industrialization by pengxuebo


									         Group 2
Jonathan Madrid
    Bryan Cheng
   Jaime Sioson
        Paul Gue
     Kenan Chua
   The process of changing the social and
    economic order, in which industry is the most
    important, like the changes in England in the
    late 18th century, that are brought about
    when extensive provision [to human
    operators] of machines of production systems
    results in a change from home-based hand
    manufacturing to large-scale factory
   Urbanization of a society
   Higher Usage of Machines
   Extensive Division of Labor
   Growth of Mass Markets
   A Wage Economy
   Shift of Labor Force
   People moving, from rural, to urban areas
   It started because England had many coal and
    iron deposits

   Another reason is because England had many
    reliable sources of water

   Lastly, is because England‟s colonies around the
    world supplied them with raw materials while
    providing a captive market for manufacturing

   The textile and iron industry paved the way for
    the Industrial Revolution
   Before Industrialization, the Americans didn‟t
    rely much on machines, as there weren‟t
    many at the time.
   They mostly worked using their bare hands,
    not machines, this is also called manual labor
   The laborers used their hands for many
    things that can now be done with machines.
    e.g. Farmers - removing seeds from various
   In conclusion, their life was WAY more
    difficult without the use of machines.
   Shoemaking
   Bookmaking
   Printing
   Milling
   Wood-working
   Candlemaking
   It all started in the late 1700s - early 1800s
    due to an outbreak of inventions made during
    that time.

   New England was the first region in the USA
    to be transformed by Industrialization
   A) Its location in relation to Europe‟s location

   B) Presence of Navigable Water Forms
   Based on the Political Map of the World, you can
    see that the NE part of the USA is the closest part
    of the USA to Europe.

   The NE is the part that „offers itself‟ to Europe, as
    it is the easiest to reach by European craftsmen

   Europe did not only bring people to America, it
    brought also its inventions. Such as steam power
    which enabled factories to use the newly invented
    steam engine (on wheels), locomotives, boxcars
    and trains. This was ideal for passengers at the
   With the help of industrialization, Steam
    engines were invented, and thanks to the
    many water forms nearby, ships were used,
    not just for traveling, but also for navigation,
    like Mississippi‟s famous steamers, or ships
    used to navigate the Grand Seas between
    Canada and the USA.
   With the many water forms close to them,
    they were able to explore the vast seas and
    oceans. This made it easier to export goods
    to nearby countries, and most especially to
    travel via water.
   Before the cotton gin was invented, farming
    cotton required hundreds of man-hours to do
    the farming needs.
   There were already simple seed-separating
    machines invented before this, although this
    invention AUTOMATED the process.
   Despite Cotton being the biggest industry in the
    South, it increased slavery a “hundredfold”
   Many tried to copy this idea, as many thought it
    was a brilliant one. The copiers succeeded in
    making one, leaving him bankrupt by losing in
    legal battles.
   Despite the cotton gin being his most popular
    invention, the way he made money was from
    inventing a way to create muskets by
    machine, so that the parts were
    interchangeable in 1798.
   Gov‟t Officials including Thomas Jefferson
    ordered him to build a gun factory which
    could make guns for the entire U.S. army.
   Guns were then mass produced, and made so
    that each part can be used for every gun
   He didn‟t really invent the steamboat, but
    without him, traveling via steamboat wouldn‟t
    be a reality.
   The North River Steamboat or the Clermont,
    was the first commercially successful
    steamboat of the paddle steamer design. It
    operated along the Hudson River between
    New York and Albany.
   It wasn‟t the first steamboat invented, but it
    was the trailblazer of the long-lasting, and
    financially successful steamboat business.
   The first crude telegraph system was made
    without electricity
   There was such a telegraph line between Dover
    and London at during the Battle of Waterloo; that
    related the news of the battle, which had come to
    Dover by ship, to an anxious London, when a fog
    set in and the Londoners had to wait until a
    courier on horseback arrived.
   Other inventors had discovered the principles of
    the telegraph, but Samuel Morse was the first to
    perceive the practical significance of those facts;
    and was the first to take steps to make a
    practical invention; which took him twelve long
    years of work
   After he lost his factory job in the Panic of 1837,
    Howe moved from Spencer to Boston, where he found
    work in a machinist's shop
   Eight years later, he demonstrated his machine to the
    public. At 250 stitches a minute, his lockstitch
    mechanism outstitched the output of five hand
    sewers with a reputation for speed. He patented his
    lockstitch sewing machine on September 10, 1846 in
    New Hartford, Connecticut.
   For the next nine years, he struggled to protect his
    rights from imitators who refused to pay royalties for
    using his designs.
   During this period, Isaac Singer invented the up-and-
    down motion mechanism, and Allen Wilson developed
    a rotary hook shuttle. Howe fought a legal battle
    against other inventors for his patent rights and won
    his suit in 1856.
   In 1899, after Wilbur Wright had written a letter of
    request to the Smithsonian Institution for information
    about flight experiments, the Wright Brothers
    designed their first aircraft.
   To type and test of their various flying machines, they
    had persuaded an attendant from a nearby lifesaving
    station to snap Orville Wright in full flight
   The craft soared to an altitude of 10 feet, traveled
    120 feet, and landed 12 seconds after takeoff.
   The first engine-powered airplane to fly was the Kitty
    Hawk on December 17, 1903.
   They patented the airplane as a 'flying machine'
   Contrary to popular belief, he didn't "invent" the
    lightbulb, but rather he improved upon a 50-year-old
    Although the idea of electric lighting was old,
    nobody had been able to develop ut to be remotely
    practical to daily use
   In 1879, using lower current electricity, a small
    carbonized filament, and an improved vacuum inside
    the globe, he was able to produce a reliable, long-
    lasting source of light.
   Edison's eventual achievement was inventing not just
    an incandescent electric light, but also an electric
    lighting system that contained all the elements
    necessary to make the incandescent light practical,
    safe, and economical.
   Contrary to popular belief, he didn't "invent"
    the lightbulb, but rather he improved upon a
    50-year-old idea.
   Sholes invented the first practical typewriter
    along with S.W. Soule and G. Glidden in 1866
   Before the computer, the typewriter may have
    been the most significant everyday business
   His first keyboard is essentially what is still
    used today on our computer keyboards, the
    QWERTY keyboard.

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