Chemistry of Life
Chemistry Review the basics of chemistry you'll need to know to study biology.
Large Molecules Learn about structures and properties of sugars, lipids, amino acids, and
nucleotides, as well as macromolecules including proteins, nucleic acids and polysaccharides.
Chemistry of Amino Acids learn the structure and chemistry of the amino acids that are found
Acids & Bases Learn about the solvent properties of water, pH, pKa and buffering capacity.
Clinical Correlates of pH Levels Learn how metabolic acidosis or alkalosis can arise and how
these conditions shift the bicarbonate equilibrium. The body's compensatory mechanisms and
treatment options are also discussed.
B12/Folate Learn which biological reactions require either B12 or folate (or both); what the
consequences of a deficiency in either vitamin are, and the important step in which B12 and
folate metabolism overlap.
Energy, Enzymes, and Catalysis Familiarize yourself with some key principles about enzymes,
catalysis, and energy that are central to a subsequent study of metabolic pathways.
Metabolism Develop a basic understanding of some of the fundamental concepts of metabolism
Carbohydrate Metabolism Regulation Learn about the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism by
insulin, glucagon and epinephrine, mainly in liver and muscle.
Photosynthesis 1 Study the conversion of light energy into different forms of chemical energy
Photosynthesis 2 Review the location and overall reactions of carbohydrate biosynthesis during
photosynthesis, and understand the metabolic differences between C3 and C4 plants