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OXFORD BROOKES UNIVERSITY 2008 TRAVEL PLAN SURVEYS

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OXFORD BROOKES UNIVERSITY 2008 TRAVEL PLAN SURVEYS Powered By Docstoc
					OXFORD BROOKES
UNIVERSITY: 2008 TRAVEL
PLAN SURVEYS
Survey Methodology and Key Survey
Findings
Final Report (1 of 4)

January 2009




Prepared for:                        Prepared by:



Oxford Brookes University            Steer Davies Gleave
Richard Hamilton Building Room 138   28-32 Upper Ground
Headington Campus                    London
London Road                          SE1 9PD
Oxford
OX3 0BP                              +44 (0)20 7919 8500
                                     www.steerdaviesgleave.com
                                               Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



Contents                                                                          Page

1.   INTRODUCTION                                                                      1
     Background                                                                        1
     Survey Objectives                                                                 1
     Purpose of This Report                                                            2
     Structure of This Report                                                          2
2.   SURVEY METHODOLOGY                                                                5
     Summary of Surveys Undertaken                                                     5
     Bus Alighting/Boarding Surveys                                                    5
     Manual Classified Counts And Vehicle Occupancy Surveys                            6
     Vehicle Registration Surveys                                                      6
     Travel Plan Survey                                                                7
     Survey Reports                                                                   14
3.   OVERVIEW OF SURVEY RESPONSE                                                      15
     Overall Survey Response and Return Method                                        15
4.   COMPARING KEY SURVEY FINDINGS ACROSS CAMPUSES                                    17
     Most Frequently Visited Campus                                                   17
     Respondent Profile                                                               17
     Travel Patterns                                                                  18
     Mode of travel                                                                   21
     Traffic counts                                                                   28
     Reasons for use of the car                                                       30
     Viable alternatives to the car                                                   30
     Encouraging travel by sustainable modes                                          32
     Conclusions                                                                      34
5.   TRAVEL PLAN IMPACT ON MODAL SHIFT                                                37
     Headington Campus                                                                37
     Harcourt Hill                                                                    38
6.   ADDITIONAL COMMENTS RECEIVED                                                     41
     Part-time Students and Journey Origins                                           41
     Ease of Access of Different Campuses                                             41
     Car Parking                                                                      41
     Encouraging Cycling:                                                             42
     Encouraging Use of the Bus:                                                      43




                                                                                Contents
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings




Contents
                                                   Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



FIGURES

Figure 1.1   Campus Locations                                                              3

Figure 2.1   Headington Campus                                                             9

Figure 2.2   Harcourt Hill Campus                                                         11



TABLES

Table 2.1    Summary of surveys undertaken during the survey week (2008)

Table 3.1    Comparison of response rates with previous surveys

Table 4.1    Summary of Key Survey Findings: Respondent Profile

Table 4.2    Gender

Table 4.3    Full-time and part-time respondents

Table 4.4    Nature of respondents

Table 4.5    Frequency of travel

Table 4.6    Time of arrival

Table 4.7    Time taken to travel to the Campus

Table 4.8    Distance travelled

Table 4.9    Usual main mode of travel to Campus

Table 4.10 Other means of travel to the Campus

Table 4.11 University-wide comparisons - mode of travel (In percentages)

Table 4.12 Staff travel mode comparisons - Oxford wide

Table 4.13 Traffic and parking surveys: Key findings

Table 4.14 Viable alternatives to the car (asked of car users)

Table 4.15 Ranked priorities for shaping transport improvements

Table 4.16 Alternatives which would seriously encourage drivers to switch to
             another mode (% of car drivers citing response)

Table 5.1    Main mode of travel to Headington Campus (staff): A comparison
              with previous surveys (%)




                                                                                    Contents
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings



Table 5.2     Main mode of travel to Headington Campus (students): A
               comparison with previous surveys (%)

Table 5.3     Main mode of travel to Harcourt Hill (staff): A comparison with
               previous surveys (%)

Table 5.4     Main mode of travel to Harcourt Hill (students): A comparison with
               previous surveys



APPENDICES

A      TRAVEL PLAN SURVEY: QUESTIONNAIRE

B      AWARENESS RAISING POSTERS




Contents
                                                     Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



1.    INTRODUCTION

      Background

1.1   Oxford Brookes University developed and implemented its initial University-wide
      travel plan in 1999. Surveys to monitor the effectiveness of the travel plan were
      subsequently undertaken in 2002, 2004 and 2006.

1.2   The 2004 surveys also informed a review of the travel plan and in 2005 a revised
      travel plan was produced covering the period 2006-2010.

1.3   In 2007/08, it was agreed that to ensure that the effectiveness of the Brookes travel
      plan is maximised over the coming years, more detailed site-specific travel plans
      should be developed for each of Brookes’ four main Campuses, within the umbrella of
      an over-arching University-wide Transport Strategy. The four Campuses for which
      site-specific travel plans were to be developed were:

      •    Wheatley Campus;
      •    Headington Campus (comprising Gipsy Lane and Headington Hill sites);
      •    School of Health and Social Care (SHSC); and
      •    Harcourt Hill Campus.

      Figure 1.1 indicates the location of the Campuses.

1.4   The travel plan for Wheatley Campus was the first of the site-specific plans to be
      developed, largely due to a need to develop a Campus-focussed travel plan to support
      masterplanning work being undertaken at the site in 2007/08. Comprehensive survey
      data was therefore collected at the Wheatley Campus in October 2007, with the site’s
      travel plan document signed off by the University in February 2008.

1.5   In March 2008, Steer Davies Gleave was commissioned to roll-out site-specific travel
      plans to the remaining three Campuses. The initial task to facilitate roll-out was to
      undertake a range of surveys across each of the Campuses.

      Survey Objectives

1.6   The principal aims of the surveys, in addition to facilitating site-specific travel plan
      development, were to:

      •    Inform periodic monitoring of the University’s Sustainable Travel Plan, to
           establish how effective it has been in encouraging travel by alternatives to
           driving alone across each of the three surveyed Campuses.
      •    Identify potential measures to be implemented in the future as part of the travel
           plan at each of the Campuses.
      •    Broadly explore issues relating to car parking at the sites, and to understand more
           about patterns of parking and capacity issues, to inform future parking policy.
      •    Inform masterplanning work being undertaken in respect of future development
           of the University, particularly at Harcourt Hill Campus.




                                                                                             1
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings




          Purpose of This Report

1.7       This report provides an overview of the survey methodology and key survey findings
          across all of the Campuses. Separate survey reports have been produced which
          provide detailed findings for each site:

          •    Oxford Brookes University: 2008 Travel Plan Surveys (Report of travel and
               parking surveys at Headington Hill) (2 of 4).
          •    Oxford Brookes University: 2008 Travel Plan Surveys (Report of travel and
               parking surveys at the School of Health and Social Care) (3 of 4).
          •    Oxford Brookes University: 2008 Travel Plan Surveys (Report of travel and
               parking surveys at Harcourt Hill) (4 of 4).

          Structure of This Report

1.8       This report is structured as follows:

          •    Section 2 details the survey method.
          •    Section 3 provides an overall summary of the survey response.
          •    Section 4 provides an overview of key survey findings and includes a
               comparison of results across the Headington, SHSC and Harcourt Hill sites.
          •    Section 5 compares mode split findings from the 2008 survey with previous
               travel surveys.
          •    Section 6 includes a summary of additional written comments received during
               the survey period which in a number of cases were of a University-wide nature
               rather than site-specific – hence their inclusion in this document.
          •    Appendices include the questionnaire used in the surveys and awareness raising
               posters developed.




2
                                Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings




FIGURE 1.1   CAMPUS LOCATIONS




                                                                        3
                                                                 Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings




2.         SURVEY METHODOLOGY

           Summary of Surveys Undertaken

2.1        A summary of surveys undertaken across the three Campuses is provided in Table 2.1,
           with further detail provided below.

           TABLE 2.1          SUMMARY OF SURVEYS UNDERTAKEN DURING THE SURVEY WEEK
                              (2008)

                                                                            Headington      SHSC      Harcourt
         Type of survey          Duration       Date and time
                                                                             Campus                     Hill
                                                            nd
      Bus alighting and          One day     Tuesday 22 April
      boarding surveys                       (0730 -2100)
                                                            nd
      Entry/exit vehicle         One day     Tuesday 22 April
      counts and vehicle                     (0730 -2100)
      occupancy surveys
                                                            nd
      Car registration           One day     Tuesday 22 April
      survey – at vehicular                  (0730 -2100)
      access/egress points
                                                            nd
      Car registration           One day     Tuesday 22 April
      survey – car park                      (0730 -2100)
      ‘beat’ surveys
                                                      th
      Automatic Traffic         One week     Friday 18 April to
                                                         th
      Count (located on                      Thursday 24 April
      Harcourt Hill                          (inclusive)
      approach road
      directly outside
      Campus)
                                                           st
      On-line travel plan       Two-week     Monday 21 April to
      survey supported by       completion   Friday 2nd May
      hard copy                              Awareness raising
      dissemination                          stand/dissemination of
      (questionnaire-based)                  hard copies between
                                                st           th
                                             21 April and 25 April

           Note: The weather on Tuesday 22nd April was warm and generally sunny – a factor to
           consider in future monitoring surveys and comparisons.

2.2        The survey period fell during the last teaching week of the second Semester and
           during reading week. This was not an ideal time for surveys to take place given that
           many students were focussing on exam revision and dissertations. However, it was
           considered more important that the surveys were undertaken during this period to
           ensure that the travel plan was developed in time for the new Academic Year
           (2008/09).

           Bus Alighting/Boarding Surveys

           Headington Campus

2.3        Bus alighting/boarding surveys were undertaken at the following six bus stops serving
           the Headington Campus (see Figure 2.1 for bus stop locations and reference numbers):




                                                                                                         5
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings



          •    the bus stop located on the Gipsy Lane Campus: served by routes U4/U5 to
               Paul Kent and Crescent Halls (bus stop reference 5);
          •    the bus stop located on Gipsy Lane immediately outside the Campus –
               served by routes U4/U5 to Marston Road, including the SHSC (bus stop
               reference 6);
          •    two city centre bound bus stops located on London Road (bus stop reference
               2 and 4), served by Brookes Bus services and a range of non-Brookes services;
               and
          •    two London Road bus stops served by buses bound for Headington and
               beyond (Brookes Bus and non-Brookes services) – including coach services to
               London and airport services (bus stop reference 1 and 3).

2.4       The surveys enabled identification of the number of people arriving at, and departing
          from the Campus by Brookes Buses, as well as the number of people using other bus
          routes serving the stops at different times through the day.

2.5       Although the London Road bus stops could be used by people not attending the
          University, the majority were observed to be associated with Brookes. It should be
          noted that one of the stops (bus stop reference 1) was outside Headington Girls School
          and numbers of schoolchildren boarding/ alighting were observed and excluded from
          the analysis so as not to skew results.

          Harcourt Hill Campus

2.6       Bus alighting/ boarding surveys were undertaken at the bus stop situated on the
          Harcourt Hill Campus (see Figure 2.2); the only scheduled service serving the campus
          is the Brookes Bus U1, which terminates at the site.

          Manual Classified Counts And Vehicle Occupancy Surveys

2.7       Vehicle Occupancy and Manual Classified Count data was collected by observing
          vehicles entering and exiting through the main access points to the Gipsy Lane,
          Headington Hill and Harcourt Hill sites (see Figures 2.1 and 2.2).

2.8       As well as providing information regarding the numbers and type of vehicles entering
          the site e.g. car, van, motorcycle, bus etc, the surveys provided information about how
          the number of people car sharing varied through the day. This will enable future
          monitoring of the effectiveness of measures to promote car sharing amongst staff and
          students at the University (whilst the travel plan survey (see section 2.11) provides
          information about the proportion of staff/students car sharing, it does not provide
          information about the numbers of people travelling in cars).

          Vehicle Registration Surveys

2.9       Registration surveys of all vehicles using the Gipsy Lane, Headington Hill and
          Harcourt Hill sites were undertaken to enable identification of:

          •    the duration of stay of vehicles using the Campus; and
          •    the profile of car park occupancy through the day.

2.10      Surveys involved recording registration details of vehicles and the time at which they




6
                                                       Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



       entered and left the sites. At Headington Hill and Gipsy Lane this involved
       observations being undertaken at the access/egress points to the sites (see Figure 2.1)
       whilst at Harcourt Hill, given the number of potential access/egress points, car park
       ‘beat’ surveys were undertaken. This involved surveyors walking around the car
       parks at regular intervals and making a note of the registration details of cars parked.
       The car parks were divided into ‘zones’ to enable occupancy and duration of stay of
       vehicles parked in different car parks to be identified e.g. student car park, visitor car
       park, sports centre car park etc. Car park zones are indicated in Figure 2.2.

       Travel Plan Survey

2.11   A travel plan survey based on the questionnaire used for the Wheatley Campus travel
       plan and other Brookes travel plan surveys, was developed. The same questionnaire
       was used simultaneously to collect information across all three Campuses i.e.
       Headington, Harcourt Hill and SHSC.

2.12   The main purpose of the survey was to gain information on the success of the travel
       plan measures already in place, to inform further development of the site-specific
       travel plans, and specifically to:

       •    Identify how staff/students currently travel to and from each Campus and why
            they choose to travel the way they do.
       •    Identify where staff/students are travelling from.
       •    Understand more about why people choose to travel by car, and what influences
            their decision of where to park.
       •    Identify priority areas that should be addressed as part of travel planning for each
            of the Campuses.
       •    Establish who would be willing/able to change their travel behaviour in favour of
            more environmentally friendly modes.

2.13   The questionnaire was designed such that comparability with previous travel surveys
       was possible.

       Survey Dissemination

2.14   The survey was made available on-line and in hard copy (see Appendix A). The on-
       line version was hosted by Steer Davies Gleave with an Oxford Brookes specific web
       domain name: www.brookes-travelplan-survey.net. This domain name is available for
       use exclusively by Brookes until March 2009, and can be renewed with the domain
       provider at a minimal cost should Brookes want to use this web address for future
       surveys. A couple of sample pages from the survey are shown below:




                                                                                               7
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings




8
                                 Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings




FIGURE 2.1   HEADINGTON CAMPUS




                                                                         9
                                    Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings




FIGURE 2.2   HARCOURT HILL CAMPUS




                                                                           11
                                                          Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



2.15     A link to the survey was emailed to all staff and students on Monday 21st April 2008.
         The email was sent by Brookes’ Communication Office, and was sent as a message
         from Rex Knight, Deputy Vice Chancellor. The survey link was also promoted via the
         Brookes website and through articles placed in On-Stream (the newsletter aimed at
         staff), The Sauce (the newsletter aimed at students) and through the PIP (Personal
         Information Portal).

         Awareness Raising Stand

2.16     A high profile awareness-raising stand was located in the main reception area at the
         Gipsy Lane site. The stand was manned by surveyors in high visibility jackets who
         encouraged survey completion amongst staff and students. People could either take a
         copy of the paper version of the questionnaire, or take a pen detailing the survey
         address to encourage them to complete the on-line version when they next logged on
         to a computer.




Above: Awareness raising stand at Gipsy Lane Campus (main foyer).

2.17     Surveyors were also present at the other Campuses to raise awareness, encourage
         survey completion and hand out hard copies of the questionnaire to those who
         required them:
          •    At Harcourt Hill one surveyor was present on site for the course of the week –
               including a presence during evening meal times when students congregated in the
               canteen.
          •    At the SHSC a surveyor was present outside the canteen during the lunchtime
               period (generally between 11am and 2.30pm).




                                                                                                 13
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings




          Maximising Response Rate

2.18      The following additional actions were taken to maximise response rate:

          •    The survey was endorsed by the University’s Deputy Vice Chancellor, to raise its
               profile and highlight its importance.
          •    A prize draw was offered to those returning completed questionnaires (cash
               prizes offered were: 1 x £250; 2 x £100; and 3 x £50).
          •    Extensive awareness raising and marketing activities were undertaken, for
               example, posters were displayed on all Brookes Buses (see Appendix B), and at
               other strategic locations around Campuses including in libraries, Halls of
               Residences, cafes etc.
          •    The means for returning questionnaires was easy and straight-forward, with a
               variety of ways for return:
                    via internal post.
                    by handing back to surveyors present on-site during the survey week.
                    in boxes placed in key places around the Campus e.g. in libraries, in the
                    Student’s Union, in the canteen, in the Sports Centre etc.
                    via a Freepost address (aimed particularly at part-time students attending the
                    Campus infrequently).
          •    The number of survey responses was monitored on a daily basis. The on-line
               version was also monitored a number of times through the day to ensure that
               respondents had no issues with the survey/ problems with survey completion e.g.
               to check that they were not exiting the survey prior to full completion.

          Survey Reports

2.19      All respondents were asked how often they travelled to each of Headington Campus,
          the SHSC and Harcourt Hill Campus. People were then asked to answer a range of
          questions according to the Campus which they visited most frequently. Reports
          detailing findings for each Campus are provided as separate documents (see paragraph
          1.7).




14
                                                              Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



3.    OVERVIEW OF SURVEY RESPONSE

      Overall Survey Response and Return Method

3.1   Detailed information about the survey response is provided within each of the
      individual Campus reports. However, an overview of key University-wide (excluding
      Wheatley) statistics in relation to the survey response is provided below.

3.2   In total, 2517 completed questionnaires were received. Of these, 1406 (56%) were
      return via completed hard copies and 1111 (44%) were completed on-line.

3.3   It is interesting to note that amongst staff, the preference was to complete the survey
      online (64% of staff completed the online version), whilst amongst students the
      preference was for the hard copy of the survey – with 66% of students completing the
      hard copy.

3.4   This confirms that a dual approach, offering a mix of online and hard copy,
      questionnaires was a sensible method to adopt. Given the timing of the survey falling
      immediately prior to exams, response amongst students could have been much lower
      if there had not been an awareness raising stand in the foyer, with associated
      questionnaire dissemination.

      TABLE 3.1         COMPARISON OF RESPONSE RATES WITH PREVIOUS SURVEYS



                             STAFF                    STUDENTS                           TOTAL
                                                                              Un
                       No.            %             No.         %                      No.         %
                                                                           specified
                                                                                              1
          2004         634           30%            1546       9.5%                    2180       N/A
                                                                                              1
          2006         798           32%            2275       13%                     3073       N/A
                                                                                             2
          2007         198           56%            688        23%            44       930        28%
                                                                                              3
          2008         746        34%*              1593      12%**          178       2517       16.5%

      1                                   2                           3
          includes Wheatley campus;           Wheatley campus only;       excludes Wheatley campus
      *based on total staff numbers provided for Headington Campus, SHSC and Harcourt Hill of
      2167.
      ** Assumes there are 13,000 students across the three Campuses based on figures in ‘A Local
      Socio-Economic Impact Assessment of the Wheatley Campus of Oxford Brookes University.’
      The latter specifies 17,500 on-site students [page 14] with 4,500 students using the Wheatley
      Campus (pg 4]. Thus 13,000 students have been assumed across the other Campuses,
      although a number of these will be sharing courses at the other Campuses.

      Response Rates of Hard Copy and Online Versions

3.5   The response rate for hard copy dissemination of questionnaires was much higher than
      online dissemination. Of 3049 hard copies of the questionnaire disseminated, 1406
      were returned, representing a response rate of 46%. The main reasons for a higher
      response with hard copies were:

      •      The method adopted for dissemination of hard copies meant that those taking




                                                                                                          15
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings



               them had been personally ‘engaged’ in the process, and thus were more likely to
               complete the survey.
          •    With email dissemination it is easy for people to delete the email without
               opening it.
          •    A number of people approached during the survey week said they had not
               received an email (although we cannot be sure whether this was because they had
               not actually received it or whether they had simply overlooked and deleted it).
               The accuracy of the ‘base’ survey population size is therefore questionable.

3.6       In summary, hard copy dissemination of surveys certainly results in a higher response
          rate, although not necessarily a higher number of returned questionnaires given that
          the on-line survey is disseminated to a much larger (untargeted) sample of people.
          This is borne out by experiences of previous travel surveys at Brookes.




16
                                                    Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



4.    COMPARING KEY SURVEY FINDINGS ACROSS CAMPUSES

4.1   A summary and comparison of key survey findings across the three Campuses is
      provided within this section. Further detail is provided in each of the separate travel
      survey reports (see paragraph 1.7).

      Most Frequently Visited Campus

4.2   Question 1 of the survey asked respondents to record the frequency of their visits to
      each of the three Campuses. The survey went on to ask respondents to consider their
      response to this question and answer the remainder of the survey based on the
      Campus/site that they visited most frequently during term time. There were 161 cases
      where people cited the same frequency of visits to two different Campuses. In this
      situation, these individual’s responses have been considered within the analyses for
      both Campuses cited.

4.3   Table 4.1 indicates the number of staff and student respondents included within the
      analyses for each Campus.

      TABLE 4.1       SUMMARY OF KEY SURVEY FINDINGS: RESPONDENT PROFILE

                                                                            HARCOURT
                                          HEADINGTON          SHSC
                                                                              HILL
       STAFF        No. staff responses    559     30%      111      35%      98     20%
                           No. student             64%               60%     357     73%
       STUDENT                            1192              191
                            responses
                           Unspecified     120      6%       17      5%       33       7%
                               TOTAL      1871    100%      319    100%      488    100%


      Respondent Profile

4.4   Table 4.2 provides an overview of the gender profile of respondents to the survey. It
      can be seen that SHSC has a much greater predominance of female staff and students;
      90% of student respondents were female at SHSC, compared to 63% of students at the
      Headington campus and 75% at Harcourt Hill.

      TABLE 4.2       GENDER

                                                                            HARCOURT
                                          HEADINGTON          SHSC
                                                                              HILL
       STAFF                     Male      213   38.4%       29      27%      35    35.7%
                               Female      342   61.6%       81      74%      63    64.3%
                               TOTAL       555    100%      110    100%       98    100%
       STUDENT                   Male      435   36.6%       19      10%      90    25.4%
                               Female      753   63.4%      172      90%     264    74.6%
                               TOTAL      1188    100%      191    100%      354    100%




                                                                                            17
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings



4.5       The proportion of part-time and full-time respondents was similar across Campuses.
          There was a slightly higher proportion of part-time staff at SHSC (30%) compared
          with Headington (25%) and Harcourt Hill (22%) (Table 4.3).

          TABLE 4.3       FULL-TIME AND PART-TIME RESPONDENTS

                                                                                     HARCOURT
                                                HEADINGTON         SHSC
                                                                                       HILL
           STAFF                Full-Time        406     74.8%     77       70%       75    78%
                                Part-Time        137     25.2%     33       30%       21    22%
                                    Total        543     100%     110       100%      96   100%
           STUDENT              Full-Time       1003      85%     166       88%      305    88%
                                Part-Time        171      15%      22       12%       43    12%
                                  TOTAL         1174     100%     188       100%     348   100%


4.6       As shown in Table 4.4, there was a much higher proportion of post graduates at
          Harcourt Hill (30%) compared with Headington (15%) and SHSC (8%), a reflection
          of the nature of the courses offered at Harcourt Hill which include post graduate
          PGCE courses.

4.7       It can also be seen that there is a higher proportion of ‘academic related’ and ‘clerical’
          staff based at the Headington Campus (19%), compared with SHSC (12%) and
          Harcourt Hill (9%).

          TABLE 4.4       NATURE OF RESPONDENTS

                                                                                     HARCOURT
                                                 HEADINGTON             SHSC
                                                                                       HILL
           STAFF                     Clerical      185    10.7%     24         8%     21   4.7%
                            Academic related               8.0%                4%     18   4.0%
                                                   138              11
                               e.g. admin, IT
                          Academic lecturer        117     6.7%     61       20%      36   8.0%
                                   Research         35     2.0%         7      2%      2   0.4%
                                    Ancillary       32     1.8%         4      1%      9   2.0%
                              Subtotal staff       507    29.2%    107         35%    86   19.1%
           STUDENT            Undergraduate        905    52.2%    166       55%     223   49.5%
                               Postgraduate        264    15.2%     25         8%    133   29.6%
                           Subtotal student       1169    67.4%    191         63%   356   79.1%
           OTHER                                    59     3.4%         2      1%      8   1.8%
                                     TOTAL        1735     100%    300      100%     450   100%


          Travel Patterns

4.8       Due to the unique characteristics of the three Campuses, the travel patterns of those
          travelling to work or study at these locations differ quite significantly. In some cases
          this can be attributed to the physical geography of the Campus locations and in others,




18
                                                          Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



       the proximity to residential catchments.

       Frequency of travel

4.9    At all three Campuses, over 50% of staff travel to work every working day to their
       most frequently visited Campus (see Table 4.5). Headington has the highest
       proportion of staff travelling to the site every day (63%) followed by Harcourt Hill
       (56%). These figures are considerably higher than the proportion of students travelling
       to their most frequently visited Campus every day – with Headington Campus having
       the highest proportion of students travelling on a daily basis (26%).

4.10   The most commonly reported frequency for travel to Brookes University by students
       was 3 to 4 times per week. This was cited by 43% of SCHC students; 42% of
       Headington students; and 26% of Harcourt Hill students.

4.11   Students attending Harcourt Hill generally undertake less frequent visits to the
       Campus compared with other Campuses, with 17% visiting intermittently (probably
       due in part, to work placements) and 14% living on campus.

       TABLE 4.5         FREQUENCY OF TRAVEL

                                                                                         HARCOURT
                                                   HEADINGTON             SHSC
                                                                                           HILL
        STAFF               Every working day       351      62.8%       58      52%        55   56.1%
                           3 or 4 times a week      139      24.9%       33      30%        24   24.5%
                          Once or twice a week       34       6.1%       10       9%         8     8.2%
                                  Occasionally       23       4.1%        7       6%         8     8.2%
                                  Intermittently      3       0.5%        2       2%         1     1.0%
                                   Live on site       9       1.6%        1       1%         2     2.0%
                                       TOTAL        559      100%       111                 98    100%
        STUDENT             Every working day       307      25.8%       28      15%        62   17.4%
                           3 or 4 times a week      505      42.4%       83      43%        92   25.8%
                          Once or twice a week      207      17.4%       59      31%        74   20.7%
                                  Occasionally       85       7.1%       10       5%        15     4.2%
                                  Intermittently     12       1.0%       10       5%        61   17.1%
                                   Live on site      76       6.4%        1       1%        53   14.8%
                                       TOTAL       1192      100%       191    100%        357    100%


       Time of arrival

4.12   As shown in Table 4.6, arrival times of students at SHSC are more concentrated than
       student arrival times at other Campuses; 94% of students at SHSC arrive before 1000.
       Staff arrival times are very similar across all three campuses with over 90% arriving
       before 1000.




                                                                                                 19
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings


          TABLE 4.6       TIME OF ARRIVAL

                                                                                HARCOURT
                                               HEADINGTON         SHSC
                                                                                  HILL
          STAFF                 0700-0800        72   13.8%      15      15%       12   15.0%
                                0800-0900       234   44.8%      50      50%       40   50.0%
                                0900-1000       166   31.8%      32      32%       21   26.3%
                                After 1000       38    7.4%       2      2%         5    6.3%
          STUDENT               0800-0900       248   24.5%      52      30%     116    39.2%
                                0900-1000       445   43.9%     110      64%     138    46.6%
                                1000-1100       147   14.5%       4      2%         9    3.0%
                                After 1100      153   15.1%       5      4%        30   10.2%


          Travel time

4.13      The time taken by staff to travel to work also differed between the Campuses (see
          Table 4.7), with Headington and Harcourt Hill staff generally having shorter travel
          times than SHSC staff. Over 50% of staff at Headington and Harcourt Hill travelled
          less than 30 minutes to the Campus whereas only 37% of SHSC staff travelled for less
          than 30 minutes on their journey to work.

4.14      Headington students generally have the shortest travel times and Harcourt Hill
          students the longest. At Headington, about three-quarters of students travelled for less
          than 30 minutes whereas at Harcourt Hill the majority of respondents travelled
          between 20 and 45 minutes.

          TABLE 4.7       TIME TAKEN TO TRAVEL TO THE CAMPUS

                                                                                 HARCOURT
                                               HEADINGTON         SHSC
                                                                                   HILL
          STAFF         Less than 10 minutes     52    9.5%       5       5%        6    6.3%
                              11-20 minutes     143   26.1%      22      20%       25   26.3%
                              21-30 minutes     107   19.6%      13      12%       19   20.0%
                              31-45 minutes     113   20.7%      33      30%       25   26.3%
                              46-60 minutes      81   14.8%      23      21%       15   15.8%
                                61 minutes+      51    9.3%      13      12%        5    5.3%
                                     TOTAL      547   100%      109    100%        95    100%
          STUDENT       Less than 10 minutes    284   24.5%      20      11%       23    6.8%
                              11-20 minutes     361   31.1%      43      23%       50   14.7%
                              21-30 minutes     216   18.6%      41      22%       78   23.0%
                              31-45 minutes     139   12.0%      30      16%     100    29.5%
                              46-60 minutes      82    7.1%      30      16%       48   14.2%
                                61 minutes+      77    6.6%      23      13%       40   11.8%
                                     TOTAL     1159   100%      187              339     100%




20
                                                       Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



       Distance travelled

4.15   Harcourt Hill students tend to live further from the Campus compared to other
       students (see Table 4.8). Students whose most frequently visited Campus is
       Headington, generally live close to the campus with over 75% living within 1.875
       miles (‘crow-fly’ distance). Similarly for those staff attending Headington as their
       most frequently visited campus, a relatively high number live within 1.875 miles
       (37%), which is higher than both SHSC (24%) and Harcourt Hill (21%).

       TABLE 4.8        DISTANCE TRAVELLED

                                                                               HARCOURT
                                           HEADINGTON           SHSC
                                                                                 HILL
       STAFF                <1.875 miles    181    37.4%       23    24.2%       16    20.8%
                          1.875-3 miles      39     8.1%       11    11.6%        8    10.4%
                               3-5 miles     42     8.7%         6    6.3%       13    16.9%
                              5-10 miles     68    14.0%       16    16.8%       12    15.6%
                             10-15 miles     81    16.7%       13    13.7%       13    16.9%
                             15-20 miles     16     3.3%       11    11.6%        3     3.9%
                              >20 miles      57    11.8%       15    15.8%       12    15.6%
                                 TOTAL      484     100%       95    100%        77    100%
       STUDENT              <1.875 miles    683    70.5%       65    40.4%       55    21.1%
                          1.875-3 miles      46     4.7%       28    17.4%       57    21.8%
                               3-5 miles     64     6.6%         7    4.3%       44    16.9%
                              5-10 miles     28     2.9%         8    5.0%       18     6.9%
                             10-15 miles     38     3.9%       20    12.4%       16     6.1%
                             15-20 miles     24     2.5%       10     6.2%        8     3.1%
                              >20 miles      86     8.9%       23    14.3%       63    24.1%
                                 TOTAL      969     100%      161    100%       261    100%


4.16   In the analysis above it has been assumed that 1.875 miles (3km) is a reasonable
       walking distance whilst 5 miles (8km) is a reasonable cycling distance. Some people
       will obviously be able to walk and cycle significantly further. The 3 mile breakdown
       is included given that this is the distance criteria used in considering the allocation of
       parking permits. It should also be noted that the above analysis is based on the
       journey to the University starting at home; in some cases people will be travelling
       from other origins, for example, from work.

       Mode of travel

4.17   A comparison of main mode of travel across each of the campuses is provided in
       Table 4.9, with further discussion below.




                                                                                               21
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings


          TABLE 4.9        USUAL MAIN MODE OF TRAVEL TO CAMPUS

                                                                             HARCOURT
                                                HEADINGTON      SHSC
                                                                               HILL
       STAFF               Car driver alone      190   34.2%    47     42%    61   62.2%
                                      Cycle      111   20.0%    31     28%     7   7.1%
                                       Walk       86   15.5%    11     10%     3   3.1%
                                 Other bus        52   9.4%      5     5%      0     0%
                              Brookes Bus         42   7.6%      5     5%     17   17.3%
                      Car driver with others      28   5.0%      7     6%      6   6.1%
                                      Train       15   2.7%      2     2%      0     0%
                            Car passenger              1.8%            0%      3   3.1%
                                                  10             0
                             (dropped off)
                           Park & Ride bus         7   1.3%      0     0%      0     0%
                            Car passenger              0.9%            2%      0     0%
                                                   5             2
                           (vehicle parked)
                                      Other        5   0.9%      1     1%      0     0%
                        Motorbike/ scooter         4   0.7%      0     0%      0     0%
                               I live on site      1   0.2%      0     0%      1     1%
                                    TOTAL        556   100%    111   100%     98   100%
       STUDENT             Car driver alone      121   10.2%    46     24%   108   30.3%
                                      Cycle      146   12.3%    34     18%    13   3.7%
                                       Walk      470   39.6%    54     28%    30   8.4%
                                 Other bus        51   4.3%      5     3%      5   1.4%
                              Brookes Bus        290   24.4%    28     15%   131   36.8%
                      Car driver with others      39   3.3%     10     5%     39    11%
                                      Train       20   1.7%      1     1%      2   0.6%
                            Car passenger              0.7%            1%      1   0.3%
                                                   8             2
                             (dropped off)
                           Park & Ride bus        19   1.6%      5     3%      0     0%
                            Car passenger              0.7%            1%     10   2.8%
                                                   8             2
                           (vehicle parked)
                                      Other        3   0.3%      1     1%      1   0.3%
                        Motorbike/ scooter         3   0.3%      1     1%      1   0.3%
                               I live on site     10   0.8%      1     1%     15   4.2%
                                    TOTAL       1188   100%    190   100%    356   100%




22
                                                                           Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



              Car

4.18          The usual main mode1 of travel used by staff differed significantly between the three
              Campuses. Harcourt Hill staff have the highest rate of car use with approximately 70%
              travelling this way (including 62% as car driver alone). Headington had the lowest
              proportion of car travellers amongst staff, with 42% travelling by car (34% as a car
              driver alone).

4.19          Amongst students, almost 45% of those at Harcourt Hill travelled by car (30% as a car
              driver alone) whilst about 31% at SHSC and 15% at Headington Campus travelled by
              car.

              Walking and cycling

4.20          Walking is more popular amongst Headington staff (15.5%) and SHSC (10%) than
              amongst staff at Harcourt Hill (3%). It is interesting to compare these figures to the
              distance that staff and students live from the Campus they visit most frequently (Table
              4.8), although as discussed in paragraph 4.16, it should be remembered that people
              will not always be travelling from their home location. It can be seen that:

              •     37% of Headington staff live within walking distance (1.875 miles) of the
                    Campus yet only 15.5% walk to work.
              •     21% of Harcourt Hill staff live within walking distance of the campus with only
                    3% walking as their usual main mode. The gradient of the access road to the
                    Harcourt Hill Campus is likely to be a deterrent to some people for walking and
                    cycling.
              •     24% of SHSC staff live within walking distnace of the site, with 10% walking to
                    work as their main mode.

4.21          Similar observations can also be made in respect of the potential for encouraging
              cycling:

              •     Only 7% of Harcourt Hill staff cycle to work as their main mode despite 48%
                    living within 5 miles of the site; as with walking, this is likely to be partly a
                    reflection of the topography of the area.
              •     28% of SHSC staff cycle to work as their main mode (with 42% living within 5
                    miles) whilst 20% of Headington staff cycle (with 54% living within 5 miles).
                    The higher proportion of staff cycling to SHSC compared with the Headington
                    Campus, despite a lower proportion of SHSC staff living within 5 miles could be
                    attributed to:
                         Parking at SHSC being extremely limited (more so than at Headington Hill
                         and Gipsy Lane).
                         There are less direct public transport options available to SHSC staff. Many
                         Headington staff who could potentially be in scope for cycling are choosing
                         to use the frequent Brookes Bus service instead.

4.22          The proportions of students walking and cycling to their most frequently visited



1
    Main mode is that which is used for the longest part of the journey.




                                                                                                                  23
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings



          Campus follow a similar trend to those of staff:

          •     Active travel is not popular amongst those travelling to Harcourt Hill with only
                4% cycling (with 60% living within 5 miles) and 8% walking (with 21% living
                within 1.875 miles). However, given the high number of post graduate students
                at Harcourt Hill, a number are likely to be travelling from origins other than
                home.
          •     Again, cycling is most popular amongst students travelling to SHSC (with 18%
                citing cycling as their main mode).
          •     Only 12% of Headington students cycle as their main mode despite 82% living
                within a reasonable cycling distance (5 miles). Headington Hill is likely to be a
                barrier to cycling for some people, but it is also apparent that some people are
                using Brookes Bus to travel very short distances (see paragraph 4.23).
          •     40% of students walk to the Headington Campus (with 70.5% living within 1.875
                miles) whilst 28% walk to SHSC and 8% to Harcourt Hill.

          Bus

4.23      The Brookes Bus with its tailored routes serving key student catchment areas and the
          various Campus locations, is a particularly important transport option for students
          travelling to Harcourt Hill (37% of students travel in this way) and Headington (24%
          travel by Brookes Bus). However, use of the Brookes Bus by Headington students is
          for much shorter trips than those made by Harcourt Hill students:

          •     For Headington students, 68% of those travelling on Brookes Bus lived within
                1.875 miles of the Campus, with 95% of users living within 5 miles.
          •     For Harcourt Hill students, 44% of those travelling on Brookes Bus lived within
                1.875 miles of the Campus, with 70% living within 5 miles.

4.24      These findings suggest that there is great potential for encouraging students to walk or
          cycle rather than use the Brookes Bus for at least some of their journeys to the
          University’s Campuses – particularly at Headington Hill and Gipsy Lane. This would
          itself help to address some of the capacity issues that exist during peak times on the
          Brookes Bus.

          Other main mode of travel

4.25      Respondents were asked whether they ever travelled to their most frequently visited
          Campus in a different way (multiple response was possible). Results are shown in
          Table 4.10. It can be seen, for example, that whilst motorcycling and use of the train
          do not feature significantly amongst staff and students as their ‘usual’ main mode,
          they are used as alternative modes on occasions, and should still therefore be
          supported within the travel plan.




24
                                                         Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings


          TABLE 4.10      OTHER MEANS OF TRAVEL TO THE CAMPUS

                                                                                 HARCOURT
                                                HEADINGTON         SHSC
                                                                                   HILL
       STAFF                   Brookes Bus       106   27.5%       8     13%       26    43.3%
                                       Walk       10   26.9%      18     29%        8    13.3%
                            Car driver alone      93   24.1%      14     22%        8    13.3%
                                       Train      65   16.8%      10     16%        6    10.0%
                                       Cycle      51   13.2%      11     17%        5     8.3%
                             Car Passenger             10.6%             11%        2     3.3%
                                                  41               7
                            (vehicle parked)
                       Car driver with others     34   8.8%        9     14%        8    13.3%
                             Car passenger             8.8%              16%        5     8.3%
                                                  34              10
                              (dropped off)
                                  Other bus       31   8.0%        3      5%        6    10.0%
                            Park & Ride bus       22   5.7%        0      0%        1     1.7%
                          Motorbike/scooter       13   3.4%        3      5%        3     5.0%
                                       Other       6   1.6%        1      2%        1     1.7%


       STUDENT                 Brookes Bus       291   36.6%      30     26%       72    37.1%
                                       Walk      264   33.2%      38     32%       34    17.5%
                            Car driver alone     128   16.1%      18     15%       24    12.4%
                                       Train      51   6.4%        6      5%       11     5.7%
                                       Cycle     134   16.9%      21     18%       16     8.2%
                             Car Passenger             9.8%               9%       24    12.4%
                                                  78              10
                            (vehicle parked)
                       Car driver with others     74   9.3%       12     10%       41    21.1%
                             Car passenger             8.4%               8%       21    10.8%
                                                  67               9
                              (dropped off)
                                  Other bus       95   12.0%      11      9%        9     4.6%
                            Park & Ride bus       40   5.0%        8      7%        7     3.6%
                          Motorbike/scooter        8   1.0%        1      1%        1     0.5%
                                       Other       7   0.9%        1      1%        1     0.5%


4.26      Table 4.11 shows the averages for all the Brookes campuses, inclusive and exclusive
          of the 2007 surveys at the Wheatley Campus.




                                                                                                 25
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings


          TABLE 4.11        UNIVERSITY-WIDE             COMPARISONS        -   MODE   OF    TRAVEL   (IN
                            PERCENTAGES)

                                                                 Average excluding    Average including
                                               Mode
                                                                     Wheatley             Wheatley

            STAFF                      Car driver alone          46%                  52%
                                       Cycle                     18%                  15%
                                       Walk                      10%                  7%
                                       Other bus                 5%                   4%
                                       Brookes Bus               10%                  11%
                                       Car    driver      with
                                       others                    6%                   5%
                                       Train                     2%                   1%
                                       Car      passenger
                                       (dropped off)             2%                   1%
                                       Park & Ride bus           0%                   0%
                                       Car       passenger
                                       (vehicle parked)          1%                   1%
                                       Other                     1%                   0%
                                       Motorbike/ scooter        0%                   1%
                                       I live on site            0%                   0%


            STUDENT                    Car driver alone          22%                  20%
                                       Cycle                     11%                  9%
                                       Walk                      25%                  19%
                                       Other bus                 3%                   2%
                                       Brookes Bus               25%                  36%
                                       Car    driver      with
                                       others                    6%                   7%
                                       Train                     1%                   1%
                                       Car      passenger
                                       (dropped off)             1%                   1%
                                       Park & Ride bus           2%                   1%
                                       Car       passenger
                                       (vehicle parked)          2%                   2%
                                       Other                     1%                   0%
                                       Motorbike/scooter         1%                   1%
                                       I live on site            2%                   2%

          NB. Due to rounding, column totals may not always sum to 100%.




26
                                                       Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



4.27   The average figures show that driving is a more common form of transport for those
       working at the Wheatley campus, whilst the Brookes Bus is more popular for those
       studying at Wheatley compared to other Campuses.

4.28   Table 4.12 compares Oxford Brookes’ travel statistics with Oxford University’s staff
       travel to work mode split, and statistics available for those travelling to work in
       Oxford as a whole (from the 2001 census). Issues to bear in mind when considering
       the data include:

       •      The figures for the entire population of Oxford are sourced from the 2001 census,
              and include the working population only, excluding those working from home.
       •      Whilst the data obtained through the Brookes travel surveys differentiates
              between single occupancy car drivers and those who carry passengers, the figures
              for Oxford University staff travel and Oxford do not make this distinction. The
              information is also not as specific in terms of types of car passengers as that
              obtained from the Brookes surveys.
       •      The ‘Bus’ category includes Brookes Bus, coaches and minibuses in addition to
              regular buses.
       •      The ‘Other’ category also includes taxis and minicabs (a separate category in the
              census data).

       TABLE 4.12          STAFF TRAVEL MODE COMPARISONS - OXFORD WIDE

                              Average for      Averages for all
                              Headington                              Oxford
                                               of Brookes incl.                        Oxford
                              Harcourt Hill                          University
                   Mode                           Wheatley                             (2001
                               and SHSC                                staff
                                                   Campus                             census)
                               Campuses                                (2007)
                                 (2008)             (2008)

           Car driver             52%                57%                23%              50%
           Cycle                  18%                15%                30%              12%
           Walk                   10%                 7%                13%              11%
           Bus                    15%                15%                20%              18%
           Train                   2%                 1%                 6%              2%
           Car passenger           3%                 2%                 2%              5%
           Park & Ride             0%                 0%                 5%
           Other                   1%                 0%                 0%              0%
           Motorbike/
           scooter                 0%                 1%                 2%              1%




                                                                                               27
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings



4.29      It can be seen that the proportion of car drivers amongst Brookes staff is relatively
          high compared to Oxford University staff. To an extent, this is explained by Brookes’
          being located less centrally than Oxford University, and to the particular challenges
          presented by the topography of the Harcourt Hill and Headington Hill campuses (as
          discussed in paragraphs 4.20-4.21 above).

          Traffic counts

4.30      Information from the traffic count surveys undertaken at Headington and Harcourt
          Hill Campuses is summarised in Table 4.13.




28
                                                              Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings


          TABLE 4.13         TRAFFIC AND PARKING SURVEYS: KEY FINDINGS

                                                 HEADINGTON                         HARCOURT HILL
                                    Headington Hill       Gipsy Lane

 Vehicles entering (0730 -                526                  780                         680
 2100)

 Vehicles exiting (0730 -                                      727                         680
                                          518
 2100)
                                       0800-0900          1730-1830                     0800-0900
 Busiest hour
                                     (105 vehicles)      (68 vehicles)                (167 vehicles)
 Average inbound occupancy                                     1.4                 1.2 persons per car
                                   1.2 persons per car
 (0730 -2100)

 Maximum inbound                          1.58                1.74                  1.54 (1830-1930)
 occupancy                            (1330-1430)         (1430-1530)
 Average outbound                                              1.4                 1.3 persons per car
                                   1.2 persons per car
 occupancy (0730 -2100)

 Maximum outbound                         1.35                1.69                  1.67 (2030-2100)
 occupancy                            (1830-2030)         (1430-1530)
                                                               16             53 (although 40 vehicles were
                                                                             parked in areas where no permit
 Vehicles parked on Campus
                                           19                                  is needed. Only 4 out of 14
 without parking permits
                                                                             vehicles in visitor car park had a
                                                                                           permit.
                                       1100-1330          12:30-1600                    1200-1400
                                     (~250 vehicles      (~170 vehicles          (~ 400 vehicles parked)
 Peak time for parking
                                        parked)             parked)


 Vehicles parked on site at                46                  49                          108
 start of survey period (0730)

                                 DURATION OF STAY (FROM PARKING SURVEYS)

        Less than 30 minutes              15%                 34%                           1%
         30 minutes to 1 hour             6%                  13%                           4%
                  1 to 2 hours            15%                 14%                          12%
                  2 to 3 hours            12%                 11%                           9%
                  3 to 4 hours            6%                   7%                          12%
                  4 to 6 hours            12%                  5%                          17%
                  6 to 8 hours            12%                  3%                          16%

           More than 8 hours              22%                 11%                          29%


4.31      It can be seen that:

          •     Gipsy Lane is the busiest campus in terms of actual vehicle movements through
                the day (780 vehicles entering), despite the fact that there are fewer car park
                spaces available on site compared to Headington Hill and Harcourt Hill.
                Vehicles parking at Gipsy Lane stay for significantly shorter lengths of time;




                                                                                                         29
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings



               47% park for less than 1 hour which accounts for the higher turnover of cars.
          •    The busiest hour for cars entering the sites are in the morning (0800 – 0900) at
               Headington Hill and Harcourt Hill, and at the end of the afternoon (1730-1830) at
               Gipsy Lane.
          •    There are slightly higher levels of car sharing at Gipsy Lane compared to
               Harcourt Hill and Headington Hill.
          •    Patterns of parking are spread more evenly at Gipsy Lane compared to
               Headington Hill (see Figure 5.1 and 5.2 in the separate Headington travel survey
               report).
          •    The peak period for parking is over the lunchtime period at all sites, although
               demand peaks earlier at Headington Hill (1100) compared to Gipsy lane (1230)
               and Harcourt Hill (1200). Demand for parking is greater at Gipsy Lane in the
               afternoon compared to Headginton Hill and Harcourt Hill.

          Reasons for use of the car

4.32      A number of questions in the travel survey were asked of those people who ever drive
          to their most frequently visited Campus. Car users were asked what their main
          reasons for using the car were; up to four answers could be selected. For both staff and
          students the most frequently cited reasons were similar, namely time savings,
          convenience/flexibility, public transport unavailable/unrealistic, and too far to
          walk/cycle:

          •    For Headington staff who use their car, convenience/flexibility was the most
               important factor (67% of car users cited this response) followed by time savings
               (60%). For Headington students, time savings was the biggest factor (66%)
               followed by convenience/flexibility (63%).
          •    For SHSC staff, convenience/flexibility was the most significant factor (70%)
               followed by public transport alternatives not available/unrealistic (59%),
               reflecting the fact that SHSC is not on a radial bus route into the city. Students
               however, identified time savings as the biggest influence on choice (75%)
               followed by convenience/flexibility (60%).
          •    For Harcourt Hill staff, convenience/flexibility was the most important factor
               (66%) followed by time savings (63%). Similarly for students,
               convenience/flexibility was the biggest factor (71%) followed by time savings
               (67%).

4.33      For all three Campuses, the distance being too great to walk or cycle was mentioned
          by between 30% and 40% of all staff and students.

          Viable alternatives to the car

4.34      Staff and students who currently use the car for travel to/from the University were
          asked what viable alternative(s) there were to the car for their journey (see Table
          4.14):

          •    At Headington, the bus was the most popular alternative; 38% of staff identified
               the regular bus service and 14% the Brookes Bus service, as their most viable
               alternative. Similarly, 31% of students cited the Brookes Bus as a viable
               alternative whilst 29% cited regular bus services. Interestingly, walking was
               identified by 20% of student car users as a viable alternative to the car, and




30
                                                        Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



            cycling by 16% of students and 13% of staff.
       •    At SHSC, the park and ride bus was identified by a quarter of car users as a
            viable alternative to the car, suggesting that use of the car for at least part of the
            journey is a necessity for these people. Other alternatives mentioned were cycling
            (by 20% of staff) and public bus services (by 22% of students).
       •    At Harcourt Hill, staff and students both identified use of the bus as the most
            viable alternative to the car. The Brookes service was identified by 20% of staff
            and 33.5% of students, whilst the public bus service was identified by 26% of
            staff and 23% of students. The train was also seen as viable to 18% of staff and
            13% of students, reflecting the fact that the Brookes Bus provides a useful
            connecting service between the station and Harcourt Hill.

4.35   A number of respondents cited that there are no viable alternatives available to the car
       for their journey to the Campus. This tended to be higher amongst staff, with 45%
       from SHSC, 39% from Harcourt Hill and 30% from Headington considering that there
       were no alternatives for them to the car. Amongst students, proportions that
       considered there were no viable alternatives were lower; 29% of Harcourt Hill student
       car users, 22% at SHSC and 17% at Headington.

4.36   These results are encouraging however, as they suggest that there are opportunities for
       the majority of staff and students to travel by alternatives to the car for at least some of
       their journeys.




                                                                                                31
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings


          TABLE 4.14      VIABLE ALTERNATIVES TO THE CAR (ASKED OF CAR USERS)

                                                                                HARCOURT
                                                HEADINGTON         SHSC
                                                                                  HILL
       STAFF                   Brookes Bus        38    14%        4      6%       15     20%
                                       Walk       21     7%        5      8%        7    9.5%
                                       Train      24     9%        4      6%       13     18%
                                       Cycle      37    13%       13    20%         7    9.5%
                                  Car share       21     7%        6      9%        3      4%
                                  Public bus     106    38%        7    11%        19     26%
                            Park & Ride bus       22     8%       16    25%         0      0%
                          Motorbike/scooter        4     1%        0      0%        2      3%
                                       Other       3     1%        4      6%        0      0%
                        No viable alternative     85    30%       29    45%        29     39%


       STUDENT                 Brookes Bus       100    31%       10    14%        63   33.5%
                                       Walk       67    20%       10    14%         8      4%
                                       Train      44    13%       10    14%        25     13%
                                       Cycle      52    16%        7      9%       13      7%
                                  Car share       24     7%        5      7%       31   16.5%
                                  Public bus      96    29%       16    22%        43     23%
                            Park & Ride bus       16     5%       18    24%        11      6%
                          Motorbike/scooter        4     1%        0      0%        1    0.5%
                                       Other       3     1%        1      1%        3      2%
                        No viable alternative     55    17%       16    22%        54     29%


          Encouraging travel by sustainable modes

4.37      A list of potential options for transport improvements were provided to respondents to
          prioritise according to the importance they felt they should be given. The ranked
          priorities identified by staff and students are shown in Table 4.15, with 1 representing
          the most important priority and 15 the least important.




32
                                                             Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings


           TABLE 4.15          RANKED PRIORITIES FOR SHAPING TRANSPORT IMPROVEMENTS

                                            Headington                 SHSC           Harcourt Hill
                                          Staff   Students     Staff     Students    Staff   Students

 More buses on new routes                  6         4           2            3       7          3
 Improved shower and locker                          9
 facilities for walkers/cyclists           3=                    3            10      3         10
 Improved cycle routes in and around                 5
 the Campus                                1                     1            6       5          6
 More frequent buses on existing                     2
 routes                                    7                     6            2       1          2
 Improved cycle parking                    5         8           5            7=      4         11
 University to increase bus subsidy in               1
 order to reduce bus fares                 2                     7            1       2          1
 Better information about transport                  7
 options                                  10=                    8            9       9          5
 Improved pedestrian routes in and                   3
 around the Campus                         3=                    4            4       6          8
 New/improved scheme for                            10=
 encouraging car sharing                   8                     9            7=      10         4
 Encouraging less people to drive to                10=
 the Campus                                9                    11            12      11        12
 More rigorous and effective car park               12
 management                                12                   12            11      14         9
 Provision of cycle training               13       13          13            13      12        14
 Improved personal security               10=        6          10            5       8          7
 Fleet of University cars available for             14
 hire                                      14                   14            14      13        13
 Deter people from driving to the                   15
 Campus by increasing car parking
 charges                                   15                   15            15      15        15


4.38       As well as prioritising options, respondents that drove were also asked which
           alternatives they felt would encourage drivers to switch to other modes. Results are
           shown in Table 4.16




                                                                                                      33
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings


           TABLE 4.16          ALTERNATIVES WHICH WOULD SERIOUSLY ENCOURAGE DRIVERS TO
                               SWITCH TO ANOTHER MODE (% OF CAR DRIVERS CITING RESPONSE)

                                             Headington              SHSC           Harcourt Hill
                                          Staff   Students   Staff     Students   Staff   Students

 More buses on new routes                 28.0%    21.3%     49%         53%      46.2%     35.5%
 Improved shower and locker                        5.0%
 facilities for walkers/cyclists          4.6%               14%            5%    10.3%     4.8%
 Improved cycle routes in and around               5.4%
 the Campus                               3.7%               16%            2%    2.6%      4.8%

 More frequent buses on existing
 routes                                   15.7%    18.5%     24%         20%      41.0%     27.4%
 Improved cycle parking                   3.1%     2.2%      14%            3%    2.6%      3.2%

 University to increase bus subsidy in
 order to reduce bus fares                19.4%    20.9%     18%         25%      23.1%     25.0%

 Better information about transport
 options                                  4.9%     3.6%      6%             5%    5.1%      4.0%

 Improved pedestrian routes in and
 around the Campus                        1.1%     2.6%      4%             3%    2.6%      1.6%

 New/improved scheme for
 encouraging car sharing                  5.1%     2.8%      10%            5%    5.1%      13.7%

 Encouraging less people to drive to
 the Campus                               2.0%     1.6%      0%             3%    7.7%      2.4%

 More rigorous and effective car park
 management                               1.7%     3.6%      0%             2%     0%       1.6%
 Provision of cycle training              0.6%     0.8%      2%             0%     0%       0.8%
 Improved personal security               1.7%     1.8%      4%             5%    7.7%      1.6%
 Fleet of University cars available for            1.8%
 hire                                     2.9%               6%             2%    2.6%      2.4%

 Deter people from driving to the
 Campus by increasing car parking
 charges                                  5.4%     9.2%      8%          10%      2.6%      13.7%


           Conclusions

4.39       The following conclusions can be drawn from the results of the surveys in terms of the
           introduction of different measures at each of the Campuses, and their likely
           effectiveness:

           Headington Campus

           •     Amongst staff, improved cycle routes were identified as a priority measure, to
                 be supported in particular by improved shower and locker facilities (Table
                 4.15). These are appropriate measures on which to focus given that:
                     13% of staff car users and 16% of student car users considered cycling to be
                     a viable alternative to the car – see Table 4.14.




34
                                              Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



         54% of staff and 82% of students live within potential cycling distance (5
         miles ‘crow-fly’ distance) – see Table 4.8.
•   Amongst staff and students, improved pedestrian routes were identified as a
    priority measure to be supported (Table 4.15). This would seem appropriate
    given that:
         37% of staff and 70.5% of students (Table 4.8) live within potential walking
         distance (1.875 miles - ‘crow-fly’ distance).
         20% of student car users considered walking to be a viable alternative to the
         car (Table 4.14).
•   Increasing the University’s bus subsidy in order to reduce bus fares was
    considered a priority by both staff and students. Again, this would seem an
    appropriate option given that the bus is seen as a viable alternative to the car by
    both staff and students (Table 4.14).
•   More frequent buses on existing routes was considered a particular priority
    amongst students (Table 4.15). Whilst key bus routes already offer a good
    service frequency, problems with overcrowding on some Brookes bus services
    may have accounted, to an extent, for the importance of this measure. The
    survey results show however, that encouraging cycling and walking amongst
    existing Brookes Bus users may help to reduce capacity issues to some degree.
•   More buses on new routes was also a priority amongst students (ranked 4th).
•   Improvements to personal security was considered to be more of a priority
    amongst students than staff (Table 4.15).

SHSC

•   As with the Headington Campus, amongst staff, improved cycle routes were
    identified as a priority measure, to be supported in particular by improved
    shower and locker facilities (Table 4.15).
•   Increasing the University’s bus subsidy in order to reduce bus fares was
    considered a priority amongst students but not amongst staff. Rather, both staff
    and students at SHSC considered that more buses on new routes should be a
    priority.
•   Improved pedestrian routes in and around the Campus were considered a
    priority amongst both staff and students, ranking 4th (Table 4.15).
•   Improvements to personal security were considered to be more of a priority
    amongst SHSC students than staff (Table 4.15).

Harcourt Hill

•   More frequent buses on existing routes (the Brookes Bus serving Harcourt
    Hill) was considered a priority amongst both staff and students (Table 4.13),
    supported by reduced bus fares as a result of an increased University bus
    subsidy.
•   Amongst staff, improved cycle parking at Harcourt Hill was considered to be
    a slightly higher priority than at other sites, with improvements to cycle routes
    featuring less significantly amongst both staff and students than at other sites.
•   Better information about transport options featured more significantly at
    Harcourt Hill compared to other sites.
•   More buses on new routes was considered to be a priority for Harcourt Hill
    students, as was a new/improved scheme for encouraging car sharing – the




                                                                                     35
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings



               latter did not feature as significantly at other sites. Nearly 17% of student car
               users at Harcourt Hill considered car sharing to be a viable option, which is
               higher than at other sites.
          •    At Harcourt Hill, 18% of staff considered that use of the train was a viable
               alternative to the car and thus this measure should be supported within the travel
               plan, particularly at this site.

4.40      At all sites, whilst deterring people from driving by increasing car park charges
          was not considered popular (ranking bottom in transport priorities at all Campuses),
          this measure ranked significantly higher in terms of the likelihood of encouraging
          drivers to switch to alternatives to the car.




36
                                                          Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



5.     TRAVEL PLAN IMPACT ON MODAL SHIFT

5.1    An overview of the impact of the Brookes travel plan on modal shift, based on
       previous Brookes travel surveys, is provided below.

       Headington Campus

5.2    Tables 5.1 and 5.2 illustrate changes in patterns of travel to the Headington Campus
       over the past few years, for staff and students respectively. It can be seen that since
       2006, amongst staff there has been:

       •      a reduction in car use of 4 percentage points;
       •      an increase in use of the Brookes Bus of 4 percentage points; and
       •      an increase in walking and a reduction in cycling (+3 percentage points and -3
              percentage points respectively).
       TABLE 5.1          MAIN MODE OF TRAVEL TO HEADINGTON CAMPUS (STAFF): A
                          COMPARISON WITH PREVIOUS SURVEYS (%)

                                   2002             2004                2006             2008

                                                                                       34% alone
      Car/van as driver             48               44                  38
                                                                                     5% with others
      Car/van as passenger           5                5                   8                3
      Sub total of car
                                    53               49                  46                42
      travel
      Cycle                         17               19                  23                20
      Walk                          12               14                  12                15
      Bus (public service)          11                7                   9                10
      Brookes Bus                    0                5                   4                8
      Train                          4                4                   4                3
      Motorbike                      1                1                   1                1
      Other                          2                1                   1                1
      TOTAL                        100%             100%               100%              100%


5.3    From Table 5.2, it can be seen that since 2006, amongst students there has been:

       •      a reduction in car use of 4 percentage points;
       •      an increase in use of the Brookes Bus of 4 percentage points; and
       •      an increase in walking of 1 percentage point, with no change in cycling levels.




                                                                                                   37
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings



             TABLE 5.2           MAIN MODE OF TRAVEL TO HEADINGTON CAMPUS (STUDENTS): A
                                 COMPARISON WITH PREVIOUS SURVEYS (%)

                                             2004                2006                 2008

                                                                                   10% alone
            Car/van as driver                 11                  15               3.5% with
                                                                                     others

            Car/van sharing                    3                   4            1.5 (passenger)
            Sub total of car
                                              14                  19                   15
            travel

            Cycle                             10                  12                   12
            Walk                              36                  39                   40

            Bus (public service)               5                   6                    6
            Brookes Bus                       31                  20                   24
            Train                              2                   3                    2
            Motorbike                         <1                   0                    0
            Other                             <1                   0                    1
            TOTAL                           100%                 100%                 100%


5.4          Between 2004 and 2008 there was an increase of 1 percentage point in the number of
             students travelling to the Headington Campus by car, but a reduction of 4 percentage
             points since 20062.

             Harcourt Hill

5.5          Tables 5.3 and 5.4 illustrate changes in patterns of travel to the Harcourt Hill Campus
             over the past few years, for staff and students respectively. It can be seen that since
             2006, amongst staff there has been:

              •     no change in use of the car;
              •     an increase in use of the Brookes Bus of 4 percentage points;
              •     an increase in cycling of 2 percentage points;
              •     a reduction in train use of 5 percentage points; and
              •     a reduction in walking of 2 percentage points.




2
    It should be noted that in the 2006 survey, roadworks in the Oxford area may have resulted in an artificially high
         figure for car use, with some people deterred from using the bus due to issues with reliability that occurred
         during the road works.




38
                                                        Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



       TABLE 5.3          MAIN MODE OF TRAVEL TO HARCOURT HILL (STAFF): A COMPARISON
                          WITH PREVIOUS SURVEYS (%)

                                  2002            2004                2006             2008

                                                                                     62% alone
      Car/van as driver            77              65                  60
                                                                                   6% with others
      Car/van as passenger         3                3                  11                3
      Sub total of car
                                   80              68                  71                71
      travel
      Cycle                        4                1                   5                7
      Walk                         5                4                   5                3
      Bus (public service)         4                3                   0                0
      Brookes Bus                  0               22                  13                17
      Train                        6                1                   5                0
      Motorbike                    0                0                   2                0
      Other                        1                1                   0                1
      TOTAL                       100%            100%               100%              100%


5.6    From Table 5.4, it can be seen that since 2006, amongst students there has been:

       •      an increase in use of the car of 9 percentage points; and
       •      a reduction in walking and cycling levels, and use of the Brookes Bus. Since
              2004 there has been a 14% reduction in use of the Brookes Bus.
       TABLE 5.4          MAIN MODE OF TRAVEL TO HARCOURT HILL (STUDENTS): A
                          COMPARISON WITH PREVIOUS SURVEYS

                                  2004           2006                 2008

                                                                   30% alone
      Car/van as driver            21              25
                                                                 11% with others
      Car/van sharing              4               10            3% (passenger)
      Sub total of car
                                   25              35                  44
      travel
      Cycle                        3               5                    4
      Walk                         17              14                   8
      Bus (public service)         3               3                   1.5
      Brookes Bus                  51              39                  37
      Train                        1               3                    1

                                   0               1                   <1
      Motorbike
      Other inc. live on site      0               0                   4.5
      TOTAL                      100%            100%                 100%


5.7    The survey findings suggest that whilst the travel plan has been effective at the
       Headington Campus, the plan has not been as effective at Harcourt Hill, particularly




                                                                                                 39
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings



          amongst students. Indeed, whilst only 17% of Headington students were aware of the
          University’s travel plan, only 7% of Harcourt Hill students were aware of the plan.
          This itself reinforces the need for site-specific travel plans.




40
                                                      Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



6.    ADDITIONAL COMMENTS RECEIVED

6.1   A number of more detailed comments were received in response to the survey for
      consideration when developing the travel plan. These are summarised below.

      Part-time Students and Journey Origins

6.2   The issue was raised that consideration should be given to those people accessing
      Brookes from origins other than home e.g. from work:

      “Employed part-time postgraduates are likely to travel from their workplace, not their
      home, to Brookes ……. Buses aren't very good at this unless you live and work on a
      bus route that passes a Brookes campus.”

      “I hope the survey will help to find ways of minimising unnecessary car use (and
      making Brookes more pleasant for cyclists and pedestrians) whilst not discriminating
      against those of us for whom part-time study would be impossible without using a car
      - or whose [that] workplaces cannot tolerate a half-day's absence for a 1-hour
      lecture.”

      Ease of Access of Different Campuses

6.3   Several respondents highlighted the challenges faced by those accessing Harcourt Hill
      compared to those accessing the Headington Campus. Transport options and the
      general environment makes access by sustainable means much easier at Headington:

      “I think that charging more for parking penalises those who have no alternative but to
      drive, like myself. The implication is that drivers are too lazy/too selfish to use other
      forms of transport. Improving facilities for cyclists on [the Harcourt Hill] campus
      would not help in my case, as it is the route that I have to travel that is the problem. I
      have tried cycling, but have to cross 3 major junctions : Pear Tree roundabout, A40 at
      Wolvercote and then the Botley interchange. It is an unpleasant and dangerous
      journey, and then there is Harcourt Hill to ascend at the end of it. I have also tried
      buses, but need to use a bus into Oxford and then get the U1, which is expensive and
      takes at least an hour each …. Headington Campus is much better served with public
      transport than Harcourt Hill, which gives people working or studying more choice as
      to how they travel.”

      Car Parking

6.4   There were many comments from drivers travelling to Brookes from quite a distance
      away. They emphasised the need for fairness and ensuring that those who have to
      travel long distances, and for whom driving is the only realistic option, are able to
      park at the Campus. It was stressed that those travelling longer distances should be
      given priority to park over students living in halls or within walking distance of the
      Campus. Other comments included:

      •    Discounts should be provided on car parking charges for those staff that car
           share.
      •    More parking should be made available/parking restrictions removed from
           around Brookes campuses.




                                                                                             41
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings



          •    Better enforcement of parking restrictions is required.
          •    Parking should be made less cost-effective i.e. higher parking charges are
               needed.

           “I think that there should be a choice between having an annual permit and pay and
          display. I need to use my car every day, so a permit is best for me, but other
          colleagues are able to walk to work, and need the car occasionally or only work part-
          time, so pay and display would suit them better.”

          Is there any chance the council could be persuaded to change the parking restrictions
          [near Gipsy Lane] from 2 hours to 3 and a half or 4? If they did this, the people who
          are just coming in for one lecture could park safely and would then have to leave.
          This would mean that students could use these spaces (2 hours is not enough to attend
          a lecture), but would free them up at regular intervals.

           “All students that live in the halls of residences are informed before they arrive that
           they are not allowed a car in Oxford. In recent weeks, more and more cars have
           been parked on Cheney Lane which I'm sure are students (from Cheney student
           village). For example, one day last week I arrived at University at 07:20. At that
           time there were maybe 2 spaces on Cheney Lane. There were not many students
           around, so I am quite sure they had been parked all night. If the policy is that they
           are not allowed cars, regular (and I would have thought weekly) checks should be
           carried out on cars parked on Cheney Lane (and the surrounding area) and the fines
           should be given out to dissuade students from bringing [their] cars to University if
           they live on site. If staff are unwilling to do early morning checks, then maybe the
           possibility of using Student Ambassadors to do it should be considered.”

         “I live in a village 25 miles away from Oxford, which makes driving to Brookes really
         the only viable travel option. But recently I have been finding parking on Warneford
         Lane and Cheney Lane almost impossible, due to the volume of cars already there.
         Some of these cars I see in the same spaces all the time, which leads me to the
         conclusion that students living in the Cheney Village halls are bringing their cars to
         Oxford and leaving them parked here. This shouldn't really be allowed.”

         “More consideration should be given to students who are parents. I have a number of
         friends who have to drop children at schools around Oxford and then come into Uni.
         Because of school opening hours their arrival at Uni is always nearer to 9am than
         8am. Because of this they always have trouble finding parking near-by.”

6.5       Other respondents made suggestions about specific improvements they would like to
          see:

          Encouraging Cycling:

6.6       Comments about improvements to cycling facilities included specific references to the
          following measures:

          •    Covered bike shelters
          •    Better bike security (e.g. more bike containers)
          •    Lockers to store gear




42
                                                     Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings



      •    Bike discount scheme
      •    Pool bike scheme
      •    A cycle shop at the campus
      •    An annual cycling event
      •    Improved cycle lanes in Oxford

      “Brookes wants to encourage cycling but does not provide a simple locker to store
      helmet, lights, rain jacket and rain trousers. It’s not very attractive to carry these
      things all day long at Brookes.”

      “I think the University should encourage cycle use and have a shop where students
      can purchase cycles at a cheaper rate. I personally think that if students see a better
      cycle plan and a shop at University they would be encouraged to get one. [We] could
      also have a Brookes annual cycling event/ parade for charity!”

      “Lendable bicycles … have been discussed in the press by Oxford University among
      others and there has been talk of a town wide pilot scheme. I would have put taking
      part in a town wide scheme as a very high priority if it had been on the list of
      options”.

       “… I do think there should be improvements at Harcourt Hill including proper
      covered cycle racks.”

      “…. I think that Headington Hill is a death-trap, especially going down the hill. The
      road surface is often slippery, and the cycle track is frequently obstructed by leaves
      and branches. On the way up buses often pass cyclists very close in, because the road
      is so narrow. In town, driver discipline (car and bus) is very poor, and I have had two
      near-miss accidents with careless buses in as many years. I write as a hard core
      cyclist with a lot of experience, and Headington Hill is one of the worst places I
      regularly go.”

      “I use a folding bike, and provision by the University of folders for staff to borrow
      when away from the University on University business would be worth investigating.
      It might encourage some to start cycling, and it would also be of value to cycling staff
      when away on University business. Certainly some forward thinking employers like
      the Environment Agency already do this in at least some of their offices.”

      Encouraging Use of the Bus:

6.7   Comments about public transport improvements included specific references to the
      following measures:

      •    More buses (peak times, evenings, weekends, holidays)
      •    More frequent buses (especially to Harcourt Hill – 2 people stated that all U1
           buses should go to Harcourt Hill)
      •    Better bus routes
      •    Free or cheaper bus travel
      •    Buses arriving on time
      •    Boarding priority for students




                                                                                            43
Survey Methodology And Key Survey Findings



          •    Matching bus arrival times to coincide with start of lectures

          “Because I live 25 miles from Brookes in Brackley, Northants … use of the Park &
          Ride system isn't really viable for me, although I have used it in the past when living in
          Bicester. All the Park & Ride buses except for the Botley Seacourt Tower service, all
          go into the centre of Oxford which means changing buses to get to Headington. The
          Watereaton Park & Ride however now run buses to the JR every 15 minutes. If this
          bus service could be extended to incorporate Brookes, it would help people like myself
          who live on that side of Oxford and maybe we could leave our cars at home more
          often. I do use mine after work some days to visit family who live in Oxford.”

          “I suspect many staff live outside Oxford and do not consider public transport a viable
          choice. Are we working on local transport policy at town level to improve links from
          towns and villages around Oxford?”

           “Bus fares are extortionate, especially given the fact that we are not able to drive so
          have no choice but to use the bus - it should be free. It is ridiculous that if you are in a
          group of more than 3 people it is actually cheaper and more comfortable to get a
          taxi”.

          “Buses are my only option of transport and it’s not so much that there needs to be
          more on each route, it’s that every bus is consistently late. As I have to get 2 buses to
          get to either campus, I have to leave the house an hour and a half before the lecture to
          make sure I am there on time. The 12.33 bus from St Clements should get to Harcourt
          before 1pm but frequently arrives at St Clements as late as 12.50 which isn't good
          enough as lectures are too important to miss”.

          “I think that all the U1 buses should go to Harcourt Hill. Only every other bus goes to
          the campus unlike Wheatley where there is a U1 every 15 minutes. I have lectures at
          9am at Harcourt Hill and this means that if I want to ensure I get there on time I have
          to leave at 7.30am due to the lack of buses that travel there.”

          “I buy my Goldrider bus pass through Brookes and think it is brilliant that I can get a
          reduction on a year long pass and that I am able to pay for it over the year. If I had to
          buy the bus pass in one go, I wouldn't be able to afford to get to work as it costs about
          £370.”




44
                     Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings




        APPENDIX A

TRAVEL PLAN SURVEY: QUESTIONNAIRE




                                                     Appendix A
Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings




                                Appendix A
                 Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings




    APPENDIX B

AWARENESS RAISING POSTERS




                                                 Appendix B
Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings




                                Appendix B
                                                                                  Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings




                                                      CONTROL SHEET



Project/Proposal Name:                                        OXFORD BROOKES UNIVERSITY:                                             2008
                                                              TRAVEL PLAN SURVEYS
Document Title:                                               Survey Methodology and Key Survey Findings


Client Contract/Project Number:                               22014301


SDG Project/Proposal Number:


                                                         ISSUE HISTORY
Issue No.                            Date                             Details
1                                    6 August 2008                    Draft to client
2                                    1 September 2008                 Second Draft to client (incl key survey
                                                                      findings and comparison)
3                                    19           September Final Draft to client – incl. mode split
                                     2008                   comparisons with Oxford Uni/Oxford
4 – Final Report                     20 January 2009                  Final version to client
                                                               REVIEW


Originator:                                     Lynn Morgan


Other Contributors:                             Jo Kemp; Geraint Northam; Taina Peltonen; Eddie Dolan


Review By:                                      Print:       Lisa Buchanan


                                                Sign:        Reviewed electronically

                                                         DISTRIBUTION

Clients:                                                                Harriet Waters


Steer Davies Gleave:                                                    LMB; LXM




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                                                                                                                           Control Sheet

				
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