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1920's

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					                        Impact of WWI

Post-W.W.I-the established order destroyed.
Disillusionment apparent after WWI devastation
American intervention was supposed to end the war to end all wars.
116,000 American (53,000 in battle)
900,000 English killed and wounded
1.35 mil France killed and wounded
1.7 mil Russia killed and wounded
War-time inflation left many Americans dissatisfied. Strikes became wide-
    spread and were quickly blamed on aliens, radicals and Communists.
Red Scare that followed was the worst violation of Americans civil liberties in
    American history.
American citizens tortured; deportations and detentions
without due process.
Americans move again towards isolationism.
Europe moves again towards war.
Women mustered
support for
woman suffrage
through WWI
participation and
favorable
depiction in
media.
  The 19th
Amendment
ratified by the
states in 1920.

Many women
quickly became
bored with
women’s rights
and political
activism declined
                          Flappers
The flapper must have seemed like a
  rebel.
  She offended the older generation,
  because she defied conventions of
  acceptable feminine behavior.
Young and uninhibited, the flapper and
  rake represented the Jazz Age—
  youthful rebellion, sexuality and
  independence, exhibitionism,
  competitiveness, and consumerism.
  The flapper wore baggy dresses
  exposed her arms, and her legs from
  the knees
      Skirts ankle to knee in about 10 yrs
      Freedom from corsets and
      restrictive undergarments gave
      women more mobility and stamina.
                      Mass Culture
Leisure industries turned to mass
   production.
Americans nationwide read mass-circulation
   magazines, full of advertising
   The Saturday Evening Post, Reader's
   Digest, or The Ladies' Home Journal.
They listened on the radio to the same
   popular music, comedy shows, and
   commercials, broadcast by (NBC) and
   (CBS).
Danced nationally popular dances like the
   charleston and quickstep
Motion pictures gained vast audiences.
Fans followed the careers of movie stars in
   film magazines.
During the 1920s the Harlem Renaissance
   Art, Jazz music, and literature flourished
Prohibition and 18th amendment brought
   black market crime wave
Teens of the 20's
    Invented dating using the car.
       Dating permitted people to
         discover each other without
         intent to marry.
    Petting was a popular and pastime for
      the youth.
       Petting stopped just short of
         intercourse
        parents equated petting with
         fornication, teenagers did not
       Intimacy and eroticism was
         explored within the confines of
         virginal women.
       New rules for women- drinking,
         smoking, partying, short hair
         (bob), rolled stockings
         shorter skirts, no corsets!
Zelda Fitzgerald
    and F. Scott were the quintessential
     examples of the jazz age.
    Scott was a literary superstar, Zelda
     was his wife and muse.
    She would wear flesh-colored
     swimsuits, so people would think she
     was nude.
    Dancing on tables, and diving into
     fountains, it all began with Zelda.
     "And I don't want to be famous and
     [flaunted] - all I want is to be very
     young always and very irresponsible
     and to feel that my life is my own - to
     live and be happy and die in my own
     way to please myself - "
    1920’s Republican Presidents
   Harding administration
      Set up a more business-like federal government,
       especially financially—1921 Budget Bureau
   Scandals in his administration caused by friends who he
    appointed, most without the knowledge for their positions.
   Teapot Dome- Sec of the Interior leased federal oil
    reserves/land to Sinclair and Doheny.

   Coolidge did little as a president, more popular for his
    character than politics.
   In 1924, as the beneficiary of what was becoming known
    as "Coolidge prosperity,"
                   Prohibition
Prohibition laws for dancing, alcohol, some
  drugs.
Alcohol prohibition started by 18th
  amendment, although the reason for it
  was determined by the 19th amendment.
  Protect women without the vote from the
  laws that protected drunken husbands
  and abusers.
Speakeasies became the hot spot for fun,
  liquor, dancing and jazz.
Many had elaborate ways to avoid detection,
  pay offs to local, federal and/or gangs for
  protection.
Bootleggers produced their own liquor in
  stills or imported from Europe and Canada.
    The Dark Side of 1920’s
Blackmarket of liquor controlled by organized
  crime.
Many people died from badly produced
  liquor.
Rise in KKK-anti-African American, anti-
  Catholic, Anti-Semitic, anti-immigrant
The Immigration Act of 1924, further reduced
 quotas for immigrants deemed to be less
 desirable.
Colleges barred or segregated minorities and
 Jews from many colleges, institutions, facilities
 and jobs
 In North (de facto) and South (by law)
             Josephine Baker
Black, beautiful and sensual,
  Josephine knew herself well,
  and she knew the effect her
  body had on people.
She did the feather dance
  Walked through Paris with
  Chiquita, her leopard.
US did not accept her rejected
  by all the 1st class hotels.
   Nearly all American critics
     slammed her performances.
In France she was given all the
   adulation that her own
   country denied her.
 I'm not immoral, I'm only
   natural."

				
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posted:8/7/2011
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