Impact of WWI
Post-W.W.I-the established order destroyed.
Disillusionment apparent after WWI devastation
American intervention was supposed to end the war to end all wars.
116,000 American (53,000 in battle)
900,000 English killed and wounded
1.35 mil France killed and wounded
1.7 mil Russia killed and wounded
War-time inflation left many Americans dissatisfied. Strikes became wide-
spread and were quickly blamed on aliens, radicals and Communists.
Red Scare that followed was the worst violation of Americans civil liberties in
American citizens tortured; deportations and detentions
without due process.
Americans move again towards isolationism.
Europe moves again towards war.
ratified by the
states in 1920.
The flapper must have seemed like a
She offended the older generation,
because she defied conventions of
acceptable feminine behavior.
Young and uninhibited, the flapper and
rake represented the Jazz Age—
youthful rebellion, sexuality and
competitiveness, and consumerism.
The flapper wore baggy dresses
exposed her arms, and her legs from
Skirts ankle to knee in about 10 yrs
Freedom from corsets and
restrictive undergarments gave
women more mobility and stamina.
Leisure industries turned to mass
Americans nationwide read mass-circulation
magazines, full of advertising
The Saturday Evening Post, Reader's
Digest, or The Ladies' Home Journal.
They listened on the radio to the same
popular music, comedy shows, and
commercials, broadcast by (NBC) and
Danced nationally popular dances like the
charleston and quickstep
Motion pictures gained vast audiences.
Fans followed the careers of movie stars in
During the 1920s the Harlem Renaissance
Art, Jazz music, and literature flourished
Prohibition and 18th amendment brought
black market crime wave
Teens of the 20's
Invented dating using the car.
Dating permitted people to
discover each other without
intent to marry.
Petting was a popular and pastime for
Petting stopped just short of
parents equated petting with
fornication, teenagers did not
Intimacy and eroticism was
explored within the confines of
New rules for women- drinking,
smoking, partying, short hair
(bob), rolled stockings
shorter skirts, no corsets!
and F. Scott were the quintessential
examples of the jazz age.
Scott was a literary superstar, Zelda
was his wife and muse.
She would wear flesh-colored
swimsuits, so people would think she
Dancing on tables, and diving into
fountains, it all began with Zelda.
"And I don't want to be famous and
[flaunted] - all I want is to be very
young always and very irresponsible
and to feel that my life is my own - to
live and be happy and die in my own
way to please myself - "
1920’s Republican Presidents
Set up a more business-like federal government,
especially financially—1921 Budget Bureau
Scandals in his administration caused by friends who he
appointed, most without the knowledge for their positions.
Teapot Dome- Sec of the Interior leased federal oil
reserves/land to Sinclair and Doheny.
Coolidge did little as a president, more popular for his
character than politics.
In 1924, as the beneficiary of what was becoming known
as "Coolidge prosperity,"
Prohibition laws for dancing, alcohol, some
Alcohol prohibition started by 18th
amendment, although the reason for it
was determined by the 19th amendment.
Protect women without the vote from the
laws that protected drunken husbands
Speakeasies became the hot spot for fun,
liquor, dancing and jazz.
Many had elaborate ways to avoid detection,
pay offs to local, federal and/or gangs for
Bootleggers produced their own liquor in
stills or imported from Europe and Canada.
The Dark Side of 1920’s
Blackmarket of liquor controlled by organized
Many people died from badly produced
Rise in KKK-anti-African American, anti-
Catholic, Anti-Semitic, anti-immigrant
The Immigration Act of 1924, further reduced
quotas for immigrants deemed to be less
Colleges barred or segregated minorities and
Jews from many colleges, institutions, facilities
In North (de facto) and South (by law)
Black, beautiful and sensual,
Josephine knew herself well,
and she knew the effect her
body had on people.
She did the feather dance
Walked through Paris with
Chiquita, her leopard.
US did not accept her rejected
by all the 1st class hotels.
Nearly all American critics
slammed her performances.
In France she was given all the
adulation that her own
country denied her.
I'm not immoral, I'm only