Maintain Jail Security_ Jail Security Techniques by liuqingyan

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									             Task #2.2

           Maintain Jail Security:
          Jail Security Techniques


8 Hours
       Maintain Jail Security

Basic Goals of a Jail Security Program

– To ensure the safety of inmates, staff and the
  public;
– To maintain order and control;
– To prevent escapes.
          Maintain Jail Security
   Procedures for Implementing Effective Jail
    Security:
    – Searching inmates;
    – Using keys and locking systems correctly;
    – Conducting security checks;
    – Searching cells, cellblocks, pods, dorms and
      other areas of the jail;
    – Counting inmates;
          Maintain Jail Security
   Procedures for Implementing Effective Jail
    Security:
    – Controlling weapons;
    – Controlling tools and utensils;
    – Using surveillance equipment; and
    – Using jail alarm systems.
       Maintain Jail Security
Key Points About Conducting of All Security
 Procedures:
  – Conduct them thoroughly and consistently. Do
    NOT take shortcuts.
  – Do NOT be predictable in conducting
    procedures.
       Maintain Jail Security
Effective Supervision of Inmates Is Another
  Element of Good Jail Security. Some
  Elements of Good Supervision Include:
  – Ongoing observation of inmates and inmate
    activities;
  – Good, ongoing communications between
    officers and inmates;
        Maintain Jail Security
Effective Supervision of Inmates Is Another
  Element of Good Jail Security. Some Other
  Elements of Good Supervision Include:
  – Good, ongoing communication between
    officers on all shifts and between officers and
    members of jail administration;
  – Good documentation and report-writing.
        Maintain Jail Security
Some Occasions When Searches of Inmates
  Should be Conducted:
  – When inmates return from work or programs
    outside the jail;
  – Following visits, particularly contact visits;
  – Before and after an inmate goes to court;
  – When an inmate is moved from one secure
    area of the jail to another;
       Maintain Jail Security
Some Occasions When Searches of Inmates
  Should be Conducted:
  – Before placing an inmate in a transport
    vehicle;
  – After an inmate being transferred from
    elsewhere arrives at your facility;
  – Following any kind of disturbance emergency
    in the jail.
         Maintain Jail Security
   Key Points About Conducting Searches of
    Inmates:
    – NEVER become lax or complacent about
      conducting searches.
    – Treat inmates equally. Do NOT show
      favoritism.
    – Always use good Professional Communication
      Skills during searches.
        Maintain Jail Security

   Administrative Code Requirements On
    Keys And Locking Systems

    – DOC 350.12 Requires the Following:
       Must be at least three complete sets of jail and
        fire escape keys - one set in use, one set
        stored in a safe place accessible only to jail
        staff for use in an emergency, and one set
        stored in a secure place outside the jail;
        Maintain Jail Security
   Administrative Code Requirements On
    Keys And Locking Systems, per DOC
    350.12 staff members are to be given
    – All jail
      instructions concerning use of jail and fire
      escape keys, and are accountable for keys
      assigned to them;
    – All jail staff members are to be familiar
      with the jail locking system, and must be
      able to release inmates immediately in the
      event of a fire or other emergency;
        Maintain Jail Security
Administrative Code Requirements On
 Keys And Locking Systems, per DOC
  Sheriff
–350.12 is to ensure that monthly inspections
    are made to ensure that cell and fire escape
    locks and doors are in good working order.
    Such inspections must be documented.
        Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Effective Key
    Control
    – Strictly account for all jail keys.
    – Secure keys when not in use.
    – While working in the jail, do not carry keys
      to the outside entrance of the jail.
    – If there is a weapons locker or armory in
      the same building as the jail, never carry
      keys to it while inside the jail.
         Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Effective Key
    Control
    – Carry keys securely so that inmates cannot
      touch them or see them.
    – Do not refer to key names or numbers or
      key ring numbers in front of inmates.
    – NEVER allow any inmate, including an
      inmate worker, to handle or use any jail
      keys. Do not allow key use by
      unauthorized       or        non-designated
      individuals.
        Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Effective Key
    Control
    – Do not throw keys or slide them across the
      floor.
    – Do not draw keys across cell bars as a
      means of determining if the bars have been
      tampered with.
    – Never force a key in a lock.
    – Check keys for damage or wear. Report any
      damage.
          Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Use Of Locking
    System
    – Take the time to become thoroughly familiar
      with the way it works.
    – Do not try to lubricate locks unless you are
      authorized to do so and know what you are
      doing.
    – Check locks frequently for evidence of
      tampering.
    – Document any problems or concerns regarding
      the locking system.
          Maintain Jail Security
   Goals of Conducting Security Checks

      – To ensure the health, safety and welfare of
        inmates - specifically to check for such
        things as:
         physical and sexual assaults
         suicide attempts
         harassment of inmates by others
         indications of physical problems or emotional
          distress among inmates;
          Maintain Jail Security
   Goals of Conducting Security Checks
    – To ensure a safe climate for jail staff in which
      to work;
    – To    detect    escape    attempts,        inmate
      disturbances, or other security problems;
    – To detect damage to or destruction of jail
      property.
          Maintain Jail Security
   Administrative Code Requirements
    Regarding Security Checks
    – DOC 350.12(1) requires staff members to
      physically check areas of the jail occupied by
      inmates at "frequent and irregular intervals"
      during day and night.
    – There is to be more frequent observation of
      inmates "identified as having a special
      medical or mental health problem"
          Maintain Jail Security
   Administrative Code Requirements
    Regarding Security Checks
    – All such inspections are to be documented.
    – DOC 350.07(7) requires that jail staff
      members are to physically observe each
      inmate in areas of the jail containing double
      occupancy cells "at least once every 60
      minutes at irregular intervals."
          Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Conducting Security
    Checks
    – If applicable to your jail, walk along the
      outside corridor of cellblocks and visually
      observe inside each cellblock and cell, if
      inmates are locked down, or other living area.
    – Be alert to any irregular activities, noises,
      smells, or body language of inmates.
           Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Conducting Security
    Checks
      – Look for obvious security or safety hazards.
      – Check to be sure that doors or gates that are
        supposed to be locked are in fact locked.
      – While checking inmates, count them to be sure that
        all are accounted for.
      – Be cautious about entering a secure inmate living
        area alone.
      – Document security checks of inmate living areas.
          Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Conducting Counts
    – When making routine security checks, make
      informal census counts to be sure that all
      inmates are present.
    – Conduct at least one formal, documented
      count of inmates on each shift.
           Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Conducting Counts

    – Additionally, conduct a count during unusual
      occasions or emergencies, such as:
       Missing inmate;
       Following a disturbance, escape attempt, fire, etc.;
       Following any other sort of mass movement of
        inmates, including jail evacuations.
          Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Conducting Counts
    In Inmate Living Areas
      – In Smaller Inmate Living Areas:
         At times when inmates are awake, announce to
          them that a count is going to happen and direct
          them to line up appropriately;
         Allow no movement during the count;
         Allow no interruption during the count;
         Be sure you actually see each inmate whom
          you are counting;
         Never allow an inmate worker to conduct a
          count.
          Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Conducting Counts
    In Inmate Living Areas
      – In Larger Inmate Living Areas (Dorms,
        Large Pods, Etc.):
         If it is a large dormitory or unsecured area, use
          two officers to conduct the count.
         One option is to have each inmate sit on
          his/her bunk and not move during the count.
          This prevents inmates from being in a position
          of advantage over officers.
           Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines to Follow If An Inmate
    Is Discovered Missing as a Result of a
    Count
    – First check to see if the inmate has been
      released or is in court, at a visit, attending a
      jail program, or is out of the living area for any
      other legitimate reason
    – If the inmate cannot be accounted for after
      you have done this check, lock down all
      inmates and initiate an immediate search of
      the facility
           Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines to Follow If An Inmate
    Is Discovered Missing as a Result of a
    Count
    – If an inmate is discovered to be missing during
      a shift change, the officer(s) going off-duty
      should not be allowed to leave until the missing
      inmate(s) is/are accounted for.
           Maintain Jail Security
   Purposes of Conducting Searches of
    Inmate Living Areas
      – To prevent introduction of contraband;
      – To detect the manufacture of weapons and
        escape devices within the jail;
      – To discover theft or traffic in institutional
        supplies;
      – To check for waste or destruction of jail
        property;
      – To discover hazards to health and/or
        safety.
          Maintain Jail Security
   Some Reasons to Conduct Searches of
    Inmate Living Areas When There Is Cause
    To Believe That the Security of the Jail Has
    Been Breached
    – If you receive a tip from an informant that
      other inmates are secreting contraband, such
      as drugs, weapons, items for escape, etc.;
    – If you have other evidence or suspicion that
      inmates are secreting contraband;
          Maintain Jail Security
   Some Reasons To Conduct Searches of
    Inmate Living Areas When There Is Cause
    To Believe That the Security of the Jail Has
    Been Breached
      – If certain items of property are discovered
        to be missing, such as eating utensils, mop
        handles, and other items which can be
        used to make weapons;
      – If any jail keys are discovered to be
        missing.
            Maintain Jail Security
   Basic Guidelines for Conducting Searches of
    Living Areas
        – Never announce a search. Do not let
          inmates know in advance that a search is
          going to happen, or which living area(s)
          will be searched.
        – Be thorough, systematic and complete in
          searching each room or cell.
        – NEVER use searches to harass inmates.
        – Respect the rights of inmates to their
          property.
             Maintain Jail Security

   General Guidelines for Conducting Searches
    of Rooms or Cells
       – Have all the tools you might need in a search.
       – Turn off the water so that inmates cannot
         flush items down the toilet when informed
         that a search is about to take place, if
         possible and applicable.
             Maintain Jail Security

   General Guidelines for Conducting Searches
    of Rooms or Cells
       – Remove inmate(s) from the living area. If you
         are going to search all cells or rooms in a
         living area, remove all inmates from that
         living area, and search them first.
       – Put on protective gloves before doing the
         search.
            Maintain Jail Security

   General Guidelines for Conducting Searches
    of Rooms or Cells
        – Before beginning the search, pause for a
          moment and look at the whole area in
          order to get an overall impression.
        – Strip the bed of blankets, covers and
          sheets, and examine it thoroughly.
        – Look under furniture for items that may
          have been stuck there.
             Maintain Jail Security

   General Guidelines for Conducting Searches
    of Rooms or Cells
       – Look under the rim of the washbowl, toilet,
         and floor drain and bunk. Use a mirror with a
         long handle for this, if available.
       – Examine the rest of the toilet and washbowl
         thoroughly.
             Maintain Jail Security

   General Guidelines for Conducting Searches
    of Rooms or Cells
       – Inspect the walls, floor and ceiling, checking
         superficially to see whether mortar or other
         surfaces have been disturbed.
       – Remove all light bulbs, if exposed, to examine
         sockets.
             Maintain Jail Security

   General Guidelines for Conducting Searches
    of Rooms or Cells
       – Examine interior windows, heat and air ducts,
         and floor drains if present. If you cannot
         remove a grill or duct cover, at least run your
         hand over it.
       – Examine shelves and drawers and all articles
         on or in them.
             Maintain Jail Security

   General Guidelines for Conducting Searches
    of Rooms or Cells
        – Check behind any surfaces covered with pictures,
          posters, and so on. Remove these items.
        – Check all bars and crossbars for evidence of
          tampering.
        – Leaf through books, magazines and newspapers.
          Also, check the bindings and covers on hardcover
          books.
            Maintain Jail Security

   General Guidelines for Conducting Searches
    of Rooms or Cells

        – Carefully examine cigar boxes, pasteboard
          boxes and other containers. Examine both
          the inside and the exterior.
        – Examine clothing and shoes.
             Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Conducting Searches
    of Rooms or Cells
        – Examine personal possessions, including hygiene
          and sanitary items.
        – Check all locks to be sure they are working properly.
        – Check sliding doors and check the tracks and
          underneath the bottom plate when the doors are
          open and shut. Check both inside and outside.
            Maintain Jail Security

   General Guidelines for Conducting Searches
    of Rooms or Cells
        – If you discover contraband, do not stop the
          search to report it. Just inventory it and
          continue the search until completed.
        – When you have completed the search, put
          the items back in reasonable order.
             Maintain Jail Security

   General Guidelines for Weapons Control
       – STRICTLY require all arresting or transporting
         officers, as well as other non-jail personnel, to
         securely deposit their weapons before
         entering into the secure area of the jail. This
         includes firearms, knives, batons, etc.
       – NEVER bring a weapon into the jail yourself.
            Maintain Jail Security

   General Guidelines for Weapons Control
      – Search all incoming mail, including packages.
      – Carefully supervise visits.
      – Supervise program activities.
      – Search inmates carefully.
             Maintain Jail Security

   General Guidelines for Tool Control
       – Securely store all tools.
       – Inventory all tools used in the jail.
       – If a tool is discovered to be missing when you
         do an inventory, take immediate steps to find
         it.
       – Supervise use of tools in the jail.
             Maintain Jail Security

   General Guidelines for Tool Control
       – Be sure that inmates do not have access to
         tools or supplies used by outside maintenance
         or repair people.
       – If a tool needs to be replaced, discard it in
         such a way that inmates do not have access
         to it.
            Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Control Of Utensils
    And Food Preparation Items
        – Keep track of the exact number of eating
          utensils distributed in each inmate living
          area, and be sure to collect the same
          number of utensils following each meal.
        – Maintain a written inventory of all knives
          and other potentially dangerous items used
          in the jail kitchen, and check to be sure
          that all such items are accounted for.
             Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Control Of Utensils
    And Food Preparation Items
       – Conduct a frisk search of inmate workers who
         have worked in the kitchen when they have
         finished their duties, to be sure they have not
         stolen any utensils or similar items.
            Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Control of
    Housekeeping Equipment and Supplies
        – Maintain a written inventory of
          housekeeping equipment.
        – Be sure that all such equipment is
          accounted for and is in good condition.
        – Secure such equipment except when in
          use.
        – Supervise inmates in the use of
          housekeeping equipment.
        – Control cleaning supplies.
             Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Control of Electrical
    Cords and Roll Toweling
       – Secure electrical cords except when directly in
         use.
       – If inmate workers are permitted to use
         electrical cords, or equipment with long cords,
         require return of the items directly after the
         inmate worker is done using it.
             Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Control of Electrical
    Cords and Roll Toweling
       – If roll towels are used in jail restrooms, be
         sure that the towel cabinet is locked. When a
         roll needs to be changed, either do it yourself
         or directly supervise an inmate worker in
         doing it.
            Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Use of Closed-Circuit
    Televisions (CCTV)
       – Do NOT rely on CCTV as a substitute for
         personally checking on inmates.
       – Be sure that the equipment is in proper
         working order.
       – Be familiar with all areas of the jail being
         viewed by CCTV's.
             Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Use of Closed-Circuit
    Televisions (CCTV)
       – When watching the monitor, be alert for
         anything unusual or alarming.
       – Document use of the equipment.
            Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Use of Audio
    Monitoring Communication Systems
       – Be sure that the equipment is working
         properly. Test it regularly.
       – Use the system to listen in on inmates on a
         random basis, to perceive if there are any
         security or supervision problems which you
         should know about it.
            Maintain Jail Security
   General Guidelines for Use of Audio
    Monitoring Communication Systems
       – Use good Correctional Professional
         Communication Skills when communicating
         via intercom. Never use the intercom to
         harass inmates.
       – Be cautious when using the intercom to
         communicate with inmates who seem to be
         mentally disturbed.
             Maintain Jail Security
   Guidelines for Maintaining Security Post At
    Hospital an inmate is placed in the hospital
       – Before
         room, search all areas for contraband. This
         includes the bathroom, closet, night stand,
         drawers and so on.
       – Stay in the room with the inmate, unless
         otherwise directed by policy or directive.
       – Do not take coffee, lunch or restroom breaks
         until you are relieved by another officer.
             Maintain Jail Security
   Guidelines for Maintaining Security Post At
    Hospital;
       – Maintain communication with medical staff
       – Maintain an incident book
       – Search visitors
       – Supervise visits
       – Examine food trays brought to the inmate
       – Accompany inmates to other areas of the
         hospital, and document such movement
             Maintain Jail Security
   Guidelines for Maintaining Security Post At
    Hospital
       – Use restraints when necessary
       – Brief the officer coming on-duty on the next
         shift
Maintain Jail Security
      The End

								
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