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					PASSIVE VOICE


PRESENT TENSE
The police catch the thief.
The thief is caught by the police.


The police catch thieves
Thieves are caught by the police.




PAST SIMPLE
The police caught the thief last night.
The thief was caught by the police last night.


The police caught some thieves last night.
Some thieves were caught by the police last night.




PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
The police have just caught the thief.
The thief has just been caught by the police.




PAST PERFECT SIMPLE
The police had caught the thief.
The thief had been caught by the police.




WILL-FUTURE
The police will probably catch the thief.
The thief will probably be caught by the police
FUTURE PERFECT
The police will have caught the thief.
The thief will have been caught by the police.




GOING-TO-FUTURE
The police are going to catch the thief.
The thief is going to be caught by the police.




CONTINUOUS FORMS
The police are catching the thief.
The thief is being caught by the police.


The police was catching the thief at 8 p.m. .
The thief was being caught by the police at 8 p.m.




MODAL VERBS
All students had to read “Hamlet” last week.
Last week “Hamlet” had to be read by all students.


Cats can catch mice.
Mice can be caught by cats.
PASSIVE VOICE

I. Write two answers (one active, one passive).

1. Who wrote the novel War and Peace? (Tolstoy)
2. Who invented the telephone? (Alexander Graham Bell)
3. Who built the pyramids? (Egyptian slaves)
4. Who discovered the penicillin? (Alexander Fleming)
5. Who built a new kind of turbine? (Viktor Kaplan)
6. Who invented the electric light? (Thomas Alva Edison)
7. Who flew the first motor plane? (O. and W. Wright)
8. Who composed The West Side Story? (Leonard Bernstein)
9. Who discovered Polonium and Radium? (Marie and Pierre Curie)
10. Who introduced the assembly line in his car company? (H. Ford)


II. Put the following sentences into passive.

1. We should not pollute our environment.
2. They speak English and French at this hotel.
3. Jim broke the window last Monday.
4. The students had to read Robinson Crusoe last year.
5. The secretary types many enquiries.
6. King John (Lackland) had to sign the Magna Charta in 1215.
7. The secretary uses the computer every day.
8. He defended his colleagues.
9. Picasso painted this picture.
10. Harry bought some flowers.
11. Sally has just copied Peter's homework.
12. Many students do not write their homework. The homework ...
13. Harry is going to sell his car.
14. Next year George will visit Marc in London.
15. Jim has just opened the window.
16. After Kim had washed the dishes, she visited Kelly.
17. Nelly has already read some detective stories.
18. Frank has broken many windows so far.
19. Jill is going to bake a cake at the weekend.
20. Harry will have read the book in a fortnight.
21. Lucy often buys books.
22. David has written some letters.
23. Benjamin Franklin invented the lightning conductor. (lightning conductor - Blitzableiter)
24. The students learned the irregular verbs.
25. Larry will teach them French.
26. Paul has never visited Tracy in Paris.
27. The postman delivered this letter.
28. Next year Sarah will learn Latin.
29. Molly has knitted a wonderful pullover.
30. Jill was reading this detective story at 7 p.m. yesterday.
Put the following sentences into passive voice.

1. She has just bought a new hat.
2. Jill has knitted this wonderful pullover.
3. George Orwell wrote Animal Farm.
4. They are going to sell refreshments.
5. All people have left the town.
6. Brutus and his friends killed Caesar.
7. Smoking damages your lungs.
8. Sam and his friends will probably play many games tomorrow.
9. Newton discovered the law of gravity.
10. They drank a lot of alcohol at the party.
11. Sally and Mary are going to decorate the room.
12. Maggy doesn't understand Tom.
13. People should save energy.
14. Dolly did not write these letters.
15. They sell all kinds of clothes there.
16. Jane sells beautiful flowers.
17. Jill fed the little dogs.
18. Joe has ruined Jill's doll.
19. Amanda will bake the birthday cake.
20. They have made many plans at the party.
21. They sing old ballads in Wales.
22. William the Conqueror defeated the English.
23. Tom has planted these plants.
24. George collects stamps.
25. We should collect wastepaper for recycling.
26. The police caught the thief two hours ago.
27. We should not pour oil into rivers and seas.
28. They found oil in the North Sea.
29. We should not leave litter about.
30. They built new houses in High Street last year.
31. They sell sweets in this shop.
32. We should not pollute our environment.
33. They export electrical goods to other countries.
34. They produce planes in GB.
35. Laura often visits Aunt Sally.
36. They grow coffee in Brazil.
37. They import a lot of raw material.
38. People pollute the environment all over the world.
39. They completed the Capitol in 1865.
40. We are going to watch an interesting film tonight.
41. They export some products to Austria.
42. The hurricane damaged cars and houses.
43. Michael will probably visit Conny next week.
44. Henry called Maggy last night.
45. Jill should water the flowers regularly.
46. Ben is going to write the letters.
47. Jack has just bought this PC.
48. Larry will perhaps visit us next month.
49. Harriet can sew skirts, dresses and blouses.
50. Christine cooks delicious meals.
51. Tom has just broken our neighbour's window.
52. Last summer Jane found some old coins in Greece.
53. Peter speaks French and English.
54. Tennessee Williams wrote dramas.
55. Daniel Defoe wrote the novel Robinson Crusoe.
Put the following sentences into passive voice.

1. She has just bought a new hat.
   A new hat has just been bought by her.
2. Jill has knitted this wonderful pullover.
   This wonderful pullover has been knitted by Jill.
3. George Orwell wrote Animal Farm.
   Animal Farm.was written by George Orwell.
4. They are going to sell refreshments.
    Refreshments are going to be sold.
5. All people have left the town.
   The town has been left by all people.
6. Brutus and his friends killed Caesar.
   Caesar was killed by Brutus and his friends.
7. Smoking damages your lungs.
   Your lungs are damaged by smoking.
8. Sam and his friends will probably play many games tomorrow.
   Many games will probably be played by Sam
9. Newton discovered the law of gravity.
   The law of gravity was discovered by Newton.
10. They drank a lot of alcohol at the party.
    A lot of alcohol was drunk at the party.
11. Sally and Mary are going to decorate the room.
   The room is going to be decorated by Sally and Mary.
12. Maggy doesn't understand Tom.
    Tom isn’t understood by Maggy.
13. People should save energy.
    Energy should be saved.
14. Dolly did not write these letters.
    These letters weren’t written by Dolly.
15. They sell all kinds of clothes there.
    All kinds of clothes are sold there.
16. Jane sells beautiful flowers.
    Beautiful flowers are sold by Jane.
17. Jill fed the little dogs.
    The little dogs were fed by Jill.
18. Joe has ruined Jill's doll.
    Jill’s doll has been ruined by Joe.
19. Amanda will bake the birthday cake.
    The birthday cake will be baked by Amanda.
20. They have made many plans at the party.
    Many plans have been made at the party.
21. They sing old ballads in Wales.
    Old ballads are sung in Wales.
22. William the Conqueror defeated the English.
    The English were defeated by William the Conquerer.
23. Tom has planted these plants.
    These plants have been planted by Tom.
24. George collects stamps.
    Stamps are collected by George.
25. We should collect wastepaper for recycling.
    Wastepaper should be collected for recycling.
26. The police caught the thief two hours ago.
    Two hours ago the thief was caught by the police. (The thief was …. two hours ago.)
27. We should not pour oil into rivers and seas.
    Oil shouldn’t be poured into rivers and seas.
28. They found oil in the North Sea.
    Oil was found in the North Sea.
29. We should not leave litter about.
    Litter should not be left about.
30. They built new houses in High Street last year.
    New houses were built in Hogh Street last year. (Last year new houses …)
31. They sell sweets in this shop.
    Sweets are sold in this shop.
32. We should not pollute our environment.
    Our environment shouldn’t be polluted.
33. They export electrical goods to other countries.
    Electrical goods are exported to other countries.
34. They produce planes in GB.
    Planes are produced in GB.
35. Laura often visits Aunt Sally.
    Aunt Sally is often visited by Laura.
36. They grow coffee in Brazil.
    Coffee is grown in Brazil.
37. They import a lot of raw material.
    A lot of raw material is imported.
38. People pollute the environment all over the world.
    The environment is polluted all over the world.
39. They completed the Capitol in 1865.
    The Capitol was completed in 1865.
40. We are going to watch an interesting film tonight.
    An interested film is going to be watched by us tonight. (Tonight an …)
41. They export some products to Austria.
    Some products are exported to Austria.
42. The hurricane damaged cars and houses.
    Cars and houses were damaged by the hurricane.
43. Michael will probably visit Conny next week.
    Conny will probably be visited by Michael next week.
44. Henry called Maggy last night.
    Maggy was called by Henry last night. (Last night Maggy …)
45. Jill should water the flowers regularly.
    The flowers should be watered by Jill regularly. (The flowers should regularly be watered by Jill.)
46. Ben is going to write the letters.
    The letters are going to be written by Ben.
47. Jack has just bought this PC.
    This PC has just been bought by Jack.
48. Larry will perhaps visit us next month.
    We will perhaps visted by Larry next week. (Next week we …)
49. Harriet can sew skirts, dresses and blouses.
    Skirts, dresses and blouses are sewed/sewn by Harriet.
50. Christine cooks delicious meals.
    Delicious meals are cooked by Christine.
51. Tom has just broken our neighbour's window.
    Our neighbour’s window has just been broken by Tom.
52. Last summer Jane found some old coins in Greece.
    Last summer old coins were found in Greece.
53. Peter speaks French and English.
    French and English are spoken by Peter.
54. Tennessee Williams wrote dramas.
    Dramas were written Tennessee Williams.
55. Daniel Defoe wrote the novel Robinson Crusoe.
    The novel Robinson Crusoe was written by Danief Defoe.

				
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