Ethnical and Religious Cleavages in Europe by samc

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									Ethnical and Religious Cleavages in Europe

Poland (Republic) Linguistic Group: Western Slavs Religion: Catholic (important part of national identity) Ethnical minorities: German, Ukraine, Belarusian (small and not important) NORTHERN STATES: Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland Nordic (Scandinavian) Union D+S+N - Kingdoms Finland - Republic Linguistic Group: Danish, Swedish, Norwegian: Northern German Finnish: Ugric (Ugrofinnish not Indo-European Family - Ural Family) Religion: Protestants Ethnical minorities: Lapps (Lapplanders) - in Sweden, Norway, Finland Strong Swedish minority in Finland Germany (Republic) Linguistic Group: German Religion: Protestants, Catholics (mainly Bavaria) Ethnical Minorities: Danish, Polabs (Polabians) (not important for politics) Cleavage: „Wessis“ x „Osis“

Netherlands (Kingdom) Linguistic group: Dutch - German Religion: Protestants, (Calvinists), Catholic Ethnical minorities: (not important) Belgium (Kingdom) Religion: Catholic Ethnical groups: Walloons - French speaking Flemish - Dutch speaking German (small minority) France (Republic) Linguistic group: Romance Religion: Catholics Ethnical minorities: Germans (Alsace and Lorraine), Basques (borders with Spain), Bretons (Brittany) Not important for politics, Corsican

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Linguistic groups: English - Western German Irish - Celtic group Gaelic - (Scotland) - Celtic group Welsh - Celtic group Religion: Protestants (Anglican, Presbyterian), Catholics (Irish)!!!! Ethnical Minorities: Irish - strong cleavage Welsh, Scottish - strengthening of the identity Irish Republic Linguistic group: Celtic Religion: Catholic (important part of national identity) Ethnical minorities: Not important ethnical groups

Spain (Kingdom) Linguistic group: Spanish, Catalan, Galician - Romance Basques??? (not clear - isolated language) Religion: Catholic Ethnical minorities: Catalans Basques Galician Portugal (Republic) Linguistic group: Romance Religion: Catholic Ethnical minorities: Not important

Italy (Republic) Linguistic group: Romance Religion: Catholic Ethnical minorities: (not important) Important cleavage: North x South

Austria (Republic) Linguistic group: German Religion: Catholic Ethnical minorities: Slovenian etc. - not important Switzerland (Republic) Linguistic groups: French, Italian, Romanch - Romance German - German Religion: Catholic, protestant (lutherans x calvinists) Ethnical groups: German speaking French speaking Italian speaking Romanch speaking

POST-YUGOSLAVIAN STATES: Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro (Yugoslavia), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia Slovenia (Republic) Linguistic group: Southern Slavic Religion: Catholic Ethnical Minorities: Italian, Austrian - not politically important Croatia (Republic) Linguistic group: Southern Slavic Religion: Catholic Ethnical Minorities: Beginning of 90’s - Serbs, most of them left the country

Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republic) Confederation Linguistic group: Southern Slavic 3 presidents Religion: Croats - Catholic Republic of Serbs + Federation of Croats and Muslims Serbs - Eastern Orthodox Muslims (Bosnians) - Muslims Ethnical groups: Croats, Serbs, Muslims

Serbia and Montenegro (Yugoslavia) (Republic) Linguistic group: Serbian, Montenegrian: Southern Slavic Albanian (Kosovo): Albanian Religion: Serbs, Montenegrians: Eastern Orthodox Albanians: Muslims Ethnical Minorities: Albanians (Kosovo in Serbia) Germans, Czechs, Croats, Hungarians - (Vojvodina in Serbia) Romany (Gypsy) Macedonia (Republic) Linguistic group: Macedonians: Southern Slavic (near to Bulgarian) Albanians: Albanian Religion: Eastern Orthodox Albanians: Muslims Ethnical minorities: Albanians Greek

Albania (Republic) Linguistic group: Albanian Religion: Muslims, Catholic Ethnical Minorities: not important Cleavage: tribal or clan identity Greece (Republic) Linguistic Group: Greek Religion: Greek Catholic (near Eastern Orthodox) Ethnical minorities: not politically important, Strong anti-Turkish sentiment!!! Bulgaria (Republic) Linguistic group: Southern Slavic Religion: Eastern Orthodox Ethnical minorities: Turkish Romany (Gypsy) Romania (Republic) Linguistic group: Romance Religion: Eastern Orthodox Ethnical minorities: Hungarian Romany (Gypsy)

Hungary (Republic) Linguistic group: Ugrofinnish (not Indo-European language) Religion: Catholic, Protestant Ethnical minorities: not important Important problem – Hungarians outside Hungary!!! Slovakia (Republic) Linguistic group: Western Slavic Religion: Catholic (small group of Protestants) Ethnical minorities: Hungarian Romany Moldova (Republic) Linguistic group: Romance (Romanian) Religion: Eastern Orthodox Ethnical minorities: Ukraine Russian Jewish (historically)

Ukraine (Republic) Linguistic group: Eastern Slavic Religion: Eastern Orthodox Ethnical minorities: Russians, Poles
Belarus (Republic) Linguistic group: Eastern Slavic Religion: Eastern Orthodox Ethnical Minorities: Russian (near to 40 %), Polish Low level of national identity!!! BALTIC STATES (republics) Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania Linguistic group: Estonian: Ugrofinnish Lithuanian and Latvian: Baltic group Religion: Lithuania: Catholic Latvia: Protestant, Catholic Estonia: Protestant Ethnical minorities: Russians (20-40 %)


								
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