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					Immigration Goes Nationwide
 Recent immigrant dispersal has created
         national policy interest


                 William H. Frey
           The University of Michigan
          and the Brookings Institution

  Briefing,”Immigration Policy: Federal Debates and Local
       Realities”, US Capitol Building, March 24, 2006
Immigrants in the US, 1900 - 2005
                                   in millions
       40
                                                                   35.1
       35
       30
       25
       20
                            14.2
       15
                                                 9.6
       10
         5
         0
             1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2005


Source: US Census sources
Immigrant Share of US Population

      16
      14
                  14.7
      12
                                                                   12.1
      10
        8
        6
        4
                                                4.7
        2
        0
            1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2005


Source: US Census sources
Big Six States: Share of Immigrant Gains

         1990-2000                       2000-2005




                    61                           54




                          Big Six   Rest of US

Source: William H. Frey
Immigration Spreads Beyond Traditional Magnet States

  40,000,000
                                   35.1 m   Rest of US
  35,000,000
                                            Illinois
  30,000,000
                                            New Jersey
  25,000,000                                Texas
                          19.7 m
  20,000,000                                Florida

  15,000,000                                New York
                                            California
  10,000,000
   5,000,000
            0
                          1990     2005

Source: William H. Frey
Fast Growing "New Immigrant" Destinations 1990-2005

                          Immigrant Growth, 1990-2005
   450
   400
   350
   300
   250
   200
   150
   100
    50
     0
           North Tennessee Georgia   Nevada   Arizona   Iowa   Nebraska Colorado
          Carolina


Source: William H.Frey
     State Immigrant Growth, 1990-2005




                          200% or more growth
                          Btn 100% and 199% growth
                          Traditional immigrant gateway
                          All other states
Source: William H. Frey
States with at least 5% Immigrants

   2005                                       29



   2000                                  26



   1990                        17


          0               10        20        30   40


Source: William H. Frey
     Immigrant Concentrations in States

               1990                      2005




                          15% or more
                          10-14%
                          5-9%
                          Less than 5%

Source: William H. Frey
States with Most Undocumented Immigrants




                                               ?
                                               ?

 Source: Jeffery Passel, Pew Hispanic Center
         Hispanics and Asians
Recent Immigrants vs Native Born 2005

      Recent Immigrants                        Native Born


                                                        14%

          26%                                                 4%

                           52%
                                               82%
         22%




                          Hispanics   Asians    Other

Source: William H. Frey
Hispanic and Asian Adults by Generation

             Hispanics                       Asians

                                             8%

         30%                           13%


                          57%
         13%                                      79%




                    Foreign Born   2nd Gen        3rd+Gen
Source: William H. Frey
            Growth Rates , 2000-2010
      40
                 34.1      33.3
      35
      30
      25
      20
      15                            12.9
      10
        5                                     2.8
        0
               Hispanics   Asians   Blacks   Whites


Source: William H. Frey
               At Least 5% Hispanic


                          States   Counties

                1990       16        538

                2005       28        907


Source: William H. Frey
Source: William H. Frey
     STATES:         Fastest Hispanic Growth 2000-04

                                      % Growth
                  1. Arkansas           37.7
                  2. South Dakota       37.3
                  3. South Carolina     35.7
                  4. Georgia            35.7
                  5. North Carolina     35.0
                  6. Tennessee          33.4
                  7. Nevada             32.7
                  8. New Hampshire      32.7
                  9. Maine              32.0


Source: William H. Frey
  Metros: Fastest Hispanic Growth, 2000-04


      1. Cape Coral-Ft Myers, FL   55.4
      2. Charlotte                 49.8
      3. Raleigh                   46.7
      4. Nashville                 44.9
      5. Indianapolis              44.3
      6. Atlanta                   41.0
      7. Naples, FL                38.7
      8. Lakeland, FL              38.3
      9. Sarasota, FL              38.0
     10. Las Vegas                 35.1

Source: William H. Frey
  States: Fastest Asian growth, 2000-04

           1. Nevada           35.2
           2. New Hampshire    32.5
           3. Delaware         27.4
           4. Georgia          26.8
           5. Florida          24.4
           6. Connecticut      24.4
           7. North Carolina   24.2
           8. Arizona          24.2
           9. Arkansas         23.0
          10. New Jersey       21.7
Source: William H. Frey
     Metros: Fastest Asian Growth, 2000-04

          1. Las Vegas        38.5
          2. Riverside        31.1
          3. Orlando          30.2
          4. Atlanta          28.5
          5. Stockton, CA     28.4
          6. Tampa-St.Pete    28.4
          7. Austin           28.2
          8. Phoenix          27.0
          9. Sacramento       25.6
         10. Dallas           24.8

Source: William H. Frey
      Suburban Co. Growth, 2000-04
                Hispanic and Asian Contributions

  Douglas Co. CO                      15%


   Forsyth Co. GA                           20%

    Kendall Co. IL                                  27%


  Loudon Co. VA                                             37%


Williamson Co.TX                                          34%


                      0%     10%       20%          30%    40%
                           Hispanic               Asian
Source: William H. Frey
             Metro Growth, 2000-04
                Hispanic and Asian Contributions


Las Vegas                                  53%

 Orlando                                    54%

 Phoenix                                     56%

   Dallas                                          68%

 Houston                                            72%


          0%              20%        40%    60%      80%

                          Hispanic         Asian
Source: William H. Frey
   Central County Changes, 2000-04
                Race-Ethnic Contributions
    50,000
    40,000
    30,000
    20,000
                                                           Hispanics
    10,000
                                                           Asians
         0
                                                           Blacks
   -10,000
                                                           Whites
   -20,000
   -30,000
   -40,000
   -50,000
                 Queens, NY   Wayne Co, MI   King Co. WA

Source: William H. Frey
                   Shares versus Growth
                          Traditional         New
                           Magnets      Destination States

     2005 Shares
     Immigrants             20%                9%
     Hispanics              26%               11%
     Asians                  7%               2%

     2000-04 Growth
     Immigrants             10%               33%
     Hispanics              15%               26%
     Asians                 16%               28%
Source: William H. Frey
                      Year of Immigrant Arrival:
             Traditional Magnets versus New Destinations*

              Traditional Magnets                              New Destinations
                                        before                                          before
    2000-05
                                         1980        2000-05                             1980

                 20%
                                                                   31%


                                                                                                 1980-89


                                        1980-89
   1990-99
                                                         1990-99


    *Traditional Magnets are California, New York, Florida, Texas, Illinois and New Jersey.
    New Destinations are North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Nevada, Arizona, Iowa, Nebraska, and
    Colorado.

Source: William H. Frey
 Hispanic and Asian Shares by Age Group
                 California                                     Georgia

    65 +        27%                                 65 +   3%

   40-64        37%                                40-64   6%

   15-39              54%                          15-39   12%

Under 15               57%                     Under 15    12%

           0%   20%    40%      60%   80%   100%       0%       20%   40%   60%   80%   100%


                               Hispanic     Asian           Others


     Source: William H. Frey
      Immigrants vs Natives: 2005

   Poverty and Near
      Poverty**

  Hispanics: Poverty
  and Near Poverty

         Blue Collar
         Workers*

     Hispanics: Blue
     Collar Workers

                       0   10    20      30      40      50         60   70   80
                                Immigrants in New Destinations.
                                Immigrants in Traditional Magnets
                                US Native Born

Source: William H. Frey
Where Undocumented Dominate Foreign Born




                                                 GT 40%
                                                 Other

   Source: Jeffery Passel, Pew Hispanic Center
        Desired US Immigration Levels
       100%
        90%
                            33.6                       29.3
        80%
        70%                                             7.8              Present
        60%                 14.1                                         Increased
        50%                                                              Decreased
        40%
                                                      56.8               Don't Know
        30%                 47.1
        20%
        10%
                             5.2                        6.2
         0%
                  Traditional Magnet New Destination
                         States          States

Source: William H. Frey analysis of CBS News Poll, July 29-Aug 2, 2005
3 Year Work Permits for Illegal Immigrants?

         100%
          90%                                            24.7
          80%                 39.1
          70%                                                             Allowed
          60%
                                                                          Not Allowed
          50%
          40%                                           71.9              Don't Know
          30%                54.5
          20%
          10%
                               6.4                        3.4
           0%
                        Traditional            New Destination
                       Magnet States               States

 Source: William H. Frey analysis of CBS News Poll, July 29-Aug 2, 2005
    Hispanics: 2004 Total vs Voter Shares


  50
  45
  40

  35
  30
                                                                                  Total
  25
        45                                                                        Voters
  20
                  37
             34              33
  15                                     29
                       22                          23
  10                                                          20        19
                                  16
   5                                          12        10                   10
                                                                   9
   0
         New      Texas     California   Arizona   Nevada    Colorado   Florida
        Mexico


Source: William H.Frey
               Useful Websites

          www.CensusScope.org

     www.frey-demographer.org




Source: William H. Frey

				
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