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Mandatos Powered By Docstoc


 In Spanish, commands          Examples of commands:
  are called “mandatos.”
                                Wash the dishes!
 A command is used to
  tell some what to do or       Do your homework!
  what not to do.               Eat your vegetables!
 Questions and                 Don‟t do that!
  suggestions are not           Take a bath!
    You should not do that!
    Will you wash the car?
    You need to study more!
                Types of Commands

 Commands include do‟s    Commands also differ
  and don‟ts.              depending on who you
 Do‟s are called          are talking to:
  affirmative commands
   Mandatos                Informal (tú)
    afirmativos              Commands
 Don‟ts are called         Formal (Ud.)
 negative commands           Commands
   Mandatos                Plural (Uds.)

    negativos                Commands
          Regular Affirmative Tú Commands

 It‟s easy to form             For example:
  affirmative tú
  commands, those that             Eat the pizza!
  tell someone to do               Come la pizza!
 To form an affirmative,          Wash the dishes!
  informal command,                Lava los platos!
  simply take the
  Él/Ella/Ud. form of the          Drive the car.
  verb in the present tense.       Maneja el carro.
                        You try it!

    Translate the following sentences into Spanish using
     Affirmative Tú Commands:

                                1. ¡Baila!
1.   Dance!
                                2. Anda lentamente.
2.   Walk slowly.
                                3. Dobla a la izquierda.
3.   Turn left.
                                4. ¡Para en la señal de
4.   Stop at the stop sign!
5.   Run!
                                5. ¡Corre!
                         Map Assignment

 Create your ideal hometown!              Be sure to include the following
   Using the blank map and colored         locations on your map and
    pencils, create your ideal              label them in Spanish!
    hometown!                                  Post Office
 Give all of the streets a name.              Library
   Examples: La avenida Mauricio;             High School
    la calle Reyna                             Your favorite restaurant
 On the back of the map, write                Doctor‟s Office
  the directions to at 3 locations             Supermarket
  on your map using Affirmative                A park
  Tú Commands.                                 Bank
     Give directions from the „Empieza        Your house
      Aquí‟ arrow.
                                           Be colorful and creative!
     Use your notes and vocab list!
   More about Affirmative Tú Commands

 Remember!               But, some verbs are
  To form Regular
                           Hacer
  Affirmative Tú
                           Poner
  Commands, just take
                           Tener
  the Él/Ella/Ud. form
                           Ir
  of the verb in the
  present tense.           Ser

                           Venir

                           Decir

                           Salir
     Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands

 What did you notice about some of the irregular
  Hint: Think about their „yo‟ form in the present tense.
  Right! Most of them are yo-go verbs!

 Some irregular affirmative tú commands can be
 formed by taking the „go‟ off of the yo form of the
 present tense verb.
  Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands

Infinitive   Yo form      Command
  Poner        Pongo          Pon
  Tener        Tengo          Ten
  Venir        Vengo          Ven
  Decir         Digo           Di
  Salir        Salgo          Sal
 More Irregular Affirmative Tú Commands

 The remaining 3 irregular verbs must be
   Hacer  Haz
   Ser  Sé
   Ir  Ve

Princess Di haz séventen very
pretty ponies in her salon!
                           You try it!

    Let‟s practice using regular and irregular affirmative tú
     commands. Translate the following sentences into Spanish.

1.   Go to the office!             1.   ¡Ve a la oficina!
2.   Sing.                         2.   Canta.
3.   Put the plate on the table.   3.   Pon el plato en la mesa.
4.   Come here, please.            4.   Ven aquí , por favor.
5.   Continue straight.            5.   Sigue derecho.
6.   Be careful!                   6.   Ten cuidado.

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