High Speed Internet Access (PowerPoint) by pengxuebo

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									              Meetinghouse Broadband
                  Internet Access



      Larry W. Holmstrom
  larry@larryholmstromcom
         801 712 2499
19 December 2009
    Application of Electronic Media
•   Family History   • Church Web Sites
•   Administration     –   www.lds.org
•   Teaching           –   www.lds.org/broadcast
                       –   www.familysearch.org
•   Webcasting
                       –   new.familysearch.org
                       –   stream.lds.org
                       –   mhtech.lds.org
           Family History
        new.familysearch.com
• new.familysearch.org
• Used in the Meetinghouse or
  in the home
• Ward Consultants
• Stake Family History Library
• Training and Consulting
              Administration - MLS
• Internet access – set up MLS for internet support
• MLS 3.1
   – Updated for better individual information
   – Custom fields
       • Custom YSA Record
       • Custom Ward reports
• Clerks
   – Membership
   – YSA Membership
   – Finance
            Administration
       Calendar and Scheduling
• Ward, Stake calendar
  events
• Updating and printouts
  available at
  meetinghouse
• Building scheduling
• Online at www.lds.org
Email and Personal Computers
• Personal email available in meetinghouse
• Gmail accounts available for members at
  no charge

• Personal computers and personal devices
  can be connected through wireless WiFi
  connections
             Teaching and Training
•   Web sites
     – www.lds.org
         • Conference Talks
         • ward and stake calendaring
         • reference files
     – www.familysearch.org – online family history
       information
     – new.familysearch.org – integrated family history
       and temple indexes
     – www.lds.org/broadcast
     – www.emigrationysa.com – Stake YSA information
•   DVD and other information
     – New materials on DVD
•   Download from www.lds.org
                    Web Casting
• Originate at Meetinghouse
   – Permanent Cameras in Stake Centers
   – Temporary Cameras in other meetinghouses
• Church Meetings, Training, Classes
• Secure     http://stream.lds.org/501417-nnnnnn
• Viewed at 250 locations
   – Windows Media Player
   – Broadband connection required
• Uses
   – Stake Conference                      Building

   – Funerals                              Sound
                                           System
                              Building
   – Classes                   Video
                              Network



• Demonstration         C            DA
                                                                                          Projector
   – View Webcast
                            Camera
                                          Communicator


                                                                               Webcast
                                                              Server
                                                                               Receiver
                                                              Webcast          (15 max)
                                                               Server
                                                Http://stream.lds.org/mmmm.nnnnn
                                                   Uses Windows Media Player
                   Overflow     Institute Class




                   Tabernacle   Orem 1st Ward
19 December 2009
Webcasting
            Network Objectives
• Stake                   • Ward
• Broadband WAN           • Broadband WAN
• Wired Connection        • Wired Connection
    – Chapel                – Chapel
    – Central Building      – Central Building
    – Satellite Cabinet
•   WiFi In Building      • WiFi In Building
•   MLS direct bridge     • MLS direct bridge
•   Camera
•   Webcast Sourcing      • Webcast Receiving
           DSL WAN Technology
                                         Audio Baseband
                                         3 Khz
                                                  255 - 4.3125 Khz Modems


                                              Telco Pair Bandwidth                1.1 Mhz


Internet                         Telco
                                                          Existing   Modem          Router
                                 Pair       Demark                   255 Modems

                                                                                               Computer
             DSLAM                                                   F
            Digital Subscriber
              Line Access                      DSL
               Multiplexer
                                     Digital Subscriber Line                      Telephone   Computer


                         M                                               M
                                            Bridge Taps

 Frequency Segments disabled when interference exists – Modem must be
 reset to restore segments

 Maximum Effective Rate: depends upon distance from DSLAM
DSL Data Rate and Distance
            Cable WAN Technology
                Channels              T14 to T158
                T1 to T7              6 Mhz Channels
                7 to 49 Mhz           57 to 999 Mhz
                                                                                        Cable Bandwidth


                                                                                                          1000 Mhz
                                                                               Data Channels
                                                       75       76   77
                                                                               64-QAM modulated
            Head                         Local
Internet                      Fiber                         T        Coax         T              T
            End                          Loop



                                                            S

                                                                          TV


                                                            Modem         Router
                                                                                              Computer
                                                               10 to 200 Mbits/sec
                                                            Data Over Cable Service
                                                             Interface Specifications
                                                                    (DOCSIS)
                                                                                               Computer

  Maximum Effective Rate: 10 to 200 Mbits/sec independent of distance
         Bandwidth Requirements
 Single Use Bandwidth                   Upload     Download      DSL – uses existing
 MLS                                        56,000   128,000
 General Conference Online Viewing          56,000   512,000     telephone pair Data
 Family History Research                    56,000   512,000
 Email General Internet Browsing            56,000   512,000
                                                                 bandwidth is 1.5 to 5 Mb/s
 Meetinghouse Webcast                    1,400,000 1,050,000     depending upon distance
 Video Conferencing                      1,024,000 1,024,000
                                                                 from central office. Uses
                                        Bandwidth (bits/sec)
                                                                 existing phone lines.
 Typical Use                       UsersUpload     Download      $48/month plus modem cost,
 MLS                                   5   280,000     640,000
 General Conference Online Viewing     3   168,000 1,536,000
                                                                 limited expansion
 Family History Research              10   560,000 5,120,000
 Email General Internet Browsing       1    56,000     512,000
 Meetinghouse Webcast                  1 1,400,000 1,050,000     Cable – uses broadband
 Video Conferencing                    0         0           0   coax with intrinsic bandwidth
 Totals                               20 2,464,000 8,858,000
 WAN Connections                                                 of 1500 mhz. Data
 Cable                                   4,000,000 12,000,000    bandwidth is 10 to 200 Mb/s
 DSL                                     1,500,000 1,500,000
                                                                 with no distance limitation.
DSL, while meeting initial single                                $44/month, no cost for
user/use needs does not scale to                                 installation, future expansion
future use – Costs are equivalent
                           Internet Operation
                             DNS Server
                           200.200.200.200
                                                                                          Clients
                                                                                                     IP: 192.168.0.101
                                                                                                    Mask: 255.255.255.0
                                             LDS.ORG = 216.49.176.33                                Gateway: 192.168.0.1
    216.49.176.33 from
   67.186.250.070(ef:03)                                                                                MAC: ef:01
                                                   Modem|Router                                            DNS:
                                                                             Switch
                                                                                                      200.200.200.200
                                             WAN                    LAN

                                           67.186.250.070 = 192.168.0.1                              IP: 192.168.0.102
                                                                                                    Mask: 255.255.255.0
     LDS.ORG                                                                                        Gateway: 192.168.0.1
   216.49.176.33                                                                                        MAC: ef:02
                                                               NAT
                                                     (3f:01) = 192.168.0.101                               DNS:
                                                     (3f:02) = 192.168.0.102                          200.200.200.200
                                                     (3f:03) = 192.168.0.103

DHCP vs Static IP - Automatic or                                                                     IP: 192.168.0.103
manual address assignment                                                                           Mask: 255.255.255.0
                                                                          URL Request               Gateway: 192.168.0.1
                                                                           www.lds.org                  MAC: ef:03
Typical MAC address                                                       216.49.176.33
                                                                                                           DNS:
70:72:CF:25:EE:1A                                                                                     200.200.200.200

                     1100 0000 1010 1000 0000 0000 0110 0101 = IP Address 192.168.000.101
                     1111 1111 1111 1111 1111 1111 0000 0000 = Mask       255.255.255.000
                                 Network               Device
                      Mesh Networks
                                                                Network Bridge
                                               Bridge
                                               Node

                                                        Wired
               Root wired
                to router



              COAX                  Wired

                                             Root        Access
                     Modem/Router            Node         Point
                                            Access        Node
                                             Point


https://www.cloudtrax.com/                                        Extend


            Current Bandwidth – 5 mbps (802.11B)
            Firmware upgrade Summer 2011 to 20 mbps (802.11G/N)
         Mesh Components




                    RJ45 - Router for root node
                         - Computer for bridge node
                    POE injector
                    High Gain Antenna
Node Cost: $40.00   Wall Cover
                   Network Activity




19 December 2009
                   Node Details




19 December 2009
Buildings with Internet
   Monitoring Meetinghouse Network

                           Login: stakename nn

                           Where nn is FM building
                           number

                           Example: wells 40 (note the
                           space)

                           A password is blank

                           Changes to a network are to
                           be coordinated through
                           Facilities Management
http://www.cloudtrax.com
       Network IDs and Passphrases
                                                   WIFI pass
BLDG Stake      Name                  WIFI SSID    phrase
   1 Emigration Emigration 01         LDSaccess    pioneer47      30   Granite      Granite 30      LDSaccess    pioneer47
   2 Emigration Emigration 02         4P01         emigration     31   Granite
   3 Emigration Emigration 03         LDSaccess    pioneer47      32   Granite      Prev Comcast
                                                                  33   Granite      Granite 33     LDSaccess     pioneer47
   4   Emigration   Emigration 04     building18   emigration18
                                                                  34   Granite      Granite 34     LDSaccess     pioneer47
   7   Ensign       Ensign 07         LDSaccess    pioneer47
                                                                  40   Wells        Wells 40       LDSaccess     pioneer47
   8   Ensign       Ensign 08         LDSaccess    pioneer47
                                                                  41   Wells        Wells 41       LDSaccess     pioneer47
   9   Central      Vacant Building                Vacant
                                                                  42   Wells        Wells 42       LDSaccess     pioneer47
  10   Central      Central 10        LDSaccess    pioneer47
                                                                  43   Wells        Wells 43       LDSaccess     pioneer47
  11   Central      Central 11        LDSaccess    pioneer47
                                                                  44   Wells        Already has Comcast
  12   Central
                                                                  50   Sugarhouse   Sugarhouse 50 LDSaccess      pioneer47
  13   Central      Central 13      LDSaccess      pioneer47
                                                                  51   Sugarhouse   Sugarhouse 51 LDSaccess      pioneer47
  14   Central      Central 14      LDSaccess      pioneer47
                                                                  52   Sugarhouse   Sugarhouse 52 LDSaccess      pioneer47
  15   CES          Not Scheduled
                                                                  60   Liberty      Liberty 60     LDSaccess     pioneer47
  16   Park         Part of Park 17
                                                                  61   Liberty
  17   Park         Park 17         LDSaccess      pioneer47
                                                                  62   Liberty      Liberty 62     LDSaccess pioneer47
  18   Park
                                                                  63   Liberty      Recreation Center - Internet not scheduled
  19   Park         Park 19         LDSaccess      pioneer47
                                                                  70   CES          CES 70         LDSaccess pioneer47
  26                Vacant Building
                                                                  71   CES          CES71          LDSaccess Pioneer47
      Mesh Network Summary
• Node operates as both an access point and a bridge
• Mesh is self healing – Chooses best connection
• Target field strength is 2 to 5 bars
• MLS computers are direct connected with bridge
   – Does not require wireless passphrase
• 7/24 Monitoring with email notification
• Monitors activity and status
• Remote management with passphrases, blocking etc
                   Typical Meetinghouse
        Dist amp      SAT Receiver      Video            Dist amp              TV modulator (3)

                                                           Audio
                                                                                                                                           Modulated
                                                                               TV modulator (6)                                               RF
                                                                                                               S
                                                                                                                    TV Network    S
                                                 Audio

                      SAT Receiver                                             TV modulator (8)


                                                                                TV modulator
                                       Audio                                        (10)



                           Dist amp                     Video Switch                                               Composite
                                                                             Composite              Dist amp

                                                                                                                           Composite




                                                                                                  Composite
                        Building                Audio                  Web Caster
                        Amplifier

                                                                                                                                       `




Cloud              Modem      Router      Switch

                                                                                                                                       `
Typical Modem Installation
               18th Ave Meetinghouse
                          •   Screens
•   Satellite System           –   Chapel
•   Phone Bridge               –   Cultural Hall
•   Wired Access               –   Stage
     –   Chapel                –   Portable
     –   E6 Clerk         •   Audio
     –   E4 Clerk              –   Chapel
     –   Overflow              –   Relief Society
     –   Relief Society            Room
     –   West Furnace          –   Sun Room
     –   Stake Office     •   Video Conference
                               –
                                                                                                  Exist Ceiling           Overflow

                                   Communicator
                                                                                                           C                     C               DVD

     –   Stage                                                     Video Splitter

                                                                  In     Out       Out
                                                                                                     Cam 1                Cam 2
                                                                                                                                                                                            Video/Audio Buss



                               –
                                                                                     V                 C1i                 C2i
                                                                  V       V




•   Wireless                       Permanent chapel                                                   C1s
                                                                                                                 MON 1
                                                                                                                           C2s      MON 2
                                                                                                                                                             DVD
                                                                                                                                                                                                  L
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Input
                                                                                                                                                                                                        R     V




                                                                                                                                                                                                                         150 ohm
                                                                                                                                                                     C                            L     R     V
                                                                          75 Ohm




                                   camera                                                            Cam 1                 Cam 2
                                                                                                                                                   Aux 1             Aux 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                  L     R     V




     –
                                                                                                                                                                                                  L           V
                                                                                                                                                   Input             Input

         Stage                 –   Portable camera
                                                                                                                                 Camera Switch
                                                                                                                                                                                                  L

                                                                                                                                                                                                  L
                                                                                                                                                                                                        R

                                                                                                                                                                                                        R




     –
                                                                                                                                                                                                  L     R




         Stake Office                                                                                                                                          Phone Number
                                                                                                                                                               801 578 6679
                                                                                                                                                               English Bridge


     –
                                                                                                                                                               801 240 3456

         E6 Clerk                                                         TV 1
                                                                         Monitors
                                                                         Satellite
                                                                                             Sat Receiver

                                                                                                                                                                                              Brack
                                                                                                                                                                                               Box


•   Video
                                                                         (video)                                                                                                                             Also
                                                                                                                                                                     Aux 3                       XLR
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Mike
                                                                                                     Satellite            Cameras                 Phone
                                                                                                                                                                     Input                                  Input
                                                                                                                                    Input Switch

     –   Composite                                                                       C Video
                                                                                                             Dist
                                                                                                                                 Video/Audio Buss
                                                                                                                                                                                             Main Amp
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Mike 2




     –
                                                                                             C                                                                                               Mike Input

         RF Modulated
                                                                                                             Amp
                                                                       Building                                                                                                            To Building
                                                                         RF                                                                                                               Sat Audio Amp
                                                                                                             RF
                                                                      Channel 3                              Mod              C                                                                 From
                                                                                                                           S1         1/8 mini                                              Building Amp
                                                                     TV 2
                                                                                                                            Com
                                                               Monitors Building                                                                 Recorder
                                                                                                                          Broadcast
                                                                 (Channel 3)
                                                                            Chapel 1
                                                                                                                                                       C                                                    Composite
                                                                      Bishop 2                                                                                             Monitor                            Video
                                                              Bishop 1                                                                                     Mon 3
                                                      Stake
                                                                                                                              Patch Panel                                Output/Input                        Audio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    RF Video
                                                                                                                    C1i                C2i
                                                                               D     D           D   D       D                C1s                C2s                     V    R      L                              Modulated
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Audio
                                                                                                                                                           Filter/           Cable
                                                                               E         E       E   E       E     E      E       E     E                  Router            Modem
                                                                                                                                                                         TV1 – Video mode – monitors satellite
                                                                                                 Ethernet Switch                                                         TV2 – Channel 3 mode – monitors building RF
                                                                                                                                                                         MON1 – Camera 1
                                                                                                                                                                         MON2 – Camera 2
                                                                                                                                                                         MON3 – Output from recorder and monitors S video feed
                                                                                                                                                                         DVD – Output from a DVD recorder
Sugarhouse 50
Sugarhouse 50 Network
Sugarhouse Node Topology
      Internet Data and Filtering
•   Web access
•   Streaming data
•   Email
•   Texting


Internet Sites            256,000,000
Pornographic material      30,720,000   Filtering blocks
Email Accounts          2,900,000,000   offensive sites
Facebook                  600,000,000
                Offensive Internet Sites
                          DNS Server
                        200.200.200.200
                                                                                     Clients
                                                                                                IP: 192.168.0.101
                                                 Access List                                   Mask: 255.255.255.0
                                         LDS.ORG = 216.49.176.33                               Gateway: 192.168.0.1
 216.49.176.33 from
                                      Offensive Site = 100.100.100.100                             MAC: ef:01
67.186.250.070(ef:03)
                                                Modem|Router                                   DNS: 200.200.200.200
                                                                         Switch

                                          WAN                    L AN

                                      67.186.250.070 = 192.168.0.1                              IP: 192.168.0.102
                                                                                               Mask: 255.255.255.0
  LDS.ORG                                                                                      Gateway: 192.168.0.1
216.49.176.33                                                                                      MAC: ef:02
                                                            NAT
                                                  (3f:01) = 192.168.0.101                      DNS: 200.200.200.200
                                                  (3f:02) = 192.168.0.102
                                                  (3f:03) = 192.168.0.103

                                                                                                IP: 192.168.0.103
  Offensive Site                                                                               Mask: 255.255.255.0
 100.100.100.100                                                     URL Request               Gateway: 192.168.0.1
                                                                      www.lds.org                  MAC: ef:03
                                                                     216.49.176.33
                                                                                               DNS: 200.200.200.200
                                   DNS Filtering
                           DNS Server
                         200.200.200.200
                                                                                      Clients
                                                                                                 IP: 192.168.0.101
                                                  Access List                                   Mask: 255.255.255.0
                                          LDS.ORG = 216.49.176.33                               Gateway: 192.168.0.1
 216.49.176.33 from
                                       Offensive Site = 100.100.100.100                             MAC: ef:01
67.186.250.070(ef:03)
                                                  Modem|Router                                      Filter DNS:
                                                                          Switch
                                                                                                  208.67.222.123
                                            WAN                    LAN

                                       67.186.250.070 = 192.168.0.1                              IP: 192.168.0.102
                                                                                                Mask: 255.255.255.0
  LDS.ORG                                                                                       Gateway: 192.168.0.1
216.49.176.33                                                                                       MAC: ef:02
                                                              NAT
                                                    (3f:01) = 192.168.0.101                         Filter DNS:
                                                    (3f:02) = 192.168.0.102                       208.67.222.123
                                                    (3f:03) = 192.168.0.103


                                  openDNS/FamilySafe                                             IP: 192.168.0.103
  Offensive Site                    208.67.222.123                                              Mask: 255.255.255.0
 100.100.100.100                                                      URL Request               Gateway: 192.168.0.1
                         Black List                                    www.lds.org                  MAC: ef:03
                Offensive.com = Blocked!!                             216.49.176.33
                                                                                                    Filter DNS:
                 LDS.ORG = 216.49.176.33                                                          208.67.222.123


http://www.offensivesite.com                         Filtered DNS address provided by the network
Domain is Blocked
Meetinghouse Firewall




       Meetinghouse Firewall
            Cisco 881W
        Installed as needed
             Security and Filtering
              Layered Process
•   Network Passphrase Protected
•   Access only through installed access points
•   Protected for wired and wireless access
•   Basic Protection
     – Site Blocking - DNS Cloud
          • WIFI Access
          • Wired Access
•   Advanced Protection and Function
     – Site Blocking – Rating Server
     – VPN available for special useage
•   Additional Protection Avaialable (Applied by FM Management at request
    of Units)
     – Passphrase – easily changed
     – Clients can be blocked
     – Access List for authorized users
Languages – Separate Rooms
Languages – Common Room
Video Standards
Video – Standard Definition
 Composite – 4:3 aspect ratio – used for Church
  Satellite System and projector connection – Video
  only – Vertical 525 line, Horizontal 683 pixels
       20 Mpel/sec
 TV Modulated – Composite modulated onto an TV
  channel carrier. Used for TV system within
  meetinghouse – contains both video and audio
       6 Mhz/sec
  Video – High Definition
Digital encoding – 16:9 aspect ratio – video only. -
 Used on Church web site for video distribution or
 streaming playback.
     650P60 – 360 lines, 640 pixel horizontal
       13 Mpel/sec – Can play on PC or Media Player
     720P60 – 720 lines, 1280 pixel horizontal
       55 Mpel/sec – Can Play on PC or Media Player
     1080P60 – 1080 lines, 1920 pixel horizontal
       124 Mpel/sec – Requires Media Player or GPU
         Audio – Two Types
• Low level – microphones – 2 mv – balanced
• Line Level – MP3 and CD players – unbalanced-
  100 mv
• Speakers – building sound system, room
  speakers – 70 volts
• Input audio to building sound system through
  low level microphone inputs – requires matching
  box
Connectors
Video Connections
        Building Connections




                    Audio Input –
                    Microphone and
                    Line level



Video – Composite
and TV
                                     Room Control
        Streaming vs Stored
• Streaming – can stream from WiFi network
  – requires PC – Simple to use – can be
  intermittent due to Internet activity – low to
  medium resolution
• Stored – can be downloaded from Internet
  – plays on PC or media player – highest
  resolution – reliable.
Program Distribution
         Managing the Network
Facility Management             Wards and Stakes
• Owns, manages and funds the   • Manages computers such as
  networks                        MLS
• Monitors network health       • Monitors network activity
   – Diagnoses and repairs      • Suggests changes
• Makes changes as requested    • Supports member usage
   – Additional nodes           • Communicates SSIDs and
   – Passphrases                  passphrases
   – Blockings and access       • Trains members
• Support to wards and stakes   • Supports special applications
  as needed                       such as webcasting
• Specialist Training           • Identifies offensive sites
• Provides special equipment
  such as cameras and web
  casters
                   Installation Process
•   WAN (Comcast)                                   •   Building Intranet – Details vary for
    –   Survey                                          each building
          • Sizes complexity of installation             –   Wired access
             process                                           • Root nodes
    –   Installation                                           • Chapel
          • Provides WAN access to building                    • Satellite cabinet
          • Usually in boiler room                       –   Nodes
                 – External access available                   • Set up network in Dashboard with
                 – Grounding available                           Name, SSID, passphrase
                 – Tunnel and crawlspace                       • MLS computers with wired
                     access                                      connection from node to computer
                 – Furnace room is opaque to             –   Survey of wireless coverage
                     WIFI – requires root node to              • Add nodes as required (2 bar
                     be wired external to boiler                 coverage)
                     room
                                                    •   Set up filtering
                                                         –   Node filtering through dashboard
                                                         –   Router filtering
  Costs- Facilities Management
• Costs – approx $1100 per meetinghouse
   – $50/node
   – DNS Filtering – no cost
   – Firewall Filtering ($500)
   – Installation 6 to 10 hours per meetinghouse
   – WAN Access
       • $44.50/month (12/4 Cable)
       • Installation – no cost
• Operation
   – 7/24 monitoring – Email notification
   – Remote diagnostic
                   Getting Ready
• Call Specialists               • Training for Specialists
   – Audio Visual Specialist       provided by Stake./FM
       • Manages projector          – Technology
       • Audio                      – MLS
   – Technology Specialist
                                 • Network and
       • Computers
                                   configuration provided by
       • Software
                                   Facility Management
   – Network Specialist
       • Using the network
   – Web Specialist
       • Updates Ward Web Site
             Larry W. Holmstrom
              Cell: 801 712 2499
Email: larry@larryholmstrom.com

								
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