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					Iran
         Effect of Cold War
• 1953 – US and British jointly remove
  democratically elected prime minister from
  power after he attempted to nationalize the
  oil fields.
• Former monarch (the Shah) is brought back
  to rule (He’s pro-US).
                         THE IRANIAN REVOLUTION




   THE SHAH OF IRAN

•RULED IRAN OVER 20 YEARS
•FRIEND OF THE US
•WESTERNIZED IRAN
•BECAME UNPOPULAR –
MOST IRANIANS ARE MUSLIMS – SOUGHT AN ISLAMIC-BASED SOCIETY
           Continued Conflict
• Shah begins to take
  power away from
  democratic govt. and
  eliminate opponents.
• Ayatollah Khomeini
  becomes a vocal
  opponent of the Shah / he
  is imprisoned for 18
  months and later exiled.
           REVOLUTION!!
• January 1978 – people rise up against the
  Shah.
• January 1979 – Shah flees the nation.
• April 1979 – Iran becomes an Islamic
  Republic with the Ayatollah being the
  Supreme Leader and a democratically
  elected govt. under him.
1979 – THE
SHAH IS
OVERTHROWN


THUS BEGAN
THE IRANIAN
REVOLUTION




               NEW LEADER COMES TO POWER-
              HIS NAME - AYATOLLAH KHOMEINI
   HE CREATES AN ISLAMIC
  FUNDAMENTALIST SOCIETY



•LAWS NOW BASED ON THE KORAN –
THIS IS CALLED SHARIA

•IRAN’S GOV’T BECOMES A THEOCRACY

•WOMEN’S RIGHTS ARE LIMITED
THE US IS NOW VIEWED
AS AN ENEMY OF IRAN


 FOLLOWERS OF KHOMEINI
TAKE OVER THE US EMBASSY
        IN IRAN
                US vs. Iran!!
• Nov. 1979 – Iranian college students attack the US
  embassy and take 52 Americans hostage
  demanding the return of the Shah.
• January 1981 – All hostages set free.
• Ayatollah begins calling the US “The Great
  Satan”
• July 1988 – US navy ship accidentally shoots
  down an Iranian commercial airplane killing 290
  people (most were Iranian).
         Change?…..NOPE
• 1997 – Mohammad Khatami elected
  President (reformer – wishes to change
  Iranian society)
• 2005 – Religious Leaders limit the power of
  the reformers in govt. by taking away their
  seats in govt.
• 2005 – Mahmoud Ahmadinejad elected
  president.
                Ahmadinejad
• Has stated that Israel should be “wiped off the
  map”.
• Has stated that the Holocaust was a “myth”.
• Has stated that the 9/11 attacks were “suspect” and
  all that happened was “a building collapsed”.
• Has pushed for development of nuclear
  technology. Recently declared Iran a nuclear
  nation.
              2009 Elections
• June 12 – election
  results show that
  Ahmadinejad won
  with 62%. Many
  claim that the
  election was fixed.
• Thousands pour
  into the streets to
  protest.
        2009 Elections (cont.)
• Govt responds
  harshly!!
• From 72-150
  protestors killed
  and 4000 arrested.
• Govt censored the
  media and
  attempted to shut
  down the Internet.
• Families of victims
  were punished.

				
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posted:8/9/2011
language:English
pages:17