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ExxonMobil by ashrafp


									Principals of Accounting II

Financial Statement Analysis Project

Alberto Flores
                         EXXON MOBIL CORPORATION
June 6, 2006
                           5959 Las Coloinas boulevard
                               Irving, Texas 75039

       Billions of times everyday at the flip of a switch, turn of a key, or push of a

button, energy is delivered instantly providing fuel for the world’s growing economies.

Affordable, reliable energy is the backbone of everyday life, people simply expect it.

This enormous challenge must be met practically, safely and in an environmentally and

socially responsible manner. To these challenges ExxonMobil brings dedication and the

fundamental principles of consistency, integrity, discipline, reliability and ingenuity.

       These principles are the keys to the company’s current success and will remain so

as they continue to take on the world’s toughest energy challenges. ExxonMobil is the

industry leader in each of its core businesses and has unmatched technologies aimed at

increasing the productivity of its assets and employees. The company conducts business

in almost 200 countries and territories around the globe.

       Last year was an exceptional year for ExxonMobil with net income of $36 billion,

being the highest in company history. Return on average capital employed increased to

31 percent. The success was spread across the company with Upstream, Downstream,

and Chemical businesses all posting strong earnings. The results demonstrate the

strength of their business model.
       ExxonMobil’s Upstream strategy begins by maximizing the profitability of their

existing oil and gas production. The company consistently captures more earnings per

barrel then their competition, accomplishing this by applying the most cost-effective

technology and management systems. The Downstream strategy is ExxonMobil’s

refining and supply business. By utilizing an efficient network of manufacturing

facilities, transportation and distribution systems the company improves returns and

creates shareholder value by lowering raw materials cost. ExxonMobil’s unique mix of

Chemical business allows the company to hold strong positions in the supply chain in

many of the largest-volume and highest-growth petrochemicals in the global economy.

Specifically they are the largest in Adhesive Polymers, Polyethylene (plastic), Olefins

(basic petrochemical building blocks), and the list goes on.

       The corporation’s accounting and financial reporting reflect its straightforward

business model. The preparations of financial statements are in conformity with U.S.

GAAP, but do require management to make estimates and judgments that affect the

reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses.

       The total assets reported on the 2005 summary annual report balance sheet were

208,335(million). These assets included 97,149(million) in total liabilities, leaving

111,186(million) in equity. Total current liabilities equaled 46,307(million), with

accounts payable totaling the enormous sum of 36,120(million). Current property, plant

and equipment are valued at an impressive sum of 107,010(million). Reinvested earnings

were also an impressive figure totaling 163,335(million). The overall look of

ExxonMobil’s balance sheet is impressive, with figures in the hundreds of millions, but

no figure stands out as a cause for alarm.
               ExxonMobil has one of the strongest financial positions of any industrial

company in the world. It is one of only a few public companies to maintain the highest

credit ratings from Standard & Poor’s (AAA) and Moody’s (Aaa), and have had that

rating for 87 years. Total cash and cash equivalents reported on the 2005 report are

28,671(million). Restricted cash and cash equivalents total 4,604(million). Total

revenues for 2005 were 307,680(million). Total operating expenses 56,958(million). Net

income was a record setting total of 36 billion.

       During the first quarter of 2005, Exxon Mobil Corporation purchased 64 million

shares of its common stock for the treasury at a gross cost of $3,624 million. These

purchases were to offset shares issued in conjunction with company benefit plans and

programs and to reduce the number of shares outstanding. Shares outstanding were

reduced from 6,401 million at the end of the fourth quarter of 2004 to 6,366 million at the

end of the first quarter. In April, the Corporation increased its rate of share purchases.

Purchases to reduce shares outstanding are anticipated to increase from $2.5 billion in the

first quarter to approximately $3.5 billion in the second quarter. Purchases are being

made in both the open market and through negotiated transactions, and may be increased,

decreased or discontinued at any time.

       April 1, 2006 was a Saturday and the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) was

closed to trading that day. On Friday March 31, 2006 ExxonMobil (XOM) closed at

60.86, on trade volume of 19,309,600. On Monday April 3, 2006 XOM closed at 61.03

on trade volume of 16,697,300. Earnings per share for 2005 were 5.71(million). The 52

week range is 52.78 (5/16/2005) low, and 65.96 (9/22/2005). Dividends paid for the total

year equal 1.14(million) – for an annual return to investors of 11.7 percent. Net cash
flow for operations was 48,138(million). Net cash flow for investing was a loss of

10,270(million). Net cash flow for financing activities was another loss of

26,941(million). No bonds were reported on the balance sheet.

       With the price of gas an everyday issue in the media, the war on Iraq and its

connection with oil, and the record industry profits recorded this year as well as record

company profits, ExxonMobil was an easy selection for this project.

       Today the world consumes an average of 230 million barrels of oil per day.

Energy demands are going to steadily increase as more markets in the East (specifically

China) begin to open and become industrialized, that would equal North America and

Europe combined. Although alternative energy is a hot topic, fossil fuels will continue to

play a major role in providing the majority of energy. Hydro-energy and nuclear

programs are being adopted by China and India, but oil and gas will represent close to 60

percent of overall energy, comparable to their share today. Wind and solar energy

growth will likely grow every year, with help from government subsidies and mandates,

but even with strong projected growth their share of total energy in the near future will

only be about 1 percent. If presented with the opportunity to invest $10,000 in one sector

and one company - ExxonMobil would definitely be a wise choice. I strongly

recommend investing in the oil sector, and strongly advise investing in ExxonMobil.

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