The Pyramids of Giza The Pyramids of Giza are over 4500 years old. They were built as the burial places for Khufu, Khfare, and Menkaure, three Pharaohs during the Old Kingdom. Each pyramids at Giza has a name; "Khufu's Horizon", Khafre is Great", and "Menkaure is Divine." As divine places, all the pyramids are believed to have had names, even the small ones, and there are over 100 pyramids scattered around Egypt. One of my favorites is "Djedefre's Starry Sky." They were not the first pyramids, but are the most enduring. Despite the efforts of many people to dismantle and plunder them, they have survived to this day. They are visible proof of the superb mathematical, project planning, construction and organisational skills of the Ancient Egyptians. In 2003 the village of the workmen who built the pyramids was discovered, offering final evidence that they were built by free citizens of ancient Egypt. Their wonders were recorded by the Greeks and the Romans and they are the only remaining example of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. They are located across the River Nile from Cairo on the West Bank. The area is called Giza and there is a village named Mena located quite close to the Giza Plateau which is the location of the Pyramids. The Sphinx, the Solar Boat Museum, and many mastaba (tombs) are located on around the pyramids. The Giza Plateau is a geographic feature that continues down to Memphis, Abusir and Saqqara, and most of the 100 pyramids were built on this formation. The Step Pyramid of Doser is located at Saqqara (Sakkara) and the Red and Bent pyramids of Senefru are located at Abusir. The best time of day to see the Pyramids is the early morning, just after sunrise. There is a cool breeze off the desert and most of the other tourists are having breakfast. The local villagers work at the Pyramids. They sell postcards, trinkets and camel rides. They run shops in the village which sell souvenirs and they work as guides to the sites. They dress up in their colorful Arab finery and decorate their camels so that you can photograph them. You must negotiate a fee for the photographs. These fees are called baksheesh and are a type of commission. There is a spectacular evening light show. Your hotel or guide will know how to book tickets for you. There is a language schedule for the Pyramids show and other sound and light shows around the country. .Be sure to book on the night of your language, as the shows alternate.