POETRY TERMINOLOGY TEST
Use joining lines to match the technical terminology on the left with the definitions on the right.
Relate the terminology to some of the poems you have studied.
A name given to a grouping of four lines, usually with a
rhyme pattern, occurring in a longer poem.
A sound effect created by clustering of initial consonant
Enjambment sounds near each other in, or over, lines of poetry.
A repeated line or lines in each stanza of a poem (usually
Sonnet a ballad).
The grouping of the first 8 lines in a Petrarchan sonnet.
A traditional form: the poem is written often in 4 line
Stanza stanzas to a regular rhyme scheme and rhythm.
A sound effect at line-ends in poetry where the vowel
Shakespearean sonnet sound is similar rather than identical.
The name for the rhythmic effect created where a line of
Octave poetry runs on from one line to another without any
punctuation break, not even a comma.
Conceit The name for the last six lines of a Petrarchan sonnet,
which should complete the ideas in the poem.
The clustering of lines into regular groups in a poem.
Couplet Name for the use of metaphor or simile to create meaning
and effect in language.
Ballad A traditional name for an extended metaphor in
Quatrain A highly patterned poem in 14 lines written to one of a
number of strict rule systems.
A subject or issue of which the reader or audience is
repeatedly reminded by what happens or what is said in
Sestet the text.
A sentence or similarly ‘complete’ grammatical unit
Imagery spread over two lines, which contain a strong rhyme.
A sonnet written to the pattern of three quatrains and a
final couplet, to make 14.
AS ESSAY QUESTIONS: Edexcel poetry Anthology
1. Time and mortality is a recurrent theme in poetry. Examine the treatment of
this theme by two poets from different periods in the AS selection of your
2. Amongst other things poems can celebrate and praise, and poems can warn.
Compare a poem of celebration with one that warns from this selection.
Consider the poet’s purpose in each case and the effectiveness of the methods
used to achieve that purpose in each case.
3. Consider one poem from the 20th Century and one poem written before 1900.
Discuss the interest and merits of each poem and comment on the degree to
which each reflects the period in which it was written.
4. ‘The sonnet form can be used for various purposes and effects’ Illustrate
varied uses of the sonnet in this selection, by reference to at least three poems.
5. ‘It is the task of art to mirror contemporary concerns and at the same time
rise above them to achieve communication that has some universal
Choose two poems from different periods in this selection and discuss how
they express contemporary concerns and also have some universal relevance
beyond the period in which they were composed.
6. Compare one of the sonnets with any poem in the selection that uses the
monologue form. Discuss how each poet’s use of the chosen form contributes
to meaning, effect and achievement
7. Discuss the way different poets treat the subject of love. Refer to at least
three poems in the selection and ensure the poems are drawn form at least
TWO different periods.
8. Choose two poems which differ in their form and examine how the choice of
form in each case is adapted to the poet’s purposes.
9. A focus on Nature is at the heart of a number of poems in the selection.
Illustrate and discuss the treatment of Nature as a theme in one poem from the
Romantic period and one poem from any other period.
10. Nature is not just a matter of presenting landscapes, scenes and creatures; it
is a source of inspiration and emotion.
Discuss with reference to any two poems in the selection.
AS ESSAY QUESTIONS: Edexcel poetry Anthology
11. ‘There are many facets of love.’ Illustrate by discussion of the way love is
treated in different poems in this selection. You may if you wish focus on two
poems for detailed discussion, but you should refer to others.
12. Compare and contrast The Love song of J. Alfred Prufrock and Ulysses in their
treatment of ageing and ambition.
13. Examine God’s Grandeur by Hopkins with reference to the poet’s purpose
and achievement in the poem. Compare it with Hardy’s The Darkling Thrush
in any way that you find interesting and relevant.
14. Choose two poems from different periods in which the poets’ use of rhyme
and rhythm make a particularly significant contribution to overall meaning
and effect. Discuss the poems and what you think they achieve.
15. Choose two poems from two different periods, which you consider to be
successful in their presentation of an individual character. Write an
appreciation of the two poems to justify your choice. Comment on the
impact of form and meaning in each poem.
16. ‘Issues of faith and uncertainty will always preoccupy human beings. ‘
What evidence of this concern have you found in poems in this collection?
Answer with reference to at least two poems.
17. Discuss the importance and evocation of place in two or three poems in this
selection. You should comment on form and language as well as subject
matter in your chosen poems.
18. Discuss Blake’s London and Auden’s Oh What is That Sound in their use of
a relatively simple poetic for complex and important purposes.