Us Imigration Com by beautifulone

VIEWS: 426 PAGES: 17

									Immigration to the United
        States:
      A 2001 Snapshot
How Many Immigrants Are Admitted to
     the U.S. in a Given Year?


   In 2001, the United States
       accepted a total of
          1,064,318
          immigrants.
          How Are Immigrants Admitted?
Immigrants gain admission to the United States under several different
                            categories.
 Nearly two-thirds of all immigrants were admitted because they had
                relatives already in the United States.
                     Category of Immigrants' Admission to the U.S.,
                                         2001
                        Refugee and Other            Family-
                           asylee adjustments      sponsored
                        adjustments    5%         preferences
                            10%                       22%




                                                       Employment-
                      Immediate                           based
                     relatives of                      preferences
                     U.S. citizens                         17%
                          42%
                                                 Diversity
                                                    4%
From Which Regions do Immigrants to the
     United States Currently Come?
            U .S . Im m ig ran ts Ad m itted B y R eg io n

                         S outh Am e rica
                                6%          Europe
        Ce ntra l Am e rica
                                             16%
                7%

        Ca rribe a n
            10%



     North Am e rica                              Asia
          21%                                    34%

                Oce a nia a nd
              Unkow n or Not     Africa
               Re porte d 1%     5%
Which Countries Sent the Most Immigrants to
        the United States in 2001?
                                Number of Immigrants Sent from the Ten Largest
                                  Immigrant-Contributing Countries in 2001

  250,000

              206,426
  200,000


  150,000



  100,000
                              70,290
                                               56,426        53,154
   50,000                                                             35,531           31,272     27,703       27,120     23,640   21,933

       0




                                                                                                                           a
                                                                                                   a
                                               lic
                                 a




                                                                                                                                    a
                                                                                    or




                                                                                                               ti
                                                             es
                  o




                                                                       am




                                                                                                                         in
                                                                                                 ub



                                                                                                            ai




                                                                                                                                  ad
                              di
               ic




                                                                                  ad
                                             ub



                                                           in




                                                                                                                          v
                            In




                                                                                                           H
            ex




                                                                    tn




                                                                                                                                an
                                                                                                                        go
                                                                                                C
                                                         pp




                                                                                   v
                                           ep




                                                                  ie
        M




                                                                                al




                                                                                                                      ze



                                                                                                                               C
                                                        li



                                                                  V
                                       R




                                                                            lS
                                                     hi




                                                                                                                    er
                                       s



                                                     P




                                                                            E
                                     e'




                                                                                                                  H
                                pl




                                                                                                                a-
                              eo




                                                                                                             ni
                                                                                                           os
                         ,P




                                                                                                           B
                       na
                       hi
                      C
In Which States Do Most Immigrants Settle?
• 65% of all 2001 immigrants planned to settle in one of the six
                     states shown below.
   • 27% of all incoming immigrants intended to live in California.
                      The Number of Immigrants Received
                by the Top Six Immigrant-Receiving States, 2001

           282,957
 300,000
 250,000
 200,000
 150,000              114,116    104,715
                                             86,315
 100,000                                                 59,920   48,296
  50,000
       0
           California New York    Florida     Texas       New     Illinois
                                                         Jersey
How Diverse Are States’ Immigrant Populations?
 It depends. Some states receive higher concentrations of immigrants from specific
            countries while other states’ immigrant groups are more diverse.

    Nationalities of Immigrants to California, 2001             Nationaties of Immigrants to New York, 2001
                                                                                     Dominican
                                                                                      Republic
                                                                                        9%
                                                                                                 China
           Other                                Mexico
                                                                                                  7%
           32%                                   34%
                                                                                                      Jamaica
                                                          Vs.                                           5%
                                                                                                       India
                                                                                                        4%
                                                                                                        Haiti
     Taiwan                                                                                             4%
       2%                                                           Other                               Ecuador
        Korea                               Philippines             61%                                    4%
         3%                                     8%                                                       Ukraine
      El Salvador                   China                                                                   3%
          4%        Vietnam India                                                                El Salvador
                                     6%
                       5% 6%                                                                         3%

 •California: A third of all immigrants came from Mexico. Just seven nationalities
       accounted for two-thirds of the entire incoming immigrant population.
 •New York: The largest immigrant group comprised only nine percent of the state’s
total. Two-thirds of all incoming immigrants came in such small national groups that
        less than 3% of all new New York immigrants shared their nationality.
   Why Do Some Immigrant Groups Have More
            Presence Than Others?
   Some immigrant groups are highly concentrated, while others are more dispersed.

• Concentrated: 68%                                  The Percentage of Immigrants Moving to One of the Four Most
                                                           Common Destination States for Their Nationality*
of incoming
                                   100
Mexicans, our largest                           91        89
                                   90
immigrant group,                                                       78
                                   80
move to either Texas                                                           70
or California.                     70
                                                                                          61
                                   60                                                                 56           56
                         Percent




                                                                                                                             51
• Dispersed: 68% of                50
Indian immigrants,                 40
                                                                                                                                       37.5
our second largest                                                                                                                                   30
                                   30
group, are dispersed
                                   20
throughout
                                   10
California, New
                                    0
Jersey, Illinois, New
                                                         ba




                                                                                                                             a


                                                                                                                                       da
                                                                              or




                                                                                                 na
                                           ti




                                                                                                                                                a
                                                                   o




                                                                                          s




                                                                                                               m
                                            i




                                                                                                                          di
                                                                                        ne
York, Texas,




                                                                                                                                                 i
                                                                  ic
                                         Ha




                                                                            ad




                                                                                                                                              sn
                                                                                                             na




                                                                                                                                     na
                                                      Cu




                                                                                                  i




                                                                                                                        In
                                                               ex




                                                                                               Ch
                                                                                     pi




                                                                                                                                            Bo
                                                                          lv




                                                                                                           et




                                                                                                                                  Ca
                                                                                 ilip
                                                               M


                                                                        Sa




                                                                                                       Vi
Michigan, Virginia,
                                                                               Ph
                                                                       El




and Pennsylvania.       *Meaning, 91% of all Haitians entering in 2001 moved to one of four states. Yet one would only find
                        30% of all incoming Bosnians in Bosnians’ four most popular destination states.
Of Which Gender Are Most of Today’s
           Immigrants?
    The majority of immigrants today are female.

    Gender of Immigrants Arriving in 2001




                                   Male
                                   45%

           Female
            55%
 How Old Are Incoming Immigrants?
  Half of all immigrants are between age 25 and age 45.
Twenty percent are either over 65 or under 15 years of age.

           Age of Immigrants Arriving in 2001
                             65-74   75 and Over
                              3%         1%
                     55-64
                      5%                           0-14
                                                   16%
             45-54
              9%



                                                          15-24
                                                           17%
          35-44
           19%




                                          25-34
                                           30%
What is the Occupational Background of
          Current Immigrants?
        Immigrants by Occupation, 2001
                                               Professional, Specialty and
                           3%                  technical
                                2%             Executive, administrative and
                   8%                          managerial
                                 2%
                                               Sales
                                     1%
                                      3%       Administrative Support

                                      1%       Precision Production, craft, and
38%
                                          1%   repair
                                               Operator, Fabricator and
                                               Laborer
                                               Farming, Forrestry and fishing

                                               Service

                                               No occupation

                                               Unknown
                        41%
     Is There Much Variation in Immigrants’
           Occupational Background?
Yes. Although 8% of all immigrants who came to the U.S. in 2001 were
 professionals, this percentage varies greatly depending on immigrants’
                            country of origin.
             Percentage of Profesional Immigrants by Country of Origin, 2001

                 30

                 25

                 20

          Percent 15             28

                 10                      18
                                                   12                                                               11
                  5
                                                                                        4       3
                                                                  2                                        2
                  0        0                                                   0
                       Mexico


                                India


                                        China


                                                Philippines


                                                              Vietnam


                                                                        El Salvador


                                                                                      Cuba


                                                                                             Haiti

                                                                                                     Herzegovina


                                                                                                                   Canada
                                                                                                      Bosnia-
                          How Has America’s Immigrant Population
                                  Changed Since 1820?
                                    Immigrants Admitted by Region of Last Residence, 1821-2001

                        9,000,000

                        8,000,000

                        7,000,000
 Number of Immigrants




                        6,000,000
                                                                                                 Europe
                        5,000,000
                                                                                                 Asia
                        4,000,000                                                                America *
                                                                                                 Africa
                        3,000,000                                                                Oceania

                        2,000,000

                        1,000,000

                              -
                                      18 -30

                                      18 -40

                                      18 -50

                                      18 -60

                                      18 -70

                                      18 -80

                                      91 90



                                      19 -10

                                      19 -20

                                      19 -30

                                      19 -40

                                      19 -50

                                      19 -60

                                      19 -70

                                      19 -80

                                      91 90
                                      19 00




                                             0
                                           00
                                    18 81-




                                    19 81-
                                           9
                                  21

                                        31

                                        41

                                        51

                                        61

                                        71




                                        01

                                        11

                                        21

                                        31

                                        41

                                        51

                                        61

                                        71
                                        -1




                                        -2
                             18




                                                                 Decade

* Note: America includes North America, the Caribbean, Central America, and South America.
                           How Has America’s Immigrant Population
                                   Changed Since 1920?
                                    Immigrants Admitted by Region of Last Residence,
                                                       1920-2000

                       4,500,000
                       4,000,000
Number of Immigrants




                       3,500,000
                       3,000,000                                                                   Europe
                                                                                                   Asia
                       2,500,000
                                                                                                   America
                       2,000,000
                                                                                                   Africa
                       1,500,000                                                                   Oceania
                       1,000,000
                        500,000
                             -
                                   1921-   1931-   1941-   1951-   1961-   1971-   1981-   1991-
                                    30      40      50      60      70      80      90     2000
                                                             Decade
                       How Has America’s Immigrant Population
                               Changed Since 1989?
                                      Immigrants Admitted to the U.S. By Region, 1989-2001

                       1,000,000

                        900,000

                        800,000
Number of Immigrants




                        700,000                                                                                 Europe

                        600,000                                                                                 Asia
                                                                                                                Africa
                        500,000
                                                                                                                Oceania
                        400,000
                                                                                                                North America
                        300,000
                                                                                                                Caribbean
                        200,000
                                                                                                                Central America
                        100,000
                                                                                                                South America
                             -
                                   89

                                         90

                                               91

                                                     92

                                                           93

                                                                 94

                                                                       95

                                                                             96

                                                                                   97

                                                                                         98

                                                                                               99

                                                                                                     00

                                                                                                           01
                                 19

                                        19

                                              19

                                                    19

                                                          19

                                                                19

                                                                      19

                                                                            19

                                                                                  19

                                                                                        19

                                                                                              19

                                                                                                    20

                                                                                                          20
                                                                           Year
   What About Undocumented Immigrants?
The INS’ most current estimation of undocumented immigrants is from
October, 1996. At that time, the INS believed that a total of 5 million
             undocumented immigrants lived in the United States.
      Estimated Number of Undocumented Immigrants Living in the U.S.
                    By Nationality as of October, 1996                               Nearly two-thirds
                                                                                     of all
      1,315,000                                                                      undocumented
                                                                Mexico               immigrants were
                                                                El Salvador
                                                                Guatemala
                                                                                     estimated to live
                                                                Canada               in:
                                                                Haiti
   75,000
    90,000
                                                   2,700,000    Philippines          •California (39%)
     95,000                                                     Honduras
      105,000
                                                                Dominican Republic
                                                                Other
                                                                                     •Texas (14%)
        120,000
            165,000                                                                      Or
                  335,000
                                                                                     •New York (11%).
                 Sources:
• Slides 2-15: “2001 Statistical Yearbook of
  the Immigration and Naturalization
  Services”, Office of Immigrant Statistics

• Slide 16: “Estimates of the Unauthorized
  Immigrant Population Residing in the
  United States: 1990-2000,” Office of
  Immigrant Statistics

								
To top