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                       Generation gap is a popular term used to describe vast differences in
                   values and attitudes between one generation and another, especially
                   between parents and children. It occurs when older and younger people
                   do not understand each other because of different experiences, opinions,
                   habits and behavior. The term was first used in Western countries during the
                   1960s to describe the major differences between the baby boomers and
                   their parents in such matters as musical tastes (rock music), fashion (long
                   hair on young males), drug use, and politics (large scale protests again the
                   Vietnam War on American college campuses).



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                     Understanding Parenting Styles: Authoritative -- Democratic -- Permissive

                                                                     For video script,
                                                                  please scroll down the page.

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Group Discussion

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                                                 Video Clip

                 Questions:
                    1. What are the three distinct parenting styles?
                    Key   They are authoritative, democratic and permissive.

Background          2. What characteristic does Marie have as an authoritative parent?
Information
Video Clip          Key   She’s is certain that she knows exactly what is absolutely best for her
                          daughter, and is very firm in establishing boundaries and in setting
Group Discussion          standards for her daughter.

Spot Dictation
                                         Group Discussion



                   1. Is it possible to overcome a generation gap? Why or why not? If yes,
                      how?

Background         2. Do you think in future you can be a better parent than your own
Information
                      parents? Why or why not?
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                                             Spot Dictation


                       Although the generation gap appears to be widening these days because
                                    ___________
                   of great changes over the last decades, one thing remains the same:
                   teenagers’ ______ need to find their place in life. When it becomes one of
                                urgent
                   their ___________ to fit in with their friends, a bad hair day can mean a life-
                         major concerns                                               ____
Background         changing crisis. They ________ how much they are valued in the eyes of
                                         care about
Information        their peers and parents, and ___ to be negatively compared with others who
                                                fear
Video Clip         are more beautiful, smarter, or seemingly more self-confident. Wise parents
                   do not make a mess of things with exaggerated reactions, but encounter the
                                  ____               _________
Group Discussion
                   problem with understanding and unconditional love.
Spot Dictation
                                         Part Division of the Text

                The text can be divided into 2 parts:
                 Part 1 (Paragraph 1):
                   The author’s brief comment on the conversation between her and her
                   daughter who came home from college for Christmas: she felt the
Part Division      generation gap.
of the Text
                 Part 2 (Paragraphs 2-17):
Further
Understanding      The conversation between mother and daughter which reflects how they
                   think, talk and behave differently as two different generations in a family.
                                        Further Understanding

                Questions:
                    1. Why didn’t Nancy think that she needed to clean up her room at home?
                   Key   Because she thought it was her own room and she could do whatever
                         she wanted without caring about what her parents would think. Since
Part Division            she didn’t clean up her room at college, she thought she could do the
of the Text              same at home.
Further             2. What did Nancy mean when she said “It’s what in your mind that counts.”?
Understanding
                   Key   Nancy said so because she thought compared with small things like
                         cleaning up the room, her way of thinking was more important. She
                         could also be implying that the disagreement between her and her
                         mother was all because they had thought differently.
                    3. Why was Nancy’s vacation “ruined”?
                   Key   Because she was unwilling to clean up her room. Although finally she
                         agreed to do it, she was very unhappy.
                             Clean Your Room
     You don’t really feel the generation gap until a son or daughter comes
home from college for Christmas.
     “Nancy, you’ve been home from school for three days now. Why don’t
you clean up your room?”
     “We don’t have to clean up our rooms at college, Mother.”
     “That’s very nice, Nancy. But while you’re in the house, your father
and I would like you to clean up your room.”
     “What difference does it make? It’s my room.”
     “I know, dear, and it really doesn’t mean that much to me. But your
father has a great fear of the plague. He said this morning if it is going to
start anywhere in this country, it’s going to start in your room.”
    “Mother, you people aren’t interested in anything that’s relevant. Do you
realize how the major corporations are polluting our environment?”
    “Your father and I are very worried about it. But right now we’re more
concerned with the pollution in your bedroom. You haven’t made your bed
since you came home.”
    “I never make it up at the dorm.”
    “Of course you don’t, and I’m sure the time you save goes toward your
education. But we still have these old-fashioned ideas about making beds
in the morning, and we can’t shake them. Since you’re home for such a
short time, why don’t you do it for our sake?”
    “Mother, I’m grown up now. Why do you have to treat me like a child?”
    “We’re not treating you like a child. But it’s very hard for us to realize
you’re an adult when you throw all your clothes on the floor.”
    “I haven’t thrown all my clothes on the floor. Those are just the clothes I
wore yesterday.”
    “Forgive me. I exaggerated. Well, how about the dirty dishes and empty
soft-drink cans on your desk? Are you collecting them for a science
project?”
    “Mother, you don’t understand us. You people were brought up to have
clean rooms. But our generation doesn’t care about things like that. It’s
what you have in your head that counts.”
    “No one respects education more than your father and I do, particularly
at the prices they’re charging. But we can’t see how living in a mess can
improve your mind.”
    “That’s because of your priorities. You would rather have me make up
my bed and pick up my clothes than become a free spirit who thinks for
myself. All right, I’ll clean up my room if it means that much to you. But I
want you to know you’ve ruined my vacation.”


                                                                (424 words)
                             Clean Your Room
     You don’t really feel the generation gap until a son or daughter comes
home from college for Christmas.
     “Nancy, you’ve been home from school for three days now. Why don’t
you clean up your room?”
     “We don’t have to clean up our rooms at college, Mother.”
     “That’s very nice, Nancy. But while you’re in the house, your father
and I would like you to clean up your room.”
     “What difference does it make? It’s my room.”
     “I know, dear, and it really doesn’t mean that much to me. But your
father has a great fear of the plague. He said this morning if it is going to
start anywhere in this country, it’s going to start in your room.”
    “Mother, you people aren’t interested in anything that’s relevant. Do you
realize how the major corporations are polluting our environment?”
    “Your father and I are very worried about it. But right now we’re more
concerned with the pollution in your bedroom. You haven’t made your bed
since you came home.”
    “I never make it up at the dorm.”
    “Of course you don’t, and I’m sure the time you save goes toward your
education. But we still have these old-fashioned ideas about making beds
in the morning, and we can’t shake them. Since you’re home for such a
short time, why don’t you do it for our sake?”
    “Mother, I’m grown up now. Why do you have to treat me like a child?”
    “We’re not treating you like a child. But it’s very hard for us to realize
you’re an adult when you throw all your clothes on the floor.”
    “I haven’t thrown all my clothes on the floor. Those are just the clothes I
wore yesterday.”
    “Forgive me. I exaggerated. Well, how about the dirty dishes and empty
soft-drink cans on your desk? Are you collecting them for a science
project?”
    “Mother, you don’t understand us. You people were brought up to have
clean rooms. But our generation doesn’t care about things like that. It’s
what you have in your head that counts.”
    “No one respects education more than your father and I do, particularly
at the prices they’re charging. But we can’t see how living in a mess can
improve your mind.”
    “That’s because of your priorities. You would rather have me make up
my bed and pick up my clothes than become a free spirit who thinks for
myself. All right, I’ll clean up my room if it means that much to you. But I
want you to know you’ve ruined my vacation.”


                                                                (424 words)
                                         Clean Your Room
Sentence Translation:
         You don’t really feel the generation gap
直到你的孩子上了大学,回家过圣诞节的时候,你才能真正体会到代沟                              until a son or daughter comes
是何滋味。
             home from
Sentence Paraphrase: college for Christmas.
You will really understand what generation gap is when your
                   “Nancy, you’ve been home from school
child has become a college student and comes home for for three days now. Why don’t
Christmas. you clean up your room?”
Structural Analysis:
                   “We don’t have to clean up our rooms
连词 until 在句中引导时间状语从句。注意当 until 表示“在„„前”, at college, Mother.”
“直到„„才”时,常用于否定句中。又如:
   I won’t answer “That’s very of yours until myBut while you’re in the house, your father
                  any questions nice, Nancy. lawyer comes.
   我的律师来之前我不会回答你的任何问题。
        and I would like you to clean      up your room.”
如用于肯定句,until表示一个动作的延续,意为“直到„„时/为止”,如:
                 “What difference does it make? It’s my room.”
   Wait until no one is here.     等着,直到这里没人为止。
                   “I know, dear, and it really
until与till同义,但在句首或正式用语中多用until。如: doesn’t mean that much to me. But your
   Until you told me, I had no idea of it.
           father has a great fear of the plague. He said this morning if it is going to
   在你告诉我之前,我对此一无所知。
   Walk on till youanywhere in this country, it’s going to start in your room.”
            start come to the gate.
   一直向前走,走到大门口为止。
                                        Clean Your Room
Sentence Translation:
         You don’t really feel the generation
他今天早上说,如果国内爆发瘟疫的话,一定是从你的房间开始的。                        gap until a son or daughter comes
Sentence Paraphrase: college for Christmas.
             home from
He said this morning that your room was so untidy that a
                  “Nancy, you’ve
national plague could start from it. been home from school for three days now. Why don’t

             you clean up your room?”
Structural Analysis:
         “We said后的宾语从句转述父亲说过的话。值得
这是一个间接引语的句子,don’t have to clean up our rooms at college, Mother.”
注意的是,间接引语中没有因为主句是过去时而使用相应的过去将来时
         “That’s very nice, Nancy. But while you’re in the house,
态表达,因为在引述时,如果原话中的动作或状态尚未到来,可以不推                                                 your father
移到过去将来时态表达。
           and I would like you to clean up your room.”
宾语从句中有一个if引导的条件状语从句。在一般情况下,当主句是将来
            “What difference does it make? It’s my
时, if条件句中要用一般现在时代替将来时。这类句子中,通常if从句中                       room.”
的动作是主句动作的先决条件。如:
                 “I know, dear, and it really doesn’t mean that much to me. But your
           father has a great fear of the plague. He said this morning if it is going to
           start anywhere in this country, it’s going to start in your room.”
                                        Clean Your Room
Structural Analysis:
   We’ll stay at home ifdon’t really feel the generation gap until a son or daughter comes
                   You it rains tomorrow.
  假如明天下雨,我就待在家里。
       home from college       for Christmas.
             “Nancy, you’ve been home from school
但文中 if引导的从句不是主句动作的先决条件,而是其后果,所以用 be                        for three days now. Why don’t
going to结构是正确的。又如:
           you clean up your room?”
  The country must develop its economy if it is going to solve the
                “We
  problem of poverty. don’t have to clean up our rooms at college, Mother.”
  这个国家如果想要解决贫困问题,就必须发展经济。
          “That’s very nice, Nancy.          But while you’re in the house, your father
           and I would like you to clean up your room.”
                “What difference does it make? It’s my room.”
                “I know, dear, and it really doesn’t mean that much to me. But your
           father has a great fear of the plague. He said this morning if it is going to
           start anywhere in this country, it’s going to start in your room.”
                “Mother, you people aren’t interested in anything that’s relevant. Do you
Sentence Translation:
妈妈,你们这代人就是不关心点儿有意义的事。
           realize how the major corporations are polluting our environment?”
Sentence Paraphrase:
Mother, you and“Your father and Iyou do notworried about it. But right now we’re more
                    other people like are very care about
things that are really important.
             concerned with the pollution in your bedroom. You haven’t made your bed
Structural Analysis:
             since you came home.”
此句中that’s relevant是定语从句,修饰不定代词anything。注意如
果先行词是all, much, anything, something, nothing, everything,
                 “I never make it up at the dorm.”
little, none等不定代词,关系代词一般只用that,不用which。如:
                “Of course you don’t, and I’m sure the time you save goes toward your
  I found nothing (that) we could use.
  我没找到对我们有用的东西。
           education. But we still have these old-fashioned ideas about making beds
  There was something that upset me in his speech.
       in the morning,
  他的演讲中有些话让我难过。              and we can’t shake them. Since you’re home for such a
           short time, why don’t you do it for our sake?”
               “Mother, I’m grown up now. Why do you have to treat me like a child?”
                “No
Sentence Translation: one respects education more than your father and I do, particularly
您宁肯让我叠被子、收拾衣服,也不想让我当一个能独立思考的自由的人。
           at the prices they’re charging. But we can’t see how living in a mess can
Sentence Paraphrase:
              improve your mind.”
You think it is more important for me to do chores like tidying
                  to have because of your priorities.
up my room than “That’s a free and independent mind. You would rather have me make up
Structural Analysis:
           my bed and pick up my clothes than become a free spirit who thinks for
这个句子中使用了would rather do sth. than do sth.的结构,表示
           myself. All right, I’ll clean up my room if it
“宁愿„„也不„„”。 此句中 than 后省略了 have me ,因为由                      means that much to you. But I
rather和than引出的并列关系动词应主语一致。如:
   He would rather die to know you’ve ruined my vacation.”
          want you than surrender.
   他宁死不降。
   She would rather take the small one than the big one.
                                                                              (424 words)
   她宁愿拿小的也不拿大的。
                 “No
Structural Analysis: one respects education more than your father and I do, particularly
would rather … than … 也可改写成 would … rather than … ,其
用法及含义不变。如:
           at the prices they’re charging. But we can’t see how living in a mess can
           die rather than surrender.
  He wouldimprove your mind.”
  他宁死不降。
               “That’s because of your priorities. You would rather have me make up
有时,为表示语气上的强调,也可将rather than置于句首。如:
           my bed and pick up my clothes than become a free spirit who thinks for
  Rather than refuse to help you, I would borrow money from
           myself. All right, I’ll clean up my room if it means that much to you. But I
  my friends.
  我宁可向朋友借钱,也不拒绝帮助你。
           want you to know you’ve ruined my vacation.”


                                                                           (424 words)
                                          Clean Your Room
generation
Collocation        You don’t really feel the generation gap until a son or daughter comes
in the / a generation
             home from college for Christmas.
    sb’s descendents in the tenth generation
  某人的第十代后裔“Nancy,            you’ve been home from school for three days now. Why don’t
  There are many differences even in a single generation.
       you clean up your
  即使一代人当中也有很多的不同。                room?”
Derivatives     “We don’t have to clean up our rooms at college, Mother.”
generate vt. 赚(钱),创造(财富);引起,引发
                “That’s very nice, Nancy. But while
  The business is not generating enough money to cover its you’re in the house, your father
  costs.
           and I would like you to clean up your room.”
  这个企业入不敷出。
                 “What difference does it
  The argument was generated by the report.make? It’s my room.”
                                             争论因报告而起。
generational adj. 生殖的,一代的
                “I know, dear, and it really doesn’t mean that much to me. But your
  generational differences      代沟
           father has a great fear of the plague. He said this morning if it is going to
generative adj. 生育的,有生殖能力的
           start anywhere in this country, it’s going to start in your room.”
  generative organ    生殖器官
generator n. 发电机
                                        Clean Your Room
gap
Collocations
                You don’t really feel the generation gap until a son or daughter comes
                home / close / narrow / Christmas.
fill / bridge / reduce from college forstop / supply the gap
(between …)               弥补不足,填补空白
                     “Nancy, you’ve been home from school for three days now. Why don’t
widen the gap             扩大差距
            you clean up your room?”
Useful Expression
                 “We don’t have市场缺口 up our rooms at college, Mother.”
a gap in the market             to clean
                “That’s very nice, Nancy. But while you’re in the house, your father
           and I would like you to clean up your room.”
                “What difference does it make? It’s my room.”
                “I know, dear, and it really doesn’t mean that much to me. But your
           father has a great fear of the plague. He said this morning if it is going to
           start anywhere in this country, it’s going to start in your room.”
                                         Clean Your Room
mean
NB:             You don’t really feel the generation gap until a son or daughter comes
mean的词性变化: from college for Christmas.
           home
vt. 意思是;试图,企图
                “Nancy, you’ve been home from school for three days now. Why don’t
    The word means something different in French.
   这个词在法语中有不同的意思。
           you clean up your room?”
   She never meant him any harm.
          “We
   她从没试图伤害他。         don’t have to clean up our rooms at college, Mother.”
               “That’s very nice, Nancy. But while you’re in the house, your father
   She never meant to harm him.
   她从没试图伤害他。
           and I
adj. 刻薄的;小气的 would like you to clean up your room.”
                  “What difference does it make? It’s my room.”
    Our boss is just mean.
   我们的老板真刻薄。
                “I know, dear, and it really doesn’t mean that much to me. But your
   She was too mean to put the heating on.
       father has a
   她很吝啬,不肯打开暖气。great            fear of the plague. He said this morning if it is going to
           start anywhere in this country, it’s going to start in your room.”
                                           Clean Your Room
Grammar Note
                   You don’t really feel the generation gap until a son or daughter comes
和mean词形非常相近的means不可理解为mean的复数,而是一个词义
完全不同的词,意为“方法,手段”,其单复数同形。
       home from college for Christmas.
Derivatives
                   “Nancy, you’ve been home from school for three days now. Why don’t
meaning        n.    意思,含义
meaningful           up your room?”
            you clean有意义的,意味深长的
              adj.
meaningless adj.“We 无意义的,意思不明确的 up our rooms at college, Mother.”
                     don’t have to clean
Useful Expressions
                   “That’s very nice, Nancy. But while you’re in the house, your father
be meant for sth. / sb. 适合某事/某人
be meant to and I would like you to clean up your room.”
            do sth.     有责任或义务做某事
What do you mean by doing …?
                   “What difference does it make? It’s my room.”
                      你做„„是什么意思?你凭什么竟敢„„?
                   “I know, dear, and it really doesn’t mean that much to me. But your
              father has a great fear of the plague. He said this morning if it is going to
              start anywhere in this country, it’s going to start in your room.”
                                         Clean Your Room
fear
NB:            You don’t really feel the generation gap until a son or daughter comes
fear 的词性变化: from college for Christmas.
           home
n. 害怕;担忧;(坏事发生的)可能性
               “Nancy, you’ve been home from
    Many women lived in fear of violence in the past. school for three days now. Why don’t
   在过去,很多妇女生活在对暴力的恐惧中。
   The accidentclean up your room?”/ for the safety of the
           you has raised fear about
   nuclear plant. “We don’t have to clean up our rooms at college, Mother.”
   这起事故引起人们对核电站安全性的担忧。
                  “That’s very nice, Nancy.
   There is fear that the lake would overflow. But while you’re in the house, your father
   有人担心湖水会泛滥。
            no fear of becoming bored in a place like room.”
   There is and I would like you to clean up yourthis.
    在这样的地方不会感到厌倦。
           “What difference        does it make? It’s my room.”
v. 害怕,担忧
                                   and it really doesn’t mean that much to me. But your
                    “I know, dear, 我不敢告诉他真相。
   I fear to tell him the truth.
            father has a great fear of will hit London
   Health experts fear that a flu epidemicthe plague. He said this morning if it is going to
   this winter.
   卫生专家们担心今年冬天流行性感冒会袭击伦敦。 it’s
       start anywhere in this country,           going to start in your room.”
                                          Clean Your Room
Derivatives
fearful     adj. You don’t really feel the generation gap until a son or daughter comes
                      担心的,害怕的
fearless    adj.      无畏的,大胆的
fearsome adj.home from college for Christmas.
                      可怕的,吓人的
Idiomatic Expression
                 “Nancy, you’ve been home from school for three days now. Why don’t
Fools rush in where angels fear to tread.
      you clean
智者避之,愚者趋之。             up your room?”
Useful Expressions  “We don’t have to clean up our rooms at college, Mother.”
for fear of (doing) sth. / for fear that 生怕„„;以免„„
                 “That’s very nice, Nancy. But while you’re in the house, your father
   I didn’t tell Susan about our decision for fear of upsetting
             and would like you
   her / that she Iwould be upset. to clean up your room.”
    我没把我们的决定告诉苏珊以免让她难过。
               “What difference does       it make? It’s my room.”
fear the worst    感到非常担心
                “I know, I began to it really doesn’t mean that much to me. But your
   They were very late, anddear, and fear the worst.
   他们很晚还不到,我开始感到非常担心。
           father has a great fear of the plague. He said this morning if it is going to
           start anywhere in this country, it’s going to start in your room.”
major           “Mother, you people aren’t interested in anything that’s relevant. Do you
NB:      realize how the major corporations are polluting our environment?”
major 的词性变化:
adj.           “Your father and I are very worried about it. But right now we’re more
         重要的,严重的
n.       少校;(大学的)主修科目,主修某专业的学生
v.       concerned with the pollution in your bedroom. You haven’t made your bed
         (+ in) 主修(某一科目)

Derivative since you came home.”
majority    n. 大多数,大部分;多数票 at the dorm.”
                 “I never make it up
Grammar Note
the majority of …“Of course you don’t, and I’m sure the time you save goes toward your
                  放在主语的位置时,后可接单数或复数的谓语动词:
   The majority of our employees are / is women.
           education. But we still have these old-fashioned ideas about making beds
   我们的雇员大多数都是女性。
Useful Expression morning, and we can’t shake them. Since you’re home for such a
             in the
in the majority 占多数
           short time, why don’t you do it for our sake?”
   Men are in the majority in their college.
   他们的大学里男生占多数。
                “Mother, I’m grown up now. Why do you have to treat me like a child?”
concerned       “Mother, you people aren’t interested in anything that’s relevant. Do you
NB:
           realize how the major corporations are polluting our environment?”
concern 的词性变化:
                “Your
n. 担心;关心;重要的事 father and I are very worried about it. But right now we’re more
    Many people expressed their concern about / at / over the
    issue. concerned with the pollution in your bedroom. You haven’t made your bed
   许多人对此问题表示担忧。
           since you came home.”
   Our primary / main / major concern is to give our customers
                 “I
   practical care. never make it up at the dorm.”
   我们最关心的是给顾客实际的关怀。
                 “Of
vt. 使担心;涉及;影响 course you don’t, and I’m sure the time you save goes toward your
             education. But we still have go to school.
    It concerns me that these children cannot these old-fashioned ideas about making beds
   这些孩子不能上学,让我很担忧。
   The story concerns a man who was acan’t shake them. Since you’re home for such a
           in the morning, and we friend of mine.
   故事讲的是我过去的一个朋友。
   My past short time, why don’t you do it for our sake?”
           doesn’t concern you.
   我的过去与你无关。
          “Mother,        I’m grown up now. Why do you have to treat me like a child?”
Derivative
concerning prep.      关于
Grammar Note “Mother, you people aren’t interested in anything that’s relevant. Do you
concerning 常跟在名词后:
           realize how the major corporations are polluting our environment?”
   a newspaper article concerning the problems of
   overcrowded“Your father and I are very worried about it. But right now we’re more
                cities
   一篇关于城市过分拥挤的报纸文章
            concerned with the pollution in your bedroom. You haven’t made your bed
Collocations
             since you came home.”
be concerned about 担心;关心,在乎
                 “I never concerned at the dorm.”
    The parents were very make it upabout the boy’s safety.
   男孩的家长非常担心孩子的安全。
               “Of course you don’t, and I’m sure the time you save goes toward your
   She is genuinely concerned about you.
   她是真的关心你。
            education. But we still have these old-fashioned ideas about making beds
be concerned with     关于;关注
            in concerned with the we can’t shake them.
    The fable isthe morning, and true meaning of happiness. Since you’re home for such a
   这个寓言讲的是幸福的真正含义。
            short time, why don’t you do it for our sake?”
   He is more concerned with what people think of him than
                “Mother, I’m grown up now. Why do you have to treat me like a child?”
   anything else.
   他最关心的是人们对他的评价如何。
Collocations       “Mother, you people aren’t interested in anything that’s relevant. Do you
                     在乎,挂念
           realize how the major corporations are polluting our environment?”
be concerned for
    He was concerned for her safety.
                   “Your father and I are very worried about it. But right now we’re more
   他挂念着她的安全。
           concerned with the pollution in your bedroom. You haven’t made your bed
be concerned in    从事,参与
           since you digestion and
   organs concerned incame home.”blood-making
   参与消化和造血的器官
                   “I never make it up at the dorm.”
Useful Expressions
                   “Of course you don’t, and I’m sure the time you save goes toward your
as far as … is concerned   就„„而言
             education. But与„„无关 have these old-fashioned ideas about making beds
have no concern with        we still
of concern                 重要的,有利害关系的
to whom it may the morning, and we can’t shake them. Since you’re home for such a
             in concern (正式信件等的开头)敬启者
               short time, why don’t you do it for our sake?”
                   “Mother, I’m grown up now. Why do you have to treat me like a child?”
save               “Mother, you people aren’t interested in anything that’s relevant. Do you
Collocations
             realize how the major corporations are polluting our environment?”
save sb. / sth. from sth. 使„„免于/摆脱„„
save sb. sth.             为某人节省下„„;使某人免于„„
                   “Your father and I are very worried about it. But right now we’re more
    The new plan will save the government more money in
             concerned with the pollution in your bedroom. You haven’t made your bed
    the future.
   新计划将来能替政府多省些钱。
            since you came home.”
   If you get the milk on your way home, it will save me a trip
   to the grocery store. make it up at the dorm.”
                 “I never
   如果你在回来的路上买些牛奶,我就不用去杂货店了。
Derivative       “Of course you don’t, and I’m sure the time you save goes toward your
saving n. [常用复数]储蓄,存款
            education. But we still have these old-fashioned ideas about making beds
Idiomatic Expression
(God) save me the morning, and we can’t shake them. Since you’re home for such a
            in from my friends.
这样的好意我可受不了,别让我受宠若惊。
            short time, why don’t you do it for our sake?”
Useful Expressions
save on    节省
                “Mother, I’m grown up now. Why do you have to treat me like a child?”
   save on material     节省材料
save up    储蓄
   save up for a trip   为旅行存钱
wear           “We’re not treating you like a child. But it’s very hard for us to realize
NB:
           you’re
wear 的词性变化: an adult when you throw all your clothes on the floor.”
v. 穿着,戴着;磨损
               “I haven’t thrown all my clothes on the floor. Those are just the clothes I
    She wears her hair long.
   她留着一头长发。
       wore yesterday.”
   The carpet has worn very thin in places.
          “Forgive
   地毯有几处被磨得很薄。              me. I exaggerated. Well, how about the dirty dishes and empty
n. (持续的)使用;(用于特定活动或人群的)服装
            soft-drink cans on your desk? Are you collecting them for a science
   Good suits stand a lot more wear.
       project?”
   好衣服更耐穿。
   children’s / sports / evening wear
          “Mother,
   童装/运动装/晚装                you don’t understand us. You people were brought up to have
Comparison clean rooms. But our generation doesn’t care about things like that. It’s
wear和put on都意为“穿,戴”,但wear侧重穿着某种衣物的状态,而
           what you have
put on指把某衣物穿上的动作: in your head that counts.”
   She is wearing a new dress to work.
   她穿着新裙子去上班。
   The shirt is so small that I cannot put it on.
   衬衫太小了,我穿不上。
Grammar Note “We’re not treating you like a child. But it’s very hard for us to realize
wear属不规则动词,试与其他一些变化相似的动词比较: your clothes on the floor.”
             you’re an adult when you throw all
wear – wore – worn              穿,戴
                   “I (borne)
bear – bore – born haven’t thrown all my clothes on the floor. Those are just the clothes I
                                负担,忍受;生产,生(孩子)
swear – swore – sworn           发誓,诅咒
             wore yesterday.”
tear – tore – torn              撕扯
Derivatives       “Forgive me. I exaggerated. Well, how about the dirty dishes and empty
wearing       soft-drink 另人疲倦的 your desk? Are you collecting them for a science
              adj.        cans on
weary         adj.       疲倦的,疲劳的
worn          project?” 用旧的,疲惫的
              adj.
Useful Expressions
                  “Mother, you don’t understand us. You people were brought up to have
wear away     磨损;(感情)逐渐消失
wear off      clean rooms. But our generation
              (疼痛或感情等)慢慢消失,逐渐消逝                 doesn’t care about things like that. It’s
wear out      使精疲力竭;用坏
              what you have in your head that counts.”
collect            “We’re not treating you like a child. But it’s very hard for us to realize
NB:           you’re an adult when you throw all your clothes on the floor.”
collect 也可用作副词或形容词表示“由对方付费”:
                   “I
    call sb. collect haven’t thrown all my clothes on the floor. Those are just the clothes I
                        给某人打由对方付费的电话
                        一个反向收费的电话
    a collect call yesterday.”
              wore
Derivatives
                   “Forgive me. I exaggerated. Well, how about the dirty dishes and empty
collected adj.           收集成的;镇定的
collection n.             cans on
              soft-drink 收藏品;文集 your desk? Are you collecting them for a science
collective adj.          共同的;集体的
collector n.  project?” 检票员;收藏者
Useful Expressions “Mother, you don’t understand us. You people were brought up to have
collect eyes             引人注意
              clean rooms. But our generation doesn’t care about things like that. It’s
collect one’s thoughts 集中思想
collect up               收走,收拾
           what you have in your head that counts.”
bring up         “We’re not treating you like a child. But it’s very hard for us to realize
NB:
           you’re an adult when you throw all your clothes on the floor.”
bring up 表示“养育,拉扯大”常用被动语态:
                 “I has been brought up on a diet of junk food
   This generation haven’t thrown all my clothes on the floor. Those are just the clothes I
   and endless television.
           wore yesterday.”
  这一代伴着垃圾食品和没完没了的电视节目长大。
  The man was “Forgive brought up in America. Well, how about the dirty dishes and empty
              born and me. I exaggerated.
  这个人在美国出生并长大。
           soft-drink cans on your desk? Are you collecting them for a science
Grammaar Note
              project?”
bring 属不规则动词,试比较其他一些变化相似的动词:
bring – brought – brought         带来
                   “Mother, you don’t understand us. You people were brought up to have
buy – bought – bought             买
fight – fought – fought           战斗
              clean rooms. But our generation doesn’t care about things like that. It’s
seek – sought – sought            寻找
think – thought – thought         想
              what you have in your head that counts.”
Comparison
bring, take, fetch
bring表示把东西拿到说话人所在位置:
Comparison     “We’re not treating you like a child. But it’s very hard for us to realize
  The teacher said, “Don’t forget to bring your textbook
           you’re an adult when you throw all your clothes on the floor.”
  again!”
          “I haven’t thrown
   老师说:“不要再忘记带课本了!”                  all my clothes on the floor. Those are just the clothes I
take 表示把东西拿到另一位置,此时说话人并不在那里:
               wore yesterday.”
   I’ll take the photos to her house.
          “Forgive
   我会把照片带去她家。              me. I exaggerated. Well, how about the dirty dishes and empty
fetch 表示去另一位置并回来,把某人或某物也带回来:
            soft-drink cans on your desk? Are you collecting them for a science
    She’s gone to fetch her brother from the railway station.
        project?”
   她已经去火车站接弟弟了。
   Fetch a bottle from the kitchen, please.
          “Mother,
   请到厨房拿一个瓶子来。             you don’t understand us. You people were brought up to have
Useful Expressions rooms. But our generation doesn’t care about things like that. It’s
              clean
bring about              引起,导致,使发生
bring out                have in your head
              what you 推出;使显出(某特征) that counts.”
bring sth. to an end / a halt / a close
                      使某事停止/结束
care              “We’re not treating you like a child. But it’s very hard for us to realize
NB:
             you’re
care 的词性变化: an adult when you throw all your clothes on the floor.”
n. 注意;照料          “I haven’t thrown all my clothes on the floor. Those are just the clothes I
v. 在意,关心
Grammar Note wore yesterday.”
care 作动词不用于进行式。
                  “Forgive me. I exaggerated. Well, how about the dirty dishes and empty
Derivatives
carefree adj.            cans on
             soft-drink 无忧无虑的 your desk? Are you collecting them for a science
careful     adj.        仔细的,认真的,小心的
careless adj.project?” 粗心的,疏忽的,粗枝大叶的
Useful Expressions“Mother, you don’t understand us. You people were brought up to have
care about                    在乎;关心
care for     clean rooms. But our (=look after) doesn’t care about things like that. It’s
                              喜欢;照顾 generation
take care of                  照顾;照管;支付
                              in your head that counts.”
             what you have 小心轻放。
Handle with care.
not have a care in the world 无忧无虑
neither know nor care         不知道也不在乎
Who cares?                    管它呢!
charge          “No one respects education more than your father and I do, particularly
NB:        at the prices they’re charging. But we can’t see how living in a mess can
charge 的词性变化:
n. 价钱;指控improve your mind.”
                “That’s because of your priorities. You would rather have me make up
  You will have to pay a small admission charge.
  你要付一小笔入场费。
           my bed and pick up my clothes than become a free spirit who thinks for
  They faced charges of murder.
       myself. All
  他们面临谋杀罪的指控。            right, I’ll clean up my room if it means that much to you. But I
v. 收费;记账;控告;充电
           want you to know you’ve ruined my vacation.”
  No service fee is charged here.
  这里不收服务费。
  I decided to charge it with a credit card, since I didn’t have             (424 words)
  any cash on me.
  我决定用信用卡付帐,因为我没有带现金。
  The police charged him with murder.
  警方指控他犯了谋杀罪。
Derivatives      “No one respects education more than your father and I do, particularly
chargeable adj.       应支付的;可能被控的
            at the prices they’re charging. But we can’t see how living in a mess can
charged      adj.     充电的,带电的;饱含激情的
charger       n.      战马;控告者;充电器
            improve your mind.”
Comparison
               “That’s because of your priorities. You would rather have me make up
in charge of 负责,管理
              my bed and department.
   Philip is in charge of the pick up my clothes than become a free spirit who thinks for
   菲利普负责这个部门。
in the charge of 由„„负责,管理I’ll clean up my room if it means that much to you. But I
            myself. All right,
    The department is into know you’ve ruined my vacation.”
            want you the charge of Philip.
  这个部门由菲利普负责。

Useful Expressions
take charge (of)      负责,管理                                                 (424 words)
in (full) charge      负(全)责
under the charge of   在„„掌管或照顾之下
mess              “No one respects education more than your father and I do, particularly
Collocations
in a mess 脏,乱 prices they’re charging. But we can’t see how living in a mess can
             at the
             improve a terrible mess.
    Her papers were inyour mind.”
  她的文件乱极了。
                  “That’s because of
get (sb.) into a mess(使某人)陷入困境 your priorities. You would rather have me make up
   You got me into this mess.
           my bed and pick up my clothes than become a free spirit who thinks for
  你让我陷入这个困境。
  I don’t know how we got into I’ll clean up my room if it means that much to you. But I
            myself. All right, this mess.
  我不知道我们怎么陷入了这个困境。
           want you to know you’ve ruined my vacation.”
Derivative
messy      adj. 凌乱的,脏乱的
Useful Expressions                                                          (424 words)
make a mess of sth. 把„„弄乱/弄脏/弄糟
mess about / around 浪费时间;胡闹
mess sth. up         把„„弄乱/弄脏/弄糟
mess with sth. / sb. 摆弄/玩弄某物;使某人生气
priority            “No one respects education more than your father and I do, particularly
Collocations
top / high / main / immediatethey’re charging. But we can’t see how living in a mess can
              at the prices priority 最优先考虑的事
              improve your mind.” 确定优先次序
set / establish / identify priorities
give priority to                       优先考虑
put / place a high“That’s on
                     priority because of your priorities. You would rather have me make up
                                       高度重视
Derivatives
              my bed and
prior adj. 优先的,在前的 pick up my clothes than become a free spirit who thinks for
                                   优先的考虑
   a prior consideration right, I’ll clean up my room if it means that much to you. But I
              myself. All
  The plane seemed to catch fire a few seconds prior to taking
  off.     want you to know you’ve ruined my vacation.”
    飞机好像起飞前几秒就着火了。
prioritize v. 分清主次;优先对待
   We need to learn to prioritize.       我们要学会分清主次。                           (424 words)
   prioritize the agricultural program   优先考虑农业计划
Useful Expression
take priority 更重要
   Their marriage takes priority over everything else.
   他们的婚姻胜过一切。
ruin             “No one respects education more than your father and I do, particularly
Comparison
damage, destroy, ruin, spoil,they’re charging. But we can’t see how living in a mess can
            at the prices wreck
damage 表示使事物在价值、效用、外观等方面受到部分的毁坏、损害,
            improve your mind.”
程度比 destroy 轻,常常可以修复:
                 “That’s because       包裹被弄破了。
    The parcel has been damaged. of your priorities. You would rather have me make up
[反]repair
            my bed and pick up my clothes than become a free spirit who thinks for
destroy 指故意或通过暴力彻底破坏、毁灭无生命的东西,或消灭、杀死
有生命的东西,使之不能复原或再利用,还可表示希望破灭或计划失败等
含义:   myself. All right, I’ll clean up my room if it means     that much to you. But I
   Their office building was destroyed by the bombing.
           want you to know you’ve ruined my vacation.”
   他们的办公楼毁于轰炸中。
    Illness destroyed his career. 疾病毁了他的事业。
[反]build, reconstruct
ruin与destroy基本同义,指彻底毁坏,但可以不是故意或暴力,                                         (424 words)
而是由于疏忽或不可避免的因素:
   Don’t ruin my plans. 不要把我的计划搞砸。
[反]save, restore
spoil主要指较美好的事物遭到破坏,还有宠坏、溺爱的意思:
Comparison         “No one respects education more than your father and I do, particularly
            was spoiled by the bad charging. But we can’t see how living in a mess can
   My lunchat the prices they’re smell.
   那股恶臭毁了我的午餐。
             improve your mind.”
   a spoiled kid
    被宠坏的小孩         “That’s because of your priorities. You would rather have me make up
[反]improve; be strict with pick
         my bed and               up my clothes than become a free spirit who thinks for
wreck 多指船、飞机等遭受失事,不用于进行式,也引申为人的计划、
希望、生命等的毁灭:
             myself. All right, I’ll clean up my room if it means that much to you. But I
             want you to know you’ve ruined my vacation.”
   His ship was wrecked.
  他的船失事了。
   The crisis wrecked my plan.                                                (424 words)
  这次危机破坏了我的计划。

NB:
ruin 的词性变化:
vt. 毁灭,毁坏;搞砸
n. 毁灭;废墟,遗迹;破产
Derivatives       “No one respects education more than your father and I do, particularly
ruined       at 毁灭了的;遭受严重损害的
           adj. the prices they’re charging. But we can’t see how living in a mess can
ruinous adj. 毁灭性的,破坏性的
             improve your mind.”
Useful Expression
in ruins     成废墟;被破坏
                  “That’s because of your priorities. You would rather have me make up
    Last month saw his dreams shattered and
             my bed and
    his business in ruins. pick up my clothes than become a free spirit who thinks for
  上个月他的梦想彻底破灭,他的生意破产了。
           myself. All right, I’ll clean up my room if it means that much to you. But I
  Their friendship was in ruins.
       want you to
  他们的友谊完全破裂了。            know you’ve ruined my vacation.”


                                                                            (424 words)
vacation       “No one respects education more than your father and I do, particularly
Comparison at the prices they’re charging. But we can’t see how living in a mess can
vacation和vocation两词形似意不近:
            improve your
vacation n. 假期,休假 mind.”
vocation n. 行业,职业
Derivative      “That’s because of your priorities. You would rather have me make up
vacationer n. 休假者,度假者
            my bed and pick up my clothes than become a free spirit who thinks for
Useful Expressions
on vacation 在度假 All right, I’ll clean up my room if it means that much to you. But I
            myself.
            vacation this know you’ve
   She’s on want you to week and next. ruined my vacation.”
   她本周和下周休假。
winter / summer vacation 寒/暑假
  I’m going to visit my grandpa during my summer vacation.                (424 words)
  我打算寒假时去看望我的祖父。
                                            Vocabulary


                       Useful Expressions


                       Synonyms and Antonyms
   Vocabulary

    Writing

Integrated Exercises

    Resources
                                              Useful Expressions

                       It takes three generations to make a gentleman.     十年树木,百年树人。

                       New brooms sweep clean.                        新官上任三把火.

                       Do right and fear no man.          身正不怕影斜。/没做亏心事,不怕鬼敲门。

                       A stitch in time saves nine.                   小洞不补,大洞吃苦。
   Vocabulary
                       Constant dropping wears away a stone.          水滴石穿,绳锯木断。
    Writing
                       a can of worms                      复杂而难解决的问题,棘手的事;一团糟
Integrated Exercises
                       mess with sb’s head                            使某人心烦意乱,困惑不解

    Resources          for God’s / Christ’s / goodness’s / heaven’s   天哪
                       / Pete’s sake

                       stand in the gap                               挺身而出,首当其冲

                       avoid sb. / sth. like the plague               极力回避某人/某物
                                     Synonyms and Antonyms

                       No.   Key words        Synonyms       Antonyms
                        1.   collect          gather         distribute
                        2.   concerned        worried
                        3.   exaggerate       overstate      understate
   Vocabulary
                        4.   fear             be afraid of
    Writing             5.   gap              opening

Integrated Exercises    6.   major            important      minor
                        7.   mess             disorder       tidiness
    Resources
                        8.   ruin             destroy        save, repair
                        9.   save             keep, rescue

                       10.   bring up         raise
                                             Writing



                       Summary Writing


   Vocabulary          Writing Accelerator

    Writing

Integrated Exercises

    Resources
                                             Summary Writing
                       Directions:
                       Read Text B The Disappearing Generation Gap, and write a summary of
                       about 100 words. Note that your summary should include the main ideas of
                       the passage. Please pay attention to the use of conjunctions and conjunctive
                       adverbs.


   Vocabulary                     When Tom was a teenager, there was a generation gap between
                         him and his parents. Their differences varied from music and fashion to
    Writing              activities and expectations. But Tom has a closer relationship with his
                         teenage daughter with whom he shares some common interests. Today,
Integrated Exercises     as the old approach is giving way to a more democratic approach, the
                         generation gap is becoming less serious in many families, thus bringing
    Resources            an unprecedented closeness among family members. When shared
                         interests and mutual trust help to bridge the generation gap, problems
                         also arise when parents spoil their children.
                                                    Writing Accelerator
                       Directions:
                       The following invitation letter contains 10 errors and/or mistakes. Please
                       identify and correct each of them and give your explanations.
                          Dear Professor Michael,

                               We are very glad to hear that you are attending an international
                         workshop in Beijing. We are writing this letter to inquiry the possibility of
                         inviting you to deliver a lecture on American literature for the postgraduate
   Vocabulary
                         students at our university on an evening of next week.
    Writing
                               We have long been noticed that you have done a lot of substantial and
                         creative work in this field. Two of your books have become textbooks for our
Integrated Exercises     students for several years. So all of us believe your lecture will benefit our
                         students and teaching staff alike.
    Resources                  If you are interested to accept this invitation, please tell us the number of
                         your flight and we will meet you at the airport. If you can’t make it, please
                         also let us know.
                               We would appreciate your early replying and looking forward to you.

                                                                                           Yours Sincerely
                            Key                                                                Wang Bing
                                                    Writing Accelerator
                       Directions:
                       The following invitation letter contains 10 errors and/or mistakes. Please
                       identify and correct each of them and give your explanations.
                          Dear Professor Michael,

                               We are very glad to hear that you are attending an international
                         workshop in Beijing. We are writing this letter to inquiry the possibility of
                         inviting you to deliver a lecture on American literature for the postgraduate
   Vocabulary
                         students at our university on an evening of next week.
    Writing
                               We have long been noticed that you have done a lot of substantial and
                         creative work in this field. Two of your books have become textbooks for our
Integrated Exercises     students for several years. So all of us believe your lecture will benefit our
                         students and teaching staff alike.
    Resources                  If you are interested to accept this invitation, please tell us the number of
                         your flight and we will meet you at the airport. If you can’t make it, please
                         also let us know.
                               We would appreciate your early replying and looking forward to you.

                                                                                           Yours Sincerely
                                                                                               Wang Bing
                                                  Writing Accelerator
                    Directions:
                    The Michael
           Dear Professor following invitation letter contains 10 errors and/or mistakes. Please
                    identify and correct each of them and give your explanations.
           像professor这样的头衔须放在全名或姓氏前才符合英语的习惯,且适用
                       Dear Professor Michael,
           于较正式的文体。 Michael属常见男子名,这里应补全收信人的姓氏,
           如可改为“Dear Professor Michael Ward”或 “Dear Professor
           Ward”。只有在非正式的邀请信中才可省略收信人的姓而直呼其名,省 are
                       We are very glad to hear that you                       attending an international
           略姓氏时不可加头衔。
                   workshop in Beijing. We are writing this letter            to inquiry the possibility of
                       inviting you to deliver a lecture on American literature for the postgraduate
   Vocabulary
                       students at our university on an evening of next week.
    Writing
                             We have long been noticed that you have done a lot of substantial and
                       creative work in this field. Two of your books have become textbooks for our
Integrated Exercises   students for several years. So all of us believe your lecture will benefit our
                       students and teaching staff alike.
    Resources                If you are interested to accept this invitation, please tell us the number of
                       your flight and we will meet you at the airport. If you can’t make it, please
                       also let us know.
                             We would appreciate your early replying and looking forward to you.

                                                                                          Yours Sincerely
                                                                                              Wang Bing
                                                  Writing Accelerator
                    Directions:
           inquiry The following invitation letter contains 10 errors and/or mistakes. Please
                    identify and correct each of them and give your explanations.
           inquiry是名词,这里应改为动词“inquire”。
                       Dear Professor Michael,

                             We are very glad to hear that you are attending an international
                       workshop in Beijing. We are writing this letter to inquiry the possibility of
                       inviting you to deliver a lecture on American literature for the postgraduate
   Vocabulary
                       students at our university on an evening of next week.
    Writing
                             We have long been noticed that you have done a lot of substantial and
                       creative work in this field. Two of your books have become textbooks for our
Integrated Exercises   students for several years. So all of us believe your lecture will benefit our
                       students and teaching staff alike.
    Resources                If you are interested to accept this invitation, please tell us the number of
                       your flight and we will meet you at the airport. If you can’t make it, please
                       also let us know.
                             We would appreciate your early replying and looking forward to you.

                                                                                         Yours Sincerely
                                                                                             Wang Bing
                                                  Writing Accelerator
                    Directions:
                    The following invitation letter contains 10 errors and/or mistakes. Please
           on an evening of next week
                    identify and correct each of them and give your explanations.
           邀请信中的要素之一是邀请对方参与的活动的具体时间,目前的表达显然
           不够具体,可改为“on the evening of October 10”。
                       Dear Professor Michael,

                             We are very glad to hear that you are attending an international
                       workshop in Beijing. We are writing this letter to inquiry the possibility of
                       inviting you to deliver a lecture on American literature for the postgraduate
   Vocabulary
                       students at our university on an evening of next week.
    Writing
                             We have long been noticed that you have done a lot of substantial and
                       creative work in this field. Two of your books have become textbooks for our
Integrated Exercises   students for several years. So all of us believe your lecture will benefit our
                       students and teaching staff alike.
    Resources                If you are interested to accept this invitation, please tell us the number of
                       your flight and we will meet you at the airport. If you can’t make it, please
                       also let us know.
                             We would appreciate your early replying and looking forward to you.

                                                                                         Yours Sincerely
                                                                                             Wang Bing
                                                  Writing Accelerator
                   Directions:
           noticed The following invitation letter contains 10 errors and/or mistakes. Please
                   identify and correct each of them and give your explanations.
           表示过去一直持续到现在的动作,应用现在完成进行时,应把“noticed”
           改为“noticing”。 Professor Michael,
                      Dear

                             We are very glad to hear that you are attending an international
                       workshop in Beijing. We are writing this letter to inquiry the possibility of
                       inviting you to deliver a lecture on American literature for the postgraduate
   Vocabulary
                       students at our university on an evening of next week.
    Writing
                             We have long been noticed that you have done a lot of substantial and
                       creative work in this field. Two of your books have become textbooks for our
Integrated Exercises   students for several years. So all of us believe your lecture will benefit our
                       students and teaching staff alike.
    Resources                If you are interested to accept this invitation, please tell us the number of
                       your flight and we will meet you at the airport. If you can’t make it, please
                       also let us know.
                             We would appreciate your early replying and looking forward to you.

                                                                                         Yours Sincerely
                                                                                             Wang Bing
                                                  Writing Accelerator
                  Directions:
           become The following invitation letter contains 10 errors and/or mistakes. Please
                  identify and correct each of them and give your explanations.
           become是短瞬间性动词,不可与for引导的表示一段时间的状语连用,
                     Dear Professor Michael,
           可改为状态性动词be的完成式“been”。


                             We are very glad to hear that you are attending an international
                       workshop in Beijing. We are writing this letter to inquiry the possibility of
                       inviting you to deliver a lecture on American literature for the postgraduate
   Vocabulary
                       students at our university on an evening of next week.
    Writing
                             We have long been noticed that you have done a lot of substantial and
                       creative work in this field. Two of your books have become textbooks for our
Integrated Exercises   students for several years. So all of us believe your lecture will benefit our
                       students and teaching staff alike.
    Resources                If you are interested to accept this invitation, please tell us the number of
                       your flight and we will meet you at the airport. If you can’t make it, please
                       also let us know.
                             We would appreciate your early replying and looking forward to you.

                                                                                         Yours Sincerely
                                                                                             Wang Bing
                                                  Writing Accelerator
                     Directions:
           to accept The following invitation letter contains 10 errors and/or mistakes. Please
                     identify and correct each of them and give your explanations.
           “有兴趣做某事”的表达应为be interested in doing sth.,所以此处应改
                        Dear
           为“in accepting”。Professor Michael,


                             We are very glad to hear that you are attending an international
                       workshop in Beijing. We are writing this letter to inquiry the possibility of
                       inviting you to deliver a lecture on American literature for the postgraduate
   Vocabulary
                       students at our university on an evening of next week.
    Writing
                             We have long been noticed that you have done a lot of substantial and
                       creative work in this field. Two of your books have become textbooks for our
Integrated Exercises   students for several years. So all of us believe your lecture will benefit our
                       students and teaching staff alike.
    Resources                If you are interested to accept this invitation, please tell us the number of
                       your flight and we will meet you at the airport. If you can’t make it, please
                       also let us know.
                             We would appreciate your early replying and looking forward to you.

                                                                                         Yours Sincerely
                                                                                             Wang Bing
                                                  Writing Accelerator
                    Directions:
           replying The following invitation letter contains 10 errors and/or mistakes. Please
                    identify and correct each of them and give your explanations.
           reply可用作动词,也可用作名词,所以这里不必用其动名词形式,应改为
           “reply”。 Dear Professor Michael,


                             We are very glad to hear that you are attending an international
                       workshop in Beijing. We are writing this letter to inquiry the possibility of
                       inviting you to deliver a lecture on American literature for the postgraduate
   Vocabulary
                       students at our university on an evening of next week.
    Writing
                             We have long been noticed that you have done a lot of substantial and
                       creative work in this field. Two of your books have become textbooks for our
Integrated Exercises   students for several years. So all of us believe your lecture will benefit our
                       students and teaching staff alike.
    Resources                If you are interested to accept this invitation, please tell us the number of
                       your flight and we will meet you at the airport. If you can’t make it, please
                       also let us know.
                             We would appreciate your early replying and looking forward to you.

                                                                                         Yours Sincerely
                                                                                             Wang Bing
                                                  Writing Accelerator
                   Directions:
           looking The following invitation letter contains 10 errors and/or mistakes. Please
                   identify and correct each of them and give your explanations.
           此句中appreciate和look由并列连词and连接,用于情态动词would之后,
           所以应把“looking”改为“look”。Michael,
                      Dear Professor

                             We are very glad to hear that you are attending an international
                       workshop in Beijing. We are writing this letter to inquiry the possibility of
                       inviting you to deliver a lecture on American literature for the postgraduate
   Vocabulary
                       students at our university on an evening of next week.
    Writing
                             We have long been noticed that you have done a lot of substantial and
                       creative work in this field. Two of your books have become textbooks for our
Integrated Exercises   students for several years. So all of us believe your lecture will benefit our
                       students and teaching staff alike.
    Resources                If you are interested to accept this invitation, please tell us the number of
                       your flight and we will meet you at the airport. If you can’t make it, please
                       also let us know.
                             We would appreciate your early replying and looking forward to you.

                                                                                         Yours Sincerely
                                                                                             Wang Bing
                                                  Writing Accelerator
                    Directions:
           you      The following invitation letter contains 10 errors and/or mistakes. Please
                    identify and correct each of them sth. give your
           look forward to 短语中的to是介词,后面常跟doing或and,不能跟sb.,explanations.
           也不能跟动词不定式,此处可改为“your coming”或“meeting you”。
                       Dear Professor Michael,

                             We are very glad to hear that you are attending an international
                       workshop in Beijing. We are writing this letter to inquiry the possibility of
                       inviting you to deliver a lecture on American literature for the postgraduate
   Vocabulary
                       students at our university on an evening of next week.
    Writing
                             We have long been noticed that you have done a lot of substantial and
                       creative work in this field. Two of your books have become textbooks for our
Integrated Exercises   students for several years. So all of us believe your lecture will benefit our
                       students and teaching staff alike.
    Resources                If you are interested to accept this invitation, please tell us the number of
                       your flight and we will meet you at the airport. If you can’t make it, please
                       also let us know.
                             We would appreciate your early replying and looking forward to you.

                                                                                         Yours Sincerely
                                                                                             Wang Bing
                                                  Writing Accelerator
                    Directions:
                    The
           Yours Sincerelyfollowing invitation letter contains 10 errors and/or mistakes. Please
                    identify and correct each of them and give your explanations.
           落款处的正确表达方式:第一个词首字母大写,后用逗号,此处应改为
           “Yours sincerely,”。
                       Dear Professor Michael,

                             We are very glad to hear that you are attending an international
                       workshop in Beijing. We are writing this letter to inquiry the possibility of
                       inviting you to deliver a lecture on American literature for the postgraduate
   Vocabulary
                       students at our university on an evening of next week.
    Writing
                             We have long been noticed that you have done a lot of substantial and
                       creative work in this field. Two of your books have become textbooks for our
Integrated Exercises   students for several years. So all of us believe your lecture will benefit our
                       students and teaching staff alike.
    Resources                If you are interested to accept this invitation, please tell us the number of
                       your flight and we will meet you at the airport. If you can’t make it, please
                       also let us know.
                             We would appreciate your early replying and looking forward to you.

                                                                                         Yours Sincerely
                                                                                             Wang Bing
                                      Integrated Exercises



                       Sentence Translation


   Vocabulary          Sentence Dictation
    Writing

Integrated Exercises
                       Talking about the Pictures
    Resources
                                                 Sentence Translation

                       Translate the following sentences from Chinese into English:

                          1. 你一碰就会把这些花全毁了。
                          Key   You will completely ruin the flowers if you touch them.

   Vocabulary             2. 如今退休的人比上一代富裕。
                          Key   People retiring today are wealthier than the previous generation.
    Writing
                          3. 这个计划无疑将会影响我的工作方式。
Integrated Exercises
                          Key   The plan will certainly make a difference to the way I do my job.
    Resources
                                                Sentence Translation

                       Translate the following sentences from English into Chinese:

                        4. Being fashionable is low on her list of priorities.
                          Key   赶时髦是她最不看重的。
                        5. The regulation is not only for the protection of the workers, but also for the
   Vocabulary              sake of the whole community.
    Writing               Key   规定不止是为了保护工人,也是为了整个社区的利益。

Integrated Exercises
                        6. The newspaper’s political influence has been extremely exaggerated.
                          Key   该报的政治影响被极度夸大了。
    Resources
                                               Sentence Dictation




                       Script   1. During the 1960’s, baby boomers in America had a strong sense of
                                   generational identity.
   Vocabulary                   2. A common catchphrase of the era among young people was “don’t
                                   trust anyone over 30”.
    Writing
                                3. This trend was also expressed by The Who (a rock band), in their
                                   song “My Generation”, when they sang, “Hope I die before I get old”.
Integrated Exercises
                                4. The influence of the baby boomers was so significant that the entire
    Resources
                                   generation was named “Man of the Year” by Time magazine in 1966.
                                              Talking about the Pictures

                       (1) Picture One
                         Directions: Look at the cartoon and talk about it. You should:
                         1) describe it briefly and interpret its meaning;
                         2) comment on the generation gap reflected in the cartoon.

   Vocabulary

    Writing

Integrated Exercises

    Resources

                              Caption: 1: Ha! Ha! Ha!
                                       2: -- Jeremy. You should read this article in today’s paper!
                                          -- Okay…
                                       3: … what’s the URL?
                                            Talking about the Pictures


                       Demo:

                           When the father asks his son to read an article in the newspaper,
                       instead of turning to the paper itself, the son asks for the URL -- the
                       address of a World Wide Web page -- so that he can read it online. The
   Vocabulary          cartoon interestingly reflects a generation gap more typical of the present
                       times: young people nowadays are more likely to use the Internet as a
    Writing            means of getting information, in contrast to their parents who are more
                       used to the traditional media. It seems that with the development of
Integrated Exercises   technology, generation gap is taking on new forms, too.
    Resources
                                               Talking about the Pictures

                       (2) Picture Two
                         Directions: Look at the pictures carefully and talk about them. You should:
                         1) briefly describe the pictures and interpret their meaning;
                         2) give your comments on ways to bridge the generation gap.

   Vocabulary

    Writing

Integrated Exercises

    Resources
                                            Talking about the Pictures

                       Demo:

                           In both the two pictures, we can see two entirely different generations
                       are enjoying themselves together. There seems to be no generation gap
                       between them at all. The pictures show that it is highly possible to bridge
   Vocabulary          the generation gap if people at different ages can just spend time together,
                       talk to each other and get to understand each other better, since a
    Writing            generation gap is mainly caused by a lack of understanding between
                       generations. Activities like telling the family stories of the past, playing
Integrated Exercises   outdoor games are very effective to promote better communication and
                       understanding between different generations.
    Resources
                                         Resources



                       Links


   Vocabulary          Further Reading

    Writing
                       Movies
Integrated Exercises

    Resources
                                                 Links

                       1. a website about the five different generations in the U.S. today
                          http://library.thinkquest.org/23440/
                       2. changes in the generation gap, 1972-1998
                          http://cloud9.norc.uchicago.edu/dlib/sc-43.htm
                       3. a Business Week Online article about the impact of Generation Y
   Vocabulary             on the market
                          http://www.businessweek.com/1999/99_07/b3616001.htm
    Writing            4. dealing with teenagers
                          http://parentingtoolbox.com/power/genxy.html
Integrated Exercises

    Resources
                                                    Further Reading

                       1. Margaret Mead, Culture and Commitment: A Study of the Generation Gap
                          (Garden City, N.Y.: Natural History Press, 1970).

                       2. Douglas Coupland, Generation X: Tales of an Accelerated Culture
                          (London: Abacus, 1996).
   Vocabulary
                       3. Michael Stanat, China’s Generation Y: Understanding the Future Leaders
    Writing               of the World’s Next Superpower (Paramus: Homa & Sekey, 2005).

Integrated Exercises   4. Gerhard Falk & Ursula A. Falk, Youth Culture And The Generation Gap
                          (New York: Algora Publishing, 2005).
    Resources
                       5. 玛格丽特·米德, 《代沟》, 曾胡译 (北京: 光明日报出版社, 1988)。
                                                 Movies

                       1. On Golden Pond (1981)

                       2. Terms of Endearment (1983)

                       3. American Beauty (1999)
   Vocabulary
                       4. Billy Elliot (2000)
    Writing
                       5. Freaky Friday (2003)
Integrated Exercises

    Resources

				
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