Drugs

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                                     Drugs of abuse
                                     Notes for teachers




Contents

 There are four chapters that describe drugs and their abuse, relevant to the science curriculum.


  1   What is drug abuse? sets the scene by describing tolerance, addiction, dependency and the
      level of drug use amongst teenagers in the United Kingdom.


  2   Drugs and the law looks at the main types of drugs that are abused: sedatives, stimulants,
      hallucinogens and painkillers. It describes the UK law regarding the possession and supply of
      drugs.


  3   Drugs and you looks at some of the issues around drug taking and attitudes to risk.


  4   Examples of drugs of abuse has a series of information pages that describe the effects
      of drugs on the body, how addictive they are and their status in UK law. Drugs covered are:
      alcohol, alkyl nitrites, amphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cannabis, cocaine,
      ecstasy, heroin, khat, LSD, magic mushrooms, solvents, steroids and tobacco.




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               www.schoolscience.co.uk/content/4/biology/abpi/drugs/index.html
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33    Age 14-16
                                       Drugs of abuse
                                       Notes for teachers



  Curriculum links (using the COL keyword scheme)

Humans & other animals
Human health: smoking
Human health: alcohol
Human health: other harmful substances, including
drugs




  Web links

Talk to Frank: drugs advice (telephone: 0800 77 66 00)
www.talktofrank.com
DrugScope
www.drugscope.org.uk
Child Line (telephone: 0800 1111)
www.childline.org.uk




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                   www.schoolscience.co.uk/content/4/biology/abpi/drugs/index.html
                                                   ABPI                         33
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33
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33     Age 14-16
                                          Drugs of abuse
                                          Notes for teachers


  Using the resource

1 - Drugs of abuse
This activity introduces students to the different types of drugs, then looks at specific examples.



                                                Types of drugs
                                                Have students use page 3 of the electronic resource
                                                to answer the questions on the first part of Student
                                                worksheet, Drugs of abuse.
                                                This activity looks at sedatives, stimulants, painkillers and
                                                hallucinogens. It describes their effects on the body and
                                                gives examples of drugs in each class.

                                                Examples
                                                Have students use page 5 of the resource to research
                                                the different drugs and complete the table specifically for
                                                alcohol, heroin, cannabis, ecstasy, solvents and steroids.




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                    www.schoolscience.co.uk/content/4/biology/abpi/drugs/index.html
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33     Age 14-16
                                          Drugs of abuse
                                           Notes for teachers



  Using the resource

2 - How would you handle drugs?
This activity looks at the more personal issues surrounding drugs, rather than the science involved.
There are no set answers to the problems posed. They form the basis of discussions and will hopefully
stimulate the students to think about their own actions.

Attitudes to risk
Have students complete the questionnaire on page 4 of the electronic resource. This provides feedback
to the students on their attitude to taking risks. This can be used as a basis for a discussion on how they
think about personal decisions.
How dangerous are drugs?
The second activity asks students to group drugs depending on their perception of how dangerous
the drugs are. Once again, this can be used as a basis for looking at perceptions and actual risks. For
example, smoking and alcohol are responsible for tens of thousands of deaths each year. However, they
are freely and legally available.
The aim of this exercise is to point out that illegal drugs are dangerous but legal ones are not necessarily
safe.

How would you handle it?
Cards set out several scenarios. In groups, the students discuss different ways of dealing with each
situation. A class discussion can look at the different options and the best way to deal with the situations.
Clearly a discussion like this should be treated with sensitivity. Students should be told to keep all
comments impersonal and not to relate specific incidents that have happened to them or their friends.
Students should be made aware of the information available to them through organisations such as Child
Line, Talk to Frank and DrugScope (see Web links)




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333      Age 14-16
                                         Drugs of abuse
                                        Student worksheet 1


  Types of drugs

These questions ask you about the different types of drugs.

   1. a What effects do stimulants have on the body?
      b Give two examples of stimulants.

   2. a What effects do painkillers have on the body?
      b Give two examples of painkillers.

   3. a What effects do sedatives have on the body?
      b Give two examples of sedatives.

   4. a What effects do hallucinogens have on the body?
      b Give two examples of hallucinogens.

   5. Explain what happens when a person becomes addicted to a drug.


   6. Copy out this table and complete it.



                                  Effect on
           Drug                                          Is it addictive?        Class in UK Law
                                  the body

Alcohol

Heroin

Canabis

Ectasy

Solvents

Steroids




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                                     Students worksheet 2


  How dangerous are drugs?

Cut out these cards.

Put them into groups according to how dangerous you think they are.




           Aerosols                           Alcohol                        Alkyl nitrites
           (solvents)                    (beer, wine, spirits)                  (rush)



        Amphetamines                                                          Barbiturates
                                               Aspirin
           (speed)                                                           (sleeping pills)



       Benzodiazepines                         Caffeine                        Cannabis
         (tranquilisers)                 (coffee, soft-drinks)             (grass, marijuana)



            Cocaine                                                          Glue sniffing
                                              Ecstasy
             (crack)                                                           (solvents)



                                                                                  LSD
            Heroin                              Khat
                                                                                 (acid)



                                             Steroids                          Tobacco
       Magic mushrooms
                                         (anabolic steroids)                  (cigarettes)




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                                Students worksheet 2




             Very dangerous                                   Quite dangerous




        Not really dangerous                                     Quite safe




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333    Age 14-16
                                       Drugs of abuse
                                      Student worksheet 3


  How would you handle it?

Discuss in your groups the best way to deal with these situations.

What are the different options?




                    You meet up with a friend on the street. They are smoking and
                                        offer you a cigarette.




                   You are walking past some shops and a group of younger people
                   stop you. They have money and ask you to go into an off licence
                                and buy some cans of lager for them.




                      At a party, some people who you don’t know are smoking
                      something that looks like cannabis. They offer you some.




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