Magazine of the Perth PC Users Group
VOLUME 20 NUMBER 6 JULY 2006 RRP $2.50
Articles For your diary
President’s Column .................................... 3 JULY MEETINGS
Foggy Windows Cleared ............................ 4
Enlarging Text on the Screen and in General Meeting Wednesday 5th
Programs .................................................... 4 from 6:00 to 8:30 p.m. at the East Perth Rail Terminal,
What Does a Cache do for a Computer ..... 5
East Perth. Enter off Lord Street.
Jim’s Computer Tips .................................. 9
Some Questions Answered ...................... 10 Presentation: Photo Story 3
Program Review - Registry Booster ........ 11 presented by Sylvia Brace
E-Mail...Overused, Abused and
and Marylou Clark
Invaluable .................................................. 12
Reports from the SIGs ............................. 14
Perth PCUG Einstein@Home Team ........ 18
Who Would Have Thought Tax Could
Committee Meeting Tuesday 11th
Be Interesting!! ......................................... 24
Members’ Free Advertisements .............. 25
Why Settle, Do It Your Way........................ 26
Training ..................................................... 27
General Meeting Wednesday 2nd
Benefits of Membership ............................. 8 from 6:00 to 8:30 p.m. at the East Perth Rail Terminal,
Reader’s Forum ......................................... 20 East Perth. Enter off Lord Street.
Committee Meeting Tuesday 8th
Membership Application Form .......................... 7
Members’ Help Page ........................................... 2
This Month’s SIG Meetings .............................. 22
This Month’s Calendar ..................................... 23
AXESS MAGAZINE IS POSTED FREE OF CHARGE TO MEMBERS
Members’ Help Page
FREE HELP IS ONLY A PHONE CALL AWAY!
Have your membership number at hand in case you are asked for it
These members have ACCESS (Basic VBA) MODEMS
volunteered to give telephone Ray Lucas Trevor Davis 9399 7264
support, free of charge,
to club members only. PHOTOSHOP
ANTI VIRUS Abbe Harman 9245 8577
Graham Rogers 9451 3561 email@example.com
Prepare your telephone calls in AutoCAD (Auto LISP) Tom Scott 9274 3775
advance and keep them short. Ray Lucas
Where possible please have a PUBLISHER
telephone close to the computer. Esther Jones 9259 4214
Call during reasonable hours BEGINNERS HELP firstname.lastname@example.org.
Connie Shaw 9375 1655 Rita Sputore-Keller 9276 8209
(9.00 a. m. - 9.00 p. m.) unless Gordon Giles 9276 4218 or email@example.com
otherwise arranged. 0417 952 196
▪ Don't expect the helper to (All QUICKEN products)
call back if not at home COREL DRAW Peter Scarfe 9359 2281
when you call them. John Hallam 9293 1017
▪ Don't get upset if the DIGITAL PHOTO SLIDE SHOW Ray Lucas
helper cannot solve your Neville Risbey 9304 5236 firstname.lastname@example.org
▪ Don’t call work numbers DREAMWEAVER Robert Boylen 9386 2666
unless they are specified Gordon Giles 9276 4218 or email@example.com
in the help page. 0417 952 196 Rita Sputore-Keller 9276 8209
▪ Don’t use this help to
replace manuals or Ray Lucas
vendors’ support lines or to firstname.lastname@example.org —–oooOooo—–
support illegal copies of
Gordon Giles 9276 4218 or
If you can assist someone on 0417 952 196 MODEM HELP BY
any topic, send your details to email@example.com
the editor for inclusion on this
page. INTERNET John Browne City
Joy Watson 9457 5098
If your telephone number has 9328 3328 H
changed, please advise the LOTUS ORGANIZER Mary Straiton Wanneroo
editor, e-mail: Peter Mann 9459 8140
firstname.lastname@example.org Esther Jones 9259 421 9405 1820 H
Trevor Davis Armadale
Ray Lucas 9399 7264 H
▬ If you have the knowledge and skill to help members of the Perth PC
User Group, please arrange to have your name put on this page.
▬ If you can no longer provide this help, please advise the editor so
that your name can be removed from the page.
made slide shows with all the get from members the better the
bells and whistles. meetings and the better the club
President’s Column will be.
I like good news! We have a two
conveners to keep the South of Several of you are still not
the River Day SIG up and letting the membership secretary
It’s July again and the time most running Doreen Brace (yes Wendy Jacobs know of email
of us have to deal with the tax sisters) and Joe Potter will be changes and such like. This is
man. working on that project. Thanks important to you as things move
Our June main meeting had an go to them. I’m assured that the and problems pop up and we
interesting subject E-Tax and members of that group will may be able to get you a warning
from the excellent demonstration greatly appreciate your efforts. of an impending virus or
from Andre and the questions, something that may cause your
Starting this month we are computer to fail. If we have your
all welcomed it. This is the sort placing an active Q and A form
of item most people want to hear correct email address then we
on the clubs website so if you will get the information to you.
and we encourage people to have a problem please go to this
support the efforts of those who site and fill in the form and send Last month we pointed out the
strive to give you these it to Trevor. Also we have one label on the back of your
demonstrations. on the Dianella Day SIG site and magazine. I don’t know about
I must point out I had two emails one on the South of the River Wendy but I get members asking
from members who apologised website for their Q and A. me to find out when their fee is
for not attending as they were due. So many in fact I was
The Training website also has an thinking of just taking the money
not interested. I felt compelled to electronic form to apply for the
reply that this wasn’t really and taking a holiday. It may
training courses. Keep an eye on have got me to Rottnest or at
supporting the club. the club site as things are least to Barrack St jetty.
This month we will be changing all the time and you
welcoming Silvia Brace and may miss out. I hope to see you all at a meeting
Marylou Clark From the somewhere soon. Good luck and
If you have any information on thanks to all our committee and
Dianella Evening SIG with interesting subjects let us know
Photo story 3. This is something helpers.
and we may be able to get them
you must see if you like home to a meeting. The more input we Gordon Giles President.
AXESS is published monthly (11) by the POLICY All articles, reports, reviews etc. should
Perth PC Users Group Inc. (PPCUG), be sent as plain, unformatted (ASCII)
P.O. Box 1201, Booragoon, WA 6954. Although it is policy to check all material text because this ensures that they can
appearing in AXESS for accuracy, no be read by any word-processor.
Subscription is by membership of the warranty either expressed or implied is
group at the prevailing rates. Single given. No responsibility will be taken for If you wish to include graphics, please
copies may be purchased, if available, at losses or expenses incurred as a result send them in separate files with your
$2.50 each plus postage. of advice given in any article appearing name on each file.
in AXESS. Unless specifically stated
Articles in AXESS are copyright to otherwise, the experiences and opinions Contact the editor if your submission is
PPCUG unless otherwise stated and expressed in any column or article are not published within three issues.
may not be reproduced commercially, in those of the author and do not represent
whole or part, unless written permission an official opinion or position of, or Code: If program code is included, place
is given by the PPCUG. endorsement by, the PERTH PC Users it at the end of the article or in a separate
Group. file for each block of code and, in your
Notwithstanding the above, permission is article, refer to each as Fig. 1, Fig. 2 etc.
extended to other User Groups and non- Contribution of Articles to AXESS Small code fragments may be used in
profit organisations to use any material Magazine the main article.
appearing in AXESS provided
acknowledgment is given to the source Contact Trisha Moss Editing: All articles are edited for style,
and the author. Ph 9293 2519, or e-mail to spelling, grammar and length. Articles
email@example.com that may not be edited or do not meet
DISCLAIMER our standards will be rejected.
We require your name for legal reasons
All comments, editorial or otherwise, are but you may reserve the right to not have Rejections: Articles with self-extracting
those of the writer and don't necessarily your name published. files or virus infection are rejected
reflect the opinion of the PPCUG. without notification.
JULY 2006 AXESS - PERTH PCUG Page 3
Foggy Windows Cleared
In the days of Windows ME, and problem included a web-site ‘clean-installation’). You need to
earlier, one could install, or re- address which was so useful that I backspace over the changed part
install, these versions over and over bookmarked it almost instantly. It is and restore it to what it was when
again, without any feeling of www.microsoft.com/piracy/ you first wrote it down.
anxiety, especially if one found that activation.mspx There is an
something had been left out due to explanatory video-clip which can The other piece of miss-information
a ‘read’ error. Then along came be viewed if you first click on the I previously believed was that, if
Windows XP and the grey shadow link labelled ‘Myths Of Product one’s Product-Key expired,
of ‘Activation’. There is no Activation’. Then click on ‘Product meaning that one couldn’t ‘activate’
disputing the fact that, in these days Activation For Windows XP’ which via the Internet, and so had to use
when unsavoury things like is at the bottom of the list. Finally, the phone – it automatically
software piracy happen all too look at ‘Learn More’, where you’ll rendered your current CD useless.
frequently, stringent preventive see three modem-speeds given, Not so, said someone who writes
measures have to be taken. The 300k, 100k and 56k. Clicking the for this same magazine. One can go
trouble is, to my knowledge appropriate link for your modem- back to using your current CD. If
anyway, I have never read a speed will open the video-clip in only I had known then what I have
comprehensive article to explain ‘Windows Media Player’. learned so recently. For me the
“Activation” in any useful detail – ‘fog’ of my utter ignorance has
let alone explode the myths, until This video-clip clears up many been cleared and I am grateful to
very recently that is. myths, not the least of which (and I the writer of that letter for starting
have heard this one from other the process.
Because of my own ignorance in people) is the notion that one can
this matter, I have endured two only ‘activate’ Windows XP a finite Do. however, be aware that a speck
unfortunate incidences of my number of times before your of dust on the CD could still cause
Product-Key being rendered Product Key expires. Not so, says problems if it obscures an important
invalid, the first occurring for no the video-clip which can be viewed fragment of data during installation.
apparent reason. Because I assumed on this web-site. You can re-install Don’t be hasty to ‘Activate’. Wait a
that this meant my CD was useless and ‘activate’ Windows XP using few days to see that everything is
I replaced it with another one, on the same CD an infinite number of working correctly, before
both occasions – an expensive times as long as you install it on the activating.
exercise. same computer (if you reach the I hope this article lifts the fog of
point of needing to re-install ignorance from your mind and
Barely a week ago I bought a Windows XP, remember to go to enhances your Windows XP
computer-magazine in which (in the the Control Panel, click on the experience.
section where readers can express ‘System’ icon, then click on the
their views) a reader was very ‘computer-name’ tab and note Marian is a member of the Perth
annoyed by his experience of the down the exact ‘name’ given, PC Users Group
same problem. His letter won him a because that part to the right of the
prize. The answer given to his hyphen changes each time you do a
Enlarging Text On The Screen And In Programs
At a recent meeting I was asked 2. Left click properties in the look at other settings while you are
“how I had managed to enlarge the drop down box. in this area. It will change the way
text in most programs and made the 3. Click appearance and then the text appears on the screen.
text darker”? advanced. 6. At the bottom click ok then
This will affect most dropdown 4. When the advanced menu in the next box click apply then ok.
boxes and popup boxes opened in opens click on the item bar and After a few seconds the text settings
programs. click on menu. you had set up, will change.
5. To the right click on the bold
1. Right click on a clear spot on button and in the fonts box select Gordon is a member of the Perth
the desktop. “comic sans ms” . You may like to PC Users Group
Page 4 AXESS - PERTH PCUG JULY 2006
What Does A Cache Do For A
Brian K Lewis
A cache (pronounced ‘cash’) is a all the data were written directly RAM is usually 64 bits or 128 bits
form of memory storage that back to memory and then to the wide. In a system with an 800 MHz
generally operates faster than RAM hard drive, the overall process bus, the real clock rate is 200 MHz
memory or the time required to would be quite slow compared to but transfer occurs in 4 blocks per
access a hard drive. The cache is what we normally see. It is the use clock cycle. This gives an effective
smaller, faster memory that stores of caches that greatly speeds up the transfer rate of 800 MHz or 6.4 GB/
copies of the data from the most total process so the processor isn't second (still considerably slower
frequently used memory locations. stalled waiting for either than the transfer rate within the
Computer processors (CPUs) utilise instructions or data. The fastest CPU).
both internal and external caches. cache is the one that is part of the
You will also find references in the processor and is referred to as the The theory of using caches is that
specifications of hard drives, CD L1 cache. It can operate at the same instructions and data in the cache
drives and DVD drives to caches of speed as the processor. So if you will be the next set of information
various sizes. In order to see how have a 30-gigahertz (GHz) CPU, requested by the CPU for
these caches benefit computer the L1 cache also operates at 30 processing. If the requested
operations, we'll look at the GHz. Thus data can be accessed in information is in either the L1 or L2
operation of the internal caches on one clock cycle. This cache is cache, it will not be necessary to go
CPUs. generally 128 kilobytes (KB) in to RAM. Thus it can be accessed at
size or smaller, although the the internal clock rate. If it is
Before looking at the cache Pentium 4 has an internal cache of present, it is referred to as a ‘hit’;
function, you need to have some 16 KB plus an internal Trace cache otherwise it is a ‘miss’. (Logical,
understanding of the architecture of of 150 KB. right?) Now, the bigger the memory
a CPU. Much of the internal cache, the better the chances of
structure of a CPU is composed of The following diagram displays the finding the data required by the
registers that hold small bits of relative relationship of the RAM CPU. However, there is a catch to
information and also can be used in memory and the components of the this. The bigger the cache, the more
manipulating information. As one caches in the CPU body: time that is required to find the
example, the Intel Pentium 4 data. This is referred to as the
processors have 128 registers. RAM Memory ‘latency’ time. In an ideal setup you
Some registers hold instructions, would have a single cache with a
others hold data, others have L2 Memory Cache high hit rate and a low latency. This
memory addresses and others are L1 Instruction Cache is very difficult to achieve in
arithmetic manipulators. The Fetch Unit practice. Consequently, we have
instructions are found in the Decode Unit two caches, a small one with low
program code and they tell the Execution Unit latency and lower hit rate combined
processor what to do with the data. L1 Memory Cache with a large cache with higher hit
The processor loads instructions rate and high latency.
from memory and then loads data
that is manipulated based on the The components within the box run Now that we've reviewed the
instructions. So the registers hold at the same rate as the internal CPU architecture, we need to see how all
data to be processed, the results of clock. The next cache in distance this works. Let's start with the Fetch
calculations or addresses pointing from the processor is the L2 cache. unit that is used to load information
to the location of other data. The In older CPUs this was totally from memory on demand from the
processor can act on data in external to the processor. In most processor. It first checks the caches
registers almost instantaneously. cases, the L2 cache is now to see if the required instructions or
However, the registers are far too integrated on the CPU chip. The data are there. If not, it will load the
small to hold all the data required. data path in these processors is 256 information from system RAM.
Instead, instructions and data have bits wide allowing for the transfer This information is then passed to
to be read from or written to RAM. of more bits per clock cycle than the Decode unit. Note that when I
the older processors that had 64 or refer to information it can either be
If the program code were always 128 bit paths. The data path instructions or data.
loaded directly from memory, and between the CPU and the external (Continued on page 6)
JULY 2006 AXESS - PERTH PCUG Page 5
(Continued from page 5) just one execution unit. After the page, it is downloaded to your
processing is over, the result is sent computer. If you visit that same
If the information is a program to the L1 Memory cache. From page within a few days, your
instruction, the Decode unit will there it can be written to RAM or browser pulls the page from its
figure out what that particular sent elsewhere. temporary cache, compares it with
instruction does. It does that by the current page on the web server
consulting a ROM memory that Modern processors have another and updates only the changed
exists inside the CPU called feature called the ‘pipeline’. This is portions. This speeds up the
microcode. Each instruction that a the capability of having several appearance of the page on your
given CPU understands has its own different instructions at different computer. For example, my home
microcode. The microcode will stages of processing in the CPU at page is Yahoo.com. The major part
‘teach’ the CPU what to do. It is the same time. On Pentium III of this page doesn't change from
like a step-by-step guide to every processors the pipeline was 11 day to day, so the downloading of
instruction. If the instruction loaded stages – each a unit of the CPU. the page is limited to those parts
is, for example, add a+b, its The latest Pentium 4 processors that have actually changed. This
microcode will tell the decode unit have 31 stages. With the greater allows the page to appear on my
that it needs two parameters, a and number of stages, fewer transistors screen quite rapidly.
b. The Decode unit will then are required per stage, resulting in a
request the Fetch unit to grab the higher clock rate. OK, so what's the So in CPU processing, the use of
data present in the next two value of stages in the pipeline? caches has greatly increased the
memory positions, which fit the After the Fetch unit sends an speed of data handling. The same is
values for a and b. After the Decode instruction for decoding, it grabs true of caches used elsewhere in the
unit has ‘translated’ the instruction the next instruction. This can be computer. In all cases they are
and grabbed all the data required to sent on as soon as the first short-time storage of information.
execute the instruction, it will pass instruction is sent to the Execution Luckily, you don't have to have a
the data and the ‘step-by-step unit. If an instruction has to be complete understanding of caches
cookbook’ on how to execute that processed by all 11 (or 31) stages, it to use your computer. Let the
instruction to the Execute unit. takes the most time, while other computer do the work!
There is an exception to this in the instructions might require fewer
newest Pentium 4 processors. In stages. Only when the first Brian K. Lewis is a member of the
these processors the L1 Instruction instruction is finished processing Sarasota PCUG, Florida, USA’
Cache has be relocated to after the can it be sent out but others that www.spcug.org. He has been
Decode unit. It now contains the required processing by fewer stages working with personal computers
translated instructions and is might immediately follow. The for more than thirty years. He can
referred to as the Trace cache. consequence of this is that multiple be reached via e-mail: bwsail at
instructions can be processed yahoo.com.
The Execute unit will finally simultaneously. This greatly
execute the instruction. On modern increases the overall processing There is no restriction against any
CPUs you will find more than one throughput. non-profit group using this article
execution unit working in parallel. as long as it is kept in context with
This is done in order to increase the Other caches found in computers proper credit given to the author.
processor performance. For are not associated with the This article is brought to you by the
example, a Pentium 4 CPU with six processor. One such type of cache Editorial Committee of the
execution units can execute six that you use frequently, probably Association of Personal Computer
instructions per clock cycle. In without being aware of it, is the User Groups (APCUG), an
theory it could achieve the same web page cache managed by your international organisation of which
performance as six processors with web browser. When you visit a web this group is a member.
Welcome to our new members
Paul and Helene Fenton Jeanette Jones
Norman Venus Toni Petts
Janet and Steven Keatley
If you have any queries regarding non-delivery of magazines, membership cards or other problems with your
membership, please e-mail Wendy Jacobs (firstname.lastname@example.org) or phone her on 9457 0055.
Page 6 AXESS - PERTH PCUG JULY 2006
Perth PC Users Group Inc.
P.O.Box 1201 Booragoon WA 6954
This is a:
New Application Renewal (Mem # ______ ) Change of Details (Mem #______ )
Membership Types: Please tick One year membership rates below;
Individual $55 First Year, thereafter *$45 per year, Magazine, Voting right and member discounts.
(Please add $5 per email account if you are keeping your PPCUG email address and your ISP
is not Westnet.com.au. This applies to all membership types)
Family $55 + $5 per extra family member first year, thereafter $45+$5, One magazine + same as Individual
Corporate $100 Up to three nominees with I magazine + same as Individual (please supply extra names)
(Note: Prices current at time of printing)
Mr. Mrs. Ms. Other _______ Surname:
Street (Number & Name):
Work: Home: Fax: Mobile:
Company Name: Occupation:
Can we use these details on a mailing list? YES / NO
Did you hear about the Perth PC Users Group through a: current member, magazine, newspaper,
Shopping Centre Display or Other (please circle)
If you were introduced by a current member please give name …………………………………...
I/We hereby apply for membership New / Renewal of the Perth PC Users Group (Inc.) and agree to abide by its
rules while I/We remain member(s).
Signed .............................................................. Date / / 2006
* Note: If your membership is in default you will be required to add a $10 rejoining fee to your subscription.
Payment details/credit card authority
Forward to “The Treasurer”,Perth PC Users Group, P.O.Box 1201, Booragoon, W.A. 6954
Home Postal Address
Telephone Numbers BH: ( ) AH: ( )
Cheque (payable to “Perth PC Users Group Inc.”) enclosed
or Debit my credit card (Bankcard / Mastercard / Visa ) with
Credit Card No.
Expiry Date___ /___ Signature Date / /
JULY 2006 AXESS - PERTH PCUG Page 7
Benefits of being a member Committee
The Perth PC Users Group provides its members with Gordon Giles 9276 4218 (H) email@example.com
many benefits including:
▪ Monthly Meetings with guest speakers and
Peter Scales 9446 6461 (H) firstname.lastname@example.org
Dan Sampey 9298 8425 (H)email@example.com
▪ Training Workshops: We hope to make training Treasurer
Bill Anderton 9277 3929 (H) firstname.lastname@example.org
workshops a more regular occurrence where members
can get a full day’s tuition on a particular subject for a
very cheap rate. Membership
Wendy Jacobs 9457 0055 (H) email@example.com
▪ Special Interest Groups (SIGs) for special interests or
locations. Joy Watson 9457 5098 (H) firstname.lastname@example.org
▪ Training at SIGs and special workshops. Axess Magazine Editorial Committee
Trisha Moss 9293 2519 email@example.com
▪ A Free Club Magazine. As part of your membership,
AXESS, the group’s monthly magazine, is posted out to Other Committee
Bob Ivery 9458 3671
you 11 times a year. AXESS publishes articles written Terry Vernon 9354 2939
by PC users worldwide; all members are welcome and Tom Scott
encouraged to submit articles on a subject they know
about to share with others. Members can advertise Technical Officer
goods they wish to sell to or buy from other members. Trevor Davis 9399 7264 (H) 0411 789 611
These advertisements are printed in AXESS free of firstname.lastname@example.org
Publisher & Mail
▪ Membership with Perth PC Users Group presents you
Perth PC Users Group Inc.
P.O. Box 1201,Booragoon, WA 6954
with FREE telephone support from other users with http://www.perthpcug.org.au
expertise in many types of software and hardware areas. email@example.com
▪ Software and hardware discounts. From time to time, Printers
discounts are offered to members from companies at Alexander Heights
‘User Group’ prices on hardware and shareware
software registrations. Microsoft Publisher was used in the production
of this magazine.
▪ PPCUG acts as an agent for Westnet.com.au. If you
sign up with Westnet using our code C607 we can offer
you a unique email address eg. @perthpcug.org.au for
free, if you are a member.
Please remember when sending emails, to the Editor or other PPCUG members, to include PPCUG
or similar in the subject line otherwise there is a chance the email will be deleted as suspect.
Check the list of quarantined spam messages from Westnet (or other ISP) before deleting.
Occasionally an important email has been included as SPAM.
Here is a link that may interest some people. It is about the new Windows version, Windows Vista,
due to be available in 2007. It is a beta version at the moment. The site has links to give you an idea
of the features it incorporates. How you can Get Ready for Vista and the system specifications
Page 8 AXESS - PERTH PCUG
http://www.perthpcug.org.au JULY 2006
Jim’s Computer Tips
Word's Document Map the Format button, select Font, Sending E-mail from Word
Ever wish you had a map of a Word make any adjustments to the font, Since Word has all those great
document next to the real thing, so then click OK. Click OK again and formatting features, why not use it
you could easily jump from one your changes will appear on the for sending e-mail. To do this, just
section to the next? Meet the Document Map. write your document and choose
Document Map. From inside any File|Send To|Mail Recipient. When
document, click the Document Map (Tip-in-a-tip: To change the the e-mail toolbar opens, select a
button or select View, Document highlight colour of the Document recipient from the Address Book, or
Map. A separate pane opens on the Map, inside the Modify Styles type in an e-mail address and then
left side of the document, dialog box, click Format, select click Send a Copy. Word will send
displaying a list of headings. Click Border, click the Shading tab, select the document and close the e-mail
any one to jump to that location in a Fill colour, then click OK twice.) toolbar.
the document. To close the map,
right-click anywhere inside and Add Contacts To Outlook Save Partially-Completed
select Document Map. Express Address Book Outlook Express Message
Automatically Halfway through an Outlook
Download Woes Does your Outlook Express contact Express message when you get
You just found that super cool web list grow continuously—for called away from your desk? Don't
site that has that new super cool file example, in a sales position? Don't worry—Outlook Express will keep
to do that super cool thing! The add all those new contacts to your it in a safe place until you're ready
only problem is when you try to Address Book by hand. You can to finish.
download the file, it seems like it is ask Outlook Express to create a Select File, Save (or close the
taking forever, and normally new contact for any person to message, then click Yes to confirm
downloads are really quick. Go to which you reply. that you want to save it). The half-
System Tools on the Program menu Select Tools, Options and click the completed message is automatically
within Accessories, and load the Send tab. Select "Automatically put saved in the Drafts folder.
System Monitor. Select the Bytes people I reply to in my Address When you're ready to get back to
Received within the Edit menu to Book" and click OK. work, open the Drafts folder and
see how fast data is coming down double-click the message. Close
the pipe. If it is too slow, check to Block Unwanted Outlook Express and re-open the message as many
see if the web site has a mirror site, Messages times as you want--it stays there
or alternate download servers. If Do you receive unwanted Outlook until you click Send.
not, you must either just wait, or try Express mail from a certain
downloading at a different time. address? Put a block on it. That Shortcuts To Cut, Copy, Paste
way, any mail messages that come And Undo
Edit Word's Document Map in from that address go directly to Need to cut, copy or paste some
Click the Document Map button or the Deleted Items folder. text or an item in your Office XP
select View, Document Map. Want Select Tools, Message Rules, document? Before reaching for that
to change the font size of the map Blocked Senders List and click application's menu commands, try
text, to fit more on screen? Add. Type the address you'd like to these handy keyboard shortcuts:
With the Document Map displayed, block, select the type(s) of
select Tools, Styles and Formatting messages you'd like to block—in Press Ctrl-X to cut the selected text
to display its task pane. Next to this case, Mail—and click OK or item, Ctrl-C to copy it, or Ctrl-V
Show, click the down arrow and twice. to paste it. Make a mistake? Press
select Custom. In the Format Ctrl-Z to Undo the last action.
Settings dialog box, under "Styles (Tip-in-a-tip: To turn the block off
to be visible," select Document for that address temporarily, These tips are provided by our
Map and click OK. deselect its Mail check box on the members for the interest of our
Back on the Styles and Formatting Blocked Senders tab of the Message members. Original source is not
task pane, under "Pick formatting to Rules dialog box. To remove the known.
apply," hold your mouse pointer block altogether, select that address,
over Document Map and click its click the Remove button and click Jim is a member of the Perth PC
down arrow. Select Modify to open Yes to confirm.) Users Group
the Modify Styles dialog box. Click
JULY 2006 AXESS - PERTH PCUG Page 9
Some Questions Answered
Laptop upgrade sure you have a Ghost boot disk, to My Pictures on my USB2 hard
replace the old drive with the new drive. Since doing this, double-
and then restart with the Ghost boot clicking an item opens the Search
I have an IBM Thinkpad R30
disk inserted (you should test this window instead of the picture itself.
laptop with a 10GB hard drive and
before replacing the drive to make I am able to open the picture by
have been using Nero Ghost to back
sure it works). When you come to right-clicking it and choosing Open
up my hard drive on a monthly
place the image back on the new from the menu, but it’s still
basis to an 80GB Iomega External
hard drive, Ghost should give you annoying! I should be very grateful
hard drive. When I last checked I
the option of extending the size of therefore if you would kindly
had only 1.41GB of space left, and
the partition to match your new advise me how to overcome this
as I want to use both Windows
Media Player and Photo Story 3 in
the near future I envisage this space
Norton’s too slow! ANSWER
It sounds like Windows has
I’ve been thinking of replacing the QUESTION
somehow garbled its default action
internal drive with a 20GB or 30GB I have Norton AntiVirus 2004, and
when double-clicking files. To fix
model, but some friends have wish to disable the auto-protect
the problem, you’ll need to edit the
suggested that migrating the feature as it noticeably slows down
Registry: click Start -> Run, type
contents of my existing drive (I my PC, despite the fact I have a
regedit and press [Enter].
would be using Norton Ghost 8.0) 1.8GHz CPU - I would keep the
Browse to the following key:
to this new drive would be email scanner on as I feel that offers
problematic, as the two drive sizes me adequate protection.
ell. Double-click the (Default) value
don’t match. Could you please I used to be able to do this in
in the right-hand pane and change
advise if this is the case? Norton AntiVirus 2002 with no
its value from Find to none. Now
problems, but this version keeps
ANSWER popping up a reminder every 10-20
Laptop hard drives are typically seconds, making it impractical to
y\shell and verify that its (Default)
quite straightforward to upgrade - leave it disabled. Is there any way
value is also set to none (change it
in the case of your Thinkpad R30 round this or should I change
if isn’t). Once done, close Registry
the instructions are provided with products?
Editor and you should be able to
the electronic user manual that will
access your files normally again.
have been installed with it. All you ANSWER
need to do is locate the appropriate Norton has rapidly acquired a
screws, remove them, slide out the reputation for being a resource hog, Should I image or back
old hard drive and slide in its so we’re not surprised you’re up?
replacement before replacing the unhappy at its performance - or lack
screws. of it. However, we wouldn’t
I’m running XP Home on an IBM
You’re not restricted to IBM brand recommend switching off its auto-
laptop - every six weeks or so I run
drives, either. So long as the drive protect feature simply because
a backup onto an Iomega external
is a 2.5-inch drive - standard fare you’re compromising your
hard drive using the built-in Iomega
for laptops - you should be okay. protection, however safe you think
Automatic Backup tool. I recently
We recommend plumping for a you are.
upgraded my laptop’s hard drive
model with 5,400rpm speed and If you’re truly unhappy at Norton’s
and used Norton Ghost 2003 for the
8MB or even 16MB cache as this performance, we suggest switching
process. It states that “while Norton
will improve the drive’s to an alternative product.
Ghost 2003 lets you clone your
performance as well as provide
entire system (data files, system
additional capacity. As for Double-clicking opens files, Registry, OS and partition
migrating your old drive to your
Search map) Iomega Automatic Backup
new one, you should be fine so long
keeps your everyday working files
as Ghost recognises your USB QUESTION
drive when you come to image it - I’m running Windows XP
What is the major difference
if you have problems, make sure Professional and recently
between cloning and backing up?
you’ve fully updated Ghost through downloaded a large number of
Isn’t it easier to just clone my hard
LiveUpdate. Once imaged, make photos from a USB storage device
drive each time, enabling me to
Page 10 AXESS - PERTH PCUG JULY 2006
quickly and easily restore the you need to restore this image, your without any difficulty except for
backup should I need to? data won’t be affected and you can this live audio recording. Can you
soon download any updates help me out please?
ANSWER released between the date of the
The major problem with cloning cloning and the time you restore it. ANSWER
your drive in lieu of backing it up is While this protects your data from The problem occurs because you’ve
that it’s largely superfluous. As we vagaries or problems with picked the wrong audio input. Your
know, Windows degrades slowly Windows, you should still back it Line 1 input covers anything that’s
over time, forcing an eventual up - and more often than six-weekly plugged into the Line-in socket on
reinstall. Restoring Windows using intervals. Use your Iomega your soundcard, whereas your TV
a recently cloned backup could Automatic Backup tool to back it card will use the soundcard itself to
merely give you a system on the up once a week, or invest in a back- broadcast the audio. Select the
brink of collapse rather than one up tool like Genie Backup Manager audio input that refers to your
that’s finally been undone by the (US$50, www.genie-soft.com) that soundcard (or something similar,
weight of program and hardware lets you back up different files at like ‘stereo mix’) and you should be
changes over a prolonged period of different times and frequencies, able to record audio along with
time. enabling you to update your email video.
We recommend separating your on a daily basis while only backing
data from your system files and up other folders once a week. Nick Peers has kindly provided
programs by partitioning your hard these tips. Nick is a freelance writer
drive in two using a non-destructive Can’t record audio who contributes to Microsoft
utility like PartitionMagic Windows XP Magazine in Australia
(www.symantec.co.uk). This way, and writes Q&As for PC Answers
I have recently purchased a home
problems with your system won’t in the UK and tutorials for the
PC along with a TV card. When I
affect your data. You can then clone aforementioned two magazines,
try to record a live TV program,
or image (as it’s also known) your plus the UK version of Microsoft
video is being captured, but when I
C drive just after you’ve reinstalled Windows XP Magazine and Roam
replay the file, there is no audio.
Windows, updated it and installed for Derwent Howard. Check out his
I’ve set the audio options to Line 1,
all your key applications. Should website at www.nickpeers.com
and other audio files are playing
Program Profile short time click on repair registry. seconds to start after a restart. Now
Uniblue, Registry Booster This means you can replace the it’s about 5 seconds. Not much I
US$29-95 from Uniblue.com items removed if you require but know but if it is doing that with one
after running this program for the program it must be, and appears to
This small program can help speed past month and running it about 10 be doing, the same for other
up your system by cleaning un- times I haven’t needed to return to a programs.
necessary items from the registry. previous state.
Yes that’s right! The holy grail area In the arsenal of protection
- the registry. After about eight backups of the programs and things to help keep
registery it will prompt you and ask your system running cleanly, I
After installing the program from a if you would like to delete some of would recommend Registry Booster
CD or download of 8.24 Mb you the older backups to save disk from Uniblue.com and I would like
can click on the desktop icon and space. This appears to work fine. to thank Kevin J Vella and Johan
the scan will commence. Malmberg for supplying this
After a few minutes the screen That’s not all. During a normal program for testing.
reports the full description of any defrag the registry is not normally
problems it has found within your defragged but this program will Gordon is a member of the Perth
registry. You can select an item and complete this process for you. PC Users Group
look at the problem closer but in When I first ran this program I had
some cases it’s not worth the effort. 39 faults in the registry and my
Just click make backup then after a MSWord 2003 would take about 35
JULY 2006 AXESS - PERTH PCUG Page 11
E-Mail...Overused, Abused and
G.A “Andy” Marken (Andy@markencom.com)
"I predict that by 2010, 100 percent doesn't have an e-mail address I being received with remarks people
of network traffic will be probably don't need to talk to him." would never say in person.
packetized. None of it will be voice
because we will be too mad at each But like any valuable business tool, Don't spam. Spamming or sending
other from sending flame e-mails." people often don't understand how an announcement in a shotgun
Vint Cerf, executive vice president to use it properly, or quickly find manner is not only discourteous to
of MCI and one of the founders of ways to abuse its use. In fact the people inside and outside your
the Internet. Electronic Messaging Association organisation but it is an insult to
estimates that over 184 million them.
It's true. Emotions don't travel well users sent over 35.8 trillion e-mail
in the written form. A smile, a wink messages last year. We use an active database of about
of the eye, a smirk, a furled 4,000 e-mail addresses. Some are
brow...these are fine for face-to- With the increasing use of push used only once a month. On the
face communications but they are technology, the application of spam other hand certain individuals
completely missing when you use junkmail and the growing use of addresses (key customers, regular
the killer application of the single keystroke e-mail mailing suppliers, remote office workers)
Internet...e-mail. lists, each of us have to be are used daily and weekly. When
concerned that we will dull the we develop a conference or status
Despite the hype and global value of this important report it may go to as few as three-
business promises of the World communications tool. four people. When it's an
Wide Web, the most used, most announcement for a client it may go
useful and most misused Internet E-Mail Don'ts to 200-300 people around the globe.
tool is e-mail. E-mail is faster than Don't use e-mail emotionally. But each time the specific person is
conventional postal delivery and as We've been criticised a few times individually selected to receive the
dependable. Shortly after you hit when a tongue-in-cheek comment message. I don't read spammed
the Send button your ‘target didn't quite come across in an e- messages so why should I expect
audience’ usually receives the mail. Since e-mail lacks the someone else to read mine just
information. immediate feedback and verbal because I'm too lazy to
nuances of the spoken word, don't individualise the mailing?
US Postmaster General Martin use it when you are joking or are
Runyon recently predicted that the angry. Rather than a flamemail Besides, if recent legislative interest
giant quasi-government enterprise response, talk to the person face to is any indication there may be stiff
lost about $1.4 billion in 1998, face or at least over the phone. penalties levied for people who
more than $2.5 billion in 2000 and insist on ‘direct mailing’ their
nearly $4.5 billion in 2004, due in E-mail should be avoided in a announcements to the global
no small part to the increasing use supervisor-subordinate or customer/ Internet community.
of Internet e-mail. According to the vendor ‘issues’ discussions. Verbal
USPS nearly 60 percent of business communications gives the benefit Use the bullet-proof Internet e-mail
and personal correspondence of immediate feedback. Both parties test. If you aren't willing to have the
already bypasses the postal service can understand how the message is e-mail printed in tomorrow's paper
over the Internet. being received either by the or you wouldn't make the same
listener's facial expressions or the comments in public...don't write
E-mail has taken off so rapidly in tone of their voice. them. That includes off-colour
business that when an e-mail server, jokes, sexist or racist language or
network or Internet provider's Avoid the automobile cocoon anything that can be construed as
connection goes down people syndrome. Just as some people tend contributing to a hostile
wonder how they can get in touch to become more aggressive with environment.
with someone. They also wonder their driving because they are
how long before they can get to anonymous and remote behind the E-mail messages are about as
their incoming mail. Or as one wheel, the same can happen with e- private as if they were posted in
person commented recently, "If mail. Increasingly there are news your favourite restaurant. If you are
someone I need to get in touch with items about ‘interesting’ e-mail sending company private
Page 12 AXESS - PERTH PCUG JULY 2006
information and want to protect information. Safe computing information they need. Think of
your message from accidentally practice says that whenever you their e-mail screen as a billboard
going to the wrong person or being receive an attachment with and you have less than five seconds
intercepted by someone, you can an .EXE, .BAT or .COM extension to capture their attention.
encrypt your e-mail. Encryption you should run anti-virus software
makes the message unreadable until against it before you open the file. If you're sending an e-mail, format
the recipient decrypts it. But use It's great in theory and it it properly, and even though it is
encryption sparingly. Unless you works...unfortunately few of us somewhat of a relaxed way to
are only working on top-secret practice safe computing. communicate, write using good
projects and programs there's no English. There's no excuse for poor
reason to over-secure everything Since there are so many different e- writing.
you send across the Internet. mail and word or presentation
packages around it is also difficult Regardless of which e-mail
Think before you use the Send to make certain the recipient has the program you use or whether it's for
button. You've seen TV episodes same software (and version) you do internal, external or combination
where people accidentally sent a so they can open and view the usage, you should thoroughly train
love letter meant for a particular attachment. You're better off simply your staff in the ins and outs, dos
person to their entire mailing list. pasting the message into the body and don'ts, capabilities and faults,
There have been news reports of of your e-mail correspondence as and the company's general
department heads sending staff ASCII text. It won't look as pretty guidelines, policies and procedures,
salary data to everyone on the but both parties can be assured the before everyone is e-mail enabled.
organisation’s distribution list. message is received. For security and HR purposes,
Product launch plans and company some firms have established a
business plans have been Practice good netiquette and don't program of monitoring and
accidentally sent to editors and send spoof e-mails. Spoofed reviewing e-mail. If your firm has
reporters. These are disasters. messages are those that are sent such a policy, make certain
with false header information that everyone clearly understands the
But to a lesser degree each of us has disguises the sender. If you're not policy, the reasons for the policy
sent an e-mail to someone only to proud enough of your work or your and the ramifications of
discover ‘immediately’ after it left company perhaps you should find a inappropriate e-mail conduct.
that it didn't have the attachments new career or a new company.
you mentioned. Or the attachments The Web may get all the glory but
were sent in a form that couldn't be E-Mail Dos it's e-mail that gets results when it's
read by the intended recipient. Your Use e-mail whenever possible. used properly. The Internet and e-
only recourse is to apologise and From a management perspective it's mail are excellent tools for
resend the message/attachments. significantly less expensive than responding to and working with all
sending the average business letter. of your organisation’s stakeholders
Speaking of attachments, the And as we noted before it is including customers, dealers,
general rule should be that unless faster...almost instantaneous. employees, investors, security
the recipient knows what you are analysts, suppliers and special
sending don't send it. In addition to personalising who is interest groups.
receiving your announcement, be
People we interviewed for this descriptive in the subject area of As someone recently said, "The
article hate it when they open a your e-mail. Putting something Internet should really be viewed as
‘general delivery’ e-mail and the bland or non-descriptive in the communications on steroids. It's
attachment automatically copies to subject area makes it very easy for the ultimate one-on-one
their hard drive. It's a waste of time the person to quickly hit the delete communications tool."
to leave one storage area to open button or file it for ‘later review.’
another, open the file and then Instead, make the subject There is no restriction against any
determine the information that was informative, inviting and sometimes non-profit group using this article
sent is a waste of time and should even intriguing. as long as it is kept in context with
be simply trashed. proper credit given to the author.
Many people today receive 100 and This article is brought to you by the
Worse yet, most are gun-shy about more e-mail announcements. They Editorial Committee of the
receiving ‘strange’ attachments. don't have the time or desire - and, Association of Personal Computer
The reason? It's an easy way to we would suspect, the inclination - User Groups (APCUG), an
transmit viruses that can destroy a to wade through every e-mail to international organisation of which
few files or an entire hard drive of find the one or two bits of this group is a member.
JULY 2006 AXESS - PERTH PCUG Page 13
Special Interest Groups (SIGs)
Armadale Daytime SIG it into Paint Shop Pro X in its native Open Zone Alarm; Zones – find the
format of PSP but later ‘save as’ to address and add the IP address from
Joy O’Grady JPG. After importing the photo he the other computer. Name it and
enlarged it in increments 25% at a give it a description. He suggested
time. He also explained how to it would be good practice to disable
Malcolm Holmes opened the
colour a black and white image. the virus checker and screen saver
meeting by thanking Colin Russell
before starting this process.
(who was not at today’s meeting)
Bob discovered after purchasing
for a job well done. He explained
Paint Shop Pro X that it didn’t Gordon raised the issue of
his reason for taking on the role of
include Animation - so he asked Spamfighter telling us that it was
Convenor – he joined the Club
Corel for assistance and they gave not recommended as it attacks your
many years back and has been very
him a scrip to access it from an email in order to advertise itself.
appreciative of the help other
earlier program (versions 7 or 8). Bob also explained how to have
members gave to him and now that
He could pass on the details if Spybot Search and Destroy monitor
he is enjoying retirement is happy
anyone wanted these. your PC while on the net. This is
to assist others.
something AdAware can’t do.
He next demonstrated in
Our President Gordon Giles came
Powerpoint how to create a The raffle was held and Malcolm
to present Bob Hunt with a Lifetime
background which could be used as won a CD holder which he asked to
Membership award. Bob has
a template but in this case became be drawn again and as luck would
worked for the Club in many roles
the background for the photo he had have it he won the 2nd time so was
over the years including running the
enlarged in PSP X. using an ellipse meant to take it home.
Bulletin Board. Bob appreciated
shape around the person. There was
the award and gave his views on
an occasional problem with the Bob was pleased with a recent
how the Club benefits from people
photo coming in surrounded by backup he has purchased called
volunteering their services.
white but if “Save As” was used it Acronis True Image (value around
seemed to overcome this. I can’t be $90) which saves incremental
We had 15 members and a Guest
too specific on his method as I only images of his hard drives to both a
Visitor attending today. Bob Hunt
have PSP8 and X seems to have partition of his normal drive and
did the demonstrations and started
more bells and whistles. also an external drive. Recovery
off by scanning a tiny black and
time from the external drive was
white photo of a man (about 1 ½”
Zone Alarm was our next item. about 2 1/2 hours but the internal
high) which he blew up to a 6” x 4”
Bob discussed how to add a firewall drive was much faster.
photo size. The method was to scan
using Zone Alarm in networked
in at the biggest resolution possible
computers. While using the 2nd Question and Answer.
– in this case about 600dpi but
laptop go to the desktop and with Peter Hunt had a photo arrive by
1200dpi preferable and then enlarge
Flag R (which opens RUN) type in email showing only ¼ of the scene.
it. As it was a black and white
Open cmd and press enter. This Advised to use Save As and rename
photo he chose grey scale and
takes you to the C Prompt. Next it then send it to any paint program
previewed it first then selected the
type ipconfig (all lowercase). When where it could be resized to 72dpi
area around the tiny photo bringing
back at the C:/ type ipconfig/all. to view. For printing purposes
At this month’s General Meeting the presentation will be:
Microsoft Photo Story 3
presented by Silvia Brace and Marylou Clark
If you have a request for a special presentation or a suggestion for the monthly
General Meetings, please contact
Gordon Giles by e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Page 14 AXESS - PERTH PCUG JULY 2006
Special Interest Groups (SIGs)
300dpi would fill two A4 pages so hard drive, files from flash drive or I described how when you change
150dpi would fit on one. camera memory card to hard drive the rotation of a picture that when
and cd rom to hard drive. you come back to this folder later it
Josie had trouble with Password will still be the way you changed it.
Keeper which had been With an interesting evening running This is due to a small file added to
demonstrated last month. It out of time only two questions were the folder in the settings. You can
wouldn’t let her enter the wording answered. also select to keep that information
for the password. Joy Watson will Malcolm found himself in a with the photo instead of with the
email the answer. program called Thunderbird and file. This way it will ensure the
when he tried to transfer to photo will stay the way you rotated
Gordon had a problem with Word – Microsoft Outlook he couldn’t it.
it is set on Insert but each time he leave the program. Sandra, Joy and After the tea break I did some photo
enters words four blank spaces Connie all discussed the problem. editing in Photoshop CS2 and
precede the letters. Considered it Doreen had a problem moving one almost all the questions were about
may be a virus. person from one photo to another Photoshop except one about my
and finding he was the wrong size. external hard drive. This is a USB 2
—–oooOooo—– Connie gave a demonstration using duel cable 30gig drive. I acquired
Paintshop Pro. the drive but purchased the cover
Armadale Evening SIG and cables from Net Plus Hector St
At the next meeting will find out Osborne Park for $19-95. I have
Jim Percival from Malcolm and Doreen if their seen others, which are complete,
problem was solved. advertised for $240-00 for a 40GIG
2.5” drive case and drive together.
We had 18 Members and 1 visitor.
—–oooOooo—– If I tried to do this with thumb
Sandra Vowles had a full evening
drives it would cost about $1800-00
on her feet lecturing on two
Dianella Day SIG and I would have 30 x 1 GIG drives
subjects and taking her usual place
to sort out. The larger drive is more
in questions and answers. She Gordon Giles economical in the long run. The
handed out four pages of typed
drive is actually from a laptop I
notes for us to follow. May
scrapped some time back and it
The first subject was:- We opened the meeting with a
works well. In June I will be using
I.E. History Viewer small group but had four
Movie Maker 2 to create a slide
A small program that gives you the prospective new members, two of
show with sound and text included.
ability to manage your Internet which had picked up a magazine
Explorer history. from Harvey Norman’s in Morley.
You can clean out your history list I started with the Bridge from
by getting rid of the undesirables, Photoshop CS2 and a short
and then save the URLs your want description. I moved files around Dianella Evening SIG
in a folder or an archive. and mentioned how in the folder Sylvia Brace
You can download the viewer on they will stay in order also I gave
www.nirsoft.net/utils/iehv.html them a colour bar for easy June 2006
The second subject was;- identification. Rick started the evening with Back
Backing up - is saving a copy of Question: After identifying the to Basics tips. How to start a
your files to another location, such pictures with a colour bar how program on boot up. Firstly, make
as floppy disc, thumb drive, cdr, ed could you copy just them. a shortcut to particular program by
rw, dvdr, dve rw, zip drive, or Answer: First select the photos you right-clicking on the desktop | New
external hard drive connected to a wish to place the same colour to | Shortcut | Browse button to locate
USB port. using the ctrl key and left mouse program .exe file | Select file and
Particular attention was paid to button then right click on a click OK. Open Windows Explorer
gathering the items in the address highlighted file and at the bottom and go to c:\Documents and
book and placing them in a file for select label and then select the Settings\[your name]\Start Menu]
an easy transfer preferred from the colour. Programs\Startup then drag–and-
hard drive. Next right click outside the file area drop your new shortcut to the
Sandra spent some time on copying and select ‘sort by colour’ then Startup folder. Next time you boot
and pasting files, method of using the highlight features select up the program will start
opening your exploring files, the block of colours you wish to (Continued on page 16)
copying files from floppy disk to copy or cut out.
JULY 2006 AXESS - PERTH PCUG Page 15
Special Interest Groups (SIGs)
automatically and an icon will be in Styles was the final Format feature What did we learn?
the System Tray (Notification for the evening, which gave you the Computers are dumb
Area). option of several different areas to Computers need people such as
change all at once. i.e. date, font Electronic engineers
To undo, reverse the above or colour and create a new style for Programmers
Win+R and type ‘mscongig’ in the you own use. Users like us
drop down window and the MS
Configuration utility will open. Go After the break Rod Norwood Computers are a tool much like a
to the startup tab and uncheck the showed use ‘How Computers shovel or hammer when you have a
box next to the program you want Work’ need to use them it is there for use.
to prevent opening. Why we are smarter! Because we
This was a demonstration on the
belong to the Perth PCUG group
basic principals of a computer.
Within Word if you wish to move a and we always learn something
What is a computer? It is simply a
Paragraph without Cut & Paste new.
box of switches, which are turned
highlighting the paragraph and
ON and OFF to make the computer —–oooOooo—–
holding down the Alt and Shift
work. Other terms for ON and OFF
keys and use the up and down
are LOW and HIGH or 0 or 1. A Guilderton and
arrow keys at the same time. Place
concept of Boolean algebra was
your cursor in the word to change Districts SIG
first developed by George Boule in
or highlight the sentence. Bev Purcell
the 1830’s. His ‘algebra of logic’
Ctrl + Shift + A will turn you text
has applications used in the design
to upper case. CTRL + Shift + K Where have all our members gone?
of electrical switching circuits used
will turn your text to small capitals -- North for the winter maybe.
and repeat it, and it will turn your We were low in numbers again but
The three principles of this logic are
text to lower case.. had an interesting meeting,
AND, OR and NOT, which are
called logic gates. In circuit although with Anne away we didn't
Next we continued with our Excel think about taking notes for the
diagrams these logics are seen as a
demonstration. This week we magazine. Here is a quick overview
shape for AND a shape for OR
covered Custom Formats Date & of our meeting.
and a for the NOT shape.
Time where you select your cell/ We continued our word tutorial and
cells which you need to make a as most of our small group are
Rod explained this by this example,
Date or Time. Then select Format, beginners we opened word and
for AND as having a car and petrol
then Cells or (Ctrl+1). Then in the worked out how to add and subtract
and being able to drive to the
Number Tab Select Date or Time and customised our task bar. We
country. OR was explained by
and then select which type you changed the font default and one of
having either a car and petrol or a
want. Then you click the OK our members had a problem with
bike and still being able to get to
button and when you type your tables in Microsoft works. We all
the country. The NOT statement
time or date in those cell it will learnt something no matter how
by having a car but no petrol as not
revert to the style you wish. small.
being able to drive in the country.
Custom Format Special can be used Is there anyone out there who
for telephone numbers or social Rod then gave us some more would like to share some of their
security numbers. example using flow chart and knowledge with our group? If so
switch diagrams which I was not please email either Marcia -
AutoFormat was next which gives clever enough to copy down and email@example.com or Bev -
you the option of several different explain to you in detail. Let’s just firstname.lastname@example.org
ways for you spreadsheet to be set say this means that a switch or a Ps We hope Russ and his family
out. This is accessed through combination of switches is either had a great holiday, come back
Format and then select AutoFormat. ON or OFF and cause something to soon Russ we missed your input.
The Option button also changes take place. This means I am able to
different aspects of the spreadsheets type this report for you on my —–oooOooo—–
shown. computer as each letter is a
combination of switches being Kalamunda SIG
Next was Conditional Formatting used. We also were told about the Wendy Day
which gives you the option off Binary Digit (BIT) or 0 or 1 and 8
highlighting with colour for bits = 1 Byte and 128 bytes can be Due to an oversight by the editor
example any amount over a certain any value between 0 to 255 this report wasn’t included in
value in your spreadsheet. Format characters.
Page 16 AXESS - PERTH PCUG JULY 2006
Special Interest Groups (SIGs)
the June magazine. Apologies to presented a 'back to basics' segment converted some movies for PCUG
our Kalamunda members. on headers and footers. Go to View club members and then branched
and click on Header and Footer. out with an advertisement in the
April You can type maybe your club Kalamunda Magazine. Well, that
Kalamunda SIG members and a name in the header, using different caused an avalanche of enquiries
number of visitors were in for a fonts and font sizes, or you can and they are still catching up. They
treat when Roger and Lilian import a prepared logo. Then you estimate that they have done
Jennings presented a genealogy can go to the footer and maybe around two to three hundred DVDs
program, 'Family Tree Maker', at using a small font type in your to date.
the April meeting. Their contact details. If you wish you can
presentation was well prepared and then save the resulting 'stationery' Mike does the filming of the
easy to follow. The program makes for future use. movies and transfer to computer
compiling a family tree extremely Then it was on to a Q & A session. with 400 feet of movies taking
easy. Simple to follow data fields The first question was rather about half an hour. Gina then takes
allow you to fill in details of family complicated and involved the use of over, using Pinnacle Studio Plus
members, their spouses and Excel in Front Page. The questioner Version 10.5. She edits the movie
children, with tabs leading to had a problem with the hourglass in one minute frames. Her work
further pages for each member continuing to show when they tried takes lots of patience and includes
and where more information about to save and nothing else would colour enhancement, brightening,
a person can be recorded. There are respond because of this. After contrast etc. Editing can take up to
also facilities for the inclusion of uninstalling, rebooting, one and a half hours for that length
photos, with the addition of caption checking for viruses etc. the of movie. Then comes the addition
text, from another file or direct problem remained and no one at the of transitions and music. The
from a scanner/camera, also SIG could help, other than to program can generate its own music
pictures, maps, sound, and movies. suggest trying to do everything in but they prefer to use their own
There are any number of Internet Excel first and then export it to gentle background music. Gina can
connections to search sites and Front Page. If any reader has come also put the movie into chapters, so
research services, for instance across this problem and found a that they can be viewed a chapter at
viewing census sheets, as well as solution please let the SIG a time. The final DVD is recorded
exporting as a PDF file. Under Edit convenor know. at Best Quality and can take
there is even a To Do clipboard for Q. A member was unable to access between 4-6 hours to render, as the
pending tasks. Other helpful drop three banking institutions on the computer does this frame by frame
downs include a Date Calculator, Internet. and it isn't always a success the first
which will calculate a birth date A. You must 'enable' cookies. time, requiring the entire editing
from a marriage, death, or other Q. If you lose bookmarks where do process to be repeated. A lot of
event. When the data is entered it you find them? hard drive space is needed and I
can be displayed and printed in a A. If they are deleted they are
number of different formats, trees gone but you could try think they said they have three
of different shapes and various Google Desktop Search. external hard drives.
reports. The data can also be made
into a book which appears as a PDF May After the tea break Tom Docherty
file, which can be saved to an Nineteen members, including two took us Back to Basics with a
appropriate folder, and Roger or three visitors, met in May for tutorial on Inserting Graphics which
finished his presentation by another excellent had a few people saying they'd
showing some of his own family presentation. Mike and Gina always wondered how
research and the book he produced. Watteau told about their venture to do that. Then it was on to a
Family Tree Maker is available on- into putting old 8mm home movies Question and Answer session.
line at www.genealogy.com. A free onto DVD discs and gave a
version is available but some demonstration. Mike spoke first, Q. How can I put the tenplates I've
features are locked out. Price about giving a thumbnail history of their downloaded into the PowerPoint
$40 for the version which provides involvement, initially to preserve program?
all features. Free and full versions their own old family movies. After A. No one could come up with the
can import files from other considerable research they imported answer but it was suggested to go to
programs, especially those in the costly equipment from America Microsoft problem solving and
GEDCOM format. and it took six months of practice email the question to them or look
After a tea break Murray Carrick before they could get going. After
(Continued on page 18)
mastering the technique they
JULY 2006 AXESS - PERTH PCUG Page 17
Special Interest Groups (SIGs)
(Continued from page 17) and to delegate the work to others. Startup, right mouse click on the
at the Frequently Asked At this point nobody came forward Paltalk shortcut in the box and click
Questions. Members had used both so we went on with the meeting. delete.
with success. Gordon spoke briefly about the XP Close and go back to the desktop.
service pack 3 problems, and how it Click start and then run. In the box
Q. A member had problems with is a hoax. He then started with the enter msconfig and hit enter. When
VOIP dropping out in the middle of Photoshop Bridge, which he has the new box opens click on the tab
calls. shown at several other meetings in on the far right at the top “startup”
A. Try changing speed of the past few weeks. and look for the Paltalk line of text
connection. He showed how you can sort the and remove the tick.
Q. A member was unhappy with pictures in folders and they will At the bottom of that box click
the most recent emails appearing at stay in that order when you use the apply then close. The next window
the bottom Photoshop Bridge to look at your asks if you wish to restart the
of the list in the Inbox. photo folders later, also how the computer. Answer yes.
A. Click on Received in the rotation of photos works and some When the computer restarts you
heading and an arrow information on the Meta file that’s will see a box in the middle of the
appears. Click on the saved within every photo. screen. Place a tick in the small box
arrow to change the order. Gordon went on to demonstrate in the left and click ok and Paltalk
some photos he had changed with will not start when your computer is
Tom wound up by recommending the before and after effects, then restarted.
Google Desktop Search as a very explained how to take a face from a This method can work on other
useful tool to picture and resize it to match a items that start when you don’t
download. second picture and paste it in place. require them to, although some
Also some smudging and sponging. times you will only find them in the
He finished off before the tea break msconfig area and not in the startup
South of the River with a short explanation of layers area.
Daytime SIG and how to save the layers un By the end of the meeting Doreen
flattened for later editing. Brace had offered to take the
Gordon Giles After the tea break we went through convener’s position with help from
June the question and answers. the members. This was greatly
appreciated by all.
We started with a short discussion
Q. I want to stop Paltalk from
on the lack of a convener for next
opening when I start my computer.
A. You must do this in this exact —–oooOooo—–
Gordon pointed out a convener is
order. Click start/programs and
only required to chair the meeting
Perth PCUG Einstein@Home Team
Perth PCUG Einstein@Home Einstein@Home is currently searching Centre again this May, and they
Team the most sensitive 600 hours of data certainly enjoyed this jam-packed,
from LIGO's fourth science run, S4. For
more information, please see the cheery educational mecca in the
The welcoming introduction on "Science information" section on the left bush. Not bad, away out there
Einstein@Home’s website (http:// of this page. between GinGin and the coast, with
einstein.phys.uwm.edu) is friendly staff, interactive displays,
Bruce Allen, Professor of Physics, U. of
particularly brief and clear, so I feel Wisconsin - Milwaukee
and great facilities including the
it simplest to quote directly from it: Einstein@Home Leader for the LIGO café section.
“Einstein@Home is a program that uses The Australian International
your computer's idle time to search for
spinning neutron stars (also called I first read of this project in Gravitational Observatory (AIGO)
pulsars) using data from the LIGO and February’s AXESS, even though my is still under construction on the
GEO gravitational wave detectors. wife and I first visited Gin Gin grounds there, well away from
Einstein@Home is a World Year of Gravitational Centre well over a heavy road and air traffic. While
Physics 2005 project supported by the
American Physical Society (APS) and by
year ago. A bus-load of PPCUG there we learned that it is in
a number of international organizations. members and friends visited the partnership with five other
Page 18 AXESS - PERTH PCUG JULY 2006
gravitational observatories around As I understand it, the members over just a few months
the world (GEO and VIRGO in Einstein@Home project is have contributed 29,500 units of
Europe, TAMA in Japan, and two dedicated to helping with the work, of which 21,730 have so far
Laser Interferometer calculations needed to isolate signs been integrated and credited to the
Gravitationalwave Observatories in of passing gravity waves from the team.
U.S.A.). They are all working never-ending noise from all
together to perfect gravitational quarters of outer space. All are invited to join the Perth
astronomy. PCUG Einstein@Home Team.
Enormous computational work is
The faint and mysterious needed simply to sort out the wheat Those wishing to join simply need
gravitational signals were predicted from the chaff, the theorised to download and install the free
by Einstein last century, as elusive gravitational waves from the “BOINC”programme from http://
distortions of space-time in General background static. Einstein@Home einstein.phys.uwm.edu AND to
Relativity Theory. If they are project harnesses the power of register their own name via this link
proved to exist, finding them will thousands of computers around the http://einstein.phys.uwm.edu/
give the world a “telescope” that world. Their owners donate idle create_account_form.php?
can peer into the far reaches of our time through installing a 22MB teamid=5528
universe. It will be “seeing” very programme which quietly works
faint radiation with an extremely away in the background on snippets You might prefer to contact me, of
long wave length. In effect it will of work for this major task. course, at email@example.com,
be a time-machine that can see an telephone 9457 1717, or at a
unimaginable distance back What has our own team achieved so monthly meeting.
towards the theorised “Big Bang”. far? The satisfaction of knowing
(This link http://www.ligo.org/ we are helping in a small way, and Joe is member of the Perth PC
pdf_public/cadonati.pdf explains it some recognition on the internet. Users Group
more accurately than I can.) Our team page shows that three
Perth PCUG members and friends who went on a tour of the
Gravity Discovery Centre in May
JULY 2006 AXESS - PERTH PCUG Page 19
Your Questions Answered
Members can have their questions answered by sending them by e-mail to
firstname.lastname@example.org or by posting them to Readers Forum,
PO Box 1201, Booragoon, WA 6954. Include your membership details (name and number) and as
much detail about your computer system as possible. A team of experienced computer users has
been formed to help members.
Answers to your questions will be sent to you, and the questions and answers will be published
in the Readers’ Forum section in AXESS magazine. Your name will not be published unless
you request it.
Question It allows you to flip or rotate the Question
We have ME on our PC at home but screen, useful when using overhead I have received a suspect email, the
don't use it very much. Someone told home movie projectors that are details are:
me that when they brought out mounted upside down on the roof.
Windows ME and found all the I don't know why but when these From: email@example.com
problems with it they quickly graphic drivers are installed the Date: 31 May 2006
brought out Windows 2000 which default setting to have "Hot Keys" Subject:Majordomo results:
has fewer problems. Is this true? was enabled. This is a combination Message could not be
of two keys to rotate the screen. Size 113k
To disable hot keys, you should see
Windows ME came after windows
an icon in the taskbar for display I have not opened it.
98 second edition. It was very much
properties and look for Hot Key I have not recently sent any
the same but with a few more
options. messages which, I know or suspect,
features but less support for older
You can then see what the hot keys were not received.
are and/or disable the hot keys. The reason for the query is that I
Windows 2000 came after Windows
seem to remember that 'majordomo'
NT. It is a completely different
Question had some sort of official status.
program from Win98-ME.
I was chatting to a neighbour who Is this true, or is it suspect?
Windows XP came after windows
introduced me to her friend, who has
a worrying little problem with her e- The size (113k) looked suspicious.
Both windows 2000 and windows
mail. When she sends an e-mail to a It should not take more than about
ME had their problems. Windows
friend in the eastern states, they get 2k to give header details of a
2000 is designed to run on a more
multiple copies of it. She doesn't message which bounced.
powerful machine than windows
know why. She has a broadband Or did they send the whole message
connection with AAPT. Would her back?
Question problem be due to an incorrect
My son and great grandson were setting in her e-mail program, or a Answer
playing Sudoku on the computer virus? Your right in thinking majordomo
when the young lad accidentally may be of importance as it is usually
pressed on the keyboard and the Answer the system message from some
screen inverted itself. I have solved First your friend needs to check that newsletter list.
the problem by going through the it is only her emails to that friend i.e., sent from an automatic system
restore procedure. I would like to that are duplicated. to advise you if an error of
know however, if you know what If it is only your friend’s email that subscription to or from a mailing list.
key combination caused this and if it is duplicated, and that any emails
could have been corrected by using from your friend to other people are But having said that, it may also be
the keyboard. not duplicated, then there may be a SPAM.
I am using XP pro. slight setup problem at the server.
What email program is your friend Ss your mail is hosted with us at
Answer using to collect mail? Westnet, it is filtered for both viruses
Yes this is a feature of your graphics Your friend may have the "check for and SPAM.
card or on-board graphics. new messages" set too low. Although the odd SPAM email
Page 20 AXESS - PERTH PCUG JULY 2006
sneaks past the filter, I can't Well I am getting something All my software is
remember the last Virus my similar; in addition to above it says Genuine!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
antivirus program found. "you may be a victim of software I'm peeved about this and hope I
So I would see no harm in looking counterfeiting". can find something simple to get rid
at the email. of this pop up.
I did a Google search on the last
Query part of that statement and found Answer
At bagging Jim told us about heaps of people having problems. If you have the genuine product,
someone who had a flashing pop- It appears to be with Microsoft call Microsoft on 132058 between
up at the right side of the taskbar Validation update 8am - 8pm Aus EST for free.
which indicated "copy of windows Go to Microsoft http:// They blocked some product
not genuine" and click here to buy support.microsoft.com/kb/905474/ numbers by mistake.
something. en-us for more info.
Bob Hunt receiving Life Membership from our
President, Gordon Giles. Bob has put in many
years of work for the club including Convenor
for the Armadale Daytime SIG and inclusion
on the Help Page. Thank you Bob. It is very
This picture was taken at the Southlands Shopping Centre
at our last Demonstration.
Joy Watson, Connie Aarnoudse and Fred Muenchow manned the tables.
We do this in an attempt to get more members. Our next display will be the Have-A-Go-Day at
Burswood on the 25th October 2006 and in the same week the Friday 27th October 2006 at
the Bassendean Shopping Centre, Guildford Road, for the Senior's Week Demonstration.
These events are a great way to get new members and your assistance
at these venues is greatly needed and appreciated.
Please contact Gordon on 92764218 or any committee member for more details.
JULY 2006 AXESS - PERTH PCUG Page 21
This Month’s SIG Meetings
A note to all SIG members: If a member of your SIG sends notification of the next month’s
topics to the editor of AXESS, these topics will be entered on this page (see below). This will
attract more people to your meetings.
See the calendar on page 23 for the date of SIG meetings.
Advise all changes (convenor, cost, date and venue of meeting etc.) to the editor as soon as
possible so that the entry may be updated.
ARMADALE DAYTIME SIG ARMADALE EVENING SIG
Meets fourth Tuesday of the month; for members and non- Meets third Tuesday of the month; for members and non-
members, covering all computer topics. members, covering all computer topics.
Cost $3 for members, $4 for visitors Cost $3 for members, $4 for visitors
Convenor Malcolm Holmes, Phone 9495 4179 Level Beginners to intermediate
firstname.lastname@example.org Convenors Jim Percival: phone 9453 6115 or
Venue CWA rooms, corner of Anton and email@example.com
Avonlea Streets, Armadale Venue CWA rooms, corner of Anton and
Topic To Be Advised Avonlea Streets, Armadale
Date See calendar on page 23 Date See calendar on page 23
Time 9:30 am - 12:30 pm Time 6:30 pm - 8:30 pm
GUILDERTON & DISTRICTS SIG DIANELLA EVENING SIG
Meets second Wednesday of the month. Everyone welcome. Meets second Monday of the month; for members and non-
members, covering all computer topics.
Cost $2 for members, $3 for visitors
Level Beginners to Intermediate Cost $2 members, visitors $3
Convenors Gloria Carlisle, Marcia Ornsby and Bev Purcell Level Beginners to Intermediate.
Topic Members advised by email prior to meeting. Convenor Rick Short: phone 9444 7113 or
Venue Woodridge Hall, Woodridge firstname.lastname@example.org
Date See calendar on page 23 Topic To be advised
Time 1pm - 3pm Venue Jim Satchell Hall, Light St, Dianella
Date See calendar on page 23
KALAMUNDA SIG Time 6:45 pm - 9:00 pm
Meets third Thursday of the month; for members and non-
members, covering all computer topics. DIANELLA DAYTIME SIG
Meets third Wednesday of the month; for members and
Cost $2 members, $3 for visitors non-members, covering all computer topics.
Level Beginners to intermediate
Convenor Tom Docherty, phone 9293 3445 Cost $3 members, visitors $4
email@example.com or Level Beginners to Intermediate.
Ted Fletcher 6293 1581 Convenor Gordon Giles: phone 9276 4218
Venue Staff Room, St Brigid's College, Lesmurdie. Topic To be advised
Date See calendar on page 23 Venue Jim Satchell Hall, Light St, Dianella
Time 7:00 pm - 9:00 pm Date See calendar on page 23
Time 1.00 pm - 4:00 pm
SOUTH OF THE RIVER EVENING SIG SOUTH OF THE RIVER DAYTIME SIG
Meets on the last Thursday of the month; for members Meets on the Thursday following the monthly meeting of
and non-members, covering all computer topics. the PPCUG; for members and non-members, covering all
Cost $2 for members, $3 for visitors
Level Intermediate Cost $2 members, $3 visitors
Convenor Peter Scales, phone 9446 6461 or Level Beginners to intermediate.
e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org Convenors Doreen Brace phone 9399 2053
Venue E V Nicholls Room, Aust. Air Force Assoc. email@example.com
Bullcreek Rd, Bullcreek and Joe Potter
Date See Calendar on page 23 Venue E V Nicholls Room, Air Force Assocn.,
Time 7:00 pm (after bagging of AXESS magazine Bullcreek Road, Bullcreek
from 6:00 pm) Date See calendar on page 23
Time 1:00pm – 3:30 pm
Page 22 AXESS - PERTH PCUG JULY 2006
An Invitation To Men Who Like To Sing
MOBILE PHONE TIP.
One of Perth's most popular men's choruses,
the Westcoast Chordsmen is currently holding Worth knowing. Wonder why Telstra, Optus have not
'open nights'. These Friday evenings provide let this one out of the bag... wouldn't mean that they
an opportunity for interested men to have a go would lose profit would it?? To check your Mobile
at this unique singing style called barbershop harmony. phone's serial number, key in the following on your
So, if are you interested, why not come along ? phone:
STAR HASH ZERO SIX HASH as (*#06#)
The evenings are held at the music auditorium
of the Churchlands Senior High School, A 15 digit code will appear on the screen. This
Lucca Street, Churchlands, and will run from number is unique to your handset. Write it down and
7.30 p.m. to 10 p.m .You will be able to see keep it somewhere safe. Should your phone get
and hear just what goes into singing in the style stolen, you can phone your service provider and give
them this code. They will then be able to block your
called barbershop and you will meet some of the
handset so even if the thief changes the Sim card
friendliest guys on earth! your phone will be totally useless. You probably won't
The only pre-requisite is the basic ability to hold a tune. get your phone back, but at least you know that
whoever stole it, can't use/sell it either.
A light supper will be part of the evening.
Need further information? If everybody did this, there would be no point in
Please Contact Gordon Richards on 93495751 stealing mobile phones.
Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
30 31 1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Main South of River
Meeting Daytime SIG
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Dianella Evening PPCUG GAD SIG ** Deadline for
SIG Committee Meeting next month’s
issue of AXESS
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
Armadale Dianella Daytime Kalamunda SIG
Evening SIG SIG
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
Armadale Magazine Bagging
To ensure that the correct information is shown on these pages, please advise details of SIG meetings
- such as times, dates and topics - to Gordon Giles (firstname.lastname@example.org or 9276 4218).
Also send a copy to the editor (email@example.com or 9386 2666).
JULY 2006 AXESS - PERTH PCUG Page 23
Who Would Have Thought Tax Could
The presentation for our June Main Meeting was E-Tax
and other Tax matters. As Gordon alluded to, in his
President’s Column, some members had decided not to
attend, as they were not interested in the topic. What a
shame as it was an extremely engaging and entertaining
presentation and we really do need members to support
these meetings. We just won’t be able to attract good
speakers if our numbers drop too far.
Andre Zaugg, Client Service Manager ATO, managed
to keep everyone interested and amused with his
knowledge and lively personality. He explained that E-
Tax is a method of filling in your tax return ‘online’.
Simply go to the ATO website at www.ato.gov.au. Click
on ‘For Individuals’ and ‘E-Tax’. E-Tax is available for
the new financial year
from 1st July. From here download and install the
program. You will need your Tax File Number and
records of income and expenses.
When you get to the end E-Tax will summarize the
details you have input, showing your expected refund or
Andre took us through many of the screens in E-Tax tax bill.
explaining that there are various ‘Tags’ to navigate E-Tax is secure and your return is only submitted at
through to fill in your return. It is possible to either skip your instigation and will not allow you to submit if you
to the ‘tags’ relevant to your own situation or to go have made an obvious mistake or missed something that
through each section and just keep clicking ‘next’. E-Tax considers essential. You could therefore go
There are sections covering, for example: through the whole process and save and submit at a later
date. You could even print out a copy and check
Tax Offsets including Seniors Australians and through it in paper form.
Pensioners If you save your E-Tax return on your computer the
Capital Gains Tax following year your details such as name, address etc
HECS can be carried over, if you choose, which saves you
Medicare Items having to type them in again.
Andre concluded a very interesting and enlightening
Page 24 AXESS - PERTH PCUG JULY 2006
evening by brushing over such things as:
Capital Gains, which is not as in widely believed,
a separate tax;
some of the items covered by the Medical
Expenses Offset if you have medical expenses
over $1500 for a family;
the fact that Offsets reduce your tax whereas
Deductions reduce your income
and the difference between Pensioner Offset and
Seniors Australian’s Offset.
For further information on any of these items and much
more please refer to the ATO website or any of the
numbers listed to the right:
Members’ Free Advertisements
• Members’ advertisements for Wanted, For Sale, Free, Swap etc are printed free of charge.
• Members’ advertisements must include the member’s name and at least one phone number.
• These advertisements will be included in the first available issue of AXESS magazine.
• The advertisements may be sent by e-mail or supplied as an ASCII (.txt) file on a virus free disc.
• Infected discs will be thrown out with no attempt to disinfect or recover data.
Compaq 17" monitor Model MV740 and a
Both are in excellent condition which
I would like to sell for $50 the pair, or
Also a "Windows ME Millennium for
Dummies" book to give away.
Phone Peter on 9359 5261
JULY 2006 AXESS - PERTH PCUG Page 25
Why Settle, Do It Your Way
Icons Toggle the toolbars with F8. hand. Typically, unless you have
You can make your PC more Use the right/left arrow keys to set file associations otherwise,
colourful and distinguish folders by advance/go back a page. double clicking on a photo will
using icons other then the open it in the Viewer.
ubiquitous manila folder. Right- Adobe Photoshop, Etc.
click a folder and select properties; You can hide the floating palettes in The toolbar at the bottom has some
under the Customise tab, click the Adobe products (such as Elements), handy features that are not
Change icon button and you will by hitting the <Tab> key. It is a immediately intuitive. The Previous
see more than 250 icons to choose toggle; hit it again to bring them and Next buttons allow you to view
from. Actually, the file, Shell32.dll, back. all the images in the folder of the
contains 1484 icons on my system. first photo you selected. The Screen
A good many of these are Word Toolbars icon will start an automatic slide
duplicates in different sizes and You can create a toolbar button for show; the Zoom, Rotation and
colour depths. Sizes range from 16 easily inserting a symbol into a Delete are self explanatory.
x 16 pixels through 96 x 96 pixels; document. Right-click a toolbar and However, the Print icon can
colour depths can be 16, 256, or select Customise and the surprise you – it opens the Photo
True colours (24-bit for a range of Commands tab. In the categories Printing Wizard. As you step
16,777,216 hues). pane scroll down and click on All through the Wizard, the Layout
Commands . In the right pane, Selection provides a variety of print
Using one of my favourite free Commands, click on Symbol: and configurations from 8.5 X 11 to a
utilities, IrfanView, you can view drag it to a toolbar. This will open 35 print ‘contact sheet.’
and do minor editing such as the Symbol dialogue box. Click the
changing size, colour depth and symbol to be attached to the button If you have set a file association to
rotating the image. and click OK. open your photos in an editor, you
can create a shortcut to the Picture
TIP: Open an IrfanView window The toolbar button now displays the and Fax Viewer on your Desktop or
and Drag the file Shell32.dll into it. font name (Symbol) followed by in the Quick Launch Tray. Right-
You can then see previews of the the symbol number. Since this is click in the area you want the
icons, one by one. If you want to do not very friendly information, we shortcut and choose New | Shortcut.
extensive editing of folder icons, can change the button's appearance. In the Shortcut wizard, enter
create a shortcut to shell32.dll on With the Customise dialogue box C:\Windows\system32\shimgvw.dll
your desktop. Then right-click on it opened, right-click the button and (assuming your Operating System
and choose ‘Open With’ - choose Name: . To make the button is on the C: drive). Name the
IrfanView. resemble the symbol it's attached to, shortcut and click Finish. On the
use the <Alt> key and the four first use you will have to choose the
I have created an Excel spreadsheet digits on the number pad for that program, Picture and Fax Viewer,
with a brief description of about symbol. You can add a graphic to and check the box to ‘Always use
100 selected icons – the button by clicking on Edit selected program …’
Shell32Icons.xls. Button Image. You're then
presented with a simple grid and Note that if you right-click and
Acrobat Reader colour palette upon which you can choose Edit, you will open the Paint
This free utility is much in demand draw simple shapes. program. The next-to-last button
of late as many program manuals closes the viewer and opens the
are now written in the .pdf TIPS ON DIGITAL photo editing program associated
(Portable Document Format) PHOTOGRAPHY with the file type.
A few handy keyboard shortcuts A PC Windows Picture and Fax Harry’s Filters
are: Viewer Harry's Filters 3.0 is a Photoshop-
This versatile (for photos) utility is compatible plug-in which can be
Adobe uses <Ctrl> L (instead of often overlooked in the availability used in dozens of different image
F11 as in Microsoft products) to of photo editors. As it is included editing applications e.g. Photoshop,
toggle full screen view. with the Windows Operating Paint Shop Pro, Corel Photo-Paint
System it is a ‘freebie’ readily at and many other. It includes 69
Page 26 AXESS - PERTH PCUG JULY 2006
effect filters, an Animation feature, shutter speed and aperture after such a transmission over the internet. Select
options for saving and opening presets shot. When flash is forced, digital the photo(s) and right-click on one.
and an instant preview feature. cameras typically compensate by From the pop-up menu, choose Send to
lowering the shutter speed and/or and Mail Recipient. This will bring up
Harry's Filters 3.0 is freeware. You can increasing the aperture. a dialogue box, Send Pictures via E-
use them for whatever you like but you Mail. The radio button Make all my
aren't allowed to distribute them White Balance. pictures smaller is selected by default.
without the author's permission. If your photos have an overall cast of Click on Show more options to see
colour it could be a function of the three degrees of reduction.
Be sure to read the instructions about White Balance. In a photo editor, find a
extracting the zipped file to the folder patch of near-neutral grey and check Although it creates a message with the
containing your photo editor. the RGB colour levels. They should be reduced file size photos as attachments,
nearly equal in value. A free utility, you do not have to send the message.
At this point, the website link I had Pixie, can check this for you. You can You can right-click on an attachment
entered is no longer valid. This brings download the program from and from the pop-up menu select Save
up a salient point – rather than hold on www.nattyware.com. as or Copy to put it on the Clipboard.
to old links (the dynamic nature of the You then simply delete the message
World Wide Web is in constant flux, Colour Management Schemes without sending it.
always changing) it is better to Google Colour schemes can conflict if you use
the topic or subject to get the latest more than one of them. Select the Lee Alexander is a member of the
information. colour profile of either the printer or Macon Users Group, Franklin, NC,
the photo editing software, not both. USA; http://
LCD Usage with a Digital Camera With inkjets, a greenish tone could www.maconusersgroup.org/;
The disadvantage of using the LCD, as indicate that no colour scheme has sawdust21(at)verizon.net
opposed to the optical viewfinder, the been applied; a reddish hue may
camera is not braced against a body indicate two colour schemes have been There is no restriction against any non-
part (your head). It is difficult to avoid applied. profit group using this article as long
camera shake when the camera is held as it is kept in context with proper
at arms length. Try tucking your See More Thumbnails in Win credit given to the author. This article
elbows into your sides and exhale Explorer is brought to you by the Editorial
before pressing the shutter release - Hold down the <Shift> key when Committee of the Association of
don't punch it. selecting the Thumbnail view to Personal Computer User Groups
eliminate file labels = more pics per (APCUG), an international
Flash as a fill-in. screen. organisation of which this group is a
Using flash as a fill-in in outdoor shots, member.
such as when the subject is backlit, can Auto-reduce Photo File Sizes
reduce the shutter speed. If your Windows XP has a neat feature to
camera has the ability, check the adjust the file size of photos for
Paint Shop Pro 8 for the beginner.
Venue: CWA Hall Corner of Anton and Avonlea Streets Armadale.
Date: Tuesday 1st August.
Time: Starts at 9-30am completing about 3-30pm.
Be on site no later than about 9-15am.
Cost: $20-00. Paid in advance, sorry no refunds.
Trainer: Bob Hunt.
Please bring a plate (containing food) to share for lunch.
We will supply tea, coffee and biscuits.
Go to the Perth PC User’s web page and click on Training.
Then read the instructions.
JULY 2006 AXESS - PERTH PCUG Page 27
AXESS - PERTH PCUG
This month’s meeting of the Perth PC Users Group How to get to the meeting: Enter from Lord Street. Park at the front of
the complex. The meeting will be held on the second floor.
will be held on Wednesday 5th July from 6:00 pm to 8:30 pm
at the East Perth Rail Terminal, ▪ 6:00-6:30 p.m. Refreshments, talk with new members
▪ 6:30-7:30 p.m. Presentation
East Perth ▪ 7:30-8:15 p.m. Question & Answer Session
▪ 8:15-8:30 p.m. Chat and tidy up
$3 entry fee Visitors are welcome
firstname.lastname@example.org PERTH PC USERS GROUP http://www.perthpcug.org.au