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African American life in 1930

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African American life in 1930 Powered By Docstoc
					African American life in 1930

     By: Whitney Collins and
      Alexandra Wendling
                     Ku Klux Klan
• They apparently derived the name from the Greek word kyklos,
  from which comes the English “circle”; “Klan” was added for the
  sake of alliteration and Ku Klux Klan emerged.
• The Klan members sought to make whites supreme over blacks.
• Dressed in robes, the Klan members whipped and killed black
  freemen and whites that were supporting them.
• Forest (the first grand wizard) ordered that the Klan disbanded.
• The bills authorized that the president should suspend the writ of
  habeas corpses, suppress disturbances, and impose heavy
  penalties to the terrorist organizations.
• the government finally decided that the Ku Klux Klan was
  unconstitutional, but by then most of the Klan had disappeared.
  They are still around but are separate around the world.
             Plessey v. Ferguson
• Plessey v. Ferguson was the first major inquiry into the meaning of
  the Fourteenth Amendment's (1868) equal-protection clause, which
  prohibits the states from denying “equal protection of the laws” to
  any person within their jurisdictions.
•    Although the majority opinion did not contain the phrase
  “separate but equal,” it gave constitutional sanction to laws designed
  to achieve racial segregation by means of separate and supposedly
  equal public facilities and services for African Americans and whites.
•    The Separate Car Act did not conflict with the Thirteenth
    Amendment, according to Brown, because it did not reestablish
    slavery or constitute a “badge” of slavery or servitude.
                 Scottsboro Case
• In Scottsboro nine young youths were charged with rape on two
  white woman.
• they were sent to trial and were able to have two voluntary lawyers
• Despite testimony by doctors who had examined the women that no
  rape had occurred, the all-white jury convicted the nine, and all but
   the youngest, who was 12 years old, were sentenced to death.
• the announcement brought a storm of charges from outside of the
  south that a gross injustice had happened.
• In a 1935 decision (Norris v. Alabama), the U.S. Supreme Court
  overturned this conviction, ruling that the state had systematically
   excluded blacks from juries   .
             Harem Renaissance
• Harlem Renaissance refers to an era of written and artistic creativity
  among African-Americans that occurred after World War I and lasted
  until the 1930’s depression
• A major factor leading to the rise of the Harlem Renaissance was
  the migration of African-Americans to the northern cities. Between
  1919 and 1926.
• large numbers of black Americans left their rural southern states
  homes to move to urban centers such as New York City, Chicago,
  and Washington, DC.

• What began as a series of literary discussions in lower Manhattan
  (Greenwich Village) and upper Manhattan (Harlem) was first known
   as the 'New Negro Movement.'
                     Scottsboro Trial
•   No crime in American history-- let alone a crime that never occurred--
    produced as many trials, convictions, reversals, and retrials as did an
    alleged gang rape of two white girls by nine black teenagers.
•    The Scottsboro Boys spent the two years between their first trials and the
    second round, scheduled to begin in March, 1933 in Decatur, in the
    deplorable conditions of Depression-era Alabama prisons.
•   As their trial date approached, they were moved to the Decatur jail, a rat-
    infested facility that two years earlier had been condemned as "unfit for
    white prisoners.“
•   In the end the guy price who defended the boys lost and they sent the main
    person of the problem to death.
                          Lynching
• a form of violence in which a mob, under the pretext of administering
  justice without trial, executes a presumed offender, often after
  inflicting torture and corporal mutilation.
• Historically, the fehmic courts of medieval Germany imposed some
  punishments that involved lynching, as did the Halifax gibbet law
  (execution of those guilty of theft valued over a specific amount) and
  Cowper justice (trial after execution) in the border districts of
   England.
• Vigilante justice has been practiced in many countries under
  unsettled conditions whenever informally organized groups have
  attempted to supplement or replace legal procedure or to fill the void
  where institutional justice did not yet exist.
THE END

				
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