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					Offsite Emergency Plan




Gandhinagar
                               INDEX
Annexure                         Subject                      Page

   1       HAZARD SCENARIOS & EMERGENCY
           ORGANIZATION
            1.1 Area map to scale.                               13
            1.2 Organization charts for different teams for      32
                emergency management

   2       DIRECTORY OF KEY CONTACTS
            2.1 Control rooms
            2.2 Industries                                       16
            2.3 Local crisis group - Gandhinagar                 28
            2.4 Local crisis group - Kalol                       28
            2.5 District crisis group – Gandhinagar              27
            2.6 Expert agencies
            2.7 Police stations
            2.8 Non Governmental organisations
            2.9 Press and media                                  45

   3       RESOURCES
            3.1 Fire fighting facilities at MAH units             40
            3.2 Resources available at fire stations            40 & 44
            3.3 Medical facilities at MAH units                 41 & 43
            3.4 Medical facilities in district.                 41 & 44
            3.5 Ambulance services and hospitals                  41
            3.6 Private practitioners                             41
            3.7 Blood banks and medical test laboratories         41
                & Pharmaceutical Distributors.
            3.8 Personal protective equipment available at        42
                MAH units
            3.9 Communication & warning fcilities available at    37
                MAH units
           3.10 Vehicles available at MAH units                   44
           3.11 Availability of special rescue equipment          40
           3.12 Availability of portable D.G. Set suppliers and   42
                electronic invertor
           3.13 List of proposed rehabilitation shelters with     43
                capacity
Annexure                         Subject                         Page

   4       REMEDIAL MEASURES
            4.1 Indicative list of medicines / equipment
            4.2 Details of chemicals properties, fire fighting    40 &
                agents, antidotes, first aid and medical           41
                treatment
            4.3 Leak detection, neutralization & disposal
            4.4 General properties of hazardous chemicals
            4.5 Personal protective equipment
            4.6 Brief outline of human explosure to chlorine,
                its Symptosms, first aid and treatment
            4.7 Burns and their treatment

   5       COMMUNITY INFORMATION AND EVACUATION
           ASPECTS
            5.1 Demographic profile                              17 & 43
            5.2 Overview of shelter-in-place concepts              38
            5.3 Criteria for selection of rehabilitation centers   43
                for evacuees
                          MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT & FORESTS
                                         NOTIFICATION
                                 New Delhi, the 1st August, 1996
                             RULES ON EMERGENCY PLANNING,
                           PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE FOR
                                    CHEMICAL ACCIDENTS
GSR 347 (E).-- In exercise of the powers conferred by sections 6, 8 and 25 of the Environment
(Protection) act, 1986 (29 of 1996), the central government hereby makes the following rules,
namely :--
1. Short Title and Commencement --
    (1) These rules may be called the Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Prepared
        ness And Response) Rules, 1996
    (2) They shall come in to force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.
2. Definitions :- In these rules unless the context otherwise requires,-
   (a) "Chemical accident" means an accident involving
1.    INTRODUCTION

1.1   PREAMBLE

      An offsite emergency arising out chemical is one, which has the
      potential to cause serious damage or loss of life beyond the plant
      boundary. In addition, accidents during transportation of hazardous
      chemicals by road, rail, pipeline, etc. can also cause offsite
      emergencies. Emergency services such as police, fire, medical
      etc. need to be prepared to handle such situations effectively. The
      snowballing of a small incident into a major chemical disaster and
      the subsequent effects on the life and property can be mitigated if
      there is a readily implement able emergency preparedness plan
      available with the concerned district authorities. In order to be in a
      state of preparedness to respond to the accidents and minimize
      their adverse impacts on the offsite population, Rule 14 of the
      MSIHC Rules, 1989 (Amended in 2000), under EPA, 1986,
      requires an Off-site Emergency Plan to be prepared by the District
      Collector for every District or Industrial Area, as applicable.

1.2   LEGAL BACKGROUND – RESOLUTION OF 1986

      The tragedy in Bhopal has made people all over the world aware
      about the seriousness of chemical accidents. Immediately after the
      incident, all the State Governments started looking into the
      emergency preparedness to combat and control the chemical
      disasters.

      Gujarat Government has passed the resolution to constitute the
      District Contingency Plan Committees for Six District where
      population of Major Accident Hazard (MAH) factories is more i.e.
      Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Bharuch, Surat, Panchmahal & Valsad.
      Legal origin of Off-site Emergency Plan begins with this movement

      This resolution is reproduced below :-

                                : RESOLUTION :

1. The number and distribution of hazardous industrial units in the State
   (that is, industrial units which, in the event of an accident, are such as
   to constitute a source of hazards to the community in the continuous
   local area serves to emphasize the need for contingency plan to deal
   with the various types of emergency that may arise owing to an

                                     5
      industrial accident. The agency to which the task of drawing up a
      contingency plan may be entrusted, and the form of any such plan,
      are questions which have been examined by Government, after
      careful considerations, Government hereby :-

(a)        Constitutes for the period up to the 31stDec’1986, in relation to
           Districts Ahmedabad, Panchmahal, Vadodara, Bharuch, Surat and
           Valsad, a District Contingency Plan Committee for industrial
           hazards (DCPC) for the drawing up of a contingency plan in
           respect of each local area within the district with a significant
           number of hazardous industrial units.

(b) Directs that the District Contingency Plan Committee (DCPC) shall
   comprise the following members :-

      1.       Collector and District Magistrate                        Chairman
      2.       Municipal Commissioner / Chief Executive                 Member
               Officers of the Local Authority / Authorities
               covered
      3.       Commissioner of Police / District                        Member
               Superintendent of Police
      4.       Chief Fire Officer of the Municipal Corporation /        Member
               Municipality / Local Authority covered
      5.       Civil Surgeon / District Health Officer                  Member
      6.       Senior Officers Incharge of the GIDC Industrial          Member
               Estates covered
      7.       A Representative of the Local Industries                 Member
               Association / Chamber of Commerce
               Nominated by the Chairman
      8.       Dy. Director / Asstt. Director, Industrial Safety &      Member
               Health                                                   Secretary

           and clarifies that the Chairman shall be competent to co-opt as
           members of the committee, or to invite to its meetings, such
           persons as he may deem appropriate.

2.         The primary objective of a contingency plan in respect of any
           identified local area is that of making explicit the inter related set of
           actions to be undertaken in the event of an industrial accident
           posing hazards to the community. The plan must, that is to say, be
           both factual and action oriented. The notes circulated under the
           letters dated 25.4.1986 and 28.4.1986 specified above serves to
           indicate the approach that may be adopted in the formulation of a
           contingency plan for a local area. Each such contingency plan will

                                           6
     need to be drawn up in a format which corresponds broadly to that
     reproduced in the Annexure to this resolution ( that is, an
     introductory chapter, followed identified hazards and hazards
     arising from accidents in transportation, and chapter on fire, police,
     health service available and on the network of communication
     envisaged). The plan will include reference also to the features of
     On-site Contingency Plans formulated by major hazardous units,
     to the availability of emergency services within industrial estates,
     to voluntary organizations that may be expected to assist in the
     provision of relief in an emergency, and to the mode of updating
     the plan from time to time. The draft of such a contingency plan in
     respect of each local area in the District with a significant number
     of hazardous units is to be drawn up by the 30th Nov’1986.

3.   The head-quarters of the District Contingency Plan Committee
     shall be the head-quarters of the District in question.

4.   For journeys performed in connection with work of the committee,
     non-official members / invitees will be entitled to draw allowances
     at the rates, and subject to the conditions. Applicable under the
     orders for the time being in force in respect of members of a Dist.
     Level Committee. The Member Secretary of the Dist. Contingency
     Plan Committee will be competent to countersign bills relating to
     such claims.

5.   The expenditure on this account shall be debited to the head,
     Demand No. 60-(B) Social and Community Services-287: Labour
     and Employment – (A) Labour – (C) Working conditions & safety –
     (5) lbr-96 Safety cell for the prevention of accidents (plan) and met
     from the grants sanctioned thereunder in the 1986-87 budget.

6.   These issues with the concurrence of the Financial Advisor dated
     17.9.1986 on this Department’s file of even number.

     By Order an in the Name of the Governor of Gujarat.
                                                        (J. M. Pandya)
               (Under Secretary to Govt. Labour & Employment Dept.)




     MSIHC Rules’1989

     By the Government of India, Department of Environment and

                                    7
      Forest notification dated 27.11.1989 the rules known as the
      manufacture storage and import of hazardous chemicals
      rules’1989 came into force from 27.11.1989. These rules provided
      definitions of hazardous chemicals, major accident, threshold
      quantity etc.
      Rule 13 of these rules required On Site Emergency Plan and rule
      14 required preparation of Off Site Emergency Plan by the
      authority.

      As per schedule – 5 of these rules, District Collectors were
      declared as authority for preparation of Off Site Emergency Plan
      under rule 14.

      Schedule – 11 of above rules prescribed details of On Site
      Emergency Plan and schedule – 12 prescribes the details of Off
      Site Emergency Plan. This schedule – 12 is reproduced below :-
                               Schedule – 12
      Details to be furnished in the Off Site Emergency Plan.
1.    The type of accidents and release to be taken into account.
2.    Organizations involved including key personnel and responsibilities
      and liaison arrangements between them.
3.    Information about the site including likely locations of dangerous
      substances, and plant.
4.    Technical information such as chemical and physical
      characteristics and dangers of the substances and plant.
5.    Identify the facilities and transport routes.
6.    Contact for further advice e.g. meteorological information,
      transport, temporary food and accommodation, first aid and
      hospital services water and agricultural authorities.
7.    Communication links including phones, radios & standby methods.
8.    Special equipment including fire fighting materials, damage control
      and repair items.
9.    Details of emergency response procedures.
10.   Notify the public.
11.   Evacuation arrangements.
12.   Arrangements for dealing with the press and other media interests.
13.   Long term cleanup.

      Chemical Accidents “Emergency Planning, Preparedness and
      Response” (EPPR) Rules’1996



                                   8
      Lastly the Government of India published the rules known as the
      chemical accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness and
      Response) rules’1996. They came into force from 1stAug’1996.
      This rule defines of chemicals accidents, hazardous chemical,
      industrial pocket, isolated storage, major chemical accident (MAH)
      installation and Off-site Emergency Plan etc. Accordingly Off-site
      Emergency Plan means, the Off-site Emergency Plan prepared
      under rule 14 of the MSIHC rules.
      Constitution
      As Per Chemical Accidents “Emergency Planning,
      Preparedness and Response” (EPPR) rules’1996, the
      following groups have formed :-

     Central Crisis Group – Chairman – Secretary, Govt. of India,
      Ministry of Environment Forests.
     State Crisis Group – Chairman – Chief Secretary, Gujarat State.
     District Crisis Group – Chairman – District Collector of the District.
     Local Crisis Group – Chairman – SDM & Dy. Collector of the
      District.

1.3   OBJECTIVE & SCOPE
      OBJECTIVE
      The objective of the present assignment is to prepare an area
      specific Off-site Emergency Plan for Gandhinagar District, which
      can be practically implemented / activated at a short notice, to
      ensure minimal impact on life and property due to emergencies
      arising out of chemical accidents at one or more of the Major
      Accident Hazard (MAH) units or during transportation of hazardous
      chemicals in the area. It must be remembered that a plan is just
      the beginning of the emergency preparedness activity and
      certainly not the be all and end all of emergency management
      procedure. The plan is more of a guideline than a ready recipe for
      handling a chemical emergency. The number of possible incidents
      leading to an emergency is numerous and the plan cannot possibly
      include all. However, all efforts have been made to cover all the
      worst-case scenarios arising out of Major Accident Hazard (MAH)
      installations and having potential off-site effects.

      The plan should be regularly updated when there are changes
      occurring in the industrial setup, transportation aspects, key
      manpower, administrative changes, etc. A plan cannot possibly be
      static for all time to come. Regular drills, training of key persons,
                                     9
      increasing safety awareness, etc. are extremely important areas
      that must be looked into for sound preparedness.

      SCOPE

      The scope of the assignment is to prepare an Off-site Emergency
      Plan as per the guidelines provided by the Ministry of Environment
      & Forests (MoEF) and as provided in Schedule 12 of the MSIHC
      Rules,1989 (Amended in 2000).

1.4   DEFINITIONS [AS PER E.P ACT, MSIHC & CHEMICAL
      ACCIDENTS (EPPR) RULES]

      Emergency

      An emergency could be defined as an event that causes a
      temporary break in the normal life of an industry or community.
      Terms such as disaster, emergency, calamity, etc. are also used
      depending on particular context and the circumstances.

      Emergency (in factory)

      An Emergency (in factory) may be defined as one or more
      emergencies, which can :-

     Affect one or several plants / departments.
     Cause serious injury to personnel.
     Result in extensive damage to property and / or loss of life.
     Cause disruption, both inside and outside the work.

      A Major Emergency

      A major emergency in a works is one, which has the potential to
      cause serious injury or loss of life. It may cause extensive damage
      to property and serious disruption both inside and outside the
      works. It would normally require the assistance of outside
      emergency services to handle it effectively. Although the
      emergency may be caused by number of different factors, e.g.
      plant failure, human error, earthquake, vehicle crash or sabotage.
      It will normally manifest itself in three basic forms i.e. fire,
      explosion, or toxic release.

      Types of Emergency


                                    10
      1. Social
      2. Natural calamities
           -               Earthquake
           -               Cyclone
           -               Flood,
           -               Lightening storm
      3. Man made
           -               Civil disturbance
           -               War
           -               Riots
           -               Industrial
      Man made emergency which are encounters in any industry are :-
           -               Fire
           -               Explosion
           -               Gas leak
           -               Poisoning
           -               Those arising out of abnormalities in-
                          operation,
           -               Maintenance, start up / shutdown, failure of
                           equipment and use of sub standard / wrong
                           materials

      Classification of / Level of Emergencies and Management

(1)   Level – 1 Emergency

      The emergency which can be managed / controlled on site with the
      sources of factory concerned in accordance with the on site
      emergency plan.

(2)   Level – 2 Emergency

      The emergency which can be managed / controlled by the
      concerned factory with the mutual aid arrangements and outside
      resources

(3)   Level – 3 Emergency

      The emergency which will spill over to off site (outside factory) and
      require actions from the off site emergency i.e. Local Crisis Group,
      District Crisis Group.

(4)   Level – 4 Emergency


                                    11
    The emergency which will require assistance and help from the
    State Government and Central Government.
    Anatomy of an Emergency

    No emergency except perhaps a catastrophic natural disaster,
    occurs suddenly. Every emergency has a pattern and its main
    elements could be distinguished as,

   The warning phase
   Emergency phase
   Rehabilitation phase
   Recovery phase
   Reconstruction phase

    The warning signals can be noted in any industrial operations, if
    adequate and timely measures are not taken during the warning
    phase, then it suddenly precipitates into the emergency phase
    when the actual crisis occurs. The emergency phase is
    distinguished by a sort of fire fighting management exercise and
    relief is an essential part of this phase. The efficiency of
    management of a crisis should be judged by the response tuned to
    the warning signals that leads to the actual crisis and when the
    crisis does occur, the speed with which it is manages and
    contained. The earlier the management of crisis moves into the
    rehabilitation phase from the relief phase the better would be its
    progress. Efficient and timely management of the rehabilitation
    phase, the recovery phase and the reconstruction phase would
    ensure that a similar crisis may not occur and if it does reoccur it’s
    rigors would be much less and can be contained and managed
    much more efficiently.

    Nature of Emergency

    If there is any emergency in part of the plant / work place / industry
    due to any reason, the area which may be affected due to the
    emergency can be divided in the following two nature :-

    Nature – I (On Site Emergency)

    Effects remain limited to plants / industry boundary.

    Nature – II (Off Site Emergency)


                                  12
Effect spread to neighboring industry / population.

On Site Emergency

Events likely to endanger human lives, plant and equipment, and is
beyond the control of shift personnel and facilities available in the
plant.

Requires mobilization of additional resources of other plant
department to handle the emergency.

Require help under mutual aid scheme for fire fighting and rescue
operation from near by industries.

Off Site Emergency

Events likely to endanger the human lives, plant and equipment
within the factory and also in the neighborhood and is not possible
to control with the resources available within the factory.

Requires mobilization of out side resources from Local / District
Authorities such as Hospital Facilities, Civil Defense, District
Magistrate, Police, Army, Air Force, and other agencies (may be
called into control and contain the emergency).

Accident

An Accident is an unplanned event, which has a probability of
causing personal injury or property damage or both. It may result
in physical harm (injury/ disease) to persons, damage to property,
a near miss or any combination of these effects.
Chemical Accident

Means an accident involving a fortuitous, or sudden or unintended
occurrence while handling any hazardous chemicals resulting in
continuous, intermittent or repeated exposure to death, or injury to,
any person or damage to any property but does not include an
accident by reason only of war or radioactivity.

Industrial Pocket

Means any industrial zone earmarked by the Gujarat Industrial
Development Corporation of the State Government or by the State
Government or any industrial zone having more MAH units.
                              13
Major Chemical Accident

Means an occurrence including any particular major emission, fire
or explosion involving one or more hazardous chemicals and
resulting from uncontrolled developments in the course of
industrial activity or transportation or due to natural events leading
to serious effects both immediate or delayed, inside or outside the
installation likely to cause substantial loss of life and property
including adverse effects on the environment.

Transport

Movement of hazardous chemicals by any mean over land water
or air.

Major Accident

Means an incident involving loss of life inside or outside the
installation or ten or more injuries inside and / or one of more
injuries outside or release of toxic chemicals or explosion or fire or
spillage of hazardous chemicals resulting in on site or off site
emergencies or damage to equipment leading to stoppage of
process of adverse affects to the environment.


Disaster
Man Made Disaster

Disaster resulting from mollified intentions such as sabotage, riots,
industrial unrest, air attack etc. resulting into industrial accidents,
factory fires, explosions and escape of toxic gases or chemical
substances, river pollution, other structural collapses, air, sea, rail
and road transport accidents, aircraft crashes, collisions of
vehicles carrying inflammable liquids, oil spills at sea etc. will
require State / National level resources to combat it.

Natural Calamities

Disasters resulting from natural phenomena like earthquakes,
volcanic eruption, storm, surges, cyclones, tropical storms, floods,
lightenings, land slides, forest fires and massive insect infestation.
Also in this group, severe drought which will cause a creeping
disaster leading to famine, disease and death must be included.
These type disasters are not under the purview of this plan.
                              14
Chemical Hazard

Chemical hazards is a hazard due to chemical (including its
storage, process, handling etc.) and it is realized by fire explosion,
toxicity, corrosiveness, radiation etc.

Disaster or Contingent Plan

The disaster or contingent plan of the area will be developed by
the District / Local Authorities based on the On-site and Off-site
Emergencies Plans of individual units in that area.

Hazard

Any situation with potential for causing injury to life or damage to
property and environment.

Hazardous Substance

Hazardous substance is also defined by the same act and
hazardous process is defined by section 2(cb) of the factories act.


Off-site Emergency Plan

The Off-site Emergency Plan deals with measures to prevent and
control emergencies affecting public and the environment outside
the premises. The manufacturer should provide the necessary
information on the nature, extent and likely effects of such
incidents.

On-site Emergency Plan

The On-site Emergency Plan deals with measures to prevent and
control emergencies within the factory and not affecting outside
public of environment.

Risk

The probability of injury to life or damage to property and the
environment will occur.




                              15
2.    AREA PROFILE

2.1   GENERAL

      Off-site emergency planning not only involves detailed analyses of
      accident scenarios, roles & responsibilities of individuals & teams,
      management procedures, but also requires information on the
      topography, climatic conditions and demographic features of the
      areas surrounding the Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units. These
      data are necessary to develop scenarios, which are simulation of
      the actual conditions, thereby providing results, which are realistic
      and help in practical planning.

2.2   TOPOGRAPHY

      Gandhinagar is the capital city of Gandhinagar district as well as
      Gujarat state. The District is surrounded by Kheda , Ahmedabad ,
      Sabarkantha and Mehasana Districts. The Map of the District with
      surrounding areas is given at Annexure 1.1

2.3   METEOROLOGICAL DATA

      The climate of the District is generally similar to Ahmedabad. It is
      characterized by a hot summer during May - June. and average
      maximum temperature is 400 C. Major part of the year. Period from
      March onwards is hot season till the arrival of southwest monsoon
      in June, which lasts till the end of September, October and
      November are months of post monsoon.

      December & January are the coldest months of the year.

2.4   INDUSTRIAL PROFILE (LIST OF MAH CATEGORY INDUSTRY)

      Gandhinagar is one of the industrialized Districts in the Gujarat.
      The District is sub-divided into 4 Talukas viz. Gandhinagar,
      Dehgam, Mansa and Kalol. The unique feature of the District is
      that Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units are located in all these 4
      Talukas. Major Accident Hazard(MAH) units have been identified
      based on the information received from the Office of th Director,
      Industrial Safety & Health, Gujarat and latest information
      available with the Deputy & Assistant Director, Industrial Safety
      & Health,Kalol & Gandhinagar respectively.(These are two
      offices) As per the latest information available there are 20
      functional Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units in Gandhinagar

                                    16
    District. A list of these 20 functional Major Accident Hazard
    (MAH) units in the Gandhinagar District is given at Table – 2.1.

                            Table – 2.1

   Major Accident Hazard (MAH) Units in Gandhinagar District

Sr.       Name of the Unit               Location           Activity/
No.                                                          Product
1. Vimal Pesticides Pvt. Ltd. Factory is on National        Pesticides
    N.H. NO. : 8 At : Limbadia Highway Between Naroda
    Taluka : Gandhinagar        And Chiloda Chokdi.
                                Factory Is Just Near
                                Ranasan Power Station /
                                Out Side Nana Chiloda
                                0Octroi Naka
2. Prakash Presticides          Factory Is On Zak-Vehlal    Pesticides
    Industries                  Road Factory Is 11 Km.
    Plot No.19/A At : Zak,      Away From Naroda,
    Post: Pardhol,              Ahmedabad, And 14 Km.
    Taluka : Dehgam             Away From Dehgam
3. Hindustan Petroleum          Factory Is On Sardhav        L.P.G.
    Corporation Ltd.            Sonipur Road, Factory 1      bottling
    At : Sardhav,               Km. Away From Sardhav         plant
    Taluka : Gandhinagar        Village.
4. Ambica LPG Bottling Pvt. Factory On Mansa Kalol           L.P.G.
    Ltd. *( found closed )      Road 2 Km Away From          bottling
    Kalol Mansa Road            Mansa                         plant
    At : Parabatpura
    Taluka: Mansa,
5. Rajdeep Chemical             Factory On Dehgam Bayad     Chemical
    Industries. *( found closed Road Nr. Atith Fiber 5 Km
    since more than 2 years) Away From Dehgam
    Dehgam Bayad Road
    At:Sampa,Taluka:Dehgam
6. Shree Vallabh Chemical Factory Is On Dehgam              Chemical
    Dehgam Dhansura Road Dhansura Road 5 Km
    At: Sanpa, Ta ; Dehgam Away From Dehgam
7. Gujarat Pesticides Pvt. Ltd. Factory Is In Kalol GIDC    Pesticides
    Plot No. C1/29, GIDC Kalol
    Taluka: Kalol




                                17
                              Table – 2.1

     Major Accident Hazard (MAH) Units in Gandhinagar District of
                             Kalol Taluka

Sr.       Name of the Unit                  Location       Activity/
No.                                                        Product
 8 Mutual chemicals pvt. Ltd.     Factory is On Chhatral- Mono
    Plot 1069, near sainath       Kadi Road              chloro
    proteins ltd. Chhatral kadi                          aciticacid
    road At : Dhanot Taluka :                            (MCA)
    Kalol


 9     IFFCO Ltd.                  Factory Is Near            Ammonia,
       Post Kasturinagar           Kasturinagar on Kalol         Urea
       Taluka : Kalol              Highway                     fertiliser
10     The Aravind Mills Limited   Factory is at santej 20   Textile mills
       At : Santej Ta.Kalol Dist:  Km away from Kalol
       Gandhinagar                 Taluka.
11     Maruti Pesticides Pvt Ltd   Factory is located in      Pesicides
       Plot No.1731 GIDC Chhatral Chhatral GIDC `away at        Unit
       Ta.Kalol Dist.Gandhinagar 9 kms from Kalol
12     Umiya Agroes                Factory is located in      Pesicides
       Plot No.1218 GIDC Chhatral Chhatral GIDC `away at        Unit
       Ta.Kalol Dist.Gandhinagar 9 kms from Kalol
13     Zion Chemicals Pvt Ltd      Factory is at santej 22Emulisifier
       At: Rakanpur                Km away from Kalol     Manufacturi
       Ta.Kalol Dist.Gandhinagar Taluka                       ng
14     Saibaba sarfactants Pvt Ltd Factory is at vadsar 12Emulisifier
       At:Vadsar Ta.Kalol          Km away from Kalol     Manufacturi
       Dist:Gandhinagar            Taluka                     ng
15     Mahalaxmi Industries        Factory is located in     MCA
       At : Bileshwarpura Ta.Kalol Bileshwarpura `away at Manufacturi
       Dist: Gandhinagar           10 kms from Kalol          ng
16     Anmol Chlorochem            Factory is located in  Alluminium
       At : Dhanot Ta,Kalol Dist:  Dhanot away at 10 kms   Chloride
       Gandhinagar                 from Kalol             Manufacturi
                                                              ng
17     Chemplast Industries       Factory is located in   Chlorinated
       At:Chhatral Ta.Kalol       Chhatral GIDC `away at Parafine
       Dist:Gandhinagar           9 kms from Kalol
18     Aravind Poly coats         Factory is at vadsar 12 Garments
       At : Vadsar Ta.Kalol       Km away from Kalol      Manufacturi
                                   18
      Dist:Gandhinagar             Taluka                     ng
19    Rajratna Metal Inds Ltd      Factory is located on Metal Tubes
      At:Chhatral Ta.Kalol         Chhatral Highway, away Manfg.
      Dist:Gandhinagar             at 9 kms from Kalol
20    Bhagwati Industries          Factory is located in  Tri Chloro
      At:Chhatral GIDC Phase 4     Chhatral GIDC away at Acetyldehyd
      Ta.Kalol Dist:gandhinagar     9 kms from Kalol          -e

      The directory of containing contact information of industries is
      given at Annexure No. 2.2



2.5   LOCATIONS AND SURROUNDINGS OF MAJOR ACCIDENT
      HAZARD (MAH) UNITS

      Gandhinagar, the district headquarters houses. 20 Major Accident
      Hazard (MAH) units (including HPCL, which is a large L.P.G.
      bottling plant). It has good infrastructure in terms of fire fighting
      (including facility available with the industries) and medical
      facilities. LPG bottling plant of HPCL is located at village Sarghav
      about 17 Km from Gandhinagar. LPG tankers and packed trucks
      carrying empty and filled LPG cylinders have to pass through the
      village. Vimal pesticides private limited, is located on National
      highway no 8, at: Limbadiya 3 K.M. away from Naroda of
      Ahmedabad city. This factory can affect Highway traffic.

      Ambika L.P.G. bottling Pvt. Ltd. Is a small bottling plant on Mansa
      Kalol road, 6 K.M. away from Mansa. It is the only MAH unit in
      Mansa taluka. There is no fire station at Mansa. As per enquiry, it
      is closed since more than 1 year.

      2 MAH units are located at Sampa 6 K.M. away from Dehgam.
      Vallabh chemical is on Dehgam Modasa road and Rajdeep
      chemical pvt. ltd is on Dehgam Bayad road. As per enquiry, it is
      closed since more than 2 years. Factory is dismantaled also.
      Prakash pesticides industry is located at Zak 8 K.M. away from
      Naroda.

      Kalol* is an industrial pocket near 30 K.M. away from
      Gandhinagar. It has many small and medium scale units involved
      in different processes. As per the list of identified Major Accident
      Hazard (MAH) units, there are 5 Major Accident Hazard (MAH)
      industries in Kalol. Due to the units, movement of heavy vehicles

                                    19
      (many even carrying hazardous chemicals) on the internal roads is
      also very high. Kalol has a fire station, and civil hospital. The
      hospital is equipped with all facilities. Heavy traffic in the area with
      poor infrastructure may aggravate the problem during emergency.
      IFFCO is located at Village Saij, Ahmedabad Kalol state highway.
      Other factories are at Chhatral and Dhanot. Chhatral is a
      developed Industrial Zone which is at a distance of 9 Kms from
      Kalol Taluka whereby 10 MAH units are located in & surrounding
      it.These are as shown in Table 2.1 of Kalol Taluka. Rakanpur,
      Santej & Vadsar are developing Industrial area which is away at
      18-22 Kms from Kalol Taluka where 4 MAH Units are working,
      whose name are mentioned in Table 2.1 of Kalol Taluka.

2.6   DEMOGRAPHIC (POPULATION) PROFILE

      Demographic profile of the area likely to be affected due to
      accident in the nearby Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units is given
      at Annexure 5.1




                                     20
3.     POTENTIAL FOR OFF-SITE EMERGENCY

       HAZARD IDENTIFICATION & ANALYSIS                      AT    MAJOR
       ACCIDENT HAZARD (MAH) UNITS

3.1.1 MAH Units in LCG 1
a)    Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units in Gandhinagar pocket
      Mansa and Dehgam are adjacent Talukas of Gandhinagar Taluka
      in the District. There are three Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units
      in Dehgam Taluka. Shree Vallabh chemical and Rajdeep chemical
      industries (closed unit) are located at village Sampa and are
      surrounded by agricultural fields on all sides. Prakash pesticides
      industries is located at Zak and is also surrounded by agricultural
      fields or barren land. Mansa Taluka has one unit viz. Ambika
      L.P.G. bottling pvt. ltd.( at present close ) near village Parbatpura.
      Vimal pesticides pvt ltd is located on national highway no 8, at
      Limbadiya near to Naroda G.I.D.C. It is using Phorat and it can
      affect highway traffic. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd.is a
      L.P.G. bottling plant and surrounded by agricultural fields & village
      Sardhav (population of around ten thousand of humankind)
      The accident scenarios having potential of off-site emergency from
      storage at these Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units are given at
      Table 3.1.
      Based on the information given in this table, it can be observed
      that the maximum hazard distance for all the accident scenarios of
      Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units is within 3 km from the
      accident site. Following points emerge from the analysis of data
      given in the table and observations made during the field visit.

      The nearest population centers are the respective villages near the
        Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units.
      Under all the above scenarios, almost all the employees of the
        concerned and probably some employees in the adjacent unit will be
        affected, as the case may be.
      As the LPG bullets are located adjacent to one another, cascading
        may also happen within the unit.
      LPG bottling plants as the quantities and therefore the damage
        potential is also very large. However, cascading effect amongst
        other units may not occur due to ample separation distance
        between them.
      Several LPG tank trucks are always parked near the gates of HPCL
        and also at the parking bay. This increases the hazard potential of
        the area.
                                     21
                                                              Table 3.1

Major Accident Scenarios for MAH Units at Gandhinagar, Dehgam & Mansa Talukas

                          Storage Qty.                      Damage Distance (m)                         Toxic     Popu-       Areas
                              (MT)                                                                     Disper-    lation    likely to
 Name of                                                                                                sion      likely       be
              Chemical
 the Unit                 Lar-    Total      Pool Fire        BLEVE                   UVCE            D-3 F-       to be    affected
                          gest              FZR IZR         FZR   IZR         FZR      IZR     D-           1.5   affec-
                                                                                              LFL                   ted
Vimal          Technical 0.2       8         ---    ----    -----    ------   -----   -----   ----     Refer        500    Limbadia
Pesticides     Pesticide
Pvt. Ltd.                                                                                              MSDS
Prakash        Technical 0.2       8         ---    ----    -----    ------   -----   -----    ----                500     Limbadia
Presticides    Pesticide
industries.
Hindustan      LPG         650    500       -----   -----   1157     2006     165.7   529.7   882     ---   ---    500      Sardhav
Petroleum                  Mt.    Mt.
Corp. Ltd.
Ambica *       LPG                          -----   -----   284.0    548.0    78.0    247.0   477.0   ---   ---    500     Parbatpura
LPG                         60     10
Bottling Pvt.              Mt.     Mt.
Ltd.
Rajdeep **     Ethylene      8     8        13.7    19.5    103.9    215.5    2.4     11.9     7.3    823   1.1    500      Sampa
Chemical        Oxide      Mt.     Mt.                                                                 m    Km
Industries
Shree          Ethylene    7.5     7.5      13.7    19.5    103.9    215.5    2.4     11.9     7.3    823   1.1    500      Sampa
Vallabh         Oxide      M.t     M.t                                                                 m    Km
Chemical
* closed since more than 1 yr..        ** closed forever




                                                                    22
3.1.2 Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units in LCG 2 (KALOL)

a)   Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units at Kalol pocket

     Gujarat Industrial Development Authority (GIDC) has set up a
     industrial estate at Kalol. It has a number of small and medium
     scale chemical and other industries. In addition to a large number
     of units handling hazardous chemicals in quantities less that those
     specified under MSIHC Rules. Ranging from small units handling
     chemicals there are also medium scale industries engaged in
     manufacture of pharmaceuticals, etc.

     Major accident scenarios of all the MAH units were identified and
     results of computer simulation are presented at Table 3.2. Analysis
     of the information available in this Table shows that :-

 Highest damage distance due to pool fire scenario is from Ethylene
  oxide storage. However, as the unit is located almost on the outskirts
  of the estate, effect of thermal radiation outside the battery limit may
  not be very high.
 Highest damage distance due to Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapour
  Explosion (BLEVE) scenario will be due to failure of LPG bullet at
  L.P.G. bottling plants. Presence of residential areas near the unit may
  aggravate the situation.
 Highest damage distance due to toxic vapour dispersion will be from
  failure of 10000 MT Ammonia tanks at IFFCO, Kalol. The vapour may
  travel up to almost 5 Km under the worst-case scenario. Depending
  on the prevalent wind direction, the accident scenario has potential to
  effect population in Kalol city, GIDC estate, railway route, National
  highway. Ahmedabad city and Gandhinagar.
 Major accident scenarios arising out of other units have the potential
  for cascading effect, as the units are located close to each other.
  However, the impact of individual scenarios will largely remain within
  the estate.
      +




                                   23
                                                  Table 3.2
                            Major Accident Scenarios for MAH units at Kalol Taluka

 Name of the   Chemical     Storage Qty.                           Damage Distance (m)                                   Toxic         Popu       Areas
    Unit                        (MT)                                                                                    Disper-           -     likely to
                                                                                                                          sion         lation      be
                            Lar-       Total         Pool              BLEVE                    UVCE                    D-3 F-         likely   Affected
                            gest                     Fire                                                                    1.5        to be
                                                   FZ IZR          FZR      IZR       FZR       IZR            D-                       Affe-
                                                   R                                                          LFL                       cted
Gujarat        Phorate           600         600       -       -        -         -         -         -             -        -     -    200     5 M2
Pesticides     Methyl            Kg.         Kg.
Pvt. Ltd.      Parathion                     500
                              500            Kg.
                              Kg.
The Arvind     Nephtha       5000       10000 29           77.3    91       149       146       056       2394          16       439   1500     11.5 KM2
Mills Ltd.                     Kl          KL .3           Not     In       Use                                         km       pp    Aprx
                                              No                                                                                 m
                                              w
               Chlorine 900            10000  -            -       -        -         -         -         -             -          -
                           Kg.         Kg.
Maruti           DDVP     250 Kg       250    -            -       -        -         -         -         -             -          -    25      5 M2
Pesticides     Fenvelerat              Kg.
Pvt. Ltd.      e          400
               Chloropyr Kg.           400
               ofos                    Kg.
                           500
                           Kg.         500
                                       Kg.
Umiya Agros     Methyl     500         500         -       -       -        -         -         -         -             -          -    21      5 M2
               Parathion   Kg.         Kg.



                                                                            24
               Monocrotp
               hos         500      500
                           Kg.      Kg.
               Cyclohexe
               non         500    500
                           Kg.    Kg.
IFFCO Ltd.     NH3          10000  15000       -      -      -        -      -     -      -   .00   183    5000   5 KM2
                               Mt     Mt                                                        1      2   Aprx
                Neptha      4550K  13650     29    77.3    91    149      146    056   2394    5K   .69
                                L     KL      .3                                                m    pp
                                                                                                      m
Zion              EO         7MT     7 MT      -      -      -        -      -     -      -   823    1.1    50    5 M2
Chemicals                                                                                       m   Km
Pvt. Ltd.
Saibaba           EO       7.5 MT   7.5 MT     -      -      -        -      -     -      -   823   1.1     50    5 M2
Surfactants                                                                                     m   Km
Pvt. Ltd.
Mahalaxmi      Chlorine     9 MT     31.5M     -      -      -        -      -     -      -   .16   449    200    5 KM2
Industries                               T                                                    km     pp
                                                                                                      m
Anmol Chloro   Chlorine    9 MT     45 MT      -      -      -        -      -     -      -   .16   449    200    5 KM2
Chem                                                                                          km     pp
                                                                                                      m
Mutual         Chlorine     .9 MT   10 MT      -      -      -        -      -     -      -   .16   449    200    5 KM2
Chemicals                                                                                     km     pp
Pvt. Ltd.                                                                                             m
Chem Plast     Chlorine     .9 MT   10 MT      -      -      -        -      -     -      -   .16   449    200    5 KM2
Industries                                                                                    km     pp
                                                                                                      m
Arvind Poly      LPG       15 MT    30 MT    23    466    67.0   215.     428.     -      -     -      -   1200   1 KM2
Coats                                         8                    0        5




                                                                 25
Rajratna      LPG       40 MT   40 MT   26   510   72.0   231.     452.   -   -     -     -   1000   1 Km2
Metal                                    7                  0        5
Industries
Ltd.
Bhagwati     Chlorine   .9 MT   18 MT    -     -      -        -      -   -   -   .16   449   200    5 KM2
Industries                                                                        km     pp
                                                                                          m




                                                          26
3.2   TRANSPORT EMERGENCY

      As can be observed from the foregoing sections, Gandhinagar
      Dist. has a large number of Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units
      handling a variety of hazardous chemicals.(a specialy in Kalol
      Taluka) While some of the units are manufacturers of hazchem,
      employing more hazchems in the process, others are end users.
      Therefore, the transportation of hazardous chemical in the District
      is due to the following:

 Manufacturers dispatching hazchem to units within or outside the
  District.
 Manufacturers or other chemical industries receiving hazchem from
  manufacturers located within or outside the District.
 Bulk storage terminals receiving hazchem through pipelines and / or
  ships and dispatching to users within or outside the District.
 Transient traffic of hazchem carrier passing through the major
  corridors of the District.

3.2.1 Major Corridors for Hazchem Transportation

      National Highway No. 8 :- This 35 Km stretch enters the District
      at Limbadiya and exits near Chandrala. It also caters to the
      interstate transient traffic of hazchem and other goods.. From this
      it can be observed that the movement of hazchem transportation
      and also the potential for accidents involving them in the district is
      very high.

      Ahmedabad – Kalol State Highway :- Chandkheda to Bileshwar-
      pura state highway is approx. 22 km.. Approach roads are
      although good. These road are just enough for two heavy vehicles
      to pass.

      In addition to the above, attention also needs to be given on the
      roads within Santej and Kalol G.I.D.C. While some of the roads
      within these estates are motorable, others are in bad shape and
      become worse during monsoon. Movement of heavy vehicles,
      even carrying hazchem, within the estate is high. Poor road
      conditions may not only result in transportation accidents but also
      increases the travel time for first responders to reach the incident
      site.




                                    27
     It is a good feature that LPG bottling plants are located in isolated
     areas away from the population centers, as far as safety is
     concerned. However, with regard to deployment of resources and
     condition of access roads, it is a negative aspect.

3.2.2 Major Hazchems Transported

     Based on the results of an earlier study conducted by the Ministry
     of Environment & Forest (MoEF), following are the major hazchem
     transported through the District :-

        Acids (Acetic, Hydrochloric, Carbon disulphide
         Nitric, Sulphuric) & Alkalies
        Ammonia                        Methanol
        Benzene                        Motor spirit
        Chlorine                         Naphtha
        Diesel                           Oleum
        Kerosene                         Solvents (Xylene, Toluene,
                                           Aromax)
        LPG/Propane                      Technical pesticides

3.2.3 Transportation Hazard Potential

     As mentioned above, various hazardous chemicals are being
     transported through out the District. With heavy transportation
     activity within the district, the potential for accidents also increases
     correspondingly. Accidents scenarios have been visualized for
     major hazardous chemicals passing through the district and the
     details are given below. This table provides likely scenario,
     chemical involved, its quantity and expected area of exposure. As
     transport emergency can happen anywhere in the District, the area
     and population likely to get affected will depend on the location
     and prevalent meteorological conditions in the area.




                                    28
                             Table - 3.6
                       Transport Accident Scenarios

Sr. Transport Accident                  Area Likely to be Affected
No.        Scenario
1. Failure of chlorine         1 to 1. 4 Km downwind
    toner
2. Failure of acid/alkali      Immediate surroundings and burns to
    tanker                     persons coming in direct contact with the
                               substance
3.    Ammonia leak from        Varying, depending on the capacity of the
      cylinder                 cylinder but not more than 1 km
4.    Ammonia leak from a      Up to 3 km downwind
      tanker
5.    Ammonia leak from a      Up to 5 Km downwind
      rail tanker
6.    Escape of explosive     Explosion may cause over pressure upto
      gases from cylinder     50 m for a short duration. However, pieces
      followed by explosion   of damaged cylinder may travel up to 100
                              m from the accident site
7.    LPG leak from tanker Thermal radiation and overpressure effects
      followed by fire /      will be upto 200m for short duration.
      explosion               BLEVE may result first degree burns upto
                              150 m and also cause secondary fires
                              depending on the location of occurrence.
8.    Spill/leak of flammable Thermal radiation effects of unconfined
      petroleum products      pool fire will be felt upto 25 m from the pool
      followed by fire        edge for the duration of fire.
9.    Spill leak of CS2       Thermal radiation effects of unconfined
      followed by fire in a   pool fire will be felt upto 30 m from the pool
      road tanker             edge for the duration of fire. Burning of
                              CS2 results in formation of toxic sulphur
                              dioxide, effects of which may be felt upto a
                              distance of 2 km from the accident site
10.   Spill/leak of solvents  Thermal radiation effects of unconfined
      and other flammable     pool fire will be felt upto 15 m from the pool
      chemicals such as       edge from the duration of fire.
      toluene, methanol,
      benzene and xylene
      followed by fire




                                   29
Other items that will have bearing on the extent of damage are :-

 Rate of chemical release - lower rates pose lesser risks. As per the
  guidelines of the Ministry of Environment & Forest (MoEF), we have
  considered catastrophic failure of container. However, it seldom
  happens in actual incidents and the material escapes from the
  container at a much lesser rate.
 Location : high population density - unfavourable
 First response by the driver, if possible - favourable
 Prompt action by response agencies – favourable

3.3     HAZARD IDENTIFICATION FOR NATURAL & OTHER MAN
        MADE DISASTERS

        Such hazard could occur due to :-

3.3.1   Floods & heavy rain
3.3.2   Earthquake
3.3.3   Cyclone
3.3.4   War

        Leakage, spillage, escaping of toxic flammable, explosive,
        reactive, poisonous chemical vapor, dust, fumes from storage,
        manufacturing, handling, transportation, failure of equipment, civil
        commotion, armed conflicts, sabotage, war, riots and civil
        disturbances may result in toxic release, land poisoning, water
        poisoning, fire or explosion or combination of all.

        This will affect human being, living creatures, land and water
        poisoning, damage to property and plant etc.




4. EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATION


                                     30
4.1   BACKGROUND

      The first response team is the frontal organization that is
      responsible for all types of off-site emergency preparedness and
      response. The District Collector (DC) is the overall in-charge for
      planning, execution and coordination of off-site emergency
      management activities. District Collector (DC) has constituted
      District Crisis Group (DCG) for Gandhinagar District. Local Crisis
      Group (LCG) for Gandhinagar and Kalol has also been constituted.
      The Local Crisis Group (LCG) consists of task-specific
      coordinators who in-turn formulates and mobilizes requisite
      number of action teams to provide emergency response. The
      District Collector (DC) is also required to communicate with State,
      National and International emergency agencies for information and
      support on response strategies.

4.2   COMPOSITION & FUNCTION OF DISTRICT CRISIS GROUP
      (DCG)

      District Crisis Group has been constituted for Gandhinagar District,
      in line with the guidelines given in Chemical Accident (CA) Rules
      1996. The composition of the District Crisis Group (DCG) is given
      at Figure - 4.1. It is proposed to include General Manager (Rural)
      Telecom in the District Crisis Group as he will have to play an
      important role in the planning and response activities. The details
      of all the members of District Crisis Group are given at Annexure -
      2.5.

      The District Crisis Group is the apex body in the District to deal
      with major chemical accidents and to provide expert guidance for
      appropriately handling them. As per CA Rules, 1996, the District
      Crisis Group will :-
     Assist in the preparation of the District Off-site Emergency Plan.
     Review all the On-site Emergency Plans prepared by the occupiers
      of respective Major Accident Hazard (MAH) installations as inputs
      for the preparation of the District Off-site Emergency Plan.
     Assist the District administration in the management of chemical
      accidents at a site lying within the District.
     Continuously monitor every chemical accident.
     Ensure continuous information flow from the District to the Center
      and State Crisis Groups regarding accident situation and mitigation
      efforts.


                                   31
      Conduct at-least one full scale mock-drill of a chemical accident at
       a site each year and forward a report of the strengths & weakness
       of the plan to the State Crisis Group.
      Meet every 45 days and send a report to the State Crisis Group.
4.3     COMPOSITION & FUNCTION OF LOCAL CRISIS GROUP (LCG)
        Local Crisis Group (LCG) has been constituted for Gandhinagar
        and Kalol pockets of the District, in line with the guidelines given in
        CA rules 1996. The composition of the LCG is given at Figure -
        4.2. The contact information of all the members of respective
        LCGs is provided at Annexure 2.3 & 2. 4
        The LCG is an apex body in the industrial pocket to deal with
        major chemical accidents and coordinate efforts in emergency
        planning, preparedness and their mitigation. As per CA Rules,
        1996, the LCG will:

     Prepare local emergency plan for the industrial pocket.
     Ensure dove-tailing of local emergency plan with District Emergency
      Plan.
     Train personnel involved in chemical accident management.
      Educate the population likely to be affected in a chemical accident.
     Conduct at-least one full scale mock-drill of a chemical accident at a
        site every six months and forward the report to District Crisis
        Group (DCG).
       Respond to all public inquiries on the subject.
      Meet every month and forward a copy of the proceedings to the
        DCG.
        LCG is also responsible for providing information regarding
        possible chemical accident at a site in the industrial pocket and
        other related information to public on request. It will also assist the
        Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units in the industrial pocket in
        taking appropriate steps to inform persons likely to be affected by
        a chemical accident. The MAH installations in the industrial pocket
        will assist and facilitate the functioning of LCG




                                      32
                                                                                FIGURE - 4.1
                                        EMERGENCY ORGANISATION OF THE DISTRICT CRISIS GROUP (DCG)
                                                                                       District Collector
                                                                                District Emergency authority
                                                                                      Chairman of DCG


                                                                Assistant. Director, Industrial Safety & Health, Gandhinagar
                                                                                     Labour Department
                                                                                 Member Secretary of DCG


      Fire Officer Gandhinagar/ Kalol                 Dist. Superintendent of Police                          Regional Officer                        Asst. Transport Officer
          Fire Service Coordinator                         Gandhinagar District                        Gujarat Pollution Control Board                Transport Department
                                                           Security Coordinator                              Safety Coordinator                       Transport Coordinator

               Chief Officer                               Executive Engineer                            Assi. Director of Information                Supdt. Engineer GEB
      Gandhinagar Notified Area Office               Public Health Engg. Department                        PR & Information Deptt.                     Utilities Coordinator
        Evac. & Rehab. Coordinator                     Public Works Coordinator                           Liaison & PR Coordinator

           District Commandant                          General Manager (Rural)                          District Development Officer                    Mohanbhai L. Rami
              HOME GUARD                                 Department of Telecom                               Material Coordinator           Director, Vimal pesticides pvt. ltd., Limbadiya.
           Rescue Coordinator                          Communication Coordinator                                                          Associate Evacuation & Rehabilitation Coordinator


           District Health Officer                       Mr. A V. Brahmbhatt.                           Civil Surgeon, Gandhinagar                     Kishansinh A. Thakor
           Gandhinagar District                    Dy. Manager, (F & S) IFFCO, Kalol.                  Associate Medical Coordinator.            Trade Union Leader, Gandhinagar.
           Medical Coordinator                             Technical Coord.                                                               Associate Evacuation & Rehabilitation Coordinator


             Mr. B. J. Kamdar                                Mr B.S.Amin                                      Representative                          Departmental Officers
     Vimal Pesticides Pvt. Ltd.Limbadiya             Manager, (F & S) IFFCO, Kalol.                       Controller of Explosives       Dy. Director of ind. safety & health office, Kalol
           Technical Coordinator                        Technical coordinator.                          Associate Safety Coordinator                   Support Functions

             P. Nagashrinivas                                   Manoj kumar                                  One Representative                     District Agriculture Officer
Manager, Hindustan Petroleum Corp. Sardhav.   Safety officer, Hindustan Petro. Corp. Sardhav.             O. N. G. C. , Chandkheda                    Gandhinagar District
           Technical Co ordinator                          Technical Co ordinator                          Technical Coordinator.                   Associate Utilities Coord.




                                                                                  FIGURE - 4.2



                                                                                          33
                             EMERGENCY ORGANISATION OF THE AREA LOCAL CRISIS GROUP (LCG)


                                                                     ADM/SDM
                                                              Area Emergency Authority
                                                                  Chairman of LCG


                                                                    Assistant Director
                                                        Industrial Safety & Health, Gandhinagar


              Fire Officer              2 Eminent Doctors in the Area             Representatives of Industries   1 Representative of Civil Defence
       Fire Services Coordinator            Medical Coordinators                     Material coordinators              Rescue Coordinator



         Station House Officer      2 Transporters of Hazardous Chemicals         Community Leader/Sarpanch/               Social Workers
         Security Coordinator               Transport Coordinators                      Village Pradhan           Food & Water Supply Coordinators
                                                                                  Evac. & Rehab. Coordinators          at Temporary Shelters

      Block Development Officer         1 Representative of an NGO                   Primary Health Officer          Editor of Local Newspaper
         Utilities Coordinator        Medical aid at Temporary Shelters             Public Works Coordinator        Communications Coordinator




4.4   ORGANOGRAMS FOR TYPICAL EMERGENCIES



                                                                          34
      The prime requirement during a chemical emergency is well-coordinated efforts for effective management
      and control. This calls for identification of personnel and resources that will be involved in each function of
      emergency planning such as fire fighting, medical, rescue and combat, communication, etc. These
      personnel will function as a team for each distinct activity and may or may not be involved in all types of
      activities. The proposed organization charts for different teams for emergency management are presented
      at Annexure 1.2.
      With the knowledge of the area, identification of hazards due to storage and transportation of hazardous
      chemicals in the area and formulation of emergency organizations at different levels, we now need to
      assign appropriate roles and responsibilities to each of the identified key person for rendering effective
      response during emergency. The pre-emergency activities required to be performed by each of the team
      members is given in the next chapter.




5.    PRE EMERGENCY PLANNING & PREPAREDNESS
      FUNCTIONS

5.1   INTRODUCTION

      While implementation of accident prevention measures at an industrial installation is an internal function of
      the unit, there are various activities that go into planning and preparedness to effectively counter the
      impacts of chemical accidents at off-site level. For such accidents, which have off-site consequences, it
      becomes the responsibility of external authorities to apply countermeasure efforts and minimize the
      damage to men and material. For effectively handling such situations, the response agencies need to be in
      a good state of operational readiness and this requires meticulous planning on their part. While each
      member needs to identify and train first and second alternate officers, who can act on their behalf during
      their absence at the time of emergency, they also need to provide guidance to their counterparts in the


                                                        35
      local crisis group for effectively handling emergency situations. Following paragraphs discuss the pre
      emergency planning and preparedness functions for each member of the District Crisis Group (DCG) and
      their respective teams including counterparts in Local Crisis Group (LCG).

5.2   DISTRICT EMERGENCY AUTHORITY – DISTRICT COLLECTOR (DC)

 Provide guidance for preparing the Off-site Emergency Plan for the District and approve on finalization
 Ensure that yearly mock drills of offsite plan are conducted effectively and outcome is used to improve the
  emergency planning and preparedness.
 In association with members of District Crisis Group (DCG), identify and assess the adequacy of resources
  available in the District to combat various possible emergency scenarios and prepare a plan to build the
  resource base to the required level. Logistics have been worked out for typical chemical emergency scenarios
  in Major Accident Response System (MARS) for each area. Help can be taken from the calculations provided
  to assess and build-up the resource base to the required level.
 Being chairman of the DCG, the District Collector (DC) will formulate the response objectives and strategies
  for various possible off-site emergency scenarios, with assistance from all the members of DCG. Detailed
  response procedures for each accident scenario have been provided separately based on the type and level
  of emergency in MARS for each cluster.
 In association with Chairman of Local Crisis Group (LCG), plan and organize public awareness programs to
  educate the population likely to be affected in a chemical accident about the remedies, existing preparedness
  in the area, do’s and don’ts during emergency, etc.

5.3   MEMBER SECRETARY – ASSISTANT DIRECTOR OF INDUSTRIAL SAFETY & HEALTH,
      GANDHINAGAR.

 Assist members of the District Crisis Group (DCG) in identifying and understanding their roles and
  responsibilities for emergency management.


                                                      36
 In addition to having good knowledge of the industries and their operations, he also has fairly good
  knowledge of the area with respect to location of resources and facilities, communication and transport
  network and should therefore disseminate this information to other members of the District Crisis Group &
  Local Crisis Group (LCG).
 Identify, provide and maintain adequate facilities in District Crisis Control Room (DCCR) and at Local
  Command Post (LCP)
 Assist/Deputy District Collector (DC) in organizing meeting of DCG every 45 days (as per Chemical Accident
  rules)
 Conduct a full-scale mock trial at least once every year, monitor progress and provide technical inputs to
  improve preparedness level.
 Forward the report of such trials to State Crisis Group.
 Update the off-site emergency plan in consultation with the members of DCG, as and when required. The
  requirement and methodology for testing and plan updation is provided in the next chapter.

5.4   COMMUNICATION COORDINATOR – GM (RURAL) TELECOM
     Good communication system is critical to a successfully orchestrated response action, particularly if a
     number of different agencies or organizations at the Local, District, State, and even Country level have
     important roles. The goal therefore is to quickly establish secure communication links between all major
     parties to a response action. The main responsibilities of communications coordinator for emergency
     planning and preparedness are to:
 Identify all available means of communication / warning and notification such as basic telephones, mobile
  phones, walkie-talkie, cable TV, radio, etc. that can be made use of during an emergency
 Also identify ham radio operators in the area, assess how they can help during an emergency and formulate a
  procedure for seeking their help when required




                                                     37
 Identify all the members of District Crisis Group (DCG) / Local Crisis Group (LCG) who have walkie-talkie and
  prepare a list of frequency and address code for contacting them during an emergency. Also prepare a list of
  members with their mobile numbers so that it can be used during an emergency.
 Prepare a pocket directory of key contact persons covering the members of DCG, LCG, their subordinates
  who might have to be instructed for carrying out specific tasks during an emergency, representatives of
  industries, experts and first & second alternates of all the members. The directory should include the name,
  designation, emergency designation, organization/department, office and residential address and telephone
  numbers, mobile phone numbers (if available) and contact information for access through walkie talkie. The
  directory of key contacts providing name, address and phone numbers of the control rooms, industries, LCGs,
  DCG, expert agencies, police stations, NGOs and press & media have been compiled in Annexure 2 which
  can be used for the purpose
 All the members of the DCG/ LCG should always carry such a pocket diary, so that, irrespective of their
  location during an emergency at any time (say even at midnight), they can start coordinating response
  activities before reaching District Emergency Control Center (DECC). The same is true for first and second
  alternates of all the members.
 Provide additional telephone lines with unlisted numbers to response agencies wherever required. Providing
  telephones with only incoming facility may also be considered for first responders.
 Arrange to establish an all call system on telephone network for notification of emergency in the areas likely
  to be affected
 Prepare and keep up-to-date the list and contact information of sensitive areas having concentration of
  population such as educational institutions, cinema halls, hospitals, prisons, etc. which may require early
  notification. As transport accidents can happen almost anywhere in the District, this will also require
  identification of such areas along the major transport corridors of the District.
 As the damage distances in certain chemical accident scenarios exceed 3 Km (normal audible range of an
  industrial facility siren) warning and notification in far-flung areas becomes an important issue. Installation of
  fixed system has its own associated problems of techno-commercial feasibility, maintenance and up-keep. In
  view of this, warning and notification through vehicles mounted with siren and PA system may be considered.


                                                        38
  For this the communication coordinator shall, in association with transport coordinator, prepare and keep up-
  to-date the location-wise list of all the government and other vehicles having siren and PA system facility.
 Prepare standard message formats (in English and Gujarati) for use in radio / television broadcast or outdoor
  notification through megaphones to facilitate and reduce time necessary to alert the public of a problem and
  inform them of the protective actions to be taken. Sample instructions for toxic vapor release scenario could
  be.
There is a chemical emergency at Name of the Unit / Location.      Kindly follow these instructions :-
      In case of Shelter-in-place
   Everyone is advised to stay indoors
   Close all doors, windows and ventilation systems
   Please keep your face covered by a wet towel
   If possible stay under a shower

      In case of evacuation: (based on information provided by Evacuation Coordinator)
 Everyone is advised to come out of their houses immediately and proceed to Name of the Assembly Point via
  Name of the Route.
 You are advised to bring any prescription, medicines and special personal care items with you.
 Our other team members are taking adequate care of your children at the school (if applicable).
 All vehicle owners are requested to take as many people as possible with them and reach Name of the
  Rehabilitation Center, which has been declared as the rehabilitation center.
 Following Names of transportation means / transporters have been arranged for you at Name of the
  Assembly Point.
 Volunteers with Yellow Jackets are there to assist you. Please feel free in telling them your problems.




                                                       39
     Establish a warning system for different level of emergencies. It is important to note that wailing
     tones of siren for emergency purpose must be distinct from normal usage by the industries for
     begin / end of shifts. Suggested modes for emergency purpose are :-

 For accident scenarios having off-site consequences - Long siren of 30 seconds duration followed by short
  siren of 10 seconds duration at least 10 times.




 For All-Clear signal: small sirens of 10 seconds each for two minutes.



     Information on communication and warning system available with various Major Accident Hazard (MAH)
     units is given at Annexure 3.9.

     Same system should be followed by all industries and vehicles, which are wailing sirens for notification of
     an emergency. Announcements of standard messages may be carried out by vehicles, between wailing of
     sirens, for the benefit of those who are not aware of the warning signals.

     Once a warning system has been discussed and finalized by the District Crisis Group (DCG), the same will
     be publicized for creating awareness among the local residents.



                                                      40
      In consultation with the Railway authority prepare a plan for warning / stopping of trains at a safe distance
      during an emergency.

      Assess the efficiency of the main and alternate communication system and warning system during mock
      drills and update the system where required.




5.5   TECHNICAL COORDINATORS - 4 EXPERTS IN INDUSTRIAL
      SAFETY & HEALTH

      Technical Coordinators are the key people who have thorough understanding of the industrial processes,
      chemical hazards, safety and emergency management related issues. They are usually either
      entrepreneurs themselves or senior employees of major hazard units. Their responsibilities therefore
      include :-

 Formulation of response objectives and strategy in consultation with the District Collector (DC). This would
  involve providing technical inputs on toxicity, chemical emergency management procedures, resource
  requirement and deployment procedures, etc.
 As hazard identification for major chemical emergency scenarios have already been worked out, the results of
  computer simulation carried out for MCA scenarios at Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units as given in Chapter
  3 can be used for the purpose of estimating the damage distances. Providing regular training to first
  responders and support agencies.
 Deciding on which areas require evacuation and residents of which locations can be suggested to take
  shelter in place.


                                                        41
 Assisting the Evacuation Coordinator in identifying safe areas for assembly points and safe routes for their
  transfer to rehabilitation shelters based on possible wind directions.
 Assisting the members of the District Crisis Group (DCG) in plan testing and updating based on outcome of
  the mock-trials conducted in the District.

      Time is very critical in situations that require public evacuation or related protective actions and does not
      permit lengthy discussions or deliberations as to whether an evacuation is warranted or how large an area
      should be considered at risk. Predetermined criteria for decision making therefore greatly facilitate the
      process. Whereas, pucca houses with doors, windows and ventilators closed can provide adequate
      protection in scenarios where the contaminant residence time is not too long, population residing in shanty
      houses will definitely need to be evacuated to safer locations. The overview of shelter-in-place concept is
      given at Annexure - 5.2.




5.6   SAFETY COORDINATOR – REGIONAL OFFICER, GPCB
 Regularly obtain and keep a record of meteorological conditions in different areas of the District from IMD.
  Establish a link with IMD / other Met Stations in the area and also Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units who
  monitor wind speed and direction on continuous basis to get the real time met data at the time of emergency.

 As wind socks are available at most of the large MAH units and the simulation has been carried out for two
  atmospheric stability classes, following guidelines may be used for identifying the respective damage
  distances for different accident scenarios :-




                                                        42
1. Atmospheric stability Class F represents light, steady winds, nighttime skies and low level of turbulence.
   Therefore, damage distances corresponding to stability Class F may occur only during nighttime.
2. Atmospheric stability class D represents neutral conditions and applicable to heavy overcast conditions.
   Therefore, damage distances corresponding to stability class D may occur during daytime only.
3. Higher wind speeds (>3 m/s) would further assist in contaminant dispersion and therefore the damage
   distances would be lesser than those estimated during the simulation.

 As can be seen from Table 2.1 the wind normally blows from South West (SW) in summer and from North
  East (NE) in winter months. The data collect through the above exercise can be analyzed to obtain the
  weather pattern of the area.
 Put a system in place and develop capability to monitor residual contaminant concentration in air, water, soil,
  food, fodder, etc. It would be required to monitor the residual concentration of toxic contaminant after
  emergency to declare the area, water, soil, etc. safe for reentry / use. To begin with, capability can be
  developed for various toxic chemicals used in the area and it can be extended to other toxic chemicals, which
  are transported through the area.

5.7   FIRE SERVICES COORDINATOR – FIRE OFFICER

 Formulate response strategy for each of the identified accident scenarios. This would involve assessment of
  the use of fire-fighting equipment and media for specific chemicals involved in fire.
 Based on the above, assess the requirements in terms of men and material that may be required during a
  major chemical emergency.
 Prepare an inventory of special fire-fighting equipment/media available with the department and the Major
  Accident Hazard (MAH) units and identify sources for procurement of additional material for use during an
  emergency. The details of fire fighting resources available with MAH units are given at Annexure 3.1. The
  resources available with the fire stations in district are given at Annexure 3.2.
 In addition to the fire fighting, develop capability to handle various scenarios of toxic chemicals release.


                                                       43
 Train the manpower on handling chemical emergencies (major fire / explosion / toxic release) covering
  knowledge of possible chemicals accidents scenarios, use of Personal Protective Equipments (PPEs),
  controlling damage during transport accidents (such as capping leaking chlorine toner by using chlorine kit),
  etc.
 Conduct truncated mock trials regularly

5.8   RESCUE COORDINATOR – COMMANDANT, HOME GUARDS

 Based on the possible emergency scenarios, assess the requirement of men and material that may be
  required during an emergency. List of special rescue equipment available with various agencies is provided at
  Annexure 3.11.
 Establish special rescue squads and train them for rescue of entrapped workers, members of response
  agencies and also local population.




5.9   MEDICAL COORDINATOR – DISTRICT HEALTH OFFICER

 Formulate mass casualty plan :- This item pertains to those emergency situations, which have the potential to
  kill or injure hundreds, or possibly thousands of individuals over a short period of time. Its intent is to ensure
  that medical care providers can cope with the problem as efficiently and effectively as possible. Fortunately,
  many hospitals and clinics across the country already have such plans for non-chemical related emergencies
  and therefore have the basic elements of a plan that can be expanded to cope up with hazardous material
  emergencies. For this, it is necessary in all chemical exposure situations, to have information readily available
  on:-



                                                        44
 Toxic effects of the substance(s) of concern by all likely routes of exposure of commonly used hazardous
  chemicals in the district is provided at Annexure - 4.2
 Observable symptoms of human exposures;
 Special medical tests (if any) that may be advisable to assess the extent of injury;
 Need to observe victims for delayed effects; and
 Treatment methods or protocols recommended for various types and levels of exposure.

  Public authorities should never assume that physicians or hospitals have this information on hand. Nor
  should they assume that the basic first aid and health effect data given in typical material safety data sheets
  would be adequate for all eventualities. It, therefore, is the responsibility of the district medical coordinator to
  compile the first-aid and comprehensive treatment procedures for each toxic substance handled in the
  District, which has the capability of affecting a large section of population.

 Formulate a system for quick establishment of triage stations
 Prepare an inventory of medical facilities available with the industries and the hospitals in the district. The
  medical facilities available with Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units are listed at Annexure 3.3. Medical
  facilities in district are given at Annexure 3.4. Contact information of ambulance services, hospitals, private
  practitioners, blood banks, medical test laboratories & Pharmaceutical Distributors are given at Annexure
  3.5 to 3.7.
 Identify specific antidotes / medicines based on the common chemicals handled in the district. The most
  common antidotes for chemical poisoning and the associated treatment procedure are detailed at Annexure
  4.2.
 Prepare an inventory of specific antidotes / medicines available with different agencies such as hospitals,
  chemist shops, stockist of drugs and prepare a plan for quick procurement of the same during an
  emergency

  Refer Annexure 4 for remedial measures and common treatment


                                                       45
      procedures for exposure to chlorine and burn victims.

5.10 UTILITIES COORDINATOR – SUPERINTDENTING ENGINEER Gujarat Energy Powar Corpoation
     Co. Ltd. formaly known as GEB
 Prepare a list and contact information of utility sub-stations or distribution points, which need to be informed to
  switch off the power supply in a particular area if required.
 Identify agencies, which give portable DG sets on hire, as alternate source of power may be required during
  an emergency to perform combat activities. Formulate a plan for procurement and quick deployment of such
  equipment during an emergency. The list of such vendors has been compiled and presented at Annexure
  3.12.
 Identify and maintain a list of alternate sources of water for fire fighting.
 Identify and maintain a list of alternate sources of potable water for general population at residential areas
  and temporary shelters.
 In consultation with the transport coordinator, prepare a plan to provide water from the above sources through
  tankers, at incident site, residential areas and temporary shelters.
5.11 MATERIAL COORDINATOR – DISTRICT DEVELOPMENT OFFICER
 Procure a list of all the Personal Protective Equipments (PPEs) and other combat material, from the members
  of District Crisis Group (DCG), which may be required by them during an emergency. Compile the lists to
  prepare an estimate of different items that will be required by response agencies.
 Prepare an inventory of above material available with response agencies and industries. The details of PPEs
  available with Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units are given at Annexure 3.8 for ready reference. Identify the
  vendors / agencies / stockists from where the additional requirement of such material can be procured at
  short notice.
 Formulate a plan for distribution of PPEs and other material / equipment to response personnel, which they
  may require during an emergency.



                                                        46
 In addition to the specific PPEs and combat equipment, also identify sources of food, wheel chairs, general
  medicines, and recreation facilities that may be required at rehabilitation centers during an emergency.
  Prepare a plan for procurement of above material at short notice.

5.12 EVACUATION AND REHABILITATION COORDINATOR – CHIEF OFFICER OF MUNICIPAL
     CORPORATION / NOTIFIED AREA OFFICE.
 In association with the technical & transport coordinators, identify main and alternate assembly points based
  on different wind directions where people can assemble for getting evacuated
 Also identify evacuation routes based on different wind directions through which the assembled population
  can be taken to temporary shelters.
 Based on possible accident scenarios, estimate the number of persons that may need to be evacuated. This
  can be done from the data provided in "Demographic Profile" given at Annexure 5.1, which lists the names of
  the villages along with the population data based on census records.
 Based on above information, identify temporary shelters in different wind directions for accommodating the
  evacuated population. The criteria for selection for rehabilitation shelters for evacuees are given at Annexure
  5.3. List of proposed rehabilitation shelters is given at Annexure 3.13
 In consultation with the medical coordinator, prepare a plan for evacuation of patients, for hospitals falling in
  the hazard zone.
 In consultation with the security coordinator, prepare a plan for shifting people in police custody, if a police
  station is likely to fall in the hazard zone.
 In consultation with the authorities of educational institutions, prepare a plan for evacuation of students,
  teachers and other staff members, for such institutions falling under the hazard zone.
 In consultation with the District Collector (DC) and the Prison Authorities, prepare a plan to evacuate
  prisoners, officers and staff members, if the prison is likely to fall in the hazard zone. This scenario may only
  happen during transport emergency occurring near prison.




                                                        47
Note that the evacuation of people from individual residences who require special notification or assistance
(such as senior citizens and physically handicapped) can be facilitated if public officials have compiled a list of
those homes requiring personal attention. The local census data can be of great help in compilation of such
information.

5.13 TRANSPORT COORDINATOR – ASSISTANT TRANSPORT OFFICER
 Various vehicles (available with the District Administration and Police Department) are fitted with sirens,
  Public Address (PA) system and walkie-talkies. Prepare a list of all such vehicles available in the District and
  shortlist those that can be made use of for warning general population.
 Establish agreements with public and private bus companies and ambulance services for provision of
  vehicles and drivers during emergency. For ambulance availability, refer Annexure 3.3 for Major Accident
  Hazard (MAH) units, Annexure 3.4 for Medical facilities in district and Annexure 3.2 for fire stations. The
  details of vehicles available at MAH units are provided at Annexure 3.10.
 Establish agreements with public and private agencies having water tankers for provision of water to
  residential areas, temporary shelters and for fire fighting under emergency situation.
 Establish procedure with material coordinator for obtaining appropriate protective clothing and equipment for
  its distribution to personnel who may have prolonged and excessive exposure to toxic contaminants while
  performing notification or evacuation operations.
 Training at least some of the drivers on emergency procedures and on use of Self Contained Breathing
  Apparatus (SCBA), if entry might be necessary or may unexpectedly occur (due to shift in wind direction or
  other factors) to zones with toxic air contaminants.
 In association with the evacuation and rehabilitation coordinator, identify main and alternate assembly points
  based on different wind directions where people can assemble for getting evacuated
 Identify routes for response agencies and alternate routes for evacuation of general public for different wind
  directions.



                                                        48
5.14 SECURITY COORDINATOR – DISTRICT SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE
 Assess the requirement of manpower and vehicles under different emergency scenarios
 Assess the requirement of Personal Protective Equipments (PPEs) and other resources required for handling
  chemical emergencies.
 In association with the evacuation and rehabilitation coordinator, prepare a plan for evacuation of prisoners,
  from prisons or police stations, for such areas, which are likely to fall in the hazard zone.
 Provide training to police personnel on handling chemical emergency scenarios
5.15 PUBLIC WORKS COORDINATOR – EXECUTIVE ENGINEER - PUBLIC HEALTH DEPARTMENT
 Compile a list of those companies or facilities that draw water from water bodies in the area of concern,
  together with a list of appropriate contacts and telephone numbers at these facilities for notifying them in case
  of an emergency.
 In association with technical coordinators, identify scenarios where wash water from emergency operations
  should not be allowed to enter rivers or surface water bodies and inform the Major Accident Hazard (MAH)
  units accordingly.
 Formulate a plan to contain wash water from emergency operation in dykes, tanks, etc., for further treatment
  before discharge to surface water bodies.
 Identify sewer shut-off points for the containment of hazardous materials that may leak or flow into sanitary and
  storm sewers.
 In association with the technical coordinators, formulate plan for containment of hazardous chemicals in case
  of transport emergency.
 Identify the material that may be required for above operation and compile a list of agencies from where it can
  be procured at short notice during emergency.
 In association with the veterinarian department, formulate a decontamination plan for domestic livestock and
  wildlife.
 Formulate a mass casualty plan for domestic livestock and wildlife.


                                                        49
5.16     LIAISON & PUBLIC RELATIONS COORDINATOR – ASSI.
         DIRECTOR OF INFORMATION
 Prepare a list of contacts with telephone numbers of media persons who need to be informed of an
  emergency. A brief list is provided at Annexure 2.9 for ready reference.
5.17 CO-ORDINATION WITHIN LOCAL CRISIS GROUP

Since several individuals and agencies are involved in decision making, the coordination amongst members is a
vital requirement for the success of the plan. In order to ensure better coordination amongst the members, the
following need to be pursued :-

    Clear and concise communication amongst the members.
    Efficient communication and warning system.
    Sequential decisions flow from the coordinator to the field personnel.
    Team spirit and task orientation.
    Appropriate training and retraining in emergency preparedness.
    Regular and frequent field visits, mock drills, and simulation exercises at Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units.
    Discussion of observations and feedback.
    Motivation of field personnel.

6.     CONTROL ROOMS

6.1    AIM & OBJECTIVES OF CONTROL ROOMS

       It is a nodal center point of emergency authorities for fast flow of information upwards and downwards (to
       & fro) incase of any kind of emergency / disaster.


                                                         50
     It also a some sort source of quick supply of emergency requirement for quick action to control to mitigate
     effects at some extent quickly, as well as great speedy extended rescue, relief and rehabilitation
     operations to save human lives, living creatures, property and environment.

     It has dual objective i.e. during emergency, which show above. Others objective is during normal times.
     They are as follows :-

1.   Work as data bank, collection of data & keeping up to date
     information.
2.   Give training to personnel.
3.   Building public awareness.
4.   Maintain emergency equipment in working condition.




                                                      51
6.2    LOCATION OF CONTROL ROOMS

Sr.                       Main Control Room                          Alternate / Shadow Control Room
No                                                                                  No. 1
         Name            Place            Telephone No.       Name           Place          Telephone No.
                                         O            R                                    O           R
1.    District       Collector       23259452     23254884 Local Crisis    Hindustan 23270186 23231011
      Crisis Group   Office,         23256720        M-    Group C/R       petroleum 23270288 M- 94276
      C/R            Gandhinagar                           Gandhinagar corpo. ltd,
                                     gswan107 9427306209                                23270096      06395
                                                                           Sardhav.
                                     0
2.    Local Crisis SDM & Asst.       23259093    M- 94273     Local Crisis    Hindustan     23270186 23231011
      Group C/R    Collector                        05756     GroupC/R        petroleum     23270288 M- 94276
      Gandhinagar Office,                                     Gandhinagar     corpo. ltd,
                                                                                            23270096    06395
                   Gandhinagar                                                Sardhav.

                     Mamlatdar        02716-       232030
                     office,          232002
                     Dehgam
                     Mamlatdar        02763-       02763-
                     office, Mansa    270662       272754

3.    Local Crisis   Mamlatdar        02764-       02764 -     Local Crisis   IFFCO,        02764 -   23285755
      Group C/R –    office. Kalol    220414       221199      Group C/R –    Kalol         223256    M - 98240
      Kalol                                                       Kalol
                                                                                                          23808



                                                         52
6.3   FACILITIES AVAILABLE AT EACH CONTROL ROOM

At present facilities available in various Control Room functioning
at different place is given below :-

Apart from Control Rooms at Collector, SDM and Mamlatdar offices
there is no independent Control Room. At present alternate Control
Rooms are fixed at Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd. Sardhav and
IFFCO, Kalol. The facilities available with the industries in these area are
utilized at the time of emergencies.


 Presently the following facilities are available at the Control
  Room, Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd. Sardhav :-

1.    Mobile Foam Tender            -       NA
2.    Fire Jeep                     -       01 No.
3.    Manpower                      -       49 Employees
4.    Breathing Apparatus Sets      -       01 No.
5.    PVC / Chemical Suits          -       01 No
6.    Fire Entry Suits                  -    01 No
7.    B.A. Set self                 -       01 No
8.    Water Monitors (Mobile)       -       NA
9.    Map of the Area               -       01 No.



 Presently the following facilities are available at the Control
  Room, IFFCO, Kalol :-

1.    Mobile Foam Tender            -       02 Nos.
2.    Fire Jeep                     -       01 No.
3.    Manpower                      -       Presently IFFCO Fire Station is
                                            manned round the clock. Other
                                            person of ONGC, Saij (1 Km




                                    53
                                        dist.) can be called at short
                                        notice.
4.      Breathing Apparatus Sets   -    15 Nos.
5.      PVC / Chemical Suits       -    25 Nos.
6.      B.A. Set with compressor   -    1 Nos. (with 20 pts)
7.      Water Monitors (Mobile)    -    10 Nos.
8.      Map of the Area            -    01 No.



 Local Crisis Group, Gandhinagar :- In case of emergency in
     Gandhinagar taluka MAH units Disaster Management Centre (Control
     Room) has been set up at SDM office. In case of emergency in
     Mansa / Dehgam talukas Disaster Management Centre (Control
     Room) has been set up at respective Taluka Mamlatdar offices.

 Local Crisis Group, Kalol:- As all MAH units are situated near Kalol,
     Disaster Management Centre (Control Room) has been set up at
     Mamlatdar office, Kalol.




7.      PLAN TESTING AND UPDATING



                                   54
7.1   INTRODUCTION

      In areas having well-run industrial houses, Off-site Emergency
      Plans could get tested very infrequently. This may lead to rusting
      of the various response agencies in the area. It is therefore
      extremely important for the response personnel to be trained at
      regular intervals. There are two aspects of training, viz., technical
      and emergency management. Whereas the former can be through
      classroom sessions, interaction and industry visits, the latter
      requires thorough knowledge of the roles, responsibilities and
      linkages that have to be ensured during emergencies. This aspect
      can only be checked through a plan testing process in which an
      emergency situation is simulated.

      An emergency response plan is developed to deal with largely
      unperfected events. Those involved in planning and preparing for
      emergencies must undertake periodic exercises to test the plan.
      Any plan remains a “paper plan” until it is put to test, as there are
      bound to be omissions and faults. Testing exercises vary in type
      and scope. The simplest type is a “desk-top” exercise; the most
      complicated is the full-scale mock drill.

7.2   DESK-TOP EXERCISE

      Such an exercise basically involves development of a written
      accident scenario wherein all members of the response team take
      part in a paper exercise to ensure that each of them knows their as
      well as other members role in an emergency situation. The written
      scenario shall clearly identify the following :-

   Objective of the drill
   Components of the plant to be tested
   List of participants
   Sequence of events
   Level of simulated hazard and
   Exercise evaluation checklist.
      The written scenario shall be as realistic as possible and shall be
      taken from the sequence of events from an actual emergency.




                                    55
      Critique sessions during which the results of the evaluation are
      presented are crucial. The plan should be modified following such
      sessions, to rectify the shortcomings highlighted by the drill. A
      desk-top exercise is particularly useful for testing a new plan for
      the following reasons :-

     A new plan is likely to have many shortcomings, which can be
      readily discovered through such an exercise.
     The participants in the exercise will get an opportunity to work
      together, probably for the first time. When members of an
      emergency team meet frequently, work together, they are highly
      likely to cooperate effectively and efficiently during real
      emergency, and
     Desktop exercises are far less expensive than full-scale
      emergency drills.

      The works main controller of the Major Accident Hazard (MAH)
      unit should take the initiative in organizing such exercises.
      Representatives of external agencies could also be involved in
      desktop plan testing process. Once a few such exercises have
      been conducted at the industry, Local and District levels, the
      modified plan is ready to be tested by field methods as given in
      subsequent sections.

7.3   TRUNCATED TRIALS

      Truncated trials are an extension of the desktop exercises but lie
      halfway to the full-scale drills. In this exercise, it is required by the
      members of District Crisis Group (DCG), Local Crisis Group (LCG)
      and their respective teams to be in readiness. It is primarily based
      on effectiveness of communication. At times it may also be scaled
      up to the industry level to actually estimate the response time for
      mobilization and deployment of resources at the incident site by
      the external agencies and departments. It is recommended that
      the inspector of factories (Member Secretary of the LCG) should
      take the initiative in organizing such exercises for all the Major
      Accident Hazard (MAH) units in his jurisdiction.


      This exercise gives almost a true picture of the level of
      preparedness of the personnel and familiarization of roles and
      responsibilities by individuals involved in emergency operation.
      Involvement of external agencies is a very important aspect as it is


                                     56
      the only way for achieving effective coordination of the industry
      personnel with officers of support government agencies. Through
      these trials, officers of government agencies also get to work in
      close coordination with industry personnel and get the exposure of
      industrial safety aspects & requirements. It also gives an
      opportunity to identify gaps in the plan and areas of overlapping
      responsibilities amongst the industry personnel and government
      departments. Overlapping responsibilities are often the cause of
      confusion and thus through such exercise the deployment pattern
      of man and material can be further improvised.

7.4   FULL SCALE TESTING

      Nothing can replace a full-scale emergency drill as a means of
      identifying further areas requiring improvements in an Off-site
      Emergency Plan. Careful pre-planning of the drill, preparing a drill
      scenario and defining the evaluation process are all critical
      elements to a successful test. The emphasis of these drills might
      be on one or all of the interacting aspects of the plan. Some
      examples are given below :-

     Test the degree of cooperation achieved between the various
      agencies involved in plan implementation.
     Test the use and performance of emergency equipment such as
      fire extinguishers, self breathing apparatus, decontamination
      equipment, fire engines, ambulances, etc.
     Test the level of preparedness of various agencies and services
      involved in plan implementation.
     To estimate time taken for various activities such as notification,
      alarm, response, resource mobilization, deployment, etc.
     To test the knowledge gained by response personnel (of both
      industry and others) who have been imparted specialized training
      in emergency management.
     Test the feasibility of the formulated evacuation and rehabilitation
      plan, etc.
      A full-scale mock drill could consider all the above aspects in one
      go and thus bring out practical bottlenecks in implementation of the
      plan. Such exercises are therefore essential in making the plan
      practical as far as possible.
      As per the Chemical Accident (CA) Rules, 1996, a full-scale mock
      trial should be conducted by the Local Crisis Group (LCG) at least
      once every six months and that by District Crisis Group (DCG)


                                   57
      once in a year. These groups are also required to prepare and
      send the report on the strengths and weaknesses of the mock trial
      to DCG and State Crisis Group respectively.

      The present plan for Gandhinagar District, on its approval by the
      District Collector and Ministry of Environment & Forest (MoEF), will
      be tested using aforementioned tools to check its practicability.

7.5   PLAN UPDATION

      As plan testing, its updating is also a systematic process. The
      testing process should be closely monitored and steps ocumented.
      This will help in identifying the lacunae easily and will thus facilitate
      the plan updating. The Off-site Emergency Plan should be updated
      after one or more of the following activities :-
     Desk-top trial
     Truncated trials
     Full-scale mock drill
     Establishment of a new Major Accident Hazard unit in the area
     Close down of an existing MAH unit in the area
     Modification in the type and / or quantity of hazardous chemicals
       handled at any of the existing MAH units
      Establishment of a major population center such as a residential
       colony, supermarket, hospital, etc. in the vulnerable zone
      Construction of any new road/rail line or by-pass in the area
      The prime responsibility for any modification or updating of the plan lies with the
      Chairman of the District Crisis Group (DCG), i.e., the District Collector. However, with
      any of the aforementioned activities, the Local Crisis Group (LCG) would prepare a
      report and suggest modifications in the plan to the DCG. The DCG on assessing the
      information provided and the suggestions made by the LCG would update the plan. A
      proper record of the minutes of meetings of DCG and LCG should be maintained. All the
      reports and suggestions made by the members should also be preserved. The Member
      Secretary of DCG should also maintain a record of all modifications made in the plan.




                                 ANNEXURE - 1



                                            58
1.    HAZARD SCENARIOS & EMERGENCY ORGANIZATION

1.1   AREA MAPS TO SCALE




             (Placed at end of the report in pouch)




                              59
1.2 EMERGENCY ACTION GROUPS
A)   FIRE
                            EMERGENCY ACTION GROUP - FIRE


                                   Fire Services Coordinator




     Fire Officers of all   Fire Officers of           Mutual-aid     Voluntary
        Fire Stations         MAH units                 Scheme      Organizations
                                                       Members

            Fire Fighters      Fire Fighters



             Rescuers            Rescuers




                                               60
B)   TRANSPORT

                         EMERGENCY ACTION GROUP – TRANSPORT

               Transporters of            Transport Coordinator        Divisional Railway
                 Hazardous                       ARTO                       Manager
                 Chemicals



      Depot Manager State                                                 Private Transportation/
      Transport Corporation              Depot Manager GSTC
                                                                          Vehicles available with
                                                                                 Industries



                              Vehicles of Govt.        Corporate/Autonomous
                               Departments                bodies Vehicles




                                                  61
C)   MEDICAL                   EMERGENCY ACTION GROUP – MEDICAL
                                             Medical Coordinator
                                           Dist Health Officer/ CMO/
                                           2 Eminent Doctors in the
                                                     Area




       MS of all Hospitals            Voluntary          Industrial Medical   Primary Health Centers/
                                    Organizations            Officers
                                                                               Other Private Hospitals

                                                              Dispensary
            Specialists

               Para Medical Staff                            Ambulances


           Ambulances




                                                    62
D)   TECHNICAL
                        EMERGENCY ACTION GROUP - TECHNICAL


                                    Technical Coordinators
                                   (As nominated by the DC)




      MAH Units         GPCB Lab              IMD             Technical Expert         R&D
                                                                  Group

        Environmental              Chemical          Toxicologist                Industry
           Expert                   Analyst
                                                    Epidemiologist           Academicians


                                                   Occupational            State/ National
                                                   Health Expert             Agencies




                                              63
E)    SECURITY

                               EMERGENCY ACTION GROUP - SECURITY



                                        Security Coordinators
                                          Supdt. Of Police




     Station House Officers
                                     Home Guards                CRPF      CISF
      of all Police Stations                                           Commandant
                                     & Civil Defense




                                                   64
F)   WELFARE

                         EMERGENCY ACTION GROUP - WELFARE


     Community Leader/Sarpanch/        Evacuation Coordinator          Medical, Transport, Public
         Village Pradhan              Chief Officer of Mun. Corp/      Works, Rehabilitation, Food
                                          Notified area office             & Civil Supplies,
                                                                              Coordinators



     Officers of PHED       Welfare Officers           Officers of Food &      NGOs & Voluntary
                             of MAH units                Civil Supplies        Organizations
                                                              Dept.




                                                 65
G)   COMMUNICATION

                      EMERGENCY ACTION GROUP - COMMUNICATIONS


              Liaison & Public           Communication Coordinators
            Relations Coordinator           GM (Rural) Telecom




      Telecommunication                              PA System/
                                     Media          Walkie talkies of   Press   HAM Radio
         Department
                                                     MAH Units                  Operators




               Radio                Television          Cable TV




                                                   66
H)   RESCUE & COMBAT

                     EMERGENCY ACTION GROUP - RESCUE & COMBAT


                                   Rescue Coordinator               Fire Services, Safety,
                                Commandant - Civil Defense         Materials, Technical &
                                                                 Communication Coordinators




     Fire Fighting      Rescue Teams of            Field Medical &          Mutual Aid from
         Team              MAH units                First-aid Staff          other Units




                                              67
                        ANNEXURE - 2             DIRECTORY OF KEY CONTACTS

2.1   CONTROL ROOMS

Sr.                                                                                Telephone No.
            Name           Contact Person        Jurisdiction    Location
No.                                                                            Office     Residence
 1 District Crisis Control District Collector                                 23220630
                                                 Gandhinagar District Collector           23254883
    Room                                           District   Office,
                                                              Gandhinagar
 2 Local Crisis Control       Mamlatdar         Dehgam Taluka Mamlatdar office, 02716-    02716-232030
   Room                                                       Dehgam             232002
 3 Local Crisis Control       Mamlatdar          Mansa Taluka Mamlatdar office, 02763-    02763- 272754
   Room                                                       Mansa              270662
 4 Local Crisis Control      SDM & Asst.         Gandhinagar SDM Office,        23259093 M-9427305756
   Room                       Collector            Taluka     Gandhinagar
 5 Local Crisis Control       Mamlatdar          Kalol Taluka Mamlatdar office, 02764-   02764 - 221199
   Room                                                       Kalol              220414




                                                        68
2.2    INDUSTRIES

Sr.                                             Key Person 1 &   Key Person 2 &
           Name               Address                                                 Phone Numbers
No.                                              Designation       Designation
 1 Vimal Pesticides      N.H. NO. : 8        Mohanbhai L. Rami B. J. Kamdar.       22820790
    Pvt. Ltd.            At : Limbadia       Director          Works Manager       22823790
                         Tal: Gandhinagar                                          22821390
 2    Prakash            Plot No. 19/A       Mohanbhai L. Rami S. Raaman.          02718- 247240
      Presticides        At : Zak,           Incharge Person   Manager             02718- 247250
      Industries         Ta : Dehgam                                               02718- 247107
 3    Hindustan          At : Sardhav,       P. Nagashrinivas. vinod Dhait.        23270186
      Petroleum          Taluka: Gandhinagar Manager           Safety Officer      23270187
      Corporation Ltd.                                                             23270196
 4    Ambica LPG         Kalol Mansa Road Chimanbhai S. Patel. Bhulabhai S. Patel. 02763- 272354
      Bottling Pvt. Ltd. At : Parabatpura    Director          Director
                         Ta: Mansa,
 5    Rajdeep Chemical Dehgam Bayad Road Sunil B. Malpani.     Mansukh V. Patel 02716 – 232496
      Industries         At : Sampa,         Partner           Chemist
                         Ta : Dehgam
 6    Shree Vallabh      Dehgam Dhansura Rajendra M. Shah. Virendra A. Patel. 079- 25399350 (Virendra)
      Chemical           Road At:Sampa,      Manager           Chemist.            079-25323523 (Rajendra)
                         Ta ; Dehgam




                                                      69
Sr.                                                          Key Person 1 &     Key Person 2 &      Phone
         Name                       Address
No.                                                           Designation        Designation       Numbers
 1 The Arvind Mills Ltd. At: Khatraj, Ta: Kalol,(N.G.)        Mr.Ajay Kaul       Mr.Ajay Kaul     98240 21094
                                                                                                  98246 54569
 2   IFFCO Ltd.           At: Kasturinagar, Ta: Kalol            A.K. Sinha      Samshersingh 079 23286004
                                                                                                 079 23286014
 3   Maruti Pesticides  1701, G.I.D.C., Chhatral, Ta:          Mahendrabhai     Rajeshbhai Patel 98243 80885
     Pvt. Ltd.          Kalol                                      Patel                         02764 232057
4    Umiya Agros        1218, G.I.D.C., Chhatral, Ta:        Bipinbhai S. Patel Dineshbhai S.     98250 27251
                        Kalol                                                        Patel
5 Gujarat Pesticides C1/29,        G.I.D.C.,Kalol,  Di:        Sureshbhai G.          ---         98254 90106
   Pvt. Ltd.            G’nagar                                    Patel
6 Zion Chemicals Pvt. S.No. 723/1, Rakanpur, Ta:              Rakesh K. Shah     Nigam R. Shah 94260 24989
   Ltd.                 Kalol
7 Saibaba Surfactants Block No. 708, Vadsar, Ta:              Ganapatbhai K. Kiranbhai Vadekar 98250 21123
   Pvt. Ltd.            Kalol                                      Patel                          98251 51126
8 Mahalaxmi             122/A, Ravi Ind. Estate,             Bipinbhai R. Patel Kijayat M. Diwan 98243 00459
   Industries           Bileshwarpura, Ta: Kalol,                                                02764 233873
9 Anmol Chloro Chem 148,        Chhatral    Kadi   Rd.       Ghanashyambhai Rameshbahi S. 98981 16967
                        Dhanot, Kalol                              Patel              Patel       98245 37780
10 Mutual     Chemicals Kadi Road, Chhatral, Ta: Kalol         Mr. V.R. Shah        Philip Job    98250 60442
   Pvt. Ltd.
11 Chem           Plast S No. 1067/B, Kadi Road,              Rajiv R. Patel     Ravi R. Patel   98250 20389
   Industries           Chhatral, Ta: Kalol
12 Arvind Poly Coats    Khatraj Chokdi, Vadsar, Ta:          Prashant Gaikvad     A.K. Kant      98240 21094
                        Kalol                                                                    98246 54540


                                                        70
13  Rajratna       Metal Plot       No.        146/147 Anil T. Sanghavi   Kanaiyalal   98250 29191
   Industries Ltd.      Bileshwarpura, Ta: Kalol
14 Bhagwati Indsutries Plot No. 3522, Ph-IV, G.I.D.C. Jignesh G. Joshi       ---       98254 11035
                        Chhatral, Ta: Kalol




                                                  71
2.3    LOCAL CRISIS GROUP - GANDHINAGAR


Sr.     Designation     Name - address & Telephone No.        Position
No.                                                           in crisis
                                                               Group
 1.     SDM & Add.               Manisha Chandra I.A.S.       Chairman
         Collector       Office: Office of the SDM & Asst.
                                 Collector, M.S. Building,
                                 Sector 11, Gandhinagar.
                              O- 23259093
                              M: 9427305756
  2       Assistant              Shri N.N. Rao                 Member
          Director of    Office: Block: 8/3, CH type, Near     Secretary
       Industrial safety         Vahanvati Vidyalaya, Sector 7
           & Health              Gandhinagar
                              O- 23233231
                          Resi: 30, Aviraj, Nr. Vishal Towar
                                 Prahladnagar, Stellite, A’bad
                              R- 40035939
                              M- 9825365950
 3.        Factory               Shri P. Nagashrinivas.        Member
          Manager        Office: Hindustan Petroleum
                                 Corporation Limited,
                                 Sonipur road, At: Sardhav.
                              O- 23270186 / 23270187
                                 23270196
                          Resi: Plot: 184, Sector 29,
                                 Gandhinagar.
                              R- 23231011
                              M- 94263 40182




 Sr.    Designation     Name - address & Telephone No.        Position


                                   72
No.                                                             in crisis
                                                                 Group
4.    Factory Owner         Shri Mohanbhai L. Rami (Director) Member
                         Office: Vimal Pesticides Pvt. Ltd.
                                 National Highway No 8,
                                 At: Limbadiya.
                              O- 22820790 / 22823790
                                 22821390
                          Resi: Santosh bungalow, Near
                                 Vasant vihar flats, Dafnala,
                                 Ahmedabad.
                              R- 22860213
                              M- 98240 31413
5.    Transporter of          Super Choice Transport Service Member
       Dangerous         Office: Aavtar Hotel, Narol Isanpur
        Chemicals                highway, Narol, Ahmedabad.
6.    Transporter of             M/S Rajendra travels.          Member
       Dangerous                 Shri Ashokbhai L.Patel.
        Chemicals        Office: 712, Gujarat housing board,
                                 Sector 27, Gandhinagar.
                         O/R 23210792
                         M:      9824410792
7.      Fire Officer             Mr.Maheshkumar R. Mod.         Member
                         Office: Gandhinagar Fire Station.
                                 Near District Panchayat,
                                 Sector 17, Gandhinagar.
                              O- 101 / 23222742
                          Resi: 269/ D type, Fire brigade staff
                                 quarters, Gandhinagar.
                              R- 23222741
                              M- 98254 32222
8.    Station House            1 Shri D.J.Vaghela               Member
      Officer (Police)   Office: Police Inspector, Police
                                 station, Sec-21, Gandhinagar.
                              O- 23221021 / 23221033
                               2 Sec-7 Police Station
                                 Gandhinagar.
                              O- 23249805


Sr.    Designation        Name - address & Telephone No.        Position

                                    73
No.                                                         in crisis
                                                             Group
9.         Town              Shri P.B.Patel                 Member
       Development Office: Taluka development officer
          Officer            Taluka panchayat office,
                             M.S. Building, D block,
                             Third floor, Sec 11, G'nagar
                          O- 23220795
                      Resi: A/404, Premier flat, Judges
                             bungalow, Near Lad society,
                             Vastrapur, Ahmedabad.
                          R- 226852847
                          M- 98253 65443
10     Civil Defense         Mr.P.D.Pandor (Instructor)     Member
          Officer    Office: I/C District commandant
                                home guard
                             Dr. Jivraj Mehta Bhavan,
                             Block 6, Ground floor,
                             Sector 10, Gandhinagar.
                          O- 23226155
11.   Primary Health         Dr.Davendra Goswami.           Member
          Officer            Superintendent,
                     Office: Revabhai general hospital,
                             Sardhav.
                          O- 23270178
                      Resi: Hospital compound
                          R- 23270403
12       Journalist          Shri Krishnakant Zha.          Member
                     Office: Gandhinagar Samachar,
                             Block: 683/2, Sector 8,
                             Gandhinagar.
                          O- 23222571/ 23230571




Sr.   Designation      Name - address & Telephone No.       Position
No.                                                         in crisis


                                 74
                                                          Group
 13       Sarpanch            Shri Chhotabhai M. Patel.   Member
                      Office: Gram panchayat, Limbadiya.
                           O- 23277393
                       Resi: Patel vas, Limbadiya.
                           R- 23277363
                           M- 98793 91214
 14.        NGO               Shri Navinbhai Patel          Member
                              President, Lions club,
                       Resi: Plot: 289, Sector 29, G'nagar.
                           R- 23224232
                           M- 9427306744
 15.       Doctor             Dr. Kiritbhai Patel.          Member
                      Office: 180, Harsiddhnagar, Double
                              decker vasahat, Sector 24,
                              Gandhinagar.
                           O- 23221688
                       Resi: Plot: 1065, Sec- 2D, G'nagar.
                           R- 23232650
                           M- 98255 68083
 16.       Doctor             Dr. Ramanbhai G. Patel.       Member
                      Office: Plot: 147/1, Anand vatika,
                              Near Panchdev temple,
                              Sector 22, Gandhinagar.
                           O- 23224286
                       Resi: Above dispensary.
                           R- 23225336
 17.     Local Social         Shri Bachubhai L. Patel.
           Worker             At: Sardhav, Ta: Gandhinagar
                           R- 23270141
 18.    Social Worker         Shri Arunbhai Buch.
                              President, Gandhinagar saher
                              vasahat mandal,
                               220, Sector 20, Gandhinagar
                           R- 23260370
                           M- 98250 18134




2.4    LOCAL CRISIS GROUP - KALOL


                                 75
      Designation          Name, Address & Telephone
Sr.                                                            Position in
                                      No.
No                                                            Crisis Group
1       SDM & Asst.       Smt. Manisha Chandra                 Chairman
         Collector        2nd Floor, Multi storied Building
                          Collector Office, Gandhinagar
                          (O)23259093, M- 9824501710
2       Asstt. Director,  Shri K. M. Shah                      Member
      Industrial Safety & Shivalay Complex, Opp. GEB           Secretary
            Health        Mahendra Mill Road, Kalol
                          (O) 224003, M – 9824087122
3         Manager         Mr. V. S. Amin                        Member
                          Iffco Limited, Kalol,
                          (O) 02764-223272 & 56,
                          M- 9426725516
4         Manager         Mr. Ajay Kaul (Safety Manager)        Member
                          The Arvind Mills Limited,
                          Khatraj, Ta: Kalol, Dist:G’nagar
                          (O) 281100-9,M-9824163247
5        Transporter      Agrawal Bulk Carrires                 Member
                          Vadodara

6        Fire Officer     Nagarpalika Kalol                     Member
                          (O) 223333

7        Fire Officer     Mr. A.V. Brahmabhatt                  Member
                          Iffco Limited Kalol
                          (O) 02764-223272 & 56
                          ®079-23285148
8          Dy. S.P.       Shri Joshi N.H.                       Member
                          Deputy Superintendent of
                          Police Kalol, (O) 221139
9           Town          Shree Anadubha Zala                   Member
        Development       Taluka Panchayat Office
           Officer        Opp. Court Kalol (O) 223950
10      Chief Medical     Dr. Jagdishbhai Patel                 Member
           Officer        Civil Suprintendent
                          Civil Hospital Kalol, (O) 223292
11       Community        Mr. Suryakant J. Trivedi              Member
          Leader          President of Rotary Club Kalol
                          (O) 221134 M- 98250 73306



                                   76
      Designation      Name, Address & Telephone    Position in
Sr.
                                  No.                 Crisis
No
                                                      Group
12       Community     Mr. Amrutbhai J. Dave         Member
          Leader       Navjivan Road, Opp. Taluka
                       Panchayt Office Kalol
                       ® 250034 M- 9825634316
13     President SHE   Mr. Bipindhai Patel           Member
                       President GIDC Kalol
                       (O) 220019 M-9825303873
14         Doctor      Dr. P.K. Singhal              Member
                       Iffco Limited Kalol
                       (O) 079 23222356




                              77
                                      2.5     DISTRICT CRISIS GROUP – GANDHINAGAR

Sr                                            Position in                    Address                        Telephone Numbers
       Name             Designation
No                                              DCG                 Office                  Resi             Office     Resi
1    Smt. Sonal         District Collector      Chairman      Collector office,                             23220630   23254884
     Mishra                                                   M.S. Bldg.,
               I.A.S.                                         Sector-11
                                                              Gandhinagar
2    Smt.                SDM & Asst.         Chairman of      Office of the SDM &                           23259093   M – 94273
     Manisha              Collector,         local crisis     Dy. Collector,                                               05756
     Chandra             Gandhinagar         group,           M.S. Bldg., Sector-11
               I.A.S.                        Gandhinagar      Gandhinagar
3    Shree              Dist.                    Materials    Office of the DDO,      Plot: 300/2,          23222618   23243779
     M.T.Joshi          Development             Coordinator   District Panchayat      Sector 7- A,                     M- 98250
               I.A.S.   Officer,                              Office, First floor,    Gandhinagar                          41584
                        Gandhinagar.                          Gandhinagar
4    Shree                  Assistant           Member        Block 8/3,              30, Aviraj,           23233231   23236049
     N.N.Rao            Director (IS&H),        Secretary     CH’ Type, Sector-7,     Nr.Prahladnagar,                 M-98252
                         Gandhinagar                          Gandhinagar             Satelite. A’bad                     91821
5    Shree A.K.           Dy. Director          Member        Shivalaya complex,      15, Shantikunj        02764 –    M- 98251
     Jani                (IS&H), Kalol         Secretary of   Mahendra mill road,     society, Gayatri      224003        32039
                                               LCG, Kalol     Opposite G.E.B. sub     mandir road, Kalol.
                                                              station, Kalol.
6    Shree                 Assistant            Associate     Shivalaya complex,      C/O R. D. Shah        02764 –    M-98240
     K.M.Shah           Director (IS&H),         Member       Mahendra mill road,     50-B, Chirag Soc.     224003       87122
                             Kalol              Secretary     Opposite G.E.B. sub     Near Pranav
                                                              station, Kalol.         ashram, Kalol.




                                                                   78
                                                                                                     Telephone
Sr                                     Position in                     Address
        Name       Designation                                                                        Numbers
No                                       DCG
                                                              Office               Resi           Office    Resi
7    Shree          Ind. Safety &     Associate       Shivalaya complex,                         02764 -    M- 98253
     H.S.Patel      Health officer,   Member          Mahendra mill road,                        224003        34778
                        Kalol         Secretary       Opposite G.E.B. sub
                                                      station, Kalol.
8    Shree H. B.   Ind. Safety &         Associate    Shivalaya complex,      Narsinh Bacher     02764 -    M- 98253
     Trivedi       Health officer,        Member      Mahendra mill road,     marg, Panch        224003        53891
                   Kalol                 Secretary    Opposite G.E.B. sub     hatdi, Bazar,
                                                      station, Kalol.         Kalol.
9    Shree O. D.    GM (Rural)        Communication   Telecom Office,                            26423000   26748786
     Tyagi            Telecom         Coordinator     Ahmedabad.
10   Shree         Works Manager         Technical    Vimal Pesticides Pvt.   6, Harihar         2820790    27507335
     Bhavesh J.        M.Sc .           Coordinator   Ltd. At.: Limbadia,     apartment,         2821390    M-98250
     Kamdar         (chemistry)                       Dist.:Gandhinagar       Dharam nagar,      2823790       05121
                                                                              Sabarmati,
                                                                              Ahmedabad.
11   Shree A. V.     Dy. Manager         Technical    IFFCO, Kalol            C-23, Kasturi      23282223   23285148
     Brahmbhatt     (Fire & Safety)     Coordinator                           nagar,             02764 -
                                                                              Ta: Gandhinagar.   223256
12   Shree B. S.       Manager           Technical    IFFCO, Kalol            C-13, Kasturi      23282220   23285755
     Amin.          (Fire & Safety)     Coordinator                           nagar,             02764 -    M- 98240
                                                                              Ta: Gandhinagar.   223256        23808
13   Shri Gera        D.G.M. (E)         Technical    O.N.G.C., Avani                                       M- 94266
                      Head HSE          Coordinator   bhavan, Chandkheda                                       14024
                        ONGC                          Post: Sabarmati




                                                         79
                                                                                                           Telephone
Sr                                     Position                          Address
         Name        Designation                                                                            Numbers
No                                     in DCG
                                                                Office                   Resi           Office    Resi
14   Shree           Factory            Technical     Hindustan Petroleum         Plot: 184,           23270186   23231011
     P.Nagashrinivas Manager           coordinator    Corp. Ltd. Sardhav,         Sector 29,           23270187   M-
                                                      Dist.:G’nagar               Gandhinagar.         23270196   94276063
                                                                                                                  95
15   Shree R. V.    Regional officer     Safety       Gujarat Pollution Control   Shrikunj society,    02762-     M - 98252
     Patel                             Coordinator    Board, 18, Shantinath       Behind Pashabhai     258106         63495
                                                      society, Behind             petrol pump,
                                                      Simandhar jain temple,      Nagalpur,
                                                      B.K. Cinema road,           Mehasana.
                                                      Mehasana.
16                     Dy. Chief        Associate     Dy. Chief controller of
                      Controller of      Safety       Explosive office, Sub
                      Explosives       Coordinator    Circle, Sraddha
                                                      complex, 1st Floor,
                                                      R.V Desai Road,
                                                      Navapura Vadodara
17   Shree          Fire officer       Fire Service   Fire Station,               269/ D’Type          23222742   23222741
     Maheshkumar                       Coordinator    Nr.Jilla Panchyat,          Fire Brigade Staff   101        M- 98254
     R. Mod.                                          Sector-17, CH Road          Quarter, Nr. Jilla                 32222
                                                      Gandhinagar                 Panchyat,
                                                                                  Sec-17, CH Road
                                                                                  Gandhinagar
18   Shree          Safety officer      Technical     Hindustan Petroleum         Block 207,           23270186   23245392
     Manojkumar.                       Coordinator    Corporation Limited,        Anandnagar,          23270187   M- 94264
                                                      Sardhav.                    Sector 27,           23270196      27756
                                                                                  Gandhinagar.




                                                           80
                                                                                                         Telephone
Sr                                   Position in                       Address
        Name        Designation                                                                           Numbers
No                                     DCG
                                                              Office                 Resi             Office     Resi
19                  Fire officer     Fire Service     Fire Station,
                                     Coordinator      Kalol


20   Shree R.P.     I/C Dist           Rescue         Dist commandant                                23226155     M- 98258
     Rao.           commandant        Coordinator     home guard office,                                             23477
                    home guard.                       Dr. Jivraj Mehta
                                                      Bhavan Block-6
                                                      Ground Floor,
                                                      Sec-10, Gandhinagar
21   Dr. Dinkar       Dist. Health     Medical         District Health Office  Harivadan flat, First 23256242     23261589
     Raval              Officer       Coordinator     Jilla Panchayat Office, floor, Sector 20,                   M- 98253
                                                      2nd floor, Sector-17,    Gandhinagar.                          61595
                                                      Gandhinagar
22   Dr. N.B.        Civil Surgeon     Associate      Civil Hospital, Opposite                       Direct:      M- 98250
     Dholakiya                          Medical       Collector office,                              23259123        07244
                                      Coordinator     Gandhinagar.                                   General:
                                                                                                     23222733
                                                                                                     23221931/2
                                                                                                     23221913
23   Mr.M.G.Patel   Superintending    Utilities Co-   Suprintending                                  27500981
                        Engg           ordinator      Engineer (Power Stn,)
                                                      Beside Rly.Crossing,
                                                      Nr.Power          House,
                                                      Sabarmati




                                                           81
                                                                                                        Telephone
Sr                   Designatio      Position in                        Address
         Name                                                                                            Numbers
No                       n             DCG
                                                              Office                 Resi            Office     Resi
24   Shree N. V.        Distt.        Associate       Jilla Panchayat Office   282/1,GH Type       Direct     3222762
     Rathava          Agricultural     Utilities      Agriculture Branch       Sector-19           3222779
                        Officer      Coordinator      2nd Floor, Sector-17     Gandhinagar         23256951
                                                      Gandhinagar                                  23256959
25   Shree Prakash   Chief Officer   Evacuation &     Notified Area Office,    268/3, GH type,     23220440   23221419
     Solanki                         Rehabilitation   Jivraj Mehta Bhavan      Sector 19,                     M- 98262
                                      Coordinator     Block 4, Gr. Floor,      Gandhinagar.                      50200
                                                      Sector- 10
                                                      Gandhinagar
26   Shree           Managing          Associate      Vimal Pesticides Pvt.    Santosh bunglow,    22820790   22860213
     Mohanbhai. L.   Director        Evacuation &     Ltd. At.: Limbadia,      Near vasant vihar   22821390   M- 98240
     Rami                            Rehabilitation   Dist.: G’nagar           flat, Dafnala,      22823790      31413
                                      Coordinator                              Ahmedabad.
27   Shree           (Trade Union      Associate      President Adarsh         Block 124/5,
     Kisansingh A.      Leader)      Evacuation &     Videocon Kamdar          CHH’ Type
     Thakor                          Rehabilitation   Sangh, Vidiocon          Sector-30
                                      Coordinator     International Ltd.,      Gandhinagar
                                                      E-28,GIDC,
                                                      Gandhinagar




                                                           82
                                                                                                        Telephone
Sr                                   Position in                     Address
       Name       Designation                                                                            Numbers
No                                     DCG
                                                           Office                   Resi             Office    Resi
28   Shree           In-Charge        Transport    Office of Assistant RTO                          23261122   94260235
     G.A.Ojha          ARTO          Coordinator   Sector-30 Gandhinagar                                       29

29   Mdm.Gagan    Ass .Comm. of       Security     S.D.P.Office                                     23232668
     deep             Police         Coordinator   Sect-7,
     Gambhir                                       Gandhinagar
30   Shree H.V.   Executive          Public work   Public Health Work                               23222556   M- 98792
     Patel        Engineer           Coordinator   Division (Gujarat Water                          Fax:          05151
                                                   Supply & Sewerage                                23223008
                                                   Board)
                                                   Patnagar Yojna
                                                   Bhavan, 3rd Floor,
                                                   Sector-16 Gandhinagar
31   Smt.         Asst.Director of    Liaison &    Dist.Info.Officer,        Plot 1687/1, Sector-   23253422   23228833
     Pragnyaben   Information           Public     Dr. Jivraj Mehta Bhavan    2D, Gandhinagar       23253423
     Patel                            Relations    Block-8, 2nd,
                                     Coordinator   Sector-10 Gandhinagar




                                                         83
2.6   EXPERT AGENCIES
                                                         Contact
                  Agency                            Information
                                               STD Code     Tel. No.
National Crisis Control Room                     011       24360734
Dr. V Rajgopalan,                                011       24361760
Joint Secretary, Ministry of Environment &                 24101754
Forests, Govt. of India
Director,                                         011      24360060
Hazardous Substance Management
Division
DG-FASLI,                                         022      4074358
Mumbai                                                     4092203
National Safety Council,                          022      4073694
Mumbai                                                     4073285
Disaster Management Institute, Bhopal            0755      566715
                                                           293592
Mr. B N Jha,                                    07249      270724
Assistant Director (S), Inspectorate of Dock
Safety, Near Bunder Gate, New Kandla
Dy. Controller of Explosives,                    0265      2420512
Raopura, Vadodara
Dr. T V Subbaiah,                                0265      2338466
Director Manufacturing, Alembic Chemical                   2330550
Works Co. Ltd., Vadodara                                   2340816
Dr. H N Saiyed,                                   079      2865142
Director, National Institute of Occupational               2866237
Health, Ahmedabad
Dr. T Rangarajan,                                0261      8420061
Exec. Director (Technical),                                8420426
KRIBHCO, Surat                                             8420986
Mr. J S Baxi,                                     079      2486176
GM,
ONGC, Chandkheda Complex, Ahmedabad
Mr. D V Chudasama,                               0278      225322 to
Sr. Manager development, Excel India Ltd.,                  225326
Bhavnagar
Mr. D R Babalal,                                  079      2321945
Nisarg Environmental Protection Agency,
Gandhinagar



                                   84
2.7 POLICE STATIONS
Sr.      Name of police station            STD         Phone No.
No.                                       Code
 1. POLICE CONTROL ROOM                    079    23210914 / 23210906
 2. Police station : Sector 21, G'nagar    079    23221021 / 53722
  3 Police station : Sector 7, G'nagar     079    23220827
  4 Police station : Kalol City           02764   223392/ 227027
  6 Police station : Kalol taluka         02764   221394 / 223022
  7 Police station : Mansa                02763   270052
  8 Police station : Adalaj                079    23971335/ 23970784
  9 Police station : Pethapur              079    23216533
 10 Police station : Dabhoda               079    23955542
 11 Police station : Dehgam               02716   232632
 12 Police station : Rakhiyal             02716   267533


                        POLICE OFFICERS
Sr          Designation        Phone No.                 Mobile No
No
 1   S. P.                      23246527             98250 49303
2.   Dy. S. P. (Head quarter)   23210904             98258 23473
3.   Add. S.P. Gandhinagar.     23232668             98252 68551
4.   Add. S.P. Kalol            02764 - 221139       98251 91542




                                   85
2.8 NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS
Sr                     Contact Person &              Phone No.
         Name
No                          Address           Office         Resi
 1 Lions club,       Manoj H. Lakinwala        (079)        (079)
   Gandhinagar       Plot: 289, Sector 29,  23223232      23224232
                     Gandhinagar                       M-94260 09697
 2 Lions club,       Rajendra J. Raval,        (079)        (079)
   Gandhinagar,      Type 1, 3/1, GEB       23217665      23215244
   GEB               Colony, Gandhinagar
 3 Lions club,       Sunderlal. (G.M. H.R.)    (079)
   Chandkheda.       O.N.G.C. Fifth floor,  23290329 M-94266 14008
                     Avani Bhavan,
                     Chandkheda.
 4 Lions club, Kalol Bhavanbhai R. Patel,    (02764)       (02764)
   (East)            10, Jyotikapark         220116        220009
                     Society, Highway,                 M-98250 28721
                     Kalol.
 5 Lions club, Kalol Kaushik D. Barot.        --------     (02764)
   (Greater)         A-1, Dave apartment,                  223034
                     Highway road, Kalol.
 6 Lions club, Kalol Ambalal M. Patel.       (02764)       (02764)
   (Main)            3, Adarsh society,      223490        222861
                     Highway road, Kalol.              M-98240 26024
 7 Lions club, Kalol Dahyabhai I. Patel.      --------     (02764)
   (Central)         Behind Radha krishna                  289432
                     ashram, Kalol.
 8 Lions club, Kalol Nilesh V. Patel.        (02764)       (02764)
   (Mid town)        6, Gurukrupa flat,      227258        225407
                     63/B, Shrinagar
                     society, Kalol.
 9 Lions club, Kalol Somabhai J. Prajapati. (02764)        (02764)
   (City)            14, Vardhaman nagar     225512        221027
                     society, Near garden,
                     Kalol.
10 Lions club, Kalol Maheshkumar N.          (02764)       (02764)
   (Capital )        Prajapati. 38-B, Mill   220208        224099
                     Kamdar society,                   M-98240 82344
                     Opposite Vakhariya
                     high school, Kalol.




                                  86
2.8 NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS
 Sr                    Contact Person &             Phone No.
         Name
No                           Address        Office          Resi
 11 Lions club, Kalol Pravin Lalbhai Patel.  -------      (02764)
    (M.J.F.)          26, Jyotikapark                     223326
                      Society, Highway,
                      Kalol.
 12 Lions club, Kalol Neetaben Paragkumar (02764)         ----------
    (Harmony)         Dave,                 221112
                      10, Raj apartment,
                      Near Sardar bag,
                      Kalol.

13 Lions club,        Sunil Babubhai Modi.    (02764)       (02764)
   Chhatral Ind.      G-76, Yogi complex,     309315        250802
   area, Chhatral     Mahendra mill road,                M-98253 03062
                      Kalol.
14 Gandhinagar       Arunbhai Buch.            -------     23260370
    saher vasahat 220, Ashtalaxmi                          M-98250
    mahamandal.      apartment, Sector 20,                   18134
                     Gandhinagar.
                     Kalubhai Desai,           -------     23221775
                     Plot:825/1, Sector 7C,
                     Gandhinagar.
15 Sadvichar         Shantaben Patel,          -------     23231663
    parivar          Sector- 8,
    (G'nagar branch) Gandhinagar.
16. Jyoti mahila     11, Tajesh society,       -------       --------
    mandal.          Sector 23, G'nagar
                     Lataben choksi            -------     23220160
                     Gandhinagar
17. Senior citizons M. U. Purohit.            23222390     23222326
    council, G'nagar 790/A, Naman
                     apartment, sector 21,
                     Gandhinagar
18 Sat karma trust, Near rangmanch,           23238176      ---------
    Gandhinagar      Sector 22, G'nagar
19 Sadbhav trust, Gajendra. N. Kharod.         -------     23220784
    Gandhinagar      340, nid, sector 20,
                     Gandhinagar




                                     87
2.8 NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS
 Sr                     Contact Person &               Phone No.
           Name
No                            Address          Office          Resi
 20 Manav smuruti 143/5, CH type, Sec17, 23222259             ---------
    vikas trust.       Gandhinagar           23226564
 21 Jalaram seva      388/2, Rachana society 23223730         ---------
    samaj.            Sec 22, Gandhinagar
 22 Dr. Hegdavar      25, Tajesh society,    23222098         ---------
    seva samiti.      Sec -23, Gandhinagar
 23 Sarjan charitable 770/1, Jagruti park    23226003         --------
    trust             society, Sector 30,
                      Gandhinagar
 24 Balkan G. Bari. Jayeshbhai Hathi, Govt 23221196          -----------
                      pustakalaya, G' nagar.
 25 Gandhinagar       Kesarisinh G. Bihola.  23225512        ----------
    saher vasahat Sector 30,
    mahasangh.        Gandhinagar
 26 Jagruti nagarik Premshankar Bhatt.       23261868       23260247
    parishad.         Sector 20,
                      Gandhinagar
 27 Rotary club,      Kamal kishor Jain.     23211951       23225333
                      C-24, Sector 26,
                      Gandhinagar
                      Dineshsinh Chavda,     23225809       23211322
                      Jay vijay, 512/2,
                      Sec-28, Gandhinagar
 28 Santshri Rohidas Ratilal P. Parikh.       -----------   23227782
    seva samaj.
29. Junior chambers Pranav Joshipura,        23228452        -----------
    (Jesis)           Prasadam, 1353/2,
                      Sec-7, Gandhinagar
 30 Nari sauraxan Divyaben P. Raval.           --------     23227055
    kendra.           306, Sector - 1 C,
                      Gandhinagar
 31 Manav kalyan Narsinh M. Parmar,            --------     23245447
    trust.            Sector- 3, Gandhinagar




                                      88
2.9 PRESS AND MEDIA
Sr.     Contact Person/             Address            Phone
No           Agency                                   Number
 1. Prakash G. Bhanushali.     278/2, GH type,     O- 23232119
    (Kutch Uday)               Sec -21, Gandhinagar
 2. Chaitanya P. Vyas,         134/2, GH type,       R- 23243275
    (Saurashtra Bhumi)         Sec- 21, Gandhinagar
 3. Gautam Purohit.            223/4, Navrachana     O- 23230871
    (Gujarat Samachar)         society, Sector 28,     - 23238389
                               Gandhinagar           R- 23210189
 4.   Prakash V. Jha.          553-A/2, Satyam soc. O- 23224571
      (Gandhinagar Samachar) Sharda sadan, Sec-22
                               Gandhinagar
 5.   Jayesh A. Mevada.        72, Adarsh nagar,     O-23224725
      (Gandhinagar Samachar) Sec- 24, Gandhinagar O-23222571
 6.   Bashir Pathan,           680/1, Sector- 8,     O- 23221702
      (Indian Express)         Gandhinagar
 7.   Jayant Mainkar.          238/2, Sector -1C,    O-23237128
      (U.N.I.samachar sanstha) Gandhinagar
 8.   Dharmendrasinh B. Zala. 238/2, Sector -1C,     O- 23227193
      (Kutch uday)             Gandhinagar
 9.   Ashwinkumar K. Vyas.     17/1, GH type,        R-23227277
      (Akila)                  Sec-22, Gandhinagar
10.   Bhuvnesh S. Oza.         61/5, GH type,        O- 23226192
      (Nutan Saurashtra)       Sec- 29, Gandhinagar
11.   Minaben A. Parikh.       1204, Shivam society, O- 23210807
      (Hum Log)                Sec- 27, Gandhinagar
12.   Rashik Sathwara.         27/5, GH type,        O- 23234555
      (News line sidha         Sec- 20, Gandhinagar
      samachar)
13.   Harshal Pandya.            ------------------  O- 23262235
      (E TV News)
14.   Rajubhai G. Joshi.       175/6, CH type,       O- 23232375
      (Suryakal)               Sec- 17, Gandhinagar
15.   Jaysukh Shah.            Ahmedabad             O- 26765480
      (Senior journalist)                            R-27498874
16.   Chunibhai Panchal        568, Vastunirman      O- 23231435
      (Senior journalist)      society, Sector- 22,
                               Gandhinagar



                                  89
2.9 PRESS AND MEDIA
Sr. Agency/ Contact Person         Address      Phone Number
No
17. Prabhakar Khamar            Ahmedabad.     O-22867027
                                               R- 26761550
18. Dhananjay Joshi             Gandhinagar.   O- 23232800
                                               R- 23232531
19 Harish Rana                  Gandhinagar    O-23245090
                                               O-23239475
20. Fulvadanbhai Brahmbhatt     Dehgam         R- 02716- 233196
    (Jansatta)
21. Gangaram Prajapati          Dehgam         O- 02716 - 230188
    (Jansatta)                                 R- 02716 - 231492
22. Govindbhai P. Solanki       Dehgam         R- 02716 - 233248
    (Dharti na lal)
23. Hasmukhbhai Acharya         Dehgam         M - 98255 57469
    (Lok Padkar)
24. Jaydevbhai Nanalal Barot.   Dehgam         O- 02716 - 267772
    (Lok Padkar)                               R- 02716 - 230494
                                               M- 98256 46825
25. Hareshbhai F. Brahmbhatt.   Dehgam         M- 98256 54480
    (Sandesh)                                  R- 02716 - 233196
26. Jagdishbhai Brahmbhatt.     Dehgam         O- 02716 - 232727
    (Dehgam Vrutt)                             R- 02716 - 232737
27. Rameshbhai Brahmbhatt.      Dehgam         O- 02716 - 232727
    (Dehgam Vrutt)                             R- 02716 - 230599
28. Jagmalbhai Rabari.          Dehgam         O- 02716 - 263720
    (Gujarat Samachar)                         R- 02716 - 263733
29. Rukeshbhai T. Brahmbhatt.   Dehgam         R- 02716 - 233319
    (Gujarat Samachar)
30. Kirtanbhai S. Patel.        Dehgam         R- 02716 - 265127
    (Lok Sammati)
31. Natvarbhai Patel.           Dehgam         R- 02716 - 265169
    (Lok Sammati)
32. Dr. Nikhilbhai Shah         Dehgam         O- 02716 - 262132
    (Lok Samashya)




                                 90
2.9 PRESS AND MEDIA
Sr.     Agency            Contact Person/              Phone
No                          Office address            Number
33. Gujarat         20/2, GH type, Sector - 22      23238389
    samachar        Gandhinagar.                    23243539
 34 Sandesh.        22/3, GH type, Sector- 22,      23238971
                    Gandhinagar                     23238972
 35 Gandhinagar     (Krushnakant Jha)               23222571
    samachar        Block: 683/2, Sector -8,        23230571
                    Gandhinagar
36. Kutch Uday      (Gangaram Bhanushali)           23232124
                    278/2, Sector -19, G'nagar
37. Capital Kranti. (Arvindbhai Rana)               O-23245090
                    Plot:791/D/3, Panchshil park,   R-23225615
                    Sector - 21, Gandhinagar
38. Gandhinagar     (Ramu Patel) 241/1, Old         23232800
    western times. M.L.A. quarters, Sector -17,
                    Gandhinagar
39. Saurashtra      (Chetan Vyas) 207, Akhbar       O-23237528
    Bhumi.          Bhavan, Sector - 11,            R-23243275
                    Gandhinagar
40. Patnagar Today (Jatin S. Shukla) 19Q2,          23226181
                    GH type, Sector -22,
                    Gandhinagar
41. Capital News.   (Samual P. Krishan.)            23222649
                    Gandhinagar
 42 Mumbai          (Atulbhai Mehta) Akhbar         23220350
    samachar.       Bhavan, Sector - 11,            23235671
                    Gandhinagar                     23261933
 43 Ful Chhab       (Sudhirbhai Mehta) Akhbar       23227168
                    Bhavan, Sector - 11,
                    Gandhinagar
44. Chanchal        (Jayendra Upadhyay.)            23247875
                    702, Akhbar Bhavan, Sec- 11,
                    Gandhinagar
 45 Samajvad        (Narinandwani Rajput) Akhbar    23234555
                    Bhavan, Sector - 11,
                    Gandhinagar




                                91
2.9 PRESS AND MEDIA
Sr.      Agency            Contact Person/           Phone
No                          Office address          Number
 46 Yugvani         (Digantbhai Dave) Akhbar      23221882
                    Bhavan, Sector - 11,
                    Gandhinagar
 47 Times of India (Rajiv Shah/ Javed Sheikh)     23237500
                    Akhbar Bhavan, Sector - 11,   23237501
                    Gandhinagar
 48 Sambhav         (Ghanshyam Goswami)           23237528
                    Akhbar Bhavan, Sector - 11,
                    Gandhinagar
 49 Indian Express (Bashirkhan Pathan)            23247702
                    Akhbar Bhavan, Sector - 11,
                    Gandhinagar
 50 AAJ TAK         (Jayeshreeben Rajput)         23225495
                    107/4, CH type, Sector -21,
                    Gandhinagar
 51 News Line Sidha Nishaben Surendrasinh.        23234555
    Samachar        Plot: 335, Sector - 8,
                    Gandhinagar
 52 City Samachar Kaushikbhai Patel.              23221949
                                                  23220777




                                92
                                     ANNEXURE - 3 RESOURCES

3.1   FIRE FIGHTING FACILITIES AT MAH UNITS
Sr.                                 STD                          Fire  Water       Fire E   Fire P   Water
               Name                       Phone 1      Phone 2
No.                                 Code                       Tenders (K.L.)      Suits    Suits    Hoses
 1 Vimal Pesticides Pvt. Ltd.      079   22820790     22823790   NO     187           1      NO       Yes
                                         22821390
  2 Prakash Presticides Industries 02718 247240       247107      NO       --       NO       NO      Yes
                                         247250
  3 Hindustan Petroleum            079   23270186     23270196    NO      535        2       NO      Yes
    Corporation Ltd.                     23270187
  4 Ambica LPG Bottling Pvt. Ltd. 02763 272354        M-94263     NO      600       N0       NO       --
                                                        51978
  5 Rajdeep Chemical Industries      02716 232496       --------- NO      105       NO       NO       --
  6 Shree Vallabh Chemical            079 25323523    25399350 NO         105       NO       NO      Yes
  1 The Arvind Mills Ltd.            02764 281100-9    281173 1         8 Lacks      --       2      Yes
  2 IFFCO Ltd.                       02764 223256      223258      1    5500 M3      --       5      Yes
  3 Maruti Pesticides Pvt. Ltd.      02764 322057     982438088    --   2000 Lit     --       --     Yes
                                                            5
  4   Umiya Agros                    02764   232429   982502725    --   5000 Lit     --       2      Yes
                                                            1
  5   Gujarat Pesticides Pvt. Ltd.   02764   222521   982549010    --   4000 Lit     --       --     Yes
                                                            6
  6   Zion Chemicals Pvt. Ltd.       02764   268342    265796      --    20000       --       --     Yes
                                                                           Lit
  7   Saibaba Surfactants Pvt. Ltd. 02764    286250    268220     --    1 Lacks      --       --     Yes


                                                      94
   8   Mahalaxmi Industries         02764    233873 982430045     --    25000     --      --     Yes
                                                        9                 Lit
   9   Anmol Chloro Chem            02764    234486 989811696     --   5000 Lit   --      --     Yes
                                                        7
   10 Mutual Chemicals Pvt. Ltd.    02764    234098 982506044     --   5000 Lit   --      --     Yes
                                                        2
   11 Chem Plast Industries         02764    233548 982502038     --     1.15     --      --     Yes
                                                        9                Lacs
   12 Arvind Poly Coats             02764    281110  281173       1       16      --      2      Yes
                                                                        Lacks
                                                                          Lit.
   13 Rajratna Metal Industries Ltd. 02764   233665 982502919     --    10000     --      1      Yes
                                                        1                 Lit
   14 Bhagwati Indsutries           02764    233546 982541103     --   5000 Lit   --      --     Yes
                                                        5




3.2 RESOURCES AVAILABLE AT FIRE STATIONS
  Sr      Name    STD     Phone   Man Power     Fire Ambulance Fire SCBA       Other facility
  No              Code          Fire man Other Tender          Suits
   1 Gandhinagar 079 9825432222     4     22     2      1       1     3 Water tanker - 3
     fire station      23222001                                          Emergency rescue tender - 1
     (Maheshkumar      101                                               Dead body van - 1


                                                    95
    Mod)                 R- 23222741                                Jipsy - 1
2   GEB tharmal     079 23216728       17   15   2    ---   4   4   DCP trailer 150 kg - 2 No
    fire station         M- 98250                                   Foam trailer Big size - 1 No
    (B.S.Khadia)             83116                                  Trailer fire pump - 1 No.
3   Fire Station   02764 223333/82                                  Portable fire pump - 2 No.
4   Arvind Mill    02764 281100/109                                 Fire jeep - 1
    (Shri Kaula)         9824163247                                 DCP fire extinguisher :--
5   O.N.G.C.       02764 220612                                        75 kg size   - 21 No
    (Gayakwad)           9824010208                                    25 kg size   - 17 No
6   Iffco Kalol    02764 223272                                        10 kg size   - 31 No
    (Brahmbhatt)         223256                                         5 kg size    - 11 No
                         R-23285148                                 DCP fire extinguisher :--
7   Fire Officer         223461                                        22 kg size - 22 No
                         9426614076                                     9 kg size - 52 No
                                                                       6. 5 kg size - 58 No
                                                                      4. 5 kg size - 19 No
                                                                    FOAM fire extinguisher :--
                                                                       50 liter size - 6 No
                                                                         9 liter size - 45 No




                                                 96
3.3   MEDICAL FACILITIES AT MAH UNITS
                                            Amb OHC First         Availability of
Sr                STD                                      Stret-                     Details of other
       Name              Phone1 Phone2 u- (>=5bed aid             Doctor Nurses
No                Code                                     chers                    facilities/equipment
                                           lance  )  boxes
 1 Vimal         079   22820790 22823790 NO YES        2     2      1        0          -------------
   Pesticides          22821390
   Pvt. Ltd.
 2 Parkas        02718 247240   247107      NO   N0    2   0000 0000         0          -------------
   Presticides         247250
   Industries
 3 Hindustan 079       23270186 23270196 NO      Yes   2     1      --       --         -------------
   Petroleum           23270187
   Corporation
   Ltd.
 4 Ambica LPG 02763 272354      M-94263 NO       NO    1     1      0        0          -------------
   Bottling Pvt.                  51978
   Ltd. (Closed)
 5 Rajdeep       02716 232496    --------- NO    NO    1     0      0        0          -------------
   Chemical
   Industries
      (Closed)
6 Shree          079   25323523 25399350 NO     NO      1      0      0      0          -------------
  Vallabh
  Chemical




                                                  97
3.3   MEDICAL FACILITIES AT MAH UNITS
                                     Amb OHC First        Availability of
Sr              STD                                Stret-                    Details of other
       Name          Phone1 Phone2 u- (>=5bed aid         Doctor Nurses
No             Code                                chers                   facilities/equipment
                                    lance  ) boxes
 1 The Arvind 02764 281100-9 281173   2   1    5     1      1        --               --
   Mills Ltd.
 2 IFFCO Ltd. 02764 223256 223258     2   1  5       3      2        2                --
 3 Maruti      02764 322057 98243808 --   --   1     --     1        -- --
   Pesticides                  85
   Pvt. Ltd.
 4 Umiya       02764 232429 98250272 --   --   1     --     1        --               --
   Agros                       51
 5 Gujarat     02764 222521 98254901 --   --   1     --     1        -- --
   Pesticides                  06
   Pvt. Ltd.
 6 Zion        02764 268342 265796    --  --   1    ---     1        --               --
   Chemicals
   Pvt. Ltd.
 7 Saibaba     02764 286250 268220    --  --   1     --     1        --               --
   Surfactants
   Pvt. Ltd.


                                               98
8 Mahalaxmi      02764   233873 98243004 --   --   1   --   1   --        --
  Industries                       59
9 Anmol          02764   234486 98981169 --   --   1   --   1   --        --
  Chloro                           67
  Chem
10 Mutual        02764   234098 98250604 --   --   1   --   1   --        --
  Chemicals                        42
  Pvt. Ltd.
11 Chem Plast    02764   233548 98250203 --   --   1   --   1   --   --
  Industries                       89
12 Arvind Poly   02764   281110 281173   1    1    1   1    1   --   --
  Coats
13 Rajratna      02764   233665 98250291 --   --   1   --   1   --   --
  Metal                            91
  Industries
  Ltd.
14 Bhagwati      02764   233546 98254110 --   --   1   --   1   --   --
  Indsutries                       35




                                              99
3.4   MEDICAL FACILITIES IN DISTRICT
                 C H C of Gandhinagar District
Sr   Center       In-charge                Tel.     Phone   Phone Resi.
No                                         Code     Center
 1 Chandkheda Dr. P.A.Vaghela               079    27503157  22685999
                                                              M-98243
                                                                21989
2     Dehgam       ---------------          079     232669      ------
3     Mansa        Dr. A.B.Solanki         02763    270047    23246022
4     Nardipur     Dr.A.N.Shaikh           02764    289557    23246121
5     Sadra        Dr. C.J. Vyas            079    23274223   23235632
                                                              M- 98250
                                                                 35632




                                     100
               P H C of Gandhinagar District
Sr  Center           In-charge         Tel.     Phone      Phone Resi.
No                                     Code     Center
 1 Adalaj       Dr. S. B. Simpi         079    23971226   M-94265 32399

2   Dabhoda     Dr.G.M.Makwana          079    23955508   23233105
                                                          M-94263 17711
3   Vadodara    Dr. Jayesh Patel        079    23949561   22821286
                                                          M-98254 24936
4   Sughad      Dr. M.V.Kapadia         079    23276079   23243555
5   Uvarsad     Dr. M.M.Goswami         079    23971366   23228923
                                                          M-98240 36872
6   Aadraj      Dr. J.B. Rulala         079    23270284   22814140
7   Rupal       Dr. Akta M. Sinoi       079    23975342   M-98980 01795

8   Unava       Dr. K.S. Parikh         079    23975158   22684972
                                                          M-98252 76316
9   Kadadara    Dr. R. R. Patel        02716    269095    2718384
                                                          M-98984 59391
10 Bahiyal       ------------          02716    262065    ----------
11 Dev          Dr. S. P. Multani      02716    263735    M-98240 99188

    Muvada
12 Kadjodara Dr.V. M. Trivedi          02716    265254    ----------
13 Rakhiyal     Dr. R.A.Patel          02716    267537    22841011
14 Sanoda       Dr. H.J. Nayak         02716    230575    M-94254 56483

15 Charada      -------------          02763    287621    -----------
16 Mahudi       Dr. S.A.Raval          02763    284421    23241391
17 Varsoda      Dr. D. J. Patel        02763    285351    M-98255 85414




                                 101
              P H C of Gandhinagar District
Sr  Center          In-charge          Tel.   Phone    Phone Resi.
No                                    Code    Center
18 Pundhara     Dr. Paresh Rathod     02763   285256   23245878
                                                       M- 94264
                                                         12763
19 Bilodara     Dr. M.C. Sutaria      02763   253413   23228378
                                                       M-94264
                                                         04994
20 Itadra       Dr. A. S. Prajapati   02763   274095   273440
21 Hajipur      Dr. S.B. Patel        02764   285768   273440
                                                       M- 98980
                                                         01795
22 Mokhasan Dr. Daxaben Patel         02764   269007   26410569
23 Pansar       Dr Bela Makwana       02764   288562   222922
                                                       M- 98243
                                                         50422
24 Saij         Dr. R.G.Bhojak        02764   221094   27520464
                                                       M-98259
                                                         10070
25 Rancharada Dr. D. J. Thakar        02764   260142   27411828




                                102
3.5 AMBULANCE SERVICES AND HOSPITALS

Ambulances Services

Sr.                  Name                       Phone Number
No
  1    Aalok Orthocare & arthroplasty      079 - 227558383
       Center. - Ahmedabad                 079 - 227558393
 2     Citizen Ambulance Service,          079 - 225323268
       Ahmedabad.
 3     Citizen Relief Service Charitable   079 - 225350104
       Trust, Ahmedabad.
 4.    Karnavati Hospital Limited,         079 - 226575500
       Ahmedabad.
 5     Karuna Trust, Polio Hospital        079 - 227552155
       Ahmedabad.
 6     Navdeep Medical Emergency           079 - 27543333 (Day)
       Foundation, Ahmedabad.              079- 26583040 (Night)
 7     Prerna Hospital Limited,            079 - 226400386
       Ahmedabad.
  8    Sadvichar Parivar, Ahmedabad.        079 - 22680450
  9    Missan life india, Ahmedabad.        98250 06000
 10    Civil hospital, Gandhinagar.         079- 23222931
 11.   Junior Citizen Council, G'nagar      079 - 23220598
 12    Ambulance, Nagrik bank, G'nagar     079 - 23223695
                                           079 - 23221985
 13 Ashirvad Hospital, Dehgam.              02716 - 232870
 14 Amin Kamlaben Rambhai                   02716 - 232798
    Charitable Trust, Dehgam
 15 Gopinath Amin, Dehgam                  02716 - 232087
 16 Akhil Bharatiya Manav Seva             02716 - 232184
    Sanstha, Dehgam.
 17 Ravindra Maradiya, Dehgam              02716 - 234019




                                  103
3.5 AMBULANCE SERVICES AND HOSPITALS

MAJOR HOSPITALS AND RESOURCES
Sr
             Name                  Location       Phone No.
No
 1 Civil Hospital             Gandhinagar.     23222733
                                               23221931/ 2
                                               23221913
2 Govt. Ayurvedic Hospital    Gandhinagar.     23222509
   Sector 22
3 Sheth S.G.Shah Ayurved      Taluka: Mansa.   02763- 285464
   hospital, At: Lodara
4. Apollo Hospital            Bhat             28501800
                                               28501803
5     T.B. Hospital, Sector 12  Gandhinagar    23221364
6    Aids Cell, Sector 12       Gandhinagar    23220460
7.   Jashlok hospital, Sec 22 Gandhinagar      23224906
8    Sonal hospital, Near muni. Dehgam         02716-232086
     girls high school
 9   Valay hospital, Gandhi bag Dehgam         M-98250 21877
10   Sanjivani hospital, Near   Dehgam         H-02716- 232127
     Tarahi mata temple                        R- 02716-232505
11   Sahajanand hospital, H 2, Dehgam          H- 02716-234069
     Shahanand complex,                        M-98254 50079
     Opposite Vitthal bank,
     Nandol road,
12   Mamta hospital, Kharakuva Dehgam          H-02716-232188
     khancho,                                  R-02716-232088
13   Chandan maternity          Dehgam         H-02716-232742
     hospital & sonography                     R-02716-232542
     center, Modasa road,                      M-98253 13642




                                 104
3.5 AMBULANCE SERVICES AND HOSPITALS

OTHER HOSPITALS
Sr
                       Name                Location      Phone No.
No
1.    Civil Hospital                      Ahmedabad    22683721
2.    Civil Hospital                      Sola         27474355
3.    Civil Hospital                      Mehsana      02762-221217
4.    Civil Hospital                      Himatnagar   02772-241892
                                                       O-02772- 246618
                                                       R-02772- 240033
5.    ESIS General Hospital               Ahmedabad    22743935
6.    V. S. General Hospital              Ahmedabad    26577621 - 25
7.    B.M. Institute of mental Hospital   Ahmedabad    25622485
8.    Victoria Jubilee Hospital           Ahmedabad    22141080
9.    Akhand Anand Ayurvedic Hospital     Ahmedabad    25507796
10.   Maniben Amaratlal Hargovandas       Ahmedabad    22686269
      Ayurvedic Hospital, Asarva.
11.   Vivekanand Ayurvedic Hospital,      Ahmedabad 22774170
      Maninagar
12.   Shardaben muni. general hospital            22164261
                                          Ahmedabad
13.   L.G. Hospital                               25461380 - 84
                                          Ahmedabad
14.   Rajasthan (Chatrabhuj) Hospital             22866311
                                          Ahmedabad
15    Karnavati Hospital                          26575500/1/3/5
                                          Ahmedabad
16    Stearling Hospital                          27481415
                                          Ahmedabad
17    Jagmohan hospital, Navarangpura             27540336
                                          Ahmedabad
                                                  27540744
 18 Shree Krishna Cancer Hospital,      Ahmedabad 26461575/ 6
    Navarangpura,                                 R- 27912309
                                                    - 27912267
                                                  M- 98250 16738
 19 Eye care hospital, Polytechnic road Ahmedabad 26446133
                                                  26430503
                                                  26561276
 20 Dr. Jivraj Mehta Hospital, Jivraj   Ahmedabad 26639840/1/2/ 3
    Mehta marg,




                                  105
3.5 AMBULANCE SERVICES AND HOSPITALS

OTHER HOSPITALS
Sr
                     Name                  Location     Phone No.
No
21 Gujarat cancer & research institute    Ahmedabad 22681451
22. Institute of Kidney deases research   Ahmedabad 26856000 - 9
    Center
23 Dr. J.J.Vora memorial general          Ahmedabad 27543333
    hospital (Navdeep hospital)
24 Jagdish Orthopedic hospital            Ahmedabad 26578663
                                                    26747166
 25 Prerna hospital                       Ahmedabad 26401332
 26 Starlin hospital                      Ahmedabad 27481415
                                                    27485767
 27 Deep euro surgical and kidney         Ahmedabad 26565650
    Hospital
 28 M. P. Shah cancer hospital,           Ahmedabad 22681454
 29 Nagari eye hospital,                  Ahmedabad 26466724
 30 Pranam hospital, Behind Mehta         Himatnagar H- 02772-243636
    petrol pump,                                     H- 02772-246565
                                                     R- 02772-247936
 31 Aavakar heart & medical hospital,     Himatnagar O- 02772-244411
    Arogya nagar, Near bus stand,                    O- 02772-244412
                                                     R- 02772-244413




                                 106
3.6   PRIVATE PRACTITIONERS

Sr.                                                                                    Phone Numbers
                Dispensary name & Address                 Doctor Name
No.                                                                            Dispensary        Residence
 1 Ashadeep general clinic , Secr 24, Gandhinagar.   -----------            23231980          -----------
 2 Ashadeep nursing home, Secr 16, Gandhinagar       -----------            23222989          -----------
 3 Desai nursing home, Secr 23, Gandhinagar          -----------            23221759          -----------
 4 Falguni clinic, Secr 21, Gandhinagar              -----------            23223923          ----------
 5 Dr. Kirit J. Parmar, Sector 8, Gandhinagar.       Dr. Kirit J. Parmar,    23230280         23225027
 6 Dr. Ketan B. Shah, Sector 7, Gandhinagar          Dr. Ketan B. Shah,     23226901          23224901
 7 Dr. Rajesh K. Patel, Sector 2/C , Gandhinagar     Dr. Rajesh K. Patel,    -----------      23227458
 8 Dr. Vasant P. Patel, Sector 2/C , Gandhinagar     Dr. Vasant P. Patel,   -----------       23229911
 9 Dr. D. P. Patel, Sector 3/B , Gandhinagar         Dr. D. P. Patel,        -----------      23231515
10 Dr. C. M. Jogi, Kolvada clinic                    Dr. C. M. Jogi,        -----------       223272297
11 Dr. V. K. Djolakiya, Sector 29 , Gandhinagar      Dr. V. K. Djolakiya,    -----------      23221762
12 Dr. Parag A. Shah, Sector 3/B Gandhinagar         Dr. Parag A. Shah,     -----------       23228154
13 Dr. K. V. Mehta, Sector 30, Gandhinagar           Dr. K. V. Mehta,       23238573          23237300
14 Dr. H. A. Parikh, Sector 23 , Gandhinagar         Dr. H. A. Parikh,       -----------      23222660
15 Dr. Arvind J. Vaghela, Sector 6/B , Gandhinagar   Dr. Arvind J. Vaghela, -----------       23231683
16 Dr. Kirti S. Patel, Sector 24 , Gandhinagar       Dr. Kirti S. Patel,    23221688          23235064
17 Dr. Rashmin B. Prajapati, Sector 24,Gandhinagar   Dr. R. B. Prajapati,   23231980          23226047
18. Dr. Subhadra Goswami, Sector13/C, Gandhinagar    Dr. Subhadra Goswami, -----------        23235782
19 Dr. Kinjal M. Modi, Sector 2/B , Gandhinagar      Dr. Kinjal M. Modi,     -----------      23229968
20 Dr. Kamlesh Rathod, Sector 3/D , Gandhinagar      Dr. Kamlesh Rathod,     -----------      23225412




                                                 107
3.6   PRIVATE PRACTITIONERS

Sr.                                                                                      Phone Numbers
               Dispensary name & Address                    Doctor Name
No.                                                                              Dispensary        Residence
21    Dr Atul H. Pandya, Sector 3/ c, Gandhinagar.     Dr Atul H. Pandya,      23232464         23228952
22    Dr. Sarijben Pandya, Sector 23 , Gandhinagar     Dr. Sarijben Pandya,    23223474         23221633
23    Dr. Bharat M. Desai, Sector 24, Gandhinagar      Dr. Bharat M. Desai,    23223474         23221633
24    Dr. V. K. Dodiya, Sector 24, Gandhinagar         Dr. V. K. Dodiya,       23234141         23233440
25    Dr. Rajendra Dave, Sector 22, Gandhinagar        Dr. Rajendra Dave,      23224509         --------
26    Dr. D.P.Shah,Sector 21,Gandhinagar.              Dr. D.P.Shah.           232211050        23221180
27    Dr. Arun Vyas Sector 22, Gandhinagar.            Dr. Arun Vyas.          23222359         --------
28    Dr. Prashant Bhatt , Sector 21, Gandhinagar.     Dr. Prashant Bhatt.     23220916         -------
29    Dr. Suresh Shah , Sector 21, Gandhinagar.        Dr. Suresh Shah.        23221115         --------
30    Dr. Pravin Oza ,Sector 21, Gandhinagar.          Dr. Pravin Oza.         23221264         --------
31    Dr. Darshan Pandya, Sector 21, Gandhinagar       Dr. Darshan Pandya,     23234610         23232307
32    Dr. Jayantibhai Patel, Sector 27, Gandhinagar    Dr. Jayantibhai Patel   -----------      23224561
33    Dr. Mukundbhai Patel, Sector 1, Gandhinagar      Dr. Mukundbhai Patel    ----------       23229591
34    Dr.Ramanbhai Patel, Sector 22, Gandhinagar       Dr.Ramanbhai Patel      23224286         23225336
35    Dr.Dineshbhai Shah, Sector 21, Gandhinagar       Dr.Dineshbhai Shah,     23221050         23221180
36    Dr. Jayesh Shah, Sector 7, Gandhinagar           Dr. Jayesh Shah         23229828         23222376
37    Dr. D. M. Pancholi, Sector 22, Gandhinagar       Dr. D. M. Pancholi,     23222376         23222366
38    Dr. Piyush Shastri, Sector 2, Gandhinagar        Dr. Piyush Shastri,     -------------    23229377
39    Dr. Haresh Thakdi, Sector 17, Gandhinagar        Dr. Haresh Thakdi,      23220838         23223718
40    Dr. Paresh Vora, Sector 7, Gandhinagar           Dr. Paresh Vora         23221931         23223501




                                                      108
3.6   PRIVATE PRACTITIONERS

Sr.                                                                              Phone Numbers
        Dispensary name & Address            Doctor Name
No.                                                                  Dispensary                 Residence
41 Dr. Amrut R. Patel (B.D.S.)             Dr. Amrut R. Patel   02716 - 232256           02716 - 232255
    Luhar Chakala, Vadvali fali, Dehgam.
42 Dr. Sharad I. Patel (BAMS)             Dr. Sharad I. Patel   02716 - 232746           01716 - 232233
    Opposite Dena Bank, Near Luhar                                                       M - 98980 92233
    chakala, Dehgam.
43 Dr. Raman D. Patel                     Dr. Raman D. Patel    02716 - 267109           02716 - 267550
    Rushabh Shopping center, Rakhiyal
    station, Taluka: Dehgam.
44 Shri Umiya clinic,                    Dr. Jahawar. L. Patel.    --------------------  M - 98257 91376
    Nandol road, Dehgam.
45 Shriji Policlinic,                    Dr. Rajendra M. Shah. 02716 - 267432            02716 - 267229
    Near Prakash Vidyalaya, Dehgam -                                                     M - 98791 34023
    Modasa road, Rakhiyal station,
    Taluka: Dehgam.
46 Vandan clinic,                         Dr. Suresh V. Vyas.       -------------------- M - 98253 08671
    31, Suraj campus,
    Nehru chokadi, Dehgam
47 Dr. Nisha S. Patel.                    Dr. Nisha S. Patel.   02716 - 232936            -----------------------
    Station road, Dehgam.
48 Dr. Rasik K. Patel.                     Dr. Rasik K. Patel.  02716 - 267534            -----------------------
    Rakhiyal station, Taluka: Dehgam.




                                                        109
3.7    BLOOD BANKS, MEDICAL TEST LABORATORIES AND
       PHARMACEUTICALS DISTRIBUTORS.
Blood Banks.
Sr          Name & Address              Location          Phone No.
No
 1. Prathma blood center.             Ahmedabad         079 - 26600101
    Dr. C. V. Raman marg, Behind
    Jivraj Mehta hospital, Vasna.
    (24 HOUR OPEN)
 2. Sanket Healthcare Foundation. Ahmedabad             079 - 26462741
    Shefali Hse, Parimal X road.
    (24 HOUR OPEN)
 3. Adarsh path. lab. & voluntary     Ahmedabad         079 - 22746672
    blood bank.
 4. Ami pathology lab & blood bank. Ahmedabad           079 - 27503545
 5. Ashish pathology lab.             Ahmedabad         079 - 26303090
 6. ESI general hospital.             Ahmedabad         079 - 22743935
 7. Green cross blood bank, Anil kunj Ahmedabad         079 - 26578824
    Paldi cross road.
 8. Gujarat blood bank                Ahmedabad         079 - 26584893
 9. Help voluntary blood bank.        Ahmedabad         079 - 25463028
10. Indian red cross society          Ahmedabad         079 - 26643833
11. Karnavati blood bank.             Ahmedabad         079 - 27415150
                                                        079 - 26401253
12.   Mahagujarat blood bank.             Ahmedabad     079 - 25451331
13    New vihal lab                       Ahmedabad     079 - 22815227
14    Red cross society                   Ahmedabad     079 - 26609625
15    Cancer Hospital                     Ahmedabad     079 - 22681451
16    Civil Hospital                      Ahmedabad     079 - 22683721
17    L.G. Hospital                       Ahmedabad     079 - 25461380
18    Shardaben Hospital                  Ahmedabad     079 - 22164261
19    V. S. Hospital                      Ahmedabad     079 - 26577621
20    Shraddha deep, Sector 16            Gandhinagar   079 - 23222474
21    Harish chandra Patel, Sec - 16      Gandhinagar   079 - 23247133
22    Ashirwad, Sector 22                 Gandhinagar   079 - 23221584
23    Blood bank Civil hospital, Sec 12   Gandhinagar   079-23221931
                                                        079-23221932




                                   110
3.7   BLOOD BANKS, MEDICAL TEST LABORATORIES & PHARMACEUTICALS DISTRIBUTORS.
Medical Test Laboratories
Sr                     Name                     Taluka     Contact Person          Phone No.
No
 1 Happy X-Ray 3D Sonography & color         Gandhinagar Amit Patel       L - 079 - 23238300/ 23238982
    doppler clinic, 443, Near petrol pump,                                R - 079 - 23238983 / 23223658
    GH - 5, Sector - 16, Gandhinagar.                                     M - 98250 37658
 2. Dr. Mayuri P. Vora, Sector 7/B           Gandhinagar   Mayuri Vora    L - 079 - 23225411
                                                                          R-- 079 -23223501 /23228492
 3 Mira Pathology Laboratory, Sector 17      Gandhinagar   Uday D. Mankad L - 079 - 23222875
                                                                          R-079 - 23221643
 4 Rashmi Y. Bhavsar, Sector 22              Gandhinagar   Rashmi Bhavsar L - 079 - 23221584
                                                                          R- 079 - 23224639
 5 Sharda Pathology Laboratory, Sector 16 Gandhinagar      Kaushik Patel  L - 079 - 23249149
                                                                          R- 079 - 23223267
 6 Shraddha deep Pathology Laboratory &      Gandhinagar   Mahendrabhai L - 079 - 23222474 /23231352
   research center, Sector 16                                             R- 079 - 23222952
 7 Dr. Sunil Patel. Sector 22                Gandhinagar   Sunil Patel    L - 079 - 23224023
                                                                          R- 079 - 23235835
 8 Dr. Haren Oza, Sector 23                  Gandhinagar   Haren Oza,     R- 079 - 23223475




                                                   112
3.7   BLOOD BANKS, MEDICAL TEST LABORATORIES & PHARMACEUTICALS DISTRIBUTORS.
Medical Test Laboratories
Sr                   Name                  Taluka     Contact Person            Phone No.
No
 9 Dr. Niketan Patel, Sector 24         Gandhinagar Niketan Patel      L - 079 - 23229229
                                                                       R- 079 - 23229729
10 Dr. Aarti Pandya, Sector 21,         Gandhinagar Aarti Pandya       L - 079 - 23229172
                                                                       R- 079 - 23223879
11 Dr. Paresh Vyasa, Sectore 21         Gandhinagar                    R - 079 - 23222279
12 Aashirwad Blood bank & Pathology     Gandhinagar                    L - 079 - 23221584
   Laboratory, Sector 22
13 Parth Pathology Laboratory           Dehgam        Jagdish N. Patel L - 02716 - 233581
   A/5, M.G. Amin complex,                                             M - 98254 64531
   Nandol road, Dehgam
14 Harsh X- Ray clinic                  Dehgam        Nalin Shah       L - 02716 - 233085
   Purushottam dham, Near Vitthal                     Divyesh Shah     Nalin   M - 98253 48059
   Co- Op. bank, Nandol road, Dehgam                                   Divyesh M - 98252 56964
15 Devi Gayatri Pathology Laboratory,   Dehgam        Prahalad M.      L - 02716 - 232219
   Luhar chakala, Vadvali fali, Above                 Patel            R - 02716 - 233212
   dental clinic, Dehgam.                                              M - 98253 08719




                                              113
3.7   BLOOD BANKS, MEDICAL TEST LABORATORIES & PHARMACEUTICALS DISTRIBUTORS.
Pharmaceutical Distributors.
Sr          Name & Address                 Taluka            Contact Person             Phone No.
No
 1 Madhuram Medicals.                   Gandhinagar    Mayank R. Shah.          O - 079 - 23210559
   Plot: 260/2, Celler, Sector - 28,
   Gandhinagar.
 2 P. Manubhai Medical Agencies.        Gandhinagar. Minesh Patel.              O - 079 - 23228554
   B - 1, Plot: 385, Basement,                       Dilip Trivedi.
   Neelkanth plaza flat, Sector - 22,
   Gandhinagar.
 3 Mayur Pharma.                        Gandhinagar.   -----------------        O - 079 - 23229830
   Plot: 269/1, Sector - 1/ C,                                                    - 079 - 23227093
   Near CH - 2, Gandhinagar.
 4 Shreeji Distributor.                 Gandhinagar. Nimish Shah                O - 079 - 23225272
   337, Shopping center, Sector-17                                              R - 079 - 23224754
   Gandhinagar.                                                                   - 079 - 23222920
                                                                                M - 98240 69974
 5 Parth Medical Agency.                Gandhinagar. Govindbhai K. Prajapati.   O - 079 - 23232390
   239, Anand apartment, Behind                                                   - 079 - 23245389
   jain temple, Sector 22,
   Gandhinagar.




                                                       114
3.7   BLOOD BANKS, MEDICAL TEST LABORATORIES & PHARMACEUTICALS DISTRIBUTORS.
Pharmaceutical Distributors.
 Sr         Name & Address               Taluka            Contact Person              Phone No.
 No
  6 Yera Medical Agency.              Gandhinagar.    ----------------------   O - 079 - 23210320
    216, Celler, Opp. bus stand,
    Sector 28, Gandhinagar.
 7. Modi Drug Agencies.               Gandhinagar. Piyush P. Modi              O - 079 - 23234977
    Plot: 308, GH - 6 corner,                                                  R - 079 - 227509729
    Sector - 29, Gandhinagar.
  8 Krishna Medical Stores.           Gandhinagar. Ashok Patel                 O - 079 - 23235814
    Plot: 1265/1, Sector 7 D,                                                    - 079 - 23245086
    Gandhinagar.                                     Jignesh Patel             O - 079 - 23232836
    Vardhaman Pharma.                 Dehgam         Piyush B. Shah.           R - 02716 - 232856
    Kharakuva Khancho, Gandhi fali,
    Dehgam.
  9 K. M. Pharma.                     Dehgam         Mayank J. Shah            O - 02716 - 230205
    C/4, Sardar shopping center,                                               R - 02716 - 232490
    Gandhi bag, Dehgam.


3.8   PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT AVAILABLE AT MAH UNITS




                                                     115
                                                                                     Chemical
Sr                STD                                  Canister Full Body Air line            Emergency Water
       Name                Phone1      Phone2      SBA                                Splash
No                Code                                  Masks PVC Suit BA                        Kit     Gel
                                                                                       suit
 1 Vimal          079      22820790   22823790      1         4      1        0         2         0       0
   Pesticides              22821390
   Pvt. Ltd.
 2 Parkas         02718 247240        247107        1         4      1        0         2        0       0
   Presticides             247250
   Industries
 3 Hindustan      079      23270186   M-94276       1         4      1        4         1        2       8
   Petroleum               23270187     06395
   Corporation             23270288   M-98798
   Ltd.                    23270096     30814
 4 Ambica LPG 02763 272354            M-94263       0         0      0        0         0        0       0
   Bottling Pvt.                        51978
   Ltd. *
 5 Rajdeep          02716 232496       ---------    0         0      0        0         0        0       0
   Chemical
   Industries *
 6 Shree            02716 231684      M-99251       0         1      0        0         1        0       0
   Vallabh                              39501
   Chemical
Note :- * Factory is Closed



3.8   PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT AVAILABLE AT MAH UNITS



                                                        116
                                                                             Chemical
Sr               STD                           Canister Full Body Air line            Emergency Water
      Name               Phone1   Phone2   SBA                                Splash
No               Code                           Masks PVC Suit BA                        Kit     Gel
                                                                               suit
1 The Arvind     02764 281100-9   281173    6          2     4       --         6         1       --
  Mills Ltd.
2 IFFCO Ltd.     02764   223256  223258    40          --   20       5          2        2       --
3 Maruti         02764   322057 98243808   --          --   --       --         --       --      --
  Pesticides                       85
  Pvt. Ltd.
4 Umiya Agros    02764   232429 98250272    --         2     2       --         --       --      --
                                   51
5 Gujarat        02764   222521 98254901    1          1     5       --         --       --      --
   Pesticides                      06
   Pvt. Ltd.
6 Zion           02764   268342   265796    --         3     3       --         --       --      --
   Chemicals
   Pvt. Ltd.
7 Saibaba        02764   286250   268220    --         --    --      --         --       --      --
   Surfactants
   Pvt. Ltd.
8 Mahalaxmi      02764   233873 98243004    2          --    --      --         --       1       --
   Industries                      59
9 Anmol          02764   234486 98981169    1       10       --       1         --       1       --
   Chloro Chem                     67
10 Mutual        02764   234098 98250604    6          --    --      --         --       1       --
   Chemicals                       42
   Pvt. Ltd.


                                                 117
11 Chem Plast    02764   233548 98250203   2          2    1    --   --   1    --
   Industries                      89
12 Arvind Poly   02764   281110  281173    6          2    4    --   6    1    --
   Coats
13 Rajratna      02764   233665 98250291   --         --   2    --   1    --   1
   Metal                           91
   Industries
   Ltd.
14 Bhagwati      02764   233546 98254110   3          2    --   --   --   1    --
   Indsutries                      35




3.9   COMMUNICATION & WARNING FACILITIES AVAILABLE AT MAH UNITS



                                                118
Sr                       STD                                           PA      Siren (Elect./
          Name                 Phone1   Phone2        Mobile phones                              Any other
No                       Code                                         System   hand/steam)
 1 Vimal Pesticides     079   22820790 22823790       98240 31413       ---      Available           ----
   Pvt. Ltd.                  22821390                98250 05121
 2 Prakash              02718 247240   247107         98240 31413       ---      Available           ----
   Presticides                247250
   Industries
 3 Hindustan            079     23270186 23270196     94263 40182                Available      Messengers
   Petroleum                    23270187              94264 27756
   Corporation Ltd.
 4 Ambica LPG           02763 272354    M-94263       94263 51978       ---      Available           ----
   Bottling Pvt. Ltd.                     51978
 5 Rajdeep              02716    232496   ---------   98250 22224       ---      Available           ----
   Chemical
   Industries
 6 Shree Vallabh         079    25323523 25399350     98240 21296       ---      Available           ---
   Chemical
 7 The Arvind Mills     02764 281100-9      281173          Yes         1        Available      3(Walki-talki)
   Ltd.
 8 IFFCO Ltd.           02764    223256     223258          Yes         8        Available       15(Walki-
                                                                                                   talki)
9 Maruti Pesticides 02764        322057 982438088           Yes         --           --              --
   Pvt. Ltd.                                5
10 Umiya Agros      02764        232429 982502725           Yes         --           --               --
                                            1
11 Gujarat              02764    222521 982549010           Yes         --           --               --
   Pesticides Pvt.                          6


                                                      119
   Ltd.
12 Zion Chemicals     02764   268342   265796          Yes   --      --             --
   Pvt. Ltd.
13 Saibaba            02764   286250   268220          Yes   --      --             --
   Surfactants Pvt.
   Ltd.
14 Mahalaxmi          02764   233873 982430045         Yes   --   Available         --
   Industries                            9
15 Anmol Chloro       02764   234486 989811696         Yes   --   Available         --
   Chem                                  7
16 Mutual             02764   234098 982506044         Yes   --   Available         --
   Chemicals Pvt.                        2
   Ltd.
17 Chem Plast         02764   233548 982502038         Yes   --   Available         --
   Industries                            9
18 Arvind Poly        02764   281110  281173           Yes   --   Available   3(walki-talki)
   Coats
19 Rajratna Metal     02764   233665 982502919         Yes   --   Available         --
   Industries Ltd.                       1
20 Bhagwati           02764   233546 982541103         Yes   --   Available         --
   Indsutries                            5




                                                 120
3.10 VEHICLES AVAILABLE AT MAH UNITS

Sr                       STD                                   Car /
          Name                 Phone1   Phone2     Bus Truck
No                       Code                                  Jeep
 1 Vimal Pesticides     079   22820790 22823790     1    1       5
   Pvt. Ltd.                  22821390
 2 Parkas Presticides   02718 247240   247107       1    0      1
   Industries                 247250
 3 Hindustan            079   23270186 23270196    --    --     1
   Petroleum                  23270187
   Corporation Ltd.
 4 Ambica LPG           02763 272354  M-94263       0    0      0
   Bottling Pvt. Ltd.                   51978
 5 Rajdeep Chemical     02716 232496     079-       0    0      1
   Industries                          7485724
 6 Shree Vallabh         079 25323523 25399350      0    0      1
   Chemical
 1 The Arvind Mills     02764 281100-9   281173    10    --     1
   Ltd.
 2 IFFCO Ltd.           02764   223256  223258     3     2      1
 3 Maruti Pesticides    02764   322057 982438088   --    -      1
   Pvt. Ltd.                               5
 4 Umiya Agros          02764   232429 982502725   --    -      1
                                           1
 5 Gujarat Pesticides   02764   222521 982549010   --    --     2
   Pvt. Ltd.                               6
 6 Zion Chemicals       02764   268342  265796     --    --     1
   Pvt. Ltd.
 7 Saibaba              02764   286250   268220    --    --     1
   Surfactants Pvt.
   Ltd.
 8 Mahalaxmi            02764   233873 982430045   --    1      1
   Industries                              9
 9 Anmol Chloro         02764   234486 989811696   --    --     1
   Chem                                    7
10 Mutual Chemicals     02764   234098 982506044   --    --     1
   Pvt. Ltd.                               2
11 Chem Plast           02764   233548 982502038   --    2      1
   Industries                              9
12 Arvind Poly Coats    02764   281110  281173      3    --     1
13 Rajratna Metal       02764   233665 982502919    2    1      1
   Industries Ltd.                         1
14 Bhagwati             02764   233546 982541103   --    --     1
   Indsutries                              5


                                 121
122
3.11 AVAILABILITY OF SPECIAL RESCUE EQUIPMENT
                                                                             Max.
                                                                                       Min
Sr                                                                          Boom            Capacity in
   Name of the Unit   Equipment Details             Type           Quantity          Radius
No                                                                          Length             MT
                                                                                      in m
                                                                             (m)
1 HPCL. Sardhav        DAMAG AC 265 Tyre mounted, telescopic         1        45      2.7    100 at 2.7m
                                        hydraulic crane                                         radius
                         Tata P & H     Crawler crane with lattice   1      15.24     3.67   74 at 3.67m
                                        boom
                         Hydra truck                  -              1       8.53      3         25
                       mounted crane
                      Groove Industrial               -              1         -       -         4
                            Model
                         Coles Crane    Kirloskar make, wheel        1         -       -         4
                                        mounted
                        Beaver (trailer               -              1         -       -         20
                            trolley)
                        Swaraj Mazda                  -              2         -       -         8
                        Tractor Trolley               -              3         -       -         3
                           Fork Lift    Godrej                       3         -       -         3
2 IFFCO, Kalol             Fork Lift    Godrej                       3         -       -         3
3 ONGC,                    Fork Lift                  -              1         -       -         1
  Chandkheda




                                                 124
3.12 AVAILABILITY OF PORTABLE DG SET SUPPLIERS AND ELECTRONIC INVERTOR.

Generators.
Sr. No. Name of the Vendor                    Address                  Phone No.          Fax/ Mobile No.
  1. Ashikaush sales and        16/2, K.B. Commercial center,     O- 079 - 25507238   R- 079 - 27476448
       services.                Near Dinbai tower, Lal darwaja,   O- 079 - 25506037   R- 079 - 27497048
                                Ahmedabad.
  2.   Autronic systems (India) 209, Anand mangal, 1, Adarsh      079- 26406575       Fax: 079- 26469700
       private limited.         society, C.G. road, Ahmedabad.    079- 26566688
  3.   Bhagavati power          B 41, Shriji estate, Sutar        079- 22812318       Fax: 079-22814611
       generator                karkhana, G.I.D.C. corner,        079- 22819563       98250 28725
                                Naroda, Ahmedabad.
  4.   Diesel power spares      C 10, Nandanvan, Near townhall    079- 26575350       98240 11012
       private limited          Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad.           079- 26575964
  5.   Ganesh corporation.      15, Shri krishna center,          079- 26420803
                                Mithakhali six roads, Navarang
                                pura, Ahmedabad.
  6.   Greaves cotton limited. Jaldarshan, Ashram road,     079- 26581861
                                Navarang pura, Ahmedabad.   079- 26580518
                                                            079- 26580428
                              st
  7.   Ravi rashmi energmech 1 floor, Avani complex, Behind 079- 26562868             Fax: 079-26565024
       private limited       Navarangpura police station,   079- 26561046
                             Ahmedabad.




                                                    125
3.12 AVAILABILITY OF PORTABLE DG SET SUPPLIERS AND ELECTRONIC INVERTOR.

Generators.
Sr. No. Name of the Vendor                 Address                  Phone No.          Fax/ Mobile No.
  8. Gujarat powerfield       Powerfield House, Narol Sarkhej 079- 25384511/ 2 /3
       private limited.       road, Narol, Ahmedabad.
  9. H. B. Diesel engineers. 19, Shiv tanament, Opposite       O- 079- 25462672
                              Hirabhai tower, Near Ashadeep R- 079- 25390180
                              party plot, Uttamnagar,
                              Maninagar, Ahmedabad.
  10. H.H. Acharya            690, Lodhawala chambers,         079- 22174127
                              Opposite old saher kotda polish 079- 22113287
                              station, Railway pura,
                              Ahmedabad.
  11. Jeevan diesels and      203, Ashwamegh complex, 6-7, 079- 26430978            Fax: 079- 26400716
       electricals limited    Mayur colony, Mithakhali,                             98250 12221
                              Navarangpura, Ahmedabad.
  12. Power care              Kamalkant shopping center,       O- 079- 26464153     98240 12188
                              Mithakhali, Ahmedabad.           R- 079- 22877999
  13. Progressive engineering 2084/ 562, Relief road, Near     0- 079- 22170052     Fax: 079- 26924381
       and electric company. center point pan parlor, Opposite O- 079- 26890597
                              Zakaria mashjid, Ahmedabad. R- 079- 26924381
  14. Sealand diesel private 201, Kaivanna, Panchvati circle, 079- 26562686/ 7/ 8   Fax: 079- 26566325
       limited.               Opp. C.G. road, Ellisbridge,                          98240 42275
                              Ahmedabad.




                                                   126
3.12 AVAILABILITY OF PORTABLE DG SET SUPPLIERS AND ELECTRONIC INVERTOR.

Generators.
Sr. No. Name of the Vendor                 Address                   Phone No.      Fax/ Mobile No.
  15. Shrinath diesels       6, Swagat complex, Near shelat 079- 25432639        Fax: 079- 25432694
                             bhuvan, Pushpa kunj road,                           98250 62548
                             Kankaria, Ahmedabad.
 16.   Supernova engineers   B-91, Parisima complex, Opp. 079- 26401676
       limited               Lal bunglow, C.G. road,            079- 26401450
                             Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad.
 17.   Trans power           12, Agrawal center, third floor, 079- 27543452      98251 27024
                             Near Kalupur bank, Incom tax,
                             Ahmedabad.
 18.   Vink diesels          Kabirwadi, Near Bhulabhai park, 079- 25390519       98240 44199
                             Gita mandir road, Ahmedabad. 079- 25332200          98980 44199
 19.   Zodiac genset         12, Varahi industrial estate, Near 02717- 241717
       private limited.      Gota railway crossing, Gota,       02717- 241825
                             Ahmedabad.                         02717- 241793
                             307, Ganesh plaza, Opposite        079- 26441784    Fax: 079- 26443312
                             navarangpura bus stop,             079- 26441789
                             navarangpura, Ahmedabad.




                                                  127
3.12 AVAILABILITY OF PORTABLE DG SET SUPPLIERS AND ELECTRONIC INVERTOR.

Generators.
Sr. No. Name of the Vendor                 Address                    Phone No.        Fax/ Mobile No.
  20. Grace power private    B 2/2, Anoli co. op. housing soc. 079- 26853035        98980 30638
       limited               limited, Plot : 28-29, Sunrise park
                             Drive in road, Ahmedabad.
 21.   H.M. Acharya & Co.    Hawawala mension, Opp. Alka O- 079- 22131694           98240 23674
                             petrol pump, Kadia kui, Relief      O- 079- 22122401
                             road, Ahmedabad.                    R- 079- 26460174
 22.   Jyoti engineering     163, Sunrise shopping center, O- 079- 27503212         94260 20290
       services.             Opp. Raichand nagar, Near visat R- 079- 27507644
                             petrol pump, Sabarmati,
                             Ahmedabad.
 23.   Space generator       Navarangpura, Isanpur,              079- 8606022       Ashok Shah.
                             Ahmedabad.                          079- 26445222      98250 60222




                                                   128
3.12 AVAILABILITY OF PORTABLE DG SET SUPPLIERS AND ELECTRONIC INVERTOR.

Inverter
Sr. No. Name of the Vendor                       Address                   Phone No.        Mobile No.
  1. Gujarat batteries,           17, Hirabhai market, Diwan Ballubhai 079 - 25470320/ 1
                                  school road, Kankaria, Ahmedabad. 079 - 25462488
  2.   Keprej electronics         E-139, G.I.D.C, Electronic estate,   079 - 23222907
                                  Sector -26, Gandhinagar.             079 - 23223555
  3.   Power world electronics    Relif road, Opposite zakaria masjid, 079 - 22165600
                                  Ahmedabad.
  4.   Swastik electronics        67, Capital commercial center, Near 079 - 26581909     079 - 31024413
                                  Sanyas ashram, Ashram road,          079 - 27543389
                                  Ahmedabad.
  5.   The Saikrupa battery plaza A/2, Navrang super market, Near      O- 079 - 26443861 98250 51054
                                  Navarangpura bus stand, Ahmedabad. R- 079 - 26854287




                                                  129
3.13 LIST OF PROPOSED REHABILITATION SHELTERS WITH CAPACITY
Sr                                        Facilities Available                      Phone Nos.
             Location         Capacity                         Officer Incharge
No                                       Food Medical Toilets                     Office Residence
1
2
3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9




                                            130
4.    REMEDIAL MEASURES
4.1   INDICATIVE LIST OF MEDICINES / EQUIPMENT

Medicines to be stocked at Treatment Center (per 1000 persons)
General Medicines :-
        ITEM               QTY.                 ITEM             QTY.
Methyl Cellulose Eye       500        Injection Tetanus        250 Vials
Drops, 5 ml.              Bottles     Toxoid, multidose
Surgical Spirit          10 Bottles 5% GNS IV Fluid,           100 Bottles
                                      540 ml.
Normal Saline Fluid,        100       Sterile Distilled Water, 100 Bottles
540 ml.                   Bottles     500 ml.
Vinegar                      5        Liquid Paraffin          5 Bottles
Vaseline                   1 tin      Tincture Benzoin         5 Bottles
Tincture Iodine          5 Bottles    Tincture Cetrimide       20 Bottles
Savlon Liquid            25 Bottles Ointment Soframycin        100 Tubes
Ointment Atropine(Eye)   50 Tubes     Atropine Eye Drops       50 Bottles
Neosporin Dusting        100 Tubes Pilocarpine Eye Drops       25 Bottles
Powder
Acriflavin Gauze with        5        Ointment Gentamycin      50 Tubes
Plastic Jar                           (Eye)
Gentamycin Eye Drops     50 Bottles                 -               -

Injectables (Ampoules / Vials) :-
Decadron                    100       Deriphyline                 500
Coramine                    100       Calcium Glutonate           100
Adrenaline                  100       Dopamine                     25
                                      Hydrochloride
Mephentine                  50        Sodium Bicarbonate          500



                                   131
         ITEM               QTY.            ITEM                QTY.
Atropine Sulphate           1000     Aminophyline               100
Lasix                       200      Vitamin K                   20
Lignocaine                   70      Salbutamol                  10
Hydrochloride
Perinorm                     25      Pethidine                   50
                                     Hydrochloride
Ampicillin                   25      Avil                        50
Clampose                    100      Morphine Sulphate           10

Surgical Items :-
Eye Plastic Undine           50      Absorbant Cotton Wool    100 Rolls
Bandage 2”, 4”, 6”           100     Adhesive Plasters        100 Rolls
                            Rolls    (Different sizes)
Oxygen Cylinders             50      Mackintosh                20 Rolls
                                     (Rubber Sheet 3’ x 6’)
Polyethylene Masks          1000     Pathology Gloves         50 Pairs
(Surgical)                           (Misc. sizes)
Disposable Syringes          150     Catgut Chromic           100 Boxes
(2, 5 & 10 ml.)
Suture Needles Cur.          100     Suture Needles Str.      100 Each
Cutting (Different sizes)            Cutting (4, 6, 8 mm)
Catgut Plain                 100     BB Silk                  100 Reels
                            Boxes
Operation Scissors, str.      5      Operation Scissors,          5
                                     Cur.
Tracheotomy Set              10      Forceps Artery, Str.        50




                                   132
         ITEM               QTY.             ITEM                 QTY.
Forceps Artery, Cur          50      Forceps Mosquito              50
Plaster of Paris Bandage   50 Rolls Forceps Dissecting              5
(10 & 15 cm)                Each     (Toothed & Non-
                                     toothed)
Forceps Cheatles              4      Thomas Splints             123 Each
                                     (arm/hip)
Boyels Apparatus              1      Respirator Bear              2 Each
                                     (Adult/child)
Laryngoscope               1Each     Endotracheal Tubes             25
(Adult/child)                        (diff. sizes)
IV Set, Disposable           100     Wooden Splints                100
Elastic Bandage              100     Electric Sterilizer            5
Hypodermic Needles           100     SS Tray with Lid               10
(diff. Sizes)                        (rectangular)
EI Jar, (5”)                 10      EI Jar, (12”)                  5
Scissors shop                 2      Basins (18” dia)               5
Kidney Tray                  10      Loup (Eye Examination)         4
Others
G N S IV Fluid              100          Water                  100 Bottles
                           Bottles
Plasma                       -           Oxygen Cylinders           50

Miscellaneous Items :-
Overshoes                   100          Torchlight (3 Cells)       10
                            Pairs
Torch Cells                  60          Stretchers                 50
Mattress                     100         Wheel Chairs               10




                                   133
4.2   DETAILS OF CHEMICALS PROPERTIES, FIRE FIGHTING
      AGENTS, ANTIDOTES, FIRST AID & MEDICAL TREATMENT
Sr Name Of         Hazard         Fire Fighting Agent        Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No Chemical     Characteristic
 1 Acetic         Corrosive    Carbon Dioxide, Dry        Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
   Acid                        Chemical Powder, Water     difficulty in breathing, give Oxygen. If
                               Spray and Alcohol          heartbeats are absent, give external Cardiac
                               Resistant Foam             compression. If substance has gone in eyes,
                                                          wash with plenty of water for 15 minutes,
                                                          holding eyes open and obtain medical
                                                          treatment urgently.
2     Ammonia   Flammable,    Stop flow of gas, use       Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
                Toxic         water spray to cool fire    difficulty in breathing, give Oxygen. Inhalation
                              exposed containers.         of steam or vinegar vapour is recommended.
                              Exposed fire fighter must   If substance has gone in eyes, wash with
                              wear positive pressure      plenty of water for 15 minutes To relieve
                              self-contained breathing-   restlessness, ingestion morphine 15mg to
                              apparatus and full          relieve Dypspnoea, Oxygen inhalation.
                              protective clothing.
3     Ammo-     Corrosive     Non-flammable               Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
      nium                                                difficulty in breathing, give Oxygen. If
      Carbonate                                           substance has gone in eyes, wash with plenty
                                                          of water for 15 minutes, holding eyes open.




                                                 134
Sr Name Of        Hazard           Fire Fighting Agent        Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No Chemical    Characteristic
 4 Ammonia         ------     Use plenty of water to       In case of burns due to hot Ammonium Nitrate
   Nitrate                    cool fire exposed            solution, part should be flushed with large
   (Melt)                     containers. Exposed fire     quantity of water and treated according to
                              fighter must wear positive   usual burns.
                              pressure self-contained
                              breathing apparatus and
                              full protective clothing.
                              Container may explode in
                              fire.
5.   Carbon    Asphy-xiant    Non-flammable                It is simple asphyxiant and can cause oxygen
     Dioxide                                               deficiency in confined space / non ventilated
                                                           areas. Respiratory protection is required.
6.    Carbon Flammable,       Carbon monoxide, dry         Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
     Monoxide Toxic           chemical powder, wear        difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. If hearts
                              self contained breathing     beats are absent, give external cardiac
                              apparatus. Let fire burn,    compression. Do not use mouth to mouth
                              shut off gas while using     ventilation. Administer 100% oxygen till
                              the chemicals.               carboxyhemoglobin level is measured.
                                                           Cerebral edema and convulsions must be
                                                           controlled. Methylene blue must not be
                                                           injected.




                                                  135
Sr    Name Of       Hazard        Fire Fighting Agent      Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No    Chemical   Characteristic
7.    Chlorine   Toxic          Non flammable           Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
                                                        difficulty in breathing, give external cardiac
                                                        compression. Incase of eye exposure, wash
                                                        with copious amount of water for 15 minutes,
                                                        keeping eyelids apart
8.      Coal      Flammable    Dry chemical powder,     Incomplete combustion may produce CO,
                               water supply             suphur dioxide, hence respiratory protection
                                                        may be required to fight the fire.
9.     Formic     Flammable,   Carbon dioxide, dry      Remove the victim to fresh air. If difficulty in
        Acid       Corrosive   chemical powder, water   breathing, give oxygen. If hearts beats are
                               spray and alcohol        absent, give external cardiac compression. If
                               resistant, foam all      substance has gone in eyes, wash with plenty
                               purpose foam.            of water for 15 minutes, holding eyes open
                                                        and obtain medical treatment urgently.
10.   Fuel Oil    Flammable    Carbon dioxide, dry      Remove the contaminated clothes. Wash the
                               chemical powder, foam    affected parts of skin with plenty of soap &
                                                        water & seek medical advice immediately for
                                                        inhalation of vapors / fumes.
11.     High      Flammable    Dry chemical powder,                            - do -
       Speed                   foam
       Diesel




                                                  136
Sr    Name Of      Hazard            Fire Fighting Agent           Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No    Chemical   Characteristic
12.    Hydro-      Corrosive      Non flammable                Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
       chloric                                                 difficulty in breathing, give artificial respiration.
        Acid                                                   Do not give alkaline substances or carbonate
                                                               preparation. Skin should be treated with 5%
                                                               Trietanol amine. If substance has gone in
                                                               eyes, wash with plenty of water for 15
                                                               minutes, holding eyes open and obtain
                                                               medical treatment urgently.
13.   Hydrogen    Flammable,      Dry chemical powder,         It is simple asphyxiant and can cause oxygen
                   Explosive      halon. Let fire burn under   deficiency in confined space / non ventilated
                                  control. Stop gas flow       areas. Move victim to the fresh air and apply
                                                               resuscitation methods.
14.   Hydrogen       Toxic        Non flammable                Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
       Iodide                                                  difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. If hearts
                                                               beats are absent, give external cardiac
                                                               compression Incase of eye exposure, wash
                                                               with copious amount of water for 15 minutes,
                                                               keeping eyelids apart.




                                                      137
Sr   Name Of    Hazard           Fire Fighting Agent          Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No   Chemical Characteristic
15   Hydrogen Flammable, Carbon dioxide, dry               Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
     Sulphide    Toxic       chemical powder. Wear         difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. Patient
                             self-contained breathing      with significant exposure, should be
                             apparatus. Alcohol            hospitalized for 72 hours of medical
                             resistant foam is also        observation for delayed pulmonary edema.
                             advisable to be used to       The respiratory centre may be stimulated by
                             stop fire.                    injection of LOBGIN and nike thamide.
                                                           Victamin C may be injected intravenously.
                                                           Incase of eye exposure, it should be treated
                                                           with boric acid solution.
16    Iodine        Toxic     Use water spray or           Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
                              carbon dioxide. Do not       difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. If hearts
                              use foam or dry              beats abosent, give external cardiac
                              chemical. Wear full          compression Patient with significant
                              protective clothing and      exposure, should be hospitalized for 72 hours
                              self contained breathing     of observation. consider administration of
                              apparatus for fire fighting. multiple metered doses of topical steroid
                                                           hormon or 30 mg/kg of methyl prednisolone
                                                           IV.
17     LPG       Flammable,   Carbon dioxide, dry          Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
                  Explosive   chemical powder, water       difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. If
                              spray                        substance has gone in eyes, wash with plenty



                                                  138
                                                           of water for 15 minutes holding eyes open.



Sr    Name Of        Hazard         Fire Fighting Agent       Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No    Chemical   Characteristic
18.   Methane     Flamm-able, Carbon dioxide, dry         Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is
                    Explosive   chemical powder. Shut     breathing difficulty give oxygen. If substance
                                off gas.                  has gone in eyes wash with plenty of water.
19.   Methanol    Flamma-ble, Carbon dioxide, dry         Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
                      Toxic     chemical powder, water    difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. Never
                                spray and alcohol         administer anything by mouth if a victim is
                                resistant foam.           losing conciousness. Do not induce vomiting.
                                                          Do not use mouth to mouth respiration.
                                                          Massive alkalization in life saving & eye
                                                          saving measures. Give small quantity of Ethyl
                                                          alcohol every 4 hourly. If substance has gone
                                                          in eyes, wash with plenty of water for 15
                                                          minutes holding eyes open.
20.   Methyl     Flamma-ble,    Carbon dioxide, dry       Remove the victim to fresh air. Give oxygen if
      Acetate       Toxic       chemical powder and       there is difficulty in breathing, If substance
                                alcohol resistant foam.   heart beats are absent, give external cardiac
                                Water may be ineffective. compression. If substance has gone in eyes,
                                                          wash with plenty of water holding eyes open
                                                          & obtain medical treatment urgently.




                                                   139
Sr   Name Of       Hazard         Fire Fighting Agent      Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No   Chemical   Characteristic
21    Methyl    Flammable,     Carbon dioxide, dry      Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
     Formate    Toxic          chemical powder, water   difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. If
                               spray and alcohol        substance heart beats are absent, give
                               resistant foam.          external cardiac compression. If substance
                                                        has gone in eyes, wash with plenty of water
                                                        for 15 minutes holding eyes open and obtain
                                                        medical treatment urgently.
22    Methyl        Toxic     Non flammable             Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
      Iodide                                            difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. If
                                                        substance heartbeats are absent, give
                                                        external cardiac compression. Do not use
                                                        mouth to mouth ventilation. Keep under
                                                        medical sureillance for 48 hours. Consider
                                                        administration of multiple metered doses of
                                                        topical stercoid by inhalation and or upto 30
                                                        mg / kg of methyl prednisolone. Incase of eye,
                                                        contact immediately, refer to opthalmologist.
23    Mono       Flammable,   Carbon dioxide, dry       Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
     Ethylene       Toxic     chemical powder and       difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. If
      Glycol                  alcohol resistant foam.   heartbeats are absent, give external cardiac



                                                  140
                                                             compression. If substance has gone in eyes,
                                                             wash with plenty of water.




Sr   Name Of          Hazard         Fire Fighting Agent        Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No   Chemical      Characteristic
24   Naphtha        Flammable Foam D.C.P., carbon            Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
                                  dioxide. Apply water fog   difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. The
                                  from as far dist. as       decision of whether to induce vomiting or not
                                  possible.                  should be made by an attending physician. If
                                                             heartbeats are absent, give external cardiac
                                                             compression. If substance has gone in eyes,
                                                             wash with plenty of water.
25    Natural       Flammable     Stop flow of gas. D.C.P,   Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
       Gas                        carbon dioxide.            difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. If
                                                             substance has gone in eyes, wash with plenty
                                                             of water for 15 minutes, holding eyes open.
26   Nitric Acid     Corrosive    Non flammable              Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
                       Toxic                                 difficulty in breathing, give Oxygen. Do not
                                                             induce vomiting. If heartbeats are absent,
                                                             give external Cardiac compression. If
                                                             substance has gone in eyes, wash with plenty
                                                             of water for 15 minutes, holding eyes open
                                                             and obtain medical treatment urgently.




                                                     141
Sr   Name Of      Hazard           Fire Fighting Agent      Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No   Chemical   Characteristic
27    Nitric      Corrosive      Non flammable           Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
      Oxide         Toxic                                difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. Do not
                                                         allow to walk. Fatal symptoms may be
                                                         delayed upto 48 hours even though victim
                                                         may seem normal after exposure. If hearts
                                                         beats are absent, give external cardia
                                                         compression. If substance has gone in eyes,
                                                         wash with plenty of water for 15 minutes
                                                         holding eyes open and obtain medical
                                                         treatment urgently
28   Nitrogen    Asphy-xiant     Non flammable           Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
                                                         difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. If hearts
                                                         beats are absent, give external cardia
                                                         compression. Treat for frostbite with
                                                         lukewarm water.
29   Oxygen         -------      Non flammable           Inhalation of 100 % oxygen can cause
                                                         nausea, dizziness, irritation of lungs,
                                                         pulmonary edema, pneumonia and collapse.



                                                   142
                                                          Liquid oxygen will cause frostbite.




Sr   Name Of       Hazard           Fire Fighting Agent      Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No   Chemical    Characteristic
30   Nitrogen      Corrosive      Non flammable           Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
      Dioxide        Toxic                                difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. Enforce
                                                          complete rest for 24 to 48 hours. Incase of
                                                          high exposure keep patient under medical
                                                          observation for atleast 72 hours. Some
                                                          individuals who had symptoms of acute
                                                          exposure with or without edema, develop in
                                                          immune reaction 10 days or 6 weeks after
                                                          exposure. Symptoms include severe cough,
                                                          cyanbosis (tuning blue) fever hypoxemia and
                                                          X ray may show fire scattered nodes in the
                                                          lungs are vulnerable to virus.
31   Pottasium     Corrosive      Non flammable           Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
     Hydroxide       Toxic                                difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. If
                                                          substance heart beats are absent, give
                                                          external cardiac compression. Incase of eye
                                                          contact immediately refer for opthomological


                                                    143
                                                             opinion. Treat skin burns conventionally.




Sr   Name Of        Hazard        Fire Fighting Agent          Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No   Chemical    Characteristic
32    Pottas-     Flammable, Only dry chemical            Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
       sium          Toxic      powder is allowed to      difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. Never
     Methoxide                  be used. In reacts with   administer anything by mouth if a victim is losing
                                water and CO2.            consciousness. Do not induce vomiting. Do not
                                                          use mouth to mouth respiration. Backing soda in
                                                          glass of water should be given.
33   Propionic    Flammable,    Foam, dry chemical        Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
      Acide          Toxic,     powder, carbon            difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. If heart beats
                   Corrosive    dioxide. Apply waster     are absent, give external cardiac compression.
                                fog from as far           Incase of eye contact flush with plenty of water
                                distance as possible.     for about 15 minutes. Remove wet clothese and
                                                          wash affected area with water & soap.
34   Rhodium         --------   Non flammable             Remove the victim to fresh air. Material cause
     Triodide                                             irritation of nose, throat and respiratory tract.
                                                          Repeated exposure to skin can cause allergic
                                                          sensitilization. Incase of eye contact, flush with


                                                    144
                                                             plenty of water for 15 minutes.
35   Sodium        Corrosive      Non flammable              Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
     Hydroxide       Toxic                                   difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. Incase of eye
                                                             contact flush with plenty of water for about 15
                                                             minutes. Remove wet clothese and wash
                                                             affected area with water & soap.




Sr   Name Of       Hazard            Fire Fighting Agent           Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No   Chemical    Characteristic
36   Sulphur       Corrosive      Non flammable                 Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
      Dioxide        Toxic                                      difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. If hearts
                                                                beats are absent, give external cardia
                                                                compression. Atropic rhnitis and phayngitis
                                                                may be treated by inhalation of 5% solution of
                                                                sodium chloride, followed by inhalation of 5%
                                                                solution of sodium chloride, followed by
                                                                inhalation of vitamin A. Incase of of eye
                                                                contact, flush with 2% sodium bicarbonate
                                                                solution, drops of 2 to 3 % phedrine should be
                                                                instilled in the nose.
37   Sulphuric     Corrosive      Non flammable, react          Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
       Acid          Toxic        with water to form large      difficulty in breathing, give Oxygen. Incase
                                  amount of heat and            eye contact flush with plenty of water for 15
                                  corrosive fumes. Do not       minutes. Remove wet clothes and wash


                                                     145
                                use water to existing fire   affected area with plenty of water.
                                in the nearby area.
38   Trichloro    Flammable,    Carbon dioxide, dry          Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
     Ethylene        Toxic      chemical powder, water       difficulty in breathing, give Oxygen. Do not
                                spray and alcohol            induce vomiting If heart beats are absent,
                                resistant foam.              give external Cardiac compression. If
                                                             substance has gone in eyes, wash with plenty
                                                             of water for 15 minutes, holding eyes open
                                                             and obtain medical treatment urgently.


Sr   Name Of        Hazard          Fire Fighting Agent          Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No   Chemical    Characteristic
39    Ortho       Flammable, Foam dry chemical               Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
     Dichloro        Toxic      powder, carbon dioxide.      difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. Incase of
     Benzene                    Apply water fog from as      eye contact flush with plenty of water for
                                far distance as possible.    about 15 minutes. Remove wet clothes and
                                                             wash affected area with plenty of water.
40   Trichloro     Corrosive    Foam dry chemical            It is very corrosive liquid. Exposure will
      Acetyl         Toxic      powder, carbon dioxide.      produce tears in the eyes and severe
     Chloride                                                chemical burns. Move the person to fresh air.
                                                             If not breathing, perform artificial respiration. If
                                                             required, give oxygen. Wash the affected skin
                                                             thoroughly with soap and water. Flush and
                                                             irrigate eyes with copious quantity of water for
                                                             atleast 15 minutes. Do not induce vomiting.
41    Acrylo-     Flammable,    Carbon dioxide, dry          Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a


                                                      146
       nitrile       Toxic     chemical powder          difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. If the
                                                        unconscious, crush an amylnitrile ampule in a
                                                        cloth and hold it under the nose for 15
                                                        seconds in every minute. Do not interrupt
                                                        artificial respiration during this process.




Sr   Name Of       Hazard         Fire Fighting Agent      Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No   Chemical    Characteristic
42    Copper        -------     Non flammable           Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
      Comp-                                             difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. If heart
      ounds                                             beats are absent, give external cardia
                                                        compression. If substance has gone in eyes
                                                        wash with plenty of water for about 15
                                                        minutes, holding eyes open and obtain
                                                        medical treatment urgently.
43   Aniline      Flammable,   Foam, dry chemical       Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
                     Toxic     powder, carbon dioxide   difficulty in breathing, give Oxygen. Aniline is
                                                        very toxic, if splashed on skin. It passes
                                                        through the skin, causing
                                                        methamoglobinemia. Antidotes is methlyene
                                                        blue. Incase of eye contact flush with plenty of


                                                  147
                                                          water for 15 minutes. Remove wet clothes
                                                          and wash affected area with plenty of water.
44   Benzene     Flammable,    Foam, dry chemical         Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
                    Toxic      powder, carbon dioxide     difficulty in breathing, give Oxygen. Benzene
                                                          is very toxic or if splashed on skin. Cronic
                                                          exposure may lead to leukemia. Incase of eye
                                                          contact flush with plenty of water for 15
                                                          minutes. Remove wet clothes and wash
                                                          affected area with plenty of water.




Sr   Name Of       Hazard        Fire Fighting Agent         Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No   Chemical   Characteristic
45    Nitro-     Flammable, Foam, dry chemical          Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
     benzene        Toxic      powder, carbon           difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. NB is very
                               dioxide                  toxic if splashed on skin. It passes through the
                                                        skin causing methamoglobinemia. Antidote is
                                                        methylene blue. Incase of eye contact flush with
                                                        plenty of water for about 15 minutes. Remove
                                                        wet clothes and wash affected area with plenty
                                                        of water.
46   Phosgene     Corrosive    Non flammable            Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
                    Toxic                               difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. Phosgenen is
                                                        very toxic incase of inhalation. It has very low
                                                        TLV – 0.1 ppm. Keep the person under


                                                  148
                                                           observation for 72 hours for possibility of
                                                           delayed effect. Incase of eye contact, flush with
                                                           plenty of water for about 15 minutes. Remove
                                                           wet clothes and wash affected area with plenty
                                                           of water.
47   Toluene     Flamm-able,    Foam, dry chemical         Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
                    Toxic       powder, carbon             difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. Toluene is
                                dioxide                    very toxic if splashed on skin. Incase of eye
                                                           contact flush with plenty of water for about 15
                                                           minutes. Remove wet clothes and wash affected
                                                           area with plenty of water.




Sr   Name Of        Hazard          Fire Fighting Agent          Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No   Chemical    Characteristic
48    Di Nitro   Flammable,     Use plenty of water to       Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
     Toluenen    Explosive      cool fire exposed            difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. Di Nitro
                                containers. Exposed fire     Toluene is very toxic if splashed on skin.
                                fighter must wear positive   Incase of `eye contact flush with plenty of
                                self contained breathing     water for about 15 minutes. Remove wet
                                apparatus. Foam and dry      clothes and wash affected area with plenty of
                                chemical powder and          water.
                                carbon dioxide can be
                                used.
49. Metaol-      Flammable,     Foam dry chemical            Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a


                                                     149
    uene Di    Toxic          powder, carbon dioxide.     difficulty in breathing, give oxygen.
    Amine                     Apply water fog from as     Metaoluene Di Amine is toxic, if splashed on
                              far distance as possible.   skin. Incase of eye contact flush with plenty of
                                                          water for about 15 minutes. Remove wet
                                                          clothes and wash affected area with plenty of
                                                          water.




Sr Name Of      Hazard         Fire Fighting Agent           Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No Chemical Characteristic
50 Toluene Di  Corrosive   Dry chemical powder,           Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
   -Isocyanate   Toxic     carbon dioxide. Do not         difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. Toluenen
                           apply water as it reacts       Di Isocynate is very toxic if inhaled.. In cause
                           violently with water at        pulmonary edema. TLV of TDI vapour is ver
                           elevated temperature.          low i.e. 0.0005 ppm. If splashed on skin,
                                                          incauses sensitization of skin tissue. Incase of
                                                          eye contact, flush with plenty of water for
                                                          about 15 minutes. Remove wet clothes and
                                                          wash affected area with plenty of water.



                                                  150
51    Methyl     Toxic          Non Flammable            Remove the victim to fresh air. If there is a
      Iodine                                             difficulty in breathing, give oxygen. If heart
                                                         beats are absent, give external cardiac
                                                         compression. Do not use mouth to mouth
                                                         ventilation. Keep under medical surveillance
                                                         for 48 hours. Consider administration of
                                                         multiple metered doses of topical stercoid
                                                         aerosol by inhalation and or upto 30 mg / kg
                                                         of methyl prednisolone. Incase of eye, contact
                                                         immediately, refer to opthalmologist.




Sr   Name Of          Hazard       Fire Fighting Agent      Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No   Chemical    Characteristic
52    Chloro     A poision to   Use DCP, foam if         Remove victim to fresh air. If there is a
     Sulphonic   irritant,      exposes to fire.         difficulty breathing, give oxygen. Do not
       Acid      corrosive                               induce vomiting. Obtain medical treatment
                                                         urgently.
53   Carbon Di Flammable,       Use DCP, CO2             Remove victim to fresh air. If there is a
     Sulphide Explosive                                  difficulty breathing, give oxygen. Do not
                                                         induce vomiting. Obtain medical treatment
                                                         urgently.


                                                   151
54   Etyhlene    Flammable,     Use DCP                  Remove victim to fresh air. If there is a
      Oxide      Carcinogen                              difficulty breathing, give oxygen. Do not
                                                         induce vomiting. Obtain medical treatment
                                                         urgently.
55   Acephate    Non flamm-     Use DCP, foam if         Atropine sulphate in dose 2 – 4 mg for adult,
     Anilo-      able           exposed to fire.         2 pam 1000 – 2000 mg / im.
     phose,
     Ethion
     Phorate,
     Quinal-
     phos




Sr Name Of          Hazard         Fire Fighting Agent      Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No Chemical      Characteristic
56 Alachor       Non flamm-     Use DCP, foam is         Inject 1 gm of Eralidioxime chloride IV. Do not
     Carbenda-   able           exposed to fire          induce vomiting if the injected poison is
     zim ,                                               principally a hydrocarbon solvent.
     Thiophan
     ate – M
57   Mancozeb    Non flamm-     Use DCP, foam is         Low toxicity, no specific treatment.
     Thiram      able           exposed to fire



                                                   152
58   Allethrin   Toxic         Use DCP, foam is         The treatment is symptomic.
     Cyperm-                   exposed to fire
     ethrin
     Fevalrate
59   Alumi-      Non flamm-    Use DCP, foam is         Injection copper sulphate 0.25 gm.
     nium        able          exposed to fire
     Phosphate
60   Isopro-     Non flamm-    Use DCP, foam is         Supportive treatment.
     turon       able          exposed to fire
61   Hexa-       Non flamm-    Use DCP, foam is         There is no specific antidotes and treats the
     conazole    able          exposed to fire          victim symptomatically.
     Propi-
     conazole




Sr Name Of          Hazard        Fire Fighting Agent       Antidote / First Aid / Medical Treatment
No Chemical      Characteristic
62 Propane       Flammable,     DCP, Water              First aid.
                 Explosive
63   Butadine    Flammable,    DCP, Water               First aid.
                 Explosive
64   Propylene   Flammable,    DCP, Water               First aid.
                 Explosive
65   Styrene     Flammable     DCP, Foam compound       -


                                                  153
      Monomer
66    Phospho-      Corrosive             ---------          Skin Contact :- Wash with clean water. Apply
       ric Acid                                              dry sterile dressing.
                                                             Eye Contact : Wash with clean water, apply
                                                             benoxinate (novesine) drop (0.4%) .
                                                             Inhalation : Administer O2, Give him fresh drink
                                                             water.
                                                             Ingestion: Milk of magnesia, fresh egg,
                                                             administe oxygen




4.3   LEAK DETECTION, NEUTRALIZATION & DISPOSAL


               Leak Detection                                  Neutralization & Disposal

Chlorine
To detect the chlorine leak an ammonia spray    Emergency disposal of chlorine is done b y absorbing it
or swab is used. Chlorine gives white dense     in the solution of caustic soda, soda ash or hydrated


                                                      154
fumes of ammonium chlorine is greenish           lime slurry. Chlorine cannot be vented off as it is toxic
yellow gas with pungnet and irritating odour.    gas. Cylinder of any part of cylinder should not be
                                                 immersed in the tank holding caustic or other solutions.
                                                 Don’t use rubber hose or polythylene pipe connectiong
                                                 for neutralizaing chlorine gas. Do not pour water on the
                                                 leak.
Ammonia
Ammonia leak can be detected easily due to       At it is toxic gas it cannot be vented to atmosphere.
its specific pungent odour. The exact location
of leak canm be find out by hydrochloric acid    Ammonia leakage can be absorbed in water in a
swab in suspected region. This will give white   suitably designed system, as its solubility in water is
vapours of ammonium chloride.                    very high. Mild steel is used as materail of construction.

Another method used in the detection of
ammonium leak is by the use of sulphur
dioxide gas, which also forms white fog or
cloud in contact with ammonium.




                Leak Detection                                   Neutralization & Disposal

Sulphur Dioxide
Sulphur dioxide leak can be detected by odour    Sulphur dioxide leak can be absorbed in caustic
as it has characteristic odour. But the exact    solution. For this purpose scrubber should be preferably
location of the leak can be find out by          fabricated of polypropylene backed by FRP. Do not use


                                                      155
ammonia vapours from a swab or squeeze        water on the leak.
bottle. Sulphur dioxide will produce dense
white fumes with ammonia vapours. Leak may
also be detected by applying soap solution.
Soap solution incase of leakage will give
bubbles.
Bromine
Bromine spillage can be find out as it has    As bromine is toxic and fuming liquid, it can’t be vented
intensely irritating odour.                   to atmosphere. Water should not be directly poured
                                              over the spillage with mud or earth and mop up with
Bromine leak can be detected by using         plenty of water.
ammonia swab or spray. Bromine gives white
dense fumes with ammonia solution.




               Leak Detection                                 Neutralization & Disposal

Carbon Monoxide
As the gas inflammable, flame should not be   Leaking gas can be vented slowly to air in a safe open
used to detect the leak.                      area or should be burnt off in a suitable gas burner.


                                                   156
Carbon monoxide leak can be detected with
soap solution, which give bubbles around
leaking area. Palledour chloride paper gets
darkened in contact with carbon monoxide.
Ethylene Oxide
Ethylene oxide leak can be detected by using      As the gas is extremely flammable, all the ignition
soap solution. Leak will produce bubble with      sources should be shut off. Leaking gas can be slowly
soap solution.                                    vented off in a safe and open area. Put water spray to
                                                  cool down, if necessary. The gas can be burnt off in a
                                                  suitably designed burner.
Butadiene
Butadiene leak can be detected by its mild        Leaking gas should be slowly vented off to air in a safe
aromatic odour.                                   open area or can be burnt off in a suitable burnet. Put
Butadiene leak can also be detected by using      water spray for cooling, if necessary.
soap solution, which will produce bubbles.




              Leak Detection                                    Neutralization & Disposal

Benzene
As benzene is flammable gas, flame should      As the gas is highly inflammable, shut off all the sources or


                                                       157
not be used to detect the leak. Leak will    ignition. Apply non-flammable dispersing agent. Run the
produce bubbles with soap solution.          waste diluting greatly with running water. Due to non-
                                             availibility of dispersant, this can be absorbed on sand.
                                             Site of spillage should be thoroughly washed with water
                                             and soap or detergent.
Vinyl Chloride
Vinyl chloride leak can be detected due to   Leaking gas can be vented slowly to air in a safe open
its characteristic odour.                    area or gas should be burnt off in a suitable burner.
Leak can also can be detected with soap
solution, which will produce bubbles.
Ethyl Alcohol
Ethyl alcohol leak can be detected by its    Shut off all possible sources of ignition. Mop up with plenty
characteristic smell.                        of water and run to waste diluting greatly with running
                                             water. Ventilate area well to evaporate remaining liquid
                                             and disposal vapours.




                Leak Detection                                  Neutralization & Disposal




                                                     158
Hydrochloric Acid
Detect the leak with its sharp pungent odour.       Hydrochloric acid should be scrubbed in lime or caustic
Leak can also be detected by using wet litmus       or water scrubber made of MSRL. Do not put water
paper. Hydrochloric aicd will change the colour     directly on the leak. Content the leak by mixing it with
of the paper from blue to red.                      earth / sand and lime sludge. Slowly nuetralize by
                                                    pouring water and dilute alkali.
Nitric Acid
Detect the leak of nitric acid with wet litmus      Nitrict acid should be scrubbed in lime or caustic or
paper. Nitrict acid will change the colour of the   water scrubber made of MS or SS. Do not put water on
paper from blue to red.                             the leak. Content the leakage by mixing it with earth /
                                                    sand and lime sludge. Slowly neutralize by pouring
                                                    water or dilute alkali.
Phosphoric Acid
Detect the leak of phosphoric acid with wet         Spread soda ash liberally ove the spillage and mop up
litmus paper, which will change the colour of       cautiously with plenty of water. Dilute the waste greatly
litmus paper from blue to red.                      with running water.




                                                         159
4.4    GENERAL PROPERTIES OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS

   Name of                                             Exposure                                                                         Haz.
                                                                        TLV                Solu-
Sr                                  Flash      Sp.     Limit                    LD 50                                 Haz    Anti-      Comb-
   Chemic Colour Odour              Pt. °C     Gravity LEL
                                                                        ppm
                                                                                mg/kg
                                                                                           Buility in   Hazards
                                                                                                                      Chem   dotes      ustion
No                                                           UEL%       ACGIH              Water
   al                                                  %                                                                                Product
1  Acetic Colour- Pungent           44.44      2.07    5.4 % 16 %       10      3310       Miscible     Flammable     2 YE      ---     Emits
   aid     less   odour                                                 ppm                                                             irritating
                                                                                                                                        vapours
                                                                                                                                        when
                                                                                                                                        heated
2     Acrylo- Colour-    Sweet      0.55       0.807   3.1 % 17 %       20      93         Slight       Flammable     1 WE   Sodium          ---
      nitrile less       pungent                                        ppm                                                  throsul-
                                                                                                                             phate
              yellow
3     Acetone Colour-    Frag-     - 20        0.791   2.6 % 12.8%      750          ---   Miscible     Flammable     2YE       ---         ---
              less       rant mint                                      ppm
4     Ammonia Colour-    Pungent         ---   0.771   16 %   25 %      25      350        Soluble      T. Com        2 PE   Novesin        ---
              less                                                      ppm                                                  ethanol,
                                                                                                                             ether
                                                                                                                             milk,
                                                                                                                             lemon
                                                                                                                             for
                                                                                                                             ingestio
                                                                                                                             n
5     Aniline   Colour- Charac-     76         1.02    1.3%   -         5 ppm   450        Poor         Combustible   3x     Glucose -
                less    teristics                                                                                            Solutio
                                                                                                                             n
                                                                                                                             Ascrobi
                                                                                                                             c Acid



                                                                  160
6    Benzene      Colour-    Aro-     -11.1     0.8      1.4%   8%          10    3400    Slightly   Flamm-able     3 WE     ---          ---
                  less       matic1                                        ppm
7    Carbon       Colour-    Rotten      ---     1.26    1%      50%        10     3188   Insolubl   Flamm-able     3 WE     ---          ---
     tetra        less to    Engg. To                                      ppm               e
     Chloride     yellow     sweet
8    Carbon       Colour-    Swee-       ---     1.585    ---    ---        10      ---   Insolubl      Non          ---     ---          ---
     Tetra        less       tish                                          ppm               e        combus-
     Chloride                                                                                           tible
9    Chlorine     Greenish   Suffo-      ---     1.559    ---    ---        0.1     ---   Slightly     Toxic        2 XE     ---          ---
                  yellow     cating                                        ppm
10   Chloro       Light      Fuming      ---     1.77     ---    ---         1      ---    Violent   Highly toxic   4 WE   For skin       ---
     Sulphonc     yellow     pungent                                       ppm            reaction                            use
     Acid                    odour                                                                                          baking
                                                                                                                             soda
                                                                                                                           solution
11   Ethylene     Colour-    Sweet       17.8    0.87    3%     100%        50     330    Soluble       Fire        2 PE       ---        ---
     Oxide        less                                                     ppm                        explosion
12   Ethyl        Colour-    Alco-      47.77   0.7893   3%      19%       1000    7060   Soluble    Flamm-able     2SE      ---          ---
     Alcohol      less       holic                                         ppm
13   Ethylene     Colour-    Pleasa-     16.5    1.26    6.2%   15.9%       10     860    Insolubl   Flamm-able     2 YE     ---      Emit
     Dichloride   less       nt sweet                                      ppm               e                                        toxic
                                                                                                                                      fumes
14   Isopropyl    Colour-    Unplea-     17.5    0.785   2.5%   12.0%      400     5045    Mixible   Flamm-able     2 SE     ---          ---
     Alcohol      less       sant                                          ppm
                             Alcohol




                                                                     161
   Name of                                             Exposure                                                                  Haz.
                                                                                       Solu-
Sr                                   Flash    Sp.        Limit        TLV ppm LD 50                             Haz    Anti-     Comb-
   Chemic Colour            Odour    Pt. °C   Gravity LEL UEL         ACGIH   mg/kg
                                                                                       Buility in   Hazards
                                                                                                                Chem   dotes     ustion
No                                                                                     Water
   al                                                 %     %                                                                    Product
15    LPG        Colour-    Merca-    -60     0.51 to 1.9% 9.5%        1000      ---    Floats         FE       2 WE     ---     ---
                 less       ptain    Byten     0.56                    ppm
                            Added
16    Methanol   Colour-    Alco-      10      0.79    6%     36.50   200 ppm   5628   Slightly     Flammable   2 PE   Baking    ---
                 less       holic                              %                                                       in
                                                                                                                       glass
                                                                                                                       operate
17    Nitrict    Slightly   Suffo-     ---    1.5404    ---    ---     2 ppm     ---   Slightly     Corrosion    2PE     ---     Reacts
      acid       yello-     cating                                                                                               with water
                 wish                                                                                                            to produce
                                                                                                                                 toxic,
                                                                                                                                 corrosive,
                                                                                                                                 flammable
                                                                                                                                 vapour
18.   Nitro      Light      Bitter    87.5      ---    1.8%    ---     1 ppm    489    Insoluble    Combust-     2X      ---     ---
      Benzene    Brown      almond                                                                    ible
19    Oleum      Colour-    Sharp      ---     1.9      ---    ---      ---      ---       ---       Toxic      4 WE     ---     Reacts
                 less to    cho-                                                                                                 with water
                 cloudy     cking                                                                                                to produce
                                                                                                                                 heat toxic
                                                                                                                                 &
                                                                                                                                 corrosive
                                                                                                                                 fumes




                                                                 162
20   Sulphuric   Colour-     Odour-     -      1.84     ----   ---      ---     2140   Miscible   Corrosive   2 RE   ---   Emits
     Acid        less oily   less                                                                                          toxic
                                                                                                                           fumes of
                                                                                                                           SO2
21   Sulphur     Colour-     Sharp     ---     1.48     ---    ---     2 ppm     ---   Sinks &      Toxic     2 RE   ---   Reacts
     Dioxide     less        pungent          Liq-uid                                   boils                              with water
                                                                                                                           to produce
                                                                                                                           toxic &
                                                                                                                           corrosion
                                                                                                                           fumes
22   Thionyl     Colour-     Suffo-    ---    1.640     ---    ---     1 ppm     ---   Slightly    Flamm-     3 YE   ---   Violent
     Chloride    less to     catinbg                                                   soluble       able                  reaction
                 yellow                                                                                                    with water,
                                                                                                                           release
                                                                                                                           hydrogen
                                                                                                                           chloride &
                                                                                                                           sulphur
                                                                                                                           dioxide
23   Toluene     Colour-     Plea-     12.7   0.817     1.27   7.00   50 ppm    5000   Slightly   Flammable   3 YE   ---   Emits
                 less        sant                        %      %                      soluble                             acric
                                                                                                                           smoke &
                                                                                                                           irritating
                                                                                                                           fumes
24   Hylene      Colour-     Sweet     37.7     ---     ---    ---    100 ppm   4300   Insolubl   Flammable   3Y     ---   ---
                 less                                                                     e




                                                                 163
4.5   PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

      INTRODUCTION

      Personal Protection Equipment are required to ensure safety of the
      affected personnel, members of fire fighting and rescue teams at
      the time of emergencies involving toxic and flammable material.
      The equipment should be capable to provide complete protection
      and simultaneously be comfortable and convenient to wear.

      The type of equipment needed depends on a number of factors
      such as degree of protection required, nature of the substance
      against which protection is required, the nature of work to be
      performed and the circumstances likely to be encountered in the
      event of an emergency, etc. Improvements are constantly being
      made in the design of devices for personal protection and the
      management of the works should ensure that the best available
      are being used.

      TYPES OF PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

      Respiratory Protection: Respiratory protection equipment are
      available in two main forms viz. Breathing Apparatus which
      enables the user to breath independently of the surrounding
      atmosphere. Respirator, which enables the user to breath from the
      surrounding atmosphere by inhaling through a filtering device.
      Respirators should not be worn if the oxygen level is below 20%
      for any reason. Several types are available and their qualities and
      limitations must be fully realized. The main problem is the leakage
      of toxic vapours past the face-piece.

      Air Line Breathing Apparatus: There are two types of apparatus
      available: Where the user breathes fresh air using a face piece
      connected by a hose to fresh air without the assistance of the
      compressor

      The greatest protection against inhalation of vapour is provided by
      face piece or helmet which is continuously supplied with air from a
      compressor or a blower at a rate sufficient to maintain a slight
      positive pressure within the face piece during the entire respiratory
      cycle, i.e., 100 liters per minute. Whenever the level of
      contamination is thought to be high, the use of this type of


                                   164
respirator is especially desirable. Connection to a source of
compressed air by air hose is necessary and thereby such
equipment pose a limitation on mobility. Care must be taken to
ensure that the air intake is properly located so that only clean, oil-
free fresh air can be supplied. Precautions must be taken to
prevent interference with the air supply and against the
contamination of the supply by plant process, vehicles and other
mobile equipment, etc. Care should be taken in selection of the
material of construction of air hoses as they might, during use, be
exposed to toxic substances or sludge. The air supplied suit, i.e.,
the garment covering the body requiring increased air supply to
cool the user, is also included in this class of equipment.

Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (Open Circuit): The open
circuit apparatus carries its own compressed air or oxygen in
cylinders. These are connected directly to the face-piece through a
pressure reducing valve and demand valve. This apparatus gives
a fair degree of protection against high concentration of vapour
and is recommended when interference with mobility is
unacceptable.

Most of these equipment are fitted with a by-pass demand valve,
which enables air from the cylinder to be fed continuously to the
face piece, thus maintaining positive pressure. Exhaled air is
passed to the atmosphere through a non-return valve. The life of
the cylinder charge depends on the amount of work performed by
the user.

Normal breathing rates are:

Hard Work         :     40 Liters/min
Moderate work     :     20 Liters/min
Light Work        :     15 Liters/min

Self Contained Apparatus (Closed Circuit): The closed circuit
apparatus uses a supply of oxygen in cylinders, however unlike the
open circuit apparatus, the exhaled air is recycled through a
carbon dioxide absorber and a cooler into the breathing bag.
Additional oxygen to make up the amount lost in breathing is
admitted to the circuit at a rate controlled by a demand valve,
which opens when the pressure is reduced during respiration. The
breathing bags are usually made of rubber with a canvas
protective cover, although some bags have neoprene bags with


                              165
PVC covers. The closed circuit apparatus must not be used where
there is a risk of bag being splashed or contaminated with
substances, which may permeate through the bag and produce an
increasing concentration of toxic vapour inside the suit.

Canister Respirator: A canister respirator can provide adequate
protection against specified gases in open-air situations, where
there is no oxygen deficiency and the concentration of toxic vapour
is low. Care should be taken to ensure that correct canister is fitted
and it should be remembered that the absorbing capacity of
canisters is limited. The toxic vapours are absorbed on a suitable
material, usually activated charcoal, contained in a canister, which
may be fitted directly to the face-piece or carried elsewhere on the
users’ body and connected to the face-piece by a tube.

Choice of Equipment

The limitation imposed by a potential leakage between the face
and rubber face-piece of certain types of equipment must always
be borne in mind while selecting respiratory equipment.

Most types of breathing apparatus are equipped with face piece
covering the user’s face from chin to brow and held in place by
straps passing over the user’s head. Since these face pieces are
normally manufactured in standard sizes, it is very difficult to get a
close fit to the face of every individual who may have to wear one.
When the user breathes, there is a reduction of pressure inside the
face-piece any may result in leakage of the toxic vapours present
outside to inside of the face-piece. Even with expertly fitted and
maintained equipment, leakage of contaminated air into the face-
piece is possible.

In one study using canister respirators, such leakage was found to
account for 1% of the air inhaled by 15% of the persons studied.
Larger amounts were detected in few cases, even when the users
were at rest. Clearly, if face-pieces are hurriedly fitted and worn
while performing moderately hard work, higher rate of leakages
are possible. The airline breathing apparatus maintains a positive
pressure of air inside the face-piece, thus preventing leakages.




                             166
In Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBAs) equipped with
demand valves, the effects of leakages are noticeable, if the
contaminating gas can be smelt. In an emergency, opening the by-
pass valve and supplying a greater pressure of air or oxygen to the
face piece may reduce leakage. However, this practice reduces
the life of the cylinder charge.

The effect of leakages through the face-piece are most noticeable
in canister type respirators, where the user has to make a greater
breathing effort in order to draw air through the resistance of the
canister.

For these reasons, the use of pressurized equipment is strongly
recommended in all cases where a very high concentration of
vapour may occur. Great care should be taken to ensure best
possible fit of any face-piece and the duration of exposure to the
adverse conditions should be as short as possible. A special
warning is necessary in connection with the use of any of the
approved types of breathing apparatus in the presence of
halogenated hydrocarbons. Both the liquid and vapours rapidly
penetrate the rubber parts.

Air Line Hoses: Air line hoses for breathing apparatus and air
supplied suits should be made of material resistant to abrasion and
chemicals which are likely to be encountered during its normal
operation. Hoses may become immersed in toxic substances or
sludge during use and contamination of airflow in the hoses must
be kept below the Threshold Limiting Value (TLV) of the
substance. Regular testing and inspection of air hose for
contamination is essential.

Eye Protection: The personnel should be encouraged to guard
against falling splinters of solids or splashes from injurious liquid
for eye protection. Goggles of an approved pattern should be
made available to all those who require them for safe operation
and emergency management. In some cases, special safety
spectacles may provide adequate protection whereas for other
conditions a gas-tight goggle may be needed.

Head and Face Protection: The wearing of an approved pattern of
safety helmet should be encouraged as a regular habit to guard


                             167
against normal industrial hazards. Hoods designed to drape the
shoulders or tuck into working clothes should be available where
protection for head and shoulders is required from the hazardous
substance. In certain cases, caps and face visors may provide
adequate protection.

Hand and Arm Protection: Hands and arms exposed to dangerous
substances should always be protected by gloves, gaunlets and
armlets wherever necessary. Care should be taken to ensure that
wearing such equipment does not hamper the dexterity of the
operator. The material used and texture must be adequate to
provide the desired protection against penetration of dangerous
substances.

Protection of Normal Operations: A properly designed plant with
adequate ventilation will do much to eliminate hazards during
normal operation. Nevertheless, almost certainly there will be
occasions when personal protection is needed for process
operations and for some kind of maintenance work. It is the
responsibility of the management to ensure that personal
protection is assured on these occasions and on all other
occasions whenever there is a possibility of injury.

All precautions should be taken to avoid wetting of Personal
Protective Equipments (PPEs) or other clothing by HFL. In such
cases where accidentally it does happen, the contaminated
clothing should be removed immediately before there is any
possibility of it getting a contact with the source of ignition. Where
the likelihood of wetting cannot be avoided, suitable impervious fire
resistant clothing of a type designed for rapid removal should be
used.

Protection against Flame and Heat : Persons involved in rescue
and combat operations may be required to work in the presence of
intense heat and flames. For this they require special clothing and
equipment. Most materials used in normal garments are
combustible and easily catch fire especially when exposed to high
intensity radiation or flames. Flame retardant treatment may
prevent or probably delay ignition. Thickly knit clothes take a
longer time to burn as compared to thin and loosely knit fabrics.
The clothing therefore must not only be well designed, it should
also be carefully maintained and intelligently used.



                             168
Entry into Vessels and Confined Spaces: Only those persons
holding a valid “Permit-to-work” certificate should be allowed to
enter a vessel or a confined space so that it has been ensured that
appropriate considerations have been given to the operations
before work starts. Persons entering a vessel or confined space
must wear a safety harness. Wherever practicable, it should have
a lifeline attached to it, which should be in charge of the observer
positioned outside. The observer should be physically capable of
pulling an unconscious person out of the vessel.

When entering the vessel from the top, the harness and lifeline
should be so adjusted and worn that in an emergency the user can
be drawn head up through a manhole or opening. In addition,
another man equipped with breathing and rescue equipment
should be deployed as a stand-by. Person employed for such a
work should be specially selected, trained and exercised.

Issue of PPEs to Users: Wherever practicable and found
appropriate, protective clothing and equipment should be issued
on a personal basis. This enables a better fit with a
correspondingly higher standard of protection and comfort.

Care of Protective      Equipment: All protective clothing and
equipment should be    taken off and left in a special room during
meal times and at      the end of each day’s work. Under no
circumstances should   such PPEs be allowed to be taken home by
the workers.

Management should make provision for the necessary cleaning
and repair. Respirators and breathing apparatus should be
examined regularly by a competent person and maintained in a
hygienic and fit condition. These inspections are generally
necessary after each use and should, in any case, take place at
least once every month. The observations made during such
inspections should be properly logged.

Responsibilities of Workers: Workers should use the protective
clothing and equipment issued to them and comply with all
operating instructions relating to this matter. They should be
encouraged to take proper care of both personal and casual issue
items, under their charge and keep them in a clean, hygienic and
good working condition.



                            169
Breakage of or damage to PPEs, which affect their normal
functioning of efficiency, should be reported immediately so that
exchanges can be arranged.

Items of protective clothing and equipment should not be used for
purpose other than those for which it is designed and issued.
Equipment deployed for use in an emergency should only used for
that purpose and should not be removed for any other reason.




                           170
     4.6 BRIEF OUTLINE OF HUMAN EXPLOSURE TO CHLORINE,
         ITS SYMPTOSMS, FIRST AID AND TREATMENT

     Symptoms: Being irritant causes conjunctivitis and damage to
     cornea. Asyphxia. Affection of respiratory tract, may lead to
     Bronchitis, Bronchospasm, Pulmonary Oedema.

     First Aid: Prompt treatment is essential. Remove the patient to the
     area where fresh air is available. Do not give anything to an
     unconscious patient by mouth, it may choke him.

     a)    If chlorine gas inhalation is mild and the patient is only
           coughing, the following line of treatment may be given :-

 Loosen the clothes and remove the shoes. Give Ammonia by
  inhalation.
 Place the patient on his back with head and back elevated. Keep the
  patient warm with blanket to avoid chilling.
 Rest is a must.
 Milk, buttermilk, coffee can be given for relief from throat irritation.
 Cough syrups like Hitadrine, Coughrol, Linctus, Codeine, etc., and
  common throat lozenges such as Vox, Vicks tablets, Halls, etc., can
  also be given to soothen the throat irritation.
 If gas inhalation is severe but breathing has not ceased start oxygen
  immediately. Phlebotomy (500 - 700 ml), Caffeine and Sodium
  Benzoate 0.5 - 1.0 gm/min. may also be given.
 In case breathing has ceased start artificial respiration.

b)   If Gaseous or Liquid Chlorine has come in contact with eyes :-

 Flush eyes immediately with running water or normal saline water for
  about 15 minutes.
 Hold eyelids apart to ensure complete neutralization with water.
 Do not try to neutralize with chemicals.
 Administer 2 - 3 drops of 0.5 % solution of Pontocaine or other
  effective topical anesthetic in the eyes.
 Do not use oils or oily ointments in the eyes.
c)   If Gaseous or Liquid Chlorine has come into contact with the skin :-
 Remove contaminated clothes.
 Flush the affected portion with copious amount of running water.


                                  171
 Wash skin with copious amount of soap and water.
 Do not apply greases.

d)   If liquid chlorine is by chance swallowed

     Swallowing of liquid chlorine is extremely unlikely. If swallowed
     and the patient is conscious:-

 Ask the patient to drink copious quantity of limewater, ammonia water
  (1 ml in 60 ml of water), milk of magnesia or fresh water.
 No attempt should be made to induce vomiting.
 Keep the patient under observation and call for immediate medical
  help.

Treatment

a)   Pulmonary Oedema

 Administer 60 to 100 % oxygen at 6 Lit/min.
 Intermittent positive pressure breathing apparatus set to deliver
  positive pressures of 5 – 15 cm of water in the inspiratory cycle, is
  valuable in reducing the formation of edema
 Symptomatic treatment. Lasyx is suggestive.
 Administer Aminophylene intravenously.

b)   Bronchospasm

 There is no known antidote for acute chlorine exposures. The
  exposure is associated with acute symptomatology requiring
  supportive therapy only.
 Early treatment is the most effective.
 Broncho dialators nebulized into the intermittent positive pressure gas
  stream are often beneficial.




                                  172
4.7   BURNS AND THEIR TREATMENT

      Cause of Burns

      Under the category of burns, several environmental injuries are
      included. They are thermal burns, burns from electrical current,
      chemical burns, burns resulting from radiant energy and systemic
      reactions to heat.

      Severity of Thermal Burns

      The seriousness of the thermal burns depends upon the degree of
      the burn (depth of the skin injured) and the amount of body surface
      involved.

      Degree of Burns:- Burns can be classified in degrees from one
      through six. A first-degree burn is limited to the most superficial
      layer of the epidermis and results only in erythema (reddening) of
      the skin. A second-degree burn causes damage into but not
      through the dermis and characteristically results in the appearance
      of vesicles (blisters) in the skin. A third degree burn is one in which
      the full thickness of the skin is destroyed down to the
      subcutaneous fat. In this burn the skin may appear pale, dry and
      white; it may even be brown or charred. Clotted blood vessels may
      be seen through the skin as though one were looking at them
      through parchment. A fourth degree burn involves destruction of
      the skin and the subcutaneous fat. A fifth degree burn involves
      destruction of the skin, the fat and the underlying muscle. A sixth
      degree burn involves destruction through all the structures,
      including the supporting bone.

      With burns more serious than second degree, there is destruction
      of the sensory nerve endings of the skin. The burned area is
      consequently insensitive. However, the area surrounding the burn
      will not have all never endings destroyed and may frequently be
      extremely painful.

      Body Surface Involved :- The amount of body surface that is
      burned is very important in determining the seriousness of the
      injury. A very rough but reasonably accurate estimate of the
      amount of body surface burned is determined by the rule of nine.


                                    173
     This rule, which applies specifically in adults and older children,
     divides the body into sections, each of which constitutes
     approximately 9 % of the total area. The body sections and the
     respective percentage assigned to them are:

     Head, Face, i.e. area involving neck & above 9 %
     Each arm                                      9%
     Front torso                                  18 %
     Each leg                                     18 %
     Back                                         18 %
     Genitals                                      1%

     By knowing the degree of burn, the approximate percentage of the
     body that has been burn, accompanying complications, and the
     age of the patient, one can classify the severity of thermal burns as
     critical, moderate, or minor. Such classification is essential in a
     disaster where many injured patients are involved and where the
     triage separates the patients into emergency cases and cases for
     whom treatment may be delayed. A summary of the three classes
     follows.

     Critical (Severe) Burns :- This category includes :-

 All burn of whatever degree and extent if they are complicated by
  respiratory tract injury and other major injuries or fractures
 Third degree burns involving critical areas such as face hands or feet
 Third degree burns which involve more than 10% of the body surface
 Second degree burns which involve more than 30% of the body
  surface
     Moderate Burns :- This category includes :-
 Third degree burns of 2 to 10 percent of the body surface which do
  not involve the face, hands or feet
 Second degree burns which involve 15 to 30 percent of the body
  surface
 First degree burns involving 50 to 75 percent of the body surface
     Minor Burns :- This category includes :-
 Third degree burns of less than 2 percent of the body surface if no
  critical areas are involved
 Second degree burns involving less than 15 percent of the body
  surface


                                  174
 First degree burns of less than 20 percent of the body surface


     In evaluating a patient who has sustained a burn, age and general
     condition must also be considered. A moderate burn in an aged
     patient who is chronically ill should be classified as critical in terms
     of the immediate treatment required because of the patient’s
     general condition apart from the burns.

     The Care of Thermal Burns

     The care of thermal burns depends on the percentage of burned
     body surface involved. In no instance should grease (butter, lard,
     Vaseline, mineral oil or other ointments) be applied to a burn. For
     the first or second-degree burns, the emergency medical treatment
     should be to :-

 Remove any burning/smoldering clothing as necessary
 Immerse the burned part in ice water for five to ten minutes and
  periodically continue to add ice to keep the temperature low. If area
  cannot be immersed, cover with clean, porous cloth of nay kind and
  keep continuously wet with ice water (or the coldest water available)
 Use cool wet applications for relief of pain.
 Transport the patient to the emergency department, continuing cool
  applications en-route.

     For extensive first or second degree burns and for all third degree
     burns the procedure set forth below should be followed :-

 Examine for and relieve any respiratory distress. Always anticipate
  respiratory difficulty when there are burns around the face and neck
  or when the patient has been exposed to hot gases or smoke.
 Clothing that adheres to the skin should be cut around and left in
  place.
 Cover the burned area with a sterile dressing or a clean sheet. Use
  cool wet applications for pain relief.
 Treat the patient for shock if it is apparent.
 Transport the patient to the emergency department, continuing cool
  applications en-route.

     Severe pain, which may accompany first or second degree burns
     or may exist at the edges of third degree burns, is best relieved by


                                   175
injected analgesic medication. These drugs must be given by a
qualified person or on doctor’s order.

Local treatment with cool compress remains the best emergency
treatment for burn pain. Third degree burns, which destroy nerve
endings, are often not painful enough to require such treatment
before the patient reaches the hospital. In burns of this degree and
increasing severity, initial efforts are best directed at general
support and resuscitation of the patient.




                            176
5.        COMMUNITY INFORMATION AND EVACUATION ASPECTS

5.1       DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE

                             Data for Urban Areas

     Sr                                                Area          Total
                           Name
     No                                               Sq.Km        Population
     1     Gandhinagar                               2163.48          4,19201
     2     Kalol                                      482.25          2,58963
     3     Dahegam                                    619.26          2,15600
     4     Mansa                                      377.77          1,83642


                              Data for Rural Areas

     Sr                                   Area
             Name of Taluka/Village               Total Population
     No                                  sq.km
           Gandhinagar Rural             2006.28          7,62688
           Gandhinagar City                157.20         3,14718



5.2       OVERVIEW OF SHELTER-IN-PLACE CONCEPTS
          INTRODUCTION
          There are essentially two ways to protect the public from the
          effects of toxic gas or vapour discharges into the atmosphere. One
          of these methods is evacuation and involves relocation of
          threatened populations to shelters in safer areas. The other
          involves giving instructions to people to remain inside their homes
          or places of business until the danger passes. In other words, it
          involves telling people to “shelter-in-place.”
          Evacuation is clearly safer with respect to the specific hazards
          posed by a toxic gas or vapor release but has certain limitations
          and may pose new problems. For example, it is fairly well
          appreciated that a major evacuation takes time and may not be
          feasible once large amounts of toxic gases or vapours have


                                      177
actually entered the atmosphere. Indeed, asking people in the path
of a toxic cloud or plume to leave their homes may actually cause
greater harm than good in some cases. Thus, large-scale
evacuations in response to toxic gas or vapour hazards are best
considered when:
There is a strong potential for a toxic discharge, the discharge has
not yet taken place, and there appears to be time available to
relocate people.
The discharge has taken place but people are sufficiently far
downwind to permit time for evacuation.
People not yet in the direct path of a cloud or plume are threatened
by a future shift in the wind direction.
The safety hazards of evacuation are outweighed by benefits of
the action, and/or
Telling people to shelter-in-place might not fully protect them from
serious consequences.

Much has been written and said over the years pertaining to
the merits and demerits of evacuation, but little information
has been made available on sheltering-in-place and indeed,
far too many people and organizations have come to believe that
sheltering-in-place will provide adequate protection to the public
under a wide variety of circumstances without actually studying the
issue involved. It is therefore the purpose of this Annexure to
explain why staying indoors provide some degree of protection, to
discuss the degree of protection that might be expected, and to
discuss how best to instruct the public to shelter-in-place.

Outsider Air Entry into Buildings

If a building or other structure is airtight, i.e., like a sealed box,
people inside will be completely immune from exposure to any
toxic gases or vapors outside its walls. On the other hand, if walls
of the upwind and downwind side of the building are missing, these
people will be exposed to the same level of concentration “indoors”
as they would be if they were in the open. It is easy to understand,
therefore, that the exposure of people inside a structure to toxic
gases or vapors in the external environment is a function of the “air
tightness” of the building and the rate at which outdoor air passes
in and out.


                             178
There are essentially three main ways in which air can enter (and
exit) a structure, these being :-

 Natural ventilation
 Mechanical ventilation, and
 Infiltration

Natural ventilation refers to entry of outdoor air into a building
through open windows or doors without assistance from fans.
Obviously, the more openings in a building, the greater the rate at
which outdoor air can pass through. Occupants can generally
control this rate by opening and closing various doors and
windows.

Mechanical ventilation refers to the use of fans and other
equipment to bring air into a building, possibly heat, cool, filter,
and/or recirculate it several times, and then exhaust it from the
structure. This type of system is most often seen in office
buildings, other commercial establishments and factories. As
above, occupants usually have considerable control over the rate
of ventilation.

Infiltration is air leakage into a building through cracks and small
openings around windows and doors and through floors and walls.
The rate at which air enters a building by this mechanism depends
on the type of building, workmanship and material applied during
construction, and the condition of the building. Infiltration differs
from natural and mechanical ventilation in the sense that the
occupants are generally considered to have little effective control
over its rate. The total rate at which the outdoor air enters a
building, for the purpose of this discussion, can be considered as
being the sum of the three types of the ventilation described
above.

Rates of outdoor air ventilation are typically expressed in units of
air changes per hour (ACPH), this being the number of building
volumes of outdoor air that enter the building in the course of an
hour. For example, if a building has an internal volume of 10,000
cubic feet, and 20,000 cubic feet of outdoor air enters the building
each hour, its total fresh air ventilation rate is said to be 2.0 ACPH.
If only 5,000 cubic feet of air enters the building in the same span
of time, the rate becomes 0.5 ACPH.


                              179
The natural ventilation rate in structures with open windows and
doors can vary widely and depends on the area of opening, the
wind speed, the orientation of openings with respect to the wind
direction, and the building volume. It could be as little as a fraction
of 1.0 ACPH or as high as 80 - 90 ACPH, and possibly even more
if residents do not mind a strong breeze blowing through the
structure on a windy day.

Mechanical ventilation rate in office buildings and the like typically
range from 4 to 12 ACPH with certain exceptions. During pleasant
weather, 90 to 100 percent of this air might be from the outdoors.
In very cold or very hot weathers, building operators often have the
option to reduce heating or cooling costs by lowering the fresh air
entry rate to 5 - 35 percent of the mechanical ventilation rate by
recirculating large volumes of air.

There are great many factors that influence infiltration rates in
homes and other buildings. When outdoor wind velocities are very
low and indoor-outdoor temperature difference is minimal,
infiltration rate may be as low as 0.1 ACPH. The average rate in
American homes, however, is on the order of 0.8 - 0.9 ACPH, and
“leaky” homes may experience 2.5 or so, especially under poor
weather conditions with high winds and low temperatures.
Available data on other type of building construction are limited but
suggest an average infiltration rate of about 1.0 ACPH for office
type buildings.

Effect of Total Outdoor Air Ventilation Rate on Indoor Exposures

The overall subject of how outdoor air pollutants can affect
exposures indoors is rather complex and is best discussed using
two examples; one for the case when a distinct cloud of airborne
contaminants passes a building, and another for the case when
the building is engulfed by a plume of vapour or gas for a
prolonged period of time. The cloud is assumed to pass in a total
time period of 30 minutes, while the plume is assumed to last 10
hours. Both the cloud and the plume are assumed to have an
average contaminant concentration of 100 ppm for the duration of
their existence at any outdoor location.

Table - 1, developed from a mass balance model of indoor-outdoor
pollutant relationships, presents average indoor contaminant


                              180
concentrations expected for the cloud scenario when outdoor
ventilation rate ranges from 0.1 to 50 ACPH. Important
observations are that:

Indoor concentrations increase steadily until the point in time that
the discharge ceases and the last of the airborne contamination
passes a building.

Tight buildings or average buildings in highly favourable weather,
with air change rates of 0.1 ACPH are expected to experience a
peak indoor contaminant concentration only 5% of the outdoor
average after 30 minutes. Due to the lack of ventilation, however,
indoors levels will drop slowly after the cloud has passed.

“Average” homes and buildings, with air change rates of 0.5 to 1.0
ACPH, may experience indoor concentrations on the order of 20 -
40% of outdoor levels after 30 minutes.

“Leaky” buildings or average buildings exposed to severe weather
conditions, with air change rates of 1.5 - 2.5 ACPH, may
experience 45 to 65 % of outdoor concentration in 30 minutes.

Buildings that have open windows or doors or mechanical
ventilation system bringing in outdoor air at high rates will
experience contaminant concentrations close to those experienced
outdoors.

Peak indoor levels will be lower if the cloud passes in less than 30
minutes and higher if the cloud requires more than 30 minutes to
pass.




                            181
182
                                                     Table - 1

                           Indoor Concentrations for Hypothetical Cloud Passage

                               Internal Concentrations (ppm) at various Air Change Rates (ACPH)
   Time
               0.1         0.5          1.0        1.5        2.0         2.5       5.0      10.0            50.0
 (Minutes)
              ACPH       ACPH         ACPH      ACPH       ACPH         ACPH      ACPH      ACPH            ACPH
      0         0           0            0          0          0           0         0         0              0
      5        0.8         4.1          8.0      11.8        15.4        18.8      34.1      56.5            98.4
     10        1.7         8.0         15.4      22.2        28.3        34.1      56.5      81.1            100
     15        2.5        11.8         22.1      31.3        39.3        46.5      71.3      91.8            100
     20        3.3        15.4         28.3      39.3        48.7        56.5      81.1      96.4            100
     25        4.1        18.8         34.1      46.5        56.5        64.7      87.5      98.4            100
     30        4.9        22.1         39.3      52.8        63.2        71.3      91.8      99.3            100
     40        4.8        20.3         33.3      41.1        45.3        47.0      39.9      18.8             0
     50        4.7        18.7         28.2      32.0        32.4        31.0      17.3       3.5             0
     60        4.6        17.2         23.8      24.9        23.3        20.4       7.5       0.7             0
     90        4.4        13.4         14.5      11.8         8.6         5.9       0.6        0              0


Note :- The cloud is assumed to have an average concentration of 100 ppm outdoors. Its leading edge reaches
        the building at time equal to zero. Its trailing edge passes the building at time equals 30 minutes, at which
        point internal contaminant concentrations begin to drop.




                                                        183
5.3   CRITERIA FOR SELECTION OF REHABILITATION CENTERS
      FOR EVACUEES

      Following table provides details of the item and criteria for ranking
      of potential rehabilitation centers :-

 Sr.
            Item                                 Criteria
 No
  1 Location                 Cross wind, Distance from potential
                             emergency site
 2    Capacity               500,1000, 1500 persons, No. of rooms, size
                             of each room
 3    Food                   Proximity to market or areas from where food
                             and refreshments can be made available
 4    Potable Water          Availability of potable water in m3,
 5    Sanitation             Number of toilets and wash rooms for every
                             100 persons
 6    Security               Boundary, fence, security guards, or
                             possibility of deployment of police personnel
 7    Facilities for         Beds, wheel chairs - proximity to areas from
      physically             where it can be made available at short
      handicapped            notice.
 8    First aid/Medical help Proximity to hospitals/ nursing homes,
                             chemist shops and provision of doctor at the
                             center.
 9    Structural Stability   Special consideration should be given in
                             case of explosion hazard potential in the
                             nearby industry.

      Potential centers can be gauged based on the above criteria and
      ranked to get the best suited for particular emergency scenario.




                                   184
MAMLATDAR
Sr.         Name- Designation &             Resi address & phone no
No            Office address
 1    B.S. Parmar,                      1420/1, Sector 2B,
      Mamlatdar, Gandhinagar,           Gandhinagar.
      M.S. Building, Sector 11,         R-23220647
      Gandhinagar.                      M-98257 20375
      O-23259075
 2    M.B.Pandya,                       6,Shivnagar Society,
      Mamlatdar, Mansa.                 Itadara road, Mansa.
      Vijapur road, Supreme             R- 02763 - 272754
      chambers, Ground floor. Mansa     M- 98243 57054
      O-02763 - 270662
 3    K.K.Thakor,                       Mamlatdar quarter, Behind
      Mamlatdar, Dehgam.                mamlatdar office, Dehgam.
      O- 02716 - 232002                 R- 02716- 232030
                                        M- 98255 98804
 4    B. S. Padhiyar.                   R-02764 - 221199
      Mamlatdar, Kalol.                 M - 98985 60075
      Mamlatdar office,
      Matvakuva, Kalol.
      0- 02764 - 220414
 5    G.N.Patel,                        128/3, GH type, Sector 21,
      Mamlatdar, ( Disaster )           Gandhinagar.
      M. S. Building, Second floor,     M- 94264 84775
      Sector 11, Gandhinagar.
      0- 23256639




                                      185
TALUKA DEVELOPMENT OFFICER

 Sr.         Name- Designation &              Resi address & phone no
 No             Office address
  1    R.N.Bhatt, TDO, Mansa,             791/2, Jagruti park society,
       Taluka panchayat office,           Opposite R.T.O. office,
       Vitthal bhuvan, Mansa.             Sector 30, Gandhinagar.
       0- 02763- 270082                   R-9579 55725114
 2     G. D. Rathod, TDO, Dehgam,         Quarter, Behind taluka
       Taluka panchayat office,           panchayat, Dehgam.
       Dehgam.                            R- No phone
       0- (Direct) - 02716-232080         M- 98245 80551
       0- (General)-02716-232627
 3     A. J. Zala, TDO, Kalol,            Taluka panchayat quarter,
       Taluka panchayat office, Kalol     Opposite Kalol nagarpalika
       0- (Direct) - 02764 - 220213       office, Kalol.
       0- (General)-02764 - 223950        M - 98253 13979
 4     M. T. Joshi ( I.A.S.)              Plot: 300/2, Sector 7-A,
       D.D.O. Gandhinagar.                Gandhinagar.
       O - 23222618                       R - 23243779
                                          M - 98250 41584
 5     O. D. Tyagi,                       R- 079 - 26748786
       G.M. (Rural)Telecom.
       Ahmedabad
       O - 079 - 26423000
       ------                             R - NO PHONE
       Area Manager (Rural)
       O - 26400841
       A. S. Somani                       R- 26751441
       Area Manager (Gandhinagar)
       Telephone exchanga building,
       Sector 11, Near hotel Haveli,
       Gandhinagar.
       O - 23229191
       Fax: 23229393




                                        186
                           P A R T – II
                            M A R S
 (Major Accident Response System)
                        for
                Gandhinagar District
Response Phase
                                      Phone       Phone
                   Police
                                     (Office)   (Residence)
District Superintendent of Police      (079)       (079)
                                    23211086     23246527
                                    23210914    98250 49303
                                    23210906
Police Inspector                       (079)       (079)
                                    23221021     23230728
                                    23221033    94260 83266
                                      Phone       Phone
                    Fire
                                     (Office)   (Residence)
Fire Superintendent                    (079)       (079)
                                        101      23222741
                                    23222742    98254 32222
                                      Phone       Phone
                Medical
                                     (Office)   (Residence)
Chief District Health Officer          (079)       (079)
                                    23256242     23261589
                                                98253 61595
Civil Surgeon                         (079)        (079)
                                    23259123     27473374
                                                98250 07244
1.    ACTION PLAN FOR OFF SITE EMERGENCY

1.1   BACKGROUND

      The intensity of hazard can be gauged from the developments at
      the site. It is at the incident site where the hazard is first noticed and
      the countermeasures applied to contain the incident to within the
      plant boundary. If the hazard is uncontrollable within the works, it
      may pose threat to off site populations. However in case of
      explosion, both on-site and off-site consequences may occur
      simultaneously. Further any transport accident involving hazardous
      chemicals will immediately become offsite emergency. Although the
      primary functions of respective coordinators may be similar in each
      type of response, the first response, application of counter
      measures and the extent may vary for different incidents. In view of
      this, the “Major Accident Response System” (MARS) has been
      specifically tailored to meet the response needs of Gandhinagar
      District.

1.2   SCOPE AND COVERAGE

      The scope of the present Major Accident Response System
      (MARS) for Gandhinagar District is limited to Major Accident Hazard
      (MAH) units, chemicals exceeding the threshold quantities as
      specified under the MSIHC Rules and to transportation accidents
      involving hazardous chemicals. It does not cover accidents
      involving hazardous chemicals where the damage distances are
      small and may not pose significant off-site hazard. It also does not
      cover pipeline hazard as the present plan is a logical extension of
      the “Rapid Safety Audit and Hazard Analysis of MAH units”
      exercise, sponsored by Ministry of Environment of Forest (MoEF),
      and the pipelines were not in its scope of coverage.

1.3   LAYOUT OF THE PLAN

      The plan has been divided into six chapters. Chapter 1 provides
      basic information on the need for the plan, its scope, coverage and
      Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units covered. Chapter 2 is action
      plan for managing off-site emergencies involving fire / explosion
      scenarios. Chapter 3 covers the action plan for management of
      chemical emergencies involving toxic dispersion due to large spills
      such that the maximum downwind damage distance is over 3 Km.
      Chapter 4 provides action plan for managing chemical accident
      scenarios where the maximum downwind hazard distance is up to 3
      Km. Chapter 5 deals with management of accident scenarios

C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                  1
      involving transportation of hazardous chemicals and Chapter 6
      deals with the post emergency activities required to be performed
      by the respective team members to restore normalcy.

1.4   LEVEL OF RESPONSE

      Communities that frequently experience hazardous material
      emergencies of a minor nature but are rarely faced with more
      significant events may wish to consider a staged response. For
      example, depending on the severity of the situation as described by
      the initial caller, various levels of response might be established,
      thus avoiding the immediate need to call out forces in strength for
      all incidents. Personnel arriving at the scene could, of course,
      request additional assistance and thereby raise the level or stage of
      response, much as additional alarms might be sounded during
      major fires or the threat thereof.

      One strategy to be considered for establishing levels of response
      classifies responses into three levels, as follows:

     Level 1

      An incident which can be controlled by the first response agencies
      and does not require evacuation of other than those involved
      section of the plant or the immediate surrounding area. The incident
      is confined to a small area and does not pose an immediate threat
      to life or property.

     Level 2

      An incident involving a greater hazard or larger area which poses a
      potential threat to life or property and it may require a limited
      evacuation of the surrounding population and all plant personnel.

     Level 3

      An incident involving a severe hazard or a large area which poses
      an extreme threat to life and property and will probably require a
      large scale evacuation; or an incident requiring the expertise or
      resources of Local, District, State, Central or Private Agencies /
      Organizations.

      Based on assessment of the incident by District Crisis Group
      (DCG), the level of response required for the particular accident
      situation can thus be determined. Following chapters discuss the



C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                2
      “Action Plan” for rendering response to chemical accidents at Major
      Accident Hazard (MAH) units in District of Gandhinagar.

2.    ACTION PLAN FOR OFFSITE EMERGENCY– FIRE/ EXPLOSION

2.1   HAZARDS IN THE AREA

      This section deals with accident scenarios at Major Accident Hazard
      (MAH) units in Gandhinagar District, involving hazardous chemicals
      leading to fire / explosion. Simulations of identified major accident
      scenarios were conducted and the results of only those scenarios
      where there is significant off-site damage potential are listed at
      Table 2.1 for MAH units at Gandhinagar Taluka, Table 2.2 for MAH
      units at Dehgam taluka, Table 2.3 for MAH units at Mansa taluka,
      and Table 2.4 for MAH units at Kalol Taluka. These tables also
      provide information on areas and population likely to be affected
      under each case. The qualifying criteria for inclusion in the off-site
      planning are given in the methodology at Chapter 1.

      As can be observed from the information available in Table 2.1, the major
      hazardous substance leading to fire / explosion is Liquefied Petroleum
      Gas (LPG). Fires involving Ethylene oxide and solvents will be localized
      and will not have any significant off-site effects. As can be observed that
      the maximum hazard distance will be due to Boiling Liquefied Expanding
      Vapor Explosion (BLEVE) involving 500 MT LPG at Hindustan
      petroleum corporation limited at: Sardhav.

      Although the probability of catastrophic failure is very remote, leakage
      from the storage containers finding a source of ignition could turn it into
      a disaster. The impact of these scenarios is such that almost entire
      population of both Hindustan petroleum corporation limited and Ambika
      L.P.G. bottling pvt. ltd. will be affected. Communication system will be
      damaged and the response will be to focus on the prevention and spread
      of fire resulting in secondary explosions.




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                  3
                               Table 2.1

 Off-site Areas and Population Likely to be Affected for
 Accidents at Gandhinagar Taluka
                                         Largest             Damage Distance (m)
Name & address of the                    Storage    Pool Fire BLEVE           UVCE
                         Chemical                   FZR IZR FZR IZR FZR IZR
       Unit                              Quantity
                                           (MT)                                               L
Vimal Pesticides         Technical        8 M.T.     ---     ----    ----- ------ ----- ----- -
Pvt. Ltd.                Pesticide
N.H. NO. : 8
At : Limbadia
Hindustan Petroleum        LPG            650
Corporation Ltd.                          M.T.       -----   -----   1157 2006 165.7 529.7 8
At : Sardhav.



                               Table 2.2

 Off-site Areas and Population Likely to be affected for
 Accidents at Dehgam taluka.
                                         Largest             Damage Distance (m)
Name & address of the                    Storage    Pool Fire BLEVE           UVCE
                         Chemical                   FZR IZR FZR IZR FZR IZR
       Unit                              Quantity
                                          (MT)                                                L
Prakash Presticides      Technical          8        ---     ----    ----- ------ ----- ----- -
Industries               Pesticide         M.T
Plot No. 19/A
At : Zak,
Rajdeep Chemical         Ethylene          8        13.7 19.5 103.9 215.5 2.4 11.9 7.
Industries                oxide           M.T.
Dehgam Bayad Road
At : Sampa,
Shree Vallabh            Ethylene         7.5       13.7 19.5 103.9 215.5 2.4 11.9 7
Chemical                  oxide           M.T.
Dehgam Dhansura
Road At: Sampa,




 C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW               4
                                          Table 2.3

 Major Accident Scenarios for MAH Units at Mansa taluka

                                                   Largest                  Damage Distance (m)
Name & address of the                              Storage        Pool Fire   BLEVE           UVCE
                                Chemical
       Unit                                        Quantity       FZR IZR FZR IZR FZR IZR
                                                    (MT)
Ambica LPG Bottling
Pvt. Ltd.                          LPG               10
Kalol Mansa Road                                    M.T.          ----- -----        284           548        78       247
At : Parabatpura

 As this unit is located on Mansa Kalol road at isolated place and away from population only
 the adjoining
 road may be affected.



                                          Table 2.4

 Major Accident Scenarios for MAH Units at Kalol Taluka
  Name of the       Chemical     Storage Qty.                     Damage Distance (m)                                   Toxi
     Unit                            (MT)                                                                              Dispe
                                                                                                                         sion
                                 Lar-      Total       Pool           BLEVE                    UVCE                    D-3
                                 gest                  Fire                                                                 1
                                                     FZ IZR        FZR     IZR       FZR       IZR            D-
                                                     R                                                       LFL
 Gujarat            Phorate         600        600    -       -        -         -         -         -             -        -
 Pesticides        Methyl           Kg.        Kg.
 Pvt. Ltd.         Parathio         500        500
                   n                Kg.        Kg.
 The Arvind         Nephtha        5000     10000 29      77.3    91       149       146       056       2394          16       4
 Mills Ltd.                          Kl         KL .3     Not     In       Use                                         km       p
                                                   No                                                                           m
                                                   w
                    Chlorine 900           10000   -      -       -        -         -         -         -             -
                                Kg.        Kg.
 Maruti              DDVP       250 Kg     250     -      -       -        -         -         -         -             -


 C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                         5
Pesticides     Fenvelera            Kg.
Pvt. Ltd.      te          400
               Chloropyr   Kg.      400
               ofos                 Kg.
                           500
                           Kg.      500
                                    Kg.
Umiya Agros     Methyl     500      500       -       -         -        -         -         -         -          -
               Parathion   Kg.      Kg.
               Monocrot
               ofos        500      500
               Cyclohex    Kg.      Kg.
               enon
                           500    500
                           Kg.    Kg.
IFFCO Ltd.     NH3          10000  10000          -         -        -         -         -         -          -       .00   1
                               Mt     Mt                                                                                1
                Neptha      4550K  13650      29      77.3          91       149       146       056       2394        5K
                                L     KL       .3                                                                       m

Zion Zion         EO         7MT      7 MT        -         -        -         -         -         -          -   823
Chemicals                                                                                                           m
Pvt. Ltd.
Saibaba           EO       7.5 MT   7.5 MT        -         -        -         -         -         -          -   823
Surfactants                                                                                                         m
Pvt. Ltd.
Mahalaxmi      Chlorine     9 MT     31.5M        -         -        -         -         -         -          -       .16   4
Industries                               T                                                                            km

Anmol Chloro   Chlorine    9 MT      45 MT        -         -        -         -         -         -          -       .16   4
Chem                                                                                                                  km

Mutual         Chlorine     .9 MT    10 MT        -         -        -         -         -         -          -       .16   4
Chemicals                                                                                                             km
Pvt. Ltd.
Chem Plast     Chlorine     .9 MT    10 MT        -         -        -         -         -         -          -       .16   4
Industries                                                                                                            km

Arvind Poly      LPG       15 MT     30 MT    23          466   67.0     215.      428.            -          -         -
Coats                                          8                           0         5

Rajratna         LPG       40 MT     40 MT    26          510   72.0     231.      452.            -          -         -
Metal                                          7                           0         5
Industries
Ltd.
Bhagwati       Chlorine     .9 MT    18 MT        -         -        -         -         -         -          -       .16   4
Industries                                                                                                            km




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                     6
2.2   CHAIN OF EVENTS

      Boiling Liquefied Expanding Vapour Explosion (BLEVE) /
      Unconfined Vapor Cloud Explosion (UVCE) at the above
      installations may lead to cascading effect and may also result in
      secondary explosions due to failure of adjoining storage containers
      of flammable substances. Intense heat generated during BLEVE
      and peak over pressures due to explosions has the potential to
      damage surrounding structures. Such heat and overpressure may
      also result in secondary fires due to the intense heat and short
      circuits as a result of explosions. The chain of events for effectively
      managing such an eventuality is presented below.

2.3   NOTIFICATION TO OFF-SITE AUTHORITIES

2.3.1 Action : Communication Coordinator of the Unit or adjoining
               units

      In scenarios involving large fires / explosions, the communication
      system of the affected installation may get severely damaged and
      be rendered useless. If the system still exists, the communications
      coordinator of the affected installation will notify the off-site
      authorities. In all other cases, the chief of neighboring installations
      or any other responsible person may inform the off-site authorities.

      The communication coordinator shall call (079 – 23220630
      Telephone Numbers of District Crisis Control Room (DCCR) -
      Gandhinagar ) for notifying the chemical accident emergency. In
      communicating the accident scenario he will :-

   Identify oneself by name and designation
   Give the location of the incident (Plant, Section, Equipment)
   Inform about the chemical involved
   State briefly the type of emergency i.e. whether fire, explosion, toxic
    release (specify the direction of gas cloud movement in case of
    toxic gas release)
   State the severity of the incident as given by the WMC
   Standby to render all possible assistance



C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                7
     There is a possibility that any other person may also see/hear the
     fire / explosion and calls the police station before they receive call
     from the affected unit or the District Emergency Control Center
     (DECC). It may not be possible for an ordinary citizen to provide
     entire information as per the given format. In such a case it will be
     the responsibility of the information-receiving officer to call up the
     affected MAH unit or the nearby unit (if the communication system
     of the affected installation is severely damaged) and gather the
     desired information. It is suggested that a pad of blank formats are
     kept at Police Control Room (PCR) so that officer in-charge can
     promptly ask questions and record information.

2.3.2 Notification to Response Organizations

 Action : Departmental Officer Manning the District Collector
    Control Room (DCCR) / Police Control Room (PCR)

     The person receiving the information shall immediately inform the
     three first responders i.e. Police, Fire and Medical department by
     calling their chiefs / alternates (in case chief is not reachable). The
     contact information is given below for ready reference. Next he will
     inform District Collector, Chairman of Local Crisis Group (LCG) and
     all other members of District Crisis Group (DCG). He will pass the
     complete information of the incident to all the members. If he
     receives, further information after making the first call, he will
     convey that also in the same order. Alternatively, if the information
     is more relevant to any particular department, he will first pass that
     information to its head. The directory of Key Contacts, i.e.,
     members of DCG, LCG, industries in the district and expert
     agencies at District / State and National Level, is given at Annexure
     2.6
                                                 Phone No.
    First Responder & Designation
                                            Office         Residence
Police
District Superintendent of Police         23211086            23246527
                                          23210914           98250 49303
                                          23210906
Police Inspector                          23221021            23230728
                                          23221033           94260 83266
Fire
Fire Superintendent                         101               23222741
                                          23222742           98254 32222


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Medical
Chief District Health Officer                       23256242                 23261589
                                                                            98253 61595
Civil Surgeon                                       23259123                 27473374
                                                                            98250 07244

2.4   ESTABLISHING LOCAL COMMAND POST (LCP)
       Chairman of the Local Crisis Group (LCG) will select a local command post based on
        the location and intensity of the incident. He will then, through local communication
       coordinator, inform all the members of LCG about the emergency and the location of
         Local Command Post (LCP) selected so that preliminary response can be quickly
       initiated. He will also inform about the location of LCP to District Emergency Control
        Center (DECC) and members of District Crisis Group (DCG). The locations of LCG
           with respect to the Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units are suggested below :-

 Sr.
      Location                Suggested Location of LCP
 No
  1 Gandhinagar District Collector (DC) office or Emergency Control
                Centre (ECC) of the non affected unit (HPCL)
  2 Kalol       Mamlatdar office, Kalol or Emergency Control
                Centre (ECC) of the non affected unit (IFFCO)
  3 Dehgam      Mamlatdar office, Dehgam.
  4 Mansa       Mamlatdar office, Mansa or Emergency Control
                Centre (ECC) of the non affected unit (HPCL)

       The above locations are suggested based on their proximity to the respective MAH
       units and keeping in mind the availability of communication and control facilities for
      managing chemical emergency. However, alternate location may be selected based on
         on-scene assessment and availability of better location for operational control.

2.5   IMMEDIATE RESPONSE BY FIRST RESPONDERS

      On receipt of information about offsite emergency, first responders
      will immediately deploy first batch of response teams from a
      location nearest to the incident site i.e. they mobilize their
      counterparts in Local Crisis Group (LCG). They will further reinforce
      their teams by deploying additional resources from surrounding
      areas so that effective (based on their assessment of first
      information received) first response can be rendered at site. In the
      mean time they will keep additional resources in terms of manpower
      and equipment on high alert to move to incident site. On getting
      feedback from their response teams (who would have by then
      assessed the situation) they will take decision on movement of
      more teams. Once the assessed deployment is made, Chiefs shall
      also move to site for better operational control. It may be possible

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       in some of the cases that resources may have to be mobilized from
       neighboring districts or even other states. In such a case, chiefs will
       organize this through their respective Headquarters / District
       Collector.

       Major duties of the three first responders during emergency
       are discussed below :-

2.5.1 Police Department

       The teams will coordinate the following activities :-

      Control of traffic near the affected areas so that emergency
       vehicles reach the incident site at the earliest
      Ensuring law and order at the incident site during emergency

       As explosion scenarios seldom give time for a structured response,
       areas that may get affected due to possibility of secondary
       explosions only need to be evacuated. In such a case, the police
       personnel will also provide security at the assembly points and
       evacuated areas.

2.5.2 Fire Department

       For a fire to happen, three components are required as depicted
       below :-

                             Combustible material



                    Oxygen                  Ignition Source


       Cutting off the supply of any one of the above three components
       can help in getting the fire under control. Therefore the major
       activities that the fire team will undertake will be directed towards
       cutting off the supply of one of more of these components.



a)     On-scene Assessment




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     The first fire vehicle to reach the site will immediately contact
     the site controller and collect the necessary information
     regarding the material involved, the actions taken and the
     current status. The driver will park the vehicle in a manner to
     prevent exposure to radiant heat.

b)   Removing the Source of Ignition

     Water is by far the most reliable source for extinguishing fires.
     However, it may not be applicable on substances, which are lighter
     than water, insoluble in water or incompatible with water.

     The Leading Fire Men (LFM) will assess the use of water for fire
     fighting. If it is found to be adequate for handling the incident fire, he
     will formulate the fire fighting strategy keeping in mind the
     manpower and resources available, access to the incident location,
     availability of hydrant points/monitors and wind direction. Each
     crewmember will wear necessary fire suits before entering the "Hot
     Zone". The crewmembers should work in pairs, taking care of each
     other.


     Fire fighting should be attempted only when it is safe to do so.
     When water is not the right answer and alternate fire fighting
     material is not readily available at the incident site it may be wise to
     let the fire burn while preventing the adjoining vessels from
     overheating by cooling them. This is true primarily in cases where
     the possibility of explosions is minimal. In cases where the
     possibility of explosion is high, all efforts should be directed towards
     preventing the explosion from occurring and evacuating the area.

     Primary function of fire team subsequent to explosions is to prevent
     secondary fires. During such incidents care should be taken so that
     the team members are not exposed to risks of secondary or
     delayed explosions.

     During the entire operations, the Leading Fire Men (LFM) would
     keep the fire service coordinator informed of the development so as
     to enable him to plan and deploy additional resources at the
     incident location.


c)   Removing or limiting the amount of Combustibles


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       If the incident involves only major leaks / spills and there is no fire /
       explosion, the fire personnel will focus on plugging / stopping of the
       leak. Small leaks left unattended for extended periods of time can
       cause large losses of chemicals to the environment and have much
       more severe effects than would occur if the leak were somehow
       completely or partially plugged on a prompt basis. There are great
       benefits, therefore, in having access to one or more individuals with
       the basic tools and knowledge needed to limit losses from
       punctured or leaking tanks or pipelines.

       The most widely available means for plugging holes or leaks in
       equipment involves use of conical, cylindrical, square or wedge
       shaped pieces of wood, rubber or metal sheets, inflatable pipe
       plugs, special patching compounds, clamps of various types, and a
       number of other items.

       The plugs alone, if available in a variety of sizes, can be jammed
       into holes and greatly reduce the open area, from which the
       contents of the tank or pipeline can escape; assuming, of course,
       that it is safe for individuals to approach the leak area. Many
       incidents are brought to a rapid end simply by having the proper
       common tools available to close a valve or tighten some bolts. It is
       the responsibility of fire personnel to plug/stop leaks based on
       guidance obtained from technical coordinators.

d)     Suppression of Flammable Vapor

       As fire is a surface phenomenon, it is advisable to restrict the
       spread of pool. Based on the guidance from technical coordinators,
       the response team shall take rapid measures to reduce the rate or
       amount of flammable/explosive vapors or gases entering the
       atmosphere using one or combination of the following measures :-

      Physical restriction of liquid pool surface areas.
      Transfer to an alternate or standby container if it is safe to do so.
      Dilution or coverage of liquid pools with water (or other compatible
       liquids).
      Cooling of spilled liquids or venting tanks.



e)     Removal of Oxygen

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        This can be achieve as per following :-

      Use of fire-fighting or specialized hazardous material foams to
       cover the spill.
      Use of water sprays or fogs.

f)      Provide Rescue Services

        As fire department personnel are adequately trained to rescue
        trapped people from collapsed structures, two members of the fire
        response team will help the industry personnel in rescuing the
        people, till the time rescue team arrives.

2.5.3 Medical Services

        On receipt of information from the District Emergency Control
        Center (DECC), the district medical coordinator shall dispatch his
        medical teams to the incident site. Following are the major
        activities of emergency medical teams reaching the emergency
        site.

a)      Establishment of Triage Stations

        Mass casualty situations will require establishment of field hospitals
        to take care for the injured and to identify, stabilize, and transport
        more serious cases to hospitals. Medical team will establish triage
        stations near the affected installation and will be required to
        evaluate and color code the victims. The following code is proposed

      Red for critical, such victims should to be sent to the hospital in the
       first available ambulance. Medical Officer manning the triage station
       will maintain a checklist for the number of victims sent to a particular
       hospital so as to know when the capacity is reached and further
       victims may be refused admission.
      Yellow for stable, such victims need to be sent to the hospital when
       there is room available in an ambulance after all the critical victims
       have been sent.
      Green for walking wounded, to be provided with first aid and
       treatment for shock and trauma.

         Medical coordinator shall, from the list of the proposed rehabilitation centers, identify
         such areas to which the public can be directed in the aftermath of an accident where



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      this action is warranted. Outside and local medical care personnel shall be informed by
        the district medical coordinator of their responsibilities in staffing and equipping such
       facilities quickly. Such field hospitals shall maintain a record of all the patients (as far
      as possible) so as to enable accounting of personnel and their destinations after triage.
       The on-scene medical command post shall be under the direction of the local medical
      coordinator. Local Medical coordinator shall also be responsible for formulating a mass
            casualty plan for the local hospitals as discussed in pre emergency activities.

b)    Medical Support for Response Personnel

      Where deemed necessary, properly equipped medical personnel
      and one or more ambulances shall be made available to check and
      (if necessary) treat injured response personnel as necessary.
      These personnel shall check the vital signs and general health of all
      personnel who will don specialized protective gear and enter "Hot"
      and "Warm" Zones, particularly where fully encapsulating protective
      suits are being used. The health of potentially exposed response
      workers shall be rechecked upon completion of their duties.

c)    Medical Support at Temporary Shelters

      Once the evacuees are at the shelter, it is the responsibility of local
      Medical coordinator to ensure their well-being. For this, the medical
      coordinator will assign team(s) to take care of people who become
      ill during evacuation or later. The doctors assigned this work should
      be aware of the signs and symptoms of exposure to
      flammable/explosive material and smoke so that they can easily
      identify victims and provide them with necessary treatment & care.
      Facilities should also be available for care of the handicapped and
      elderly.

2.6   RESPONSE BY OTHER RESPONSE AGENCIES

2.6.1 District Collector

      On receipt of information of the accident the District Collector (DC)
      will rush to the District Emergency Control Centre (DECC), where
      he will be joined by Assistant Director Industrial Safety & Health,
      Gandhinagar and two technical experts. Other technical experts
      (nearest to the incident location) will directly rush to the Local
      Command Post (LCP) and remain in touch with the DECC for
      regularly updating the information. Also they will provide technical
      support to combat teams at the incident site. The DC will address
      the following issues along with other members present at DECC:-


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   Obtain update of the incident situation from Local Command Post
    (LCP) and establish a link for continuous communication (such as
    dedicated telephone line with speaker phones, set of walkie-talkies,
    computer link, etc.) with the help of communication coordinator.
   Identify the hazardous and threatened areas based on map and
    templates available and information received from LCP.
     Supervise the overall management of each function through respective member of
      the District Crisis Group (DCG) and expediting response wherever required
   Take a decision on requirement and priorities of evacuation and
    organize the resources to execute the same. They will contact
    transport and evacuation coordinators (already on high alert) and
    issue instructions.
   Based on the inputs from the first responders and experts available
    at LCP, identify the additional resource requirement and initiate
    mobilization.
   After making the required arrangements, District Collector will take
    decision whether he is required to go to the incident site and who all
    shall accompany him. In such a situation, his deputy will take
    charge of the DECC.
 Duties and responsibilities of other members of DCG are
    discussed below :-
2.6.2 Member Secretary of District Crisis Group (DCG) –
      Assistant Director Industrial Safety & Health, Gandhinagar.
   Assisting different members of the DCG in planning the
    performance of their duties
   Providing overall coordination within the DCG and with the
    Member Secretary of the Local Crisis Group (LCG).
   Arranging for complete documentation of proceedings at the
    incident site
   Maintaining detailed records of what happened and what actions
    were taken. This would help in:
   Recovering response costs and damages from the party
    responsible for the incident, if applicable.
   Reviewing the efficiency and effectiveness of response actions.
   Preparing for future incident responses.
   Verifying facts, actions, injuries, equipment used, etc. for the
    purpose of legal proceedings, insurance claims, budget requests,
    and public inquiries.




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     In addition to written documentation of an incident, it is good practice
     to draw diagrams or sketches of containers, vehicles, structures,
     streets, containment techniques adopted, locations of deployment,
     etc. Photographs and videotapes, if available, should be kept on file
     for reference purposes.
     The Member Secretary of the DCG shall, through Personnel and
     Administration Manager of the affected unit, arrange to maintain a
     record of all the developments during an emergency. Wherever it is
     possible to do so, videotaping of the entire combat and rescue
     operations may also be arranged. Providing facility for recording all
     the communication had on the telephones can also be of help for
     future use. It is suggested that a telephone roster be maintained at
     the District Emergency Control Center (DECC) for future reference
     and analysis of emergency management operations.


2.6.3 Communication Coordinator

        Depending on the severity of the incident, the communication
        coordinator may or may not be required to go to the incident site.
        However, under all circumstances, the major issues that he has to
        address are:

a)      Emergency Communication System

        With respect to overall use of telephones, special precautions must
        be taken where an explosion or fire at some critical location may
        destroy vital communication links or services. Therefore, the
        primary communication channel for an emergency at Gandhinagar
        shall comprise of communication through the walkie-talkie available
        with the District Administration, Police and Fire Services.
        Additionally, use will also be made of the mobile phones, landline
        telephones and alternate facilities available with the industries. The
        details of communication and warning system available with the
        respective MAH units are given at Annexure 3.9.

b)     Notification to General Population for Evacuation or Shelter
       - ing Place

        Time is critical during an emergency situation and it has been
        experienced that prompt notification has been a key factor in
        saving several lives. On getting instructions from the District
        Collector, communication coordinator will dispatch teams for

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     notifying general public. As can be seen from Table 2.1 to Table
     2.4 fire incidents may not require evacuation of general population
     from nearby areas. Further, explosions will not give enough time to
     notify and evacuate the general population. Therefore, notification
     of evacuation in such incidents is only applicable where the
     explosive chemical is leaking and the container may explode
     (major areas of concern under this scenario are explosion
     accidents at Sardhav, Mansa, Kalol. ) In all such cases, it will be
     the responsibility of the communication coordinator of the affected
     installation to notify all employees (except essential staff required
     for combat and emergency management) to immediately leave the
     plant. It is expected that the emergency shut-down procedure is
     followed at the plant level. The District communication coordinator
     will direct his local counterpart to organize notification to general
     population. For this, use can be made of industry/police or fire
     department vehicles with Public Address (PA) system, through
     which, standard message formats prepared in the planning phase
     can be announced. It is important to note that all the warning and
     notification teams should be given the same set of instructions.
     Dissimilarity in warning signals/notification and instruction can lead
     to devastating confusion not only among the receptors but also the
     team members.

c)   Notification to Next of Kin of Death of Relative(s)

     It is important to note that next of kin are promptly notified of
     fatalities or severe injuries carefully and in a sensitive and
     supportive fashion. This activity should be discussed with the Red
     Cross and coordinated with members of voluntary organizations,
     NGOs. The notification must be first made to the relatives and then
     to press media to avoid administrative embarrassment.

2.6.4 Technical Coordinator

     Four experts in industrial safety and health have been nominated as
     Technical coordinators. The major issues that they have to address
     are:

a)   Formulation of Response Objectives and Strategy

     The technical coordinator shall assess the incident before taking
     action and formulate realistic response objectives. The assessment
     shall be based on the following points for which they shall call their

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         two colleagues, who are available at the incident site, to obtain first
         hand information :-

      Pre-incident plans and/or standard operating procedures
      Information that has been obtained regarding:
      Material(s) involved
      Container(s) involved
      Vehicle(s) and/or structures involved
      Atmospheric conditions affecting the incident
      Environmental monitoring and sampling data, if available
      Public protective actions that have or have not been initiated
      Resource requirements (i.e., trained personnel, specialized
       protective gear, other equipment, etc.)
      Hazards and risks posed to humans, animals, property, and the
       environment.

         Upon completion of the incident assessment, they will be in a better
         position to determine whether their response strategy should be
         defensive or offensive in nature. In all cases, of course, actions
         should be initiated to protect the public and environment outside the
         immediate spill or discharge area and/or to contain the hazard from
         a safe distance. The response strategy shall be communicated to
         the Chairman of the Local Crisis Group (LCG) for prompt response.

b)       Identification of Hazard Zone

         Technical coordinators, trained in these aspects shall be
         responsible for estimating the hazard zones and feeding the
         information to District Crisis Group (DCG) and Local Crisis Group
         (LCG) for further response. The estimation requires expertise in
         using the required computer simulation software. To estimate the
         hazard zone in a particular emergency scenario, the technical
         coordinator shall place the transparency provided with start point on
         the source of accident on the scaled map of the area given at
         Annexure 1.1. This will give them the extent of the area likely to be
         affected.




c)       Establishment of Hazard Control Zones at Incident Site




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       An important component of the emergency response involves
       establishment of hazard control zones at the incident scene to limit
       the number of people in the most hazardous areas. The exact size
       and configuration of these hazard control zones must be
       determined and visually differentiated at each particular incident
       based on incident-specific factors and situations. These shall be
       determined by the technical coordinator based on the results of
       hazard analysis and may include the following :-

       "Hot Zone" - Area of maximum hazard surrounding the damaged
       container(s) or fire area that can be entered by only specially
       equipped and trained response personnel.

       "Warm Zone" - Area of moderate hazard outside the Hot Zone in
       which properly equipped and trained backup crew being standby.

       "Cold Zone" - Area outside the Warm Zone that poses minimal or
       negligible hazards to emergency personnel. The command post,
       most of the deployed apparatus, and the resource staging area
       should be located in the Cold Zone.

2.6.5 Safety Coordinator

       On receiving information about the ongoing emergency, Safety
       coordinator will rush to the District Emergency Control Center
       (DECC) and coordinate efforts for the following activities:

a)     Monitoring of Atmospheric Conditions

       The atmospheric stability conditions, wind velocities, and wind
       directions have a direct impact on the incident heat radiation in
       downwind areas. Real time data can be obtained from Indian
       Meteorological Department's station at Gandhinagar. Prompt
       availability of these inputs can help the response agencies in
       planning the deployment of manpower and resources at the incident
       location.

b)    Ensuring Safety of Response Team Members at Incident Scenes

       Safe operating procedures to be established and enforced by the
       Safety Coordinator include but are not limited to :-

      The use of appropriate protective gear and equipment.

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   Limiting the number of personnel in the "Hot" and "Warm" hazard
    control zones.
   Utilizing the most experienced personnel for the most hazardous
    tasks.
   Positioning a backup team in the "Warm Zone" in case it is needed
    to assist or rescue personnel in the "Hot Zone".
   Monitoring (visually and through communications) the welfare of
    personnel operating within the "Hot" and "Warm" Zones.
   Ensuring that all personnel understand their assignments.
   Enforcing a "No Smoking" policy at incidents involving flammable or
    combustible materials.
   Replacing fatigued personnel with "fresh" personnel.
   Adjusting hazard control zones to reflect changing conditions.

2.6.6 Rescue Coordinator
     There are a variety of scenarios under which workers at chemical
     facilities or members of the public near or downwind of a
     hazardous material released may be exposed to high levels of
     thermal radiation, or injured due to the effects of an explosion. Fire
     departments are usually well prepared and experienced in
     rescuing people from fire and explosion situations, and will in many
     cases not require any new or additional planning to meet these
     responsibilities.

   Rescue coordinator shall be responsible for deputing rescue teams
    to enter the hazardous areas and rescue injured or trapped
    individuals.
   Rescue teams operating in hazardous environments should work
    at-least in pairs. This is a common safety practice, as is the practice
    of having a backup team ready for action, should a problem
    develop.
   The rescue coordinator will contact the material coordinator for
    quickly obtaining the necessary protective gear so that the teams
    can commence search and rescue operations promptly.

2.6.7 Evacuation and Rehabilitation Coordinator

     In case of fires, the damage distances for different scenarios are
     such that evacuation of off-site population may not be necessary.
     However, in case of explosions, evacuation of personnel of the
     plant and adjoining units may be required. Explosions occur
     suddenly and seldom give time for a phased response. Further, in

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       contrast to toxic vapor release, heat is easily recognizable by all
       persons and on impulse; the person tends to move towards a
       cooler place thereby rendering the first response to him-self. In
       scenarios involving fires/explosions, the prime objective is to
       obtain inputs from the Technical Coordinators about the areas
       likely to be affected due to secondary fires and initiate evacuation.
       Under such circumstances, places having high population density
       such as neighbouring industries, educational institutions, prisons,
       hospitals, cinemas, etc are the most vulnerable. All such areas
       may not require evacuation and the decision will largely depend
       upon the prevailing conditions.

       Additionally, at residential areas where healthy persons can
       understand the warning and respond to the accident warning
       signal quickly, senior citizens, handicapped and children may need
       help and assistance form the rescue personnel. Census record of
       the area can be of great help in identifying the part of population
       that may require special care.


a)     Evacuation of General Population

      The local evacuation coordinator on receipt of instruction from
       District Collector shall immediately mobilize his team(s) for
       initiating evacuation of the areas expected to be exposed /
       threatened by heat radiation/explosion overpressure.
      He will also ensure that all his team members involved in alerting
       and support, are equipped with appropriate Personal Protective
       Equipments (PPEs) and are well aware of the procedures to be
       followed. The team members will carry a supply of chalk or
       colorful tags that can be used to mark doorsteps or place on the
       doorknob to indicate that the place has indeed been evacuated.
      He will direct his team to carry out rescue operation in association
       with the rescue coordinator.
      He will designate In-charge of rehabilitation center(s), and keep in
       touch with them for regular head-count, care of evacuees and
       availability of essential supplies at such centers.
b)     Evacuation Routes and Assembly Points
       In the overall planning process it is essential to define evacuation
       routes well in advance. The routes should be clearly spelt out in
       the warning signals, as also the location of shelters to where the


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     people with automobiles should proceed and people without
     automobiles should gather for pick-up by buses / trucks or vans.
     In designating evacuation routes, it has to be kept in mind that
     major roads are the most desirable, although are seldom available.
     Visit to the area has revealed that the Adalaj Kalol state highway
     and National Highway near Limbadiya, Nana chiloda & Naroda in
     all likelihood, will not be available as it will either be affected by the
     accident and/or be dedicated to other important functions such as,
     for access by police, fire, public works, medical and other such
     emergency operation vehicles.
     As soon as an evacuation has been declared, police and auxiliary
     personnel should be prepared to control traffic on evacuation
     routes, to keep non-evacuation related traffic off the roads and to
     remove any vehicle(s) that breaks down and causes a slowdown /
     obstruction of traffic. These activities will in turn require availability
     of tow-trucks and portable roadblock material (barricades, cones,
     signs, etc.).

c)   Shelter & Care of Evacuees

     This aspect is an important function of the overall evacuation
     exercise. It calls for providing safe and comfortable shelter for
     relocated population.

     Once the evacuees reach the shelters, they would want to report
     “missing” persons or to determine if their family members, friends or
     neighbours are “lost” or are in other shelters. Response to these
     queries, as well as identification of persons genuinely missing will
     require registration of people upon entry and communication
     between shelters.

     Care has also to be taken of any pets brought along by the
     evacuees. Human service personnel/volunteers may be required
     to render counseling, recreational and other needs of confined
     population. Quite obviously, shelters will require initial and periodic
     supplies of food, water and sanitary facilities for the inhabitants.

2.6.8 Transport Coordinator

     Performing transport functions requires planning for the availability
     of buses/trucks/vans/ambulances and other vehicles to transport


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       school children, residents of hospitals/nursing homes and general
       members of the public who do not own vehicles to safe shelters.
       For this the prime responsibility rests with the local transport
       coordinator who, on receipt of information about the emergency
       from District Emergency Control Center (DECC), will direct the
       fleet (drivers) and coordinate the following transport activities
       during an emergency :-

      During the emergency, he will work in close liaison with the
       communication and evacuation coordinators.
      On getting instructions from the District Crisis Group (DCG), he will
       effect the warning / instruction / notification operation,
      Arrange for the fleet of vehicles at a pre-designated location so
       that they can transport the affected population to safer areas
       (Rehabilitation Centers),
      Make coordinating efforts with vulnerable areas such as schools,
       hospitals, nursing homes, cinema halls, shopping halls, etc. for
       evacuation of people to safer places.
      He will also be responsible for ensuring that any needed response
       equipment, material and personnel, are arranged promptly to the
       scene of an accident and for ensuring an adequate state of
       operational readiness thus consolidating the management of all
       transport related activities.
      Through mutual aid and other services, he shall be responsible for
       arranging ambulances at the incident site. Emergency transport and
       ambulance facilities available with the industries in Gandhinagar
       district are listed at Annexure 3.3 & Annexure 3.10 respectively.
      He shall also be responsible for arranging the protective equipment,
       clothing, devices, and any decontamination and/or treatment
       supplies that may be required by ambulance personnel in an actual
       emergency.

2.6.9 Utilities Coordinator

a)     Identification of Water Sources in Rural Areas

       The main and largest source of water in Gandhinagar District is
       Narmada canal & River. Water can be tapped form the intake point
       of Water Supply Corporation or from the industries themselves.
       Other source can be the bore-wells and tube-wells in the adjoining
       villages and agricultural fields. The water storage facilities at each
       industry are also given at Annexure 3.1


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     Utilities coordinator is responsible for ensuring uninterrupted supply
     of water for fire-fighting to all the brigades in operation. He shall
     coordinate with the transport coordinator for replenishing the
     depleted stock of firewater at the incident site through water
     tankers.

b)   Notification and Shutdown of Electric Utilities

     Major explosions may result in breaking of power lines and an
     electrocution hazard to those who might make contact with any
     "downed" lines. In such a case, there may be circumstances in
     which it is desired to shutdown electric power systems rapidly in an
     area.

     Based on information and instructions obtained from the accident
     site and the District Collector, the District Energy Officer shall,
     through his own communication channel, instruct the concerned
     officers of Sate Electricity Board to shut down the power supply to
     the identified area.


c)   Provisioning Backup Power during Emergency

     Once it is instructed to shut down the electric utilities in the area,
     power will still be required by the response teams, emergency
     control center and hospitals involved in treatment of victims during
     an emergency. For this the utilities coordinator will be responsible
     for providing back-up or alternate source of uninterrupted power
     for smooth operations. For this he will arrange portable DG sets
     from the agencies involved in providing such equipment on hire.
     (Annexure 3.12).

2.6.10     Material Coordinator

a)   Availability of Respiratory Protective Devices

     Few Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units in the District have Self
     Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBAs). The details regarding
     Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs) available with the industries
     and those at fire-stations are given at Annexure 3.8 and Annexure
     3.2 respectively.



C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW              24
b)   Availability of Special Protective Clothing

     The normal turnout clothing of fire service personnel may be
     adequate to protect them in a wide variety of fire and / or spill
     situations. But there may also be cases where containers of toxic or
     corrosive chemicals have collapsed during explosions. Such
     situations may require more complete protection of the body by
     clothing that is resistant to the damaging effects of the spilled
     substance. The clothing itself may range from boots, gloves, or
     disposable suits made of chemical resistant materials to air-tight
     fully encapsulating "astronaut" suits made for protection of the body
     from spilled substances on the ground or in high concentrations in
     the air. Where fires may occur, appropriate thermal protection may
     be additionally necessary.

c)   Requirement of Protective Wear for Medical Response Teams

     There have been cases where medical personnel have had to treat
     victims and have needed protective clothing (at least gloves and
     masks) to protect themselves from smoke or products of chemical
     combustion. It is therefore the duty of the material coordinator to
     make available adequate number of appropriate protective clothing
     for the medical response team.

d)   Support Services for Field Response Forces

     Several situations can be envisioned in which response personnel
     in the field may be required or are needed at the incident site for
     more than a day. These personnel will require rest areas and food
     to be able to continue to function, particularly if they are in a remote
     area or a region that has otherwise been evacuated. Sources of
     assistance for planning in this area include the Red Cross, St.
     John’s Ambulance, Local NGOs, etc. The latter organizations in
     particular may be able to provide tents, cots, lights, etc. Additionally,
     there will be representatives from the local, state and central
     agencies together with the media, industry and other personnel
     involved in the overall emergency response. The total number of
     people requiring food and rest areas may actually be substantial. It
     is therefore the duty of the material coordinator to arrange food, rest
     areas, and other equipment and supplies necessary to sustain field
     response forces. The items needed would include canteen services,

C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                25
       accommodation, electrical power, portable toilets, washing facilities,
       etc.

e)     Maintenance of Apparatus and Equipment

       During long-duration incidents, apparatus and equipment (e.g.,
       vehicles, generators, pumps, etc.) may require on-scene refueling
       and minor maintenance to enable uninterrupted operation. On-
       scene services of this nature are beneficial in that they eliminate the
       need to remove deployed apparatus and equipment from the
       incident scene. Providing of refueling and maintenance services
       may not be prudent in particularly hazardous locations. For
       example, fire department apparatus positioned near a fire should
       not be refueled where ignition of fuel vapors is possible. One step
       that may possibly eliminate the need to refuel apparatus and
       equipment is to fill fuel tanks to capacity prior to deployment.
       Furthermore, maintenance personnel must wear appropriate body
       and respiratory protective gear when operating in hazardous
       environments.

       The unit’s maintenance coordinator together with the material
       coordinator is responsible for carrying out the aforementioned
       operations.

2.6.11       Public Works Coordinator

       On receiving notification of the emergency situation, the Public
       works coordinator will rush to the District Emergency Control
       Center (DECC) and instruct his team members to stand-by for
       rendering assistance in the following activities :-

      Besides the possible need for a temporary morgue, public works
       coordinator shall be responsible for planning and providing large-
       scale mortuary services when the need arises
      Initiating sewer shut-off to prevent contaminated water from
       entering water bodies,
      Evacuation and care of domestic livestock from the hazard zone
       when need arises.

       This aspect is likely to be most applicable in rural areas with large
       population of valuable animals and relatively few people.

2.6.12       Liaison & Public Relations Coordinator

C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                 26
     The public needs to be informed accurately and rapidly as to what
     is happening during an emergency situation. Significant incidents
     may result in a large number of reporters arriving on scene and
     attempting to interview anybody and everybody. The Public
     Relations coordinator shall undertake the following tasks to help
     reduce confusion, facilitate information transfer, reduce problems
     that might be otherwise caused by a lack of organization, and
     reduce the incidence of unfounded rumors.

   Designate one specific individual and an alternate press officer to
    join the team of press officers that may be formed from
    representatives of all major parties to an emergency response
    operation (be they from local, state or central government agencies
    or the company responsible for the accident).
   Compile a list of telephone numbers of local radio and television
    station personnel who can initiate special “on air” announcements.
   Provide designated press officers with secretarial support,
    photocopy machines, and a means of communications with the
    overall command of the response operation.
   Select a site, preferably but not necessarily near the central
    emergency operations center, where the press can convene and be
    briefed by the press officer team. This site should ideally have
    telephones, electrical outlets, restrooms, and other facilities that
    media personnel may require.
   Establish a firm policy among all local officials and response
    personnel as to who should or should not speak to media
    personnel.
   Ensure that key emergency response personnel understand the
    need to relay up-to-date “status reports” to press officers on a
    regular basis.

     Things to DO

   Accommodate the media as much as possible; make the news
    available to them.
   Schedule news conferences and avoid written releases.
   Be direct and specific.
   Always, always tell the truth.
   Send a press representative to the command post.
   Ensure that the team of press officers is in contact with the
    command post at all times.


C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW             27
   If safety permits, allow the media to take pictures of the accident
    site.

     Things Not To DO

   Do not permit arguments among public officials or press officers
    from different organizations in front of the press. Do, however,
    permit statements of dissenting opinions.
   Avoid giving gut opinions or conjecturing.
   Do not be evasive. If the answer to a question is not known, refer
    the question to someone who has the appropriate answer.
   Do not be critical in a personal manner; i.e., avoid personal
    remarks about other people at the accident scene.
   Do not be philosophical. These kinds of discussions are extremely
    susceptible to being quoted out of context.
   Do not make off-the-record comments. They may end up in print
    with later retractions buried in the back pages.
   Avoid friendly chats with media people. Casual comments may
    appear in print.
   Avoid bad or foul language.
   Do not hide from the media. They can sense this and form an
    unfavorable opinion of the press officer(s) as a credible source of
    news.
   Do not answer questions beyond personal knowledge or expertise.
   Do not permit media persons to attend emergency response team
    meetings. These are likely to be technical meetings with lively
    discussions that may last forever if people are performing rather
    than dealing with the problem at hand.

     Reasons for planning for and controlling statements made during a
     severe emergency go beyond a simple desire to ensure orderly
     and accurate dissemination of information. One of the groups
     showing up more frequently at hazardous materials accidents is of
     lawyers representing a wide variety of interests. It should be
     remembered that good lawyers would remember everything they
     see and hear. A thoughtless comment or statement can surface
     months later in a courtroom. Placements of blame, criticisms of
     response actions, airing of dirty laundry in public, and similar
     statements can result in lengthy and messy legal battles over
     comments or charges made in the heat of a very hectic moment.




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3.    ACTION PLAN FOR OFF SITE EMERGENCY – LARGE SPILLS

3.1   GENERAL

      This section deals with the action plan for managing chemical
      accident scenarios involving spill/leak of toxic substances into the
      atmosphere such that the maximum downwind damage distance is
      over 3 km. The cut-off of 3 Km has been taken, as scenarios with
      lesser damage distances can primarily be managed by the
      members of Local Crisis Group (LCG) and would only require
      coordinating efforts by their counterparts at the district level.
      However, scenarios having off-site effects beyond 3 Km would
      require large-scale evacuation and counter measure efforts. These
      are the scenarios, which need careful planning and performance of
      respective duties by the response personnel as several lives are at
      risk to exposure. Accident scenarios having off site effects beyond
      3 Km due to toxic vapor dispersion in Gandhinagar district are
      summarized in Table 3.1.

3.2   ANALYSIS OF MCA SCENARIOS

      As can be observed from the information available in this table, the
      major hazardous substances leading to toxic vapor dispersion are
      ammonia, chlorine, etc. Low Immediately Dangerous to Life &
      Health (IDLH) value (30 ppm) of chlorine makes it one of the most
      hazardous widely used substances in the chemical industry.

      The next major hazchem is Ammonia. IFFCO, Kalol have large
      storages of about 10000 MT. Catastrophic failure of any container
      has the potential of causing large-scale effects in the downwind
      direction.




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                                Table 3.1

                  Toxic Vapor Accidents Scenarios
                  Having Hazard Distance over 3 km

                                  Storage                   Max.
 Name of the                    Quantity (MT) Atmospheric Downwind
             Location Chemical
    Unit                                       Conditions Hazard
                               Largest Total
                                                          Distance
     IFFCO Kalol      Ammonia 10000 10000        D–3       4.9 Km
                                                 F–2       >10 Km


Note : The USEPA model (ALOHA of CAMEO SUIT) does not
       provide results beyond 10 Km as they are highly
       unpredictable due to change in wind pattern and terrain.

3.3   AREAS & POPULATION LIKELY TO BE AFFECETD

Based on the results of the above table, villages have been identified in
each of the eight wind directions for each area. Corresponding total
population of these villages have also been indicated along side the
areas likely to be affected. Location wise-data is provided in Table 3.2




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                                                   Table : 3.2
                 Areas and Population Likely to be Affected due to Chemical Emergency at Kalol
 Location                                              KALOL
Maximum               Up to 5 K.M.                                   5 - 10 K.M.
Down-wind
 Hazard
 Distance
   Wind        Area likely to be   Population              Area likely to be affected     Population
 Direction        affected         likely to be                                           likely to be
                                   affected                                                 affected
North      Sertha                      5200       Jamiyatpura                                 4500
North-east Dhamasana                   3400       Sardhav                                     5000
East       Pratappura                  2500       Verisana                                    3600
South-east Borisana                    3500       Rimnagar                                    4300
South      Palsana,                    3000       Chhatral                                    5000
           Usmanabad
South-west Saij, Dhinoj               2000        Dhanaj                                     3200
West         Arsodia                  4000        Ramanpura                                  2000
North-west Bhadol                     3000        Vadavswami                                 2500




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                                      31
3.4   CHAIN OF EVENTS

      As can be seen from the above tables, toxic vapor release at any
      of the above installations has the potential of affecting off-site
      population and the chain of events for effectively managing such
      an eventuality is presented below.

3.5    NOTIFICATION TO OFF-SITE AUTHORITIES

3.5.1 Action : Communication Coordinator of the Unit or adjoining
               units

      The communication coordinator shall call (079 – 23220630
      Telephone Numbers of District Crisis Control Room (DCCR) -
      Gandhinagar) for notifying the chemical accident emergency. In
      communicating the accident scenario he will :-

   Identify oneself by name and designation.
   Give the location of the incident (Plant, Section, Equipment).
   Inform about the chemical involved.
   State briefly the type of emergency i.e. whether fire, explosion,
    toxic release (specify the direction of gas cloud movement in case
    of toxic gas release).
   State the severity of the incident as given by the WMC to ascertain
    the level of emergency.
   Standby to render all possible assistance.

      There is a possibility that any other person may also see / smell
      toxic vapors and calls the police station before they receive call
      from the affected unit or the District Emergency Control Center
      (DECC). It may not be possible for an ordinary citizen to provide
      entire information as per the given format. In such a case it will be
      the responsibility of the information-receiving officer to call up the
      affected MAH unit or the nearby unit (if the communication system
      of the affected installation is severely damaged) and gather the
      desired information. It is suggested that a pad of blank formats are
      kept at Police Control Room (PCR) so that Officer Incharge can
      promptly ask questions and record information.




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW               32
3.5.2 Notification to Response Organizations

      Action : Departmental Officer Manning the District Collector
      Control Room (DCCR) / Police Control Room (PCR)

      The person receiving the information shall immediately inform the
      three first responders i.e. Police, Fire and Medical department by
      calling their chiefs/ alternates (in case chief is not reachable) as
      per the list of District Crisis Group (DCG) members available with
      him. Next he will inform District Collector, Chairman of Local Crisis
      Group (LCG) and all other members of DCG. He will pass the
      complete information of the incident to all the members. If he
      receives, further information after making the first call, he will
      convey that also in the same order. Alternatively, if the information
      is more relevant to any particular department, he will first pass that
      information to its head. The directory of Key Contacts, i.e.,
      members of DCG, LCG, industries in the district and expert
      agencies at District / State and National Level, is given at
      Annexure 2.


                                                       Phone No.
      First Responder & Designation
                                                  Office     Residence
Police
District Superintendent of Police               23211086        23246527
                                                23210914       98250 49303
                                                23210906
Police Inspector                                23221021        23230728
                                                23221033       94260 83266
Fire
Fire Superintendent                               101           23222741
                                                23222742       98254 32222
Medical
Chief District Health Officer                   23256242        23261589
                                                               98253 61595
Civil Surgeon                                   23259123        27473374
                                                               98250 07244

3.6   ESTABLISHING LOCAL COMMAND POST ( LCP )

      Chairman of the Local Crisis Group (LCG) will select a local
      command post based on the location and intensity of the incident.

C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW               33
      He will then, through local communication coordinator, inform all
      the members of LCG about the emergency and the location of
      Local Command Post selected so that preliminary response can
      be quickly initiated. He will also inform about the location of LCP to
      District Emergency Control Center (DECC) and members of
      District Crisis Group (DCG). The locations of LCG are suggested
      below :-

Sr. Location of
                             Suggested Location of LCP
No. Affected Unit
1   Gandhinagar District Collector (DC) office or Emergency Control
                  Centre (ECC) of the non affected unit (HPCL)
2   Kalol         Mamlatdar office, Kalol or Emergency Control
                  Centre (ECC) of the non affected unit (IFFCO)
3   Dehgam        Mamlatdar office, Dehgam.
4   Mansa         Mamlatdar office, Mansa or Emergency Control
                  Centre (ECC) of the non affected unit (HPCL)

      ECC : Emergency Control Center

      The above locations are suggested based on their proximity to the
      respective MAH units and keeping in mind the availability of
      communication and control facilities for managing chemical
      emergency. However, prevailing wind direction also plays a major
      role in selection of the LCP. Alternate location may be selected
      based on on-scene assessment and availability of better location
      for operational control.

3.7   ACTION BY FIRST RESPONDERS

      On receipt of information about offsite emergency, first responders
      will immediately deploy first batch of response teams from a
      location nearest to the incident site. They will further reinforce their
      teams by deploying additional resources from surrounding areas
      so that effective (based on their assessment of first information
      received) first response can be rendered at site. In the mean time
      they will keep additional resources in terms of manpower and
      equipment on high alert to move to incident site. On getting
      feedback from their response teams (who have by then assessed
      the situation) they will take decision on deployment of additional
      resources in terms of men and material. Once the assessed
      deployment is made, Chiefs will also move to site for better
      operational control. (It may be possible in some of the cases that

C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                34
     resources may have to be mobilized from neighboring districts or
     even other states. In such a case, chiefs will organize this through
     their respective Headquarters / District Collector)
       Major duties of the three first responders during emergency are discussed
                                          below :-

3.7.1 Police Department
     The teams will be equipped with necessary Personal Protective Equipments (PPEs)
                         and will coordinate the following activities:

   Control of traffic and curious onlookers near the affected areas.
   Ensuring law and order at the incident site during emergency.
   Ensure law and order at the assembly points and evacuation
     routes.
   Provide security in the evacuated areas.
   Hazardous areas when evacuated also become vulnerable to theft,
     burglary, etc. In such events, it becomes the responsibility of the
     police department to ensure that unauthorized individuals do not
     enter hazard zones so that private and public property is
     safeguarded during evacuation.
   Ensuring law and order in the rehabilitation centers.
   Restoration of law and order in evacuated areas on termination of
     emergency.

3.7.2 Fire Department

     The major activities that the fire team will undertake are :-
                           a)     On-scene Assessment
     The first fire vehicle to reach the site will immediately contact the
     site controller and collect the necessary information regarding the
     chemical spill / leak, the actions taken and the current status. The
     driver will park the vehicle in a manner to prevent exposure to air-
     borne chemical contaminants. Each crewmember will wear
     necessary Personal Protective Equipments (PPEs) before entering
     the "Hot Zone". The crewmembers should work in pairs, taking
     care of each other.

C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                  35
b)       Plugging / Stopping of Leaks

         Small leaks left unattended for extended periods of time can cause
         large losses of chemicals to the environment and have much more
         severe effects than would occur if the leak were somehow
         completely or partially plugged on a prompt basis. There are great
         benefits, therefore, in having access to one or more individuals
         with the basic tools and knowledge needed to limit losses from
         punctured or leaking tanks or pipelines.

         The most widely available means for plugging holes or leaks in
         equipment involves use of conical, cylindrical, square or wedge
         shaped pieces of wood, rubber or metal sheets, inflatable pipe
         plugs, pneumatic leak sealing "bandages", special patching
         compounds, clamps of various types, and a number of other items.
         The plugs alone, if available in a variety of sizes, can be jammed
         into holes and greatly reduce the open area from which the
         contents of the tank or pipeline can escape; assuming, of course,
         that it is safe for individuals to approach the leak area. Several
         vendors market special leak plugging and patching kits. Innovative
         response personnel may be able to fashion their own devices.
         Many incidents are brought to a rapid end simply by having the
         proper common tools available to close a valve or tighten some
         bolts. It is the responsibility of fire personnel to plug/stop leaks
         based on guidance obtained from technical coordinators.

c)       Suppression of Hazardous Gas or Vapor Releases

         Based on the guidance from technical coordinators, the response
         team shall take rapid measures to reduce the rate or amount of
         hazardous vapors or gases entering the atmosphere using one or
         combination of the following measures, as discussed under point d
         of Technical coordinator:-

      Physical restriction of liquid pool surface areas.
      Transfer to an alternate or standby container if available.
      Use of fire-fighting or specialized hazardous material foams.
      Dilution or coverage of liquid pools with water (or other compatible
       liquids).
      Use of water sprays or fogs.
      Neutralization of spilled liquids.


C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                  36
      Cooling of spilled liquids or venting tanks.

3.7.3 Medical Services

        On receipt of information on the incident, the medical coordinator
        will dispatch medical teams to the incident location from the
        hospitals located nearest to the affected Major Accident Hazard
        (MAH) unit.

        Following are the major activities of emergency medical teams
        reaching the emergency site :-

a)      Establishment of Triage Stations

        Mass casualty situations will require establishment of field
        hospitals to take care for the injured and to identify, stabilize, and
        transport more serious cases to hospitals. Medical team will
        establish triage stations near the affected installation and will be
        required to evaluate and color code the victims. The following code
        is proposed :-

      Red for critical, such victims should to be sent to the hospital in the
       first available ambulance. Medical Officer manning the triage
       station will maintain a checklist for the number of victims sent to a
       particular hospital so as to know when the capacity is reached and
       further victims may be refused admission.
      Yellow for stable, such victims need to be sent to the hospital
       when there is room available in an ambulance after all the critical
       victims have been sent
      Green for walking wounded, to be provided with first aid and
       treatment for shock and trauma
        Medical coordinator shall, from the list of the proposed rehabilitation centers, identify
         such areas to which the public can be directed in the aftermath of a spill emergency
           where this action is warranted. Outside and local medical care personnel shall be
        informed by the medical coordinator of their responsibilities in staffing and equipping
         such facilities quickly. Such field hospitals shall maintain a record of all the patients
          (as far as possible) so as to enable accounting of personnel and their destinations
        after triage. The on-scene medical command post shall be under the direction of the
           local medical coordinator. Medical Coordinator in consultation with the respective
              Medical Superintendents of the Major Hospitals shall also be responsible for
            formulating a mass casualty plan for such hospitals as discussed in section 6.9,
                                                Chapter 6.

b)      Medical support for Response Personnel


C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                          37
      Where deemed necessary, properly equipped medical personnel
      and one or more ambulances shall be made available to check
      and (if necessary) treat injured or contaminated response
      personnel. These personnel shall check the vital signs and
      general health of all personnel who will don specialized protective
      gear and enter "Hot" and "Warm" Zones, particularly where fully
      encapsulating protective suits are being used. The health of
      potentially exposed response workers shall be rechecked upon
      completion of their duties.

c)    Medical support at Temporary Shelters

      Once the evacuees are at the shelter, it is the responsibility of the
      medical coordinator to ensure their well being. For this, he will
      assign team(s) to take care of people who become ill during
      evacuation or later. The doctors assigned this work should be
      aware of the signs and symptoms of exposure to toxic material(s)
      so that they can easily identify victims and provide them with
      necessary treatment & care. Contaminated individuals (those
      having contaminant residue on their person or clothing) should be
      segregated     from    unexposed    people       until  adequately
      decontaminated. It is pertinent to note that significant
      contamination is unlikely to be of concern except where highly
      toxic aerosols, mists or dusts have entered the atmosphere or
      where individuals were in the immediate vicinity of the spill or
      discharge. Facilities should also be available for care of the
      handicapped and elderly.

3.8   RESPONSE BY DISTRICT                COLLECTOR        AND     OTHER
      RESPONSE AGENCIES

      On receipt of information of the accident, the District Collector (DC)
      will rush to the District Crisis Control Center Room (DCCR), where
      Assistant Director Industrial Safety & Health, Gandhinagar and two
      technical experts will join him. Other two technical experts (nearest
      to the incident location) will directly rush to the Local Command
      Post and remain in touch with the DCCR for regularly updating the
      information and provide technical support to combat teams at the
      incident site.

      The DC will address the following issues along with other
      members present at District Emergency Control Center (DECC) :-

C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW               38
   Obtain update of the incident situation from Local Command Police
    (LCP) and establish a link for continuous communication (such as
    dedicated telephone line with speaker phones, set of warlike
    talkies, computer link, etc.) with the help of communication
    coordinator.
   Identify the hazardous and threatened areas based on map and
    templates available and information received from LCP. They will
    also establish link with safety coordinator (PCB personnel) for
    latest met data so that likely shift of hazard zone can be assessed
    and communicated to LCP.
   Supervise the overall management of each function through
    respective member of the District Crisis Group (DCG) and
    expediting response wherever required
   Take a decision on requirement and priorities of evacuation and
    organize the resources to execute the same. They will contact
    transport and evacuation coordinators (already on high alert) and
    issue instructions.
     Based on the inputs from the first responders and experts available at LCP, identify
      the additional resource requirement and initiate mobilization. DC may have to get in
      touch with his counterparts in other districts and also with state authorities depending
      upon the requirements.
   After making the required arrangements, DC will take decision
    whether he is required to go to the incident site and who all shall
    accompany him. In such a situation, his deputy will take charge of
    the DECC.
   The DC may, if required, make a report to the State Government
    immediately about the disaster and shall perform the duties
    prescribed under Section 32 of the Gujarat State Disaster
    Management Act,2003.
      Duties and responsibilities of other members of DCG are
      discussed below.




3.9   MEMBER SECRETARY OF DCG – ASSISTANT DIRECTOR,
      INDUSTRIAL SAFETY & HEALTH, GANDHINAGAR
   Assisting different members of the District Crisis Group (DCG) in
    planning the performance of their duties.
   Providing overall coordination within the DCG.



C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                       39
      Arranging for complete documentation of proceedings at the
       incident site.
      Maintaining detailed records of what happened and what actions
       were taken. This would help in :-
      Recovering response costs and damages from the party
       responsible for the incident, if applicable.
      Setting the record straight where there are charges of negligence
       or mismanagement resulting from the incident.
      Reviewing the efficiency and effectiveness of response actions.
      Preparing for future incident responses.
      Verifying facts, actions, injuries, equipment used, etc. for the
       purpose of legal proceedings, insurance claims, budget requests,
       and public inquiries.

       In addition to written documentation of an incident, it is good
       practice to draw diagrams or sketches of containers, vehicles,
       structures, streets, containment techniques employed, locations of
       deployment, etc. Photographs and videotapes should be kept on
       file for reference purposes.

       The Member Secretary of the DCG shall, through Personnel &
       Administration Manager of the affected installation, arrange to
       maintain a record of all the developments during an emergency.
       Wherever it is possible to do so, videotaping of the entire combat
       and rescue operations may also be arranged. Providing facility for
       recording all the communication had on the telephones can also
       be of help for future use.

3.10 COMMUNICATION COORDINATOR

       Depending on the severity of the incident, the communication
       coordinator may or may not be required to go to the incident site.
       However, under all circumstances, the major issues that he has to
       address are:



a)     Emergency Communication System

       The primary communication channel for an emergency at any of
       the Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units in Gandhinagar District
       shall comprise of communication through walkie-talkie available
       with the District Administration, police personnel and fire services.

C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                40
     Additionally, use will also be made of the mobile phones, landline
     telephones and alternate facilities available with the industries. The
     details of communication and warning system available with the
     respective MAH units are given at Annexure 3.9.

b)   Notification to Facilities Requiring Special Notification

     When a major incident occurs in a location that threatens schools,
     hospitals, nursing homes, universities, prisons and similar facilities
     serving large group of people with need for special transportation,
     protection and handling, it should be ensured that such facilities
     receive the earliest possible notification. It is the duty of
     communications coordinator to ensure that such institutions are
     promptly informed and also directed of the future course of action.
     For this he will need the list and contact numbers (Prepared as
     part of pre emergency activities) of all such agencies to be notified.
     In case the telephone lines are busy or out of order, the
     communications coordinator shall dispatch messengers to notify
     such institutions at the earliest.

c)   Notification of Water Users & Water Treatment Plants

     Numerous facilities take water from nearby water bodies for
     industrial or food processing purposes, farm irrigation, drinking
     supplies, etc. Entry of a toxic, flammable, or corrosive material into
     their water intakes can contaminate food or drinking water,
     damage equipment, ruin products, and possibly even cause a fire
     or explosion.

d)   Notification to General Population for Evacuation or Shelter
     - in-Place

     Time is critical during an emergency situation and it has been
     experienced that prompt notification has been a key factor in
     saving several lives. On getting instructions from the DC,
     communication coordinator will dispatch teams for notifying
     general public. For this, use can be made of industry / police or fire
     department vehicles with Public Address (PA) system, through
     which, standard message formats prepared in the planning phase
     can be announced. Additional options available for alerting the
     public include :-




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      Community or industrial facility horns or sirens (refer Annexure 3.9
       for range of sirens available with MAH units),
      Emergency Broadcast by individual radio/television stations
       (including cable TV ),
      Door-to-door coverage of neighborhood by knocking on the doors,
      Use of “all-call” system which rings all telephones in the area and
       repeats a recorded message (this will only help people having
       access to telephones, remaining population will, in any case, need
       to be notified accordingly) and
      Various combinations of the above.

        It is important to note that all the warning and notification teams are given the same
          set of instructions. Dissimilarity in warning signals/notification and instruction can
             lead to devastating confusion not only among the receptors but also the team
                                                 members.

e)     Warning /Notification to General Population for contamination
       of food items

       Based on the instructions from the District Crisis Group (DCG),
       communications coordinator shall be responsible for prevention of
       the consumption of known or potentially contaminated food or
       water by people or animals through notifying the public of the likely
       effects of doing so.

f)     Notification to Next of Kin of Death of Relative(s)

          It is important to note that next of kin are promptly notified of fatalities or severe
         injuries carefully and in a sensitive and supportive fashion. This activity should be
              discussed with the Red Cross and coordinated with members of voluntary
                                         organizations, NGOs.




3.11 TECHNICAL COORDINATOR

       Four experts in industrial safety and health have been nominated
       as Technical coordinators. The major issues that they have to
       address are:

a)     Formulation of Response Objectives and Strategy



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         The technical coordinator shall assess the incident before taking
         action and formulate realistic response objectives. The
         assessment shall be based on the following points for which they
         shall call their local counterparts to obtain first hand information :-
        Pre-incident plans and/or standard operating procedures
        Information that has been obtained regarding:
        Material(s) involved
        Container(s) involved
        Vehicle(s) and/or structures involved
        Atmospheric conditions affecting the incident
        Environmental monitoring and sampling data, if available
        Public protective actions that have or have not been initiated
        Resource requirements (i.e., trained personnel, specialized
         protective gear, other equipment, etc.)
        Hazards and risks posed to humans, animals, property, and the
         environment.
           Upon completion of the incident assessment, they will be in a better position to
            determine whether their response strategy should be defensive or offensive in
          nature. In all cases, of course, actions should be initiated to protect the public and
           environment outside the immediate spill or discharge area and/or to contain the
          hazard from a safe distance. The response strategy shall be communicated to the
                   Chairman of the District Crisis Group (DCG) for prompt response.

b)       Identification of Hazard Zone

         While most of the bigger Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units are
         adequately prepared for monitoring contaminant concentrations,
         considerable expertise in the area of computer modeling is required
         for determining real time contaminant concentrations at various
         distances downwind. Technical coordinators, trained in these
         aspects shall be responsible for estimating downwind concentrations
         and feeding the information to DCG for further response. To estimate
         the hazard zone in a particular emergency scenario, the technical
         coordinator can refer the relevant scaled map of the particular area.
         These maps show the hazard zone in each of the eight wind
         directions and the list of villages falling in each direction along with
         the population likely to be affected can therefore be estimated. This
         will give them the extent of the area likely to be affected.

c)       Establishment of Hazard Control Zones at Incident Site

         An important component of the emergency response involves
         establishment of hazard control zones at the incident scene to limit


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       the number of people in the most hazardous areas. The exact size
       and configuration of these hazard control zones must be
       determined and visually differentiated at each particular incident
       based on incident-specific factors and situations. These shall be
       determined by the technical coordinator based on the results of
       hazard analysis and may include the following :-

      "Hot Zone" - Area of maximum hazard surrounding the damaged
       container(s) or fire area, which may only be entered by specially
       equipped and trained response personnel.
      "Warm Zone" - Area of moderate hazard outside the Hot Zone in
       which properly equipped and trained backup crews standby and
       decontamination takes place.
      "Cold Zone" - Area outside the Warm Zone that poses minimal or
       negligible hazards to emergency personnel. The command post,
       most of the deployed apparatus, and the resource staging area
       should be located in the Cold Zone.

d)     Suppression of Hazardous Gas or Vapor Releases

       In the present scenario, catastrophic failure of vessel has been
       assumed based on the guidelines of the Ministry of Environment of
       Forest (MoEF). However, catastrophic vessel failures are highly
       unlikely. Gases or vapors may enter the atmosphere directly from
       broken, ruptured, or punctured containers, or alternatively, from
       evaporating or boiling pools of liquid that have been formed due to
       chemical spill. The procedure for plugging/stopping the leaks have
       been described in point b under the response by fire-fighting
       personnel. However, there are several response measures beyond
       plugging or stopping the leak source that may be used to reduce
       the rate or amount of airborne contamination. These include:

       Physical restriction of liquid pool surface areas,

       The total rate of vapor or gas evolution from a pool of liquid is
       directly related to the surface area of the pool. Thus, there are
       benefits to physical restriction of exposed pool surface areas. This
       can be accomplished by rapid containment of discharging liquids
       by building dikes or other barriers to flow or digging of trenches or
       sumps. The goal is to keep the top surface area of the pool as
       small as possible.

       Transfer to an alternate or standby container

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     Once the pool has been contained, other method that may be used
     to reduce the risk is to transfer the contents of the liquid pool to an
     alternate or stand-by container, if available. Once the spilled liquid
     is pumped (to the maximum extent possible) to an alternate
     container, other methods as described below can be employed to
     further reduce/eliminate the risk to the environment.

         Use of specialized hazardous material foams

     The most common response is to cover the surface of the liquid
     with compatible foam, since a thick foam blanket may in many
     cases greatly reduce gas or vapor evolution, even from pools of
     quiescent liquefied gases. Note, however, that the application of
     warm foam to the surface of cold pool of liquid may result in even
     greater gas or vapor evolution for an initial period of time.

     Dilution or coverage of liquid pools with water (or other
     compatible liquids)

     When the spilled liquid has a normal boiling point above ambient
     environmental temperature, is completely or partially soluble in
     water, and is not dangerously reactive with water, its vapor
     pressure and therefore its evaporation rate can be reduced by
     diluting the liquid with large amounts of water. Reductions in the
     evaporation rate will then result in a smaller downwind hazard
     zone.

     This technique can also be used for soluble liquids with normal
     boiling points below the ambient temperature and liquids that
     generate heat upon contact with water. However, since the
     introduction of water to such a pool may actually increase gas or
     vapor generation while water is being introduced, this action
     should only be undertaken with great caution. It is best for use
     when the public has been cleared from vulnerable downwind areas
     and there is a desire to reduce the time duration over which the
     pool would otherwise pose a downwind hazard.

     There are some hazardous liquids that are insoluble, heavier than,
     and non-reactive with water. Once contained, vapor evolution from
     these liquids can be reduced or eliminated by carefully covering
     the liquid pool surface with a layer of water that will float on the
     contained liquid.

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     Occasionally, the same principle can be applied for using a
     compatible and safe liquid other than water.

     Use of water sprays or fogs

     Many spill response guides suggest the use of water sprays or
     fogs (from fire hoses and nozzles) to knockdown, absorb, or
     disperse hazardous vapor in air. If the spilled liquid is dangerously
     reactive with water, plan to apply the fog or spray at a point
     sufficiently downwind of the spill point so that water will not contact
     the pool. If there are liquid fumes or aerosols in air, or the gas or
     vapor is soluble in water, the contaminated water runoff should be
     collected for later treatment and disposal. It should also be kept in
     mind that application of water fog or spray to flammable vapors or
     gases would not necessarily eliminate their fire hazard.

     Neutralization of spilled liquids

     Several hazardous materials can be neutralized via a chemical
     reaction to one or more substances that pose lesser threats to
     public health or the environment. Where this response may be
     appropriate for a particular hazardous material, the response plan
     should identify sources of necessary neutralization agents and the
     means to apply them to spilled substances. Solid neutralization
     agents may possibly be "applied" with snow blowers or seed
     spreading equipment. Liquids may be applied with spraying
     equipment. In all cases, attention needs to be paid to the fact that
     the neutralization agent may itself be hazardous in some fashion
     and that the reaction may potentially produce heat or be violent if
     improperly controlled. For example, chlorine spills can be safely
     neutralized with alkaline solutions.

           Cooling of spilled liquids or venting tanks

     Since the evaporation or boiling rate of a liquid is a function of
     temperature, there may be situations in which the gas or vapour
     hazard can be reduced by cooling spilled liquids or the containers
     from which gases are venting. This might be accomplished using
     large quantities of ice or dry ice. Where available and where the
     means exist for safe use, liquid nitrogen may also be considered,
     as may supplies of carbon dioxide. Qualified experts for advice to



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     determine if this is a viable and safe option should be considered
     for response purposes.
e)   Selection of Personal Protective Equipments (PPEs)
     Spill scenarios involving toxic chemicals such as chlorine, carbon
     disulfide and sulfur dioxide would require special chemical
     resistant suits for the personnel who may be required to enter the
     hot zone. Personnel in the warm zone would require gloves, boots,
     Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBAs), etc. All members of
     response teams in the downwind side of the spill site would require
     respiratory devices. However, as CS2 is also a fire/explosion
     hazard, thermal protection may also be required. Spill scenarios
     involving the flammable chemicals may only require suits with
     thermal protection as they may cause fire/explosion only.
     Technical coordinators are responsible for guiding the members
     entering the hot zone on the correct type of PPEs as it is
     necessary to ensure that the spilled substance will not penetrate
     the materials from which the clothing is fabricated. They shall
     coordinate with the material coordinator to ensure that the
     necessary clothing is readily available when needed.
     It may not be cost effective for every local industry or industrial
     association or authority to purchase every possible type of
     protective clothing that may become necessary. Hence (as
     suggested in the planning phase) it is advantageous to develop a
     mutual aid scheme that permit local governments or units to draw
     upon resources from other units.
     It is important to note that in hot weather conditions it may be
     impossible or difficult, to wear a self-contained breathing unit while
     driving or riding in many types of vehicles. It is therefore the
     responsibility of the safety coordinator to guide the drivers and
     other team members about the selection of appropriate PPEs for a
     particular use.

f)   Decontamination of Exposed          Protective   Clothing   &   other
     Response Equipment

     Clothing and equipment used in a contaminated environment may
     itself become contaminated. Clothing must be decontaminated
     before its wearer can safely remove it. Contaminated equipment
     may need careful decontamination before being safe to touch or
     use in the aftermath of an incident.


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     In many instances, it will be sufficient to merely wash the clothing
     or equipment down with strong water sprays or large amounts of
     water.

     Several manufacturers market decontamination showers for
     wearers of protective clothing, these consist of a framework of
     water piping with numerous water spray nozzles surrounding an
     open space the size of a shower stall. Fire hoses and possibly
     even garden hoses can be used to wash down most equipment as
     well.

     There are two potential complications to be considered. First of
     all, it must be realized that the water and/or other solutions used to
     decontaminate the clothing or equipment may contain some
     amount of the contaminant. It therefore is the duty of technical
     coordinator to decide on a case-by-case basis whether this water
     should be contained, collected, treated, and/or sent to an
     appropriate wastewater disposal facility, or whether it can simply
     be released to the environment.

     Secondly it must be realized that not all contaminants may be
     completely washed off by water alone. Final decontamination may
     require the careful use of various solvents or cleaning compounds.
     These may range from ordinary soap to specialized chemicals
     designed to neutralize remaining residues.




     Following procedure shall be followed for decontamination of
     equipment / personnel :-

   Determine the chemical to which the equipment/person has been
    exposed.
   Determine whether the equipment/person would require
    decontamination through neutralizing agents/specialty chemicals, if
    yes, type and quantity required and its source.
   Determine whether wash water would require treatment, if yes, the
    type and quantity of neutralizing agents required and its source.



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      Take the person or transport the equipment to the designated
       decontamination area and carry out decontamination.
      After decontamination is over conduct a health check of all the
       personnel involved in decontamination operation.
      In addition to the above, the technical coordinators will :-
      Provide guidance to the response team for plugging / stopping of
       the spill/leak from the damaged vessel.
      Identify and instruct to isolate other sections of the plant where
       possibility of cascading exists.

       On successful control of emergency situation, check for possible
       secondary effects or delayed relapse.

3.12 SAFETY COORDINATOR

       On receiving information about the ongoing emergency, Safety
       coordinator will rush to the District Emergency Control Center
       (DECC) and coordinate efforts for the following activities:

a)     Monitoring of Atmospheric Conditions

       The atmospheric stability conditions, wind velocities, and wind
       directions have a direct impact on the boundaries of downwind
       areas threatened by a plume or cloud of hazardous vapor or gas.
       Changes in these conditions over time, particularly in the case of
       prolonged discharges, can require changes in the boundaries of
       hazard zones.       Consequently, tracking of cloud or plume
       movements can be greatly facilitated by direct access to a weather
       station manned by trained meteorologists. Real time data can be
       obtained from Indian Meteorological Department's Gandhinagar
       station or Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units having such facility.

       Other atmospheric conditions of possible interest involve
       temperature, precipitation, and humidity forecasts. Temperatures
       can affect the physical state, vapor pressure, and other properties
       of hazard material, and also impacts on the duration a person can
       safely function inside a fully encapsulating protective suit.
       Precipitation can impact dispersion of airborne contaminants, lead
       to runoff of contaminants in water, cause dilution of spilled
       chemicals, and/or assist fire control efforts. Moisture in the
       atmosphere may cause either adverse or beneficial chemical
       reactions involving spilled or discharged materials.


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b)     Monitoring of Contaminant Concentrations

       Determination of the concentrations of airborne contaminants at
       various points downwind of a spill site can greatly help in
       determining the actual boundaries of hazard zones and in deciding
       when re-entry of these zones is feasible and safe. Similarly,
       measurements of water or soil contamination can help determine
       the exact level of contamination of these resources.

       Where potential exists for contamination of food and / or water
       supplies, safety coordinator is responsible for detection of such
       contamination via use of the resources available with the Pollution
       Control Board and the Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units.

c)     Ensuring Safety of Response Team Members at Incident
       Scenes

       Safe operating procedures to be established and enforced by the
       Safety Coordinator include but are not limited to :-

      The use of appropriate protective gear and equipment.
      Limiting the number of personnel in the "Hot" and "Warm" hazard
       control zones.
      Utilizing the most experienced personnel for the most hazardous
       tasks.
      Positioning a backup team in the "Warm Zone" in case it is needed
       to assist or rescue personnel in the "Hot Zone".
      Monitoring (visually and through communications) the welfare of
       personnel operating within the "Hot" and "Warm" Zones.
      Ensuring that all personnel understand their assignments.
      Ensuring that responders do not ingest contaminants through
       eating, drinking, or smoking.
      Enforcing a "No Smoking" policy at incidents involving flammable
       or combustible materials.
      Replacing fatigued personnel with "fresh" personnel.
      Adjusting hazard control zones to reflect changing conditions.

3.13 RESCUE COORDINATOR

           There are a variety of scenarios under which workers at chemical facilities or
        members of the public near or downwind of a hazardous material released may be
        exposed to toxic vapors or gases, high levels of thermal radiation, or injured due to
            the effects of an explosion. Fire departments are usually well prepared and



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      experienced in rescuing people from fire and explosion situations, and will in many
     cases not require any new or additional planning to meet these responsibilities. The
       situation can be quite different, however, where toxic or corrosive chemicals may
              have been released into the environment or continue to be released.

     Some chemicals can be readily absorbed through the skin to
     cause toxic effects while others can have a corrosive action on
     body tissues. A problem arises when :-

   Such materials are on the ground, must be walked through to
    reach victims, and are incompatible with the usual footwear of
    rescue personnel, thus possibly allowing contamination of the feet;
    or

   High concentrations of such substances in air can penetrate the
    normal clothing of rescue personnel. In either case, rescue
    workers may need special chemical protective clothing and
    footwear, together with a Self Contained Breathing Apparatus
    (SCBA), to carry out their mission without themselves falling victim.
    There are benefits, therefore, in assigning these unusual rescue
    missions to special teams that are trained and properly equipped
    for the duty.

     For this, it is suggested that the members of rescue team(s) should
     carry spare SCBAs. The purpose of suggesting the availability of
     spare SCBA units is actually two-fold. Not only might people
     trapped in hazardous area require them to escape, rescue workers
     may need extra air supplies to accomplish prolonged rescues.
     Even the best SCBA units rarely provide air to the wearer for more
     than 30-60 minutes. Heavy exertion while wearing these units can
     significantly shorten the duration of effective operation.

   Rescue coordinator shall be responsible for deputing rescue teams
    to enter the hazardous areas and rescue injured or trapped
    individuals.
   Rescue teams operating in hazardous environments should work
    atleast in pairs. This is a common safety practice, as is the practice
    of having a backup team ready for action, should a problem
    develop.
   The rescue coordinator will contact the material coordinator for
    quickly obtaining the necessary protective gear so that the teams
    can commence search and rescue operations promptly.

3.14 EVACUATION AND REHABILITATION COORDINATOR

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a)     Identification of people to be evacuated

          Once it is established that the concentration of toxic substance released into the
            atmosphere is such that shelter-in-place can provide protection only to people
        residing in pucca houses, evacuation exercise for the remaining population becomes
         necessary. Under such circumstances, places having high population density such
         as neighbouring industries, educational institutions, prisons, hospitals, cinemas, etc
        are the most vulnerable. All such areas may not require evacuation and the decision
            will largely depend upon the quantity / rate of release, type of building and the
                                        prevailing wind velocity.

       Additionally, residential areas also require special attention.
       Whereas healthy persons can understand the warning and
       respond to the accident warning signal quickly, senior citizens,
       handicapped and children may need help and assistance form the
       rescue personnel. Census record of the area can be of great help
       in identifying the part of population that may require special care.

b)     Evacuation of General Population

      The local evacuation coordinator on receipt of instruction from
       District Collector shall immediately mobilize his team(s) for
       initiating evacuation of the areas expected to be
       exposed/threatened by toxic vapors.
      He will also ensure that all his team members involved in alerting
       and support are equipped with appropriate Personal Protective
       Equipments (PPEs) and are well aware of the procedures to be
       followed. The team members will carry a supply of chalk or
       colorful tags that can be used to mark door-steps or place on the
       door-knob to indicate that the place has indeed been evacuated.
      He will direct his team to carry out rescue operation in association
       with the rescue coordinator.
      He will designate Incharge of rehabilitation center(s), and keep in
       touch with them for regular head-count, care of evacuees and
       availability of essential supplies at such centers.
      As an evacuation progresses, police, fire, public works and / or
       other government employees (depending on who might be most
       readily available and free of other important duties at the time) may
       have to go door-to-door to ensure that all residents have been
       alerted and also to provide assistance to the elderly, physically
       handicapped or hearing impaired.

c)     Evacuation Routes and Assembly Points


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     In the overall planning process it is essential to define evacuation
     routes well in advance. The routes should be clearly spelt out in
     the warning signals as also the location of shelters to where the
     people with automobiles should proceed and people without
     automobiles should gather for pick-up by buses / trucks or vans.

     In designating evacuation routes, it has to be kept in mind that
     major roads are the most desirable, although are seldom available.
     Visit to the area has revealed that the state highway, in all
     likelihood, will not be available as it will either be affected by the
     accident and/or be dedicated to other important functions such as,
     for access by police, fire, public works, medical and other such
     emergency operation vehicles.

     Since the wind direction at the time of accidental release of
     hazardous substance cannot be predetermined and since it may
     even change with time, emergency personnel will require more
     than one option for any given hazard zone. As soon as an
     evacuation has been declared, police and auxiliary personnel
     should be prepared to control traffic on evacuation routes, to keep
     non-evacuation related traffic off the roads and to remove any
     vehicle(s) that breaks down and causes a slowdown/ obstruction of
     traffic. These activities will in turn require availability of tow-trucks
     and portable roadblock material (barricades, cones, signs, etc.).

d)   Shelter & Care of Evacuees

     This aspect is an important function of the overall evacuation
     exercise. It calls for providing safe and comfortable shelter for
     relocated population.

     Once the evacuees reach the shelters, they would want to report
     “missing” persons or to determine if their family members, friends
     or neighbors are “lost” or are in other shelters. Response to these
     queries, as well as identification of persons genuinely missing will
     require registration of people upon entry and communication
     between shelters. If the evacuation is be prolonged and vehicles
     are available for use after the primary evacuation has been
     completed, a mechanism should be established that can provide a
     mutual support system under adverse circumstances, for reunion
     of separated families, relatives and close friends.



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      Care has also to be taken of any pets brought along by the
      evacuees. Human service personnel / volunteers may be required
      to render counseling, recreational and other needs of confined
      population. Quite obviously, shelters will require initial and periodic
      supplies of food, water and sanitary facilities for the inhabitants.

3.15 TRANSPORT COORDINATOR

      Performing transport functions requires planning for the availability
      of buses / trucks / vans / ambulances and other vehicles to
      transport school children, residents of hospitals/nursing homes and
      general members of the public who do not own vehicles to safe
      shelters. For this the prime responsibility rests with the local
      transport coordinator who, on receipt of information about the
      emergency from District Collector Control Room (DCCR), will
      direct the fleet (drivers) and coordinate the following transport
      activities during an emergency.
      During the emergency, he will work in close liaison with the
      communication and evacuation coordinators.
     On getting instructions from the District Crisis Group (DCG), he will
      effect the warning/instruction/ notification operation,
     Arrange for the fleet of vehicles at a pre-designated location so
      that they can transport the affected population to safer areas
      (rehabilitation centers),
     Make coordinating efforts with vulnerable areas such as schools,
      hospitals, nursing homes, cinema halls, shopping malls, etc. for
      evacuation of people to safer places.
     He will also be responsible for ensuring that any needed response
      equipment, material and personnel, are arranged promptly to the
      scene of an accident and for ensuring an adequate state of
      operational readiness thus consolidating the management of all
      transport related activities.
     Through mutual aid and other services, he shall be responsible for
      arranging ambulances at the incident site. Emergency transport
      and ambulance facilities available with the industries are listed at
      Annexure 3.10 (Vehicles) & Annexure 3.3 & 3.5 (Ambulances).
     He shall also be responsible for arranging the protective
      equipment, clothing, devices, and any decontamination and / or
      treatment supplies that may be required by ambulance personnel
      in an actual emergency.

3.16 UTILITIES COORDINATOR


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a)   Identification of Water Sources

     Water can be tapped form the intake point of Water Supply
     Corporation or from the industries themselves. Other sources can
     be the bore-wells and tube-wells in the adjoining villages and
     agricultural fields. The water storage facilities at each industry are
     also given at Annexure 3.1.

     Utilities coordinator is responsible for ensuring uninterrupted
     supply of water for emergency response to all the brigades in
     operation. He shall coordinate with the transport coordinator for
     replenishing the depleted stock of water at the incident site and
     also at rehabilitation shelters through water tankers.

b)   Notification and Shutdown of Electric Utilities

     Based on information and instructions obtained from the accident
     site and the District Collector (DC), the District Energy Officer
     shall, through his own communication channel, instruct the
     concerned officers of Gujarat Electricity Board to shut down the
     power supply to the identified area.

c)   Provisioning Backup Power during Emergency

     Once it is instructed to shut down the electric utilities in the area,
     power will still be required by the response teams, emergency
     control center and hospitals involved in treatment of victims during
     an emergency. For this the utilities coordinator will be responsible
     for providing back-up or alternate source of uninterrupted power
     for smooth operations. For this he will arrange portable DG sets
     from the agencies involved in providing such equipment on hire
     (Refer Annexure 3.12)

3.17 MATERIAL COORDINATOR

a)   Availability of Respiratory Protective Devices

     Fire departments in India, generally do not have sufficient number
     of self-contained breathing apparatus units and refilling systems to
     meet the initial needs of their own personnel in chemical related
     emergencies. The details regarding Personal Protective
     Equipments (PPEs) available with the fire stations and those at

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     industries are given at Annexure 3.2 & 3.8 respectively. The PPEs
     currently available with the Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units
     and Fire department may not be sufficient for large scale
     response. It is therefore the responsibility of district material
     coordinator to assess and make available adequate (a few surplus
     are always desirable) number of personal protective clothing and
     equipment for members of the emergency teams. As certain
     cartridge type nose masks have a finite shelf life, it may not be
     desirable to stock them up for use during the emergency.
     However, list covering name and contact information of vendors
     supplying such equipment can be maintained as discussed in the
     pre-emergency panning phase.

b)   Availability of Special Protective Clothing
     The normal turnout clothing of fire service personnel may be
     adequate to protect these individuals in a wide variety of fire and /
     or spill situations. But there may also be cases where rescue
     teams or individuals who desire to enter the immediate spill area
     for leak plugging or spill containment purpose might be exposed to
     corrosive substances or toxic substances that might be absorbed
     through the skin. Such situations may require more complete
     protection of the body by clothing that is resistant to the damaging
     effects of the spilled substance. The clothing itself may range from
     boots, gloves, or disposable suits made of chemical resistant
     materials to air-tight fully encapsulating "astronaut" suits made for
     protection of the body from spilled substances on the ground or in
     high concentrations in the air. Where fires may occur, appropriate
     thermal protection may be additionally necessary.
c)   Requirement of Protective Gear for Medical Response Teams
     There have been cases where medical personnel have had to
     decontaminate victims and have needed protective clothing (at
     least gloves and masks) to protect themselves from potential toxic
     exposures. It is therefore the duty of the material coordinator to
     make available adequate number of appropriate protective clothing
     for the medical response team.
d)   Support Services for Field Response Forces
     Several situations can be envisioned in which response personnel
     in the field may be required or needed at the site of an accident for
     more than a day. These personnel will require rest areas and food
     to be able to continue to function, particularly if they are in a


C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW              56
     remote area or a region that has otherwise been evacuated.
     Sources of assistance for planning in this area include the Red
     Cross, Local NGOs, etc. The latter organizations in particular may
     be able to provide tents, cots, lights, etc. Additionally, there will be
     representatives from the local, state and central agencies together
     with the media, industry and other personnel involved in the overall
     emergency response. The total number of people requiring food
     and rest areas may actually be substantial. It is therefore the duty
     of the material coordinator to arrange food, rest areas, and other
     equipment and supplies necessary to sustain field response force
     The items needed would include canteen services, electric power
     accommodation , portable toilets, washing facility etc.

e)   Maintenance of Apparatus and Equipment

     During long-duration incidents, apparatus and equipment (e.g.,
     vehicles, generators, pumps, etc.) may require on-scene refueling
     and minor maintenance to enable uninterrupted operation. On-
     scene services of this nature are beneficial in that they eliminate
     the need to remove deployed apparatus and equipment from the
     incident scene. By refueling in-place, operations can continue
     uninterrupted and the need to replace chemically exposed
     equipment with uncontaminated items is eliminated, thus, reducing
     the number of units potentially requiring decontamination. It is
     necessary that operations must be conducted safely and in such a
     manner that will prevent the spread of contaminants from response
     vehicles and equipment to maintenance vehicles and refueling
     tanks. Furthermore, maintenance personnel must wear appropriate
     body and respiratory protective gear when operating in hazardous
     environments. Providing of refueling and maintenance services
     may not be prudent in particularly hazardous locations. For
     example, fire department apparatus positioned near a fire should
     not be refueled where ignition of fuel vapors is possible. One step
     that may possibly eliminate the need to refuel apparatus and
     equipment is to fill fuel tanks to capacity prior to deployment.

     The unit’s maintenance coordinator together with the material
     coordinator is responsible for carrying out the aforementioned
     operations.

3.18 PUBLIC WORKS COORDINATOR




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     On receiving notification of the emergency situation, the Public
     works coordinator will rush to the District Collector Control Room
     (DCCR) and instruct his team members to stand-by for rendering
     assistance in the following activities :-

   Besides the possible need for a temporary morgue, public works
    coordinator shall be responsible for planning and providing large-
    scale mortuary services when the need arises
   Initiating sewer shut-off to prevent contaminated water from
    entering water bodies,
   Evacuation and care of domestic livestock from the hazard zone
    when need arises.

          This aspect is likely to be most applicable in rural areas
     with large population of valuable animals and relatively few
     people.

     The subject of household pets may seem trivial at first, but it is well
     to remember that many people care deeply for their animal friends.
     Planning personnel will have to decide whether to permit evacuees
     to bring their pets with them to the shelters or to mandate that they
     be left behind with the knowledge that both the options are surely
     to cause difficulties on one kind or another. As time passes during
     an evacuation in which pets have been left behind, and the
     evacuation was ordered because of the threat of a release rather
     than an actual discharge, people will ask questions about what is
     being done to feed their animals and/or may even attempt to enter
     evacuated areas to care for them. One way to handle this problem
     is to assign one or two persons (of the patrol team) with the
     responsibility of leaving supplies of water and pet foods at various
     locations on a daily basis when and where it is safe to do so.
     People who are forced to leave pets indoors can be told to set out
     several days of food and water before leaving home. It is important
     to note that pets exposed to toxic agents may be injured or killed
     and that hazard zone re-entry activities should include procedures
     to collect, care, treat/decontaminate or possibly dispose off these
     animals as necessary and appropriate.

3.19 Liaison & Public Relations Coordinator

     The public needs to be informed accurately and rapidly as to what
     is happening during an emergency situation. Significant incidents
     may result in a large number of reporters arriving on scene and

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     attempting to interview anybody and everybody. The Public
     Relations coordinator shall undertake the following tasks to help
     reduce confusion, facilitate information transfer, reduce problems
     that might be otherwise caused by a lack of organization, and
     reduce the incidence of unfounded rumors.

   Designate one specific individual and an alternate press officer to
    join the team of press officers that may be formed from
    representatives of all major parties to an emergency response
    operation (be they from local, state or central government
    agencies or the company responsible for the accident).
   Compile a list of telephone numbers of local radio and television
    station personnel who can initiate special “on air” announcements.
   Provide designated press officers with secretarial support,
    photocopy machines, and a means of communications with the
    overall command of the response operation.
   Select a site, preferably but not necessarily near the central
    emergency operations center, where the press can convene and
    be briefed by the press officer team. This site should ideally have
    telephones, electrical outlets, restrooms, and other facilities that
    media personnel may require.
   Establish a firm policy among all local officials and response
    personnel as to who should or should not speak to media
    personnel.
   Ensure that key emergency response personnel understand the
    need to relay up-to-date “status reports” to press officers on a
    regular basis.

     Things To Do

   Accommodate the media as much as possible; make the news
    available to them.
   Schedule news conferences and avoid written releases.
   Be direct and specific.
   Always, always tell the truth.
   Send a press representative to the command post.
   Ensure that the team of press officers is in contact with the
    command post at all times.
   If safety permits, allow the media to take pictures of the accident
    site.

     Things Not To Do


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   Do not permit arguments among public officials or press officers
    from different organizations in front of the press. Do, however,
    permit statements of dissenting opinions.
   Avoid giving gut opinions or conjecturing.
   Do not be evasive. If the answer to a question is not known, refer
    the question to someone who has the appropriate answer.
   Do not be critical in a personal manner; i.e., avoid personal
    remarks about other people at the accident scene.
   Do not be philosophical. These kinds of discussions are extremely
    susceptible to being quoted out of context.
   Do not make off-the-record comments. They may end up in print
    with later retractions buried in the back pages.
   Avoid friendly chats with media people. Casual comments may
    appear in print.
   Avoid bad or foul language.
   Do not hide from the media. They can sense this and form an
    unfavorable opinion of the press officer(s) as a credible source of
    news.
   Do not answer questions beyond personal knowledge or expertise.
   Do not permit media persons to attend emergency response team
    meetings. These are likely to be technical meetings with lively
    discussions that may last forever if people are performing rather
    than dealing with the problem at hand.
           Reasons for planning for and controlling statements made during a severe
     emergency go beyond a simple desire to ensure orderly and accurate dissemination
     of information. One of the groups showing up more frequently at hazardous materials
           accidents is of lawyers representing a wide variety of interests. It should be
       remembered that good lawyers would remember everything they see and hear. A
          thoughtless comment or statement can surface months later in a courtroom.
      Placements of blame, criticisms of response actions, airing of dirty laundry in public,
      and similar statements can result in lengthy and messy legal battles over comments
                      or charges made in the heat of a very hectic moment.




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4.    ACTION PLAN FOR OFF SITE EMERGENCY – SMALL SPILLS

4.1   GENERAL

      This section deals with the action plan for managing chemical
      accident scenarios involving spill/leak of toxic substances into the
      atmosphere such that the maximum downwind damage distance is
      upto 3 km. The cut-off of 3 Km has been taken, as scenarios with
      lesser damage distances can primarily be managed by the
      members of Local Crisis Group (LCG) and would only require
      coordinating efforts by their counterparts at the district level.
      Accident scenarios having off site effects upto 3 Km due to toxic
      vapor dispersion in Gandhinagar district are summarized in Table
      4.1.

4.2   ANALYSIS OF MCA SCENARIOS

      As can be observed from the information available in this table, the
      major hazardous substances leading to toxic vapor dispersion are
      Chlorine, Ethylene oxide, Oleum & Ammonia, Of the 11 MAH units
      in the district, 3 are handling chlorine toners, 6 are handling

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     Ethylene oxide and 6 are handling ammonia. Low IDLH value (30
     ppm) of chlorine make it one of the most hazardous widely used
     substances in the chemical industry.

     Ammonia release from IFFCO, Kalol is located at Adalaj Kalol road
     fall in the worst scenario category. In all these scenarios, the
     maximum down-wind hazard distance is close (slightly less or
     more) to 3 Km.

     Other scenarios although also have off-site damage potential, are
     less than 3 Km cut-off considered in this section of the action plan.
     The actual off-site damage will be governed by several factors
     such as population surrounding the source installation, prevalent
     atmospheric conditions, combating facilities available with the unit,
     etc. Green belt surrounding the industry also provides certain
     degree of attenuation to the vapors, thereby reducing the damage
     distance




                               Table 4.1

Major Accident Scenarios at MAH Units
Involving Toxic Vapor Dispersion

                                                                  Max.
                                     Largest      Atmos-
                                                               Downwind
     Name of the Unit     Chemical   Storage       pheric
                                                                 Hazard
                                   Quantity (MT) Conditions
                                                                Distance
Rajdeep Chemical       Ethylene         8 Mt.     D-3         1.3 Km
Industries, Sampa      Oxide                      F-1.5       1.2 Km
Shree Vallabh Chemical Ethylene         7.5 Mt    D-3         823 m
Sampa.                 Oxide




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                             F-1.5   1.1 Km
                             D-3
                             F-1.5
                             D-3
                             F-1.5
                             D-3
                             F-1.5
                             D-3
                             F-1.5
                             D-3
                             F-1.5
                             D-3
                             F-1.5
                             D-3
                             F-1.5
                             D-3
                             F-1.5
                             D-3
                             F-1.5
                             D-3
                             F-1.5
                             D-3
                             F-1.5
                             D-3
                             F-1.5
                             D-3
                             F-1.5




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4.3    AREAS & POPULATION LIKELY TO BE AFFECTED

       Based on the results of the above table, villages have been
       identified in each of the eight wind directions for each area.
       Corresponding total population of these villages have also been
       indicated along side the areas likely to be affected. Location wise-
       data is provided in Table 4.2 for Sampa and Table 4.3 for Kalol.

                                     Table : 4.2

               Areas and Population Likely to be Affected
                  due to Chemical Emergency at Sampa



Location          Gandhinagar                 Dehgam              Mansa
  Max.
 Hazard                5 Km                    5 Km               5 Km
Distance
                                                                        Popu
  Wind                       Popul-                  Popula
                Areas                     Areas               Areas        -
Direction                     ation                   -tion
                                                                        lation
        Nor      Karai,       6200       Jalundra,    2600    Gathora    2500
      th       Valad, &                      &
                 Rupal        7000      Jaliyamath    2200
 North-       Viratalavadi    2100       Khanpur      2000    Balpura    2800
  east         Radheja        9000

  East        Medara &        5500     Lavad           4800 Manekpu      3500
              Raypur                 &Kadodar                  r
                                     a & Lihod
 South-        Kolavada         6000  Velpura          5400   Bhimpur    3200
  east                               &Ramnag                     a
                                         ar
 South         Ranasan          3700 Mosampur          5600 Dholakuv     3500
                                      & Lavad                   a
 South-         Nana           22000  Palaiya          4500 Parbatpu      2500
  west        Chiloda &                                        ra
              Moti Adaraj
  West         Sardhav          9000     Ahmadpur      5100 Gulabpur      2800
                                          & Nadol              a
 North-         Karai &         5900      Salaki &     5200 Fatehpur     2700
 west            Koba                     Raypur               a




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4.4   CHAIN OF EVENTS

          As can be seen from the above tables, toxic vapor release at any of the above
      installations has the potential of affecting off-site population up to 3 Km and the chain
             of events for effectively managing such an eventuality is presented below.

4.5   NOTIFICATION TO OFF-SITE AUTHORITIES

4.5.1 Action : Communication Coordinator of the Unit or adjoining
               units

      The communication coordinator shall call (079–23220630
      Telephone Number of District Crisis Control Room (DCCR) -
      Gandhinagar ) for notifying the chemical accident emergency. In
      communicating the accident scenario he will :

   Identify oneself by name and designation.
   Give the location of the incident (Plant, Section, Equipment).
   Inform about the chemical involved.
   State briefly the type of emergency i.e. whether fire, explosion,
    toxic release (specify the direction of gas cloud movement in case
    of toxic gas release).
   State the severity of the incident as given by the WMC to ascertain
    the level of emergency.
   Standby to render all possible assistance.

      There is a possibility that any other person may also see / hear the
      fire / explosion and calls the police station before they receive call
      from the affected unit or the District Emergency Control Center
      (DECC). It may not be possible for an ordinary citizen to provide
      entire information as per the given format. In such a case it will be
      the responsibility of the information-receiving officer to call up the
      affected Major Accident Hazard (MAH) unit or the nearby unit (if
      the communication system of the affected installation is severely
      damaged) and gather the desired information. It is suggested that
      a pad of blank formats are kept at Police Control Room (PCR) so
      that Officer Incharge can promptly ask questions and record
      information.




4.5.2 Notification to Response Organizations


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     Action : Departmental Officer Manning the District Collector
     Control Room (DCCR) / Police Control Room (PCR)

     The person receiving the information shall immediately inform the
     three first responders i.e. Police, Fire and Medical department by
     calling their chiefs / alternates (in case chief is not reachable) as
     per the list of District Crisis Group (DCG) members available with
     him. Next he will inform District Collector, Chairman of Local Crisis
     Group (LCG) and all other members of DCG. He will pass the
     complete information of the incident to all the members. If he
     receives, further information after making the first call, he will
     convey that also in the same order. Alternatively, if the information
     is more relevant to any particular department, he will first pass that
     information to its head. The directory of Key Contacts, i.e.,
     members of DCG, LCG, industries in the district and expert
     agencies at District / State and National Level, is given at
     Annexure 2.

             First Responder &                     Phone No.
                Designation                   Office     Residence
      Police
      District Superintendent of Police     23211086        23246527
                                            23210914       98250 49303
                                            23210906
      Police Inspector                      23221021        23230728
                                            23221033       94260 83266
      Fire
      Fire Superintendent                     101           23222741
                                            23222742       98254 32222
      Medical
      Chief District Health Officer         23256242        23261589
                                                           98253 61595
      Civil Surgeon                         23259123        27473374
                                                           98250 07244




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4.6   ESTABLISHING LOCAL COMMAND POST (LCP)

      Chairman of the Local Crisis Group (LCG) will select a local
      command post based on the location and intensity of the incident.
      He will then, through local communication coordinator, inform all
      the members of LCG about the emergency and the location of
      Local Command Post (LCP) selected so that preliminary response
      can be quickly initiated. He will also inform about the location of
      LCP to DECC and members of District Crisis Group (DCG). The
      locations of LCG are suggested below :-

 Sr. Location of
                            Suggested Location of LCP
 No. Affected Unit
  1 Gandhinagar District Collector (DC) office or Emergency
                   Control Centre (ECC) of the non affected unit
                   (HPCL)
  2 Kalol          Mamlatdar office, Kalol or Emergency Control
                   Centre (ECC) of the non affected unit (IFFCO)
  3 Dehgam         Mamlatdar office, Dehgam.
  4 Mansa          Mamlatdar office, Mansa or Emergency Control
                   Centre (ECC) of the non affected unit (HPCL)

      ECC : Emergency Control Center

      The above locations are suggested based on their proximity to the
      respective Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units and keeping in
      mind the availability of communication and control facilities for
      managing chemical emergency. However, prevailing wind direction
      also plays a major role in selection of the LCP. Alternate location
      may be selected based on on-scene assessment and availability of
      better location for operational control.

4.7   ACTION BY FIRST RESPONDERS

       On receipt of information about offsite emergency, first responders will immediately
      deploy first batch of response teams from a location nearest to the incident site. They
       will further reinforce their teams by deploying additional resources from surrounding
       areas so that effective (based on their assessment of first information received) first
            response can be rendered at site. In the mean time they will keep additional
      resources in terms of manpower and equipment on high alert to move to incident site.
         On getting feedback from their response teams (who have by then assessed the
        situation) they will take decision on deployment of additional resources in terms of
                                          men and material.




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         Major duties of the three first responders during emergency are discussed
                                            below :-

4.7.1 Police Department

       The teams will be equipped with necessary Personal Protective
       Equipments (PPEs) and will coordinate the following activities :-

      Control of traffic and curious onlookers near the affected areas.
      Ensuring law and order at the incident site during emergency.
      Ensure law and order at the assembly points and evacuation
       routes.
      Provide security in the evacuated areas.
      Hazardous areas when evacuated also become vulnerable to theft,
       burglary, etc. In such events, it becomes the responsibility of the
       police department to ensure that unauthorized individuals do not
       enter hazard zones so that private and public property is
       safeguarded during evacuation.
      Ensuring law and order in the rehabilitation centers.
      Restoration of law and order in evacuated areas on termination of
       emergency.

4.7.2 Fire Department

       The major activities that the fire team will undertake are :-

a)     On-scene Assessment

       The first fire vehicle to reach the site will immediately contact the
       site controller and collect the necessary information regarding the
       chemical spill / leak, the actions taken and the current status. The
       driver will park the vehicle in a manner to prevent exposure to air-
       borne chemical contaminants. Each crewmember will wear
       necessary Personal Protective Equipments (PPEs) before entering
       the "Hot Zone". The crewmembers should work in pairs, taking
       care of each other.




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b)       Plugging/Stopping of Leaks

         Small leaks left unattended for extended periods of time can cause
         large losses of chemicals to the environment and have much more
         severe effects than would occur if the leak were somehow
         completely or partially plugged on a prompt basis. There are great
         benefits, therefore, in having access to one or more individuals
         with the basic tools and knowledge needed to limit losses from
         punctured or leaking tanks or pipelines.

         The most widely available means for plugging holes or leaks in
         equipment involves use of conical, cylindrical, square or wedge
         shaped pieces of wood, rubber or metal sheets, inflatable pipe
         plugs, pneumatic leak sealing "bandages", special patching
         compounds, clamps of various types, and a number of other items.
         The plugs alone, if available in a variety of sizes, can be jammed
         into holes and greatly reduce the open area from which the
         contents of the tank or pipeline can escape; assuming, of course,
         that it is safe for individuals to approach the leak area. Several
         vendors market special leak plugging and patching kits. Innovative
         response personnel may be able to fashion their own devices.
         Many incidents are brought to a rapid end simply by having the
         proper common tools available to close a valve or tighten some
         bolts. It is the responsibility of fire personnel to plug/stop leaks
         based on guidance obtained from technical coordinators.

c)       Suppression of Hazardous Gas or Vapor Releases

         Based on the guidance from technical coordinators, the response
         team shall take rapid measures to reduce the rate or amount of
         hazardous vapors or gases entering the atmosphere using one or
         combination of the following measures :-

      Physical restriction of liquid pool surface areas.
      Transfer to an alternate or standby container if available.
      Use of fire-fighting or specialized hazardous material foams.
      Dilution or coverage of liquid pools with water (or other compatible
       liquids).
      Use of water sprays or fogs.
      Neutralization of spilled liquids.
      Cooling of spilled liquids or venting tanks.



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4.7.3 Medical Coordinator

        On receipt of information on the incident, the medical coordinator
        will dispatch medical teams to the incident location from the
        hospitals located nearest to the affected Major Accident Hazard
        (MAH) unit.

        Following are the major activities of emergency medical teams
        reaching the emergency site :-

a)      Establishment of Triage Stations

        Mass casualty situations will require establishment of field
        hospitals to take care for the injured and to identify, stabilize, and
        transport more serious cases to hospitals. Medical team will
        establish triage stations near the affected installation and will be
        required to evaluate and color code the victims. The following code
        is proposed :-

      Red for critical, such victims should to be sent to the hospital in the
       first available ambulance. Medical Officer manning the triage
       station will maintain a checklist for the number of victims sent to a
       particular hospital so as to know when the capacity is reached and
       further victims may be refused admission.
      Yellow for stable, such victims need to be sent to the hospital
       when there is room available in an ambulance after all the critical
       victims have been sent
      Green for walking wounded, to be provided with first aid and
       treatment for shock and trauma

        Medical coordinator shall, from the list of the proposed
        rehabilitation centers, identify such areas to which the public can
        be directed in the aftermath of a spill emergency where this action
        is warranted. Outside and local medical care personnel shall be
        informed by the medical coordinator of their responsibilities in
        staffing and equipping such facilities quickly. Such field hospitals
        shall maintain a record of all the patients (as far as possible) so as
        to enable accounting of personnel and their destinations after
        triage. The on-scene medical command post shall be under the
        direction of the local medical coordinator. Medical Coordinator in
        consultation with the respective Medical Superintendents of the
        Major Hospitals shall also be responsible for formulating a mass


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      casualty plan for such hospitals as discussed in section 5.9,
      Chapter 5 of the “Off-Site Plan – Volume I”.

b)    Medical support for Response Personnel

      Where deemed necessary, properly equipped medical personnel
      and one or more ambulances shall be made available to check
      and (if necessary) treat injured or contaminated response
      personnel. These personnel shall check the vital signs and
      general health of all personnel who will don specialized protective
      gear and enter "Hot" and "Warm" Zones, particularly where fully
      encapsulating protective suits are being used. The health of
      potentially exposed response workers shall be rechecked upon
      completion of their duties.

c)    Medical support at Temporary Shelters

      Once the evacuees are at the shelter, it is the responsibility of the
      medical coordinator to ensure their well-being. For this, he will
      assign team(s) to take care of people who become ill during
      evacuation or later. The doctors assigned this work should be
      aware of the signs and symptoms of exposure to toxic material(s)
      so that they can easily identify victims and provide them with
      necessary treatment & care. Contaminated individuals (those
      having contaminant residue on their person or clothing) should be
      segregated     from    unexposed    people       until  adequately
      decontaminated. It is pertinent to note that significant
      contamination is unlikely to be of concern except where highly
      toxic aerosols, mists or dusts have entered the atmosphere or
      where individuals were in the immediate vicinity of the spill or
      discharge. Facilities should also be available for care of the
      handicapped and elderly.

4.8   RESPONSE BY DISTRICT COLLECTOR AND OTHER
      RESPONSE AGENCIES

      On receipt of information of the accident, the District Collector (DC)
      will rush to the District Crisis Control Center Room (DCCR), where
      Assistant Director Industrial Safety & Health, Gandhinagar and two
      technical experts will join him. Other two technical experts (nearest
      to the incident location) will directly rush to the Local Command
      Post (LCP) and remain in touch with the DCCR for regularly



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     updating the information and provide technical support to combat
     teams at the incident site.

     The DC will address the following issues along with other
     members present at DECC :-

   Obtain update of the incident situation from LCP and establish a
    link for continuous communication (such as dedicated telephone
    line with speaker phones, set of warlike talkies, computer link, etc.)
    with the help of communication coordinator.
   Identify the hazardous and threatened areas based on map and
    templates available and information received from LCP. They will
    also establish link with safety coordinator (PCB personnel) for
    latest met data so that likely shift of hazard zone can be assessed
    and communicated to LCP.
   Supervise the overall management of each function through
    respective member of the District Crisis Group (DCG) and
    expediting response wherever required
   Take a decision on requirement and priorities of evacuation and
    organize the resources to execute the same. They will contact
    transport and evacuation coordinators (already on high alert) and
    issue instructions.
   Based on the inputs from the first responders and experts
    available at LCP, identify the additional resource requirement and
    initiate mobilization. DC may have to get in touch with his
    counterparts in other districts and also with state authorities
    depending upon the requirements.
   After making the required arrangements, DC will take decision
    whether he is required to go to the incident site and who all shall
    accompany him. In such a situation, his deputy will take charge of
    the DECC.
    With the above procedure, the off-site response will be initiated
    and will involve activities as listed in Chapter – 3 of this Action
    Plan. Although the activities will more or less remain the same,
    their extent or the scale of response will be lesser as compared to
    response for large spill scenarios. Further, as the damage
    distances are up to 3 Km, the impact may be limited to industrial
    areas fro unit located in Sampa, Kalol and Santej. As majority of
    population in industrial areas will be factory employees, response
    to warning through sirens is expected to be understood by them.
    This will help in reducing the number of affected people due to
    such accident scenario. For this, the management of all the


C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW              73
      industries located in this area will need to initiate training programs
      for response to emergency sirens and actions to be taken by
      workers (such as emergency plant shut down and gathering at
      designated assembly points).
5.    ACTION PLAN FOR OFF SITE EMERGENCY – HAZCHEM
      TRANSPORTATION

5.1   HAZCHEM TRANSPORTATION

      The rapid growth in the use of hazardous chemicals in industry has brought about a
      very significant in the transportation of hazardous chemicals through rail, roads and
      pipelines, which has the potential to endanger the life of large number of people by
         an accident involving these chemicals. More often than not, national and state
      highways pass through large population centers through which such chemicals are
      transported. This has made the problem of hazardous material transportation, even
         more complicated. These have been an enormous number of road accidents in
        general and involving transportation of hazardous chemical in particular. Many of
        these accidents have lead to large scale loss of life, damage to environment and
                                              property.

      As can be observed from the foregoing sections, Gandhinagar
      district has a large number of MAH Units handling a variety of
      hazardous chemicals. While some of the units are manufacturers
      of hazchem, employing more hazchems in the process, others are
      end users. Therefore, the transportation of hazardous chemical in
      the district is due to the following :-

a.    Manufactures dispatching hazchem to units within or outside the
      District
b.    Manufacturers or other chemical industries receiving hazchem
      from manufacturers located within or outside the District
c.    Bulk storage terminals receiving hazchem through pipelines and /
      or ships and dispatching to users within or outside the District
d.    Transient traffic of hazchem carrier passing through the major
      corridors of the District.

5.2   MAJOR CORRIDORS FOR HAZCHEM TRANSPORTATION

      National Highway No. 8 :- This 35 Km stretch enters the District
      at Limbadiya and exits near Chandrala. It also caters to the
      interstate transient traffic of hazchem and other goods.. From this
      it can be observed that the movement of hazchem transportation
      and also the potential for accidents involving them in the district is
      very high.



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      Ahmedabad – Kalol State Highway :- Approach road although
      good. The road is just enough for two heavy vehicles to pass.

      In addition to the above, attention also needs to be given on the
      roads within Santej and Kalol G.I.D.C. While some of the roads
      within these estates are motorable, others are in bad shape and
      become worse during monsoon. Movement of heavy vehicles,
      even carrying hazchem, within the estate is high. Poor road
      conditions may not only result in transportation accidents but also
      increases the travel time for first responders to reach the incident
      site.

      It is a good feature that LPG bottling plants are located in isolated
      areas away from the population centers, as far as safety is
      concerned. However, with regard to deployment of resources and
      condition of access roads, it is a negative aspect.

5.3   MAJOR HAZCHEMS TRANSPORTED

      Based on the results of an earlier study conducted by the Ministry
      of Environment of Forest (MoEF), following are the major hazchem
      transported through the District :-

     Acid (Acetic, Hydrochloric, Nitric, Sulphuric & Alkalies)
     Ammonia
     Benzene
     Chlorine
     Diesel
     Kerosene
     LPG / Propane
     Carbon disulphide
     Methanol
     Motor spirit
     Naphtha
     Oleum
     Solvents (Xylene, toluene, aromax)
     Technical pesticides




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5.4   TRANSPORTATION HAZARDS

      As mentioned above, various hazardous chemicals are being transported through out
          the district. With heavy transportation activity within the district, the potential for
      accidents also increases correspondingly. Accidents scenarios have been visualized
       for major hazardous chemicals passing through the district and the details are given
           below. This table provides likely scenario, chemical involved, its quantity and
         expected area of exposure. As transport emergency can happen anywhere in the
      district, the area and population likely to get affected will depend on the location and
                            prevalent meteorological conditions in the area.



                              Table : 5.1
                      Transport Accident Scenario
Sr.   Transport Accident
                                      Area Likely to be Affected
No           Scenario
 1 Failure of chlorine         1 to 1.4 km downwind
    tonner
 2 Failure of acid / alkali    Immediate surrounding and burns to
    tanker                     person coming in direct contact with the
                               substance.
 3 Ammonia leak from           Varying, depending on the capacity of
    cylinder                   the cylinder but not more than 1 km
 4 Ammonia leak from a         Upto 3 km down wind
    tanker
 5 Escape of explosive         Explosion may cause over pressure
    gases from cylinder        upto 50 m for a short duration.
    followed by explosion      However, pieces of damaged cylinder
                               may travel upto 100 m from the accident
                               site.
 6 LPG leak from tanker        Thermal radiation and over pressure
    followed by fire /         effects will be upto 200 m for short
    explosion                  duration. BLEVE may result first degree
                               burns upto 150 m and also cause
                               secondary fires depending on the
                               location of occurrence
 7 Spill / leak of flammable Thermal radiation effects of unconfined
    petroleum products         pool fire will be felt upto 25 m from the
    followed by fire           pool edge for the duration of fire
 8 Spill leak of CS2           Thermal radiation effects of unconfined


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       followed by fire in a      pool fire will be felt upto 30 m from the
       road tanker                pool for the duration of fire. Burning of
                                  CS2 results in formation of toxic sulphur
                                  dioxide effects of which may be felt upto
                                  a distance of 2 km from the accident
                                  site
 9     Spill / leak of solvents   Thermal radiation effects of unconfined
       and other flammable        pool fire will be felt upto 15 m from the
       chemicals such as          pool edge for the duration of fire
       toluene, methanol,
       benzene and xylene
       followed by fire


Other items that will have bearing on the extent of damage are :-

      Rate of chemicals release – lower rates pose lesser risks. As per
       the guidelines of the Ministry of Environment of Forest (MoEF), we
       have considered catastrophic failure of container. However, it
       seldom happens in actual incidents and the material escapes from
       the container at a much lesser rate.
      Location high population density – unfavourably
      First response by the driver, if possible – favourable
      Prompt action by response agencies – favourable

5.5    ANALYSIS OF ACCIDENT SCENARIOS

       From Table 5.1 is is apparent that possibility of fire / explosion /
       toxic release during transportation exists anywhere in the district
       because large number of hazardous chemicals are transported
       through out the district.

       If the vehicle carrying the hazardous chemical meets with a
       serious accident, there is liklihood of release of chemical to the
       atmosphere. Such chemicals may also get released during
       transportation due to damaged container, however, such possibility
       is rather remote. In both the events, consequences and extent of
       damage will vary considerably with location. Typical damage
       distance incase of catastrophic failure of container of hazardous
       chemical during transportation would vary with the type of
       chemical being transported. If it happens in highly populated area,
       it could seriously affect population in surrounding area. However, a


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      quick emergency response can reduce the damage to a large
      extent.

      Immediate emergency response would be required to contain the
      damage, rescue the trapped / injured people, provide medical help
      to the affected population, evacuate the affected / threatened
      areas, control of traffic and curious on lookers etc.

5.6   CHAIN OF EVENTS

      Chain of events will be initially in case of a transport accident as
      discussed below :-

      If the driver of the vehicle is safe and is trained to handle transport
      emergency (he is supposed to received basic training and carry
      TREMCARD – Transport Emergency Card., which gives do’s and
      don’ts during such situation specifically for the chemical being
      transported), he can be instrumental in providing immediate initial
      response. He can help in :-

   Conveying the accurate information to the authorities.
   By keeping the onlookers away by shouting at them that this is a
    hazardous chemical and they should not come near the truck.
    Further, he can instruct to keep away all sources of ignition.
   By seeking help from other truck drivers in controlling the crowd
    and communicating with people in downwind direction so that they
    move away from gas cloud.

5.7   NOTIFICATION TO OFFSITE AUTHORITIES

      Initial reporting of accident could be either by driver / cleaner / any
      passer by who observes the accident. Therefore, it is more
      important for the person on duty at control room to extract as much
      information as possible. As suggested in the case of accident at
      Major Accident Hazard (MAH) units, here also a format can be
      developed for transport accidents and kept at PCR so that Officer
      Incharge can promptly ask questions and record information. He
      would ask the caller to :-

   Identify himself.
   Give details of accident (fire / gas leak).



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   Give location of the accident (as exactly as possible).

      Incase the caller is driver or cleaner of the subject vehicle, he
      should also ask him to :-

   Give name and quantity of chemical transported.
   Give source, destination and name of the transporter.

      It will be useful to ask the source (i.e. name of the unit and location
      from where the product is sent) and destination (i.e. name of the
      unit and location from where the products is being sent) as this will
      help in calling the unit’s representatives (if located nearby) also,
      who are generally aware about the nature of the chemicals and are
      trained in controlling leaks, transferring the leaking chemical to
      other container, neutralizing the chemicals etc.

5.8   NOTIFICATION TO RESPONSE ORGANIZATIONS

      Action : Departmental Officer Manning the District Collector
      Control Room (DCCR)

      On receipt of call, he will :

   Make sure that information is received at the police and fire
    stations, which are nearest to the incident site.
   Inform the three first responders i.e. police, fire and medical
    department by calling their chiefs / alternatives (in case chief is not
    reachable) as per the list of District Crisis Group (DCG) members
    available with him.
   Inform DC and all other member of DCG.
   As soon as he receives, further information after making the first
    call, he will convey that also in the same order.

5.9   RESPONSE BY POLICE, FIRE AND MEDICAL DEPARTMENTS

      On receipt of information about offsite emergency, first responders
      will immediately deploy first batch of response teams from a
      location nearest to the incident site. They will further reinforce, if
      required, their teams by deploying additional resources from
      surrounding areas so that effective (based on their assessment of
      first information received) first response can be rendered at site. In


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      the meantime they will keep additional resources in terms of
      manpower and equipment on high alert to move to incident site.
      On getting feedback from their response teams (who would have
      by then assessed the situation) they will take decision on
      movement of more teams. Once the assessed deployment is
      made, chiefs may also move to site for better operational control.

      The officer of the first agency (police or fire) to reach the accident
      site would take charge as incident controller He will :-

     Cordon off atleast 100 m of the area surrounding the leaking toner.
     Notify / warn people in the downwind direction to evacuate the
      area and move in the cross wind direction.
     Control traffic and curious onlookers at the incident site.
     Inform traffic control room to diver traffic coming on the highway
      and only allow vehicles belonging to emergency response
      agencies such as fire, medical, red-cross, technical experts etc.

      If the personnel of the fire department are the first one to reach the
      site, they will simultaneously perform the following functions :-

     With appropriate Personal Protective Equipments (PPEs), the fire
      team personnel will roll the toner (in case of chlorine toner
      damage) so that the defective / leaking valve is on the upper side.
      This will prevent the outflow of aerosol from the toner and only gas
      will come out. In other cases, appropriate action depending upon
      the situation, will be taken by them. However, if they are not sure,
      they should wait for inputs from technical experts.

      (In case of flammable material) :-

     With the help of fire hose, from a water curtain in the downwind
      direction, so that chlorine / other toxic gases gets dissolved and
      vapor hazard is minimized.
     Attempt to tighten the defective valve to prevent gas leak, if this
      does not work, try to stop the leak with the equipment available in
      the chlorine kit.
     With fire suits on, the fire team personnel will, if possible, try
      bunding the surrounding area. This will prevent the spread the
      material.




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   Inform nearby people / shops to extinguish cigarettes, bhattis or
    any other source of ignition as the fire may flash back to the tanker
    if vapors come in contact with an ignition source.
   Attempt to straighten the vehicle, if possible, by typing and pulling
    by another vehicle such as recovery crane etc.
   Initiate fire fighting measures if the vehicle is on fire.

     The off-site emergency response is initiated by the above
     procedure and will involve specific response functions as
     discussed earlier in Chapter 2 and 3. However the scale of
     response for communications, fire medical, evacuation, rescue and
     public works personnel may be smaller in this case. In addition to
     the responsibilities described in Chapter 2 & 3, certain activities
     specific to transport emergencies are given in subsequent
     paragraphs.

5.10 TECHNICAL COORDINATOR

   Formulation of Response Strategy

     There are potential accident scenarios in which the risks
     associated with certain types of response activities may exceed
     any benefits to be realized, thus providing ample reason to only
     undertake protective and containment actions from a safe distance
     until the situation has stabilized or expert assistance has been
     obtained. General examples of situations in which the best course
     of action may be to hold back from a direct “attack” include :-

   When a major release takes place that poses unknown hazards or
    hazards for which response personnel are not equipped or
    prepared.
   When a flammable gas or liquid is on fire and extinguishing could
    lead to release of toxic of flammable vapors or gases and possibly,
    explosive re-ignition.
   When there are no endangered persons or structures nearby and
    the containers and / or hazardous materials present significant
    hazards to response personnel.
   When the addition of water to a fire may serve to spread highly
    toxic contaminants into the environment, thus causing a pollution
    problem that may cost much more to resolve than the value of the
    burning materials, vehicles or buildings.



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5.11 SAFETY COORDINATIOR

        Containment of Spills of Liquids or Solids on Land

     The first step in spill response when a liquid or solid has been
     discharged onto a land surface is to contain the spilled material
     and to prevent the further spread of contamination. Although
     specialized equipment has been developed to construct dikes of
     foamed concrete or plastic materials, the most widely available
     and generally adequate substances to use are earth, sand, clay
     and plastic or rubber sheeting. Local safety coordinator and his
     combat team in association with the specialized personnel and
     equipment from the municipal corporation shall be responsible for
     containing the unconfined spill or liquid or solids at the incident
     site.

     Dikes or barriers of earth, sand or clay materials can be quickly
     constructed with bulldozers, similar equipment or properly
     equipped individuals with shovels. It is necessary to consider that
     motorized equipment should not be used indiscriminately in the
     vicinity of flammable or explosive vapors or gases. Local materials
     coordinator shall supply the necessary protective clothing and
     breathing apparatus to response personnel who may need to
     approach a spill.

     Plastic or rubber sheeting can be used to cover spilled solids. This
     can prevent the wind from causing toxic dusts to become airborne
     and also protect the bulk of the solid from becoming wet from aid
     or hose streams used in the area, thus reducing the extent or
     possibility of soil, groundwater or surface water contamination by
     the spilled substance. Such sheeting can also be useful for lining
     dikes, basins, and trenches for similar purposes where liquids are
     to be contained. Finally, sheeting materials, together with stones or
     bricks and soil, sand or clay, can be used to cover storm drain
     openings in a pinch.

     When hazardous materials have already entered a storm drain
     system, there are benefits to attempting to limit or contain the flow
     of the materials by damming at strategic locations. Since storm
     drainage systems typically flow into bodies of surface water,
     containment might prevent significant water pollution and facilitate
     later cleanup. However, it is to be noted that volatile chemicals
     (such as CS2) should never be trapped in a closed conduit such

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     as a storm drain, primarily due to the possibility that explosive
     vapor may accumulate and encounter a source or ignition. Thus,
     judgements on damming must be made on a case by case basis
     by the safety / technical coordinator with special attention being
     given to cases in which containment’s may enter a water treatment
     plant.




5.12 FIRE SERVICE COORDINATOR

   Spill Control

     Where a tank vehicle is losing liquid cargo, it may be worth while to
     have the means available to turn the body of the vehicle or
     container over such that the point of leakage rises. This will lessen
     the total amount of cargo than can escape before the liquid level in
     the tank drops below the height of the hole. This is especially true
     in vessels having volatile liquids or liquefied gases such as
     chlorine. The rolling over of the vessel will facilitate reduction of the
     outflow of the contents. Be advised, however, that this may require
     special equipment, trained personnel and expert supervision for a
     safe outcome.

     Various types of transportation containers have internal
     emergency shutoff valves that can reduce or stop outflow from
     external valves that have been damaged in an accident.
     Knowledge of the standard placement and use of these valves can
     be invaluable, most particularly for highway tank vehicles. Driver
     and cleaners of vehicle carrying hazardous substances will be
     instructed and trained in these aspects by the safety coordinator.

     Special Fire-fighting Equipment and Materials

     Public fire departments primarily rely upon water for fire control,
     but are well aware that water can be ineffective on some types of
     fires and may actually be counterproductive or dangerous for use
     in other cases. This list of chemicals on which water SHOULD
     NOT be used is given below :-




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      1     Acetyl Bromide                2 Acetyl Chloride
      3     Aluminum Chloride             4 Calcium
      5     Calcium Oxide                 6 Diborane
     S7     Dimethyl Sulphate             8 Lithium
     i9     Phosphorus Oxychloride        10 Phosphorus Trichloride
     n11    Pottassium                    12 Hydrogen Peroxide
     c13    Potassium Hydroxide           14 Rubidium
     e15    Sodium                        16 Sodium Amide
      17    Sodium Hydride                18 Sodium Hydroxide (Flakes)
     w19    Sodium Peroxide               20 Sulphur Chloride
     ater is usually adequate for most large fires encountered, fire
     departments rarely stock more than a limited number of portable
     dry chemical or carbon dioxide extinguishers and possibly a small
     amount of foam concentrate. These supplies of auxiliary agents
     available with the services may not be adequate for major
     chemicals or petroleum product fires. Thus for assisting the fire
     department in identifying sources of additional supplies and
     equipment for use in emergencies, the fire fighting resources
     available with the industries in Gandhinagar District are listed at
     Annexure 3.1.

5.13 PUBLIC WORKS COORDINATOR

     Cleanup of Spills of Liquids or Solids on Land

     Once a spilled substance has been contained, the next step is to
     remove it from the environment. The effort is often undertaken by
     the supplier of the chemical or a spill cleanup contractor it may
     hire, but Local, District and State Governments should have a
     capability to respond when the responsible party is unknown or is
     unprepared or unwilling to take action and circumstances do not
     permit waiting for govt. intervention. Such situations are generally
     encountered during transport emergencies.

     The methods usually applied for “gross” cleanup of contaminated
     ground surfaces are rather straightforward. They involve :-

   Use of contaminated pumps, hoses and tanks, drums or vacuum
    trucks to collect pools of accumulated liquids
   Use of soil, sand, clay, straw sawdust, fly ash, cement powder,
    perlite, vermiculite or commercially available mineral or plastic
    absorbant materials to absorb and mop up liquid residues and

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      Removal of contaminated surface layers (where cleaning in place
       is not practical) by shovels or mechanical means

       In all cases, suppliers and equipment used must be compatible
       with the hazardous material spilled, workers must be protected
       from toxic exposures and special care must be taken in the
       presence of potentially flammable or explosive atmospheres.

       Other current cleanup techniques include steam cleaning or
       detergent washing of solid surface where hydrocarbons or similar
       materials have spilled, burning of flammable or combustible
       materials in place where it is safe to do so and permitted by
       regulatory authorities.

       The responsibility of cleanup lies with the public works coordinator
       who shall undertake cleanup operations based on the instructions
       from the DCG. Local safety and material coordinator shall provide
       him with backup support of men and material. It is desirable to
       keep plastic sheets, absorbent material etc. at the local command
       posts.

5.14 TABLE OF INITIAL ISOLATION AND PROTECTIIVE ACTION
     DISTANCES

1.     The table of initial isolation & protective action distances suggest
       distance useful to protect people from vapor resulting from spill
       involving dangerous chemical which are considered poisons / toxic
       by inhalation. Distances show areas likely to be affected during the
       first 30 minutes after material are spilled and could increase with
       time.

       The initial isolation zone defines an area surrounding the
       incident in which persons may be exposed to dangerous (up
       wind) and life threatening (down wind) concentrating of
       material. The protective action zone defines an area down
       wind from the incident in which persons may become
       incapacitated and unable to take protective action and or
       incur serious or irreversible health effects. The table provides
       specific guidance for small and large spills occurring day or
       night. Table of initial isolation and protective active distance.




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Sr.                       Small Spills               Large Spills
No                    First       Then
                                             First isolate   Then protect
                    isolate in   protect
                                                 in all        persons
       Chemical         all     persons in
                                              direction       down wind
        Name        direction down wind
                                               (meter)          during
                      (mtr)       during
                                              Day Night      Day    Night
                      Day         Night
                                             (mtr) (km)      (km)   (km)
1.    Anhydrous         30         0.2        95    0.3        -     0.8
      ammonia
2.    Ammonia           30         0.2        60     0.2      0.2    0.3
      solu. with
      more than
      50%
      ammonia
3.    Chlorine          60         0.3       185     0.8      0.8    3.1
4.    Ethylene          60         0.2       125     0.3      0.3    1.0
      oxide
5.    Hydro             60         0.2       185     0.8      0.6    2.7
      Cyanic acid
6.    Hydrogen          60         0.2       155     0.6      0.5    2.3
      fluoride
7.    Hydrogen          60         0.2       155     0.5      0.5    1.8
      chloride
8.    Fluorine          60         0.2       185     0.3      0.5    0.1
9.    LPG               90         0.2       120     0.3      0.5    1.0
10.   Naphtha /         30         0.1       60      0.2      0.2    0.3
      NGL
11.   Free SO3/         60         0.2       185     0.8      0.6    2.9
      H 2SO4
12.   Bromine           60         0.3       215     1.0      0.8    3.5
13.   Ethyl             60         0.2       125     0.5      0.3    1.3
      mercaptan
14.   Benzene           80         0.1       100     0.3      0.2    0.6
15.   CNG               95         0.3       245     1.3      1.1    4.8
16.   HN3               60         0.2       155     0.5      0.5    0.8




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       Transport Emergencies: - Isolation / Evacuation Distances

                                      Evacuation Distances (m)
                    Transport
                                                   Large Spill
   Chemical        Emergency    Small
                                           Initial   Plume     Plume
                   Guide No.    Spill
                                         Isolation Width       Length
Acetaldehyde            6         -           -         -         -
Acrylonitrile           17       30          60       600       1000
Ammonia                 1        30          60       600       1000
Butadiene               3         -           -         -         -
Carbon                  8        20          40       300        500
disulphide
Chlorine                14       50        90       1100      1600
Chloroformates          11        -         -         -         -
Chlorosulpu-            9         -         -         -         -
onic acid
Dimethylamine           4        30        60        600      1000
Ethylene                5         -         -         -         -
Ethylene oxide          13       30        60        600       800
Ethylamine              12        -         -         -         -
Hydrogen                5         -         -         -         -
Hydrogen                1        50        100       800      1100
fluoride
LPG                     5         -         -         -         -
Mercaptans              8         -         -         -         -
Methylamine             4        40        70        800      1300
Nitrogen dioxide        14       40        70        800      1300
Oleum / sulphur         9        90        180      2400      3500
trioxide
Phosphorus              9        40        80        800      1300
trichloride
Propylene               5         -         -         -         -
Sodium                  16        -         -         -         -
Sulphur dioxide         2        40        80       1000      1400
Tert. Butyl             10        -         -         -         -
hydro peroxide
Vinyl acetate           6         -         -         -          -




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How to use the table of initial isolation and protective action
distance.

(i)     The responder
        - Identified the name of the chemical.
        - Read the guide for the chemical and taken the emergency action
           recommended.
        - Noted the wind direction.
(ii)    In determine if the incident involves a small or large spill and if day
        or night.
(iii)   Lookup the initial isolation distance from the table direct all
        persons to move in cross wind direction away from the spill to the
        distance specified in the table.
                                                 Wind direction
Initial isolation zone
                             Protective zone

                                                                         ½
        Downwind distance


                                                                         ½

Down wind    Initial isolation distance
distance  Spill                         spill

                                                  Down wind distance



        Lookup the initial protective action distance from the table. The
        table give the down wind distance in km. The protection action
        zone is square, whose length & width are the same as down wind
        distance shown in the table.




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6.    POST EMERGENCY ACTIVITIES

      Once the situation at the site is under control, the spill / leak has
      been plugged, fire has been extinguished, the emission of vapors
      to the atmosphere has been effectively checked and a SAFE
      signal has been passed its time for the follow up exercise. Various
      activities remain unfinished, the details of which are given below in
      order of priority.

6.1   STRUCTURAL INSPECTIONS AFTER FIRES OR EXPLOSIONS

      Action : Technical Coordinator

      A major explosion could damage or destroy numerous buildings
      and any nearby bridges or tunnels. Similarly large fires can have
      major effects over a vast area. In either case, residents of partially
      damaged buildings will want to know if the structures are safe to
      occupy while they await repairs. Questions pertaining to the safety
      of highway or railway bridges must be resolved quickly to avoid
      traffic complications.

      It is important to note that inspection personnel may require
      special precautions (i.e., chemical protective gear) in addition to
      normal safety equipment in those cases where the structure may
      still be contaminated by hazardous residues.

      Fire and safety coordinators shall be responsible for inspecting the
      structural integrity of damaged buildings, bridges, or other
      structures in the aftermath of a fire or explosion.

6.2   POST-INCIDENT TESTING FOR CONTAMINATION

      Action : Safety Coordinator

      To some extent, this item overlaps with monitoring of
      concentrations. However, activity in “Action Plan” covers sampling
      and analysis during the initial phases of a response action while
      this one is concerned with the potential for persistent aftereffects.

      Personnel of the Gujarat Pollution Control Board shall undertake to
      check crops, water (ground & surface), homes, stored foods, and
      animals that may become part of the human food chain for
      possible chemical contamination. Help may be sought from the

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      industries having capabilities for monitoring/ testing of contaminant
      in the target items.

6.3   WASTE DISPOSAL

      Action : Safety Coordinator

      Where the unit responsible for a spill do not take appropriate
      action, it may become necessary for public authorities to undertake
      disposal of hazardous wastes. This requires knowledge of
      Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1989 (as
      amended in 2000) of the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt.
      of India. The location of approved and authorized disposal sites
      and the proper procedures for transporting and transferring wastes
      to these sites have also to be taken care of. Local authorities
      should seek assistance from the state department of environment.
      These departments will have considered such problems in their
      own state or regional emergency response plans. The items unfit
      for human consumption will also form part of the Hazardous waste,
      which needs to be disposed off in accordance with the above
      mentioned rules.

6.4   CLEANUP OF DEAD OR CONTAMINATED LIVESTOCK OR
      WILDLIFE

      Action : Public Works Coordinator / Medical Coordinator

      Contaminated animals must be sent to veterinary hospital for
      decontamination & treatment. A large number of animal carcasses,
      be they hundreds of cows or chickens or thousands of fish, can
      pose a variety of health hazards. Emergency response plans do
      not typically address this topic, possibly because it is somewhat
      distasteful, but the topic is worthy of consideration during the
      planning process where applicable.            Where oil spills may
      contaminate waterfowl, consideration might be given to the
      formation of work crews to collect, clean, and care for the animals
      under the direction of experienced personnel. State and local
      public works agencies can provide assistance in planning for this
      activity. Local veterinarians and animal conservation groups may
      also be helpful, but in all cases, it is the responsibility of medical
      coordinator to ensure that personnel will not be placed at risk of
      adverse safety or health impacts by their actions.



C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW               90
6.5   PROVISION OF ALTERNATE WATER SUPPLIES

      Action : Utilities / Transport Coordinator

      There are a number of circumstances under which a potable water
      supply may become unfit for human consumption for a time and
      require replacement. This is most commonly accomplished by
      bringing in supplies of bottled water and/or tankers/trailers capable
      of carrying water. The later are available from local Municipal
      Corporation. Tankers carrying milk are another possibility for
      consideration once thoroughly cleaned. It is the responsibility of
      transport coordinator in association with the Social workers for
      arranging potable water for consumption of personnel engaged at
      the incident site. The potential sources of potable water are wells
      of water intake point of river, and ground water from neighbouring
      villages / towns / agricultural areas where possibility of ground
      water pollution due to spillage of contaminants is minimal.

6.6   RE-ENTRY INTO EVACUATED AREAS

             Action : Members of District Crisis Group (DCG)

      Based on the assessment of the situation at the site, the DCG
      would take decision on the termination of emergency. Before this,
      however, several issues need to be resolved by the members of
      Local Crisis Group (LCG). Re-entry being again as complex as the
      evacuation operation, would require the respective coordinators to
      perform their functions such as transportation of evacuees back to
      their respective residential areas, restoration of electricity, gas,
      water supplies, post-accident monitoring of concentration, etc. The
      issues / activities thus required are listed at Table - 6.1 in order of
      priority. However, as some of these are parallel activities, the
      decision should be taken based on actual site conditions.

      The activities listed below are only those, that are essential for
      return of the normalcy. However, as the last item suggests, regular
      training to all sections of the society is also of equal importance.




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                91
6.7   SETTELMENT OF CLAIMS UNDER PUBLIC LIABILITIES
      INSURANCE ACT,1991

      The Collector under whose jurisdiction the accident, resulting in
      loss of life or injury to a person or damage to property has
      occurred, shall issue a notification to that effect and invite
      applications for claim of damages or compensation under sub
      section (1) of Section 6 of the Public Liabilities Insurance Act,
      1991.

6.8   RESPONSIBILITIES OF OTHER STATUTORY AUTHORITIES

      The designated authorities under various statutes like Indian Boiler
      Act, Factories Act, E.P. Act, Explosive Act, Static and Mobile
      Pressure Vessels Act etc. shall perform post emergency activities
      prescribed and also as directed by District Collector under Gujarat
      State Disaster Management Act, 2003.




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW               92
                                    Table - 6.1
                             Post Emergency Activities



                  Activity                               Responsibility

Check the industrial unit for possible            Technical Experts
secondary effect of delayed relapse.
Provide notification at the shelters of           Communications
                                                  Coordinator
termination of emergency
Restoration of water, electricity & gas           Utilities Coordinator
supplies
Arrange for transportation of evacuees            Transportation Coordinator
back to residence
Restoration of law and order in the               Security Coordinator
affected areas
Establish grievance cell                          Liaison & PR Coordinator &
                                                  Chairperson of Local Crisis
                                                  Group
Hold press conference                             Public Relations Coordinator
Hold public meetings for answering their PR Coordinator in
                                            Association with Officials of
queries
                                            the concerned (MAH) unit
Arrange for providing interim relief to the District Collector
affected people
Undertake accident investigation &                Technical Coordinator
documentation
Arrange further relief to the affected            District Collector
people based on claim applications
Plan updating, if so required                     District Crisis Group (DCG) /
                                                  Local Crisis Group (LCG)



C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                   93
      Provide training to community   DCG / LCG
              and staff




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW         94
                                   Table 2.1

            Meteorological Data of Gandhinagar Station

   Month    Temperatur         Rain-fall      %             Wind Data
                e                             RH
            Max Min.           Monthly             No of    Wind Direction for
            C    C             Total             days      % No. of Days*
                               (In mm)             for 1-         from
                                                     19     N NE S SW
                                                   kmph
January       31.4      12.8       1.2        65     29     14   34   4    5
February      34.3      14.9       0.3        56     26     10   25   8    13
March         37.6      19.8       1.6        59     29     8    14   12   24
April         40.0      23.7       1.8        59     28     6    6    15   34
May           39.7      26.9      17.0        71     31     1    1    8    73
June          35.4      26.9     154.2        79     30     1    0    15   71
July          32.0      25.7     322.8        87     31     0    0    13   70
August        31.1      25.1     228.3        89     31     0    0    8    76
September     32.7      24.5     207.7        86     29     2    3    10   57
October       35.9      22.1      55.7        74     30     3    14   16   17
November      35.1      17.2       1.2        62     29     3    32   7    6
December      33.0      14.0       0.1        66     30     12   32   5    4



   Month    Temperatur         Rain-fall      %             Wind Data
                e                             RH
            Max Min.           Monthly             No of    Wind Direction for
            C    C             Total             days      % No. of Days*
                               (In mm)             for 1-         from
                                                     19     N NE S SW
                                                   kmph
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                    95
 Presently the following facilities are available at
     Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd. Sardhav :-

1.    Mobile Foam Tender          -
2.    Fire Jeep                   -
3.    Manpower                    -




4.    Breathing Apparatus Sets    -
5.    PVC / Chemical Suits        -
6.    B.A. Set Compressor         -
7.    Water Monitors (Mobile)     -
8.    Map of the Area             -




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                 96
2.3   LOCAL CRISIS GROUP - GANDHINAGAR

                                                               Position
Sr.                              Name, Address &
       Designation                                             in Crisis
No                                Telephone No.
                                                                Group
 1      SDM & Dy.                                              Chairman
         Collector       Office of the SDM & Dy. Collector,
                         M.S.Building, Sector 11,
                         Gandhinagar




 2    Asstt. Director,   Office of Assistant Director,         Member
      Industrial Safety Industrial Safety & Health,            Secretary
         & Health        Block 8/3, CH type, Near
                         Vahanvati vidyalaya, Sector 7.
                         Gandhinagar.
 3        Factory        Mr. T.A. Sami (Manager)               Member
         Manager
                         Hindustan Petroleum Corporation
                         Limited. Sonipur road, At: Sardhav,
                         Taluka: Gandhinagar




 4    Factory owner      Mohanbhai L. Rami (Director)          Member
                         Vimal pesticides pvt. ltd. National
                         high way no 8, At: Limbadiya,
                         Taluka: Gandhinagar.




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                 97
2.3   LOCAL CRISIS GROUP - GANDHINAGAR

                                                              Position
Sr.                              Name, Address &
       Designation                                            in Crisis
No                                Telephone No.
                                                               Group
 5    Transporter of     Super choice transport service,      Member
        Dangerous        Aavtar hotel, Narol Isanpur
        Chemicals        highway, Narol, Ahmedabad.




 6    Transporter of     (Rajendra L. Patel)                  Member
        Dangerous        M/S Rajendra travels, 1200/1, Chip
        Chemicals        type shopping center, Near police
                         chowky, Sector 27, Gandhinagar




 7      Fire Officer                                          Member
                         Gandhinagar fire station,
                         Near district panchayat, CH road,
                         Sector 17, Gandhinagar.




 8    Station House                                           Member
      Officer (Police)   Police Inspector, Police station,
                         Sector 21, Gandhinagar.




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                 98
2.3   LOCAL CRISIS GROUP - GANDHINAGAR

                                                                 Position
Sr.                                Name, Address &
       Designation                                               in Crisis
No                                  Telephone No.
                                                                  Group
 9        Town                                                   Member
       Development      Taluka development officer,
          Officer       Taluka panchayat office,
                        M.S. Building, D block, Third floor,
                        Sector 11, Gandhinagar.




 10    Civil Defense                                             Member
          Officer       Police Inspector,        civil defence




 11   Primary Health    Sonalben Goyal,                          Member
          Officer
                        Superintendent, Revabhai general
                        hospital, Sardhav,
                        Taluka: Gandhinagar.




 12     Journalist      Krushakant zha, Gandhinagar              Member
                        Samachar, Sector 8, Gandhinagar.




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                       99
2.3   LOCAL CRISIS GROUP - GANDHINAGAR

                                                             Position
Sr.                             Name, Address &
       Designation                                           in Crisis
No                               Telephone No.
                                                              Group
 13     Sarpanch        Jayeshbhai Nathabhai Patel,          Member


                        Sarpanch, Gram panchayat office,
                        Limbadya, Taluka: Gandhinagar.




 14       NGO           L. K. Vaghela, Prsident,             Member
                        Lions club, Gandhinagar.




 15      Doctor         Dr. Kiritbhai Patel, 180, Harsiddh   Member
                        nagar. Double daker vasahat,
                        Sector 24, Gandhinagar.




 16      Doctor         Dr. Ramanbhai G. Patel,              Member
                        Plot: 147/1, Anand vatika, Near
                        Panchdev temple, Sector 22,
                        Gandhinagar.




 17    Local Social     Bachubhai L. Patel, At: Sardhav.     Member
         Worker         Taluka: Gandhinagar.




 18   Social Worker     Arunbhai Buch, President,            Member
                        Gandhinagar city vasahat mandal,
                        Gandhinagar.




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW               100
3.10 VEHICLES AVAILABLE AT MAH UNITS

Sr                   STD      Phone      Phone                     Car /
        Name                                        Buses Trucks
No                   Code       1          2                       Jeep
 1 Vimal
   Pesticides
 2 Parkas
   Presticides
 3 Hindustan
   Petroleum
 4 Ambica LPG
   Bottling
 5 Rajdeep
   Chemical
 6 Shree Vallabh
   Chemical
 1 The Arvind        02764   281100-9    281173
   Mills Ltd.
 2 IFFCO Ltd.        02764   223256      223258
 3 Maruti            02764   322057     982438088
   Pesticides Pvt.                          5
   Ltd.
 4 Umiya Agros       02764   232429     982502725
                                            1
 5 Gujarat           02764   222521     982549010
   Pesticides                               6
   Pvt. Ltd.
 6 Zion              02764   268342      265796
   Chemicals
   Pvt. Ltd.
 7 Saibaba           02764   286250      268220
   Surfactants
   Pvt. Ltd.
 8 Mahalaxmi         02764   233873     982430045
   Industries                               9
 9 Anmol             02764   234486     989811696
   Chloro Chem                              7
10 Mutual            02764   234098     982506044
   Chemicals                                2
   Pvt. Ltd.
11 Chem Plast        02764   233548     982502038
   Industries                               9
12 Arvind Poly       02764   281110      281173
   Coats
13 Rajratna          02764   233665     982502919
   Metal                                    1
   Industries
   Ltd.
14 Bhagwati          02764   233546     982541103
   Indsutries                               5




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW             101
5.1    DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE

                          Data for Urban Areas

  Sr                                         Residential     Total
                        Name
  No                                          Houses       Population
   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13


C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW             102
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28




                         Data for Rural Areas

 Sr
        Name of Taluka/Village    Area    Households Total Population
 No

  A    GANDHINAGAR TALUKA

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13


C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW            103
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW   104
                         Data for Rural Areas

 Sr
        Name of Taluka/Village    Area    Households Total Population
 No

  A     MANSA TALUKA

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW            105
                         Data for Rural Areas

 Sr
        Name of Taluka/Village    Area    Households Total Population
 No

  A    DEHGAM TALUKA

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW            106
                         Data for Rural Areas

 Sr
        Name of Taluka/Village    Area    Households Total Population
 No

  A    KALOL TALUKA

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW            107
2.2   INDUSTRIES

Sr.                                                       Key Person 1 &   Key Person 2 &    Phone
            Name                    Address
No.                                                        Designation      Designation     Numbers
 1 Vimal Pesticides       N.H. NO. : 8
    Pvt. Ltd.             At : Limbadia
                          Dist : Gandhinagar
 2    Parkas Presticides Plot No. 19/A
      Industries          At : Zak, Ta : Dehgam
                          Dist : Gandhinagar
 3    Hindustan Petroleum At : Sardhav,
      Corporation Ltd.    Dist : Gandhinagar
 4    Ambica LPG Bottling Kalol Mansa Road
      Pvt. Ltd.           At : Parabatpura
                          Ta: Mansa, Dist : Gandhinagar
 5    Rajdeep Chemical Dehgam Bayad Road
      Industries          At : Sampa, Ta : Dehgam
 6    Shree Vallabh       Dehgam Dhansura Road
      Chemical            At: Sanpa, Ta ; Dehgam




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                                           108
                                                2.5     DISTRICT CRISIS GROUP – GANDHINAGAR

Sr                                                         Address                Telephone Numbers
        Name         Designation
No                                             Office                Residence   Office      Residence
 1                  District Collector Collector office,
                                       M.S. Bldg.,
                                       Sector-11
                                       Gandhinaga

 2                    SDM & Dy.        Office of the SDM &
                       Collector,      Dy. Collector, M.S.
                     Gandhinagar       Bldg., Sector-11
                                       Gandhinagar
 3                     District        Office of the DDO,
                     Development       District     Panchayat
                       Officer         Office, Gandhinagar

 3   Jayesh Desai      Assistant       Block 8/3,
                    Director (IS&H),   CH’ Type Sector-7,
                     Gandhinagar       Gandhinagar
 5   A.K. Jani       Dy. Director
                     (IS&H), Kalol


 6   K.M.Shah          Assistant
                    Director (IS&H),
                         Kalol




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                                                     109
 7                   Ind. Safety &
                     Health officer,
                         Kalol

 8                  Ind. Safety &
                    Health officer,
                    Kalol

 9                   GM Telecom        District Telecom             -
                                       Office,




10   R. K. Mittal   Manager            Vidiocon International
                    (DME)              Ltd.,
                                       E-28, GIDC,
                                       Gandhinagar


11   Bhavesh J.     Admn. Manager      Vimal Pesticides Pvt.    .
     Kamdar             M.Sc .         Ltd.
                      (chemistry)      At.: Limbadia,
                                       Dist.:Gandhinagar


12                  Safety officer     IFFCO, Kalol




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                                                   110
13   P.            Chief Manager     IFFCO, Kalol
     Chanchalani



14                                   O.N.G.C., Avani
                                     bhavan, Chandkheda,
                                     Post: Sabarmati


15                 Factory           Hindustan Petroleum
                   Manager           Corp. Ltd. Sardhav,
                     BE. (Mech)      Dist.:G’nagar


16                 Environment       Gujarat Pollution
                   Engineer          Control Board.




17                    Dy. Chief      Mrudupat, Kothi,      -         -   -
                     Controller of   Raopura, Baroda
                     Explosives


18                 Fire officer      Fire Station,
                                     Nr.Jilla Panchyat,
                                     Sector-17 CH Road
                                     Gandhinagar




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                                          111
19                Fire officer        Fire Station,
                                      Kalol



20                Director of Civil   Civil Defence Office,
                  Defence.




21                  Dist. Health       District Health Office
                      Officer         Jilla Panchayat
                                      Office, 2nd floor,
                                      Sector-17,
                                      Gandhinagar
22                 Civil Surgeon      Civil Hospital,
                                      Opposite Collector
                                      office, Gandhinagar.


23                Superintending      GEB Tharmal Power
                      Engg            Station, Sector – 30
                                      Gandhinagar




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                                           112
24                       Distt.         Jilla Panchayat Office
                       Agricultural     Agriculture Branch
                         Officer        2nd Floor,
                                        Sector-17
                                        Gandhinagar
25                    Chief Officer     Notified Area Office,
                                        Jivraj Mehta Bhavan
                                        Block 4, Gr. Floor,
                                        Sector- 10
                                        Gandhinagar
26                   Managing           Vimal Pesticides Pvt.
                     Director           Ltd.
                                        At.: Limbadia,
                                        Dist.: G’nagar

27   Kisansingh A.    (Trade Union      President Adarsh
     Thakor              Leader)        Videocon Kamdar
                                        Sangh, Vidiocon
                                        International Ltd.,
                                        E-28,GIDC,
                                        Gandhinagar
28                       ARTO           Office of Assistant
                                        RTO           Sector-30
                                        Gandhinagar


29                   Suptd. of Police   S.P. Office
                                        Gandhinagar




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                                             113
30                Executive           Public Health Work
                  Engineer            Division (Gujarat
                                      Water Supply &
                                      Sewerage Board)
                                       Patnagar Yojna
                                      Bhavan, 3rd Floor,
                                      Sector-16
                                      Gandhinagar
31                Asst. Director of   District Information
                  Information         Office Doctor Jivraj
                                      Mehta Bhavan Block-
                                      1 Ground Floor,
                                      Sector-10
                                      Gandhinagar




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                                        114
3.1   FIRE FIGHTING FACILITIES AT MAH UNITS

Sr.                                                      Fire  Water   Fire E   Fire P   Water
          Name             Phone1             Phone2
No.                                                    Tenders (m3)    Suits    Suits    Hoses
 1 Vimal Pesticides Pvt.
    Ltd.


 2 Parkas Presticides
   Industries


 3 Hindustan Petroleum
   Corporation Ltd.


 4 Ambica LPG Bottling
   Pvt. Ltd.


 5 Rajdeep Chemical
   Industries

 6 Shree Vallabh
   Chemical




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                                   115
3.3     MEDICAL FACILITIES AT MAH UNITS

                                           Amb OHC First          Availability of
Sr                                                         Stret-                       Details of other
           Name           Phone1    Phone2 u- (>=5bed aid         Docto Nurses
No                                                         chers                      facilities/equipment
                                          lance  )   boxes          r
1 Vimal Pesticides
2 Parkas Presticides
3 Hindustan Petroleu
4 Ambica LPG Bott
5 Rajdeep Chemical
6 Shree Vallabh Ch
3.8 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT AVAILABLE AT MAH UNITS
                                                                               Chemical
Sr                                               Canister Full Body Air line            Emergency Water
            Name           Phone1    Phone2 SCBA                                Splash
No                                                Masks PVC Suit BA                        Kit     Gel
                                                                                 suit
1    Vimal Pesticides
2    Parkas Presticides
3    Hindustan Petroleu
4    Ambica LPG Bott
5    Rajdeep Chemical
6    Shree Vallabh Ch




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                                           116
3.9   COMMUNICATION & WARNING FCILITIES AVAILABLE AT MAH UNITS

Sr                                                           PA      Siren (Elect./
           Name         Phone1   Phone2   Mobile phones                               Any other
No                                                          System   hand/steam)
 1 Vimal Pesticides



2 Parkas Presticides



3 Hindustan Petroleu



4 Ambica LPG Bott


5 Rajdeep Chemical


6 Shree Vallabh Ch




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                                 117
3.11 AVAILABILITY OF SPECIAL RESCUE EQUIPMENT

                                                                   Max.
                                                                             Min
Sr                                                                Boom            Capacity in
   Name of the Unit     Equipment Details   Type         Quantity          Radius
No                                                                Length             MT
                                                                            in m
                                                                   (m)
1 HPCL. Sardhav         DAMAG AC 265
                          Tata P & H
                          Hydra truck
                         mounted crane
                        Groove Industrial
                             Model
                          Coles Crane
                         Beaver (trailer
                             trolley)
                         Swaraj Mazda
                         Tractor Trolley
                            Fork Lift




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                              118
3.13 LIST OF PROPOSED REHABILITATION SHELTERS WITH CAPACITY

Sr                                        Facilities Available                      Phone Nos.
               Location       Capacity                         Officer Incharge
No                                       Food Medical Toilets                     Office Residence
 1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8
9
10

11




C:\UPDATE OFF (GN)NEW                                     119

				
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