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2009 IFC vs 2003 IFC by cuiliqing

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									Enhancements
 Expanded fire safety and
  evacuation plan requirements
 Periodic testing and inspection
  for sprinkler, standpipe and fire
  alarm systems (NFPA standards)
 Fire apparatus access roads
 Construction site fire safety
  manager
 Enforcement of industry
  standards
   Subject to the approval of fire
    code official, the use or
    occupancy of an existing
    structure shall be allowed to be
    changed and occupied for
    purposes in other groups without
    conforming to all the
    requirements of this code and the
    International Building Code for
    those groups, provided the new
    or proposed use is less
    hazardous, based on life and fire
    risk, than the existing use.
 IFC Section 102.5 now specifies
  that requirements for fire
  department access roadways, fire
  protection water supplies,
  premises addressing and similar
  provisions are applicable to IRC
  regulated buildings.
 Administrative, operational and
  maintenance provisions are also
  applicable.
   The codes and standards
    referenced in this code and
    any subsequent revisions or
    amendments to the
    referenced codes and
    standards thereto, shall be
    those that are listed in
    Chapter 47 and as such codes
    and standards shall be
    considered part of the
    requirements of this code to
    the prescribed extent of each
    such reference.
   When differences occur
    between the provisions of this
    code and the referenced
    standards, the provisions of
    this code shall apply.
   Section 104.9.1 requires that
    research reports or tests used
    as a design basis be submitted
    to the fire code official for
    review and approval.
   When test results are
    submitted, they require the
    basis for testing (i.e., relevant
    ASTM or ANSI test
    standards).
   If an approved standard is not
    available, the fire code official
    must approve the test
    method.
   This proposal does not
    address proprietary data that
    may be subject to FOIA
    requests.
   The issuance or granting of a permit shall
    not be construed to be a permit for, or an
    approval of, any violation of any of the
    provisions of this code or of any other
    ordinance of the jurisdiction.
   Permits presuming to give authority to
    violate or cancel the provisions of this code
    or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall
    not be valid.
   The issuance of a permit based on
    construction documents and other data
    shall not prevent the fire code official from
    requiring the correction of errors in the
    construction documents and other data.
   Any addition to or alteration of approved
    construction documents shall be approved
    in advance by the fire code official, as
    evidenced by the issuance of a new or
    amended permit.
   This new section addresses
    requirements for notifying
    fire code officials of
    inspections and maintaining
    the area of interest
    accessible.
   Section 106.2.2 sets forth
    provisions for systems that
    require progressive
    inspections (e.g.,
    installation of an automatic
    sprinkler system).
    Any person who violates a provision
    of this code or fails to comply with
    any of the requirements thereof or
    who erects, constructs, alters, or
    repairs a building or structure in
    violation of the approved
    construction documents or directive
    of the building official or of the fire
    official, or of a permit or certificate
    issued under the provisions of this
    code, shall be subject to penalties in
    accordance with Chapter 1 of the
    Mobile City Code.
   Violation of the provisions of the
    2009 International Fire Code (IFC)
    shall be subject to $250.00 fine
    unless otherwise listed below:
       Working without proper license, certifications or
        permit. $500.00
       Interference with a fire code official.
        $100.00
 The 2009 IFC requires automatic
  sprinkler protection in a AHCF
  fire area and an automatic smoke
  detection system with occupant
  notification throughout the
  building.
 Sprinkler protection is only
  required in the Group B AHCF
  fire area. If located above or
  below the grade plane, sprinkler
  protection is also required at the
  level of exit discharge.
   A child care facility that
    provides care for more than
    five but no more than 100
    children 2 ½ years or less of
    age.
   where the rooms with which
    the children are cared for are
    located on a level of exit
    discharge (first floor) serving
    such rooms has an exit door
    directly to the exterior, shall
    be classified as Group E
    Occupancy.
     If all conditions listed above
      for child care are not met the
      child care facility shall be
      classified as Group I-4.
 Open flame, fire and burning in
  Group R occupancies shall
  comply with the requirements of
  Sections 308.1 through 308.1.6.3
  and 308.4.1.
 The management of multi-family
  residential occupancies which
  have balconies, decks, or patios
  shall notify their tenants in
  writing of the prohibitions of
  open flame cooking devices on
  balconies as outlined in 308.1.4
  of this code when the tenant or
  occupant initially occupies the
  building and periodically
  thereafter as may be necessary to
  ensure compliance.
   Section 403.3 now requires a
    crowd manager for events
    where more than 1,000
    persons congregate.
   When an event or venue has
    more than 1,000 persons in
    congregation, Section 403.3
    specifies that one crowd
    manager be provided for each
    250 individuals.
   Can be reduced by the Fire
    Code Official if in sprinklered
    building.
     Building lockdown plans requires the fire
      code official’s approval and must contain
      specific procedures.
      Section 404.3.3.1 requires the plan to
      establish procedures for:
          Plan initiation
         Accountability of occupants
         Plan recall
         Communication and coordination
         Training frequency
     A lockdown plan is applied when normal
    evacuation would put occupants in risk.
   Section 404.3.3.3 requires that the means
    of communicating during the lockdown
    be separate and distinct from fire alarm
    signals.
   Fire apparatus access roads
    shall be designed and
    maintained in accordance
    with:
     Appendix D FIRE APPARATUS
      ACCESS ROADS Section D102.1
      Access and loading.
     Facilities, buildings or portions
      of buildings hereafter
      constructed shall be accessible to
      fire department apparatus by
      way of an approved fire
      apparatus access road with
      asphalt, concrete or other
      approved driving surface capable
      of supporting the imposed load
      of fire apparatus weighting at
      least 75,000 pounds.
   Section 503.5 contains new
    requirements for
    automatically operated gates
    installed across fire
    department access roads that
    require compliance with UL
    and ASTM standards for gate
    design, construction and
    installation.
   The provisions were
    developed to improve gate
    reliability when access is
    required and to reduce the
    potential for injury or death
    resulting from entanglement
    or entrapment.
   All buildings with fire alarm
    and fire protection sprinkler
    systems are required to install
    an approved key box for rapid
    fire department entry into the
    building.
   All buildings requiring a fire
    department inspection for
    Certificate of Occupancy (CO)
    will require an approved key
    box.
   Entry keys/cards to all parts
    of the building are required to
    be placed in the key box and
    shall be maintained in
    accordance to 506.2.
   New requirements in Section 510
    address the signal coverage and
    strength of public safety radio
    systems in new and existing
    buildings.
   Coverage is deemed acceptable
    when the strength and location of
    signal transmitted outside of and
    received inside of buildings equals
    or exceeds code specified limits.
   Section 510.1 permits the
    installation an approved
    wired communication system
    in lieu of an approved in-
    building amplification system.
   Section 510.3 requires
    approved coverage in all
    buildings without any
    exemptions.
Section 603.3.2 now permits up
  to 3,000 gallon of Class II or
  IIIA fuel oil inside of
  buildings supplying fuel-fired
  equipment.
 A Protected AST (PAST) must
  be used and located on a level
  that is protected by automatic
  sprinklers.
 The PAST cannot be located
  more than 2 levels below
  grade.
   Section 603.4.2 sets forth new
    requirements for portable
    outdoor gas-fired heating
    appliances.
   Heaters must be constructed to
    ANSI Z83.26, Standard for
    Gas-Fired Outdoor Infrared
    Patio Heaters and specific IFC
    requirements.
   Prohibited locations
   Minimum clearances to
    buildings and combustible
    materials
   The location of heaters in
    relation to exits
   Installation and maintenance
   Storage and exchange of fuel
    gas cylinders
   Section 604.2.14.3 now
    requires electrically powered
    fire pumps in high-rise
    buildings be connected to an
    emergency power branch
    circuit.
   The NFPA 20 fuel duration
    requirements for engine
    driven generators serving
    electrically powered fire
    pumps are more restrictive
    when compared to the IFC
    requirements.
 Section 609.3 sets forth
  requirements for the operation
  and maintenance of
  commercial cooking equipment
  that include cleaning
  frequencies based on the type
  of cooking operations.
 This section requires qualified
  individuals to perform an
  inspection of cleaned Type I
  hoods.
 These new requirements are
  independent of the
  requirement in Section
  904.11.6.1 which specify a 6
  month inspection frequency for
  fire extinguishing systems
  protecting commercial cooking
   A high rise building with an
    occupied floor over 120 feet
    above the lowest level of fire
    department vehicle access
    now requires a dedicated
    elevator for use by the fire
    service.
   The elevator is required to
    have direct access to an exit
    enclosure.
   The elevator lobby requires a
    minimum 1-hour smoke
    barrier.
   Access to the building’s Class
    I standpipe is required
    between the elevator lobby
    and the exit enclosure.
   A means of monitoring the
    elevator from the fire
    command center is required.
    Monitoring is accomplished
    using a Standard Emergency
    Service Interface in
    accordance with NFPA 72.
   Power conductors serving the
    elevator shall be protected by
    a minimum 1-hour shaft or
    through the use of circuit
    integrity cables.
 Before requesting final approval
  of the installation, the installing
  contractor shall furnish a written
  statement to the Bureau of Fire
  Prevention that the subject fire
  protection system has been
  installed in accordance with
  approved plans and has been
  tested in accordance with the
  manufacturer’s specifications and
  the appropriate installation
  standard.
 Any deviations from the design
  standards shall be noted and
  copies of the approvals for such
  deviations shall be attached to
  the written statement.
 Automatic sprinkler system,
  standpipe systems and fire alarm
  system contractors shall be
  certified by the Alabama State
  Fire Marshal’s Office before
  applying for permission to
  perform work on these systems
  within the City’s jurisdiction.
 All other fire protection system
  contractors shall submit proof of
  certification from the fire
  protection system’s manufacturer
  to perform work on those
  systems.
 The fire protection system permit
  requirements does not relieve the
  permitted of additional
  qualifications and permits
  required from other adopted
  codes and ordinances.
   Group E occupancies
    greater than 12,000sf
    require sprinkler
    systems. (formerly
    20,000sf)

   Every portion of Group E
    occupancies below the
    level of exit discharge
    (basements) require fire
    sprinklers, regardless of
    size.
   903.2.7 will now require
    Group M occupancies that
    display or sell upholstered
    furniture be protected by an
    automatic sprinkler system.
   These provisions do not
    apply to retailers of
    mattresses and box springs
    or furniture that is not
    upholstered.
     Mattresses and box
       springs are not
       considered furniture
       under 16 CFR Part 1633.
   The dwelling fire sprinkler
    system is a life-safety system.
    It is not designed for property
    protection.
   A dwelling fire sprinkler
    system is not required when a
    dwelling is altered or
    renovated.
   The design can utilize the
    prescriptive requirements in
    Section P2904 or NFPA 13D
    as an alternative design.
   Alabama HB264 prohibits
    adopting an ordinance
    requiring residential sprinkler
    systems.
   Alabama
    HB264: Prohibits any entity
    from requiring fire sprinklers in
    one- and two-family homes.
    Status: Amended to remove
    Code Board's "advisory status"
    to "sole authority" with regards
    to adoption, implementation,
    and revision of the code.
    Committee substitute for
    HB264 adopts the 2006 edition
    of the IRC and prohibits
    communities from adopting
    home fire sprinkler
    requirements. Passed and
    signed by governor.
 Section 903.6.2 retroactively
  requires the installation of
  automatic sprinkler
  protection in all Group I-2
  occupancies (medical,
  surgical, psychiatric, nursing
  or custodial care is provided
  on a 24-hour basis).
 Sprinklers are required on
  the floor housing the Group I-
  2 occupancy and floors
  between the Group I-2
  occupancy and the level of
  exit discharge.
   The requirements in
    Section 907 were
    completely reorganized
    and aligned with the
    requirements in NFPA
    72, National Fire Alarm
    Code.
   The IFC now explicitly
    states when occupant
    notification is required.
   Fire safety requirements
    are also correlated to
    NFPA 72.
   Section 907.2 allows the
    elimination of all but one
    manual fire alarm box in
    buildings protected by NFPA
    13 or 13R sprinkler systems.
   The single manual fire alarm
    box must be located so it is
    not publicly accessible.
   Where other sections of this
    code allow elimination of fire
    alarm boxes due to sprinklers,
    a single box shall be installed.
   Locking caps are
    required on fire
    department connections
    for water-based fire
    protection systems
     Exception: The FDC
       is located inside a
       security guard-
       maintained, fenced
       facility and the
       Bureau of Fire
       Prevention has
       approved the site.
   The fire pump, driver, and
    controller shall be
    protected in accordance
    with NFPA 20 and the
    electrical code against
    possible interruption of
    service through damage
    caused by:
        explosion, fire, flood,
        earthquake, rodents, insects,
        windstorm, freezing,
        vandalism and other diverse
        conditions.
   All electric fire pumps shall
    require an emergency
    generator for an alternate
    source of power.
 Section 913.2.1 now correlate the
  NFPA 20 requirements for the
  protection of fire pumps with the
  IFC and IBC.
 The provisions are based on the
  building height or if a fire pump
  unit is located outdoors.
   High-rise building: 2-hour
     horizontal and vertical
     separation
   Non-high rise building: 1-hour
     horizontal and vertical
     separation
   Outdoor pump unit: Minimum
     50 feet from exposure building
     and protection from exposure
     hazards
 There is no longer an allowance
  to decrease the required egress
  width of stairways, hallways,
  ramps, doorways, corridors, etc
  for having a fire sprinkler system
  installed.
 Formerly, egress components
  were figured at .2 inches per
  occupant (stairways) and .15
  inches per occupant for other
  egress components…..
   For example:
     1000 occupants in sprinkler
      protected auditorium used
      to required 200” of egress
      width on stairways, and
      150” of egress width
      doorways. (two 8’+
      stairways and four+ 36”
      doorways)
     Now, the same auditorium
      would require 300” of
      stairway egress width and
      200” of egress doorway
      width. (three+ 8’ stairways
      and five and ½ 36” egress
      doors)
   With the exception of Group
    R-2 occupancies, IBC Section
    1024 and IFC Section 4604.2
    requires luminous egress path
    markings in exit enclosures of
    new and existing high-rise
    buildings.
   These markings are intended
    to improve the visibility of
    stair treads, landings and
    handrails under normal and
    emergency conditions.
   Section 1024.3 requires
    that luminous egress
    path markings be
    uniform in throughout
    the exit enclosure.
   Markings are required
    along the leading edge of
    each stair step, at
    landings, and on
    handrails.
   Markings are also
    required on door frames
    and door hardware.
   To function properly, the
    luminous egress path
    markings must be
    exposed to a minimum
    light luminance level for a
    minimum period daily.
    These levels vary by
    manufacturer.
   A key requirement is IBC
    Section 1024.3 which
    requires consistent and
    uniform dimensions of
    the marking system
    throughout the exit
    enclosure.
   Section 1007.6.3 is a new
    provision that requires a
    means of two-way
   communications for use by
    mobility –impaired
    individuals.
   A communication means is
    required at each elevator
    lobby located one or more
    levels above or below the level
    of exit discharge.
 The IBC and IFC now
  permits electromagnetically
  locked egress doors in
  limited occupancy groups.
 The listed hardware must:
   Be readily operable under
     all building lighting
     conditions
   Be capable of being
     operated by one hand
   Immediately release of
     the lock upon activation
   Automatically unlock
     upon power loss
   The IFC no longer
    allows a 400 foot exit
    access travel distance
    in Group F-1 and S-1
    occupancies equipped
    with automatic
    sprinkler systems and
    smoke and heat vents.
   This deletion resulted
    from the lack of
    understanding the
    interaction between
    smoke and heat vents
    and automatic
    sprinkler systems.
   Section 1501.2 now addresses
    the applicability of the
    flammable finishes
    requirements when water
    based formulations are used.
   Chapter 15 provisions are no
    longer applicable when:
     The liquid does not exhibit
       a fire point when tested in
       accordance with ASTM
       D92
   Any liquid with a flash point
    temperature >95°F in a water
    solution or dispersion
    containing more than 80%
    water by weight
 Section 2204.4.1 now limits the
  volume of containers that can be
  filled with Class I, II or IIIA
  liquids at a fuel dispenser to a
  maximum 6 gallon volume.
 If a larger container is desired, it
  must be listed. The listing
  standards published by UL or
  ASTM establish are limited to
  contains with a volume of 6
  gallons or less.
 This code change was a result of
  wheeled fuel containers designed
  for fuel dispensing or salvage.
  Some of these containers have
  volumes up to 30 gallons.
 Requirements for the design,
  construction and maintenance
  of motor vehicle fuel-
  dispensing stations dispensing
  alcohol blended fuels are now
  specified in Section 2206.8.
 ABFs contain at least 15% ethyl
  alcohol with the remainder
  being gasoline.
 Equipment used for the storage
  and dispensing of ABFs must be
  compatible with ethanol.
 ABFs can present a greater
  challenge to firefighters.
   Section 2206.8 requires:
     Any conversion of a fuel storage and
       dispensing system to ABF be approved
       by the fire code official.
     The tank, dispenser, and nozzle are
       properly identified as being approved
       for ABF service.
     Nozzles, hose swivels and breakaway
       connections are listed as being
       compliant with UL Subject 87A,
       Outline of Investigation for Power-
       Operated Dispensing Devices for
       Gasoline/Ethanol Blends with Ethanol
       Content Greater than 15 Percent.
   Section 2703.2.1 was revised
    to now require pressure
    vessels used for the storage of
    hazardous materials be
    constructed in accordance
    with the ASME Boiler and
    Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC).
   This code change was in
    response to the 2006 fire &
    explosion at Marcus Oil Co. in
    Houston, TX. The incident
    was investigated by the
    United States Chemical Safety
    Investigation Board
 Section 2703.9.10 now requires
  listed safety cans when these are
  used to increase the indoor
  MAQ of Class I, II and IIIA
  liquids.
 Safety cans must meet UL 30 or
  Factory Mutual Global
  standards.
   UL listings are limited to
      metallic cans
   FM listings cover nonmetallic
      and metallic cans
 Listed safety cans are not
  available for storing liquids with
  different physical hazards.
   The permit holder
    shall furnish:
     Proof of approval from
      the Alabama State Fire
      Marshal and
     A certificate of liability
      insurance in the
      amount of one million
      dollars listing the City
      of Mobile as additional
      insured.
   Section 3404.2.15 is a new
    section addressing
    maintenance of ASTs.
   The provisions apply only to
    shop fabricated ASTs.
   The provisions require ASTs,
    connected piping and
    ancillary equipment be
    maintained in a safe operating
    condition.
   Home health care containers
    are limited to a volume of 15.8
    gallons.
   Containers cannot be located
    in egress paths, in areas
    subject to mechanical impact
    from falling objects or doors,
    or where they can be
    electrically energized.
   Not more than 31.6 gallons
    (120L) are permitted in Group
    R occupancies.
   Indoor trans-filling of LOX is
    permitted inside of dwellings.
   The Bureau of Fire Prevention
    is authorized by the 2009 IFC
    to require identification of the
    residence or location using
    LOX for home health care.
   The Bureau of Fire Prevention
    is authorized to require
    notification of LOX home
    health care locations
   The new Chapter 45
    establishes fire protection
    requirements for marinas.
   Chapter 45 requirements
    address:
     General precautions such
       as electrical equipment and
       identification of slips
     Fire protection
       requirements
     Fire department access and
       water supply
     Marine motor vehicle
       fueldispensing stations
   This a new chapter which is
    primary an accumulation of
    existing requirements from
    Chapters 7, 9 and 10.

								
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