A Nuclear Iran The Best Course of Action for the United States ~ Kreagan Kennedy and Jacob Williams ~ History with Iran 1968 1979 2002 2004 2006 Iran Iranian Iran goes Agreement Russia provides Ratifies Hostage public; U.S. with European fuel; takes away NPT Crisis refuses to countries to waste. IAEA negotiate keep uranium inspectors enrichment to allowed in with civilian levels mixed findings. Current U.S. Relations with Iran After 9/11, Iran and U.S. interests in common. Iran helped us in Afghanistan post-9/11, assisting in over throw of Taliban. We only kept an eye on them because of developmental concerns due to terrorist groups friendly with Iran, such as Hezbollah. Protecting Our Interests Oil rich countries neighboring Iran are crucial to the United State’s economy. Our forces in Iraq and Afghanistan are close to Iran. Many of our European allies have economic interests in Iran. Israel, a chief ally of the United States, is not exactly on good terms with Iran. Role of War on Terrorism Due to the war on terrorism, many U.S. troops are stationed in countries near Iran. Our soldiers are on Iran’s doorstep, not thousands of miles away. There are possible terrorists in Iran, Hezbollah included, who pose a threat if given nuclear capabilities. The Current Nuclear Sites in Iran Iran’s Motivations The Iranian government and people feel it is their right to have nuclear power. This doesn’t mean weapons but low-cost, higher technology energy sources. Iran wants the diplomatic power that being a nuclear capable country brings. Position Negotiate with Iran and allow them to have a nuclear program, but make sure it is closely supervised by the IAEA so that the enrichment level of the uranium remains civilian. Russia, the United States, and the European Union should be involved with the supervision and protection of a civilian nuclear program in Iran. If our relationship with Iran becomes positive, they will be less inclined to attempt to produce nuclear weapons. Negatives of our Position With IAEA supervision, the Iranian facilities would be regulated for civilian use, but having supervisors doesn’t necessarily mean that Iran won’t be working towards nuclear weapons. Without decisive action, the Iranian enrichment programs could easily continue, unbeknownst to the foreign officials supposed to be carefully watching the program, to keep it civilian. Faults of other Plans If strict sanctions were instated, European countries with interests in Iran would be greatly affected, and the world economy would be hurt. Our European allies would not appreciate harsh sanctions that affect them economically. It is also unlikely with these countries on the UN security council that sanctions will be approved. Furthermore, Iran has stated that the sanctions will not affect them, and that they will be undeterred, so they are a less powerful option. Faults of other Plans…cont’d Military action would result in anti- American sentiment in the region. Casualties would likely occur, and our positions in Iraq and Afghanistan would be affected. By acting militarily the United States would be breaching international law. Iran’s Priority Level on Our Global Agenda The North Korean situation takes higher priority- threat more imminent. Unknown intentions in terms of nuclear weapons. If it is allowed to escalate, possibly another North Korea. Iran has been relatively open to foreign inspectors.
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