# Population Density and Distribution - Sackville by ashrafp

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```									                   Global Geography 12 ● Sackville High
Semester 2: May 2011 ● Room 108
Mr. Leadbeater – cleadbea@staff.ednet.ns.ca

Population Density and Distribution ICA Worksheet
Read pages 182-189 in Global Connections.

The purpose of this lab is to understand how the distribution of people in a country differs from the
population density. As well, students will compare arithmetic densities to physiologic densities in order to
understand population pressures on the land.

1. What is the difference between population distribution and population density?
2. Explain what Canada’s population distribution looks like. Does Canada have a high or low population
density?
3. Explain how the physical characteristics of Egypt and Bangladesh have influenced their population
distribution patterns.
4. Create a formula to explain the difference between arithmetic population density and physiologic
population density.
5. Complete the chart. Round to one decimal place.
Population         Total Area        Cultivated        Arithmetic       Physiologic
Country            (1998)             (km2)           Area (km2)         Density           Density
Botswana          1400000           566730             4200
Chad              7400000           1259200            32560
Egypt             65500000          995450             32650
Kenya             28300000          569140             45200
France            58800000          550100             194880
Iceland           300000            100250             60
Italy             57700000          294060             111430
Switzerland       7100000           39550              4340
United Kingdom    59100000          241600             59490
Ukraine           50300000          579350             343570
Canada            30600000          9220970            455000
United States     270200000         9159120            1877760
Mexico            97500000          1908690            247300
Argentina         36100000          2736690            272000
Japan             126400000         376520             44220
Israel            6000000           20620              4340
Nepal             23700000          143000             27430
Vietnam           78500000          325490             67580
India             988700000         2973190            1697000
China             1242500000        9291000            957820
6. Which 2 countries have the lowest physiologic densities? Give a reason for each to explain why they
have such a small proportion of cultivated land.
7. What do you notice about all the physiological density values in your chart compared with their
corresponding arithmetic density values?
8. With the arithmetic and physiologic density values graphed in order of smallest total population to
largest total population (see graph below), what trends or patterns can be found solely on the basis of
small or large populations? What explanation can you give for the presence or absence of a trend based
on total population?

9. Explain why countries such as Egypt, Iceland, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Japan, Israel and China
have a special challenge in trying to provide sufficient amounts of food for their populations. Suggest
one strategy that these countries might use to keep their populations well fed.
10. When we think of countries where there is chronic hunger, African countries such as Chad and
Botswana come to mind, yet the number of people depending on each square kilometer of cultivated
land in these countries is not nearly as high as in question 6. What does this say about the quality of
land in the African countries?
11. Based on the physiologic densities suggest at least 2 countries in the world that might be food
exporters.
12. Find an example of a country with a high population but a relatively low physiologic population density.
13. Find an example of a country with a low population but a relatively high physiologic population density.
14. Does a high population necessarily lead to a high physiologic density?
15. Explain one problem in only using arithmetic population density to determine how dense the population
of a country is.

Answer all questions on looseleaf. For those using a notebook computer, please print a copy of your
answers.

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