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					                                   19 June 2008




Pesticide Residues
    Committee
Pesticide Residues Monitoring Report

    Fourth Quarter Report 2007

   Quarter Ended December 2007




          Published: 19 June2008
19 June 2008
CONTENTS
                                                                                                                                          Page
Summary Findings......................................................................................................................1
Section I – Introduction ...............................................................................................................2
The Results.................................................................................................................................4
Apples.........................................................................................................................................4
Bread ..........................................................................................................................................6
Cabbage .....................................................................................................................................8
Celery .........................................................................................................................................9
Cider and Perry........................................................................................................................ 11
Grapes ..................................................................................................................................... 12
Herbs ....................................................................................................................................... 14
Kiwi Fruit .................................................................................................................................. 17
Leeks ....................................................................................................................................... 18
Lettuce..........................................................................................................................20
Milk........................................................................................................................................... 21
Oats and Rye........................................................................................................................... 22
Peaches and Nectarines ......................................................................................................... 24
Tinned Peaches....................................................................................................................... 26
Pears........................................................................................................................................ 28
Peppers ................................................................................................................................... 31
Pork.......................................................................................................................................... 33
Potatoes................................................................................................................................... 34
Pumpkins and Squash............................................................................................................. 36
Soft citrus................................................................................................................................. 38
Speciality Fruit ......................................................................................................................... 40
Strawberries............................................................................................................................. 42
Tomatoes................................................................................................................................. 44
Turkey...................................................................................................................................... 46
Water (bottled) ......................................................................................................................... 47
Supplier Details........................................................................................................................ 48
Section II.................................................................................................................................. 49
PSD assessment of risk........................................................................................................... 49
Appendix A .............................................................................................................................. 60
Summary of Results ................................................................................................................ 60
Appendix B .............................................................................................................................. 62
Summary Of MRL Exceedances ............................................................................................. 62
Appendix C: ............................................................................................................................. 65
Pesticides Sought and Found In Individual Foodstuffs ........................................................... 65
Appendix D ............................................................................................................................ 159
Additional Action Taken ......................................................................................................... 159
Appendix E ............................................................................................................................ 163
Pesticides analysed as multi-component analytes and their reporting limits ........................ 163
Glossary................................................................................................................................. 165
Summary Findings



This is our fourth and final quarterly report for 2007.

This quarter’s programme surveyed 1583 samples of 25 different foods: apples, bread, cabbage, celery,
cider and perry, grapes, herbs, kiwifruit, leeks, lettuce, milk, oats and rye, peaches and nectarines, tinned
peaches, pears, peppers, pork, potatoes, pumpkins and squash, soft citrus, speciality fruit, strawberries,
tomatoes, turkey and bottled water.

The results show 28 samples contained residues above the maximum permitted levels.

A screening assessment is done for each residue and commodity combination to identify residue levels that
would lead to intakes above the relevant reference doses. Detailed assessments are then produced for
every case where the actual residue level found could lead to an intake above the reference dose. We have
looked carefully at all these findings including the risk assessments provided by PSD. In all cases the
presence of the residues found would be unlikely to have had any effect on the health of anyone who ate the
food.

For our 2007 surveillance programme we are pleased to report that technological improvements have
enabled us to expand the range of pesticides that we look for in our fruit and vegetables surveys to
approximately 200 per survey. In 2006 the maximum number of pesticides that we looked for in any survey
was 129. For this reason we may in future find more residues and multi-residues in single samples.

We continue to publish details of suppliers and retailers of the food sampled. We have asked suppliers and
the authorities of the exporting countries for an explanation of our findings – any responses we received are
at appendix D.

Thanks go to all of those individuals and organisations responsible for helping us put this report together.
These include our Secretariat and scientists (both based at the Pesticides Safety Directorate), the shoppers
and Defra officials who have collected the samples and laboratory staff across the UK who undertook the
analysis.




Dr Ian Brown
OBE BSc (Agric) FRCP FFOM
Chairman Pesticide Residues Committee




                                                          1
Section I – Introduction

Background
                                         Food safety is important. Modern food production processes have
                                         given us plentiful supplies of a wide range of good quality affordable
                                         produce.

                                         In the food industry of today the production environment can be
                                         managed from the preparation of seeds used for crops, through to
                                         growth, harvesting and storage of the produce.

                                          One of the ways the food industry controls the environment in which
                                          foodstuffs are produced is by applying pesticides. They help farmers
                                          and growers maximise the production of foodstuffs by, for example,
                                          preventing weeds inhibiting the growth of the crop, or insects
destroying or infesting them. Pesticides can also be used to help protect seeds, or prolong the life of crops
after they have been harvested. Biological and physical controls are also used to protect crops or as part of
an integrated system.

As pesticides are used to control unwanted pests, weeds and diseases, they can potentially also harm
people, wildlife and the environment. This is why the UK, in common with most other countries, imposes
legally enforceable conditions as to how and when pesticides can be used. No pesticide can be supplied or
used on a food or ornamental crop in the UK without the Government authorisation. To obtain this
authorisation the manufacturer of the pesticide must show that it does not present a concern for people’s
health or the environment. Naturally derived and synthetic pesticides are subject to the same regulation.

Once the authorisation has been granted Government authorities carry out follow up checks to ensure that
the authorisation is providing the necessary degree of protection to users, consumers and the environment
and that those who use pesticides are complying with conditions specified within it.

The Government authority responsible for checking pesticide residues in foodstuffs is the Pesticides Safety
Directorate. The Pesticide Residues Committee (PRC) oversees (and provides an independent check) on
this work. We know that the use of pesticides on crops may lead to traces (residues) of these chemicals in
food and we expect to find these in our monitoring programme.

The Pesticide Residues Committee (PRC)
The Pesticide Residues Committee (PRC) is an independent group of experts; our main function is to
oversee Government’s £2 million pesticide residues surveillance programme. Our Chairman, Dr Ian Brown,
is a consultant occupational physician and toxicologist at Southampton University hospitals. The Committee
also includes lay members and individuals from academic, food industry and consumer backgrounds. This
broad range of expertise has enabled us to develop a rigorous monitoring programme that provides
taxpayers with good value for money.

Information on the membership of the PRC is also available on the PRC’s website:
www.pesticides.gov.uk/prc.asp?id=823

Our role is to advise Ministers and the Chief Executives of the
Pesticides Safety Directorate (PSD) and the Food Standards Agency
(FSA) on:

    •   the planning of surveillance programmes for pesticide
        residues in the UK food supply and the evaluation of the
        results;
    •   procedures for sampling, sample processing, new methods
        of analysis, the assessment of variability of pesticide
        residues in food and related issues.




                                                      2
Surveillance programme

                           The pesticide residues surveillance programme is designed to enable us to check:

                               •   that specified pesticide maximum residue levels are being respected;
                               •   that users of pesticides are complying with conditions of use specified in
                                   the authorisation; and
                               •   that dietary intakes of residues are within acceptable limits.

                           We do this by collecting samples of foodstuffs from a range of points in the supply
                           chain (including supermarkets, corner shops, markets, distribution and supply
                           depots). Each sample is then analysed in carefully selected certified laboratories
                           for residues of, typically, up to several dozen different types of pesticides.

                           Each sample is tested for around 200 pesticides. This list is updated each
                           calendar year which means that direct comparisons with previous surveys is not
possible for new pesticides added to the list.

All EU countries monitor food for pesticide residues. To co-ordinate activities, each year the European
Commission proposes a number of surveys to be carried out by all member states. The surveys are usually
of fruit and vegetables. In 2007 EU surveys are of: apples, cabbages, leeks, lettuce, peaches and
nectarines, strawberries, tomatoes, celery and rye/oats. The number of samples to be analysed is greater for
the countries with larger populations (such as the UK). Results from EU surveys are published as a single
report on the Commission’s website
(http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fvo/specialreports/pesticides_index_en.htm).

The surveillance programme is organised on an annual basis, divided into four quarters. The programme
ensures all the major components of our national diet are sampled (milk, bread, potatoes, fruit and
vegetables, cereals and related products, and animal products). The programme is not designed to provide a
representation of residues in our diet – it is carefully targeted and looks more at those commodities likely to
contain residues. Some commodities are surveyed every year, whilst others are surveyed less frequently,
for example once every three years; this is what we call the rolling programme.

The sampling and analysis is carried out in accordance with stringent international standards.

Reporting the results
Details of the surveillance programme are outlined in this report. It details the number and source of the
foodstuffs analysed and any residues detected. We highlight and investigate findings of residues which:
    • are in excess of statutory maximum residue levels (MRL) of a pesticide permitted in foods.
    • are within the MRL or have no MRL but which result in intakes in excess of the Acute Reference
        Dose (ARfD) (e.g. as done for dithiocarbamates and phosmet). New ARfDs are established relatively
        early in the EC review programme of active substances as part of the consideration of human
        toxicological effects. MRLs for individual commodities are now established after a decision has been
        taken whether or not to include an active substance on the European ‘positive list’ of authorised
        substances (Annex I to Directive 91/414/EEC). There can be a time delay extending to many years
        between establishing the ARfD for an active substance and establishing corresponding, new MRLs
        in the legislation of member states. Updating of the toxicology database and establishment of a
        lower ARfD as part of that process may result in the subsequent need to reduce the MRL. Identifying
        and carrying out risk assessments on residues within the MRL but which give intakes above the
        ARfD allows us to keep track of the EC process and seek the early consideration of existing MRLs to
        reflect our concerns.
    • occur in UK grown produce where there is no UK approval for use of that pesticide.
    • for particular categories of pesticides have a similar mode of action, by publishing details of
        combined risk assessments.

A screening assessment is done for each residue and commodity combination to identify residue levels that
would lead to intakes above the relevant reference doses. Detailed assessments are then produced for
every case where the actual residue level found could lead to an intake above the reference dose. You can
find more details of the risk assessments at Section II.




                                                       3
The Results




                                          Apples
Introduction        Apples are monitored every year because of their importance in the diet,
                    particularly for children. We have surveyed apples every year since 1995.

                    This year apples are also being surveyed across the whole EU.

Survey design       This is the second part of our survey which covers samples collected between
                    August and November 2007. The first part covered samples collected between
                    January and May 2007 and was published in our Quarter 2 2007 Report.

                    All samples for this part of the survey were purchased from national retail outlets
                    by a market research company.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 4 at page 65
                    Risk assessments carried out by PSD are at page 53.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                        Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     A sample contained a residue of diphenylamine from which the risk assessment
                    shows an effect on health would be very unlikely (see risk assessments in
                    Section II).

                                           Results

When samples were   Between August and November 2007
taken

Number of samples   90 samples were tested for up to 188 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   Cooking
                        • 42 samples came from the UK
                    Eating
                        • 7 samples came from the UK
                        • 27 samples were imported from outside the EU
                        • 14 samples came from the EU


Residues found      26 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    64 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    2 samples contained residues above the MRL
                    6 samples were labelled as organic. None contained residues from those sought




                                                4
    Multiple residues       34 samples contained residues of more than one pesticide
                               • 19 samples contained 2 residues
                               • 9 samples contained 3 residues
                               • 5 samples contained 4 residues
                               • 1 sample contained 5 residues


    Residues above the      1 sample from Chile contained a residue of diphenylamine at 5.6 mg/kg. The
    MRL                     MRL is 5 mg/kg.

                            1 sample from Chile contained a residue of carbaryl at 0.08 mg/kg. The MRL is
                            0.05* mg/kg.


                                            Risk assessments
                                  (see Section II for full risk assessments)

    Number of risk          Screening assessments were done for all residues found.
    assessments
                            1 detailed risk assessment was carried out where the residues found gave acute
                            intakes above the ARfD.

    Diphenylamine           A sample from Chile contained diphenylamine at 5.6 mg/kg.

                            The highest intake was 1.1 times the ARfD of 0.5 mg/kg bw/day. The ARfD for
                            diphenylamine was set on a conservative basis (haematological effects after
                            seven days of dosing) and used a safety factor of 100. It was unclear whether
                            any effects would actually occur from a single dose, and the JMPR had
                            concluded (1998) that an ARfD was not required. Therefore, it is considered very
                            unlikely that this intake marginally above the ARfD would lead to any effect on
                            health.

    Combined risk           1 risk assessment was carried out for residues of more than one pesticide with
    assessment              the same toxicological mode of action.

    Carbendazim and         The PSD risk assessments on the combination concluded that no effect on
    thiophanate-methyl      health would be expected.

                                             Follow-up Action
    Letters sent            The Secretariat have written to the suppliers of the samples with residues above
                            the MRL.

                            Any comments received are at Appendix D.


    Further                 Two samples from the UK contained carbendazim, which has not been approved
    investigation:          for use on apples in the UK since June 2006. PSD are investigating.
    suspected illegal use
    of carbendazim




*
  Maximum Residue Levels set at the LOD (LOD MRL): These MRLs are set at a default level, i.e. at the
limit of determination (LOD) where analytical methods can reasonably detect the presence of the pesticide.
Either insufficient trials data are available on which to set a maximum residue level or there may be no use of
the pesticide on that crop in the EU. However they may be permitted elsewhere.



                                                       5
                                          Bread
Introduction        Bread is monitored every year because it is an important staple food.

                    This survey covers ordinary bread and speciality bread.

                    Ordinary bread is made from wheat flour, such as brown, white and wholemeal.
                    The grain used in UK bread production may be of mixed origin – a lot is
                    imported.

                    Speciality bread includes garlic, onion and cheese breads. We last sampled
                    these types of speciality bread in 2005.

Survey design       This is the second part of our survey covering samples obtained in October and
                    November 2007. The first part of the survey covered samples obtained between
                    April and June 2007 and was published in our Quarter 3 2007 report.

                    All samples were purchased from national retail outlets by a market research
                    company.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 5 at page 72
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                       Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     None of the residues detected would be expected to have an effect on health.

                    PRC Observations

                    Eating more starchy foods, like bread, is an important part of the FSA’s advice
                    on healthy eating.

                    We often find pesticide residues in bread but our assessment of the risk
                    indicates that the levels we have found in this survey would not be expected to
                    have an effect on health.

                    We have asked the Secretariat to write to the Home Grown Cereals Authority
                    about the incidence of residues.

                                          Results

When samples were   Between October and November 2007
taken

Number of samples   109 samples were tested for 31 pesticide residues




                                           6
Origin of samples     Ordinary Bread: Brown & Other
                          • 16 samples came from the UK
                      Ordinary Bread: White
                          • 33 samples came from the UK
                      Ordinary Bread: Wholemeal
                          • 24 samples came from the UK
                          • 1 sample came from the EU
                      Speciality Bread: Cheese Bread
                          • 15 samples came from the UK
                      Speciality Bread: Garlic Bread
                          • 8 samples came from the UK
                      Speciality Bread: Olive Bread
                          • 2 samples came from the UK
                          • 1 sample was imported from outside the EU
                      Speciality Bread: Onion Bread
                          • 2 samples came from the UK
                      Speciality Bread: Other
                          • 4 samples came from the UK
                      Speciality Bread: Tomato Bread
                          • 3 samples came from the UK


Residues found        11 samples contained no residues from those sought
                      98 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                      No samples contained residues above the MRL (there are very few specific
                      MRLs for bread)
                      6 samples were labelled as organic.1 sample of organic sliced white bread
                      contained residues from those sought


Multiple residues     32 samples contained residues of more than one pesticide
                         • 31 samples contained 2 residues
                         • 1 sample contained 3 residues


                                      Risk assessments

Number of risk        Screening assessments were done for all residues found, and none of the
assessments           residues found gave acute intakes above the ARfD or ADI.

Combined risk         None required
assessment

                                      Follow-up Action
Organic sample with   The Secretariat have written to the supplier of the organic sample with a residue
residue of            of a pesticide not permitted in organic production. Defra's Organic Farming
pirimiphos-methyl     branch were also informed, and have asked the certifying body to look into the
                      finding.




                                             7
                                        Cabbage
Introduction        Cabbages are being surveyed across the EU this year. The survey is of all
                    types of cabbages including savoy, red, white and green, but not of other leafy
                    green vegetables like kale and collards. Cabbage is called "head cabbage" in
                    residues legislation.

                    Cabbage was last surveyed in 2004 when 5 samples were found to contain
                    triazimate. Risk assessments of the highest levels found were calculated to
                    lead to intakes above the ARfD and therefore the Food Standards Agency
                    issued RASFFs about these findings. Triazamate was withdrawn from the EU
                    by the manufacturer and so is no longer approved for use.

Survey design       This is the second part of our survey which covers samples of red, white, green
                    and savoy cabbages collected between July and October 2007. The first part
                    covered samples of cabbages collected between January and April 2007 and
                    was published in our Quarter 2 2007 Report.

                    All samples for this part of the survey were purchased from national retail outlets
                    by a market research company.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 6 at page 77
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                        Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     None of the residues detected would be expected to have an effect on health.

                    PRC Observation

                    Triazamate was sought in this part of the survey and not found in any samples.

                                           Results

When samples were   Between July and October 2007
taken

Number of samples   48 samples were tested for 185 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   41 samples came from the UK
                    7 samples came from the EU


Residues found      45 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    3 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    No samples contained residues above the MRL
                    5 samples were labelled as organic. None contained residues from those sought

Multiple residues   1 sample contained 2 residues

                                    Risk assessments
Number of risk      Screening assessments were done for all residues found, and none of the
assessments         residues found gave acute intakes above the ARfD or ADI.

Combined risk       None Required
assessments
                                                8
                                             Celery
Introduction        Celery is being surveyed across the EU this year.

                    Celery was last surveyed in 2002 when 2 samples contained residues over the MRL
                    but no residues were of concern for health.

Survey design       This is the second part of our survey which covers samples collected between July
                    and October 2007. The first part covered samples collected between January and
                    June 2007 and was published in our Quarter 2 2007 Report.

                    All samples for this part of the survey were purchased from national retail outlets by
                    a market research company.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 7 at page 79
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                          Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     None of the residues detected would be expected to have an effect on health.

                    PRC Observations

                    In our Quarter 2 report we reported several samples of celery from Spain sampled
                    in January and February 2007 with residues of fenitrothion above the MRL. The
                    MRL for fenitrothion in celery changed to 0.01* mg/kg on 30 December 2006. This
                    change was made for safety reasons with a short lead-in period.

                    The samples covered by this report are from different sources, due to the change of
                    season. We have not detected fenitrothion in any of the samples.

                    We will be monitoring celery again in the first quarter of 2008, to check that
                    compliance with the new standard has improved.


                                                Results

When samples were   Between July and October 2007
taken

Number of samples   49 samples were tested for up to 188 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   47 samples came from the UK
                    1 sample was imported from outside the EU
                    1 sample came from the EU

Residues found      44 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    5 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    1 sample contained residues above the MRL
                    10 samples were labelled as organic. None contained residues from those sought.


Multiple residues   1 sample contained 2 residues.


                                            9
     Residues above the        1 sample from the UK contained residues of chlorpropham at 0.2 mg/kg the MRL is
     MRL                       0.05 mg/kg.



                                                 Risk assessments
     Number of risk            Screening assessments were done for all residues found, and none of the residues
     assessments               found gave acute intakes above the ARfD or ADI.

     Combined risk             None Required
     assessments

                                                  Follow-up Action

     Letters sent              The Secretariat have written to the supplier of the sample with a residue above the
                               MRL.

                               Any comments received are at Appendix D.




  Maximum Residue Levels set at the LOD (LOD MRL): These MRLs are set at a default level, i.e. at the
limit of determination (LOD) where analytical methods can reasonably detect the presence of the pesticide.
Either insufficient trials data are available on which to set a maximum residue level or there may be no use of
the pesticide on that crop in the EU. However they may be permitted elsewhere.
                                                      10
                                    Cider and Perry
Introduction        This is our first survey of cider and perry (sometimes known as pear cider).

                    The survey covered all forms of alcoholic drinks made from fermented apples or
                    pears, including white ciders, mass-produced ciders and perrys, perrys marketed
                    alongside sparkling wines, and premium ciders and perrys from smaller producers.

Survey design       This is the complete survey.

                    Half the samples were collected in York by the Secretariat from local retail outlets.
                    The rest were collected by a market research company from national retail outlets.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 8 at page 82
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                          Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     No residues were detected at or above the reporting level.

                                             Results

When samples were   Between October and November 2007
taken

Number of samples   48 samples were tested for 181 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   Cider
                        •   30 samples came from the UK
                        •   2 samples were imported from outside the EU
                        •   4 samples came from the EU
                    Perry
                        •   10 samples came from the UK
                        •   2 samples came from the EU


Residues found      48 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    No samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    No samples contained residues above the MRL
                    3 samples were labelled as organic. None contained residues from those sought


                                      Risk assessments
Number of risk      None required
assessments




                                           11
                                           Grapes
Introduction        Grapes are sampled regularly because they are widely consumed, and results from
                    previous surveys have shown that they can contain a relatively wide range of
                    residues. Grapes are treated frequently because they are susceptible to various
                    insect and fungal attacks that can damage the crop and therefore its value.

                    Since 2003 the EC’s Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) has regularly
                    alerted member States to problems with pesticide residues in grapes. In response to
                    these problems the Secretariat publishes results for grape monitoring on a monthly
                    basis. All the results below have already been published on the PRC website.


Survey design       Grapes are being surveyed and reported on in every quarter of 2007. This is the
                    fourth and final part of our survey, covering samples obtained in October to
                    December.

                    Around half the samples for this survey were collected twice a month by the Rural
                    Payments Agency’s Horticultural Marketing Inspectors from a range of points in the
                    supply chain; wholesale markets, retail depots, ports and import points. The rest of
                    the samples were purchased from national retail outlets by a market research
                    company.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 9 at page 84
                    Risk assessments carried out by PSD are at page 53.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                         Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     Based on the PSD risk assessment of the residues detected an effect on health
                    would be unlikely (see risk assessments in Section II).


                                            Results

When samples were   Between October and December 2007
taken

Number of samples   65 samples were tested for up to 189 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   39 samples were imported from outside the EU
                    26 samples came from the EU


Residues found      19 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    46 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    2 samples contained residues above the MRL
                    No samples were labelled as organic


Multiple residues   28 samples contained residues of more than one pesticide
                       • 13 samples contained 2 residues
                       • 5 samples contained 3 residues
                       • 2 samples contained 4 residues
                       • 6 samples contained 5 residues
                       • 1 sample contained 6 residues
                       • 1 sample contained 7 residues
                                           12
     Residues above the        1 sample from Brazil contained a residue of carbofuran at 0.05 mg/kg. The MRL is
     MRL                       0.02* mg/kg.

                               1 sample from Brazil contained a residue of acephate at 0.04 mg/kg and of
                               methamidaphos at 0.03 mg/kg. The MRL for acephate is 0.02* mg/kg and for
                               methamidaphos is 0.01* mg/kg.

                                                 Risk assessments
                                       (see Section II for full risk assessments)

     Number of risk            Screening assessments were done for all residues found.
     assessments
                               2 detailed risk assessments were carried out where the residues found gave acute
                               intakes above the ARfD.

     Carbofuran                1 sample from Brazil contained a residue of carbofuran at 0.05 mg/kg. The MRL is
                               0.02* mg/kg.

                               The highest intake was 3.1 times the ARfD for carbofuran (the residue was found as
                               3-hydroxy carbofuran and this metabolite has similar acute toxicity to carbofuran so
                               use of the carbofuran ARfD is appropriate). The ARfD is based on clinical signs of
                               toxicity in dams in developmental toxicity studies in the rat and incorporates a
                               standard 100 fold safety margin. The highest intake reduces the safety factor to 30.
                               The JMPR, in 2002, set an ARfD of 0.009 mg/kg using a lower safety factor of 25,
                               as the relevant toxic effects are dependent on the maximal concentration (they also
                               used a dog study as the basis). Reducing the safety factor to 30 based on a
                               NOAEL for cholingeric findings with a carbamate should be adequate to protect
                               against adverse effects (If effects were produced they would be transient and
                               probably mild). In conclusion, although the usual safety margin is reduced an effect
                               on health is unlikely.

     Methomyl                  1 sample from USA contained a residue of methomyl at 0.05 mg/kg. The MRL is
                               0.05* mg/kg.

                               The highest intake was 1.2 times the ARfD of 0.0025 mg/kg bw/day, based on
                               animal data and a safety factor of 100. The highest intake is a thirtieth of the single
                               dose (0.1 mg/kg bw) which was given to humans in a volunteer study which showed
                               no adverse effects. At the next dose (0.2 mg/kg bw), a slight increase in salivation
                               was observed. Therefore, although based on the animal data the usual safety
                               margin is reduced, an effect on health would be unlikely.

                               EU MRLs for methomyl are under review.

     Combined risk             1 risk assessment was carried out for residues of more than one pesticide with the
     assessment                same toxicological mode of action.

     Acephate and              1 sample contained residues of acephate and methamidophos. The PSD risk
     methamidophos             assessment concluded that no effect on health would be expected.

                                                  Follow-up action
     Letters sent              The Secretariat have written to the suppliers of the samples with residues above the
                               MRL.

                               The Secretariat have written to the supplier of the sample with a residue of
                               methomyl that could lead to intakes above the ARfD for their information.
                               Any comments received are at Appendix D.

* Maximum Residue Levels set at the LOD (LOD MRL): These MRLs are set at a default level, i.e. at the
limit of determination (LOD) where analytical methods can reasonably detect the presence of the pesticide.
Either insufficient trials data are available on which to set a maximum residue level or there may be no use of
the pesticide on that crop in the EU. However they may be permitted elsewhere.


                                                      13
                                              Herbs
Introduction        Herbs were last tested in 2002 as part of the rolling programme when one residue
                    above the MRL was found of the 25 pesticides sought. Compared to other green,
                    leafy foodstuffs herbs are full of complex aromatic compounds. This means that
                    analysing them is technically challenging. The analytical work for this survey was
                    based on research and development funded by PSD.

                    All the sampled tested were of fresh, cut herbs (i.e. not herbs growing in pots), not
                    dried samples.


Survey design       Samples of fresh cut herbs were collected from April to December. Samples of
                    different herbs were taken purely on the basis of availability – the four types of
                    herbs included in the survey were basil, coriander, mint and parsley. The numbers
                    of each type collected was not targeted.

                    All samples for this part of the survey were purchased from national retail outlets by
                    a market research company.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 10 at page 90.
                    Risk assessments carried out by PSD are at page 53.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                          Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     None of the residues detected would be expected to have an effect on health (see
                    risk assessments in Section II).

                    PRC Observations

                    Incidence of residues above MRLs

                    We asked PSD to investigate the high incidence of residues above the MRL in
                    herbs. There are no safety issues but because most of the exceedances were for
                    pesticides which had regulatory approval for use on herbs in the UK then we need
                    to explore whether the established MRLs are appropriate for these uses. We will
                    also be contacting the British Herb Trade Association and importers about these
                    results to determine whether growers are following the conditions of approval.

                    We will do a follow-up investigative survey of herbs in Q1 2008.

                    Chlorothalonil residues

                    One sample of coriander from the UK contained chlorothalonil at 43 mg/kg. A
                    screening risk assessment identified that this residue would not be expected to have
                    an effect on health, due to the lower toxicitiy of propamocarb compared to other
                    pesticides.

                                              Results

When samples were   Between April and December 2007
taken

Number of samples   72 samples were tested for up to 186 pesticide residues

                                           14
     Origin of samples         Basil
                                   • 1 sample came from the UK
                                   • 5 samples were imported from outside the EU
                                   • 2 samples came from the EU
                               Coriander
                                   • 11 samples came from the UK
                                   • 11 samples were imported from outside the EU
                                   • 13 samples came from the EU
                               Mint
                                   • 1 sample came from the UK
                               Parsley
                                   • 7 samples came from the UK
                                   • 15 samples were imported from outside the EU
                                   • 6 samples came from the EU

     Residues found            36 samples contained no residues from those sought
                               36 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                               9 samples contained residues above the MRL
                               No samples were labelled as organic.


     Multiple residues         22 samples contained residues of more than one pesticide
                                  • 13 samples contained 2 residues
                                  • 3 samples contained 3 residues
                                  • 2 samples contained 4 residues
                                  • 1 sample contained 5 residues
                                  • 1 sample contained 6 residues
                                  • 1 sample contained 9 residues
                                  • 1 sample contained 10 residues


     Residues above the        A sample of basil from the Israeli-occupied West Bank contained a residue of
     MRL                       dichlorvos at 0.09 mg/kg. The MRL is 0.01* mg/kg.

                               A sample of coriander from Morocco contained a residue of chlorothalonil at 43
                               (forty three) mg/kg. The MRL is 5 mg/kg.

                               A sample of coriander from Spain contained a residue of dimethoate at 0.01 mg/kg
                               and of omethoate at 0.02 mg/kg. The MRL for both dimethoate and omethoate is
                               0.01* mg/kg

                               A sample of parsley from Spain contained a residue of chlorothalonil at 5.2 mg/kg.
                               The MRL is 5 mg/kg.

                               A sample of parsley from Morocco contained a residue of chlorpyrifos at 0.1 mg/kg.
                               The MRL is 0.05* mg/kg.

                               A sample of parsley from the UK contained a residue of chlorpropham at 0.06
                               mg/kg. The MRL is 0.05* mg/kg.

                               Two samples of parsley from the UK contained a residue of azoxystrobin at 3.4 mg/
                               and 4.5 mg/kg. The MRL is 3 mg/kg. Both samples also contained residues of
                               dithiocarbamates at 7.2 mg/kg and 8.2 mg/kg respectively. The MRL for
                               dithiocarbamates is 5 mg/kg.

                               A sample of parsely from the UK contained a residue of dithicocarbmates at 5.4
                               mg/kg. The MRL is 5 mg/kg.



* Maximum Residue Levels set at the LOD (LOD MRL): These MRLs are set at a default level, i.e. at the
limit of determination (LOD) where analytical methods can reasonably detect the presence of the pesticide.
Either insufficient trials data are available on which to set a maximum residue level or there may be no use of
the pesticide on that crop in the EU. However they may be permitted elsewhere.
                                                      15
                                  Risk assessments
                        (see Section II for full risk assessments)

Number of risk   Screening assessments were done for all residues found, and none of the residues
assessments      found gave acute intakes above the ARfD or ADI.

Combined risk    1 risk assessment was carried out for residues of more than one pesticide with the
assessment       same toxicological mode of action.

Dimethoate and   A sample of coriander from Spain contained a residue of dimethoate at 0.01 mg/kg
omethoate        and of omethoate at 0.02 mg/kg. Based on spinach intake data the total intake was
                 below 100% of both ARfDs therefore no effect on health would be expected.

                                   Follow-up Action

Letters sent     The Secretariat have written to the suppliers of the samples with residues above
                 the MRL.

                 Any comments received are at Appendix D.




                                       16
                                         Kiwi Fruit
Introduction        Kiwi fruit is being surveyed as part of our rolling programme. We last surveyed kiwi
                    fruit in 2004 when we found no residues over the MRL or other results of concern.

Survey design       This is the second part of our survey which covers samples collected between
                    August and November 2007. The first part covered samples collected between
                    February and May 2007 and was published in our Quarter 2 2007 Report.

                    All samples for this part of the survey were purchased from national retail outlets by
                    a market research company.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 11 at page 97.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                          Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     None of the residues detected would be expected to have an effect on health.


                                             Results

When samples were   Between August and November 2007
taken

Number of samples   48 samples were tested for 185 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   43 samples were imported from outside the EU
                    5 samples came from the EU


Residues found      37 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    11 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    No samples contained residues above the MRL
                    6 samples were labelled as organic. None contained residues from those sought


Multiple residues   2 samples contained 2 residues.

                                      Risk assessments
Number of risk      Screening assessments were done for all residues found. None of the residues
assessments         found gave acute intakes above the ARfD or ADI.

Combined risk       None required
assessment




                                           17
                                                        Leeks
     Introduction              Leeks are being surveyed across the EU this year.

                               We last surveyed leeks in 2004 when we found no residues over the MRL or other
                               results of concern.

     Survey design             This is the second part of our survey which covers samples collected between July
                               and November 2007. The first part covered samples collected between January
                               and April 2007 and was published in our Quarter 2 2007 Report.

                               All samples for this survey were purchased from national retail outlets by a market
                               research company.

     Further details           Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 12 at page 99.
                               Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                                    Conclusions

     PRC Conclusions           None of the residues detected would be expected to have an effect on health.


                                                        Results

     When samples were         Between July and November 2007
     taken

     Number of samples         35 samples were tested for 184 pesticide residues

     Origin of samples         26 samples came from the UK
                               9 samples came from the EU


     Residues found            31 samples contained no residues from those sought
                               4 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                               1 sample contained a residue above the MRL
                               5 samples were labelled as organic. None contained residues from those sought

     Multiple residues         3 samples contained contained 2 residues


     Residues above the        One samples from Spain contained a residue of procymidone at 0.03 mg/kg. The
     MRL                       MRL is 0.02* mg/kg.




*
  Maximum Residue Levels set at the LOD (LOD MRL): These MRLs are set at a default level, i.e. at the
limit of determination (LOD) where analytical methods can reasonably detect the presence of the pesticide.
Either insufficient trials data are available on which to set a maximum residue level or there may be no use of
the pesticide on that crop in the EU. However they may be permitted elsewhere.

                                                      18
                                       Risk assessments
Number of risk        Screening assessments were done for all residues found. None of the residues
assessments           found gave acute intakes above the ARfD or ADI.

Combined risk         None required
assessment

                                        Follow-up action
Letters sent          The Secretariat have written to the supplier of the sample with a residue above the
                      MRL.

                      Any comments received are at Appendix D.


Further               One sample from the UK contained a residue of chlorpyrifos at 0.05 mg/kg.
investigation:        Chlorpyrifos is not approved for use on leeks in the UK. PSD investigated this
Suspected illegal     finding with the supplier but as the sample was sold loose there was not enough
use of chlorpyrifos   traceability details.




                                             19
                                            Lettuce
Introduction        In the 1990s the surveillance programme detected unapproved use of pesticides on
                    UK lettuce. Since then UK and imported lettuce has been sampled annually. Types
                    of lettuce surveyed include: round, little gem, Romaine, and iceberg.

Survey design       These results are for the third part of the survey. The first part was published in our
                    Q1 2007 report and the second part was published in our Q2 2007 report.

                    Samples were purchased across the UK from retail outlets by a market research
                    company.


Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 13 at page 101.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                          Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     None of the residues detected would be expected to have an effect on health.


                                             Results

When samples were   Between July and November 2007
taken

Number of samples   73 samples were tested for up to 188 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   59 samples came from the UK
                    1 sample was imported from outside the EU
                    13 samples came from the EU


Residues found      55 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    18 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    No samples contained residues above the MRL
                    4 samples were labelled as organic. None contained residues from those sought


Multiple residues   9 samples contained residues of more than one pesticide
                       • 5 samples contained 2 residues
                       • 4 samples contained 4 residues


                                      Risk assessments
Number of risk      Screening assessments were done for all residues found. None of the residues
assessments         found gave acute intakes above the ARfD or ADI.

Combined risk       None required
assessment




                                           20
                                                Milk
Introduction        This survey is of whole and semi-skimmed cows’ milk and goats’ milk. Skimmed
                    milk is not included in our surveys because of its very low fat content (typically
                    around 0.1%). The pesticides sought are all fat-soluble, so would not be likely to be
                    found in milk with such a low fat content.

                    Cows’ milk has been tested every year since before 2000 when the PRC was
                    formed. Residues have not been generally detected in cows’ milk for many years,
                    although dieldrin was detected in 1 sample at a very low level in quarter 3 of 2003.

                    This is the second year we have surveyed goats’ milk. In 2006 no residues were
                    detected.

Survey design       Milk is being sampled and reported on in every quarter of 2007.

                    Samples were purchased across the UK from retail outlets by a market research
                    company.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 14 at page 105.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                         Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     No residues were detected at or above the reporting level.

                                             Results

When samples were   Between October and December 2007
taken

Number of samples   78 samples were tested for 13 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   Cows milk
                       • 60 samples came from the UK
                    Goats milk
                       • 18 samples came from the UK


Residues found      78 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    No samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    No samples contained residues above the MRL
                    15 samples were labelled as organic. None contained residues from those sought


Multiple residues   No samples contained residues of more than one pesticide

                                      Risk assessments
Number of risk      None required
assessments




                                           21
                                      Oats and Rye
Introduction        This year oats and rye are being surveyed across the whole EU. We last surveyed
                    oats and rye in 2004, when we found two residues over the MRL and none of the
                    residues detected were expected to have an effect on health.


Survey design       These are the complete results of our survey, covering samples collected between
                    September and November 2007.

                    The samples were collected from farms in England by an agricultural consultancy.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 15 at page 106

                    Because samples were collected on farms, suppliers’ details do not apprear in the
                    Brand Name Annex in accordance with PRC’s brand naming policy (see ‘Supplier
                    Details’ section on page xx).

                                         Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     None of the residues detected would be expected to have an effect on health.

                    PRC Observations

                    All samples for this survey were taken from farm grain stores before the food
                    entered the supply chain. MRLs do not apply until the food is in the supply chain
                    however for comparison purposes we have listed the MRLs. We have asked the
                    Secretariat to draw these results to attention of the Home Grown Cereals Authority.

                                            Results

When samples were   Between September and November 2007
taken

Number of samples   71 samples were tested for 31 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   Oats
                        •   68 samples came from the UK
                    Rye
                        •   3 samples came from the UK


Residues found      11 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    60 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    4 samples contained residues above the MRL
                    No samples were labelled as organic.


Multiple residues   18 samples contained residues of more than one pesticide
                       • 14 samples contained 2 residues
                       • 4 samples contained 3 residues




                                          22
     Residues above the        Three samples contained residues of chlormequat at 6.3 mg/kg, 6.9 mg/kg and 8
     MRL                       mg/kg. The MRL is 5 mg/kg.

                               One sample contained a residue of chlorpropham at 0.1 mg/kg. The MRL is 0.02*
                               mg/kg.

                                                 Risk assessments
     Number of risk            Screening assessments were done for all residues found. None of the residues
     assessments               found gave acute intakes above the ARfD or ADI.

     Combined risk             None required
     assessment

                                                  Follow-up action

     Letters sent              The Secretariat have written to the growers of the samples with a residue above the
                               MRL for information. As samples were taken from farm stores, not from the food
                               chain MRLs do not apply.

                               Any comments received are at Appendix D.


     Further                   One sample contained chlorpropham at 0.1 mg/kg. Chlorpropham is not approved
     investigation:            for use on oats. PSD are investigating.
     suspected illegal use
     of chlorpropham and       One sample contained mepiquat at 0.1 mg/kg. Mepiquat is not approved for use on
     mepiquat                  oats. PSD have written to the farmer to remind him of the requirement to only use
                               approved products and to clean equipment between treatments.




* Maximum Residue Levels set at the LOD (LOD MRL): These MRLs are set at a default level, i.e. at the
limit of determination (LOD) where analytical methods can reasonably detect the presence of the pesticide.
Either insufficient trials data are available on which to set a maximum residue level or there may be no use of
the pesticide on that crop in the EU. However they may be permitted elsewhere.
                                                      23
                             Peaches and Nectarines
Introduction        Peaches and nectarines are being surveyed across the EU this year.

                    When we surveyed peaches and nectarines in 2001 we found a small number of
                    samples containing residues of organophosphorus pesticides (methamidaphos and
                    acephate) above the MRLs. These results were followed up in 2003 by a special
                    survey concentrating on those active substances, where we found residues again
                    but below the MRLs.

Survey design       This is the third and final part of our survey which covers samples collected in
                    October and November 2007. The first part covered samples collected between
                    February and June and was published in our Quarter 2 2007 Report. The second
                    part covered samples collected between July and September and was published in
                    our Q3 Report.

                    All samples for this part of the survey were purchased from national retail outlets by
                    a market research company.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 16 at page 109
                    Risk assessments carried out by PSD are at page 53.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                          Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     Two samples of peaches from the USA, which came from the same farm,
                    contained a residue of carbaryl from which the risk assessment shows an effect on
                    health would be unlikely (see risk assessments in Section II).

                                             Results

When samples were   Between October and November 2007
taken

Number of samples   55 samples were tested for 186 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   Nectarines
                       • 22 samples were imported from outside the EU
                       • 8 samples came from the EU
                    Peaches
                       • 19 samples were imported from outside the EU
                       • 6 samples came from the EU


Residues found      4 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    51 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    3 samples contained residues above the MRL
                    No samples were labelled as organic.


Multiple residues   33 samples contained residues of more than one pesticide
                       • 12 samples contained 2 residues
                       • 12 samples contained 3 residues
                       • 7 samples contained 4 residues
                       • 2 samples contained 5 residues

                                           24
     Residues above the        A sample of peaches from Spain contained a residue of captan at 0.1 mg/kg. The
     MRL                       MRL is 0.02* mg/kg.

                               Two samples of peaches from the USA contained residues of carbaryl at 0.08
                               mg/kg and 0.2 mg/kg. The MRL is 0.05* mg/kg. The samples were purchased on
                               the same day but from different retailers in seperate towns. Follow-up action by the
                               Secretariat revealed that both these samples came from the same farm in the USA.


                                                 Risk assessments
                                       (see Section II for full risk assessments)

     Number of risk            Screening assessments were done for all residues found.
     assessments
                               1 detailed risk assessment was carried out where the residues found gave acute
                               intakes above the ARfD.

     Carbaryl                  Two samples of peaches from the USA contained residues of carbaryl at 0.08
                               mg/kg and 0.2 mg/kg. The MRL is 0.05* mg/kg. Both these samples came from the
                               same farm.

                               At the higher level found intakes for one of the consumer groups exceed the acute
                               reference dose of 0.01 mg/kg bw/day. The intake of the critical group toddlers is 1.1
                               times the ARfD. This intake is 90 times below an oral dose given repeatedly to rats
                               (13 weeks) with no indication of neurotoxic effects. This intake is also 900 times
                               lower than the lowest single dose known to cause neurotoxic effects in rats.
                               Therefore, although the ARfD’s safety margin is reduced from 100, an effect on
                               health would be unlikely.

     Combined risk             None required
     assessment

                                                  Follow-up action

     Letters sent              The Secretariat have written to the suppliers of the samples with a residue above
                               the MRL.

                               Any comments received are at Appendix D.

     RASFF issued              An alert was issued by the EU for the following sample through the EC’s Rapid Alert
                               System for Food and Feed (RASFF) (see glossary for more details).
                               •   1 sample containing carbaryl at 0.2 mg/kg the MRL is 0.05* mg/kg.




* Maximum Residue Levels set at the LOD (LOD MRL): These MRLs are set at a default level, i.e. at the
limit of determination (LOD) where analytical methods can reasonably detect the presence of the pesticide.
Either insufficient trials data are available on which to set a maximum residue level or there may be no use of
the pesticide on that crop in the EU. However they may be permitted elsewhere.

                                                      25
                                    Tinned Peaches
Introduction        Tinned (canned) peaches are being surveyed as part of the rolling programme.

                    Tinned peaches were last surveyed in 2003 (as part of a survey of tinned peaches
                    and pineapple). No residues were detected.

Survey design       This survey covers samples collected in October and November 2007

                    All samples for this part of the survey were purchased from national retail outlets by
                    a market research company. The survey includes samples in metal cans and plastic
                    pots. Samples were in either natural fruit juice or syrup.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 17 at page 116
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                         Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     None of the residues detected would be expected to have an effect on health.


                                             Results

When samples were   October and November 2007
taken

Number of samples   48 samples were tested for 185 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   4 samples were imported from outside the EU
                    44 samples came from the EU


Residues found      46 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    2 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    No samples contained residues above the MRL
                    No samples were labelled as organic.

                    There are no MRLs for processed peaches. The residues found could have come
                    from the peaches or the fruit juice (grape) they were perserved in.

Multiple residues   No samples contained residues of more than one pesticide


                                      Risk assessments
Number of risk      Screening assessments were done for all residues found. None of the residues
assessments         found gave acute intakes above the ARfD or ADI.

Combined risk       None required
assessment




                                           26
                                  Follow-up action
Letters sent   The Secretariat have written to the suppliers of the samples with residues for
               information.

               Any comments received are at Appendix D.




                                      27
                                             Pears
Introduction        Pears are sampled as part of the rolling programme. They have been surveyed
                    frequently since 1995 partly based on information that chlormequat, a plant growth
                    regulator not approved for use on fruiting pears in the UK, was being used by some
                    UK growers. In addition residues above the MRL were also found in imported
                    produce.

Survey design       This is the second part of our survey, covering samples obtained between July and
                    December 2007. The first part covered samples collected between January and
                    June 2007 and was published in our Quarter 2 2007 Report.

                    About half of the samples for this part of the survey were collected twice a month by
                    the Rural Payments Agency’s Horticultural Marketing Inspectors from a range of
                    points in the supply chain; wholesale markets, retail depots, ports and import points.
                    The rest of the samples were purchased from national retail outlets by a market
                    research company.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 18 at page 118.
                    Risk assessments carried out by PSD are at page 53.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                         Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     4 samples contained a residue of azinphos-methyl, dithiocarbamates or folpet from
                    which the risk assessment shows an effect on health would be unlikely (see risk
                    assessments in Section II).

                                             Results

When samples were   Between July and December 2007
taken

Number of samples   99 samples were tested for up to 189 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   35 samples came from the UK
                    12 samples were imported from outside the EU
                    52 samples came from the EU


Residues found      18 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    81 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    No samples contained residues above the MRL
                    3 samples were labelled as organic. 1 contained residues from those sought




                                           28
Multiple residues   63 samples contained residues of more than one pesticide
                       • 15 samples contained 2 residues
                       • 25 samples contained 3 residues
                       • 12 samples contained 4 residues
                       • 8 samples contained 5 residues
                       • 2 samples contained 6 residues
                       • 1 sample contained 7 residues


                                     Risk assessments
                           (see Section II for full risk assessments)

Number of risk      Screening assessments were done for all residues found.
assessments
                    3 detailed risk assessments were carried out where the residues found gave acute
                    intakes above the ARfD.

Azinphos-methyl     18 samples contained azinphos-methyl at levels ranging from 0.02 mg/kg to 0.2
                    mg/kg. The MRL at time of sampling is 0.5 mg/kg.

                    At the highest level found (0.2 mg/kg, found in two samples) intakes for three of
                    the consumer groups exceed the acute reference dose of 0.01 mg/kg bw/day. The
                    highest intake was 1.5 times the ARfD, based on animal data and a 100 fold safety
                    factor. This intake is 67 times below the single oral dose given to humans
                    (1 mg/kg bw) in a volunteer study which showed no adverse effects. Therefore,
                    although the usual safety factor on the animal data is reduced, an effect on health
                    would be unlikely.

                    The EU MRL for azinphos-methyl in pears is planned to be reduced to 0.05 mg/kg
                    with effect from 19 September 2008.

                    (Intakes from the other 16 samples were below the acute reference dose for all
                    consumer groups.)

Dithiocarbamates    33 samples contained dithiocarbamates at levels ranging from 0.05 mg/kg to 1.7
                    mg/kg. The MRL is 3 mg/kg.

                    At the highest level found (1.7 mg/kg) intakes for five of the consumer groups
                    exceed the acute reference dose of 0.08 mg/kg bw/day. The highest intake was 3.3
                    times the ARfD. The highest intake is one thirtieth of the daily dose (8 mg/kg bw)
                    which was given to rats for 10 days in a developmental study, without any adverse
                    effect. Therefore, although the usual safety factor, of 100, is reduced, an effect on
                    health would be unlikely.

                    The European Commission’s Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal
                    Health reviewed dithiocarbamates MRLs for pears in 2006. The MRLs expressed
                    as CS2 can arise from different dithiocarbamates and therefore they do not reflect a
                    single Good Agricultural Practice (GAP). It is therefore not appropriate to use these
                    MRLs to check compliance with a GAP. Following the review, specific MRLs of 5
                    mg thiram/kg and 1 mg ziram were proposed to replace that for CS2. This risk
                    assessment has assumed that the measured CS2 residue was derived from ziram.
                    However, if it is assumed to be derived from thiram, the estimated thiram residue
                    would be 2.7 mg thiram/kg, and the highest intake would be 35% of the thiram
                    ARfD (0.6 mg/kg bw/d, EU 2005).

                    (Intakes from the other 32 samples were below the acture reference dose for all
                    consumer groups.)




                                           29
Folpet                  4 samples contained folpet at levels ranging from 0.1 mg/kg to 2 mg/kg. The MRL
                        is 3 mg/kg.

                        At the highest level found (2 mg/kg) intakes for three of the consumer groups
                        exceed the acute reference dose of 0.1 mg/kg bw/day. The highest intake was 1.5
                        times the ARfD. The highest intake is below an alternative proposal for the ARfD
                        (0.2 mg/kg bw) which has been made by EFSA in late 2007 based on data not fully
                        considered in the previous review (this ARfD would be the same as the value
                        proposed by the JMPR). The highest intake is 67 times lower than the daily dose
                        (10 mg/kg bw/day) given to rabbits for 10 days in a developmental study, without
                        any adverse effect. Even if the lower ARfD is maintained, the usual safety factor of
                        100 would be reduced but an effect on health would be unlikely.

                        (Intakes from the other 3 samples were below the acture reference dose for all
                        consumer groups.)

Combined risk           2 risk assessments were carried out for residues of more than one pesticide with
assessment              the same toxicological mode of action.

Azinphos-methyl         5 samples contained residues of azinphos-methyl and phosmet. The PSD risk
and phosmet             assessments on the highest combination found concluded that no effect on health
                        would be expected.

Malathion and           2 samples contained residues of malathion and phosmet. The PSD risk
phosmet                 assessments on the highest combination found concluded that no effect on health
                        would be expected.

                                           Follow-up action

Further                 A sample from the UK was found to contain diphenylamine at 0.06 mg/kg.
investigation:          Diphenylamine is not approved for use on pears in the UK. PSD are investigating.
suspected illegal use
of diphenylamine        It is possible that this residue arose from contamination from plastics rather than
                        from use of diphenylamine as a pesticide.

Further                 Two samples from the UK contained carbendazim, which has not been approved
investigation:          for use on pears in the UK since June 2006. PSD are investigating.
suspected illegal use
of carbendazim

Further                 A sample from the UK contained metalaxyl. Metalaxyl is no longer approved in the
investigation:          UK, and the closely-related pesticide metalaxyl-M is not approved for use on pears
suspected illegal use   in the UK. PSD are investigating.
of metalaxyl or
metalaxyl-M

Further                 A sample from the UK contained diethofencarb which has never been approved for
investigation:          any use in the UK. PSD are investigating.
suspected illegal use
of diethofencarb

Further                 The Secretariat have written to the supplier of the organic sample with a residue of
investigation:          iprodione which is not permitted in organic production. Defra's Organic Farming
organic sample with     branch were also informed, and have asked the certifying body to look into the
residue of iprodione    finding.

                        Iprodione is sometimes used as a post-harvest treatment, so its possible the
                        pesticide was used on farm. Iprodione residues can come from cross-
                        contamination, but at the level found this seems unlikely.




                                               30
                                           Peppers
Introduction        This survey is of the type of peppers also known as sweet peppers, bell peppers or
                    capsicum, but excludes chilli peppers.

                    We monitored peppers in 2006 and in 2004, when we found a few residues above
                    the MRL but no consistent issues. Before 2004, occasional unacceptably high
                    residues of organophosphorus pesticides had been found.

                    In late December 2006 EU were told through the EC’s Rapid Alert System for Food
                    and Feed (RASFF) (see glossary for more details) that isofenphos-methyl had been
                    found in peppers grown in the Almeria region of Spain and tested in Germany.
                    Isofenphos-methyl has never been approved in any EU member State.
                    Investigations by the Spanish authorities indicate the chemical was illegally
                    imported.

                    In response to this situation, we are surveying peppers again this year. We are
                    testing for a far wider range of pesticides than last year, including isofenphos-
                    methyl.

Survey design       This is the third part of our survey. The first part was published in our Quarter 1
                    2007 report and the second part in our Quarter 3 2007 report.

                    All the samples covered by this report were taken by the Rural Payments Agency’s
                    Horticultural Marketing Inspectors from a range of points in the supply chain;
                    wholesale markets, retail depots, ports and import points.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 19 at page 126.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                          Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     None of the residues detected would be expected to have an effect on health

                    PRC Observations

                    None of the samples contained isofenphos-methyl.

                    We will continue to monitor of peppers in 2008 and report the results monthly.


                                             Results

When samples were   Between October and November 2007
taken

Number of samples   36 samples were tested for 189 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   5 samples were imported from outside the EU
                    31 samples came from the EU




                                           31
Residues found      25 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    11 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    No samples contained residues above the MRL
                    No samples were labelled as organic.


Multiple residues   3 samples contained residues of more than one pesticide
                       • 1 sample contained 2 residues
                       • 1 sample contained 3 residues
                       • 1 sample contained 4 residues


                                     Risk assessments
Number of risk      Screening assessments were done for all residues found. None of the residues
assessments         found gave acute intakes above the ARfD or ADI.

Combined risk       None required
assessments




                                          32
                                                Pork
Introduction        Pork is monitored as part of the rolling programme.

                    Samples included chops, joints, steaks and diced pork but not minced pork.
                    We last monitored pork in 2003 when no residues were detected.

Survey design       This is the second part of our survey covered samples collected between October
                    and December 2007. The first part covered samples collected between January
                    and March and was published in our Quarter 1 2007 Report.

                    Samples were purchased across the UK from retail outlets by a market research
                    company.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 20 at page 129.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                         Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     No residues were detected at or above the reporting level.

                                            Results

When samples were   Between October and December 2007
taken

Number of samples   49 samples were tested for 11 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   35 samples came from the UK
                    14 samples came from the EU


Residues found      49 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    No samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    No samples contained residues above the MRL
                    2 samples were labelled as organic. None contained residues from those sought


Multiple residues   No samples contained residues of more than one pesticide


                                     Risk assessments

Number of risk      None required
assessments




                                           33
                                          Potatoes
Introduction        Potatoes are monitored annually due to their importance as a staple component of
                    the diet. This survey covers maincrop (or ware) potatoes and new potatoes. MRLs
                    for maincrop and new potatoes can differ because maincrop may be treated with
                    pesticides during long term storage.

Survey design       This is the second part of our survey, covering samples obtained in June to
                    December 2007. The first part covered samples obtained in January to June 2007
                    and the results were published in our Quarter 2 2007 Report.

                    All the samples were collected by officers from Defra’s Plant Health and Seeds
                    Inspectorate (PHSI). They took them from processors, wholesalers, packers, farms
                    and ports.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 21 at page 130.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                         Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     None of the residues detected would be expected to have an effect on health

                                            Results

When samples were   Between June and December 2007
taken

Number of samples   78 samples were tested for up to 189 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   Maincrop
                       • 65 samples came from the UK
                    New
                       • 8 samples came from the UK
                       • 2 samples were imported from outside the EU
                       • 3 samples came from the EU


Residues found      58 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    20 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    3 samples contained residues above the MRL
                    2 samples were labelled as organic. None contained residues from those sought


Multiple residues   2 samples contained 2 residues




                                           34
     Residues above the        3 samples from the UK were found to contain fosthiazate at 0.03 mg/kg, 0.04 mg/kg
     MRL                       and 0.05 mg/kg. The MRL is 0.02* mg/kg.

                                                 Risk assessments

     Number of risk            Screening assessments were done for all residues found. None of the residues
     assessments               found gave acute intakes above the ARfD or ADI.

     Combined risk             None required
     assessment

                                                  Follow-up action

     Letters sent              The Secretariat have written to the suppliers of the samples with a residue above
                               the MRL.

                               Any comments received are at Appendix D.




* Maximum Residue Levels set at the LOD (LOD MRL): These MRLs are set at a default level, i.e. at the
limit of determination (LOD) where analytical methods can reasonably detect the presence of the pesticide.
Either insufficient trials data are available on which to set a maximum residue level or there may be no use of
the pesticide on that crop in the EU. However they may be permitted elsewhere.




                                                      35
                              Pumpkins and Squash
Introduction        Squash and pumpkins are surveyed every few years as part of the rolling
                    programme. Both were last sampled in 2003. No residues were detected in squash
                    but four samples of pumpkin contained residues of dieldrin. These residues
                    appeared to arise from environmental contamination and there were no health
                    concerns associated with the levels found.

Survey design       This survey covers samples collected between July and December 2007.

                    All samples for this survey were purchased from national retail outlets by a market
                    research company.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 22 at page 133.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                         Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     The residue detected would not be expected to have an effect on health

                    PRC Observations
                    Dieldrin was not found in any samples in which it was sought.

                                            Results

When samples were   Between July and December 2007
taken

Number of samples   48 samples were tested for up to 188 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   Pumpkin
                       • 2 samples came from the UK
                    Squash
                       • 3 samples came from the UK
                       • 16 samples were imported from outside the EU
                       • 27 samples came from the EU


Residues found      47 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    1 sample contained residues above the reporting level
                    No samples contained residues above the MRL
                    9 samples were labelled as organic. None contained residues from those sought


Multiple residues   No samples contained residues of more than one pesticide




                                           36
                                  Risk assessments
Number of risk   Screening assessments were done for all residues found. The residue found did
assessments      not give acute intakes above the ARfD or ADI.

Combined risk    None required.
assessment




                                      37
                                         Soft citrus
Introduction        Soft citrus fruits, such as satsumas, clementines, mandarins and tangerines are
                    sampled every few years as part of the rolling programme.

                    They were last sampled in 2004, where a few samples contained residues over the
                    relevant MRL but no health concerns were identified.

Survey design       This is the second part of our survey which covers samples collected between July
                    and November 2007. The first part covered samples collected between January
                    and June 2007 and was published in our Quarter 2 2007 Report.

                    All samples for this part of the survey were purchased from national retail outlets by
                    a market research company.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 23 at page 135.
                    Risk assessments carried out by PSD are at page 53.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                          Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     Based on the PSD risk assessment of the residues detected an effect on health
                    would be unlikely (see risk assessments in Section II)

                                             Results

When samples were   Between July and November 2007
taken

Number of samples   37 samples were tested for 183 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   21 samples were imported from outside the EU
                    16 samples came from the EU


Residues found      All samples contained residues
                    No samples contained residues above the MRL
                    No samples were labelled as organic.


Multiple residues   37 samples contained residues of more than one pesticide
                       • 5 samples contained 3 residues
                       • 11 samples contained 4 residues
                       • 9 samples contained 5 residues
                       • 9 samples contained 6 residues
                       • 2 samples contained 7 residues




                                           38
                                     Risk assessments
                           (see Section II for full risk assessments)

Number of risk      Screening assessments were done for all residues found.
assessments
                    1 detailed risk assessment was carried out where the residues found gave acute
                    intakes above the ARfD.

Methidathion        6 samples contained residues of methidathion at levels ranging from 0.04 mg/kg to
                    0.88 mg/kg. The MRL is 2 mg/kg.

                    The highest intake was 1.1 times the ARfD of 0.01 mg/kg bw/day. This intake is 10
                    times lower than the daily dose given to adult human volunteers for 6 weeks
                    without any adverse health effects (including any effect on plasma or RBC
                    cholinesterase). An effect on health would therefore be unlikely.

                    The European Commission’s Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal
                    Health reviewed the methidathion MRL for citrus in 2006, and after taking account
                    of the highest residue measured after removal of the peel concluded that the
                    current MRL of 2 mg/kg was sufficiently protective of consumer health.

Combined risk       3 risk assessments were carried out for residues of more than one pesticide with
assessment          the same toxicological mode of action.

Chlorpyrifos,       2 samples contained residues of chlorpyrifos, malathion and pirimiphos-methyl.
malathion and       The PSD risk assessments on the highest combination found concluded that no
pirimiphos methyl   effect on health would be expected.

Chlorpyrifos,       1 sample contained residues of chlorpyrifos, malathion and methidathion. The PSD
malathion and       risk assessments on the highest combination found concluded that no effect on
methidathion        health would be expected from the combination. The presence of chlorpyrifos and
                    malathion in the sample does not significantly contribute to the overall combined
                    intake when compared to methidathion. The risk assessment presented for
                    methidathion remains valid.

Chlorpyrifos and    13 samples contained residues of chlorpyrifos and malathion. The PSD risk
malathion           assessments on the highest combination found concluded that no effect on health
                    would be expected.




                                          39
                                     Speciality Fruit
Introduction        This survey includes a wide range of speciality fruit. This quarter we are reporting
                    on figs, guava, passion fruit, persimmons (including Sharon fruit), physallis (also
                    known as cape gooseberries) and pomegranates.

                    We tend to find residues for a number of pesticides in exotic fruits. Previous surveys
                    have found a relatively high proportion contained residues above the MRL. The
                    MRLs set in these crops are often set at the lowest level which can routinely be
                    tested for (called the Limit of Determination or LOD) because producers have not
                    supplied information to set a higher level. This is a particular issue with developing
                    countries that grow these products for export.

Survey design       Speciality fruit are being surveyed and reported upon in all quarters of 2007. This is
                    the fourth and final part of our survey.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 24 at page 141.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                          Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     None of the residues detected would be expected to have an effect on health

                                             Results

When samples were   During October 2007
taken

Number of samples   26 samples were tested for up to 156 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   Figs
                        • 5 samples were imported from outside the EU
                    Guava
                        • 1 sample was imported from outside the EU
                    Passion fruit
                        • 5 samples were imported from outside the EU
                    Persimmon
                        • 4 samples were imported from outside the EU
                    Physallis
                        • 1 sample was imported from outside the EU
                    Pomegranates
                        • 1 sample was imported from outside the EU
                        • 9 samples came from the EU


Residues found      20 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    6 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    3 samples contained residues above the MRL
                    No samples were labelled as organic.




                                           40
     Multiple residues         1 sample contained 2 residues.


     Residues above the        One sample of passion fruit from Columbia contained a residue of dithiocarbamates
     MRL                       at 0.07 mg/kg. The MRL is 0.05* mg/kg.

                               One sample of persimmons from Israel contained a residue of thiacloprid at 0.03
                               mg/kg. The MRL is 0.02* mg/kg

                               One sample of pomegranates from Spain contained a residue of acetamiprid at 0.02
                               mg/kg. The MRL is 0.01* mg/kg.

                                                 Risk assessments

     Number of risk            Screening assessments were done for all residues found. None of the residues
     assessments               found gave acute intakes above the ARfD or ADI.

     Combined risk             None required
     assessment

                                                  Follow-up action
     Letters sent              The Secretariat have written to the suppliers of the samples with a residue above
                               the MRL.

                               Any comments received are at Appendix D.




* Maximum Residue Levels set at the LOD (LOD MRL): These MRLs are set at a default level, i.e. at the
limit of determination (LOD) where analytical methods can reasonably detect the presence of the pesticide.
Either insufficient trials data are available on which to set a maximum residue level or there may be no use of
the pesticide on that crop in the EU. However they may be permitted elsewhere.




                                                      41
                                       Strawberries
Introduction        Strawberries are being monitored across the EU this year.

                    We last monitored strawberries in 2004, as part our rolling programme. We found 4
                    residues over the MRL but no patterns of concern.

Survey design       This is the second part of our survey which covers samples collected between July
                    and November 2007. The first part covered samples collected between January
                    and June 2007 and was published in our Quarter 2 2007 Report.

                    All samples for this survey were purchased from national retail outlets, including
                    pick-your-own farms, by a market research company.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 25 at page 145.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                          Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     None of the residues detected would be expected to have an effect on health.


                                             Results

When samples were   Between July and November 2007
taken

Number of samples   49 samples were tested for 186 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   37 samples came from the UK
                    12 samples came from the EU


Residues found      4 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    45 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    No samples contained residues above the MRL
                    1 sample was labelled as organic and contained no residues from those sought


Multiple residues   39 samples contained residues of more than one pesticide
                       • 8 samples contained 2 residues
                       • 10 samples contained 3 residues
                       • 6 samples contained 4 residues
                       • 7 samples contained 5 residues
                       • 4 samples contained 6 residues
                       • 3 samples contained 7 residues
                       • 1 sample contained 8 residues




                                           42
                                  Risk assessments
Number of risk   Screening assessments were done for all residues found. None of the residues
assessments      found gave acute intakes above the ARfD or ADI.

Combined risk    None required
assessment

                                   Follow-up action
Further          One sample of UK strawberries contained a residue of DDT in the form of DDE.
investigation:   DDT has not been approved for use on any crop in the UK for over 20 years, but as
residue of DDT   it is environmental persistent the residue may come from historical environmental
                 contamination.




                                       43
                                         Tomatoes
Introduction        Tomatoes are being monitored across the EU this year.

                    We last monitored tomatoes as part of a previous EU survey in 2004. Our Quarter 2
                    2004 report included a sample of tomatoes from Spain that contained chlormequat
                    above the MRL, and at levels where a risk assessment showed that safety margins
                    were eroded although here was no risk to health. Chlormequat was specifically
                    added to the EU's list of actives to be included in the survey because use is not
                    permitted in tomatoes anywhere in Europe.

Survey design       This is the second part of our survey which covers samples collected between July
                    and November 2007. The first part covered samples collected between January
                    and June 2007 and was published in our Quarter 2 2007 Report.

                    All the samples for this part of the survey are collected twice a month by the Rural
                    Payments Agency’s Horticultural Marketing Inspectors from a range of points in the
                    supply chain; wholesale markets, retail depots, ports and import points.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 26 at page 151.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                         Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     None of the residues detected would be expected to have an effect on health

                    PRC Observations

                    No residues of chlormequat were detected.

                                            Results

When samples were   Between July and November 2007
taken

Number of samples   46 samples were tested for 185 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   Beefsteak
                        • 2 samples came from the UK
                        • 7 samples came from the EU
                    Cherry
                        • 3 samples came from the UK
                        • 2 samples was imported from outside the EU
                        • 6 samples came from the EU
                    Plum
                        • 1 sample came from the UK
                        • 4 samples came from the EU
                    Round
                        • 6 samples came from the UK
                        • 4 samples came from the EU
                    Vine
                        • 4 samples came from the UK
                        • 7 samples came from the EU




                                           44
Residues found      26 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    20 samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    No samples contained residues above the MRL
                    No samples were labelled as organic.


Multiple residues   7 samples contained 2 residues.


                                     Risk assessments
Number of risk      Screening assessments were done for all residues found. None of the residues
assessments         found gave acute intakes above the ARfD or ADI.

Combined risk       None required
assessment




                                          45
                                           Turkey
Introduction        Turkey is monitored as part of the rolling programme.

                    Samples included joints, steaks, legs and sliced or diced turkey, but not minced
                    turkey or whole birds (although these are not excluded from the survey).

                    We last monitored turkey in 2004 when no residues were detected.

Survey design       This is the second part of our survey. The first part covered samples collected
                    between January and March and was published in our Quarter 4 2007 Report.

                    Samples were purchased across the UK from retail outlets by a market research
                    company.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 27 at page 156.
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                         Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     No residues were detected at or above the reporting level.

                                            Results

When samples were   Between October and December 2007
taken

Number of samples   70 samples were tested for 11 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   67 samples came from the UK
                    3 samples came from the EU


Residues found      70 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    No samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    No samples contained residues above the MRL
                    No samples were labelled as organic.


Multiple residues   No samples contained residues of more than one pesticide


                                     Risk assessments
Number of risk      None required
assessments




                                           46
                                     Water (bottled)
Introduction        Bottled water is being tested as part of the rolling programme. The last time we
                    surveyed bottled water was in 2000 when no residues were found.

Survey design       This survey covers samples of still and sparkling mineral or spring water. Table
                    water was not included. Drinking water is monitored by the drinking water
                    inspectorate for pesticide residues, however, bottled water is not covered by this
                    monitoring.

                    Samples for this survey were collected from national retail outlets by a market
                    research company and by PSD direct from water cooler suppliers and springs.

                    Reporting limits for this survey were typically 100 times lower than routinely used in
                    fruit and vegetable surveys. These levels are consistent with the legal limits for
                    pesticides in drinking water.

Further details     Full details of pesticides sought and residues detected are in Table 28 at page 157
                    Suppliers details are in the Brand Name Annex

                                          Conclusions

PRC Conclusions     No residues were detected at or above the reporting level.

                                             Results

When samples were   Between July and October 2007
taken

Number of samples   156 samples were tested for up to 188 pesticide residues

Origin of samples   Sparkling
                          • 28 samples came from the UK
                          • 3 samples came from the EU
                    Still
                          • 86 samples came from the UK
                          • 1 sample was imported from outside the EU
                          • 38 samples came from the EU

Residues found      156 samples contained no residues from those sought
                    No samples contained residues above the reporting level
                    No samples contained residues above the MRL
                    No samples were labelled as organic.

                    All samples were tested for all multi-residue pesticides. Then a subset which
                    include a sample from each source was tested for single residue method pesticides.

Multiple residues   No samples contained residues.

                                      Risk assessments
Number of risk      None required.
assessments




                                           47
Supplier Details

Introduction
The following information is available on each sample collected this quarter:

    •   Date and place of collection
    •   Description (e.g. ‘runner bean’, organic milk);
    •   Country of origin or manufacture;
    •   Brand name and packer/manufacturer; and
    •   Residues detected (results shown in green indicate residues above the MRL).

The Government’s ‘brand naming’ policy
The Government has decided that brand name information should be published as part of the Government
food chemical surveillance programme. Brand names have been published for most pesticide residue
surveys since 1998. Certain samples are excluded from the release of brand name information. These
include samples taken as part of any pesticide residues enforcement programme and those taken as part of
surveys to study individual people/farms (these are not covered by this monitoring programme). This policy
was reviewed in 2000/1, when Ministers agreed to its continuation.

Where we find residues above an MRL or the presence of non-approved pesticides brand owners/retailers/
growers are notified of the result in advance of publication of reports and given four weeks to comment. Any
responses we receive are included in Appendix D.

Interpreting brand name information
There is no ready definition of what constitutes a brand in all cases. For clearly branded produce like
breakfast cereals or biscuits the “brand owner” is shown. In the case of “own brand” goods this may be one
of the multiple retailers. For fruit and vegetables the retailer is generally shown. For meat, milk and most
other animal products the retailer is also generally shown. Finally, for all commodities the country of origin is
shown where this was displayed either on the produce or in the store.

Our programme samples produce in approximate proportion to the market share of the main retailers. This
has been done to ensure we obtain an accurate representation of a sector (e.g. fruit and vegetables).

Individual programmes are not capable of generating statistically valid information on residues in particular
crops from particular retailers. This would require the collection of a much larger number of samples: either
substantially increasing costs or greatly reducing the range of different foods sampled in any one year.
Therefore, results from an individual survey cannot be taken as a fair representation of the residues status of
any particular brand.

However, we do collect samples from a variety of outlets in a range of locations, over a period of years.
Successive programmes should therefore help generate information on the typical residues profile of
particular types of produce and on major trends in the incidence and levels of pesticides. It should be noted
that this quarterly report is not intended to give a comprehensive comparison with previous surveys of the
same commodities.

A particular issue arises in relation to the country of origin of fruit and vegetables. The origins included in the
reports are those recorded either on the produce or in the store. However, it is not uncommon for mixing to
occur on shop shelves. We have responded by increasing the proportion of pre-packed goods sampled.
However, pre-packed samples are not available for some produce in some stores and it could also introduce
bias to surveys if loose produce were not sampled. Loose produce is therefore sampled but the origin of the
sample should be interpreted with a degree of caution.




                                                        48
Section II
PSD assessment of risk

The surveillance programme is designed to enable the regulatory authorities to check that:

• specified pesticide MRLs are being respected;
• users of pesticides are complying with conditions of use specified in the authorisation;
• dietary intakes of residues are within acceptable limits.

This section details how risks from dietary intakes are assessed.

When assessments are carried out

A screening assessment is done for each residue and commodity combination to identify residue levels that
would lead to intakes above the relevant reference doses. Further information on this screening approach is
available on request from PSD. Detailed assessments are then produced for every case where the actual
residue level found could lead to an intake by any group above the reference dose

Assessing Dietary intakes
Assessing the acceptability of dietary intakes is complicated. Consumer risk assessments are carried out for
both short-term (peak) and long-term intakes. These assessments use information on food consumption
collected in UK dietary surveys in conjunction with the residue levels we find. Occasionally, additional
pesticide specific information on the losses of residues that occur during preparation and/or cooking of food
is also used.

How the assessment is carried out
Short-term intakes (also called NESTIs) are calculated using consumption data for high-level consumers,
based on single-day consumption values and the highest residue found in a food commodity. The residue
found is multiplied by a variability factor to take account of the fact that residues may vary between individual
items that make up the sample analysed. The estimated intake is compared to the Acute Reference Dose
(ARfD). This is done for ten consumer groups; adults, infants, toddlers, 4-6 year olds, 7-10 year olds, 11-14
year olds, 15-18 year olds, vegetarians, elderly living in residential homes and elderly living in their own
homes.

Long-term intakes (NEDI) are also calculated for high-level consumers, but in this case the consumption
data are high-level long-term values rather than peak single-day events, and similarly the residue values
used reflect long-term average levels rather than occasional high values. Again these estimates are made
for the ten consumer groups. In this case the estimated intake is compared to the Acceptable Daily Intake
(ADI). More information on intake assessments is available on PSD’s website:
http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/applicant_advice_home.asp?id=1687

The reference doses (ADI, ARfD) are set by the Advisory Committee on Pesticides (ACP), or agreed within
the EC (an increasing proportion of UK pesticide authorisations are now carried out in accordance with
harmonised EU processes). However, where neither the UK nor the EC has set a reference dose, levels set
by regulatory authorities in other countries may be used. For a small number of pesticides the reference
doses used have been determined by PSD. These have not been independently peer-reviewed and should
therefore be regarded as provisional. Reference dose values are also available on PSD’s website:
https://secure.pesticides.gov.uk/TEAWeb/intro.asp

Although MRLs are not safety levels, an MRL would not be established if the residue concentrations
measured in the supervised trials used to support the MRL would give rise to health concerns. In most
cases residues present at the MRL result in intakes below the ARfD and the ADI. So even if the MRL is
exceeded this does not always lead to an intake above the ARfD or ADI.

In addition, an estimated intake that exceeds the ADI or ARfD does not automatically result in concerns for
consumer health, because a protective approach is used in setting the ADI and ARfD. In the unusual
circumstance of an intake exceeding the ADI or ARfD, an evaluation of the toxicological data is made, and
details of this assessment would be presented.




                                                       49
Most consumer intakes are for short-term exposure rather than chronic exposure. This is because in most
cases the monitoring data show the majority of samples to contain residues below the reporting limit and so
chronic exposure would not present a concern. Long-term risk assessments have been carried out on a
case-by-case basis, but are not routinely reported. Long-term exposure assessments done using median
residue levels, rather than using the highest residues found. Therefore, long-term risk assessments would
only need to be carried out where the PRC data indicated a high proportion of samples contained residues
above the MRL (this would result in a higher median residue level than that previously assessed when
setting the MRL), or where there is no MRL and acute toxicology is not considered relevant for the particular
pesticide concerned

Acute (short term) toxicology is not a concern for all pesticides, as some are not acutely toxic. In terms of
the pesticides that have been found in fruit and vegetables through the surveillance programme an acute risk
assessment would not be necessary on the following: tecnazene, maleic hydrazide, bitertanol, buprofezin,
dicloran, diphenylamine, ethoxyquin, furalaxyl, imazalil, iprodione, kresoxim-methyl, myclobutanil,
permethrin, pendimethalin, 2-phenylphenol, propargite, propyzamide, quintozene, thiabendazole, tolclofos-
methyl and vinclozolin.

As the surveillance programme monitors residues in all types of food, from raw commodities (e.g. potatoes)
to processed (e.g. wine), dried (e.g. dried fruit) and composite foods (e.g. fruit bread), consumer risk
assessments are specifically tailored to address processed and mixed food products. MRLs are generally
set for raw commodities, although when MRLs are established the assessment of dietary intakes takes into
account the potential for residues to remain in processed foods produced from the raw agricultural
commodities. MRLs have been set for processed infant foods, and in future may be extended to other
processed food products.

Residues are usually reduced during food processing and occasionally may concentrate. The alteration of
residues can be considered in consumer risk assessments, for example, in oil seed rape a fat-soluble
pesticide may result in higher residues in the oil compared to residues in the raw seed. Consumption data
are available for many major processed food items such as boiled potatoes, crisps, fruit juice, sugar, bread,
and wine. Where such consumption data are not available, the intake estimates are based on the total
consumption of the raw commodity, which would represent the worst-case (for example, breakfast cereals
consumption would be based on total cereal products consumption). In the case of composite products a
suitable worst-case alternative would be used, for example total bread consumption for fruit bread
consumption.

Probabilistic Modelling
The standard calculations of consumer exposure use realistic consumption data and residue levels.
However, they tend to overestimate intakes in most circumstances. This is due to the assumptions used;
fruit and vegetables would contain high levels of residue in an individual unit and that these would be
consumed by high-level consumers. They do not take into account the possible range of residue levels and
consumption distributions that may occur in reality. These possible combinations of residues and
consumption levels can be taken into account using modelling/simulation techniques to produce probability
distributions of residue intake levels to indicate the range of consumer intakes, presented as a probabilistic
assessment of consumer exposure. These techniques are not yet routinely used to estimate dietary intakes
of pesticide residues in the EC.

Multiple residues
The risk assessment process is not standing still. We are aware that some consumers are concerned by the
‘cocktail effect’- the possible implications of residues of more than one chemical occurring in, say, a single
portion of fruit or vegetables or the interaction between mixtures of pesticides and veterinary medicines at
residue levels.

Where more than one pesticide residue is found in a sample, we produce a separate table which identifies
each sample and what was found (see Appendix C). If more than one organophosphate/carbamate is found
we will undertake an additional risk assessment. If the combination of pesticides found is either unusual or
gives cause for concern then this will be detailed in the report.

The Food Standards Agency (FSA) asked the Committee on Toxicity of Chemicals in Food, Consumer
Products and the Environment to assess these concerns. Their Report Risk Assessment of Mixtures of
Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines was published in 2002. The Committee concluded that the probability of
any health hazard from exposures to mixtures is likely to be small. Nonetheless, it identified areas of




                                                      50
uncertainty in the risk assessment process and made recommendations for further work. These fell under the
broad headings of regulatory, surveillance, research and public information issues. An action plan to take
forward the recommendations has been published on the FSA website at:
http://www.food.gov.uk/safereating/pesticides/pestmixbranch/. A number of research projects have been
commissioned by the FSA to help progress the action plan; details can be found at
http://www.food.gov.uk/multimedia/pdfs/ressurprjlistsep07 and
http://www.food.gov.uk/science/research/researchinfo/researchportfolio/researchannualreports/

Scientific methodologies have yet to be developed to deal with mixtures from groups of pesticides identified
by the Committee. However, the Advisory Committee on Pesticides (ACP) has developed an approach for
the anticholinesterase compounds. They have also recommended an approach for assessing compounds
that might have combined toxicity. This includes a consideration of the proportion of the respective
reference doses taken up by the predicted exposures to each active substance. If this is only a small
proportion (e.g. <50% if there are two components; <33% for 3 etc) then assuming simple additivity the risks
would still be acceptable. However if exposures to each active substance represent a high proportion of the
respective reference doses and the total exceeds 100% a more detailed consideration is
needed.(http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/approvals.asp?id=1556 ).

We are keen to ensure our reports reflect consumer concerns. We therefore now regularly assess findings
showing multiple residues of organophosphate and carbamate pesticides. Combined assessment is a new
development in risk assessment, which is being taken forward at the international level, e.g. the European
Food Safety Authority (EFSA) held a colloquium in 2006 and has set-up two working groups to help develop
the methodology (http://www.efsa.europa.eu/EFSA/Scientific_Document/comm_colloque_7_en.pdf ;
http://www.efsa.europa.eu/EFSA/efsa_locale-1178620753812_1177665598186.htm ;
http://www.efsa.europa.eu/EFSA/efsa_locale-1178620753812_1177665598172.htm). Further advances in
risk assessment methodology will be taken into account in developing the approach to multiple risk
assessments in the future.




                                                     51
Assessment of Risk to Human Health


Screening assessments have been done for all acutely toxic and potentially acutely toxic pesticides to check that predicted intakes are
within the ARfD (or ADI, as appropriate, where an ARfD is not available). An acute exposure assessment is not done for pesticides
which are not acutely toxic where it has been established that an ARfD is not required. PSD’s Toxicological Endpoints Database is
available on the PSD website at https://secure.pesticides.gov.uk/TEAWeb/intro.asp

The screening assessment uses the internationally agreed approach to short-term (acute) consumer exposure assessment with UK food
consumption data as detailed within the UK NESTI model which is available on the PSD website at
http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/approvals.asp?id=1687.

For the Q4 assessments, the following approaches have been taken to refine the NESTI according to case-by-case issues and to ensure
that appropriate consumption values are used for less frequently consumed commodities where available food consumption data may be
limited:

   •   The available consumption data on passion fruit are limited, so data on kiwi fruit were used.
   •   Consumption data on physallis are not available; this speciality fruit is also known as cape gooseberry, an orange berry full of tiny
       seeds held in a parchment-like case, and the size of a cherry tomato. The screening assessment was performed using
       consumption data for gooseberry.
   •   Consumption data on persimmon are not available. The screening assessment was performed using consumption data for
       peaches.
   •   Consumption data on basil, mint and coriander are not available. Two screening assessments were performed using consumption
       data for both parsley and spinach.




                                                                     52
  Short-term intake estimates


Crop          Pesticide      Highest   Intake                   ARfD       Source      Comment on risk assessment
                             residue   (mg/kg bw/day)           (mg/kg
                             (mg/kg)                            bw/day)
                                       Adult    Critical
                                                group†
Apple        Diphenylamine   5.6       0.084   0.55 (infants)   0.5       PSD, 2004 The highest intake was 1.1 times the ARfD of 0.5 mg/kg
                                                                                    bw/day. The ARfD for diphenylamine was set on a
                                                                                    conservative basis (haematological effects after seven days
                                                                                    of dosing) and used a safety factor of 100. It was unclear
                                                                                    whether any effects would actually occur from a single
                                                                                    dose, and the JMPR had concluded (1998) that an ARfD
                                                                                    was not required. Therefore, it is considered very unlikely
                                                                                    that this intake marginally above the ARfD would lead to
                                                                                    any effect on health.
Table grapes Carbofuran*     0.05      0.00099 0.0031 (toddler) 0.001     EFSA      The highest intake was 3.1 times the ARfD for carbofuran
                                               0.0025 (4-6 year           2006      (the residue was found as 3-hydroxy carbofuran and this
                                               olds)                                metabolite has similar acute toxicity to carbofuran so use of
                                               0.0023 (7-10                         the carbofuran ARfD is appropriate). The ARfD is based on
                                               year olds)                           clinical signs of toxicity in dams in developmental toxicity
                                               0.0018 (11-14                        studies in the rat and incorporates a standard 100 fold
                                               year old)                            safety margin. The highest intake reduces the safety factor
                                               0.0015                               to 30. The JMPR, in 2002, set an ARfD of 0.009 mg/kg
                                               (vegetarian)                         using a lower safety factor of 25, as the relevant toxic
                                               0.0014 (infant)                      effects are dependent on the maximal concentration (they
                                                                                    also used a dog study as the basis). Reducing the safety
                                                                                    factor to 30 based on a NOAEL for cholingeric findings with
                                                                                    a carbamate should be adequate to protect against adverse
                                                                                    effects (If effects were produced they would be transient
                                                                                    and probably mild). In conclusion, although the usual safety
                                                                                    margin is reduced an effect on health is unlikely.




                                                                          53
Crop         Pesticide       Highest   Intake                     ARfD       Source   Comment on risk assessment
                             residue   (mg/kg bw/day)             (mg/kg
                             (mg/kg)                              bw/day)
                                       Adult    Critical
                                                group†
Table grapes Methomyl       0.05       0.00099 0.0031 (toddler) 0.0025      EFSA      The highest intake was 1.2 times the ARfD of 0.0025 mg/kg
                                                                            2006      bw/day, based on animal data and a safety factor of 100.
                                                                                      The highest intake is a thirtieth of the single dose (0.1
                                                                                      mg/kg bw) which was given to humans in a volunteer study
                                                                                      which showed no adverse effects. At the next dose (0.2
                                                                                      mg/kg bw), a slight increase in salivation was observed.
                                                                                      Therefore, although based on the animal data the usual
                                                                                      safety margin is reduced, an effect on health would be
                                                                                      unlikely.

                                                                                      EU MRLs for methomyl are under review.
Peach       Carbaryl        0.2        0.0025   0.011             0.01      EFSA,     Intakes for one of the consumer groups exceed the acute
                                                (toddler)                   2006      reference dose of 0.01 mg/kg bw/day. The intake of the
                                                                                      critical group toddlers is 1.1 times the ARfD. This intake is
                                                                                      90 times below an oral dose given repeatedly to rats (13
                                                                                      weeks) with no indication of neurotoxic effects. This intake
                                                                                      is also 900 times lower than the lowest single dose known
                                                                                      to cause neurotoxic effects in rats. Therefore, although the
                                                                                      ARfD’s safety margin is reduced from 100, an effect on
                                                                                      health would be unlikely.
Pear        Azinphos-methyl 0.2        0.0032   0.015 (toddler)   0.01      EFSA,     Intakes for three of the consumer groups exceed the acute
                                                0.014 (infant)              2007      reference dose of 0.01 mg/kg bw/day. The highest intake
                                                0.011                                 was 1.5 times the ARfD, based on animal data and a 100
                                                (4-6 year olds)                       fold safety factor. This intake is 67 times below the single
                                                                                      oral dose given to humans (1 mg/kg bw) in a volunteer
                                                                                      study which showed no adverse effects. Therefore,
                                                                                      although the usual safety factor on the animal data is
                                                                                      reduced, an effect on health would be unlikely.

                                                                                      The EU MRL for azinphos-methyl in pears will be reduced
                                                                                      with effect from 19 September 2008.




                                                                            54
Crop   Pesticide         Highest   Intake                    ARfD       Source    Comment on risk assessment
                         residue   (mg/kg bw/day)            (mg/kg
                         (mg/kg)                             bw/day)
                                   Adult    Critical
                                            group†
Pear   Dithiocarbamates 3.4a       0.055   0.26 (toddler)   0.08       EU, 2004   Intakes for five of the consumer groups exceed the acute
                                           0.25 (infant)                          reference dose of 0.08 mg/kg bw/day. The highest intake
                                           0.18                                   was 3.3 times the ARfD. The highest intake is one thirtieth
                                           (4-6 year olds)                        of the daily dose (8 mg/kg bw) which was given to rats for
                                           0.12                                   10 days in a developmental study, without any adverse
                                           (7-10 year olds)                       effect. Therefore, although the usual safety factor, of 100,
                                           0.08                                   is reduced, an effect on health would be unlikely.
                                           (11- 14 year
                                           olds)                                  The European Commission’s Standing Committee on the
                                                                                  Food Chain and Animal Health reviewed dithiocarbamates
                                                                                  MRLs for pears in 2006. The MRLs expressed as CS2 can
                                                                                  arise from different dithiocarbamates and therefore they do
                                                                                  not reflect a single Good Agricultural Practice (GAP). It is
                                                                                  therefore not appropriate to use these MRLs to check
                                                                                  compliance with a GAP. Following the review, specific
                                                                                  MRLs of 5 mg thiram/kg and 1 mg ziram were proposed to
                                                                                  replace that for CS2. This risk assessment has assumed
                                                                                  that the measured CS2 residue was derived from ziram.
                                                                                  However, if it is assumed to be derived from thiram, the
                                                                                  estimated thiram residue would be 2.7 mg thiram/kg, and
                                                                                  the highest intake would be 35% of the thiram ARfD (0.6
                                                                                  mg/kg bw/d, EU 2005).
Pear   Folpet           2.0        0.032   0.15 (toddler)    0.1       EU, 2007   Intakes for three of the consumer groups exceed the acute
                                           0.14 (infant)                          reference dose of 0.1 mg/kg bw/day. The highest intake
                                           0.11                                   was 1.5 times the ARfD. The highest intake is below an
                                           (4-6 year olds)                        alternative proposal for the ARfD (0.2 mg/kg bw) which has
                                                                                  been made by EFSA in late 2007 based on data not fully
                                                                                  considered in the previous review (this ARfD would be the
                                                                                  same as the value proposed by the JMPR). The highest
                                                                                  intake is 67 times lower than the daily dose (10 mg/kg
                                                                                  bw/day) given to rabbits for 10 days in a developmental
                                                                                  study, without any adverse effect. Even if the lower ARfD is
                                                                                  maintained, the usual safety factor of 100 would be reduced
                                                                                  but an effect on health would be unlikely.



                                                                       55
Crop            Pesticide        Highest    Intake                     ARfD         Source      Comment on risk assessment
                                 residue    (mg/kg bw/day)             (mg/kg
                                 (mg/kg)                               bw/day)
                                            Adult     Critical
                                                      group†
Soft citrus    Methidathion      0.2        0.0022   0.011 (toddler)   0.01        JMPR,       The highest intake was 1.1 times the ARfD of 0.01 mg/kg
                                                                                   1997        bw/day. This intake is 10 times lower than the daily dose
                                                                                               given to adult human volunteers for 6 weeks without any
                                                                                               adverse health effects (including any effect on plasma or
                                                                                               RBC cholinesterase). An effect on health would therefore
                                                                                               be unlikely.

                                                                                                  The European Commission’s Standing Committee on the
                                                                                                  Food Chain and Animal Health reviewed the methidathion
                                                                                                  MRL for citrus in 2006, and after taking account of the
                                                                                                  highest residue measured after removal of the peel
                                                                                                  concluded that the current MRL of 2 mg/kg was sufficiently
                                                                                                  protective of consumer health.
   †
    Highest intake of all ten consumer groups, or intakes for all consumer groups that exceed the ARfD
   *Detected as 3-hydroxy carbofuran
   a
    Dithiocarbamate (ziram) residue calculated as 3.4 mg/kg based on a carbon disulphide residue of 1.7 mg/kg. Dithiocarbamate residues are determined as carbon
   disulphide which is a common product from different dithiocarbamates; for the risk assessment a precautionary approach is taken: the worse case dithiocarbamate
   residue is calculated by assuming the residue is derived from ziram and this is compared to the ARfD for ziram.




                                                                                  56
     Acute risk assessments for samples containing more than one organophosphorus/carbamate or captan/folpet

Crop/Critical group     Pesticide            Residue              Intake            ARfD    Source        Comment on risk assessment
                                             mg/kg     mg/kg bw         %ARfD
Apple/ infant           Carbendazim          0.1       0.0098     49.0    Total     0.02    EU, 2006      Total is <100% no effect on health
                        Thiophanate-methyl   0.1       0.0098     4.9     53.9%     0.2     EU, 2005      would be expected.
Coriander (spinach) /   Dimethoate           0.1       0.00057    5.7     Total     0.01    EU 2006       Total is <100% no effect on health
4-6 yr olds             Omethoate            0.6*      0..0034    34.0    39.7%                           would be expected.
Grapes/toddlers         Acephate             0.04      0.0024     2.4     Total     0.1     JMPR 2005     Total is <100% no effect on health
                        Methamidophos        0.03      0.0018     61.0    63.5%     0.003   EU, 2006      would be expected.
Pear/ toddler           Malathion            0.03      0.0023     0.8     Total     0.3     EFSA, 2006    Total is <100% no effect on health
                        Phosmet              0.03      0.0023     5.1     5.9%      0.045   EU, 2006      would be expected.
Pear/ toddler           Azinphos-methyl      0.2       0.015      153.2   Total     0.01    EFSA, 2007    Total is >100%. For azinphos-methyl
                        Phosmet              0.1       0.0077     17.0    170%      0.045   EU, 2006      the acute intake for toddlers is
                                                                                                          67 times below the single oral dose
                                                                                                          given to humans (1 mg/kg bw) in a
                                                                                                          volunteer study which showed no
                                                                                                          adverse effects. For phosmet the
                                                                                                          acute intake for toddlers is 0.17 times
                                                                                                          the ARfD of 0.045 mg/kg bw, and is
                                                                                                          260 times below the single oral dose
                                                                                                          given to humans (2 mg/kg bw) in a
                                                                                                          volunteer study which showed no
                                                                                                          adverse effects. Based on the results
                                                                                                          of the volunteer study with phosmet,
                                                                                                          this intake of phosmet would not be
                                                                                                          expected to contribute significantly to
                                                                                                          any effect on health from the combined
                                                                                                          intake of azinphos-methyl and
                                                                                                          phosmet in this sample. The risk
                                                                                                          assessment presented for azinphos-
                                                                                                          methyl remains valid.
Soft citrus/ toddlers   Chlorpyrifos         0.05      0.0028     2.8      Total    0.1     EU, 2005      Total is <100% no effect on health
                        Malathion            0.08      0.0045     1.5      11.7%    0.3     EFSA, 2006    would be expected.
                        Pirimiphos-methyl    0.2       0.011      7.4               0.15    EU, 2007




                                                                             57
Crop/Critical group     Pesticide            Residue                      Intake              ARfD    Source       Comment on risk assessment
                                             mg/kg       mg/kg bw                  %ARfD
Soft citrus/ toddlers   Chlorpyrifos         0.07        0.0039           3.9        Total    0.1     EU, 2005     Total is >100%. The presence of
                        Malathion            0.2         0.011            3.7        118.9%   0.3     EFSA, 2006   chlorpyrifos and malathion in the
                        Methidathion         0.2         0.011            111.3               0.01    JMPR, 1997   sample does not significantly
                                                                                                                   contribute to the overall combined
                                                                                                                   intake when compared to
                                                                                                                   methidathion. The risk assessment
                                                                                                                   presented for methidathion remains
                                                                                                                   valid.
Soft citrus/ toddlers   Chlorpyrifos         0.1         0.0056           5.6        Total    0.1     EU, 2005     Total is <100% no effect on health
                        Malathion            0.8         0.045            14.8       20.4%    0.3     EFSA, 2006   would be expected.
                        Phosmet              0.1         0.0077           17.0                0.045   EU, 2006

     *Omethoate residue = 0.1 mg/kg x 6 [conversion factor] = 0.6 mg/kg




                                                                                       58
INDEX OF APPENDICES



Appendix A - Summary Of Results
Appendix B - Summary Of MRL Exceedances
Appendix C - Pesticides Sought And Found In Individual Foodstuffs
Appendix D - Additional Action Taken
Appendix E - Pesticides Analysed as Multi-Component Analytes




                                                   59
       Appendix A
       Summary of Results

       Table 1:All commodities (number of samples)

Food                     Analysed   With residues     With residues   With residues of non-   With multiple   Organic          Organic samples
                                    at or below the   above the MRL   approved pesticides     residues        samples tested   with residues
                                    MRL                               (UK only)
Apples                   90         62                2                2                      34              6                0

Bread                    109        98                0                None                   32              6                1

Cabbage                  48         3                 0                None                   1               5                0

Celery                   49         4                 1                None                   1               10               0

Cider and Perry          48         0                 0                n/a                    0               3                0

Grapes                   65         44                2                None                   28              0                n/a

Herbs                    72         36                9                None                   22              0                n/a

Kiwifruit                48         11                0                None                   2               6                0

Leeks                    35         3                 1                1                      3               5                0

Lettuce                  73         18                0                None                   9               4                0

Milk                     78         0                 0                n/a                    0               15               0

Oats and Rye             71         56                4                2                      18              0                n/a

Peaches and Nectarines   55         48                3                None                   33              0                n/a

Tinned Peaches           48         2                 0                None                   0               0                n/a

Pears                    99         81                0                4                      63              3                1

Peppers                  36         11                0                None                   3               0                n/a

Pork                     49         0                 0                n/a                    0               2                0

Potatoes                 78         17                3                None                   2               2                0


                                                                           60
Food                       Analysed     With residues      With residues      With residues of non-     With multiple    Organic            Organic samples
                                        at or below the    above the MRL      approved pesticides       residues         samples tested     with residues
                                        MRL                                   (UK only)
Pumpkins and Squash         48           1                  0                  None                     0                9                   0

Soft citrus                 37           37                 0                  None                     37               0                   n/a

Speciality Fruit            26           3                  3                  None                     1                0                   n/a

Strawberries                49           45                 0                  1                         39              1                   0

Tomatoes                    46           20                 0                  None                     7                0                   n/a

Turkey                      70           0                  0                  n/a                       0               0                   n/a

Water (bottled)             156          0                  0                  n/a                       0               n/a                 n/a

Total                      1583         600                28                 10                        332              77                 2



     Maximum Residue Levels (MRLs) reflect levels of pesticides that could occur in produce, which has been treated in accordance with good agricultural
     practice. Where pesticides do not give rise to readily detectable residues, or are not approved for use on particular commodities, MRLs are set at the lowest
     level which can be identified in routine laboratory analysis. Thus, they provide a mechanism for statutory controls on pesticides in produce which is put into
     circulation and for monitoring correct use of these chemicals.
     If no use of a pesticide on a crop is identified when MRLs are set the tolerance for that pesticide/crop combination is set at the limit of determination
     (effectively zero). Limit of determination MRL are marked by a ‘*’ in Part 2.
     MRLs are established under the Pesticides (Maximum Residue Levels in Crops, Food and Feeding Stuffs) (England and Wales) Regulations 1999 (as
     amended), the Pesticides (Maximum Residue Levels in Crops, Food and Feeding Stuffs) (Scotland) Regulations 2000 and the Pesticides (Maximum Residue
     Levels in Crops, Food and Feeding Stuffs) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2002. These Regulations list all statutory MRLs established under UK national or
     EC procedures. Today, virtually all these MRLs are set under an ongoing EC programme and the Regulations are amended periodically as levels are set for
     increasing numbers of pesticides.
     There are a number of pesticides which do not yet have statutory MRLs. In the absence of such MRLs we advise suppliers to adhere to any appropriate
     levels established by the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) a United Nations body established to promote global trading standards. Codex MRLs are
     not statutory but have been risk-assessed when set and provide a suitable standard in the absence of a statutory MRL.
     MRLs may be extended to composite and processed products but levels are not specifically laid down in legislation. They are derived by calculation on an
     individual basis.




                                                                                   61
Appendix B
Summary Of MRL Exceedances

Table 3: MRL Exceedances

                                                                                                             Residue Detected
PRC Sample ID         Food                              Country of Origin         Pesticide Detected                                   MRL (mg/kg)
                                                                                                             (mg/kg)
                                                                           Apples
7631/2007             Eating apples                     Chile                     diphenylamine              5.6                       5
9502/2007             Eating apples                     Chile                     carbaryl                   0.08                      0.05**
                                                                            Celery
9504/2007             Celery                            UK                        chlorpropham               0.2                       0.05*
                                                                           Grapes
                                                                                  acephate                   0.04                      0.02*
4245/2007             White Seedless Grapes             Brazil
                                                                                  methamidophos              0.03                      0.01*
8388/2007             White Seedless Grapes             Brazil                    carbofuran                 0.05                      0.02*
                                                                      Herbs (fresh)
                                                        Israeli-occupied
4286/2007             Basil                                                       dichlorvos                 0.09                      0.01*
                                                        Territories
4137/2007             Coriander                         Morocco                   chlorothalonil             43                        5
                                                                                  dimethoate                 0.1                       0.02*
4227/2007             Coriander                         Spain
                                                                                  omethoate                  0.1                       0.02*
4148/2007             Parsley                           Morocco                   chlorpyrifos               0.1                       0.05*
4226/2007             Parsley                           Spain                     chlorothalonil             5.2                       5
8635/2007             Parsley                           UK                        chlorpropham               0.06                      0.05*

*
 Maximum Residue Levels set at the LOD (LOD MRL): These MRLs are set at a default level, i.e. at the limit of determination (LOD) where analytical
methods can reasonably detect the presence of the pesticide. Either insufficient trials data are available on which to set a maximum residue level or there
may be no use of the pesticide on that crop in the EU. However they may be permitted elsewhere.

                                                                             62
                                                                                                             Residue Detected
PRC Sample ID         Food                              Country of Origin         Pesticide Detected                                   MRL (mg/kg)
                                                                                                             (mg/kg)
                                                                                  azoxystrobin               3.4                       3
9658/2007             Parsley                           UK
                                                                                  dithiocarbamates           7.2                       5
9689/2007             Parsley                           UK                        dithiocarbamates           5.4                       5
                                                                                  azoxystrobin               4.5                       3
9800/2007             Parsley                           UK
                                                                                  dithiocarbamates           8.2                       5
                                                                            Leeks
8891/2007             Extra Trimmed Leeks               Spain                     procymidone                0.03                      0.02**
                                                                      Oats and Rye
9340/2007             Oats                              UK                        chlormequat                6.9                       5
9364/2007             Oats                              UK                        chlorpropham               0.1                       0.02*
9376/2007             Oats                              UK                        chlormequat                6.3                       5
9388/2007             Oats                              UK                        chlormequat                8                         5
                                                                Peaches and Nectarines
5810/2007             Peaches                           USA                       carbaryl                   0.08                      0.05*
7746/2007             Peaches                           Spain                     captan                     0.1                       0.02*
8397/2007             Peaches                           USA                       carbaryl                   0.2                       0.05*
                                                                         Potatoes
5575/2007             Maincrop potatoes                 UK                        fosthiazate                0.05                      0.02*
5579/2007             Maincrop potatoes                 UK                        fosthiazate                0.04                      0.02*
5614/2007             Maincrop potatoes                 UK                        fosthiazate                0.03                      0.02*
                                                                     Speciality Fruit


*
 Maximum Residue Levels set at the LOD (LOD MRL): These MRLs are set at a default level, i.e. at the limit of determination (LOD) where analytical
methods can reasonably detect the presence of the pesticide. Either insufficient trials data are available on which to set a maximum residue level or there
may be no use of the pesticide on that crop in the EU. However they may be permitted elsewhere.

                                                                             63
                                                                                                             Residue Detected
PRC Sample ID         Food                              Country of Origin         Pesticide Detected                                   MRL (mg/kg)
                                                                                                             (mg/kg)
8366/2007             Passion fruit                     Colombia                  dithiocarbamates           0.07                      0.05**
8203/2007             Persimmon                         Israel                    thiacloprid                0.03                      0.02*
9937/2007             Pomegranates                      Spain                     acetamiprid                0.02                      0.01*




*
 Maximum Residue Levels set at the LOD (LOD MRL): These MRLs are set at a default level, i.e. at the limit of determination (LOD) where analytical
methods can reasonably detect the presence of the pesticide. Either insufficient trials data are available on which to set a maximum residue level or there
may be no use of the pesticide on that crop in the EU. However they may be permitted elsewhere.

                                                                             64
Appendix C:
Pesticides Sought and Found In Individual Foodstuffs

These tables are available to download from our website

Table 4a.        Residues detected in retail samples of APPLES purchased between August
                 and November 2007

Commodity/Pesticide              Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range

APPLES, COOKING UK: 42 samples analysed

boscalid                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       33
(UK tMRL = 1)                     0.03 - 0.09                                 9

bupirimate                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       41
(No MRL)                          0.02                                        1

captan                           <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       39
(MRL = 3)                         0.07, 0.07, 0.2                             3

carbendazim                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       40
(MRL = 0.2)                       0.03, 0.1                                   2

chlorpyrifos                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       33
(MRL = 0.5)                       0.02 - 0.1                                   9

diflubenzuron                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       39
(CAC MRL = 5)                     0.03, 0.04, 0.05                            3

diphenylamine                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       40
(MRL = 5)                         0.06, 0.9                                   2

dithiocarbamates †               <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       17
(MRL = 3)                         0.06, 0.07, 0.1                             3

dodine                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       39
(CAC MRL = 5)                     0.03, 0.04, 0.04                            3

indoxacarb                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       41
(UK tMRL = 0.3)                   0.03                                        1

myclobutanil                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       41
(MRL = 0.5)                       0.04                                        1

pyraclostrobin                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       38
(MRL = 0.3)                       0.02 - 0.05                                 4

APPLES, EATING UK: 7 samples analysed

boscalid                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        3
(UK tMRL = 1)                     0.06 - 0.2                                   4

bupirimate                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        6
(No MRL)                          0.04                                         1

captan                           <0.05 (i.e. not found)                        6
(MRL = 3)                         0.09                                         1

chlorpyrifos                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        5
(MRL = 0.5)                       0.04, 0.07                                   2
                                                    65
Commodity/Pesticide              Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range
indoxacarb                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        6
(UK tMRL = 0.3)                   0.03                                         1

myclobutanil                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        6
(MRL = 0.5)                       0.04                                         1

pyraclostrobin                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        3
(MRL = 0.3)                       0.03 - 0.1                                   4

APPLES, EATING Imported (Non-EC): 27 samples analysed

azinphos-methyl                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       20
(MRL = 0.5)                       0.02 - 0.1                                   7

captan                           <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       25
(MRL = 3)                         0.05, 0.1                                   2

carbaryl                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       26
(MRL = 0.05*)                     0.08                                        1

carbendazim                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       26
(MRL = 0.2)                       0.2                                         1

diphenylamine                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       13
(MRL = 5)                         0.05 - 2.3                                  13
                                  5.6                                         1

dithiocarbamates †               <0.05 (i.e. not found)                        6
(MRL = 3)                         0.05 - 0.3                                   6

dodine                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       23
(CAC MRL = 5)                     0.02 - 0.1                                  4

indoxacarb                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       26
(UK tMRL = 0.3)                   0.03                                        1

iprodione                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       24
(MRL = 5)                         0.02 - 1.9                                   3

pirimicarb                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       26
(CAC MRL = 1)                     0.06                                        1

tebufenozide                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       23
(CAC MRL = 1)                     0.03 - 0.08                                 4

tebufenpyrad                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       26
(No MRL)                          0.03                                        1

thiabendazole                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       23
(MRL = 5)                         0.2 - 1.02                                  4

thiacloprid                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       26
(UK tMRL = 0.5)                   0.05                                        1

APPLES, EATING Imported (EC): 14 samples analysed

azinphos-methyl                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       13
(MRL = 0.5)                       0.02                                        1

boscalid                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       13
(UK tMRL = 1)                     0.05                                        1
                                                   66
Commodity/Pesticide                    Concentration range (mg/kg)             Number of samples in range

captan                                 <0.05 (i.e. not found)                                    12
(MRL = 3)                               0.2, 0.3                                                 2

carbendazim                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                    12
(MRL = 0.2)                             0.1                                                      2

chlorpyrifos                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                    13
(MRL = 0.5)                             0.02                                                      1

diphenylamine                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                    10
(MRL = 5)                               0.04 - 4.8                                               4

indoxacarb                             <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                    13
(UK tMRL = 0.3)                         0.03                                                     1

iprodione                              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                    13
(MRL = 5)                               0.05                                                     1

pirimicarb                             <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                    13
(CAC MRL = 1)                           0.03                                                     1

thiophanate-methyl                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                    13
(MRL = 0.5)                             0.1                                                      1


† Residue not sought in all samples
NOTE: * Indicates MRL is set to the Limit Of Detection.

Imported (EC) samples of apples were from Belgium (1), France (8), Italy (5).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of apples were from Chile (3), New Zealand (9), South Africa (13), USA (2).
UK samples of apples were (49).

Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
azinphos-methyl                         Chile (2), France (1), South Africa (5)
boscalid                                Italy (1), UK (13)
bupirimate                              UK (2)
captan                                  Belgium (1), France (1), New Zealand (2), UK (4)
carbaryl                                Chile (1)
carbendazim                             Chile (1), France (2), UK (2)
chlorpyrifos                            Italy (1), UK (11)
diflubenzuron                           UK (3)
dodine                                  New Zealand (4), UK (3)
diphenylamine                           Chile (2), France (4), New Zealand (1), South Africa (11), UK (2)
dithiocarbamates                        New Zealand (1), South Africa (5), UK (3)
indoxacarb                              France (1), South Africa (1), UK (2)
iprodione                               France (1), South Africa (3)
myclobutanil                            UK (2)
pirimicarb                              France (1), South Africa (1)
pyraclostrobin                          UK (8)
tebufenozide                            New Zealand (4)
thiabendazole                          Chile (3), New Zealand (1)
tebufenpyrad                            South Africa (1)
thiacloprid                             Chile (1)
thiophanate-methyl                      France (1)

No residues were found in 16 of the 42 UK cooking samples
No residues were found in 1 of the 7 UK eating samples
No residues were found in 5 of the 27 Imported (Non-EC) eating samples
No residues were found in 4 of the 14 Imported (EC) eating samples

                                                          67
      Table 4b.      Residues detected in retail samples of APPLES purchased between August and November 2007 continued
      Residues (1-5 compounds) were found in 64 of the 90 samples as follows:

No. of   PRC       Type of                                                           Residues found (mg/kg)                                           Country of
residues Sample ID APPLES                                                                                                                             origin
                                 AZM BOS BUP CAP CBY CBZ CPF DIF DOD DPA DTC IDX IPR MYC PIR PYC TBF TBZ TEBF THC TME

(1)        4016/2007   Cooking   -      -      -   -      -   -      -      -      -      -      0.06   -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           7841/2007   Cooking   -      -      -   -      -   -      -      0.05   -      -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           8273/2007   Cooking   -      -      -   -      -   -      0.02   -      -      -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           8293/2007   Cooking   -      0.03   -   -      -   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           8312/2007   Eating    -      -      -   -      -   -      0.07   -      -      -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           8313/2007   Cooking   -      -      -   -      -   -      -      -      -      -      0.1    -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           8331/2007   Cooking   -      -      -   -      -   -      -      -      0.04   -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           8428/2007   Cooking   -      -      -   -      -   -      -      -      -      -      -      0.03   -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           9652/2007   Cooking   -      0.04   -   -      -   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           9682/2007   Cooking   -      0.03   -   -      -   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           9754/2007   Cooking   -      -      -   -      -   -      0.1    -      -      -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           9755/2007   Cooking   -      -      -   0.07   -   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           9801/2007   Cooking   -      -      -   -      -   -      -      -      0.03   -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           9843/2007   Cooking   -      -      -   -      -   0.03   -      -      -      -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           9844/2007   Cooking   -      -      -   -      -   0.1    -      -      -      -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           9892/2007   Cooking   -      -      -   -      -   -      0.05   -      -      -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   UK
           7662/2007   Eating    -      -      -   -      -   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   -   -   -   0.06   -   -   -   -   New Zealand
           7751/2007   Eating    -      -      -   -      -   -      -      -      0.06   -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   New Zealand
           7362/2007   Eating    -      -      -   -      -   -      -      -      -      0.8    -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   South Africa
           7602/2007   Eating    -      -      -   -      -   -      -      -      -      -      0.2    -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   South Africa
           7632/2007   Eating    -      -      -   -      -   -      -      -      -      0.06   -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   South Africa
           9541/2007   Eating    -      -      -   -      -   -      -      -      -      0.9    -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   South Africa
           9583/2007   Eating    -      -      -   -      -   -      -      -      -      0.8    -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   South Africa
           4041/2007   Eating    -      -      -   0.3    -   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   Belgium
           6370/2007   Eating    -      -      -   -      -   0.1    -      -      -      -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   France
           8170/2007   Eating    -      -      -   -      -   -      -      -      -      0.2    -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   France
           9542/2007   Eating    0.02   -      -   -      -   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -   France




                                                                                     68
No. of   PRC       Type of                                                              Residues found (mg/kg)                                                                Country of
residues Sample ID APPLES                                                                                                                                                     origin
                              AZM    BOS    BUP    CAP    CBY   CBZ   CPF    DIF    DOD      DPA    DTC    IDX    IPR    MYC    PIR    PYC    TBF    TBZ    TEBF   THC    TME
        9568/2007 Eating      -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -        -      -      -      -      -      0.03   -      -      -      -      -      -   France
        8147/2007 Eating      -      0.05   -      -      -     -     -      -      -        -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   Italy
        9771/2007 Eating      -      -      -      -      -     -     0.02   -      -        -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   Italy

(2)     6547/2007   Cooking   -      -      -      -      -     -     0.03   -      -        0.9    -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   UK
        7781/2007   Cooking   -      0.03   -      -      -     -     0.08   -      -        -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   UK
        7866/2007   Cooking   -      -      -      0.2    -     -     -      0.04   -        -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   UK
        8169/2007   Cooking   -      -      -      -      -     -     0.02   -      0.04     -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   UK
        8232/2007   Eating    -      0.1    -      -      -     -     -      -      -        -      -      -      -      -      -      0.06   -      -      -      -      -   UK
        8235/2007   Cooking   -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -        0.06   0.07   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   UK
        9636/2007   Eating    -      0.2    -      -      -     -     -      -      -        -      -      -      -      -      -      0.1    -      -      -      -      -   UK
        9711/2007   Eating    -      -      -      -      -     -     0.04   -      -        -      -      -      -      0.04   -      -      -      -      -      -      -   UK
        9712/2007   Cooking   -      0.03   -      -      -     -     -      0.03   -        -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   UK
        9713/2007   Cooking   -      0.03   -      -      -     -     0.03   -      -        -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   UK
        9951/2007   Cooking   -      -      -      -      -     -     0.04   -      -        -      -      -      -      -      -      0.02   -      -      -      -      -   UK
        7060/2007   Eating    0.02   -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -        -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      0.4    -      -      -   Chile
        9602/2007   Eating    -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      0.1      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      0.08   -      -      -      -   New Zealand
        9681/2007   Eating    -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      0.03     -      -      -      -      -      -      -      0.03   -      -      -      -   New Zealand
        7361/2007   Eating    0.05   -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -        0.4    -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   South Africa
        7661/2007   Eating    -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -        0.05   -      -      1.9    -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   South Africa
        8171/2007   Eating    -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -        -      -      -      -      -      0.06   -      -      -      0.03   -      -   South Africa
        4017/2007   Eating    -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -        0.2    -      -      0.05   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   France
        8272/2007   Eating    -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -        4.8    -      0.03   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   France

(3)     8145/2007   Cooking   -      0.09   0.02   -      -     -     -      -      -        -      -      -      -      -      -      0.05   -      -      -      -      -   UK
        8292/2007   Eating    -      0.2    -      0.09   -     -     -      -      -        -      -      -      -      -      -      0.1    -      -      -      -      -   UK
        9772/2007   Cooking   -      0.06   -      0.07   -     -     -      -      -        -      -      -      -      -      -      0.03   -      -      -      -      -   UK
        7631/2007   Eating    -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -        5.6    -      -      -      -      -      -      -      1.02   -      0.05   -   Chile
        9601/2007   Eating    -      -      -      0.1    -     -     -      -      -        -      0.05   -      -      -      -      -      0.06   -      -      -      -   New Zealand
        4042/2007   Eating    -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -        0.07   0.3    0.03   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   South Africa
        7752/2007   Eating    0.04   -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -        0.8    0.07   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -   South Africa




                                                                                        69
No. of   PRC       Type of                                                              Residues found (mg/kg)                                                      Country of
residues Sample ID APPLES                                                                                                                                           origin
                                   AZM BOS BUP CAP CBY CBZ CPF DIF DOD DPA DTC IDX IPR MYC PIR PYC TBF TBZ TEBF THC TME
           9522/2007 Eating        0.02 -  -   -   -   -   -   -   -   0.3 -    -  0.5 -   -   -   -   -   -    -   -   South Africa
           9651/2007 Eating        0.1 -   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   0.5 0.08 -  -   -   -   -   -   -   -    -   -   South Africa

(4)        9773/2007   Cooking     -      0.08   -      -      -    -     0.1   -   -        -      -       -      -      0.04   -   0.05   -   -     -   -   -     UK
           9984/2007   Eating      -      0.06   0.04   -      -    -     -     -   -        -      -       0.03   -      -      -   0.03   -   -     -   -   -     UK
           7601/2007   Eating      -      -      -      0.05   -    -     -     -   0.02     0.8    -       -      -      -      -   -      -   0.2   -   -   -     New Zealand
           9521/2007   Eating      0.03   -      -      -      -    -     -     -   -        2.3    0.1     -      0.02   -      -   -      -   -     -   -   -     South Africa
           8330/2007   Eating      -      -      -      0.2    -    0.1   -     -   -        0.04   -       -      -      -      -   -      -   -     -   -   0.1   France

(5)        9502/2007 Eating        0.03 -        -      -      0.08 0.2   -     -   -        2.1    -       -      -      -      -   -      -   0.5   -   -   -     Chile




      The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

      AZM        azinphos-methyl                 BOS        boscalid                    BUP             bupirimate
      CAP        captan                          CBY        carbaryl                    CBZ             carbendazim
      CPF        chlorpyrifos                    DIF        diflubenzuron               DOD             dodine
      DPA        diphenylamine                   DTC        dithiocarbamates            IDX             indoxacarb
      IPR        iprodione                       MYC        myclobutanil                PIR             pirimicarb
      PYC        pyraclostrobin                  TBF        tebufenozide                TBZ             thiabendazole
      TEBF       tebufenpyrad                    THC        thiacloprid                 TME             thiophanate-methyl




                                                                                        70
Table 4c.       Residues detected in retail samples of APPLES purchased between August
                and November 2007 continued
The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in parentheses in
mg/kg):
2-phenylphenol (0.02)                     fenazaquin (0.02)                         phorate (0.02)
acephate (0.02)                           fenbuconazole (0.02)                      phosalone (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)                        fenhexamid (0.02)                         phosmet (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)                        fenitrothion (0.02)                       phosphamidon (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)                           fenoxycarb (0.02)                         picoxystrobin (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                             fenpropathrin (0.02)                      pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)                           fenpropimorph (0.02)                      pirimiphos-methyl (0.02)
azoxystrobin (0.02)                       fenpyroximate (0.02)                      prochloraz (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)                          fenthion (0.02)                           procymidone (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)                         fenvalerate (0.02)                        profenofos (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)                         fipronil (0.02)                           propamocarb (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)                           fludioxonil (0.02)                        propargite (0.02)
bitertanol (0.02)                         flufenacet (0.02)                         propham (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)                     flusilazole (0.02)                        propiconazole (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)                         folpet (0.05)                             propoxur (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)                          fonofos (0.02)                            propyzamide (0.02)
carbofuran (0.01)                         formothion (0.02)                         prothiofos (0.02)
carbosulfan (0.01)                        fosthiazate (0.02)                        pymetrozine (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)                    furalaxyl (0.02)                          pyrazophos (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)                    furathiocarb (0.02)                       pyrethrins (0.02)
chlorothalonil (0.01)                     heptenophos (0.02)                        pyridaben (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)                      hexaconazole (0.02)                       pyridaphenthion (0.02)
chlorpropham (0.02)                       hexythiazox (0.02)                        pyrifenox (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl (0.02)                imazalil (0.02)                           pyrimethanil (0.02)
chlorthal-dimethyl (0.02)                 imidacloprid (0.02)                       pyriproxifen (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)                       iprovalicarb (0.02)                       quassia (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)                         isazophos (0.02)                          quinalphos (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)                          isocarbophos (0.02)                       quinoxyfen (0.02)
cypermethrin (0.05)                       isofenphos (0.02)                         quintozene (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)                      isofenphos-methyl (0.02)                  rotenone (0.02)
cyprodinil (0.02)                         kresoxim-methyl (0.02)                    simazine (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                                lambda-cyhalothrin (0.02)                 spinosad (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)                       lindane (0.02)                            spiroxamine (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)                           malathion (0.02)                          tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)                      mecarbam (0.02)                           tebuconazole (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)                         mepanipyrim (0.02)                        tecnazene (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)                           metalaxyl (0.02)                          tefluthrin (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)                            methacrifos (0.02)                        tetrachlorvinphos (0.02)
dicrotophos (0.02)                        methamidophos (0.01)                      tetradifon (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)                           methidathion (0.02)                       tetramethrin (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)                      methiocarb (0.02)                         tetreconazole (0.02)
difenoconazole (0.02)                     methomyl (0.02)                           thiamethoxam (0.02)
dimethoate (0.02)                         metolcarb (0.02)                          thiodicarb (0.02)
dimethomorph (0.02)                       mevinphos (0.02)                          tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
dimoxystrobin (0.02)                      monocrotophos (0.02)                      tolylfluanid (0.02)
disulfoton (0.02)                         omethoate (0.02)                          triadimefon (0.02)
diuron (0.02)                             oxadixyl (0.02)                           triadimenol (0.02)
endosulfan (0.02)                         oxamyl (0.02)                             triazamate (0.02)
EPN (0.02)                                oxydemeton-methyl (0.02)                  triazophos (0.02)
epoxiconazole (0.02)                      paclobutrazol (0.02)                      trifloxystrobin (0.02)
ethiofencarb (0.02)                       parathion (0.02)                          trifluralin (0.02)
ethion (0.02)                             parathion-methyl (0.02)                   vinclozolin (0.02)
ethofumesate (0.02)                       penconazole (0.02)                        zoxamide (0.02)
ethoprophos (0.02)                        pencycuron (0.02)
etrimfos (0.02)                           pendimethalin (0.02)
famoxadone (0.02)                         permethrin (0.02)
fenarimol (0.02)                          phenthoate (0.02)
                                                          71
Table 5a. Residues detected in retail samples of BREAD purchased between October
and November 2007

Commodity/Pesticide            Concentration range (mg/kg)      Number of samples in range

BREAD, ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER UK: 16 samples analysed

chlormequat                    <0.05 (i.e. not found)                          1
(No MRL)                        0.05 - 0.2                                     15

glyphosate                     <0.1 (i.e. not found)                           10
(No MRL)                        0.1                                            6

pirimiphos-methyl              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                          14
(No MRL)                        0.02, 0.02                                     2

BREAD, ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE UK: 33 samples analysed

chlormequat                    <0.05 (i.e. not found)                          9
(No MRL)                        0.05 - 0.1                                     24

glyphosate                     <0.1 (i.e. not found)                           23
(No MRL)                        0.1 - 0.2                                      10

pirimiphos-methyl              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                          32
(No MRL)                        0.03                                           1

BREAD, ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL UK: 24 samples analysed

chlormequat                    <0.05 (i.e. not found)                          5
(No MRL)                        0.06 - 0.2                                     19

glyphosate                     <0.1 (i.e. not found)                           6
(No MRL)                        0.1 - 0.3                                      18

BREAD, SPECIALITY BREAD: CHEESE BREAD UK: 15 samples analysed

chlormequat                    <0.05 (i.e. not found)                          5
(No MRL)                        0.05 - 0.1                                     10

pirimiphos-methyl              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                          10
(No MRL)                        0.03 - 0.07                                    5

BREAD, SPECIALITY BREAD: GARLIC BREAD UK: 8 samples analysed

chlormequat                    <0.05 (i.e. not found)                           0
(No MRL)                        0.05 - 0.1                                      8

pirimiphos-methyl              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                           7
(No MRL)                        0.03                                            1

BREAD, SPECIALITY BREAD: OLIVE BREAD UK: 2 samples analysed

chlormequat                    <0.05 (i.e. not found)                           0
(No MRL)                        0.05, 0.06                                      2

malathion                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                           1
(No MRL)                        0.04                                            1




                                                 72
Commodity/Pesticide           Concentration range (mg/kg)                    Number of samples in range
BREAD, SPECIALITY BREAD: ONION BREAD UK: 2 samples analysed

chlormequat                            <0.05 (i.e. not found)                                  0
(No MRL)                                0.09, 0.1                                              2

BREAD, SPECIALITY BREAD: OTHER UK: 4 samples analysed

chlormequat                            <0.05 (i.e. not found)                                  3
(No MRL)                                0.1                                                    1

glyphosate                             <0.1 (i.e. not found)                                   3
(No MRL)                                0.1                                                    1

BREAD, SPECIALITY BREAD: TOMATO BREAD UK: 3 samples analysed

chlormequat                            <0.05 (i.e. not found)                                  0
(No MRL)                                0.05, 0.07, 0.2                                        3

BREAD, SPECIALITY BREAD: OLIVE BREAD Imported (Non-EC): 1 sample analysed

None found                             -                                                       1

BREAD, ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL Imported (EC): 1 sample analysed

chlormequat                            <0.05 (i.e. not found)                                  0
(No MRL)                                0.1                                                    1

glyphosate                             <0.1 (i.e. not found)                                   0
(No MRL)                                0.1                                                    1


Imported (EC) samples of bread were from Ireland (1).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of bread were from USA (1).
UK samples of bread (107).


Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
chlormequat                             Ireland (1), UK (84)
glyphosate                              Ireland (1), UK (35)
malathion                               UK (1)
pirimiphos-methyl                       UK (9)

Residues were found in all of the 16 UK ordinary bread: brown & other samples
No residues were found in 2 of the 33 UK ordinary bread: white samples
No residues were found in 4 of the 24 UK ordinary bread: wholemeal samples
No residues were found in 2 of the 15 UK speciality bread: cheese bread samples
Residues were found in all of the 8 UK speciality bread: garlic bread samples
Residues were found in all of the 2 UK speciality bread: olive bread samples
Residues were found in all of the 2 UK speciality bread: onion bread samples
No residues were found in 2 of the 4 UK speciality bread: other samples
Residues were found in all of the 3 UK speciality bread: tomato bread samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (Non-EC) speciality bread: olive bread samples
Residues were found in all of the 1 Imported (EC) ordinary bread: wholemeal samples




                                                         73
Table b.       Residues detected in retail samples of BREAD purchased between October
               and November 2007 continued
Residues (1-3 compounds) were found in 98 of the 109 samples as follows:

Number of     PRC Sample      Type of BREAD                                Residues found (mg/kg)    Country of
residues      ID                                                                                     origin
                                                                           CLQ    GLY   MAL   PIM

(1)           4434/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: CHEESE BREAD               0.08   -     -     -      UK
              6970/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: OLIVE BREAD                0.06   -     -     -      UK
              6971/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: TOMATO BREAD               0.2    -     -     -      UK
              7964/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: CHEESE BREAD               0.07   -     -     -      UK
              7965/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: OTHER                      -      0.1   -     -      UK
              7976/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: TOMATO BREAD               0.07   -     -     -      UK
              7997/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        -      0.1   -     -      UK
              8113/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        -      -     -     0.03   UK
              8115/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: GARLIC BREAD               0.07   -     -     -      UK
              8116/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: GARLIC BREAD               0.05   -     -     -      UK
              8117/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: CHEESE BREAD               0.08   -     -     -      UK
              8120/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: GARLIC BREAD               0.09   -     -     -      UK
              8121/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: GARLIC BREAD               0.06   -     -     -      UK
              8381/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: CHEESE BREAD               0.09   -     -     -      UK
              8406/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: GARLIC BREAD               0.1    -     -     -      UK
              8407/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: GARLIC BREAD               0.08   -     -     -      UK
              8409/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: ONION BREAD                0.09   -     -     -      UK
              8410/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: GARLIC BREAD               0.07   -     -     -      UK
              8456/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: OTHER                      0.1    -     -     -      UK
              8458/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER                0.09   -     -     -      UK
              8459/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: CHEESE BREAD               0.05   -     -     -      UK
              8463/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: TOMATO BREAD               0.05   -     -     -      UK
              8464/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: ONION BREAD                0.1    -     -     -      UK
              8465/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: CHEESE BREAD               0.08   -     -     -      UK
              8466/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: CHEESE BREAD               0.06   -     -     -      UK
              8467/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: CHEESE BREAD               0.06   -     -     -      UK
              9816/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.1    -     -     -      UK
              9818/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.1    -     -     -      UK
              9821/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.1    -     -     -      UK
              9825/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.08   -     -     -      UK
              9826/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.1    -     -     -      UK
              9827/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.07   -     -     -      UK
              9831/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.08   -     -     -      UK
              9832/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.08   -     -     -      UK
              9837/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.09   -     -     -      UK
              9839/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER                0.1    -     -     -      UK
              9840/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER                0.08   -     -     -      UK
              9842/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.06   -     -     -      UK
              9876/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.07   -     -     -      UK
              9878/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL                    0.1    -     -     -      UK
              9882/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.1    -     -     -      UK
              9886/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        -      0.2   -     -      UK
              9909/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.1    -     -     -      UK
              9910/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.1    -     -     -      UK
              9911/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER                0.1    -     -     -      UK
              9912/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.08   -     -     -      UK
              9913/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        -      0.1   -     -      UK
              9914/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER                0.07   -     -     -      UK
              9915/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        -      0.1   -     -      UK
              9917/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER                0.07   -     -     -      UK
              9918/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER                0.06   -     -     -      UK
              9941/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        0.09   -     -     -      UK
              9942/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE                        -      0.2   -     -      UK
                                                 74
Number of       PRC Sample      Type of BREAD                    Residues found (mg/kg)      Country of
residues        ID                                                                           origin
                                                                 CLQ    GLY    MAL    PIM
                9945/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER    0.1    -      -      -      UK
                9948/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        -      0.3    -      -      UK
                9949/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE            0.09   -      -      -      UK
                9970/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE            0.05   -      -      -      UK
                9971/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER    -      0.1    -      -      UK
                9973/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE            0.08   -      -      -      UK
                9974/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE            0.07   -      -      -      UK
                9975/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE            -      0.1    -      -      UK
                9976/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER    0.09   -      -      -      UK
                9977/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.2    -      -      -      UK
                9996/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: CHEESE BREAD   -      -      -      0.05   UK
                9997/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: CHEESE BREAD   -      -      -      0.03   UK
                9998/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: CHEESE BREAD   -      -      -      0.04   UK

(2)             8119/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: CHEESE BREAD   0.1    -      -      0.03   UK
                8221/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: CHEESE BREAD   0.06   -      -      0.07   UK
                8370/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: GARLIC BREAD   0.1    -      -      0.03   UK
                8457/2007       SPECIALITY BREAD: OLIVE BREAD    0.05   -      0.04   -      UK
                9817/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.2    0.2    -      -      UK
                9819/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER    0.08   0.1    -      -      UK
                9820/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.1    0.2    -      -      UK
                9822/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.2    0.2    -      -      UK
                9833/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE            0.08   0.2    -      -      UK
                9835/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE            0.09   0.2    -      -      UK
                9836/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.1    0.2    -      -      UK
                9841/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER    0.2    -      -      0.02   UK
                9877/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.09   0.1    -      -      UK
                9879/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE            0.07   0.1    -      -      UK
                9881/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER    0.05   0.1    -      -      UK
                9883/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.1    0.2    -      -      UK
                9884/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.1    0.1    -      -      UK
                9916/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.2    0.2    -      -      UK
                9919/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.09   0.2    -      -      UK
                9920/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.1    0.2    -      -      UK
                9939/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER    0.06   0.1    -      -      UK
                9940/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER    0.07   0.1    -      -      UK
                9943/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.1    0.2    -      -      UK
                9944/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHITE            0.1    0.1    -      -      UK
                9946/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.2    0.2    -      -      UK
                9947/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.06   0.3    -      -      UK
                9966/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.1    0.2    -      -      UK
                9967/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.07   0.2    -      -      UK
                9968/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.07   0.2    -      -      UK
                9972/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.1    0.2    -      -      UK
                9834/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: WHOLEMEAL        0.1    0.1    -      -      Ireland

(3)             8473/2007       ORDINARY BREAD: BROWN & OTHER    0.1    0.1    -      0.02   UK



The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

CLQ         chlormequat               GLY        glyphosate       MAL         malathion
PIM         pirimiphos-methyl




                                                        75
Table c.        Residues detected in retail samples of BREAD purchased between October
                and November 2007 continued


The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in parentheses in
mg/kg):

azoxystrobin (0.02)                     diazinon (0.02)                          lindane (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)                       dichlorvos (0.02)                        mepiquat (0.05)
carbaryl (0.02)                         dimoxystrobin (0.02)                     methacrifos (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)                      endosulfan (0.02)                        permethrin (0.02)
chlorpropham (0.02)                     etrimfos (0.02)                          phosphamidon (0.02)
chlorpyrifos (0.02)                     fenitrothion (0.02)                      picoxystrobin (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl (0.02)              fenvalerate (0.02)                       pyraclostrobin (0.02)
cypermethrin (0.02)                     iprodione (0.02)                         pyrimethanil (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.02)                     kresoxim-methyl (0.02)                   trifloxystrobin (0.02)




                                                          76
Table 6a.        Residues detected in retail samples of CABBAGE purchased between July
                 and October 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                     Concentration range (mg/kg)                   Number of samples in range

CABBAGE, UK: 41 samples analysed

bifenthrin                              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                         40
(MRL = 1)                                0.06                                                          1

boscalid                                <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                         40
(MRL = 1)                                0.03                                                          1

pirimicarb                              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                         40
(No MRL)                                 0.2                                                           1

tebuconazole                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                         40
(MRL = 0.8)                              0.06                                                          1

CABBAGE, Imported (EC): 7 samples analysed

None found                              -                                                              7


Imported (EC) samples of cabbage were from France (1), Portugal (1), the Netherlands (5).
UK samples of cabbage (41).

Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
bifenthrin                              UK (1)
boscalid                                UK (1)
pirimicarb                              UK (1)
tebuconazole                            UK (1)

No residues were found in 38 of the 41 UK samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (EC) samples

Table 6b.        Residues detected in retail samples of CABBAGE purchased between July
                 and October 2007 continued
Residues (1-2 compounds) were found in 3 of the 48 samples as follows:

Number of residues    PRC Sample ID         Residues found (mg/kg)         Country of origin
                                            BIF BOS PIR TBC

(1)                   9607/2007             0.06   -       -        -      UK
                      9893/2007             -      0.03    -        -      UK

(2)                   9570/2007             -      -       0.2      0.06   UK



The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

BIF          bifenthrin                BOS             boscalid                     PIR        pirimicarb
TBC          tebuconazole




                                                               77
Table 6c.       Residues detected in retail samples of CABBAGE purchased between
                July and October 2007 continued
The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in
parentheses in mg/kg):

2-phenylphenol (0.02)         disulfoton (0.02)             methamidophos                 rotenone (0.02)
acephate (0.02)               diuron (0.02)                 (0.01)                        simazine (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)            endosulfan (0.02)             methidathion (0.02)           spinosad (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)            EPN (0.02)                    methiocarb (0.02)             spiroxamine (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)               epoxiconazole (0.02)          methomyl (0.02)               tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                 ethiofencarb (0.02)           methoxychlor (0.02)           tebufenozide (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)               ethion (0.02)                 metolcarb (0.02)              tebufenpyrad (0.02)
azinphos-methyl               ethofumesate (0.02)           mevinphos (0.02)              tecnazene (0.02)
(0.02)                        ethoprophos (0.02)            monocrotophos (0.02)          tefluthrin (0.02)
azoxystrobin (0.02)           etrimfos (0.02)               myclobutanil (0.02)           tetrachlorvinphos
benalaxyl (0.02)              famoxadone (0.02)             omethoate (0.02)              (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)             fenarimol (0.02)              oxadixyl (0.02)               tetradifon (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)               fenazaquin (0.02)             oxamyl (0.02)                 tetramethrin (0.02)
bitertanol (0.02)             fenbuconazole (0.02)          oxydemeton-methyl             tetreconazole (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)         fenhexamid (0.02)             (0.02)                        thiabendazole (0.02)
bromoxynil (0.02)             fenitrothion (0.02)           paclobutrazol (0.02)          thiacloprid (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)             fenoxycarb (0.02)             parathion (0.02)              thiamethoxam (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)             fenpropathrin (0.02)          parathion-methyl              thiophanate-methyl
cadusafos (0.02)              fenpropimorph (0.02)          (0.02)                        (0.02)
captan (0.05)                 fenpyroximate (0.02)          penconazole (0.02)            tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)               fenthion (0.02)               pencycuron (0.02)             tolylfluanid (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)            fenvalerate (0.02)            pendimethalin (0.02)          triadimefon (0.02)
carbofuran (0.01)             fipronil (0.02)               permethrin (0.02)             triadimenol (0.02)
carbosulfan (0.01)            fludioxonil (0.02)            phenthoate (0.02)             triazamate (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)        flufenacet (0.02)             phorate (0.02)                triazophos (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)        flusilazole (0.02)            phosalone (0.02)              trifloxystrobin (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)          folpet (0.05)                 phosmet (0.02)                trifluralin (0.02)
chlorpropham (0.02)           fonofos (0.02)                phosphamidon (0.02)           vinclozolin (0.02)
chlorpyrifos (0.02)           formothion (0.02)             picoxystrobin (0.02)          zoxamide (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl           fosthiazate (0.02)            pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)
(0.02)                        furalaxyl (0.02)              pirimiphos-methyl
chlorthal-dimethyl            furathiocarb (0.02)           (0.02)
(0.02)                        heptenophos (0.02)            prochloraz (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)           hexaconazole (0.02)           procymidone (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)             hexythiazox (0.02)            profenofos (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)              imazalil (0.02)               propargite (0.02)
cypermethrin (0.05)           imidacloprid (0.02)           propham (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)          indoxacarb (0.02)             propiconazole (0.02)
cyprodinil (0.02)             iprodione (0.02)              propoxur (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                    iprovalicarb (0.02)           propyzamide (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)           isazophos (0.02)              prothiofos (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)               isocarbophos (0.02)           pymetrozine (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)          isofenphos (0.02)             pyraclostrobin (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)             isofenphos-methyl             pyrazophos (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)               (0.02)                        pyrethrins (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)                kresoxim-methyl               pyridaben (0.02)
dicrotophos (0.02)            (0.02)                        pyridaphenthion
dieldrin (0.02)               lambda-cyhalothrin            (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)          (0.02)                        pyrifenox (0.02)
difenoconazole (0.02)         lindane (0.02)                pyrimethanil (0.02)
diflubenzuron (0.02)          malathion (0.02)              pyriproxifen (0.02)
dimethoate (0.02)             mecarbam (0.02)               quassia (0.02)
dimethomorph (0.02)           mepanipyrim (0.02)            quinalphos (0.02)
dimoxystrobin (0.02)          metalaxyl (0.02)              quinoxyfen (0.02)
diphenylamine (0.02)          methacrifos (0.02)            quintozene (0.02)




                                                       78
Table 7a.        Residues detected in retail samples of CELERY purchased between
                 July and October 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                   Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range

CELERY, UK: 47 samples analysed

azoxystrobin                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      46
(MRL = 5)                              0.02                                       1

chlorothalonil                        <0.01 (i.e. not found)                      44
(MRL = 10)                             0.02, 0.03, 0.06                           3

chlorpropham                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      46
(MRL = 0.05*)                          0.2                                         1

difenoconazole                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      46
(No MRL)                               0.03                                        1

CELERY, Imported (Non-EC): 1 sample analysed

None found                            -                                            1

CELERY, Imported (EC): 1 sample analysed

None found                            -                                            1


NOTE: * Indicates MRL is set to the Limit Of Detection.

Imported (EC) samples of celery were from Spain (1).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of celery were from USA (1).
UK samples of celery were (47).


Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
azoxystrobin                            UK (1)
chlorothalonil                          UK (3)
chlorpropham                            UK (1)
difenoconazole                          UK (1)

No residues were found in 42 of the 47 UK samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (Non-EC) samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (EC) samples




                                                      79
Table 7b.       Residues detected in retail samples of CELERY purchased between
                July and October 2007 continued
Residues (1-2 compounds) were found in 5 of the 49 samples as follows:

Number of residues   PRC Sample ID       Residues found (mg/kg)         Country of origin
                                        AZOX CLN CPP DIFC

(1)                  7694/2007          -       0.02     -       -      UK
                     8768/2007          -       -        -       0.03   UK
                     9845/2007          0.02    -        -       -      UK
                     9954/2007          -       0.06     -       -      UK

(2)                  9504/2007          -       0.03     0.2     -      UK



The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

AZOX      azoxystrobin               CLN       chlorothalonil                CPP      chlorpropham
DIFC      difenoconazole




                                                    80
Table 7c.       Residues detected in retail samples of CELERY purchased between
                July and October 2007 continued
The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in
parentheses in mg/kg):

2-phenylphenol (0.02)         dodine (0.02)                 methamidophos                 quinoxyfen (0.02)
acephate (0.02)               endosulfan (0.02)             (0.01)                        quintozene (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)            EPN (0.02)                    methidathion (0.02)           rotenone (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)            epoxiconazole (0.02)          methiocarb (0.02)             simazine (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)               ethiofencarb (0.02)           methomyl (0.02)               spinosad (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                 ethion (0.02)                 methoxychlor (0.02)           spiroxamine (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)               ethofumesate (0.02)           metolcarb (0.02)              tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
azinphos-methyl               ethoprophos (0.02)            mevinphos (0.02)              tebuconazole (0.02)
(0.02)                        etrimfos (0.02)               monocrotophos (0.02)          tebufenozide (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)              famoxadone (0.02)             myclobutanil (0.02)           tebufenpyrad (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)             fenarimol (0.02)              omethoate (0.02)              tecnazene (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)             fenazaquin (0.02)             oxadixyl (0.02)               tefluthrin (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)               fenbuconazole (0.02)          oxamyl (0.02)                 tetrachlorvinphos
bitertanol (0.02)             fenhexamid (0.02)             oxydemeton-methyl             (0.02)
boscalid (0.02)               fenitrothion (0.02)           (0.02)                        tetradifon (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)         fenoxycarb (0.02)             paclobutrazol (0.02)          tetramethrin (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)             fenpropathrin (0.02)          parathion (0.02)              tetreconazole (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)             fenpropimorph (0.02)          parathion-methyl              thiabendazole (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)              fenpyroximate (0.02)          (0.02)                        thiacloprid (0.02)
captan (0.05)                 fenthion (0.02)               penconazole (0.02)            thiamethoxam (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)               fenvalerate (0.02)            pencycuron (0.02)             thiodicarb (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)            fipronil (0.02)               pendimethalin (0.02)          thiophanate-methyl
carbofuran (0.01)             fludioxonil (0.02)            permethrin (0.02)             (0.02)
carbosulfan (0.01)            flufenacet (0.02)             phenthoate (0.02)             tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)        flusilazole (0.02)            phorate (0.02)                tolylfluanid (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)        folpet (0.05)                 phosalone (0.02)              triadimefon (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)          fonofos (0.02)                phosmet (0.02)                triadimenol (0.02)
chlorpyrifos (0.02)           formothion (0.02)             phosphamidon (0.02)           triazamate (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl           fosthiazate (0.02)            picoxystrobin (0.02)          triazophos (0.02)
(0.02)                        furalaxyl (0.02)              pirimicarb (0.02)             trifloxystrobin (0.02)
chlorthal-dimethyl            furathiocarb (0.02)           pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)       trifluralin (0.02)
(0.02)                        heptenophos (0.02)            pirimiphos-methyl             vinclozolin (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)           hexaconazole (0.02)           (0.02)                        zoxamide (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)             hexythiazox (0.02)            prochloraz (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)              imazalil (0.02)               procymidone (0.02)
cypermethrin (0.05)           imidacloprid (0.02)           profenofos (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)          indoxacarb (0.02)             propamocarb (0.02)
cyprodinil (0.02)             iprodione (0.02)              propargite (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                    iprovalicarb (0.02)           propham (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)           isazophos (0.02)              propiconazole (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)               isocarbophos (0.02)           propoxur (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)          isofenphos (0.02)             propyzamide (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)             isofenphos-methyl             prothiofos (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)               (0.02)                        pymetrozine (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)                kresoxim-methyl               pyraclostrobin (0.02)
dicrotophos (0.02)            (0.02)                        pyrazophos (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)               lambda-cyhalothrin            pyrethrins (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)          (0.02)                        pyridaben (0.02)
diflubenzuron (0.02)          lindane (0.02)                pyridaphenthion
dimethoate (0.02)             malathion (0.02)              (0.02)
dimethomorph (0.02)           mecarbam (0.02)               pyrifenox (0.02)
dimoxystrobin (0.02)          mepanipyrim (0.02)            pyrimethanil (0.02)
diphenylamine (0.02)          metalaxyl (0.02)              pyriproxifen (0.02)
disulfoton (0.02)             methacrifos (0.02)            quassia (0.02)
diuron (0.02)                                               quinalphos (0.02)




                                                       81
Table 8a.       Residues detected in retail samples of CIDER AND PERRY purchased
                between October and November 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                  Concentration range (mg/kg)         Number of samples in range

CIDER AND PERRY, CIDER UK: 30 samples analysed

None found                           -                                                    30

CIDER AND PERRY, PERRY UK: 10 samples analysed

None found                           -                                                    10

CIDER AND PERRY, CIDER Imported (Non-EC): 2 samples analysed

None found                           -                                                    2

CIDER AND PERRY, CIDER Imported (EC): 4 samples analysed

None found                           -                                                    4

CIDER AND PERRY, PERRY Imported (EC): 2 samples analysed

None found                           -                                                    2


Imported (EC) samples of cider and perry were from France (2), Ireland (2), Sweden (2).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of cider and perry were from South Africa (2).
UK samples of cider and perry (40).


No residues were found in any of the UK cider samples
No residues were found in any of the UK perry samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (Non-EC) cider samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (EC) cider samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (EC) perry samples




                                                    82
Table 8c.       Residues detected in retail samples of CIDER AND PERRY purchased
                between October and November 2007 continued

The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in
parentheses in mg/kg):

                              dimethomorph (0.02)           mecarbam (0.02)               quinalphos (0.02)
2-phenylphenol (0.02)         dimoxystrobin (0.02)          mepanipyrim (0.02)            quinoxyfen (0.02)
acephate (0.02)               diphenylamine (0.02)          metalaxyl (0.02)              quintozene (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)            disulfoton (0.02)             methacrifos (0.02)            rotenone (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)            diuron (0.02)                 methamidophos                 simazine (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)               endosulfan (0.02)             (0.01)                        spinosad (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                 EPN (0.02)                    methidathion (0.02)           spiroxamine (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)               epoxiconazole (0.02)          methiocarb (0.02)             tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
azoxystrobin (0.02)           ethiofencarb (0.02)           methomyl (0.02)               tebuconazole (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)              ethion (0.02)                 methoxychlor (0.02)           tebufenozide (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)             ethofumesate (0.02)           metolcarb (0.02)              tebufenpyrad (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)             ethoprophos (0.02)            mevinphos (0.02)              tecnazene (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)               etrimfos (0.02)               monocrotophos (0.02)          tefluthrin (0.02)
bitertanol (0.02)             famoxadone (0.02)             myclobutanil (0.02)           tetrachlorvinphos
boscalid (0.02)               fenarimol (0.02)              omethoate (0.02)              (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)         fenazaquin (0.02)             oxadixyl (0.02)               tetradifon (0.02)
bromoxynil (0.02)             fenbuconazole (0.02)          oxamyl (0.02)                 tetramethrin (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)             fenhexamid (0.02)             oxydemeton-methyl             tetreconazole (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)             fenitrothion (0.02)           (0.02)                        thiabendazole (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)              fenoxycarb (0.02)             paclobutrazol (0.02)          thiacloprid (0.02)
captan (0.05)                 fenpropathrin (0.02)          parathion (0.02)              thiamethoxam (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)               fenpropimorph (0.02)          parathion-methyl              thiodicarb (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)            fenpyroximate (0.02)          (0.02)                        tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
carbofuran (0.01)             fenthion (0.02)               penconazole (0.02)            tolylfluanid (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)        fenvalerate (0.02)            pencycuron (0.02)             triadimefon (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)        fipronil (0.02)               pendimethalin (0.02)          triadimenol (0.02)
chlorothalonil (0.01)         fludioxonil (0.02)            permethrin (0.02)             triazophos (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)          flufenacet (0.02)             phenthoate (0.02)             trifloxystrobin (0.02)
chlorpropham (0.02)           flusilazole (0.02)            phorate (0.02)                trifluralin (0.02)
chlorpyrifos (0.02)           folpet (0.05)                 phosalone (0.02)              vinclozolin (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl           fonofos (0.05)                phosmet (0.02)                zoxamide (0.02)
(0.02)                        formothion (0.02)             phosphamidon (0.02)
chlorthal-dimethyl            fosthiazate (0.02)            picoxystrobin (0.02)
(0.02)                        furalaxyl (0.02)              pirimicarb (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)           furathiocarb (0.02)           pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)             heptenophos (0.02)            pirimiphos-methyl
cymoxanil (0.02)              hexaconazole (0.02)           (0.02)
cypermethrin (0.05)           hexythiazox (0.02)            prochloraz (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)          imazalil (0.02)               procymidone (0.02)
cyprodinil (0.02)             imidacloprid (0.02)           profenofos (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                    indoxacarb (0.02)             propargite (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)           iprodione (0.02)              propham (0.02)
demeton-S-methyl              iprovalicarb (0.02)           propiconazole (0.02)
sulphone (0.02)               isazophos (0.02)              propoxur (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)               isocarbophos (0.02)           propyzamide (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)          isofenphos (0.02)             prothiofos (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)             isofenphos-methyl             pyraclostrobin (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)               (0.02)                        pyrazophos (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)                kresoxim-methyl               pyrethrins (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)               (0.02)                        pyridaben (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)          lambda-cyhalothrin            pyrifenox (0.02)
difenoconazole (0.02)         (0.02)                        pyrimethanil (0.02)
diflubenzuron (0.02)          lindane (0.02)                pyriproxifen (0.02)
dimethoate (0.02)             malathion (0.02)              quassia (0.02)




                                                       83
Table 9a.        Residues detected in samples of GRAPES obtained between October
                 and December 2007

Commodity/Pesticide             Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range

GRAPES, Imported (Non-EC): 39 samples analysed

acephate                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      38
(MRL = 0.02*)                    0.04                                        1

azoxystrobin                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      36
(MRL = 2)                        0.03. 0.06, 0.07                           3

boscalid                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      32
(No MRL)                         0.06 - 0.1                                 7

carbofuran                      <0.01 (i.e. not found)                      38
(MRL = 0.02*)                    0.05                                        1

cyprodinil                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      38
(MRL = 3)                        0.02                                        1

difenoconazole                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      38
(No MRL)                         0.07                                        1

famoxadone                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      35
(MRL = 2)                        0.03 - 0.2                                 4

imidacloprid                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      37
(CAC MRL = 1)                    0.02, 0.03                                 2

iprodione                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      31
(MRL = 10)                       0.04 - 0.2                                  8

methamidophos                   <0.01 (i.e. not found)                      38
(MRL = 0.01*)                    0.03                                        1

methomyl                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      38
(MRL = 0.05*)                    0.05                                       1

myclobutanil                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      37
(MRL = 1)                        0.02, 0.05                                 2

procymidone                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      37
(MRL = 5)                        0.4, 0.5                                   2

pyraclostrobin                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      35
(MRL = 1)                        0.02 - 0.03                                4

tetreconazole                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      38
(No MRL)                         0.02                                       1

zoxamide                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      36
(MRL = 5)                        0.04, 0.1, 0.2                             3




                                                84
Commodity/Pesticide            Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range
GRAPES, Imported (EC): 26 samples analysed

azoxystrobin                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     17
(MRL = 2)                        0.03 - 0.2                                9

bifenthrin                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     24
(MRL = 0.2)                      0.03, 0.04                                2

boscalid                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     25
(No MRL)                         0.03                                      1

chlorpyrifos                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     23
(MRL = 0.5)                      0.02, 0.02, 0.3                           3

cyprodinil                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     16
(MRL = 3)                        0.02 - 0.4                                10

dimethomorph                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     22
(No MRL)                         0.02 - 0.06                               4

dithiocarbamates †              <0.05 (i.e. not found)                      6
(MRL = 2)                        0.07                                       1

famoxadone                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     25
(MRL = 2)                        0.03                                      1

fenhexamid                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     22
(MRL = 5)                        0.02 - 0.8                                 4

fenpyroximate                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     25
(No MRL)                         0.02                                      1

fludioxonil                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     18
(MRL = 2)                        0.03 - 0.3                                8

imidacloprid                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     25
(CAC MRL = 1)                    0.04                                      1

indoxacarb                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     23
(CAC MRL = 2)                    0.02, 0.02, 0.04                          3

iprodione                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     22
(MRL = 10)                       0.05 - 0.4                                 4

iprovalicarb                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     25
(MRL = 2)                        0.03                                      1

metalaxyl                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     25
(MRL = 2)                        0.03                                      1

myclobutanil                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     24
(MRL = 1)                        0.03, 0.04                                2

penconazole                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     25
(MRL = 0.2)                      0.02                                      1

procymidone                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                     25
(MRL = 5)                        0.02                                      1




                                                85
Commodity/Pesticide                   Concentration range (mg/kg)           Number of samples in range
propargite                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                             24
(CAC MRL = 7)                          0.04, 0.08                                         2

pyrimethanil                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                              25
(No MRL)                               0.04                                               1

quinoxyfen                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                              23
(MRL = 1)                              0.02, 0.03, 0.07                                   3

spiroxamine                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                              23
(MRL = 1)                              0.03, 0.05, 0.05                                   3

thiophanate-methyl                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                              25
(MRL = 0.1*)                           0.02                                               1


† residue not sought in all samples
NOTE: * Indicates MRL is set to the Limit Of Detection.

Imported (EC) samples of grapes were from Greece (6), Italy (3), Spain (17).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of grapes were from Brazil (27), Namibia (1), South Africa (1), USA (10).

Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
acephate                                Brazil (1)
azoxystrobin                            Brazil (3), Spain (9)
bifenthrin                              Greece (1), Italy (1)
boscalid                                Brazil (1), Spain (1), USA (6)
carbofuran                              Brazil (1)
chlorpyrifos                            Greece (3)
cyprodinil                              Italy (1), Spain (9), USA (1)
difenoconazole                          Brazil (1)
dimethomorph                            Italy (1), Spain (3)
dithiocarbamates                        Spain (1)
famoxadone                              Brazil (4), Spain (1)
fludioxonil                             Italy (1), Spain (7)
fenhexamid                              Italy (1), Spain (3)
fenpyroximate                           Spain (1)
indoxacarb                              Spain (3)
imidacloprid                            Brazil (2), Spain (1)
iprodione                               Brazil (7), Greece (1), Spain (3), USA (1)
iprovalicarb                            Spain (1)
methamidophos                           Brazil (1)
methomyl                                USA (1)
metalaxyl                               Italy (1)
myclobutanil                            Greece (2), USA (2)
procymidone                             Namibia (1), South Africa (1), Spain (1)
propargite                              Greece (1), Spain (1)
penconazole                             Spain (1)
pyraclostrobin                          USA (4)
pyrimethanil                            Italy (1)
quinoxyfen                              Greece (1), Spain (2)
spiroxamine                             Greece (2), Spain (1)
thiophanate-methyl                      Spain (1)
tetreconazole                           Brazil (1)
zoxamide                                Brazil (3)
No residues were found in 16 of the 39 Imported (Non-EC) samples
No residues were found in 3 of the 26 Imported (EC) samples




                                                      86
            Table 9b.          Residues detected in samples of GRAPES obtained between October and December 2007 continued
            Residues (1-7 compounds) were found in 46 of the 65 samples as follows:

Number of    PRC                                                                                                          Residues found (mg/kg)                                                                                                     Country
residues     Sample ID                                                                                                                                                                                                                               of origin

                         ACE

                                AZOX

                                       BIF

                                              BOS

                                                     CBF

                                                            CPF

                                                                   CYD

                                                                          DIFC

                                                                                 DMR

                                                                                        DTC

                                                                                              FAX

                                                                                                     FLUD

                                                                                                            FNHX

                                                                                                                   FNPY

                                                                                                                           IDX

                                                                                                                                 IMI

                                                                                                                                       IPR

                                                                                                                                                IPV

                                                                                                                                                      MDP

                                                                                                                                                             METH

                                                                                                                                                                    MTX

                                                                                                                                                                          MYC

                                                                                                                                                                                 PCM

                                                                                                                                                                                        PGT

                                                                                                                                                                                               PNZ

                                                                                                                                                                                                     PYC

                                                                                                                                                                                                            PYM

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  QINO

                                                                                                                                                                                                                         SPI

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                TME

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       TTZ

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ZOX
(1)          4159/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     0.06     -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Brazil
             4224/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      0.07   -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Brazil
             4225/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     0.07     -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Brazil
             4265/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      0.02   -      Brazil
             8236/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     0.2      -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Brazil
             8390/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     0.03   -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Brazil
             4244/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      0.4    -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Namibia
             4205/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      0.5    -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      South
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Africa
             5494/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     0.02   -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      USA
             7488/2007   -      -      -      0.08   -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      USA
             8274/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      0.02   -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      USA
             8275/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     0.05   -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      USA
             8255/2007   -      -      -      -      -      0.02   -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Greece
             9956/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      0.05   -      -      -      Greece
             4126/2007   -      -      0.04   -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Italy
             4113/2007   -      -      -      0.03   -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Spain
             8225/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      0.02   -      -      Spain
             9805/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      0.04   -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Spain

(2)          4245/2007   0.04   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     0.03   -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Brazil
             7749/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     0.1    -      -      -       -     -     0.2      -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Brazil
             8352/2007   -      -      -      0.07   -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      0.04   Brazil
             4128/2007   -      -      -      0.1    -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     0.03   -     -      -      -      -      -      USA
             7750/2007   -      -      -      0.1    -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     0.03   -     -      -      -      -      -      USA
             8254/2007   -      -      -      0.06   -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     0.04     -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      USA
             8315/2007   -      -      -      0.08   -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     0.02   -     -      -      -      -      -      USA
             8332/2007   -      -      -      -      -      0.02   -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     0.02   -      -      -      -      Greece
             9806/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     0.05     -     -      -      -     -      -      0.04   -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Greece
             9924/2007   -      -      -      -      -      0.3    -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     0.03   -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Greece
             5355/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      0.04   -      -      -     -      0.03   -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Spain
             9925/2007   -      0.08   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     0.07   -      -      -      -      Spain
             9955/2007   -      -      -      -      -      -      0.02   -      0.06   -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Spain

(3)          8388/2007   -      0.03   -      -      0.05   -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     0.09     -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Brazil
             7589/2007   -      -      -      0.07   -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      0.05   -     -      -      -      -     0.02   -     -      -      -      -      -      USA
             9846/2007   -      -      0.03   -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     0.04   -      -      -     -      -     -      0.03   -      -      -      Greece
             5332/2007   -      0.2    -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -     -      -      0.02   -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      0.02   -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Spain
             8333/2007   -      0.1    -      -      -      -      0.2    -      -      -     -      0.1    -      -       -     -     -        -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -      -      -      -      Spain


                                                                                                                                           87
Number of    PRC                                                                                                   Residues found (mg/kg)                                                                                                Country
residues     Sample ID                                                                                                                                                                                                                   of origin




                         ACE

                               AZOX

                                      BIF

                                            BOS

                                                  CBF

                                                        CPF

                                                              CYD

                                                                    DIFC

                                                                           DMR

                                                                                  DTC

                                                                                        FAX

                                                                                              FLUD

                                                                                                     FNHX

                                                                                                            FNPY

                                                                                                                    IDX

                                                                                                                           IMI

                                                                                                                                  IPR

                                                                                                                                           IPV

                                                                                                                                                  MDP

                                                                                                                                                        METH

                                                                                                                                                               MTX

                                                                                                                                                                     MYC

                                                                                                                                                                           PCM

                                                                                                                                                                                  PGT

                                                                                                                                                                                        PNZ

                                                                                                                                                                                              PYC

                                                                                                                                                                                                    PYM

                                                                                                                                                                                                          QINO

                                                                                                                                                                                                                 SPI

                                                                                                                                                                                                                       TME

                                                                                                                                                                                                                             TTZ

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ZOX
(4)          9894/2007   -     0.03 -       -     -     -     0.1 -        -      -     0.03 0.06 -         -       -    -        -   -           -     -      -     -     -     -    -       -     -     -      -    -      -     -     Spain
             9897/2007   -     -    -       -     -     -     -   -        -      -     -    -    -         -       0.02 -        0.1 -           -     -      -     -     -     0.08 -       -     -     -      0.05 -      -     -     Spain

(5)          5493/2007   -     0.06   -     -     -     -     -     -      -      -     0.2   -      -      -       -      0.03   0.2      -      -     -      -     -     -     -      -     -     -     -      -     -     -     0.1   Brazil
             8353/2007   -     0.07   -     -     -     -     -     -      -      -     0.1   -      -      -       -      0.02   0.1      -      -     -      -     -     -     -      -     -     -     -      -     -     -     0.2   Brazil
             4158/2007   -     0.03   -     -     -     -     0.3   -      -      -     -     0.2    -      -       -      -      0.4      0.03   -     -      -     -     -     -      -     -     -     -      -     -     -     -     Spain
             8237/2007   -     0.07   -     -     -     -     0.2   -      0.06   -     -     0.06   -      -       0.04   -      -        -      -     -      -     -     -     -      -     -     -     -      -     -     -     -     Spain
             8295/2007   -     0.1    -     -     -     -     0.4   -      -      -     -     0.3    0.3    0.02    -      -      -        -      -     -      -     -     -     -      -     -     -     -      -     -     -     -     Spain
             9847/2007   -     0.1    -     -     -     -     0.1   -      0.05   -     -     0.08   -      -       0.02   -      -        -      -     -      -     -     -     -      -     -     -     -      -     -     -     -     Spain

(6)          6993/2007   -     -      -     -     -     -     0.1 -        0.02 -       -     0.06 0.8 -            -      -      -        -      -     -      0.03 -      -     -      -     -     0.04 -       -     -     -     -     Italy

(7)          8389/2007   -     0.1 -        -     -     -     -     -      -      0.07 -      -      0.2 -          -      0.04 0.08 -            -     -      -     -     -     -      0.02 -      -     0.03 -       -     -     -     Spain



            The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

            ACE    acephate                 AZOX        azoxystrobin             BIF          bifenthrin                       BOS               boscalid                        CBF          carbofuran
            CPF    chlorpyrifos             CYD         cyprodinil               DIFC         difenoconazole                   DMR               dimethomorph                    DTC          dithiocarbamates
            FAX    famoxadone               FLUD        fludioxonil              FNHX         fenhexamid                       FNPY              fenpyroximate                   IDX          indoxacarb
            IMI    imidacloprid             IPR         iprodione                IPV          iprovalicarb                     MDP               methamidophos                   METH         methomyl
            MTX    metalaxyl                MYC         myclobutanil             PCM          procymidone                      PGT               propargite                      PNZ          penconazole
            PYC    pyraclostrobin           PYM         pyrimethanil             QINO         quinoxyfen                       SPI               spiroxamine                     TME          thiophanate-methyl
            TTZ    tetreconazole            ZOX         zoxamide




                                                                                                                                      88
Table 9c.       Residues detected in samples of GRAPES obtained between October and
                December 2007 continued


The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in parentheses in
mg/kg):

2-phenylphenol (0.02)                   ethofumesate (0.02)                      phenthoate (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)                      ethoprophos (0.02)                       phorate (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)                      etrimfos (0.02)                          phosalone (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)                         fenarimol (0.02)                         phosmet (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                           fenazaquin (0.02)                        phosphamidon (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)                         fenbuconazole (0.02)                     picoxystrobin (0.02)
azinphos-methyl (0.02)                  fenitrothion (0.02)                      pirimicarb (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)                        fenoxycarb (0.02)                        pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)                       fenpropathrin (0.02)                     pirimiphos-methyl (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)                         fenpropimorph (0.02)                     prochloraz (0.02)
bitertanol (0.02)                       fenthion (0.02)                          profenofos (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)                   fenvalerate (0.02)                       propamocarb (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)                       fipronil (0.02)                          propham (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)                       flufenacet (0.02)                        propiconazole (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)                        flusilazole (0.02)                       propoxur (0.02)
captan (0.05)                           folpet (0.05)                            propyzamide (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)                         fonofos (0.02)                           prothiofos (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)                      formothion (0.02)                        pymetrozine (0.02)
carbosulfan (0.01)                      fosthiazate (0.02)                       pyrazophos (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)                  furalaxyl (0.02)                         pyrethrins (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)                  furathiocarb (0.02)                      pyridaben (0.02)
chlorothalonil (0.01)                   heptenophos (0.02)                       pyridaphenthion (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)                    hexaconazole (0.02)                      pyrifenox (0.02)
chlorpropham (0.02)                     hexythiazox (0.02)                       pyriproxifen (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl (0.02)              imazalil (0.02)                          quassia (0.02)
chlorthal-dimethyl (0.02)               isazophos (0.02)                         quinalphos (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)                     isocarbophos (0.02)                      quintozene (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)                       isofenphos (0.02)                        rotenone (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)                        isofenphos-methyl (0.02)                 simazine (0.02)
cypermethrin (0.05)                     kresoxim-methyl (0.02)                   spinosad (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)                    lambda-cyhalothrin (0.02)                tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                              lindane (0.02)                           tebuconazole (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)                     malathion (0.02)                         tebufenozide (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)                         mecarbam (0.02)                          tebufenpyrad (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)                    mepanipyrim (0.02)                       tecnazene (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)                       methacrifos (0.02)                       tefluthrin (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)                         methidathion (0.02)                      tetrachlorvinphos (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)                          methiocarb (0.02)                        tetradifon (0.02)
dicrotophos (0.02)                      methoxychlor (0.02)                      tetramethrin (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)                         metolcarb (0.02)                         thiabendazole (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)                    mevinphos (0.02)                         thiacloprid (0.02)
diflubenzuron (0.02)                    monocrotophos (0.02)                     thiamethoxam (0.02)
dimethoate (0.02)                       omethoate (0.02)                         thiodicarb (0.02)
dimoxystrobin (0.02)                    oxadixyl (0.02)                          tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
diphenylamine (0.02)                    oxamyl (0.02)                            tolylfluanid (0.02)
disulfoton (0.02)                       oxydemeton-methyl (0.02)                 triadimefon (0.02)
diuron (0.02)                           paclobutrazol (0.02)                     triadimenol (0.02)
dodine (0.02)                           parathion (0.02)                         triazamate (0.02)
endosulfan (0.02)                       parathion-methyl (0.02)                  triazophos (0.02)
EPN (0.02)                              pencycuron (0.02)                        trifloxystrobin (0.02)
epoxiconazole (0.02)                    pendimethalin (0.02)                     trifluralin (0.02)
ethiofencarb (0.02)                     permethrin (0.02)                        vinclozolin (0.02)
ethion (0.02)


                                                          89
Table 10a.      Residues detected in retail samples of HERBS purchased between April and
                December 2007

Commodity/Pesticide              Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range

HERBS, BASIL UK: 1 sample analysed

pirimicarb                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        0
(No MRL)                          0.03                                         1

HERBS, CORIANDER UK: 11 samples analysed

DDT                              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       10
(MRL = 0.05*)                     0.02                                        1

deltamethrin                     <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       10
(MRL = 0.5)                       0.07                                         1

imidacloprid                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       10
(No MRL)                          0.04                                        1

HERBS, MINT UK: 1 sample analysed

pirimicarb                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        0
(No MRL)                          0.05                                         1

tebuconazole                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        0
(No MRL)                          0.04                                         1

HERBS, PARSLEY UK: 7 samples analysed

azoxystrobin                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        4
(MRL = 3)                         0.1                                          1
                                  3.4, 4.5                                     2

chlorpropham                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                         4
(MRL = 0.05*)                    0.03, 0.04                                    2
                                 0.06                                          1

chlorthal-dimethyl               <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        5
(No MRL)                          0.1, 0.3                                     2

cyprodinil                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        5
(MRL = 10)                        0.06, 0.2                                    2

deltamethrin                     <0.05 (i.e. not found)                        1
(MRL = 0.5)                       0.05 - 0.08                                  6

dithiocarbamates                 <0.05 (i.e. not found)                        2
(MRL = 5)                         0.2, 4.1                                     2
                                  5.4 - 8.2                                    3

fludioxonil                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        6
(No MRL)                          0.06                                         1

lambda-cyhalothrin               <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        5
(MRL = 1)                         0.04                                         2


pendimethalin                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        6
(MRL = 0.05)                      0.02                                         1

                                                   90
Commodity/Pesticide              Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range
pirimicarb                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        4
(CAC MRL = 1)                     0.07 - 0.7                                   3

propamocarb                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        2
(No MRL)                          0.9 - 18                                     5

pymetrozine                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        5
(MRL = 1)                         0.1                                          2

tebuconazole                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        4
(No MRL)                          0.02 - 0.5                                   3

HERBS, BASIL Imported (Non-EC): 5 samples analysed

chlorothalonil                   <0.01 (i.e. not found)                        4
(MRL = 5)                         0.08                                         1

dichlorvos                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        4
(MRL = 0.01*)                     0.09                                         1

rotenone                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        4
(No MRL)                          0.05                                         1

thiophanate-methyl               <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        4
(MRL = 0.1*)                      0.04                                         1

HERBS, CORIANDER Imported (Non-EC): 11 samples analysed

chlorothalonil                   <0.01 (i.e. not found)                        8
(MRL = 5)                         0.05, 0.1                                    2
                                  43                                           1

pirimicarb                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       10
(No MRL)                          0.4                                         1

HERBS, PARSLEY Imported (Non-EC): 15 samples analysed

chlorothalonil                   <0.01 (i.e. not found)                       11
(MRL = 5)                         0.02 - 1.1                                   4

chlorpyrifos                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       13
(MRL = 0.05*)                     0.04                                         1
                                  0.1                                          1

cypermethrin                     <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       14
(MRL = 2)                         0.1                                         1

dithiocarbamates                 <0.05 (i.e. not found)                        9
(MRL = 5)                         0.06 - 2.6                                   6

lambda-cyhalothrin               <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       14
(MRL = 1)                         0.04                                        1

pendimethalin                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       14
(MRL = 0.05)                      0.04                                         1

pirimicarb                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       14
(CAC MRL = 1)                     0.6                                         1

triadimenol                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       13
(MRL = 0.1*)                      0.08, 0.1                                   2
                                                   91
Commodity/Pesticide                      Concentration range (mg/kg)              Number of samples in range

HERBS, BASIL Imported (EC): 2 samples analysed

methomyl                                 <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                     0
(MRL = 0.3)                               0.06, 0.09                                                2

HERBS, CORIANDER Imported (EC): 13 samples analysed

chlorothalonil                           <0.01 (i.e. not found)                                     12
(MRL = 5)                                 0.03                                                      1

dimethoate                               <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                     12
(MRL = 0.02*)                             0.1                                                       1

lambda-cyhalothrin                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                     12
(MRL = 1)                                 0.02                                                      1

omethoate                                <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                     12
(MRL = 0.02*)                             0.1                                                       1

HERBS, PARSLEY Imported (EC): 6 samples analysed

chlorothalonil                           <0.01 (i.e. not found)                                     5
(MRL = 5)                                 5.2                                                       1

chlorpyrifos                             <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                     5
(MRL = 0.05*)                             0.05                                                      1

cypermethrin                             <0.05 (i.e. not found)                                     3
(MRL = 2)                                 0.2                                                       3

difenoconazole                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                     5
(No MRL)                                  0.07                                                      1

dithiocarbamates                         <0.05 (i.e. not found)                                     3
(MRL = 5)                                 2.6 - 4.9                                                 3

lambda-cyhalothrin                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                     5
(MRL = 1)                                 0.1                                                       1

pirimicarb                               <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                     5
(CAC MRL = 1)                             0.2                                                       1


NOTE: * Indicates MRL is set to the Limit Of Detection.

Imported (EC) samples of herbs were from Cyprus (1), Spain (20).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of herbs were from Israel (14), Israeli-occupied Territories (1), Morocco (16).
UK samples of herbs (20).


Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
azoxystrobin                            UK (3)
chlorthal-dimethyl                      UK (2)
chlorothalonil                          Israel (2), Israeli-occupied Territories (1), Morocco (5), Spain (2)
chlorpyrifos                            Morocco (2), Spain (1)
chlorpropham                            UK (3)
cyprodinil                              UK (2)
cypermethrin                            Morocco (1), Spain (3)
DDT                                     UK (1)
deltamethrin                            UK (7)
                                                           92
difenoconazole                        Spain (1)
dimethoate                            Spain (1)
dithiocarbamates                      Israel (1), Morocco (5), Spain (3), UK (5)
dichlorvos                            Israeli-occupied Territories (1)
fludioxonil                           UK (1)
imidacloprid                          UK (1)
lambda-cyhalothrin                    Morocco (1), Spain (2), UK (2)
methomyl                              Spain (2)
omethoate                             Spain (1)
propamocarb                           UK (5)
pirimicarb                            Morocco (2), Spain (1), UK (5)
pendimethalin                         Morocco (1), UK (1)
pymetrozine                           UK (2)
rotenone                              Israeli-occupied Territories (1)
tebuconazole                          UK (4)
thiophanate-methyl                    Israel (1)
triadimenol                           Morocco (2)

Residues were found in the UK basil sample
No residues were found in 9 of the 11 UK coriander samples
Residues were found in the UK mint sample
Residues were found in all of the UK parsley samples
No residues were found in 3 of the 5 Imported (Non-EC) basil samples
No residues were found in 8 of the 11 Imported (Non-EC) coriander samples
No residues were found in 5 of the 15 Imported (Non-EC) parsley samples
Residues were found in both of the Imported (EC) basil samples
No residues were found in 10 of the 13 Imported (EC) coriander samples
No residues were found in 1 of the 6 Imported (EC) parsley samples




                                                       93
      Table b.       Residues detected in retail samples of HERBS purchased between April and December 2007 continued
      Residues (1-10 compounds) were found in 36 of the 72 samples as follows:


Number of     PRC Sample Type of                                                                            Residues found (mg/kg)                                                                                Country of origin
residues      ID         HERBS




                                                                                                                                                METH




                                                                                                                                                                               PYMT
                                        AZOX




                                                                                                                           FLUD
                                                                                                DIFC




                                                                                                                                                       OME




                                                                                                                                                                                                           TRIA
                                                                                                                                                                                      ROT



                                                                                                                                                                                                    TME
                                                                       CYD




                                                                                                                                                                         PND
                                                                 CPP


                                                                             CYP

                                                                                   DDT




                                                                                                               DTC

                                                                                                                     DVS




                                                                                                                                                             PCB
                                               CHL

                                                     CLN

                                                           CPF




                                                                                                                                                                                             TBC
                                                                                          DEL




                                                                                                                                          LCY
                                                                                                       DIM




                                                                                                                                                                   PIR
                                                                                                                                   IMI
(1)           7191/2007    Coriander     -     -   -       -     -     -      -    -     0.07   -       -     -      -     -       -       -   -  -          -   -       -      -     -      -       -  - UK
              8610/2007    Basil         -     -   -       -     -     -      -    -       -    -       -     -      -     -       -       -   -  -          - 0.03      -      -     -      -       -  - UK
              4114/2007    Coriander     -     - 0.05      -     -     -      -    -       -    -       -     -      -     -       -       -   -  -          -   -       -      -     -      -       -  - Israel
              6873/2007    Coriander     -     - 0.1       -     -     -      -    -       -    -       -     -      -     -       -       -   -  -          -   -       -      -     -      -       -  - Israel
              7249/2007    Parsley       -     -   -       -     -     -      -    -       -    -       -    2.6     -     -       -       -   -  -          -   -       -      -     -      -       -  - Israel
              8943/2007    Basil         -     -   -       -     -     -      -    -       -    -       -     -      -     -       -       -   -  -          -   -       -      -     -      -     0.04 - Israel
              4187/2007    Parsley       -     -   -       -     -     -      -    -       -    -       -     -      -     -       -       -   -  -          -   -       -      -     -      -       - 0.1 Morocco
              8535/2007    Parsley       -     -   -       -     -     -      -    -       -    -       -    0.2     -     -       -       -   -  -          -   -       -      -     -      -       -  - Morocco
              9758/2007    Parsley       -     -   -       -     -     -     0.1   -       -    -       -     -      -     -       -       -   -  -          -   -       -      -     -      -       -  - Morocco
              4249/2007    Parsley       -     -   -       -     -     -      -    -       -    -       -     -      -     -       -       -   -  -          - 0.2       -      -     -      -       -  - Spain
              4323/2007    Coriander     -     -   -       -     -     -      -    -       -    -       -     -      -     -       -     0.02 -   -          -   -       -      -     -      -       -  - Spain
              7489/2007    Coriander     -     - 0.03      -     -     -      -    -       -    -       -     -      -     -       -       -   -  -          -   -       -      -     -      -       -  - Spain
              8585/2007    Basil         -     -   -       -     -     -      -    -       -    -       -     -      -     -       -       - 0.09 -          -   -       -      -     -      -       -  - Spain
              8687/2007    Basil         -     -   -       -     -     -      -    -       -    -       -     -      -     -       -       - 0.06 -          -   -       -      -     -      -       -  - Spain

(2)           4207/2007    Parsley       -     -   -  -          -     -      -   - 0.08        -       -      -     -     -        -     -     -       -    -   - 0.02 -             -       -     -       -     UK
              7583/2007    Parsley       -     -   -  -          -     -      -   - 0.07        -       -      -     -     -        -     -     -       -    -   -   -  -             -     0.02    -       -     UK
              8586/2007    Mint          -     -   -  -          -     -      -   -   -         -       -      -     -     -        -     -     -       -    - 0.05 -   -             -     0.04    -       -     UK
              8609/2007    Coriander     -     -   -  -          -     -      - 0.02 -          -       -      -     -     -      0.04    -     -       -    -   -   -  -             -       -     -       -     UK
              4136/2007    Parsley       -     - 0.07 -          -     -      -   -   -         -       -    0.7     -     -        -     -     -       -    -   -   -  -             -       -     -       -     Morocco
              4137/2007    Coriander     -     - 43   -          -     -      -   -   -         -       -      -     -     -        -     -     -       -    - 0.4 -    -             -       -     -       -     Morocco
              4148/2007    Parsley       -     -   - 0.1         -     -      -   -   -         -       -    0.6     -     -        -     -     -       -    -   -   -  -             -       -     -       -     Morocco
              4248/2007    Parsley       -     -   -  -          -     -      -   -   -         -       -    0.07    -     -        -     -     -       -    -   -   -  -             -       -     -     0.08    Morocco
              7127/2007    Parsley       -     - 0.02 -          -     -      -   -   -         -       -    0.06    -     -        -     -     -       -    -   -   -  -             -       -     -       -     Morocco
              4227/2007    Coriander     -     -   -  -          -     -      -   -   -         -      0.1     -     -     -        -     -     -      0.1   -   -   -  -             -       -     -       -     Spain
              7160/2007    Parsley       -     -   -  -          -     -     0.2 -    -         -       -    4.7     -     -        -     -     -       -    -   -   -  -             -       -     -       -     Spain
              7280/2007    Parsley       -     -   -  -          -     -     0.2 -    -         -       -    4.9     -     -        -     -     -       -    -   -   -  -             -       -     -       -     Spain
              7309/2007    Parsley       -     -   -  -          -     -     0.2 -    -         -       -    2.6     -     -        -     -     -       -    -   -   -  -             -       -     -       -     Spain




                                                                                                       94
Number of      PRC Sample Type of                                                                                Residues found (mg/kg)                                                                                Country of origin
residues       ID         HERBS




                                                                                                                                                      METH




                                                                                                                                                                                      PYMT
                                          AZOX




                                                                                                                                  FLUD
                                                                                                     DIFC




                                                                                                                                                             OME




                                                                                                                                                                                                                TRIA
                                                                                                                                                                                             ROT



                                                                                                                                                                                                          TME
                                                                           CYD




                                                                                                                                                                                PND
                                                                     CPP


                                                                                 CYP

                                                                                       DDT




                                                                                                                    DTC

                                                                                                                           DVS




                                                                                                                                                                   PCB
                                                 CHL

                                                        CLN

                                                              CPF




                                                                                                                                                                                                    TBC
                                                                                              DEL




                                                                                                                                                LCY
                                                                                                            DIM




                                                                                                                                                                          PIR
                                                                                                                                         IMI
(3)            4286/2007    Basil          -     - 0.08       -      -     -     -     -      -      -       -      -     0.09    -      -      -     -      -     -      -     -      - 0.05       -     -     -      Israeli-occupied
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Territories
               4267/2007    Parsley        -     -     0.9 0.04      -     -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -      -      -     0.04   -      -     -      -    -  -          -      -     -     -      Morocco
               8560/2007    Parsley        -     -     1.1 -         -     -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -      -      -       -    -      -     -     0.6 0.04 -          -      -     -     -      Morocco

(4)            8635/2007    Parsley        -     -      -    - 0.06        -     -     -      -       -  -        0.2      -      -      -      -     -      - 18 0.07          -      -     -      -     -     -      UK
               4226/2007    Parsley        -     -     5.2 0.05 -          -     -     -      -     0.07 -         -       -      -      -     0.1    -      - -    -           -      -     -      -     -     -      Spain

(5)            9689/2007    Parsley        -     -      -     -      -     -     -     -     0.06    -       -    5.4      -      -      -     0.04   -      - 0.9        -     -      -     -     0.5    -     -      UK

(6)            9640/2007    Parsley      0.1 -          -     -      -     -     -     -     0.06    -       -    4.1      -      -      -     0.04   -      - 0.9        -     -      -     -     0.5    -     -      UK

(9)            9800/2007    Parsley      4.5 0.3        -     -     0.04 0.06 -        -     0.05    -       -    8.2      -      -      -      -     -      - 1.5 0.7          -     0.1    -      -     -     -      UK

(10)           9658/2007    Parsley      3.4 0.1        -     -     0.03 0.2     -     -     0.06    -       -    7.2      -     0.06    -      -     -      - 1.4 0.7          -     0.1    -      -     -     -      UK




       The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

       AZOX       azoxystrobin                   CHL              chlorthal-dimethyl                        CLN             chlorothalonil
       CPF        chlorpyrifos                   CPP              chlorpropham                              CYD             cyprodinil
       CYP        cypermethrin                   DDT              DDT                                       DEL             deltamethrin
       DIFC       difenoconazole                 DIM              dimethoate                                DTC             dithiocarbamates
       DVS        dichlorvos                     FLUD             fludioxonil                               IMI             imidacloprid
       LCY        lambda-cyhalothrin             METH             methomyl                                  OME             omethoate
       PCB        propamocarb                    PIR              pirimicarb                                PND             pendimethalin
       PYMT       pymetrozine                    ROT              rotenone                                  TBC             tebuconazole
       TME        thiophanate-methyl             TRIA             triadimenol




                                                                                                            95
Table c.        Residues detected in retail samples of HERBS purchased between April and
                December 2007 continued


The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in parentheses in
mg/kg):

2-phenylphenol (0.02)                   fenhexamid (0.02)                        phorate (0.02)
acephate (0.02)                         fenitrothion (0.02)                      phosalone (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)                      fenoxycarb (0.02)                        phosmet (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)                      fenpropathrin (0.02)                     phosphamidon (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)                         fenpropimorph (0.02)                     picoxystrobin (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                           fenpyroximate (0.02)                     pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)                         fenthion (0.02)                          pirimiphos-methyl (0.02)
azinphos-methyl (0.02)                  fenvalerate (0.02)                       prochloraz (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)                        fipronil (0.02)                          procymidone (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)                       flufenacet (0.02)                        profenofos (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)                       flusilazole (0.02)                       propargite (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)                         folpet (0.05)                            propham (0.02)
bitertanol (0.02)                       fonofos (0.02)                           propiconazole (0.02)
boscalid (0.02)                         formothion (0.02)                        propoxur (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)                   fosthiazate (0.02)                       propyzamide (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)                       furalaxyl (0.02)                         prothiofos (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)                       furathiocarb (0.02)                      pyraclostrobin (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)                        heptenophos (0.02)                       pyrazophos (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)                         hexaconazole (0.02)                      pyrethrins (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)                      hexythiazox (0.02)                       pyridaben (0.02)
carbofuran (0.01)                       imazalil (0.02)                          pyridaphenthion (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)                  indoxacarb (0.02)                        pyrifenox (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)                  inorganic bromide (20)                   pyrimethanil (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)                    iprodione (0.02)                         pyriproxifen (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl (0.02)              iprovalicarb (0.02)                      quassia (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)                     isazophos (0.02)                         quinalphos (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)                       isocarbophos (0.02)                      quinoxyfen (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)                        isofenphos (0.02)                        quintozene (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)                    isofenphos-methyl (0.02)                 simazine (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)                         kresoxim-methyl (0.02)                   spinosad (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)                    lindane (0.02)                           spiroxamine (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)                         malathion (0.02)                         tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)                          mecarbam (0.02)                          tebufenozide (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)                         mepanipyrim (0.02)                       tebufenpyrad (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)                    metalaxyl (0.02)                         tecnazene (0.02)
diflubenzuron (0.02)                    methacrifos (0.02)                       tefluthrin (0.02)
dimethomorph (0.02)                     methamidophos (0.01)                     tetrachlorvinphos (0.02)
dimoxystrobin (0.02)                    methidathion (0.02)                      tetradifon (0.02)
diphenylamine (0.02)                    methiocarb (0.02)                        tetramethrin (0.02)
disulfoton (0.02)                       metolcarb (0.02)                         tetreconazole (0.02)
diuron (0.02)                           mevinphos (0.02)                         thiabendazole (0.02)
dodine (0.02)                           monocrotophos (0.02)                     thiacloprid (0.02)
endosulfan (0.02)                       myclobutanil (0.02)                      thiamethoxam (0.02)
EPN (0.02)                              oxadixyl (0.02)                          thiodicarb (0.02)
epoxiconazole (0.02)                    oxamyl (0.02)                            tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
ethion (0.02)                           oxydemeton-methyl (0.02)                 tolylfluanid (0.02)
ethofumesate (0.02)                     paclobutrazol (0.02)                     triadimefon (0.02)
ethoprophos (0.02)                      parathion (0.02)                         triazamate (0.02)
etrimfos (0.02)                         parathion-methyl (0.02)                  triazophos (0.02)
famoxadone (0.02)                       penconazole (0.02)                       trifloxystrobin (0.02)
fenarimol (0.02)                        pencycuron (0.02)                        trifluralin (0.02)
fenazaquin (0.02)                       permethrin (0.02)                        vinclozolin (0.02)
fenbuconazole (0.02)                    phenthoate (0.02)                        zoxamide (0.02)


                                                          96
Table 11a.       Residues detected in retail samples of KIWI FRUIT purchased between
                 August and November 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                    Concentration range (mg/kg)              Number of samples in range

KIWIFRUIT, Imported (Non-EC): 43 samples analysed

chlorpyrifos                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                  42
(MRL = 2)                               0.04                                                    1

fenhexamid                             <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                  37
(MRL = 10)                              0.03 - 0.6                                              6

iprodione                              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                  37
(MRL = 5)                               0.02 - 0.8                                              6

KIWIFRUIT, Imported (EC): 5 samples analysed

None found                             -                                                        5


Imported (EC) samples of kiwifruit were from Italy (5).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of kiwifruit were from Chile (21), New Zealand (22).

Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
chlorpyrifos                            Chile (1)
fenhexamid                              Chile (6)
iprodione                              Chile (1), New Zealand (5)

No residues were found in 32 of the 43 Imported (Non-EC) samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (EC) samples


Table 11b.       Residues detected in retail samples of KIWI FRUIT purchased between
                 August and November 2007 continued
Residues (1-2 compounds) were found in 11 of the 48 samples as follows:

Number of residues     PRC Sample ID       Residues found (mg/kg)   Country of origin
                                           CPF    FNHX      IPR

(1)                    5495/2007           -      0.08     -        Chile
                       7666/2007           -      0.05     -        Chile
                       7968/2007           -      0.03     -        Chile
                       8355/2007           -      0.08     -        Chile
                       7610/2007           -      -        0.04     New Zealand
                       7724/2007           -      -        0.02     New Zealand
                       8392/2007           -      -        0.02     New Zealand
                       9519/2007           -      -        0.02     New Zealand
                       9610/2007           -      -        0.09     New Zealand

(2)                    7761/2007           0.04   0.6      -        Chile
                       9550/2007           -      0.3      0.8      Chile



The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

CPF         chlorpyrifos               FNHX        fenhexamid                 IPR       iprodione

                                                         97
Table 11c.      Residues detected in retail samples of KIWI FRUIT purchased between
                August and November 2007 continued
The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in
parentheses in mg/kg):


2-phenylphenol (0.02)         dimethomorph (0.02)           metalaxyl (0.02)              quassia (0.02)
acephate (0.02)               dimoxystrobin (0.02)          methacrifos (0.02)            quinalphos (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)            diphenylamine (0.02)          methamidophos                 quinoxyfen (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)            disulfoton (0.02)             (0.01)                        quintozene (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)               diuron (0.02)                 methidathion (0.02)           rotenone (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                 endosulfan (0.02)             methiocarb (0.02)             simazine (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)               EPN (0.02)                    methomyl (0.02)               spinosad (0.02)
azinphos-methyl               epoxiconazole (0.02)          methoxychlor (0.02)           spiroxamine (0.02)
(0.02)                        ethiofencarb (0.02)           metolcarb (0.02)              tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
azoxystrobin (0.02)           ethion (0.02)                 mevinphos (0.02)              tebuconazole (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)              ethofumesate (0.02)           monocrotophos (0.02)          tebufenozide (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)             ethoprophos (0.02)            myclobutanil (0.02)           tebufenpyrad (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)             etrimfos (0.02)               omethoate (0.02)              tecnazene (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)               famoxadone (0.02)             oxadixyl (0.02)               tefluthrin (0.02)
bitertanol (0.02)             fenarimol (0.02)              oxamyl (0.02)                 tetrachlorvinphos
boscalid (0.02)               fenazaquin (0.02)             oxydemeton-methyl             (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)         fenbuconazole (0.02)          (0.02)                        tetradifon (0.02)
bromoxynil (0.02)             fenitrothion (0.02)           paclobutrazol (0.02)          tetramethrin (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)             fenoxycarb (0.02)             parathion (0.02)              tetreconazole (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)             fenpropathrin (0.02)          parathion-methyl              thiabendazole (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)              fenpropimorph (0.02)          (0.02)                        thiacloprid (0.02)
captan (0.05)                 fenpyroximate (0.02)          penconazole (0.02)            thiamethoxam (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)               fenthion (0.02)               pencycuron (0.02)             thiophanate-methyl
carbendazim (0.02)            fenvalerate (0.02)            pendimethalin (0.02)          (0.02)
carbofuran (0.01)             fipronil (0.02)               permethrin (0.02)             tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
carbosulfan (0.01)            fludioxonil (0.02)            phenthoate (0.02)             tolylfluanid (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)        flufenacet (0.02)             phorate (0.02)                triadimefon (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)        flusilazole (0.02)            phosalone (0.02)              triadimenol (0.02)
chlorothalonil (0.01)         folpet (0.05)                 phosmet (0.02)                triazophos (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)          fonofos (0.02)                phosphamidon (0.02)           trifloxystrobin (0.02)
chlorpropham (0.02)           formothion (0.02)             picoxystrobin (0.02)          trifluralin (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl           fosthiazate (0.02)            pirimicarb (0.02)             vinclozolin (0.02)
(0.02)                        furalaxyl (0.02)              pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)       zoxamide (0.02)
chlorthal-dimethyl            furathiocarb (0.02)           pirimiphos-methyl
(0.02)                        heptenophos (0.02)            (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)           hexaconazole (0.02)           prochloraz (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)             hexythiazox (0.02)            procymidone (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)              imazalil (0.02)               profenofos (0.02)
cypermethrin (0.05)           imidacloprid (0.02)           propargite (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)          indoxacarb (0.02)             propham (0.02)
cyprodinil (0.02)             iprovalicarb (0.02)           propiconazole (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                    isazophos (0.02)              propoxur (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)           isocarbophos (0.02)           propyzamide (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)               isofenphos (0.02)             prothiofos (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)          isofenphos-methyl             pymetrozine (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)             (0.02)                        pyraclostrobin (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)               kresoxim-methyl               pyrazophos (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)                (0.02)                        pyrethrins (0.02)
dicrotophos (0.02)            lambda-cyhalothrin            pyridaben (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)               (0.02)                        pyridaphenthion
diethofencarb (0.02)          lindane (0.02)                (0.02)
difenoconazole (0.02)         malathion (0.02)              pyrifenox (0.02)
diflubenzuron (0.02)          mecarbam (0.02)               pyrimethanil (0.02)
dimethoate (0.02)             mepanipyrim (0.02)            pyriproxifen (0.02)




                                                       98
Table 12a.       Residues detected in retail samples of LEEKS purchased between July and
                 November 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                     Concentration range (mg/kg)               Number of samples in range

LEEKS, UK: 26 samples analysed

chlorothalonil                          <0.01 (i.e. not found)                                     24
(MRL = 10)                               0.07, 0.09                                                2

chlorpyrifos                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                     25
(MRL = 0.05*)                            0.05                                                       1

cyproconazole                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                     25
(No MRL)                                 0.02                                                      1

tebuconazole                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                     24
(No MRL)                                 0.02, 0.06                                                2

LEEKS, Imported (EC): 9 samples analysed

procymidone                             <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                     8
(MRL = 0.02*)                            0.03                                                      1


NOTE: * Indicates MRL is set to the Limit Of Detection.

Imported (EC) samples of leeks were from Spain (5), the Netherlands (4).
UK samples of leeks (26).

Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
chlorothalonil                          UK (2)
chlorpyrifos                            UK (1)
cyproconazole                           UK (1)
procymidone                             Spain (1)
tebuconazole                            UK (2)

No residues were found in 23 of the 26 UK samples
No residues were found in 8 of the 9 Imported (EC) samples

Table 12b.       Residues detected in retail samples of LEEKS purchased between July and
                 November 2007 continued
Residues (1-2 compounds) were found in 4 of the 35 samples as follows:

Number of residues    PRC Sample ID         Residues found (mg/kg)             Country of origin
                                         CLN CPF CPZ PCM TBC

(1)                   8891/2007          -      -       -        0.03   -      Spain

(2)                   4004/2007          0.07   -       -        -      0.02   UK
                      4019/2007          0.09   -       0.02     -      -      UK
                      4043/2007          -      0.05    -        -      0.06   UK


The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

CLN        chlorothalonil              CPF          chlorpyrifos                CPZ        cyproconazole
PCM        procymidone                 TBC          tebuconazole

                                                            99
Table 12c.      Residues detected in retail samples of LEEKS purchased between July and
                November 2007 continued
The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in parentheses in
mg/kg):


2-phenylphenol (0.02)          dithiocarbamates (0.05)         methidathion (0.02)            tebufenozide (0.02)
acephate (0.02)                diuron (0.02)                   methiocarb (0.02)              tebufenpyrad (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)             endosulfan (0.02)               methomyl (0.02)                tecnazene (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)             EPN (0.02)                      methoxychlor (0.02)            tefluthrin (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)                epoxiconazole (0.02)            metolcarb (0.02)               tetrachlorvinphos (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                  ethiofencarb (0.02)             mevinphos (0.02)               tetradifon (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)                ethion (0.02)                   monocrotophos (0.02)           tetramethrin (0.02)
azoxystrobin (0.02)            ethofumesate (0.02)             myclobutanil (0.02)            tetreconazole (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)               ethoprophos (0.02)              omethoate (0.02)               thiabendazole (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)              etrimfos (0.02)                 oxadixyl (0.02)                thiacloprid (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)              famoxadone (0.02)               oxamyl (0.02)                  thiamethoxam (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)                fenarimol (0.02)                oxydemeton-methyl              thiodicarb (0.02)
bitertanol (0.02)              fenazaquin (0.02)               (0.02)                         tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
boscalid (0.02)                fenbuconazole (0.02)            paclobutrazol (0.02)           tolylfluanid (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)          fenhexamid (0.02)               parathion (0.02)               triadimefon (0.02)
bromoxynil (0.02)              fenitrothion (0.02)             parathion-methyl (0.02)        triadimenol (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)              fenoxycarb (0.02)               penconazole (0.02)             triazophos (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)              fenpropathrin (0.02)            pencycuron (0.02)              trifloxystrobin (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)               fenpropimorph (0.02)            pendimethalin (0.02)           trifluralin (0.02)
captan (0.05)                  fenpyroximate (0.02)            permethrin (0.02)              vinclozolin (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)                fenthion (0.02)                 phenthoate (0.02)              zoxamide (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)             fenvalerate (0.02)              phorate (0.02)
carbofuran (0.01)              fipronil (0.02)                 phosalone (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)         fludioxonil (0.02)              phosmet (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)         flufenacet (0.02)               phosphamidon (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)           flusilazole (0.02)              picoxystrobin (0.02)
chlorpropham (0.02)            folpet (0.05)                   pirimicarb (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl            fonofos (0.02)                  pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)
(0.02)                         formothion (0.02)               pirimiphos-methyl
chlorthal-dimethyl             fosthiazate (0.02)              (0.02)
(0.02)                         furalaxyl (0.02)                prochloraz (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)            furathiocarb (0.02)             profenofos (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)              heptenophos (0.02)              propargite (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)               hexaconazole (0.02)             propham (0.02)
cypermethrin (0.05)            hexythiazox (0.02)              propiconazole (0.02)
cyprodinil (0.02)              imazalil (0.02)                 propoxur (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                     imidacloprid (0.02)             propyzamide (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)            indoxacarb (0.02)               prothiofos (0.02)
demeton-S-methyl               iprodione (0.02)                pymetrozine (0.02)
sulphone (0.02)                iprovalicarb (0.02)             pyraclostrobin (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)                isazophos (0.02)                pyrazophos (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)           isocarbophos (0.02)             pyrethrins (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)              isofenphos (0.02)               pyridaben (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)                isofenphos-methyl               pyrifenox (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)                 (0.02)                          pyrimethanil (0.02)
dicrotophos (0.02)             kresoxim-methyl (0.02)          pyriproxifen (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)                lambda-cyhalothrin              quassia (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)           (0.02)                          quinalphos (0.02)
difenoconazole (0.02)          lindane (0.02)                  quinoxyfen (0.02)
diflubenzuron (0.02)           malathion (0.02)                quintozene (0.02)
dimethoate (0.02)              mecarbam (0.02)                 rotenone (0.02)
dimethomorph (0.02)            mepanipyrim (0.02)              simazine (0.02)
dimoxystrobin (0.02)           metalaxyl (0.02)                spinosad (0.02)
diphenylamine (0.02)           methacrifos (0.02)              spiroxamine (0.02)
disulfoton (0.02)              methamidophos (0.01)            tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
                                                         100
Table 13a.       Residues detected in retail samples of LETTUCE purchased between July
                 and November 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range

LETTUCE, UK: 59 samples analysed

acetamiprid                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       58
(UK tMRL = 2)                       0.05                                        1

azoxystrobin                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       58
(MRL = 3)                           0.2                                         1

boscalid                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       56
(UK tMRL = 10)                      0.3, 0.5, 0.5                               3

cypermethrin                       <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       57
(MRL = 2)                           0.07, 0.08                                  2

dithiocarbamates †                 <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       29
(MRL = 5)                           1                                           1

fenhexamid                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       56
(MRL = 30)                          0.06, 0.08, 4.2                             3

imidacloprid                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       58
(CAC MRL = 2)                       0.02                                        1

iprodione                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       58
(MRL = 10)                          1.1                                          1

lambda-cyhalothrin                 <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       58
(MRL = 1)                           0.03                                        1

propamocarb                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       56
(CAC MRL = 10)                      0.04, 0.6, 4.4                              3

propyzamide                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       58
(MRL = 1)                           0.6                                          1

pyraclostrobin                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       56
(UK tMRL = 2)                       0.03, 0.03, 0.07                            3

pyrimethanil                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       58
(No MRL)                            0.02                                        1

thiacloprid                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       58
(MRL = 2)                           0.6                                          1

LETTUCE, Imported (Non-EC): 1 sample analysed

None found                         -                                             1

LETTUCE, Imported (EC): 13 samples analysed

azoxystrobin                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       11
(MRL = 3)                           0.1, 0.2                                    2

dithiocarbamates †                 <0.05 (i.e. not found)                        5
(MRL = 5)                           0.06                                         1


                                                    101
Commodity/Pesticide                    Concentration range (mg/kg)            Number of samples in range

imidacloprid                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                12
(CAC MRL = 2)                           0.06                                                 1

indoxacarb                             <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                11
(No MRL until 16/11/2007)               0.04                                                 1
(MRL = 2 from 17/11/2007 )              0.04                                                 1

iprodione                              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                12
(MRL = 10)                              0.04                                                 1

lambda-cyhalothrin                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                12
(MRL = 1)                               0.03                                                 1

metalaxyl                              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                12
(MRL = 2)                               0.03                                                 1

methomyl                               <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                12
(MRL = 0.3)                             0.03                                                 1

procymidone                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                12
(MRL = 5)                               0.2                                                  1

propamocarb                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                12
(CAC MRL = 10)                          0.1                                                  1


† Residue not sought in all samples

Imported (EC) samples of lettuce were from Bulgaria (1), Spain (11), the Netherlands (1).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of lettuce were from USA (1).
UK samples of lettuce (59).


Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
acetamiprid                             UK (1)
azoxystrobin                            Spain (2), UK (1)
boscalid                                UK (3)
cypermethrin                            UK (2)
dithiocarbamates                        Spain (1), UK (1)
fenhexamid                              UK (3)
indoxacarb                              Spain (2)
imidacloprid                            Spain (1), UK (1)
iprodione                               Spain (1), UK (1)
lambda-cyhalothrin                      Spain (1), UK (1)
methomyl                                Spain (1)
metalaxyl                               Spain (1)
propamocarb                             the Netherlands (1), UK (3)
procymidone                             Spain (1)
propyzamide                             UK (1)
pyraclostrobin                          UK (3)
pyrimethanil                            UK (1)
thiacloprid                             UK (1)

No residues were found in 48 of the 59 UK samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (Non-EC) samples
No residues were found in 6 of the 13 Imported (EC) samples




                                                        102
Table 13b.      Residues detected in retail samples of LETTUCE purchased between July and November 2007 continued
Residues (1-4 compounds) were found in 18 of the 73 samples as follows:

Number     PRC                                                                 Residues found (mg/kg)                                                       Country of
of         Sample ID                                                                                                                                        origin
residues
                       ACET     AZOX    BOS    CYP      DTC      FNHX   IDX    IMI       IPR    LCY    METH   MTX    PCB    PCM   PPZ   PYC    PYM    THC

(1)        6249/2007   -        -       -      -        -        0.08   -      -         -      -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -     UK
           8820/2007   0.05     -       -      -        -        -      -      -         -      -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -     UK
           8865/2007   -        -       -      0.07     -        -      -      -         -      -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -     UK
           9810/2007   -        -       -      -        -        -      -      0.02      -      -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -     UK
           9849/2007   -        -       -      -        -        -      -      -         -      -      -      -      0.04   -     -     -      -      -     UK
           4111/2007   -        0.1     -      -        -        -      -      -         -      -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -     Spain
           8356/2007   -        -       -      -        -        -      -      -         -      -      0.03   -      -      -     -     -      -      -     Spain
           8357/2007   -        -       -      -        -        -      0.04   -         -      -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -     Spain
           5497/2007   -        -       -      -        -        -      -      -         -      -      -      -      0.1    -     -     -      -      -     the
                                                                                                                                                            Netherlands

(2)        4130/2007   -        -       -      -        -        -      -      -         -      -      -      -      -      -     0.6   -      0.02   -     UK
           5498/2007   -        0.2     -      -        -        -      -      -         -      0.03   -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -     UK
           7998/2007   -        -       -      0.08     -        -      -      -         1.1    -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -     UK
           4129/2007   -        -       -      -        -        -      -      -         -      -      -      0.03   -      0.2   -     -      -      -     Spain
           9857/2007   -        -       -      -        0.06     -      -      -         0.04   -      -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -     Spain

(4)        4161/2007   -        -       0.5    -        -        -      -      -         -      -      -      -      4.4    -     -     0.07   -      0.6   UK
           6250/2007   -        -       0.5    -        1        4.2    -      -         -      -      -      -      -      -     -     0.03   -      -     UK
           7487/2007   -        -       0.3    -        -        0.06   -      -         -      -      -      -      0.6    -     -     0.03   -      -     UK
           7594/2007   -        0.2     -      -        -        -      0.04   0.06      -      0.03   -      -      -      -     -     -      -      -     Spain


The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

ACET       acetamiprid                AZOX         azoxystrobin                BOS           boscalid
CYP        cypermethrin               DTC          dithiocarbamates            FNHX          fenhexamid
IDX        indoxacarb                 IMI          imidacloprid                IPR           iprodione
LCY        lambda-cyhalothrin         METH         methomyl                    MTX           metalaxyl
PCB        propamocarb                PCM          procymidone                 PPZ           propyzamide
PYC        pyraclostrobin             PYM          pyrimethanil                THC           thiacloprid



                                                                                   103
Table 13c.      Residues detected in retail samples of LETTUCE purchased between July
                and November 2007 continued
The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in parentheses in
mg/kg):

2-phenylphenol (0.02)         pyrazophos (0.02)             mecarbam (0.02)               ethiofencarb (0.02)
ethion (0.02)                 carbofuran (0.01)             tefluthrin (0.02)             pendimethalin (0.02)
permethrin (0.02)             folpet (0.05)                 dichlorvos (0.02)
acephate (0.02)               pyrethrins (0.02)             mepanipyrim (0.02)
ethofumesate (0.02)           carbosulfan (0.01)            tetrachlorvinphos (0.02)
phenthoate (0.02)             fonofos (0.02)                dicloran (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)            pyridaben (0.02)              methacrifos (0.02)
ethoprophos (0.02)            chlorfenvinphos (0.02)        tetradifon (0.02)
phorate (0.02)                formothion (0.02)             dicofol (0.05)
aldicarb (0.02)               pyridaphenthion (0.02)        methamidophos (0.01)
etrimfos (0.02)               chlorobenzilate (0.02)        tetramethrin (0.02)
phosalone (0.02)              fosthiazate (0.02)            dicrotophos (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                 pyrifenox (0.02)              methidathion (0.02)
famoxadone (0.02)             chlorothalonil (0.01)         tetreconazole (0.02)
phosmet (0.02)                furalaxyl (0.02)              dieldrin (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)               pyriproxifen (0.02)           methiocarb (0.02)
fenarimol (0.02)              chlorotoluron (0.02)          thiabendazole (0.02)
phosphamidon (0.02)           furathiocarb (0.02)           diethofencarb (0.02)
azinphos-methyl (0.02)        quassia (0.02)                metolcarb (0.02)
fenazaquin (0.02)             chlorpropham (0.02)           thiamethoxam (0.02)
picoxystrobin (0.02)          heptenophos (0.02)            difenoconazole (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)              quinalphos (0.02)             mevinphos (0.02)
fenbuconazole (0.02)          chlorpyrifos (0.02)           thiodicarb (0.02)
pirimicarb (0.02)             hexaconazole (0.02)           diflubenzuron (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)             quinoxyfen (0.02)             monocrotophos (0.02)
fenitrothion (0.02)           chlorpyrifos-methyl (0.02)    thiophanate-methyl (0.02)
pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)       hexythiazox (0.02)            dimethoate (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)             quintozene (0.02)             myclobutanil (0.02)
fenoxycarb (0.02)             chlorthal-dimethyl (0.02)     tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
pirimiphos-methyl (0.02)      imazalil (0.02)               dimethomorph (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)               rotenone (0.02)               omethoate (0.02)
fenpropathrin (0.02)          chlozolinate (0.02)           tolylfluanid (0.02)
prochloraz (0.02)             iprovalicarb (0.02)           dimoxystrobin (0.02)
bitertanol (0.02)             simazine (0.02)               oxadixyl (0.02)
fenpropimorph (0.02)          cyfluthrin (0.05)             triadimefon (0.02)
profenofos (0.02)             isazophos (0.02)              diphenylamine (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)         spinosad (0.02)               oxamyl (0.02)
fenpyroximate (0.02)          cymoxanil (0.02)              triadimenol (0.02)
propargite (0.02)             isocarbophos (0.02)           disulfoton (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)             spiroxamine (0.02)            oxydemeton-methyl (0.02)
fenthion (0.02)               cyproconazole (0.02)          triazamate (0.02)
propham (0.02)                isofenphos (0.02)             diuron (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)             tau-fluvalinate (0.02)        paclobutrazol (0.02)
fenvalerate (0.02)            cyprodinil (0.02)             triazophos (0.02)
propiconazole (0.02)          isofenphos-methyl (0.02)      dodine (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)              tebuconazole (0.02)           parathion (0.02)
fipronil (0.02)               DDT (0.02)                    trifloxystrobin (0.02)
propoxur (0.02)               kresoxim-methyl (0.02)        endosulfan (0.02)
captan (0.05)                 tebufenozide (0.02)           parathion-methyl (0.02)
fludioxonil (0.02)            deltamethrin (0.05)           trifluralin (0.02)
prothiofos (0.02)             lindane (0.02)                EPN (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)               tebufenpyrad (0.02)           penconazole (0.02)
flufenacet (0.02)             diazinon (0.02)               vinclozolin (0.02)
pymetrozine (0.02)            malathion (0.02)              epoxiconazole (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)            tecnazene (0.02)              pencycuron (0.02)
flusilazole (0.02)            dichlofluanid (0.02)          zoxamide (0.02)
                                                           104
Table 14.       Residues detected in retail samples of MILK purchased between October and
                December 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                     Concentration range (mg/kg)              Number of samples in range

MILK, COWS MILK UK: 60 samples analysed

None found                              -                                                          60

MILK, GOATS MILK UK: 18 samples analysed

None found                              -                                                          18


UK samples of milk (78).


No residues were found in any of the UK cows milk samples
No residues were found in any of the UK goats milk samples

The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in parentheses in
mg/kg):

aldrin (0.002)                          DDT (0.002)                              endrin (0.0008)
alpha-HCH (0.002)                       dicofol (0.005)                          heptachlor (0.002)
beta-HCH (0.002)                        dieldrin (0.002)                         hexachlorobenzene (0.002)
bifenthrin (0.005)                      endosulfan (0.002)                       lindane (0.0004)
chlordane (0.001)




                                                         105
Table 15a.      Residues detected in UK samples of OATS AND RYE obtained between
                September and November 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                     Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range

OATS AND RYE, OATS: 68 samples analysed

Chlormequat                             <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       16
(MRL = 5)                                0.07 - 4.7                                  49
                                         6.3 - 8                                      3

Chlorpropham                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       67
(MRL = 0.02*)                            0.1                                          1

chlorpyrifos-methyl                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       66
(MRL = 3)                                0.03, 0.6                                    2

Glyphosate                              <0.1 (i.e. not found)                        51
(MRL = 20)                               0.3 - 3.8                                   17

Mepiquat                                <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       67
(No MRL)                                 0.1                                         1

pirimiphos-methyl                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       61
(MRL = 5)                                0.03 - 0.5                                  7

OATS AND RYE, RYE: 3 samples analysed

chlormequat                             <0.05 (i.e. not found)                        1
(MRL = 2)                                0.3, 0.4                                     2


NOTE: * Indicates MRL is set to the Limit Of Detection.

UK samples of oats and rye were (71).


Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
chlormequat                             54
chlorpyrifos-methyl                     2
chlorpropham                            1
glyphosate                              17
mepiquat                                1
pirimiphos-methyl                       7

No residues were found in 10 of the 68 oats samples
No residues were found in 1 of the 3 rye samples




                                                          106
Table 15b.     Residues detected in UK samples of OATS AND RYE obtained between
               September and November 2007 continued
Residues (1-3 compounds) were found in 60 of the 71 samples as follows:

     Number of     PRC           Type of OATS                Residues found (mg/kg)
     residues      Sample ID     AND RYE
                                                  CLQ    CPFME      CPP   GLY   MPQ   PIM

     (1)           9248/2007     OATS             -      -          -     1     -     -
                   9286/2007     OATS             1.5    -          -     -     -     -
                   9341/2007     OATS             2.9    -          -     -     -     -
                   9342/2007     OATS             0.8    -          -     -     -     -
                   9343/2007     OATS             4.4    -          -     -     -     -
                   9344/2007     OATS             3.1    -          -     -     -     -
                   9347/2007     OATS             2.6    -          -     -     -     -
                   9348/2007     OATS             2.2    -          -     -     -     -
                   9349/2007     OATS             3.2    -          -     -     -     -
                   9352/2007     OATS             1.7    -          -     -     -     -
                   9354/2007     OATS             -      -          -     0.4   -     -
                   9356/2007     OATS             -      -          -     -     -     0.06
                   9358/2007     OATS             -      -          -     3.8   -     -
                   9360/2007     OATS             4.4    -          -     -     -     -
                   9361/2007     OATS             3.9    -          -     -     -     -
                   9362/2007     OATS             2.5    -          -     -     -     -
                   9365/2007     RYE              0.3    -          -     -     -     -
                   9366/2007     RYE              0.4    -          -     -     -     -
                   9368/2007     OATS             3.5    -          -     -     -     -
                   9369/2007     OATS             -      -          -     -     -     0.03
                   9372/2007     OATS             3.2    -          -     -     -     -
                   9373/2007     OATS             2.4    -          -     -     -     -
                   9374/2007     OATS             1.8    -          -     -     -     -
                   9376/2007     OATS             6.3    -          -     -     -     -
                   9378/2007     OATS             -      -          -     -     -     0.5
                   9379/2007     OATS             1.4    -          -     -     -     -
                   9380/2007     OATS             1.6    -          -     -     -     -
                   9382/2007     OATS             1.3    -          -     -     -     -
                   9384/2007     OATS             1      -          -     -     -     -
                   9385/2007     OATS             2.5    -          -     -     -     -
                   9386/2007     OATS             2.7    -          -     -     -     -
                   9387/2007     OATS             4.3    -          -     -     -     -
                   9388/2007     OATS             8      -          -     -     -     -
                   9391/2007     OATS             1.7    -          -     -     -     -
                   9392/2007     OATS             1.8    -          -     -     -     -
                   9394/2007     OATS             3.3    -          -     -     -     -
                   9395/2007     OATS             0.07   -          -     -     -     -
                   9396/2007     OATS             4.7    -          -     -     -     -
                   9397/2007     OATS             1.4    -          -     -     -     -
                   9398/2007     OATS             2.9    -          -     -     -     -
                   9399/2007     OATS             1.8    -          -     -     -     -
                   9401/2007     OATS             3.8    -          -     -     -     -

     (2)           9281/2007     OATS             4.1    -          -     3     -     -
                   9284/2007     OATS             2.1    -          -     3     -     -
                   9285/2007     OATS             1.3    -          -     3.7   -     -
                   9337/2007     OATS             2.5    -          -     -     -     0.03
                   9340/2007     OATS             6.9    0.03       -     -     -     -
                   9350/2007     OATS             2.7    -          -     0.3   -     -
                   9351/2007     OATS             4.5    -          -     -     -     0.05
                   9375/2007     OATS             2.7    0.6        -     -     -     -
                   9377/2007     OATS             3.5    -          -     1.6   -     -
                   9381/2007     OATS             1      -          -     1.8   -     -
                                                   107
      Number of       PRC          Type of OATS                  Residues found (mg/kg)
      residues        Sample ID    AND RYE
                                                     CLQ     CPFME      CPP    GLY    MPQ     PIM
                      9383/2007    OATS              4       -          -      0.7    -       -
                      9389/2007    OATS              2.7     -          -      1.3    -       -
                      9393/2007    OATS              2.9     -          -      1.8    -       -
                      9400/2007    OATS              1.5     -          -      0.8    -       -



      (3)             9283/2007    OATS              2.5     -          -      1.9    0.1     -
                      9363/2007    OATS              2.7     -          -      0.9    -       0.03
                      9364/2007    OATS              2       -          0.1    3.4    -       -
                      9390/2007    OATS              2.7     -          -      2.4    -       0.2



The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

CLQ         chlormequat               CPFME       chlorpyrifos-methyl         CPP         chlorpropham
GLY         glyphosate                MPQ         mepiquat                    PIM         pirimiphos-methyl




Table 15c.      Residues detected in UK samples of OATS AND RYE obtained between
                September and November 2007 continued


The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in parentheses
in mg/kg):

azoxystrobin (0.02)                   dimoxystrobin (0.02)                    malathion (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)                     endosulfan (0.02)                       methacrifos (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)                       etrimfos (0.02)                         permethrin (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)                    fenitrothion (0.02)                     phosphamidon (0.02)
chlorpyrifos (0.02)                   fenvalerate (0.02)                      picoxystrobin (0.02)
cypermethrin (0.02)                   iprodione (0.02)                        pyraclostrobin (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.02)                   kresoxim-methyl (0.02)                  pyrimethanil (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)                       lindane (0.02)                          trifloxystrobin (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)




                                                       108
Table 16a.      Residues detected in retail samples of PEACHES AND NECTARINES
                purchased between October and November 2007

Commodity/Pesticide            Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range

NECTARINES Imported (Non-EC): 22 samples analysed

fenbuconazole                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      17
(No MRL)                        0.04 - 0.2                                  5

fenhexamid                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      17
(MRL = 5)                       0.02 - 0.07                                 5

fludioxonil                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      16
(MRL = 1)                       0.07 - 0.7                                  6

iprodione                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      9
(MRL = 3)                       0.07 - 2                                   13

permethrin                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      21
(MRL = 0.05*)                   0.05                                        1

phosmet                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      21
(CAC MRL = 5)                   0.02                                        1

propargite                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      21
(CAC MRL = 7)                   0.3                                        1

propiconazole                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      21
(MRL = 0.2)                     0.06                                        1

pyrimethanil                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      21
(No MRL)                        0.3                                         1

PEACHES Imported (Non-EC): 19 samples analysed

carbaryl                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      16
(MRL = 0.05*)                   0.03                                        1
                                0.08, 0.2                                   2

fenbuconazole                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      13
(CAC MRL = 0.5)                 0.04 - 0.2                                  6

fenhexamid                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      8
(MRL = 5)                       0.06 - 0.1                                 11

fludioxonil                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      8
(MRL = 1)                       0.1 - 0.4                                  11

iprodione                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      13
(MRL = 3)                       0.1 - 0.5                                   6

phosmet                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      17
(CAC MRL = 10)                  0.3, 0.4                                   2

propiconazole                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      13
(MRL = 0.2)                     0.03 - 0.09                                 6

NECTARINES Imported (EC): 8 samples analysed

azinphos-methyl                <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       6
(MRL = 2)                       0.03, 0.03                                  2
                                                109
Commodity/Pesticide             Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range

bitertanol                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       6
(MRL = 1)                        0.1, 0.3                                    2

carbendazim                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       6
(MRL = 0.2)                      0.03, 0.07                                  2

cyprodinil                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       7
(No MRL)                         0.5                                         1

iprodione                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       5
(MRL = 3)                        0.1, 0.3, 0.5                               3

lambda-cyhalothrin              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       4
(MRL = 0.2)                      0.02 - 0.04                                 4

tebuconazole                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       5
(No MRL)                         0.03, 0.03, 0.08                            3

thiophanate-methyl              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       7
(MRL = 2)                        0.02                                        1

PEACHES Imported (EC): 6 samples analysed

bitertanol                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       5
(MRL = 1)                        0.1                                         1

captan                          <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       5
(MRL = 0.02*)                    0.1                                         1

carbendazim                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       5
(MRL = 0.2)                      0.02                                        1

chlorpyrifos-methyl             <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       5
(MRL = 0.5)                      0.3                                         1

cypermethrin                    <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       5
(MRL = 2)                        0.07                                        1

cyprodinil                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       4
(No MRL)                         0.07, 0.1                                   2

dithiocarbamates                <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       5
(MRL = 2)                        0.1                                         1

fludioxonil                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       5
(MRL = 1)                        0.05                                        1

iprodione                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       2
(MRL = 3)                        0.1 - 0.5                                   4

lambda-cyhalothrin              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       4
(MRL = 0.2)                      0.02, 0.04                                  2

phosmet                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       5
(CAC MRL = 10)                   0.04                                        1

procymidone                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       5
(MRL = 2)                        0.3                                         1

propargite                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       5
                                                110
Commodity/Pesticide                   Concentration range (mg/kg)        Number of samples in range
(CAC MRL = 7)                          0.1                                             1

tebuconazole                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                             5
(CAC MRL = 1)                          0.02                                              1


NOTE: * Indicates MRL is set to the Limit Of Detection.

Imported (EC) samples of peaches and nectarines were from France (1), Italy (4), Spain (9).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of peaches and nectarines were from South Africa (24), USA (17).


Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
azinphos-methyl                         Italy (2)
bitertanol                              Spain (3)
captan                                  Spain (1)
carbaryl                                USA (3)
carbendazim                             Spain (3)
chlorpyrifos-methyl                     Spain (1)
cyprodinil                              Spain (3)
cypermethrin                            Spain (1)
dithiocarbamates                        Spain (1)
fenbuconazole                           South Africa (5), USA (6)
fludioxonil                             Spain (1), USA (17)
fenhexamid                              USA (16)
iprodione                              South Africa (19), Spain (7)
lambda-cyhalothrin                      France (1), Spain (5)
procymidone                             Spain (1)
propiconazole                          USA (7)
permethrin                              South Africa (1)
propargite                              France (1), USA (1)
phosmet                                 Spain (1), USA (3)
pyrimethanil                            USA (1)
tebuconazole                            Italy (3), Spain (1)
thiophanate-methyl                      Spain (1)

No residues were found in 1 of the 22 Imported (Non-EC) nectarine samples
No residues were found in 2 of the 19 Imported (Non-EC) peach samples
No residues were found in 1 of the 8 Imported (EC) nectarine samples
Residues were found in all of the 6 Imported (EC) peach samples




                                                      111
Table 16b.     Residues detected in retail samples of PEACHES AND NECTARINES purchased between October and November
               2007 continued
Residues (1-5 compounds) were found in 51 of the 55 samples as follows:

Number PRC         Type                                                             Residues found (mg/kg)                                               Country of
of       Sample ID                                                                                                                                       origin
residues
                                 AZM BIT CAP CBY CBZ CPFME CYD CYP DTC FENB FLUD FNHX IPR LCY PCM PCZ PER PGT PMT PYM TBC TME

(1)     4119/2007   PEACHES      -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      0.2    -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        4131/2007   PEACHES      -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      0.2    -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        4144/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     0.04   -     -      -      -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        4162/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      0.07   -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        4163/2007   PEACHES      -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      0.3    -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        4178/2007   PEACHES      -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      0.5    -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        4179/2007   PEACHES      -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      0.2    -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        4180/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      0.3    -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        4311/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      -      -   -   -   0.05   -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        5499/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      2      -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        8132/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      0.2    -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        8219/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      0.4    -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        8359/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      2      -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        8395/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      0.2    -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        8396/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      0.4    -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        9206/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      0.1    -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        9493/2007   PEACHES      -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      0.1    -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        9963/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      -     -      -      -   -   -   -      -   -   -   0.03   -   Italy

(2)     4132/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     0.05   -     -      0.6    -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        4164/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     0.08   -     -      0.5    -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        9494/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     0.2    -     -      1      -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        9495/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     0.08   -     -      0.7    -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   South Africa
        8360/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      0.2   0.07   -      -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   USA
        8416/2007   NECTARINES   -    -   -    -    -     -       -       -   -     -      0.4   0.05   -      -   -   -   -      -   -   -   -      -   USA




                                                                              112
Number PRC         Type                                                                       Residues found (mg/kg)                                                                Country of
of       Sample ID                                                                                                                                                                  origin
residues
                                 AZM    BIT   CAP   CBY    CBZ    CPFME   CYD    CYP    DTC   FENB   FLUD   FNHX   IPR   LCY    PCM   PCZ    PER   PGT   PMT    PYM   TBC    TME
        8417/2007   PEACHES      -      -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -     -      0.4    0.06   -     -      -     -      -     -     -      -     -      -      USA
        9935/2007   NECTARINES   -      -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -     -      0.07   0.02   -     -      -     -      -     -     -      -     -      -      USA
        9962/2007   PEACHES      -      -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -     -      -      -      -     0.04   -     -      -     0.1   -      -     -      -      France
        9873/2007   NECTARINES   0.03   -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -     -     -      -     0.03   -      Italy
        9936/2007   NECTARINES   0.03   -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -     -     -      -     0.08   -      Italy
        9950/2007   PEACHES      -      -     -     -      0.02   -       0.07   -      -     -      -      -      -     -      -     -      -     -     -      -     -      -      Spain

(3)     8371/2007   PEACHES      -      -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -     -      0.2    0.1    -     -      -     -      -     -     0.3    -     -      -      USA
        8372/2007   NECTARINES   -      -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -     -      0.2    0.05   -     -      -     -      -     -     0.02   -     -      -      USA
        8496/2007   PEACHES      -      -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -     -      0.4    0.08   -     -      -     -      -     -     0.4    -     -      -      USA
        8497/2007   NECTARINES   -      -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -     -      0.2    0.03   -     -      -     -      -     0.3   -      -     -      -      USA
        9813/2007   PEACHES      -      -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -     -      0.2    0.1    -     -      -     0.03   -     -     -      -     -      -      USA
        9871/2007   NECTARINES   -      -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -     -      0.7    -      -     -      -     0.06   -     -     -      0.3   -      -      USA
        9872/2007   PEACHES      -      -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -     -      0.1    0.1    -     -      -     0.03   -     -     -      -     -      -      USA
        7746/2007   PEACHES      -      -     0.1   -      -      -       -      -      -     -      -      -      0.1   -      -     -      -     -     -      -     0.02   -      Spain
        7747/2007   NECTARINES   -      0.3   -     -      -      -       -      -      -     -      -      -      0.3   0.03   -     -      -     -     -      -     -      -      Spain
        9811/2007   NECTARINES   -      0.1   -     -      -      -       -      -      -     -      -      -      0.5   0.03   -     -      -     -     -      -     -      -      Spain
        9812/2007   PEACHES      -      0.1   -     -      -      -       -      -      -     -      -      -      0.5   0.02   -     -      -     -     -      -     -      -      Spain
        9903/2007   NECTARINES   -      -     -     -      0.07   -       0.5    -      -     -      -      -      -     0.04   -     -      -     -     -      -     -      -      Spain

(4)     8133/2007   PEACHES      -      -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -     0.07   0.2    0.08   -     -      -     0.03   -     -     -      -     -      -      USA
        8361/2007   PEACHES      -      -     -     0.03   -      -       -      -      -     0.04   0.1    0.06   -     -      -     -      -     -     -      -     -      -      USA
        8397/2007   PEACHES      -      -     -     0.2    -      -       -      -      -     0.1    0.3    0.1    -     -      -     -      -     -     -      -     -      -      USA
        8415/2007   PEACHES      -      -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -     0.07   0.2    0.1    -     -      -     0.09   -     -     -      -     -      -      USA
        8423/2007   PEACHES      -      -     -     -      -      -       -      -      -     0.04   0.2    0.06   -     -      -     0.04   -     -     -      -     -      -      USA
        9901/2007   NECTARINES   -      -     -     -      0.03   -       -      -      -     -      -      -      0.1   0.02   -     -      -     -     -      -     -      0.02   Spain
        9902/2007   PEACHES      -      -     -     -      -      -       -      0.07   0.1   -      -      -      0.3   -      -     -      -     -     0.04   -     -      -      Spain

(5)     5810/2007 PEACHES        -      -     -     0.08 -        -       -      -      -     0.2    0.2    0.1    -     -      -     0.07 -       -     -      -     -      -      USA
        7748/2007 PEACHES        -      -     -     -    -        0.3     0.1    -      -     -      0.05   -      0.5   -      0.3   -    -       -     -      -     -      -      Spain




                                                                                        113
The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

AZM        azinphos-methyl            BIT        bitertanol           CAP     captan
CBY        carbaryl                   CBZ        carbendazim          CPFME   chlorpyrifos-methyl
CYD        cyprodinil                 CYP        cypermethrin         DTC     dithiocarbamates
FENB       fenbuconazole              FLUD       fludioxonil          FNHX    fenhexamid
IPR        iprodione                  LCY        lambda-cyhalothrin   PCM     procymidone
PCZ        propiconazole              PER        permethrin           PGT     propargite
PMT        phosmet                    PYM        pyrimethanil         TBC     tebuconazole
TME        thiophanate-methyl




                                                                        114
Table 16c.      Residues detected in retail samples of PEACHES AND NECTARINES
                purchased between October and November 2007 continued


The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in
parentheses in mg/kg):

2-phenylphenol (0.02)         ethiofencarb (0.02)           myclobutanil (0.02)           tetramethrin (0.02)
acephate (0.02)               ethion (0.02)                 omethoate (0.02)              tetreconazole (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)            ethofumesate (0.02)           oxadixyl (0.02)               thiabendazole (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)            ethoprophos (0.02)            oxamyl (0.02)                 thiacloprid (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)               etrimfos (0.02)               oxydemeton-methyl             thiamethoxam (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                 famoxadone (0.02)             (0.02)                        tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)               fenarimol (0.02)              paclobutrazol (0.02)          tolylfluanid (0.02)
azoxystrobin (0.02)           fenazaquin (0.02)             parathion (0.02)              triadimefon (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)              fenitrothion (0.02)           parathion-methyl              triadimenol (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)             fenoxycarb (0.02)             (0.02)                        triazophos (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)             fenpropathrin (0.02)          penconazole (0.02)            trifloxystrobin (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)               fenpropimorph (0.02)          pencycuron (0.02)             trifluralin (0.02)
boscalid (0.02)               fenpyroximate (0.02)          pendimethalin (0.02)          vinclozolin (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)         fenthion (0.02)               phenthoate (0.02)             zoxamide (0.02)
bromoxynil (0.02)             fenvalerate (0.02)            phorate (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)             fipronil (0.02)               phosalone (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)             flufenacet (0.02)             phosphamidon (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)              flusilazole (0.02)            picoxystrobin (0.02)
carbofuran (0.01)             folpet (0.05)                 pirimicarb (0.02)
carbosulfan (0.01)            fonofos (0.02)                pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)        formothion (0.02)             pirimiphos-methyl
chlorobenzilate (0.02)        fosthiazate (0.02)            (0.02)
chlorothalonil (0.01)         furalaxyl (0.02)              prochloraz (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)          furathiocarb (0.02)           profenofos (0.02)
chlorpropham (0.02)           heptenophos (0.02)            propham (0.02)
chlorpyrifos (0.02)           hexaconazole (0.02)           propoxur (0.02)
chlorthal-dimethyl            hexythiazox (0.02)            propyzamide (0.02)
(0.02)                        imazalil (0.02)               prothiofos (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)           imidacloprid (0.02)           pymetrozine (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)             indoxacarb (0.02)             pyraclostrobin (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)              iprovalicarb (0.02)           pyrazophos (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)          isazophos (0.02)              pyrethrins (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                    isocarbophos (0.02)           pyridaben (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)           isofenphos (0.02)             pyridaphenthion
diazinon (0.02)               isofenphos-methyl             (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)          (0.02)                        pyrifenox (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)             kresoxim-methyl               pyriproxifen (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)               (0.02)                        quassia (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)                lindane (0.02)                quinalphos (0.02)
dicrotophos (0.02)            malathion (0.02)              quinoxyfen (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)               mecarbam (0.02)               quintozene (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)          mepanipyrim (0.02)            rotenone (0.02)
difenoconazole (0.02)         metalaxyl (0.02)              simazine (0.02)
diflubenzuron (0.02)          methacrifos (0.02)            spinosad (0.02)
dimethoate (0.02)             methamidophos                 spiroxamine (0.02)
dimethomorph (0.02)           (0.01)                        tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
dimoxystrobin (0.02)          methidathion (0.02)           tebufenozide (0.02)
diphenylamine (0.02)          methiocarb (0.02)             tebufenpyrad (0.02)
disulfoton (0.02)             methomyl (0.02)               tecnazene (0.02)
diuron (0.02)                 methoxychlor (0.02)           tefluthrin (0.02)
endosulfan (0.02)             metolcarb (0.02)              tetrachlorvinphos
EPN (0.02)                    mevinphos (0.02)              (0.02)
epoxiconazole (0.02)          monocrotophos (0.02)          tetradifon (0.02)




                                                      115
Table 17a.        Residues detected in retail samples of TINNED PEACHES purchased
                  between October and November 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                       Concentration range (mg/kg)              Number of samples in range

TINNED PEACHES, Imported (Non-EC): 4 samples analysed

None found                                -                                                        4

TINNED PEACHES, Imported (EC): 44 samples analysed

cyprodinil                                <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                  43
(No MRL)                                   0.03                                                   1

fenthion                                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                  43
(No MRL)                                   0.04                                                   1


Imported (EC) samples of tinned peaches were from Greece (25), Spain (19).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of tinned peaches were from South Africa (4).


Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
cyprodinil                              Spain (1)
fenthion                                Spain (1)

No residues were found in any of the Imported (Non-EC) samples
No residues were found in 42 of the 44 Imported (EC) samples


Table 17b.        Residues detected in retail samples of TINNED PEACHES purchased
                  between October and November 2007 continued
Residues (1-1 compounds) were found in 2 of the 48 samples as follows:

Number of residues        PRC Sample ID       Residues found (mg/kg)   Country of origin
                                              CYD         FNT

(1)                       4177/2007           -           0.04         Spain
                          6507/2007           0.03        -            Spain



The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

CYD          cyprodinil                   FNT         fenthion




                                                            116
Table 17c.      Residues detected in retail samples of TINNED PEACHES purchased
                between October and November 2007 continued


The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in parentheses in
mg/kg):

                               dimethomorph (0.02)             methacrifos (0.02)             simazine (0.02)
                               dimoxystrobin (0.02)            methamidophos (0.01)           spinosad (0.02)
2-phenylphenol (0.02)          diphenylamine (0.02)            methidathion (0.02)            spiroxamine (0.02)
acephate (0.02)                disulfoton (0.02)               methiocarb (0.02)              tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)             diuron (0.02)                   methomyl (0.02)                tebuconazole (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)             endosulfan (0.02)               methoxychlor (0.02)            tebufenozide (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)                EPN (0.02)                      metolcarb (0.02)               tebufenpyrad (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                  epoxiconazole (0.02)            mevinphos (0.02)               tecnazene (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)                ethiofencarb (0.02)             monocrotophos (0.02)           tefluthrin (0.02)
azinphos-methyl (0.02)         ethion (0.02)                   myclobutanil (0.02)            tetrachlorvinphos (0.02)
azoxystrobin (0.02)            ethofumesate (0.02)             omethoate (0.02)               tetradifon (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)               ethoprophos (0.02)              oxadixyl (0.02)                tetramethrin (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)              etrimfos (0.02)                 oxamyl (0.02)                  tetreconazole (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)              famoxadone (0.02)               oxydemeton-methyl              thiabendazole (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)                fenarimol (0.02)                (0.02)                         thiacloprid (0.02)
bitertanol (0.02)              fenazaquin (0.02)               paclobutrazol (0.02)           thiamethoxam (0.02)
boscalid (0.02)                fenbuconazole (0.02)            parathion (0.02)               thiophanate-methyl
bromopropylate (0.02)          fenhexamid (0.02)               parathion-methyl (0.02)        (0.02)
bromoxynil (0.02)              fenitrothion (0.02)             penconazole (0.02)             tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)              fenoxycarb (0.02)               pencycuron (0.02)              tolylfluanid (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)              fenpropathrin (0.02)            pendimethalin (0.02)           triadimefon (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)               fenpropimorph (0.02)            permethrin (0.02)              triadimenol (0.02)
captan (0.05)                  fenpyroximate (0.02)            phenthoate (0.02)              triazophos (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)                fenvalerate (0.02)              phorate (0.02)                 trifloxystrobin (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)             fipronil (0.02)                 phosalone (0.02)               trifluralin (0.02)
carbofuran (0.01)              fludioxonil (0.02)              phosmet (0.02)                 vinclozolin (0.02)
carbosulfan (0.01)             flufenacet (0.02)               phosphamidon (0.02)            zoxamide (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)         flusilazole (0.02)              picoxystrobin (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)         folpet (0.05)                   pirimicarb (0.02)
chlorothalonil (0.01)          fonofos (0.02)                  pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)           formothion (0.02)               pirimiphos-methyl
chlorpropham (0.02)            fosthiazate (0.02)              (0.02)
chlorpyrifos (0.02)            furalaxyl (0.02)                prochloraz (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl            furathiocarb (0.02)             procymidone (0.02)
(0.02)                         heptenophos (0.02)              profenofos (0.02)
chlorthal-dimethyl             hexaconazole (0.02)             propargite (0.02)
(0.02)                         hexythiazox (0.02)              propham (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)            imazalil (0.02)                 propiconazole (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)              imidacloprid (0.02)             propoxur (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)               indoxacarb (0.02)               propyzamide (0.02)
cypermethrin (0.05)            iprodione (0.02)                prothiofos (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)           iprovalicarb (0.02)             pymetrozine (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                     isazophos (0.02)                pyraclostrobin (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)            isocarbophos (0.02)             pyrazophos (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)                isofenphos (0.02)               pyrethrins (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)           isofenphos-methyl               pyridaben (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)              (0.02)                          pyridaphenthion (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)                kresoxim-methyl (0.02)          pyrifenox (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)                 lambda-cyhalothrin              pyrimethanil (0.02)
dicrotophos (0.02)             (0.02)                          pyriproxifen (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)                lindane (0.02)                  quassia (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)           malathion (0.02)                quinalphos (0.02)
difenoconazole (0.02)          mecarbam (0.02)                 quinoxyfen (0.02)
diflubenzuron (0.02)           mepanipyrim (0.02)              quintozene (0.02)
dimethoate (0.02)              metalaxyl (0.02)                rotenone (0.02)
                                                         117
Table 18a.       Residues detected in retail samples of PEARS purchased between July and
                 December 2007

Commodity/Pesticide              Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range

PEARS, UK: 35 samples analysed

boscalid                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       20
(UK tMRL = 1)                     0.03 - 0.2                                  15

captan                           <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       33
(MRL = 3)                         0.06, 0.3                                   2

carbendazim                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       33
(MRL = 0.2)                       0.03, 0.05                                  2

diethofencarb                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       34
(MRL = 1)                         0.05                                        1

diflubenzuron                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       27
(CAC MRL = 5)                     0.03 - 0.1                                  8

diphenylamine                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       34
(MRL = 10)                        0.06                                        1

dithiocarbamates †               <0.05 (i.e. not found)                        5
(MRL = 3)                         0.05 - 0.4                                   9

fenoxycarb                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       34
(No MRL)                          0.02                                        1

indoxacarb                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       34
(MRL = 0.3)                       0.02                                        1

iprodione                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       30
(MRL = 5)                         0.05 - 1.1                                   5

metalaxyl                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       34
(MRL = 1)                         0.04                                        1

myclobutanil                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       34
(MRL = 0.5)                       0.02                                        1

pyraclostrobin                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       20
(MRL = 0.3)                       0.02 - 0.2                                  15

PEARS, Imported (Non-EC): 12 samples analysed

azinphos-methyl                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        7
(MRL = 0.5)                       0.04 - 0.2                                   5

captan                           <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       10
(MRL = 3)                         0.7, 1                                      2

diphenylamine                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                        6
(MRL = 10)                        0.03 - 0.6                                   6

Dithiocarbamates †               <0.05 (i.e. not found)                        3
(MRL = 3)                         0.09 - 0.6                                   4


                                                  118
Commodity/Pesticide              Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range
imazalil                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       11
(MRL = 5)                         0.2                                          1

indoxacarb                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       11
(No MRL)                          0.05                                        1

iprodione                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       10
(MRL = 5)                         0.6, 0.7                                     2

lambda-cyhalothrin               <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       11
(MRL = 0.1)                       0.04                                        1

phosmet                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       11
(CAC MRL = 10)                    0.1                                         1

pyrimethanil                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       11
(MRL = 5)                         0.08                                        1

thiabendazole                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       11
(MRL = 5)                         1.3                                         1

PEARS, Imported (EC): 52 samples analysed

azinphos-methyl                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       39
(MRL = 0.5)                       0.02 - 0.2                                  13

boscalid                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       29
(UK tMRL = 1)                     0.02 - 0.1                                  23

bromopropylate                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       51
(MRL = 2)                         0.02                                        1

captan                           <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       41
(MRL = 3)                         0.05 - 0.2                                  11

carbendazim                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       35
(MRL = 0.2)                       0.02 - 0.2                                  17

chlorpyrifos                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       50
(MRL = 0.5)                       0.02, 0.04                                   2

diethofencarb                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       48
(MRL = 1)                         0.03 - 0.05                                 4

difenoconazole                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       51
(No MRL)                          0.06                                         1

diphenylamine                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       48
(MRL = 10)                        0.4 - 1.5                                   4

dithiocarbamates †               <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       7
(MRL = 3)                         0.05 - 1.7                                  20

dodine                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       51
(CAC MRL = 5)                     0.06                                        1

folpet                           <0.05 (i.e. not found)                       48
(MRL = 3)                         0.1 - 2                                     4

imazalil                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       48
(MRL = 5)                         0.3 - 0.6                                    4
                                                  119
Commodity/Pesticide                          Concentration range (mg/kg)                   Number of samples in range

indoxacarb                                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                            50
(No MRL)                                      0.03, 0.06                                                       2

malathion                                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                            50
(MRL = 0.5)                                   0.02, 0.06                                                       2

phosmet                                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                            42
(CAC MRL = 10)                                0.02 - 0.2                                                       10

procymidone                                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                            51
(MRL = 1)                                     0.07                                                             1

pyraclostrobin                               <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                            35
(MRL = 0.3)                                   0.02 - 0.1                                                       17

thiacloprid                                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                            51
(MRL = 0.3)                                   0.1                                                               1

thiophanate-methyl                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                            49
(MRL = 0.5)                                   0.02 - 0.1                                                        3

tolylfluanid                                 <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                            50
(CAC MRL = 5)                                 0.08, 0.1                                                        2

† Residue not sought in all samples

Imported (EC) samples of pears were from Belgium (10), France (1), Italy (16), Portugal (8), the Netherlands (17).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of pears were from Argentina (2), Chile (1), South Africa (8), USA (1).
UK samples of pears (35).

Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
azinphos-methyl                              Argentina (1), France (1), Italy (12), South Africa (3), USA (1)
boscalid                                     Belgium (7), Italy (3), the Netherlands (13), UK (15)
bromopropylate                               Italy (1)
captan                                       Argentina (1), Belgium (3), Italy (6), the Netherlands (2), UK (2), USA (1)
carbendazim                                  Belgium (6), the Netherlands (11), UK (2)
chlorpyrifos                                 Portugal (2)
diethofencarb                                Belgium (3), the Netherlands (1), UK (1)
diflubenzuron                                UK (8)
difenoconazole                               Belgium (1)
dodine                                       Italy (1)
diphenylamine                                Argentina (1), Chile (1), Portugal (4), South Africa (4), UK (1)
dithiocarbamates                             Belgium (6), France (1), Italy (9), Portugal (2), South Africa (3), the Netherlands (2),
                                             UK (9), USA (1)
fenoxycarb                                   UK (1)
folpet                                       Portugal (4)
indoxacarb                                   Italy (1), the Netherlands (1), UK (1), USA (1)
imazalil                                     Chile (1), Portugal (4)
iprodione                                    South Africa (2), UK (5)
lambda-cyhalothrin                           Argentina (1)
malathion                                    Portugal (2)
metalaxyl                                    UK (1)
myclobutanil                                 UK (1)
procymidone                                  Italy (1)
phosmet                                      Italy (5), Portugal (5), USA (1)
pyraclostrobin                               Belgium (6), the Netherlands (11), UK (15)
pyrimethanil                                 Chile (1)
thiabendazole                                Argentina (1)
thiacloprid                                  Portugal (1)
thiophanate-methyl                           Belgium (2), the Netherlands (1)
tolylfluanid                                 the Netherlands (2)
No residues were found in 9 of the 35 UK samples
No residues were found in 4 of the 12 Imported (Non-EC) samples
No residues were found in 5 of the 52 Imported (EC) samples
                                                                120
       Table 18b.            Residues detected in retail samples of PEARS purchased between July and December 2007 continued
       Residues (1-7 compounds) were found in 81 of the 99 samples as follows:

Number of   PRC Sample                                                                                                                             Residues found (mg/kg)                                                                                                                                                     Country of
residues    ID                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                origin
                             AZM

                                       BOS

                                                 BPP

                                                           CAP

                                                                     CBZ

                                                                               CPF

                                                                                         DEFC

                                                                                                    DIF

                                                                                                              DIFC

                                                                                                                         DOD

                                                                                                                                   DPA

                                                                                                                                             DTC

                                                                                                                                                       FEO

                                                                                                                                                                 FPET

                                                                                                                                                                            IDX

                                                                                                                                                                                      IMZ

                                                                                                                                                                                                IPR

                                                                                                                                                                                                          LCY

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    MAL

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              MTX

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        MYC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  PCM

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            PMT

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      PYC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                PYM

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          TBZ

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    THC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              TME

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        TOL
(1)         4165/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.4       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         UK
            4183/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.08      -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         UK
            4262/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.08      -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         UK
            4283/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.1       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         UK
            5150/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.1       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         UK
            5444/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          0.08      -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         UK
            8364/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         0.06      -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         UK
            9907/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         0.7       -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         UK
            9930/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.05      -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         UK
            5392/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         0.04      -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         South
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Africa
            5412/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         0.6       -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         South
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Africa
            5147/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.4       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         Belgium
            5308/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.05      -         -         -         -         -         -         Italy
            8223/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.2       -         -         -         -         -         -         Portugal
            8363/2007    -         -         -         -         -         0.04      -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         Portugal
            9830/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.1       -         -         Portugal
            9979/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.1       -         -         -         -         -         -         Portugal
            7584/2007    -         0.03      -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Netherlands

(2)         4120/2007    -         0.08      -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.05      -         -         -         -         -         UK
            8008/2007    -         -         -         0.3       -         -         -          0.1       -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         UK
            8135/2007    -         0.06      -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.05      -         -         -         -         -         UK
            8419/2007    -         0.05      -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.03      -         -         -         -         -         UK
            9851/2007    -         0.2       -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.1       -         -         -         -         -         UK
            9889/2007    -         -         -         0.06      -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         0.02      -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         UK
            5443/2007    0.04      -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.6       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         South
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Africa
            9888/2007    0.04 -              -         -    -              -         -          -         -          -         -         0.1       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         France
            4242/2007    0.09 -              -         0.05 -              -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         Italy




                                                                                                                                                   121
Number of   PRC Sample                                                                                                                             Residues found (mg/kg)                                                                                                                                                     Country of
residues    ID                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                origin




                             AZM

                                       BOS

                                                 BPP

                                                           CAP

                                                                     CBZ

                                                                               CPF

                                                                                         DEFC

                                                                                                    DIF

                                                                                                              DIFC

                                                                                                                         DOD

                                                                                                                                   DPA

                                                                                                                                             DTC

                                                                                                                                                       FEO

                                                                                                                                                                 FPET

                                                                                                                                                                            IDX

                                                                                                                                                                                      IMZ

                                                                                                                                                                                                IPR

                                                                                                                                                                                                          LCY

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    MAL

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              MTX

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        MYC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  PCM

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            PMT

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      PYC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                PYM

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          TBZ

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    THC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              TME

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        TOL
            5418/2007    0.05      -         -         0.08      -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -    Italy
            5442/2007    0.05      -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.03      -         -         -         -         -         -    Italy
            8007/2007    0.04      -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         1.7       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -    Italy
            4166/2007    -         0.02      -         -         0.04      -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -    the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Netherlands
            5154/2007    -         -         -         -         0.2       -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.08 the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Netherlands
            9850/2007    -         0.03 -              -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.04 -              -         -         -         -    the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Netherlands

(3)         4146/2007    -         0.1       -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         0.6       -         -         -         -         -         -         0.1       -         -         -         -         -         UK
            8055/2007    -         0.07      -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         0.05      -         -         -         -         -         -         0.04      -         -         -         -         -         UK
            8400/2007    -         0.2       -         -         -         -         -          0.1       -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.2       -         -         -         -         -         UK
            9906/2007    -         0.03      -         -         0.03      -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.04      -         -         -         -         -         UK
            9908/2007    -         0.09      -         -         -         -         -          0.03      -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.1       -         -         -         -         -         UK
            5214/2007    -         -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         0.3       -         -         -          -         0.2       -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.08      -         -         -         -         Chile
            5248/2007    -         -         -         -         0.09      -         0.05       -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.1       -         Belgium
            5407/2007    -         0.03      -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.2       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.02      -         -         -         -         -         Belgium
            5462/2007    -         0.03      -         0.06      0.02      -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         Belgium
            5476/2007    -         0.09      -         -         0.03      -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.1       -         -         -         -         -         Belgium
            8420/2007    -         0.02      -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.05      -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.03      -         -         -         -         -         Belgium
            5358/2007    0.02      0.03      -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.04      -         -         -         -         -         -         Italy
            5382/2007    0.04      -         -         0.1       -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.5       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         Italy
            8362/2007    0.03      -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.5       -         -          0.03      -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         Italy
            8494/2007    0.06      0.02      -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.4       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         Italy
            9158/2007    -         0.07      -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.3       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.07      -         -         -         -         -         -         -         Italy
            9829/2007    0.03      -         -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.2       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.04      -         -         -         -         -         -         Italy
            9928/2007    0.06      -         -         0.05      -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.2       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         Italy
            4134/2007    -         0.06      -         -         0.06      -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.04      -         -         -         -         -         the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Netherlands
            4202/2007    -         0.06 -              -         0.03 -              -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.04 -              -         -         -         -         the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Netherlands
            5145/2007    -         -         -         -         0.03 -              -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.02 0.1            the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Netherlands
            8493/2007    -         0.03 -              -         0.03 -              -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.03 -              -         -         -         -         the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Netherlands
            8495/2007    -         0.07 -              -         0.03 -              -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.07 -              -         -         -         -         the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Netherlands




                                                                                                                                                   122
Number of   PRC Sample                                                                                                                           Residues found (mg/kg)                                                                                                                                                     Country of
residues    ID                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              origin




                             AZM

                                     BOS

                                               BPP

                                                         CAP

                                                                   CBZ

                                                                             CPF

                                                                                       DEFC

                                                                                                  DIF

                                                                                                            DIFC

                                                                                                                       DOD

                                                                                                                                 DPA

                                                                                                                                           DTC

                                                                                                                                                     FEO

                                                                                                                                                               FPET

                                                                                                                                                                          IDX

                                                                                                                                                                                    IMZ

                                                                                                                                                                                              IPR

                                                                                                                                                                                                        LCY

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  MAL

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            MTX

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      MYC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                PCM

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          PMT

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    PYC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PYM

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        TBZ

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  THC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            TME

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      TOL
            9858/2007    -         0.07 -            -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.07 -              -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.07 -              -         -         -         -         the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Netherlands
            9929/2007    -         0.04 -            -         0.05 -              -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.03 -              -         -         -         -         the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Netherlands

(4)         4135/2007    -         0.07    -         -         -         -         -          0.03      -          -         -         0.1       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.02      -         -         -         -         -         UK
            4182/2007    -         0.2     -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          0.02      -         0.7       -         -         -         -         -         -         0.1       -         -         -         -         -         UK
            4243/2007    -         0.09    -         -         -         -         -          0.04      -          -         -         0.07      -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.08      -         -         -         -         -         UK
            9978/2007    -         0.04    -         -         0.05      -         0.05       -         -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.04      -         -         -         -         -         UK
            5307/2007    0.04      -       -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         0.2       0.09      -         -          -         -         0.6       -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         South
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Africa
            5445/2007    0.08 -            -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         0.06 0.1            -         -          -         -         0.7       -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         South
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Africa
            9151/2007    0.2       -    -            0.2 -     -    -                         -         -          0.06 -              0.5       -         -   -                -   -               -         -         -         -         -         -         -    -              -         -         -         -         Italy
            7486/2007    -         -    -            -    -    0.02 -                         -         -          -    0.8            -         -         0.7 -                0.5 -               -         -         -         -         -         -         -    -              -         -         -         -         Portugal
            5119/2007    -         0.04 -            0.05 0.07 -    -                         -         -          -    -              -         -         -   -                -   -               -         -         -         -         -         -         0.03 -              -         -         -         -         the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Netherlands
            5464/2007    -         0.1     -         0.08 -              -         -          -         -          -         -         -         -         -          0.06 -              -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.07 -              -         -         -         -         the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Netherlands
            8379/2007    -         0.07 -            -         0.06 -              0.03 -               -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.07 -              -         -         -         -         the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Netherlands
            9890/2007    -         0.05 -            -         0.08 -              -          -         -          -         -         0.07 -              -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.05 -              -         -         -         -         the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Netherlands

(5)         4222/2007    -         0.09    -         -         -         -         -          0.04      -          -         -         -         -         -          -         -         1.1       -         -         0.04      -         -         -         0.04      -         -         -         -         -         UK
            5095/2007    -         0.04    -         -         -         -         -          0.03      -          -         -         0.06      0.02      -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.03      -         -         -         -         -         UK
            5092/2007    0.1       -       -         1         -         -         -          -         -          -         0.03      -         -         -          -         -         -         0.04      -         -         -         -         -         -         -         1.3       -         -         -         Argentina
            8398/2007    0.2       -       -         0.7       -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.3       -         -          0.05      -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.1       -         -         -         -         -         -         USA
            9852/2007    -         0.05    -         0.07      0.05      -         -          -         -          -         -         0.08      -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.03      -         -         -         -         -         Belgium
            4282/2007    0.05      -       0.02      0.09      -         -         -          -         -          -         -         0.6       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.02      -         -         -         -         -         -         Italy
            4223/2007    -         -       -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         0.4       -         -         0.2        -         0.3       -         -         0.06      -         -         -         0.06      -         -         -         -         -         -         Portugal
            8380/2007    -         -       -         -         -         -         -          -         -          -         1.5       0.4       -         2          -         0.6       -         -         -         -         -         -         0.07      -         -         -         -         -         -         Portugal

(6)         8134/2007    -         0.09 -            -         0.1       -         0.05 -               0.06 -               -         0.07 -              -   -                -   -               -         -    -              -         -         -    0.08 -                   -         -         -         -         Belgium
            4121/2007    -         -    -            -         -         -         -    -               -    -               0.7       0.2 -               0.1 -                0.5 -               -         0.02 -              -         -         0.03 -    -                   -         -         -         -         Portugal

(7)         8136/2007    -         0.08 -            0.08 0.08 -                   0.04 -               -          -         -         0.3       -         -          -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         0.09 -              -         -         0.03 -              Belgium




                                                                                                                                                 123
The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

AZM        azinphos-methyl            BOS        boscalid        BPP    bromopropylate
CAP        captan                     CBZ        carbendazim     CPF    chlorpyrifos
DEFC       diethofencarb              DIF        diflubenzuron   DIFC   difenoconazole
DOD        dodine                     DPA        diphenylamine   DTC    dithiocarbamates
FEO        fenoxycarb                 FPET       folpet          IDX    indoxacarb
IMZ        imazalil                   IPR        iprodione       LCY    lambda-cyhalothrin
MAL        malathion                  MTX        metalaxyl       MYC    myclobutanil
PCM        procymidone                PMT        phosmet         PYC    pyraclostrobin
PYM        pyrimethanil               TBZ        thiabendazole   THC    thiacloprid
TME        thiophanate-methyl         TOL        tolylfluanid




                                                                 124
Table 18c.      Residues detected in retail samples of PEARS purchased between July
                and December 2007 continued


The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in
parentheses in mg/kg):

                              ethiofencarb (0.02)           oxydemeton-methyl             tetramethrin (0.02)
2-phenylphenol (0.02)         ethion (0.02)                 (0.02)                        tetreconazole (0.02)
acephate (0.02)               ethofumesate (0.02)           paclobutrazol (0.02)          thiamethoxam (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)            ethoprophos (0.02)            parathion (0.02)              thiodicarb (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)            etrimfos (0.02)               parathion-methyl              tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)               famoxadone (0.02)             (0.02)                        triadimefon (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                 fenarimol (0.02)              penconazole (0.02)            triadimenol (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)               fenazaquin (0.02)             pencycuron (0.02)             triazamate (0.02)
azoxystrobin (0.02)           fenbuconazole (0.02)          pendimethalin (0.02)          triazophos (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)              fenhexamid (0.02)             permethrin (0.02)             trifloxystrobin (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)             fenitrothion (0.02)           phenthoate (0.02)             trifluralin (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)             fenpropathrin (0.02)          phorate (0.02)                vinclozolin (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)               fenpropimorph (0.02)          phosalone (0.02)              zoxamide (0.02)
bitertanol (0.02)             fenpyroximate (0.02)          phosphamidon (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)             fenthion (0.02)               picoxystrobin (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)             fenvalerate (0.02)            pirimicarb (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)              fipronil (0.02)               pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)               fludioxonil (0.02)            pirimiphos-methyl
carbofuran (0.01)             flufenacet (0.02)             (0.02)
carbosulfan (0.01)            flusilazole (0.02)            prochloraz (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)        fonofos (0.02)                profenofos (0.02)
chlormequat (0.05)            formothion (0.02)             propamocarb (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)        fosthiazate (0.02)            propargite (0.02)
chlorothalonil (0.01)         furalaxyl (0.02)              propham (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)          furathiocarb (0.02)           propiconazole (0.02)
chlorpropham (0.02)           heptenophos (0.02)            propoxur (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl           hexaconazole (0.02)           propyzamide (0.02)
(0.02)                        hexythiazox (0.02)            prothiofos (0.02)
chlorthal-dimethyl            imidacloprid (0.02)           pymetrozine (0.02)
(0.02)                        iprovalicarb (0.02)           pyrazophos (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)           isazophos (0.02)              pyrethrins (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)             isocarbophos (0.02)           pyridaben (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)              isofenphos (0.02)             pyridaphenthion
cypermethrin (0.05)           isofenphos-methyl             (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)          (0.02)                        pyrifenox (0.02)
cyprodinil (0.02)             kresoxim-methyl               pyriproxifen (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                    (0.02)                        quassia (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)           lindane (0.02)                quinalphos (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)               mecarbam (0.02)               quinoxyfen (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)          mepanipyrim (0.02)            quintozene (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)             methacrifos (0.02)            rotenone (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)               methamidophos                 simazine (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)                (0.01)                        spinosad (0.02)
dicrotophos (0.02)            methidathion (0.02)           spiroxamine (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)               methiocarb (0.02)             tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
dimethoate (0.02)             methomyl (0.02)               tebuconazole (0.02)
dimethomorph (0.02)           metolcarb (0.02)              tebufenozide (0.02)
dimoxystrobin (0.02)          mevinphos (0.02)              tebufenpyrad (0.02)
disulfoton (0.02)             monocrotophos (0.02)          tecnazene (0.02)
diuron (0.02)                 omethoate (0.02)              tefluthrin (0.02)
endosulfan (0.02)             oxadixyl (0.02)               tetrachlorvinphos
EPN (0.02)                    oxamyl (0.02)                 (0.02)
epoxiconazole (0.02)                                        tetradifon (0.02)




                                                      125
Table 19a. Residues detected in retail samples of PEPPERS purchased between
           October and November 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                   Concentration range (mg/kg)         Number of samples in range

PEPPERS, Imported (Non-EC): 5 samples analysed

azoxystrobin                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               4
(MRL = 2)                              0.06                                                1

bifenthrin                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               4
(MRL = 0.2)                            0.04                                                1

imidacloprid                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               3
(CAC MRL = 1)                          0.1, 0.1                                            2

tebufenpyrad                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               4
(No MRL)                               0.05                                                1

triadimenol                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               4
(MRL = 0.5)                            0.05                                                1

PEPPERS, Imported (EC): 31 samples analysed

azoxystrobin                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               30
(MRL = 2)                              0.2                                                 1

chlorpyrifos                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               30
(MRL = 0.5)                            0.05                                                 1

imidacloprid                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               26
(CAC MRL = 1)                          0.05 - 0.08                                         5

propamocarb                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               30
(No MRL)                               0.04                                                1

pyriproxifen                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               30
(No MRL)                               0.02                                                1

triadimenol                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               29
(MRL = 0.5)                            0.02, 0.03                                          2


Imported (EC) samples of peppers were from Belgium (1), Spain (25), the Netherlands (5).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of peppers were from Israel (3), Morocco (2).

Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
azoxystrobin                            Israel (1), the Netherlands (1)
bifenthrin                              Israel (1)
chlorpyrifos                            Spain (1)
imidacloprid                            Israel (2), Spain (5)
propamocarb                             Spain (1)
pyriproxifen                            Spain (1)
tebufenpyrad                            Israel (1)
triadimenol                             Israel (1), Spain (2)

No residues were found in 2 of the 5 Imported (Non-EC) samples
No residues were found in 23 of the 31 Imported (EC) samples




                                                     126
Table 19b.      Residues detected in retail samples of PEPPERS purchased between
                October and November 2007 continued
Residues (1-4 compounds) were found in 11 of the 36 samples as follows:

Number of         PRC Sample                             Residues found (mg/kg)                     Country of
residues          ID                                                                                origin
                                  AZOX       BIF     CPF        IMI    PCB    PYX    TEBF    TRIA

(1)               5436/2007       -          -       -          0.1    -      -      -       -      Israel
                  8075/2007       -          -       -          -      -      -      -       0.05   Israel
                  5357/2007       -          -       -          -      -      -      -       0.03   Spain
                  5474/2007       -          -       -          -      0.04   -      -       -      Spain
                  5481/2007       -          -       -          0.06   -      -      -       -      Spain
                  8056/2007       -          -       -          0.08   -      -      -       -      Spain
                  8076/2007       -          -       -          0.06   -      -      -       -      Spain
                  5489/2007       0.2        -       -          -      -      -      -       -      the
                                                                                                    Netherlands

(2)               8058/2007       -          -       0.05       0.05   -      -      -       -      Spain

(3)               5483/2007       -          -       -          0.05   -      0.02   -       0.02   Spain

(4)               5393/2007       0.06       0.04    -          0.1    -      -      0.05    -      Israel



The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

AZOX        azoxystrobin              BIF           bifenthrin                    CPF       chlorpyrifos
IMI         imidacloprid              PCB           propamocarb                   PYX       pyriproxifen
TEBF        tebufenpyrad              TRIA          triadimenol




                                                          127
Table 19c.      Residues detected in samples of PEPPERS obtained between October
                and November 2007 continued
The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in
parentheses in mg/kg):2-phenylphenol (0.02)

acephate (0.02)              endosulfan (0.02)            methoxychlor (0.02)          tefluthrin (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)           EPN (0.02)                   metolcarb (0.02)             tetrachlorvinphos (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)           epoxiconazole (0.02)         mevinphos (0.02)             tetradifon (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)              ethiofencarb (0.02)          monocrotophos (0.02)         tetramethrin (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                ethion (0.02)                myclobutanil (0.02)          tetreconazole (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)              ethofumesate (0.02)          omethoate (0.02)             thiabendazole (0.02)
azinphos-methyl (0.02)       ethoprophos (0.02)           oxadixyl (0.02)              thiacloprid (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)             etrimfos (0.02)              oxamyl (0.02)                thiamethoxam (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)            famoxadone (0.02)            oxydemeton-methyl            thiodicarb (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)              fenarimol (0.02)             (0.02)                       thiophanate-methyl
bitertanol (0.02)            fenazaquin (0.02)            paclobutrazol (0.02)         (0.02)
boscalid (0.02)              fenbuconazole (0.02)         parathion (0.02)             tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)        fenhexamid (0.02)            parathion-methyl (0.02)      tolylfluanid (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)            fenitrothion (0.02)          penconazole (0.02)           triadimefon (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)            fenoxycarb (0.02)            pencycuron (0.02)            triazamate (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)             fenpropathrin (0.02)         pendimethalin (0.02)         triazophos (0.02)
captan (0.05)                fenpropimorph (0.02)         permethrin (0.02)            trifloxystrobin (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)              fenpyroximate (0.02)         phenthoate (0.02)            trifluralin (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)           fenthion (0.02)              phorate (0.02)               vinclozolin (0.02)
carbofuran (0.01)            fenvalerate (0.02)           phosalone (0.02)             zoxamide (0.02)
carbosulfan (0.01)           fipronil (0.02)              phosmet (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)       fludioxonil (0.02)           phosphamidon (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)       flufenacet (0.02)            picoxystrobin (0.02)
chlorothalonil (0.01)        flusilazole (0.02)           pirimicarb (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)         folpet (0.05)                pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)
chlorpropham (0.02)          fonofos (0.02)               pirimiphos-methyl (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl          formothion (0.02)            prochloraz (0.02)
(0.02)                       fosthiazate (0.02)           procymidone (0.02)
chlorthal-dimethyl (0.02)    furalaxyl (0.02)             profenofos (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)          furathiocarb (0.02)          propargite (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)            heptenophos (0.02)           propham (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)             hexaconazole (0.02)          propiconazole (0.02)
cypermethrin (0.05)          hexythiazox (0.02)           propoxur (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)         imazalil (0.02)              propyzamide (0.02)
cyprodinil (0.02)            indoxacarb (0.02)            prothiofos (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                   iprodione (0.02)             pymetrozine (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)          iprovalicarb (0.02)          pyraclostrobin (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)              isazophos (0.02)             pyrazophos (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)         isocarbophos (0.02)          pyrethrins (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)            isofenphos (0.02)            pyridaben (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)              isofenphos-methyl            pyridaphenthion (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)               (0.02)                       pyrifenox (0.02)
dicrotophos (0.02)           kresoxim-methyl (0.02)       pyrimethanil (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)              lambda-cyhalothrin           quassia (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)         (0.02)                       quinalphos (0.02)
difenoconazole (0.02)        lindane (0.02)               quinoxyfen (0.02)
diflubenzuron (0.02)         malathion (0.02)             quintozene (0.02)
dimethoate (0.02)            mecarbam (0.02)              rotenone (0.02)
dimethomorph (0.02)          mepanipyrim (0.02)           simazine (0.02)
dimoxystrobin (0.02)         metalaxyl (0.02)             spinosad (0.02)
diphenylamine (0.02)         methacrifos (0.02)           spiroxamine (0.02)
disulfoton (0.02)            methamidophos (0.01)         tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
dithiocarbamates (0.05)      methidathion (0.02)          tebuconazole (0.02)
diuron (0.02)                methiocarb (0.02)            tebufenozide (0.02)
dodine (0.02)                methomyl (0.02)              tecnazene (0.02)




                                                      128
Table 20.       Residues detected in retail samples of PORK purchased between October
                and December 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                     Concentration range (mg/kg)              Number of samples in range

PORK, UK: 35 samples analysed

None found                              -                                                          35

PORK, Imported (EC): 14 samples analysed

None found                              -                                                          14


Imported (EC) samples of pork were from Denmark (6), France (3), the Netherlands (5).
UK samples of pork were (35).


No residues were found in any of the UK samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (EC) samples

The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in parentheses in
mg/kg):

aldrin (0.002)                          DDT (0.002)                              heptachlor (0.002)
alpha-HCH (0.002)                       dieldrin (0.002)                         hexachlorobenzene (0.002)
beta-HCH (0.002)                        endosulfan (0.002)                       lindane (0.002)
chlordane (0.002)                       endrin (0.002)




                                                         129
Table 21a.      Residues detected in samples of POTATOES obtained between June and
                December 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                     Concentration range (mg/kg)          Number of samples in range

POTATOES, MAINCROP UK: 65 samples analysed

chlorpropham                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                              57
(MRL = 10)                               0.03 - 3.4                                          8

fosthiazate                             <0.02 (i.e. not found)                              62
(MRL = 0.02*)                            0.03, 0.04, 0.05                                   3

maleic hydrazide                        <1 (i.e. not found)                                 58
(MRL = 50)                               4.8 - 16                                            7

propamocarb                             <0.02 (i.e. not found)                              62
(No MRL)                                 0.02, 0.02, 0.03                                   3

thiabendazole                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                              64
(MRL = 15)                               0.02                                               1

POTATOES, NEW UK: 8 samples analysed

None found                              -                                                    8

POTATOES, NEW Imported (Non-EC): 2 samples analysed

None found                              -                                                    2

POTATOES, NEW Imported (EC): 3 samples analysed

None found                              -                                                    3


NOTE: * Indicates MRL is set to the Limit Of Detection.

Imported (EC) samples of potatoes were from France (1), Spain (1), the Netherlands (1).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of potatoes were from Israel (2).
UK samples of potatoes were (73).


Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
chlorpropham                            UK (8)
fosthiazate                             UK (3)
maleic hydrazide                        UK (7)
propamocarb                             UK (3)
thiabendazole                           UK (1)

No residues were found in 45 of the 65 UK maincrop samples
No residues were found in any of the UK new samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (Non-EC) new samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (EC) new samples




                                                          130
Table 21b.      Residues detected in samples of POTATOES obtained
                between June and December 2007 continued
Residues (1-2 compounds) were found in 20 of the 78 samples as follows:

Number of     PRC            Type of                  Residues found (mg/kg)          Country of
residues      Sample ID      POTATOES                                                 origin
                                               CPP      FOST     MH    PCB     TBZ

(1)           5502/2007      MAINCROP          -        -        12    -       -      UK
              5503/2007      MAINCROP          -        -        16    -       -      UK
              5504/2007      MAINCROP          -        -        13    -       -      UK
              5513/2007      MAINCROP          0.3      -        -     -       -      UK
              5529/2007      MAINCROP          3.4      -        -     -       -      UK
              5554/2007      MAINCROP          3.3      -        -     -       -      UK
              5561/2007      MAINCROP          -        -        -     0.02    -      UK
              5565/2007      MAINCROP          -        -        -     0.03    -      UK
              5568/2007      MAINCROP          -        -        12    -       -      UK
              5571/2007      MAINCROP          -        -        7.4   -       -      UK
              5575/2007      MAINCROP          -        0.05     -     -       -      UK
              5579/2007      MAINCROP          -        0.04     -     -       -      UK
              5607/2007      MAINCROP          -        -        -     0.02    -      UK
              5614/2007      MAINCROP          -        0.03     -     -       -      UK
              5635/2007      MAINCROP          -        -        -     -       0.02   UK
              5650/2007      MAINCROP          0.07     -        -     -       -      UK
              5686/2007      MAINCROP          0.5      -        -     -       -      UK
              5696/2007      MAINCROP          0.03     -        -     -       -      UK

(2)           5518/2007      MAINCROP          1.2      -        10    -       -      UK
              5687/2007      MAINCROP          1.1      -        4.8   -       -      UK


The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

CPP      chlorpropham           FOST      fosthiazate              MH         maleic hydrazide
PCB      propamocarb            TBZ       thiabendazole




                                            131
Table 21c.      Residues detected in retail samples of POTATOES purchased between
                July and December 2007 continued


The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in
parentheses in mg/kg):


2-phenylphenol (0.02)         difenoconazole (0.02)         isofenphos-methyl             propiconazole (0.02)
acephate (0.02)               diflubenzuron (0.02)          (0.02)                        propoxur (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)            dimethoate (0.02)             kresoxim-methyl               propyzamide (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)            dimethomorph (0.02)           (0.02)                        prothiofos (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)               dimoxystrobin (0.02)          lambda-cyhalothrin            pymetrozine (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                 diphenylamine (0.02)          (0.02)                        pyraclostrobin (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)               disulfoton (0.02)             lindane (0.02)                pyrazophos (0.02)
azinphos-methyl               diuron (0.02)                 malathion (0.02)              pyrethrins (0.02)
(0.02)                        dodine (0.02)                 mecarbam (0.02)               pyridaben (0.02)
azoxystrobin (0.02)           endosulfan (0.02)             mepanipyrim (0.02)            pyridaphenthion
benalaxyl (0.02)              EPN (0.02)                    metalaxyl (0.02)              (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)             epoxiconazole (0.02)          methacrifos (0.02)            pyrifenox (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)             ethiofencarb (0.02)           methamidophos                 pyrimethanil (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)               ethion (0.02)                 (0.01)                        pyriproxifen (0.02)
bitertanol (0.02)             ethofumesate (0.02)           methidathion (0.02)           quassia (0.02)
boscalid (0.02)               ethoprophos (0.02)            methiocarb (0.02)             quinalphos (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)         etrimfos (0.02)               methomyl (0.02)               quinoxyfen (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)             famoxadone (0.02)             methoxychlor (0.02)           quintozene (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)             fenarimol (0.02)              metolcarb (0.02)              rotenone (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)              fenazaquin (0.02)             mevinphos (0.02)              simazine (0.02)
captan (0.05)                 fenbuconazole (0.02)          monocrotophos (0.02)          spinosad (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)               fenhexamid (0.02)             myclobutanil (0.02)           spiroxamine (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)            fenitrothion (0.02)           omethoate (0.02)              tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
carbofuran (0.01)             fenoxycarb (0.02)             oxadixyl (0.02)               tebuconazole (0.02)
carbosulfan (0.01)            fenpropathrin (0.02)          oxamyl (0.02)                 tebufenozide (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)        fenpropimorph (0.02)          oxydemeton-methyl             tebufenpyrad (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)        fenpyroximate (0.02)          (0.02)                        tecnazene (0.02)
chlorothalonil (0.01)         fenthion (0.02)               paclobutrazol (0.02)          tefluthrin (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)          fenvalerate (0.02)            parathion (0.02)              tetrachlorvinphos
chlorpyrifos (0.02)           fipronil (0.02)               parathion-methyl              (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl           fludioxonil (0.02)            (0.02)                        tetradifon (0.02)
(0.02)                        flufenacet (0.02)             penconazole (0.02)            tetramethrin (0.02)
chlorthal-dimethyl            flusilazole (0.02)            pencycuron (0.02)             tetreconazole (0.02)
(0.02)                        folpet (0.05)                 pendimethalin (0.02)          thiacloprid (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)           fonofos (0.02)                permethrin (0.02)             thiamethoxam (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)             formothion (0.02)             phenthoate (0.02)             thiodicarb (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)              furalaxyl (0.02)              phorate (0.02)                thiophanate-methyl
cypermethrin (0.05)           furathiocarb (0.02)           phosalone (0.02)              (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)          heptenophos (0.02)            phosmet (0.02)                tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
cyprodinil (0.02)             hexaconazole (0.02)           phosphamidon (0.02)           tolylfluanid (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                    hexythiazox (0.02)            picoxystrobin (0.02)          triadimefon (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)           imazalil (0.02)               pirimicarb (0.02)             triadimenol (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)               imidacloprid (0.02)           pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)       triazamate (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)          indoxacarb (0.02)             pirimiphos-methyl             triazophos (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)             iprodione (0.02)              (0.02)                        trifloxystrobin (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)               iprovalicarb (0.02)           prochloraz (0.02)             trifluralin (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)                isazophos (0.02)              procymidone (0.02)            vinclozolin (0.02)
dicrotophos (0.02)            isocarbophos (0.02)           profenofos (0.02)             zoxamide (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)               isofenphos (0.02)             propargite (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)                                        propham (0.02)




                                                      132
Table 22a.      Residues detected in retail samples of PUMPKINS AND SQUASH
                purchased between July and December 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                   Concentration range (mg/kg)         Number of samples in range

PUMPKINS AND SQUASH, PUMPKIN UK: 2 samples analysed

None found                            -                                                  2

PUMPKINS AND SQUASH, SQUASH UK: 3 samples analysed

None found                            -                                                  3

PUMPKINS AND SQUASH, SQUASH Imported (Non-EC): 16 samples analysed

propamocarb                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                            15
(No MRL)                               0.1                                              1

PUMPKINS AND SQUASH, SQUASH Imported (EC): 27 samples analysed

None found                            -                                                 27


Imported (EC) samples of pumpkins and squash were from France (1), Greece (12), Italy (2), Portugal (5),
Spain (7).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of pumpkins and squash were from Brazil (3), Egypt (3), Israel (1), Panama (1),
South Africa (3), Turkey (5).
UK samples of pumpkins and squash (5).


Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
propamocarb                             Israel (1)

No residues were found in any of the UK pumpkin samples
No residues were found in any of the UK squash samples
No residues were found in 15 of the 16 Imported (Non-EC) squash samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (EC) squash samples

Table 22b.      Residues detected in retail samples of PUMPKINS AND SQUASH
                purchased between July and December 2007 continued
Residue (1 compound) was found in 1 of the 48 samples as follows:

Number of           PRC Sample        Type of PUMPKINS AND            Residues found         Country of
residues            ID                SQUASH                             (mg/kg)             origin
                                                                    PCB

(1)                 4045/2007         SQUASH                        0.1                      Israel



The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

PCB         propamocarb




                                                     133
Table 22c.      Residues detected in retail samples of PUMPKINS AND SQUASH
                purchased between July and December 2007 continued


The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in
parentheses in mg/kg):

2-phenylphenol (0.02)        dimoxystrobin (0.02)         mecarbam (0.02)              quinalphos (0.02)
acephate (0.02)              diphenylamine (0.02)         mepanipyrim (0.02)           quinoxyfen (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)           disulfoton (0.02)            metalaxyl (0.02)             quintozene (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)           diuron (0.02)                methacrifos (0.02)           rotenone (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)              dodine (0.02)                methamidophos (0.01)         simazine (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                endosulfan (0.02)            methidathion (0.02)          spinosad (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)              EPN (0.02)                   methiocarb (0.02)            spiroxamine (0.02)
azinphos-methyl (0.02)       epoxiconazole (0.02)         methomyl (0.02)              tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
azoxystrobin (0.02)          ethiofencarb (0.02)          methoxychlor (0.02)          tebuconazole (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)             ethion (0.02)                metolcarb (0.02)             tebufenozide (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)            ethofumesate (0.02)          mevinphos (0.02)             tebufenpyrad (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)            ethoprophos (0.02)           monocrotophos (0.02)         tecnazene (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)              etrimfos (0.02)              myclobutanil (0.02)          tefluthrin (0.02)
bitertanol (0.02)            famoxadone (0.02)            omethoate (0.02)             tetrachlorvinphos (0.02)
boscalid (0.02)              fenarimol (0.02)             oxadixyl (0.02)              tetradifon (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)        fenazaquin (0.02)            oxamyl (0.02)                tetramethrin (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)            fenbuconazole (0.02)         oxydemeton-methyl            tetreconazole (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)            fenhexamid (0.02)            (0.02)                       thiabendazole (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)             fenitrothion (0.02)          paclobutrazol (0.02)         thiacloprid (0.02)
captan (0.05)                fenoxycarb (0.02)            parathion (0.02)             thiamethoxam (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)              fenpropathrin (0.02)         parathion-methyl (0.02)      thiodicarb (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)           fenpropimorph (0.02)         penconazole (0.02)           thiophanate-methyl
carbofuran (0.01)            fenpyroximate (0.02)         pencycuron (0.02)            (0.02)
carbosulfan (0.01)           fenthion (0.02)              pendimethalin (0.02)         tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)       fenvalerate (0.02)           permethrin (0.02)            tolylfluanid (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)       fipronil (0.02)              phenthoate (0.02)            triadimefon (0.02)
chlorothalonil (0.01)        fludioxonil (0.02)           phorate (0.02)               triadimenol (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)         flufenacet (0.02)            phosalone (0.02)             triazamate (0.02)
chlorpropham (0.02)          flusilazole (0.02)           phosmet (0.02)               triazophos (0.02)
chlorpyrifos (0.02)          folpet (0.05)                phosphamidon (0.02)          trifloxystrobin (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl          fonofos (0.02)               picoxystrobin (0.02)         trifluralin (0.02)
(0.02)                       formothion (0.02)            pirimicarb (0.02)            vinclozolin (0.02)
chlorthal-dimethyl (0.02)    fosthiazate (0.02)           pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)      zoxamide (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)          furalaxyl (0.02)             pirimiphos-methyl (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)            furathiocarb (0.02)          prochloraz (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)             heptenophos (0.02)           procymidone (0.02)
cypermethrin (0.05)          hexaconazole (0.02)          profenofos (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)         hexythiazox (0.02)           propargite (0.02)
cyprodinil (0.02)            imazalil (0.02)              propham (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                   imidacloprid (0.02)          propiconazole (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)          indoxacarb (0.02)            propoxur (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)              iprodione (0.02)             propyzamide (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)         iprovalicarb (0.02)          prothiofos (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)            isazophos (0.02)             pymetrozine (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)              isocarbophos (0.02)          pyraclostrobin (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)               isofenphos (0.02)            pyrazophos (0.02)
dicrotophos (0.02)           isofenphos-methyl            pyrethrins (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)              (0.02)                       pyridaben (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)         kresoxim-methyl (0.02)       pyridaphenthion (0.02)
difenoconazole (0.02)        lambda-cyhalothrin           pyrifenox (0.02)
diflubenzuron (0.02)         (0.02)                       pyrimethanil (0.02)
dimethoate (0.02)            lindane (0.02)               pyriproxifen (0.02)
dimethomorph (0.02)          malathion (0.02)             quassia (0.02)




                                                      134
Table 23a.       Residues detected in retail samples of SOFT CITRUS purchased
                 between June and November 2007

Commodity/Pesticide             Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range

SOFT CITRUS, Imported (Non-EC): 21 samples analysed

2,4-D                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      4
(MRL = 1)                        0.03 - 0.3                                 17

2-phenylphenol                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      15
(CAC MRL = 10)                   0.05 - 0.3                                 6

bromopropylate                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      20
(MRL = 2)                        0.2                                         1

chlorpyrifos                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      16
(MRL = 2)                        0.02 - 0.1                                  5

cypermethrin                    <0.05 (i.e. not found)                      20
(MRL = 2)                        0.09                                       1

dicofol                         <0.05 (i.e. not found)                      19
(MRL = 2)                        0.3, 0.4                                    2

diphenylamine                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      20
(MRL = 0.05*)                    0.03                                       1

imazalil                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      0
(MRL = 5)                        0.3 - 1.7                                  21

iprodione                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      19
(MRL = 1)                        0.04, 0.06                                 2

malathion                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      16
(MRL = 2)                        0.02 - 0.8                                 5

methidathion                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      16
(MRL = 2)                        0.04 - 0.08                                 5

prochloraz                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      15
(MRL = 10)                       0.03 - 0.7                                  6

propargite                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      19
(CAC MRL = 3)                    0.06, 0.2                                  2

pyraclostrobin                  <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      20
(MRL = 1)                        0.03                                       1

pyrimethanil                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      18
(MRL = 5)                        0.02, 0.7 0.7                              3

pyriproxifen                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      20
(CAC MRL = 0.5)                  0.02                                       1

thiabendazole                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                      6
(MRL = 5)                        0.1 - 1.4                                  15




                                               135
Commodity/Pesticide                   Concentration range (mg/kg)          Number of samples in range

SOFT CITRUS, Imported (EC): 16 samples analysed

2,4-D                                 <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               14
(MRL = 1)                              0.03, 0.3                                           2

2-phenylphenol                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               2
(CAC MRL = 10)                         0.02 - 2.1                                          14

chlorpyrifos                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               1
(MRL = 2)                              0.03 - 0.3                                          15

dicofol                               <0.05 (i.e. not found)                               13
(MRL = 2)                              0.08, 0.08, 0.2                                     3

imazalil                              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               0
(MRL = 5)                              0.2 - 1.3                                           16

lambda-cyhalothrin                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               15
(MRL = 0.2)                            0.02                                                 1

malathion                             <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               2
(MRL = 2)                              0.02 - 0.3                                          14

methidathion                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               15
(MRL = 2)                              0.2                                                 1

pirimiphos-methyl                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               14
(MRL = 2)                              0.2, 0.3                                            2

pyriproxifen                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               14
(CAC MRL = 0.5)                        0.03, 0.03                                          2

tebufenpyrad                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               15
(No MRL)                               0.07                                                1

tetradifon                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               15
(No MRL)                               0.02                                                1

thiabendazole                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                               8
(MRL = 5)                              0.1 - 0.6                                           8


NOTE: * Indicates MRL is set to the Limit Of Detection.

Imported (EC) samples of soft citrus were from Spain (16).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of soft citrus were from Chile (1), Morocco (1), Peru (4), South Africa (11),
Uruguay (4).




                                                     136
Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
2,4-D                                   Morocco (1), Peru (4), South Africa (10), Spain (2), Uruguay (2)
2-phenylphenol                          Chile (1), South Africa (1), Spain (14), Uruguay (4)
bromopropylate                          South Africa (1)
chlorpyrifos                           Chile (1), Morocco (1), Peru (1), South Africa (2), Spain (15)
cypermethrin                            South Africa (1)
dicofol                                 Chile (1), South Africa (1), Spain (3)
diphenylamine                           South Africa (1)
imazalil                                Chile (1), Morocco (1), Peru (4), South Africa (11), Spain (16), Uruguay (4)
iprodione                               Peru (2)
lambda-cyhalothrin                      Spain (1)
malathion                               Peru (1), South Africa (4), Spain (14)
methidathion                            Chile (1), South Africa (4), Spain (1)
propargite                              Peru (1), South Africa (1)
pirimiphos-methyl                       Spain (2)
prochloraz                              Peru (1), South Africa (1), Uruguay (4)
pyraclostrobin                         South Africa (1)
pyrimethanil                            Peru (2), South Africa (1)
pyriproxifen                            South Africa (1), Spain (2)
thiabendazole                           Morocco (1), Peru (4), South Africa (9), Spain (8), Uruguay (1)
tebufenpyrad                            Spain (1)
tetradifon                              Spain (1)

Residues were found in all of the 21 Imported (Non-EC) samples
Residues were found in all of the 16 Imported (EC) samples




                                                     137
           Table 23b.       Residues detected in retail samples of SOFT CITRUS purchased between July and November 2007 continued
           Residues (2-7 compounds) were found in 37 of the 37 samples as follows:

Number      PRC                                                                     Residues found (mg/kg)                                                           Country of
of          Sample ID                                                                                                                                                origin
residues
                        24D    2PP    BPP   CPF    CYP    DIC   DPA    IMZ   IPR     LCY   MAL       MDT    PGT   PIM   PRZ    PYC   PYM    PYX   TBZ   TEBF   TET

(2)         9662/2007   0.08   -      -     -      -      -     -      0.3   -       -     -         -      -     -     -      -     -      -     -     -      -     South
                                                                                                                                                                     Africa

(3)         8940/2007   0.1    -      -     -      -      -     -      1.2   -       -     -         -      -     -     -      -     -      -     0.7   -      -     South
                                                                                                                                                                     Africa
            8435/2007   -      0.2    -     -      -      -     -      0.8   -       -     -         -      -     -     0.3    -     -      -     -     -      -     Uruguay
            8278/2007   -      0.02   -     -      -      -     -      0.4   -       -     0.03      -      -     -     -      -     -      -     -     -      -     Spain
            8298/2007   -      -      -     0.1    -      -     -      0.2   -       -     0.3       -      -     -     -      -     -      -     -     -      -     Spain
            8318/2007   -      0.08   -     0.09   -      -     -      0.9   -       -     -         -      -     -     -      -     -      -     -     -      -     Spain

(4)         4006/2007   0.07   -      -     0.04   -      -     -      0.3   -       -     -         -      -     -     -      -     -      -     0.4   -      -     Morocco
            7555/2007   0.2    -      -     -      -      -     -      1     -       -     -         -      -     -     -      -     0.7    -     0.5   -      -     Peru
            9633/2007   0.2    -      -     -      -      -     -      1.6   0.06    -     -         -      -     -     -      -     -      -     0.6   -      -     Peru
            7505/2007   0.1    -      -     -      -      -     -      1     -       -     -         0.04   -     -     -      -     -      -     0.7   -      -     South
                                                                                                                                                                     Africa
            8661/2007   0.2    -      0.2   -      -      -     -      0.7   -       -     -         -      -     -     -      -     -      -     0.1   -      -     South
                                                                                                                                                                     Africa
            4022/2007   0.03   0.2    -     -      -      -     -      1     -       -     -         -      -     -     0.7    -     -      -     -     -      -     Uruguay
            8279/2007   0.03   0.05   -     -      -      -     -      0.9   -       -     -         -      -     -     0.07   -     -      -     -     -      -     Uruguay
            9722/2007   -      0.2    -     -      -      -     -      0.6   -       -     -         -      -     -     0.3    -     -      -     0.3   -      -     Uruguay
            4047/2007   -      0.03   -     0.04   -      -     -      0.3   -       -     0.3       -      -     -     -      -     -      -     -     -      -     Spain
            8152/2007   -      0.8    -     0.05   -      -     -      0.8   -       -     -         -      -     -     -      -     -      -     0.1   -      -     Spain
            8241/2007   -      0.04   -     0.05   -      -     -      1.3   -       -     0.02      -      -     -     -      -     -      -     -     -      -     Spain

(5)         8337/2007   -      0.2    -     0.02   -      0.3   -      1.5   -       -     -         0.04   -     -     -      -     -      -     -     -      -     Chile
            8240/2007   -      0.3    -     0.1    -      0.4   -      1.7   -       -     0.8       -      -     -     -      -     -      -     -     -      -     South
                                                                                                                                                                     Africa
            8536/2007   0.1    -      -     -      -      -     0.03   1.7   -       -     -         0.08   -     -     -      -     -      -     1.4   -      -     South
                                                                                                                                                                     Africa
            8965/2007   0.2    -      -     -      -      -     -      1.3   -       -     -         0.05   -     -     -      -     0.02   -     1.2   -      -     South
                                                                                                                                                                     Africa
            9634/2007   0.1    -      -     -      -      -     -      0.6   -       -     0.02      0.05   -     -     -      -     -      -     0.3   -      -     South
                                                                                                                                                                     Africa
            9781/2007   0.08   -      -     -      0.09   -     -      0.7   -       -     0.04      -      -     -     -      -     -      -     0.1   -      -     South
                                                                                                                                                                     Africa
            4005/2007   -      0.4    -     0.04   -      -     -      0.4   -       -     0.02      -      -     -     -      -     -      -     0.3   -      -     Spain


                                                                                               138
Number      PRC                                                                      Residues found (mg/kg)                                                                   Country of
of          Sample ID                                                                                                                                                         origin
residues
                        24D    2PP    BPP   CPF    CYP   DIC     DPA    IMZ   IPR     LCY    MAL       MDT      PGT    PIM    PRZ    PYC     PYM   PYX    TBZ   TEBF   TET
            4023/2007   -      0.1    -     0.1    -     -       -      1.1   -       -      0.03      -        -      -      -      -       -     -      0.6   -      -      Spain
            7270/2007   -      0.02   -     0.04   -     -       -      0.7   -       -      0.03      -        -      -      -      -       -     -      0.5   -      -      Spain

(6)         8922/2007   0.3    -      -     -      -     -       -      0.9   0.04    -      -         -        0.06   -      -      -       0.7   -      0.8   -      -      Peru
            9770/2007   0.2    -      -     0.03   -     -       -      0.6   -       -      0.05      -        -      -      0.03   -       -     -      0.4   -      -      Peru
            7538/2007   0.3    -      -     -      -     -       -      0.7   -       -      0.03      -        -      -      -      0.03    -     0.02   0.5   -      -      South
                                                                                                                                                                              Africa
            9693/2007   0.1    -      -     0.1    -     -       -      0.4   -       -      -         -        0.2    -      0.5    -       -     -      0.1   -      -      South
                                                                                                                                                                              Africa
            8151/2007   0.3    0.4    -     0.2    -     -       -      0.9   -       -      0.09      -        -      -      -      -       -     -      0.5   -      -      Spain
            8259/2007   -      -      -     0.03   -     -       -      0.4   -       -      0.05      -        -      0.3    -      -       -     -      0.2   0.07   -      Spain
            8299/2007   -      0.06   -     0.3    -     0.2     -      1.3   -       -      0.04      -        -      -      -      -       -     0.03   -     -      -      Spain
            8336/2007   -      1      -     0.07   -     -       -      0.9   -       0.02   0.2       -        -      -      -      -       -     -      0.2   -      -      Spain
            9480/2007   0.03   2.1    -     0.03   -     -       -      1.2   -       -      0.2       -        -      -      -      -       -     -      0.6   -      -      Spain

(7)         8258/2007   -      0.02   -     0.05   -     0.08    -      1.1   -       -      0.08      -        -      0.2    -      -       -     0.03   -     -      -      Spain
            8319/2007   -      0.02   -     0.07   -     0.08    -      0.3   -       -      0.2       0.2      -      -      -      -       -     -      -     -      0.02   Spain


           The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

           24D        2,4-D                        2PP         2-phenylphenol                BPP             bromopropylate                 CPF    chlorpyrifos
           CYP        cypermethrin                 DIC         dicofol                       DPA             diphenylamine                  IMZ    imazalil
           IPR        iprodione                    LCY         lambda-cyhalothrin            MAL             malathion                      MDT    methidathion
           PGT        propargite                   PIM         pirimiphos-methyl             PRZ             prochloraz                     PYC    pyraclostrobin
           PYM        pyrimethanil                 PYX         pyriproxifen                  TBZ             thiabendazole                  TEBF   tebufenpyrad
           TET        tetradifon




                                                                                                 139
Table 23c.      Residues detected in retail samples of SOFT CITRUS purchased
                between July and November 2007 continued
The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in
parentheses in mg/kg):

acephate (0.02)               epoxiconazole (0.02)          omethoate (0.02)              triadimenol (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)            ethiofencarb (0.02)           oxadixyl (0.02)               triazophos (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)            ethion (0.02)                 oxamyl (0.02)                 trifloxystrobin (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)               ethofumesate (0.02)           oxydemeton-methyl             trifluralin (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                 ethoprophos (0.02)            (0.02)                        vinclozolin (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)               etrimfos (0.02)               paclobutrazol (0.02)          zoxamide (0.02)
azoxystrobin (0.02)           famoxadone (0.02)             parathion (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)              fenarimol (0.02)              parathion-methyl
bendiocarb (0.02)             fenazaquin (0.02)             (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)             fenbuconazole (0.02)          penconazole (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)               fenhexamid (0.02)             pencycuron (0.02)
bitertanol (0.02)             fenitrothion (0.02)           pendimethalin (0.02)
boscalid (0.02)               fenoxycarb (0.02)             permethrin (0.02)
bromoxynil (0.02)             fenpropathrin (0.02)          phenthoate (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)             fenpropimorph (0.02)          phorate (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)             fenpyroximate (0.02)          phosalone (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)              fenthion (0.02)               phosmet (0.02)
captan (0.05)                 fenvalerate (0.02)            phosphamidon (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)               fipronil (0.02)               picoxystrobin (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)            fludioxonil (0.02)            pirimicarb (0.02)
carbofuran (0.01)             flufenacet (0.02)             pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)        flusilazole (0.02)            procymidone (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)        folpet (0.05)                 profenofos (0.02)
chlorothalonil (0.01)         fonofos (0.02)                propham (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)          formothion (0.02)             propiconazole (0.02)
chlorpropham (0.02)           fosthiazate (0.02)            propoxur (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl           furalaxyl (0.02)              propyzamide (0.02)
(0.02)                        furathiocarb (0.02)           prothiofos (0.02)
chlorthal-dimethyl            heptenophos (0.02)            pyrazophos (0.02)
(0.02)                        hexaconazole (0.02)           pyrethrins (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)           hexythiazox (0.02)            pyridaben (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)             imidacloprid (0.02)           pyrifenox (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)              indoxacarb (0.02)             quassia (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)          iprovalicarb (0.02)           quinalphos (0.02)
cyprodinil (0.02)             isazophos (0.02)              quinoxyfen (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                    isocarbophos (0.02)           quintozene (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)           isofenphos (0.02)             rotenone (0.02)
demeton-S-methyl              isofenphos-methyl             simazine (0.02)
sulphone (0.02)               (0.02)                        spinosad (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)               kresoxim-methyl               spiroxamine (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)          (0.02)                        tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)             lindane (0.02)                tebuconazole (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)               mecarbam (0.02)               tebufenozide (0.02)
dicrotophos (0.02)            mepanipyrim (0.02)            tecnazene (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)               metalaxyl (0.02)              tefluthrin (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)          methacrifos (0.02)            tetrachlorvinphos
difenoconazole (0.02)         methamidophos                 (0.02)
diflubenzuron (0.02)          (0.01)                        tetramethrin (0.02)
dimethoate (0.02)             methiocarb (0.02)             tetreconazole (0.02)
dimethomorph (0.02)           methomyl (0.02)               thiacloprid (0.02)
dimoxystrobin (0.02)          methoxychlor (0.02)           thiamethoxam (0.02)
disulfoton (0.02)             metolcarb (0.02)              thiodicarb (0.02)
diuron (0.02)                 mevinphos (0.02)              tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
endosulfan (0.02)             monocrotophos (0.02)          tolylfluanid (0.02)
EPN (0.02)                    myclobutanil (0.02)           triadimefon (0.02)




                                                      140
Table 24a.      Residues detected in retail samples of SPECIALITY FRUIT purchased
                during October 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                   Concentration range (mg/kg)           Number of samples in range

SPECIALITY FRUIT, FIGS Imported (Non-EC): 5 samples analysed

None found                            -                                                      5

SPECIALITY FRUIT, GUAVA Imported (Non-EC): 1 sample analysed

None found                            -                                                      1

SPECIALITY FRUIT, PASSION FRUIT Imported (Non-EC): 5 samples analysed

carbendazim                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                 4
(MRL = 0.1*)                           0.05                                                  1

dithiocarbamates                      <0.05 (i.e. not found)                                 4
(MRL = 0.05*)                          0.07                                                  1

SPECIALITY FRUIT, PERSIMMON Imported (Non-EC): 4 samples analysed

thiacloprid                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                 2
(MRL = 0.02*)                          0.02                                                  1
                                       0.03                                                  1

SPECIALITY FRUIT, PHYSALLIS Imported (Non-EC): 1 sample analysed

None found                            -                                                      1

SPECIALITY FRUIT, POMEGRANATES Imported (Non-EC): 1 sample analysed

None found                            -                                                      1

SPECIALITY FRUIT, POMEGRANATES Imported (EC): 9 samples analysed

acetamiprid                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                 8
(MRL = 0.01*)                          0.02                                                  1

chlorpyrifos                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                 8
(MRL = 0.05*)                          0.02                                                  1

malathion                             <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                 8
(No MRL)                               0.03                                                  1


NOTE: * Indicates MRL is set to the Limit Of Detection.

Imported (EC) samples of speciality fruit were from Spain (9).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of speciality fruit were from Colombia (6), Egypt (1), India (1), Israel (4), Turkey
(5).

Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
acetamiprid                             Spain (1)
carbendazim                             Colombia (1)
chlorpyrifos                            Spain (1)
dithiocarbamates                        Colombia (1)
malathion                               Spain (1)
thiacloprid                             Israel (2)




                                                     141
No residues were found in any of the Imported (Non-EC) figs samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (Non-EC) guava samples
No residues were found in 4 of the 5 Imported (Non-EC) passion fruit samples
No residues were found in 2 of the 4 Imported (Non-EC) persimmon samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (Non-EC) physallis samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (Non-EC) pomegranates samples
No residues were found in 6 of the 9 Imported (EC) pomegranates samples




                                                 142
Table 24b.      Residues detected in retail samples of SPECIALITY FRUIT purchased
                during October 2007 continued
Residues (1-2 compounds) were found in 6 of the 26 samples as follows:

Number of      PRC             Type of SPECIALITY            Residues found (mg/kg)                  Country of
residues       Sample ID       FRUIT                                                                 origin
                                                     ACET    CBZ    CPF    DTC    MAL     THC

(1)            8203/2007       PERSIMMON             -       -      -      -      -       0.03       Israel
               8365/2007       PERSIMMON             -       -      -      -      -       0.02       Israel
               8421/2007       POMEGRANATES          -       -      0.02   -      -       -          Spain
               8500/2007       POMEGRANATES          -       -      -      -      0.03    -          Spain
               9937/2007       POMEGRANATES          0.02    -      -      -      -       -          Spain

(2)            8366/2007       PASSION FRUIT         -       0.05   -      0.07   -       -          Colombia



The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

ACET        acetamiprid               CBZ      carbendazim                 CPF        chlorpyrifos
DTC         dithiocarbamates          MAL      malathion                   THC        thiacloprid




                                                    143
Table 24c.      Residues detected in retail samples of SPECIALITY FRUIT purchased during
                October 2007 continued


The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in parentheses in
mg/kg):

2-phenylphenol (0.02)                   fenarimol (0.02)                         phenthoate (0.02)
acephate (0.02)                         fenazaquin (0.02)                        phosalone (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)                      fenbuconazole (0.02)                     phosmet (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)                         fenhexamid (0.02)                        phosphamidon (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                           fenitrothion (0.02)                      picoxystrobin (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)                         fenoxycarb (0.02)                        pirimicarb (0.02)
azinphos-methyl (0.02)                  fenpropathrin (0.02)                     pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)
azoxystrobin (0.02)                     fenpropimorph (0.02)                     pirimiphos-methyl (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)                        fenpyroximate (0.02)                     prochloraz (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)                       fenthion (0.02)                          procymidone (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)                         fenvalerate (0.02)                       profenofos (0.02)
bitertanol (0.02)                       fipronil (0.02)                          propamocarb (0.02)
boscalid (0.02)                         fludioxonil (0.02)                       propargite (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)                   flusilazole (0.02)                       propiconazole (0.02)
bupirimate (0.02)                       folpet (0.02)                            propoxur (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)                       fonofos (0.02)                           propyzamide (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)                        furalaxyl (0.02)                         prothiofos (0.02)
captan (0.05)                           gamma-HCH (0.02)                         pymetrozine (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)                         heptenophos (0.02)                       pyraclostrobin (0.02)
carbofuran (0.01)                       hexaconazole (0.02)                      pyrazophos (0.02)
carbofuran (3-hydroxy) (0.01)           imazalil (0.02)                          pyrethrins (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)                  imidacloprid (0.02)                      pyridaben (0.02)
chlorothalonil (0.01)                   indoxacarb (0.02)                        pyridaphenthion (0.02)
chlorpropham (0.02)                     iprodione (0.02)                         pyrifenox (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl (0.02)              isazophos (0.02)                         pyrimethanil (0.02)
chlorthal-dimethyl (0.02)               isocarbophos (0.02)                      pyriproxifen (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)                     isofenphos-ethyl (0.02)                  quassia (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)                       isofenphos-methyl (0.02)                 quinalphos (0.02)
cypermethrin (0.05)                     kresoxim-methyl (0.02)                   quinoxyfen (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)                    lambda-cyhalothrin (0.02)                quintozene (0.02)
cyprodinil (0.02)                       mecarbam (0.02)                          rotenone (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                              mepanipyrim (0.02)                       simazine (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)                     metalaxyl (0.02)                         spinosad (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)                         methacrifos (0.02)                       tau-fluvalinate (0.05)
dichlofluanid (0.05)                    methamidophos (0.01)                     tebuconazole (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)                       methidathion (0.02)                      tebufenpyrad (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)                         methomyl (0.02)                          tecnazene (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)                          mevinphos (0.02)                         tefluthrin (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)                         monocrotophos (0.02)                     tetrachlorvinphos (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)                    myclobutanil (0.02)                      tetradifon (0.02)
difenoconazole (0.02)                   omethoate (0.02)                         tetreconazole (0.02)
dimethoate (0.02)                       oxadixyl (0.02)                          thiabendazole (0.02)
dimethomorph (0.02)                     oxamyl (0.02)                            tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
dimoxystrobin (0.02)                    oxydemeton-methyl (0.02)                 tolylfluanid (0.05)
diphenylamine (0.02)                    paclobutrazol (0.02)                     triadimefon (0.02)
endosulfan (0.02)                       parathion (0.02)                         triadimenol (0.02)
ethion (0.02)                           parathion-methyl (0.02)                  triazophos (0.02)
ethoprophos (0.02)                      penconazole (0.02)                       trifloxystrobin (0.02)
ethoxyquin (0.02)                       pendimethalin (0.02)                     trifluralin (0.05)
etrimfos (0.02)                         permethrin (0.02)                        vinclozolin (0.02)




                                                         144
Table 25a.       Residues detected in retail samples of STRAWBERRIES purchased between
                 July and November 2007

Commodity/Pesticide              Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range

STRAWBERRIES, UK: 37 samples analysed

azoxystrobin                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       32
(MRL = 2)                         0.04 - 0.3                                  5

bifenthrin                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       36
(MRL = 0.5)                       0.03                                        1

boscalid                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       24
(UK tMRL = 3)                     0.03 - 0.3                                  13

bupirimate                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       24
(No MRL)                          0.03 - 1                                    13

cyprodinil                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       29
(UK tMRL = 5)                     0.02 - 0.3                                   8

DDT                              <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       36
(MRL = 0.05*)                     0.02                                        1

fenhexamid                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       18
(MRL = 5)                         0.02 - 0.6                                  19

fludioxonil                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       30
(MRL = 2)                         0.02 - 0.3                                  7

iprodione                        <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       21
(MRL = 15)                        0.05 - 0.8                                  16

mepanipyrim                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       34
(UK tMRL = 2)                     0.03, 0.05, 0.2                             3

myclobutanil                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       23
(MRL = 1)                         0.02 - 0.2                                  14

pirimicarb                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       34
(CAC MRL = 0.5)                   0.06, 0.1, 0.5                              3

pyraclostrobin                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       30
(MRL = 0.5)                       0.02 - 0.07                                 7

pyrimethanil                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       16
(No MRL)                          0.02 - 3                                    21

quinoxyfen                       <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       36
(MRL = 0.3)                       0.04                                        1

spinosad                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       36
(UK tMRL = 0.3)                   0.03                                        1

tebufenpyrad                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       35
(No MRL)                          0.03, 0.04                                  2

thiacloprid                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       35
(MRL = 0.5)                       0.02, 0.02                                  2


                                                  145
Commodity/Pesticide             Concentration range (mg/kg)             Number of samples in range
STRAWBERRIES, Imported (EC): 12 samples analysed

boscalid                               <0.02 (i.e. not found)                           4
(No MRL)                                0.02 - 0.4                                      8

captan                                 <0.05 (i.e. not found)                           9
(MRL = 3)                               0.06, 0.1, 0.3                                  3

cyprodinil                             <0.02 (i.e. not found)                          11
(No MRL)                                0.03                                           1

fenhexamid                             <0.02 (i.e. not found)                          11
(MRL = 5)                               0.03                                           1

mepanipyrim                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                           8
(No MRL)                                0.03 - 0.2                                      4

pyraclostrobin                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                           7
(MRL = 0.5)                             0.04 - 0.09                                     5

thiacloprid                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                           7
(MRL = 0.5)                             0.03 - 0.1                                      5


NOTE: * Indicates MRL is set to the Limit of Detection.

Imported (EC) samples of strawberries were from the Netherlands (12).
UK samples of strawberries (37).


Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
azoxystrobin                            UK (5)
bifenthrin                              UK (1)
boscalid                                the Netherlands (8), UK (13)
bupirimate                              UK (13)
captan                                  the Netherlands (3)
cyprodinil                              the Netherlands (1), UK (8)
DDT                                     UK (1)
fludioxonil                             UK (7)
fenhexamid                              the Netherlands (1), UK (19)
iprodione                               UK (16)
mepanipyrim                             the Netherlands (4), UK (3)
myclobutanil                            UK (14)
pirimicarb                              UK (3)
pyraclostrobin                         the Netherlands (5), UK (7)
pyrimethanil                            UK (21)
quinoxyfen                              UK (1)
spinosad                                UK (1)
tebufenpyrad                            UK (2)
thiacloprid                             the Netherlands (5), UK (2)

No residues were found in 3 of the 37 UK samples
No residues were found in 1 of the 12 Imported (EC) samples




                                                          146
Table 25b.     Residues detected in retail samples of STRAWBERRIES purchased between July and November 2007
               continued
Residues (1-8 compounds) were found in 45 of the 49 samples as follows:

Number PRC                                                          Residues found (mg/kg)                                             Country of
of       Sample ID                                                                                                                     origin
residues
                     AZOX BIF      BOS BUP CAP CYD DDT FLUD FNHX IPR MPY MYC PIR PYC PYM QINO SPN TEBF THC

(1)      7656/2007   -      -      0.08   -   -     -      -    -         -         -      -    -      -   -   -      -   -   -   -    UK
         7704/2007   -      -      -      -   -     -      -    -         -         -      -    0.05   -   -   -      -   -   -   -    UK
         9724/2007   -      -      -      -   -     -      -    -         -         -      -    -      -   -   0.05   -   -   -   -    UK
         8230/2007   -      -      -      -   -     0.03   -    -         -         -      -    -      -   -   -      -   -   -   -    the
                                                                                                                                       Netherlands
         8405/2007 -        -      -      -   -     -      -    -         -         -      -    -      -   -   -      -   -   -   0.03 the
                                                                                                                                       Netherlands
         9204/2007 -        -      -      -   -     -      -    -         -         -      0.03 -      -   -   -      -   -   -   -    the
                                                                                                                                       Netherlands

(2)      7617/2007   -      0.03   -      -   -     -      -    -         -         -      -    -      -   -   0.4    -   -   -   -    UK
         7673/2007   -      -      -      -   -     -      -    -         -         0.05   -    -      -   -   0.05   -   -   -   -    UK
         7703/2007   -      -      -      -   -     -      -    -         0.2       -      -    -      -   -   0.4    -   -   -   -    UK
         8892/2007   -      -      0.09   -   -     -      -    -         0.02      -      -    -      -   -   -      -   -   -   -    UK
         9630/2007   -      -      -      -   -     -      -    -         0.05      -      -    -      -   -   0.2    -   -   -   -    UK
         7727/2007   -      -      0.02   -   -     -      -    -         0.03      -      -    -      -   -   -      -   -   -   -    the
                                                                                                                                       Netherlands
         8220/2007 -        -      0.05 -     -     -      -    -         -         -      0.03 -      -   -   -      -   -   -   -    the
                                                                                                                                       Netherlands
         8403/2007 -        -      0.05 -     -     -      -    -         -         -      0.03 -      -   -   -      -   -   -   -    the
                                                                                                                                       Netherlands




                                                                              147
Number PRC                                                                  Residues found (mg/kg)                                                          Country of
of       Sample ID                                                                                                                                          origin
residues
                     AZOX   BIF   BOS    BUP    CAP    CYD    DDT    FLUD     FNHX      IPR   MPY    MYC    PIR   PYC    PYM    QINO   SPN    TEBF   THC
(3)     7618/2007    -      -     -      -      -      0.2    -      0.07     -         0.2   -      -      -     -      -      -      -      -      -    UK
        7655/2007    -      -     -      -      -      0.03   -      0.04     -         -     -      -      -     -      0.4    -      -      -      -    UK
        8424/2007    -      -     -      1      -      -      -      -        -         -     -      0.02   -     -      -      -      -      -      0.02 UK
        8726/2007    -      -     0.1    -      -      -      -      -        -         -     -      -      -     0.02   0.2    -      -      -      -    UK
        8772/2007    -      -     0.2    -      -      -      -      -        -         -     -      0.04   -     0.04   -      -      -      -      -    UK
        8801/2007    -      -     0.05   -      -      -      -      -        -         -     -      -      -     -      0.03   0.04   -      -      -    UK
        8893/2007    -      -     0.09   0.06   -      -      -      -        0.05      -     -      -      -     -      -      -      -      -      -    UK
        9696/2007    -      -     -      0.4    -      -      -      -        0.3       0.4   -      -      -     -      -      -      -      -      -    UK
        8454/2007    -      -     0.3    -      0.06   -      -      -        -         -     -      -      -     0.07   -      -      -      -      -    the
                                                                                                                                                          Netherlands
        8461/2007 -         -     0.2    -      -      -      -      -        -         -     -      -      -     0.04 -        -      -      -      0.05 the
                                                                                                                                                          Netherlands

(4)     7974/2007    -      -     -      0.1    -      -      -      -        0.2       0.3   -      -      -     -      -      -      -      0.04   -    UK
        9631/2007    0.09   -     -      -      -      -      -      -        0.4       -     -      0.07   -     -      0.02   -      -      -      -    UK
        9783/2007    -      -     0.3    -      -      -      -      -        -         -     -      0.06   -     0.07   0.05   -      -      -      -    UK
        8367/2007    -      -     0.4    -      0.3    -      -      -        -         -     -      -      -     0.09   -      -      -      -      0.1  the
                                                                                                                                                          Netherlands
        8369/2007 -         -     0.2    -      -      -      -      -        -         -     0.2    -      -     0.05 -        -      -      -      0.07 the
                                                                                                                                                          Netherlands
        8455/2007 -         -     0.3    -      0.1    -      -      -        -         -     -      -      -     0.09 -        -      -      -      0.09 the
                                                                                                                                                          Netherlands

(5)     5933/2007    -      -     -      0.2    -      -      -      -        0.5       0.2   -      0.02   -     -      0.05   -      -      -      -      UK
        7728/2007    -      -     -      0.06   -      0.03   -      -        0.3       -     0.03   -      -     -      0.5    -      -      -      -      UK
        8875/2007    -      -     0.1    -      -      -      -      -        0.1       0.3   -      0.04   -     -      0.04   -      -      -      -      UK
        8876/2007    0.06   -     -      0.1    -      -      -      -        0.1       0.1   -      -      -     -      0.6    -      -      -      -      UK
        9664/2007    -      -     -      0.1    -      -      0.02   -        0.09      0.4   -      -      -     -      -      -      0.03   -      -      UK
        9725/2007    0.04   -     -      0.03   -      -      -      -        0.09      -     -      0.03   -     -      0.2    -      -      -      -      UK
        9778/2007    -      -     0.3    -      -      0.03   -      0.02     -         -     -      0.07   -     0.05   -      -      -      -      -      UK




                                                                                  148
Number PRC                                                                  Residues found (mg/kg)                                                        Country of
of       Sample ID                                                                                                                                        origin
residues
                      AZOX   BIF   BOS    BUP   CAP     CYD    DDT   FLUD     FNHX      IPR   MPY    MYC    PIR    PYC    PYM   QINO   SPN   TEBF   THC
(6)      8368/2007    -      -     -      0.2   -       -      -     -        0.4       0.8   -      0.2    0.1    -      0.6   -      -     -      -     UK
         8498/2007    -      -     0.2    -     -       0.3    -     0.3      0.1       0.5   -      -      -      0.05   -     -      -     -      -     UK
         9203/2007    -      -     0.03   -     -       -      -     -        -         0.8   0.05   -      0.06   -      0.2   -      -     0.03   -     UK
         9697/2007    0.1    -     0.2    -     -       -      -     -        0.05      0.3   -      0.03   -      0.02   -     -      -     -      -     UK

(7)      5934/2007 -         -     -      0.04 -        0.3 -        0.1      0.4       0.4   -      0.1  -        -      0.3   -      -     -      -     UK
         7963/2007 -         -     -      0.3 -         0.02 -       0.03     0.6       0.6   -      0.05 -        -      0.3   -      -     -      -     UK
         8462/2007 0.3       -     -      0.3 -         -    -       -        0.3       0.3   -      0.04 0.5      -      3     -      -     -      -     UK

(8)      8404/2007 -         -     0.3    -     -       0.2    -     0.2      -         0.5   0.2    -      -      0.05 0.2     -      -     -      0.02 UK



The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

AZOX       azoxystrobin                BIF          bifenthrin                    BOS         boscalid
BUP        bupirimate                  CAP          captan                        CYD         cyprodinil
DDT        DDT                         FLUD         fludioxonil                   FNHX        fenhexamid
IPR        iprodione                   MPY          mepanipyrim                   MYC         myclobutanil
PIR        pirimicarb                  PYC          pyraclostrobin                PYM         pyrimethanil
QINO       quinoxyfen                  SPN          spinosad                      TEBF        tebufenpyrad
THC        thiacloprid




                                                                                  149
Table 25c.      Residues detected in retail samples of STRAWBERRIES purchased
                between July and November 2007 continued


The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in
parentheses in mg/kg):

2-phenylphenol (0.02)        difenoconazole (0.02)        iprovalicarb (0.02)          procymidone (0.02)
acephate (0.02)              diflubenzuron (0.02)         isazophos (0.02)             profenofos (0.02)
acetamiprid (0.02)           dimethoate (0.02)            isocarbophos (0.02)          propargite (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)           dimethomorph (0.02)          isofenphos (0.02)            propham (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)              dimoxystrobin (0.02)         isofenphos-methyl            propiconazole (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                diphenylamine (0.02)         (0.02)                       propoxur (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)              disulfoton (0.02)            kresoxim-methyl (0.02)       propyzamide (0.02)
azinphos-methyl (0.02)       diuron (0.02)                lambda-cyhalothrin           prothiofos (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)             endosulfan (0.02)            (0.02)                       pymetrozine (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)            EPN (0.02)                   lindane (0.02)               pyrazophos (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)              epoxiconazole (0.02)         malathion (0.02)             pyrethrins (0.02)
bitertanol (0.02)            ethiofencarb (0.02)          mecarbam (0.02)              pyridaben (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)        ethion (0.02)                metalaxyl (0.02)             pyridaphenthion (0.02)
bromoxynil (0.02)            ethofumesate (0.02)          methacrifos (0.02)           pyrifenox (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)            ethoprophos (0.02)           methamidophos (0.01)         pyriproxifen (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)             etrimfos (0.02)              methidathion (0.02)          quassia (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)              famoxadone (0.02)            methiocarb (0.02)            quinalphos (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)           fenarimol (0.02)             methomyl (0.02)              quintozene (0.02)
carbofuran (0.01)            fenazaquin (0.02)            methoxychlor (0.02)          rotenone (0.02)
carbosulfan (0.01)           fenbuconazole (0.02)         metolcarb (0.02)             simazine (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)       fenbutatin oxide (0.02)      mevinphos (0.02)             spiroxamine (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)       fenitrothion (0.02)          monocrotophos (0.02)         tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
chlorothalonil (0.01)        fenoxycarb (0.02)            omethoate (0.02)             tebuconazole (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)         fenpropathrin (0.02)         oxadixyl (0.02)              tebufenozide (0.02)
chlorpropham (0.02)          fenpropimorph (0.02)         oxamyl (0.02)                tecnazene (0.02)
chlorpyrifos (0.02)          fenpyroximate (0.02)         oxydemeton-methyl            tefluthrin (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl          fenthion (0.02)              (0.02)                       tetrachlorvinphos (0.02)
(0.02)                       fenvalerate (0.02)           paclobutrazol (0.02)         tetradifon (0.02)
chlorthal-dimethyl (0.02)    fipronil (0.02)              parathion (0.02)             tetramethrin (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)          flufenacet (0.02)            parathion-methyl (0.02)      tetreconazole (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)            flusilazole (0.02)           penconazole (0.02)           thiabendazole (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)             folpet (0.05)                pencycuron (0.02)            thiamethoxam (0.02)
cypermethrin (0.05)          fonofos (0.02)               pendimethalin (0.02)         thiophanate-methyl
cyproconazole (0.02)         formothion (0.02)            permethrin (0.02)            (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)          fosthiazate (0.02)           phenthoate (0.02)            tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)              furalaxyl (0.02)             phorate (0.02)               tolylfluanid (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)         furathiocarb (0.02)          phosalone (0.02)             triadimefon (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)            heptenophos (0.02)           phosmet (0.02)               triadimenol (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)              hexaconazole (0.02)          phosphamidon (0.02)          triazophos (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)               hexythiazox (0.02)           picoxystrobin (0.02)         trifloxystrobin (0.02)
dicrotophos (0.02)           imazalil (0.02)              pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)      trifluralin (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)              imidacloprid (0.02)          pirimiphos-methyl (0.02)     vinclozolin (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)         indoxacarb (0.02)            prochloraz (0.02)            zoxamide (0.02)




                                                       150
Table 26a.      Residues detected in samples of TOMATOES obtained between July
                and November 2007


Commodity/Pesticide            Concentration range (mg/kg)   Number of samples in range

TOMATO, BEEFSTEAK UK: 2 samples analysed

fenhexamid                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       1
(MRL = 1)                       0.02                                        1

TOMATO, CHERRY UK: 3 samples analysed

None found                     -                                            3

TOMATO, PLUM UK: 1 sample analysed

None found                     -                                            1

TOMATO, ROUND UK: 6 samples analysed

azoxystrobin                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       5
(MRL = 2)                       0.06                                        1

fludioxonil                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       5
(CAC MRL = 0.5)                 0.02                                        1

iprodione                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       3
(MRL = 5)                       0.04 - 0.1                                  3

pyrimethanil                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       5
(No MRL)                        0.02                                        1

TOMATO, VINE UK: 4 samples analysed

None found                     -                                            4

TOMATO, CHERRY Imported (Non-EC): 2 samples analysed

pyriproxifen                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       1
(No MRL)                        0.03                                        1

TOMATO, BEEFSTEAK Imported (EC): 7 samples analysed

bitertanol                     <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       6
(CAC MRL = 3)                   0.03                                        1

iprodione                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       5
(MRL = 5)                       0.03, 0.04                                  2

pyridaben                      <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       6
(No MRL)                        0.02                                        1

pyrimethanil                   <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       5
(No MRL)                        0.02, 0.03                                  2

thiacloprid                    <0.02 (i.e. not found)                       6
(MRL = 0.5)                     0.08                                        1




                                              151
Commodity/Pesticide           Concentration range (mg/kg)                 Number of samples in range
TOMATO, CHERRY Imported (EC): 6 samples analysed

chlorothalonil                       <0.01 (i.e. not found)                                5
(MRL = 2)                             0.02                                                 1

pyridaben                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                5
(No MRL)                              0.03                                                 1

triadimenol                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                4
(MRL = 0.3)                           0.04, 0.06                                           2

TOMATO, PLUM Imported (EC): 4 samples analysed

acetamiprid                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                3
(No MRL)                              0.03                                                 1

TOMATO, ROUND Imported (EC): 4 samples analysed

boscalid                             <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                3
(No MRL)                              0.05                                                 1

TOMATO, VINE Imported (EC): 7 samples analysed

azoxystrobin                         <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                6
(MRL = 2)                             0.09                                                 1

bupirimate                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                6
(No MRL)                              0.02                                                 1

fenhexamid                           <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                6
(MRL = 1)                             0.05                                                 1

hexythiazox                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                6
(CAC MRL = 0.1)                       0.09                                                 1

iprodione                            <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                6
(MRL = 5)                             0.2                                                  1

procymidone                          <0.02 (i.e. not found)                                6
(MRL = 2)                             0.09                                                 1


Imported (EC) samples of tomato were from Belgium (1), Italy (2), Poland (1), Spain (3), the Netherlands
(21).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of tomato were from Morocco (2).
UK samples of tomato (16).


Residues were distributed by country of origin, as follows:
acetamiprid                             Italy (1)
azoxystrobin                            the Netherlands (1), UK (1)
bitertanol                              the Netherlands (1)
boscalid                                the Netherlands (1)
bupirimate                              the Netherlands (1)
chlorothalonil                          Spain (1)
fludioxonil                             UK (1)
fenhexamid                              the Netherlands (1), UK (1)
hexythiazox                             the Netherlands (1)
iprodione                              Poland (1), the Netherlands (2), UK (3)
procymidone                             Poland (1)




                                                    152
pyridaben                             the Netherlands (2)
pyrimethanil                          the Netherlands (2), UK (1)
pyriproxifen                          Morocco (1)
thiacloprid                           the Netherlands (1)
triadimenol                           Spain (2)

No residues were found in 1 of the 2 UK beefsteak samples
No residues were found in any of the UK cherry samples
No residues were found in any of the UK plum samples
No residues were found in 1 of the 6 UK round samples
No residues were found in any of the UK vine samples
No residues were found in 1 of the 2 Imported (Non-EC) cherry samples
No residues were found in 2 of the 7 Imported (EC) beefsteak samples
No residues were found in 3 of the 6 Imported (EC) cherry samples
No residues were found in 3 of the 4 Imported (EC) plum samples
No residues were found in 3 of the 4 Imported (EC) round samples
No residues were found in 4 of the 7 Imported (EC) vine samples




                                                  153
Table 26b.      Residues detected in samples of TOMATOES obtained between July and November 2007 continued
Residues (1-2 compounds) were found in 20 of the 46 samples as follows:

Number      PRC           Type of                                                     Residues found (mg/kg)                                                   Country of origin
of          Sample ID     TOMATO
residues
                                          ACET AZOX BIT          BOS BUP CLN FLUD FNHX HEX IPR PCM PYB PYM PYX THC TRIA

(1)         5149/2007     ROUND           -      0.06    -       -      -      -      -       -        -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      UK
            5372/2007     ROUND           -      -       -       -      -      -      -       -        -      0.07   -      -      -      -      -      -      UK
            5389/2007     ROUND           -      -       -       -      -      -      -       -        -      0.04   -      -      -      -      -      -      UK
            5419/2007     BEEFSTEAK       -      -       -       -      -      -      -       0.02     -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      UK
            5440/2007     ROUND           -      -       -       -      -      -      -       -        -      -      -      -      0.02   -      -      -      UK
            5402/2007     CHERRY          -      -       -       -      -      -      -       -        -      -      -      -      -      0.03   -      -      Morocco
            5329/2007     PLUM            0.03   -       -       -      -      -      -       -        -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      Italy
            5112/2007     CHERRY          -      -       -       -      -      -      -       -        -      -      -      -      -      -      -      0.06   Spain
            5084/2007     BEEFSTEAK       -      -       0.03    -      -      -      -       -        -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      the Netherlands
            5425/2007     CHERRY          -      -       -       -      -      -      -       -        -      -      -      0.03   -      -      -      -      the Netherlands
            5438/2007     BEEFSTEAK       -      -       -       -      -      -      -       -        -      0.03   -      -      -      -      -      -      the Netherlands
            5484/2007     BEEFSTEAK       -      -       -       -      -      -      -       -        -      -      -      -      0.03   -      -      -      the Netherlands
            8114/2007     ROUND           -      -       -       0.05   -      -      -       -        -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      the Netherlands

(2)         5120/2007     ROUND           -      -       -       -      -      -      0.02    -        -      0.1    -      -      -      -      -      -      UK
            5374/2007     VINE            -      -       -       -      -      -      -       -        -      0.2    0.09   -      -      -      -      -      Poland
            9160/2007     CHERRY          -      -       -       -      -      0.02   -       -        -      -      -      -      -      -      -      0.04   Spain
            5055/2007     VINE            -      -       -       -      0.02   -      -       0.05     -      -      -      -      -      -      -      -      the Netherlands
            5117/2007     VINE            -      0.09    -       -      -      -      -       -        0.09   -      -      -      -      -      -      -      the Netherlands
            5118/2007     BEEFSTEAK       -      -       -       -      -      -      -       -        -      0.04   -      -      0.02   -      -      -      the Netherlands
            5408/2007     BEEFSTEAK       -      -       -       -      -      -      -       -        -      -      -      0.02   -      -      0.08   -      the Netherlands

The abbreviations used for the pesticide names are as follows:

ACET       acetamiprid                AZOX       azoxystrobin                  BIT           bitertanol
BOS        boscalid                   BUP        bupirimate                    CLN           chlorothalonil
FLUD       fludioxonil                FNHX       fenhexamid                    HEX           hexythiazox
IPR        iprodione                  PCM        procymidone                   PYB           pyridaben
PYM        pyrimethanil               PYX        pyriproxifen                  THC           thiacloprid
TRIA       triadimenol



                                                                                   154
Table 26c.      Residues detected in samples of TOMATOES obtained between July
                and November 2007 continued


The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in
parentheses in mg/kg):

2-phenylphenol (0.02)        diuron (0.02)                methomyl (0.02)              tetrachlorvinphos (0.02)
acephate (0.02)              endosulfan (0.02)            methoxychlor (0.02)          tetradifon (0.02)
acrinathrin (0.05)           EPN (0.02)                   metolcarb (0.02)             tetramethrin (0.02)
aldicarb (0.02)              epoxiconazole (0.02)         mevinphos (0.02)             tetreconazole (0.02)
aldrin (0.02)                ethiofencarb (0.02)          monocrotophos (0.02)         thiabendazole (0.02)
atrazine (0.02)              ethion (0.02)                myclobutanil (0.02)          thiamethoxam (0.02)
benalaxyl (0.02)             ethofumesate (0.02)          omethoate (0.02)             thiodicarb (0.02)
bendiocarb (0.02)            ethoprophos (0.02)           oxadixyl (0.02)              tolclofos-methyl (0.02)
bifenthrin (0.02)            etrimfos (0.02)              oxamyl (0.02)                tolylfluanid (0.02)
biphenyl (0.02)              famoxadone (0.02)            oxydemeton-methyl            triadimefon (0.02)
bromopropylate (0.02)        fenarimol (0.02)             (0.02)                       triazophos (0.02)
bromoxynil (0.02)            fenazaquin (0.02)            paclobutrazol (0.02)         trifloxystrobin (0.02)
buprofezin (0.02)            fenbuconazole (0.02)         parathion (0.02)             trifluralin (0.02)
cadusafos (0.02)             fenitrothion (0.02)          parathion-methyl (0.02)      vinclozolin (0.02)
captan (0.05)                fenoxycarb (0.02)            penconazole (0.02)           zoxamide (0.02)
carbaryl (0.02)              fenpropathrin (0.02)         pencycuron (0.02)
carbendazim (0.02)           fenpropimorph (0.02)         pendimethalin (0.02)
carbofuran (0.01)            fenpyroximate (0.02)         permethrin (0.02)
chlorfenvinphos (0.02)       fenthion (0.02)              phenthoate (0.02)
chlormequat (0.05)           fenvalerate (0.02)           phorate (0.02)
chlorobenzilate (0.02)       fipronil (0.02)              phosalone (0.02)
chlorotoluron (0.02)         flufenacet (0.02)            phosmet (0.02)
chlorpropham (0.02)          flusilazole (0.02)           phosphamidon (0.02)
chlorpyrifos (0.02)          folpet (0.05)                picoxystrobin (0.02)
chlorpyrifos-methyl          fonofos (0.05)               pirimicarb (0.02)
(0.02)                       formothion (0.02)            pirimiphos-ethyl (0.02)
chlorthal-dimethyl (0.02)    fosthiazate (0.02)           pirimiphos-methyl (0.02)
chlozolinate (0.02)          furalaxyl (0.02)             prochloraz (0.02)
cyfluthrin (0.05)            furathiocarb (0.02)          profenofos (0.02)
cymoxanil (0.02)             heptenophos (0.02)           propargite (0.02)
cypermethrin (0.05)          hexaconazole (0.02)          propham (0.02)
cyproconazole (0.02)         imazalil (0.02)              propiconazole (0.02)
cyprodinil (0.02)            imidacloprid (0.02)          propoxur (0.02)
DDT (0.02)                   indoxacarb (0.02)            propyzamide (0.02)
deltamethrin (0.05)          iprovalicarb (0.02)          prothiofos (0.02)
demeton-S-methyl             isazophos (0.02)             pyraclostrobin (0.02)
sulphone (0.02)              isocarbophos (0.02)          pyrazophos (0.02)
diazinon (0.02)              isofenphos (0.02)            pyrethrins (0.02)
dichlofluanid (0.02)         isofenphos-methyl            pyrifenox (0.02)
dichlorvos (0.02)            (0.02)                       quassia (0.02)
dicloran (0.02)              kresoxim-methyl (0.02)       quinalphos (0.02)
dicofol (0.05)               lambda-cyhalothrin           quinoxyfen (0.02)
dicrotophos (0.02)           (0.02)                       quintozene (0.02)
dieldrin (0.02)              lindane (0.02)               rotenone (0.02)
diethofencarb (0.02)         malathion (0.02)             simazine (0.02)
difenoconazole (0.02)        mecarbam (0.02)              spinosad (0.02)
diflubenzuron (0.02)         mepanipyrim (0.02)           spiroxamine (0.02)
dimethoate (0.02)            mepiquat (0.05)              tau-fluvalinate (0.02)
dimethomorph (0.02)          metalaxyl (0.02)             tebuconazole (0.02)
dimoxystrobin (0.02)         methacrifos (0.02)           tebufenozide (0.02)
diphenylamine (0.02)         methamidophos (0.01)         tebufenpyrad (0.02)
disulfoton (0.02)            methidathion (0.02)          tecnazene (0.02)
dithiocarbamates (0.05)      methiocarb (0.02)            tefluthrin (0.02)




                                                      155
Table 27        Residues detected in retail samples of TURKEY purchased between
                October and December 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                    Concentration range (mg/kg)            Number of samples in range

TURKEY, UK: 67 samples analysed

None found                             -                                                      67

TURKEY, Imported (EC): 3 samples analysed

None found                             -                                                       3


Imported (EC) samples of turkey were from France (1), Germany (1), Poland (1).
UK samples of turkey (67).


No residues were found in any of the UK samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (EC) samples

The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in
parentheses in mg/kg):

aldrin (0.002)                        DDT (0.002)                           heptachlor (0.002)
alpha-HCH (0.002)                     dieldrin (0.002)                      hexachlorobenzene (0.002)
beta-HCH (0.002)                      endosulfan (0.002)                    lindane (0.002)
chlordane (0.002)                     endrin (0.002)




                                                      156
Table 28a. Residues detected in retail samples of WATER (BOTTLED) purchased
           between July and October 2007

Commodity/Pesticide                    Concentration range (mg/kg)            Number of samples in range

WATER (BOTTLED), SPARKLING UK: 28 samples analysed

None found                             -                                                      28

WATER (BOTTLED), STILL UK: 86 samples analysed

None found                             -                                                      86

WATER (BOTTLED), STILL Imported (Non-EC): 1 samples analysed

None found                             -                                                       1

WATER (BOTTLED), SPARKLING Imported (EC): 3 samples analysed

None found                             -                                                       3

WATER (BOTTLED), STILL Imported (EC): 38 samples analysed

None found                             -                                                      38


Imported (EC) samples of water (bottled) were from France (35), Ireland (4), Italy (2).
Imported (Non-EC) samples of water (bottled) were from Turkey (1).
UK samples of water (bottled) (114).


No residues were found in any of the UK sparkling samples
No residues were found in any of the UK still samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (Non-EC) still samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (EC) sparkling samples
No residues were found in any of the Imported (EC) still samples

The following pesticide(s) were actively sought but not found at or above their reporting limits (in
parentheses in mg/kg):

2,4-D (0.0001)                        ethion (0.0001)                        penconazole (0.0001)
2-phenylphenol (0.0001)               ethofumesate (0.0001)                  pendimethalin (0.0001)
acetamiprid (0.0001)                  ethoprophos (0.0001)                   permethrin (0.0001)
acrinathrin (0.0001)                  etrimfos (0.0001)                      phenthoate (0.0001)
aldicarb (0.0001)                     famoxadone (0.0001)                    phorate (0.0001)
aldrin (0.0001)                       fenarimol (0.0001)                     phosalone (0.0001)
atrazine (0.0001)                     fenazaquin (0.0001)                    phosmet (0.0001)
azoxystrobin (0.0001)                 fenbuconazole (0.0001)                 phosphamidon (0.0001)
benalaxyl (0.0001)                    fenhexamid (0.0001)                    picoxystrobin (0.0001)
bendiocarb (0.0001)                   fenitrothion (0.0001)                  pirimicarb (0.0001)
bentazone (0.0001)                    fenoxycarb (0.0001)                    pirimiphos-ethyl (0.0001)
bifenthrin (0.0001)                   fenpropathrin (0.0001)                 pirimiphos-methyl (0.0001)
biphenyl (0.0001)                     fenpropimorph (0.0001)                 prochloraz (0.0001)
bitertanol (0.0001)                   fenpyroximate (0.0001)                 procymidone (0.0001)
boscalid (0.0001)                     fenthion (0.0001)                      profenofos (0.0001)
bromopropylate (0.0001)               fenvalerate (0.0001)                   propargite (0.0001)
bupirimate (0.0001)                   fipronil (0.0001)                      propham (0.0001)
buprofezin (0.0001)                   fludioxonil (0.0001)                   propiconazole (0.0001)
cadusafos (0.0001)                    flufenacet (0.0001)                    propoxur (0.0001)
captan (0.0001)                       flusilazole (0.0001)                   propyzamide (0.0001)




                                                      157
carbaryl (0.0001)              folpet (0.0001)               prothiofos (0.0001)
carbendazim (0.0001)           fonofos (0.0001)              pyraclostrobin (0.0001)
carbofuran (0.0001)            formothion (0.0001)           pyrazophos (0.0001)
carbosulfan (0.0001)           fosthiazate (0.0001)          pyrethrins (0.0001)
chlorfenvinphos (0.0001)       furalaxyl (0.0001)            pyridaben (0.0001)
chlorobenzilate (0.0001)       furathiocarb (0.0001)         pyrifenox (0.0001)
chlorotoluron (0.0001)         heptenophos (0.0001)          pyrimethanil (0.0001)
chlorpropham (0.0001)          hexaconazole (0.0001)         pyriproxifen (0.0001)
chlorpyrifos (0.0001)          hexythiazox (0.0001)          quassia (0.0001)
chlorpyrifos-methyl (0.0001)   imazalil (0.0001)             quinalphos (0.0001)
chlorthal-dimethyl (0.0001)    imidacloprid (0.0001)         quinoxyfen (0.0001)
chlozolinate (0.0001)          indoxacarb (0.0001)           quintozene (0.0001)
clopyralid (0.0001)            iprodione (0.0001)            rotenone (0.0001)
cyanazine (0.0001)             iprovalicarb (0.0001)         simazine (0.0001)
cyfluthrin (0.0001)            isazophos (0.0001)            spiroxamine (0.0001)
cymoxanil (0.0001)             isocarbophos (0.0001)         tau-fluvalinate (0.0001)
cypermethrin (0.0001)          isofenphos (0.0001)           tebuconazole (0.0001)
cyproconazole (0.0001)         isofenphos-methyl (0.0001)    tebufenozide (0.0001)
cyprodinil (0.0001)            isoproturon (0.0001)          tebufenpyrad (0.0001)
DDT (0.0001)                   kresoxim-methyl (0.0001)      tecnazene (0.0001)
deltamethrin (0.0001)          lambda-cyhalothrin (0.0001)   tefluthrin (0.0001)
demeton-S-methyl sulphone      lindane (0.0001)              terbutryn (0.0001)
(0.0001)
diazinon (0.0001)              malathion (0.0001)            tetrachlorvinphos (0.0001)
dicamba (0.0001)               MCPA (0.0001)                 tetradifon (0.0001)
dichlorprop (0.0001)           mecarbam (0.0001)             tetramethrin (0.0001)
dichlorvos (0.0001)            mecoprop (0.0001)             tetreconazole (0.0001)
dicloran (0.0001)              mepanipyrim (0.0001)          thiabendazole (0.0001)
dicofol (0.0001)               metalaxyl (0.0001)            thiacloprid (0.0001)
dicrotophos (0.0001)           metazachlor (0.0001)          thiamethoxam (0.0001)
dieldrin (0.0001)              methacrifos (0.0001)          thiodicarb (0.0001)
diethofencarb (0.0001)         methidathion (0.0001)         tolclofos-methyl (0.0001)
difenoconazole (0.0001)        methiocarb (0.0001)           tolylfluanid (0.0001)
diflubenzuron (0.0001)         methomyl (0.0001)             triadimefon (0.0001)
dimethoate (0.0001)            methoxychlor (0.0001)         triadimenol (0.0001)
dimethomorph (0.0001)          metolcarb (0.0001)            triazamate (0.0001)
dimoxystrobin (0.0001)         mevinphos (0.0001)            triazophos (0.0001)
diphenylamine (0.0001)         Monuron (0.0001)              triclopyr (0.0001)
disulfoton (0.0001)            myclobutanil (0.0001)         trietazine (0.0001)
diuron (0.0001)                oxadixyl (0.0001)             trifloxystrobin (0.0001)
endosulfan (0.0001)            oxamyl (0.0001)               trifluralin (0.0001)
EPN (0.0001)                   paclobutrazol (0.0001)        vinclozolin (0.0001)
epoxiconazole (0.0001)         parathion (0.0001)            zoxamide (0.0001)
ethiofencarb (0.0001)          parathion-methyl (0.0001)




                                             158
Appendix D
Additional Action Taken

Action taken by PSD

PSD prepared Rapid Alerts about:
   • one sample of peaches from the USA that contained residues of carbaryl that could lead to intakes
       above the ARfD for some consumer groups.

PSD wrote to:
   • the suppliers of all samples containing residues above the MRL
   • the suppliers of all samples that risk assessments showed contained residues that could lead to
      intakes above the ARfD for their information
   • the authorities of the exporting countries of all samples containing residues above the MRL
   • the suppliers of UK samples that contained residues that were not approved for that crop
   • the Organics branch of Defra about samples that were labelled as organic and contained residues
      on pesticides not approved for organic production.

Recipients of the letters are given 4 weeks to provide a statement for inclusion in the report. The PRC
reviews any replies received.


Comments received

                                    International Produce response:
                                 Sample No. 7631/2007 Braeburn apples

Following the letter received on the 25th March regarding Diphenylamine detected on ASDA Braeburn
Apples, I confirmed on the 28th March the details of the supplier:

       Tracebility:
       Exporter     Copefruit
       Packhouse CENFRUT - Longitudinal Sur
                           KM 185
                           Romeral
                           Chile

Although the level of diphenylamine found was in excess of the MRL the level was within the range for the
uncertainty of the analytical measurement recommended by the EU to be used by regulatory authorities
when making enforcement decisions.

Re-analysis of the retained sub - sample by our appointed accredited laboratory confirmed the presence of
diphenylamine but at a level below the MRL.

    Active Ingredient      PRC sample Result       Body Cote Law         MRL (mg/kg)
                                (mg/kg)             Labs Retest
                                                   Result (mg/kg)
 Diphenylamine                     5.6                 1.83                    5
 Thiabendazole                    1.02                 1.14                    5
 Thiacloprid                      0.05                 0.05                   0.3
 Pyrimethanil                       -                  0.02           5 (import tolerance)

Our routine analysis of product from the same source on 26/07/2007 (one week prior to the surveillance
sample being taken) found a diphenylamine level of 1.0 mg/kg, on this basis product was deemed compliant
and fit for supply.




                                                  159
Based on this information we believe that publication of this result as an MRL exceedance would therefore
be unreasonable.

We are reassured by the results of the consumer intake risk assessment which show it is considered very
unlikely that this intake marginally above the Acute Reference Dose would lead to any effect on health.

        Response from PSD

It is PSD policy to publish our measured value. We have referred to this response in the Brand Name
Anenx.




                                             Co-op response:
                                        Sample N0 8388/2007 Grapes


As part of the special grape survey taking place, a sample of our grapes was taken from one of our stores on
the 29th Oct 2007, a residue of Carbofuran at 0.05 (MRL 0.02) was found.

We have carried out a full investigation into this including a full paperwork traceback relating to this
consignment of grapes. Records do not show that this chemical was applied. The supplier also did not
request the use of this chemical which is on our prohibited list, where we restrict its use within our total
produce supply base. The supplier is unable to determine how this residue occurred. A further site
investigation to Brazil is to be organised in the future before this grower and marketing organisation can start
to re-supply the Co-op.
We have had the same sample re-tested by our own pesticide testing laboratory and we agree with the level
found by the PRC nominated lab.
All Co-op produce is tested by both the producer and ourselves to ensure pesticide levels meet legal
requirements. In line with a well-established policy the Co-operative Group will continue its commitment to
taking all steps necessary to ensure pesticide residues are kept to a minimum.




                                     International Produce response:
                            Sample No. 8366/2007 Passion Fruit (Speciality Fruit)

I write in reference to your letter dated 25 March 2008 notifying us of a pesticide residues detected above the
Maximum Residue Limit on Passion Fruit.

        Traceability:
        The UK Importer:         Malet Azoulet,
        Columbian Exporter:      Novacampo (owned by PSL)
        Grower:                  Filiberto Rey Castellanos

Unfortunately we have not had the opportunity to retest this sample

Our investigations have shown no recorded applications of Dithiocarbamates from this grower and routine
analysis carried out by Novacampo of product from the same source on 25/09/2007 did not detected any
residues of Dithiocarbamates.

We are advised by Malet Azoulet that this was a development source and following initial pesticide issues
they implemented positive release procedures. Due to continuing issues, Malet ceased trading with
Novacampo for procurement of Passion Fruit from Columbia in November 2007.




                                                      160
                                      International Produce response:
                          Sample No. 8203/2007 Sweet Persimmon (Speciality Fruit)

I write in reference to your letter dated 25 March 2008 notifying us of pesticide
residues detected above the Maximum Residue Limit for Sweet Persimmon.

        Traceability:

        The UK Importer:         Malet Azoulet,
        Israeli exporter: Agrexco
        Grower:           Yunger Omer.

Thiacloprid was applied by this grower on the 20th of June 2007. Thiocloprid was applied legitimately for
application in Isreal. The 28day harvest interval was adhered to with the first actual harvest date was 7th
October 2007.

Although the level of Thiacloprid found was in the survey to be in excess of the MRL, the level was within the
range for the uncertainty of the analytical measurement recommended by the EU to be used by regulatory
authorities when making enforcement decisions.

Re-analysis of the retained sample by our appointed accredited laboratory detected the presence of
Thiacloprid but at a level

Re-analysis of the retained sample by our appointed accredited laboratory detected the presence of
Thiacloprid but at a level below the reporting level for the compound (0.02 mg/kg).

Active Ingredient       PRC sample Result     Body Cote Law          MRL (mg/kg)
                        (mg/kg)               Labs Retest Result
                                              (mg/kg)
Thiacloprid             0.03                  No Residues            0.02
                                              detected

The MRL for Thiacloprid in Persimmon is set at the Limit of Determination not on the grounds of toxicological
significance but on the basis that no data has been provided by the manufacturer to support Good
Agricultural Practice levels on this fruit.

We are reassured by the results of the consumer intake risk assessment which show that the level found
was below the Acute Reference Dose and would not give rise to any concerns for the health of consumers.

Response from PSD

        Our laboratory detected a residue of 0.03 mg/kg. The suppliers laboratory did not detect a residue.
        Both analysis had a reporting limit of 0.02 mg/kg. An measurement uncertainty value around
        50% based on our result could give a value somewhere between 0.015 and 0.045 mg/kg. The lower
        of these is under the reporting limit of the suppliers laboratory. Therefore our analysts do not believe
        it is appropriate to adjust our results.

        Our laboratory detected a residue of 0.03 mg/kg. The suppliers
        laboratory did not detect a residue above their reporting level. Both analysis had a reporting limit of
        0.02 mg/kg. A measurement uncertainty value around 50% based on our result could give a value
        somewhere between 0.015 and 0.045 mg/kg. The lower of these is under the reporting limit of both
        laboratories. Therefore our analysts do not believe it is appropriate to adjust our results.

        However it is important to note that the EU MRL for thiacloprid in persimmon is a LOD (Limit of
        Detection) MRL at 0.02 mg/kg. These sorts of MRLs are set when there is no permitted use in the
        EU and no data about residues arising in produce grown outside the EU have been submitted to
        support a higher MRL. With these very low levels, it is possible for any detectable residue to be
        reported as an exceedance.

        If a grower outside the EU uses a pesticide with an LOD MRL on a crop for import into Europe, even
        in combination with a positive release system, it is almost inevitable that exceedances will be




                                                      161
detected. The only sure way to avoid exceedances of LOD MRLs is to not use that pesticide.
However we recognise that that approach may not be practical.




                                          162
Appendix E
Pesticides analysed as multi-component analytes and their reporting limits

To find the limit present of most pesticides that are sought in the PRC programme it is usually necessary to only
look for the named pesticide itself. However, some pesticides degrade or break down into other products in the
food. To gain a full picture of the total residue present it is necessary to analyse both the residue found as the
original pesticide (known as the ‘parent’) and the break-down products. Pesticides which fall into this category
are said to have multi-component analytes. MRLs will have been set based on the total pesticide present, and
therefore residues found are reported as a total of the components found above the individual analyte reporting
limits. The following table presents the reporting limits for the different components of the pesticides that we
looked for (see Appendix C) which have multi-component analytes:

 Pesticide       Individual Analyte       Reporting Limits (mg/kg)*       Remarks
                 Components
 aldicarb        aldicarb                 0.02                            Aldicarb is often determined as
                 aldicarb sulphoxide      0.02                            multi-component analytes as the
                 aldicarb sulphone        0.02                            three separate components.         On
                                                                          some occasions an alternative
                                          0.02 (common moiety method)     (common moiety) analytical method
                                                                          that analyses all three components
                                                                          together as a single analyte is used.
 carbofuran      carbofuran               0.01
                 carbofuran (3-hydroxy)   0.01
 chlordane       chlordane (cis)          0.002 or 0.02 each analyte
                 chlordane (trans)        (animal products except milk)
                 oxychlordane
                                          0.001 each analyte (milk)

                                          0.01 each analyte
                                          (cream, infant food)

                                          0.0025 each analyte
                                          (infant formula)
 DDT             o,p’-DDT                 0.05 each analyte (fruit and
                 p,p’-DDD                 vegetables and fruit juice)
                 p,p’-DDE
                 p,p’-DDT                 0.002 or 0.02 each analyte
                                          (animal products)
                 o,p’-DDT
                 p,p’-DDD                 0.01 each analyte
                 p,p’-DDE                 (cream, infant formula)
                 p,p’-DDT
 dieldrin        aldrin                   0.05 each analyte (swede)
                 dieldrin
                                          0.002 or 0.02 each analyte
                                          (animal products)

                                          0.01 each analyte
                                          (cream, infant food)

                                          0.001 each analyte
                                          (infant formula)
 dimethoate &    dimethoate               0.02 each analyte               Dimethoate is metabolised to
 omethoate       omethoate                (fruit and vegetables)          omethoate, although as both are
                                                                          pesticides in their own right they are
                                                                          reported separately.

                                                                          The residue definition for dimethoate
                                                                          (and omethoate) is: dimethoate (sum
                                                                          of dimethoate and omethoate
                                                                          expressed as dimethoate).




                                                      163
    disulfoton      disulfoton             0.01
                    disulfoton sulphone    0.01
                    disulfoton sulfoxide   0.01
    endosulfan      endosulfan I           0.05 each analyte
                    endosulfan II          (fruit and vegetables, fruit juice)
                    endosulfan sulphate
                                           0.002 or 0.02 each analyte (animal
                                           products)

                                           0.01 each analyte (cream, infant
                                           food, infant formula)
    fenamiphos      fenamiphos             0.01
                    fenamiphos sulphone    0.01
                    fenamiphos sulfoxide   0.01
    heptachlor      heptachlor             0.002 or 0.02 each analyte (animal
                    heptachlor epoxide     products)
                    (trans)
                                           0.01 each analyte
                                           (cream, infant food)

                                           0.001 each analyte
                                           (infant formula)
    oxydemeton-     oxydemeton-methyl      0.01 each analyte (infant food)       Demeton-s-methyl is metabolised to
    methyl          demeton-S-                                                   oxydemeton-methyl and demeton-S-
                    methylsulfone                                                methylsulfone, although as both are
                                                                                 pesticides in their own right they are
                                                                                 reported separately.

                                                                                 The     residue    definition for
                                                                                 oxydemeton-methyl is: sum of
                                                                                 oxydemeton methyl and demeton-S-
                                                                                 methylsulfone     expressed   as
                                                                                 oxydemeton methyl
    phorate         phorate                0.01 each analyte (swede)
                    phorate sulphone
                    phorate sulfoxide      0.01 each analyte (infant formula)
    quintozene      quintozene             0.02 each analyte
                    pentachloroanaline     (lettuce & fruit juice)
    triadimefon &   Triadimefon and        0.05                                  Triadimefon     is   metabolised    to
    triadimenol     triadimenol            0.05                                  triadimenol, although as both are
                                                                                 pesticides in their own right they are
                                                                                 reported separately.

                                                                                 The residue definition for triadimefon
                                                                                 and triadimenol is: triadimefon and
                                                                                 triadimenol (sum of triadimefon and
                                                                                 triadimenol)

*     An exception to these Reporting Limits is for infant foods where all individual analytes for multi-component
      pesticides have an RL of 0.01 mg/kg

       For animal products, the 10 x lower Reporting Limits applies if the result is being expressed on a whole
       product basis (this usually applies when a food item contains <10% fat)




                                                        164
Glossary


This is a ‘standard’ glossary which defines the key terms used in the PRC reports. Not all
the terms listed here are used in this particular report.

Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI): This is the amount of a chemical which can be consumed every day for a
lifetime in the practical certainty, on the basis of all known facts, that no harm will result. It is expressed in
milligrams of the chemical per kilogram of body weight of the consumer. The starting point for the derivation
of the ADI is usually the ‘no observed adverse effect level’ (NOAEL) that has been observed in animal
studies for toxicity. This is then divided by an uncertainty factor (most often 100) to allow for the possibility
that animals may be less sensitive than humans and also to account for possible variation in sensitivity
between individuals. The studies from which NOAELs and hence ADIs are derived take into account any
impurities in the pesticide active substance as manufactured, and also any toxic breakdown products of the
pesticide.


Acute Reference Dose (ARfD): The definition of the ARfD is similar to that of the ADI, but it relates to the
amount of a chemical that can be taken in at one meal or on one day without appreciable health risk to the
consumer. It is normally derived by applying an appropriate uncertainty factor to the lowest NOAEL in
studies that assess acute toxicity or developmental toxicity.


Analyte: This is the name for the substance that the PRC surveys look for and measure if present; it could
be a pesticide itself or a product from a pesticide when it is degraded, or metabolised.


COLEACP (Europe-Africa-Caribbean-Pacific Liaison Committee): It aims to promote the competitive
export of fresh fruit, vegetables, flowers and ornamental plants from the ACP. Its specialised information
and advisory services are open to all ACP companies in the horticultural export sector and are financed by
the European Commission. It has two overriding objectives to enable ACP companies to comply with
European food safety and traceability requirements and to consolidate the position of small-scale producers
in the ACP horticultural export sector.


Cryogenic Milling: Processing of commodities at very low temperatures can be achieved by milling/grinding
pre-frozen samples in the presence of dry ice, a procedure known as ‘cryogenic milling’.


Good Agricultural Practice in the Use of Pesticides (GAP): The nationally authorised safe uses of
pesticides under conditions necessary for effective and reliable pest control (the way products should be
used according to the statutory conditions of approval which are stated on the label). GAP encompasses a
range of pesticide applications up to the highest authorised rates of use, applied in a manner which leaves a
residue which is the smallest practicable. Authorised safe uses are determined at the national level and
include nationally registered recommended uses, which take into account public and occupational health and
environmental safety considerations. Actual conditions include any stage in the production, storage,
transport, distribution and processing of food commodities and animal feed.


High-level Consumer: A term used in UK risk assessment calculations to describe the amount of food
consumed by a person. In line with internationally agreed approaches, the PRC uses the 97.5th percentile
value, which is generally about three times the average amount consumed. This takes account of different
eating patterns that may occur throughout the population.


Import Tolerance: an MRL set for imported products where the use of the active substance in a plant
protection product on a commodity is not authorised in the European Community (EC) or an existing EC




                                                       165
MRL is not sufficient to meet the needs of international trade. All import tolerances are assessed for
consumer safety.


Imported: The tables in the reports record whether the sample was of UK origin, or imported. This can
mean different things depending on the commodity. See also ‘Origin’. The PRC report the country from
where the produce has been imported only if this is clear from the packaging or labelling.


JMPR: Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Residues, which conducts scientific evaluations of pesticide
residues in food.


Limit of Determination (LOD): The limit of determination is the lowest concentration of a pesticide residue
or contaminant that can be routinely identified and quantitatively measured in a specified food, agricultural
commodity or animal feed with an acceptable degree of certainty by the method of analysis.


Maximum Residue Level (MRL): The maximum concentration of a pesticide residue (expressed as mg/kg)
legally permitted in or on food commodities and animal feeds. MRLs are based on good agricultural practice
data and residues in foods derived from commodities that comply with the respective MRLs are intended to
be toxicologically acceptable.


MRLs are intended primarily as a check that GAP is being followed and to assist international trade in
produce treated with pesticides. MRLs are not in themselves ‘safety limits’, and exposure to residues in
excess of an MRL does not automatically imply a hazard to health.


The MRLs applicable in the UK are now largely set under EC legislation.


Website link: www.pesticides.gov.uk/food_industry.asp?id=548


Maximum Residue Limits (CODEX or CAC): In cases where there are no UK or EC MRLs, the
acceptability of residues may be judged against Codex Maximum Residue Limits. Although not embodied in
UK statute, Codex limits are taken as presumptive standards. These limits give an indication of the likely
highest residue that should occur in edible crops. These are based on worldwide uses and the residues
trials data to support those uses, at the time of evaluation (date of setting the limits is specified and thus the
Maximum Residue Limit applicable up to that year, but will not take into account subsequent approved uses.)


There are occasions where the MRL that has been set by Codex may not reflect current UK Good
Agricultural Practice (e.g. the Codex MRLs for dithiocarbamates and propamocarb on lettuce). In such
circumstances it is possible to exceed the Codex MRL through a UK approved use. This factor needs to be
taken into account when assessing results.


Maximum Residue Levels set at the LOD (LOD MRL): For some pesticides and commodities, insufficient
trials data are available on which to set a maximum residue level or there may be no use of the pesticide on
that crop. In these cases, the MRL may be set at a default level, i.e. at the limit of determination (LOD)
where analytical methods can reasonably detect the presence of the pesticide. These MRLs are not based
on Good Agricultural Practice (GAP).


MRL exceedances: When a residue is found at a level higher than that set for the MRL.




                                                       166
MRL Exceedances and Relationship with the Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI): Before permitting any use
of a pesticide, a detailed assessment is made to ensure that residues in foods derived from commodities
comply with MRLs and will not give rise to unacceptable risks to consumers. MRLs do take account of
consumer safety aspects and, in effect, are set at levels below safety limits. However, MRLs must not be
confused with safety limits, which are expressed in terms of the acceptable daily intake (ADI) of a particular
pesticide residue from all sources. The ADI (expressed as mg/kg bw/day) is the amount of chemical that can
be consumed every day of an individual’s entire lifetime in the practical certainty, on the basis of all known
facts, that no harm will result. See ADI for further information.


Whenever unexpectedly high or unusual residues occur during monitoring, the risk to consumers, from
exposure to residues at the highest levels found, is assessed by comparison of predicted intakes with the
ADI or ARfD as appropriate.


No MRL: For certain pesticides, an MRL may not have been set.


UKT MRL: For certain pesticide a temporary national MRL has been set. UKT MRLs are worked out by PSD.
The level indicates the amount of residue expected when the pesticide is applied in accordance with good
agricultural practice (GAP). The UK has a number of UKT MRLs, these take precedence over provisional
EC levels.


Extraneous Residue Limit (ERL): An ERL refers to a pesticide residue or a contaminant arising from
environmental sources (including former agricultural uses) other than the use of a pesticide or a contaminant
substance directly or indirectly on the commodity. It is the maximum concentration of a pesticide residue or
contaminant that is recommended by the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) to be legally permitted or
recognised as acceptable in or on a food, agricultural commodity or animal feed.


Metabolite: A degradation or conversion product from a pesticide when it is metabolised.


NEDI: National Estimate of Daily Intake. An estimate of intake of pesticide in the diet over the long-term to
compare to the ADI. The NEDI is based on median or mean residue levels and a high level consumption
(97.5th percentile value) for the daily amounts of the food item consumed over the long term. For further
details on the calculation of NEDIs please refer to section 3 of the data requirements handbook:
http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/applicant_guide.asp


NESTI: National Estimate of Short Term Intake. An estimate of peak intake of pesticide in the diet to
compare to the ARfD. The NESTI is based on the highest residue found multiplied by a variability factor (see
glossary description) and a high level consumption (97.5th percentile value) for the amount of the food item
consumed over a single day. For further details on the calculation of NESTIs please refer to section 3 of the
data requirements handbook:
http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/applicant_guide.asp


No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL): The highest level of continual exposure to a chemical which
causes no significant adverse effect on morphology, biochemistry, functional capacity, growth, development
or life span of individuals of the target species which may be animal or human.


Origin: The brand name annex reports the origins of the samples tested. This can mean different things
depending on the commodity. For example, butter is often labelled as ‘UK origin’; however, the majority of it
comes in bulk from New Zealand and is split into smaller blocks and packaged in the UK. Lettuce is a fresh
produce and ‘UK origin’ usually means that it has been grown and packaged in the UK. Processed
commodities such as cereal bars often contain multiple raw ingredients, each of which may come from a
different source/origin. Therefore, the origin of the produce usually reflects the place where it was




                                                     167
manufactured. The PRC report the origin as stated on the packaging or labelling of the commodity
concerned, unless other more accurate information is available to indicate that the origin is from elsewhere.
Some products are listed as ‘unknown origin’ because the labelling does not give this information.


Permitted Level (PL): The permitted levels (expressed as mg/kg), in specific commodities, of some
substances which can be classified as pesticides but are controlled under the Miscellaneous Food Additives
Regulations 1995 (S.I. 1995 No. 3187).


Pesticide: A pesticide is any substance, preparation or organism prepared or used for destroying any pest.
The majority of pesticides sought by the PRC in its monitoring are those used to control pests in agricultural
crops, although non-agricultural products may be included where there is a specific reason for doing so, e.g.
where there are implications in terms of possible intakes of residues.


Probabilistic Modelling: The usual estimates of consumer exposure use single high values for both
consumption amounts and residue levels. Whilst these are based on realistic UK dietary survey data and
residue levels, they tend to overestimate most representative intakes. This is because they do not take into
account actual variations in both amounts consumed and residue levels. Probabilistic modelling is a
technique that considers all the possible different combinations of consumption and residue levels. This
provides information on the probability of particular intakes occurring.


Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF): The European Commission operates an EU rapid alert
system for food, which was set up in 1992. This provides the competent authorities in the Member States of
the European Union with the means of notifying cases where high residues of pesticides have been found in
imported samples. Since its introduction this system has proved a successful method for disseminating
information between Members States allowing swift action where necessary. PSD notify the Food Standards
Agency of any residues where the predicted intakes are above the ARfD. RASFFs are only raised when a
potential consumer risk has been identified. In general, for intakes exceeding the ARfD by more than 1.1
times, the FSA will raise a RASFF. If a significant consumer health concern has been identified, then a
product withdrawal/recall is effected and the FSA will also issue a food alert.



Relationship between GAP and MRLs: The MRL can be defined as the maximum concentration of a
pesticide residue (expressed as mg/kg) likely to occur in or on food commodities and animal feeds, after the
use of the pesticide according to the GAP.


Reporting Limit: The reporting limit is the lowest calibrated level employed during analysis to detect
residues. The reporting limit may vary slightly from laboratory to laboratory depending on the equipment
available and operating procedures used.


Reporting Level: The reporting level is the lowest calibrated level employed during analysis to detect
residues. The reporting limit may vary slightly from laboratory to laboratory depending on the equipment
available and operating procedures used.


‘None were Detected above the Set RL’: This term is used in the Brand Name Annex, where no residues
were found above their reporting limit.


Residue: Residues may be present in vegetable and animal products following the application(s) of a
pesticide(s). They may not only include the pesticide that was applied but other degradation or reaction
products and metabolites that may be of toxicological significance. The levels or amounts of residues
present are expressed in milligrams of the chemical in a kilogram of crop/food/commodity (mg/kg), or parts
per million.




                                                     168
Risk Assessment: A risk assessment is carried out when residues are found in foods to determine
whether, at the levels found, they present a concern for consumer health or not. Consumer risk
assessments are routinely conducted as part of the approval process for pesticides and are based on
residue trials. Approval of a pesticide is only recommended when the consumer risk is acceptable.


Sample: The nature of all samples is as designated in the EC’s ‘sampling’ Directive – 2002/63/EC.
Examples are: apple – at least 10 apples weighing at least 1 kg; grapes – at least 5 bunches, weighing at
least 2 kg.


Specific Off-Label Approval (SOLA): For many reasons, label recommendations of approved pesticides
do not cover the control of every problem which may arise. This is particularly true for crops that are grown
on a comparatively small scale in the UK as well as for sporadic pests and diseases. It is for this reason that
the extrapolations presented in the Long Term Arrangements for Extension of Use have been developed. If
these do not address particular needs growers or their representatives may apply to PSD for a specific off-
label approval (SOLA).


Technical Exceedances: When an MRL has been set at the LOD because there have been no data to
support a higher level. In the context of this report, ‘technical exceedances’ always relate to produce from
third countries.


Variability Factor: A value that describes the variation in residue levels between the highest unit level and
the average level in samples made up of many units. Internationally this is agreed to be the 97.5th
percentile unit residue level divided by the average of the sum. The variability factor multiplied by the
measured residue level from a composite sample (i.e. a sample made up by mixing several units before
analysis) gives an estimate of the likely higher residue levels that may have occurred in individual units.
These estimated higher levels are used in short-term risk assessments involving fruit and vegetables where
consumers eat only a portion of a single item, e.g. melon, or a small number of units e.g. apples and
potatoes.


Ware: Ware potatoes, sometimes referred to as main crop potatoes, are harvested between August and
November, and are available throughout the period August to June because they are stored under controlled
temperature after October.




                                                     169
          Our next quarterly report is due to be published in September 2008

                      Quarter 1 of 2008 will look at residues in:
       Celery                      Chillies                  Herbs (Special Survey)
       Grapes                      Lettuce                            Milk
        Pears                      Peppers                         Pineapple
       Prawns                     Sausages                        Soft Citrus
      Tomatoes                      Wine




For further details on information contained in this report, previous surveys or
               information concerning pesticide residues in food


                                  Please contact:


                          Pesticide Residues Committee
                           Pesticides Safety Directorate
                             Room 308, Mallard House
                                     Kings Pool
                                 Peasholme Green
                                   York YO1 7PX
                                 Tel: 01904 455751
                              prc@psd.hse.gsi.gov.uk


                              Or visit our website at:


                                   www.prc-uk.org




                                          170

				
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