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APAN _ APAN-JP Powered By Docstoc
					    APAN’s Status & Plan
              Feb. 21, 2002


        S. Goto, K. Konishi
          APAN-JP Consortium

          http://www.jp.apan.net


1
            Feb. 21, 2002
             NSF is the Godfather
    • Formation of APAN started at APEC Symposium
      in Tsukuba, Japan on Mar. 28, 1996.
    • Dr. Steve Goldstein@NSF showed his plan to
      renew the program on the international Internet
      Services.
    • Professor Kilnam Chon@KAIST started to take
      the lead for the application to the new program.
    • Professor Michael McRobbie@ANU made the
      proposal on APAN at APEC APII Testbed Forum
      in Seoul on June 18, 2002.
2
                      Feb. 21, 2002
             Features of APAN
    • Governance by Researchers
    • Funded by governments
    • NGO organization for multiple networks
      and middleware/application researchers
    • Coordination or match-making is an
      important role.


3
                   Feb. 21, 2002
                            Members
    Primary Member
    Australia, China, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore,
    Taiwan
    Associate Member
    Thailand, USA
    Affiliate Member                         http://www.cgiar.org/
    CGIAR (Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research)
    Liaison Member
    Canada, Europe
    Others
4
    Hong Kong, Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam
                             Feb. 21, 2002
               Members Meeting
    •   1996   Aug. 23-24      KR     |   Nov.8-9     JP
    •   1997   June 2-3        JP     |   Oct.20-21   SG
    •   1998   Mar. 2-3        JP     |   Jul. 1-3    KR
    •   1999   Feb. 19-21      JP     |   Sep 21-24   AU
    •   2000   Feb. 15-18      JP     |   Aug 22-25   CN
    •   2001   Feb. 1-2        H.I.   |   Aug 20-22   MY
    •   2002   Jan. 22-26      TH     |   Aug 26-28   CN
    •   2003   Jan 22-24       JP     |   Summer      KR/AU
    •   2004   Jan/Feb         H.I.
5
                     Feb. 21, 2002
                        Activities
    Natural Resource Area
    Agriculture, Earth Monitoring

    Technology Area
    IPv6, P2P, Measurement, Satellite Internet, Television,
    Multimedia, H.323, QoS

    User Community Area
    BioInformatics, Digital Library, Education, Global
    Design & Manufacturing, GRID, Medical Informatics
6
                        Feb. 21, 2002
                Features of Asia
    • Huge population & market
    • Original culture(library, religions, history,
      etc.)
    • Intensive education for children
    • Varied GNP countries
    • Regional developments might pollute the
      globe.

7
                     Feb. 21, 2002
    Internet was born in USA, but ..
    • APAN would like to contribute to the globe
      through Asia-Pacific based technologies.
    • What can we contribute to the globe?
      – Features of Asia give us the hints:
         •   Scalable : Deployment technologies (IPv6, ..)
         •   Culture: Library, Multilingual Names, ..
         •   Education: Distance Learning, Library
         •   GNP:       Regional hubs/collaborations
         •   Pollution: Environments, Natural Resources,..

8
                        Feb. 21, 2002
           APAN-JP Consortium
    • Members
      – Governments & Research Networks
    • Objectives
      – Internetworking with point-to-point links
      – Joint Efforts for the workshops & Resource
        Management
      – Information exchanges


9
                     Feb. 21, 2002
• 24 demos of 14 countries
  were executed over TransPAC
  at the venue of INET2000.
  (Virtual Reality, High quality DV,
    Earth Monitoring, Astronomy,
   etc.)




 10
                       Feb. 21, 2002
          ApGrid workshop                                   • Korea
                                                                – KISTI:Korea Institute of Science and
                                                                  Technology Information
                                                                – Grid Forum Korea
•        Japan                                                     http://www.GridForumKorea.org/
                                                                – TEIN: a link to Europe and Japan
          – AIST
              • Grid Technology Research Center             • Thailand
              • Tsukuba Advanced Computing Center               – NECTEC: National Electronics and
          – Universities                                          Computer Technology Center
              • Titech, Kyushu, Kyoto, Waseda, Osaka,           – Kasetsart University
                Computing Center, labs
          – KEK (Gfarm)                                     • Taiwan
          – Real World Computing Partnership                    – NCHC: National Center for High-
                                                                  Performance Computing
          – NEC, Fujitsu, SunMicro, IBM, Compaq
                                                                – Academic Sinica
•        Australia
          – ANU/APAC, Monash U
                                                            • Singapore (Singaren/iHPC/Sun)
•        United States                                      • Malaysia (USM)
          – PNNL, (other labs and centers?)                 • Potential Asian Partners
          – SDSC, ANL                                           – ROC
          – PRAGMA, iVDGL, TeraGrid                             – Hong Kong
•        Canada                                                 – Other A-P countries
                                                                   • Indonesia, Vietnam, India, NZ, etc
    11
                                            Feb. 21, 2002                    By Satoshi Sekiguchi
     APAN Network – today & near future



                                Hawaii




12
                Feb. 21, 2002
                                          TransPAC
    Seoul XP
CERNET                                   Pacific GigaPOP                                  CA*Net
       Tokyo XPd
                                                                Pacific                    AARNet
                                OC12 POP
                                                                Wave
                                “Northern Route”
                                                                                           Abilene
             Gigabit Ethernet
                 Switch
                                       StarLIGHT Chicago
                                                                                           SURFnet
     Policy Router              OC12 ATM                               Gigabit Ethernet
                                                                           Switch
                                “Southern Route”   ATM Switch


                                                                                          NORDUnet
                                                     AADS
IMnet            WIDE                                ATM
                                                                     StarTAP


        PHnet Osaka U
13                                          NREN
                                    vBNS+ 21, 2002
                                       Feb.
                                                                  ESnet Genuity
                            Seoul
                                    Korea              Genkai/Hyunhae
                                       Busan
                                                        250㎞
                                                 GbE           Fukuoka
                                                               Prefecture in
•KJCN (Korea-Japan Cable Network)                              Kyushu, Japan
      –Starting in 2002.3
      –12 fiber pairs with no relays
      –Starting from 50Gbps 2.88Terabit
      (current traffic volume between KR
      and JP : about 500Mbps)


 14
                                       Feb. 21, 2002            By Koji Okamura
     Lambda Backbone in 2004




15
            Feb. 21, 2002
                   Technologies
     •   TCP performance tuning
     •   Diffserv
     •   Measurement
     •   Multicast
     •   IPv6



16
                      Feb. 21, 2002
                  TCP Performance Tuning
                                       RHIC Compuring       Transfer to Japan(200 TB/year)

              Local buffer
                                       Facility (RCF) at BNL
                                                                                          •Socket buffer size
                                            CPU farm        Tracking
                                          a few hundreds    reconstruction                •Multiple TCP streams
PHENIX Detector
                     20MB/s               of Pentium 3(4)                                 •Congestion avoidance
                                                                                           algorithm
                                                                               Local
                                                                               analysis   •Delayed ACK
                              HPSS                            HPSS                        •DUP threshold to absorb
                             STK                              STK                          re-ordering
                             Tape                             Tape                        •Initial window size and
                             Robot                            Robot
                                                                                           initial slow start threshold
                             HPSS                            HPSS      HPSS
                             Servers                         Servers   High Performace Storage System

                  RAW DATA                           Data Summary Tape (DST)
                  (200 TB/year)                      (200 TB/year)

17
                                         Feb. 21, 2002
            Diffserv over JP-KR link
     • The 8Mbps link is fully utilized.
     • Bandwidth reservations
        – 10% for QGPOP-CNU video conferencing
           • Assigned to high priority queue (Cisco low latency queuing)
        – 80% for the link owner’s traffic (CRL)
        – 5% for NOC traffic
        – 5% for other traffic
           • can be up to 100% if no other traffic exists
     • NREN-APAN link over TransPAC will adopt
       Diffserv soon.

18
                             Feb. 21, 2002
     PC based measurement system for PoS
• Katsushi Kobayashi (ikob@koganei.wide.ad.jp)
   – ITRC measurement WG
   – http://www.itrc.net
• PoS Interface and PC based hardware
• None-interruption approach for capturing packets
• Application will access the reception buffer directly.
• Timestamp will be added at the interface with using GPS.
• Application will capture all packets without filtering.
• oc48c is ready.
• This boxes will be set at TransPAC NOCs.
     – Discussion will soon start.

19
                               Feb. 21, 2002     By Yasuichi Kitamura
                Collaboration with IXIA
     • Tracie Monk (tmonk@ixiacom.com)
     • IxTraffic is running at Tokyo XP.
        – BGP session information of the main router at Tokyo XP is
          opened.
        – Other routers’ information is protected with password.
            • Starlight
            • TransPAC Seattle Router
            • KOREN Router, Korea
            • Imnet (Inter Ministry NETwork), Japan
        – Flow measurement data will be used for DDoS attack detection.
     • IxEdge (aka skitter) is planning to be installed.




20
                              Feb. 21, 2002
                                                           By Yasuichi Kitamura
     Multicast Backbone over APAN




21
              Feb. 21, 2002
                   Multicast Protocols
     • PIM-SM
       – Protocol Independent Multicast-Sparse Mode
       – No flood, Loop free
       – Native multicast was deployed
          • Topology between unicast and multicast was unified
     • MBGP and MSDP
       – Multicast BGP and Multicast Source Discovery Protocol
       – Enable scalable Inter-domain multicast
       – Enable to segment the policies between Unicast and Multicast
     • SSM
       – Source Specific Multicast
       – Allows a node to select sources
       – Reduce unnecessary multicast traffic
22
                             Feb. 21, 2002
                    Current IPv6 Infrastructure
                  KOREN/APAN-KR


                                             Tokyo XP                                6TAP
                            8Mbps ATM

                                                           155Mbps ATM
                                      100Base-TX           TransPAC Southern Route
                                                         NSPIXP6


                                         Research organizations
                                         Commercial ISPs

     • Native IPv6 link over TransPAC Southern Route to 6TAP
     • Native IPv6 link to KOREN/APAN-KR
     • Connect to NSPIXP6, and establish BGP4+ peer with many Japanese ISPs and
       research organizations (e.g. WIDE, NTT communications, … )
     • Install various network monitoring tools at Tokyo XP
         - ping6/traceroute6 server, looking glass, traffic monitoring by MRTG, BGP4+ operational reports
         - These are opened at http://www.jp.apan.net/v6/
23
                                         Feb. 21, 2002
           IPv6 Deployment                              IPv4/IPv6 dual link
         Korea                  Tokyo XP
                                                 OC12 POS         Pacific GigaPOP
                                                 Northern Route
         China


        Taiwan                                   155Mbps ATM
                                                 Sourhern Route
                                                                       6TAP

        Australia               Japanese ISPs
                            Research Organizations


• UseTransPAC Northern Route as an IPv4/IPv6 dual link. (we regard Northern Route as a
  more experimental route)
• Expand IPv6 network in cooperation with our friend of U.S and Asia-Pacific.


24
                                 Feb. 21, 2002
                    Applications
     •   Tele-microscope
     •   Telemedicine
     •   Biomedical Database
     •   High Energy Physics
     •   Astronomy
     •   Earth Monitoring
     •   Agriculture Grid
25
                      Feb. 21, 2002
     Tele-microscope




26
        Feb. 21, 2002   By Shinji Shimojo
                      Tele-microscope Network


      Japan
      JGN             TransPAC

                                            UCSD
                                             UCSD     U.S.
              Tokyo
               大手町
     Osaka
      大阪                                            SDSC
                                                     SDSC

       DiffServ       Non-DiffServ            DiffServ
       Domain           Domain                Domain

                       IPv6 Network

27                                                           By Shinji Shimojo
                            Feb. 21, 2002
       Laser Micro Dissection Method to cut out
          only cancer cells under microscope

Most of the cancer tissues contain normal cells
Getting only cancer cells are required for Cancer

 Genome Research
Pathological decision is required

 for distinguishing cancer cells
Little number of Pathologist are

 available in Japan.
High definition image transfer

 and remote robotics are required
 for remote control by pathologists.

28
                         Feb. 21, 2002               By Hiroshi Mizushima
          Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator
                        Main accelerator
                                                         Linear accelerator

                                                                Ion Source




                                        Radiation room




     Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator for cancer treatment is installed only in NIRS.
        http://www.nirs.go.jp/ENG/nirs.htm

29
                                 Feb. 21, 2002
                                                                      By Masahiro Endo
     Simulator for Radiation Planning

                        Hospital A
                            Client
       NIES



                 High Performance
                 Experimental Network
                                                   Client

     Server
                                           Hospital B



                  Image database



30
               Feb. 21, 2002
                                        By Masahiro Endo
     Terabyte Biomedical Databases




31                            By Hiroshi Mizushima
              Feb. 21, 2002
     BNL RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Accelerator)




32
                    Feb. 21, 2002    By Tadashi Ichihara
               PHENIX Computing Center - Japan
                            import             HPSS                SMP
                                                                                     PHENIX CC -J
     Duplicating Facility
                            DST                Servers             Servers
                                       DST
                                               HPSS           DST        DST
                                                                            DST PC farms
                                               STK                  15TB
       Tapes
                                                                     Big    Phys. for ana. &
       (50GB/                                  Tape
       volume)                                                       Disk         simulation
                                               Robot
                                                                            sim. 10k Spectnt95
     Tape drive units                                  DST
     to duplicate data      Export
                                                       sim.
                            Sim.

                                        APAN/ESNET
                                        WAN
                                                                   BNL
     Duplicating Facility                                HPSS
                                     SMP
                                                         Servers       RCF            PHENIX
                                     Servers
                                DST         DST         HPSS
        Tapes                          40TB              STK
        (50GB/                          Big              Tape
        volume)                         Disk             Robot
                                                                             20MB/s
      Tape drive units
      to duplicate data
                             Physics      DST         DST          Raw
                                                                    Track
                                       CAS                   CRS    reconstruction



33
                                Feb. 21, 2002
                                                                                      By Takashi Ichihara
                              Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS)
                               (http://www.sdss.org)
     ・International project to make the largest map
         of the universe. (USA, Japan, Germany)

     Major Products
     ・Images of ¼ of the entire sky in five color bands
       (raw data ~12TB; processed data ~8TB)
     ・Parameter list of detected astronomical objects
      (~108 objects; ~25GB)
     ・Atlas images of the detected objects (~250GB)
     ・Low-resolution sky map without objects
      (~500GB)

                                                          Apache Point Observatory, New Mexico, USA.
     Construction: 1991-2000
                                                          The 2.5m telescope dedicated to the SDSS is
     Survey Operation: 2001-2005                              seen at the left.
34
                                         Feb. 21, 2002
                                                                             By Sadanori Okamura
                                   SkyServer
                            (http://SkyServer.sdss.org)

     •   Web Navigator pan-zoom over images
     •   Explorer: look at objects in detail
          – From navigator
          – By position or object ID, plate, stripe,….
     •   Query Tool: Data Mining
          – Web or Java download or Python
          – A web service (xml based)
          – 30 second & 1,000 record limit
     •   Outreach
          – 100 hours of online education.
     •   EDR only at the moment
          – Step-by-step data release (next release planned: Jan., 2003)



35
                                   Feb. 21, 2002
                                                                      By Sadanori Okamura
     Earth Monitoring and Disaster Warning
      – Earth Monitoring and disaster
        warning to implement remote
        sensing applications within
        APAN / Transpac which promote
        sustainable economic
        development, preservation of the
        region's biotic resources, and
        early identification of events or
        conditions which may lead to        400Mbps
        disasters.                          350Mbps
                                                                              339.22

                                            300Mbps
                                            250Mbps
                                                                     211.06
Reference                                  200Mbps

http://eos.nasda.go.jp/Apan/charter5.htm    150Mbps
                                            100Mbps
http://www.ceos.org                         50Mbps           26.84
                                                      1.65
                                             0Mbps
http://wgiss.ceos.org                                 2000   2002    2005     2008

36
                            Feb. 21, 2002     By Shinichi Sobue & Chris Elvidge
        CEOS Plenary Kyoto Demos for Earth observation data:
               November 2001 Network Configuration
                                                   Demo Site
        WFW
                                                   Kyoto                                                                       WFW
        AIT                                   Int’l Conf. Center                                                               JRC
     Bangkok, TH                                                                                                              Ispra, IT
                                                                                                      UUNet
                                                                            KDDNet

                                 IMNet                                                                                            SPOT
                                                                                                                                  CNES
                                                                     Chicago              OpenTransit
                   SInet                                                                                        Renater        Toulouse, FR
                                                                     STAR
                                                                      TAP
      NECTEC
                                        NASDA
                                   HEOC, EORC, JP                                                                    DANTE
                                                                                                              NY   (TEN-155)
                                       IDN, DIAL             CA*NET3
                                                                                 NISN
                                                                                                Abilene
                                                                                                                                      GARR
     GISTDA/RFD                              CCRS
     Bangkok, TH                            Ottawa, CA
                                                                                                 MD                                        EOLI
      Browse,               MAFF/          OGC-WMT                                                              MichNet
                                                                   vBNS+                        MAX                                       ESRIN
      DIAL                 FPPRI, JP                                                                                                 Frascati, IT
                           ANDES                                                 IDN, DIAL
                                           Earth Explorer                                                                   TRFIC
                                                EDC                            NASA GSFC                 FRGP
                                                                               Greenbelt, MD                              Mich State
                                           Sioux Falls, SD                                                             E. Lansing, MI

                                                                                         MOCHA                  DMSP
                                                                                           UMD                  NGDC
                                                                                      College Park, MD        Boulder, CO
37
                                                         Feb. 21, 2002                         By Shinichi Sobue & Chris Elvidge
                        Prototype Diagram for on-line spacecraft
                                checkout in 2005-2008
                                                                                                                                      Ground
                 Spacecraft Integration Facility                                                                                      Support
                                                                                                                                       Equip
                                                    Ground
                                                                                                   CISCOSYSTEMS




                                           D-ECL                 D-ECL                                                                 (GSE)
                                          Clock     System      Clock                                             Router/switch
                                          Data     Interface    Data
                                                    (GSIF)                                                    Instrument “A” Support Team #1
                                                                    IP Wrapper
                                                                     Prototype
                                 OSY
                             CISC STEMS




                                                                                                                                      Ground
                             Router/switch
                                                                                                                                      Support
                                                                                                   CISC STEMS
                                                                                                       OSY

                                                                                                                                       Equip
                                                                                                   Router/switch                       (GSE)

                                                                                                         Instrument “A” Support Team #1
                                                                                 Domestic
                            Domestic                                              HPREN
                             HPREN                                                                                                    Ground
                                                                                                        CISCOSYSTEMS

                                                                                                                                      Support
                                                                                                     Router/switch                     Equip
                                                                                                                                       (GSE)
                                                            Int’l                                        Instrument “B” Support Team #1
         CISCOSYSTEMS

                             Ground                        HPREN
         Router/switch       Support
                              Equip                                                                                                   Ground
                              (GSE)                                                 Domestic                      CISC STEMS
                                                                                                                      OSY




                                                                                                                                      Support
                                                                                                            Router/switch              Equip
      Instrument “D” Support Team #1                                                 HPREN                                             (GSE)

QoS and Multicast technology for 120-                                                                 Instrument “C” Support Team #1
240Mbps data stream and video and voice
 38
                                                               Feb. 21, 2002            By Shinichi Sobue & Chris Elvidge
                  ANDES(Asia- Pacific Network for Disaster                     DMSP-OLS
                        Mitigation using Earth Observation Satellite)
                                                                            NOAA-NGDC
        TransPAC                           STARTAP
                               NOAA
                                                                               NCAR
                              AIT/TH

         APAN
                                                                               vBNS


          IMnet

                                                                               NREN
NOAA
        MAFFIN
       - Processing
                                       Asia Pacific region
                                                                               NASA
       - Archiving
       - Distribution                                                          TRMM
 39
                                       Feb. 21, 2002                    By Akira Mizushima
               Agriculture-Grid
                                                         Anywhere
                                                          User
                                                                            Satoshi
                    言語と文字
                                      Enquiry

                                                Answer


                             Info-Broker
                            Multi-Lingual
                         - Ontology
                         - Translation system
                         - Dictionary/Thesaurus




     Diversity: Language/Character/Culture
                                                                      Sharing
40   Different: Structure/Data set/DB system
                          Feb. 21, 2002                             By Akira Mizushima
                NSF International Internet
                     ICM                        TransPAC          Post-TransPAC

     Official        Steve Goldstein            Steve Goldstein   Chip Cox?

     Kick-off        1989, end                  1996.3            2001, fall

     Solicitation    1990, Spring               1997.5            2002.10 ??

     Apply           1990, Summer               1997.8            2003.1 ??

     Grant           1991.1                     1998.9            2003.10 ??

     End planned     1996.9                     2003.10           2008.10 ??

     Real End        1997.9                     ?                 ??

     Initial rate    128 kbps                   34 Mbps           5-10 Gbps ?

     Final rate      34 Mbps                    1244 Mbps         100-300 Gbps ?

41
                                Feb. 21, 2002
                     Research Cycle
                                                   2003.9 End of
             1996
                    Prep         Exec              NSF’s Grant

     APAN1
                      2            5years
                                       Prep        Exec
                     1998
     APAN2
                                            2          5years
                                                           Prep   Exec
     APAN3          We are here!
                                                2003       2       5


42
                            Feb. 21, 2002
                   Role of APAN-JP
     •   Primary hub in Asia
     •   Gateway to USA
     •   Deployment of Asia-Oriented Technologies
     •   Promotion of Global/AP-Regional Applications
     •   Promotion of Projects funded by governments
     •   Collaborations based on the friendship of NGO


43
                        Feb. 21, 2002
                                 Thanks to
     •   Satoshi Sekiguchi:     ApGrid
     •   Yasuichi Kitamura:     Measurement
     •   Yoshinori Kitatsuji:   Network Configurations
     •   Ayumu Kubota:          TCP Performance & Diffserv
     •   Yuichiro Hei:          IPv6
     •   Koji Okamura:          Genkai/Hyunhae Project
     •   Shinji Shimojo:        Tele-microscope
     •   Hiroshi Mizushima:     Telemedicine & Bio-medical Database
     •   Takashi Ichihara:       High Energy Physics
     •   Sadanori Okamura:      Astronomy
     •   Shinichi Sobue:         Earth Monitoring
     •   Chris Elvidge:         Earth Monitoring
     •   Akira Mizushima:       Earth Monitoring & Agriculture
44
                                  Feb. 21, 2002
                   References
     • APAN: http://www.apan.net/
               http://www.jp.apan.net
     • Genkai: http://www,genkai.info/
     • ApGrid: http://www.apgrid.org/




45
                    Feb. 21, 2002

				
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