August TRO Workshop Dueouts and Issues by POWO

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                                Update Brief on Status of Issues
                                           From The
                                   Aug 03 TRO Workshop



                                           COL Neil Johnson
                               Senior Reserve Component Integrator, Joint Staff/J-7
                                                703-614-6485




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                                                                    Agenda
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                                Why TRO?
                                TRO Background
                                TRO Issues – Aug 03 TRO Workshop
                                Discussion




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                                                    Why TRO?
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            •              Effective TRO is an enabler for the “train, mobilize, deploy”
                           paradigm
            •              Develop COCOM policy guidance and assign responsibilities for
                           implementing TRO of the Reserve Components (RC) forces
                           assigned to Combatant Commands
            •              Early identification of joint, theater specific training requirements is
                           essential and benefits RC units
                               – Supports Sec Def Training Transformation (T2) Strategy and the
                                 OSD T2 Implementation Plan
                               – Enhances predictability
                               – Allows RC to maximize IDT training value
                               – Facilitates RC interoperability training
                               – Provides venue to educate and train RC personnel to operate
                                 effectively at the COCOM and JTF staff levels
                               – Minimizes post-mobilization training time
                               – Maximizes mission time without extending total time mobilized
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                                          TRO Background
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 •             Goldwater-Nichols required service Secretaries to assign all forces to unified
               commands (10 USC 162)
                – Combatant command (COCOM) authority (10 USC 164) over RC forces not
                   specifically addressed
                – Exempts those forces required to carry out Service Title X functions
 •             Perry Memo (6 September 1996) provides clarification of “Forces For” memo
                – Defines TRO as “…the authority that combatant commanders may
                   exercise over assigned RC forces when not on active duty and when on
                   ADT…”
                – Clearly defined COCOM’s command authority over assigned RC forces
                – Defines COCOM’s TRO authorities
                    • Provide guidance to Service component on operational requirements
                       & priorities to be included Service training programs
                    • Coordinate & approve RC participation in joint training when on
                       ADT/IDT
                    • Review RC readiness and inspection reports
                    • Coordinate and review mobilization plans developed for assigned RC
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                                 TRO Background – Current Policies
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•    DOD Directive 5100.1, “Functions of the Department of Defense and Its Major
     Components” (AUG 2002)
              – Focus is on Title X functions
              – No reference to TRO or TRO lead agency
•    JP 0-2 “Unified Action Armed Forces” (JUL 2001)
              – Elaborates on DODD 5100.1
              – Addresses COCOM authority of NG and Reserve forces and TRO; does not
                designate TRO lead agency
              – Designates JFCOM as lead joint force integrator, trainer, & joint force provider of
                assigned CONUS based forces
•    CJCSI 3500.01(2d Draft), “Joint Training Policy and Guidance for the Armed Forces of
     the United States”
              – Currently in process of going out for Planner Review
              – Directs COCOMs to “…develop and implement policy guidance and assign
                responsibilities for implementing TRO…”
              – Identifies JFCOM as “…Joint Staff agent for COCOM training plan collection, review
                and analysis.”
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                                 TRO Background – Current Policies
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  •              USJFCOM Instruction 3500.3B – Training Readiness Oversight of RC
                        – Internal JFCOM document; provides policy guidance for implementing
                          TRO of RC forces assigned to JFCOM; TRO exercised through Service
                          Component Commands
                        – Addresses requirement to capture RC training requirements of other
                          COCOMs for which JFCOM is force provider
  •              DJSM 1031-99 (DEC 99) designated ACJCS, NG&RM as JS “facilitator” for
                 TRO - Provide continuity for coordination of RC issues that impact
                 integration of RC into COCOMs; unclear roles and responsibilities


                  BOTTOM LINE: CURRENT POLICIES DO NOT ADEQUATELY ADDRESS
                        ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE KEY PLAYERS



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                                                    TRO Issues
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 Sixteen issues were developed by COCOM, Service, and RC
 representatives who attended the August 03 TRO Workshop

                         Issues were briefed to the JS/J-7 and JFCOM/JWFC leadership
                         IPR/planning session between ASD/RA, OACJCS/NG&RM, JS/J-7,
                        and JFCOM/J72 on 5 Nov
                                Conducted initial planning for next Workshop
                                Scrubbed the 16 issues, updated the status and subsumed
                                several issues reducing the number to 10 issues


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                                       TRO Issues
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  Issue 03 TRO 01: Current RC visibility on and participation in joint/Service
  individual and collective training is insufficient. JTIMS functionality, visibility, and
  training are currently unavailable at most RC activities.
  Discussion: RC units lack adequate access to JTS development and scheduling
  processes and are provided insufficient notification of Joint Training opportunities.
  Despite the need for increased joint training for RC, as well as the requirement for
  closer RC-AC integration, the JTS’ enabling support system (JTIMS) is typically
  unavailable to the RC.
  Impact: The RC is missing joint training opportunities, negatively impacting joint
  preparedness.
  Plan of Action:
  1. Provide access to JTIMS for RC
  2. Integrate RC into COCOM JTS activities
  3. Integrate RC (via Service Components) into Joint Manning Doc. Requirements with focus
  on JTS support and execution activities

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  Issue 03 TRO 01 (CONT): Current RC visibility on and participation in joint/Service
  individual and collective training is insufficient. JTIMS functionality, visibility, and
  training are currently unavailable at most RC activities.
  End State: Total AC/RC integration
  OPR: 1) JS/J-7 (Policy) 2) COCOMs/Service Components (Action); Supporting:
  JFCOM
  Status: The JTS/JTIMS has not yet been fully implemented at the COCOMs and
  their Service Component Commands. T2 IPlan requires full implementation of JTS
  throughout DOD; JS/J-7 addressing issue in the revision to CJCSI 3500.01 “Joint
  Training Policy and Guidance” and is collaborating with the NGB to implement the
  JTS at NGB; if NGB proto-type is successful, it can be implemented enterprise wide




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  Issue 03 TRO 02: AC knowledge of RC capability is inadequate.
  Discussion: RC capabilities, requirements, and mobilization considerations are not fully
  understood by AC and COCOMS.
  Impact: Reserve forces are not fully leveraged or inefficiently used.
  Plan of Action:
  1. Increase AC/RC cross pollination via officer/enlisted exchange, liaisons and assignments
  2. Ensure RC capabilities, requirements, and mobilization considerations are addressed in
  Service and JPME curriculums
  3. Increase RC exposure to JPME concepts and curriculum
  4. Increase RC manning on COCOM staffs
  End State: Total AC/RC force integration
  OPR: 1) Joint Staff/J7 2) JFCOM                               Supporting: Services
  Status: This issue is somewhat addressed in the T2 IPlan but it requires increased RC
  manning at COCOMs and their SCCs, and Services assigning additional active component at
  RC commands.May require OSD supporting additional AGR/TAR/AR billets for the Guard and
  reserve to augment COCOM and SCC staffs. This issue has also been made a “Special Area
  of Emphasis” topic for presentation to the Military Education Coordination Council (MECC) 10
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  Issue 03 TRO 03: Processes for tasking and utilizing RC is not well
  understood/well executed by the AC or COCOMs.
  Discussion: RC training environment and resultant readiness conditions
  is not always properly considered by AC/COCOMs during planning,
  mobilization and operational activities.
  Impact: Reserve forces are not fully or are improperly leveraged.
  Plan of Action: Discuss during WJTC 03 with focus on developing AC
  policies and procedures reflective of RC realities.
  End State: Total AC/RC force integration
  OPR: Joint Staff/J7                 Supporting: Service Components
  Status: Recommend Closure; this issue is a sub-set to issue 03TRO02
  and and has been subsumed into 03TRO02

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  Issue 03 TRO 04: JTIMS functionality, visibility, and training are currently unavailable at most
  RC activities.
  Discussion: Despite the need for increased joint training for RC, as well as the requirement for
  closer RC-AC integration, the JTS’ enabling support system (JTIMS) is typically unavailable to
  the RC.
  Impact: The integrated Total Force approach is unexecutable in a joint environment.
  Plan of Action:
  1. Opt 1: SIPRNET capability needs to be fully fielded at RC level in order to implement JTS
  and utilize JTIMS (enabling activity for JTIMS).
  2. Opt 2: Develop a tailored RC JTIMS capability that links to current JTIMS and provide the
  necessary integrating functionalities.
  3. JTIMS fielding includes required systems, sustainment, training, and support personnel.
  End State: RC totally integrated into the JTS/JTIMS
  OPR: Joint Staff/J7                       Supporting: Services/JFCOM
  Status: Recommend Closure; this issue has been subsumed into Issue 03 TRO 01


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  Issue 03 TRO 05: UJTL does not adequately reflect or support all Service Components
  activities.
  Discussion: UJTL should provide a common language and may not be doing so in an
  adequate manner at this time. Furthermore, vertical links between UJTL levels may be
  needed for UJTL to reach its full potential.
  Impact: Reserve forces not fully leveraged since their activities are not always properly
  reflected in UJTL nor are task linkages clear enough to show what supported/supporting
  relationships are required.
  Plan of Action: Expand ongoing UJTL development/evolution process to include:
  1. Focused analysis of Service Component activities to ensure UJTL includes all activities
  2. Study, and if required, enable activities to vertically link UJTL
  End State: Reserve capabilities fully integrated into Total Force
  OPR: Joint Staff/J7                        Supporting: JFCOM
  Status: Currently there are 3 UJTL initiatives to improve, automate the UJTL and links plans
  to task to readiness. Recommend the Reserve Components will be be afforded the
  opportunity to participate in the UJTL improvement processes
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  Issue 03 TRO 06: Need dedicated JTS Specialists at the Service
  Component level.
  Discussion: Inadequate support/expertise of JTS at the Service
  Component level.
  Impact: Service Components are not fully integrated into JTS.
  Plan of Action: Place JTS Specialists at the Component HQs
  End State: JTS fully implemented at Service Component level
  OPR: OSD(P&R/RA)                                  Supporting: JS/JFCOM
  Status: OSD develops (within the T2 framework) an overarching
  JTS/JTIMS fielding plan for implementing at the Service Component
  Commands, and their Guard and Reserve components


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  Issue 03 TRO 07: COCOM training guidance and JMETL are inconsistently provided to
  JFCOM Service Components, makes it difficult for them to develop Service METL that
  supports COCOMs JMETL.
  Discussion: COCOM training guidance and METL are an important preparedness element
  for components apportioned to COCOMs, however, such guidance is not always collected
  or disseminated.
  Impact: Scarce AC/RC resources and training opportunities are underutilized.
  Plan of Action: JFCOM will collect/review all COCOM JMETLs & then publish/provide
  current training guidance/JMETS to Service Components (FORSCOM, ACC,
  MARFORLANT, COMPLANTFLT).
  End State: Components will have annual timely & accurate JMETL, METL and training
  guidance.
  OPR: JFCOM                             Supporting: Joint Staff/J7, COCOMs
  Status: This issue is addressed in the draft CJCSI 3500.01C “Joint Training Policy and
  Guidance” with the CJCS providing guidance to the COCOMs to develop integrated
  Active/Reserve Component joint training programs, and implement TRO; JFCOM as the
  “owner” of 80% of the RC must be more pro-active in RC joint training and education
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 Issue 03 TRO 08: COCOMs require a pool of RC personnel, educated and trained in joint
 operational art, for augmentation during joint operations.
 Discussion/Impact: There has been a recurring need for RC personnel to augment COCOM battle
 staffs and JTF staffs. Lessons learned from previous operations (OEF/OIF) identifies a need to
 educate and train additional RC personnel in joint operational art.
 Plan of Action:
  1. Develop focused RC JPME
  2. COCOMs must identify the requirements for joint educated/trained RC personnel
 3. Assign RC personnel to joint augmentation units that are assigned to COCOMs, SJFHQ, and
 Svc Component Commands
  4. COCOMs must integrate RC personnel into COCOM-sponsored exercises
 End State: Sufficient number of joint educated and trained RC personnel to support COCOM
 mission requirements.
 OPR: Primary-OSD/Joint Staff(J-7)         Supporting: JFCOM
 Status: 1) JS/J-7 is addressing this in the JTP&G. 2) DoDI 1215.20 establishes the need for RC
 JPME and has resulted in an AJPME course. 3) JS/J-7 is addressing this in the JTP&G. 3) JS/J-7
 will request JFCOM, which has a functioning Joint Reserve Unit (JRU), to assist COCOMs in
 developing/fielding JRUs
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  Issue 03 TRO 09: Selected RC units, at various levels, require COCOM/Svc
  Component Command Mission Planning Guidance to develop their respective METs.
  Discussion: In some cases, direct linkage to theater plans and operational activities
  will enable RC units to conduct mission requirements-based analysis for developing
  their mission essential tasks (MET).
  Impact: Current process does not support DoD Training Transformation strategy, nor
  does it ensure RC units properly support COCOM and Service Component
  requirements.
  Plan of Action:
  1. Link RC units to specific OP/CON/FUNC Plans
  2. Increase integration of RC HQs staff and units into COCOM-sponsored exercises

  End State: RC units are trained to support specified mission requirements.
  OPR: JFCOM                      Supporting: Joint Staff/J7, COCOMs, Components
  Status: Recommend Closure, this issue has been subsumed into issue 03 TRO 07

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  Issue 03 TRO 10: DoD should develop common terms of reference for RC
  augmentation to Combatant Commands (TAR/AGR; TTAD/MPA; DIMA/IMA/IA).
  Discussion: No common DoD-wide terms of reference for accessing the RC exists,
  hence complicating COCOM’s use of the RC.
  Impact: Current lack of standardization among seven disparate personnel
  processes complicates force utilization especially during crisis response and force
  development activities.
  Plan of Action: OSD develop policy directing common set of terms/definitions to
  facilitate combatant commands to request RC augmentation. Terms/definitions
  should be standardized in Service and Joint publications.
  End State: Common frame of reference for requesting RC support within the joint
  community
  OPR: OSD(P&R)                   Supporting: ASD(RA) and Joint Staff (J1)
  Status: TBD

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  Issue 03 TRO 11: Incentives must be provided to encourage RC personnel to
  attend joint/Service educational, training and exercise venues.
  Discussion: While an operational requirement exists for additional joint training and
  qualification, there is no driving force or incentive for RC personnel to become joint
  qualified.
  Impact: Adverse impact on capability to support the joint warfighter during
  operational missions.
  Plan of Action: Recommend OSD(P&R) and OSD(RA) develop POA&M for
  developing incentives to attract qualified RC personnel.
  End State: Sufficient quantity of RC personnel who are qualified at JPME Phase II
  levels who can support joint requirement.
  OPR: OSD(P&R/RA)               Supporting: Joint Staff (J7/J1)
  Status: Incentives are being discussed in the JPME community


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  Issue 03 TRO 12: Tracking Joint education, training and experience of RC personnel
  Discussion: A common, integrated personnel qualification tracking system that includes
  Joint education, training and experience of RC personnel is needed. This system should
  enable access to qualified RC personnel for military skill sets, and permit location RC
  personnel possessing specialized, non-military skills that may be needed by the
  AC/COCOMs. No standard DoD system currently exists for tracking RC special skills.
  Impact: Prevents DOD components from being able to access required assets
  Plan of Action:
  1. Establish JPME/joint experience and special skills identifier database
  2. Develop special skill identifiers to identify current Service/joint skills
  3. Develop special skill identifiers to identify specialized, non-military skills
  4. Refer this issue to OSD for review, research and recommendations
  End State: Common, integrated database system that tracks the joint education, training
  and experience of RC personnel
  OPR: OSD(P&R) / ASD(RA)                   Supporting: Services
  Status: This is an integral part of the T2/JAEC; DIMHRS, scheduled for IOC in FY 05
  should provide the means to fix this problem;
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                               DISCUSSION


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