The process of changing the social and
economic order, in which industry is the most
important, like the changes in England in the
late 18th century, that are brought about
when extensive provision [to human
operators] of machines of production systems
results in a change from home-based hand
manufacturing to large-scale factory
Urbanization of a society
Higher Usage of Machines
Extensive Division of Labor
Growth of Mass Markets
A Wage Economy
Shift of Labor Force
People moving, from rural, to urban areas
It started because England had many coal and
Another reason is because England had many
reliable sources of water
Lastly, is because England‟s colonies around the
world supplied them with raw materials while
providing a captive market for manufacturing
The textile and iron industry paved the way for
the Industrial Revolution
Before Industrialization, the Americans didn‟t
rely much on machines, as there weren‟t
many at the time.
They mostly worked using their bare hands,
not machines, this is also called manual labor
The laborers used their hands for many
things that can now be done with machines.
e.g. Farmers - removing seeds from various
In conclusion, their life was WAY more
difficult without the use of machines.
It all started in the late 1700s - early 1800s
due to an outbreak of inventions made during
New England was the first region in the USA
to be transformed by Industrialization
A) Its location in relation to Europe‟s location
B) Presence of Navigable Water Forms
Based on the Political Map of the World, you can
see that the NE part of the USA is the closest part
of the USA to Europe.
The NE is the part that „offers itself‟ to Europe, as
it is the easiest to reach by European craftsmen
Europe did not only bring people to America, it
brought also its inventions. Such as steam power
which enabled factories to use the newly invented
steam engine (on wheels), locomotives, boxcars
and trains. This was ideal for passengers at the
With the help of industrialization, Steam
engines were invented, and thanks to the
many water forms nearby, ships were used,
not just for traveling, but also for navigation,
like Mississippi‟s famous steamers, or ships
used to navigate the Grand Seas between
Canada and the USA.
With the many water forms close to them,
they were able to explore the vast seas and
oceans. This made it easier to export goods
to nearby countries, and most especially to
travel via water.
Before the cotton gin was invented, farming
cotton required hundreds of man-hours to do
the farming needs.
There were already simple seed-separating
machines invented before this, although this
invention AUTOMATED the process.
Despite Cotton being the biggest industry in the
South, it increased slavery a “hundredfold”
Many tried to copy this idea, as many thought it
was a brilliant one. The copiers succeeded in
making one, leaving him bankrupt by losing in
Despite the cotton gin being his most popular
invention, the way he made money was from
inventing a way to create muskets by
machine, so that the parts were
interchangeable in 1798.
Gov‟t Officials including Thomas Jefferson
ordered him to build a gun factory which
could make guns for the entire U.S. army.
Guns were then mass produced, and made so
that each part can be used for every gun
He didn‟t really invent the steamboat, but
without him, traveling via steamboat wouldn‟t
be a reality.
The North River Steamboat or the Clermont,
was the first commercially successful
steamboat of the paddle steamer design. It
operated along the Hudson River between
New York and Albany.
It wasn‟t the first steamboat invented, but it
was the trailblazer of the long-lasting, and
financially successful steamboat business.
The first crude telegraph system was made
There was such a telegraph line between Dover
and London at during the Battle of Waterloo; that
related the news of the battle, which had come to
Dover by ship, to an anxious London, when a fog
set in and the Londoners had to wait until a
courier on horseback arrived.
Other inventors had discovered the principles of
the telegraph, but Samuel Morse was the first to
perceive the practical significance of those facts;
and was the first to take steps to make a
practical invention; which took him twelve long
years of work
After he lost his factory job in the Panic of 1837,
Howe moved from Spencer to Boston, where he found
work in a machinist's shop
Eight years later, he demonstrated his machine to the
public. At 250 stitches a minute, his lockstitch
mechanism outstitched the output of five hand
sewers with a reputation for speed. He patented his
lockstitch sewing machine on September 10, 1846 in
New Hartford, Connecticut.
For the next nine years, he struggled to protect his
rights from imitators who refused to pay royalties for
using his designs.
During this period, Isaac Singer invented the up-and-
down motion mechanism, and Allen Wilson developed
a rotary hook shuttle. Howe fought a legal battle
against other inventors for his patent rights and won
his suit in 1856.
In 1899, after Wilbur Wright had written a letter of
request to the Smithsonian Institution for information
about flight experiments, the Wright Brothers
designed their first aircraft.
To type and test of their various flying machines, they
had persuaded an attendant from a nearby lifesaving
station to snap Orville Wright in full flight
The craft soared to an altitude of 10 feet, traveled
120 feet, and landed 12 seconds after takeoff.
The first engine-powered airplane to fly was the Kitty
Hawk on December 17, 1903.
They patented the airplane as a 'flying machine'
Contrary to popular belief, he didn't "invent" the
lightbulb, but rather he improved upon a 50-year-old
Although the idea of electric lighting was old,
nobody had been able to develop ut to be remotely
practical to daily use
In 1879, using lower current electricity, a small
carbonized filament, and an improved vacuum inside
the globe, he was able to produce a reliable, long-
lasting source of light.
Edison's eventual achievement was inventing not just
an incandescent electric light, but also an electric
lighting system that contained all the elements
necessary to make the incandescent light practical,
safe, and economical.
Contrary to popular belief, he didn't "invent"
the lightbulb, but rather he improved upon a
Sholes invented the first practical typewriter
along with S.W. Soule and G. Glidden in 1866
Before the computer, the typewriter may have
been the most significant everyday business
His first keyboard is essentially what is still
used today on our computer keyboards, the