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S E A T R A N S P O R T S O L U T I O N S Stern Landing Vessels By: Stuart Ballantyne. •Sea Transports Solutions Stern Landing Vessels (S.L.V.) have carved a niche into the small ship market, opening significant opportunities for builders and operators of passenger, utility, container, roro, bulk, AHTS and PSV vessels. •The S.L.V. was a result of Sea Transport Solutions focussing on possible answers to the operational problems of conventional landing craft and to produce a vessel suitable for multi purposes. Conventional Landing Craft Problem Area No. 1:- Poor Head Sea Capability •Having a bluff bow , waves in excess of 600mm (2 feet) start to cause slamming, jarring of the whole structure and spray enshrouding the cargo and the wheelhouse……., and the speed will drop dramatically Conventional Landing Craft Problem Area No. 2:- Poor Visibility • The bow ramp in the stowed position creates a blind sector in the wheelhouse visibility. As most of these craft operate in coastal, inland and shallow areas, this of course is a problem in close quarter navigation. There are many recorded instances of groundings due to this fact, and running into windsurfers & small fishing boats at anchor has also occurred. Conventional Landing Craft Problem Area No. 3:- Wheelhouse on top of Machinery • The machinery space below the wheelhouse is just a source of noise and vibrations which makes life unpleasant for those onboard. For the crew, this can lead to lack of concentration and fatigue, particularly on extended voyages. Conventional Landing Craft Problem Area No. 4:- Beaching and Debeaching • While trying to debeach, the traditional landing barge frequently encounters difficulty, particularly where the bow has grounded. This encompasses:- 1. Propellers working inefficiently (ie. in reverse). 2. Problematic loading of heavy equipment & large trucks. 3. Bottom suction to sea bed in low draft, soft soil areas. Conventional Landing Craft Problem Area No. 5:- Lack of Deadweight • The stability of a box shape barge is quite limited due to: 1. Low profile of the GZ curve. 2. Small freeboard, & shallow deck edge immersion 4-5degrees. 3. Free surface of numerous below deck flat bottom tanks. • The stated total deadweight (dwt) of these vessels in most cases includes below deck liquid cargoes. “On deck” dwt is frequently as low as 45% of the total dwt. Conventional Landing Craft Problem Area No. 6:- Loss of Ramp • Constant pounding of the bow ramp may loosen securing fixtures and drop the ramp. • Once the ramp submerges with the vessel underway the forces generated will fold the ramp under the vessel and tear it off. ? ?? T H E S O L U T I O N ??? • In 1984, S T S established the criteria for an SLV. 1. Good head sea capability. 2. Ability to beach & debeach with ease. 3. Good visibility from the wheelhouse. 4. Accommodation clear of machinery space 5. Finer hull shape with a higher sustainable speed. 6. Cargo deck spray protection 7. Less free surface in tanks. 8. Access to bottom plating when beached 9. Elimination of the suction effect 10. Total protection of the stern gear Introducing the . . . Stern Landing Vessel The S.L.V. incorporates a shallow “V” hull with two side pods, offcentre shafts & a beaching/protection/aft skeg arrangement. • The Stern Landing Vessel is now a fine tuned design that has evolved to be a commercially & operationally unbeatable landing craft design suitable for multi purposes. Conventional Landing Craft vs 50m Stern Landing Vessel “Gulf Glory” “Gulf Sky” “50m S.L.V.” Deck Area: Deck Area: Deck Area: 357m2 306m2 500m2 TEU (Gr slots): TEU (Gnd): TEU (Gnd): 16 15 24 Dk Dwt Cap: Dk Dwt Cap: Dk Dwt Cap: 300t. 300t. 1000t. Bulk Cap: Bulk Cap: Bulk Cap: 400m3 440m3 1000m3 50m Stern Landing Vessel Loading Configurations Container / Roro Bulk / Roro (Stern View) (Stern View) Stern Landing Vessels Currently Operating “Sylvan” 20m Papua New Guinea Utility Boat • “Debarge” 20m Western Australia Utility Boat • “Debarge 2” 23m Western Australia Utility Boat • “Norwest Pearl” 23m Western Australia Pearling Vessel • “Trader” 25m Queensland Pass/Car Ferry • “Deepwater” 35m Queensland Bulk Carrier • “Lana” 35m New Zealand Pass/Car Ferry • “Lara V” 35m New Zealand Pass/Roro Ferry • “Matthew Flinders” 35m Tasmania Cargo+Livestock • “Tina” 40m Vanuatu Pass/Roro Ferry • “Havanna” 60m New Caledonia Pax/Roro Ferry • “Aburri” ** 80m Northern Territory Bulk Carrier • “Wunma” ** 110m Queensland Bulk Carrier S L V Capabilities Length. Speed Cargo Capacity • 20 m 9 kts 38 tonnes on deck or 45 t f.o.below deck. • 25 m 10 kts 95 tonnes on deck or 100 t. f.o. below deck • 35 m 10 kts 470 tonnes (Sheltered waters) 350 tonnes (coastal) - 16 TEU • 50 m 11 kts 1100 tonnes (sheltered waters) 900 tonnes (coastal) - 48 TEU (similar under deck tank capacity.) • 70 m 12 kts 1550 tonnes coastal - 130 TEU • 80 m 13 kts 3000 tonnes coastal - 160 TEU • 110 m 11 kts 5300 tonnes coastal - 270 TEU Stern Landing Vessels - Photo Gallery - 20 m Stern Loading Vessel - “M.V. SYLVAN” Stern Landing Vessels - Photo Gallery - 23 m Stern Landing Vessel - “M.V. NORWEST PEARL” Stern Landing Vessels - Photo Gallery - 35 m Low Profile Stern Landing Vessel - “M.V. DEEPWATER” Stern Landing Vessels - Photo Gallery - 35 m Stern Landing Vessel - “M.V. MATTHEW FLINDERS” Stern Landing Vessels - Photo Gallery - 35 m Stern Landing Vessel - “M.V. LANA” Stern Landing Vessels - Photo Gallery - 40 m Stern Landing Vessel - “M.V. TINA” Stern Landing Vessels - Photo Gallery - 50 m Stern Landing Vessel Stern Landing Vessels - Photo Gallery - 60 m Stern Landing Vessel - for Military Use 60m Stern Landing Vessel 1200 Tonnes on deck (coastal) Note:- full width of stern ramp and low hinge position, for easy and rapid loading and discharging Stern Landing Vessel Applications • Float on / float off utility vessel deployment • Floating dock-like properties for recovering / discharging floating cargo • Protected stern gear to facilitate safe and easy beaching • Platform Supply Vessels • Anchor Handling, Towing & Supply Vessels 70m SLV –1800dwt 13kts 144 TEU (shown with self contained crane) Stern Landing Vessels 3300 Cargo Dwt –3.5m draft 80 m Stern Loading Vessel - “M.V. ABURRI” Stern Landing Vessel “WUNMA” - 110m x 22 x 3.7m draft, 5,300 cargo dwt, 11kts Stern Landing Vessels - Photo Gallery - 110 m Stern Loading Vessel - “M.V. WUNMA” S E A T R A N S P O R T S O L U T I O N S Contact:- Phone: +44 20 7681 1505 Fax: +44 870 168 0554 Web: www.catamaranferries.com Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Exclusive agents for:- “Sea Transport Consultants - Naval Architects”
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