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					Project Administration Memorandum




Project Number: 35170
Loan Number: 2071-NEP (SF)
December 2003




NEP: Community Livestock Development Project




The project administration memorandum is an active document, progressively updated and revised as
necessary, particularly following any changes in project or program costs, scope, or implementation
arrangements. This document, however, may not reflect the latest project or program changes.
                                            1


                                TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                          Page

LOAN PROCESSING HISTORY                                     i
Project Framework                                           ii
MAP                                                         v


I.      PROJECT DESCRIPTION

        A.   Introduction                                   1
        B.   Project Area and Location                      1
        C.   Objectives and Scope                           2
        D.   Project Components                             2
        E.   Special Features                               7

II.     COST ESTIMATES AND FINANCING PLAN

        A.   Project Cost                                   8
        B.   Financing Plan                                 9
        C.   Allocation of Loan Proceeds                    10
        D.   Utilization of Surplus Funds                   10

III.    IMPLEMENTATION ARRANGEMENTS

        A.   Executing Agency                               10
        B.   Component Implementation                       12

IV.     IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE                             12

V.      TRAINING                                            12

VI.     RECRUITMENT OF CONSULTANTS                          14

VII.    PROCUREMENT                                         16

VIII.   DISBURSEMENT PROCEDURES                             16

IX.     PROJECT MONITORING AND EVALUATION                   16

X.      REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

        A. Quarterly Progress Report                        17
        B. Project Completion Report                        17
        C. Contract Awards and Disbursement Projections     17

XI.     AUDITING REQUIREMENTS                               17
                                           2


XII.    LOAN COVENANTS                                                18

XIII.   KEY PERSONS INVOLVED IN THE PROJECT                           18

XIV.    ANTICORRUPTION                                                18

        APPENDIXES

        1. Detailed Project Cost Estimates                            19
        2. Allocation and Withdrawal of Loan Proceeds                 43
        3. Implementation Schedule                                    44
        4. Consolidated Training Plan                                 45
        5. Terms of Reference of Consulting Services                  53
        6. Procurement Packages                                       83
        7. Project Performance Report                                 84
        8. Quarterly Progress Report Format                           95
        9. Format for Fax Transmittal to ADB                          99
        10. Letter on Financial Reporting and Auditing Requirements   100
        11. Loan Covenants                                            101
        12. Key Personnel Involved in the Project                     110
        13. Anticorruption Policy                                     111
        14. Initial Environmental Examination                         129
        15. Gender Action Plan                                        133
                                  CURRENCY EQUIVALENTS
                                   (as of 18 November 2003)

                         Currency Unit            –      Nepalese rupee/s (NRe/NRs)
                             NRe1.00              =      $0.01292
                                $1.00             =      NRs77.4

 (i)      The Nepalese rupee is pegged to the Indian rupee (Re) at NRs1.60 to Re1.00
          and is fully convertible on all current account transactions.
(ii)      For calculations in this report, the exchange rate of $1.00 = NRs76.0 is used, the
          rate prevailing during fact-finding.


                                        ABBREVIATIONS

ADB                       -       Asian Development Bank
AGDP                      -       agricultural gross domestic product
CBO                       -       community-based organization
CLA                       -       community livestock assistant
CLDP                      -       Community Livestock Development Project
DDC                       -       district development committee
DLS                       -       Department of Livestock Services
EA                        -       executing agency
EIRR                      -       economic internal rate of return
FIRR                      -       financial internal rate of return
ha                        -       hectare
ICC                       -       implementation coordination committee
IEE                       -       initial environmental examination
LAT                       -       livestock action team
MFI                       -       microfinance intermediary
MOAC                      -       Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
NGO                       -       nongovernment organization
PMU                       -       project management unit
PSC                       -       project steering committee
RMDC                      -       Rural Microfinance Development Center
SOE                       -       statement of expenditure
TLDP                      -       Third Livestock Development Project
VDC                       -       village development committee

                                              NOTES

    (i)   The fiscal year (FY) of the Government ends on 15 July. FY before a calendar
          year denotes the year in which the fiscal year ends, e.g., FY2000 ends on 15
          July 2000.

(iii)     In this report, “$” refers to US dollars.
                                            i



                               THE KINGDOM OF NEPAL

                COMMUNITY LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT PROJECT

                     PROJECT ADMINISTRATION MEMORANDUM



                               Loan Processing History

   a. Approval of PPTA                              -             16 December 2002
   b. Feasibility Study                             -             February - June 2003
   c. Fact-Finding                                  -             19 - 30 May 2003
   d. MRM                                           -             16 June 2003
   e. Appraisal Mission                             -             17 - 27 June 2003
   f.   SRC Meeting                                 -             24 July 2003
   g. Loan Negotiations                             -             6 - 8 November 2003
   h. Board Consideration and Approval              -             19 December 2003
   i.   Loan Agreement Signing                      -             8 April 2004
   j.   Loan Effectiveness                          -

Conditions of Loan Effectiveness:

        (i)     The RMDC Subsidiary Loan Agreement, in form and substance
                satisfactory to the Bank, shall have been duly executed and delivered and
                shall have become legally binding upon RMDC, subject only to the
                effectiveness of this Loan Agreement;
        (ii)    A first year work plan for the PMU shall have been prepared and
                submitted for approval by the Bank;
        (iii)   The Borrower shall have established one imprest account for DLS and
                one for RMDC. The initial amount to be deposited into the imprest
                account shall not exceed the equivalent of six months project
                expenditures, or 10% of the loan amount whichever is lesser.
        (iv)    The Pokhara Milk Supply Scheme shall have been privatized.
                                                        ii


                                        PROJECT FRAMEWORK
Design Summary         Performance Indicators/Targets        Monitoring Mechanisms          Assumptions and
                                                                                                Risks
Goal
Reduce poverty         A total of 164,000 households         Central Bureau of Statistics
among poor rural       benefiting directly from increased    published data and reports
women and men          livestock productivity, processing
through gender         and marketing activities              National Planning
and socially                                                 Commission poverty
inclusive              Per capita income of NRs2,925         monitoring reports
development            (1995/96 prices) of poor
                       households increasing by 50% by       United Nations Human
                       30 June 2010                          Development Report

                       Proportion of women and               Project performance audit
                       disadvantaged ethnic/castes in        report and reviews
                       farmer groups increasing to at
                       least 50% by 30 June 2010             Project and Department of
                                                             Livestock Services (DLS)
                                                             surveys, monitoring and
                                                             reviews

                                                             Gender and social
                                                             development progress
                                                             reports

                                                             Gender/ethnicity/caste
                                                             differentiated project
                                                             baseline socioeconomic
                                                             surveys
Purpose:
Improve men and        20% increase in nutritional intake    Project baseline and time-     Peace prevails.
women’s food           of girls and boys under 6 years of    slice surveys measuring
security, nutrition,   age in the project area by 30 June    nutrition and well-being       The poor are
incomes and            2010                                  factors by                     correctly identified
employment from                                              gender/ethnicity/caste         and engaged.
livestock              1,050 livestock enterprises
production and         developed creating 5,100 new          Project surveys, monitoring    Development
small-scale            jobs by 30 June 2010                  and reviews                    modalities are
livestock-related                                                                           successfully
enterprises in 48      3,450 farmer groups comprising        District Health Office         developed and
districts of Nepal     35% women members managing            records                        available to the
                       their own production and                                             poor.
                       marketing activities by 30 June       District education records
                       2010                                                                 Government and
                                                             Household surveys              participating
                       Animal productivity in 22 districts   conducted by Nepal Rastra      nongovernment
                       improving by 50% for milk and         Bank                           organizations
                       30% for live animal offtake by 30                                    (NGOs) and other
                       June 2010                             District development           stakeholders are
                                                             committee records              committed to the
                                                                                            Project.
                                                             Department of Food
                                                             Technology and Quality         District
                                                             Control, and National Dairy    development
                                                             Association records of food    committee (DDC)
                                                             analysis.                      capabilities to
                                                                                            manage is
                                                             Project sample surveys         increased.
                                                     iii


Design Summary       Performance Indicators/Targets        Monitoring Mechanisms       Assumptions and
                                                                                           Risks
Component 1:    Community Development and Capacity Building

Communities          District-based poverty, and social    NGO and other poverty       Forage and animal
mobilized and        mapping and analysis undertaken       assessments                 health activities
participate in       in 22 districts by contracted local   supplemented by field       may precede
project              NGOs/ DDCs/Village                    correlation surveys         livestock
Other                Development Committees (VDCs)                                     development
stakeholders’        to provide gender/ethnicity/caste     DDC records                 activities to create
capacity improved,   differentiated baseline data by 31                                awareness and
including DDC,       December 2004                         Project surveys, reports    interest.
NGO,                                                       and records
microfinance         Gender capacity building training                                 Local NGO
intermediary,        provided to all DLS project staff,    DLS reports and livestock   partnership
industry             farmer groups, and other project      sector data                 agreements are
association, and     stakeholders                                                      arranged at district
Department of                                              Livestock action team       level and confirmed
Food Technology      NGO partnership agreements            reports and records         by project
and Quality          signed with 88 suitable partners                                  management unit.
Control and DLS      by 31 December 2004                   Farmer group monitoring
staff                                                      and evaluation records      Livestock action
                     Livestock action teams formed in                                  teams become
                     DDCs and select livestock             Gender and social           attached to DDCs
                     pockets according to agreed-upon      development progress        as a s ubcommittee.
                     criteria by 30 June 2005              reports
                                                                                       DLS works to
                     88 partner NGOs conducting                                        establish
                     awareness services programs and                                   specialization
                     available project assistance by 31                                based on training in
                     December 2004                                                     areas of planning,
                                                                                       marketing, training
                     3,450 farmer groups, comprising                                   and monitoring and
                     35% women members formed or                                       evaluation.
                     strengthened based on enterprise
                     packages selected by the
                     community by 30 June 2010

                     88 NGO partners providing
                     enterprise training to all members,
                     leadership training to chairperson,
                     secretary, and bookkeeping
                     training to treasurers by 31
                     December 2009

                     390 community livestock
                     assistants selected, of which 50%
                     will be women by 31 December
                     2008

                     NGOs and microfinance
                     intermediaries with partnership
                     agreements receiving training in
                     social mobilization including
                     gender sensitization,
                     microfinance, and livestock
                     agribusiness by 30 June 2010

                     DDC staff (2 per district) and
                     livestock action team members
                     trained in livestock planning and
                     monitoring and evaluation by 30
                                                   iv


Design Summary   Performance Indicators/Targets         Monitoring Mechanisms   Assumptions and
                                                                                    Risks
                 June 2009

                 DLS officers, including women,
                 receiving management and
                 leadership training by 30 June
                 2005

                 DLS staff receiving training in
                 social mobilization including
                 gender sensitization, NGO
                 contract system, enterprise
                 development, extension methods,
                 microfinance, and marketing by 31
                 December 2007

                 DLS staff receiving training in
                 disease diagnosis, monitoring and
                 evaluation, and marketing by 30
                 June 2010

                 A gender-, ethnicity-, and caste-
                 disaggregated monitoring and
                 evaluation system vertically linked
                 from field to department and
                 ministry prepared by 31
                 December 2004

                 Meat industry training for 200
                 butchers, 50 processors, and 200
                 meat shop entrepreneurs
                 conducted with private sector
                 partners by 30 June 2010

                 10 staff from the Department of
                 Food Technology and Quality
                 Control trained in meat quality
                 certification, assurance, and
                 accreditation

                 60 DLS staff, 45 feed millers, and
                 300 key farmers (35% women)
                 trained in feed-related matters
                                               1


                               I.      PROJECT DESCRIPTION

A. Introduction

1.     The Project Administration Memorandum (PAM) was prepared by the Asian
Development Bank to assist the Government in the implementation of the Community
Livestock Development Project, for which ADB’s Board of Directors approved a Loan of
SDR13.969 million. This PAM is based on:

        i.      the loan agreement signed by the Government and ADB on

        ii.     The Report and Recommendation to the President to the Board of
                Directors on a Proposed Loan to Bangladesh for the Community
                Livestock Development Project dated.

        iii.    ADB’s relevant guidelines

2.    In case the provisions in this PAM differ from those of the above-mentioned
documents, the provision in the loan agreement, relevant guidelines and the Report and
Recommendation of the President will prevail over the PAM in their respective order.

B. Project Area and Location

3.       The Project focuses on the development of profitable and sustainable livestock
enterprises and has two key elements: (i) intensive livestock production; and (ii)
processing, marketing, and commercialization of livestock subsector services. A
livelihoods pilot program for five higher-altitude districts is to be formulated during the first
2 years of the Project, and implemented during the last 4 years.

4.       Intensive livestock production will be conducted in 22 districts of the three western
regions of Nepal. District selection is based on criteria similar to those in the Third
Livestock Development Project (TLDP): (i) incidence and nature of poverty, and the way
in which the Project can assist poor communities (women and disadvantaged groups);
(ii) existing livestock population (types, density, production, and potential for fodder and
productivity improvement); (iii) level of farmer interest; and (iv) level of knowledge and
experience that can contribute to development in the district. The existence of markets,
DLS infrastructure, and the presence of other project activities were other factors
considered. The intensive livestock production area comprises the following districts:




 Region                             Western             Midwestern            Far Western
                                                  2


    Leader districts (4)          Lamjung,
                                  Tanahu,
                                  Nawalparasi,
                                  Palpa
    Consolidation districts       Baglung, Gulmi,       Banke, Bardiya,       Kailali,
    (10) (less than 3 years       Arghakhanchi          Surkhet               Kanchanpur,
    under TLDP)                                                               Dandeldhura,
                                                                              Doti
    New districts (8)                                   Pyuthan, Rolpa,       Baitadi, Achham,
                                                        Salyan, Rukum,
                                                        Dailekh, Jajarkot

5.      Processing, marketing, and commercialization activities will be conducted in 22
mainly plains districts of the Central and Eastern regions, and potential areas in the 22
intensive livestock production districts in the three western regions.1 The criteria used for
selecting intensive livestock production districts also apply to the selection of processing
and marketing districts, coupled with other factors such as the presence of consumers
with purchasing power, the presence of traders and other market players, linkages with
other and larger markets, and the existence of marketable surpluses. Production has
previously been stimulated in these districts, and there are sizable imports of live animals
in these areas that can be further processed before marketing in urban centers.
Production surpluses from the 22 intensive livestock production districts will be
processed by promoting processing, marketing and commercialization developments in
appropriate districts in the three western development regions. Identifying demand
centers with populations of 50,000 (medium potential) to 200,000 or more (high potential)
was another key consideration.

6.       The livelihoods pilot program for higher altitudes will use a multisector approach
developed for the remote districts of Darchula, Jumla, Mugu, Humla, and Bajhang. The
selection criteria included (i) north-south transhumance linkages connecting to the
intensive production districts mentioned (para. 3), (ii) potential for livestock improvement,
(iii) opportunities for rangeland improvement, (iv) potential for markets, and (v) potential
for linkages with other sectors (forestry, tourism, irrigation, and horticulture).

C. Objectives and Scope

7.      The objective is to reduce the incidence of poverty in rural communities in the
project area. Its purpose will be to improve the levels of food security, nutrition, incomes,
and employment for 164,000 families through increased productivity of the livestock
subsector in an environmentally sustainable and socially equitable manner, while
enhancing the capacity of the people to manage an ongoing process of development
themselves.



D. Project Components

1
    The 22 processing and marketing districts are Bara, Chitwan, Dang, Dhanusa, Jhapa, Kapilbastu,
    Kaski, Kathmandu, Kavre Palanchowk, Lalitpur, Mahotari, Makwanpur, Morang, Nawalparasi, Nuwakot,
    Parsa, Rautahat, Rupandehi, Saptari, Sarlahi, Siraha, and Sunsari.
                                             3



8.        The project comprises five components: (i) community development and capacity
building, (ii) livestock productivity improvement, (iii) livestock processing and marketing,
(iv) a livelihoods pilot program for higher altitudes, and (v) project management services.

       1.      Community Development and Capacity Building

9.       The objective of this component is to build the capacity of all stakeholders to a
level where they contribute significantly to the Project's goal and purpose. Experience in
the TLDP has been that for communities to benefit from livestock productivity
improvement programs, they must be made more aware of their rights and
responsibilities, and risks, and have their competency levels raised before development
activities begin. The project design recognizes that time must be allowed and the effort
increased for community awareness building. The most time and effort are required in
districts worst affected by poverty and the recent civil disturbances. The component
targets not less than 35% women participants.

               a.     Community Development

10.     DLS will work in partnership with local NGOs, and district and village development
committees (DDCs and VDCs) in 22 districts to undertake poverty and social mapping to
identify and target poorer and disadvantaged communities, and intensive livestock
development pockets (areas) according to established criteria. An NGO or consultant
group will undertake baseline studies involving quantitative and qualitative assessment in
each district. The data will provide a clearer understanding of the socioeconomic
characteristics of the beneficiaries and a benchmark against which project progress may
be measured.

11.     Targeted communities in approximately 690 selected intensive livestock
development pockets will be informed of project opportunities, their responsibilities and
risks associated with participation, and the rights of communities through awareness
programs run by NGO partners. The NGOs, supported by DLS, will assess the training
needs of communities (male and female), and training programs will be village based,
farmer-to-farmer, and oriented toward enterprise education (embracing technology, legal
literacy, and basic agribusiness). Training will strengthen farmer organizations and
farmer capabilities. It will focus on leadership, records and bookkeeping, financial
savings, meeting procedures, animal health and production technology, forage
development, and local-level marketing.

12.      The capacity of district-level organizations—CBOs and NGOs—to participate in
the Project will also be assessed in the baseline study. Potential partners of at least one
locally based NGO per district and two microfinance intermediaries (MFIs) will be
identified, along with their capacity-building requirements, using selection criteria
established in the TLDP. Local organizations will be strengthened in the areas of social
mobilization (including their ability to increase the participation of women and the poor),
livestock enterprise activity, and microfinance to (i) improve their performance as project
partners, (ii) encourage balanced growth in the organization, and (iii) reinforce their
prospects of sustainability.
                                              4


13.     Concurrently, awareness of the Project’s aims and activities, and new roles and
responsibilities will be raised among DLS staff and key staff in the project DDCs. Project
orientation programs will be held, followed by a three-module package of training that will
include (i) social mobilization; (ii) improving animal production, and agribusiness; and (iii)
basic principles of animal and product processing, and marketing.

14.     Approximately 3,450 farmer groups, comprising at least 35% women in mixed
groups, with 20 households per group will be formed after social mobilization activities.
Communities will select an enterprise from a menu of 15 livestock enterprises, and
groups will be formed around shared interests, such as poultry and goat groups. Group
members will agree on an objective, prepare an action plan, and commit to a savings
program. Elected group leaders will receive training in leadership, monitoring, evaluation,
and bookkeeping to improve the efficiency and transparency of group activities. All group
members will receive enterprise education training. An umbrella committee will
coordinate the activity of 5 -10 groups to address any production-related or input and
output supply problems, consider the growth of small economic units (groups) into larger
legally recognized economic units (cooperative societies), address broader community
needs, and liaise with lower levels of administration such as VDCs and DDCs.

15.     Communities will be encouraged to identify a member of their community for
training as a community livestock assistant (CLA). Approximately one CLA per two
production pockets is envisaged (345 CLAs), and at least 35% of the CLAs will be
women. The CLAs are expected to become self-supporting, obtaining income from the
sale of services to the community, or to the community through the VDC. CLAs will also
have the opportunity to undertake para-veterinary training to improve their ability to
support themselves.

               b.      Development of CBO and NGO Capacity

16.     NGOs selected at district level will be approved by the project management unit
(PMU) according to criteria used in the TLDP, and will be allocated operational areas.
They will deliver social mobilization and training services to the participating beneficiaries
over 3-4 years. Female representation in the NGO and orientation of its activities toward
women will be part of the NGO selection criteria. Capable MFIs will distribute
microfinance to beneficiaries. The Rural Microfinance Development Center (RMDC) or
microfinance trainers will provide capacity building training to approximately 100 MFIs,
focusing on existing institutions. In districts currently without MFIs, NGOs or farmer
cooperatives will be assisted to become MFIs. Participating NGOs will be trained to
improve their social mobilization and group strengthening capability. The funds for MFI
development costs will be administered by RMDC through its imprest account.

               c.      Development of DLS Capacity

17.     In addition to training to improve the extension capabilities of DLS district-level
staff, 35 more senior DLS officers and 40 district officers will be trained locally in
leadership, management, and planning to strengthen the project implementation and
managerial capacity of the department. To strengthen DLS’s capabilities in the
participatory systems learning approach, provision is made for DLS staff training. Short-
term, awareness building immersion training will be provided for another 250 DLS staff,
DDC, and private sector partners. All DLS staff will receive gender and organizational
                                              5


change training to ensure that gender is fully integrated into DLS structures and practice.
The project manager will be the gender focal point at the central level. Junior technicians
and their assistants will be trained in production, processing and marketing to develop
specialist support at the district level. DLS staff will receive training in monitoring and
evaluation from the Project's technical assistance team. Two members of the recently
formed Directorate of Livestock Marketing Promotion will receive training in marketing,
market development, market information systems, and quality assurance and control
systems. Department of Food Technology and Quality Control and DLS officers will also
be trained in meat inspection, milk and meat quality, and quality control and assurance
systems. Quality control laboratory facilities will also be improved.

               d.      District Development Committee Strengthening

18.     DDC staff in at least 22 intensive livestock districts will receive project orientation
to strengthen their capacity to implement livestock development programs. Key staff will
be trained in management, and monitoring and evaluation. Members of the district and
village LATs will receive training in gender awareness, microfinance, and monitoring and
evaluation. Women staff members will have priority for this training.

               e.      Development of Private Sector Capacity

19.     The Project will assist DLS to work with representative private sector
organizations such as the Nepal Dairies Association, Nepal Butchers Services
Committee, and poultry and feed millers associations to develop their capabilities to
implement member awareness, quality assurance, and member training programs. The
objective is to begin to shift responsibility to the private sector for a number of the needs
of private sector entrepreneurs.

       2.      Livestock Productivity Improvement

20.      Fifteen livestock improvement models have been identified as suitable for small
and resource-poor farmers. Thus, the 69,000 men and women farmers participating in
the 22 intensive production districts will have a degree of choice in selecting project
activities. Emphasis will be on smaller investments such as forages, goats, calf rearing,
pigs, and poultry to enable a higher proportion of poorer families (including women and
disadvantaged groups) to participate. Financial savings by beneficiaries will be promoted.

21.     Training is proposed for feed millers, poultry farmers, and feed ingredient
suppliers to improve the standard of feed formulation. Feed standards will be reviewed,
and the Department of Food Technology and Quality Control and DLS will undertake
quality control with 520 district-level staff being trained in this area. Approximately 20
entrepreneurs will be assisted to establish small-scale feed mill operations in the
intensive livestock production areas, with emphasis on using forage legumes to replace
imported protein ingredients. Better quality feeds will benefit all producers, including the
poor. Loans will also be provided for biogas digesters, in cooperation with the Biogas
Support Program.

22.     Forage-led development will involve importing new genetic stock, demonstrating
species and their management to farmers, and establishing a viable forage seed
industry. DLS district staff will extend forage technologies and management to farmers
                                             6


using the successful strategies developed under the TLDP. DLS staff will be trained in
seed production systems and technologies suitable for adoption in Nepal.

23.     RMDC and its network of MFIs will provide microfinance credit. A total of 100 MFIs
are likely partners. RMDC or a specialized training institution will train 60 less
experienced MFIs to provide microfinance services in six project districts currently
without such services. Borrowers are more likely to be women; therefore training will
emphasize gender issues related to microfinance. An equity contribution of 10% in the
form of labor is expected from small farmers borrowing to establish their selected
enterprise. Improvement in microfinance performance will be facilitated through a
program of training for MFIs, farmer leaders, and DLS district staff.

       3.      Livestock Processing and Marketing

24.     This component aims to develop small-scale and localized processing and
marketing of livestock products for the benefit of producers. The component will create
employment and improve product quality. Microcredit for small enterprises will be made
available to commercial banks through RMDC. Approximately 1,050 small enterprises will
be created, with investments ranging from live animal markets to milk chilling centers,
milk processing facilities, slaughter slabs, meat shops, and para-veterinary practices.
The enterprises are estimated to provide at least 5,100 person-years of permanent
employment. The project initiatives will be demand-led and private-sector based. Where
possible, local bodies (municipalities and DDCs) and private sector entrepreneurs will be
encouraged to develop integrated market facilities to be known as the livestock
commercial center approach. Awareness-raising activities, market supply and demand
appraisals, market linkage analyses, and stakeholder participatory planning exercises will
precede market development activities. A range of training will be available to improve the
skills of those already involved in processing and marketing, and to bring new
entrepreneurs into the business.

25.    In at least 22 livestock commercial centers, existing live animal markets will be
improved and new markets developed. Approximately 2,400 farmer leaders, of which at
least 35% will be women—in accordance with the Government’s policy of promoting a
minimum of 35% women’s participation in all development activities—will be made aware
of how they may extend their influence along the market chain to the markets, and 1,680
farmers and traders will receive training in market management. The Project will provide
assistance to improve the quality and hygiene standards of slaughter, meat handling, and
meat selling.

26.     The Project will provide credit for 370 new dairy enterprises comprising chilling
centers, small-scale and cottage dairies, and cold chain retail outlets. The strategy will be
to encourage entrepreneurial activity in and around district towns and to provide
consumers with an increased supply of improved products. A significant campaign to
raise farmer awareness of milk hygiene will be undertaken along with new dairy
entrepreneur training, milk processor training, milk plant maintenance, and milk product
quality management. As in the TLDP, the objective will be to stimulate local processing
and marketing microenterprises, generate employment, and increase the supply of
products to meet the demand of consumers in rural towns.
                                             7


27.     It has become clear from the TLDP that processing and marketing initiatives may
be limited by low levels of consumer responsiveness and that consumer awareness and
education programs must run parallel with market development activities. The Project will
support a series of mass media programs directed at urban consumers to make
consumers more aware of hygiene and quality issues, and the reasons behind market
improvement initiatives. The outcome, as has been indicated by TLDP experience, is
appreciation by consumers of quality assurance systems, and increased demand for
improved quality products.

28.     As the demand for animal health and production services in commercialized
farming areas is outstripping the ability of DLS to provide services, farmers show a
strong demand for the services of private para-veterinary personnel. Based on TLDP’s
successful experience and needs, the Project will support the establishment of 250 para-
veterinarians. DLS will be assisted to link with and provide training to strengthen private
sector organizations. Technical assistance will be provided to the new Directorate of
Livestock Marketing Promotion to develop policies and action plans, and to build working
linkages with the private sector.

       4.      Livelihoods Pilot Program for Higher Altitudes

29.      A limited knowledge of successful strategies to improve livestock production in
the difficult higher altitude environment prevents DLS from delivering programs suitable
for the high hills. The Project will support (i) the cost of data assembly on experience
                                           ii)
from similar agro- ecological regions, ( surveys and investigations into the changing
nature of transhumant livestock keeping in the pilot program area, (iii) participatory rural
appraisal studies into the development needs of people in the pilot area, and (iv)
participatory preparation of a multisector plan to be implemented in the final 4 years of the
Project. The proposed pilot area comprises five districts that are on traditional
north/south transhumance routes.

       5.      Project Management Services

30.     The Project will support DLS with the required financial and technical assistance
resources necessary to ensure the effective implementation, management, and
coordination of project activities. A PMU will be established in Kathmandu and staffed by
DLS. It will be supported by project implementation technical assistance in two locations,
Kathmandu (project management, and processing and marketing support for the
processing districts), and Nepalgunj (for livestock productivity improvement districts, and
training in implementation activities).

E. Special Features

31.      More emphasis than in the TLDP will be placed on social and community
development activities to prepare poorer communities for livestock improvement
activities. Experience in Nepal shows that a livelihood approach and provision of
adequate time (3-12 months) for social adjustment are necessary for livestock
development interventions to be successful. Ensuring the sustainability and replicability of
livestock enterprises to other areas will be emphasized.
                                              8


32.      Four districts previously under the TLDP have been selected to act as leader and
pilot districts. They are leader districts in the sense that their achievements in the area of
farmer mobilization, NGO partnerships, interaction with the private sector, and forage
development activities can serve as a model and a learning experience for replication in
new project districts. The Government’s decentralization policy also requires that new
arrangements be introduced for funding at the district level, and interaction between the
DDCs and DLS district staff. The districts will be used as pilot districts where the new
relationships and modalities for replication elsewhere can be developed, tested, and
demonstrated.

33.     The pocket package and group approach has been modified from the TLDP
approach. In association with the district livestock services officer, LATs, and VDCs and
DDCs will identify pocket areas on the basis of poverty-affected communities in wards.
Thus, the pockets will be area based, rather than commodity based. Linkages will be
developed between farmers in groups and the lower levels of administration in wards and
villages. Ward livestock committees will coordinate the activities of groups, assist with
organizing inputs and services such as insurance, and represent the interests of group
members with village and district administrations.

34.     Communities, in the form of farmer groups and their associations, will have three
foci. The primary focus will be on making their enterprise activity financially successful
and capable of growth. The second will be on addressing community concerns and
needs such as literacy, health, or other social needs. The third will be on the concept of
helping others less fortunate in the community by using their own experience to assist
other groups to establish and function. For the three foci to work well, women need to be
strongly represented, not only in a participatory sense, but also in decision-making roles.
The target is involvement of at least 35% women.

                    II.     COST ESTIMATES AND FINANCING PLAN

A. Project Cost

35.     The estimated project cost is $33.0 million equivalent, inclusive of physical and
price contingencies, taxes and duties, and interest and service charges during
construction. The foreign exchange cost is estimated at $2.8 million, or about 8% of the
total cost. The local currency cost is estimated at $30.2 million equivalent, or about 92%
of the total cost. The local currency costs include an estimated $4.6 million equivalent for
taxes and duties to be paid by DLS and investors. The project cost estimates
summarized in Table 1 should be regarded as indicative only. The detailed project cost
estimates and financing plan are in Appendix 1.




                                Table 1: Cost Estimates a
                                        ($ million)
                                                      9


                                                                      Foreign          Local             Total
 Item                                                                Exchange         Currency           Cost
 A. Base Costb
    1. Community Development and Capacity                                   0.1             3.1             3.2
       Building
    2. Livestock Productivity Improvement                                   0.7           14.1             14.7
    3. Livestock Processing and Marketing                                   0.3            4.7              5.0
    4. Livelihoods Pilot Program for Higher Altitudes                       0.0            1.9              1.9
    5. Project Management Services                                          0.6            3.4              4.0
           Subtotal (A)                                                     1.7           27.1             28.8

 B. Contingencies
    1. Physical Contingencies c                                             0.0             1.1             1.1
    2. Price Contingencies d                                                0.1             2.1             2.1
           Subtotal (B)                                                     0.1             3.1             3.2

 C. Interest Charge during Implementation                                   0.9              0              0.9
           Total                                                            2.8           30.2             33.0
 a
   Figures may not add up to total because of rounding.
 b
   Prices from May 2003.
 c
   Physical contingency is 5% for all goods and services except specialist services at 10%.
 d
   Estimated at 2.5% for year 1, 2.1% for year 2, 1.9% for year 3, 1.7% for year 4, 1.5% for year 5, 1.4% for year 6
    for foreign and local costs.
 Source: Asian Development Bank estimates.

B. Financing Plan

36.     The Government has requested a loan of $20 million from ADB's Special Funds
resources to help finance 61% of the project cost. The loan will fund $2.8 million (100% of
the total foreign exchange cost), and $17.2 million equivalent of the local currency cost
(67% of the total local currency cost). The Government has been requested to provide
$5.0 million equivalent, or 15% of the project cost. RMDC and MFIs will contribute $6.5
million toward the cost of livestock enterprise development, or 20% of the project cost.
The beneficiary households that receive microfinance packages and entrepreneurs that
receive agro enterprise packages will contribute 1.5 million or 4% of the project cost
through their labor and cash inputs in establishing the livestock and small business
enterprises. Local cost financing is justified given the poverty-oriented nature of the
Project, and the tight fiscal situation in the country.

37.     The Borrower will be the Government of Nepal. The ADB loan will have a maturity
of 32 years, including a grace period of 8 years. The loan will carry an interest charge of
1.0% during the grace period and an interest charge of 1.5% per annum during the
amortization period. The Government will relend to RMDC the portion of the ADB loan
required for investing in livestock enterprises, in accordance with the provisions of the
subsidiary loan agreement. The subsidiary loan agreement will contain procedures,
terms and conditions, and implementation arrangements satisfactory to ADB. RMDC will
in turn onlend to participating MFIs under subloan agreements, and the MFIs will use
these funds to provide microfinance to farmers and entrepreneurs. The subloan
agreements will specify procedures, terms and conditions, and implementation
                                                 10


arrangements satisfactory to ADB. The Government will provide the funds to the PMU for
the livestock development portions of the Project. The financing plan is summarized in
Table 2.
                              Table 2: Financing Plana
                                       ($million)

                                          Foreign         Local    Total
        Source                                                                 Percen
                                          Exchange        Currency Cost
                                                                               t
        Asian Development Bank                   2.8             17.2   20.0      61
        Government                                 0              5.0    5.0      15
        RMDC and Intermediaries                    0              6.5    6.5      20
        Beneficiaries                              0              1.5    1.5       4
        Totalb                                   2.8             30.2   33.0     100
        RMDC = Rural Microfinance Development Center.
        a
          Figures may not add up to total because of rounding.
        b
          Includes duties and taxes of about $4.6 million.
        Source: Asian Development Bank estimates.

C. Allocation of Proceeds

38.     The proceeds of the loan shall be used to finance eligible Project expenditures. All
goods and services to be financed out of the loan proceeds shall be procured in
accordance with the Loan Agreement and shall be used exclusively in the carrying out of
the Project. ADB may refuse to finance a contract where goods or services have not
been procured under procedures in accordance with those agreed between the
Government and ADB, or where the terms and conditions of the contract a not          re
satisfactory to ADB. Loan allocation and withdrawal percentages to be applied when
withdrawing from the loan proceeds are in Appendix 2. The closing date of withdrawals
from the loan account will be on 30 June 2010.

D. Utilization of Surplus Funds

39.     Surplus loan proceeds not required to finance increased costs of other project
components are normally canceled from the loan amount after advising the borrower and
executing agency. Surplus proceeds are usually identified by project review, midterm
review, and country portfolio review missions. Prompt cancellation of the surplus loan
proceeds reduces the commitment fees paid by the borrower. Canceling surplus
proceeds of Asian Development Fund (ADF) loans enable these amounts to revert to
limited ADF resources for lending to other projects. After the award of most major
contracts, missions review the cost estimates to determine the surplus.

40.     Surplus loan proceeds may be needed to complete a project or finance additional
goods or services required under the Project. Attainment of the Project’s immediate
objectives is the main consideration in determining whether to cancel or use surplus loan
proceeds.

41.     Occasionally surplus loan proceeds from a project are needed to finance another
ongoing or new project. Surplus proceeds from several ongoing loans can also be used
to finance the import of urgently needed commodities or to finance the local currency
                                                  11


costs of other ongoing projects. As Article 14 (xi) of ADB’s Charter provides that loan
proceeds are to be used only for the purposes for which the loan is approved, Board
approval must be sought, through a brief Board paper on a no-objection basis to use
surplus loan proceeds for another project.

42.       Utilizing surplus proceeds results in the surplus being reallocated.

                           III.    IMPLEMENTATION ARRANGEMENTS

A. Executing Agency

43.     DLS will be the Executing Agency (EA) responsible for overall project
management and implementation of all noncredit activities. Having managed three
previous projects for ADB, DLS has shown that it has the necessary organizational
structure and staff skills to manage successfully a large and diverse project. The Ministry
of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MOAC) will appoint a project manager in its head office.
The Project will fund a small PMU that will be located in Kathmandu, and which will be
staffed by a team of seconded staff comprising (i) a managerially competent project
manager, (ii) deputy project manager, (iii) two planning officers (field programs, and
monitoring and evaluation), (iv) two junior technical officers, (v) an accounts officer, and
(vi) adequate support staff.

44.      The PMU will act as a facilitating unit. It will (i) prepare annual work plans and the
relevant project reports in consultation with other service providers; (ii) supervise all
project activities and the performance of the implementing agencies and service
providers; and (iii) monitor and evaluate project activities, project outputs, and expected
impacts. The PMU will also ensure that several crosscutting issues are firmly embedded
in project activities: (i) the inclusive and participatory systems learning approach to be
used in the Project, (ii) gender awareness and gender equity, (iii) environment concerns
and mitigation measures, and (iv) good governance. To deliver project services
effectively to 48 districts, management of the Project will be supported and
institutionalized by delegating to the DLS regional director in each of the five
development regions the responsibility to coordinate, supervise, implement selected
activities, and monitor and evaluate project activities.

45.     As EA, RMDC will distribute project microfinance services and credit funds to
participating MFIs and commercial banks on terms and conditions acceptable to ADB.
RMDC is a capable institution, which is satisfactorily implementing the ADB-financed
Rural Microfinance Project.1 NGOs will be recruited to form farmer groups and provide
preparatory social mobilization before providing microfinance to group members.
Through the Agricultural Development Bank of Nepal and commercial banks, RMDC will
provide the credit for livestock processing and marketing. At the midterm review, these
arrangements will be reviewed.

46.    A project steering committee (PSC) has been established to oversee the
implementation of the Project. It will meet as necessary, but not less than twice a year, to
review progress and resolve policy issues. The secretary of MOAC will chair the

1
    ADB. 1998. Report and Recommendation of the President to the Board of Directors on a Proposed Loan
     to the Kingdom of Nepal for the Rural Microfinance Project. Manila.
                                                  12


committee, which will include relevant joint secretaries from MOAC; ministerial
representatives from the Ministry of Finance; Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation;
Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare; Ministry of Local Development; the
National Planning Commission; and RMDC, with the director general of DLS as member
secretary.

47.     An implementation coordination committee (ICC) will be established to guide the
PMU on a more regular basis. Chaired by the director general of DLS; the committee will
comprise heads of DLS’ directorates for animal health, marketing, training and extension,
and animal production; MOAC’s Department of Food Technology and Quality Control; as
well as representatives of the Department of Women Development; milk, meat, and
poultry-based organizations;2 RMDC; the Nepal Rastra Bank, and regional project
managers. Representatives of other stakeholder organizations 3 will be co-opted as
necessary. The ICC will meet every 2 months. Its responsibility will be to address and
resolve implementation issues, to advise on technical matters, and to advise the PSC on
policy matters.

B. Component Implementation

48.     The PMU will implement the Project, in cooperation with the various DLS
directorates and RMDC. It will also be responsible for organizing training at the central
level, such as the proposed management training for DLS officers. The regional project
managers will implement training and technical backstopping being made available
                                                                                     h
through regional training centers, and coordinate activities between districts in t eir
regions.

49.     District livestock offices, and NGOs will undertake d  istrict activities involving
community awareness building, social mobilization, gender awareness, group formation,
livestock productivity improvement, farmer training, community-based livestock
development assistance, and monitoring and evaluation. District implementation
arrangements will be further defined during project implementation to meet the
Government's intention to decentralize fiscal and administrative responsibility to DDCs.
LATs proved an effective mechanism under the TLDP for coordinating and aligning line
agency programs at village level, and establishing linkages between line agencies and
DDCs. This mechanism will be continued, extended to VDC level, and be institutionalized
within the DDC organizational structure.

                              IV.     IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE

50.     The Project will be implemented o         ver 6 years beginning in the first quarter of
2004. Initial activities will include recruiting consultants for the PMU; establishing a project
performance monitoring system in DLS; carrying out district and market area benchmark
surveys, participatory rapid appraisals and community discussions; selecting local
NGOs; and procuring essential equipment and vehicles. Enterprise development and
credit disbursements in new project areas will be delivered starting in the third quarter of

2
    Such as Nepal Dairy Association and Newa Khadki Sewa Samiti meat industry association.
3
    For example, the Federation of Forest User Groups of Nepal; and other projects such as the Rural-
     Urban Partnership Program, the Microenterprise Development Project, and the Biogas Support
     Program.
                                              13


2004, while in previous TLDP areas, these activities will continue without interruption. A
summary project implementation schedule is in Appendix 3.

                                       V.      TRAINING

51.    The NGOs, supported by DLS, will assess the training needs of communities
(male and female), and training programs will be village based, farmer-to-farmer, and
oriented toward enterprise education (embracing technology, legal literacy, and basic
agribusiness). Training will strengthen farmer organizations and farmer capabilities. It will
focus on leadership, records and bookkeeping, financial savings, meeting procedures,
animal health and production technology, forage development, and local-level marketing.

52.     Project orientation programs will be held, followed by a three-module package of
training that will include (i) social mobilization; (ii) improving animal production, and
agribusiness; and (iii) basic principles of animal and product processing, and marketing.

53.   Elected group leaders will receive training in leadership, monitoring, evaluation,
and bookkeeping to improve the efficiency and transparency of group activities. All group
members will receive enterprise education training.

54.     Communities will be encouraged to identify a member of their community for
training as a community livestock assistant (CLA). CLAs will also have the opportunity to
undertake para-veterinary training to improve their ability to support themselves.

55.     In addition to training to improve the extension capabilities of DLS district-level
staff, 35 more senior DLS officers and 40 district officers will be trained locally in
leadership, management, and planning to strengthen the project implementation and
managerial capacity of the department. To strengthen DLS’s capabilities in the
participatory systems learning approach, provision is made for DLS staff training. Short-
term, awareness building immersion training will be provided for another 250 DLS staff,
DDC, and private sector partners. All DLS staff will receive gender and organizational
change training to ensure that gender is fully integrated into DLS structures and practice.
The project manager will be the gender focal point at the central level. Junior technicians
and their assistants will be trained in production, processing and marketing to develop
specialist support at the district level. DLS staff will receive training in monitoring and
evaluation from the Project's technical assistance team. Two members of the recently
formed Directorate of Livestock Marketing Promotion will receive training in marketing,
market development, market information systems, and quality assurance and control
systems. Department of Food Technology and Quality Control and DLS officers will also
be trained in meat inspection, milk and meat quality, and quality control and assurance
systems. Quality control laboratory facilities will also be improved.

56.     DDC staff in at least 22 intensive livestock districts will receive project orientation
to strengthen their capacity to implement livestock development programs. Key staff will
be trained in management, and monitoring and evaluation. Members of the district and
village LATs will receive training in gender awareness, microfinance, and monitoring and
evaluation. Women staff members will have priority for this training

57.    The Project will assist DLS to work with representative private sector
organizations such as the Nepal Dairies Association, Nepal Butchers Services
                                             14


Committee, and poultry and feed millers associations to develop their capabilities to
implement member awareness, quality assurance, and member training programs. The
objective is to begin to shift responsibility to the private sector for a number of the needs
of private sector entrepreneurs. DLS will be assisted to link with and provide training to
strengthen private sector organizations.

58.     Training is proposed for feed millers, poultry farmers, and feed ingredient
suppliers to improve the standard of feed formulation. Feed standards will be reviewed,
and the Department of Food Technology and Quality Control and DLS will undertake
quality control with 520 district-level staff being trained in this area.

59.    RMDC or a specialized training institution will train 60 less experienced MFIs to
provide microfinance services in six project districts currently without such services.
Borrowers are more likely to be women; therefore training will emphasize gender issues
related to microfinance. Improvement in microfinance performance will be facilitated
through a program of training for MFIs, farmer leaders, and DLS district staff.

60.    A range of training will be available to improve the skills of those already involved
in processing and marketing, and to bring new entrepreneurs into the business.

61.      Approximately 2,400 farmer leaders, of which at least 35% will be women—in
accordance with the Government’s policy of promoting a minimum of 35% women’s
participation in all development activities—will be made aware of how they may extend
their influence along the market chain to the markets, and 1,680 farmers and traders will
receive training in market management.

62.    A significant campaign to raise farmer awareness of milk hygiene will be
undertaken along with new dairy entrepreneur training, milk processor training, milk plant
maintenance, and milk product quality management. (Appendix 4 provides a table on
Consolidated Training Plan)

                        VI.     RECRUITMENT OF CONSULTANTS

63.     The services of consultants shall be utilized in the carrying out of the Project,
particularly with regard to:
                 (a)    Training;
                 (b)    Guidance of process related activities;
                 (c)    Community livestock development programs;
                 (d)    Establishment of viable commercial activities;
                 (e)    Gender mainstreaming;
                 (f)    Resettlement/Environmental Impact Monitoring;
                 (g)    Benefit monitoring and evaluation;
                 (h)    Marketing;
                 (i)    Abattoir design;
                 (j)    Microfinance; and
                 (k)    Quality improvement and certification

64.   The terms of reference of the consultants shall be as determined by agreement
between the Bank and the Borrower. (Appendix 5)
                                            15


65.     The selection, engagement and services of the consultants shall be subject to the
provisions of this Schedule and the provision s of the “Guidelines on the Use of
Consultants by Asian Development Bank and Its Borrowers” dated April 2002 (hereinafter
called the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants), as amended from time to time, which
have been furnished to the Borrower.

66.     The consultants shall be selected and engaged as a firm by the PMU using the
quality-and-cost-based selection (QCBS) method in accordance with the following
procedures. However, DLS may choose to sole source the Food and Agriculture
Organization (FAO) to provide these services, in which case the items (i) - (iv) below will
not be required. FAO will submit a simplified technical proposal and financial proposal,
which the Government will negotiate with FAO and obtain ADB’s approval of the contract.
An ADB representative may attend the negotiations as an observer.

         (i)    Invitation for technical and financial proposals. The invitation to submit
technical and financial proposals (hereinafter called the Request for Proposals or RFP)
and all related documents shall be approved by the Bank before they are issued. For this
purpose, three copies of the draft RFP, the names of consultants to be short-listed, the
proposed criteria for evaluation of both proposals, a draft consultancy contract, and other
related documents shall be submitted to the Bank. A period of at least 60 days shall be
allowed for submission of both proposals. A copy of the final RFP as issued, together
with all related documents, shall be furnished to the Bank for information promptly after
issuance. The validity period for the technical and financial proposals as provided in the
RFP shall usually not exceed three months from the date specified for submission of the
technical and financial proposals. The approval of the Bank shall be obtained for any
request to extend such validity period. Except as the Bank may otherwise agree, the
validity period, including any extensions, shall not exceed a maximum total period of six
months. If the contract is not signed within the validity period in accordance with the
Guidelines on the Use of Consultants, the selection shall be invalid and the selection and
engagement process as provided in this paragraph shall be followed again.

       (ii)           Evaluation and scoring of technical proposals. Immediately after
the technical proposals have been evaluated and scored, approval of the Bank shall be
obtained to the evaluation and scoring of the technical proposals. For this purpose, the
Bank shall be furnished with three copies if the technical proposals.

        (iii)          Public opening of financial proposals. The financial proposals of
the firms whose technical proposals meet the minimum qualifying technical score shall
be opened publicly after adequate notice is given to such firms or their representatives to
attend the opening of the financial proposals.

        (iv)            Evaluation and scoring of financial proposals and ranking of
financial proposals. After the financial proposals have been evaluated and scored, the
ranking of the technical and financial proposals shall be made. Before negotiations are
started with the first-ranked consultants, approval of the Bank shall be obtained to the
evaluation and scoring of the financial proposals and the ranking of the technical and
financial proposals. For this purpose, the Bank shall be provided with three copies of (i)
the evaluation and scoring of the financial proposals, and (ii) the ranking of the technical
and financial proposals.
                                            16


        (v)            Execution of contract. After the conclusion of negotiations but
before the signing of the contract, the Bank shall be furnished with the contract as
negotiated for approval. Promptly after the contract is signed, the Bank shall be furnished
with three copies of the signed contract. If any substantial amendment of the contract is
proposed after its execution, the proposed changes shall be submitted to the Bank for
prior approval.

67.     The Borrower has requested that the internationally-recruited consultants to be
selected pursuant to the provisions of paragraph 66 of this Schedule to collaborate with
domestic consultants. The Bank has agreed to the request and for this purpose, the
specific arrangements relating to the collaboration shall be included in the proposals to
be submitted to the Bank pursuant to the provision of paragraph 66 of this Schedule.

68.     The Borrower shall ensure that all Bank-financed contracts with consultants
contain appropriate representations, warranties and, if appropriate, indemnities from the
consultants to ensure that the consulting services provided do not violate or infringe any
industrial property or intellectual property right to claim of any third party.


                                  VII.   PROCUREMENT

69.     Goods, related services, and civil works financed by ADB will be procured
following ADB’s Guidelines for Procurement. Since any civil works will be small and
widely dispersed, foreign contractors are unlikely to be interested in bidding.
Consequently, all the civil works contracts will be procured through local competitive
bidding among prequalified contractors in accordance with the Government’s
procurement procedures acceptable to ADB. Prequalification, selection, and engagement
of contractors will be subject to ADB’s approval. A contracted private sector engineer
under the guidance of the PMU will advise on the award of contracts for infrastructure
rehabilitation, livestock processing, and market improvements. Supply contracts for
equipment or materials estimated to cost $500,000 or more are not expected, but if a
contract becomes necessary, it will be awarded through international competitive bidding,
and those costing less than the equivalent of $500,000 (other than minor items) will be
awarded through international shopping. Direct purchase procedures will be used for
small or off-the-shelf items valued at less than $100,000. The PMU will procure the
equipment and vehicles. Indicative contract packages are in Appendix 6.

                         VIII.   DISBURSEMENT PROCEDURES

70.                                                                        n
        The civil works contracts to be awarded will generally be small i value. To
ensure effective project implementation and timely disbursement, the Government will
establish two imprest accounts in the name of the Project at NRB immediately after the
effectiveness of the loan agreement. Payments for eligible items will be made to DLS
through one account, and to RMDC for microfinance and credit funds through the other
account. The statement of expenditure (SOE) procedure will be adopted to facilitate
reimbursement and liquidation of small contracts. The imprest accounts and the SOE
procedure will be established, maintained, and audited in accordance with ADB’s Loan
Disbursement Handbook. The ceiling of the imprest accounts will not exceed the
estimated ADB-financed expenditures for the next 6 months, or 10% of the loan amount,
whichever is lower. The SOE procedure is applicable for reimbursing eligible
                                            17


expenditures and liquidating advances under the imprest account for any individual
payment below $50,000 equivalent. All project expenditures incurred by the Project will be
submitted by the PMU through DLS and by RMDC to ADB for reimbursement.

                   IX.    PROJECT MONITORING AND EVALUATION

71.     To ensure that project activities and facilities are managed efficiently and that
target groups receive the intended benefits, the PMU will use a participatory and gender-
sensitive project performance monitoring program modeled on ADB’s monitoring system,
which improves on the one used in the TLDP. The Project will strengthen DLS’s
management information system and adapt it to the project’s information requirements.
Periodic monitoring activities will assess whether the project inputs and activities have
delivered the expected outputs and benefits to the intended beneficiaries. The monitoring
system will also be used to detect at an early stage any discrepancy between the project
plan and its execution.

72.     The PMU will ensure that initial district-level baseline physical and socioeconomic
surveys are conducted, and will submit a detailed implementation plan for monitoring
performance and for preparing gender-disaggregated benchmark information for ADB’s
review and concurrence within 6 months of loan effectiveness. Thereafter, the PMU will
submit annual benefit monitoring reports to ADB throughout the implementation period. A
detailed study will be conducted to review the progress of the Project before the ADB
midterm review. The EA will complete an impact evaluation study before the PMU
prepares the project completion report.

                          X.     REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

A. Quarterly Progress Reports

73.     DLS will submit to ADB trimester and annual progress reports on project
implementation. The PMU will prepare the reports, particularly addressing progress in
meeting the project targets. The reports will include information on the physical progress
of the project and the status of the project components. The Project’s progress and
status will be fed into the ADB’s project performance report (PPR) (Appendix 7) as part of
its project performance management systems. Pro Forma Project Progress Report is in
Appendix 8.

B. Project Completion Report

74.    Within 3 months of substantial physical completion of the Project, DLS will submit
to ADB a project completion report that will cover the details of project implementation,
cost, project performance management activities, and other information requested by
ADB.

C. Contract Awards and Disbursement Projections

75.    The PMU will prepare contract awards and disbursement projections for four
quarters starting in January of every year. In order that ADB may receive the key
information as quickly as possible, the information requested should be sent by fax to
                                              18


ADB in accordance with the format in Appendix 9. The completed worksheet should be
simultaneously sent by courier to reach ADB not later than 31 December of each year.

                             XI.      AUDITING REQUIREMENTS

76.      DLS will maintain separate project accounts and records to facilitate identification
of income and expenditures related to the Project. The PMU will be assigned sufficient
and qualified accounting staff, including an accountant. An auditor acceptable to ADB will
annually audit all the accounts and statements of expenditures and revenues related to
the Project. The Auditor General’s Office of Nepal is acceptable for this purpose. The
annual audit will include audit of the imprest account and SOE procedure. The annual
audit report will include a separate audit opinion on the use of the imprest account and
SOE procedure. Audited financial statements and project accounts, together with the
report of the auditor, will be submitted within 9 months of the close of the financial year. It
is important to submit audited project accounts and audit reports to the ADB on a
timely basis. If the audited project accounts are not received within 9 months
after the due date, the ADB may consider suspension of the Borrower’s right to
make withdrawals from the loan account. The Project’s auditing requirements are set
out in the audit letter (Appendix 10).

                                   XII.   LOAN COVENANTS

77.    Please refer to Appendix 11 for the summary of major loan covenants.

                   XIII.   KEY PERSONS INVOLVED IN THE PROJECT

78.    The list of persons involved in the Project is in Appendix 12.

                                   XIV.   ANTICORRUPTION

79.    The institutional arrangements and reporting mechanisms referred to in this
document are put in place to enable monitoring and accounting of the use of ADB
resources, and in accordance with ADB’s Anticorruption Policy (Appendix 13). Anyone
coming across evidence of corruption associated with the Project must contact the
ADB’s Office of the General Auditor, which will investigate such allegations.
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Breakdown of Totals Incl. Cont.
Table 1. Community Development and Capacity Building                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       (Million)
Detailed Costs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Local                                                                                                                   Expenditures by Financiers (Million)
(US$)                                                                                                                                                    Quantities                                                                              Totals Including Contingencies (Million)                      For.    (Excl.     Duties &                                  Asian Development Bank                                                      The Government                                                                Beneficiaries
                                                                                          Unit              2004            2005            2006           2007            2008            2009           Total         Unit Cost    2004     2005       2006      2007      2008        2009       Total     Exch.   Taxes)       Taxes      Total     2004     2005       2006     2007      2008       2009       Total     2004     2005       2006       2007      2008        2009       Total     2004       2005       2006      2007       2008       2009       Total
 I. Investment Costs
    A. Civil Works
       Re-furbishing training facility (RLTC Pokhara)                                   lumpsum                      1               -               -                -             -                 -             1      25,641       0.0        -          -          -         -            -       0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0        -          -        -           -          -       0.0      0.0        -           -          -         -            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
       Maintenance of other DLS RLTC facilities                                         lumpsum                      -               -               3                -             -                 -             3         423         -        -        0.0          -         -            -       0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0        -        -        0.0        -           -          -       0.0        -        -         0.0          -         -            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
       Quality Assurance Lab's /a                                                         each                       1               1               1                -             -                 -             3       5,128       0.0      0.0        0.0          -         -            -       0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0        -           -          -       0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0          -         -            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
    Subtotal Civil Works                                                                                                                                                                                                                0.0      0.0        0.0          -         -            -       0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0        -           -          -       0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0          -         -            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
    B. Consulting Services
       1. Domestic Consulting Services
          Gender & Development Facilitator /b                                         person mths                    8               8               8                8             8                 -            40        2,000      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.1      0.0       0.1         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.1      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Web Design & Host Specialist                                                 Contract                      1               -               -                -             -                 -             1        7,700      0.0        -          -          -         -            -       0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0        -          -        -         -            -       0.0      0.0        -           -          -         -            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
       Subtotal Domestic Consulting Services                                                                                                                                                                                            0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.1      0.0       0.1         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.1      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
       2. NGO Partnership /c                                                            lump sum                    50             125             125            45                -                 -           345        1,800      0.1      0.2        0.2        0.1         -            -       0.7        -       0.5         0.1        0.7      0.1      0.2        0.2      0.1         -            -       0.5      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0         -            -       0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
    Subtotal Consulting Services                                                                                                                                                                                                        0.1      0.3        0.3        0.1       0.0            -       0.8      0.0       0.6         0.1        0.8      0.1      0.2        0.2      0.1       0.0            -       0.6      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
    C. Equipment
       Meat Inspection Sets /d                                                             set                      20               -               -                -             -                 -            20         160       0.0         -         -          -         -            -       0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0          -        -        -           -          -       0.0      0.0          -          -         -         -            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
    D. Training
       1. Programme Start-Up
          Lunching Workshops - National /e                                               w'shop                      3               -               -             -                -                 -             3        1,282      0.0        -          -          -         -            -       0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0        -          -        -         -            -       0.0      0.0        -           -          -         -            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Launching Workshops - Districts /f                                            workshop                    44               -               -             -                -                 -            44          642      0.0        -          -          -         -            -       0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0        -          -        -         -            -       0.0      0.0        -           -          -         -            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Annual and gender planning workshop /g                                         course                     27              27              27            27               27                 -           135        1,602      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.1            -       0.2           -    0.2         0.0        0.2      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.2      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
       Subtotal Programme Start-Up                                                                                                                                                                                                      0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.1            -       0.3           -    0.2         0.0        0.3      0.1      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.2      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
       2. Social Mobilization Preparedness
          Training of Trainers /h                                                        course                      4               4               2             -                -                 -            10        3,487      0.0      0.0        0.0          -         -          -         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0          -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Survey & Study Methodology /i                                                  course                      4               4               2             -                -                 -            10        1,050      0.0      0.0        0.0          -         -          -         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0          -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          CBO Training /j                                                                course                     20              25              25            25               25                18           138        2,021      0.0      0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1        0.0         0.3           -    0.3         0.0        0.3      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.3      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Training to Farmer Groups - including farmer to farmer training /k             course                    115             115             115           115              115               115           690          761      0.1      0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1        0.1         0.6           -    0.5         0.1        0.6      0.1      0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.1         0.5      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Community Livestock Assistant (CLA) Training /l                                course                     10              23               9             4                -                 -            46          923      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0         -          -         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0         -          -         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          CLA Follow Up Workshops /m                                                     course                      -              10              23             9                4                 -            46          462        -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0        -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0        -      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Business Literacy /n                                                           course                    119             330             330           132                -                 -           911          534      0.1      0.2        0.2        0.1         -          -         0.5           -    0.5         0.1        0.5      0.1      0.2        0.2      0.1         -          -         0.4      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0         -          -         0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
       Subtotal Social Mobilization Preparedness                                                                                                                                                                                        0.2      0.4        0.4        0.2       0.2        0.1         1.6           -    1.3         0.2        1.6      0.2      0.3        0.3      0.2       0.1        0.1         1.3      0.0      0.1         0.1        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.3          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
       3. Gender Training
          Awareness Raising on Special Day /o                                           campaign                     1               1               1                1             1                 -             5           64      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Regional Workshops for LAT, DDC, etc /p                                        course                      3               3               3                3             3                 -            15          928      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          National Gender Policy Workshop /q                                            workshop                     1               -               -                1             -                 -             2          928      0.0        -          -        0.0         -          -         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0        -          -      0.0         -          -         0.0      0.0        -           -        0.0         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Annual Gender Planning Workshops /r                                           workshop                     1               1               1                1             1                 1             6          954      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Gender and Development Training for DLS policy makers                          course                      -               1               1                -             -                 -             2        1,923        -      0.0        0.0          -         -          -         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0        -      0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0        -      0.0         0.0          -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Environment monitoring training in livestock programme /s                      course                      1               1               -                1             -                 -             3        1,282      0.0      0.0          -        0.0         -          -         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0          -      0.0         -          -         0.0      0.0      0.0           -        0.0         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Leadership Development Training for Women /t                                   course                      1               1               1                1             1                 1             6          954      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
       Subtotal Gender Training                                                                                                                                                                                                         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
       4. Institutional Capability Improvement
          Marketing training for DLS Marketing Directorate /u                            course                      -               1               1                -             -                 -             2      14,500         -      0.0        0.0          -         -          -         0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0        -      0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0        -      0.0         0.0          -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          SLA Training /v                                                                course                      3               3               3                3             3                 -            15       5,000       0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.1      0.1         -         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.1      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Office Management training for PMU associated junior staffs. /w                course                      -               2               2                2             2                 -             8       1,282         -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0        -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0        -      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Project Management for PMU associated staff /x                                 course                      -               2               2                2             2                 -             8      14,600         -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.1      0.0       0.1         0.0        0.1        -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.1        -      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Monitoring and Evaluation workshop /y                                          w'shop                      -               1               1                -             -                 -             2       8,564         -      0.0        0.0          -         -          -         0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0        -      0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0        -      0.0         0.0          -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          SLA Immersion Training /z                                                      course                      2               2               2                2             2                 -            10       2,628       0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Project Planning and Management /aa                                            course                      1               1               -                1             -                 -             3       8,564       0.0      0.0          -        0.0         -          -         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0          -      0.0         -          -         0.0      0.0      0.0           -        0.0         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Project management /bb                                                         course                      -               1               -                1             -                 -             2      10,564         -      0.0          -        0.0         -          -         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0        -      0.0          -      0.0         -          -         0.0        -      0.0           -        0.0         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Graduate course to JT and JTA /cc                                              course                      1               1               1                1             1                 -             5      21,000       0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.1        -       0.1         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.1      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Technical Course for JTAs in a Trade School /dd                                course                      2               2               2                2             2                 -            10       3,205       0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Internship support to IAAS and HICAST graduates /ee                            course                      1               1               1                1             1                 -             5       1,923       0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Modular training for DLSO staff /ff                                            course                      5               5               5                5             3                 -            23       2,885       0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.1        -       0.1         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.1      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          LAT member exchange visit to other districts /gg                               course                      3               4               4                4             4                 3            22       5,128       0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -       0.1         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
          Non technical training /hh                                                     course                      2               2               2                2             2                 -            10       3,846       0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
       Subtotal Institutional Capability Improvement                                                                                                                                                                                    0.1      0.2        0.2        0.2       0.1        0.0         0.8      0.1       0.6         0.1        0.8      0.1      0.2        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.0         0.6      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
    Subtotal Training                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.4      0.6        0.6        0.5       0.4        0.2         2.7      0.1       2.2         0.4        2.7      0.3      0.5        0.5      0.4       0.3        0.1         2.2      0.1      0.1         0.1        0.1       0.1        0.0         0.5          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
Total Investment Costs                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.6      0.9        0.9        0.6       0.4        0.2         3.5      0.1       2.8         0.5        3.5      0.5      0.7        0.7      0.5       0.3        0.1         2.8      0.1      0.2         0.2        0.1       0.1        0.0         0.7          -          -          -        -           -          -           -
II. Recurrent Costs
    A. Recurrent Staff
       CLA Fee /ii                                                                        month                     50             189             384           384              384               384       1,775          32.05      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1           -    0.1         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0        -           -          -       0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
    B. Quality Assurance Lab's
       Quality Assurance Lab's O&M                                                        each                                                                                                                                          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -        -          -          -         -          -           -
       Recurrent Operational Costs                                                        each                                                                                                                                          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -        -          -          -         -          -           -
    Subtotal Quality Assurance Lab's                                                                                                                                                                                                    0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -        -          -          -         -          -           -
Total Recurrent Costs                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -       0.1         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0      0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
Total                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.6      0.9        0.9        0.6       0.4        0.2         3.6      0.1       2.9         0.5        3.6      0.5      0.7        0.7      0.5       0.3        0.1         2.8      0.1      0.2         0.2        0.1       0.1        0.0         0.7          -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0

_________________________________
\a Pokhara, Biratnagar, Kathmandu
\b Consultant located in Nepalgunj
\c NGO/CBO partnership for social mobilization in all 690 pockets-
\d For DLS training Directorate
\e 3 workshops-100 attendees each-run by PMU-Dhangadhi, Pokhara and Nepalganj
\f Note: Two x 2 day workshops per district, 60 attendees each (Run by PMU)-44 districts
\g With support from stakeholders (VDC, DDC, NGOs, LAT). 1x2day workshop/yr in 27 districts (22 intensive livestock production and 5 high altitude)-about 40 participants in each workshop
\h Note: In 10 batches of 25 persons each course - by NGO or training institute.-to be sub-contracted to NGOs and organized at Regional Livestock Training Centres
\i Note: Refresher course (In 10 batches of 25 persons each course). By NGO or training institute.
\j Note: CBOs are local NGOs and user groups (Note: In 138 batches of 25 persons each course). By NGO or training institute; 7 day courses. all 26 disctricts to be covered
\k Note: In 690 batches of 25 persons each course (ie 1 course per Pocket) - by DLSO in consultation with NGO; 24 days over 1 year.
\l Note: In 46 batches of 25 persons each course - at RLTC by NGO. Two per VDC, 45 days, in 3 steps.
\m Note: In 46 batches of 25 persons each course - by DLSO
\n Note: In 911 batches, 25 persons/batch. Delivery by NGO or training institutes.
\o e.g. Women's Day. One event per year, run by DLSO.
\p Includes farmers groups, women's co-op's, CBOs, NGOs. One in each region per year - 375 attendees.
\q Note: Two x 2 day workshops, 25 attendees each.
\r Note: Six x 2 day workshops, 25 attendees each.
\s For DLS, DLSO and DDC officials. In 3 batches of 5 persons each, by a Training Inst. in K'du..
\t 150 participants in six batches of 25 persons
\u In Thailand, for 2 persons. Organised by PMU.
\v university in Nepal with guest lecturers, 15 DLSOs, mostly from new districts.
\w 8 persons
\x At either AIT (Bangkok) or AIM (Manila)
\y for Livestock officer, Monitoring and Evaluation officer, Sr. officer responsible for planning, M&E to design M&E system; 50 persons in 2 batches; PMU sub-contracted to training institution.
\z for DLSO, IAAS, NGO partners at RLTC; run by PMU with SLA graduates; 10 batches of 25 persons.
\aa for class III and above officers in DLS; run by PMU in 3 batches of 25 persons each.
\bb for class I officers of DLS and other stakeholders (5 days); 35 persons in 2 batches.
\cc in Training Institute for Technical Instruction (TITI) in 5 batches of 5 persons per batch.
\dd Total 50 JTAs to be trained in trade schools( eg. Uttar Pani Trade School)
\ee in CLDP areas for B. Sc and M.Sc at $192 per student - 5 batches of 10 persons per batch. IAAS - Inst. of Animal & Agr. Science; HICAST - Himalayan College of Agr. Sci & Tech
\ff - 3 modules-Social mobilization, Credit and agri-business, Marketing and processing; 580 persons to be trained.
\gg In 22 districts for 16 persons per batch
\hh Details finalised during implementation according to programme needs. In 10 batches of 20 persons each.
\ii CLAs become self/community funded after Yr 3. Fully funded (NRs 2500/mth) in yr 1, 80% in yr 2, 60% in yr 3, 40% in yr 4, nil thereafter.
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Breakdown of To
Table 2. Livestock Productivity Improvement                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                (Mill
Detailed Costs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Local
(US$)                                                                                                                                                                  Quantities                                                                                 Totals Including Contingencies (Million)                     For.    (Excl.
                                                                                                               Unit          2004         2005          2006             2007            2008           2009           Total           Unit Cost    2004       2005      2006       2007     2008        2009       Total     Exch.    Taxes)

 I. Investment Costs
    A. Civil Works
       New Construction (DLS Offices) /a                                                                     lumpsum                  2             -              -                 -              -              -              2       19,230       0.0          -          -         -          -           -       0.0      0.0       0.0
       Maintenance of DLS Buildings                                                                          lumpsum                  1             -              -                 -              -              -              1        3,850       0.0          -          -         -          -           -       0.0        -       0.0
    Subtotal Civil Works                                                                                                                                                                                                                               0.0          -          -         -          -           -       0.0      0.0       0.0
    B. Vehicles /b
       4WD Twin Cab Pick-ups                                                                                   each                   -            -              -                  -              -              -              -                      -          -          -         -          -           -         -        -         -
       Motor Bikes                                                                                             each                  30           30             17                  -              -              -             77        1,500       0.0        0.0        0.0         -          -           -       0.1      0.0       0.1
    Subtotal Vehicles                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.0        0.0        0.0         -          -           -       0.1      0.0       0.1
    C. Equipment and Supplies
       1. Veterinary Equipment
          Veterinary Equipment Kits /c                                                                          set                 100          100             80                  -             -              -             280          725       0.1        0.1        0.1         -         -          -         0.2      0.0       0.1
          Re-agent for regional lab's /d                                                                        set                   3            3              3                  3             3              3              18        5,128       0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1      0.0       0.1
       Subtotal Veterinary Equipment                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.1        0.1        0.1       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.3      0.1       0.2
       2. Furniture & Equipment
          Office Equipment for DLS Service Centres                                                              set                 282             -              -                 -              -              -            282           17       0.0          -          -         -          -           -       0.0        -       0.0
          Furniture for DLS District Service Centres /e                                                         set                  22             -              -                 -              -              -             22          500       0.0          -          -         -          -           -       0.0        -       0.0
          Office Equipment for DLS offices                                                                      set                   2             -              -                 -              -              -              2        2,500       0.0          -          -         -          -           -       0.0      0.0       0.0
          Furniture for DLS Offices /f                                                                          set                   2             -              -                 -              -              -              2        2,500       0.0          -          -         -          -           -       0.0        -       0.0
       Subtotal Furniture & Equipment                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.0          -          -         -          -           -       0.0      0.0       0.0
       3. Forage Equipment & Supplies
          Seed Store Equipment /g                                                                               set                1                -              -              -                 -              -               1       1,600       0.0          -          -         -         -          -         0.0        -       0.0
          Seed Testing Kits                                                                                    each               50             100             150            150               150            150             750            2      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0
          Chemicals for Seed Unit                                                                            lumpsum               1                2              2              2                 2              2              11         250       0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0
          Imported Forage Seeds /h                                                                           lumpsum            0.05              0.9           0.17           0.23              0.23           0.23            1.81      22,650       0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0      0.0       0.0
          Local Forage Seed Purchase /i                                                                      lumpsum            0.05             0.09           0.17           0.23              0.23           0.23               1     120,500       0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -       0.1
          Sacks etc                                                                                          lumpsum            200              500           1,000          1,300             1,300          1,300           5,600          0.5      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0
       Subtotal Forage Equipment & Supplies                                                                                                                                                                                                            0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.2      0.0       0.1
       4. Field Staff Equipment
          Extension Materials                                                                                lumpsum            0.04             0.22           0.35            0.13             0.13           0.13              1       23,000       0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0      0.0       0.0
          Field Equipment - District Livestock Office /j                                                        set               50                -              -               -                -              -             50          442       0.0          -          -         -         -          -         0.0      0.0       0.0
          Field Equipment - JT/JTA /k                                                                           set             520                 -              -               -                -              -            520           82       0.0          -          -         -         -          -         0.0        -       0.0
          Field Equipment (CLAs) /l                                                                             kit             390                 -              -               -                -              -            390           82       0.0          -          -         -         -          -         0.0        -       0.0
       Subtotal Field Staff Equipment                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.1        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1      0.0       0.1
    Subtotal Equipment and Supplies                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0.2        0.1        0.1       0.1       0.1        0.1         0.7      0.1       0.5
    D. Consulting Services /m
       1. International Consultants
          Seed Development Specialist /n                                                                    person mths               4            4               -                 -              -              -              8       18,000       0.1        0.1          -         -          -           -       0.2      0.1       0.0
       2. Domestic Consultants
          Forage Development & Seed Production Specialist /o                                                person mths               8            8              8                  8             8              -              40        2,000       0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0          -         0.1        -       0.1
          Veterinary Private Practicioner Facilitator /p                                                    person mths               2            5              5                  5             5              2              24        2,000       0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -       0.0
       Subtotal Domestic Consultants                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -       0.1
    Subtotal Consulting Services                                                                                                                                                                                                                       0.1        0.1        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.3      0.1       0.2
    E. Training
       1. Credit
          Credit Mgt & Policy Guidelines /q                                                                   course                  -            1              -                  1              -              -              2       11,350           -      0.0          -       0.0          -           -       0.0      0.0         -
          Small Livestock Loan Processing /r                                                                  course                  -            1              1                  1              -              -              3        1,158           -      0.0        0.0       0.0          -           -       0.0        -       0.0
          Project Analysis training of milk and meat processing and livestock marketing projects /s           course                  -            1              1                  -              -              -              2        1,737           -      0.0        0.0         -          -           -       0.0        -       0.0
       Subtotal Credit                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     -      0.0        0.0       0.0          -           -       0.0      0.0       0.0
       2. Intensive Production
          VAHW tng - includes CLAs & farmers /t                                                               course                  -            4              4               4                -               -              12       6,410         -        0.0        0.0       0.0         -          -         0.1        -       0.1
          Diagnostic Training for JTs /u                                                                      course                  1            1              1               1                1               -               5       2,769       0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0          -         0.0        -       0.0
          Field tng for JT/JTA, Field assistant & CLAs /v                                                     course                  8            8              8               8                8               6              46       2,011       0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -       0.1
          Vet. Practise Management Course for JT/JTAs, CLAs & VAHWs /w                                        course                  4            4              4               -                -               -              12       3,526       0.0        0.0        0.0         -         -          -         0.0        -       0.0
          Co-op Mgt Training for JT, CLA, NGO partners & Co-op members /x                                     course                  1            1              1               1                1               -               5      74,400       0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1       0.1          -         0.4      0.4         -
          Master Course in Dairy Technology (1), Agri Marketing (2), Extension and Communication (2) /y       course                  1            2              2               -                -               -               5      12,350       0.0        0.0        0.0         -         -          -         0.1      0.1         -
          Farmer to farmer training (incl. joint walks) /z                                                    course                  -          180            690             680              880           1,020           3,450       19.23         -        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -       0.1
       Subtotal Intensive Production                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.1        0.2        0.2       0.2       0.1        0.0         0.8      0.4       0.3
       3. Forage Development
          DLSO field staff workshop in Livestock Feeds and Feeding management /aa                             course                  -            -              5               5                5              5              20          534           -        -        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0
          Silage Making Demonstration                                                                      Demonstration              -           10             10               -                -              -              20           59           -      0.0        0.0         -         -          -         0.0        -       0.0
          Winter Forage Production                                                                         Demonstration              -           50            100             300              100              -             550          104           -      0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0          -         0.1        -       0.1
       Subtotal Forage Development                                                                                                                                                                                                                         -      0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -       0.1
       4. Fodder & Seed
          DLSO Field staff W'shop in livestock feeds & feed mgt /bb                                           w'shop                  -            -              5                  5             5              5              20          383         -          -        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0
          Visits to other districts - DLSO, LDAs, NGOs & farmers /cc                                          course                  -           28             28                 28            28             28             140        2,800         -        0.1        0.1       0.1       0.1        0.1         0.5        -       0.4
          Village Feed Millers in commercial feed compounds /dd                                               course                  -            -              1                  1             -              -               2        1,423         -          -        0.0       0.0         -          -         0.0        -       0.0
          Feed formulation training /ee                                                                       course                  -            1              1                  1             -              -               3        1,731         -        0.0        0.0       0.0         -          -         0.0        -       0.0
          Large poultry farmers training on feed compounding /ff                                              course                  -            1              1                  1             1              1               5        1,321         -        0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0
          Feed ingredient suppliers training in quality Mgt /gg                                               course                  -            1              -                  1             -              -               2        1,077         -        0.0          -       0.0         -          -         0.0        -       0.0
          Workshop of Feed Miller, ingredient supplier & line agency on policy development /hh                course                  -            -              1                  2             1              -               4          587         -          -        0.0       0.0       0.0          -         0.0        -       0.0
       Subtotal Fodder & Seed                                                                                                                                                                                                                            -        0.1        0.1       0.1       0.1        0.1         0.5        -       0.4
    Subtotal Training                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.1        0.3        0.3       0.3       0.2        0.1         1.4      0.4       0.8
    F. Special Studies
       Buffalo Bull Calf Fattening Study /ii                                                                 lumpsum                  -             -             1                  -              -              -              1       23,000         -          -        0.0         -          -           -       0.0        -       0.0
       Pig Fattening Study /jj                                                                               lumpsum                  -             -             1                  -              -              -              1       10,000         -          -        0.0         -          -           -       0.0        -       0.0
       Review of Livestock Master Plan                                                                       lumpsum                  1             -             -                  -              -              -              1      100,000       0.1          -          -         -          -           -       0.1      0.0       0.1
       Feed Standard Review                                                                                     1                     -             -             1                  -              -              -              1       47,000         -          -        0.1         -          -           -       0.1      0.0       0.0
    Subtotal Special Studies                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.1          -        0.1         -          -           -       0.2      0.0       0.1
    G. Group Start Up and Credit Costs
       1. Group Support Service Costs - Livestock Dev't Fund /kk
          Cattle and Buffalo Groups /ll                                                                   per farmer group            -           31             88              88               32               -            239        1,282           -      0.0        0.1       0.1       0.0            -       0.3        -       0.3
          Goat Groups                                                                                     per farmer group            -           40            125             125               50               -            340          576           -      0.0        0.1       0.1       0.0            -       0.2        -       0.2
          Pig Groups                                                                                      per farmer group            -            5             12              12                5               -             34          577           -      0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0            -       0.0        -       0.0
          Poultry Groups                                                                                     per group                -            9             25              25               10               -             69          256           -      0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0            -       0.0        -       0.0
       Subtotal Group Support Service Costs - Livestock Dev't Fund                                                                                                                                                                                         -      0.1        0.2       0.2       0.1            -       0.6        -       0.5
       2. MFI Development Cost
           MFI Development Package                                                                                  per MFI                      10                10           10        10      10    10       60     4,000   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0    0.3     -    0.2
        3. Livestock Credit /mm
           Goat Package                                                                                             package                       -             3,600        10,000   10,000    4,000     -   27,600      183     -   0.7   2.1   2.1   0.9     -    5.8     -    4.9
           Buffalo Package                                                                                          package                       -             2,160         6,000    6,000    2,400     -   16,560      192     -   0.5   1.3   1.3   0.5     -    3.6     -    3.1
           Buffalo for meat                                                                                         package                       -               360         1,000    1,000      400     -    2,760       83     -   0.0   0.1   0.1   0.0     -    0.3     -    0.2
           Poultry Package                                                                                          package                       -               720         2,000    2,000      800     -    5,520      192     -   0.2   0.4   0.4   0.2     -    1.2     -    1.0
           Buffalo Heifer Calf Rearing                                                                              package                       -               144           400      400      160     -    1,104      102     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -    0.1     -    0.1
           Pig Rearing                                                                                              package                       -               216           600      600      240     -    1,656      154     -   0.0   0.1   0.1   0.0     -    0.3     -    0.2
           Paravet establishment /nn                                                                                package                      80                80            80         -       -     -      240    2,000   0.2   0.2   0.2     -     -     -    0.5     -    0.5
        Subtotal Livestock Credit                                                                                                                                                                                               0.2   1.6   4.2   4.1   1.7     -   11.8     -   10.0
        4. Livestock Insurance Fund (per Group)
           Goat Package                                                                                             package                       -              0.13          0.36     0.36     0.14     -     0.99   88,500     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -    0.1     -    0.1
           Buffalo Package                                                                                          package                       -              0.14          0.36     0.36     0.14     -        1   66,350     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -    0.1     -    0.1
           Buffalo for meat                                                                                         package                       -              0.13          0.36     0.36     0.14     -     0.99   11,100     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -    0.0     -    0.0
           Buffalo Heifer Calf Rearing                                                                              package                       -              0.13          0.36     0.36     0.14     -     0.99    4,423     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -    0.0     -    0.0
           Pig Rearing                                                                                              package                       -              0.14          0.36     0.36     0.14     -        1    5,308     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -    0.0     -    0.0
        Subtotal Livestock Insurance Fund (per Group)                                                                                                                                                                             -   0.0   0.1   0.1   0.0     -    0.2     -    0.2
    Subtotal Group Start Up and Credit Costs                                                                                                                                                                                    0.2   1.8   4.6   4.5   1.8   0.0   12.9     -   11.0
    H. Sundry Costs
        1. Seed Unit Costs
           Contract labour (seed store)                                                                            per year                    0.09              0.14          0.17      0.2      0.2   0.2       1     4,500   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0    0.0     -    0.0
           Store Rental (Other districts)                                                                         annual rent                     -                 1             1        1        1     1       5        38     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0    0.0     -    0.0
        Subtotal Seed Unit Costs                                                                                                                                                                                                0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0    0.0     -    0.0
        2. Village Nursery Establishment                                                                             each                         -                15           50        35      10      -     110       65      -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -    0.0     -    0.0
    Subtotal Sundry Costs                                                                                                                                                                                                       0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0    0.0     -    0.0
    I. Disease Monitoring
        District & Regional Laboratory Costs                                                                          set                        25                25           25        25      25    25      150     5,128   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.2   0.2    0.9     -    0.7
Total Investment Costs                                                                                                                                                                                                          1.0   2.5   5.3   5.0   2.3   0.4   16.6   0.8   13.3
II. Recurrent Costs
    A. Vehicles /oo
        4WD Pickups                                                                                                  each                                                                                                         -     -     -     -     -     -      -     -      -
        Motor Bikes                                                                                                  each                                                                                                         -     -     -     -     -     -      -     -      -
    Subtotal Vehicles                                                                                                                                                                                                             -     -     -     -     -     -      -     -      -
    B. Equipment /pp
        Field staff Equipment /qq                                                                                    each                                                                                                       0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0    0.0     -    0.0
Total Recurrent Costs                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0    0.0     -    0.0
Total                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1.0   2.5   5.3   5.0   2.3   0.4   16.6   0.8   13.3

_________________________________
\a Includes Survey, design and construction supervision. For Achham & Arghakhanchi.
\b Note: Inventory of TLDP vehicles has been made; further purchases are incremental over existing TLDP fleet.
\c Note: 1 set each for all DLS Service Centres
\d Pokhara, Dhangahi, Surkhet
\e Table & Chair, Filing Cabinet, Lockable Cabinet, Sundries; Only for those damaged in insurgency.
\f Note: Includes desk, chairs, filing cabinet, storage cupboard, shelves, white boards, etc
\g Includes: bins, shelving, scales, screens, miscellaneous
\h Includes freight
\i Includes freight
\j Includes: altimeter ($100), pH kits ($10), rain guage ($12), goat scales ($300), girth tapes ($20)
\k Includes: pH kit ($12), rain gauge ($10), goat scales ($30), girth tapes ($20), pocket calculator ($10)
\l Includes: pH kit ($12), rain gauge ($10), goat scales ($30), girth tapes ($20), pocket calculator ($10)
\m Consultants will be located in Nepalgunj
\n Duty Station Nepalgunj
\o Consultant located in Nepalgunj
\p Duty Station-Kathamndu or Nepalgunj
\q Outside the country - for senior staff of credit agencies for 15 days. In 2 batches of 10 persons each. Organised by PMU . Possibly Thailand
\r In 3 batches of 20 trainees per course - run by MFIs.
\s Run by banks in collaboration with PMU - 2 batches of 20 persons each.
\t Run by RLTC in 12 batches of 20 persons. (60% of CLA is expected to participate)
\u Run by PMU in association with Central Vet Lab in 5 batches of 20 persons.
\v Composite package incl. basic principles of Microfinance and Forage skills; Run by RLTC in 29 batches of 30 persons each.
\w Note: 15 days+internship; in 12 batches of 20 persons; run by PMU in association with Central Vet Hospital.
\x In Gujurat, India; in 5 batches of 20 persons; organised by PMU.
\y For DLS staff-In India - 5 persons over 3 yrs.
\z Specific focus on goats & poultry. In 4810 batches.
\aa 20 batches , 26 persons per batch
\bb 7 day course, sub-contracted by PMU, in 26 batches of 20 persons.
\cc 10 days per trip. Run by DLSO in 139 batches of 40 persons per batch.
\dd Sub-contracted by PMU, in 5 batches of 20 persons.
\ee In 3 batches of 20 persons each, for DLS staff.
\ff Sub-contracted by PMU, in 5 batches of 20 persons.
\gg 2 day course, sub-contracted by PMU, in 2 batches.
\hh 4 batches, 25 per batch.
\ii Undertaken by NARC
\jj Undertaken by IAAS
\kk Includes costs for drugs, animal transport, forage seed, etc for each farmer group.
\ll Includes Bull & Calf rearing
\mm Note: Includes contribution from HMG of TLDP credit funds as repaid to NRB and then used in CLDP (7% of total funds); Credit will revolve twice during implementation;
\nn Credit for 240 paravets to establish their business.
\oo Note: ADB funds O&M on declining basis - 90% Yr 1, 60% Yr 2, 30% Yr 3, nil thereafter.
\pp Note: ADB funds O&M on declining basis - 90% Yr 1, 60% Yr 2, 30% Yr 3, nil thereafter.
\qq Refers to O&M of item C-4 above.
otals Incl. Cont.
ion)
                                                                                                                                                       Expenditures by Financiers (Million)
 Duties &                                       Asian Development Bank                                                       The Government                                                              Beneficiaries                                                                RMDC & MFIs
  Taxes         Total     2004       2005       2006     2007      2008       2009       Total     2004       2005       2006     2007      2008       2009       Total     2004       2005       2006      2007       2008       2009       Total       2004       2005       2006      2007     2008       2009       Total



        0.0         0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -

          -           -        -          -          -        -           -          -         -        -          -          -        -           -          -         -          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0        -           -          -       0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0        -           -          -       0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -



        0.0         0.2      0.1        0.1        0.1        -         -          -         0.2      0.0        0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.3      0.1        0.1        0.1      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.3      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -

        0.0         0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -

        0.0         0.0      0.0          -          -        -         -          -         0.0      0.0          -          -        -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.2      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.2      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -

        0.0         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0      0.0          -          -        -         -          -         0.0      0.0          -          -        -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0      0.0          -          -        -         -          -         0.0      0.0          -          -        -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0      0.0          -          -        -         -          -         0.0      0.0          -          -        -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.1      0.1        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.1         0.7      0.2        0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.1         0.6      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -



        0.0         0.2      0.1        0.1          -        -           -          -       0.1      0.0        0.0          -        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -

        0.0         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.3      0.1        0.1        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.3      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -



        0.0         0.0          -      0.0          -      0.0           -          -       0.0          -      0.0          -      0.0           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0      0.0           -          -       0.0          -      0.0        0.0      0.0           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0        -           -          -       0.0          -      0.0        0.0        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0      0.0           -          -       0.0          -      0.0        0.0      0.0           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -

        0.0         0.1        -        0.0        0.0      0.0         -          -         0.1        -        0.0        0.0      0.0         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.1         0.4      0.1        0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1          -         0.4      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.1        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.1         0.8      0.1        0.1        0.2      0.1       0.1        0.0         0.7      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -

        0.0         0.0          -        -        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -        -        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0          -      0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.1          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.1          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.1          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -

        0.0         0.0        -          -        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -          -        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.1         0.5        -        0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.1         0.4        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0        -          -        0.0      0.0         -          -         0.0        -          -        0.0      0.0         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0        -        0.0        0.0      0.0         -          -         0.0        -        0.0        0.0      0.0         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0        -        0.0          -      0.0         -          -         0.0        -        0.0          -      0.0         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0        -          -        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0        -          -        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.1         0.5        -        0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.1         0.4        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.2         1.4      0.1        0.2        0.3      0.2       0.2        0.1         1.2      0.0        0.1        0.1      0.1       0.0        0.0         0.3          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -

        0.0         0.0        -            -      0.0        -           -          -       0.0        -            -      0.0        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0        -            -      0.0        -           -          -       0.0        -            -      0.0        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.1      0.1            -        -        -           -          -       0.1      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.1        -            -      0.0        -           -          -       0.0        -            -      0.0        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.2      0.1            -      0.1        -           -          -       0.2      0.0            -      0.0        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -



        0.1         0.3          -      0.0        0.1      0.1       0.0            -       0.3          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.2          -      0.0        0.1      0.1       0.0            -       0.2          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
        0.1         0.6          -      0.1        0.2      0.2       0.1            -       0.5          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
0.0    0.3   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.2   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -

0.9    5.8     -   0.2   0.7   0.7   0.3     -   2.0     -   0.1   0.3   0.3   0.1     -   0.9     -   0.1   0.2   0.2   0.1   -   0.5     -   0.3   0.9   0.9   0.4   -   2.4
0.5    3.6     -   0.2   0.4   0.5   0.2     -   1.2     -   0.1   0.2   0.2   0.1     -   0.5     -   0.0   0.1   0.1   0.0   -   0.3     -   0.2   0.6   0.6   0.2   -   1.5
0.0    0.3     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.1     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   -   0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   -   0.1
0.2    1.2     -   0.1   0.1   0.2   0.1     -   0.4     -   0.0   0.1   0.1   0.0     -   0.2     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   -   0.1     -   0.1   0.2   0.2   0.1   -   0.5
0.0    0.1     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   -   0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   -   0.1
0.0    0.3     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.1     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   -   0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   -   0.1
0.1    0.5   0.1   0.1   0.1     -     -     -   0.2   0.0   0.0   0.0     -     -     -   0.1   0.0   0.0   0.0     -     -   -   0.0   0.1   0.1   0.1     -     -   -   0.2
1.8   11.8   0.1   0.5   1.4   1.4   0.6     -   4.0   0.0   0.2   0.6   0.6   0.3     -   1.8   0.0   0.1   0.4   0.4   0.1   -   1.0   0.1   0.7   1.8   1.7   0.7   -   5.0

0.0    0.1     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.1     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -
0.0    0.1     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.1     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -
0.0    0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -
0.0    0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -
0.0    0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -
0.0    0.2     -   0.0   0.1   0.1   0.0     -   0.2     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -
1.9   12.9   0.1   0.7   1.7   1.7   0.7   0.0   5.0   0.0   0.3   0.7   0.7   0.3   0.0   1.9   0.0   0.1   0.4   0.4   0.1   -   1.0   0.1   0.7   1.8   1.7   0.7   -   5.0



0.0    0.0     -     -     -     -     -     -     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -
0.0    0.0     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -
0.0    0.0     -     -     -     -     -     -     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -
0.0    0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -
0.0    0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -

0.2    0.9   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.7   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.2     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -
2.5   16.6   0.8   1.3   2.3   2.2   1.1   0.3   8.0   0.2   0.4   0.8   0.8   0.4   0.1   2.6   0.0   0.1   0.4   0.4   0.1   -   1.0   0.1   0.7   1.8   1.7   0.7   -   5.0



  -      -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -
  -      -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -
  -      -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -

0.0    0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -     -     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -
0.0    0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -     -     -   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0     -     -     -     -     -   -     -     -     -     -     -     -   -     -
2.5   16.6   0.8   1.3   2.3   2.2   1.1   0.3   8.0   0.2   0.4   0.8   0.8   0.4   0.1   2.6   0.0   0.1   0.4   0.4   0.1   -   1.0   0.1   0.7   1.8   1.7   0.7   -   5.0
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Breakdown of Totals Incl. Cont.
Table 3. Livestock Processing & Marketing                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                (Million)
Detailed Costs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Local                                                                                                                                                        Expenditures by Financiers (Million)
(US$)                                                                                                                                                                    Quantities                                                                              Totals Including Contingencies (Million)                     For.   (Excl.     Duties &                                     Asian Development Bank                                                      The Government                                                              Beneficiaries                                                                RMDC & MFIs
                                                                                                                Unit            2004           2005          2006          2007          2008          2009           Total         Unit Cost     2004       2005       2006      2007      2008        2009       Total     Exch.   Taxes)      Taxes      Total     2004       2005       2006      2007     2008       2009       Total     2004       2005       2006     2007      2008       2009       Total     2004       2005       2006      2007       2008       2009       Total       2004       2005       2006      2007     2008       2009       Total
 I. Investment Costs
    A. Consulting Services /a
       1. International Consulting Services /b
          Market Development Specialist /c                                                                  person mths                 -             1             2             2              -             -               5       18,000            -      0.0        0.0        0.0         -            -       0.1      0.1       0.0        0.0        0.1        -        0.0        0.0      0.0           -          -       0.1        -        0.0        0.0      0.0           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Agro-Enterprise Analyst /d                                                                        person mths                 4             -             -             -              -             -               4       18,000          0.1        -          -          -         -            -       0.1      0.1       0.0        0.0        0.1      0.1          -          -        -           -          -       0.1      0.0          -          -        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Abbatoirs Design Specialist /e                                                                    person mths                 -             1             1             1              -             -               3       18,000            -      0.0        0.0        0.0         -            -       0.1      0.0       0.0        0.0        0.1        -        0.0        0.0      0.0           -          -       0.1        -        0.0        0.0      0.0           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Quality Improvement and Certification Specialist /f                                               person mths                 2             2             2             -              -             -               6       18,000          0.0      0.0        0.0          -         -            -       0.1      0.1       0.0        0.0        0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0        -           -          -       0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
       Subtotal International Consulting Services                                                                                                                                                                                                      0.1      0.1        0.1        0.1         -            -       0.3      0.2       0.1        0.0        0.3      0.1        0.1        0.1      0.1           -          -       0.3      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
       2. Domestic Specialists
          Meat Enterprise Development Specialist /g                                                         person mths                 8             8             8             8              8             -              40        2,000          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.1        -       0.1        0.0        0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Market Development Specialist                                                                     person mths                 -             3             3             3              3             -              12        2,000            -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.0        -       0.0        0.0        0.0        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Agroenterprise Specialist                                                                         person mths                 4             2             -             -              -             -               6        2,000          0.0      0.0          -          -         -            -       0.0        -       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0        0.0          -        -         -            -       0.0      0.0        0.0          -        -         -            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Rural Microfinance Specialist                                                                     person mths                 8             8             8             8              8             -              40        2,000          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.1        -       0.1        0.0        0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Abbatoir Design Specialist                                                                        person mths                 -             2             2             2              -             -               6        2,000            -      0.0        0.0        0.0         -            -       0.0        -       0.0        0.0        0.0        -        0.0        0.0      0.0         -            -       0.0        -        0.0        0.0      0.0         -            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Quality Improvement and Certification Specialist                                                  person mths                 3             3             3             3              -             -              12        2,000          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0         -            -       0.0        -       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0         -            -       0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0         -            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Dairy Enterprise Development Specialist /h                                                        person mths                 8             8             8             8              8             -              40        2,000          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.1        -       0.1        0.0        0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
       Subtotal Domestic Specialists                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.1      0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1            -       0.3        -       0.3        0.0        0.3      0.1        0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1            -       0.3      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
    Subtotal Consulting Services                                                                                                                                                                                                                       0.2      0.1        0.2        0.1       0.1            -       0.7      0.2       0.4        0.0        0.7      0.2        0.1        0.2      0.1       0.1            -       0.6      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
    B. Training
       1. Milk & Milk Products
          Rural Milk processing training for farmers, members of collection or chilling centres /i            course                   10             10            10           10             10             -              50          580          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Diary Entrepreneurship, milk processing & product manufacturing /j                                  course                   12             12            12           12             12             -              60        6,023          0.1      0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1            -       0.4      0.0       0.3        0.1        0.4      0.1        0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1            -       0.3      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Training on Diary Management and product marketing /k                                               course                    2              3             2            2              2             -              11        3,170          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Diary operation & plant management /l                                                               course                    2              2             2            2              -             -               8          418          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0         -            -       0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0         -            -       0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0         -            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          B. SC in Dairy Technology for Private Sector /m                                                     course                    -              2             2            -              -             -               4        6,410            -      0.0        0.0          -         -            -       0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0        0.0        -        0.0        0.0        -         -            -       0.0        -        0.0        0.0        -         -            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Business Plans                                                                                      course                   15             15            15           15             15             -              75        2,000          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.2      0.0       0.1        0.0        0.2      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
       Subtotal Milk & Milk Products                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.1      0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1            -       0.7      0.0       0.5        0.1        0.7      0.1        0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1            -       0.6      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
       2. Meat Processing and Marketing
          Farm to Live Market training to farmers in 44 districts /n                                          course                   40             40            40            -              -             -              120         880          0.0      0.0        0.0          -         -          -         0.1        -       0.1        0.0        0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Training for Market Operators /o                                                                    course                    8              8             8            8              8             -               40         342          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0        -       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Farmers to Farmers demonstration visit in a cluster /p                                              course                    4              4             4            4              4             4               24          41          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Slaughtering and dressing skills to butchers /q                                                     course                    -              4             4            4              4             4               20       2,106            -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0        0.0        0.0        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Hygenic quality Meat cutting and hygienic shops /r                                                  course                    4              4             4            4              4             -               20       2,106          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0        -       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Specialised field training by visiting excelling TLDP districts /s                                  course                    3              4             4            3              4             4               22       2,569          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -       0.1        0.0        0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Product development training for Private Sectors /t                                                 course                    -              1             1            1              1             1                5       1,564            -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0        0.0        0.0        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Training of DLS Veterinary Inspectors /u                                                            course                    -              1             1            1              1             1                5       2,185            -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0        0.0        0.0        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Quality certification, assurance & accreditation training /v                                        course                    -              1             1            -              -             -                2       6,000            -      0.0        0.0          -         -          -         0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0        0.0        -        0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0        -        0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Consumer Awareness on meat hygiene at shops & slaughter places /w                                   course                   15             20            15           15             15            15               95         346          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          B.Sc in Meat Technology for Private Sector /x                                                       course                    -              1             1            -              -             -                2       6,410            -      0.0        0.0          -         -          -         0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0        0.0        -        0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0        -        0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
          Business Plans                                                                                      course                   15             15            15           15             15             -               75       2,000          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.2      0.0       0.1        0.0        0.2      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
       Subtotal Meat Processing and Marketing                                                                                                                                                                                                          0.1      0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1        0.0         0.6      0.0       0.5        0.1        0.6      0.1        0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.0         0.4      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
    Subtotal Training                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.2      0.3        0.3        0.2       0.2        0.0         1.2      0.0       1.0        0.2        1.2      0.2        0.2        0.2      0.2       0.2        0.0         1.0      0.0        0.1        0.1      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.2          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
    C. Special Studies
       Baseline Market Study                                                                                 lumpsum                    1              -             -             -             -             -               1       41,000          0.0         -         -          -         -            -       0.0        -       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
       Nepal-India Trade Study                                                                               lumpsum                    1              -             -             -             -             -               1       10,000          0.0         -         -          -         -            -       0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
    Subtotal Special Studies                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.1         -         -          -         -            -       0.1      0.0       0.0        0.0        0.1      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0      0.0            -        -        -           -          -       0.0          -          -          -        -           -          -           -          -          -          -       -          -          -           -
    D. Funds for Commercial, Processing & Market Development /y
       1. Livestock Marketing & Processing Credit /z
          Live Animal Market /aa                                                                             Per unit                   -              5             6            5              5             5               26      10,736            -      0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1        0.1         0.3           -    0.3        0.0        0.3          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0            -      0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0        0.0         0.1
          Live Animal Trade (Medium Level) - working capital                                                 Per unit                   -             60            60           60             60            60              300         641            -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.2           -    0.2        0.0        0.2          -        -          -        -         -          -           -          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -        -          -          -         -          -           -            -      0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0        0.0         0.2
          Slaughter Slabs (144m2) /bb                                                                         per unit                  -              4             4            4              4             4               20       3,750            -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1           -    0.1        0.0        0.1          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0            -      0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0        0.0         0.0
          Slaughter Slab (with shed) /cc                                                                      per unit                  -              6             6            6              6             6               30       5,850            -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.2           -    0.2        0.0        0.2          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0            -      0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0        0.0         0.1
          Slaughter House (with cold storage) /dd                                                             per unit                  -              1             1            1              1             1                5      25,384            -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1           -    0.1        0.0        0.1          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0            -      0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0        0.0         0.1
          Slaughter House with Cold Storage - working capital                                                 per unit                  -              1             1            1              1             1                5       8,000            -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0           -    0.0        0.0        0.0          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0            -      0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0        0.0         0.0
          Meat Shops Rehabilitation /ee                                                                       per unit                  -             40            40           40             40            40              200         800            -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.2           -    0.2        0.0        0.2          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0            -      0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0        0.0         0.1
          Goat/Pig Slaughter and Sales                                                                        per unit                  -             25            25           25             25            25              125       2,423            -      0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1        0.1         0.3           -    0.3        0.0        0.3          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0            -      0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0        0.0         0.1
          Processed Meat and Retail Shop /ff                                                                 per shop                   -              6             6            6              6             6               30       3,577            -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1           -    0.1        0.0        0.1          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0          -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0            -      0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0        0.0         0.1
       Subtotal Livestock Marketing & Processing Credit                                                                                                                                                                                                  -      0.3        0.3        0.3       0.3        0.3         1.6           -    1.4        0.2        1.6          -      0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.1         0.5          -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.2          -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1            -      0.2        0.2       0.2      0.2        0.2         0.8
       2. Milk Processing & Cold Chain Credit /gg
          Cottage Scale Processing Plant                                                                        each                   10             10            10           11              -             -               41      13,860          0.1      0.1        0.1        0.2         -          -         0.6        -       0.5        0.1        0.6      0.1        0.1        0.1      0.1         -          -         0.2      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0         -          -         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0         -          -         0.1        0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1        -          -         0.2
          Small Scale Milk Procesing Plant /hh                                                                   unit                   -              1             1            1              1             1                5      69,230            -      0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1        0.1         0.4        -       0.3        0.0        0.4        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -        0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1          -        0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0        0.0         0.1
          Chilling Centre /ii                                                                                   each                    -             10            15           12              -             -               37      11,540            -      0.1        0.2        0.2         -          -         0.5        -       0.4        0.0        0.5        -        0.0        0.1      0.1         -          -         0.2        -        0.0        0.0      0.0         -          -         0.0        -        0.0        0.0        0.0         -          -         0.1          -        0.0        0.1       0.1        -          -         0.2
          Retail Chain                                                                                          each                   57             57            57           57             57             -              285       1,154          0.1      0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1          -         0.4        -       0.3        0.0        0.4      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.1        0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0          -         0.1
       Subtotal Milk Processing & Cold Chain Credit                                                                                                                                                                                                    0.2      0.4        0.5        0.5       0.2        0.1         1.8        -       1.6        0.2        1.8      0.1        0.1        0.2      0.2       0.1        0.0         0.6      0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.2      0.0        0.1        0.1        0.1       0.0        0.0         0.3        0.1        0.1        0.2       0.2      0.1        0.0         0.6
    Subtotal Funds for Commercial, Processing & Market Development                                                                                                                                                                                     0.2      0.7        0.8        0.8       0.5        0.4         3.4        -       3.1        0.3        3.4      0.1        0.2        0.3      0.3       0.2        0.1         1.1      0.0        0.1        0.1      0.1       0.0        0.0         0.3      0.0        0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1        0.0         0.4        0.1        0.3        0.3       0.3      0.2        0.2         1.5
Total                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.7      1.1        1.2        1.1       0.7        0.4         5.4      0.3       4.5        0.6        5.4      0.5        0.6        0.7      0.6       0.4        0.2         2.8      0.1        0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.0         0.6      0.0        0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1        0.0         0.4        0.1        0.3        0.3       0.3      0.2        0.2         1.5

_________________________________
\a Consultants will be located in Kathmandu
\b All consultants, except T/L and support staff, will be located in Napalgung - T/L located in Kathmandu.
\c Duty Station-Kathmandu
\d Duty Station Kathmandu
\e Consultant Based in Kathmandu
\f Duty Station-Kathmandu
\g Duty Station-Kathmandu
\h Duty Station Kathmandu
\i (3 days training at rural centres). In 50 batches of 20 persons per batch.
\j 14 days training in 60 batches of 20 persons.
\k For diary entrepreneurs and member of cooperative union. 5 day course for 220 persons in 11 batches.
\l For entrepreneurs and members of Cooperative Union. Delivered by DLS in the respective production districts to a total of 110 persons in 8 batches.
\m -In India. Four persons over two years
\n (DLSO to implement). To 2400 trainees in 120 batches.
\o (44 districts). 1200 trainees in 40 batches - delivered by DLSO.
\p (1 days course). 480 trainees in 24 batches delivered by DLSO.
\q 500 trainees in 20 batches delivered by DLSO.
\r 500 trainees in 20 batches delivered by DLSO.
\s 550 trainees in 22 batches delivered by DLSO.
\t 100 trainees in 5 batches delivered by DLSO with Pvte Sector.
\u 100 trainees in 5 batches, delivered by DLSO.
\v 3 month course for 10 staff from Dept. of Food Technology and quality control
\w For both meat & dairy processors, sellers and consumers.19200 participants in 95 batches, delivered by Meat producers association and Khadgi Sewa Samite with support from PMU.
\x In India for two persons from the private sector
\y Note: Includes contribution from HMG of TLDP credit funds as repaid to NRB and then used in CLDP (7% of total funds); Investment credit will revolve once during implementation; Working capital will revolve 3 times; credit recovery rate - 90%
\z Note: Includes contribution from HMG of TLDP credit funds of 7% of total funds.
\aa In partnership with Entrepreneurs/Local Institutions
\bb In partnership with the entrepreneurs
\cc In partnership with the Entrepreneurs
\dd In partnership with local institutions and entrepreneurs
\ee In partnership with Entrepreneurs
\ff In partnership with Entrepreneurs
\gg Note: Includes contribution from HMG of TLDP credit funds of 7% of total funds.
\hh 500 litre/day capacity; 45% of this expenditure
\ii 1000 liter/day capacity; 55% of this expenditure.
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project
Project Components by Year -- Totals Including Contingencies
(US$ Million)                                                                    Totals Including Contingencies
                                                               2004     2005       2006        2007     2008      2009     Total
   1. Community Development and Capacity Building                 0.6      0.9         0.9       0.6       0.4       0.2      3.6
   2. Livestock Productivity Improvement                          1.0      2.5         5.3       5.0       2.3       0.4     16.6
   3. Livestock Processing & Marketing                            0.7      1.1         1.2       1.1       0.7       0.4      5.4
   4. Higher Altitude Livelihood Pilot Project                    0.0      0.0         0.3       0.7       0.7       0.4      2.1
   5. Project Management                                          1.1      0.7         0.7       0.6       0.6       0.6      4.4
Total PROJECT COSTS                                               3.4      5.3         8.5       8.1       4.8       2.0     32.1
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project
Project Components by Year -- Base Costs
(US$ Million)                                                                  Base Cost
                                                    2004     2005     2006       2007      2008     2009     Total
   1. Community Development and Capacity Building      0.6      0.8      0.8        0.5       0.3      0.2      3.2
   2. Livestock Productivity Improvement               1.0      2.3      4.7        4.4       2.0      0.4     14.7
   3. Livestock Processing & Marketing                 0.6      1.1      1.2        1.0       0.7      0.4      5.0
   4. Higher Altitude Livelihood Pilot Project         0.0      0.0      0.3        0.6       0.6      0.3      1.9
   5. Project Management                               1.1      0.7      0.6        0.6       0.6      0.5      4.0
Total BASELINE COSTS                                   3.2      4.9      7.6        7.1       4.2      1.7     28.8
   Physical Contingencies                              0.1      0.2      0.3        0.3       0.2      0.1      1.1
   Price Contingencies                                 0.1      0.2      0.5        0.6       0.5      0.2      2.1
Total PROJECT COSTS                                    3.4      5.3      8.5        8.1       4.8      2.0     32.1

   Taxes                                               0.5      0.7      1.2        1.2       0.7      0.3      4.6
   Foreign Exchange                                    0.6      0.4      0.3        0.2       0.2      0.1      1.9
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project                                          Asian
Project Cost Summary                                    Cost                  Development
(US$ Million)                                         Including      % of        Bank           %
                                                    Contingencies    Total     Financing    Financing
   1. Community Development and Capacity Building              3.6     10.8           2.8        79.6
   2. Livestock Productivity Improvement                      16.6     50.3           8.0        48.2
   3. Livestock Processing & Marketing                         5.4     16.3           2.8        52.8
   4. Higher Altitude Livelihood Pilot Project                 2.1      6.5           1.7        80.1
   5. Project Management                                       4.4     13.4           3.7        84.0
Total PROJECT COSTS                                           32.1     97.4          19.1        59.6
   Financial Charges During Implementation                     0.9      2.6           0.9       100.0
Total Costs to be Financed                                    33.0    100.0          20.0        60.6
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project
Summary of Project Cost Estimates
(US$ Million)                                                 (US$ Million)
                                                    Foreign      Local      Total
   1. Community Development and Capacity Building       0.1          3.1       3.2
   2. Livestock Productivity Improvement                0.7         14.1      14.7
   3. Livestock Processing & Marketing                  0.3          4.7       5.0
   4. Higher Altitude Livelihood Pilot Project          0.0          1.9       1.9
   5. Project Management                                0.6          3.4       4.0
Total BASELINE COSTS                                    1.7         27.1      28.8
   Physical Contingencies                               0.0          1.1       1.1
   Price Contingencies                                  0.1          2.1       2.1
Total PROJECT COSTS                                     1.9         30.2      32.1
   Financial Charges During Implementation              0.9            -       0.9
Total Costs to be Financed                              2.7         30.2      33.0
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project                                                                                 %       % Total
Expenditure Accounts Project Cost Summary                 (Local Million)                    (US$ Million)            Foreign    Base
                                                  Local      Foreign        Total      Local   Foreign     Total     Exchange   Costs
 I. Investment Costs
    A. Civil Works                                    6.2         0.4           6.7        0.1       0.0       0.1          6         -
    B. Vehicles                                      16.8         7.2          24.0        0.2       0.1       0.3         30         1
    C. Equipment & Supplies                         107.9        10.6         118.5        1.4       0.1       1.5          9         5
    D. Specialist Services                          163.6        68.3         231.8        2.1       0.9       3.0         29        10
    E. Specialist Studies                            22.4         4.5          26.9        0.3       0.1       0.3         17         1
    F. Training                                     327.4        43.1         370.5        4.2       0.6       4.8         12        16
    G. Credit, Insurance & Start Up Funds
        MFI Development Costs                         18.9          -           18.9      0.2          -       0.2          -         1
        Group Support Costs                           32.1          -           32.1      0.4          -       0.4          -         1
        Credit Line                                1,063.2          -        1,063.2     13.6          -      13.6          -        47
    Subtotal Credit, Insurance & Start Up Funds    1,114.3          -        1,114.3     14.3          -      14.3          -        50
    H. Higher Altitude Livelihood Pilot Program      141.8          -          141.8      1.8          -       1.8          -         6
    I. Supervision_&_Implementation                  198.9        1.5          200.4      2.6        0.0       2.6          1         9
Total Investment Costs                             2,099.4      135.6        2,235.0     26.9        1.7      28.7          6        99
II. Recurrent Costs
    A. Vehicles O&M                                    4.5          -            4.5      0.1          -       0.1          -         -
    B. Equipment O&M                                   2.6          -            2.6      0.0          -       0.0          -         -
    D. Recurrent staff costs                           4.5          -            4.5      0.1          -       0.1          -         -
    E. O&M of Quality assurance Lab's                  2.0          -            2.0      0.0          -       0.0          -         -
Total Recurrent Costs                                 13.5          -           13.5      0.2          -       0.2          -         1
Total BASELINE COSTS                               2,112.9      135.6        2,248.5     27.1        1.7      28.8          6       100
    Physical Contingencies                            85.2        3.4           88.5      1.1        0.0       1.1          4         4
    Price Contingencies                              160.1        7.6          167.7      2.1        0.1       2.1          5         7
Total PROJECT COSTS                                2,358.1      146.6        2,504.7     30.2        1.9      32.1          6       111
    Interest During Implementation                       -       67.8           67.8        -        0.9       0.9        100         3
Total Costs to be Financed                         2,358.1      214.4        2,572.5     30.2        2.7      33.0          8       114
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project                                                                                %       % Total
Components Project Cost Summary                           (Local Million)                    (US$ Million)           Foreign    Base
                                                    Local    Foreign        Total      Local   Foreign     Total    Exchange   Costs
   1. Community Development and Capacity Building      242.2      10.2         252.5      3.1       0.1       3.2          4        11
   2. Livestock Productivity Improvement             1,096.4      53.8       1,150.1     14.1       0.7      14.7          5        51
   3. Livestock Processing & Marketing                 365.7      21.0         386.7      4.7       0.3       5.0          5        17
   4. Higher Altitude Livelihood Pilot Project         145.6       0.4         146.1      1.9       0.0       1.9          -         6
   5. Project Management                               263.0      50.2         313.2      3.4       0.6       4.0         16        14
Total BASELINE COSTS                                 2,112.9     135.6       2,248.5     27.1       1.7      28.8          6       100
   Physical Contingencies                               85.2       3.4          88.5      1.1       0.0       1.1          4         4
   Price Contingencies                                 160.1       7.6         167.7      2.1       0.1       2.1          5         7
Total PROJECT COSTS                                  2,358.1     146.6       2,504.7     30.2       1.9      32.1          6       111
   Interest During Implementation                          -      67.8          67.8        -       0.9       0.9        100         3
Total Costs to be Financed                           2,358.1     214.4       2,572.5     30.2       2.7      33.0          8       114
Nepal
Community Livestock Developme
Financing Plan
(US$ Million)
                                Foreign   Local    Total    Percent
 Asian Development Bank             2.7     17.2     20.0      60.6
 The Government                       -      5.0      5.0      15.3
 Beneficiaries                        -      1.5      1.5       4.5
 RMDC & MFIs                          -      6.5      6.5      19.6
Total                               2.7     30.2     33.0     100.0
Nepal
Community                       Financing Available                                  Costs to be Financed
Disburseme      Asian                                                                 Financial Charges
(US$ Million Development                    RMDC &                          Interest                                             The Government
                Bank       Beneficiaries     MFIs              Project       During        Commitment   Front-end                Cash    Cumulative
               Amount        Amount         Amount    Total    Costs     Implementation      Charges       fees         Total     Flow    Cash Flow
   1                 1.4              0.0       0.1      1.5       1.7                 -            -               -      1.7      -0.3        -0.3
   2                 1.4              0.0       0.1      1.5       1.7               0.0            -               -      1.7      -0.3        -0.5
   3                 1.7              0.1       0.5      2.3       2.7               0.0            -               -      2.7      -0.4        -0.9
   4                 1.7              0.1       0.5      2.3       2.7               0.0            -               -      2.7      -0.4        -1.3
   5                 2.3              0.2       1.1      3.6       4.2               0.0            -               -      4.3      -0.7        -2.0
   6                 2.3              0.2       1.1      3.6       4.2               0.1            -               -      4.3      -0.7        -2.6
   7                 2.2              0.2       1.0      3.5       4.0               0.1            -               -      4.1      -0.6        -3.3
   8                 2.2              0.2       1.0      3.5       4.0               0.1            -               -      4.1      -0.6        -3.9
   9                 1.6              0.1       0.5      2.1       2.4               0.1            -               -      2.5      -0.4        -4.3
   10                1.6              0.1       0.5      2.1       2.4               0.1            -               -      2.5      -0.4        -4.7
   11                0.8              0.0       0.1      1.0       1.0               0.1            -               -      1.1      -0.2        -4.9
   12                0.8              0.0       0.1      1.0       1.0               0.1            -               -      1.1      -0.2        -5.0
Total               20.0              1.5       6.5     28.0      32.1               0.9            -               -     33.0      -5.0        -5.0
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project
Procurement Accounts by Financiers               Asian Development                                                                                            Local
(US$ Million)                                           Bank           The Government      Beneficiaries          RMDC & MFIs           Total         For.    (Excl.    Duties &
                                                 Amount       %       Amount      %      Amount       %          Amount   %        Amount     %      Exch.    Taxes)     Taxes
   1. Civil_Works                                     0.1      59.8       0.0     40.2          -            -         -       -       0.1     0.4      0.0       0.1        0.0
   2. Vehicles                                        0.3      71.8       0.1     28.2          -            -         -       -       0.4     1.2      0.1       0.2        0.1
   3. Equipment/Supplies                              1.4      80.7       0.3     19.3          -            -         -       -       1.7     5.2      0.1       1.3        0.3
   4. Specialist_Services                             2.9      91.8       0.3      8.2          -            -         -       -       3.1     9.5      0.9       2.0        0.3
   5. Special Studies                                 0.3      85.0       0.1     15.0          -            -         -       -       0.4     1.1      0.1       0.3        0.1
   6. Training                                        4.3      80.5       1.0     18.7        0.0          0.8         -       -       5.4    16.3      0.6       4.0        0.8
   7. Credit, Insurance & Start Up                    6.1      37.5       2.3     14.0        1.5          8.9       6.5    39.6      16.3    49.4        -      14.0        2.3
   8. Higher Altitude Livelhoods Pilot Program        1.7      80.0       0.4     20.0          -            -         -       -       2.1     6.3        -       1.8        0.3
   9. Supervision_&_Implementation                    2.0      79.7       0.5     20.3          -            -         -       -       2.6     7.8      0.0       2.0        0.5
Total PROJECT COSTS                                  19.1      59.6       5.0     15.7        1.5          4.7       6.5    20.1      32.1    97.4      1.9      25.7        4.6
   Interest During Implementation                     0.9     100.0         -        -          -            -         -       -       0.9     2.6        -         -          -
Total Disbursement                                   20.0      60.6       5.0     15.3        1.5          4.5       6.5    19.6      33.0   100.0      1.9      25.7        4.6
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project
Local/Foreign/Taxes by Financiers         Asian Development
(US$ Million)                                    Bank           The Government      Beneficiaries          RMDC & MFIs           Total
                                          Amount       %       Amount      %      Amount       %          Amount   %        Amount     %
   I. Foreign                                  1.9     100.0         -        -          -            -         -       -       1.9     5.7
   II. Local (Excl. Taxes)                    17.2      67.2       0.5      1.8        1.5          5.8       6.5    25.2      25.7    77.8
   III. Taxes                                    -         -       4.6    100.0          -            -         -       -       4.6    13.9
Total Project                                 19.1      59.6       5.0     15.7        1.5          4.7       6.5    20.1      32.1    97.4
   Interest During Implementation              0.9     100.0         -        -          -            -         -       -       0.9     2.6
Total Disbursement                            20.0      60.6       5.0     15.3        1.5          4.5       6.5    19.6      33.0   100.0
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project
Expenditure Accounts by Financiers                Asian Development                                                                                             Local
(US$ Million)                                            Bank           The Government      Beneficiaries          RMDC & MFIs            Total         For.    (Excl.    Duties &
                                                  Amount       %       Amount      %      Amount       %          Amount   %         Amount     %      Exch.    Taxes)     Taxes
I. Investment Costs
    A. Civil Works                                     0.1      71.9       0.0     28.1          -            -         -        -       0.1     0.3      0.0       0.1        0.0
    B. Vehicles                                        0.3      85.0       0.0     15.0          -            -         -        -       0.3     1.0      0.1       0.2        0.0
    C. Equipment & Supplies                            1.4      81.9       0.3     18.1          -            -         -        -       1.7     5.1      0.1       1.2        0.3
    D. Specialist Services                             2.9      91.8       0.3      8.2          -            -         -        -       3.1     9.5      0.9       2.0        0.3
    E. Specialist Studies                              0.3      85.0       0.1     15.0          -            -         -        -       0.4     1.1      0.1       0.3        0.1
    F. Training                                        4.3      81.1       1.0     18.9          -            -         -        -       5.3    16.1      0.6       3.9        0.8
    G. Credit, Insurance & Start Up Funds
        MFI Development Costs                          0.2      85.0       0.0     15.0          -            -         -      -         0.3     0.8        -       0.2        0.0
        Group Support Costs                            0.4      85.0       0.1     15.0          -            -         -      -         0.5     1.4        -       0.4        0.1
        Credit Line                                    5.2      34.1       2.1     13.9        1.5          9.6       6.5   42.5        15.2    46.1        -      13.1        2.1
    Subtotal Credit, Insurance & Start Up Funds        5.8      36.5       2.2     13.9        1.5          9.1       6.5   40.5        16.0    48.4        -      13.7        2.2
    H. Higher Altitude Livelihood Pilot Program        1.7      80.0       0.4     20.0          -            -         -      -         2.1     6.3        -       1.8        0.3
    I. Supervision_&_Implementation                    2.3      80.4       0.6     19.6          -            -         -      -         2.9     8.8      0.0       2.3        0.6
Total Investment Costs                                19.1      59.8       4.9     15.4        1.5          4.6       6.5   20.2        31.9    96.8      1.9      25.5        4.5
II. Recurrent Costs
    A. Vehicles O&M                                    0.0       3.6       0.1     96.4          -         -            -      -         0.1     0.2        -       0.1        0.0
    B. Equipment O&M                                   0.0      25.3       0.0     74.7          -         -            -      -         0.0     0.1        -       0.0        0.0
    D. Recurrent staff costs                           0.0      28.2       0.0     10.0        0.0      61.8            -      -         0.1     0.2        -       0.1        0.0
    E. O&M of Quality assurance Lab's                  0.0      21.0       0.0     79.0          -         -            -      -         0.0     0.1        -       0.0        0.0
Total Recurrent Costs                                  0.0      18.5       0.1     60.9        0.0      20.6            -      -         0.2     0.6        -       0.2        0.0
Total PROJECT COSTS                                   19.1      59.6       5.0     15.7        1.5       4.7          6.5   20.1        32.1    97.4      1.9      25.7        4.6
    Interest During Implementation                     0.9     100.0         -        -          -         -            -      -         0.9     2.6        -         -          -
Total Disbursement                                    20.0      60.6       5.0     15.3        1.5       4.5          6.5   19.6        33.0   100.0      1.9      25.7        4.6
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project
Components by Financiers                            Asian Development                                                                                            Local
(US$ Million)                                              Bank           The Government      Beneficiaries          RMDC & MFIs           Total         For.    (Excl.    Duties &
                                                    Amount       %       Amount      %      Amount       %          Amount   %        Amount     %      Exch.    Taxes)     Taxes
   1. Community Development and Capacity Building        2.8      79.6       0.7     19.3        0.0          1.1         -       -       3.6    10.8      0.1       2.9        0.5
   2. Livestock Productivity Improvement                 8.0      48.2       2.6     15.6        1.0          6.1       5.0    30.1      16.6    50.3      0.8      13.3        2.5
   3. Livestock Processing & Marketing                   2.8      52.8       0.6     11.6        0.4          8.4       1.5    27.2       5.4    16.3      0.3       4.5        0.6
   4. Higher Altitude Livelihood Pilot Project           1.7      80.1       0.4     19.9          -            -         -       -       2.1     6.5      0.0       1.8        0.3
   5. Project Management                                 3.7      84.0       0.7     16.0          -            -         -       -       4.4    13.4      0.7       3.1        0.7
Total PROJECT COSTS                                     19.1      59.6       5.0     15.7        1.5          4.7       6.5    20.1      32.1    97.4      1.9      25.7        4.6
   Interest During Implementation                        0.9     100.0         -        -          -            -         -       -       0.9     2.6        -         -          -
Total Disbursement                                      20.0      60.6       5.0     15.3        1.5          4.5       6.5    19.6      33.0   100.0      1.9      25.7        4.6
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project
Disbursement Accounts by Financiers            Asian Development                                                                                             Local
(US$ Million)                                         Bank           The Government      Beneficiaries          RMDC & MFIs            Total         For.    (Excl.    Duties &
                                               Amount       %       Amount      %      Amount       %          Amount   %         Amount     %      Exch.    Taxes)     Taxes
A. Civil_Works                                      0.1      59.8       0.0     40.2          -            -         -        -       0.1     0.4      0.0       0.1        0.0
B. Vehicles                                         0.3      71.8       0.1     28.2          -            -         -        -       0.4     1.2      0.1       0.2        0.1
C. Equipment_&_Supplies                             1.4      80.7       0.3     19.3          -            -         -        -       1.7     5.2      0.1       1.3        0.3
D. Specialist_Services                              2.9      91.8       0.3      8.2          -            -         -        -       3.1     9.5      0.9       2.0        0.3
E. Training                                         4.3      80.5       1.0     18.7        0.0          0.8         -        -       5.4    16.3      0.6       4.0        0.8
F. Special Studies                                  0.3      85.0       0.1     15.0          -            -         -        -       0.4     1.1      0.1       0.3        0.1
G. Credit, Insurance & Start Up Funds
    MFI Development Costs                           0.2      85.0       0.0     15.0          -            -         -       -        0.3     0.8        -       0.2        0.0
    Group Support Costs                             0.4      85.0       0.1     15.0          -            -         -       -        0.5     1.4        -       0.4        0.1
    Credit Line                                     5.2      34.1       2.1     13.9        1.5          9.6       6.5    42.5       15.2    46.1        -      13.1        2.1
Subtotal Credit, Insurance & Start Up Funds         5.8      36.5       2.2     13.9        1.5          9.1       6.5    40.5       16.0    48.4        -      13.7        2.2
H. Higher Altitude Livelihoods Pilot Program        1.7      80.0       0.4     20.0          -            -         -       -        2.1     6.3        -       1.8        0.3
I. Supervision_&_Implementation                     2.3      80.4       0.6     19.6          -            -         -       -        2.9     8.8      0.0       2.3        0.6
Total PROJECT COSTS                                19.1      59.6       5.0     15.7        1.5          4.7       6.5    20.1       32.1    97.4      1.9      25.7        4.6
    Interest During Implementation                  0.9     100.0         -        -          -            -         -       -        0.9     2.6        -         -          -
Total Disbursement                                 20.0      60.6       5.0     15.3        1.5          4.5       6.5    19.6       33.0   100.0      1.9      25.7        4.6
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Breakdown of Totals Incl. Cont.
Table 5. Project Management                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       (Million)
Detailed Costs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Local                                                                               Expenditures by Financiers (Million)
(US$)                                                                                                                                                                 Quantities                                                                        Totals Including Contingencies (Million)                      For.    (Excl.     Duties &                                  Asian Development Bank                                                       The Government
                                                                                                             Unit             2004            2005        2006          2007           2008        2009        Total          Unit Cost     2004     2005       2006      2007      2008        2009       Total     Exch.   Taxes)       Taxes      Total     2004     2005       2006     2007      2008       2009       Total     2004      2005        2006     2007      2008       2009       Total
 I. Investment Costs
    A. Vehicles /a
       4WD Twin Cab Pick-ups                                                                                 each                     8               -           -                -           -           -             8         20,000      0.2         -         -          -         -            -       0.2      0.1       0.1         0.0        0.2      0.1          -        -        -           -          -       0.1       0.0           -        -        -           -          -       0.0
       Mini Van                                                                                              each                     1               -           -                -           -           -             1         25,000      0.0         -         -          -         -            -       0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0          -        -        -           -          -       0.0       0.0           -        -        -           -          -       0.0
       Motor Bikes                                                                                           each                     3               -           -                -           -           -             3          1,500      0.0         -         -          -         -            -       0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0          -        -        -           -          -       0.0       0.0           -        -        -           -          -       0.0
       Bicycles                                                                                              each                     4               -           -                -           -           -             4             50      0.0         -         -          -         -            -       0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0          -        -        -           -          -       0.0       0.0           -        -        -           -          -       0.0
    Subtotal Vehicles                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0.2         -         -          -         -            -       0.2      0.1       0.1         0.0        0.2      0.2          -        -        -           -          -       0.2       0.0           -        -        -           -          -       0.0
    B. Equipment
       1. Office Furniture & Equipment
          Office Furniture - Central Project Office /b                                                        set                     1               -           -                -           -           -             1          7,000      0.0         -         -          -         -            -       0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0          -        -        -           -          -       0.0       0.0           -        -        -           -          -       0.0
          Office Furniture - Regional Project Office /c                                                       set                     1               -           -                -           -           -             1          9,000      0.0         -         -          -         -            -       0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0          -        -        -           -          -       0.0       0.0           -        -        -           -          -       0.0
          Office Equipment - Central Project Office /d                                                        set                     1               -           -                -           -           -             1         26,000      0.0         -         -          -         -            -       0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0          -        -        -           -          -       0.0       0.0           -        -        -           -          -       0.0
          Office Equipment /e                                                                                 set                     1               -           -                -           -           -             1         32,000      0.0         -         -          -         -            -       0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0          -        -        -           -          -       0.0       0.0           -        -        -           -          -       0.0
          Computers /f                                                                                        set                    11               -           4                -           -           -            15          1,800      0.0         -       0.0          -         -            -       0.0      0.0         -         0.0        0.0      0.0          -      0.0        -           -          -       0.0       0.0           -      0.0        -           -          -       0.0
       Subtotal Office Furniture & Equipment                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.1         -       0.0          -         -            -       0.1      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.1      0.1          -      0.0        -           -          -       0.1       0.0           -      0.0        -           -          -       0.0
       2. Training supplies and support
          Manual Production, Field hand book production & publication                                         set                     1               1           1                1           1           -             5          1,282      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0
          Training material support to NGOs and Private Sectors Associations                                  set                     1               1           1                1           1           -             5            641      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0
          Field training materials support to field level activities                                          set                     1               1           1                1           1           -             5            641      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0
       Subtotal Training supplies and support                                                                                                                                                                                                  0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0
    Subtotal Equipment                                                                                                                                                                                                                         0.1      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0            -       0.1      0.0       0.1         0.0        0.1      0.1      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.1       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0            -       0.0
    C. Consulting Services /g
       1. International Consultants
          Team Leader/CTA/M&E/SLA/Marketing                                                               person mths                10               8           6                4           4           4            36         18,000      0.2      0.2        0.1        0.1       0.1        0.1         0.7      0.5       0.2         0.0        0.7      0.2      0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.1         0.7       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
          M&E Design Specialist /h                                                                        person mths                 5               -           -                -           -           -             5         18,000      0.1        -          -          -         -          -         0.1      0.1       0.0         0.0        0.1      0.1        -          -        -         -          -         0.1       0.0         -          -        -         -          -         0.0
       Subtotal International Consultants                                                                                                                                                                                                      0.3      0.2        0.1        0.1       0.1        0.1         0.8      0.6       0.2         0.0        0.8      0.3      0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.1         0.7       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
       2. Domestic Specialists
          Deputy Team Leader/Production/Institution /i                                                    person mths                12              12          12            12             12          12            72          3,000      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.2        -       0.2         0.0        0.2      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.2       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
          M&E Systems Specialist /j                                                                       person mths                12              12          12             -              -           -            36          2,000      0.0      0.0        0.0          -         -          -         0.1        -       0.1         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.1       0.0       0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0
          Training Methodology Specialist /k                                                              person mths                 2               5           5             5              5           2            24          2,000      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -       0.0         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
          Training Design & Participation Specialist                                                      person mths                12              12          12            12             12           -            60          2,000      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.1        -       0.1         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.1       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0
          Resettlement/Environmental Impact Monitoring Specialist /l                                      person mths                 -               3           3             3              3           -            12          2,000        -      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0          -         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0        -      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0         -       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0          -         0.0
          Administrative Officer /m                                                                       person mths                12              12          12            12             12          12            72          1,500      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -       0.1         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
       Subtotal Domestic Specialists                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.1      0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1        0.1         0.6        -       0.6         0.0        0.6      0.1      0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.1         0.6       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
    Subtotal Consulting Services                                                                                                                                                                                                               0.4      0.3        0.2        0.2       0.2        0.1         1.4      0.6       0.8         0.1        1.4      0.4      0.3        0.2      0.2       0.2        0.1         1.4       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1
    D. Special Studies
       Household Baseline Survey                                                                             each                 0.38           0.62             -                -           -           -             1         33,720      0.0      0.0          -          -         -          -         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0          -        -           -        -         0.0       0.0       0.0          -        -           -        -         0.0
       BME & Information Systems Development                                                               lumpsum                   -              -             -                1           -           1             2         11,162        -        -          -        0.0         -        0.0         0.0      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.0        -        -          -      0.0           -      0.0         0.0         -         -          -      0.0           -      0.0         0.0
    Subtotal Special Studies                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0.0      0.0          -        0.0         -        0.0         0.1      0.0       0.0         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0          -      0.0           -      0.0         0.1       0.0       0.0          -      0.0           -      0.0         0.0
    E. Management Support Costs
       1. Project Support Staff Costs - Central
          Word processor/Secretory /n                                                                      2 months                 12             12          12              12           12          12               72    500/months      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1           -    0.1         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
          Processor/Desk Top Publisher /o                                                                   months                  12             12          12              12           12          12               72          500       0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
          Daily Subsistence Allowance for drivers (4)                                                        daily                1.54           1.54        1.54            1.54         1.54        1.54             9.24          385       0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
       Subtotal Project Support Staff Costs - Central                                                                                                                                                                                          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1           -    0.1         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
       2. Project Support Staff Costs - Regional
          Word processor/Secretory                                                                          months                 2.4            2.4         2.4             2.4          2.4         2.4          14.4              200      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
          Administrtaive officer/store                                                                      months                 4.8            4.8         4.8             4.8          4.8         4.8          28.8              400      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
          Peons & Gaurds                                                                                     month                1.68           1.68        1.68            1.68         1.68        1.68         10.08               70      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
          Daily Subsistence Allowance for drivers (4)                                                       per day               1.54           1.54        1.54            1.54         1.54        1.54          9.24              385      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
       Subtotal Project Support Staff Costs - Regional                                                                                                                                                                                         0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0           -    0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
       3. Sundry Non-staff Costs
          Special technical support                                                                          month                 220            176         132             132           66          66           792               22      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
          Renting space for regional project office                                                         per year                 1              1           1               1            1           1             6            6,000      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
          Air tickets                                                                                       rtn fare                 4              4           4               4            4           4            24            4,000      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1      0.0       0.1         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
          Daily Subsistence Allowance                                                                       per day                 10             10          10              10           10          10            60           10,000      0.1      0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1        0.1         0.7        -       0.5         0.1        0.7      0.1      0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.1         0.5       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1
          Vehicle Rent for Short term Consultants                                                          lump sum             0.1667         0.1667      0.1667          0.1667       0.1667      0.1667        1.0002          120,000      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -       0.1         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
          Central Office Operating Expenses                                                                   year                  40             40          40              40           40          40           240              700      0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.2        -       0.2         0.0        0.2      0.0      0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.2       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
          Regional Office Operating Expenses                                                                  year                  40             40          40              40           40          40           240            3,000      0.1      0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1        0.1         0.8        -       0.7         0.2        0.8      0.1      0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.1         0.7       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.2
          District Office Operating Expenses                                                                  year                 240            240         240             240          240         240         1,440              240      0.1      0.1        0.1        0.1       0.1        0.1         0.4        -       0.3         0.1        0.4      0.0      0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.1         0.3       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1
       Subtotal Sundry Non-staff Costs                                                                                                                                                                                                         0.4      0.4        0.4        0.4       0.4        0.4         2.4      0.0       1.9         0.5        2.4      0.3      0.3        0.3      0.3       0.3        0.3         1.9       0.1       0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.1         0.5
    Subtotal Management Support Costs                                                                                                                                                                                                          0.4      0.4        0.4        0.4       0.4        0.4         2.5      0.0       2.0         0.5        2.5      0.3      0.3        0.3      0.3       0.3        0.4         2.0       0.1       0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.1         0.5
Total Investment Costs                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1.1      0.7        0.7        0.6       0.6        0.6         4.4      0.7       3.0         0.6        4.4      1.0      0.6        0.6      0.5       0.5        0.5         3.7       0.2       0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.1         0.6
II. Recurrent Costs
    A. Vehicle O&M
       4WD Pickups                                                                                           each                                                                                                                              0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -       0.0         0.0        0.1        -        -          -        -         -          -           -       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1
       Mini Van                                                                                              each                                                                                                                              0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
       Motor Bike O&M                                                                                        each                                                                                                                              0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0        -        -          -        -         -          -           -       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
       Push Bikes                                                                                            each                                                                                                                              0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0        -       0.0         0.0        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.0
Total Recurrent Costs                                                                                                                                                                                                                          0.0      0.0        0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1        -       0.1         0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        0.0        -         -          -         0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0      0.0       0.0        0.0         0.1
Total                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1.1      0.7        0.7        0.6       0.6        0.6         4.4      0.7       3.1         0.7        4.4      1.0      0.6        0.6      0.5       0.5        0.5         3.7       0.2       0.1        0.1      0.1       0.1        0.1         0.7

_________________________________
\a Note: Inventory of TLDP vehicles has been made; further purchases are incremental over existing TLDP fleet.
\b Desk and chair sets(9),meeting Rm sets (1),Filing Cabinets(9),Steel Cabinets(3),Map table(1),White board(2)and bookcase(1)
\c Desk and Chairs sets(12),Meeting Rm set(1),Steel Cabinets(4),Filling Cabinets(12),map Table(2),White Board and Bookcases(2)
\d Computer and Peripherals(8),WAN,Fecimile, Phone,Photocopier, O/H Projector and Radio, multimedia projector and white board copier .
\e Computer and Peripherals(5),WAN,Fecimile,Phone,Photocopier.Telephone System, O/H Projector, multimedia projector and white board copier.
\f For 12 new CLDP districts, and Marketing Directorate, plus Training Directorate LapTop
\g Team Leader & Training consultants located in Kathmandu, others in Nepalgunj
\h Duty Station-Kathmandu
\i Duty Station-Nepalgunj
\j Duty Station Kathmandu
\k Duty Station-Nepalgunj
\l Duty Station Kathmandu
\m Based in Nepalgunj
\n Kathmandu (1) and Nepalganj (1)
\o Based in Nepalganj
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project
Table 4. Higher Altitude Livelihood Pilot Project
Detailed Costs
(US$)                                                                                                                         Quantities                                                              Totals Including Continge
                                                                                    Unit     2004       2005       2006         2007       2008       2009       Total        Unit Cost   2004     2005      2006       2007
 I. Investment Costs
    A. Specialist Studies
       Desk Study of Previous Studies                                             lump sum          1          -          -            -          -          -            1       9,000      0.0        -         -         -
       Conduct Cross Border Trade and Transhumant System Study                    lump sum          1          -          -            -          -          -            1      10,000      0.0        -         -         -
       PRA Exercise                                                               lump sum          -          1          -            -          -          -            1      15,000        -      0.0         -         -
       Preparation of Pilot High Altitude Programme                               lump sum          -          1          -            -          -          -            1      20,000        -      0.0         -         -
    Subtotal Specialist Studies                                                                                                                                                              0.0      0.0         -         -
    B. Implementation of High Altitude Pilot Program
       Development of High Altitude Pilot Program /a                              lumpsum           -          -      2.5             5           5      2.5             15     120,000        -        -       0.3       0.7
Total                                                                                                                                                                                        0.0      0.0       0.3       0.7

_________________________________
\a In 5 districts for 3 years at the rate of $120,000 per year in each district
                                      Breakdown of Totals Incl. Cont.
                                                (Million)
                                            Local                                                                           Expenditures by Financiers (Million)
encies (Million)                    For.    (Excl.     Duties &                                Asian Development Bank                                                    The Government
   2008        2009       Total    Exch.    Taxes)      Taxes      Total     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008       2009       Total    2004       2005      2006     2007     2008       2009       Total



         -            -      0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0        -        -        -          -          -      0.0       0.0          -        -        -          -          -       0.0
         -            -      0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0        -        -        -          -          -      0.0       0.0          -        -        -          -          -       0.0
         -            -      0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0        0.0        -      0.0        -        -          -          -      0.0         -        0.0        -        -          -          -       0.0
         -            -      0.0       0.0       0.0        0.0        0.0        -      0.0        -        -          -          -      0.0         -        0.0        -        -          -          -       0.0
         -            -      0.1       0.0       0.0        0.0        0.1      0.0      0.0        -        -          -          -      0.1       0.0        0.0        -        -          -          -       0.0

       0.7        0.4        2.1         -       1.8        0.3        2.1        -        -      0.3      0.6      0.6        0.3        1.7         -          -      0.1      0.1      0.1        0.1         0.4
       0.7        0.4        2.1       0.0       1.8        0.3        2.1      0.0      0.0      0.3      0.6      0.6        0.3        1.7       0.0        0.0      0.1      0.1      0.1        0.1         0.4
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project                                                                                                                                                                                            Physical
Expenditure Accounts Breakdown                                                                                                                                                                                          Base        Cont.
(US$ Million)                                                                                                                                                                                                          Costs +      Plus
                                                              Base Cost                         Physical Contingencies                      Price Contingencies                        Total Incl. Cont.                Price       Price
                                                           Local                                   Local                                      Local                                   Local                            Cont. on    Cont. on
                                                   For.    (Excl.   Duties &               For.    (Excl.   Duties &                For.      (Excl.    Duties &              For.    (Excl.      Duties &              Base       Physical
                                                  Exch.    Taxes)    Taxes      Total     Exch.   Taxes)      Taxes      Total     Exch.     Taxes)      Taxes     Total     Exch.    Taxes)       Taxes     Total      Costs       Cont.

 I. Investment Costs
    A. Civil Works                                   0.0       0.1        0.0       0.1      0.0       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0        0.1         0.0       0.1         0.1         0.0
    B. Vehicles                                      0.1       0.2        0.0       0.3      0.0       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0      0.1        0.2         0.0       0.3         0.3         0.0
    C. Equipment & Supplies                          0.1       1.1        0.3       1.5      0.0       0.1        0.0        0.1      0.0         0.1        0.0       0.1      0.1        1.2         0.3       1.7         1.6         0.1
    D. Specialist Services                           0.9       1.9        0.2       3.0        -       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0         0.1        0.0       0.2      0.9        2.0         0.3       3.1         3.1         0.0
    E. Specialist Studies                            0.1       0.2        0.1       0.3      0.0       0.0        0.0        0.0      0.0         0.0        0.0       0.0      0.1        0.3         0.1       0.4         0.4         0.0
    F. Training                                      0.6       3.5        0.7       4.8      0.0       0.2        0.0        0.2      0.0         0.3        0.0       0.3      0.6        3.9         0.8       5.3         5.1         0.3
    G. Credit, Insurance & Start Up Funds
        MFI Development Costs                          -       0.2        0.0      0.2         -       0.0        0.0        0.0        -         0.0        0.0       0.0        -       0.2          0.0      0.3         0.3          0.0
        Group Support Costs                            -       0.4        0.1      0.4         -       0.0        0.0        0.0        -         0.0        0.0       0.0        -       0.4          0.1      0.5         0.4          0.0
        Credit Line                                    -      11.7        1.9     13.6         -       0.4        0.1        0.5        -         0.9        0.1       1.1        -      13.1          2.1     15.2        14.7          0.6
    Subtotal Credit, Insurance & Start Up Funds        -      12.3        2.0     14.3         -       0.5        0.1        0.6        -         1.0        0.2       1.1        -      13.7          2.2     16.0        15.4          0.6
    H. Higher Altitude Livelihood Pilot Program        -       1.5        0.3      1.8         -       0.1        0.0        0.1        -         0.2        0.0       0.2        -       1.8          0.3      2.1         2.0          0.1
    I. Supervision_&_Implementation                  0.0       2.1        0.5      2.6       0.0       0.1        0.0        0.1      0.0         0.2        0.0       0.2      0.0       2.3          0.6      2.9         2.8          0.1
Total Investment Costs                               1.7      22.9        4.1     28.7       0.0       0.9        0.2        1.1      0.1         1.7        0.3       2.1      1.9      25.5          4.5     31.9        30.7          1.2
II. Recurrent Costs
    A. Vehicles O&M                                    -       0.0        0.0      0.1         -       0.0        0.0        0.0        -         0.0        0.0       0.0        -       0.1          0.0      0.1         0.1          0.0
    B. Equipment O&M                                   -       0.0        0.0      0.0         -       0.0        0.0        0.0        -         0.0        0.0       0.0        -       0.0          0.0      0.0         0.0          0.0
    D. Recurrent staff costs                           -       0.1        0.0      0.1         -       0.0        0.0        0.0        -         0.0        0.0       0.0        -       0.1          0.0      0.1         0.1          0.0
    E. O&M of Quality assurance Lab's                  -       0.0        0.0      0.0         -       0.0        0.0        0.0        -         0.0        0.0       0.0        -       0.0          0.0      0.0         0.0          0.0
Total Recurrent Costs                                  -       0.1        0.0      0.2         -       0.0        0.0        0.0        -         0.0        0.0       0.0        -       0.2          0.0      0.2         0.2          0.0
Total                                                1.7      23.0        4.1     28.8       0.0       0.9        0.2        1.1      0.1         1.7        0.3       2.1      1.9      25.7          4.6     32.1        30.9          1.2
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project
Expenditure Accounts by Years -- Totals Including Contingencie
(US$ Million)                                                                      Totals Including Contingencies
                                                                 2004     2005       2006        2007     2008      2009     Total
 I. Investment Costs
    A. Civil Works                                                  0.1      0.0         0.0         -         -         -      0.1
    B. Vehicles                                                     0.3      0.0         0.0         -         -         -      0.3
    C. Equipment & Supplies                                         0.5      0.3         0.3       0.2       0.2       0.2      1.7
    D. Specialist Services                                          0.8      0.8         0.7       0.4       0.3       0.2      3.1
    E. Specialist Studies                                           0.2      0.1         0.1       0.0         -       0.0      0.4
    F. Training                                                     0.8      1.2         1.2       1.0       0.8       0.3      5.3
    G. Credit, Insurance & Start Up Funds
        MFI Development Costs                                       0.0      0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0       0.0      0.3
        Group Support Costs                                           -      0.1         0.2       0.2       0.1         -      0.5
        Credit Line                                                 0.4      2.3         5.0       4.9       2.2       0.4     15.2
    Subtotal Credit, Insurance & Start Up Funds                     0.4      2.4         5.3       5.1       2.3       0.5     16.0
    H. Higher Altitude Livelihood Pilot Program                       -        -         0.3       0.7       0.7       0.4      2.1
    I. Supervision_&_Implementation                                 0.4      0.5         0.5       0.6       0.5       0.4      2.9
Total Investment Costs                                              3.4      5.3         8.4       8.0       4.8       2.0     31.9
II. Recurrent Costs
    A. Vehicles O&M                                                 0.0      0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0       0.0      0.1
    B. Equipment O&M                                                0.0      0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0       0.0      0.0
    D. Recurrent staff costs                                        0.0      0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0       0.0      0.1
    E. O&M of Quality assurance Lab's                               0.0      0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0       0.0      0.0
Total Recurrent Costs                                               0.0      0.0         0.0       0.0       0.0       0.0      0.2
Total PROJECT COSTS                                                 3.4      5.3         8.5       8.1       4.8       2.0     32.1
Nepal
Community Livestock Development Project
Expenditure Accounts by Years -- Base Costs
(US$ Million)                                                                Base Cost                              Foreign Exchange
                                                  2004     2005     2006       2007      2008     2009     Total      %       Amount
 I. Investment Costs
    A. Civil Works                                   0.1      0.0      0.0          -         -        -      0.1       6.4       0.0
    B. Vehicles                                      0.2      0.0      0.0          -         -        -      0.3      30.0       0.1
    C. Equipment & Supplies                          0.5      0.3      0.3        0.2       0.2      0.2      1.5       8.9       0.1
    D. Specialist Services                           0.8      0.7      0.7        0.4       0.3      0.1      3.0      29.4       0.9
    E. Specialist Studies                            0.2      0.1      0.1        0.0         -      0.0      0.3      16.6       0.1
    F. Training                                      0.7      1.1      1.1        0.9       0.7      0.3      4.8      11.6       0.6
    G. Credit, Insurance & Start Up Funds
        MFI Development Costs                        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0      0.2         -         -
        Group Support Costs                            -      0.1      0.2        0.2       0.1        -      0.4         -         -
        Credit Line                                  0.4      2.1      4.5        4.3       1.9      0.4     13.6         -         -
    Subtotal Credit, Insurance & Start Up Funds      0.4      2.2      4.7        4.5       2.0      0.4     14.3         -         -
    H. Higher Altitude Livelihood Pilot Program        -        -      0.3        0.6       0.6      0.3      1.8         -         -
    I. Supervision_&_Implementation                  0.4      0.4      0.5        0.5       0.4      0.4      2.6       0.8       0.0
Total Investment Costs                               3.2      4.9      7.6        7.1       4.2      1.7     28.7       6.1       1.7
II. Recurrent Costs
    A. Vehicles O&M                                  0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0      0.1         -         -
    B. Equipment O&M                                 0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0      0.0         -         -
    D. Recurrent staff costs                         0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0      0.1         -         -
    E. O&M of Quality assurance Lab's                0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0      0.0         -         -
Total Recurrent Costs                                0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0       0.0      0.0      0.2         -         -
Total BASELINE COSTS                                 3.2      4.9      7.6        7.1       4.2      1.7     28.8       6.0       1.7
    Physical Contingencies                           0.1      0.2      0.3        0.3       0.2      0.1      1.1       3.8       0.0
    Price Contingencies                              0.1      0.2      0.5        0.6       0.5      0.2      2.1       4.5       0.1
Total PROJECT COSTS                                  3.4      5.3      8.5        8.1       4.8      2.0     32.1       5.9       1.9

   Taxes                                             0.5      0.7      1.2        1.2       0.7      0.3      4.6         -            -
   Foreign Exchange                                  0.6      0.4      0.3        0.2       0.2      0.1      1.9         -            -
                                                                                    Appendix 2




                             ALLOCATION AND WITHDRAWAL OF LOAN PROCEEDS
                                 (Community Livestock Development Project)


                             CATEGORY                            PERCENTAGE OF BANK FINANCING

                                        Amount Allocated
                                              SDR                               Basis for Withdrawal
Number                Item           Category   Subcategory   Percentage       From the Loan Account
                                                                           percent of total expenditure
  1        Civil Works                     43,000                 77       (6% for foreign and 71% for local)
                                                                 100       percent of total expenditure
  2        Equipment                     917,000                 100       percent of local expenditure *
                                                                 100       percent of total expenditure
  3        Vehicles                      187,000                 100       percent of local expenditure *
                                                                 100       percent of total expenditure
  4        Training                     2,852,000                 80       percent of local expenditure
           Pilot Livelihoods
           Program for Higher
  5        Altitudes                    1,104,000                 85       percent of local expenditure
                                                                 100       percent of foreign expenditure
  6        Consulting Services          2,018,000                100       percent of local expenditure *
                                                                 100       percent of foreign expenditure
  7        Special Studies               212,000                  90       percent of local expenditure
           Credit, Insurance and
  8        Start-up Funds               3,946,000                100       percent of local expenditure
                                                                 100       percent of foreign expenditure
  9        MFI Development Cost          126,000                 100       percent of local expenditure
           Supervision and                                       100       percent of foreign expenditure
  10       Implementation               1,539,000                 70       percent of local expenditure
  11       Interest Charge                607,000                100       percent of amounts due

  12       Unallocated                   418,000

           Total                      13,969,000
       *     Exclusive of local taxes
                                                                                      Appendix 3



                                      IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE

      Activity                                                    Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6
 1.   Community Development and Capacity Building
      Poverty Mapping and Baseline Data Established
      Communities and Development Pockets Established
      Livestock Action Teams Formed
      Partnerships with Nongovernment Organizations Established
      Farmer Groups Take Up Livestock Enterprises
      Community Livestock Assistants Trained
      Village-level Training for Farmers
      District Development Committee Staff Trained
      Management Training for Department of Livestock Services
        (DLS) Officers
      DLS district staff complete training modules
      DLS Monitoring and Evaluation Selection Strengthened
      DLS Marketing Directorate Strengthened
      DLS Training Directorate Strengthened
      Meat Industry Association Strengthened
      Dairy Industry Association Strengthened
      Private Sector Para-Veterinarians Trained
      Feed Industry Strengthened through Training
  2. Livestock Productivity Improvement
      Farmer Organizations Formed and Strengthened
      Forage and Seed Resources Developed
      Animal Health Services Strengthened
      Microfinance Services Made Available
      Animal Feeds Services Strengthened
 3.   Livestock Processing and Marketing
      Market Areas Survey and Appraisal Benchmarking
      Improvement of Slaughter and Meat Handling
      Milk Entrepreneurship Development
      Lives Animal Markets Established or Strengthened
      Para-vets Assisted into Private Practice
      Consumer Awareness Programs Implemented
      Agrifinance Available to Entrepreneurs
  4. Livelihoods Pilot Program for Higher Altitudes
      Studies
      Pilot Project Implementation
  5. Project Management
      Recruiting Staff for the Project Management Unit and
        Establishing Implementation Unit
      Steering and Implementation Coordination Committees
        Functioning
      Specialist Services Recruited and Functioning
      Vehicles and Equipment Purchases Completed
DLS = Department of Livestock Services.
                   Componant 1: Community Mobilisation,            Componant 2: Livestock productivity improvement
                         Gender, Development


Training Clients Social Mobilisation   Gender             Credit          Animal Producti Forage        Fodder & Feed
Componant 3:     Componant 4: Commercialisation and
 Institutional               Marketing
Strengthening
Training On Marketing
                                   Estimated Cost (USD)

               Item                Daily Rate No. of        No. of    Total
                                              Days          Participa
                                                            nts
    Course Cost                         13000                                 13000
    Per dem                                75          90           2         13500
    Internal Travel                       150           1           2           300
    Materials/books etc.                  500           1           2          1000
    International Airfare                 600                       2          1200
    (including airport taxes
    and transfers)
                          Total                                               29000



Training On Office management for PMU staff
                           Estimated Cost (Rs)

               Item                Daily Rate No. of        No. of     Total
                                              Days          Participa
                                                            nts
    Course Cost                         50000                        8       400000
    Per dem                              1000          30            8       240000
    Internal Travel                     12000           1            8        96000
    Materials/books etc.                 3000           1            8        24000
    Miscelleneous                       40000           1            1        40000
                           Total                                             800000




Training Workshop On Monitoring and Evaluation
                           Estimated Cost (Rs)

               Item                Daily Rate No. of        No. of     Total
                                              Days          Participa
                                                            nts
    Course Cost                          4000                       30       120000
    Per dem                               500          30           30       450000
    Internal Travel                      2500           1           30        75000
    Materials/books etc.                  500           1           30        15000
    Miscelleneous                        7500           1            1         7500
         Total (One training)                                                667500
         Total (Two training)                                              1335000

SLA Immersion Training
                                    Cost Estimate
S.N. Particulars                      Pax No        Days Rate (Rs)           Total
  1 Participants attendance co             25          7       300          52,500
  2 Travel Cost                            25          2       500          25,000
  3 Resource Persons (30 ses                5          7     1000           35,000
  4 Reading Materials                      25          1       500          12,500
  5 Stationary                             25          1        50           1,250
  6 Refreshments                           35          7        50          12,250
  7 Hall Rental                             1          7     2000           14,000
  8 Field Work (RP, Trainees,              35          3       500          52,500
                         Total                                             205,000
            For total batches              10                            2,050,000
                                                                        26282.0513

Project Planning andManagement for Class III and above officers
                           Estimated Cost (Rs)

               Item                Daily Rate No. of        No. of     Total
                                              Days          Participa
                                                            nts
    Course Cost                        250000          12           25       250000
    Per dem (food, lodge)                 700          12           25       210000
    Internal Travel                      5000           1           30       150000
    Materials/books etc.                  800           1           25        20000
    Miscelleneous                       38000           1            1        38000
          Total (One training)                                                668000
         Total (Three training)                               Rs.            2004000
                                                              US$              25692


Project Planning andManagement for Class I officers
                           Estimated Cost (Rs)

                Item              Daily Rate No. of           No. of     Total
                                             Days             Participa
                                                              nts
      Course Cost                       250000            7           17       250000
      Per dem (food, lodge)               4000            7           17       476000
      Internal Travel                     4000            1           17        68000
      Materials/books etc.                 800            1           17        13600
      Miscelleneous                      17000            1            1        17000
           Total (One training)                                                824600
           Total (Two training)                               Rs.            1649200
                                                              US$               21144

Dairy operation and Plant Management

S.N                                              Rate
o.    Particulars                 No.            (NRs)        Day/unit   Total (NRs)
1     attendance cost             5              300          6          9,000
2     Travel allowance            5              200          2          2,000
3     Resource Person             3              500          5          7,500
4     Training Materials          5              200          1          1,000
5     Field Rapport L.S           1              1            5,000      5,000
6     Food & Snacks               5              300          5          7,500
7     Overhead %                                                         625
      Unit Cost                                                          32,625         32625
      Numbers of Batches          4                                      130,500
      USD equivalent @ Nrs
      78.0                                                    USD        1,673

Graduate course in India

S.N                                              Rate
o. Particulars                    No.            (NRs)        Day/unit Total (NRs)
    Participant- pocket
 1 allowance                            1        200            1,460    292,000
 2 Travel Costs                         1        25,000           4      100,000
 3 Lodging & Boarding                   1        65,000           4      260,000
 4 Training Materials                   1        55,000           4      220,000
 5 Contingencies                        1        32,000           4      128,000
    Unit Cost                                                            1,000,000
    Numbers of Batches            2                                      2,000,000
    USD equivalent @ Nrs
    78.0                                                      USD        25,641

Vet Practivce Management
S.N. Particulars                        Pax No       Days Rate (Rs)            Total
  1 Participants attendance co              10         35       300          105,000
  2 Travel Cost                             10          1     3000            30,000
  3 Resource Persons (56 ses                 4         14     1000            56,000
  4 Reading Materials                       10          1     2500            25,000
  5 Stationary                              10          1       300            3,000
  6 Refreshments                            15         30        30           13,500
  7 Field Work (RP, Trainees,               10         20       200           40,000
  8 Miscelleneous                                                              2,500
                         Total                                               275,000
            For total batches               12                             3,300,000
                    IN US $ @               78                                42,308

Cooperative visti India Gujrat

S.N                                              Rate
o.    Particulars                 No.            (NRs)        Day/unit   Total (NRs)
1     attendance cost             22             1,000        15         330,000
2     Travel Costs                22             10,000       2          440,000
3     Resource Person             2              4,000        14         112,000
4   Training Materials               15              7,000        1          105,000
5   Field Rapport L.S                1               1            14,000     14,000
6   Food & Snacks                    22              500          15         165,000
7   sub total                                                                1,166,000
8   Overhead 15%                                                             174,900
    Unit Cost                                                                1,340,900
    Numbers of Batches               5                                       6,704,500
                      USD @          78                           USD        85,955
Graduate Training in India

S.N                                                  Rate
o.    Particulars                No.                 (NRs)        Day/unit   Total (NRs)
 1    Participant- pocket allowa          1          200            1,460    292,000
 2    Travel Costs                        1          20,000           4      80,000
 3    Lodging & Boarding                  1          60,000           4      240,000
 4    Training Materials                  1          50,000           4      200,000
 5    Preparation/ Contingencie           1          30,000           4      120,000
      Unit Cost                                                              932,000
      Numbers of Batches         4                                           3,728,000
      USD equivalent @ Nrs 78 78                                  USD        47,795

 CLA Follow up
SI No        Particulars             Rate (NRs.)                             Total (NRs.)
  1 Training Materials               Rs100 x 25 per x 5 days                       12,500
      Training Management
  2 and Contingency                  Rs 200 x 25 per x 5 days                      25000
  3 Unit Cost                                                                      37500
  4 For 46 Batches                   46 * 37500                                  1725000
     US$ Equivalent @ 78/
     1.00                                                                          22115

Gender related

Awareness raising on special i.e celeberation of Womens Day

      Item                           cost per        Total for
                                     district        22
                                                     districts
      Preparation of banner,
    1 posters                                 1000       22000
    2 Meeting expenses                        1500       33000
      Cost of material and
    3 paper writing                           1500       33000
    4 Prize distribution                      2000       44000
                                              6000      132000


Regional Gender workshop
                                       Cost Estimate
S.N. Particulars                         Pax No             Days Rate (Rs)          Total
  1 Participants attendance co                25               3       300        22,500
  2 Travel Cost                               25               2       500        25,000
  3 Resource Persons                           3               5     1000         15,000
  4 Reading Materials                         25               1       200         5,000
  5 Stationary                                25               1        50         1,250
  6 Refreshments                              35               3        50         5,250
                         Total                                                    74,000
            For total batches                   15                             1,110,000    72420x3
                                                                                   14231
National Gender Policy
    Items                            Pax No          Days          Rate (Rs) Total
  1 Preparation                                                         5000         5000
  2 Full board                                  25               2      1200        60000
  3 Materials                                                           7000         7000
                             Total                                                  72000
      Total for 2 workshop                                                         144000
       Cost of Training (Rs/ capita per day by type of package)
                                                                                                                             Exchange
                                                            Organisation                                       Farmers
                                                                               CBOs           Farmers                          visit
                                                              & staff                                       field training
                                                                                                                              Officer
        Budget lines                     Units              Rates Rs/ unit Rates Rs/unit   Rates Rs/ unit
Participants                                           30
A..Participant costs ( 25 Nos)           Nos
        DSA (participants)               Rs/ person/ day             300            300              115            115
        Tea and snacks                   "                            40             30                20            20
        Lodging                          "                                                           -
        Training materials/ stationary   "                            50             30                30           -
                    Sub-total            Rs/ person/ day             390            360              165            135
B .Service costs
        Inaguration                      One time                  1,500          1,000              500            500
        Resource persons (4 sessions)    Rs/ day                   4,000          3,000            2,000    CLA
        Resource persons (travel)                                  4,000          1,000              600            -
        Support staff/ logistics         "                           500            500              500            500
        Audio-visual aids, literature    "                         1,500          1,500            1,500
        Hall rent                        "                         1,000            800              400            200
                    Sub-total            Rs/ day                  12,500          7,800            5,500          1,200
                                         Rs/ person/day              417            260              183             30
C. Travel
       Particants' travel                Rs/ person                1,000            500              500            500
       Participants DSA during travel    "                           600            600                                 0
       Testing, certicifactes etc                                  1,050          1,050              -              -
                    Sub-total            Rs/ person                2,650          2,150              500            500
                                         Rs/ person/day               88             72                17             17
D         Sub-total ( A to C )above      "                           895            692              365            182
       Contingency 10 % on D                                          90             69                37             18
       Overheads 15 % on D                                           134            104                55             27
E                 Total cost            Rs/ person/day             1,207            936              473            244
       Average unit cost Rs/ person/ da             872
       Cost of package for 30 people for        130,813

       refrence no                                    450
             Community Livestock Development Programme
               Summary to Training Costs by Componant


Community Development and Capacity                                Total Cost                 %
Building

1. Programme Launch                     160                                15,900,000         3.43
2. Social Mob. Com prepd             44,756                               260,042,258        56.17
3. Gender, environment                  892                                 2,951,360         0.64
4. Trainig and workshops              1,702                                56,637,500        12.23
                        Sub Total    47,510                               335,531,118            72
Componant 2
Livestock Productivity Improvement
1. Credit                               110                                  2,311,900        0.50
2. Intensive Production               1,604                                 23,222,150        5.02
3. Forage Development                    25                                  5,194,400        1.12
4. Fodder and Feed                    6,430                                 32,271,320        6.97
                        Sub Total     8,169                                 62,999,770           14
Componant 3
Commercialisation, Processing and Marketing

1. Milk Marketing                                2532                       35,290,750        7.62
2.Meat Marketing                               25,032                       25,418,600        5.49
                            Sub Total          27,564                       60,709,350           13

Training support                                                            3,749,000         0.8

Grand Total RS                                 83,243                     462,989,238        100
                             US$ @ 78                                       5,935,759

                          Training Cost by component
                                        Community Dev      Componant 3                 72
      Commercialisatio                  Livestock Produ       12%                      14
      n, Processing and                 Commercialisat                                   5
        Marketing 5%
                                        Commercialisat                                 13
                                        Training suppor                  Training support
                                                                                     0.81
                                                                               1%

         Livestock
                                                                Community
        Productivity
                                                              Development and
       Improvement
                                                              Capacity Building
            17%
                                                                    65%

                              Community Development and Capacity Building
                              Livestock Productivity Improvement
                              Commercialisation, Processing and Marketing
                              Commercialisation, Processing and Marketing
                              Training support
   Training cost distribution by
                Groups
Groups                          %
Community Grups, CLAs          59
JT/As, VAHW                    12
Commercial enterprises         10
Mid level staff                 6
Senior staff                    6
Training support and start up   4
Commercial Farmers              3
                                                       Community Livestock Development Programme
                                                             Training and Capacity building
                                                               Consolidated Training Plan

              Activity                 Responsibility Benefi         Total units                             Units                                             Costs
                                                      ciaries                          Yr 1 Yr 2 Yr 3       Yr 4 Yr 5       Yr 6       Total Unit Cost    Total A)

Component 1: Community Development and Capacity Building
Programme Launch
1. Launching workshop to DLS,      PMU           100 3 workshops                          3     0       0       0       0          0       3     100000          300,000
DDC, LAT members at RLTC

2. CLDP launching orientation and           PMU               60 2 workshops x           52    0        0       0       0          0      52      50000        2,600,000
planning in all 52 districts - DLSO                              2 days
responsible

3. Annual and gender planning             DLSO in                  1 workshop            26   26    26         26   26             0     130     100000       13,000,000
workshop involving stakeholders        consultation with           every year in all
(VDC, DDC, NGOs, LAT)-2 days                PMU                    26 districts.

                            Subtotal                         160                                                                                               15900000

Social Mobilization and preparedness
1. Training of Trainers (TOT) for      NGO or Training       250 in 10 batches            4    4        2       0       0          0      10     272000        2,720,000
NGOs (78) Pvt (3).7+3 days               Institutes              of 25 persons


2. Survey and study Methodology (3 NGO or Training           250 in 10 batches            4    4        2       0       0          0      10      81750          817,500
days + refresher)                    Institutes                  of 25 person
                                                                 each

3. Training to the members of CBOs NGO or Training          3456 in 138 batches          20   25    25         25   25         18        138     157675       21,759,150
(local NGOs and users group) - 7     Institutes                  of 25 persons
days                                                             each

4. Farmers group training including        DLSO in         17250 in 690 batches         115   115   115       115   115       115        690     258750      178,537,500
Farmer to Farmer learning (3           consultation with         each of 25
packages, 30 days over one year)         partner NGO             persons


5. Community Livestock Assistant       NGO (at RLTC)         390 in 46 batches           10   23        9       4       0          0      46     360000       16,560,000
(CLA) Training - 45 days in three                                of 25 CLAs
steps

6. CLA follow up workshop (on               DLSO             390 in 46 batches            0   10    23          9       4          0      46      37500        1,725,000
technical and other subjects)                                    of 25 CLAs


7. Business Literacy to group          NGO or Training     22770 in 911 batches         119   330   330       132       0          0     911      41628       37,923,108
members                                  Institutes              with 25 persons
                                                                 each


                           Sub Total                       44756                                                                                              260042258
              Activity                  Responsibility Benefi      Total units                            Units                                              Costs
                                                       ciaries                      Yr 1 Yr 2 Yr 3       Yr 4 Yr 5       Yr 6       Total Unit Cost     Total A)
Gender, Environment (over arching issues)

1. Awareness raising programme on            DLSO           300 1 event per            1    1        1       1       1          0       5     130000           650,000
special day e.g. Women's' day                                   year per district


2. Regional workshop for LAT, DDC,           RLTC           375 one in each            3    3        3       3       3          0      15      74000         1,110,000
farmers groups, women's                                         region
cooperatives, NGOs and CBOs

3. National Gender Policy Workshop            PMU            50 in 2 batches of        1    0        0       1       0          0       2      72420           144,840
for DLS, NPC, MOAC, SWC,                                        25 each
ADDCN, Ngo (2 Days)

4. Leadership development package            DLSO           150 in 6 batches of        1    1        1       1       1          1       6      74420           446,520
training for women farmers                                      25 persons
                                                                each

5. Specialized training on Gender             PMU             2 one each year          0    1        1       0       0          0       2     150000           300,000
and Development (in the region) for
DLS Policy makers*

6. Training on environment               PMU to assign       15 in 3 batches of        1    1        0       1       0          0       3     100000           300,000
monitoring in livestock programme        trg institute in       5 persons
for DLS, DLSO and DDC officials           Kathmandu


                            Sub total                       892                                                                                               2951360

Capability Improvement

1.Training on Marketing for DLS               PMU             2 2 total                0    1        1       0       0          0       2   1,131,000        2,262,000
Marketing Directorate (Thailand)*

2. SLA Training at University of              PMU            15 15 total               3    3        3       3       3          0      15    1170000        17,550,000
Hawkesbury, Australia**

3. Office Management training for             PMU             8 in local training      0    2        2       2       2          0       8    100,000           800,000
PMU associated junior staffs.                                   institues


4. M&E workshop for Livestock                 PMU            60    in 2 batches.       0    1        1       0       0          0       2    668,000         1,336,000
officer, M&Eofficer, Sr. officer        subcontracting to           (26distx2, 4
responsible for planning in DDC,            training              central, 4 DDC)
M&E to design M&E system                   institution
including environment issues.

5. SLA Immersion Training for            PMU with SLA       250 in 10 batches          2    2        2       2       2          0      10    205,000         2,050,000
DLSO,LAT, IAAS, NGO partners at           Graduates             of each 25
RLTC                                                            persons
               Activity             Responsibility Benefi    Total units                           Units                              Costs
                                                   ciaries                         Yr 1 Yr 2 Yr 3 Yr 4 Yr 5 Yr 6 Total Unit Cost Total A)
6. Project Planning and Management      PMU             75 in 3 batches                1    1    0    1    0    0     3    668,000     2,004,000
for class III and above officers in
DLS, including 10 from Private
Sectors

7. Project management for class I            PMU              35 in 2 batches         1    1    0     0     0    0     2    824,000     1,648,000
officers of DLS and other senior staff
from stakeholders (5 days)

8. Graduate course to JT and JTA in          PMU              25 5 batches each       1    1    1     1     1    0     5   1,637,500    8,187,500
TITI                                                             of 5 persons

9. Technical JT course to JTAs in        PMU @ Rs             50 10 batches of 5      2    2    2     2     2    0    10    250,000     2,500,000
Trade School (eg Uttarpani Trade          50000 per              persons
School)                                  student JTA

10. Internship support to IAAS and          PMU in            50 in 5 batches         1    1    1     1     1          5    150,000      750,000
HICAST graduates in CLDP areas           collaboration           each with 10
for B. Sc and M.Sc.                      college @ of            students
                                          15000 per
                                           internee

11. Modular training for DLSO staff      PMU at RLTC         580 in 23 batches        5    5    5     5     3    0    23    250,000     5,750,000
(3 modules-Social Mobilisation,                                  of 25 persons
Credit and Agri business, Marketing                              (530 JT/As,x
and processing                                                   CLAs, x
                                                                 private)

12. LAT member exchange visit to             PMU             352 in 22 batches        3    4    4     4     4    3    22    400,000     8,800,000
another districts (16 x 22 districtx10                           each of 16
days)                                                            officials

13. Non technical trainings. Details         PMU             200 in 10 batches        2    2    2     2     2    0    10    300,000     3,000,000
to be worked out during                                          of 20 persons
implementation as per need of the
programme

                             Sub total                      1702                                                                        56637500
1. Credit Management and Policy              PMU              10 two batches of       0    1    1     0     0    0     2     885000     1,770,000
guidelines specialized training for                              5 each
senior staff of credit agencies
(outside country - in the region)*

2. Training on Loan Processing on             MFI             60 in three             0    1    1     1     0    0     3      90300      270,900
small livestock for MFI staff                                    batches of 20
                                                                 each

3. Training in Project Analysis of milk      PMU in           40 in 2 batches of      0    1    1     0     0    0     2     135500      271,000
and meat processing and livestock       consultation with        20 persons
marketing projects                        collaborating          each
                                              banks


                            Sub Total                        110                                                                        2,311,900
              Activity                   Responsibility Benefi     Total units                           Units                                             Costs
                                                        ciaries                    Yr 1 Yr 2 Yr 3       Yr 4 Yr 5       Yr 6       Total Unit Cost    Total A)
Component 2: Livestock Productivity Improvement
Intensive Production
1. VHW training including to CLAs     RLTC                   234 in 12 batches        4    4        4       0       0          0      12     321720        3,860,640
and Farmers (60% of CLA is                                       of 20 persons
expected to participate)


2. Laboratory Training (Diagnostic)        PMU with          102 in 5 batches         1    1        1       1       1          0       5     216014        1,080,070
for JTs                                  Central Vet Lab         each of 20
                                                                 persons

3.Field Training, JTA+ JT (524), CLA         RLTC            914 in 29 batches        8    8        8       5       0          0      29     156860        4,548,940
(390)including Microfinance basic                                each of 32
principle, practices in livestock and                            persons
poultry modular (a composite
package of 14 days)

4. Vetererinary practice management         PMU with         250 in 12 batches        4    4        4       0       0          0      12     275000        3,300,000
(Para Vet )Training for CLA, JT,           Central Vet           of 20 persons
JTA, VHWs (15 days+internship 15            Hospital
days)

5. 14 day long tailor made                    PMU            100 in 5 batches         1    1        1       1       1          0       5    1340900        6,704,500
Cooperatives Management training                                 each of 20
in India (Gujrat) for farmers, JT, CLA                           persons
and NGO Partners and Milk
cooperative members



6. Master Course in, Dairy                    PMU              4 4 persons over       1    1        2       0       0          0       4     932000        3,728,000
Technology 1, Agri Marketing (1),                                three year
Extension and communication (2) (in                              period
India)*

7. Farmers to farmer training, joint     DLSO, JT/As,      96200 in 4810              0   180   690 1180 1380 1380                  4810       1500        7,215,000
walk including specific exposure on         CLAs                 batches of 20
Poultry, goat keeping                                            farmers



                             Subtotal                       1604                                                                                           23222150

Forage Development

1. Forage developmentand Seed                 PMU              5 5 persons over       1    2        1       1       0          0       5    1026480        5,132,400
Laboratory techniques in Thai                                    3 years
Livestock Dev.Department*

2. Grass seed production training            DLSO             20 in 2 batches of      0    0        2       0       0          0       2      31000           62,000
                                                                 10 persons

                            Sub total                         25                                                                                            5194400
              Activity                  Responsibility Benefi      Total units                           Units                                             Costs
                                                       ciaries                     Yr 1 Yr 2 Yr 3       Yr 4 Yr 5       Yr 6       Total Unit Cost    Total A)
Fodder and Feed

1. DLSO field staff workshop in             PMU-             520 in 20 batches        0    0        5       5       5          5      20      41616          832,320
Livestock Feeds and Feeding              Subcontracts            of 26 persons
management                                                       each

2.Farmers, CLAs, DLSO observation            DLSO           5560 in 139 batches       0   27    28         28   28         27        138     217000       29,946,000
visit to other districts (10 days)                               each of 40
                                                                 persons

3. Feed formulation training to DLS           PMU             60 in 3 batches of      0    1        1       1       0          0       3     135000          405,000
staff                                                            20 persons

4. Feed Millers training in                PMU -              40 in 2 batches of      0    0        1       1       0          0       2     111000          222,000
commercial feed compounding              Subcontracts            20 Millers

5. Poultry farmers entrepreneurs            PMU-             100 in 5 batches of      0    1        1       1       1          1       5     103000          515,000
training in commercial feed              Subcontracts            20 persons
compounding

6. Feed ingredient suppliers training       PMU-              50 in 2 batches         0    1        0       1       0          0       2      84000          168,000
in quality management (2 days)           Subcontracts



7. Workshop of Feed Miller,                   PMU            100 in 4 batches of      0    0        1       2       1          0       4      45750          183,000
ingredient supplier, line agency on                              25 persons
policy development
                             Subtotal                       6430                                                                                           32271320

Component 3: Livestock Processing and Markieting
Milk Processing and Marketing
1. Rural Milk processing training for DLS Public - Pvt.     1000 in 50 batches       10   10    10         10   10             0      50      45080        2,254,000
farmers, members of collection or       Partnership              each of 20
chilling centers (3 days training at
rural centers in 22 commercial
districts)

2. Training in Dairy                    DLS Public - Pvt.   1200 in 60 batches       12   12    12         12   12             0      60     469775       28,186,500
entrepreneurship, Milk Processing         Partnership            each of 20
and Milk product Manufacturing (14
days including practical work)



3. Training on Dairy Management      DLS Public - Pvt.       220 in 11 batches        2    3        2       2       2          0      11     247250        2,719,750
and product marketing including        Partnership               each of 20
quality management for (established)
Dairy entrepreneurs and member of
cooperative union (10 x 22
municipalities) 5 days
               Activity                    Responsibility Benefi    Total units                     Units                              Costs
                                                          ciaries                   Yr 1 Yr 2 Yr 3 Yr 4 Yr 5 Yr 6 Total Unit Cost Total A)
4. Dairy operation & plant                     DLS            110 Persons in 4          1    1    1    1    0    0     4      32625       130,500
management for (established)                                      batches each
entrepreneurs and members of                                      of 15
Cooperative Union.(5 x 22
municipalities) 5 days

5. B.Sc. In Dairy Technology in India           PMU               2 2 persons          0    1    1     0     0    0     2   1000000      2,000,000
for private sector (candidatets to be
identified from free competetion-not
for govt employee)*



                             Sub total                        2532                                                                       35290750

Meat Processing and Marketing

1. Farmer to Live Market training to           DLSO           2400 in 120 batches     40   40   40     0     0    0   120     68400      8,208,000
leader farmers in 48 districts (DLSO                               of each 20
to implement)                                                      persons


2. Training for Market Operators of            DLSO           1200 in 40 batches       8    8    8     8     8         40     26650      1,066,000
48 districts                                                       each 30
                                                                   persons

3.Farmers to Farmers demonstration             DLSO            480 in 24 batches       4    4    4     4     4    4    24      3200        76,800
visit in a cluster (1 day)                                         of 20 farmers



4. Slaughtering and dressing skills to         DLSO            500 in 20 batches       0    4    4     4     4    4    20    164250      3,285,000
butchers                                                           each 25
                                                                   persons

5. Hygienic quality Meat cutting and           DLSO            500 20 batches of       4    4    3     3     3    3    20    164250      3,285,000
hygienic shops                                                     each 25
                                                                   persons

6.Specialised field training by visiting       DLSO            550 22 batches          3    4    4     3     4    4    22    200400      4,408,800
excelling TLDP districts                                           each of 25
                                                                   butchers

7. Product development training for          DLSO with         100 5 batches each           1    1     1     1    1     5    129000       645,000
Private Sectors                            Private sectors         of 20 persons


8. Training of DLS Veterinary                  DLSO            100 5 batches each           1    1     1     1    1     5    170400       852,000
Inspectors on quality inspection and                               of 20 persons
analysis

9. Consumer awareness on meat              Private sectors   19200 total 95           15   20   15    15    16   15    96     27000      2,592,000
and milk hygiene and quality                with support           episodes or
standards - implemented through              from PMU              activity in 48
NDA and Khadgi Samitee.                                            districts
               Activity                 Responsibility Benefi    Total units                        Units                              Costs
                                                       ciaries                      Yr 1 Yr 2 Yr 3 Yr 4 Yr 5 Yr 6 Total Unit Cost Total A)
10. Graduate training in meat               PMU              2 2 persons                     1    1    0    0    0     2     500000     1,000,000
technology in India for Pvt.
sector(Candidates to be selected
through open competetion)*

                        Sub Total                          25032                                                                                           25418600
Training supplies and support

Manual Production, Field hand book           PMU                   5 sets               1      1      1       1      1       0       5      100000           500,000
production, Publication

Training material support to NGOs            PMU                   5 sets               1      1      1       1      1       0       5       50000           250,000
and Private Sectors Associations

Field training materials support to          DLSO                  5 sets               1      1      1       1      1       0       5       50000           250,000
field level activities

Refurbishing Training facility at            PMU                   1 centre             0      1      0       0      0       0       1     2000000         2,000,000
RLTC Pokhara

Maintainance of Training Centres at          RLTC                  3 Training           0      3      0       0      0       0       3      333000           999,000
RLTC (Dhangadhi, Nepalgunj and                                     Centres
Pokhara

Training equipments - meat                    DLS                  20 sets             20      0      0       0      0       0      20       12500           250,000
inspection sets for Training
Directorate

                            Sub Total                                                                                                                        3749000

Notes:
* Important trainings that are not available within the country. This level of manpower are not readially available within the country, therefore a critical mass is
required to bring about any changes in the system. Moreover, private sectors do not have institutional capability to develope such types of manapower. Since
CLDP aims to promote Private sectors, this training is expected to play a critical role.


** This is an important training requirement in CLDP to introduce and institutionalise Participatory approaches in the project cycle management. However
funding for this course would be sought from Bilateral donors if ADB loan money is not available.


                                                      Training Component of CLDP - End of Training Plan


Training Cost distribution by Groups
Training Beneficiaires                Total Cost (RS)        %
Community Grups, CLAs                    297,853,258        64
JT/As, VAHW                                35,168,970        8
Dist. Oficers (CLDP)                       27,929,400        6
Senior Officers                            25,234,000        5
Commercial enterprises                     47,600,550       10
Commercial Farmers                         14,196,800        3
Training support and start up                19649000        4
                                           467631978        100
                              US$ @78         5995282
Training and
Capacity
building
Pro-forma for cost
presentation
                                                                                   Units                                                                                                   Costs
Activity                     Description of
                             activity         Total units    Yr 1       Yr 2       Yr 3       Yr 4       Yr 5       Total       Unit Cost Total            Yr 1            Yr 2            Yr 3            Yr 4       Yr 5            Total (B)      Check:
                                                                                                                                          Cost (A)                                                                                                   (a-b)
Please list under
following major
headings (not everyone
will need every
heading)
1. Civil Works (buildings,
bridges, etc)

2. Vehicles (2 sub-
headings: vehicles;
motor bikes)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (should
3. Specialist Services (2                                                                                                                                                                                                                            be zero)
sub-headings: Nepal
consultants; international
consultants)
                                                                                                                                state currency
4. Training and Capability
Building                                                                                                                        (Nrs or $)
5. Project Management
and Supervision
6. Equipments




3. Specialist Services:
Participation Specialist
(Nepali)                                                                                                                                $
Person months                                 20 months             4       4          4             4          4      20            2000         40,000           8000             8000            8000      8000            8000           40000              0
Per diem in field                             9months               2     1.5        1.5             2          2       9              40            360             80               60              60        80              80             360              0
Travel/communication                          10 fare               2       2          2             2          2      10            1000         10,000           2000             2000            2000      2000            2000           10000              0
Sub-total:                                                          8     7.5        7.5             8          8      39            3040         50360           10080            10060           10060     10080           10080           50360              0
Participation Specialist
(Int'l)
Person months                                 8 months           2          2        1.5        1.5          1           8          20000        160,000          40000           40000           30000     30000            20000         160000               0
Per diem in field                             4 months         0.5        0.5        1.5        1.5        0.5         4.5            200            900             100             100             300       300              100            900              0
Travel/communication                          10 fare            2          2          2          2          2         10            1000         10,000            2000            2000            2000      2000             2000          10000              0
Sub-total:                                                     4.5        4.5          5          5        3.5        22.5          21200        170,900          42,100          42,100          32,300    32,300           22,100        170,900              0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0
4. Training                                                                                                                              $                                                                                                                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                            0                                                                                                                                   0
                                                                                                                            0                                                                                                                                   0
                                                                                                                            0                                                                                                                                   0
6. Equipment                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0
1. Computer, software                         1 complete
and installation for                          set (3
marketing information                         computer
system including Website                      and
designing at DLS for                          accessories)
Marketing Directorate                                               1          0          0          0          0           1    1000000     1,000,000       1000000                   0               0          0              0        1000000               0

2. Computer and software                      15 sets
for new districts and                         including
replacement in TLDP                           printer and
districts                                     UPS
                                                               10              5                                       15         100000     1,500,000       1000000              500000               0          0              0        1500000               0

3. Training equipments to                     12 sets of
new CLDP districts                            equipments
(Overhead projector,
white board etc)                                               12              0          0          0          0      12         100000




                                                                                                                            0                                                                                                                                   0
3.Computer for MFI and                        25 sets
Participating FI for                          including
monitoring and data                           printer and
(loan) processing                             UPS                   0          5     10         10              0      25           75000    1,875,000                0           375000          750000    750000               0        1875000               0
                                                                                                                        0                                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                        0                                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                        0                                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                        0                                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                        0                                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                        0                                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                        0                                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                        0                                                                                                                                       0
                                               27.6                        Rs               US$             78
                                                                           8187500       104967.9487
                               800000 10256.41                             1637500            327500
                                                                           2600000       33333.33333
                                    641                         17128        300000      3846.153846
                                                                             205000      2628.205128
                                                                           5750000       73717.94872
                                                                           8800000       112820.5128
                                                                             254400      3261.538462
                                                                          28186500       361365.3846
           5909.091                                                        2719750       34868.58974
                                          156869x29                        4548940             58320
                                                                        178,537,500          2288942
                                                                         37,923,108           486194
                                                                            132,000             1692
                                                                            144,840             1857
                                                                          2,592,000            33231
                                                                          8,208,000           105231
                                                                             76,800              985
                                                                          1,000,000            12821
                                                                         13,000,000           166667
                                                                                                   0
                                                                                                   0
                                                                                                   0
                                                                                                   0
                                                                                                   0

                                                                                              910.8
                                29000                                                       1026480                103000
CLA Training                                          Rs                                                               20
     960 per day       25 per batchx30 days                    720000 per batch                          130000
                       total 46 batches                    33,120,000                                  333333.3              910.8   182.16
                                                                                                          12500
                                                           360000
                                          Tot Farmerunit cost     Total        per group of 40
     3450 5 person from each group             17250          250       4312500 103500000                                      12
                                              431.25
                                             258750 Per group                                                      883740

                                                                                                             6
          Daily rate                      total persoTotal cost    Total batch    Cost per batch
Gender           473                            1150        543950             38       28380
Tot             1207                             144        173808              6       72420                     303.3333
RD              1207                             150        181050              5       72420
ddc/vdc          936                             230        215280              8       56160


                                                                                  12.5

IAAS internship
    40000 5 batch      10 student
                                              53                                  Appendix 5


          OUTLINE TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR CONSULTING SERVICES

1.      Substantial technical support is required to help the Department of Livestock
Services (DLS) implement a participatory community livestock development approach,
evolve more community- and market-focused practices, and transfer some service
delivery to the private sector. Other critical areas in which DLS has either no capacity or
only a limited capacity include (i) facilitating the delivery of microfinance to the rural poor
through microfinance intermediaries; (ii) establishing input- output-based monitoring
systems at community, district, and central levels; (iii) forage development and seed
production; (iv) managing project training packages; and (v) mainstreaming gender in
community livestock development processes. The overall leadership and coordination of
this support will be critical to the effective implementation of the Project.

2.       The Project will provide 531 person-months of consulting services in two
                             r
packages (A and B) for t aining, guiding process-related activities, technical support,
privatizing the delivery of farmer services and inputs, and marketing and agroprocessing.
International (67 person-months) and domestic (464 person-months) consultants will be
fielded to support the identified beneficiaries, the desired technology transfer, and
change in approach. The terms of reference of the two groups are in para. 3.

3.       International consultants will be engaged for the design, application, and initial
management of the participatory process and associated training and extension
activities, including forage and seed development. Expertise will also be required to
assist in establishing and managing agribusinesses (meat and milk), and promoting
privatization of veterinary services. The international specialists will also provide specific
technical and training support in establishing a monitoring and evaluation system within
the DLS network, designing abattoir facilities, and improving the quality of dairy and
meat products. The domestic consultants will support the participatory process and
training programs; the delivery of rural microfinance, including the development of group
savings and credit; expansion of forage, and private veterinary practices; further
development of dairy and meat processing and marketing; live animal marketing; and
technical design. Domestic consultants will also provide support in establishing a benefit
monitoring and evaluation system at central, district and beneficiary levels;
mainstreaming gender in livestock development; assessing environmental impact; and
administering the Project.

4.        The technical assistance is in two parts. Part A comprises core positions that are
critical to the success of the Project. Part B comprises indicative positions that are a best
estimate of future project requirements and are subject to change based on
implementation experience and changing requirements. This approach was adopted in
the Third Livestock Development Project to allow flexible implementation for effective
use of the technical inputs.

5.     Package A consultants (49 person-months international consulting services and
368 person-months domestic) will be funded under grant assistance if this can be
obtained at a later stage. The consultants will be recruited by the Government and will
provide overall team leadership and advice in implementing the Project. Package B
consultants (up to 18 person-months international consulting services and up to 96
person-months domestic) will be funded from the loan administered by the Borrower.
The Borrower will recruit the consultants through firms selected in accordance with the
                                                     54                                  Appendix 5


Asian Development Bank (ADB) Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other
arrangements satisfactory to ADB for engaging domestic consultants.

A.        Package A Consultants

6.      Eleven individual consultants will be required as core staff. Their input will be
crucial to effectively coordinate technical services, implement training and community
livestock development programs, establish viable commercial activities, integrate project
inputs, mainstream gender in livestock development activities, and implement the benefit
monitoring and evaluation system. Overall advice and leadership will be provided by the
international team leader (36 person-months) who will be assisted by the senior
development facilitator (72 person-months) acting as deputy team leader. The types and
the level of efforts of the consultants are given in Table A8.1.

                  Table A8.1: Consultants for Package A

                                                                             Input (Person-Months )
          Consultant                                                       International   Domestic
     1    Team Leader/Monitoring and Evaluation/Systems Learning                    36
          Approach/Marketing Specialist
     2    Deputy Team Leader/Senior Facilitator/Production/Institutional                         72
          Specialist
     3    Training Design and Participation Specialist                                           60
     4    Seed Development Specialist                                                8
     5    Forage Development and Seed Production Specialist                                      40
      6   Rural Microfinance Specialist                                                          40
      7   Meat Enterprise Development Specialist                                                 40
      8   Dairy Enterprise Development Specialist                                                40
      9   Gender and Development Specialist                                                      40
     10   Monitoring and Evaluation Design Specialist                                5
     11   Monitoring and Evaluation Systems/Training Specialist                                  36

                                    Total                                           49          368
                                                55                              Appendix 5


B.     Package B Consultants

7.                                                                                h
       Package B consultants will be funded under the loan. An indicative list of t e
types of specialization and magnitude of inputs are in Table A8.2.

                 Table A8.2: Consultants for Package B

                                                                    Input (Person-Months )
       Consultant                                                 International   Domestic
 1     Training Methods Specialist                                                      24
 2     Veterinary Private Practitioner Specialist                                       24
 3     Market Development Specialist                                        5           12
 4     Abattoirs Design Specialist                                          3            6
 5     Quality Improvement and Certification Specialist                     6           12
 6     Agro Enterprise Analyst                                              4            6
 7     Resettlement/Environmental Impact Monitoring Specialist                          12

               Total                                                       18           96



                           DETAILED TERMS OF REFERENCE

A      Rationale

1.      Substantial support is required to help the Department of Livestock Services
(DLS) to implement the Community Livestock Development Project (CLDP) - both in
terms of technical support in new areas and in terms of the participatory approach used
to propel project benefits to the poor families. Increased emphasis is being given to the
promotion of community services and social orientation of the poor and disadvantaged
communities to help them take advantage of what CLDP has to offer. The development
of market-focused practices, production/market linkages and to reorient services towards
the private sector are also emphasized. Technical assistance is only proposed where
necessary.

2.       The critical areas where DLS has either no capacity or insufficient capacity are –
milk/meat processing and marketing, facilitating micro-credit to the rural poor through
financial intermediaries, establishment of input-output based monitoring system at
community, district/local authority and DLS level, forage extension and seed production,
management of project training packages and mainstreaming gender and disadvantaged
people in community livestock development processes. DLS also has limited experience
in promotion of the Systems Learning Approach (SLA) and facilitation and promotion of
private veterinary practices. The overall leadership and coordination of this support will
be critical to the effective implementation of the project.

3.     The project will provide 735 person months of consulting services in two
packages (A and B) for training, guidance of process related activities, and technical
support, and to address privatization issues associated with the provision of farmer
services and input together with marketing and agro-processing. International (87 person
months) and domestic (642 person months) consultants will be fielded to address the
production, processing and marketing needs of the identified beneficiaries through
                                            56                                Appendix 5


participatory development approach. The terms of reference of these two groups of
consultants are given below.

B      Packaging of Technical Assistance

4.      The technical assistance has been designed in two parts. Part A contains
positions considered as core positions i.e. those critical to the success of the Project.
Part B contains "indicative" positions. These are a best estimate of future Project
requirements but which Project Management, in the light of Project experience and
changing requirements and with the agreement of the ADB, may seek to modify or
change as the Project proceeds. This approach was adopted in the Third Livestock
Development Project and provided Project Management with flexibility and made more
effective use of the technical inputs.

5.      Grant funding for the technical assistance is being sought. It is strongly
recommended that grant funding obtained for Package A consultants is channeled
through the ADB and that the ADB recruits the consultants. Either direct recruitment or
recruitment via a consulting firm is acceptable providing the consultants have the
participatory development orientation and capabilities that the Project requires. Package
B consultants may be grant funded, or if this is not available, funded under the loan. All
consultants are responsible to the Project Manager and will be coordinated and
technically directed by the Chief Technical Adviser/Team Leader.

6.       The international consultants will be required for the design, application, and
initial management of the participatory process and associated training and extension
activities including forage seed development. Expertise will also be required to assist the
establishment and management of agro-businesses (meat and milk) and promotion of
privatization of veterinary services. In addition, the international experts will provide
specific technical and training support for establishment of a monitoring and evaluation
system within the DLS network, design of abattoir facilities and improvement in quality of
dairy and meat products. The domestic consultants will help facilitate the participatory
process and training programs; provide support in facilitating rural micro-finance and
develop group/community level savings and credit; support expansion of forage and
private veterinary practices; provide support in dairy and meat processing and
marketing, and live animal marketing. Domestic consultants will also provide support in
establishment of benefit monitoring and evaluation system at DLS central and district
level and at local institutions (DDC, VDC) and farmer group levels, gender main
streaming in livestock development, environmental impact assessment, and support to
overall Project management.

7.      Package A consultants (consisting of 52 person months of international
consulting services and 504 person months of domestic consulting services), will be
funded under yet to be obtained grant funds, administered by the ADB and recruited by
the ADB. Package A consultants will provide overall team leadership and advice in the
implementation of the project. Package B consultants (consisting of up to 33 person
months of international consulting services and up to 138 person months of domestic
consultant services) provide mainly technical services and will be funded under the Loan
and will be recruited and administered by the Borrower through firm(s) selected in
accordance with ADB’s Guidelines on the use of Consultants and other arrangements as
satisfactory to the ADB.
                                             57                               Appendix 5


8.     Scheduling of the Technical Assistance is provided in Figure F1

I.     Package A - Consultants

9.      The ADB will provide eleven individual consultants as core staff under grant
funded Technical Assistance. This input will be crucial to the effective coordination of
technical services, and specific technical inputs such as, facilitation of micro-credit
delivery through strengthening/development of financial intermediaries, implementation
of training and community livestock development programs, establishment of viable
livestock related commercial activities, integration of project training inputs, gender
mainstreaming, and implementation of benefit monitoring and evaluation system. Overall
advice and leadership will be provided by the international/ Team Leader/Agro-
enterprise Development/Systems Learning and Chief Technical Adviser Specialist (36
person months) who will be assisted by the Senior Development Facilitator (72 person
months) acting as assistant advisor/deputy team leader. The types and the level of
efforts of these consultants are given below:

                       Package A staff                        Level of efforts
                                                              Internation Domestic
                                                                   al
 1    Team Leader/CTA/M&E/SLA/Marketing                                36
 2    Deputy Team Leader/Senior                                                 72
      Facilitator/Production/Institution
 3    Training Design and Participation Specialist                                  60
 4    Seed Development Specialist                                        10
 5    Forage Development and Seed Production Specialist                             66
 6    Rural Microfinance and Savings and Credit Specialist                          60
 7    Meat Enterprise Development Specialist                                        72
 8    Dairy Enterprise Development Specialist                                       72
 9    Gender and Development Facilitator                                            66
 10   M&E Design Specialist                                              6
 11   M&E Systems and Training Expert                                               36
      Total                                                              52        504

II.    Package B - Consultants

10.     Package B consultants will be funded under the Loan and executed by the CLDP
Project Management with approval of the ADB. The types and the level of input of these
consultants are given below:

                      Package B Staff                             Level of efforts
                                                              Internation Domestic
                                                                   al
1     Training Methods Specialist                                                  60
2     Veterinary Private Practitioner Facilitator                                  66
3     Marketing Development Specialist                                  8
4     Abattoirs Design Specialist                                       9
5     Quality Improvement Specialist                                   12
6     Agro-Enterprise Analyst                                           4
                                                 58                                 Appendix 5


7           Environmental Impact Monitoring Specialist                                      12
            Sub Total                                                          33          138
            Total of A and B                                                   87          642

III           Administration of Package B Consultants

11.    The firm (s) providing consultants under Package B will nom inate a longer
serving member of the Team to act as the coordinator of the team and the
communication point between the team, the government and the firm’s headquarters for
contractual and administrative matters. Overall leadership and advice on the strategies,
design, integration and coordination of activities for Project implementation will be
effected by the Team Leader and Deputy Team Leader, provided under Package A, as
described above.

                               GENERAL TERMS OF REFERENCE

A.            Team Leadership/Project Advisors

      The overall leadership/advice for coordination of technical inputs, implementation
of the participatory process approach (Systems Learning Approach), training,
agribusiness and marketing and other aspects of implementation will be provided by the
international, Agro-enterprise Development and Systems Learning Specialist (36 person
months). He/she will be supported by the domestic, Senior Development Facilitator who
will act as the Assistant Advisor/leader (72 person months). The advisors will be
responsible to the Project Manager. The Tasks of the Advisors will include the following:

      (i)        Assist the Project Manager and others involved in Project implementation in
                 the scheduling of consultant inputs to coincide effectively with the schedule pf
                 implementation of the Project and the requirements of the Project activities;

      (ii)       Ensure that the international and domestic consultants are scheduled in such
                 a way as to maximize the synergistic effects of their combined inputs through
                 proper timing and overlapping of their inputs, the development of rapport and
                 close working relationships, and effective planning and organization to enable
                 the longer serving domestic consultants to carry on the work program,
                 established with the guidance of the international consultant, after the
                 international consultant has left the field.

      (iii)      Arrange for joint (international and domestic) participatory meetings of the
                 consultants, especially at the beginning of their first input, to develop a
                 comprehensive understanding of the purpose of their inputs in the context of
                 the aims and objectives of the Project, to create an integrated and holistic
                 systems approach to their inputs, develop rapport between the consultants,
                 and prepare and work plan the approach and details of their inputs to
                 effectively achieve their terms of reference as a team;

      (iv)       Provide support, through the coordination of efforts by the consultant team, to
                 the Project Manager, Coordinators and other senior Project staff for the
                 refinement and further development of the Project implementation
                 arrangements, especially for monitoring and evaluation;
                                            59                                 Appendix 5



   (v)      Assist in the selection of suitable candidates for training programs and study
            tours and appropriate venues for their training through the combined
            knowledge and experience of the consultant team. Oversee the effective
            briefing and priming (by the relevant consultants) of fellows and study tour
            participants before they undertake their training, and debriefing and follow up
            support of returning fellows and participants upon the completion of their
            training;

   (vi)     Coordinate the conduct of fellowships and study tours so that there is
            maximum synergism between the training programs and the inputs of the
            consultants;

   (vii)    Oversee and coordinate the preparation and submission of reports and
            studies to be undertaken by the consultants and ensure that standards of
            quality and timeliness are properly met;

   (viii)   Assist in sorting out any issues or problems which may develop between the
            consultants or between the consultants and the Project staff and keep the
            Project Manager and the ADB Supervisor advised of any such developments
            and discuss with them the appropriate action to take;

   (ix)     Keep the ADB appraised, through regular reports, of progress in the
            implementation of the Project and especially of any issues or delays arising,
            and provide advice on appropriate remedial measures; and

   (x)      Provide other coordination assistance and advice to the Project Manager and
            Regional Project Coordinators as may be required.

          SPECIFIC TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR INDIVIDUAL CONSULTANTS
                                (PACKAGE A)


Position:               Team Leader/Chief Technical Adviser/Agro-enterprise
                        Development and Systems Learning Specialist

                                              (International)
Qualifications  and The consultant will have suitable tertiary qualifications in
Experience:         agricultural economics, finance, and resource management with
                    a strong emphasis on agri-business and marketing and wide
                    experience in the establishment and operation of small and
                    medium scale agro-processing and marketing enterprises in
                    developing countries, preferably in Asia. He/she will have at
                    least 10 years experience in advising government on policies
                    and strategies, project management and advising small and
                    medium sized businesses in business establishment,
                    management, monitoring and development (including markets).
Responsible to:     Project Manager
Duty Station:       Kathmandu and/or Nepalgunj
Input:              36pm (10, 8, 6, 4, 4,4)
                                             60                                 Appendix 5



Description of Duties:

The consultant is required to:
       (i)     Act as Project Advisor and provide overall team leadership for the
      coordination of the activities of the international and domestic consultants, with
      the assistance of the Senior Development Facilitator (domestic consultant). See
      separate Advisor/Leadership terms of reference above.
       (ii)    Assist the DLS to select appropriate livestock development ‘pockets’ in
      each district that will maximize market potential and provide examples for
      replication to other stakeholders in other parts of the district, particularly among
      disadvantaged groups and communities, who have yet to receive much
      government support.
       (iii)   Assist DLS to plan for and to engage the interest and cooperation of other
      line agencies, NGO’s, emerging private sector service providers and other
      Projects in the community based participatory development processes.
       (iv)    Assist the DLS to implement and to institutionalize participatory
      approaches and specifically the Systems Learning Approach proven effective
      under the Third Livestock Development Project that include farmers and
      community members in planning and implementation activities.
       (v)     Assist DLS to achieve more continuity of individual effort at all levels to
      ensure that the new practices are effectively introduced and overcome the
      natural conservatism of staff inexperienced in these new processes.
       (vi)    Assist the DLS and local authorities in the Project districts in the effective
      planning and to develop and implement output-based, gender desegregated
      monitoring, evaluation and reporting systems; and the introduction of sustainable
      and flexible, responsive planning, budgeting and disbursement systems that will
      facilitate the private sector to seize market opportunities for ecologically
      sustainable development for all stakeholders, including women who carry out
      most livestock husbandry at village level, and not just the groups currently with
      the best access to resources.
       (vii) Provide guidance to the processing and marketing consultants and the
      private sector in the establishment of agro-processing and marketing enterprises
      including management, technical, marketing and financial considerations.
      Provide guidance in skills training and development for the operation of these
      small-scale agribusiness enterprises;
       (viii) Give guidance to DLS on effective reporting and communication and the
      development of better integration and coordination of livestock related activities
      between the public and the private sectors, especially in terms of market
      development;
       (ix)    Provide guidance and support to the highest levels of DLS and to other
      consultants to assist this reorientation of the Service down to the field level; and;
       (x)     Undertake any other duties as may be reasonably assigned by the
      Project Manager.
                                           61                                Appendix 5


Position:           Senior Development Facilitator/Deputy Team Leader

                                                 (Domestic)
Qualifications      Tertiary qualifications in animal science with a strong emphasis
and Experience:     in participatory gender and disadvantaged people sensitive
                    livestock development planning and implementation. At least 10
                    years of work experience in donor-funded development projects.
                    Wide experience in social analysis, participatory processes and
                    the involvement of beneficiaries in the design and planning of the
                    development process, especially using the ‘participatory
                    approach’. Extensive experience in the organization,
                    management and leadership of development teams.
Responsible to:     Project Manager (Implementation of duties) and Team
                    Leader/Project Advisor (technical performance)
Duty Station:       Nepalgunj
Input:              72pm (12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12)

Description of Duties:

The consultant will carry out the following tasks:
   (i)    Act as Assistant Project Advisor and provide leadership for the coordination
          of the activities of the international and domestic consultants, under the
          guidance of the Project Advisor/Team Leader. See separate
          Leadership/Advisor terms of reference above;
   (ii)   Provide guidance, coordination and trouble shooting assistance to DLS and
          the TA Teams in the conduct of the social mobilization, district poverty
          mapping, baseline establishment, identification of ‘pockets’, identification of
          stakeholders, formation of farmer groups and Livestock Action Teams and
          implementation of the participatory process approach involving the ‘systems
          learning approach’;
   (iii)  Assist the DLS Regional coordinators to train their staff and to implement the
          activities of the Livestock Action Teams (LA teams) in each district;
   (iv)   Assist the Regional Project Coordinators to plan gender and disadvantaged
          people sensitive activities and coordinate the DLSOs, Consultants, Training
          Centers and to report the progress of Project activities to the Project Manager
          at the Central Level and other concerned line agencies, NGOs and
          stakeholders;
   (v)    Assist the Regional Project Coordinators to engage the interest and
          cooperation of other line agencies, NGOs and regional level stakeholders;
   (vi)   Assist the Regional level Project Managers to ensure that correct procedures
          are followed in the flexible use of funds for Project activities;
   (vii)  Assist the DLSO, local authorities and farmer groups (at group and pocket
          level) to establish input and output based monitoring, evaluation and
          reporting systems; and
   (viii) Other related activities as may be reasonably assigned by the Project
          Manager.
                                            62                                   Appendix 5


Position:                       Training Design and Participation Specialist

                                                   (Domestic)
Qualification and     Master level qualification in any discipline of social studies, or
experiences           development studies, with minimum of five years of experience in
                      applying participatory methodology and tools, and extensive
                      experience in training management and facilitation, and
                      institutional networking.
Responsible to:       Project Manager
Duty Station:         Kathmandu
Input                 60 pm (12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 0)

Description of duties:

The Training Design and Participation Specialist will perform following tasks:

   (i)      Assist with the design and sequencing and mobilization of resources for
            training programs to be implemented under the Project including the
            identification of training providers;
   (ii)     Provide support and coordinate all the training in CLDP in close coordination
            with Training and Extension Directorate, Regional Livestock Training Centers,
            District Livestock Services Offices and private sector/NGOs;
   (iii)    With the support of other TA team members, promote participatory
            approaches in all aspects of project cycle management;
   (iv)     Promote the System Learning Approach by way of supporting SLA graduates
            to design and implement SLA immersion training program as well as provide
            technical expertise in integrating SLA into IAAS curriculum;
   (v)      Ensure high level of technical and professional quality both in design and
            implementation of immersion training program and development of relevant
            teaching materials including manuals. Effort should be made to link the field
            work to the benefit of existing program and farmers. While so doing, the
            Specialist will closely work with other members of the team;
   (vi)     Closely work with DLS and Training Methodology Specialist with the purpose
            of providing continuity to the work initiated and provide more regular support
            in implementing training plans and institutionalizing SLA and other
            participatory approaches in DLS project cycle planning and management;
   (vii)    Conduct a rapid needs assessment of potential immersion training
            candidates with the aim of ascertaining prevailing practices and level of
            knowledge and skill available;
   (viii)   Collect and compile available materials, methods, and tools in participatory
            approaches. While doing this, he/she is expected to work closely with DLS
            and identify leading organization (e.g. networks or similar institutions) that
            could potentially work as a resource center for Participatory Approaches and
            fill the gap, as and when necessary;
   (ix)     Along with Training Methodology Specialist and in close coordination with the
            DLS Training and Extension Directorate, design and conduct evaluation at
                                              63                                 Appendix 5


              the end of every year and a critical in-depth evaluation in year 4 and identify
              key area for improvements along with specific recommendations for
              remaining two years of the project and long term recommendations for DLS
              and others to internalize SLA in project cycle management;
   (x)        In coordination with other stakeholders and consultants provide technical
              support to respective DLSO in preparing their annual training plans;
   (xi)       In close consultation with Training and Extension Directorate and other
              Specialists working in CLDP, prepare partnership criteria to facilitate issuing
              of subcontracts for training programs, as appropriate;
   (xii)      In collaboration with the Training and Extension Directorate evaluate the
              training proposals received from implementation partners and make
              recommendation for implementation;
   (xiii)     Coordinate and liaise with national and international training institutions for
              implementation of Fellowship Program and facilitate selection of candidates
              and arrange logistics;
   (xiv)      Assess training organizations with the view of identifying appropriate training
              for CLDP implementation;
   (xv)       Ensure that cross cutting issues like gender and environment are well
              considered into training plan and activities; and
   (xvi)      Any other duties as may be assigned reasonably by the Project Manager.

Position:                                Training Methodology Specialist
                                                   (Domestic)
Qualification and       Master level qualification in any discipline of social studies, or
experiences             development studies with three years of experience in applying
                        participatory methodology and tools. Experience in training
                        management/facilitation,              designing          extension
                        materials/publications and institutional networking.
Responsible to:         Project Manager
Duty Station:           Nepalgunj
Input                   60 pm (12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 0)

Description of duties:

The Training Methodology Specialist will perform the following tasks:
    (i)     Work closely with the DLSO staff and the national and international consultants
            to achieve the objectives of the CLDP;
    (ii) Conduct training needs assessment (farmers, staff, VAHWs, CLAs, DDC staff,
         LAT members);
    (iii) Assist DLSO to produce and distribute gender and disadvantaged people
          sensitive extension materials;
    (iv) Assist in selection of candidates (DLSO staff) for training;
                                              64                                 Appendix 5


    (v) Help participating stakeholders including private sectors organizations and
        NGOs in developing annual training plan and ensure their inclusion in the
        DLSOs annual plans;
    (vi) Assist the Training Design and Participation Specialist in designing training
         programs and institutional networking;
    (vii) Collate, compile and circulate participatory methodologies, materials and other
          resources among participating stakeholders including DLSOs in the districts;
    (viii) Review the methodology being applied in the training programs and suggest
           appropriate methodology including development of new materials and collate,
           compile and distribute these materials as appropriate to the stakeholders;
    (ix) Regularly visit training the training programs including village-based farmers
         training and suggest improvements as appropriate;
    (x) Along with Training Design and Participation Specialist ensure that cross
        cutting issues are considered and incorporated in training plan and activities
        including developing gender and disadvantaged people sensitive training
        methodology;
    (xi) Assist Regional Project Manager for the preparation of training reports, cost
         analysis, inventory of training activities in the CLDP districts and of the
         participating stakeholders;
    (xii) Perform other training related activities as deemed necessary by Project
          manager or Training and participation Specialist

Position :            Rural Microfinance and Savings and Credit Specialist

                                                 (Domestic)
Qualifications   Masters level qualifications in agriculture economics or related
and Experience : discipline, specializing in rural credit and micro finance. At least 10
                 years experience in the implementation, monitoring and evaluation
                 of rural credit through development banks and microfinance
                 development banks. Preferably with wide experience in agriculture
                 sector rural financing for poverty alleviation program.
Responsible to : Project Manager ( Implementation) and CTA/Project Advisor (
                 Technical Performance)
Duty Station:    Nepalgunj with frequent travel to Kathmandu
Input :          60 pm ( 6, 12, 12, 12, 12, 6 )

Description of duties:

The credit specialist will carry out the following tasks:

   (i)       Supervise and make appropriate changes to strategies and methodologies
             for group based delivery of micro credit through the micro credit wholesalers
             linking with the farmers through the financial intermediaries;
   (ii)      Facilitate to develop credit delivery guidelines appropriate for micro credit and
             livestock processing and marketing loans through participating financial
             institutions;
                                             65                                  Appendix 5


   (iii)    Assist in the development of microfinance intermediaries in the local level in
            all the project districts;
   (iv)     Assist in developing and conducting micro finance training programs for credit
            staff, DLS staff and farmers;
   (v)      Assist to establish practical procedures for timely processing and
            disbursement of loan;
   (vi)     Advise on methods to minimize the transaction cost of such loans and also to
            minimize the borrowing cost;
   (vii)    Advise on establishment of effective credit monitoring system;
   (viii)   Take a lead role to ensure the establishment of better coordination among
            the stake holders at all level ( village, district & central level)
   (ix)     Ensure timely and efficient flow of funds from central level to farmer level;
   (x)      Participate in the credit awareness and credit management activities
            organized in the project districts.
   (xi)     Assist to solve credit issues and problems faced at the implementation level.
   (xii)    Ensure development and effective implementation of livestock insurance
            programs in project areas.
   (xiii)   Other credit related activities as may be required or requested by the Project
            Manager.

Position:                              Gender and Development Facilitator

                                                      (Domestic)
Qualifications and        Master’s level in social science and at least 5 years work
Experience:               experience in gender mainstreaming in development
                          processes, social analyses, gender desegregated program
                          monitoring and evaluation, gender networking and advocacy.
Responsible to:           Project Manager (implementation of duties) and Team
                          Leader/Project Advisor (technical performance)
Duty Station:             Nepalgunj
Input:                    72 pm (12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12)

Description of duties:

The consultant will carry out the following tasks:

   (i)      Initiate, facilitate and ensure gender integration during livestock development
            planning and implementation;
   (ii)     Coordinate and participate in gender analysis in poverty mapping/baseline
            study in CLDP in order to integrate gender situation in the base line;
   (iii)    Conduct training need assessment of CLDP staff and stakeholders on gender
            and development, and coordinate the major training activities for building up
            capacity of the staff on gender and development;
                                                   66                                 Appendix 5


   (iv)            Coordinate gender manual development activity and provide inputs to the
                   curriculum;
   (v)             Coordinate training of trainers on gender to develop local trainers for CLDP
                   and other livestock related programs;
   (vi)            Coordinate DLS policy review, update information, disseminate and
                   coordinate policy reformation process and output;
   (vii)           Review the existing monitoring system in DLS and support integrating gender
                   indicators in the M&E systems of DLS and local authorities such as District
                   Development Committees (DDC), VDC and farmer organizations;
   (viii)          Monitor implementation of gender action plans by project staff and provide
                   feedback for improvement;
   (ix)            Document by case studies the effect on women’s and community life style
                   and disseminate the information among concerned parties for wider learning;
   (x)             Organize or contribute to relevant publications on CLDP’ s achievements on
                   gender mainstreaming;
   (xi)            Provide necessary inputs to the Project management while it is preparing any
                   Terms of Reference for any other consultants; and
   (xii)           Perform any other tasks, as may be requested by the Project Manager.

Position:                         Forage Development and Seed Production Specialist

                                                            (Domestic)
Qualifications and            Relevant degree, with extensive experience in coordinating
Experience:                   intensive field programs in forage development and seed
                              production, at village level. Sound working knowledge of broad
                              range of forage species essential. Experience in implementation
                              of large scale programs involving smallholder farmers.
Responsible to:               Project manager (implementation duties) and CTA/Project Advisor
                              (technical performance)
Duty Station:                 Nepalgunj, with extensive field travel between regions.
Input:                        66 pm (12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 6)
Description of Duties:

The Forage Development and Seed Production Specialist will carry out the following
tasks:
           (i)        Work closely with the Training Methodology Specialist in determining the
                      training requirements, and in conducting training of key staff;
           (ii)       Develop linkages with various teaching and research institutions for
                      involvement in specific training and research programs;
           (iii)      Coordinate planning and monitoring of annual forage development
                      programs and planting material requirements and distribution;
           (iv)       Assist in implementation of participatory forage production and utilization
                      demonstrations as appropriate;
                                                   67                                 Appendix 5


           (v)        Assist in screening of range of technologies to promote small holder
                      forage seed production system, and in bulking up new genetic material;
           (vi)       Assist in developing private sector network for forage seed production
                      and marketing;
           (vii)      Assist in overall supervision of field program;
           (viii)     Monitor technical performance, and recommend adjustments to program
                      as necessary;
           (ix)       Plan and supervise implementation of pilot activities, monitor results and
                      recommend on any consequent changes to overall program;
           (x)        Coordinate all necessary reporting;
           (xi)       In close coordination with the Training Methodology Specialist, update
                       existing extension materials and coordinate the development of
                       additional material, as necessary;
           (xii)      Support training of farmers, CLAs and DLS staff, other interested
                      stakeholders in forage development and forage seed production; and
           (xiii)     Undertake any other duties as determined by the Project Manager.

Position:                                         Seed Development Specialist

                                                            (International)
Qualifications and               Relevant degree, with at least 10 years field experience in
Experience:                      program implementation in smallholder forage development
                                 and seed production. Current knowledge of available genetic
                                 material applicable to range of Nepal livestock environments.
                                 Fit and willing to work in challenging environments.
Responsible to:                  Project Manager (Implementation tasks) and CTA/Project
                                 Advisor (technical performance).
Duty Station:                    Nepalgunj, with extensive field travel between regions.
Input:                           10 pm (4, 4, 2, 0, 0, 0)
Description of Duties:

The Seed Production Specialist will carry out the following tasks:
   (i)            Assist in developing long-term linkages with relevant external research and
                  development institutions.
   (ii)           Define and coordinate importation of useful new genetic material.
   (iii)          Assist in refining seed production systems, and in bulking up new genetic
                  material.
   (iv)           Assist in developing private sector network for forage seed production and
                  marketing.
   (v)            Assist in screening of range of technologies for small holder seed production
                  system.
                                              68                                 Appendix 5


   (vi)     Assist in implementation and assessment of pilot activities, and in defining
            arrangements for incorporation of such strategies in broader seed
            development programs.
   (vii)    Assist in on-going training of key development staff.
   (viii)   Assist in coordination of any external training.
   (ix)     Work with Pasture and Fodder Section in preparation of strategy for more
            effective long-term DLS implementation capacity in forage seed development.
   (x)      Assist in monitoring technical performance, and recommend adjustments to
            program as necessary.
   (xi)     Undertake any other duties as determined by the Project Manager.

Position:                         Veterinary Private Practitioner Facilitator

                                               (Domestic)
Qualification    A degree in veterinary science and wide experience in private mixed
and experience  rural veterinary practices involved in mostly veterinary treatments,
                artificial insemination, and advisory services in nutrition, feeding and
                housing management of large ruminants (dairy), pigs and poultry.
Responsible to: Project manager (implementation duties) and CTA/Project Advisor
                (technical performance)
Duty Station:   Kathmandu and/or Nepalgunj
Input           66 pm ( 6, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12 )

Description of Duties:

The Veterinary Private Practitioner Facilitator will carry out the following tasks:

   (i)      Assist in the identification of a range of services a private domestic
            veterinarian could provide to develop a financially viable practice in veterinary
            medicine, surgery, obstetrics, animal husbandry including artificial breeding
            and advisory services in nutrition, feeding, housing, natural breeding, and
            animal restraint;
   (ii)     Conduct periodic visits to newly established private veterinarians/para-
            veterinarians and assist them in establishing financially viable operations.
            Conduct some field testing of the services in those practices, and co-opt the
            practices as training grounds for trainees;
   (iii)    Provide technical backstopping to the private veterinarians and para-vets
            supported under CLDP (including those promoted under TLDP);
   (iv)     Assist the International Resident Veterinary consultant as required;
   (v)      Assist in management of training of the private veterinary/para-vet
            practitioners based on their training needs;
   (vi)     As a training exercise, assist intending private practitioners to prepare
            business plans, including the details required for obtaining credit, and
            applying for government service contracts;
   (vii)    Assist in designing government service contracts suitable for private
            practitioners;
                                              69                                 Appendix 5


   (viii)    Review the effectiveness of the delivery of buffalo and cattle breeding
             services to farmers within the project area and identify improvements need to
             expand the delivery of quality services. This review should will have to cover
             technical and non-technical aspects;
   (ix)      Propose strategies for expanded artificial insemination services through
             private practitioners;
   (x)       Supervise private veterinarians, para-vets, VAHWs and Community Livestock
             Assistants training programs;
   (xi)      Monitor the activities of the veterinarians/para-veterinarians promoted under
             the TLDP and CLDP; and
   (xii)     Other related activities, as may be requested by the Project Manager.

 Position:                            Dairy Enterprise Development Specialist
                                                        (Domestic)
 Qualifications and        Tertiary qualification in dairy technology or dairy related
 experience:               subjects with extensive experience in dairy extension and
                           training especially in milk hygiene, quality and small scale
                           processing. Professional experience in the third world countries
                           in strengthening private dairy enterprises & cooperatives would
                           be an advantage.
 Responsible to:           Project manager (implementation duties) and CTA/Project
                           Advisor (technical performance)
 Duty Station:             Kathmandu
 Input:                    72 pm (12, 12, 12 ,12 , 12, 12)

Description of duties:

The Dairy Enterprise Development Specialist will carry out the following tasks:
   (i)       Design need based training program for the entrepreneurs of private and
             cooperative sector on processing, plant operation & management, p roduct
             diversification, cooperative strengthening;
   (ii)      Supervise the above training programs at implementation;
   (iii)     Identify suitable training institutions/agencies and promote them for the
             training of the dairy entrepreneurs;
   (iv)      Develop arts of integrating marketing and rural development programs in the
             commercial districts with particular reference to dairy development;
   (v)       Coordinate/facilitate development and implementation of code of conduct for
             Good Manufacturing Practices at farmers, processors and marketers levels;
   (vi)      Assist in setting up and/or running quality assurance laboratories as
             appropriate;
   (vii)     Design and assist in implementation and monitoring of consumers’
             awareness programs;
   (viii)    Explore and encourage sharing experiences of various agencies in dairy
             development with regard to technical interventions/research studies and
             commercialization in the areas;
                                             70                                 Appendix 5


   (ix)     Prepare periodic reports covering the details and findings of the activities
            conducted;
   (x)      Assist DLS Marketing Directorate to establish monitoring and evaluation
            system for market and entrepreneurs information management and products
            quality assurance;
   (xi)     Assist the district level bodies (DLSO, DDC and other stakeholders) in
            planning and conducting dairy development activities in the districts;
   (xii)    Assist the Project Management Unit to identify the partner organizations and
            coordinate related surveys and studies;
   (xiii)   Contribute to the preparation of Project periodic reports;
   (xiv)    Undertake any other duties as may be requested by the Project Manager.

Position:                         Meat Enterprise Development Specialist

                                              (Domestic)
Qualifications  Post-graduate in food technology with training in a related discipline
and experience: such as meat science and technology, livestock product marketing
                or food retailing. Extensive experience in meat processing, product
                development, meat plant management, and marketing; with
                expertise on the analysis and development of markets for meat and
                meat products. Experience in the design, construction, operation,
                and management of abattoirs.
Responsible to: Project manager (implementation duties) and CTA/Project Advisor
                (technical performance)
Duty Station:   Kathmandu
Input:          72 person months (12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12)

Description of Duties:

The Specialist will carry out the following tasks:

   (i)      Assist in curriculum development and implementation of training of operators
            in improved slaughtering and butchering techniques, product development
            and diversification, and operation of the facilities;
   (ii)     Coordinate/facilitate development and implementation of code of conduct for
            Good Manufacturing Practices at farmers, processors and marketers levels;
   (iii)    Assist in setting up and/or running quality assurance laboratories, as
            appropriate;
   (iv)     Design and assist in implementation and monitoring of awareness programs
            for consumers, processors, retailers and other stakeholders, to improve the
            value of meat and meat products;
   (v)      Assist to undertake study on meat production and marketing systems in the
            urban centers of the country;
   (vi)     Using the study information assist the municipalities to confirm the sites
            suitable for the establishment of abattoirs and meat processing units;
                                          71                                  Appendix 5


(vii)    Assist entrepreneurs to prepare business plans and budgets for slaughtering
         (or meat processing) facilities to suit the local markets. This may include
         designing, preparation of specifications and cost estimates of abattoirs, meat
         processing units and/or meat retailing sites keeping in view of protecting the
         environment, including effluent disposal, drainage, and so on;
(viii)   Provide necessary services including supervision during the construction and
         commissioning of abattoirs, meat processing units and marketing (retail)
         facilities;
(ix)     Assist entrepreneurs in the identification of local contractors for construction
         of abattoirs, meat processing units and retail outlets;
(x)      Act as the counseling expert for product development/diversification on
         quality assurance program as required by the entrepreneurs;
(xi)     Act as the pool agent for the development of linkages among farmers,
         entrepreneurs and meat processors, for meat and meat products;
(xii)    Facilitate implementation of relevant national and local legislations;
(xiii)   In collaboration with interested parties, advise and assist ‘Livestock Action
         Teams’ in the establishment of operation plans, assessment of the financial
         viability of markets, and the establishment of monitoring (market information)
         and evaluation procedures;
(xiv)    Prepare necessary manuals and guidelines on small scale abattoir meat
         processing units, small-scale meat manufacturing, processing technology,
         and marketing (in English and Nepali). These are to be used by beneficiaries,
         and to support training and to assist the project manager for guidance in the
         future development;
(xv)     Prepare feasibility reports for small abattoir, meat processing and marketing
         facilities for the project that are suitable for local condition and needs;
(xvi)    Liaise/co-ordinate with line agencies/INGO/NGO/CBO and within DLS system
         for an integrated approach during the implementation of the meat sector
         activities in the Project;
(xvii)   Assist in planning study tours for local government and buyers from the areas
         of proposed market identified through the LAT team and in preparing
         operational plan; and
(xviii) Other related activities as requested by the Project Manager.
                                            72                                 Appendix 5



Position:                  Monitoring and Evaluation Design Specialist
                                           (International)
Qualifications and Masters degree in agri/ livestock economics with at least 10
Experience:        years of experience in the implementation, monitoring and
                   evaluation and social/ economic analysis of the livestock and
                   related programs with particular emphasis on M&E system
                   design and Benefit Monitoring and Evaluation (BME) in the
                   developing countries, preferably in South Asia.
Responsible to:    Project manager (implementation duties) and Team Leader/
                   Project Advisor (technical performance )
Duty Station:      Kathmandu (50%) and field (50%)
Input:             6 person months (6, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0)

Description of Duties:

The Specialist will perform the following tasks:
   (i)      Review the monitoring and evaluation systems of the Department of
            Livestock Services at Central and District levels and identify opportunities to
            improve them;
   (ii)     Work closely with other project consultants to set up group and community
            level institutional and livestock sector program monitoring and evaluation
            system, which should have a direct connectivity to VDC, DDC and DLSO
            monitoring systems;
   (iii)    Together with other project consultants, develop methodology for
            participatory resource mapping and group/community level participatory
            livestock sector development planning and monitoring systems;
   (iv)     In close coordination with the Domestic M&E Systems and Training Specialist
            and other project consultants, assist the Department of Livestock Services at
            central and district level and the District Development Committees/Village
            Development Committees (in the project districts) to identify specific output
            indicators (production and marketing, and public and private sector activities)
            and incorporate them in their existing monitoring system. While doing so,
            make sure of the system that the reporting channel is well connected with the
            systems adopted at MOAC and NPC and designing appropriate reporting
            channels and feedback systems. This may also require intervention at MOAC
            and NPC levels;
   (v)      Assist the domestic M&E specialist to improve the reporting formats and their
            institutionalization at DLS, MOAC and NPC;
   (vi)     Develop a more effective participatory Benefit Monitoring and Evaluation
            methods with clearly defined indicators and steps for the Project use;
   (vii)    Assist the DLS Directorate of Marketing to establish appropriate market
            information systems well connected with the districts/markets and
            appropriate marketing monitoring and evaluation system;
   (viii)   Design techniques for survey of peoples participation and changes in the
            living conditions of the project beneficiaries;
                                            73                               Appendix 5


   (ix)     Advise on conduct of studies to analyze the impact of livestock development
            programs on household well-being; and
   (x)      Undertake any other duties as may be reasonably assigned by the Project
            Manager.

Position:                           M & E Systems and Training Specialist

                                                  (Domestic)
Qualifications      and Masters Degree in agri/livestock economics with at least 10
Experience:             years of experience in the implementation, monitoring and
                        evaluation and social/ economic analysis of the livestock and
                        related programs, with emphasis on M&E system design and
                        Benefit Monitoring and Evaluation (BME).
Responsible to:         Project manager (implementation duties) and Team Leader/
                        Project Advisor (technical performance )
Duty Station:           Kathmandu (30%) and field (70%)
Input:                  36 pm (12, 12, 12, 0, 0, 0)
Description of duties:

The Specialist will perform the following tasks:
   (i)      Working closely with the project consultants, assist in designing and
            implementation of base line studies in a way that the information could be
            used as bench marks for project benefit monitoring;
   (ii)     Work closely with the M&E Design Specialist and review the monitoring and
            evaluation systems of the Department of Livestock Services at Central and
            District levels and identify opportunities to improve them;
   (iii)    With the assistance of the M&E Design Specialist and other project
            consultants and stakeholders help farmer groups to set up their groups and
            community level institutional and livestock sector programs monitoring and
            evaluation systems, which should have a direct connectivity to VDC, DDC
            and DLSO levels;
   (iv)     Improve the reporting formats and institutionalize them with DLS, MOAC and
            NPC;
   (v)      Together with the M&E Design Specialist and other project consultants,
            develop methodology for participatory resource mapping and
            group/community level participatory livestock sector development planning
            and monitoring systems;
   (vi)     Assist the M&E Design Specialist to help the Department of Livestock
            Services at central and district level and the District Development
            Committees/village Development Committees (in the project districts) to
            identify specific output indicators (production and marketing, and public and
            private sector activities) and incorporate them in their existing monitoring
            system. While doing so, make sure of the system that the reporting channel
            is well connected with the systems adopted at MOAC and NPC. This may
            also require designing appropriate reporting channels and feedback systems
            and specific intervention at MOAC and NPC levels;
                                            74                                    Appendix 5


   (vii)    Develop a more effective participatory Benefit Monitoring and Evaluation
            methods with clearly defined indicators and steps for the Project use;
   (viii)   Assist the DLS Directorate of Marketing to establish appropriate market
            information systems well connected with the districts/markets and
            appropriate marketing monitoring and evaluation system;
   (ix)     Design techniques for survey of peoples participation and changes in the
            living conditions of the project beneficiaries;
   (x)      Advise on conduct of periodic studies and to analyze the impact of livestock
            development programs on household well-being;
   (xi)     Train DLS staff in participatory resource mapping, participatory planning and
            monitoring and evaluation;
   (xii)    Train DLS staff on participatory benefit monitoring and evaluation;
   (xiii)   Assist DLS staff to help farmer groups in participatory resource mapping,
            participatory planning, monitoring and evaluation;
   (xiv)    Assist DLS staff to help farmers adopt the participatory benefit monitoring and
            evaluation system;
   (xi)     Working closely with other project consultants, develop manuals on
            participatory resource mapping, participatory planning and monitoring and
            evaluation, and participatory benefit monitoring and evaluation;
   (xii)    Assist the Project on effective reporting and communication and the
            development of better integration and coordination of livestock related
            activities between the public and the private sectors, especially in terms of
            market development; and
   (xiii)   Undertake any other duties as may be reasonably assigned by the Project
            Manager.

         SPECIFIC TERMS OF REFERENBCE FOR INDIVIDUAL CONSULTANTS
                                (PACKAGE B)


Position:                              Marketing Development Specialist

                                                  (International)
Qualifications        Qualifications in agricultural economics and marketing, with a
and Experience:       minimum 10 years practical experience in the trading and marketing
                      of livestock and livestock products, establishment and management
                      of small to medium scale businesses and market development and
                      having considerable international experience, preferably in South
                      Asia. Knowledge of and experience with establishment of market
                      information systems is essential.
Responsible to:       Project manager (implementation duties) and CTA/Project Advisor
                      (technical performance)
Duty Station          Kathmandu
Input:                8 pm (4, 4, 0, 0, 0, 0)
                                                    75                                 Appendix 5


Description of Duties:

The Marketing Development Specialist will carry out the following tasks:

   (i)             Interpret the baseline survey data for identification of market centers, market
                   situation analysis and identification of opportunities and constraints
                   confronting the marketing of live animals and livestock products in Nepal.
   (ii)            Develop strategies for improved marketing channels;
   (iii)           Assist the DLS Livestock Marketing Directorate to develop market
                   information, market evaluation and market monitoring systems;
   (iv)            Assist DLS to develop code of marketing practices;
   (v)             Develop manuals with guidelines/criteria for establishment and operation of
                   marketing centers;
   (vi)            Assist to develop appropriate consumer awareness program;
   (vii)           Guide enterprise development specialists to review and assess the
                   performance of consumer awareness program and its impact;
   (viii)          Assist in developing product pricing systems; and
   (ix)            Perform any other duties as requested by the Project Manager.

Position:                                       Quality Improvement Specialist

                                                        (International)
Qualifications               Masters degree in food science with specialization in quality control,
and Experience:              with a minimum 10 years practical experience in food quality
                             assurance system, food quality auditing, and legal instruments,
                             especially having considerable international experience, preferably in
                             South Asia.
Responsible to:              Project manager (implementation duties) and CTA/Project Advisor
                             (technical performance)
Duty Station:                Kathmandu
Input:                       12 pm (4, 4, 4, 0, 0, 0)

Description of Duties:

The Specialist will carry out the following tasks:

           (i)        Assist to standardize the meat and milk products;
           (ii)       Develop code of hygienic practices from production to consumers;
           (iii)      Develop systems to introduce total quality management in manufacturing
                      practices including application of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control
                      Point (HACCP) practices in Nepal;
           (iv)       Assist in designing and setting up quality control laboratory as required;
           (v)        Review & develop course curriculum for the training of quality control
                      personnel;
                                                    76                                 Appendix 5


           (vi)       Develop procedures to facilitate the entrepreneurs to follow the process of
                      standardization of products as prescribed by Nepal Standard Institute and
                      Department of Food Technology and Quality Control; and
           (vii)      Perform any other duties as requested by the Project Manager.

Position:                                        Agro-enterprise Specialist

                                                        (International)
Qualification               Appropriate tertiary qualifications in agricultural economics,
and experience              marketing or business management. At least 10 years experience in
                            farm planning and economic analysis, and extensive experience in
                            small to medium scale agro-enterprise management. Experience
                            with internally funded development programs would be desirable,
                            preferably with experience in other developing countries in Asia.
Responsible to:             Project manager (implementation duties) and CTA/Project Advisor
                            (technical performance)
Duty Station:               Kathmandu (25%) and field (75%)
Input                       12 pm (8, 4, 0, 0, 0, 0)

Description of Duties:

The Specialist will undertake the following tasks (based on the initial enterprise models
developed during PPTA):

   (i)             Develop simple enterprise analysis tool (model) for the use of CLA/farmers,
                   entrepreneurs and the DLS staff (based on beneficiary household
                   characteristics and dairy/meat enterprise characteristics of CLDP);
   (ii)            Based on available technology/options and constraints, develop cost
                   minimization techniques/tools for the use of DLS staff, dairy/meat
                   entrepreneurs and CLA/farmers;
   (iii)           Develop curriculum on entrepreneurship development and business planning
                   for the training of DLS staff and CLAs;
   (iv)            Train DLS staff and CLAs in development and use of farm enterprise analysis
                   and cost minimization tools;
   (v)             Train DLS staff and CLAs on entrepreneurship development and business
                   planning;
   (vi)            Assist DLS staff and CLAs in farm enterprise analyses (field training);
   (vii)           Assist the private entrepreneurs on enterprise analyses (field training);
   (viii)          Develop training materials on farm enterprise analyses, cost minimization
                   tools and farm and agri-business planning;
   (ix)            Review and update marketing and processing enterprise financial models, as
                   required; and
   (x)             Undertake any other duties as requested by the Project Manager.
                                            77                                 Appendix 5


Position:                        Environmental Impact Monitoring Specialist

                                                (Domestic)
Qualification   and Appropriate tertiary qualifications in environmental science or
experience          related disciplines, specializing in natural resource and
                    environmental management issues in the agriculture/livestock
                    sector especially those related to agro-processing and value
                    adding activities. At least 5 years experience in the conduct of
                    environmental impact assessment in agriculture and related
                    activities and development of mitigating measures to reduce
                    environmental impact. Experience with internationally funded
                    development programs would be desirable, preferably with
                    experience in other developing countries in Asia.
Responsible to:     Project manager (implementation duties) and CTA/Project
                    Advisor (technical performance)
Duty Station:       Kathmandu (50%) and Field (50%)
Input               12 pm (6, 0, 3, 0, 0, 3)

Description of Duties:

The Specialist will undertake the tasks in three different phases:

Phase-I

   (i)      Conduct case study for Initial Environment Examination (IEE) of CLDP sub
            projects that are being implemented within the project area as part of their
            capacity enhancement;
   (ii)     Based on the existing level of environmental awareness of the stakeholders,
            prepare training materials on different aspect of environmental problems
            emanating from livestock production and its products processing activities in
            rural and urban environments respectively;
   (iii)    Develop strategies for raising environmental awareness at rural and urban
            levels by involving respective stakeholders (line agencies, NGO, private
            sectors, municipalities, DDC, VDCs etc.) and consumers;
   (iv)     Develop training packages and their implementation strategies;
   (v)      Provide training to DLS staff on environmental impacts emanating from
            livestock production and processing and marketing activities and
            Environmental Impact Assessment;
   (vi)     Assist DLS to establish Environmental Monitoring System; and
   (vii)    Carry out duties as requested by the Project Manager.

   Phase-II&III
   (i)      Carry out Environmental Impact Assessment in the project districts
            (production and commercial) and make recommendations for improvement;
   (ii)     Review the awareness raising strategies and training packages and
            recommend for improvement;
                                             78                               Appendix 5


   (iii)    Flag out the pertinent policy issues and make recommendations for
            necessary adjustments; and
   (iv)     Carry out any other duties as requested by the Project Manager.

Position:                                    Abattoir Design Specialist

                                                (International)
Qualifications and Degree in food engineering. Extensive experience in the design,
Experience:        construction, operation and management of abattoirs, with special
                   emphasis on the establishment of small-scale animal processing
                   facilities in developing countries, preferably in Asia
Responsible to:    Project manager (implementation duties) and CTA/Project Advisor
                   (technical performance)
Duty Station       Kathmandu
Input:             9 person months ((0, 3, 2, 2, 2, 0))

Description of Duties:

The advisor will carry out the following tasks:

   (i)      Using the information derived from the meat market baseline study, appraise
            the animal slaughtering sites in the municipalities and confirm the potential
            sites identified in the study as being suitable for abattoir construction;
   (ii)     Identify from the study, the number, type and seasonal distribution of animals
            currently being killed and provide five and ten years projections of numbers
            and types of animals for slaughter;
   (iii)    Prepare the design, specifications and cost estimates of facilities and
            associated services suitable for the selected sites, taking into account
            demand projections and the cultural, economic and environmental constraints
            of the area. Ensure that appropriate steps and procedures have been
            incorporated to protect the environment (including effluent disposal, drainage
            etc.);
   (iv)     Provide assistance for the training of operators in improved slaughtering and
            butchery techniques and the operation of the facilities according to
            acceptable standards of hygiene and quality;
   (v)      Prepare manual (s) on the establishment of small-scale abattoirs and provide
            copies of plans and procedures to the Project Manager for guidance in future
            abattoir development; and
   (vi)     Other related activities as may be requested by the Project Manager.
                                             79                                Appendix 5


Position:                                     Administrative Officer

                                                 (Domestic)
Qualification   and Tertiary qualifications in business administration would be
experience          advantageous, and at least 5 years of experience with
                    administration of internationally funded projects will be essential.
                    Proficiency (written and spoken) in English will be required as
                    will be proven ability as an effective administrator.
Responsible to:     Project manager (implementation duties) and CTA/Project
                    Advisor (technical performance)
Duty Station:       Nepalgunj
Input               72 pm (12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12)

Description of Duties:

The Administrative Officer will have the following responsibilities:

   (i)      Manage day-to-day office administration, library and computer maintenance;
   (ii)     Manage seed stores (forage seeds), as appropriate;
   (iii)    Update and maintain the document/information in the RPMO and provide
            assistance to the Project districts;
   (iv)     Coordinate the logistics and transport/schedule for the technical team of
            expatriate and local consultants;
   (v)      Provide assistance for maintaining the office equipment and computers in the
            Project districts;
   (vi)     Assist in the planning, local procurement and any other logistics as required
            at the regional office level; and
   (vii)    Provide necessary support for the preparation of different reports related to
            project activities.

Position:                                Processor/Desk Top Publisher

                                                (Domestic)
Qualification   and Qualifications - training, experience and competency in
experience          processing, and desk top publishing, filing, and above average
                    planning and reporting skills, and at least 5 years of experience
                    with internationally funded projects will be essential. Ability to
                    report, interpret and portray information in written, graphic and
                    video format to a variety of readers and viewers. Proficiency
                    (written and spoken) in English will be required.
Responsible to:     Project manager (implementation duties) and CTA/Project
                    Advisor (technical performance)
Duty Station:       Nepalgunj
Input               72 person months (12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12)

Description of Duties:

The Processor/Desk Top Publisher will have the following responsibilities:
                                              80                                   Appendix 5



   (i)      Manage the production of promotional, technical and information material for
            CLDP;
   (ii)     Manage document preparations;
   (iii)    Establish a style and format which distinguishes material prepared and
            disseminated by CLDP;
   (iv)     Prepare a style and format for project reports, leaflets, briefing notes,
            handouts etc.;
   (v)      Establish a data series and identification system for all project documents
            produced;
   (vi)     Ensure that all project staff contribute according to their technical field to the
            data series;
   (vii)    Assist in the preparation of annual program budgets for project districts,
            RPMO, CPMO;
   (viii)   Assist with any spreadsheet based accounting, planning, recording or
            analysis;
   (ix)     Prepare and assist with video material suitable for training tapes and/or TV
            production which publicizes the project and informs concerned persons.
   (x)      Prepare material suitable for newspaper and/or magazines which publicizes
            the project and informs concerned persons;
   (xi)     Assist with the establishment of a monitoring and reporting system;
   (xii)    Establish a data base for data which is part of the projects monitoring and
            evaluation system;
   (xiii)   Establish a data base for data produced or held by the project (library); and
   (xiv)    Any other tasks as requested by the Project Manager.

Position:                                   Secretary/ Word processor (2)

                                                  (Domestic)
Qualifications  and Secretaries (2): Qualifications- training, experience and
Experience:         competency in word processing skills using MSWord in English and
                    Nepali, demonstrating high levels of accuracy and speed, planning
                    in day-to-day activities and reporting skills, filing and spreadsheet.
Responsible to:     Administrative Managers.
Location:           Kathmandu (1) and Nepalgunj (1)
Input:              Full time

Description of Duties:

The Secretary/Word Processor will have the following responsibilities:

   (i)      Maintain perfect filling system and up to date project information/records on
            project documents, contracts / disbursement, preparation of necessary
            accounts and its financial transactions, reports preparation, consultants' input
                                          81                                  Appendix 5


         reports to consulting firm and other documentation and records of the project
         activities;
(ii)     Manage project reports documentation and other reports;
(iii)    Establish a design and format which distinguishes material prepared and
         disseminated by CLDP;
(iv)     Prepare a style and format for project reports, leaflets, briefing notes,
         handouts, newsletter etc.;
(v)      Establish a data series and identification system for all project documents
         produced;
(vi)     Assist in the preparation of annual reports/ program for the project
(vii)    Assist with any spreadsheet based accounting, planning, recording or
         analysis;
(viii)   Prepare material suitable for newspaper and/or magazines, which publicize
         the project and inform concerned persons;
(ix)     Assist with the establishment of project information and reporting system;
(x)      Assist in establishing a project database;
(xi)     Establish a database for data produced or held by the project (library);
(xii)    Assist in day to day office requirement and other work required by the project
         consultants i.e. report formats and word processing (English/Nepali),
         distribution and circulation of reports and information
(xiii)   Assist Administrative Officer on day to day activities, repair and maintenance
         of office equipment/vehicle and other logistic supports;
(xiv)    Provide any other assistance needed by the Project or requested by the
         Project Manager, Regional Project Manager, Deputy/Team leader or other
         consultants.
                                                              PROCUREMENT PACKAGES
                                                                                             Distribution of Contract Packages             ADB
                                        Mode of         Number of         Total                                                         Financing
Item                                  Procurement       Packages         Value        2004     2005    2006    2007    2008      2009      (%)
                                                                         ($000)
Vehicles                                    IS               2              52.0       2                                                   85
Office Equipment                            IS               1              97.1       1                                                   80
Furniture and Fittings                      DP               1              31.1       1                                                   80
Veterinary Kits                            LCB               1             224.1       1                                                   85
Meat Inspection Sets, Extension            LCB               3             135.0       1         2                                         85
     Materials, and Supplies
     Equipment for Department of
     Livestock Services District
     Staff
Reagents, Seed Equipment, and               IS               2             333.1       1         1                                         85
     Seed Supplies
Studies                                    LCB               8             238.0       1         1       4       2                         85
Civil Works                                LCB               3              86.0       1         1       1                                 72
      Total                                                              1,196.4
DP = direct purchase, IS = international shopping, LCB = local competitive bidding.
                                                    95                                         Appendix 8


                    Pro Forma of the Executing Agency’s Project Progress Report


A.      Introduction and Basic Data

Provide the following:

        •       ADB loan number, project title, borrower, executing agency(ies), implementing
                agency(ies);
        •       total estimated project cost and financing plan;
        •       status of project financing including availability of counterpart funds and cofinancing;
        •       dates of approval, signing, and effectiveness of ADB loan;
        •       original and revised (if applicable) ADB loan closing date and elapsed loan period based
                on original and revised (if applicable) loan closing dates; and
        •       date of last ADB review mission.

B.      Utilization of Funds (ADB Loan, Cofinancing, and Counterpart Funds)

Provide the following:

        •       cumulative contract awards financed by the ADB loan, cofinancing, and counterpart funds
                (commitment of funds to date), and comparison with time-bound projections (targets);
        •       cumulative disbursements from the ADB loan, cofinancing, and counterpart funds
                (expenditure to date), and comparison with time-bound projections (targets); and
        •       reestimated costs to completion, need for reallocation within ADB loan categories, and
                whether an overall project cost overrun is likely.

C.      Project Purpose

Provide the following:

        •       status of project scope/implementation arrangements compared with those in the report
                and recommendation of the President (RRP), and whether major changes have occurred
                or will need to be made;
        •       an assessment of the likelihood that the immediate development objectives (project
                purpose) will be met in part or in full, and whether remedial measures are required based
                on the current project scope and implementation arrangements;
        •       an assessment of changes to the key assumptions and risks that affect attainment of the
                development objectives; and
        •       other project developments, including monitoring and reporting on environmental and
                social requirements that might adversely affect the project's viability or accomplishment of
                immediate objectives.

D.      Implementation Progress

Provide the following:

        •       assessment of project implementation arrangements such as establishment, staffing, and
                funding of the PMO or PIU;

        •       information relating to other aspects of the EA’s internal operations that may impact on
                the implementation arrangements or project progress;
                                                     96                                         Appendix 8


        •       progress or achievements in implementation since the last progress report;

        •       assessment of the progress of each project component, such as,
                -  recruitment of consultants and their performance;
                -  procurement of goods and works (from preparation of detailed designs and bidding
                   documents to contract awards); and
                -  the performance of suppliers, manufacturers, and contractors for goods and works
                   contracts;

        •       assessment of progress in implementing the overall project to date in comparison with
                the original implementation schedule—quantifiable and monitorable target, (include
                simple charts such as bar or milestone to illustrate progress, a chart showing actual
                versus planned expenditure, S-curve graph showing the relationship between physical
                and financial performance, and actual progress in comparison with the original schedules
                and budgets, the reference framework or guidelines in calculating the project progress
                including examples are shown in Appendix 2); and

        •       an assessment of the validity of key assumptions and risks in achieving the quantifiable
                implementation targets.

E.      Compliance with Covenants

Provide the following:

        •       the borrower's compliance with policy loan covenants such as sector reform initiatives
                and EA reforms, and the reasons for any noncompliance or delay in compliance;
        •       the borrower’s and EA’s compliance with financial loan covenants including the EA’s
                financial management, and the provision of audited project accounts or audited agency
                financial statements; and
        •       the borrower’s and EA’s compliance with project-specific loan covenants associated with
                implementation, environment, and social dimensions.

F.      Major Project Issues and Problems

Summarize the major problems and issues affecting or likely to affect implementation progress,
compliance with covenants, and achievement of immediate development objectives. Recommend actions
to overcome these problems and issues (e.g., changes in scope, changes in implementation
arrangements, and reallocation of loan proceeds).


Framework and Guidelines in Calculating Project Progress

A.      Introduction

1.      To ensure that all implementation activities are reflected in measuring implementation progress
against the project implementation schedule, the term "physical completion” in the PPR has been
changed to "project progress.”

2.       Physical and precommencement activities are considered in calculating project implementation
progress. These activities, which may include recruitment of consultants, capacity building, detailed
design, preparation of bid and prequalification documents, etc., could constitute a significant proportion of
overall implementation and therefore should be counted.
                                                     97                                         Appendix 8


3.        Each activity in the implementation schedule will be weighted according to its overall contribution
(using time as a reference) to progress of project implementation. These weights will then be used to
calculate the percentage of project progress along the entire time span of the project. This is to provide a
holistic view of the pace of implementation.

B.      Framework for Compiling Activity List and Assigning Weights

4.        As implementation activities and their corresponding weights will vary according to the type of
project, sector, and country, sector divisions or RMs will be r  esponsible for determining and including
them in the project administration memorandum. The actual project implementation progress of these
activities should be reported regularly through the EA’s quarterly project progress report. To ensure ADB-
wide consistency, the following framework has been established; its application will be monitored through
the PPR.

        1.      Compilation of Activity List

5.       Sector divisions or RMs concerned should identify major implementation activities and include
them in the implementation schedule, which is attached as an appendix in the report and
recommendation of the President (RRP). The implementation schedule should follow the critical path of
the project’s major activities in project implementation taking account of various country, sector, and
project constraints.

        2.      Assignment of Weights

6.      Corresponding weights for each activity should be assigned to ensure that “project progress"
measures the percentage of achievement (nonfinancial except when the project has credit components)
for all events during the entire duration of the implementation schedule. To avoid disproportionate
assignment of weights, to the extent possible these should be evenly distributed along the implementation
schedule. When activities are concurrent, avoid “double counting.”

        3.      Computation of Project Progress

7.      Once all activities are identified and corresponding weights assigned, project progress should be
calculated using the following steps:

        (i)     Determine the actual percentage progress (nonfinancial) of each activity.
        (ii)    Multiply these percentages by the assigned weight of each activity to arrive at the
                weighted progress.
        (iii)   Add up the resulting weighted progress of all activities to determine the project progress.

Page 3 of this Appendix provides an illustration of this calculation using a generic sample implementation
schedule and this Appendix, page 4 a specific example in the education sector.
                                                                         98                                                        Appendix 8



Implementation Schedule with Activities and Weights



                                                Yr1                      Yr2                     Yr3                        Yr4                     Yr5

                   A

                                a
      ACTIVITIES




                   B

                                                         b
                   C
                                                                     d
                                                                                                     c
                   D
                                               e                                        f


                   E




 1.      Sum of all weights should equal 100 percent (a+b+c+d+e+f+g = 100%)
 2.      When calculating the percentage of “project progress,” all completed activities should be counted as accomplished, regardless of when they
         were scheduled to be completed. For example, when calculating the percentage of “project progress” after year 3, if activity D is completed in
         year 3 rather than in year 2, it should still be included in the computation.
 3.      Total weight of each activity is as follows: Activity A–a; Activity B–b; Activity C–c; Activity D–d; and Activity E–e + f +g
 4.      Project progress of a project is the summation of the actual percentage of progress for each activity multiplied by the total weight of each
         activity.
                                                                    Appendix 9


                 FORMAT FOR FAX TRANSMITTAL TO ADB

           CONTRACT AWARDS AND DISBURSEMENT PROJECTIONS


To:         Director, SAAE                         Date:
Fax No.:    632 636 2391
From:       L. Sherchand, Project Director
Subject:    Loan No. 2071-NEP(SF): Community Livestock Development Project




FOLLOWING QUARTERLY PROJECTIONS (IN MILLION DOLLARS) HAVE BEEN
MADE IN _____________ 2___.


AAA         CONTRACT AWARDS:          QUARTER I           ________________
                                      QUARTER II          ________________
                                      QUARTER III         ________________
                                      QUARTER IV          ________________

BBB         DISBURSEMENTS:            QUARTER I           ________________
                                      QUARTER II          ________________
                                      QUARTER III         ________________
                                      QUARTER IV          ________________


            TOTAL FOR THE YEAR                            ________________


REGARDS,
                                                                                                 Appendix 11


                                            Loan Covenants


  Reference                           Covenants                               Schedule            Status

Particular Covenants
   Sched 3      Imprest accounts for DLS and RMDC shall be
  Sect. 8(a)    established at Nepal Rastra Bank. The imprest
                accounts shall be established, managed, replenished
                and liquidated in accordance with the Bank’s “Loan
                Disbursement Handbook” dated January 2001, as
                amended from time to time, and detailed
                arrangements agreed upon between the Borrower
                and the Bank. The initial amount to be deposited into
                the imprest accounts shall not exceed the equivalent
                of six months projected expenditures, or 10% of the
                loan amount, whichever is less.

     Art IV      The Borrower shall (i) maintain, or cause to be             Not later than
Sect 4.06(b)     maintained, separate accounts for the Project; (ii)       nine months after
                 have such accounts and related financial statements        the end of each
                 audited annually, in accordance with appropriate          related fiscal year
                 auditing standards consistently applied, by
                 independent auditors whose qualifications,
                 experience and terms of reference are acceptable to
                 the Bank, (iii) furnish to the Bank, as soon as
                 available but in any event not later than nine months
                 after the end of each related fiscal year, certified
                 copies of such audited accounts and financial
                 statements and the report of the auditors relating
                 thereto (including the auditor’s opinion on the use of
                 the Loan proceeds and compliance with the
                 covenants of this Loan Agreement as well as on the
                 use of the procedures for imprest account/statement
                 of expenditures), all in the English language; and (iv)
                 furnish to the Bank such other information concerning
                 such accounts and financial statements and the audit
                 thereof as the Bank shall from time to time
                 reasonable request.
                                                                                                Appendix 11


  Reference                               Covenants                            Schedule          Status
     Art IV       Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the     After the end of
Sect. 4.07(b)     Borrower shall furnish, or cause to be furnished, to       each month
                  the Bank four monthly reports on the carrying out of
                  the Project and on the operation and management of
                  the Project facilities. Such reports shall be submitted
                  in such form and in such detail and within such a
                  period as the Bank shall reasonably request, and
                  shall indicate, among other things, progress made
                  and problems encountered during the four months
                  under review, steps taken or proposed to be taken to
                  remedy these problems, and proposed program of
                  activities and expected progress during the following
                  four months.

     Art. IV      Promptly after physical completion of the Project, but      Promptly after
Sect. 4.07(c)     in any event not later than three (3) months thereafter        physical
                  or such later date as may be agreed for this purpose      completion of the
                  between the Borrower and the Bank, the Borrower             Project, but in
                  shall prepare and furnish to the Bank a report, in          any event not
                  such form and in such detail as the Bank shall             later than three
                  reasonably request, on the execution and initial             (3) months
                  operation of the Project, including its cost, the             thereafter
                  performance by the Borrower of its obligations under
                  this Loan Agreement and the accomplishment of the
                  purposes of the Loan.


                                Project Management and Implementation

I. Arrangements and Responsibilities for Project Management and Implementation

       A. National level

    Sched 6       Project Executing Agencies                                 During Project
     Para 1       The DLS shall be the principal Project Executing          implementation
                  Agency, responsible for overall Project management
                  as well as for the implementation of all non-credit
                  activities under the Project. RMDC shall be the
                  Project Executing Agency for the credit related
                  activities under Components 2 and 3 of the Project
                  and shall coordinate, manage and regulate the
                  distribution of Project funds to MFIs, NGOs and
                  CBOs, and participating Banks .

    Sched 6       Project Steering Committee (PSC)                           During Project
     Para 2        The PSC, chaired by the Secretary of MOAC shall          implementation
                  include relevant joint secretaries form MOAC;
                  representatives from MOF; Ministry of Forest and Soil
                  Conservation; Ministry of Women, Children and
                                                                                          Appendix 11


Reference                          Covenants                              Schedule         Status
            Social Welfare; Ministry of Local Development; the
            head of the Planning Division of the budget program
            of DLS; the national Planning Commission, and
            RMDC. The Director General of DLS shall act as its
            member secretary. The PSC shall meet as
            necessary, but not less than twice a year to (i)
            oversee overall Project implementation and review
            progress, (ii) provide overall policy guidance, and (iii)
            undertake inter-ministerial coordination necessary for
            implementation of the Project.

 Sched 6    Implementation Coordination Committee (ICC)                  During Project
  Para 3    The ICC, established to guide the PMU on a regular          implementation
            basis and chaired by the Director General of DLS,
            shall comprise heads of DLS' directorates for animal
            health, marketing, training and extension, forage
            development, animal production, and quality
            assurance, Director General of the Department of
            Women Development of the Ministry of Women,
            Children and Social Welfare, representatives of milk,
            meat and poultry based representative organizations,
            a representative of RMDC one representative of
            Nepal Rastra Bank, as well as the Regional Project
            Managers. The Project Manager shall act as its
            member secretary. Representatives of other
            stakeholder organizations shall be co-opted as
            necessary.

 Sched 6    The ICC shall meet once every two months. It shall           During Project
  Para 4    be responsible for (i) addressing and resolving             implementation
            implementation issues (ii) advising on technical
            matters, and (iii) advising the PSC on policy matters.
            Regarding the delivery of microfinance in the Project
            the ICC will review and advise the PSC annually on
            (i) rates of interest to participating financial
            institutions, and (ii) adjustments to reflect prevailing
            market conditions.

 Sched 6    Project Management Unit (PMU)                                During Project
  Para 5    The PMU shall be responsible for the overall                implementation
            management of the Project, the day-to-day
            coordination of Project activities as well as the
            implementation of Component 3 of the Project and all
            centrally organized training. The PMU shall be
            headed by the Project Manager, who shall be a
            gazetted first Class officer. The Project Manager shall
            report directly to the DG of DLS. The PMU shall be
            located in Kathmandu, and in addition to the Project
            Manager, shall consist of a team of seconded staff,
                                                                                                   Appendix 11


  Reference                              Covenants                                Schedule          Status
                  including (i) one gazetted second class officer
                  (deputy project manager), and (ii) two gazetted third
                  class planning officers (field programs, monitoring
                  and evaluation) (iii) two junior technical staff, (iv) one
                  accounts officer and (v) adequate support staff.

       B. Decentralized levels

    Sched 6       Regional Project Managers, who shall be the DLS                During Project
     Para 6       Regional Directors in each of the five development            implementation
                  regions, shall support the PMU in the management,
                  coordination, and monitoring and evaluation of district
                  level Project activities. The Regional Project
                  Managers shall report directly to the Project
                  Manager. The Regional Project Managers shall
                  provide office facilities and support to technical
                  assistance consultants working within the region.

II. Project Implementation Issues


       A. Selection of pocket areas and beneficiaries

    Sched 6       Within one year of the Effective Date, DLS in                Within one month
     Para 7       partnership with local NGOs, shall have undertaken a         of effective date
                  poverty and social mapping to identify poorer
                  communities for Project assistance in intensive
                  livestock production in the ILPDs. The mapping shall
                  explicitly include the following groups: landless
                  households, women-headed households, former
                  bonded laborers, and low castes families.

    Sched 6       DLS shall ensure that the selection of pocket areas            During Project
     Para 8       for intensive livestock production under Component 2          implementation
                  of the Project shall be on the basis of poverty-
                  affected communities in wards. Criteria for selection
                  of pocket areas shall include (a) the incidence of
                  poverty as evidenced by the poverty and social
                  mapping mentioned in paragraph 7 above; (b) ethnic
                  or low caste populations; (c) ownerships of livestock
                  by women; (d) natural resource base; and (e) the
                  existence of an emerging market axis
                                                                                           Appendix 11


Reference                          Covenants                               Schedule         Status

   Micro-finance, related issues

 Sched 6      The Borrower shall bear the foreign exchange risk for       During Project
  Para 9      the Bank loan. The funds to be relend under the            implementation
              RMDC Subsidiary Loan Agreement, shall have an
              interest rate of 2% per year for a total period of 20
              years, including a grace period of 5 years.

 Sched 6      The Borrower shall ensure that RMDC shall onlend to         During Project
 Para 10      MFIs for livestock productivity Project activities at an   implementation
              interest rate of not more than 5.25% per annum. The
              Borrower shall ensure that RMDC's lending spread
              shall be used to cover the cost of bad debt's,
              evaluating and selecting MFIs as well as monitoring
              their performance, credit risks, and profit. The
              Borrower shall ensure that funds onlent to MFIs for
              the purpose of providing loans to beneficiaries shall
              be for an initial term of 18 months with quarterly
              repayments of interest and semi-annual repayments
              of principal amounts. Subject to acceptable MFI
              repayment performance, the term of subsequent
              loans may be extended to three years, and eventually
              five years. The Borrower shall ensure that prior to the
              onlending of any funds to any MFI, RMDC shall have
              entered into a subloan agreement, acceptable to the
              Bank, with such MFI, recording the flow, use,
              accountability and repayment of such funds.

 Sched 6      To achieve the required coverage for the livestock     Within six months
 Para 11      productivity activities mentioned under paragraph 10   of Effective Date
              above, RMDC shall establish partnerships with micro-
              finance and other credit organizations as required. In
              Project districts without qualified MFIs, RMDC shall
              identify at least five NGOs as potential MFIs within
              six months of the Effective Date, and provide them
              training to become MFIs.

 Sched 6      Funds for livestock processing and marketing credit         Participating
 Para 12      shall be channeled through RMDC to MFIs, the                banks shall
              Agricultural Development Bank of Nepal and other           submit claims
              Participating Banks. The Borrower shall ensure that          every four
              prior to the channeling of such funds, RMDC shall             months
              have entered into a financing agreement with each
              participating bank. Financing agreements shall be in
              form and substance acceptable to the Bank.
              Participating banks shall open accounts in the name
              of the Project. ERMDC shall provide pre-financing to
              the Participating Banks, who will make
                                                                                          Appendix 11


Reference                        Covenants                               Schedule          Status
            disbursements from these accounts in response to
            applications received in support of Project activities.
            Participating banks shall submit claims every four
            months for reimbursement to RMDC, which shall
            aggregate these claims and submit them to the Bank
            with supporting evidence of disbursements.

 Sched 6    The Borrower, through RMDC, shall ensure that             Within one month
 Para 13    participating banks and MFIs shall onlend the              of the Effective
            proceeds of the loan to poultry, buffalo fattening, and         Date
            goat-rearing (and other small animals) smallholders
            as well as to entrepreneurs investing in processing
            enterprises at prevailing market rates, using the
            interest rate margin to cover credit delivery and
            management costs, other operating costs, and an
            allowance for bad debts and profit. The Borrower
            shall ensure that livestock loans will be supported by
            farmer organizational insurance schemes.

 Sched 6    The Borrower shall ensure that all loan application         Within three
 Para 14    forms for small enterprises to be established under        months of the
            Component 3, 1) of the Project, shall provide              Effective Date
            sufficient information to determine if there will be
            environmental or involuntary resettlement effects. For
            this purpose, and within three months of the Effective
            Date, the PMU shall prepare and submit to the Bank
            for its approval, a loan applicant format. Onlending
            agreements with MFIs, and financing agreements
            with participating bank shall include provisions on the
            compulsory use of this format. Livestock Action
            Teams (LAT), consisting of NGOs or CBOs, district
            level DLS officials, DDC officials and representatives
            of farmers' groups shall screen applications for
            possible environmental and involuntary resettlement
            effects. If in its opinion a proposal triggers the
            possibility of environmental and involuntary
            resettlement effects, the LAT shall forward the
            proposal to the PMU which shall contract a
            resettlement specialist to ensure compliance with the
            Bank's Policy and guidelines on involuntary
            resettlement.

 Sched 6    The Borrower shall ensure that funds provided under         During Project
 Para 15    the Third Livestock Development Project for                implementation
            onlending to MFIs continue to be used for livestock
            loans to farmers, including potential beneficiaries of
            the present Community Livestock Development
            Project.
                                                                                               Appendix 11


  Reference                            Covenants                              Schedule          Status

      C. Financial Issues

   Sched 6       The Borrower shall ensure that the approved budget          During Project
   Para 16       allocation for the Project shall be sufficient to cover    implementation
                 all counterpart funding required for the Project, in
                 accordance with the financial plan. This includes, but
                 is not limited to, funds for the daily operational
                 expenses of DLS, in particular to ensure the mobility
                 of DLS staff.

   Sched 6       The Borrower shall take all necessary and                   During Project
   Para 17       appropriate measures to ensure full implementation         implementation
                 of the Project Gender Action Plan, set forth in Annex
                 1 of the Sched 6 of the Loan Agreement, of which it
                 forms an integral part.

E. Selection and Involvement of NGOs

   Sched 6       Within nine months of Effective Date the PMU shall          Within nine
   Para 18       have identified at least one NGO or CBO and RMDC             months of
                 shall have identified at least two MFIs per district as    Effective Date
                 potential partners for Project implementation,
                 together with their capacity building requirements.
                 Selection for NGOs and CBO's and MFIs as partners
                 for Project implementation shall be in accordance
                 with criteria agreed upon with the Bank.

   Sched 6       With in one year of the Effective Date, the PMU shall     With in one year
   Para 19       have entered into partnership agreement with each of      of the Effective
                 the NGOs and CBOs selected in accordance with                   Date
                 paragraph 18 above. Through these partnership
                 agreements with NGOs, DLS shall ensure that the
                 participating NGO's provide social development
                 training, including awareness raising on available
                 services and Project assistance, group management,
                 legal literacy, governance, health and hygiene.

      F. Policy related matters

   Sched 6       Within 18 months of the Effective Date, DLS shall         Within 18 months
   Para 20       have adopted measures for quality assurance and            of the Effective
                 control for compounded animal feeds. This shall                 Date
                 include measures for the implementation of the
                 Borrower's Feed Act, dated 1976.

   Sched 6       Within one year of the Effective Date, the Borrower       Within one year
   Para 21       shall have fully implemented the Time-Bound Action        of the Effective
                 Plan to Address Livestock Sector-based Issues,                 Date
                                                                                           Appendix 11


Reference                         Covenants                                Schedule         Status
              decided by the Community Livestock Development
              Project Steering Committee on 1 October 2003 and
              as agreed with the Bank.

   G. Pilot Livelihoods Program for Higher Attitudes

 Sched 6      Within two years of the Effective Date, the Borrower      Within two years
 Para 22      shall have approved the Pilot Livelihood Program for      of the Effective
              Higher Altitudes under Component 4 of the Project.              Date

   H. Construction

 Sched 6      The Borrower shall ensure that civil works contractors     During Project
 Para 23      comply with all applicable labor legislation. Bidding     implementation
              documents shall include a clause on the prohibition of
              child labor, as defined in national legislation, for
              construction and maintenance activities as well as a
              clause ensuring equal pay for en and women for work
              of equal value. Compliance with these provisions
              shall be strictly monitored during Project
              implementation.

 Sched 6      The Borrower shall ensure that all public markets,         During Project
 Para 24      slaughter slabs and houses, and milk chilling and         implementation
              processing facilities to be constructed, extended or
              upgraded under the Project shall, to the extent
              possible, be located on land owned by the Borrower
              and no displacement or resettlement of people,
              including squatters, shall be involved. If no such
              Government land is available, the Borrower shall
              ensure that there will be no compulsory acquisition of
              land or assets for such new construction, expansion
              or upgrading, but that land will be purchased in the
              open market on a willing buyer/willing seller basis. In
              the event that involuntary resettlement is
              unavoidable, the Borrower shall immediately inform
              the Bank hereof and prepare resettlement plans in
              accordance with the Banks policy and guidelines on
              Involuntary Resettlement and shall ensure that no
              construction shall start prior to having obtained the
              Bank's approval of such resettlement plan.

 Sched 6      Local bodies involved in development of integrated         During Project
 Para 25      market facilities, known as livestock commercial          implementation
              centers, shall not acquire private land, either
              compulsory or through land donations, for this
              purpose. Any land required shall either be
              Government owned land free of encumbrances, or
              shall be purchased in the open market.
                                                                                            Appendix 11


Reference                           Covenants                               Schedule         Status
 Sched 6     The design. extension, upgrading, renovation and              During Project
 Para 26     operations of facilities under the Project will follow the   implementation
             Borrower's environmental requirements, the Bank's
             environmental guidelines for Selected Infrastructure
             Development Projects, and other relevant Bank
             guidelines on environment. In particular, the Borrower
             shall ensure that the design of markets, slaughter
             slabs, and milk treatment facilities shall include
             effective and environmentally sound waste and water
             disposal systems.

   I. Gender segregated Project Performance Monitoring System (PPMS)

 Sched 6     Within nine months of the Effective Date, the PMU             Within nine
 Para 27     shall have established a PPMS to monitor whether             months of the
             Project inputs and activities deliver the expected           Effective Date
             outputs and benefits to the intended beneficiaries.

 Sched 6     The PMU shall ensure that within six months of the      Within six months
 Para 28     Effective Date gender segregated initial baseline        of the Effective
             physical and socioeconomic surveys shall have been            Date
             conducted, and shall have submitted a detailed
             Project implementation-monitoring plan for the Bank's
             review and concurrence. The data will include income
             and expenditure data, demographic trends, gender
             issues, information on ethnic and minority groups,
             nutritional status, child labor, and environmental
             status. After the initial survey, the PMU shall conduct
             and submit to the Bank annual benefit monitoring
             reports.

   K. Project Reviews

 Sched 6     The Bank, DLS, through the PMU, and RMDC, shall               During Project
 Para 29     jointly review the Project at least twice a year             implementation
             throughout the entire Project implementation period.
             The biannual reviews shall include a review of: (i) the
             performance of DLS, the PMU, RMDC, MFIs,
             participating banks, NGOs and CBOs participating in
             Project implementation, and any other organization or
             agency that may be part of Project implementation;
             (ii) implementation of the assurances set out in this
             Schedule six of the loan agreement; (iii)
             implementation of the Gender Action Plan mentioned
             in paragraph 17; (iv) physical progress of the Project;
             and (v) the progress and impact of capacity building
             activities.
                                                                                         Appendix 11


Reference                         Covenants                              Schedule         Status

   I. Mid-term Review

 Sched 6     At the latest one month prior to the Project mid-term      During Project
 Para 30     review, the PMU shall have conducted a detailed           implementation
             review of all the information gathered to review the
             progress of the Project. The PMU shall complete an
             impact evaluation study prior to the preparation of the
             Project completion report.

 Sched 6     In addition to the biannual reviews set out in             During Project
 Para 31     paragraph 29, DLS through the PMU, RMDC, and the          implementation
             Bank shall carry out a mid-term review of the Project
             at the end of year three of Project implementation. In
             addition to the usual issues as set out in paragraph
             29 above, the mid-term review shall monitor closely
             the progress of the Project with a view to making
             adjustments to Project design and implementation
             arrangements where necessary.
                                                                                              Appendix 12


                                   List of Persons Involved in the Project


 Name and Designation         Institutions/Ministry             Address                Fax/Phone No.
ADB

Frederick C. Roche         Asian Development Bank      6 ADB Avenue               Fax: (632) 636-2391
Director                                               Mandaluyong City
Agriculture, Environment                               P. O. Box 789
and Natural Resources                                  0980 Manila, Philippines
Division (SAAE)
South Asia Department
(SARD)

Brian Fawcett                                                                     Tel (632) 632-5612
Principal Project
Economist, SAAE

Govinda Gewali, NRM

Executing Agency

S. N. Mahato               Department of Livestock     Harihar Bhawan
Director General                                       Pulchowk, Lalitpur
                                                       Nepal

S. M. Shrestha             Rural Microfinance          c/o Nepal Rastra Bank
Chief Executive Officer    Development Centre          Development Finance
                                                       Department
                                                       Baluwatar, Kathmandu,
                                                       Nepal
                                                132                                      Appendix 14


                    SUMMARY INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION

A.     Introduction

1.      An initial environmental examination (IEE) of the Community Livestock Development
Project was conducted by means of on-site visits, review of literature, meetings and workshops
with stakeholders, and team interaction. This appendix gives a summary of the IEE.

B.     Project Description

2.     The Project will be implemented in 48 districts of Nepal. Livestock production programs
       will be undertaken in 22 districts where an estimated 69,000 beneficiary households are
       expected to benefit from project activities. In this area are over 1.5 million ruminant
       livestock units, reared largely under free grazing conditions. The Project will focus on
       social mobilization, raising awareness, and strengthening the capacity of farmers and
       other stakeholders to participate in planning and implementing the Project. The Project
       will improve the animal feed base in quality and quantity by promoting forage legumes
       and fodder trees. Some livestock such as pigs and poultry will be reared under intensive
       management, and the stall-feeding of goats and larger ruminants will be encouraged.
       Environment-friendly biogas technology will receive priority in the animal production
       districts, and microfinance will be provided to farmers. Livestock enterprises being
       offered to communities are those that poor families, women, and disadvantaged groups
       have already expressed interest in adopting.

3.     A second component of the project concerns processing and marketing of livestock and
       their products. The component covers an area of about 22 districts with 2.4 million
       households, of which 95,000 are expected to benefit. In these districts commercialized
       livestock production units are emerging along roadsides and within, and adjacent to,
       urban centers. For livestock processing and marketing development, the Project
       provides commercial credit, technical backstopping, and various inputs such as live
       animal markets, milk chilling centers, slaughterhouses, slaughter slabs, and several
       livestock product processing and retailing facilities.

4.     A study will also be carried out in five high-altitude districts to establish a knowledge
       base and a livelihoods pilot program on livestock production, and a marketing system
       suited to the underdeveloped, poorly accessible, and environmentally sensitive
       characteristics of the area.

5.      One component is devoted to enhancing the capacity of farmers, and village- and
district-based livestock professionals and para-professionals, and strengthening the capacity of
the Department of Livestock Services (DLS) and other relevant institutions in the project area
to manage livestock and natural resources in an environmentally beneficial manner.

C.     Description of the Environment

6.      The project area ranges in altitude from 100 meters above sea level in the lowlands to
7,893 meters above sea level in Lamjung district, and covers lowland, low hills, middle hills,
and mountains. The project area can be divided into subtropical, warm temperate, cool
temperate, sub-alpine, and alpine climatic zones. Climatic variations are extreme due to
altitude, aspect, and the continentally influenced seasons. Steep slopes and high rainfall
intensity result in significant soil loss and landslides. Active alluvial soils are found in the river
                                              133                                    Appendix 14


valleys and in the plains. The ratio of cultivated to noncultivated area in the western project
area ranges from 3.17 to 63.6, and grassland occupies 3.2-31.5% of the land area. Livestock
holdings per household vary from 3.1 to 7.0 units in the project area, though in parts of the
commercialization, processing, and marketing areas this figure reaches 100 livestock units.

7.     The biological diversity in the project area is of international importance in terms of the
number of globally threatened species of wild flora and fauna. Tropical riverine forest and
tropical evergreen forest dominate the lowland areas, and suffer greatly from lopping for
animal feed and felling for timber. The middle hill ecosystem (1,000-3,000 meters above sea
level) has the greatest species diversity. Highlands above 3,000 meters are the meeting
places for two major geographical regions in which 38 ecosystems are found. Within the
project area, several endangered plant and animal species are found. Blue sheep, wild goats,
the snow leopard, the single-horn rhinoceros, and freshwater dolphins are notable. Though
humans have disturbed much of the forest area, large tracts are still intact. There are no
reports of plant or animal species that have become extinct, though some of them are
endangered.

8. Within the project area are heritage sites of international importance such as the Royal
   Chitwan National Park, wetlands such as the Koshi Tappu in Sunsari district (a wetlands
   habitat for waterfowl). These environmental resources are protected under the Forest Act
   (1993), National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act (1973), and the Environment
   Protection Act (1996). The area is also rich in different aspects of human culture
   maintained by different ethnic groups.

9.     The monsoon is the main rainy season (June-September) when over 80% of the total
precipitation and periods of high rainfall intensity occur. Over 6,000 rivers and streams drain
the country. Several major rivers and a large number of their tributaries drain the project area.
The Sapta Koshi in the east, Seti Gandaki, Kali Gandaki, and the Karnali are the major river
systems.

10.    Ambient air quality is excellent in most parts of the project area. In the remote areas,
indoor air pollution is common due to use of fuelwood in cooking. In the urban areas,
particularly in the Kathmandu valley, air quality is deteriorating because of vehicles and
industrialization. Urbanized areas also have problems with water, air, and noise pollution.
Deforestation, land degradation, and landslides are environmental hazards already occurring in
the project area.

D.    Potential Environmental Impact and Mitigation Measures

11.    The Project may produce some potential long-term impacts. Native species (genetic
                                                              e
biodiversity) such as indigenous forage species may not b able to compete with faster
growing introduced species, and the latter may dominate. Action research and on-station
evaluation of introduced species are warranted. These effects are not easy to mitigate as they
are directly related to the economic benefit requirements of poor families. The impact on the
environment of uncontrolled grazing and trampling, especially in forests, grazing lands, and
communal lands, is potentially a higher risk but also manageable. In product processing areas,
the environmental problems are more related to pollution of water, air, and land, but they can
be mitigated.

12.   Stakeholders need to internalize the concept of environmental protection and
conservation of indigenous species at each stage and each level of project implementation.
                                               134                                    Appendix 14


Stakeholders’ environmental awareness must be raised and their capacity to manage or
reduce environmental impacts, both positive and negative, must be improved. Mitigation
strategies include avoiding environmental damage or risk through proper planning, using
environmentally sound technology and designs, and controlling adverse impacts by adopting
proper management practices.

13. The Project will impact on the environment, especially in forested areas (used as a fodder
    source), grazing lands, communal lands (due to grazing, trampling, and littering), and on
    the genetic diversity of native species. However, the environmental impacts of these
    activities will be insignificant. In areas where processing and marketing are being
    developed, the environmental impact is more related to pollution of water, air, and land.
    Each of the project components has been screened for significance and potential impacts.
    During implementation the environmental impacts of marketing and processing subprojects
    will be carefully screened.

14. Land Pollution. Solid waste such as plastics, packing materials, animal manure,
    disposable syringes, and animal health center waste can pollute the land, and a method of
                                                                                   s
    separating biodegradable and recyclable elements of the wastes at source i required.
    These wastes need to be appropriately disposed of in biogas plants, in designated manure
    and compost pits, or in trenches for burning waste.

15. Water Pollution. Without guidelines and controls, effluent generated by dairy processing
    plants, slaughterhouses, slaughter slabs, and milk chilling centers is likely to be discharged
    into natural water bodies. Effluent, especially that containing chemicals, adversely affects
    humans, and aquatic and plant life. Each processing unit will be required to treat effluent,
    and treatment systems will be included as part of the project design and approval process.
    Sedimentation, oxidation, or treatment ponds where the discharge will meet acceptable
    biochemical oxygen demand levels will be implemented.

16. Air Pollution. Air pollution occurs within and around intensive livestock production facilities
    such as piggeries, processing units, slaughter sites, and marketing areas. Such impacts
    can be minimized by maintaining acceptable hygiene standards (to be established under
    the Project), spraying water, and using air purifiers and other air-circulating devices within
    the units as appropriate.

E.     Institutional Requirements for Environmental Monitoring

17.    At the national level, the National Planning Commission and the Ministry of Population
and Environment are the main institutions mandated to formulate and enforce environment
policy and law for the country. They also monitor trends and effects.

18.     The Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MOAC), the Department of Livestock
Services (DLS) and its district offices, and district development committees will be directly
involved in implementing the Project. The capacity of these institutions to undertake IEEs of
the subprojects is weak, as none of the institutions have staff trained in environmental
appraisal. Several private consultancy firms have project experience and could be contracted
for this purpose. Unfortunately, almost all of them are based in Kathmandu and do not have
their own staff, as they recruit professionals on a short-term basis. Therefore, environmental
monitoring capacity and capability are largely lacking in the livestock subsector at field level,
and any monitoring tends to be project related and project driven.
                                                135                                    Appendix 14


19.    The livestock productivity component will have insignificant environmental impacts. For
the livestock processing and marketing component, a four-step environmental management
process will be followed. First, a small environment monitoring team will be established in the
planning division of DLS, and DLS staff capability will be strengthened through technical
assistance, training, and awareness building. The monitoring team will be independent of the
implementation team. It will visit subprojects that are potentially environmentally significant,
hold meetings, and prepare terms of reference for the subproject IEE as required by the
Environment Protection Act and regulations. Second, the IEE team will prepare a preliminary
summary of relevant information and checklist. Third, the IEE team will meet with relevant
stakeholders to solicit their views on the subproject, and collect field level information through a
consultative process as required by the environmental regulation. Fourth, the IEE team will
analyze the information collected, recommend appropriate cost-effective mitigation measures
to cope with any adverse impacts, while enhancing any positive impacts. The IEE team will
prepare a report on its findings as prescribed by the Environment Protection Act and in the
Government’s approved format, which is acceptable to the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
The subproject report will be submitted to DLS, MOAC, and ADB. Training in environmental
monitoring will also be given to district-based staff. Provision has been made for an appropriate
budget to implement needed mitigation measures.

F.     Findings and Recommendations

20.    There is a close relationship between poverty and environmental degradation. Most of
the project area has a high incidence of poverty and communities are not well served by
government institutions. All the components of the proposed Project will be screened following
ADB guidelines. The IEE shows that the adverse impacts of the Project are not severe, and
are general in nature. Therefore, the Project does not need further study such as an
environmental impact assessment. Properly implementing prevailing laws and regulations and
raising the awareness of stakeholders, and the prompt response of institutions to the adverse
impacts can mitigate the likely adverse effects. Proper implementation of the recommendations
and monitoring are essential to achieve the desired objectives.
                                GENDER ACTION PLAN

1.       Despite the recognition that women do 80% of the work and make many of the
day-to-day decisions associated with livestock rearing and management, little attention
has been paid to gender in livestock subsector strategies. Consequently, extension and
training are often provided to men on the erroneous assumption that the message will
trickle down to women as a result, livestock knowledge has been transferred inefficiently,
or not at all, from husband to wife. The Project will address these concerns by taking
actions that (i) increase the number of women in contact with extension services, (ii)
increase gender sensitivity among policymakers and managers, and (iii) require the
impact to be evaluated regularly.

2.      To build institutional capacity to undertake gender related actions the Project will
recruit a gender consultant for the 6-year project period. The consultant will assist the
Department of Livestock Services in developing an integrated medium-term policy
framework for the subsector with the objective of securing an increasing role for women
in livestock development through (i) a recruitment policy for female staff, (ii) stronger
involvement of female staff in planning and implementing at district level, (iii) a field
service that is sensitive to and inclusive of gender issues, (iv) plans for encouraging
women in livestock production and marketing activities, and a (v) means of measuring
progress in this direction through monitoring and evaluation. All project staff will receive
training on gender and organizational change. In addition, all capacity-building activities
will be required to have a session on gender issues to ensure that gender issues are
being mainstreamed. Available women project staff will be targeted for training. Gender
focal points comprising men and women will be formed from the central to field levels.
The project manager will act as the gender focal point and will call periodic meetings of
all gender focal points to monitor progress through gender-disaggregated data, and
provide feedback during implementation.

3.       At the community level, the Project will (i) mandate 35% women’s participation in
mixed farmer groups, and in beneficiary level training and capacity-building activities; (ii)
recruit at least 35% women from among the 390 community livestock assistants
proposed for the Project to preclude tilting the gender imbalance against women as a
result of modernization; (iii) secure 35-50% women’s participation in technology-related
training; (iv) require at least 35% women’s representation in umbrella ward-level farmer
coordination committees, and similar executive committees; (v) promote one model
woman entrepreneur per project district to increase women’s participation in enterprise
development; (vi) develop the concept of male and female women leader farmers who
will receive appropriate training to disseminate information on project activities,
marketing, credit, and lending modalities of the proposed 15 livestock investment
models; (vii) allocate a budget for gender mainstreaming activities; and (viii) ensure
equal pay for work of equal value. Male-only groups will not be formed under the Project.
To increase women’s participation, farmer group discussions, meetings, and training will
be held at times and locations convenient to women. Documentation of women’s
participation compared with that of men will be maintained by the Project. Selection
criteria for potential NGOs to undertake social mobilization work will include sensitivity to
gender issues. NGOs will be required to have at least 50% women field staff. Additional
literacy training will be provided to women at locations where a low level of literacy is
likely to constitute a constraint to livestock enterprise development.

				
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