        ENGN<50CC BUIL
8711101 MOTOR CYCLE, PISTN          2088
        ENGN<50CC BUIL
8711102 MOTOR CYCLE, PISTN          6166          68244     1402      1163
        ENGN<50CC CKD
8711102 MOTOR CYCLE, PISTN          216066
        ENGN<50CC CKD
8711107 MOTOR CYCLE, PISTN                                            53
        ENGN<50CC OTHER
8711109 MOTOR CYCLE, PISTON         3532                    46297
        ENGINE 50CC OTHER
8711109 MOTOR CYCLE, PISTON         4
        ENGINE 50CC OTHER
8711201 M/CYCLE,ENG 50-250CC,       2497          17795     809060    24078     11261
        BUIL1T-UP
8711201 M/CYCLE,ENG 50-250CC,       14448
        BUIL1T-UP
8711202 M/CYCLE,ENGINE 50-          24293         693200    416686    746444    771601
        250CC,CKD
8711202 M/CYCLE,ENGINE 50-          243771
        250CC,CKD
8711209 MOTORCYCLE,PISTN            161049        386700    3289      176309    83469
        ENGN OTR
8711301 M/CYCLE P-ENG 250CC                       4317      215650    151       183
        500CC ASM
8711302 M/CYCLE ,PISTON                           5604
        ENGINE 250-500CC CKD
8711309 MOTORCYCLE, CYLIN –         44                                189       124
        CAPACITY
8711401 MOTOR CYCL,INTRNL           41
        COM 3 ENG, 500-800CC
8711409 MOTOR CYCL,INTRNL           4
        COM 3 ENG, 500-800CC
8711501 M/CYCLE PISTON ENGN                       7                   147
        800+ BUILT-UP

                                         - 54 -
           Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

H.S     Commodities                1994-95        1995-96   1996-97   1997-98   1998-99
Code
8711900 M/CYCLE, FITTED            38937          130242    263029    59222
        MOTOR, OTHER
8711900 M/CYCLE, FITTED            20668
        MOTOR, OTHER
8711903 CYCLE FITTED                                                            881
        W/AUXILRY MOTOR
8712    BICYCLE/CYCLE, NOT         215869         173508    263029    242346    187846
        MOTORSED
8712000 BY-CYCLE/OTHER             78255          173508    15303     242346
        CYCLE, NOT MOTORIS
8712000 BY-CYCLE/OTHER             137614
        CYCLE, NOT MOTORIS
8712001 BICYCLE, NOT                                                  10        187846
        MOTORSED
8713    INVALID                    1493           8152      15134     4063      2693
        CARRIAGE,MECHA
        PROPE
8713100 INVALID CARRIAGE,N-        428            7914      164       4063      2693
        MECHA PROPE
8713100 INVALID CARRIAGE,N-        1064
        MECHA PROPE
8713900 INVALID CARRIAGE,          1              238       320993
        MECHANICAL PROPE
8714    PART &ACCESORY OF          264055         229214    3097      279258    409426
        MOTORCYCLE
8714110 M/CYCLE(INCL               6035           6938      47673     1180      1177
        MOPED)SADDLES
8714190 PART/ACCESSORY 0F          20005          55184     14        71237     78062
        M/CYCLE,OTR
8714200 PART/ACCESORY OF           466            1095      30122     2171      438
        INVALID CARRI
8714911 BIBYCLE FRAME, FORK,       11834          7351      52479     8577      14263
        PART N-MOTO
8714919 FRAME & FORKS, &           1118           168                 707       350
        PARTS OTHER
8714921 BIYCLE WHEEL               50551          29054     37        9343      6488
        RIM,SPOKE-OTHER
8714929 WEEL RIMS AND SPOKE:       1063           64        94850     2392      7485
        OTHER
8714931 BI/TRICYCLE HUBS NOT       37714          65489     1022      78968     111082
        MOTORISED
8714939 HUB,COASTR, FREE-          39             211       5291      196       542
        SPROC-WHEL,OTR
8714941 BRAKE COASTER HUB          4831           2214      5065      2389      4167
        PART N/MOTOR

                                         - 55 -
           Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

H.S     Commodities                1994-95        1995-96   1996-97   1997-98   1998-99
Code
8714949 BRAKE COASTER              3              56                  22
        HUB,PART THEREOF:O
8714951 BICYCLE AND PADDLE,        6341           2443      323       3254      6817
        NOT MOTORISED
8714959 PARTS OF VEHICLES,                                  26701
        OTHER
8714961 BICYCLE PEDAL CRANK-       60506          22573     54281     5283      7994
        GEAR,N-MOTO
8714969 PEDL&CRANK-                               72                  273       3
        GEAR,PART OTHR
8714991 BI/TRYCLE HEAD             58539          36182     38        78034     54079
        FITING/COMPON
8714999 PART/ACCESSORY OF          5010           120       283       15232     116479
        BI/TRICYLE
8715    BABY CARRIAGES AND         104            436       283       1535      539
        PARTS
8715000 BABY CARRIAGES AND         104            436       170056    1535
        PARTS THEREOF
8715001 BABY CARRIAGE,                                                          539
        STROLLR CHILDRE
8716    TRAILER/SEMI-              37807          105583    56997     1         34268
        TRAILERS: OTR VEHI
8716100 TRAILER/SEMI CARVAN        956            32668     13048     7040      14640
        TYPE
8716100 TRAILER/SEMI CARVAN        27113
        TYPE
8716200 SELF-LOADG/UNLOAD          4190           14368     21700               139
        AGRI TRAILER
8716310 TANKER TRAILER SEMI-                      1741                140       3012
        TRAILER
8716390 TRAILER/SEMI-TRAILER       36             25164     21700     4386      10640
        FOR GOOD
8716400 TRAILER AND SEMI-          246            18816     15655     3324      2444
        TRAILER,OTHER
8716800 VEHICLE, OTHER NOT         3527           5871      367       413
        MECHANICAL-PRO
8716800 VEHICLE, OTHER NOT         1367
        MECHANICAL-PRO
8716802 TROLEY,HAND PROPEL                                                      311
        GOODS TRANS
8716900 PARTS,TRAILER/SEMI-        145            6955      62289     2815      3083
        TRAILER,VEHI
8716900 PARTS,TRAILER/SEMI-        227
        TRAILER,VEHI


                                         - 56 -
               Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

                                    Export information


Table: 2 Export of Commodities by Value
                                                                     (Value in “000” Taka)
H.S         Commodities                   1994-95    1995-96   1996-97 1997-98 1998-99
Code
87          VEHICLES OTHER THAN           115160     399332    268585   245078
            RAIL/TRAM
8701        TRACTR,EXCL RAIL              41628      20081     8012
            STATIN P/FORM
8701302     TRACTOR CATERPILLAR           41628                7129
            TYPE
8701909     TRACTOR, OTHER NEC                       6192      883
8703        MOTOR CAR AND                 1139       252       2179     17579     5881
            OTHER MOTOR
            VEHICLES
8703902     P/MOTOR CAR, USED,            1139       5853      1505               5881
            ALL C/CAPACIT
8703903     STATION WAGON, USED,                               566      15320
            ALL CAPACITTY
8703904     JEEP OTHER IN BUILT-                     56        109      2143
            UP CONDITION
8703909     MOTOR CAR/OTHER                          31                 116
            MOTOR VEHICLE, NEC
8704        M/VEHICLE FOR GOODS           457                  5982     42418     30503
            TRANSPORT
8704214     PICK-UP TRUCK, GVW<3                                                  29069
            TON, CKD CON
8704221     TRUCK, DIESEL/SEMI, 5-                             3864
            20 TON, ASSEMLED
8704231     TRUCK, DIESEL/SEMI,                                2610     600
            GVW 20 TON+, ASSEML
8704311     T/SPARK-                      457
            IGNITE,GVW<=5TON,
            ASSE
8704321     TRUCK,SPARK-                                                41818
            IGNITE,CVW
            STON>ASSEMB
8704322     TRUCK SPK –                                                           1434
            IGNITE,5TON CKD
8705        SPECIAL PURPOSE                                             10691     15421
            MOTOR VEHICLES
8705100     CRANE LORRIES                                               2537      15421
8705909     SPECIAL PURPOSE                                             8154
            MOTOR
            VEHICLES

                                            - 57 -
            Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

H.S       Commodities                1994-95      1995-96   1996-97   1997-98   1998-99
Code
8706      CHASSIS WITH ENGINE        5722
          FOR TRACTOR , ETC
8706002   CHASSIS-ENGINE,            5722         153897    13581     8239      14293
          PASSENGER
          CAR/VEHICL
8708      PART,ACESORY               6311
          TRACTOR,GOODS VEH
8708992   PART/ACCSR TRACTR                                           1754
          WHEL/TRACLAY
8708999   PARTS/ACCESSORY OF         6311         15387     13581     6485      14293
          MOTOR VEHI
8709      WORKS,TRUCK,SELF-                                 1575
          PROPEL, SHORT
8709900   PART OF WORK                                      1575
          TRUCK,SELF-PROPEL
8712      BICYCLE/CYCLE, NOT         33311        184164    211009
          MOTORSED
8712001   BICYCLE, NOT               33302        171363    210923    79958
          MOTORSED
8712002   CYCLE,GHR,N/MOTOR,IN                    12801     86        18
          CL DELIVERY TRI
8714      PART & ACCESSORY OF        9            34998     26247     17835     7435
          MOTOR CYCLE
8714190   PART/ACCESSORY OF          1431
          MOTOR CICYCLE,
          OTHER
8714921   BIYCLE WHEEL                            34998     10807     5378
          RIM,SPOKE-OTHER
8714931   BI/TRICYCLE HUBS NOT                                        4932
          MOTORISED
8714932   BI/TRICYCL FREE-                                  6858      736
          WHEEL,SPROKET
          WHEEL
8714999   PART/ACCESSORY OF          25161        8         8572      5789
          BI/TRICYLE
8716      TRAILER/SEMI-                                               68184
          TRAILERS: OTR VEHI
8716390   TRAILER/SEMI-TRAILER                                        6145
          FOR GOOD
8716400   TRAILER AND SEMI-                                           62039
          TRAILER,OTHER




                                         - 58 -
               Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh



ANNUAL IMPORT PAYMENTS REPORT
Statistics Department of Bangladesh Bank
“Taka in Core”

Section       Commodity      1995-96   1996-97      1997-98   1998-99   1999-00    2000-01
Code          Group
A. Import     Vehicles,      1425.6    1347.0       1707.2    1392.8    1799.00    2288.0
under Cash    aircraft
& wage        vessels &
earners       associated
Fund          transport
              equipment


ANNUAL EXPORT REPORT
Export Receipts by Commodities and Countries/Territories
Statistics Department of Bangladesh Bank
“Taka in Thousand”

Commodity/countries                    1996-97      1997-98   1998-99   1999-00     2000-01
Vehicles, aircraft, vessels &           52,204       65,187    46,857    22,762
Associated transport equipment
Vehicles other than railway or              34        1,541       268      1,111
tramways rolling stock and parts &
accessories

                                        52,238       66,728    47,125     23,873
Total




                                           - 59 -
                 Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

                                           96-97      97-98      98-99      99-00   00-01
Country
                                                                   268
                                                                   268
Italy
                                                                   268
Heading No: 8703
HS Code 870390
(Passenger Motor Car, used of all
cylinder Capacity)
                                                      1,541
                                                      1,541
Srilanka
                                                      1,541
Heading No: 8703
HS Code 870323
                                                      1,541
(Passenger Motor Car, with spark
ignition internal combustion
reciprocating piston engine new of a
cylinder, capacity between 1651CC to
3000 CC assembled)
                                              34
                                              34
Romania
                                              34
Heading No: 8708
                                              34
HS Code 870829
(parts and accessory of bodies
(including cabs) for other than tractor,
nec)
                                                                              111
                                                                              111
Belgium
                                                                              111
Heading No: 8712
                                                                              111
HS Code 871200
(Bicycle not motorized)




                                             - 60 -
Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

                          Annex IV

               Company/product profile forms




                            - 61 -
                         Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


             Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                     PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                     Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address             A u t o c o m p l e x M a r k e t , S h o p N o . 5 , D e wa n h a t C h i t t a g o n g

Street address              A u t o c o m p l e x M a r k e t , D e wa n h a t

Company name                Adnin Automobiles

Contact (Mr / Ms)           Md. Nurun Nnbi                             Title       Proprietor

City                        Chittagong                Country          Bangladesh

Telephone                   880-31-725547             Fax              880-31-         E-mail
                                                                       711817
Type of business            ■ Importer                   Exporter                         Manufacturer                      Other

                               Agent                  ■ Retailer/Wholesaler               Trader

Year of                     1990                      Website address of your
establishment                                         company
Bank reference                                                           Number of
                                                                         employees

Countries previously imported from:                                      Countries previously exported to:
C h i n a , T a i wa n




                                                     PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
        HS Code                              Description (as detailed as possible)                               Quantity required
                                                                                                                   per annum
                            Bulb

                            Headlight

                            Center bearing




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
        HS Code                              Description (as detailed as possible)                               Quantity required
                                                                                                                   per annum




                                                                   - 62 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh



          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        89, Motijheel C/A, 3rd Floor, Dhaka-1000

Street address         Motijheel

Company name           Jass Motors

Contact (Mr / Ms)      M o h a m m e d A ti q u r           Title     Managing Director
                       Rahman
City                   Dhaka                   Country      Bangladesh

Telephone              880-2-9559979         Fax            880-2-      E-mail     Jass@bol-online.com
                                                            9561305
Type of business       ■ Importer               Exporter                  Manufacturer                Other

                         Agent                  Retailer/Wholesaler       Trader

Year of                1991                  Website address of your www.jass-bd.com
establishment                                company
Bank reference                                                  Number of
                                                                employees

Countries previously imported from:                           Countries previously exported to:
Japan, UK, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia




                                            PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                       Description (as detailed as possible)                 Quantity required
                                                                                             per annum
                       Suspension spares and engine

                       Electrical parts

                       Class pad

                       Ball bearing




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                       Description (as detailed as possible)                 Quantity required
                                                                                             per annum




                                                         - 63 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh




          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        C H E O R A H O US E , 5 8 / A , M a h e d i b a g R o a d , C h i t t a g o n g

Street address         Mahedibag

Company name           Bangladesh Motor parts & Tyre Tube Merchant’s Association

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Kazi Fazlur Rahman                        Title       President

City                   Chittagong                Country         Bangladesh

Telephone              880-31-72853              Fax                             E-mail

Type of business       ■ Importer                   Exporter                        Manufacturer                     Other

                          Agent                  ■ Retailer/Wholesaler              Trader

Year of                1971                      Website address of your
establishment                                    company
Bank reference                                                      Number of
                                                                    employees

Countries previously imported from:                                Countries previously exported to:
Japan, UK




                                                PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                          Description (as detailed as possible)                             Quantity required
                                                                                                            per annum
                       Class Pad

                       Engine item

                       Oil reels

                       Gasket, etc.




                                                             - 64 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                       Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required
                                                                                          per annum




          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        24, North Brook Hall Road, Dhaka-1000

Street address         North Brook Hall Road

Company name           Kazi Automobiles

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Alhaj Mohd. Anwar                 Title      Proprietor
                       Hossain
City                   Dhaka          Country            Bangladesh

Telephone              880-31-7110461       Fax          880-2-        E-mail
                                                         9565278
Type of business       ■ Importer             Exporter                   Manufacturer              Other

                         Agent              ■ Retailer/Wholesaler        Trader

Year of                1978                 Website address of your
establishment                               company
Bank reference                                                 Number of
                                                               employees

Countries previously imported from:                        Countries previously exported to:
Japan, Singapore




                                           PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                       Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required
                                                                                          per annum
                       Piston Ring

                       Liner

                       Piston


                                                      - 65 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

                       M ai n & c o n d u c t b e a ri n g

                       Shock absorber

                       Servo Kit, etc.


PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                            Description (as detailed as possible)                 Quantity required
                                                                                                  per annum




          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        3, North Brook Hall Road, Dhaka-1100

Street address         North Brook Hall Road

Company name           Protigga Motors

Contact (Mr / Ms)      A b d u r R o u f (M i n t o )              Title     Proprietor

City                   Dhaka                      Country          Bangladesh

Telephone              880-2-7121868              Fax              880-2-      E-mail
                                                                   9566278
Type of business       ■ Importer                       Exporter                 Manufacturer              Other

                          Agent                   ■ Retailer/Wholesaler          Trader

Year of                1988                       Website address of your
establishment                                     company
Bank reference                                                       Number of
                                                                     employees

Countries previously imported from:                                  Countries previously exported to:
Singapore, Japan




                                                 PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                            Description (as detailed as possible)                 Quantity required
                                                                                                  per annum
                       B a l l j oi n t



                                                               - 66 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

                       Water pump

                       Shock absorber

                       Bearing

                       Break


PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required
                                                                                         per annum




          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        4, North Brook Hall Road, Dhaka-1100

Street address         North Brook Hall Road

Company name           Rhea Automobile

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Alhaj Md. Shah Alam              Title      Proprietor

City                   Dhaka               Country      Bangladesh

Telephone              880-2-7115396       Fax          880-2-        E-mail
                                                        9344904
Type of business       ■ Importer            Exporter                   Manufacturer              Other

                         Agent             ■ Retailer/Wholesaler        Trader

Year of                1982                Website address of your
establishment                              company
Bank reference                                                Number of
                                                              employees

Countries previously imported from:                       Countries previously exported to:
Thailand, Japan, Singapore, Dubai




                                          PRODUCT PROFILE

                                                     - 67 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

Products required for import
       HS Code                                Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required
                                                                                                   per annum
                       Piston and Piston Ring

                       B r e a k l i ni n g

                       M ai n c o n t r o l b e a ri n g

                       Gasket, etc.




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                                Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required
                                                                                                   per annum




          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        3, North Brook Hall Road, Dhaka-1100

Street address         North Brook Hall Road

Company name           Rahman Trading

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Md. Zillur Rahman                          Title      Proprietor

City                   Dhaka                         Country      Bangladesh

Telephone              880-27122363                  Fax          880-2-        E-mail
                                                                  7111575
Type of business       ■ Importer                      Exporter                   Manufacturer              Other

                          Agent                      ■ Retailer/Wholesaler      ■ Trader

Year of                1990                          Website address of your
establishment                                        company
Bank reference                                                          Number of
                                                                        employees

Countries previously imported from:                                 Countries previously exported to:

                                                               - 68 -
                            Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

T a i wa n , M a l a y s i a , S i n g a p o r e , J a p a n , T h a i l a n d




                                                                PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
         HS Code                                      Description (as detailed as possible)                      Quantity required
                                                                                                                   per annum
                                 Piston

                                 Liner

                                 Gasket

                                 Ball Joint




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
         HS Code                                      Description (as detailed as possible)                      Quantity required
                                                                                                                   per annum




               Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                       PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                       Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address                   11, North Brook Hall Road, Dhaka-1100

Street address                    North Brook Hall Road

Company name                      R R A u t o m o b i l e s (p v t . ) L t d .

Contact (Mr / Ms)                 Md. Altaf Hossain                                 Title     Proprietor

City                              Dhaka                          Country            Bangladesh

Telephone                         880-2-7119555                  Fax                880-2-      E-mail     Padma@agni.com
                                                                                    9565276
Type of business                  ■ Importer                         Exporter                     Manufacturer              Other

                                     Agent                       ■ Retailer/Wholesaler            Trader

Year of                           1978                           Website address of your
establishment                                                    company

                                                                                 - 69 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

Bank reference                                                                Number of
                                                                              employees

Countries previously imported from:                                    Countries previously exported to:
UK, Italy, USA, Dubai (UAE), India




                                                  PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                           Description (as detailed as possible)                 Quantity required
                                                                                                 per annum
                       Lubricants

                       P u m p c o m p o n e n t s o f v e h i c l e s (U K , J a p a n )

                       TATA engine components

                       P u m p c o m p o n e n t s o f v e h i c l e s (I t a l y )




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                           Description (as detailed as possible)                 Quantity required
                                                                                                 per annum




          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        54-C-9, North Brook Hall Road, Dhaka-11

Street address         North Brook Hall Road

Company name           Unique Group

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Md. Amjad Hossain Khan                        Title        Proprietor

City                   Dhaka                       Country           Bangladesh

Telephone              880-27117086                Fax               880-2-           E-mail
                                                                     8018458


                                                                - 70 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

Type of business       ■ Importer            Exporter                   Manufacturer              Other

                         Agent             ■ Retailer/Wholesaler        Trader

Year of                1997                Website address of your
establishment                              company
Bank reference                                                Number of
                                                              employees

Countries previously imported from:                       Countries previously exported to:
India




                                          PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
        HS Code                     Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required
                                                                                         per annum
                       Ashok Leyland spare parts




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
        HS Code                     Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required
                                                                                         per annum




           Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                  PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                  Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        19, North Brook Hall Road, Dhaka-1100

Street address         North Brook Hall Road

Company name           Ideal Motors Specialist



                                                     - 71 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Alhaj Bodiuzzaman                               Title     Proprietor
                       Bhuiyan
City                   Dhaka           Country                         Bangladesh

Telephone              880-2-7117240                    Fax            880-2-      E-mail     Rony80@bdonline.com
                                                                       9567708
Type of business       ■ Importer                           Exporter                 Manufacturer               Other

                          Agent                         ■ Retailer/Wholesaler        Trader

Year of                1975                             Website address of your
establishment                                           company
Bank reference                                                             Number of
                                                                           employees

Countries previously imported from:                                      Countries previously exported to:
South Korea, Singapore, Thailand, Hong Kong,
India, Japan



                                                      PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                              Description (as detailed as possible)                    Quantity required
                                                                                                       per annum
                       P i s t o n pi n

                       P i s t o n l i n e r (c y l i n d e r )

                       Bearing

                       B a l l j oi n t

                       Filter

                       Break shoo, etc.


PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                              Description (as detailed as possible)                    Quantity required
                                                                                                       per annum




                                                                   - 72 -
                          Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh



              Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                      PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                      Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address                 2 2 1 , D e wa n h a t , C h i t t a g o n g

Street address                  D e wa n h a t

Company name                    Khaja Automobiles

Contact (Mr / Ms)               K M Yunus                                       Title     Proprietor

City                            Chittagong                    Country           Bangladesh

Telephone                       880-31-712147                 Fax               880-31-     E-mail     Yumax-bd@spnetctg.com
                                                                                712147
Type of business                ■ Importer                           Exporter                 Manufacturer               Other

                                   Agent                      ■ Retailer/Wholesaler           Trader

Year of                         1976                          Website address of your
establishment                                                 company
Bank reference                                                                   Number of
                                                                                 employees

Countries previously imported from:                                               Countries previously exported to:
J a p a n , T a i wa n , P a k i s t a n , I n d i a , U K , U S A




                                                             PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
         HS Code                                    Description (as detailed as possible)                     Quantity required
                                                                                                                per annum
                                Excel shaft

                                Chassis/chassis parts

                                Engine piston/engine parts

                                Gear parts

                                Break parts

                                Suspension parts


PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
         HS Code                                    Description (as detailed as possible)                     Quantity required
                                                                                                                per annum




                                                                            - 73 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh




          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        4, Northbrook Hall Road, Dhaka – 1100

Street address         4, Northbrook Hall Road, Dhaka – 1100

Company name           Tanzina Motors

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Mr. Md. Nasirullah                     Title      Proprietor

City                   Dhaka                     Country      Bangladesh

Telephone              880-02-7120078            Fax          880-02-7112401          E-mail

Type of business       ■ Importer                  Exporter                             Manufacturer        Other

                          Agent                  ■ Retailer/Wholesaler                  Trader

Year of                1986                      Website address of your
establishment                                    company
Bank reference                                                      Number of
                                                                    employees

Countries previously imported from:                             Countries previously exported to:
England, Thailand, China




                                                PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                            Description (as detailed as possible)                  Quantity required
                                                                                                   per annum
                       Sleep Piston
                       Crank & Haft
                       Class Plate
                       M ai n & B e g i n
                       Liner
                       Engine Lull
                       T a i l C r o wn
                       Master Cylinder Assemble
                       Sealed Beam




                                                           - 74 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required
                                                                                         per annum




          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        57, North Brook Hall Road, Dhaka - 1100

Street address         57, North Brook Hall Road, Dhaka – 1100

Company name           Lovely Autos

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Alhaj Khandoker Iqbal            Title      Proprietor
                       Hossain
City                   Dhaka            Country         Bangladesh

Telephone              880-02-7111638      Fax          880-02-       E-mail
                                                        8838577
Type of business       ■ Importer            Exporter                   Manufacturer              Other

                         Agent             ■ Retailer/Wholesaler        Trader

Year of                1993                Website address of your
establishment                              company
Bank reference                                                Number of
                                                              employees

Countries previously imported from:                       Countries previously exported to:
Thailand, Singapore, Japan, Korea




                                          PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required
                                                                                         per annum
                       Piston

                       Fan Vail

                       Oil Seal

                       Bearing


                                                     - 75 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

                       Gas Kit

                       Filter


PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
        HS Code                          Description (as detailed as possible)                Quantity required
                                                                                                per annum




           Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                  PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                  Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        52, North Brook Hall Road, Dhaka –1100

Street address         52, North Brook Hall Road, Dhaka –1100

Company name           Auto Motor Importing

Contact (Mr / Ms)      A . Q . S i k d e r (Q u a d i r )        Title     Proprietor

City                   Dhaka                       Country       Bangladesh

Telephone              880-2-7113755               Fax           880-2-      E-mail     Bmpl@bdcom.com
                                                                 9333085
Type of business       ■ Importer                     Exporter                 Manufacturer              Other

                          Agent                    ■ Retailer/Wholesaler       Trader

Year of                1985                        Website address of your
establishment                                      company
Bank reference                                                        Number of
                                                                      employees

Countries previously imported from:                                Countries previously exported to:
India




                                                  PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
        HS Code                          Description (as detailed as possible)                Quantity required
                                                                                                per annum
                       NGK Bearing

                       Ring on Break



                                                             - 76 -
                 Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

                    Ring on Class Plate




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
     HS Code                    Description (as detailed as possible)      Quantity required
                                                                             per annum




                                                 - 77 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        89/B, New Iskaton Road, Mohosin Plaza, Dhaka

Street address         New Iskaton Road

Company name           Nahar Trade International

Contact (Mr / Ms)      A. S. M. Shamim                              Title     Proprietor

City                   Dhaka                         Country        Bangladesh

Telephone              880-2-416507                  Fax            880-2-      E-mail
                                                                    9348093
Type of business       ■ Importer                        Exporter                 Manufacturer              Other

                          Agent                      ■ Retailer/Wholesaler        Trader

Year of                1988                          Website address of your
establishment                                        company
Bank reference                                                          Number of
                                                                        employees

Countries previously imported from:                                   Countries previously exported to:
Singapore, Thailand, UAE




                                                    PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                             Description (as detailed as possible)                 Quantity required
                                                                                                   per annum
                       C V j oi n t
                       Tyroder & Racker
                       Mould Filter & Plug
                       P o we r T r a n s f e r r i n g O i l
                       Break Pad
                       Cover Lamp Head Lamp
                       Slash Observer
                       Horn
                       Filter

PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                             Description (as detailed as possible)                 Quantity required
                                                                                                   per annum




                                                                - 78 -
                            Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh




               Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                       PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                       Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address                   89/A, New Iskaton Road, Dhaka - 1000

Street address                    New Iskaton Road

Company name                      P a c i fi c T r a d e r s

Contact (Mr / Ms)                 Salim mahmud                                      Title     Proprietor

City                              Dhaka                          Country            Bangladesh

Telephone                         880-2-412869                   Fax                880-2-      E-mail
                                                                                    9343012
Type of business                  ■ Importer                         Exporter                     Manufacturer              Other

                                     Agent                       ■ Retailer/Wholesaler            Trader

Year of                           1985                           Website address of your
establishment                                                    company
Bank reference                                                                      Number of
                                                                                    employees

Countries previously imported from:                                                   Countries previously exported to:
S i n g a p o r e , M a l a y s i a , T h a i l a n d , D u b a i , T a i wa n




                                                                PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
         HS Code                                       Description (as detailed as possible)                     Quantity required
                                                                                                                   per annum
                                  Class Plate
                                  Mobile Filter
                                  Beak Show
                                  Piston
                                  Class Kit Kit
                                  Class Plate
                                  Pressure Plate
                                  Air filter
                                  Break Pad
                                  Suspension item




                                                                                 - 79 -
                           Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
         HS Code                                      Description (as detailed as possible)                Quantity required
                                                                                                             per annum




               Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                       PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                       Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address                  89/B, New Iskaton Road, Mohsin Plaza, Dhaka - 1000

Street address                   New Iskaton Road

Company name                     New Luxary Motors

Contact (Mr / Ms)                Alamgir Hossain Khan                       Title      Proprietor

City                             Dhaka                         Country      Bangladesh

Telephone                        880-2-9350023                 Fax          880-2-       E-mail     Alamgir@spaninn.com
                                                                            9334506
Type of business                 ■ Importer                      Exporter                  Manufacturer               Other

                                     Agent                     ■ Retailer/Wholesaler       Trader

Year of                          1981                          Website address of your
establishment                                                  company
Bank reference                                                                    Number of
                                                                                  employees

Countries previously imported from:                                           Countries previously exported to:
S i n g a p o r e , D u b a i , T h a i l a n d , T a i wa n




                                                               PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
         HS Code                                      Description (as detailed as possible)                Quantity required
                                                                                                             per annum
                                 Short Observer

                                 Cartis

                                 Air Filter

                                 Gas Kit Kit

                                 Seat Cover



                                                                         - 80 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

                       Look Light

                       Automobile Counter Player

                       Horn


PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)                Quantity required
                                                                                           per annum




          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        84, New Iskaton Road, Dhaka - 1000

Street address         New Iskaton Road

Company name           Agrani Motors

Contact (Mr / Ms)      A. S. M. Fruque                  Title      Proprietor

City                   Dhaka               Country      Bangladesh

Telephone              880-2-8314042       Fax          880-2-        E-mail     agrani@bol-online.com
                                                        9125702
Type of business       ■ Importer            Exporter                   Manufacturer                Other

                         Agent             ■ Retailer/Wholesaler        Trader

Year of                1973                Website address of your
establishment                              company
Bank reference                                                Number of
                                                              employees

Countries previously imported from:                       Countries previously exported to:
Singapore, Japan, UK, UAE, Thailand




                                           PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)               Quantity required per
                                                                                               annum
                       Piston
                       Piston Ring
                       Glass Observer
                       Class Plate

                                                     - 81 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

                       Class Cover
                       Head Light
                       B a c k Li g h t
                       Bumper
                       Tyer

PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                        Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required per
                                                                                                annum




          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        58, New Iskaton Road, Dhaka

Street address         New Iskaton Road

Company name           New Tokyo Motors

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Md. Amjad Hossain Salim            Title      Proprietor

City                   Dhaka                 Country      Bangladesh

Telephone              880-2-9345334         Fax          880-2-        E-mail
                                                          8333143
Type of business       ■ Importer              Exporter                   Manufacturer               Other

                         Agent               ■ Retailer/Wholesaler        Trader

Year of                1979                  Website address of your
establishment                                company
Bank reference                                                  Number of
                                                                employees

Countries previously imported from:                         Countries previously exported to:
Singapore, Thailand, UAE




                                             PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                        Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required per
                                                                                                annum
                       Glass Observer
                       Tyroaded

                                                       - 82 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

                       Ball Joint
                       Piston
                       Piston Ring
                       M ai n & B e g i n
                       Engine

PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                          Description (as detailed as possible)                        Quantity required per
                                                                                                            annum




          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        S K M a j i d R o a d , D e wa n h a t , C h i t t a g o n g

Street address         S K Majid Road

Company name           Hossain Motors

Contact (Mr / Ms)      A. K. M. Harun ur Rashid                   Title       Proprietor

City                   DhakChittagon             Country          Bangladesh
                       g
Telephone              880-31-7125826            Fax              880-31-         E-mail       Hspring@spnetctg.com
                                                                  710949
Type of business       ■ Importer                   Exporter                          Manufacturer               Other

                          Agent                  ■ Retailer/Wholesaler                Trader

Year of                1971                      Website address of your
establishment                                    company
Bank reference                                                      Number of
                                                                    employees

Countries previously imported from:                                 Countries previously exported to:
Japan, Singapore, Thailand, USA, UK, India




                                                 PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                          Description (as detailed as possible)                        Quantity required per
                                                                                                            annum
                       Flat Bar


                                                             - 83 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

                       Suspension spears & Engine

                       Electrical Parts

                       Ball Bearing

                       Class Part




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)                    Quantity required per
                                                                                                    annum




          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        1168/A, D T Road, Dhanialapara, Chittagong

Street address         D T Road

Company name           M/S Manco Motors

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Zahirul Haque                    Title      Proprietor

City                   Chittagong          Country      Bangladesh

Telephone              880-31-710312       Fax          880-31-       E-mail M a n c o @ a b n e t b d / s p c t n e t .
                                                        710854               com
Type of business       ■ Importer            Exporter                   Manufacturer                        Other

                         Agent             ■ Retailer/Wholesaler         Trader

Year of                1975                Website address of your
establishment                              company
Bank reference                                                Number of
                                                              employees

Countries previously imported from:                       Countries previously exported to:
India, Japan




                                           PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import


                                                     - 84 -
                            Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

         HS Code                                        Description (as detailed as possible)                            Quantity required per
                                                                                                                                annum
                                  JK Tyre

                                  Engine




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
         HS Code                                        Description (as detailed as possible)                            Quantity required per
                                                                                                                                annum




               Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                       PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                       Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address                   R o o m N o . 1 2 (1 s t F l o o r ) , A u t o C o m p l e x , D e wa n h a t , C h i t t a g o n g

Street address                    Auto Complex

Company name                      Seasoned syndicate

Contact (Mr / Ms)                 Kazi Imran E Rahman                             Title     Proprietor

City                              Chittagong                       Country        Bangladesh

Telephone                         880-31-724853                    Fax            880-31-       E-mail       Kazi@globalctg.net
                                                                                  724853
Type of business                  ■ Importer                           Exporter                    Manufacturer                         Other

                                      Agent                        ■ Retailer/Wholesaler           Trader

Year of                           1990                             Website address of your
establishment                                                      company
Bank reference                                                                        Number of
                                                                                      employees

Countries previously imported from:                                                 Countries previously exported to:
I n d i a , D u b a i , J a p a n , T a i wa n , P a k i s t a n , I t a l y




                                                                               - 85 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


                                             PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)               Quantity required per
                                                                                               annum
                       Propoler Shaft

                       Real Anal Shaft

                       Differiential Parts

                       Gear Parts




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)               Quantity required per
                                                                                               annum




          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        14, Auto Complex, Dewandighi, Chittagong

Street address         Auto Complex

Company name           Yumex Trading co. ltd.

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Iqbal Chowdhury                    Title      Proprietor

City                   Chittagong            Country      Bangladesh

Telephone              880-31-724115         Fax          880-31-      E-mail     Yumex-bd@spnetctg.com
                                                          65168
Type of business       ■ Importer              Exporter                  Manufacturer               Other

                         Agent               ■ Retailer/Wholesaler       Trader

Year of                1992                  Website address of your
establishment                                company
Bank reference                                                  Number of
                                                                employees

Countries previously imported from:                         Countries previously exported to:

                                                       - 86 -
                 Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

Japan




                                       PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
     HS Code                    Description (as detailed as possible)     Quantity required per
                                                                                 annum
                    Bearing

                    Flasher

                    Piston Engine




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
     HS Code                    Description (as detailed as possible)     Quantity required per
                                                                                 annum




                                                 - 87 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        2 3 3 , S K M u j i b R o a d , D e w a n B u i l d i n g , D e wa n h a t , C h i t t a g o n g

Street address         S K Mujib Road

Company name           B i s h wa B a n i j y a S a n g s t h a

Contact (Mr / Ms)      D K Mazumder                                  Title      Proprietor

City                   Chittagong                   Country          Bangladesh

Telephone              880-31-714032                Fax              880-31-        E-mail       Icsl@abnetbd.com
                                                                     610590
Type of business       ■ Importer                         Exporter                     Manufacturer                       Other

                          Agent                     ■ Retailer/Wholesaler              Trader

Year of                1968                         Website address of your
establishment                                       company
Bank reference                                                         Number of
                                                                       employees

Countries previously imported from:                                    Countries previously exported to:
India, USA, Japan, EU




                                                    PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                            Description (as detailed as possible)                              Quantity required per
                                                                                                                    annum
                       Engine Piston Ring
                       Engine Piston
                       Crank Shaft
                       Ball Bearing
                       Real Access Shape
                       King Pin
                       A i r c o n . P i st o n R i n g
                       Piston Pin
                       A i r c o n . P i st o n

PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                            Description (as detailed as possible)                              Quantity required per
                                                                                                                    annum




                                                                  - 88 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh



          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        304/A, S K Mujib Road,Chittagong

Street address         S K Mujib Road,

Company name           National Corporation

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Mr. Moazzem Hossain              Title      Proprietor

City                   Chittagong          Country      Bangladesh

Telephone              880-31-724495       Fax          880-31-       E-mail

Type of business       ■ Importer            Exporter                   Manufacturer               Other

                         Agent             ■ Retailer/Wholesaler        Trader

Year of                1959                Website address of your
establishment                              company
Bank reference                                                Number of
                                                              employees

Countries previously imported from:                       Countries previously exported to:
Japan




                                           PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required per
                                                                                              annum
                       Timing Component

                       Various Central Cable

                       Carbonate Component

                       Cylinder Gas Kit

                       Oil Seal

                       Hydraulic Break Parts


PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required per
                                                                                              annum




                                                     - 89 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        1183/3, S K Mujib Road, GPO Box No. 200, Chittagong

Street address         S K Mujib Road

Company name           M/S Hajee Automobiles

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Al-Haj Mohammadur                 Title      Proprietor
                       Rahman
City                   Chittagong    Country             Bangladesh

Telephone              880-31-710236        Fax          880-31-       E-mail
                                                         710562
Type of business       ■ Importer             Exporter                   Manufacturer               Other

                         Agent              ■ Retailer/Wholesaler        Trader

Year of                1974                 Website address of your
establishment                               company
Bank reference                                                 Number of
                                                               employees

Countries previously imported from:                        Countries previously exported to:
Japan




                                            PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                       Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required per
                                                                                               annum
                       Engine Parts

                       Piston

                       Piston Ring

                       Engine Bulb

                       Suspension Parts

                       Engine Bearing


PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                       Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required per
                                                                                               annum




                                                      - 90 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        7/7-a, North Brook Hall Road, Dhaka

Street address         North Brook Hall Road

Company name           New Nippon Traders

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Md. Mujahid                       Title      Proprietor

City                   Dhaka                Country      Bangladesh

Telephone              880-2-7117259        Fax          880-31-      E-mail
                                                         710562
Type of business       ■ Importer             Exporter                  Manufacturer               Other

                         Agent              ■ Retailer/Wholesaler       Trader

Year of                1980                 Website address of your
establishment                               company
Bank reference                                                 Number of
                                                               employees

Countries previously imported from:                        Countries previously exported to:
India, China Thailand




                                            PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required per
                                                                                              annum
                       All Kinds of Tyres




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required per
                                                                                              annum




                                                      - 91 -
                          Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


              Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                     PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                     Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address                 2 2 1 , A u t o C o m p l e x , D e wa n h a t , C h i t t a g o n g

Street address                  Auto Complex

Company name                    Islamia Auto Traders

Contact (Mr / Ms)               Md. Nurul Islam                             Title        Proprietor

City                            Chittagong                     Country      Bangladesh

Telephone                       880-31-714840                  Fax          880-31-          E-mail      Annexfsn@spctnet.com
                                                                            721921
Type of business                ■ Importer                       Exporter                       Manufacturer               Other

                                   Agent                       ■ Retailer/Wholesaler            Trader

Year of                         1990                           Website address of your
establishment                                                  company
Bank reference                                                                    Number of
                                                                                  employees

Countries previously imported from:                                           Countries previously exported to:
M a l a y s i a , T a i wa n , C h i n a , U K




                                                               PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
        HS Code                                    Description (as detailed as possible)                       Quantity required per
                                                                                                                      annum
                                Gasket Shallow

                                Wi n d s h i e l d G l a s s

                                Oil Seal

                                Nut & Bolt

                                Cranes Shaft




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
        HS Code                                    Description (as detailed as possible)                       Quantity required per
                                                                                                                      annum




                                                                         - 92 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        22, North Brook Hall Road, Dhaka-1100

Street address         22, North Brook Hall Road, Dhaka-1100

Company name           B i t r o ni M o t o r s

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Prodip Roy                                Title     Proprietor

City                   Dhaka                       Country       Bangladesh

Telephone              880-o2-7122294              Fax           880-02-            E-mail
                       Mob. 017-541447
Type of business       ■ Importer                     Exporter                          Manufacturer         Other

                          Agent                    ■ Retailer/Wholesaler                Trader

Year of                1972                        Website address of your
establishment                                      company
Bank reference                                                      Number of
                                                                    employees

Countries previously imported from:                                Countries previously exported to:
Pakistan, India, Singapore, London, Japan,
Thailand



                                                  PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                             Description (as detailed as possible)                 Quantity required per
                       M ai n a n d B e g i n
                       Engine
                       B r e a k L i ni n g
                       Gear Parts
                       Gas Kit Kit
                       Fuel Kit
                       Piston


PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                             Description (as detailed as possible)                 Quantity required per
                                                                                                        annum




                                                             - 93 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        8 7 , N e w I s k a t o n R o a d (A / C M a r k e t ) , D k a k a - 1 0 0 0

Street address         8 7 , N e w I s k a t o n R o a d (A / C M a r k e t ) , D k a k a - 1 0 0 0

Company name           Mamon Motors

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Md. Badruzzaman Mamun                       Title        Proprietor

City                   Dhaka                        Country        Bangladesh

Telephone              880-02-8316325               Fax            880-02-8314400              E-mail

Type of business       ■ Importer                      Exporter                                   Manufacturer         Other

                          Agent                     ■ Retailer/Wholesaler                         Trader

Year of                1989                         Website address of your
establishment                                       company
Bank reference                                                       Number of
                                                                     employees

Countries previously imported from:                                  Countries previously exported to:
Dubai & Singapore




                                                  PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                          Description (as detailed as possible)                              Quantity required per
                       Piston
                       Piston Ring
                       Gas Kit Kit
                       M ai n B e g i n B a r i n g
                       Break Pad
                       Gear Pad
                       Wa t e r P u m p , F u e l P u m p


PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                           Description (as detailed as possible)                             Quantity required per
                                                                                                                  annum




                                                               - 94 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh




          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        205-207 Tejgaon Insutrial Area, Dhaka – 1208

Street address         Tajgaon-Gulshan Link Road

Company name           Navana Motors

Contact (Mr / Ms)      S M A Rashid                     Title      G e n e r a l M a n a g e r (S e r v i c e & P a r t s )

City                   Dhaka               Country      Bangladesh

Telephone              880-2-9890610       Fax          880-2-9885002         E-mail     Navanast@navana.com
Type of business       ■ Importer            Exporter                            Manufacturer                    Other

                         Agent             ■ Retailer/Wholesaler                 Trader

Year of                1964                Website address of your
establishment                              company
Bank reference                                                 Number of
                                                               employees

Countries previously imported from:                        Countries previously exported to:
Japan




                                           PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                     Description (as detailed as possible)                        Quantity required per
                       Engine parts
                       Suspension parts
                       Break parts
                       Electrical parts




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)                       Quantity required per
                                                                                                       annum

                                                     - 95 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh

           Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                  PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                  Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        N i t o l C e n t r e : 7 1 , M o h a k h a l i C / A (1 4 t h F l o o r ) , D h a k a - 1 2 1 2

Street address         Mohakhali C/A

Company name           N i t a C o m p a n y L i m i t e d (N i t o l G r o u p )

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Golam Rabbani                                  Title         AGM

City                   Dhaka                          Country         Bangladesh

Telephone              880-2-9887074-6                Fax             880-2-9883121                 E-mail         Nita@citechco.net
Type of business       ■ Importer                         Exporter                                      Manufacturer             Other

                          Agent                       ■ Retailer/Wholesaler                             Trader

Year of                1990                           Website address of your
establishment                                         company
Bank reference                                                         Number of                                160
                                                                       employees

Countries previously imported from:                                      Countries previously exported to:
India




                                                      PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
        HS Code                            Description (as detailed as possible)                                      Quantity required per
         8704          TATA     T R UC K                                                                                      480
         8702          TATA     M I N I B US                                                                                  720
         8702          TATA     B US                                                                                           12
         8704          TATA     M I N I T R UC K                                                                               24




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
        HS Code                           Description (as detailed as possible)                                    Quantity required per
                                                                                                                          annum




                                                                  - 96 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


           Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                  PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                  Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address        46, New Eskaton, Dhaka

Street address         New Eskaton

Company name           H S Enterprise

Contact (Mr / Ms)      Mr. Altaf Hossain                    Title    A s s t . M a n a g e r (A d m i n )

City                   Dhaka                   Country      Bangladesh

Telephone              880-2-9343198           Fax                                  E-mail

Type of business       ■ Importer                Exporter                              Manufacturer            Other

                         Agent                 ■ Retailer/Wholesaler                   Trader

Year of                1991                    Website address of your
establishment                                  company
Bank reference                                                  Number of                     55
                                                                employees

Countries previously imported from:                           Countries previously exported to:
China




                                             PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
        HS Code                        Description (as detailed as possible)                       Quantity required per
                       Motor Cycle
                       4 wh e e l e r a u t o t e m p o




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
        HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)                         Quantity required per
                                                                                                          annum




                                                         - 97 -
                    Supply and demand survey on automotive components – Bangladesh


          Asian SMEs: Pilot Programme for Intra-Regional Trade Expansion
                 PAN-ASIAN BUYERS-SELLERS MEETING ON AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS
                                 Singapore, 13-14 December 2002

COMPANY/PRODUCT PROFILE
Mailing address

Street address

Company name

Contact (Mr / Ms)                                         Title

City                   Dhaka                Country       Bangladesh

Telephone              880-2-               Fax           880-2-            E-mail

Type of business       ■ Importer              Exporter                       Manufacturer         Other

                         Agent              ■ Retailer/Wholesaler             Trader

Year of                                     Website address of your
establishment                               company
Bank reference                                               Number of
                                                             employees

Countries previously imported from:                         Countries previously exported to:




                                           PRODUCT PROFILE
Products required for import
       HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required per




PRODUCT PROFILE


Products available for export
       HS Code                      Description (as detailed as possible)              Quantity required per
                                                                                              annum




                                                      - 98 -

				
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