REAR SUSPENSION by fdh56iuoui


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GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
REAR SUSPENSION . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
REAR AXLE HUB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 12

Suspension system                                          Trailing arm type

Coil spring
    Wire dia. x O.D. x free heightmm (in.)                 10.7 x 117.7 x 306.3
                                                           (0.42 x 4.63 x 12)
   Identification color                                    Green
Shock absorber
   Type                                                    Hydraulic, cylindrical, double acting type
   Max. length                                             411 mm (16.18 in.)
   Min. length                                             266 mm (10.47 in.)
   Stroke                                                  145 mm (5.71 in.)

Toe                                                      6 mm in-3 mm out
Camber                                                   -40’

The rear wheel alignment is set at the factory and cannot be adjusted. if toe or camber is not within the
specification, replace the damaged parts.

TIGHTENING TORQUE                                                                Ib.ft
 Rear suspension arm assembly fixture mounting nuts     130-150                1300-1500        94-108
 Both ends of suspension arm mounting nuts              50-70                  500-700          36-51
 Rear shock absorber mounting nuts (both)               65-80                  650-800          47-58
 Rear spindle to backing plate bolts                    50-60                  500-600          36-43
 Wheel bearing nut                                      150-200                1500-2000        108-145
 Stopper bumper mounting nut                            18-25                  180-250          13-18

                                              Recommended lubricants    Quantity

Inside of suspension arm (L.H.) and outer     CS-0                      As required
periphery of suspension arm (R.H.)
Bushing A and B                               CS-0                      As required
Wheel bearings, oil seal lip and inside       SAE J310a, Multipurpose   As required
                                              NLGI No.2 or equivalent
Inside hub cap                                SAE J310a, Multipurpose   As required
                                              NLGI-No.2 or equivalent
55-4                                GENERAL


Tool                            Illustration                        Use
(Number and name)

 09432-21700                                   Installation of rear hub outside bearing outer
 Bearing outer race installer                  race. (use with 09500-21000)

 09500-21000                                   Removal & installation of oil seal and bearing.
 Bar                                           (use with 09432-21700)

  09517-21400                                  Removal of rear wheel bearing outer race.

 09555-21000                                   Installation of rear suspension arm bushing.
 Bar                                           (use with 09555-21100)

 09555-21100                                   Installation of rear suspension arm bushing A
 Bushing installer                             and B. (use with 09555-21000)
                                       GENERAL                                         55-5

Symptom              Probable cause                      Remedy

Abnormal sound       Suspension securing bolt(s) loose   Tighten to specified torque
                     Loose wheel nuts

                     Faulty shock absorber               Replace damaged parts
                     Worn bushings
                     Damaged or worn wheel bearings
                     Components bent or distorted
                     Broken coil spring

                     Wheel or tire unbalanced            Balance

                     Improper tire inflation             Inflate to specification

                     Defective tire                      Replace

Poor ride control    Improper tire inflation             Inflate to specification

                     Defective tire                      Replace

                     Loose wheel nuts                    Tighten to specification
                     Suspension securing bolt(s) loose

                     Damaged or broken components        Replace
                     Worn bushings
                     Faulty shock absorber
                     Sagging or broken coil spring

                     Improper rear wheel alignment       Replace parts

Abnormal tire wear   Improper rear wheel alignment       Replace parts

                     Bent or damaged parts               Replace parts

                     Improper inflation                  Inflation specification

                     Wheel or tire imbalance             Balance

                     Loose wheel bearings                Adjust or replace

                     Faulty shock absorber               Inspect and repair
55-6                                                                                              GENERAL

The rear suspension assembly must be free of worn, loose or
damaged parts prior to measurement of rear wheel alignment.

Standard value
Toe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 mm in-3 mm out
Camber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40’

The rear wheel alignment is set at the factory and cannot be
adjusted. If toe or camber is not within the standard value,
replace the bent or damaged parts.

1. Remove the rear wheels.
2. Release the parking brake.
3. Measure the hub and drum starting force.
       Service limit                                             22 N (2.2 kg, 4.9 Ibs.) or less

4. If the hub and drum starting force exceeds the limit, remove the
   hub cap, loosen the wheel bearing nut and retighten it, and
   recheck the hub and drum starting force.
5. If the hub starting force is still beyond the limit, replace the

       There should be no axial clearance for hub and bearing.
                                                 REAR SUSPENSION       55-7


 TORQUE : Nm (, Ib.ft)

1.    Support the side frame on a jack stand.
2.    Remove the rear brake assembly.
3.   Remove the muffler.
4.    Jack up the suspension arm and keep it slightly raised.
5.    Remove the shock absorber.
      When removing parts such as fuel tank, rear suspension,
      etc. use a hydraulic floor jack at the front of vehicle (Refer
      to GENERAL GROUP), to prevent the vehicle from tilting.
55-8                                              REAR SUSPENSION

6. Lower the jack. Remove the coil spring and temporarily install
   the shock absorber to the suspension arm.

7. Disconnect the brake hose at the suspension arm and remove
   the rear suspension arm from the body as an assembly.

1. Check    the   suspension arm for distortion or damage.
2. Check    the   suspension shaft for distortion or damage.
3. Check    the   dust cover for damage.
4. Check    the   shock absorbers for malfunction, oil leakage or
5. Check    the coil springs for deterioration, cracks or damage.
6. Check    the spring seats and bump stoppers for damage.
7. Check    the stabilizer bar for damage.

1. Before the fixtures are removed, make alignment marks on the
   fixtures and suspension arms for reference during reassembly.
2. Loosen the nuts at both ends of the suspension arm to remove
   the fixtures and rubber bushings.

3. Before the rear suspension on cars with a rear stabilizer bar is
   disassembed, put aligning marks on each end of the stabilizer
   bar in alignment with the punch mark on the stabilizer bar
   Then, while the rear suspension is separated into the right and
   left arms, remove the stabilizer from the bracket.
                                                 REAR SUSPENSION      55-9

4. Remove the dust cover clamp.
5. Separate the suspension arm into the right and left arms. Leave
   the dust cover attached to the right suspension arm to protect
   the lip from damage.

6. Remove the rubber stopper from the right arm

7. Using a flat-blade screwdriver, remove bushing A.

8. Using a hammer and drift, drive bushing B out of the left
   suspension arm.

1. Apply the specified grease to the inside of the left suspension.
55-10                                          REAR SUSPENSION

2. Using special tools (09555-21100, 09555-21000), drive bush-
   ings B and A, in that order, into the suspension arm.

   1) Apply grease to all outside surfaces of bushings B and
   2) Drive bushing B in until the notch on the special tool
      (09555-21000) reaches the end of the suspension arm.

3. When replacing the dust cover, insert a new one up to the
   center position (stopper) of the right suspension arm.
4. After applying grease to the surface of the right suspension
   arm, install the rubber stopper.

5. Slowly push the right and left suspension arms together. Wipe
   away the surplus grease. Align the marks on the stabilizer bar
   and the stabilizer bar bracket.
6. Install the rubber bushings, fixtures and washers.

7. After aligning the fixtures with the suspension arms according
   to the alignment marks, loosely tighten the nuts.
   1) Install the washers and fixtures in the correct direction
      and position as shown.
   2) Tighten the nut to specification with the vehicle low-
      ered to the floor.
                                                REAR SUSPENSION    55-11

8. Pack grease in the dust cover and lips, and secure the dust
   cover with the clamp.

1. Tighten the fixture attaching bolts to the specified torque.
2. Install the coil springs.

3. Loosely install the shock absorbers.
   Tighten the nut to specification with the vehicle lowered
   to the floor.

4. Install the rear brake assembly.
5. Install the wheel and tire assembly.
6. Lower the vehicle and tighten the suspension arm end nuts and
    shock absorber bolts to the specified torque.
7. Bleed the brake system.
8. Adjust the rear brake shoe clearance.
55-12                                           REAR AXLE HUB


 TORQUE : Nm (, Ib.ft)

1. Jack up the rear of the vehicle and support it on jack stands.
2. Remove the wheel and tire.
2. Remove the brake drum.

1. Using a flat-blade screwdriver, remove the oil seal from the
                                                   REAR AXLE HUB       55-13

2. After removing grease from inside the hub, remove the bearing
   outer races, using a hammer and drift.

1. Check for a damaged or worn bearing.
2. Check for a worn or damaged brake drum inside surface.

1. After applying the specified grease to the bearing surface, drive
   the bearing outer races into position.

2. Install the inside bearing inner race.
3. Install the grease seal and apply grease to the seal lips.
    Be sure to use a new grease seal.
4. Install the outside bearing inner race.
55-14                                               REAR AXLE HUB

1. Before installing the rear hub assembly, inspect the rear wheel
   bearing nut using the following method to determine whether it
   is reusable or not.
   1) Screw in the rear wheel bearing nut on the spindle untill the
       gap shown in the illustration is achieved.
   2) Measure the torque required to rotate the rear wheel
       bearing nut while backing it off (turning it counter-clock
        Limit : 5.5 Nm (48 ft.lbs.)
    3) If the measured torque is less than the limit, replace the rear
       wheel bearing nut with a new one.

2. Install and tighten the self-locking nut to the specified torque.
   Check the wheel bearing for end play and starting force. (Refer
   to Page 55-6)
3. After filling the hubcap with multipurpose grease, install the hub

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