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Accession Number Accession Number Object

VIEWS: 136 PAGES: 233

									Accession Number
Object Name
Maker
Description
Inscriptions
Signature
Earliest Date
Latest Date
Date Description
Object Height
Object Width
Depth
Unit
Other Dimensions
Materials

M-1
Armillary Sphere: Ptolemaic
Arsenius, Gualterus Flourished: 1555-75
Internal ecliptic axis. Similar to another armillary sphere dated 1575 in the Musee de
Cirquatenare, Brussels.
"NEPOS GEMMAE FRISV LOVANY FECIT ANNO 1562 GA" ; Wheels read "IN 7000 ANNI
CIRCVMVOLVITVR"

1562
1562
1562
43.5
26.5
0
cm

brass, silvered brass

M-10
Armillary Sphere: Ptolemaic
Unidentified Maker
Internal ecliptic axis.
Unsigned.

1600
1650
early 17th century
41
28
28
cm
brass

M-11
Armillary Sphere: Ptolemaic
Unidentified Maker
Internal equatorial axis.


1550
1699
late 16th-17th century
45
29
26
cm

brass

M-12
Globe: Celestial
Unidentified Maker
Celestial globe with hammered silver hemispheres engraved with non-Ptolemaic constellations in
relief. Hermes pedestal. From same workshop as M-15.
Unsigned.

1600
1615
c. 1600-15
13.8
5.8
5.8
cm
Diameter: 5.8 cm
silver, gilt silver

M-13
Globe: Celestial
[Winter, T. B.] Flourished: 1857-78
Celestial globe with beaten silver hemispheres ecliptically mounted. Equator and meridian
uncalibrated. External projection. Unlabeled, non-Ptolemaic constellations. Mounted on silver
Atlas. Punchmarks of star and "II" in a shield.
"DK TP"

1660
1700
c. 1660-1700
16.5
7.7
0
cm
Circumference: 27 cm
silver

M-14
Globe: Celestial, Eastern
Unidentified Maker
Brass Islamic globe with no visible seam. Full set of constellation figures with about 1018 stars
indicated by inlaid silver points. On four-legged pedestal.
Unsigned.

1600
1700
c. 1650
29
20.5
20.5
cm
Circumference: 55 cm
brass, silver

M-15
Globe: Terrestrial
Unidentified Maker
Terrestrial globe with hammered silver hemispheres. Continents engraved in relief. From same
workshop as M-12.
Unsigned.

1600
1615
c. 1600-15
13.9
5.8
5.8
cm
Diameter: 5.8 cm
silver, gilt silver

M-16
Globe: Terrestrial
Unidentified Maker
Terrestrial globe with gilt hemispheres and silvered seas. Place names stamped in Latin.    ;
Unsigned.
1566
1600
c. 1566-1600
9.6
6.5
6.9
cm
Globe diameter: 4.6 cm
gilt brass, silvered brass

M-17
Globe: Terrestrial
[Demongenet, Fran•ois] (Died 1592) Flourished: 1552-92
Terestrial globe with 12 engraved gores. Equator divided 0-360¡ from a point near the Canary
Islands. Circles of longitude every 15¡. No ecliptic. No cartouches. Modern mounting. Latin
wind rose of 12 points. Gores published in Venice (?).
Unsigned.

1552
1560
c. 1560
21.1
10.8
10.9
cm

wood, paper, copper

M-18
Globe: Terrestrial
Unidentified Maker
Silver terrestrial globe. No visible seam. Unmounted.
Unsigned.

1750
1850
c. 1800
4.9
4.9
4.9
cm
Diameter: 4.9 cm
silver

M-19
Clock
Unidentified Maker
1700
1799
18th century
34
21
21
cm

silver, wood

M-100
Level: Artillery, with Leg
Cucco, Augustinus
Elevation gauge typical of the design of Tartaglia in 1537, for inserting in the barrel of a gun or
cannon. Scales on both faces of the instrument. Long arm has scale of equal parts 0-284, by 1,
along upper edge. Shorter arm has scale of equal parts.
"Augustinus Cucco Bombarda(m): et Arcis: Cent(o): fecit 1696"

1696
1696
1696
16.9
47.7
0.4
cm

brass

M-101
Divider: Proportional, Three Legged
Unidentified Maker
Ornate three-legged proportional compass with a 0-130¡ protractor wing.
Unsigned.

1690
1790
c. 1740
25.7
3.6
1.7
cm

brass
M-102
T-Square
Unidentified Maker
T-square with trapezoidal stock. Shank on inner (bar side) edge to fit in side groove on drawing
or plane table, enabling T-square to slide along edge.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
0.7
32.2
7.1
cm
Bar depth: 2.1 cm
brass

M-103
Pantograph
Unidentified Maker
Pantograph with two brass castors. Second slider runs on arm that is slotted and graduated 2/3,
1/2-2/5, 2/5-2/7, 1/5-1/6, N-G. Left outer arm graduated 2/3, 1/2, 2/5, 2/7, 1/5, 1/6, and N over
K. Right outer arm marked at 2/5, 2/7, N, 1/6 and G.
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
5.4
7.3
36.6
cm
Arm width: 1.1 cm
brass

M-104
Rule: Folding
Unidentified Maker
Folding rule with hinged slit sights on legs and a window sight attached by a winged nut at the
sector hinge. Scales of equal parts 400-0 and 0-400 every 1 on legs. Underside has hardware for
attaching cross brace (missing). Part of underside is also cut away as if the instrument were
designed to rest on top of something.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
4.8
2.1
31.4
cm

brass

M-105
Sector: Guidobaldo-type
Unidentified Maker
Missing all sights. Circular hinge incorporated in legs. Both legs have friction ledges; one slides
into the other. When closed, legs form squared aperture at bottom; ends are capped with blunt
silver points. Symmetrical holes in friction ledges of leg has an additional hole towards right
end.
"PRAC [.] FIOR"

1700
1799
[18th century]
0.9
32
1.8
cm

gilt brass

M-106
Sector: Bow
Unidentified Maker
Circular sector hinge. Legs adjacent to hinge cut at angle away from hinge so that sector stops at
a right angle when opened. Bow extends from one leg through slot in the other. Bow marked 0-
90¡.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
0.6
17.7
2.6
cm
Bow extension: 5.5 cm
gilt brass

M-107
Sector: Sighting, with magnetic compass
Blondeus, Petrus and Silvius Maggerius
Sector for use in surveying. Ball and socket for mounting on staff held in place by ornate friction
screw. Sights mounted on ends of legs on (a) for triangulation surveying. Folding friction
ledges on both legs. French-type sector scales.
"Silvius Maggerius inven/Petrus Blondeus Gall[9] fecit Rom¾." on planes.

1650
1750
c. 1700
1.4
26
3.4
cm
Ball and socket: 8.8 x 2.8 cm. Sights: 2.9 x 1.4 x 2 cm.
gilt brass

M-108
Protractor: With index
Grazzini, Ferdinando Flourished: 1744-47
For use on plane table. Truncated circular plate pierced with horizontal windows. Limb divided
0-180¡ every 1¡. Index rule with chamfered edge. Two scales of equal parts, 0-20 and 0-10, each
divided into 6 parts. Labeled "Canne. B6".
"Ferdinando Grazzini Fece/Lanno 1747"

1747
1747
1747
1
34
9.1
cm
Index: 29 cm
brass

M-109
Sector: Bow, with protractor
Mariani, Jacopo
Circular-hinged sector with full 180¡ bow. Sector is labeled to read with hinge to the right, rather
than left. Shaped, velvet-lined, wooden case is covered in gold embossed leather. Inside are
places for other, smaller instruments, of which 2 appear to have been a pair of dividers. Case has
2 hinges on straight side, 5 hooks and latches on other side.
"Iacopo Mariani fac: in Gall:di D.S.A.S. in Fiorenza L'Anno 1690" across legs, near hinge.

1690
1690
1690
0.7
43.4
7.1
cm
Hinge diameter: 4.5 cm. Bow arm width: 3.9 cm. Radius: 17.1 cm.
brass

M-110
Protractor: With index
[Martin, Johann] (1642-1720)
Similar in design to M-111b. Index arm rotates around large, cut out, circular hinge, giving
unobstructed view of center marker for angle measurements.
"Joh: Martin Unseld. ‰. Ulm."

1662
1720
17th century
0
14.4
8.6
cm

brass

M-111a
Protractor
Unidentified Maker
Protractor-part of an unknown instrument. Degree scale thin band.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
0
11.3
7.5
cm

brass

M-111b
Protractor: With index
Unidentified Maker
Semi-circular protractor with index arm.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
0
14.3
7.9
cm
Index: 0.4 x 1.1 x 9.4 cm
brass

M-111c
Protractor: With set square
Lusuerg, Dominicus (c. 1692-1744)
Open semi-circular protractor with set square extension on right side.
"Dominicus Lusuerg F . Rom¾ 1729";

1729
1729
1729
0
12
7.3
cm

brass

M-111d
Protractor
Unidentified Maker
Open semi-circular protractor. Very thin. Notch in upper edge of base bar and vertical line mark
center for angle measurements.
Unsigned.

1800
1899
19th century
0
7.8
5.8
cm

brass

M-111e
Protractor
Unidentified Maker
Open, semi-circular protractor.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
0
10
6.7
cm

brass

M-111f
Protractor
Unidentified Maker
Open, semi-circular protractor.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
6.7
10.2
0.2
cm

brass

M-111g
Protractor: With set square
Unidentified Maker
Open semi-circular protractor with set square extension on left.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
7.1
11.1
0.1
cm

brass

M-112
Clamp
Unidentified Maker
Bracket with a double-tailed mermaid at each end. Slot in bracket bordered by 2 scales of equal
parts, 0-12 subdivided into 12ths. Clamps for grasping round objects slide in the slot. Locking
screws to secure clamps also serve as feet of instrument
Unsigned.

1800
1899
19th century
9.3
5.3
35.9
cm

gilt brass

M-113
Micrometer
Merula, Carolus Joseph
Micrometer mechanism to be attached to an instrument for more precise measurement of distance
or lengths. Rectangular box with long screw inside. Exposed wing screw head is large and
ornately engraved with foliage. At one end of screw in box is a fixed tab.
 "Carolus Ioseph Merula / Mediolani A. ¡ 1727"

1727
1727
1727
2.7
11.8
3.7
cm

brass

M-114*
Ruler: Parallel, Sliding Gauge
Costa, Caesar

"Caesar Costa FA 1690"

1690
1690
1690
0
0
0


brass

M-115a
Ellipsograph trammel
Lusuerg, Dominicus (c. 1692-1744)
Arm for an elliptical trammel, base and drawing pen or pencil missing.
"Dominicus Lusuerg F: Rom¾ 1699"

1699
1699
1699
0.9
22.7
0.5
cm
Sliders: 5.9 x 1.5 x 1.0 cm
brass

M-115b
Ellipsograph trammel
Lusuerg, Dominicus (c. 1692-1744)
Duplicate in design and markings to M-115a. Engraving on sliders more floral than foliate.
"Dominicus Lusuerg F. Rom¾1701"

1701
1701
1701
0.9
22.6
0.6
cm
Sliders: 5.8 x 1.5 x 1.0 cm
brass

M-116a
Compass: Beam
Unidentified Maker
Plain brass beam compass. No scales or other markings.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
6.1
34
1
cm

brass, steel
M-116b
Caliper: Beam
Unidentified Maker
Simple beam calipers, no decoration. Sliding jaw has a steel, heart-shaped wing screw. Has
open groove to slide along arm of caliper to read scale. Main divisions of scale on one face, 0-
15. Every main division is 3 cm in length. Finest graduation is 1/100.
Unsigned.

1800
1900
c. 1850
0.8
48.3
0.4
cm
Sliding jaw: 18.0 x 1.1 x 8 cm
brass

M-117
Radio Latino: with case
Giamin, Antonius Flourished: 1591-99
With scabbard case. Wood painted black. Pierced brass tip. Brass handle and belt loop. Recto--
slit sights screwed to 4 joints. Cursor on shaft has pointer shaped like an ogee arch. Shaft, arms
and legs have scales of equal parts. Needle type 16.
"ANTO: GIAMIN. FEC: ROMAE. M ¥ D ¥ XCI"

1591
1591
1591
59.7
3.3
4.3
cm
Case: 48.5 x 9.6 x 6.6 cm
brass

M-118
Radio Latino
Unidentified Maker
Recto-slit sights screwed to 4 joints. Cursor on shaft has pierced rectangle. Shaft, arms and legs
have scales of equal parts. Needle type 16. No compass rose. Verso--left leg engraved with a
quadrant 0-90¡ every 1¡. Right leg has shadow square of 12 points. Arms plain.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
45.7
3.1
3
cm

brass

M-119
Cannon Reamers and rule, set of 6 ...
Unidentified Maker
Set of 6 instruments. Long, four-sided case of leather covered wood. Ornate brass mounting.
Red velvet lined.;
Unsigned

1500
1599
16th century
36.5
5
3.6
cm

wood, velvet, leather, brass

M-119a
Cannon Reamer: Needle, part of set
Unidentified Maker
Triangular reamer. Tapered to point. Steel needle. Turned brass finial.


1500
1599
16th century
29
1.1
1.1
cm

brass, steel

M-119b
Cannon Reamer: Needle, part of set
Unidentified Maker
Steel needle. Tapered to a point. Turned brass finial.


1500
1599
16th century
29.8
1
1
cm

brass, steel

M-119c
Cannon Reamer: Drill, part of set
Unidentified Maker
Steel drill. Brass, cane-shaped handle.


1500
1599
16th century
30.9
1
1
cm

brass, steel

M-119d
Cannon Reamer: Drill, part of set
Unidentified Maker
Same as M-119c but smaller threads on drill.


1500
1599
16th century
28.7
1.5
0.7
cm

brass, steel

M-119e
Cannon Reamer: Gouge, part of set
Unidentified Maker
Steel rod. Brass, cane-shaped handle.
1500
1599
16th century
29.9
1.2
0.6
cm

brass, steel

M-119f
Measuring Rod: Part of Artillery Set
Unidentified Maker
Four-sided. Turned finial.


1500
1599
16th century
31.8
0.9
0.8


brass

M-120
Caliper: Bullet
Chapotot, Louis or Jean Flourished: 1670-1721
Bullet calipers with rectangular, rather than curved, arms. Sector hinges for arms and tongue.
All hinges engraved with floral design. Steel caps on ends of arms, same as M-57. Notched arm
on one side has scale for weight of bullets.
"CHAPOTOT A PARIS"

1670
1721
c. 1700
17.4
5.3
0.5
cm

brass

M-121
Rod: Measuring
Unidentified Maker
Four-sided rod marked with artillery scales. Head of rod is a separate piece, worked in a
corkscrew pattern. Rod tapers toward other end. Lines are: a) "BLEI" and "LOT" at opposite
ends of the scale, 1-32/1-125 , by 1 except for the last 25.
Unsigned.

1550
1599
late 16th century
1.2
35.1
1.2
cm

brass

M-122a
Rod: Measuring
F. H.
Four-sided rod with an angular knob formed at one end. "F. H." is near knob on one face. "553"
is near knob on another face. a)"E: ST: Bor": (probably caliber of gun scale), 1-64, by 1. Scale
of equal parts "N": ZOL" (Nuremberg inches), 0-12, by 1/2.
"F.H."

1550
1650
c. 1600
1
34.5
1
cm

brass

M-122b
Rod: Measuring
Unidentified Maker
Probably from same workshop as M-122a . Rules are virtually identical in scales, names of
scales, and arrangements of lines; head on this one is a more squat angular form.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
1
34.3
1
cm
brass

M-123
Rod: Measuring
Unidentified Maker
Four-sided measuring rod that unscrews at the midpoint to better fit in a case or pocket. One end
is formed into small brass knob.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
0.8
32.6
0.8
cm

brass

M-124
Protractor: Two-legged
Lusuerg, Dominicus (c. 1692-1744)
Sector-like protractor. Top of one leg overlaps the top of the other leg. With small magnetic
compass and artillery level.
"Dominicus Lusuerg F. Rom¾ . 1716"

1716
1716
1716
1.3
22.4
5.2
cm

brass

M-125
Protractor: Two-legged
Blondeau, Nicolas Flourished: 1690-1706
Protractor consisting of two brass plates. Longer plate is 180¡ semicircle at top, on which the
protractor scales are drawn, shorter plate is rectangular. The top of the short plate is connected
by a pivot hinge.
"N. Blondeau f:"

1690
1706
c. 1700
0.4
26.1
6.1
cm

brass

M-126
Rod: Folding, with inset dividers and pencil
Unidentified Maker
Folding rod with inset dividers in one limb. A pencil holder in the other. These insets slide into
their respective limbs, and are screwed to the last part so they will not fall out. The heads of both
instruments remain protruding from the bottom of the limb.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
0.7
15
1.5
cm

brass

M-126a
Rod: Folding with inset dividers and pencil
Unidentified Maker



1600
1699
17th century
15
1.5
0.8
cm
Extended: 28.9 x 1.2 x 0.8 cm
brass

M-126b
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Part of set M-126a-c. Labeled "EISEN".
1600
1699
17th century
9.2
0.8
0.8
cm
Extended: 17.7 x 0.8 x 0.8 cm
brass

M-126c
Pencil
Unidentified Maker
Part of set M-126a-c.


1600
1699
17th century
10.6
0.7
0.7
cm

brass, wood, lead

M-127a*
Ruler: Parallel
Unidentified Maker



1600
1799
17th-18th century
0.3
20
2.1
cm
Open depth: 7.0 cm
brass

M-127b
Ruler: Parallel
Unidentified Maker
Parallel rulers with inset brass links. Rulers with scalloped ends and foliate engraving.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
0.3
19.9
2.1
cm

brass

M-127c
Ruler: Parallel
Unidentified Maker
Parallel rulers joined by parallel links. Ends of ruler scallop-cut.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
0.1
16.4
3.8
cm
Height with knobs: 0.7 cm
brass

M-128
Protractor: Two-legged with sights
Unidentified Maker
Two-legged protractor with semi-circular plate attaches to one leg near the hinge and piercing the
other leg. Plate has scalloped base line. Top divided into regular parts of circle which are
labelled "Triangle, quarrŽ , pentagone, exagone, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12"
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
1.7
4.2
14.2
cm

brass

M-129
Alidade
Piatti, Paulus Amilius
Ruler with scalloped edging. Missing sights were attached by tongue and groove over camfered
edge of ruler. Tongues engraved "A" and "E". Three scales of equal parts 0-100-0-200, 0-300,
all simply-divided into 10 parts. Relative proportions of scales are 3:2:1 such that comparative
sub-divisions are 1:10, 1:20, 1:30.
"Paulus Amilius Piatti fecit. Venetiis. 1718"

1718
1718
1718
0.5
33.9
4.2


brass

M-130a
Scale
Unidentified Maker
Brass scale of linear measures of various cultures. One end of scale has open ended aperture, half
a clover in design. Other end has hemispherical cut-out. One long edge is cut into form ledge, or
straight edge. All scales are bar scales.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
0.2
45.9
2.7
cm

brass

M-130b
Scale
Unidentified Maker
Similar to M-130a in design, decoration, and arrangement of lines.;
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
0.2
55.2
2.2
cm

brass

M-131a
Rule: Folding
Unidentified Maker
Sector like folding rule. Circular hinge has rivet through center flush with surface. Single pin
alignment. Scales are read when fully extended. One face reads ""Veneto" and is a scale in
venetian inches, other face in Parisian inches reads "Parigi".;
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
0.3
8.6
2.2
cm
Hinge diameter: 1.2 cm
brass

M-131b*
Rule: Folding
Cadot I, Michel   Flourished: 1730-53



1730
1753
c. 1750
0
0
0


brass

M-132a
Rule: Folding
Martin Au Temple
Ivory folding rule with silver hinge, end caps and banding along edges. Silver is badly tarnished.
Central disc is brass. Main scale marked on ivory faces and scratched on silver caps when open,
each face is marked with 12 inch scale, also 30 cm scale.
"Au Griffon Quai De L'Horloge"
1700
1799
18th century
0.4
16.5
1.4
cm

ivory, silver

M-132b
Rule: Folding (Metric)
Martin Au Temple
Folding rule with silver sector-type hinge. Ends of arms capped in silver. Single pin alignment.
Inch rule on one side. Metric rule on other.
Unsigned.

1750
1850
c. 1800
8.5
1.8
0.4

Extended: 16 x 0.8 x 0.4 cm
ivory, silver

M-132c
Rule: Folding (Metric)
Martin Au Temple
Ivory folding rule with silver sector-type hinge. Hinge engraved as flower. Ends of arms and the
scalloped friction ledge below the hinge are silver. Inscription appears on metric sloe of one
silver end plate-when fully extended reads "Nouvelle Measure" inscribed across the inch side is
"Douze Pouces".
"au Griffon Q[uai] d[e] l'horloge de Paris"

1750
1850
c. 1800
0.4
16.1
2
cm

ivory, silver

M-132d*
Sector
Martin, Benjamin (1704-1782)



1700
1782
1724-82
0
0
0


ivory, silver

M-133a
Protractor: Rectangular
Lang
Rectangular protractor with scale. All edges tapered. Bottom edge cut as a straight edge 180¡
plate.
"Lang a Strasbourg"

1750
1750
1750
0.2
14.8
5.6
cm

gilt brass

M-133b
Scale
Unidentified Maker
Brass scale, with a diagonal scale on each side.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
1
17.9
3
cm

brass
M-133c*
Sector
Ebersperger, Johann Georg
Brass plate with 4 sets of diagonal scales, 2 per side. Ends of plate are scalloped, pierced with a
small hole at the center of each end, and engraved with strap work and foliate decorations on both
faces. Maker's inscription incorporated into one of these sets of end decoration.
"Joh: Geo: Ebersperger fecit"

1729
1755
c. 1729-1755
0.2
22.6
6.2
cm

brass

M-133d
Scale
Unidentified Maker
Brass artillery scale has one scalloped end, cut to form an eye for hanging. Near the hanger on
one side is a punchmark of a royal crown over what appears to be an eagle crest, enclosed in an
oval.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
0.1
29.1
3.8
cm

brass

M-133e
Scale
Ertel & Sohn Flourished: 1834-58
Scales on both faces.
"ERTEL & SOHN"

1834
1858
c. 1845
0.4
37.3
6.2
cm

brass

M-134a
Alidade
Pigeon, Jean Flourished: 1706-17
Folding sight vanes mounted over chamfered edge of ruler. Each vane has a pair of slit and
window sights. No scales.
Unsigned.

1706
1717
18th century
10.8
41.7
6
cm

brass

M-134b
Alidade
Unidentified Maker
Folding slit and window sights screwed to rule. Three winged screws with heads pierced with 2
circles attached to central portion of rule. One six inch scale simply-divided into 12. Three sets
of diagonal scales, all with 10 x 10 grids.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
13
41.7
4.3
cm

brass

M-134c
Alidade
Bovolenta, Fabris
Folding sight vanes trimmed with pierced foliage mounted over chamfered edge of ruler.
Locking screws. Each vane has a pair of slit and window sights. Three diagonal scales on ruler
each 0-100 with 10 x 6 grids. Scales relatively proportioned 14:10:7 such that comparative
subdivisions are 1:60, 1:84; 1:120.
"Fabris./ Bovolenta"

1700
1799
18th century
15
49.7
3.9
cm

brass

M-134d
Alidade
Stefani, Giuseppe Flourished: 1807-42
Folding sight vanes trimmed with scrolling edge and mounted over chamfered edge of ruler.
Butterfly locking screws. Each vane has a pair of slit and window sights. Three sets of diagonal
scales.
"GUISEPPE STEFANI FECE"

1807
1842
c. 1807-42
23.9
73.4
5.9
cm

brass

M-134e
Alidade
Pigeon, Jean Flourished: 1706-17
Folding sight vanes with locking screws mounted over chamfered edge of ruler. Three scales of
equal parts calibrated 1-X, 1-X, and 0-190; all simply-divided into 10 parts. Relative proportions
of scales are 28:14:1.
"Pigeon a Lyon"

1706
1717
c. 1715
20.7
54.1
6
cm
brass

M-135
Tape Measure
Unidentified Maker
Tape made from strips of a Renaisssance German manuscript in brown ink. Calibrated for 17 ft.
Brass loop at end of tape. Cylindrical brass case incised on bottom with an 8-pointed star
surrounded by concentric wavy lines, and on top with a rosette surrounded by a wreath of leaves
and concentric wavy lines. Sides of case plain except for pair of lines.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
3.5
8.5
8.5
cm

brass, parchment

M-136a
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Brass dividers with steel points. Ball joint and architectural cut of legs adjacent to joint similar to
style of Dominicus Lusuerg.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
16.6
1.7
1.9
cm

brass, steel

M-136b
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Plain, functional well-made dividers.
Unsigned.

1750
1850
c. 1800
25.8
2.6
0.9
cm

gilt brass, steel

M-136c
Compass
Lusuerg, Dominicus (c. 1692-1744)
Ball-jointed compass. One interchangeable steel point, presently a divider point. Point with
squared shank that fits in bottom of compass leg. Decoratively pierced side wing screw.
"Dominicus Lusuerg"

1712
1744
c. 1720
23
2.2
2.4
cm

brass, steel

M-136d
Compass
[Lusuerg, Dominicus] (c. 1692-1744)
Ball-joint compass, interchageable point presently a divider point. Square shank point that fits in
bottom of leg with a hole for side screws. Side screw with disc-shaped head and milled edges.
"Dominicus Lusuerg F. R."

1712
1744
c. 1720
26.6
2.6
2.6
cm

brass, steel

M-136e
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Brass dividers with steel points. Enlarged version of M-136a. Inner plates of ball joints
contributed by one leg are steel, to which brass leg is attached where friction plates end.
Unsigned.
1600
1699
17th century
36
2.4
2.6
cm

brass, steel

M-136f
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Exceptionally large brass dividers with steel points. Ball joint.;
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
45.6
4
4
cm

gilt brass, steel

M-136g
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Brass dividers with steel points. Long joints, with rivet through center. Smooth, round rivet
heads. Legs with curved shaping near joint to facilitate use. Triangular legs.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
19
1.7
1.7
cm

brass, steel

M-136h
Divider: Proportional
Unidentified Maker
Fixed proportional compass, 1:3, with a long joint.
Unsigned. Joint engraved on both faces with rosette. Circle in center stamped with a "3".

1600
1799
17th-18th century
15
1.3
0.9
cm

brass, steel

M-136i
Dividers: Hair
Unidentified Maker
Brass divider with long joint. Circular, grooved cheek pieces on each side of joint.
"IN" over "W" on inside of one leg.

1650
1750
c. 1700
14.2
1.5
1.4
cm

gilt brass, steel

M-136j
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Brass dividers with steel points and steel circle at top for hanging. Long joint. Inner disc of steel
imbedded in brass leg.
Unsigned.

1800
1899
19th century
36.2
1.7
0.9
cm

brass, steel

M-137
Level
Unidentified Maker
Turned hollow pedestal with finial top. Sides pierced with four circular apertures. Double-cone
shaped plumb bob suspended like a bell clapper inside. Conical target.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
10.6
4.4
4.4
cm

brass

M-138
Level
Unidentified Maker
Isosceles triangle with plumb bob pivoted from vertex. Bob has pierced circle and double-cone
tip. Inverted heart-shaped target and a circular aperture pierced in plate. Rococo engraving.
Verso plain.
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
7.1
8.2
0.4
cm

brass

M-139
Nippers
Unidentified Maker
Large iron nippers, very fancy. Instrument is completely engraved with foliage and floral
decoration. On the nipping heads are engraved two griffins. Large protruding rivet is
decoratively formed. One handle is uncarved, the other has a finial at the end. Sugar nippers.
Unsigned.

1500
1599
16th century
32.7
5.9
4.8
cm

iron

M-140
Level
Unidentified Maker
Triangular plate standing on two bowed legs screwed to a base plate. Base twice pierced;
scalloped, chamfered edges. Arabesque of trendrills on triangle. Harvest fruits on bowed legs;
similar to engraving found on gnomon springs in Butterfield type dials. Verso plain. Plumbline
with turned comical bob.
Unsigned.

1600
1799
17th-18th century
11.3
6.1
6
cm

brass

M-141
Level
Unidentified Maker
Folding tripod formed by three pierced leaves hinged together. Each leaf consists of a cut-out
mermaid (or given their muscular arms, mermen?), elaborately engraved. Hands join at top hinge
which has plumb line eyelet. Bob missing. Conical target.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
8.7
5.6
1.7
cm

brass

M-142
Level: Artillery
Klieber III, Ulrich (1529-1606)
Complex artillery level. Ornate plumb apparatus folds out from the top of the vertical slotted
pierce. Turned, brass plumb-line and bob hanging inside a rain drop-shaped holder, worked in
leaf and vine pattern. Vertical scale piece has sliding sight.
On bottom: "UDALRICUS KLIEBER / AUGUST FACIEBAT / *ANNO* /DM*/LXXX*"

1580
1580
1580
14.5
7.9
2.3
cm

gilt brass

M-143
Clinometer
Reghter, Jan (1730-1801)
Semicircular protractor divided 90-0-90¡ every 1¡. Weighted pointer with pivot in a circular
casing. Straight edge base of instrument has 4 scales. Line of equal parts (inches) with each
subsection more subdivided than the last.
"I. REGHTER DELFT."

1730
1801
c. 1760
9
17.5
0.9
cm

brass

M-144
Cross: Surveyor's, with circumferentor
Unidentified Maker
Pear-shaped bulb with screw on lid. Horizontal sundial inside lid. For-latitude 47¡. Hinged
gnomon with scalloped edge; engraved with scrolling leaves. In lower half of bulb, a bilevel
compass of 16 points and 0-180/0-180¡ every 1¡. Points labelled in French. Crudely engraved.
Replacement, blue/silver needle type 7; needle brake.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
18
9.3
9.3
cm
gilt brass

M-145
Squadra Mobile
Unidentified Maker
Semicircle divided 0-180¡ and 180-360¡ every 1¡. Shadow square of 60 and 12 parts. Original
fitted case covered in blind-stamped leather and lined in red velvet. Case heavily worm-eaten.
Two latch hooks.
Unsigned.

1620
1720
c. 1670
3
33.2
15.4
cm
Case: 4.0 x 35.5 x 17.3 cm
gilt brass

M-146
Graphometer
Unidentified Maker
Pierced semicircle with compass box supported by birds and putti bearing swords. Polychrome
paper compass rose of 8 points labelled in French initials. Blued needle type 26. Limb divided
0-90-0¡ every 1'.
Unsigned.

1600
1650
c. 1600-50
14.9
28.1
13.4
cm

brass

M-147
Graphometer
Sevin, Pierre Flourished: 1665-83
Pierced semicircle with double-tailed mermaids supporting compass box. Bilevel compass with
rose of 32 points and 0-360¡ every 1¡. Points labelled in French. Blued needle type 66. Two
sight vanes screwed to alidade and two to base of semicircle.
"PIERRE/ SEVIN/ A PARIS"
1665
1683
c. 1665-83
8.8
35.2
24.1
cm

brass

M-148
Graphometer
Lasnier Flourished: 1693-1740
Pierced semicircle with scroll work supporting compass box. Bilevel compass with rose of 8
points and 0-360¡ every 1¡. Points labelled in French. Replacement blue/silver needle type 7.
Limb divided 0-180¡ and 180-0¡ every 1¡, with transveersals to 10'.
"Lasnier AParis aux Deux Globes"

1693
1740
c. 1700
8.9
37.3
19.3
cm

brass

M-149
Theodolite: Simple
Coignet, Michael (1549-1623) Flourished: 1572-1618
Circular plate attached to a straight edge by scrollwork. Horizontal circle divided 0-360¡ every
1¡. Adjacent to this, a polygon scale 12-4 indicating the number of degrees for an interior angle
of regular inscribed polygon. Two movable sights on alidade.
"Elaborabat Antuerpiae,/ Michael Coignetus, / CI I CVI."

1606
1606
1606
16.3
24.2
19.7
cm

brass

M-150*
Circumferentor
D'amery, Leonard (1607-1640)

"LEONARD D'AMERY MATEMAT. A BRUXELLES"

1627
1640
c. 1630
0
0
0


gilt brass

M-151
Theodolite: Simple
D'amery, Leonard (1607-1640)
Circular plate attached to a straight edge by pierced scroll work. Horizontal circle divided 0-360¡
every 1/2¡ from east point. Cardinal points labelled in Latin. In two southern quadrants, a scale
90-0-90¡ every 1/2¡.
"Leonard D'Amery Matemat. A Bruxelles."

1627
1640
c. 1630
17.7
23.5
22
cm

brass

M-152
Theodolite: Simple
Unidentified Maker
Circular plate with limb of each octant divided 0-45¡ every 1¡ and inner arcs divided but not
labelled at every 10, 20, 30, 40 and 45¡. Engraved wind rose of 8 points labelled in Italian
initials. Blued replacement needle. Tripod secured to base by strap of brass with key-head
screw.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
7.5
9.3
9.3
cm

brass

M-153
Theodolite: Simple
[Vagnarelli, Laurentius]
Square plate with inset circular frame with pointer. A disk rotates within the framelimb of disk
calibrated 0-360¡ every 1¡ and 0-45-0-45-0-45-0-45-0¡ every 1¡. Wind rose of 8 points with
Latin names on shields. Alidade with hinged straight-edge sights.
Unsigned.

1589
1689
c. 1639
7.2
26.9
26.9
cm

brass, silvered brass

M-154
Theodolite: Simple with circumferentor
Metz, Coenraad Flourished: 1690-1742
Holland circle. Pierced horizontal circle with 4 spokes engraved with little cornucopia where the
spokes join the limb. Limb divided 0-180/0-180¡ every 1¡ from west point and 0-360¡ every 10¡
from north point. Compass with rose of8 inner points. Blued needle type 14.
"C. Metz Fecit Amstel."

1690
1742
c. 1690
5.9
27.9
32.6
cm

brass

M-155
Theodolite: Simple with circumferentor
[Kimingant]
Pierced horizontal circle with 4 spokes with mascarons in relief. Limb divided 0-180/0-180
every 1¡ and 180-0/180-0 every 1/2'. Four fixed sight vanes with pairs of slit and window sights;
screwed to circle. One silvered bilevel compass with rose of 8 points and 0-360¡ every 1¡.
Needle type 7.
"M[r]. K/mingant Ingenieur"

1700
1799
18th century
15.2
17.8
17.9
cm

brass

M-156
Theodolite: Simple with circumferentor
Bennett, John Flourished: 1712-52
Pierced horizontal circle with 6 spokes. Limb divided 0-360¡ every 1¡. Two fixed sight vanes
with pairs of slit and window sights. Silvered bilevel compass with rose of 16 points, 0-90-0-90¡
every 10¡ and 0-360¡ every 1¡. Blued needle type 49. Pressure fitting cover to compass box.
"J + Bennett, London."

1712
1752
c. 1750
18.9
30
31.8


brass, silvered brass

M-157
Graphometer
Maretz, J.
Rectangular plate with inset compass bilevel compass with rose of 8 points and 0-360¡ every 1¡
points labelled with old French names of winds. Blue needle type 2. Glass cracked.
"J Maretz: f. Aix"

1600
1699
17th century
4.4
30.9
16.1
cm

gilt brass
M-158
Magnetic Compass: Plane Table Compass with Alidade
[Schissler, Christopher] (1531-1609) Flourished: 1546-1605
Small compass with meridian arrow engraved in style of a south-pointing needle type 22. Offset
for magnetic deviation (Å20¡E). Blued needle type 14. Limb graduated o-90 every 1¡ four times
from northeast point. Cardinal points labelled in Italian.
Unsigned.

1580
1600
c. 1580-1600
1.8
11.6
11.7
cm

gilt brass

M-159
Magnetic Compass: Plane Table
Unidentified Maker
An instrument illustrating the development of surveying instruments from the astrolabe. Recto-
small compass with 12 points and needle type 45 mounted in center of a wind rose of 8 points
labelled in italian and each octant graduated 0-45¡ every 1¡. Verso--limb graduated with hour (1-
12 twice) and 90-0-90-0-90¡ every 1¡.
Unsigned.

1575
1600
c. 1575-1600
2
12.6
12.6
cm

gilt brass

M-160*
Adding instrument with compass
Unidentified Maker



1550
1650
c. 1600
0
0
0


brass

M-161
Compass
Unidentified Maker
Bi-level compass. Cardinal points in Latin abbreviations at 4 points. Raised ring with traditional
division of circle. Replacement blue/silver needle type 7.
Unsigned. Circumference of compass box ribbed and punched with tiny circles. Fleurs-de-lis
style foliage carved into base.

1650
1750
c. 1700
1.4
8.1
9
cm

brass

M-162
Magnetic Compass
Unidentified Maker
A "modern" instrument designed to look older. Silvered compass rose with 8 pts. labeled with
Italian initials of Mediterranean winds. Blued needle type 48. Azimuth markings engraved on
plate. 90-00-90-90¡ every 1¡.
Unsigned. Fleurs-de-lis at north. Cross at east.

1800
1899
19th century
1.9
12
12
cm

brass, silvered brass

M-163
Magnetic Compass
Unidentified Maker
Probably from same workshop as compass M-162. Crudely engraved. Same layout as M-162
except for minor differences. Pressure-fitting cover present. Blue/silvered needle type 7, needle
hole and part of hardward for needle break.
Unsigned. Underside of base engraved with square and concentric circles.

1800
1899
19th century
2
10
10.1
cm

brass

M-164
Magnetic Compass
Unidentified Maker
Bi-level compass with 4 points and 0-90-0-90¡-0 every 2¡ and 5¡. German initials for cardinal
points. Offset arrow for magnetic deviation (18¡ W). Blue/silver needle type 7. Needle break
with thumb screw lock.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
[early 18th century]
1.5
9.9
9.9
cm

brass

M-165
Plane Table
Unidentified Maker
Brass table with inset central compass. Paper rose with manuscript divisions 0-90-0-90-0¡ every
5¡ and 4 points labled in latin abbreviations. Needle type 37. Attached to lower end of table, a
raised strip of brass with longitudinal groove and a scale of equal parts 100-200 every one.
Unsigned.

1600
1650
early 17th century
6.4
22.9
25.7
cm
brass

M-166
Magnetic Compass: Plane table compass
Unidentified Maker
Two-legged with large circular hinge with compass box. Compass rose of 120 points marked X-
XXX four times. Offset arrow incised for magnetic deviation (9¡). Blue needle type 51.
Compass cover. Compass box inset with in a wind rose of 8 points labled in Latin and Italian.
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
2.2
10.9
26
cm

brass

M-167
Theodolite: Simple
Lusuerg, Dominicus (c. 1692-1744)
Square plate engraved with horizontal circle divided 0-90-0-90-0¡ every 1¡, and 90-0-90-0-90¡
every 1/2¡. Inscribed within this circle, a shadow square of 50 parts laid out in a circular arc.
Wind rose of 32 points. Labeled in Italian, engraved in center of circles.
"Dominicus Lusuerg F. Romae. 1714"

1714
1714
1714
15
25.5
26.1
cm

brass

M-168
Dialling Instrument
Schissler, Christopher, workshop of
A movable horizontal sundial employed for drawing sundials upon any plane. Gilt brass base
nailed to block of wood. Rotating disk with 3 of 4 turning knobs inset in base. Crossing over
disk and screwed to base, a pierced alidade; sights missing.
Unsigned.
1546
1609
c. 1570
3.8
13.7
13.5
cm

gilt brass, silvered brass, wood

M-169
Magnetic Compass: Mining
Graf, Hans Flourished: 1563-76
Round wooden disk inlaid with ivory. Ivory engraved throughout and colored black and red.
Ivory ring along the circumference on top of the disk with azimuth scales dividing the circle into
24 parts.
"HANS GRAF DES *1*5*6*4 IARS".; Compasses marked "MA" for Morgen (morning) and
Abend (evening).;

1564
1564
1564
2.8
14.2
14.2
cm

wood, ivory, brass

M-170
Magnetic Compass: Mining
Unidentified Maker
Square block of wood framed as its case with a flange gratuated 1-16, 1-16, 1-24, 1-24 by
quarters on respective sides. Once rotating, but now immoveable wooden disk inset with an
ivory-lined well. Compass needle type 37.
"¥G¥I¥M¥ ¥H¥ G W" in corners on top inlaid in ivory.

1510
1610
c. 1560
2.7
17.1
17.2
cm

wood, ivory, copper, brass
M-171
Clinometer: Miner's
Unidentified Maker
Mounted to M-169 compass. Semicircle scale mounted vertically on shaft whose bottom is
threaded. Scale freely rotates on shaft. Top of scale has bent return with eyelet. Turned plumb-
bob hangs from eyelet and passes through a tear-drop shaped loop of brass.
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
17.9
14
6.7
cm

brass

M-172
Clinometer: Miner's
Schmickhel, Martin
Mine surveying instrument very simular to M-171. Semicircular scale mounted vertically on
shaft whose bottom is threaded. Scale freely rotates on shaft. Top of scale has eyelet. Turned
plumb-bob hangs from eyelet and passes through a loop of brass.
"Martin Schmickhel Anno 1741"

1741
1741
1741
16.2
15.1
5.8
cm

brass

M-173
Magnetic Compass: Mining
Ducher, Hanns Flourished: 1600-09
Crude miner's compass. Similar to pocket horizontal dial (1600) M-287. Replacement
blue/silver needle type 6. Rotating alidade.
"hanns ducher faci eh badt * 16 * 09" ; Punchmark of imperial orb within a shield.

1609
1609
1609
2.1
10.2
10.2
cm

brass, silvered brass, wood

M-174
Magnetic Compass
Unidentified Maker
Raised compass box fixed to rectangular wooden plate. Manuscript compass rose on paper with
Italian names of Mediterranean winds on 16 points and 0-90-0-90-0¡ every 1¡. Needle type 51.
Unsigned. Pressure fitting cover of turned wood carved with monogram of Jesus. Spandrels of
base plate ornamented with triangles formed by series of daisy punchmarks.

1600
1699
17th century
4.1
23.2
23.5
cm

paper, wood

M-175
Magnetic Compass
Unidentified Maker
Compass similar to miner's compass M-469. Silvered compass rose with 4 points. Marked with
Latin abbreviations. East and West reversed as if intended to be seen from below. Blue/silver
replacement needle type 6.
Unsigned. Initials "S: M: S: F" twice in an outer circle mark 8 points. Top of table engraved
with 4 flowers.

1700
1799
18th century
1.9
10.5
7.1
cm

gilt, silvered brass

M-176
Magnetic Compass
Voigtlander, BrŸder
Silvered bilevel compass. Raised ring with degrees 0-360¡ every 1¡. Four cardinal points labeled
with German initials. Blue/silver needle type 7 with agate cap. Plunger-style needle brake.
"BrŸder Voigtlander/in Wien". Face of compass punched "356".

1790
1890
c. 1840
2.7
14.7
14.7
cm

brass, silvered brass

M-177
Magnetic Compass
Voigtlander, BrŸder
Identical to compass M-176, except smaller.
"BrŸder Voigtlander/in Wien". ; Base punched "2" near brake. ; Face of compass punched
"555".

1790
1890
c. 1840
2.4
12.4
12.5
cm

brass, silvered brass

M-178
Clinometer: Miner's
Unidentified Maker
Square plate of brass with one scalloped side. Inscribed quadrant divided 12-1-2-...-12 every 1/4.
Pivoting index with extension arm broken off. Decorated by dots and hatchmarks. Underside
engraved with 6 petalled flower inscribed with in concentric circles.
Unsigned.

1579
1579
1579
5.4
5.1
0.6
cm

brass
M-179
Quadrant: Sinecal
[Di Arnoldi, Arnoldo ]
Limb divided 0-90¡ every 15¡. Inscibed shadow square of 100 parts. Sinical quadrant with sides
calibrated 0-100 every 1 within shadow square. Strait edges of quadrant engraved with ball and
strap-work motif.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
14.6
14.6
1
cm

gilt brass

M-180
Octant: Astronomical
Trechsler, Christopher (1546-1624) Flourished: 1570-1624
Limb divided 0-45¡ every 1¡ with transversals to 10' that can be read to 1' with the aid of the
chamfered edge of the alidade. Limb also divided 45-90¡ and 90-45¡. In upper portion of octant,
an engraved right triangle serving as a sinical quadrant with sides calibrated 0-100 every 1.
".C.T.D.E.M. 1[6]18" on alidade sight vane, whose window cut away the "6"

1618
1618
1618
41.8
29.1
4.3
cm

gilt brass

M-181
Quadrant: Surveyor's
G. G. C.
Quadrant for plan table use. No sights, no provision for a plumb line. Limb divided 0-90¡ and
90-0¡ every 1¡. Straight edges engraved. Interior of quadrant pierced with monogram.
"GGC"

1700
1750
c. 1700-50
21.2
21.2
0.2
cm

brass

M-182
Geometrical Square
Unidentified Maker
Square plate with shadow square of 60 parts. Inscribed quadrant divided 0-90¡ every 1¡ with
nonius slit sights screwed to one edge. Alidade with slit sights. Alidade engraved with scrolling
foliage; hinge with running oak leaves. Underside engraved with concentric squares.
Unsigned.

1650
1699
late 17th century
11.8
11.8
2.5
cm
Index: 18.7 cm
brass

M-183
Quadrant: Surveyor's
Unidentified Maker
Limb divided 0-90¡ and 90-0¡ every 30'. Acurate shadow square of 60 parts. Straight edges
divided 0-4 with 0-1 segment subdivided into 12 parts. Two slit sights screwws to one straight
edge. Alidade with slit sights screwed to one straight edge. Alidade with slit sights and pointer.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
13.5
13.5
13.8
cm

brass

M-184
Sextant
Brander & Hšschel Flourished: 1774-83
Y - frame with screw-on wooden handle. Pin-hole sight. Adjustable index mirror and horizon
glass. Limb divided 8-0-125¡ every 30' with vernier to 2' labelled "Bina min."
"Brander & Hšschel in Augsburg"

1774
1783
c. 1783
12.5
11.7
14
cm

brass, wood

M-185
Quadrant: Surveyor's
Macquart Flourished: c. 1725-75
Anchor-shaped quadrant mounted on an octagonal wooden handle. Limb contains half of an
arcuate shadow square. Divided unequally 6--200 every 1 to 80, every 2 from 80-120, and every
5 from 120-200. Arrow beyond 200 on right side of limb. Finals at ends of limb.
"Macquart/ AParis."

1625
1775
c. 1730
27.5
27.5
15.9
cm

brass, wood

M-186
Quadrant: Astronomical
Le Bas, Philippe-Claude and Pierre Le Maire II
Additions c. 1741. Astronomical quadrant with fixed and moveable telescopic sights. Screw
clamp on moveable sight. Tripod socket with ball and socket joint tightened by engraved winged
screw. Milled screw to lock socket to tripod staff. Limb divided by LeBas 2-0-95¡ every 10'.
"DiuisŽ Par LeBas" along limb. ; "Le Maire fils/ A Paris" on micrometer.

1669
1676
c. 1669-76
48.3
48.3
18.9
cm
Radius: 45 cm
brass

M-187
Theodolite: Altazimuth
Danfrie, Philippe (1525-1606)
Open circle for base with compass inset on diameter. Compass rose of 16 points. Needle type
17. A vertical quadrant divided 0-90¡ every 1¡ arcs over compass and pierces over a radial beam
hinged to the center of the diameter.
"P. Danfrie" in center of azimuth index.

1545
1606
c. 1600
33.8
18.2
13.5
cm

brass

M-188
Clinometer
Venetiani, Can.
Vertical arc of about 150¡ with toothed edge. A-frame inner supports to arc; scalloped outer
spokes. Bubble level with pierced strapwork casing and finials at ends. Limb divided 70-0-70¡
every 1¡ with vernier to 2'. Venier nicely engraved but not mathematically precise.
"Can. Venetiani/ fecit. 1778."

1778
1778
1778
25.9
32.8
5
cm

brass

M-189
Theodolite: Altazimuth
[Brander, Georg Friedrich] (1713-1783)
The vertical arc from an altazimuth theodolite. Telescope sight. Vertical semicircle divided 90-
0-90¡ every 30' with vernier to 1/12¡ or 5'. A-frame support with scalloped edges. Base intended
to rotate on the azimuth circle of a theodolite. Two screws in base.
Unsigned.

1733
1783
c. 1774
21.6
39.1
10.5
cm

brass

M-190
Level: Bubble with Sights
Meurand Flourished: 1780-94
Bubble level with three windows, pink interior, and floral and foliate engraving on tube.
Mounted on an alidade similarly decorated. Each sight vane has a pin-hole sight opposite a
window with cross-hairs. Short vane has a fine adjustment screw for fixing sights.
"Meurand AParis 1788."

1788
1788
1788
31.3
32.6
14
cm

brass

M-191
Compass: Surveyor's, with level
Rodella, Giovan Battista
Silvered bilevel compass rose with 8 points and divisions 0-400 every 1/2. Feathered arrow at
north. Blue/silver needle, type 7; jeweled pivot. Needle brake. Compass box rests on square
piece of brass secured by 4 milled screws to 4 brass pedestals attached to a blovk of wood.; ;
"Rodella Regio Macchinis Podova" on compass rose; "STUDIO E OPERA; Di Gio./ RODELLA
REGIO MACCHINISTA/PADOVA" Stamped on arm.

1750
1850
c. 1800
30.4
26.2
78.4
cm

brass, silvered brass, wood

M-192
Level
Unidentified Maker
Small artillery level. Vertical piece is hollow box with vertical slots on two opposite faces. A
cylindrical brass tube slides in and out of the box. The tube has parallel circles drawn on it for
graduations, and is pierced on these lines in such a way that when one hole shows in a slot, a hole
on the opposite side is evident, through both of which a sight may be taken.
Unsigned.

1640
1660
c. 1640-60
7.1
5.6
2.3
cm

gilt brass

M-193
Partial artillery instrument
[Trechsler, Christopher] (1546-1624) Flourished: 1570-1624
Very heavy part of an instrument. Standing base has a straight, slotted section extending up from
one side. May have had a slide. Also, a straight line down the center of this piece and down the
base, plus three metal tab-stops show where a plumb-bob apparatus may have hung.
Unsigned.

1570
1624
c. 1600
54.9
9.2
3.9
cm

gilt brass

M-194
Level: Artillery
Trechsler, Christopher (1546-1624) Flourished: 1570-1624
Saxony coat of arms. Micrometer base for an artillery level. Circular surface, with a chord cut
from one section. Protruding from bottom is a large end of a screw. Scale on surface indicates
where a leveling piece could be moved, by means of the micrometer apparatus, from 20-0-20 by
1.
"*C* T*/* 1572*"

1572
1572
1572
4.8
21
17.4
cm

gilt brass

M-195
Level: Artillery
Unidentified Maker
High Baroque style. Triangular top section has, on one side, a bottom arc scale, 17-0-17, by 1.
On same face either side of center, two circles. One circle has 0-10, with screw through center
holding a little hand pointer to indicate a number. Other circle is graduated 0-15, hole for screw
and pointer in center (missing those).
Unsigned.

1650
1699
late 17th century
6.7
7.6
1.4
cm

gilt brass

M-196
Level: Adjustable with Plummet
Trechsler, Christoph, style of
Similar in design to M-210, but no arc scale. Front, foot, and plumb-bob are heavily engraved
with foliage and geometric patterns. There is a small restraing bar over the plumb-line, indicating
that the plumb-bob apparatus was only meant for determing horizontal level.
Unsigned.

1540
1640
c. 1590
12
6.7
1.6
cm

gilt brass

M-197
Level: Artillery
Klieber, Ulrich, style of
Level has open triangle on top, straight base of which has a scale 5-0-5 by 1/6 on one face. Iron
plumb bob. Triangle is attached to slot in foot by an iron screw. Triangle is engraved with
geometric shapes and patterns. Foot is engraved with geometric patterns on three faces, and a
fruit branch motif on the other.
"1589"

1589
1589
1589
10.8
6.5
2.8
cm

gilt brass, iron

M-198
Clinometer
Unidentified Maker
A frame with bowed cross bar extending beyond right leg. Brass band on cross bar divided 45-0-
45¡ and 0-90¡ every 1¡ as well as with the miner's division of the circle 6-0-6 every 1/4.
Boxwood inlaid with dark wood, ivory and brass fittings.
Unsigned.

1550
1599
late 16th century
13.7
21.3
1.3
cm

boxwood, ivory, brass

M-199
Graphometer
Unidentified Maker
Artillery graphometer. Rectangular plate with scales of equal parts around perimeter; 0-100, 100-
0-100, 100-0, 0-200 every 1. Alidade with slit and pinhole sights.
Unsigned.

1600
1625
c. 1600-25
2.5
21.9
12.7
cm

brass

M-2
Armillary Sphere: Ptolemaic
Ravilius, Alex
Internal equatorial axis. Latin labels with owner and maker named on colure of summer solstice.
"IO. THOMAE MANFREDO"; "M.D XCII. ALEX. RAVILIVS F.";

1542
1542
1542
47.2
26.9
27.2
cm

brass

M-20
Astrolabe: Western, Hebrew
Unidentified Maker
Body, rete, and 3 tympans with rings. Rete uneven in thickness. Rough file marks on reverse.
Ecliptic circle not accurate. Three hammered brass tympans. Alidade, rule, bolt, and horse
modern replacements. Hebrew months. 27 star markers (20 labeled). Labeled in Hebrew and
Arabic written with Hebrew characters.
Unsigned.

1500
1600
c. 1550
17
11.5
2.6
cm
Mater thickness: 0.65 cm
brass

M-21
Astrolabe: Western
Zabeus, Bernardinus
Body, rete, mater, ring, swivel-bail, alidade, rule, horse, and 5 ringed tympans. Conventional
double calendar on back of mater. 34 star markers. Signs and full names of zodiac shown. Latin
months. Labeled in Latin.
"OPUS BERNARDINI ZABEI IN PADOVA" on left edge. ; "ANNO DOMINI 1559 MENSI
APRILIS" on right edge.

1559
1559
1559
17.7
12.5
3.8
cm
Mater thickness: 1.1 cm
brass

M-22
Astrolabe: Western
Hartmann, Georg (1489-1564) Flourished: 1527-63
Body, rete, cast rim mater, alidade, ring, swivel-bail, and boet. Tympan and rules added later. 33
star markers indicated by astrological symbols. Throne decorated with rosettes, a Hartmann
trademark. Shadow square divided into 12 parts. Rete atypical. Latin months. Labeled in Latin.
"GEORGIUS HARTMAN NOREMBERGE FACIEBAT ANNO: M.D.XL" under square on
back.

1540
1540
1540
20
14
2
cm
Mater thickness: 0.6 cm. Tympan thickness: 0.2 cm.
brass

M-23
Astrolabe: Western, multiple-type
Arsenius, Gualterus Flourished: 1555-75
Body, mater, rule, alidade, horse and tympan. Typical Arsenius type rete with interlocking and
overlapping strapwork. 47 star markers (42 named). Sliding cursor and brachiolus of regula
missing. Labeled in Latin and German.
"Gualterus Arscenius Louanij faciebat 1558" on right side of rule. "Tentanda via est Don Luis
Delacerda" on left side of rule.

1558
1558
1558
52.2
39.5
5
cm
Mater thickness: 0.6 cm
brass

M-24
Astrolabe: Western, multiple-type
Arsenius, Gualterus Flourished: 1555-75
Body, mater, rete, alidade, bail, ring, and rule. No tympans. 52 star markers. Blank shield with
2 reclining satyrs on throne. Compass rose with 32 points and double circle engraved around it.
Labeled in Latin and German.
"GUALTERUS NEPOS GEMMAE F. LOUANIJ fecit 1564" at the base of throne on face.

1564
1564
1564
46.1
33.7
5.3
cm
Mater thickness: 0.7 cm
brass

M-25
Astrolabe: Western, multiple-type
[Arsenius, Gualterus] Flourished: 1555-75
Body, mater, rete, alidade, bail, ring, and 5 tympans. 30 star markers. Sliding cursor and
brachiolus of regula missing. Rugula labeled 0-360¡ by 10¡. Ends cut out so limb can be read.
Throne engraved with 2 dolphins or grotesque marine characters facing each other. Labeled in
Latin.
Unsigned.

1555
1575
c. 1555-75
43.2
31
4
cm
Mater thickness: 0.8 cm
brass

M-26
Astrolabe: Western
Unidentified Maker
Very early astrolabe. Body, mater, zoomorphic rete, bail, ring, and 5 tanged silver tympans.
Alidade and rule added later. 41 star markers. Latin months. Calendars including saints days.
Labeled in Latin with Gothic script. Inside calendars included a list of saints days.
Unsigned.
1200
1300
c. 1250
29
20.9
2.61
cm
Mater thickness: 0.4 cm
brass

M-27
Astrolabe: Western
[Fusoris, Jean] (c. 1365-1436)
Body, mater, rete, alidade, rule, horse, bail, ring, and 4 tympans. 21 named star markers. Elfeta
broken. Cornu misplaced (as in all Fusoris astrolabes). Labeled in Latin with Gothic script.
Unsigned.

1385
1436
1385-1436
20.6
16.3
1.1
cm
Mater thickness: 0.8 cm
brass

M-28
Astrolabe: Western
Unidentified Maker
Body, mater, zoomorphic rete, alidade, rule, bail, ring, and 4 tympans. 35 star markers. Rete
made of 60 small pieces of brass hammered, filled, riveted and soldered together. Variant of
double calendar on reverse. Labeled in Latin.
Unsigned.

1450
1550
[c. 1500]
41
32.2
4.3
cm
Mater thickness: 0.16 cm
brass

M-29
Astrolabe: Western
Unidentified Maker
Incomplete astrolabe. Body, rete, mater, alidade, rule, pivoted bail, ring, and 1 tympan. 24
unmarked star markers. Celestial equator on rete, labeled by 5¡. Tympan for latitude 45¡ (later
addition?). Reverse blank. Unusual almucanter points. Noticeable punches.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
36.3
27.6
3.6
cm
Mater thickness: 0.5 cm
brass

M-200
Level: Artillery
Trechsler, Christopher (1546-1624) Flourished: 1570-1624
Large artillery level, very ornate. Quadrant is cut-out with acanthus leaves, has vine and floral
border. In center, an oval engraved with a beared man holding a scroll (Moses?) . Plumb-bob is
carved gargoyle head with a person to either side.
"* C * T * M * D */ *1 * 6 * 0 * 9 *"

1609
1609
1609
28
22.2
3.5
cm

gilt brass

M-201
Level: Artillery
[Klieber]
Vertical rule has center sliding sight bar that makes instrument look and work like a slide-rule.
Three vertical scales in all, on same face of instrument. Decoratively cut foot has oblique angle
opening on bottom.


1600
1699
early 17th century
22.6
6.8
2.2
cm

gilt brass

M-202
Level: Artillery
Unidentified Maker
Limb divided 45-0-45¡ and 0-90¡ every 30'. Heavy pear-shaped plumb bob with pointer pivots
from vertex. Arcuate strap of brass limits amplitude of plumb bob's swing. Verso plain, straight
edges pierced with pairs of holes for sights (missing).
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
22.3
22.3
2
cm

brass

M-203
Level: Artillery
B. K.
A 60¡ section of a circle on top, with large triangular cut-outs. Arc scale at bottom of section
reads 15-0-15 by 1. Section is engraved with vines and wavy lines. A single-hole sight slides
vertically in center aperture. On one edge of aperture is vertical scale for use with sliding sight,
0-20, by 1.
"1569" and punchmark of crossed swords and "BK"

1569
1569
1569
17.3
17.5
2.8
cm

brass

M-204
Level: Artillery
I. C. V.
Tall level. Vertical rule with slot; sliding sight with indicator. At top is a small plumb-bob
apparatus that has a removable cap over it. Both faces of rule are marked.
" I. C. V. "

1550
1650
c. 1600
29.5
4.9
1.8
cm

brass

M-205
Level: Artillery
S. E.
Identical in design and scales to M-204. Also same punchmark. On base, (b) face, "6.0.C/N.o.
52".
" S : E"

1550
1650
c. 1600
29.3
4.7
1.6
cm

brass

M-206
Level: Artillery
Boyling, Christian Flourished: 1669-76
Unusual artillery sight. Triangular section is levelled off at the top. Face is elegantly engraved
with flowers and assorted foliage. Arc scale reads 15-0-15, by 1, on inner arc. and 45-0-45 by 1
on outer arc. Plumb bob is ornately sculpted and pierced.
"Christian BoØling: Mecha: fecitt/1675"

1675
1675
1675
28.7
15.7
4.2
cm

gilt brass
M-207
Clinometer
Unidentified Maker
Open triangular frame hinged to circular base. Base of triangle divided 15-0-15¡ every 30'.
Pendulum plumb bob with finely soldered repair near its fiddle-shaped end. Bob pierced with a
hole so that it can be secured for transport by a milled screw attached to left leg of frame.
Unsigned.

1680
1780
c. 1730
16.2
9.7
9.7
cm

gilt brass

M-208
Level: Artillery
Unidentified Maker
A 70¡ section of a circle, made of carling brass vine trendrils. Arc scale reads 40-0-40, by 10, on
the inner arc, and 45-0-45, by 1, on the outer arc. Decoratively cut apex has a floral engraving.
Brass plumb apparatus hangs from hand-cut wing screw. Bob has curved shape, with indicator
point at the bottom. Foot has fancy cut, with a flat arch.
Unsigned.

1700
1750
[early 18th century]
10.4
9.6
1.3
cm

brass

M-209
Level: Artillery
Schlagner, Jos.
A 45¡ section on top. Scales read, fron inner ring to outer ring: 45-0-45, by 5; 40-0-40, by 5; and
990-0-990, by 22. No sight scale. Arc section has cut-outs to either side and above a central
vertical piece. From top of this piece hangs an iron plumb-line that splits and into two branches
before curving to a spherical brass bob.
"Jos. [Schlagner]/in [Walthussen], 17.70."
1770
1770
1770
11.2
8
2.6
cm

brass, iron

M-210
Level: Artillery
Unidentified Maker
Two main pieces: A base with a slotted, vertical scale on top; a sliding front plate that slides up
and down by a screw in the scale slot, and is guided by vertical grooves in the base. The iron
plum-bob hangs for a screw on the front plate and is a leaf design.
Unsigned.

1620
1720
c. 1670
10.6
6.4
1.5
cm

brass, iron

M-211
Level: Artillery
Unidentified Maker
Crude level. Upper section looks like an arched doorway with decorative knobs on top and
turned door posts. Bottom arc terminates at either end in a crude lions head, with a ring through
the mouth.
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
7.2
4.9
1.4
cm

brass

M-212
Level: Artillery
[Steiner, Philipp Jacob] (1709-1779) Flourished: 1721-70
Side-arc construction. Top of sight bar has circle and foliate decoration. In section between arc
and vertical sight bar is an open relief of a genie blowing winds into swirls and curls. Arc reads
0-50, by 1; reverse has maker's inscription.
"STEINER. 1723"

1723
1723
1723
10
9
1.2
cm

brass

M-213
Level: Artillery
Unidentified Maker
Side-arc construction; free end of arc is connected to the top of the vertical sight bar by a thin,
wavy band of brass. Wavy pattern is repeated in the cut of the top of the bar. Arc scale is 0-25,
by 1. Marked numbers read 5, 10, 05, 02 and 25.
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
7.5
8
0.9
cm

brass, steel

M-214
Level: Artillery
W. B.
Side-arc construction. Scallop cut at top of vertical slide bar, to non-arc side of bar, band
between free end of arc and top of bar, and at juncture points of arc and bar. Elegant floral
engravings of single flowers with leaves and some curling decorations.
"W. B."

1650
1699
late 17th century
11.6
10.5
1.4
cm

brass

M-215
Level: Artillery
Unidentified Maker
Artillery level of side arc construction. Vertical, slotted scale bar is missing the sliding sight.
Hanging off of the scale bar and swing perpendicular to the plane of the scale bar, is a plumb
apparatus restrained by a small metal ring attached to the scale bar.
Unsigned.

1550
1599
late 16th century
8.6
9.2
1
cm

brass

M-216
Level: Artillery
J. G.
Solid quadrant on top; plain, curved foot (flat arc). Arc scales read, from inner ring: 45-0-45, by
1; and 40-0-40, by 10. Steel plumb apparatus hanging from screw at apex of quadrant. Bob
curves to a point at its bottom.
" -I- [fleurs-de-lis ]-G-"

1600
1699
17th century
7.8
10.2
1
cm

brass, steel

M-217
Level: Artillery
[Habermel, Erasmus] Flourished: c. 1590-1606
Small level. Vertical piece with slot has scale 0-3 local inches by 1/16, to the left and a scale 0-
31 local inches by 1/32 to the right. Steel plumb-apparatus hangs in middle of slot, from a sector-
like hinge that allows some movement in four directions.


1590
1606
c. 1600
8.3
3.1
0.7
cm

gilt brass, steel

M-218
Clinometer
Unidentified Maker
Open, wooden right triangle with base plate. At vertex, plate of brass with 8 bowed sides and
floral and foliate engraving. Pivoting in center, a "see-saw" tube with a snail at each end. Four
petalled screw attaches see-saw.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
27.6
30.5
2.5
cm

gilt brass, wood

M-219
Clinometer: With sextant
Unidentified Maker
Wooden A-frame clinometer with bowed cross bar. Ivory scale divided 60-0-60¡ every 1¡, and
1¡, and 18-0-18 irregularly every 1 and marked in an arithmetic progression 3-7-12-18. Gilt
pendulum plumb bob with outer steel pointer and a heart-shaped window forming an inner
pointer.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
26.3
32.7
8.1
cm
wood, ivory, gilt brass

M-220
Protractor: Proportional
[Zorn, Georg, workshop of]
An instrument for military surveying and artillery use. Two legs joined with a circular hinge
which is screwed to a third central leg. A cursor with a milled locking screw slides along the
central leg and is attached by two arms to outer legs.
Unsigned.

1610
1620
c. 1610-20
1.4
5.5
38.4
cm

gilt copper

M-221
Level: Artillery
Unidentified Maker
Ornate level. Vertical piece is slotted, has small ring at top. Near base on either side of the
vertical piece are brass sculpted, open-work vines with leaves. The plumb apparatus hangs from
a foliate-engrave disc that slides in the vertical slot.
Unsigned.

1730
1740
c. 1730-40
17.9
9.9
2.1
cm

gilt brass

M-222
Powder Tester: Artillery
Unidentified Maker
Rectangular base is carved with foliage and some raised tendrils. In center is the receptacle that
the powder is placed in. The receptacle has a bear's head on one side, and is otherwise carved
with foliage. It is pierced with four notes, through one of which is threaded a fuse.
Unsigned.
1700
1799
18th century
65.4
25.1
19.1
cm

iron, brass

M-223
Magnetic Compass
Unidentified Maker
Round bi-level compass with 16 points and 0-90-0-90¡ every 1¡. Points labeled in French on
rose. Cardinal points also marked in French on interior sides of compass well. Engraved points
alternate with those cast in relief.
Unsigned. Fleur-de-lis in relief at North.

1700
1800
c. 1750
3.7
28.9
28.9
cm

gilt brass

M-224
Magnetic Compass
Rizzi, Domenico
Round compass with pressure fitting cover. Lid sculpted in relief with figure of a jester holding a
banner bearing the maker's (or possible the owner's) inscription.
"DOMENICO RIZZI P¡. P¡s"

1800
1899
19th century
1.6
7.4
7.4
cm

brass, ivory

M-225
Pedometer
[RŸckert, Thomas] Flourished: 1574-1606
Recording pedometer designed to stamp a paper tape with compass bearings of traveller at
regular intervals. Can be worn by man or horse. Cylindrical box with hinged cover and lions-
head latch houses brass drum containing dial, magnetic compass, ratchet mechanism, and spring-
loaded spool for paper tape.
Unsigned.

1574
1606
c. 1580
17.5
9.3
4.3
cm

gilt brass

M-226
Pedometer
[Martin, Johann] (1642-1720)
Same as pedometer M-229 except that dials are silvered, surrounded by collars, and have
scrolling tendrils engraved in the center. Hand missing from 2 larger dials. Arabesque of
scrolling tendrils includes images of 4 bear heads, 2 bird heads, a double headed crowned eagle
with wings displayed, 4 birds including a cock, and 2 stags.
Unsigned.

1662
1720
c. 1662-1720
6
5
1.9
cm

gilt brass, silvered brass, steel

M-227
Pedometer
Unidentified Maker
Square gilt box with framed outer face. Inscribed dial of 2 concentric scales: 0-100. Two iron
hands with flourishes at tips. Pierced iron pull rod works iron geared disks inside of box. Two
belt clips on back.
Unsigned.

1600
1700
c. 1650
9.1
8.3
2.3
cm

gilt copper, iron

M-228
Pedometer
Willebrand, Johann Mathias (1658-1726)
Rectangular gilt box with glazing. Four silver dials of ascending sizes: 0-10 every 1; 0-100 every
10; 0-1000 every 100; 0-10000 every 1000. Silver hands on dials. Space around dials engraved
with foliate strapwork and two snakes. Geometric border around glass.
"Johann Willebrand, / in Augspurg."

1680
1726
c. 1680-1726
8.3
5.5
1.7
cm

gilt brass, silver

M-229
Pedometer
[Martin, Johann] (1642-1720)
Rectangular box with short pierced lever. On top, a semicircular scale, 1-10 every 1, and a
circular dial, 0-1000 every 100. On bottom, a small dial, 0-10 every 1 and a larger dial, 0-100
every 10. All four scales have a blued steel hand; rosette engraved in center of scale. Four holes
on sides of box for attaching missing brass loops for a strap.
Unsigned.

1662
1720
c. 1662-1720
6.1
5
2.2
cm

gilt brass, steel

M-230
Pedometer
Unidentified Maker
In form of a gilt pocket watch with one large suspension loop and two small eyelets for attaching
to belt. Scale around circumference, 0-100 every 1. Single push-pull rod operates an internal
ratchet; rod has eyelets at ends.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
8.7
6.8
1.7
cm

gilt brass, silvered brass

M-231
Pedometer
Brander, Georg Friedrich, style of
Shallow wooden cylindrical in which is inset a brass disk with scale 0-100 every 1 engraved on
circumference. A toothed wheel with 4 spokes and a pointer turns over this disk. On the same
axle is mounted another 4-spoke, toothed wheel whose teeth are marked 0-100 every 1.
Unsigned.

1720
1820
c. 1770
10.7
12.5
1.7
cm

wood, brass

M-232
Pedometer
Heiss, Carolus Anselmus
Two dials, small upper dial with one steel hand for Viennese feet, 0-6 every 1/4. Large lower
dial with two steel hands for "ORGYAE VIEN [N]ESES", 0-1000 every 10 and 0-20 every 1/6.
Medallion-shaped casing open at sides to reveal gear work. Missing strap to operate.
"Carolus Anselmus Heiss/ Geometra Lincensis/ fecit 1749."

1749
1749
1749
21
9.6
3.4
cm

brass, steel

M-233
Sundial-Particular: Skaphe
Unidentified Maker
Brass hemispherical skaphe with silvered interior. For latitude 45¡ as indicated beside gnomon.
Italian hours indicated by Arabic numeral in bowl. Solar declination lines pierced. Blued needle,
type 24.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
[18th century]
10
12.8
12.8
cm
Bowl diameter: 10.9 cm
brass, silvered brass, bronze

M-234
Sundial-Particular: Skaphe
Unidentified Maker
Hemispherical, pierced skaphe. For latitude 45¡20' as indicated in bowl. Turned gnomon
screwed into central portion of base, but should be mounted in a hole along the side of the bowl.
Conventional equal hours. Italian hours, Babylonian hours and unequal planetary hours all
indicated by Arabic numerals.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
16.9
14.8
14.8
cm
Diameter: 14.8 cm
brass

M-235
Sundial-Particular: Skaphe
Unidentified Maker
Brass base on which is mounted a hemispherical skaphe and a compass. Skaphe is silvered and
has 4 thumbscrews for fixing a crosswire with central bead to serve as gnomon. Gnomon
missing.
Unsigned.

1750
1850
c. 1800
8.7
23.5
14.1
cm

brass, silvered brass

M-236
Sundial-Universal-Multiple-faced: Diptych
Herkenroy, Nicolaus
Plain except for an incompletely engraved circle. Inset in a well in front edge of skaphe is a
space for a magnetic compass. Glass, needle, and spring missing. Offset meridian line (7¡E).
Diptych is missing 4 latch hooks and pins.
"NICOLAVS HERKENROY FAC 1543" on back edge of leaf 1.

1543
1543
1543
8.5
6.6
8.6
cm

ivory, brass

M-237
Sundial: String-gnomon
Von Der Pfalz, Otteinrich Herzog (1502-1559)
Square hour plate. Four holes for screws to mount plate. Decorated with stylized intertwined
leaves and flowers. Directions labeled in German. Arabic numerals.
"MDZ/OHP" and "1547" on top of plate. ; "1547/O. H. P. /AVCTOR."

1547
1547
1547
0.3
14.6
14.5
cm

gilt copper
M-238*
Sundial-Particular-Horizontal: Pocket, with Lid
Schniep, Ulrich, style of



1520
1620
c. 1570
5
4.8
0
cm

gilt brass

M-239
Compendium: Astronomical
Schissler, Christopher (1531-1609) Flourished: 1546-1605
Compendium fashioned as a quadrant-shaped diptych with hinge along the curved limb. Altitude
quadrant and lunar vovelle on first leaf. Horizontal dial with hinged gnomon for three latitudes
and horary quadrant on second leaf. Labeled in Latin. In 18th-century wooden case with
shagreen leather, velvet, and brass.
"CHRISTOPHORVS/SCHISLER ME FECIT/AVGVSTE ANNO/DOMINI 15¥56" on side
edges of second leaf.;

1556
1556
1556
1.7
7.9
5.9
cm
Case: 2.5 x 9.0 x 7.2 cm. Radius: 5.9 cm.
gilt brass

M-240
Sundial: String-gnomon
[Schissler, Christopher] (1531-1609) Flourished: 1546-1605
Rectangular, gilt brass dial plate attached to wooden base resting on four gilt brass ball feet. Cast
and gilt Moorish figure on ball secured to plate. Two volvelles. Magnetic compass.;
Unsigned.

1546
1605
c. 1562
16.2
23
20.4
cm

gilt brass, silvered brass, wood

M-241
Compendium: Astronomical
Schissler, Christopher, workshop of
Rectangular compendium with two leaves. Lunar vovelle on first leaf. Inclinable horizontal dial
with folding gnomon for latitude 48¡ on second leaf. Arrow-shaped replacement needle, type 14.
Labeled in Latin and German.
Unsigned.;

1546
1609
c. 1570
1.6
7.9
8.4
cm

gilt brass, silvered brass

M-242
Compendium: Astronomical
Schissler, Christopher (1531-1609) Flourished: 1546-1605
Round compendium with suspension ring and 3 leaves. Lunar vovelle on first leaf. Horizontal
dial with hinged gnomon for latitude 48¡ on second leaf. Needle, type 16. Compass on third leaf.
Possibly regilded. Labeled in Latin.
"CHRISTOPHORVS SCHISSLER SENIOR GEOMETRI. AC ASTRONOMI.
ARTI:FA:15.98" around circumference of leaf 3.

1598
1598
1598
1.5
6.5
8
cm
Diameter: 6.5 cm
gilt brass, silvered brass

M-243
Sundial: String-gnomon
Schniep, Ulrich (Died 1588) Flourished: 1545-88
Rectangular dial plate for 48¡ latitude. String-gnomon supported by hinged plumb-bob bracket.
Uniformed hour lines labeled in Roman numerals and laid around the E-N-W perimeter of the
plate. Zodiacal calender. Table of ruling planets for each hour.
"15 * VS * 72" on meridian by plumb-bob bracket.

1572
1572
1572
13.8
14.5
18.3
cm
Dial plate: 11.5 x 15.4 cm
gilt brass, silvered brass, wood

M-244
Sundial-Particular-Horizontal: String-gnomon
Schniep, Ulrich (Died 1588) Flourished: 1545-88

"* VS */ 15 82 / *" on 1a

1582
1582
1582
5.8
4.2
13


brass, glass, string

M-245
Sundial-Universal-Multiple-faced: Diptych
[Reinmann, Paul] (1577-1609) Flourished: 1595-1608
For latitude 49¡. Diptych dial in the form of a book with ribbed spine, 2 clasps, covers with brass
corner protectors and decorative center pieces. Compass has offset meridian (Å6¡E). Needle,
rusty, type 27. Punchmark of crown on 2b.


1595
1608
c. 1595-1608
4.6
5.4
4.4
cm

ivory, brass
M-246
Sundial-Universal-Multiple-faced: Diptych
Reinmann, Paul (1577-1609) Flourished: 1595-1608
Diptych dial in form of a book with ribbed spine. Four brass corner protectors on each cover; 2
clasps. Wind rose of 32 numbered points; half labeled in German initials. Rotating alidade.
Hole for viewing compass. Compass rose, 4 points.
"PAVLVS REINMAN NORIMBERGAE FACIEBAT 1599" on 1b. ; Nuremberg "N" on 2a.

1599
1599
1599
9.5
11.6
8.5
cm

ivory, gilt brass, brass, copper

M-247
Sundial: String-gnomon
P. B.
Oval, pocket-watch type sundial with two covers. Large bead and suspension ring at the top end
with small ring at the bottom. Designed as a locket with sundial and pomander. Hour scale with
Arabic numerals. Compass inside. Chamber created around the compass box for perfumed
material. Hour scale by 1/2 hour.
"P B" and a crest with three heart-shaped leaves branching from a stem on bottom cover.

1530
1630
c. 1580
1.1
3.4
5.5
cm

gilt silver

M-248
Compendium: Astronomical, Inclinable
Klieber III, Ulrich (1529-1606)
Compendium with three folded leaves. Lunar vovelle on first leaf. Indeclinable string-gnomon
dial (gnomon missing) for latitude 42¡ on second leaf. Blued needle, type 16. Labeled in Latin,
German, and Italian.
"VLRICH¥KLIEBER¥ME¥FECIT" on third leaf.

1570
1570
1570
1.6
6.1
6.1
cm

gilt brass, silvered brass

M-249
Sundial-Universal-Multiple-faced: Diptych
Unidentified Maker
Outline of diptych's leaves form a stilted arch. For latitude 49¡. Two of 3 latch hooks and one
pin missing. Wind rose. Inset polychrome compass; offset meridian (4¡E). Needle blued, type
23.
Unsigned.

1475
1499
c. 1475-99
8.7
5.9
8.9
cm

ivory, brass

M-250
Sundial-Universal-Multiple-faced: Diptych
Unidentified Maker
For about 49¡ latitude. Two latch hooks. Very weighty. Silvered compass plate. German
initials of cardinal points; replacement, blue/silver needle, type 11.
Unsigned.

1750
1850
[c. 1800]
4.5
3.2
3.9
cm

gilt brass, silvered brass

M-251
Sundial: String-gnomon
Habermel, Erasmus Flourished: c. 1590-1606
Square dial plate with hour scale along the perimeter and labeled with Roman numerals.
Volvelle for converting regular German hours into Babylonian and Italian hours. Stylized,
irregular wind rose and a hole for positioning a wind vane (missing) in center of vovelle.
Original string-gnomon (missing) replaced with a brass pillar and new string. Magnetic compass
(missing). Labeled with Roman numerals. Directions in Dutch.
"E: Habermel fe:"

1590
1606
c. 1580
11.7
14
14
cm

gilt copper

M-252
Sundial-Particular: Magnetic Azimuth
Habermel, Erasmus Flourished: c. 1590-1606
Square dial constructed from a circle riveted to a square of gilt copper. Hinged arm fixed with
brass spring in corner of plate. When vertical, its shadow is used to align dial. The entire dial is
currently mounted in a modern wooden frame.
"E Habermel fecit" near compass.

1590
1600
c. 1576-1600
13.7
13.7
1.2




M-253
Sundial-Universal-Multiple-faced: Cruciform
Schniep, Ulrich, workshop of
Cruciform reliquary and sundial held closed by a turned finial to which is attached a suspension
ring. Bottom and top sides of the cruciform box engraved respectively with the Virgin (or female
saint) holding a tablet with monogram of Jesus and a bishop holding a burning heart pierced by
an arrow. Hours in Arabic numerals. Compass rose, 4 points, labeled in Latin abbreviations.
Compass with original blued needle, type 16. Bone fragments of 4 saints secured in each cross
arm by strands of pearls and gold filigree. Parchment strip labels each relic. Bones purported to
be of St. Sabina, St. Ursula, St. Walburga, and (less legibly) St. Ignatius of Antioch.
Unsigned.
1545
1588
c. 1560
1.2
5.3
11.1
cm
Length with shackle: 13.3 cm
gilt brass, iron, gold, pearls, wood, silk, bone

M-254
Sundial: Compass
Unidentified Maker
Spherical ivory dial. Two separable hemispheres. Designed to be suspended as a pendant from
ribbon or chain. Wire remnants of a suspension ring remain. Hour scale for a compass dial on
hemisphere A. Arabic numerals. Gnomon, compass needle and glass missing. Polychrome,
illuminated compass card with points in red, blue, green and gold. Brass pin of unknown usage
on hollow hemisphere B. Ring of 30 Gregorian epact numbers inscribed on outside of each
hemisphere.
"1603" on hour scale.

1603
1603
1603
5.2
5.2
5.2
cm
Diameter: 5.2 cm
ivory, brass, paper

M-255
Sundial: Particular, Horizontal, Garden
Unidentified Maker
Crude forgery. Cast and chiseled sundial in the form of a baroque shield with figures in relief and
engraved numerals. Numbers in Roman and Arabic. Hour lines are too crudely laid out to
compute an intended latitude.
Unsigned.

1850
1899
late 19th century
10.2
25.3
19.2
cm
bronze

M-256
Sundial-Particular-Horizontal: Horizontal and Universal Equatorial
Franck, Carolus
Horizontal and equatorial dial resting on a brass pillar. Mounted on three scrolled legs with
leveling screws. Brass gnomon with silver leaves that open.
"Carolus FrancK Fecit Viennae"

1682
1782
c. 1732
39.6
21
24
cm

brass, silver

M-257
Compendium: Astronomical
Dujardin, Pierre Flourished: 1614-45
Diptych compendium with two leaves. Perpetual calendar and equatorial dial (pin gnomon
missing) on first leaf. Shallow well for lunar vovelle (missing). Horizontal string-gnomon dial
for latitude 48¡ (approximately) on second leaf. Horary quadant and shadow square. Labeled in
Latin.
"Pi[er....J]ardin fe[cit...Pari]s Anno Domini 16[2 or 3?]7" painted in gold letters against a blue
field in slots for quadrant sights.

1627
1637
1627 or 1637
3
12
14.6
cm

ivory, gilt brass

M-258
Compendium: Astronomical
Unidentified Maker
Rectangular compendium with three leaves. Lunar vovelle and vertical pin-gnomon dial
(gnomon missing) on first leaf. Horizontal string-gnomon dial for three latitudes on second leaf.
Magnetic compass and calendar table for the years 1581-1606 on third leaf. Labeled in Latin and
German.
"R . Z" on vertical pin-gnomon dial.
1531
1631
c. 1581
1
9.4
9.5
cm

gilt brass, silvered brass

M-259
Sundial-Particular-Horizontal: Horizontal
[Franck, Carolus]
A rectangular, horizontal dial for latitude 48¡. Three levelling screws. Fragmented transversals.
Open, brass, triangular gnomon with plumb-bob. Compass box.
Unsigned.

1682
1782
c. 1732
13.1
16.4
18.8
cm

brass, silvered brass

M-260
Sundial: Particular, Horizontal, Garden
Unidentified Maker
Rectangular dial plate resting on four key-shaped levelling screw feet. Gnomon at angle 56¡, but
hour lines for latitude 52¡. Coat of arms in center of the plate.
Unsigned. "Erectum Bergae Z½Må Indignante Ruinam".

1700
1799
18th century
15.3
33.5
33
cm

brass

M-261
Sundial: Compass
Martin, Johann (1642-1720)
Square, gilt brass base resting on three silver feet. Base decorated in corners with acanthus
leaves. Circular, silver hour scale with Arabic numerals. Hinged gnomon for latitude 48¡ as
labeled on hour scale. Gnomon is trimmed to follow an engrave pattern of acanthus leaves.
Silver compass plate with arrow for magnetic deviation (Å10¡ W). Gazetteer on bottom of
compass box. Arrow-shaped needle, type 14.
"Johan Martin in/Augsspurg 48" on bottom of compass box.

1662
1720
c. 1662-1720
3.3
5
5
cm

gilt brass, silver

M-262
Sundial: Compass
Willebrand, Johann Mathias (1658-1726)
Dial in gimbals, supported in a square, gilt brass base resting on four silver, turned feet. Base
engraved with baroque strapwork arabesques. Silvered hour scale with Arabic numerals.
Folding, gilt gnomon consisting of an open triangle straddling a compass. Hole to hang a plumb-
bob missing. Gnomon for latitude 48¡. Compass plate is silvered, with arrow for magnetic
deviation (Å13¡W). Blued, arrow-shaped needle, type 14.
"Johann Willebrand ¥ in Augspurg." underneath hour plate.

1680
1726
c. 1680-1726
3.7
6.8
6.9
cm

gilt brass, silvered brass

M-263
Sundial: Compass
Beringer, David
Silvered hour plate of squared shaped screwed into a wooden base. Four brass beads serving as
feet. Hour scale in Arabic numerals set around the compass. Folding gnomon for latitude 47¡
supported over center of compass by two arced struts. Blue/silver, diamond-shaped needle, type
6 (replacement).
"D. B. f:" on hour plate.
1770
1800
c. 1780
4.9
7.6
7.7
cm
Hour plate: 6.4 x 6.4 cm
silvered brass, paper, wood, iron

M-264
Sundial-Particular-Horizontal: Compass
Unidentified Maker
A squat barrel design in 3 parts: (1) Ivory compass box with floating compass card, no initials for
cardinal points. Brass hour plate labeled in Arabic numerals. A six-pointed star punch mark
appears on the meridial line. Hinged gnomon is decorated with crass hatching, angle of Å50¡ lat.
Same design, decoration and punchmark as dial A-2. (2) An ivory spacer ring. (3) An ivory
cover that screws onto the spacer ring. Inside, a luner volvelle composed of 2 brass disks. An
hour scale for converting luner to solar time. All 3 segments are cracked, but intact.
Unsigned.

1600
1700
c. 1650
3.4
5.7
5.7
cm
Open: 3.6 x 5.6 x 5.6 cm
ivory, brass, iron, paper

M-265
Sundial: Compass
Ludewig
Octagonal base with large central compass. Silvered hour plate with Roman numerals for hours
and Arabic numerals for minutes. Movable pointer and scale to set magnetic deviation. Around
the compass, and engraved wreath. A silver, hinged gnomon straddles the compass. Gnomon is
decorated with a putto, a sphinx, and various flowers, ribbons, and tassels.
"Ludewig Dresden. Pol. 51 gr."

1670
1770
c. 1720
10.3
12.9
12.9
cm
silvered brass, gilt brass

M-266
Sundial-Particular: Analemmatic
Faligum [or Faliqum]
Rectangular dial plate resting on 4 turned levelling feet. Miter-shaped hour scale laid out on a
rippling ribbon. Roman numerals for hours; Arabic for minutes on broken transversals. A
plumb-bob is suspended within it. Dial is for latitude 47¡.
"Faligum [or Faliqum] fec: in GrŠtz 1721"

1721
1721
1721
18.8
18
28.5
cm

brass

M-267
Dialling Instrument
Le Maire II, Pierre (1717-1785) Flourished: 1730-60
A movable horizontal sundial employed for drawing sundials upon any plane, whether verical,
horizontal, declining or inclining. Base plate with 4 levelling screws with butterfly heads.
Declination scale 0-360¡ every 10¡ circumscribing another scale 0-90-0-90-0¡ every 1¡.
"Pierre Le Maire/Au Quartier Anglois AParis"

1650
1750
c. 1700
6.9
15.3
15.2
cm

brass

M-268
Sundial-Universal-Horizontal: Butterfield-type
Bion, Nicolas (1652-1733) Flourished: 1681-1733
Oval, with brass screws and rivets. Hour scales for 40¡ and 45¡ in Arabic numerals; scale for 50¡
in Roman. Blued needle type 19. Floral pattern engraved on bottom of compass box. Original
wooden case is covered with leather, lined in green velvet, with brass hardware.
"N ¥ BION ¥ A ¥ PARIS" on bottom.
1700
1733
c. 1700-33
3.1
5
5.9
cm
Case: 1.8 x 7.1 x 6 cm
silver, brass

M-269
Sundial: Particular, Horizontal, Garden
Ruel, Samuel Flourished: 1765-1805
Octagonal brass dial with notched triangular gnomon for latitude 47¡ 24' 15". Crimped edges
around plate. Obliquity of ecliptic given as 23¡ 28'. Hour scale with Roman numerals. Eleven
holes in plate. Hour scale by 1/4 hour.
"GravŽ par Ruelle" ; "DELINEAT ¥ AN ¥ M ¥ DCC ¥ LXXI ¥"

1771
1771
1771
14.2
32.3
32.3
cm

brass

M-270
Sundial: Particular, Horizontal
Lubach, Johann Simon Flourished: 1670-1706
Horizontal dial for latitude 48¡. Rectangular dial plate resting on three leveling screws. Slate
encased base plate in gilt brass on all sides except top. Roman numerals for hours. Arabic for
minutes.
"J. S. Lubakh fec. V."

1670
1706
c. 1700
13.6
18.3
21.5
cm

slate, gilt brass, silvered brass

M-271
Sundial: Particular, Horizontal, String gnomon, Garden
Debonnaire
Sun and moon dial. Octagonal base with lines and figures cut into surface and carved in relief.
String gnomon. Hour scale in Roman numerals.
"M[r]. Debonnaire¥"; "16 47"

1647
1647
1647
16.1
48.5
48.9
cm
Plate height: 2.0 cm
slate, iron

M-272
Sundial: Equatorial, Garden
Unidentified Maker
Dial in form of a truncated circle. Pin-gnomon missing. All figures and lines carved in relief and
colored.
"1673"; "AD NVTVM SUPERIORIS"

1673
1673
1673
3.1
30.9
24.6
cm

Solnhofener limestone

M-273
Sundial: Particular, Horizontal, Garden
Unidentified Maker
Square dial plate for latitude 51¡. On four levelling screw feet. Three dials aligned on the
meridian of the plate which indicate regular meridial hours, zodiacal position during the year,
time of year in two week intervals, and calendar dates. Gazetteer for24 cities (longitudes in
degrees).
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
5.7
31.9
31.9
cm

brass

M-274
Clock case: Crystal
Unidentified Maker



1550
1650
c. 1600
5.5
5.5
5.5
cm

glass, brass, cord, rock crystal

M-275
Dialling Instrument
Unidentified Maker
Shadow instrument. For finding the meridian or for laying out arcs of solar altitude, perhaps in
preparation for inscribing a solar declination scale on a horizontal sundial. Square base plate on 4
levelling screws with butterfly heads. Plumb bob dislocated from instrument.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
10
20.6
20.6
cm

gilt copper, gilt brass

M-276
Sundial: Particular, Horizontal, Garden
Unidentified Maker
Slab of brown polished marble with raised oval-shaped shield serving as a dial plate. Three pin-
gnomons and a regular horizontal dial are all missing. Latitude 44¡. Highly decorated.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
2.6
45.2
34.2
cm

marble, brass, glass, iron

M-277
Sundial: Particular, Horizontal, Garden
Unidentified Maker
Square dial, is carved in relief, for latitude of 31¡. Brass replacement gnomon at 26.5 ¡. Hour
scale with Roman numerals. Relief of monkey or dog.;
Unsigned.

1700
1800
c. 1750
7.7
33.2
33.5
cm

slate, bronze

M-278
Sundial: String-gnomon, Garden
Unidentified Maker
Square base carved in relief and colored gold, blue, red, grey, cream, and brown. Iron fork-
shaped bracket supporting wire string-gnomon. Circular hour scale with Roman numerals. Sun
and moon with face carved in relief. Rococo decorations. Hour scale by 1/2 hour.
"1746" on hour scale. / "Geheiliget werde dein Nahm." / "IHS" / "H".

1746
1746
1746
31.7
39.6
39.5
cm

Solnhofener limestone, iron

M-279
Sundial: String-gnomon, Garden
F. B. P. Flourished: 1743-55
Brass compass on square base with four brass levelling-screw feet. Brass fiddle-shaped plumb-
bob bracket with turned, bell-shaped bob. Wire gnomon at 47¡. Hour scale in Roman numerals.
"FBP." in northwest corner of plate. ; "17" and "55." in southeast. ; Lengthy German inscription.

1755
1755
1755
22.2
25.3
25.3
cm

Solnhofener limestone, brass, silvered brass, iron

M-280
Sundial: Particular, Horizontal, Garden
Unidentified Maker
Rectangular dial of slightly irregular shape. Slate carved in relief and highly colored. Three
coats of arms, designating families of Italy. Floral motif. Two mounting holes.;
Unsigned. "SOLO MVTATVR ASPECTV"/ "GEMINO PRA(E)SIDIO TVTVS"

1600
1699
17th century
5.1
34.5
36.5
cm

slate, iron

M-281
Sundial-Particular-Horizontal: Garden
Unidentified Maker
Cast iron dial set into a rectangular block of limestone about 4 cm thick. Gilded floral
decorations, in relief. Gilded gnomon at 46¡ latitude.;
Unsigned.

1700
1750
early 18th century
9.4
26.9
28.6
cm

cast iron, limestone
M-282
Sundial: Particular, Horizontal, Garden
Caietanus [or Cajetanus], David Flourished: 1735-50
Sundial for latitude 47¡44'. Gnomon with angle 42¡ 30'. Scales and figures carved in relief and
painted blue and gold. Gilt gnomon with straight shadow casting edge.
"P./ Caie:/tanus/ Capuc:" [Pater Caietanus Capuchinus] and chronogram: "Floreat & VIV at
pra[e] CLarVs gente Ioannes. /VIVatg Ve InnV Meros & sIne fIne DIes."

1735
1750
c. 1742
12.7
21.2
17.1
cm

Solnhofener limestone, gilt iron, iron

M-283
Sundial: Particular, Horizontal, Garden
Unidentified Maker
Round cast dial on round slate base. For latitude 49¡. Gnomon pierced with scrolling pattern.
Equation of time table labeled "Equation Du Soleil" on the 6 o'clock line.
Unsigned.

1700
1850
18th or early 19th century
10.2
17.7
17.7
cm
Diameter: 17.7 cm
bronze, slate

M-284
Sundial: Cannon
Unidentified Maker
Round, marble base with marbled paper pasted underneath. Hour scale with Arabic numerals is
carved into the marble along a circular arc and labeled for 45¡ 27' latitude. Brass gnomon. Lens
supported by adjustable brackets. Brass cannon.
Unsigned.

1750
1850
c. 1800
10
16.2
16.2
cm

marble, brass, paper

M-285
Sundial: Horizontal, Garden
Unidentified Maker
Round, horizontal garden dial for latitude 48¡. Gnomon positioned over windrose labeled with
16 points in English initials. East and West reversed. Compass box labeled in French. On four
silvered brass dolphins on a rectangular brass plate with four ball feet.;
"N-Bion A-Paris," a later addition on separate strip of metal.

1700
1799
18th century
31.5
32.9
32.9
cm

brass, silvered brass, wood

M-286
Sundial-Particular-Horizontal: Garden
Bovius, Franz Xaver Josef Flourished: 1711-19
A rectangular stone dial for latitude 50¡ 2' in wooden frame. Stone slab cracked. Lines and
figures carved in relief.
"Franc. Xaverj. Iosephus Bovjus SS. Can. exam. et approb."

1719
1719
1719
14.1
52.6
64.8
cm

Solnhofener limestone, brass, wood

M-287
Sundial-Particular-Horizontal: Horizontal
Ducher, Hanns Flourished: 1600-09
Round dial with covers and suspension ring. For latitude 48¡. Lunar volvelle with hours to
convert lunar to solar time. Hinged lid and gnomon. Central compass. Punchmark of cross on
orb within a shield inside a circle.
"1600/*hannss*ducher*" on gnomon.

1600
1600
1600
3.4
7.2
10.2
cm
Diameter: 7.2 cm
gilt brass, silvered brass, cloth

M-288
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Universal Equatorial
[Dorn, Hans] (1435-1509) Flourished: 1476-91
Square dial consisting of a cover and inner leaf hinged to a box. Old style Arabic numerals
throughout. Lunar volvelle and perpetual calendar. Zodiacal constellations. Needle type 27.
Leaf silvered copper. Latitude scale on left.
"AN 14¥79" on ribbon surrounding equatorial circle.

1479
1479
1479
2.2
6.5
7
cm

gilt brass, silvered brass, silvered copper

M-289
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Universal Equatorial
Schindler, Christian Carl Flourished: 1680-1716
Rectangular base resting 4 leveling screws; with plumb-bob holder. Equatorial circle, with
Arabic numerals marking hours, is supported by 2 arms positioned at the 6-hour mark.
"Schindler. M et M." on underside of base.; "fecit 1580" added later on separate line.

1705
1716
c. 1705-16
16.9
10.7
17.8
cm

gilt brass
M-290
Compendium: Astronomical
Schniep, Ulrich (Died 1588) Flourished: 1545-88
Round compendium with 3 leaves and a suspension ring. Nocturnal and lunar vovelle on first
leaf. Compass on third leaf. Needle, type 27. Labeled in Latin, German, and Italian.
"HOC OPVS HOROLOGIVM FECIT VDALRICVS SCHNIEP MONACHY" around
circumference of third leaf.

1545
1588
c. 1585
1.3
5.3
6.3
cm
Diameter: 5.3 cm
gilt brass, silver

M-291
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Universal Equatorial
Purmann, Markus Flourished: 1588-1616
Circular dial base with hinged equatorial ring edged in silver. Latitude arm is a straight bar
intersecting equatorial ring at meridian. Blued needle, type 14. Bottom side of dial contains a
gazetteer arranged radially.
"HOC OPVS HOROLOGIVM GENERALIS MARCVS PVRMAN FACIEBAT MONACHY
1593"

1593
1593
1593
1.1
6.5
6.8
cm
Diameter: 6.5 cm
gilt brass, silver

M-292
Compendium: Astronomical
Unidentified Maker
Round box compendium with 2 leaves and a suspension ring. Nocturnal on first leaf. Equatorial
dial with pin gnomon and compass on second leaf. Needle, type 28. Labeled in Latin and
German.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
2.2
8.9
12.4
cm
Diameter: 8.9 cm
gilt brass

M-293
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Universal Equatorial
Keller, Johann Christof
Rectangular dial plate standing on 4 feet. Equatorial hour ring engraved. With Arabic numerals
and supported at each 6 hour mark by 2 anchor-shaped pillors. Blued, arrow-shaped needle, type
26. Plate is engraved with arabesque of intertwined flowers and 2 angels.;
"IO. CHRISTOF. KELLER. MATHE. LINCI. HOROLOGIVM VNIVERSALE" on underside of
equatorial ring.

1550
1650
c. 1600
6.2
6.6
8.9
cm

gilt brass

M-294
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Universal Equatorial
Schšrt, J. J.
Square dial with 2 hinged leaves. One latch hook, broken. Suspension ring. Compass with
offset meridian for magnetic deviation (5¡ 30' E of N). Blued needle, type 44. Latitude arm.
Arabesque of flowers and leaves.
"J. J. Schšrt A Paris Anno 1638"

1638
1638
1638
1.6
7.6
8.6
cm

gilt brass

M-295
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Universal Equatorial
Penther, Johann Friedrich, style of
Square base mounted on 3 leveling screws. Base engraved with azimuth divisions. Labeled on 1
side. Hour scale silvered, with Roman numerals for hours and Arabic for minutes, which are
engraved on transversals. An instrument for time finding and minor surveying.
Unsigned.

1713
1749
c. 1740
25.7
21.3
21.4
cm

gilt brass, silvered brass

M-296
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Augsburg-type
Hager, Johann Melchior (1642-1713)
Silver box. Oval dial with compass towards front of plate. Hour ring has Roman numerals on
top, hatchmarks inside. Brass gnomon. Plate is undecorated; missing one foot. Blued needle,
type 10. Mica rather than glass on compass. Oval hinged and latched silver box. On lid is a
perpetual calendar.
"Jo Melchior hager frfort 50" on underside of plate.

1662
1713
c. 1700
1.2
4.8
5.6
cm
Box: 1.8 x 5.1 x 6.2 cm
silver, brass, mica

M-297
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Mechanical Equatorial
Wernle, Johan Georg
Gilt rectangular base plate standing on 4 feet with a large compass. The plate is decorated with
flowers and geometric patterns. Rising from the plate is a pillar to which is attached a silvered
quadrant, which is graduated for latitude and is free to pivot.
"Joh: Georg Wernle / Presburg" on equatorial plate.

1700
1800
c. 1750
11.5
6.9
9
cm

gilt brass, silvered brass

M-298
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Crescent
Willebrand, Johann Mathias (1658-1726)
Gilt rectangular plate resting on 1 gilt foot and 2 silver levelling screws. Silver plumb-bob holder
is an intricately cut-out with lacy pattern of swirling acanthus leaves. Plumb-bob is gilt. Hour
scale marked in Arabic numerals.
"Johann Willebrand. in Augspurg 48."

1678
1726
c. 1700
1.7
6
6.2
cm

gilt brass, silver

M-299
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Augsburg-type
Willebrand, Johann Mathias (1658-1726)
Velvet-lined shagreen and cardboard case with silver and brass hardware. Octagonal dial with 3
turned feet and plum-bob. Hour ring has Arabic numerals inside. Pointing hand marks latitude.
Floral pattern on base of compass box. Blued, arrow-shaped needle, type 14. Original case is
lined with red velvet.
"Johann Willebrand. in Augspurg 48" on bottom.

1678
1726
c. 1700
1.5
7.5
7.7
cm

gilt brass, silver

M-3
Armillary Sphere: Ptolemaic
Unidentified Maker
Internal equatorial axis.;
Unsigned.

1580
1600
late 16th century
15.3
10.5
10.5
cm

brass, ivory

M-30
Astrolabe: Western
Unidentified Maker
Body, rete, mater, alidade, rule, swivel, suspension ring, and 4 tympans. 32 star markers shaped
as flames give names and astrological signs. Magnetic compass with original needle and spring
retainer inset in throne. Floral design on back of throne. Labeled in Latin. May be used for
surveying.
Unsigned.

1600
1700
c. 1650
33
24.5
4.5
cm
Mater thickness: 0.8 cm
brass

M-31
Astrolabe: Western
Martinot, Ludovicus
Body, rete, 2-piece mater, swivel bail, ring, and latch-posts. 104 star markers. Labeled in Latin
and French. Double scroll on throne. Face showing prime meridian and great houses. Back of
mater is annular ring carrying throne and 5 or 6 posts for latching. Rotatable disc carries star
chart on face with 102 stars grouped and numbered within constellations. Equal and unequal
hours shown.
"Ex Mente Christophori Luren Agendicensis +J+C+ Ludiuicus Martinot; Horologopeus fecit
Agendicy" ; "1598"

1598
1598
1598
33.3
26.4
3.15
cm
Mater thickness: 0.35 cm
brass

M-32
Astrolabe: Western, multiple-type
Unidentified Maker
Body, rete, mater, alidade, rule, bail, ring, horse, and tympan. 9 star markers. Mater "sawn"
from one piece of brass. Cavity turned out on lathe. Straight edge at bottom for use with plane
table. Single tympan is silvered and has tang on top. For latitude 45¡. Great houses shown.
Alzequel or Gemma Frisius-type projection on reverse. Counterchanged, unmarked alidade with
tapered ends. Labeled in Latin.
Unsigned.

1570
1670
c. 1620
16.5
11.7
2.1
cm
Mater thickness: 0.5 cm
brass, silvered brass

M-33
Astrolabe: Western, multiple-type
Unidentified Maker
Body, rete, alidade, rule, swivelsur, and ring. 34 star markers shaped as leaves. 28 stars on grid.
Mater of 2 soldered plates. Throne is soldered brass pieces. Crown "sawn" before lamination.
Two concentric calendar scales with months labeled in English on limb. Reverse of mater carries
4 concentric scales and De Roias projection (unfinished) with regula. Cursor missing.
Counterchanged alidade blank. Suggested to be by Charles Whitwell.
Unsigned.

1546
1646
c. 1596
68
47.5
3.4
cm
Mater thickness: 0.4 cm
brass

M-33a
Astrolabe: Western
Bos, Johannes Flourished: 1591-1623
Hammered brass body, mater, double cordiform-type rete, alidade with bolt and nut, double rule,
bail, ring, and one remaining tympan. 31 star markers with astrological signs and magnitudes.
Tympan for latitude 43¡ or 44¡. Delicate open scroll on throne shows an early repair. Swivel,
ring, bolt and nut of alidade appear original. Labeled in Latin and Italian. Larger than Bos
copies.
"IOANNES, BOS. I. DIE. 24. MARTII. 1597" on rete.

1597
1597
1597
16
12.5
2.2
cm
Mater thickness: 0.5 cm
brass

M-34
Astrolabe: Western
Habermel, Erasmus, style of
Body, mermaid mater, rete, alidade, double rule, bail, and ring. 30 star markers. Rete shows
comet of 1618 and novae of 1572, 1600, and 1604. Cavity engraved as tympan for 45¡. Tropics,
equator, both horizons labeled. Great houses marked. Almucanters labeled by fours from top.
Labeled in Latin.
"Anno Domini 1620" on rete.

1620
1620
1620
35.5
26.8
2.2
cm
Mater thickness: 0.4 cm
copper

M-35
Astrolabe: Eastern
Mu½ammad ibn al-Fattu½ al-Kham¨Õir Flourished: 1207-37
Body, rete, uninscribed diopter with sights, pin, horse, handle, ring, and 5 tympans. Roman
months and days. 24 star markers. Labeled in Arabic.
"×anaÔahu mu½ammad ibn al-fattu½ al-kham¨Õir bi-madÂnat ishbÂliyya f sanah kh.l.d. al-
hijrah" [Mu½ammad ibn al-Futtu½ al-Kham¨Õir made it in the city of Seville in the year A. H.
634.]
1236
1237
1236/7 [634 AH]
24.9
19.3
3.6
cm
Mater thickness: 0.6 cm
brass

M-36
Astrolabe: Eastern
Mu½ammad ibn Yâsuf ibn ¼¨tim
Body, rete, uninscribed diopter with sights, pin, washer, horse, handle, ring and 4 original
tympans. Fifth tympan from another instrument. Roman months. 26 star markers. Labeled in
Arabic.
"×anaÔa h¨dh¨ al-asßurl¨b mu½ammad ibn yâsuf ibn ½¨tim Ôaf¨ all¨h tammahu sanah kh.l."
[Mu½ammad ibn Yâsuf ibn ¼¨tim--may God forgive him--made this astrolabe. He finished it in
the year 638.]

1240
1241
1240/1 [638 AH]
22.1
15.3
1.8
cm
Mater thickness: 0.6 cm
brass

M-37
Astrolabe: Eastern
Unidentified Maker
Body, rete, uninscribed diopter with sights, pin, pointer, horse, handle, ring and 3 tympans.
Fourth tympan replaced by cardboard. Compass in back of throne. Roman and Syriac months.
17 star markers. Labeled in Arabic and French.
Unsigned.

1651
1651
[1651]
13.5
8.3
2.4
cm
Mater thickness: 0.8 cm
brass
M-38
Astrolabe: Eastern
Unidentified Maker
Fake astrolabe falsely dated 1039 AH (1629/30 AD). Body, rete, uninscribed diopter with sights,
pin, pointer, horse, handle, ring and 2 tympans. Labeled in Arabic.
"sanah 1039" [in the year 1039]



[Modern]
14.8
9.1
2.1
cm
Mater thickness: 0.7 cm
brass

M-39
Astrolabe: Eastern
Unidentified Maker
Body, rete, horizon rete, uninscribed diopter with sights, pin, horse, and 4 tympans. 33 star
markers. Labeled in Arabic and Persian.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
16.5
10
4.1
cm
Mater thickness: 0.7 cm
brass, silvered brass

M-300
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Mechanical Equatorial
Stšckl, I.
Octagonal plate resting on 4 feet. Equatorial hour circle inscribed with Roman numerals for
hours. Pierced floral pattern within hour scale. Minutes are marked in Arabic numberals.
Compass has arrow for magnetic deviation (15¡ W). Blued needle.
"I / Stšckl"

1700
1799
18th century
1.9
6.9
8.3
cm
Arm: 1.1 x 3.6 x 5.5 cm
gilt brass, silvered brass

M-301
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Crescent
Martin, Johann (1642-1720)
Silver, rectangular dial resting on a gilt foot and 2 silver leveling screws. Gilt brass, intricately
cut-out plumb-bob holder and bob. Ornate gilt bob-holder spring underneath plate. Semicircular
hour arcs marked with Arabic numerals are silver, as is the declination scale.
"Masig a London" on base.

1662
1720
c. 1720
1.2
6.1
6.2
cm

silver, gilt brass

M-302
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Heliochronometer
Sauter, Johannes Jakob (1723-1786)
White marble base standing on 4 lions paws and ornamented with a beaded chain, flowers and
architectural devices in gilt brass. Base supports a C-shaped arc of steel capped with a finial
resembling a parasol. Arabic numerals.
"IN IB SAUTER / STOCKHOLM" on enamel dial.

1790
1850
c. 1800
44.4
23.1
9.9
cm

gilt brass, silver, steel, enamel, marble

M-303
Sundial-Particular-Multiple-faced: Polyhedral
Unidentified Maker
Polyhedral dial in the form of a crenelated tower with domed roof. Very similar in style to one
by Ulrich Schniep (M-304). Suspension ring attached to roof. Four ball feet. For latitudes 48
1/2¡ and 50¡. Two gnomons.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
10.7
4.1
4.1
cm

silver

M-304
Sundial-Particular-Multiple-faced: Polyhedral
Schniep, Ulrich (Died 1588) Flourished: 1545-88
Gilt polyhedral dial in the form of a square tower with domed roof. Cardinal sides of the tower
are labeled in German. Two gnomons. Hinged triangular gnomons with fasteners to keep flat
when not in use. Arabic numerals.
"M. V. S." [Mechaniker Ulrich Schniep], on west face.; "*15*77*" on south face.

1577
1577
1577
20.9
5.7
5.8
cm

gilt brass, silvered brass

M-305
Sundial-Particular: Pillar
[Habermel, Erasmus] Flourished: c. 1590-1606
Cylindrical pillar with cast cap sporting geometric pattens in relief and petaled border. Folding
gnomon has engraving more crude than that found on the rest of the instrument and is perhaps a
replacement. Pillar screws onto a hollow, cubical base.
Unsigned.;

1580
1606
c. 1580
25.5
6.5
6.5
cm
Gnomon: 6.9 cm
gilt copper

M-306
Sundial-Particular: Pillar
Habermel, Erasmus, style of
Gilt brass pillar with circular top but oval bottom. Top has turned cap with eyelet and folding
silver gnomon. Oval base fits into a gilt brass and silver sleeve supported on a case tripod of
open strapwork. One leg shows repair solder.
Unsigned.

1530
1630
c. 1580
14.2
6.8
6.8
cm
Gnomon: 1.7 cm
gilt brass, silver

M-307
Sundial-Particular: Ring
Unidentified Maker
Large broad ring dial with Gothic letters and numerals. Notch on side edge, opposite July 10th
on calendar scale, for admitting light. Suspension shackle attached to a sliding sleeve adjustable
for solar declination. Declination indicated by calendar scale engraved on an inner edge of the
ring.
Unsigned.

1400
1500
c. 1450
17.1
14.8
5.1
cm
Irregular diameter: 14.3-14.8 cm
brass

M-308
Sundial-Particular: Ring
Unidentified Maker
Ring dial with 3 diamond-shaped holes for admitting light during different seasons. Sliding
suspension shackle is adjustable for solar declination. Declination indicated by zodiacal symbols
engraved outside and side edges of ring and graduated at 10¡. Labeled in Arabic numerals and
zodiacal symbols.
"Anno Dns .1.5.62." inside ring
1562
1562
1562
10.6
8.5
1.9
cm
Diameter: 8.5 cm
gilt brass

M-309
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Universal Ring
Unidentified Maker
Original shakle and ring missing. Latitude scale (later addition) not usable in current
configuration on stand. Bridge (missing) replaced by wire. Octagonal stand decorated in relief
with plants, fruit and intertwined ribbons.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
16.2
13.6
7.4
cm
Depth: 13.6 x 0.6 cm
gilt brass, silvered brass, copper, iron

M-310
Planetarium Part: Tellurian, Zodiacal Ring
[Blaeu, Willem Janszoon ] (1571-1638)
Zodiacal ring originally supported on 4 pillars (missing). ;
Unsigned.

1620
1634
c. 1620-34
3.3
68.5
67.8
cm
Diameter: 62 cm
wood, paper

M-311
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Universal Ring
Butterfield, Michael (1635-1724) Flourished: 1665-1724
Ornately engraved with patterns of flowers and leaves. The 2 stops that typically keep the
pivoting equatorial ring at right angles to the meridian ring engraved with scrolling leaves and
elaboratly trimmed. Has original sharkskin covered wooden case, lined in green velvet.
"Butterfield AParis"

1665
1724
c. 1665-1724
9.7
7.2
0.7
cm
Diameter: 7.2 cm
silver

M-312
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Universal Ring
Unidentified Maker
Equatorial ring has Roman numerals (l-Xll twice) on top and Arabic numerals (1-24) on a sliding
ring nested with in it. This ring has a knob to facilitate turning. Iron screws used on dial. Dial
was probably made by one of Butterfield's contemporary imitators or forgers.
"BVTERFIELD APARIS"

1700
1799
18th century
9.2
7.2
0.3
cm
Diameter: 7.2 cm
brass, iron

M-313
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Universal Ring
Braun, Antonius (1685-1728)
With fixed rings set on a heavy, trumpet-shaped base. Meridian ring slides through a silvered
sleeve with a cut-out pointer to mark latitude. Silvered slider on bridge. Always intended to be
mounted, never hung. Silvered nut forming a finial.
"ANTONIUS BRAUN FECIT BRAG ANNO 1719" on meridian ring.

1719
1719
1719
34.6
19.7
19.7
cm
Diameter: 19.7 cm
brass, silvered brass

M-314
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Universal Ring
Nairne, Edward (1726-1806)
Dial is mounted over a magnetic compass and base inscribed with an azimuth scale. Mounting is
ornate with stylized floral relief. The base stands on 3 leveling screws. A silvered meridian ring
moves inside a fixed outer ring attached to the base.
"Edw:d Nairne/ London." on shackle.

1750
1775
c. 1750-75
42.5
26.1
2
cm
Diameter: 26.1 cm
gilt brass, silvered brass

M-315
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Universal Ring
Nairne, Edward (1726-1806)
Dial has nautical ring; pin missing. Equatorial hour ring has Roman numeral hours and Arabic
minutes.
"E Nairne London" on underside of equatorial ring.

1750
1775
c. 1750-75
23.3
23.3
0
cm
Outer diameter: 23.3 cm
brass

M-316
Sundial-Particular: Ring
MŸller, Karl
Rectangular ring with 3 summer and 3 winter holes on opposite vertical side faces. These faces
are engraved respectively with a rural village scene and a tree. A stylized leafy border surrounds
these scenes. Fixed suspension loop mounted on a horizontal top face of dial.
"P Carolus / MŸller fec:" on base.; "47. Grad." Top face of dial.
1550
1650
c. 1600
7.7
2.4
2.4
cm

gilt brass

M-317
Sundial-Universal-Multiple-faced: Cruciform
Unidentified Maker
Massive cruciform dial which was likely attached to a stone wall or pedestal by a hinge or joint
now broken off. Cross attached to a ring such that the dial presently has a key-shaped
appearance. Dial on eastern arm is missing its gnomon. All hours in Arabic numerals.
"ChasqVe CroIX faICt Vn IoVr: ChasqVe IoVr, heVre faICt De CroIX/ CroIX sVR CroIX.
CroIX, heVre, IoVr, CroIs en heVre VX ses IoVr."

1632
1632
1632
3.5
25.5
9.5
cm

gilt bronze

M-318
Sundial-Particular-Multiple-faced: Polyhedral
[Brief, Francis]
Polyhedral sundial that opens like a diptych. Two latch hooks (one missing). For latitude of
roughly 45¡. Seven gnomons. Equatorial diameter marked for equal hours before and after noon,
as well as Italian and Babylonian hours during the summer months. Maker's key inscription very
difficult to read.
"Horologica fabrica [a?]fecim numero co[nti]/nens solis horologia diversa ab Franc[is?]
Bri[ef?]/di[vus?] Bol3 publico Mathematico [illegible words]/du[?] [Feunsa?] 157[5]"

1575
1575
[1575]
20.6
10.9
18.3
cm
wood, brass

M-319
Sundial-Particular-Multiple-faced: Polyhedral, Cube
Unidentified Maker
Intricately carved wooden box with gnomons on sides and lid. Five hollow chambers with
sliding tab covers on rim of box beneath lid for storing silver pin-gnomons. Two gnomons and
tab covers missing.
"1608" on north vertical dial. ; "PCPZN" with "N" mirror reversed on direct south face and
throughout.


1800
1899
19th century
8.6
8.4
10.6
cm

wood, brass, silver

M-320
Sundial-Particular-Multiple-faced: Polyhedral
Unidentified Maker
Polyhedral (octohedral) dial in shape of 2 pyramids mounted base to base. Supported on a turned
wooden pedestal with 5-petalled flower at top. Pedestal and dial painted and illuminated. Blued
needle, type 16. All hours marked in Arabic numerals. Seven gnomons for approximately
latitude 43¡.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
12.3
9.9
17.7
cm

wood, iron, silvered brass

M-321
Sundial-Particular-Multiple-faced: Polyhedral
Unidentified Maker
Wooden polyhedral dial resembling an 8-sided drum. For latitude 45¡. Mounted vertically on a
turned gilt brass pedestal. Painted white, red, blue, aquamarine, brown and black. Nine iron
vertical pin gnomons (2 missing).
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
23.7
8.5
13.5
cm
Base diameter: 8.1 cm
wood, gilt brass, iron

M-322
Sundial-Particular-Multiple-faced: Polyhedral
Unidentified Maker
Massive brass polyhedral dial in angular "S" shape. Rusty iron gnomons. For latitude 44¡. All
hour lines lightly scratched onto surface without numerals. Possibly an amateur's. Ten gnomons.
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
44.2
19.7
23.8
cm

brass, iron

M-323
Dialling instrument
F. M. B. [or J. A. B.]
Anchor-shaped copper dialling instrument with scalloped edges, engraved with foliage and
strapwork, and pierced. Recto-along "anchor handle", a table listing the angular distance (in
degrees and minutes) of the 9 o'clock hour line. With original wooden case of gold stamped
leather, lined in orange chamois.
"FMB" or "JAB" or "IAB" monogram.

1600
1699
17th century
0.1
25.5
20.8
cm
Case: 1.4 x 26.8 x 22.1 cm
copper

M-324
Sundial-Particular-Multiple-faced: Polyhedral
Unidentified Maker
Silver polyhedral sundial mounted as an afterthought on a turned gilt base, or perhaps older
vintage. Based on published design by Oronce FinŽ (1532). For latitude 50¡ as engraved and
measured. Twenty-nine gnomons. Silvered plate labelled with offset arrow for magnetic
deviation (Å10¡E). Two known gnomons, are from the same workshop.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
36.5
21.9
27.9
cm

silver, gilt brass, silvered brass

M-325
Sundial-Universal-Multiple-faced: Polyhedral, Cube, Inclinable
Unidentified Maker
Silver cube with engraved dials on 5 sides. Supported by a gold and silver painted oak stem and
base with inset compass. Compass rose with 8 labeled points. Replacement bottom and stem.
Unsigned.

1800
1850
early 19th century
22.5
10.4
10.4
cm
Cube: 7.2 x 7.2 x 7.3 cm. Base: 11 x 6.5 cm.
silver, oak

M-326
Sundial-Particular-Multiple-faced: Polyhedral
Unidentified Maker
Silvered dodecahedron dial mounted on a turned gilt bronze base. Compass (modern?)
embedded in upper horizontal surface. Silvered compass plate with rose marked with Latin
abbreviations. Blued needle, type 14. For latitude 25¡ (approximately). Eleven gnomons (one
silvered gnomon missing).
Unsigned.
1650
1750
c. 1700
37.5
25.9
25.9
cm

silvered brass, gilt bronze

M-327
Sundial-Universal-Multiple-faced: Polyhedral, Cube, Inclinable
Beringer, David and Georg Paul Seyfried
Silver cube with 5 engraved sundials and gnomons. Supported by an adjustable stem.
Rectangular (replacement) base. Inset compass. Compass rose with 8 labeled points. South
gnomon incorrectly made for latitude 40¡.
"D. Beringer"; "G. P. SeØfried"

1750
1799
late 18th century
17.5
9.4
0
cm
Cube: 6.3 x 6.3 x 6.3 cm. Base: 8.6 x 7.4 cm.
silver

M-328
Sundial-Particular-Multiple-faced: Polyhedral
Deforges
Polyhedral dial with polychrome finish and inlays of slate, mother-of-pearl, tortoise shell, lapis
lazuli and other semi-precious stones. For latitude 46¡. Thirteen gnomons. Hours marked in
Roman and Arabic numerals. Hour scales by half and full hours.
"Deforges/Laine/fecit/1744" on silver label above north vertical dial.

1744
1744
1744
17
17.9
27.7
cm

marble, slate, brass, silver, mother-of-pearl, tortoise shell, semi-precious stones

M-329
Nocturnal
Unidentified Maker
Very similar to M-331. With some of the same errors. Of dubious authenticity. Morning and
afternoon hours mislabeled, and not corrected.
Unsigned.

1800
1899
[19th century]
21.3
12.7
1.6
cm
Index arm: 11.3 cm
brass

M-330
Nocturnal
Unidentified Maker
Perhaps a 19th century copy of a 16th century Italian nocturnal. Pierced, engraved scrollwork
handle with attached suspension ring.
"ROMAE Œ. 1578"

1800
1899
[19th century]
13.9
8.3
2
cm
Index arm: 7 cm
gilt brass

M-331
Nocturnal
Unidentified Maker
Attributed to Giamin, but of dubious authenticity. Pierced, engraved scrollwork handle attached
to shackle and suspension ring. Morning and afternoon hours mislabeled, but corrected.
"Antonius Giamin fecit/Romae Anno Dni 1592"

1800
1899
[19th century]
21.4
12.1
1.7
cm
Index arm: 13.6 cm
gilt brass

M-332
Nocturnal: With vertical sundial
Unidentified Maker
A 19th century imitation of a late 16th century nocturnal with lunar volvelle. Center of plate
decorated with radial lines.
Unsigned.

1800
1899
19th century
11.2
5.9
1
cm
Index arm: 4.8 cm
gilt brass

M-333
Nocturnal: With horizontal sundial
Unidentified Maker
Nocturnal with 4-spoked, toothed wheel and crosier-shaped index arm.
"1589" in cartouche between IIII and VIII on outer hour scale. Index arm engraved
"¥LIGNE¥DE¥FOY¥"

1589
1589
1589
9.6
5.5
1.1
cm
Index arm: 5.1 cm
gilt brass

M-334
Nocturnal: With horizontal sundial
Unidentified Maker
Small.


1572
1572
1572
9.6
5
1
cm

brass, paper

M-335
Nocturnal: With vertical sundial
Unidentified Maker
A 19th century imitation of a late 16th century nocturnal with lunar volvelle. Possibly from the
same workshop as M-332.
Unsigned.

1800
1899
19th century
8.7
4.7
1
cm
Index arm: 5.3 cm
gilt brass

M-336
Nocturnal: With horizontal sundial
Unidentified Maker
Small.


1520
1620
c. 1570
8.6
5.3
1.3
cm

brass

M-337
Planetary Hour Disk
Unidentified Maker
Part of an instrument. Disk with tables of planetary hours for day and night for each weekday
stamped along circumference. Labeled in Latin.
Unsigned.

1575
1625
c. 1575-1625
12.8
12.8
0.5
cm

gilt brass

M-338
Sand Glass: Single
Unidentified Maker
Single sand glass decorated in gold, blue and red paint design with conjoined wings. In gilt
frame too large for glass; length made up by wooden disks. Salmon effluence.
Unsigned.

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
11
7.6
7.9
cm

gilt brass, glass, "sand"

M-339*
Sand Glass: Single
Unidentified Maker



1600
1725
17th-early 18th century
0
0
0


gilt brass

M-340
Sand Glass: Double
Unidentified Maker
Glass decorated in white and gold paint. One glass for 2/4 hour; other broken. Plain pillars.
Salmon effluence.
Unsigned.

1650
1725
c. 1650-1725
13.4
12.5
6
cm

gilt brass, glass, "sand"

M-341*
Sand Glass: Single
Unidentified Maker



1600
1725
17th-early 18th century
0
0
0
cm



M-342
Sand Glass: Quadruple
Unidentified Maker
Row of glasses for 1/4, 3/4, 2/4, 4/4 hours. Decorated in gold paint with a Z-A design. White
effluence.;
Unsigned.

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
20.9
23.5
8.3
cm

gilt wood, glass, "sand"

M-343
Sand Glass: Quadruple
Unidentified Maker
Row of glasses marked I, II, III, IIII on top and bottom of both sides of frame. Wooden frame
with turned pillars. Grey effluence, likely lead powder.
Unsigned.

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
15.8
17.8
4.4
cm

wood, glass, "sand"

M-344*
Sand Glass: Quadruple
Unidentified Maker
Wooden frame.


1600
1725
17th-early 18th century
0
0
0


wood

M-345
Sand Glass: Quadruple
Unidentified Maker
Row of unmarked glasses, likely for 1/2, 2/4, 3/4, 4/4 hours. One joint between flasks loose. In
wooden frame with turned pillars. White effluence in three glasses, mixed brown and white in
one.
Unsigned.

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
22.9
21.7
5.5
cm
wood, glass, "sand"

M-346
Sand Glass: Single
Unidentified Maker
Single glass for 1/4 hour. Decorated in brown, red, and gold paint. In carved, rectangular
wooden frame painted with red and gold accents. Salmon effluence. One of 8 finials/feet
missing.
Unsigned.

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
15.5
7.4
7.7
cm

wood, glass, "sand"

M-347
Sand Glass: Single
Unidentified Maker
Single unmarked glass. In cylindrical wooden frame with five turned pillars. Concentric circular
design carved into top and bottom of frame. White effluence.
Unsigned.

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
12
5.9
5.9
cm

wood, glass, "sand"

M-348
Sand Glass: Single
Unidentified Maker
Single unmarked glass. In cylindrical wooden frame with five turned pillars. Concentric circular
design carved into top and bottom of frame. Orange effluence.
Unsigned.

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
8.8
5.2
5.2
cm

wood, glass, "sand"

M-349
Sand Glass: Single
Unidentified Maker
Single unmarked glass. In cylindrical wooden frame with four simple pillars. Top and bottom
plain except for match-marks (II) along edges. Salmon effluence.
Unsigned.

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
11.4
6.5
6.4
cm

wood, glass, "sand"

M-350
Sand Glass: Single
Unidentified Maker
Single unmarked glass (may be a log glass). In cylindrical frame with rotating sleeve. Salmon
effluence.
Unsigned.

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
10.3
4.9
4.9
cm

brass, glass, "sand"

M-351
Sand Glass: Single
Unidentified Maker
Very much like M-350, except that the top and bottom of the frame each have a dial marked with
hours I-XII, interspread with raised knobs. Salmon effluence.
Punchmark of elk.
1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
11.7
4.8
4.8
cm

gilt brass, glass, "sand"

M-352
Sand Glass: Double
Unidentified Maker
Glass decorated in blue and red paint; most effaced. In simple gilt frame with frieze. Plain
pillars. Salmon effluence.
Unsigned.

1650
1750
17th-early 18th century
11.2
21.4
5.6
cm

gilt brass, glass, "sand"

M-353
Sand Glass: Quadruple
Unidentified Maker
Row of glasses for 1/4, 2/4, 3/4, 4/4 hours. Decorated with gold paint and marked 1-A, 2-B, 3-C,
4-D. In gilt frame with turned pillars. Salmon effluence.
Four punchmarks of cross on orb (top, bottom).

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
28
25.5
7
cm

gilt brass, glass, "sand"

M-354
Sand Glass: Quadruple
Unidentified Maker
Row of glasses for 1/3, 2/3, 1/6, 2/4 hours. Decorated with gold paint and also marked 20, 40,
10, 30 (min). In gilt frame with twisted pillars. Salmon effluence.
Four punchmarks of elk (top, bottom).

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
22.3
23.2
6.9
cm

gilt brass, glass, "sand"

M-355
Sand Glass: Quadruple
Unidentified Maker
Row of glasses for 1/8, 3/4, 1/8, 3/4 hours. Decorated in red and yellow paint. Not designed for
free standing. Salmon effluence. Repetition of running times suggests that two glasses are
replacements.
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
35.2
19.6
6.9
cm

gilt brass, glass, "sand"

M-356
Sand Glass: Quadruple
Unidentified Maker
Quadruple sand glass frame missing three glasses. One glass for 1/4 hour. Decorated in red-gold
paint with griffin segreant. Gilt frame with twisted pillars. Salmon effluence.
Three punchmarks of a double cross (top, bottom).

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
20.6
20.7
6.3
cm
gilt brass, glass, "sand"

M-357
Sand Glass: Quadruple
Unidentified Maker
Row of glasses for 1/4, 2/4, 3/4, 1/8 hours. Decorated with orange paint. In gilt frame with
twisted pillars. Salmon effluence.
Two punchmarks of a hunting horn (bottom).

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
19.5
21.5
6.4
cm

gilt brass, glass, "sand"

M-358
Sand Glass: Quadruple
Unidentified Maker
Row of glasses 1/4, 2/4, 1/8, 3/4 hours. Decorated with green and red paint in gilt frame with
twisted pillars. Very similar to quadruple sand glass M-354, which also has an elk punchmark.
The two punches are slightly different, which suggests that the glasses were not made by the
same maker but by two members of the same family of makers.
Four punchmarks of elk (top, bottom).

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
17.6
21
5.9
cm

gilt brass, glass, "sand"

M-359
Sand Glass: Quadruple
Unidentified Maker
Row of unmarked glasses; likely for 1/4, 2/4, 3/4, 4/4 hours. In gilt frame with twisted pillars.
Pierced frieze stamped with foliate and dashed arabesque.
Four punchmarks of cross on orb (top, bottom). Engraved "H*M" (top) and "Ao 1744" (bottom).

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
15.6
8.9
5.4
cm

gilt brass, glass, "sand"

M-360
Sand Glass: Quadruple
Unidentified Maker
Row of unmarked glasses; perhaps for 1/4, 2/4, 3/4, and 4/4 hours. In gilt frame with twisted
pillars and eight finials. Pierced frieze stamped with geometric arabesque. Salmon effluence.
Unsigned.

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
12
18.4
5.3
cm

gilt brass, glass, "sand"

M-361
Sand Glass: Single
Unidentified Maker
Single unmarked glass. Joint between flasks. In rectangular wooden frame with 2 turned pillars
in front of two removable wire "pillars" on sides. White effluence. Missing putty or paint and
cloth covering. Currently lashed with twine.
Unsigned.

1600
1750
17th-early 18th century
28.4
9.4
8.4
cm

wood, glass, "sand", wire, twine

M-362a
Sand Glass: Single
Unidentified Maker
Single unmarked glass. In cylindrical frame with five pillars. Frame intricately constructed from
woven and plaited silk and gold threads and twisted cords forming rosettes and strapwork. Grey
effluence, likely lead powder.
Unsigned.

1575
1600
c. 1575-1600
9.8
5.2
5.2
cm

silk, gilt silver, gold, brass, glass, "sand"

M-362b
Sand Glass: Single
Unidentified Maker
Single glass for 1/2 hour. Decorated in grey and red paint. In cylindrical frame with 4 knotted
pillars. Salmon effluence.
Unsigned.

1575
1600
c. 1575-1600
9.7
5.9
5.9
cm

silk, gilt silver, glass, "sand"

M-362c
Sand Glass: Single
Unidentified Maker
Similar to M-362a. Single unmarked glass. In cylindrical frame with four twisted pillars. Salmon
effluence.
Unsigned.

1575
1600
c. 1575-1600
9.4
7.1
7.1
cm
silk, gilt silver, gold, brass, "sand", enamel, glass

M-363
Compendium: Astronomical
Unidentified Maker
Thirteen leaves hinged together in book form. Astrological tables on five leaves. Four blank
leaves. Horizontal dial with hinged gnomon for latitude 54¡ on seventh leaf. Lunar vovelles and
equatorial dials on eighth leaf. Nocturnal on tenth leaf. Labeled in Latin and English.
"V C/1557" on seventh leaf.

1557
1557
1557
12.2
7
2
cm
Base diameter: 2.7 cm
gilt brass, copper

M-364
Compendium: Astronomical
Schissler, Christopher (1531-1609) Flourished: 1546-1605
Rectangular compendium with three fan-folded leaves. Nocturnal on first leaf. Lunar vovelle
and horizontal dial for five latitudes on second leaf. Needle, type 27. Pivoting compass box with
ruler and stereographic projection on third leaf. Labeled in Latin.
"CHRISTOFFERVS * SCHISLER * ME * FECIT * AVGVSTA * ANNO * 1555" engraved in a
circle on third leaf.

1555
1555
1555
1.6
6.7
7
cm

gilt brass

M-365
Compendium: Astronomical
Schissler, Christopher (1531-1609) Flourished: 1546-1605
Octogonal compendium of three leaves. Two latch hooks, one broken.
"CHRISTOPHORVS SCHISSLER/ME FECIT AVGVSTE/VINDELICORVM" on gazetteer.
"ANNO . 1559." on outside edge by hinge.

1559
1559
1559
2
12.5
12.5
cm

gilt brass, silvered brass

M-366
Compendium: Astronomical
Bonius, Johannes Flourished: 1573-91
Rectangular compendium inscribed for the Archbishop Ernst of Koln (1583-1612). Labeled in
Dutch and Latin.
"REVERENDISSIMO AC ILLVST/RISS PRINCIPI ERNESTO/SVMMAE OBSERVANTIAE
ER /GO DEDICABAT IO BONIVS" on 4a.

1573
1591
c. 1590
2
7.7
7.6
cm

gilt brass, silvered brass

M-367
Volvelle: Lunar
Hendricke, Barent
Round ivory box with screw-on lid. Exterior plain except for raised disk on base. Ivory checked.
"Barent Hendricke"

1575
1599
c. 1575-99
4
8.5
8.5
cm
Diameter: 8.5 cm
ivory, gilt brass, paper

M-368
Compendium: Astronomical
Habermel, Erasmus Flourished: c. 1590-1606
Square compendium of three leaves. Regilded. Sun dial missing.;
"Pragae fecit Erasmus habermehl" on hinge side edge of leaf 2.

1590
1606
c. 1600
1.5
9.1
9.2
cm

gilt brass

M-369
Sundial-Universal: Vertical Disk
Schindler, Christian Carl Flourished: 1680-1716
Disk rotates inside a collar with eyelet for attaching suspension ring or thread. Upper limb
graduated 0-10-0¡and labeled "OCCIDENT" and "ORIENT". For setting latitude. Below the 90¡
mark and centered on the 6 o'clock line, is a folding pin-gnomon.
"Schindler. fecit."

1680
1716
c. 1680-1716
8.1
7.3
1.5
cm
Gnomon: 1.2 cm
brass, silvered brass

M-370
Calendar: Perpetual
Unidentified Maker
Two gilt volvelles mounted on a back plate engraved with a canopy and scrollwork. Trimmed
and pierced along scalloped edges.
Unsigned. "Allgemeiner Und Immerwehrender Calender" on turning knob.

1630
1730
c. 1680
35.9
19.3
1.8
cm

gilt, silvered brass
M-371
Calendar: Perpetual
[Mettel, Johann Georg]
Perpetual calendar mounted on an aide memoire consisting of three leaves riveted together.
Outer leaves silver; inner ivory. Top edge scalloped with shell motif.
Unsigned.

1725
1750
c. 1725-50
8
4.5
0.3
cm

silver, ivory

M-372
Calendar: Perpetual
[Willebrand, Johann Mathias, workshop of]
Lunar volvelle and volvelle to correlate weekdays with dates. Silver disk with the days of the
month (1-31). Gilt volvelle with notch and turning knob. "CALENDARIVM PERPETVVM" on
turning knob. "FEST VND FEYRTAG" on silver disk.
Unsigned.

1680
1726
c. 1680-1726
0.3
4.8
4.8
cm
Diameter: 4.8 cm
gilt brass, silver

M-373
Calendar: Perpetual
Unidentified Maker
Round box with perpetual calendar on top and bottom. Probably designed to store an Augsburg-
type dial within it. Possibly made in Augsburg for an Italian patron. Inside plain. Very similar to
M-376. Labeled in Italian.
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
1.8
6.6
6.6
cm
Diameter: 6.6 cm
gilt brass, silver

M-374
Calendar: Perpetual
Unidentified Maker
Silvered disk with suspension shackle.
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
25.2
21.6
1.5
cm
Diameter: 21.6 cm
brass, silvered brass

M-375
Calendar: Perpetual
Sevin, Pierre Flourished: 1665-83
Round disk with volvelles.
"SEVIN A PARIS" ; "J Sauueur Inuenit."

1662
1685
c. 1685
7.6
7.6
0.2
cm

gilt, silvered brass

M-376
Calendar: Perpetual
Unidentified Maker
Round box with perpetual calendar on top and bottom. Inside plain. Labeled in Italian.
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
1.7
6.6
6.6
cm
Diameter: 6.6 cm
gilt brass, silver

M-377
Clock: Astrolabe
Unidentified Maker
Orpheus clock.


1530
1630
c. 1580
9.3
23.2
23.2
cm

brass

M-378
Clock: with Calendar
Buschmann I, Caspar (1512-1613)

"CAS BV"

1532
1613
c. 1580
15
15
15
cm

brass, firegilt

M-379
Clock: with Sundial
Unidentified Maker

"V.S./W."

1550
1650
c. 1600
46
22
22
cm

brass, firegilt

M-380
Clock
Unidentified Maker



1530
1630
c. 1580
10.8
10.8
4.2
cm
Diameter: 10.8 cm. Base: 12 x 12.6 x 12.6 cm.
brass, firegilt

M-381
Clock
Marquart, Jakob
Round table clock. Horizontal dial. Marked in hours 1-24.
"JACOB MARQUART"

1530
1630
c. 1580
8.1
16
16
cm



M-382
Clock
Unidentified Maker



1550
1650
c. 1600
18.6
18.7
8.3
cm

brass

M-383
Clock: Astrolabe
Lang, Johann Christoff
Wooden base.
"JOHANN CHRISTOFF LANG INN AUGSBURG"

1580
1650
c. 1600
27.4
17.9
11.6
cm

brass, firegilt

M-384
Clock: Automaton
Unidentified Maker
Turkish soldier on horseback. Two keys in box latched to bottom plate. Wooden base.


1650
1750
c. 1700
46
32
23.5
cm

bronze, firegilt

M-385
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Globe
Unidentified Maker
A universal, equatorial sundial in the form of a silvered globe mounted meridianally on a
gearwork brass device designed to tip the globe for the user's latitude. The globe has an
equatorial hour scale graduated in hours and minutes marked respectively in Roman and Arabic
numerals
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
37
19.9
20.8
cm

brass, silvered brass

M-386
Clock: Automaton
Unidentified Maker
Lion. Wooden base.


1650
1750
c. 1700
28.5
24
15
cm

bronze

M-387
Clock: Automaton
Unidentified Maker
Lion.


1650
1750
c. 1700
22.1
12.5
25.7
cm

bronze

M-388
Clock
Letter, J. B.

"J. B. LETTER A ZUG"

1750
1850
c. 1800
23.3
11.6
9.7


bronze, gilt

M-389
Clock
Unidentified Maker



1750
1850
c. 1800
33
16.5
14.3
cm

gilt bronze

M-390
Clock
Ceulen II, Jean Van Flourished: 1700-28
Silvered dial in gilt case.
"JEAN VAN CEULEN LE JEUNE HAGAE"

1700
1728
c. 1700
17.5
11.2
9.7
cm

gilt silver, glass

M-391
Planetarium
Martin, Benjamin (1704-1782)
Brass drum with silvered top housing gearwork.
Unsigned.

1750
1780
c. 1750-80
44.5
54
31
cm

brass, silvered brass, ivory

M-392
Planetarium: Grand Orrery
Isenbroek, Pieter Flourished: 1735-61
Repaired by Jan Peres of Haarlem (Netherlands) in 1793. Operated by clockwork or hand crank.
"door Pieter Ysenbroek is dit Planetrium Uitgevonden, den 5 Octobr: 1737; en, door den zelve
Volmaakt, primo Zeptembr: 1738". ; In a different hand "En Verbeetert Door Jan Peres te
Haarlem 1793". Moveable horizon arc labelled "BEWEEGLKE HORIZONT".

1737
1738
1737-38, improved 1793
77
79.5
79.5
cm

wood, walnut veneer, brass, silvered brass

M-393
Watch
Pouillet, Jacob

"JACOB POUILLET CIERMONT"

1500
1599
c. 16th century
7.4
4.5
2.9
cm
Lid open: 11.5 x 4.5 x 2.7 cm
silver

M-394*
Watch, Oval
Chesnon I, Salomon, style of



1550
1650
c. 1600
0
0
0




M-395a
Automaton
Unidentified Maker
Reclining camel; hollow; 2 parts joined at neck. Head and neck can make a smooth 45¡ turn in
neck socket, which suggests that the animal was designed as an automaton. Little pin in hollow
of upper neck perhaps for attaching a turning mechanism.
Unsigned.

1600
1625
1600-25
14.9
6.4
16.2
cm

gilt brass

M-395b
Clock Fragment: Automaton
Unidentified Maker
Dog.




10
16.5
6.1


gilt bronze

M-395c
Clock Fragment: Automaton
Unidentified Maker
Lion.




21.5
18.5
6.5
cm

gilt bronze

M-395d
Sculpture of Ostrich
Unidentified Maker
Gilt brass, hollow ostrich standing on a circular base with flowers, foliage, a snail and a snake cut
in relief. Three silver toads attached to base. Ostrich has silver horseshoe in beak. Ostrich's
back has a removable, push-fit cap about 5 cm in diameter.
Unsigned.

1560
1600
c. 1560-1600
32
13.1
22.3
cm

gilt copper, silver

M-396
Clock Fragment: Calendar Ring
Unidentified Maker



1575
1599
1575-99
11
11
0.1
cm
Diameter: 11 cm
brass

M-397
Balance
Unidentified Maker
Iron balance with brass pans. Shackle ring attached to shears has worn tassel. Freely swinging
cupid's bow has turned finial at bottom. Shears and cupid's bow have decorative filigree work, as
does equilibrium indicator atop boss.
Unsigned.

1600
1650
early 17th century
19.9
28.5
2.7
cm
Pans: 3.1 x 12.7 x 12.7 cm
iron, brass, rope

M-398
Balance: Scale
Unidentified Maker
Steel shackle with brass ring. Steel cupid's bow with brass finial. Sight-hole shears, one plain,
one decorative. Foliate open work on one sheer with strap-work appearance, including 2 birds,
head portrait of a man, basket of fruit, etc. Similar in design to M-403.
Unsigned.

1700
1750
early 18th century
18.2
21.7
1.4
cm
Pan diameter: 3.0 cm
brass, steel

M-399
Balance
Unidentified Maker
Elegant, large balance, pans missing. Steel ring shackle. Hanging down from shackle between
shears is a small, downward-pointing arrow equilibrium indicator. Steel equilibrium indicator
extending from the boss aligns with the small arrow indicator when equilibrium is reached.
Unsigned.

1700
1800
c. 1750
31.2
37.5
4
cm

gilt brass, steel

M-4
Planetary Model: Mercury
Volparia, Girolamo della (1530-1614)
With iron pedestal;
"Hieronimus Vulparia Faciebat Florentiae Anno Domini mille cinquento LXXXIl die Juni"

1582
1582
1582
104
48
0
cm

bronze, iron

M-40
Astrolabe: Eastern
Mu½ammad Þab¨ßab¨ÕÂ
Body, rete, uninscribed diopter with sights, pin, horse, handle, ring and 6 tympans. Labeled in
Arabic.
"×anaÔahu mu½ammad ßab¨ßab¨Õ al-Ôabd ½abbahu f 1207" [Mu½ammad Þab¨ßab¨Õ the
servant (of God)--may God love him--made it in 1207].

1792
1793
1792/3 [1207 AH]
19
11.4
5
cm
Mater thickness: 1.1 cm
brass, silvered brass

M-41
Astrolabe: Eastern
Unidentified Maker
Body, rete, uninscribed diopter with sights, pin, pointer, horse, handle, ring and 4 tympans. 22
star markers. Labeled in Arabic.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
0
0
0

Mater thickness: 1.1 cm
brass, silvered brass

M-42
Astrolabe: Western, De Rojas-type
Unidentified Maker
Body, mater, double rule, alidade, bail, and ring. Mater and throne formed from 2 sheets of brass
laminated together. Throne is shield-shaped with round, empty hole for press-fit compass, now
missing. De Roijas projection has 18 named stars. Missing regula and cursor replaced by
modern, incorrect, double, counterchanged rule. Rotatable disk in cavity. Incompleted hour
scale on disk face. Reverse of disk has earlier attempt at face but has straight hour scale lines.
Labeled in Latin.
Unsigned.

1582
1632
post-1582
26
18.6
2.3
cm
Mater thickness: 0.15 cm
brass

M-43
Surveyor's cross
Unidentified Maker
Astrolabe mater with out tympans or rete. Throne engraved with stacked circles. Shackle with
rotating eyelet. Recto-zodical calendar marked by symbols and divided every 1¡. Verso--
surveyor's cross consisting of narrow brass straws.
Unsigned.
1520
1620
c. 1570
20
15.3
2.3
cm

gilt brass

M-44
Astrological Disk
Unidentified Maker
Astrolabe mater without tympans or rete. Shackle with rotating eyelet attached to triangular
throne engraved with foliage. Recto-zodiacal calendar divided every 1¡ and marked by Latin
names and zodiacal images. Limb divided 90-0-90-0-90¡ every 1¡; shadow square of 12 parts.
Unsigned.

1520
1620
c. 1570
25.8
18.4
3
cm

brass

M-45
Astrolabe: Western, partial
Unidentified Maker
Astrolabe mater without tympans or rete. Hollow disk of brass. Shackle with rotating eyelet
attached to throne. Recto--limb divided 90-0-90-0-90¡ every 1¡, zodical calendar marked by
Latin names and divided every 1". Alidade with pin-hole sights; engraved with stylized wings.
Unsigned.

1550
1575
c. 1550-75
18.9
13.7
2.5
cm

brass
M-46*
Astrological Disk
Unidentified Maker



1550
1650
c. 1600
0
0
0


silver

M-47
Dividing Plate: Eastern
Unidentified Maker
Plate of no apparent significance. Triangular throne. Arabic, European, and unidentified
numerals. Labeled in Arabic.
Unsigned.

1800
1899
[19th century]
19.6
15.8
0.4
cm

brass

M-48
Etui
Chapotot, Louis or Jean Flourished: 1670-1721
Small etui. Six instruments. Flip-top case with silver push-button latch. Cardboard case covered
in red leather with simple decoration.


1670
1721
c. 1700
9
4.6
2.2
cm
silver, cardboard, leather

M-49
Etui: Case of 21 instruments
Butterfield, Lusuerg, Pigeon, et al.
Navigator's kit of 21 objects. Rectangular wooden case with lift out shelf (lifts by rope loop at
either end). Shelf fitted for instruments M-49a through M-49i, with circular space for an
astrolabe (missing). Lower compartment fitted for M-49j through M-49u. Case lined with white
chamois. Shelf covered with white chamois. Case covered with brown leather. Two large latch-
hooks (one detached and in case).
Unsigned.

1700
1750
early 18th century
0.5
39.9
17.7
cm

brass, steel, wood, leather, chamois

M-49k
Square: Folding, part of etui
[Pigeon II]
Gilt brass folding square. Mitred hinge. Single pin alignment.
"Pigeon AParis"; "Demipied du Rhin" on x-axis. ; "Demi pied de Roy" on other edge.

1700
1750
early 18th century
16.7
2.2
0.4
cm
Extended: 16.7 x 16.7 x 0.4 cm
gilt brass

M-49o
Sector: Part of etui
Butterfield, Michael (1635-1724) Flourished: 1665-1724
Usual French-type sector double and single scales.
"Butterfield AParis"

1678
1724
early 18th century
17.3
3
0.4
cm
Extended: 33.2 x 2.1 x 0.4 cm
gilt brass

M-49q
Protractor
Lusuerg, Jacob Flourished: 1668-1719
Open, semi-circular protractor with extended bottom bar.
"Iacobus Lusuerg Mutinensis Faciebat prope Coll. Rom. A¡. 1672."

1672
1672
1672
6.9
15.9
0.2
cm

gilt brass

M-400
Balance: Equal-arm beam
Unidentified Maker
Brass beam with bronze pans. Shackle withhanging ring at top. Decorative cupid's bow with
turned finial. Simple shears engraved with vines. Equilibrium indicator atop boss. Turned beam
with some leaf engraving. Open-box beam ends resembling pine cones.
Unsigned.

1700
1750
early 18th century
21.3
42.3
2.8
cm
Pan diameter: 14.4 cm
brass, bronze

M-401
Balance: with figure
Unidentified Maker
Steel shackle. Cupid's bow with turned iron finial. Brass collar at the widest point of finial.
Sight-hole shears. Simple back shear and decorative front shear. Gil iron or steel back shear.
Front shear cut as soldier standing on a foliate pedestal.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
22
24.2
2.3
cm
Pan diameter: 3.0 cm
brass, iron, steel

M-402
Balance
Unidentified Maker
Small balance, apothecary's or jeweler's type. Pin-size indicator tipped with a tiny pearl attached
below shackle. See M-405. Fitted, wooden, cross-shaped case covered in dark leather with
embossed border and lined in deep red velvet.
Unsigned.

1700
1750
early 18th century
20.4
24
2
cm
Pan diameter: 5.4 cm
silver, gilt silver

M-403
Balance: Scale
Unidentified Maker
Shackle with screw-in, blue patinated hook. Small indicator extending below. Brass cupid's bow
with turned steel finial swinging freely from the shears. Sight-hole shears, one simple cut with
oval sight hole, the other with open work of acanthus leaves. See M-405.
Unsigned.

1700
1750
early 18th century
16.3
20.4
1.5
cm
Pan diameter: 3.1 cm
silvered brass, steel

M-404
Balance: Equal-arm beam
Unidentified Maker
Very ornate balance, pans missing. Simple, thick shears are topped by a figure of a man's head
connected to a long, smooth tail that curves up over the head, with a trefoil tip; acts as a shackle.
Thick equilibrium indicator is flush with shears at equilibrium.
"PORTATA CHILOG 2" (2 kilogram capacity}; various punchmarks

1800
1850
early 19th century
18.5
47.6
5.1
cm

brass, iron

M-405
Balance: Equal-arm beam
KŸnn, Anton
Shackle with screw-in steel hook and needle-like indicator. Cupid's bow with turned finial
attached to the shears by blued, wing-head screw. Finial engraved with foliage and geometric
borders. Similar in design to M-403.
"Anton KŸnn in Wien"

1760
1860
c. 1810
20.4
23.9
1.7
cm
Pan diameter: 3.7 cm
gilt brass, steel

M-406
Hydrometer
Unidentified Maker
Conical float topped by ball on stem. Float filled with small stones. Cone graduated 0-19 by
halves. With turned wooden case; pressure fitting lid. "EVF" inked on case may be owner's
initials.
Unsigned.

1700
1750
early 18th century
25.7
6.7
6.7
cm
Case: 30.0 x 8.7 x 8.7 cm
brass

M-407
Hydrometer
Unidentified Maker
Double spherical float. Stem graduated 1-15 for liquids less dense than water. "PL" inked on
case, may be owner's initials. With turned wooden case; pressure fitting lid.
Unsigned.

1700
1750
early 18th century
11.8
3.7
3.7
cm
Case: 14.7 x 5.5 x 5.5 cm
silvered copper

M-408
Hydrometer
Unidentified Maker
Gilt spherical float. Silver stem graduated 1-12. With turned wooden case; treaded lid cracked.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
6.9
3.1
3.1
cm
Case: 9.2 x 4.0 x 4.0 cm
gilt silver

M-409
Hydrometer
Unidentified Maker
Spherical float. With turned wooden case covered in green rayskin. Hinged lid with latch.
Lined in orange velvet.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
6.8
2.4
2.4
cm
Case: 8.5 x 3.3 x 3.5 cm
silver

M-410
Hydrometer
Unidentified Maker
Spherical float with cylindrical protrusion. Loose stem graduated 0-10.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
9
3.3
3.3
cm

silver

M-411a
Air Pump
[Nollet, AbbŽ ]
Floor-standing, single barrel air pump of the same (likely made for) AbbŽ Nollet. Glass receiver
missing. Brass receiver plate supported on 3 scrolling legs cast with strapwork and flowers.
Central turned brass pedestal with ductwork resting on an hexagonal block lying on its side.
Unsigned.

1745
1748
c. 1745-48
112.6
50.4
48
cm

wood, brass

M-411b
Air Pump
Unidentified Maker
Table air pump with single barrel of ribbed brass mounted in a trough within a crude wooden
frame. Frame angled about 20¡ with the horizontal and supported on one side by a triangular
flared leg.
Unsigned.

1810
1910
c. 1760
37.6
90.8
38.5
cm

wood, brass, iron

M-412
Blow Torch
Bertin
Self-activating spirit lamp blow torch or blowpipe. Hollow sphere with pressure fittings to
release stem, inlet for alcohol secured by milled screw, and brass tube projecting from top of
sphere and bending underneath it.
"Bertin inv N¼ 175"

1800
1830
c. 1800-30
32.3
12.5
17.4
cm

gilt, oxidized brass

M-413
Blow Torch
Unidentified Maker
Same as Bertin blow torch M-412 except that lamp rests on pedestal with a rectangular base with
scrollwork and palmettes in relief. Only steam apparatus and sliding lamp cover gilt.
Unsigned.

1800
1830
c. 1800-30
21.8
6.5
17
cm

gilt brass, brass

M-414
Lodestone: Encased
Unidentified Maker
Magnetite fully encased in silvered brass. Casing secured by two screws. Suspension eyelet.
Two iron prongs. Geometric engraving.
Unsigned. ; "with this guide he will find the harbor." ; "Amalti first gave to us the use of the
Magnet"

1590
1690
c. 1640
7.8
10.7
5.4
cm

magnetite, silvered brass, iron

M-415
Lodestone: Encased
Unidentified Maker
Magnetite encased in silvered brass. Four screws in corners to hold casing together. Suspension
ring. Two iron prongs. Wind rose with 12 points on top. Foliate strapwork. Wind rose on
bottom with 16 points and rotating pointer.
Unsigned. Engraved with flowers and fruit. "Gleich wie der magnetstein das ei§en an sich Ziehet
also Ziehet Cristus Jesus die seelen der Glambigen auch an sioh".

1590
1690
c. 1640
9.1
5
3.9
cm

magnetite, silvered brass, iron

M-416
Magnetic Compass: With Handle
[Habermel, Erasmus] Flourished: c. 1590-1606
Hand compass on a stem. Silver compass rose with offset arrow for magnetic deviation (10¡F).
Blued needle type 14. Underside of compass box engraved with tendrils.
Rose filled with inscription "FRANCISCO DE PADOANIS FOROLIVIENSIS ARTIVM ET
MEDICINAE. D." and coat of arms of Francisco de Padoanis of Forli.
Unsigned.
1590
1606
c. 1590
8.1
6
6
cm

gilt brass, silver

M-417
Dip circle and variation compass
Macquart Flourished: c. 1725-75
For measuring magnetic dip and deviation. Vertical circle calibrated 90-0-90-0-90¡ every 1¡.
Inset plumb line along vertical brass diameter. Pyramidal silver plumb bob. Needle type 58.
"Macquart A Paris"

1725
1775
c. 1730
34.7
23.1
18.2
cm

brass, silver

M-418
Anamorphoscope
Unidentified Maker
An optical toy. Conical mirror of speculum metal, hollow inside. When place next to
anamorphic (distorted) picture, the distortion is rectified on the mirrored surface of the cone.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
5.3
6.6
0
cm

cardboard, paper, metal
M-419
Anamorphoscope
Unidentified Maker
An optical toy. Cylindrical instrument with turned wooden base and turned top and finial.
Vertical wooden cylindrical section and a vertical silvered (mirrored) metal cylinder section, both
180¡, around central wooden cylindrical core.
A lower case "e" has been scratched on the underside of the base.

1800
1899
early 19th century
21.7
0
7.3
cm

silver, metal, wood

M-420
Anamorphoscope
Unidentified Maker
An optical toy. Pyramidal mirror of speculum metal, hollow inside. Works with an anamorphic
drawing on same principles as M-418 and M-419.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
6.8
7.8
7.8
cm

metal, wood, velvet

M-421
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Main tube tapered towards eyepiece end. Tan leather over pasteboard, Gold-tooled all over with
small motifs and foliate decorations. Aperture disc intooled leather.
Unsigned.

1580
1680
c. 1630
26.8
7.6
0
cm

pasteboard, leather, glass

M-422
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Main tube covered in dark red moroccan leather. Gold-stamped with fleurs-de-lis. Pastboard
slip-on end caps covered in same leather with similar tooling. Objective glass in lignum vitae
mount (missing, replaced by piece of rough old glass). Ebony eyepiece mount (lens missing).
Unsigned.

1600
1700
c. 1650
36.5
5
0
cm

wood, pasteboard, leather, vellum

M-422a
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Main tube covered in dark brown leather. Tube divided by gold-tooling into 4 long, rectangular
panels, each with an ornate gold-tooled decoration in the center. Horn and boxwood mount for
objective glass (missing). Remains of a brass cap with dust slide. Horn eyepiece cap.
Unsigned.

1675
1700
c. 1675-1700
69
7.3
0
cm
Open length: 320 cm
wood, pasteboard, leather, vellum, horn

M-423
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Ornate, turned ivory telescope, tapering towards eyepiece end. Main tube divided into four
sections, with raised bands of ivory, scallop cut. Objective glass present.
Unsigned.
1750
1850
c. 1800
30
5.7
0
cm

ivory, brass

M-424
Telescope: Refracting
Marshall, John
Main tube covered in green/orange/tan spotted vellum. Objective glass (achromatic lens missing)
in brass mount. Brass cap for objective end. Eyepiece lens and mount missing.
"IOHN MARSHALL LVDGAT: STREET LON..."; "IOHN MARSHALL LVDGAT: STREET
LONDON"

1630
1730
c. 1680
54
8.1
0
cm
Open length: 264 cm
pasteboard, vellum, wood, brass

M-425
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Main tube covered with brown leather. Gold-tooled in eight rectangular sections (4 x 2 around).
Lanbrequin scroll tooling. Objective apparatus missing. Horn eyepiece with mount for lens
(missing).
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
56.5
5.5
0
cm

wood, leather, pasteboard, horn
M-426
Telescope: Refracting
Patroni, Pietro Flourished: 1714-22
Main tube covered in green vellum. Gold-tooling in border patterns of stars and flowers.
Signature, etched by diamond, on objective glass. Wood end eyepiece lens mount and cap.
"Pietro Patroni in Milano"

1714
1722
c. 1722
61.1
6.4
0
cm
Open length: 250 cm
pasteboard, wood, vellum

M-427
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Main tube covered in dark green leather. Gold-tooled in many bands of two types: 1) lions and
five point stars, 2) woven floral decorations. Very clear objective glass ground with double-
bevelled edge in horn mount. Cardboard aperature disk.


1650
1750
c. 1700
73.5
7.2
0
cm

pasteboard, wood, paper, horn, leather

M-428
Telescope: Refracting
[Campani, Giuseppe] (1620-1696)
Main tube covered in leather, with 4 decorative, gold tooled bands dividing surface into 3
sections. Boxwood mounts at both ends of telescope. Elaborate turned wood, screw-on objective
end cap. Optics missing.


1640
1696
c. 1670
500
11.2
0
cm
Diameter: 11.2 cm
pasteboard, leather, vellum, wood

M-428a
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Main tube covered with very thin green parchment. Tube divided length-wise with gold-tooling
into 3 panels, with many bands at both ends of the tube. Yellow/green objective glass, ground at
edge and bevelled. No lenses.
Unsigned.

1650
1699
late 17th century
500
11
0
cm
Diameter: 11.2 cm
pasteboard, vellum, wood

M-429
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Main tube covered in leather. Tube divided into nine rectangular panels by decorative gold-
tooled bands. Objective glass and majority of box mount missing.
Unsigned.

1620
1720
c. 1670
67.4
7.5
0
cm

pasteboard, wood, leather, horn, vellum

M-430
Telescope: Refracting
Franciscus, P. Petrus
Main pasteboard tube covered in brown moroccan leather. Gold-tooled twice into three
rectangular sections.
"P. Petrus Fr‹n: us(upper case) de Willeavaux Sacerdos Capuccinus Fecit/Anno 1703".
Incription on tube in ink "Costa Luiggi Quatro".

1703
1703
1703
31.2
5.1
0
cm

leather, pasteboard, vellum, wood

M-431
Telescope: Refracting
Baillou, Franciscus
Main tube covered in leather Tube divided into eight rectangular patterns (4 x 2) by gold-tooled
lambrequin border ornament. Five or six draw tubes.
"Francâs Baillou fecit Mediolani anno 1738"

1738
1738
1738
45.8
7
0
cm

pasteboard, wood, brass, ivory, leather, paper

M-432
Telescope: Refracting, pocket
Unidentified Maker
Main tube encased in tooled, dark-brown horn combination floral, scroll and star motif. Silver
ferrules with milled edges. Single draw tube with screw-on eyepiece.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
10.5
4.5
0
cm

horn, pasteboard, silver, brass

M-433
Telescope: Refracting, pocket
Unidentified Maker
Main tube covered in black shagreen leather. Decorative band at either end of small brass studs.
Objective glass mounted in mahogany, with a gilt brass screw-on rim.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
8
3.1
0
cm

pasteboard, wood, gilt brass, shagreen, brass, satin

M-434
Telescope: Reflecting
Passemant, Claude Simeon (1702-1769)
Gregorian. Speculum metal mirrors. Brass barrel covered with black leather. Gilt brass
objective end and eyepiece (lens present). Milled edges on brass work. Joint screw-adjustable
(wing screw).;
"PASSEMANT RUE DE LA MONNOYE A LA POMME DOR A PARIS"

1722
1769
c. 1740
17.2
3.5
0
cm

brass, leather, wood

M-435
Telescope: Reflecting
Unidentified Maker
Brass barrel with twelve silver appliquŽ motifs of the signs of the zodiac. Silver acanthus leaf
work banded around the telescope at both ends. Eyepiece cap with eyeshade.
Unsigned. ; "R" on bottom of telescope under mounting.

1690
1790
c. 1740
77
11.8
0
cm

brass, silver, metal

M-436
Telescope: Reflecting
Dolon
Barrel covered in new black leather. Attached sighting telescope and various features do not look
English. Sighting telescope with diamond-shaped mounts. Screw-on caps on both ends. Push-
on objective end cap.
"Dolon a Londress" around eyepiece end of main tube.

1750
1799
late 18th century
78.4
11.8
0
cm

brass, leather

M-437
Telescope: Reflecting
Unidentified Maker
Gregorian. Milled brass edges. Main tube covered in leather. Side-mounted worm screw
adjustment for secondary mirror on diamond-shaped brass mounts. Two-piece eyepiece.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
41.4
7.2
0
cm

brass, leather, metal

M-438
Telescope: Reflecting
Unidentified Maker
Gregorian. Barrel covered in black leather. Pillar with hole and wood screw. Three-planed steel
springs holding primary mirror in place. Eyepiece in two cartridges, one inside the other.


1800
1900
c. 1850
44.8
7.3
0
cm

brass, leather

M-439
Quadrant: Altazimuth astronomical
Dubois, Charles-Adrien (1740-1777) Flourished: 1762-74
Astronomical quadrant comprised of coarse and fine-reading quadrants mounted vertically over a
horizontal quadrant of raduated for azimuth. Vertical square frame pierced with scroll work.
Limb divided 5-85¡ every 1¡. Every degree is numbered.
"Dubois ˆ Paris aux GŽ nies"

1771
1774
c. 1771-74
22.1
21.3
21
cm

brass, silver

M-440
Globe: Celestial
Blaeu, Willem Janszoon (1571-1638)
Globe number VI. Celestial globe with 24 engraved, hand-colored gores meeting at the ecliptic
poles. Stars in gold leaf. External projection. Non-Ptolemaic constellations. Labeled in Latin,
Greek, Arabic, and transliterated Arabic. Engraved for equinox of 1640.
"Guiljelmus Blaeuw"

1591
1638
c. 1630
195.6
68
75
cm
Diameter: 68.0 cm
paper, brass, bronze

M-441
Sundial: Cannon
Unidentified Maker
Rectangular marble base mounted in a wooden frame, with four levelling screws inset in brass
corners. Strictly a noon gun, this sundial has no hour lines or gnomon. An adjustable arm holds
the burning lens. An obelisk on a pedestal holds the plumb-bob. A silvered compass replaces the
original. Cannon is mounted on a wood base affixed to the marble.
Unsigned.

1750
1850
c. 1800
30.5
38
43.2
cm

marble, wood, gilt brass, silvered brass

M-442
Telescope: Refracting
P•re, George le
Main tube covered with black shagreen leather and leather ferrules. Objective glass mount
eyepiece of lignum vitae.
"george le p•re quai de l'orlge du palais 1744" ;

1744
1744
1744
34.4
4.8
0
cm

wood, pasteboard, leather, vellum

M-443
Telescope: Refracting
Santini, Tomaso
Main tube covered in red leather. Wooden body with numerous worm holes. Turned brass
mountings and cap with mulled edges. Room for another lens in lens housing. Perhaps an
achromatic unit once.
"Tomaso Santini/Venezia"

1750
1850
c. 1800
4.5
8
0
cm

leather, brass, wood, paper

M-444
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Objective glass without cover help behind card aperture disk with split ring of brass wire. No
eyepiece cover. Possibly with push-over cap once.
Unsigned.

1740
1840
c. 1790
49
54
0
cm

wood, pasteboard, paper, cardboard

M-445
Microscope: Compound Tube
Marshall, John, style of
Microscope barrel only. Outer barrel with one draw tube. Pasteboard body with green vellum.
One and four center punchmarks on edge of mount. Two holes in threads nearly on a diameter to
hold the loose outer cap.
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
44.4
9.1
0
cm

pasteboard, leather, vellum, brass, brass, wood

M-446
Telescope: Refracting
Rudolph, J. G.
Main tube covered in plain vellum with wide, gold-tooled lambrequin border bands at either end.
Objective glass in turned walnut mount. Objective glass with an nular paper aperture. Glass
etched around perimeter. Eyepiece mount mising.
"J. G" Rudolph fecit Dres [da] N". and "5"
1700
1750
early 18th century
55
6.2
0
cm

pasteboard, wood, vellum

M-447
Telescope: Refracting
Semitecolo, Leonardo
Main tube covered in orange-red (or silver?) paper tooled with floral patterns. Mount with screw
threads for cap (missing). Ferrules missing. Eye cap missing.
"LEONARDO SEMITECOLO"

1700
1799
18th century
21
4.5
0
cm

pasteboard, paper, brass, wood

M-448
Telescope: Refracting
Heron, David Flourished: 1834-63
Main tube covered with dark leather. Body tapered towards eyepiece end. Achromatic objective
lens.
"D. Heron Glasgow Warranted"

1834
1863
c. 1834-63
65
6
0
cm

brass, leather

M-449
Telescope: Refracting
Regni, Angelo de
Main tube covered in light tan vellum, blind stamped in a floral border pattern around two
sections of circumference. Three lenses in erector tube.
"ANGELO DEREGNI" near decoration.

1700
1799
18th century
33.2
4.7
0
cm

wood, vellum, horn, metal

M-450
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Main tube covered with geometric designs done in mosaic of tiny, different colored straw pieces.
Horn mounts for objective glass (missing) and eye piece lens (missing). Inner ends apertures
painted brick red.
Unsigned.

1850
1920
c. 1850-1920
34
4.6
0
cm

wood, straw, paper, horn

M-451
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Main tube covered in green vellum. Blind stamped roll around either end, possibly in copper or
gold at one time. Objective glass in turned wood mount.
Unsigned.

1700
1750
early 18th century
46.2
4.5
0
cm
pasteboard, vellum, wood, brass

M-452
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Eyepiece-end draw tube and erector tube only. Parts of a much larger refracting telescope. Draw
tube covered with red marbled (smeared pattern) paper. Wooden (beechwood?) eyepiece mount.
Unsigned.

1700
1750
early 18th century
30
5.2
0
cm

horn, paper, pasteboard, wood

M-453
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Main tube covered in maroon leather. Gold-tooled border pattern around ends. Objective glass
and eyepiec in horn mount. Brass cap with dust slide (slide missing).
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
31.6
5
0
cm

wood, pasteboard, leather, vellum, horn, metal

M-454
Telescope: Refracting, with case
Unidentified Maker
Non-telescoping ivory telescope. Smooth tube except for turned banding at middle and at ends.
Screw-on irovy caps for both ends (objective end missing). Wooden tube-case is fashioned
similar to telescope, with smooth tube and turned bands at center and ends.
Unsigned.

1750
1850
c. 1800
42.5
3.2
0
cm

ivory, wood

M-455
Telescope: Refracting
[Dollond]
Main tube covered in shagreen. Achromatic objective glass. Brass mount for objective glass.
Brass cap at objective end.
Unsigned.

1700
1899
18th or 19th century
28.5
4.5
0
cm

wood, shagreen, paper, brass

M-456
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Main tube covered in black shagreen leather with gold-tooled fleurs-de-lis and decorative border
pattern.
Unsigned.

1600
1799
17th or 18th century
31.7
3.8
0
cm

wood, vellum, rayskin, shagreen

M-457
Telescope: Refracting
Dollond
Main tube covered with green rayskin (shagreen) with brass ferrules. Inside of tube lined in
paper with ink writing. Achromatic object lens mounted in brass.
"DOLLAND/LONDON"

1800
1825
c. 1800-25
24.8
4
0
cm

brass, rayskin, shagreen, vellum

M-458
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Main tube covered in red moroccan leather, heavily gold-tooled with floral motifs and scroll
patterns. Objective glass or eyepiece missing. Erector tube with boxwood mounts for three
lenses (missing).
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
28.6
3.6
0
cm

pasteboard, leather, boxwood, vellum

M-459
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Main tube with slip-over end for cap (missing). Tube covered in black shagreen leather. One
draw tube (possibly two, other may be stuck). Erector tube with three lenses.


1600
1799
17th or 18th century
23.3
3.8
0
cm

pasteboard, leather, wood, vellum
M-460
Telescope: Refracting
[Patroni, Pietro] Flourished: 1714-22
Main tube covered in black leather. Turned ivory objective and eyepiece mounts. Turned ivory
screw-on end caps. Two lenses at either end in tan-speckled, boxwood, screw-in mounts.
Unsigned.

1714
1722
early 18th century
32
4.1
0
cm

pasteboard, leather, ivory, vellum, horn, wood

M-461
Telescope case
Unidentified Maker
Empty telescope sleeve with slip-on cap at one end. Both ends bound by copper-gilt, brass
ferrules.
Unsigned.

1800
1899
19th century
18.4
4
0
cm

pasteboard, wallpaper, copper, gilt brass

M-462
Telescope: Refracting
Unidentified Maker
Main tube with red and gold-tooled with horse motif and floral border pattern. Lacquered for
shiny appearance. Screw-on, turned horn end caps. Plain paper erector tube with three lenses.
Unsigned.

1700
1750
early 18th century
24
2.9
0
cm

pasteboard, paper, wood, horn

M-463
Astrolabe: Western, De Rojas-type
Sevin, Pierre Flourished: 1665-83
Body, mater, regula, bail, and ring. False rete. Labeled in Latin. Mater consists of 2 rings,
riveted to central disk with cavity on both sides. Bail pivots and ring swirls. Cavity is blank,
shallow with no slot or pin for tympan. Probably held a "ready reckoner". Reverse of astrolabe
shows rotatable disk with a de Rojas projection and fixed regula with sliding cursor. De Rojas
projection shows 19 stars from 7 in "Ursa Major" to "Aquarii Fomahant". South polar area is
engraved as above.
"P. Sevin A Paris 1682" at bottom of de Rojas disk on reverse.

1682
1682
1682
34.6
26.6
0.85
cm
Mater thickness: 0.45 cm
brass

M-464
Global projection in frame
Emanuel, C.
Circular brass frame with suspension ring. Engraved scrolling border. Armillary volvelle.
"C. EMMANUEL A Paris"

1677
1777
c. 1727
29.7
26.7
1.8
cm
Diameter: 26.7 cm
brass, silvered brass, paint

M-465
Conjoined instruments: Astrolabe mater, sundial, disc
Unidentified Maker
Three unrelated instruments wedded together in Mensing auction house. See M-465 a - c.
1600
1699
17th century
0
0
0


brass

M-465a
Astrolabe: Western, De Rojas-type
Unidentified Maker
Body, mater, bail, and ring. Labeled in Latin. Mater is two brass plates soldered together;
triangular throne with pivoting ring and bail. Face has scale on limb. Reverse carries de Rojas
projection. Poles are labeled. 18 stars are shown. Regular and sliding cursor are missing.
Cavity is empty and blank.
Unsigned.

1582
1632
post-1582
19.2
13.2
1.7
cm
Mater thickness: 0.3 cm
brass

M-465b
Sundial-Universal: Vertical Disk
Unidentified Maker
Brass disk with pierced, strapwork tab (partly broken) on top edge. The latter may have served as
part of the suspension device. A sundial is engraved on each side of the disk. Both share a
volvelle which can be moved from 1 side to the other. Sundial for latitudes 40¡, 41¡, 42¡ as
labeled. Originally joined to M-465a and M-465c.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
12
10
0.3
cm

brass
M-465c
Astrolabe Part: Ready Reckoner Disk
Unidentified Maker
"Ready Reckoner" disk - part of a de Roias projection astrobale that is lost. Face carries several
scales. Innermost circle contains radial list of 17 stars, six lettered A-F, ten numbered 1-10 and
one not numbered. Disk does not belong to M-465a, though it fits cavity; stars do not match.


1600
1699
17th century
11.8
0.1
0
cm

brass

M-466
Sundial: Equatorial, Eastern
Majd al-DÂn ¼asan
Compass mounted on a circular plate. Fixed solsticial and revolving meridian rings. Diopter.
Labeled in Arabic.
"×anaÔahu al-Ôabd al-faqÂr majd al-dÂn ½asan al-yazd Ôafa Ôanhu f sanah 1075" [al-
ÔAbd al-FaqÂr Majd al-DÂn ¼asan of Yazd--peace be on him--made it in the year 1075].

1675
1676
1675/6 [1075 AH]
11.3
11.3
9.8
cm

brass

M-467
Magnetic Compass: Plane table compass
Ferrari, Luigi
Hemispherical compass bowl in gimbals. Attached to a shaft with bolt hole and a pin covered by
a turned knob; shaft designed to be secured to a plane table or other piece of surveying equipment
in the field. Simple compass rose with Italian initials of cardinal points.
"LVIGI FERRARI"

1700
1800
c. 1750
5.5
10.8
23.4
cm

brass

M-468
Magnetic Compass: Plane table compass
Unidentified Maker
Compass attached to a shaft with notched edges and a bolt hole. Shaft designed to be secured to
a plane table or other piece of surveying equipment in the field. Silvered bi-level compass with 8
point rose marked with french initials and 0-90-0-90-0¡ every 1¡ along outer ring.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
2.4
15.3
39.5
cm

brass, silvered brass

M-469
Magnetic Compass: Mining
Unidentified Maker
Bi-level compass with 4 points marked with Latin abbreviations. East and West reversed as if
intended to be looked at from below. Blued needle type 14. Needle brake.
Unsigned.

1700
1750
early 18th century
1.8
9.1
20.5
cm

brass, silvered brass

M-470
Magnetic Compass: Plane table compass
Langenbucher, Jacob (1649-1712)
Rotating compass attached to a shaft with a butterfly spring. Shaft designed to be secured to a
plane table or other piece of surveying equipment in the field. Blued needle type 53. Gilt needle
brake with running leaf engrving. Rotating shaft locks the needle.
"Jacob Langenbucher, fecit Augustae Vindel:"

1669
1712
c. 1669-1712
2.3
10.7
19
cm

gilt, silvered brass, gilt copper

M-471
Magnetic Compass
Unidentified Maker
Silvered bi-level compass with 32 points and 0-360¡ every 1/2¡. German initials for cardinal
points. Meridian offset for magnetic deviation (10¡E). Blued needle type 49. Needle brake
Unsigned. Fleurs-de-lis at North.

1790
1890
c. 1840
2.2
13.7
13.6
cm

brass, silvered brass

M-472
Magnetic Compass
Unidentified Maker
Compass rose with 4 points labeled with Italian initials of Mediterranean winds. Line for
magnetic deviation. Blued needle type 39. Round compass box screwed to square plate.
Unsigned. Fleurs-de-lis at North. Cross at East. Matchmarks (x) on compass box and plate.

1600
1699
17th century
2.1
10.5
10.5
cm

gilt brass
M-473
Cross: Surveyor's, with circumferentor
Unidentified Maker
Surveyor's cross with large central compass. Silvered bi-level compass with 32 points of rose
and raised ring of degrees 0-180-0¡ every 1¡. Crude rosette in center of rose; fleurs-de-lis at
north. Blued needle, type 50. Brass needle brake. Pressure fitting cover.
Unsigned.

1750
1799
late 18th century
6
16.8
16.9
cm

brass, silvered brass

M-474
Magnetic Compass: Variation
Lerebours, No‰l Jean (1761-1840)
Rectangular wooden box with sliding cover. Paper compass rose with raised brass side a rose at
North and South end. Rose of 16 general points with 13 points along side arcs. Blued needle
type 23. Needle brake.
"Lerebours place du pont neuf … Paris"

1790
1840
c. 1790-1840
2.1
8.3
16.3
cm

wood, paper, brass, copper

M-475
Magnetic Compass: Far Eastern
Unidentified Maker
Turned, cylindical compass box. Pressure fitting lid missing. Compass bowl painted silver but
heavily ozidized. Rose of 24 points on outer rim. Needle type 58. Two holes in rim positioned
along the north-south line.
Marked in Chinese characters cut into wood, then painted white or red against a black
background and lacquered.

1600
1699
17th century
4
7.3
7.3
cm

wood

M-476*
Magnetic Compass: Plane Table
Unidentified Maker




0
0
0
cm

brass

M-477
Compendium: Astronomical
Volkmer, Johann Melchior Flourished: 1634-47
Compendium of three leaves fan-folded.
"IOANNES MELCHIOR VOLCKMAIR FACIEBAT ANNO M.DC.XXXIII/
INSTRVMENTVM RERVM GEOMETRICARVM" on opposite sides of leaf 2.

1633
1633
1633
2.6
11.9
11.7
cm

brass, paper

M-478
Octant
Unidentified Maker
Mahogany T-frame with 3 feet brass fittings. Boxwood arc, 0-90¡ every 20' with transversals to
2: Index mirror, pin-hole foresight, horizon glass, 2 sheets, pin-hole backsight, back horizon
glass, slot for shade mounting.
Unsigned.

1700
1800
c. 1750
52.2
43.5
6.6
cm

boxwood, mahogany, brass, ivory, glass

M-479
Octant
Unidentified Maker
Same as Gaitskill octant (A-53) with some exceptions. Pencil missing. Ivory note plate and
threaded ivory cap for pencil present. 3 feet.
Unsigned.

1750
1850
c. 1800
46.2
34.2
7.4
cm

ebony, ivory, brass, glass

M-480
Sundial-Particular-Horizontal: Garden, Sun and Moon dial.
Unidentified Maker
Octagonal slate garden dial for latitude 44¡. Repair to stone at south end. Open triangular brass
gnomon.
Unsigned.

1600
1799
17th or 18th century
12
28.7
28.7
cm

slate, brass
M-481
Sundial: Horizontal, Garden
Unidentified Maker
Sundial with brass gnomon in center of wreath. Roughly oval piece of white marble sculpted into
the shape of a heraldic badge with laurel wreath and 3 roses. Divine eye inside a red blaze in
center. Hour scale in 1/2 hours. ;
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
9.6
31
35
cm
Stone base: 1.9 x 35.3 x 39.6 cm
marble, slate, brass

M-482
Eclipsometer
Unidentified Maker
Square wooden frame holding a sandwich of pasteboard inserts. With suspension hook. Titled
"Eclipsometrium".
Unsigned.

1630
1730
c. 1680
38.8
35.7
2.4
cm

wood, pasteboard, paper, brass

M-483
Sundial-Particular-Multiple-faced: Polyhedral
Kessel
Limestone polyhedral mounted on grey marble base. Lines inscribed and colored orange and
blue. Arabic and Roman hour numerals laid out on rippling ribbons or scrolls. For latitude 50¡.
Six gnomons. Engraved shield bearing name and date on direct northface. Words preceding the
name effaced.
"[...] KESSEL 1742."

1742
1742
1742
25.7
10.3
22.9
cm

marble, Solnhofener limestone, brass

M-484
Sundial-Universal-Multiple-faced: Polyhedral, Cube, Inclinable
Beringer, David
Oak cube with engraved paper pasted to 5 sides. Brass gnomons. Supported by an adjustable
stem of fruitwood on a rectangular paper-covered fruitwood base with inset compass and wooden
feet. Compass rose with 8 labeled points.
"D. BERINGER." on bottom of the north dial.

1770
1800
late 18th century
18.7
9.9
0
cm
Cube: 6.7 x 6.7 x 6.7 cm. Base: 10 x 8.1 cm.
oak, fruitwood, paper, brass

M-485
Globe: Celestial
Unidentified Maker
Celestial globe with 2 silvered brass hemispheres. Ecliptically mounted. Mounted in gilt brass
cradle with pierced arms born aloft on the shoulders of an Atlas. External projection. Ptolemaic
constellations. Constellations unnamed.
Unsigned.

1430
1580
c. 1480; additions c. 1550-80
37
18.5
16
cm

silvered brass, gilt brass

M-486
Armillary Sphere: Ptolemaic
Seir
Brass equatorial axis.;
"Seir" at 90 degrees on equatorial ring. Latin instructions on the use of an hour-grid resting on
the horizon, entitled "CRATICULA HORARIA."

1600
1699
17th century
50.4
30.8
33.6
cm

wood, vellum, brass, copper, ivory

M-487
Armillary Sphere: Ptolemaic
Unidentified Maker
Internal equatorial axis. Old Latin names.
Unsigned.

1500
1599
16th century
29.5
16
16.1
cm

brass

M-488
Volvelle
Unidentified Maker
Rectangular piece of gilt brass mounted in a late 19th century frame. Brass ornamented in
Rococo style. With likage to equate Italian and equal hours.
Unsigned.; "PARMENSIS HORIZONTIS PARAPIGMA"

1675
1750
c. 1675-1750
37.2
27.8
1.1
cm
Frame: 49.3 x 36.8 x 3.3 cm
gilt, silvered brass, glass, wood

M-489
Measuring Rod
W. D.
Very long, four-side measuring rod. All scale graduations and the maker's (or owners) initials are
marked with raised iron or steel nail studs. Gives appearance of a Braile instrument. Some
Arabic numerals are used, but more often a group of raised nail studs.
"W. D."

1550
1650
c. 1550-1650
1.2
139.2
1.2
cm

dark wood

M-490
Measuring Rod
Unidentified Maker
Similar in design to M-489, but shorter and only tip is covered in metal sheath. Of eight scales
(one on each edge of a face), one is of equal parts. The others are decreasing scales, of which six
are 0-6. Hatchmarks are drawn wherever studs have been put.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
1.3
125.4
1.3
cm

dark wood

M-491
Measuring Rod
Unidentified Maker
Octagonal wooden ell with ivory labels and an ivory collar around the head. Faces of ivory collar
are decorated in an alternating geometric then foliate pattern. Rod has 40 parabolic-cut notches,
5 per side, ranging from large at the head to very small at the foot, but maintaining roughly the
same shape.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
2
93
2
cm

wood, ivory

M-492
Measuring Rod
Unidentified Maker
Main section of rod is four sided, tapering to tip at one end. At other end is a carved section
similar to a bannister support. This is in turn capped by a carved head that has a male face on
two sides.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
2.1
83.9
2.2
cm

dark wood, brass

M-493
Measuring Rod
Unidentified Maker
Elegant wooden measuring rod; rod is four-sided, tapering towards one end, with mother of pearl
inlays at various points on one side. The handle and head of the rod are carved ivory, machine
turned. Patterns are spiral and knob at the top.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
1.5
81.3
2
cm

dark wood, ivory

M-494
Measuring Rod
Unidentified Maker
Ornate measuring rod, similar in handle carving to M-493. Handle was made on an ornamental
turning lathe. One side of rod has brass plate with notch near head, then graduations on the rod
made by 3 nail heads across the width of the face.
"M*[YUFFKOV]*A[NN]A*BRAS[E]M* A¡*1725"

1725
1725
1725
2.5
85.4
2.5
cm

ebony, silver

M-495
Measuring Rod
Unidentified Maker
Four-sided measuring rod, tapering slightly towards one end. Both ends are sheathed in a square
brass cap. Protruding from caps are small brass knobs; knobs at the larger end is pierced and has
ring to act as a hanger. Hanger is on ball joint or something so that it rotates a full 360¡.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
2.1
71
2.1
cm

wood, brass

M-496
Measuring Rod
Unidentified Maker
Rough-hewn, wooden measuring rod. One end of rod is carved with a head, the other end is
carved in the shape of a hand. The measuring section of the rod is carved in scroll-like sections,
with dividing blocks of wood on which is marked the measurement line.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
2.4
72.8
1.6
cm
wood

M-497
Measuring Rod
Unidentified Maker
Ornate, four-sided wooden measuring rod. Ivory handle has four pictures. Long ivory rod tip is
also engraved on all four sides. Handle and tip are fitted on to shanks protruding from the main
rod.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
1.8
46.8
1.9
cm

wood, ivory

M-498
Sector: Bow
Frassy
Brass hinge and tips. Curved metal spreader for legs. Uncommonly large sector, marked only on
one side with one double scale of equal parts, 0-100 cm., graduated to the tenth. Double pin-in
hole closure.
"FRASSY" on hinge.

1800
1900
c. 1850
1.1
105.1
9.7
cm
Hinge diameter: 5.9 cm. Bow .5 x 80 x 2.5 cm.
wood, brass, copper

M-5
Armillary Sphere: Ptolemaic
Coignet, Michael (1549-1623) Flourished: 1572-1618
Shows star positions.
Unsigned.

1591
1591
1591
38.1
35.5
0
cm

brass

M-50
Caliper: Double
Unidentified Maker
Double cylindrical calipers. Used to find thickness of cannons, pipes, etc. Two circular points
and 2 squared points on opposite sides of central turning plate. Can also be used to find the
diameter of spherical objects. Completely covered with floral and other decorative engraving.
Unsigned.

1520
1620
c. 1570
18.2
10.3
0.9
cm

iron

M-51
Caliper: Spherical
Unidentified Maker
Spherical calipers. Two curved arms. Flat tendon joint. Floral engraving on cheek pieces on
either side of joint. Arms engraved in a fish-scale pattern.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
17.1
5.7
1.4
cm

iron

M-52
Caliper: Double
Unidentified Maker
Large calipers. Two arms crossed at centers, connected and moving by sector-type hinge. One
double curve arm, round-cut on one curve and square-cut on the other. Other arm with two
alternating fixed squares and scallop-cut free ends.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
66
28
2.9
cm

iron

M-53
Caliper: Spherical
Unidentified Maker
Very large spherical caliper. Arms completely curved to sector-type hinge. Hinge secured by a
large iron screw, brass washer, and large wing nut. Completely covered with baroque engraving.
Used primarily in measuring round objects.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
49.4
25.6
5.8
cm

iron, brass

M-54
Caliper: with Scale
Unidentified Maker
Unusual calipers with spherical on one side of a circular joint and a scale on the other. Caliper
end opens for measuring small objects. Two slotted arms on the other end overlap. Screw in the
slot acting as a guide. Equal parts scale (0-50, by 1) on underneath arm. Iron tips. Engraved
with bunches of foliage and a decorative border.
Unsigned.

1620
1720
c. 1680
27.9
16.1
1.6
cm

brass

M-55
Caliper: Bow
Unidentified Maker
Elegant spherical calipers with wing. Floral engraving on disc joint. Decoratively cut and
engraved arms. Six scales of feet on wing for various cities (0-12 inches, by 1/2 inch). Scales
read: "Strasburger Schvech", "Polmischer Schevch", "Augspurgerschueh", "Nurmbzrger
Schuech", Wiener Schuech", and "Insprugger Schuech". Diameter read directly from wing.
Unsigned.;

1600
1700
c. 1650
26.4
5.5
1.6
cm

gilt brass, iron

M-56
Micrometer
Vernede
Calipers for measuring very small items, such as watch gears or gems. Straight arm with 1
caliper hook at end joined to concave side of slotted arc. Other straight arm with caliper hook at
end joined near the top to first caliper hook by a small brass plate with "1777" on it. Other end of
arm connected to sliding screw. Caliper end opened or closed when screw moved along slot in
arc. Decorative apertures where the stationary arm joins arc.; ;
"Vernede fecit"; "1777"

1777
1777
1777
9
10.4
0.5
cm

steel, brass

M-57
Caliper: Artillery
Bion, Nicolas (1652-1733) Flourished: 1681-1733
Bullet calipers with sector hinge and curved arms. Moveable cross tongue also uses sector hinge.
Floral engraving on all hinges. Arms end in steel caps cut so that inside surface reading will give
weight of bullets.
"N. Bion A Paris"

1681
1733
c. 1700
17.2
7
0.6
cm

brass

M-58
Compass: Spiral
[Trechsler, Christopher] (1546-1624) Flourished: 1570-1624
Spiral compass with steel point.
Unsigned.

1570
1624
c. 1580
22.7
3.6
1.2
cm

brass, steel

M-59
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Single-handed dividers with semi-circular form at hinge to allow a wider separation of the points.
For use on marine charts.
Unsigned

1530
1630
c. 1580
17.7
4.1
0.7
cm

steel, iron
M-6
Armillary Sphere: Ptolemaic
Unidentified Maker
Internal equatorial axis.
Unsigned.

1500
1599
16th century
35
24.5
24.5
cm
Diameter: 34.5 cm
brass

M-60
Dividers: Wing
Unidentified Maker
Large iron (steel?) wing dividers with brass ornament. Long joint with one brass section
imbedded in one leg. Central screw, rather than rivet.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
71.6
10.4
4.7
cm
Wing: 27.0 x 18.6 x 0.5 cm
brass, wrought iron

M-61
Dividers: Wing
Unidentified Maker
Long-jointed wing dividers. Main section of joint is octagonal.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
32.4
3.8
3.3
cm
wrought iron

M-62
Caliper: Bow
Unidentified Maker
Very large compass with 2 large, steel caliper inserts to make a spherical caliper. Combination
brass and steel sector-type joint with brass rivet and 2 steel cheekpieces. Two holes in 1
cheekpiece for insertion of a turnkey used in tightening the joint. Brass arms with steel wing
screwed into 1 arm and sliding through other arm.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
55.9
20.2
3
cm

brass, steel

M-63
Divider: Bow
Unidentified Maker
Large, circular long joint with one steel inner section. Brass cheek pieces with concentric
grooves. Legs are bowed in German style. Threads of the screw have been stripped.
Unsigned.

1700
1750
early 18th century
54.9
6.2
3.1
cm
Wing: 17.2 x 9.0 x 0.3 cm
brass, steel

M-64
Compass: Beam
Unidentified Maker
Beam compass. Only cursor fitted on top with faucet handle decoration.
Unsigned.

1630
1730
c. 1680
12
17
4.1
cm

iron, steel, silver, wood

M-65
Inclinometer
Unidentified Maker
With artillery rules on 1 leg. Folding a frame with sector hinge. Cross bar hinged to 1 leg and
pierces other. Winged locking screw can interesect cross bar in 2 places. Bar divided 30-0-30¡
every 1¡. Steel points on legs. Right leg is measuring rod calibrated for inches. "[wagon wheel
punchmark] 1630".


1630
1630
1630
29.3
30.5
1.5
cm

brass, steel

M-66
Dialling Instrument
Unidentified Maker
Two-legged dialling instrument with steel points at bottom and brass points at top of each leg. A
pair of rectangular sights on each leg. Sights stamped with assemble numbers A, B, C and D,
coordinated with threaded sockets.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
2.8
2.6
21
cm

brass, steel

M-67a
Compass: Reduction
Unidentified Maker
Multi-purpose reduction compass. Flat circular hinge. Area of legs adjacent to hinge scalloped
with floral engraving, both sides.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
[17th century]
8.1
20.2
4
cm
Hinge diameter: 25 cm
brass, steel

M-67b
Compass: Reduction
Unidentified Maker
Lacquered brass reduction compass. Very similar to M-67 in design and engraving, although
without extra beam compass.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
[17th century]
6.5
21.4
4.1
cm
Hinge diameter: 2.4 cm
brass, steel

M-68a
Dividers: With screw adjustment
Lucca
Very nice spring dividers. Similar to M-70, but larger. Steel screw wing and wing nut.
"Lucca 1767" on inside of one leg.

1767
1767
1767
24.2
3.9
1.5
cm
Screw: 6.5 x 9.5 x 0.5 cm
gilt brass, steel
M-68b
Divider: Bow
Unidentified Maker
Brass wing compass with smooth-faced long joint.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
26.2
1.8
1.3
cm
Wing: 10.0 x 10.1 x 0.2 cm
brass, iron

M-68c
Divider: Bow
Unidentified Maker
Wing compass with long joint. Grooved cheek pieces. Removable points slip through holes in
legs. Points held in place by pierced, brass wing screws.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
18th century
20.5
5
1.4
cm
Wing: 9.9 x 7.0 x 0.3 cm
brass, steel

M-68d
French-type sector
Unidentified Maker
Circular-hinged sector. Small pin-in-hole closure at opposite end with steel point that divides as
sector divides, into a point for each leg. Inner face of 1 points hollow with pointed depression.
Similar to both Italian and French sectors. Labeled in Latin: "Partes/Eqâales", "Polygon in
Circâlo", "Subtensae", "Plumbum Ferrum".
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
0.4
13.7
2.2
cm
Hinge diameter: 1.5 cm
brass

M-68e
Sector with points
Unidentified Maker
Circular-hinged sector. Hinge on both sides capped with a raised disc, more closely resembling a
compass or divider joint. Guidobaldo's scales on outside of each side.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
[17th century]
0.8
15.6
3.4
cm
Hinge diameter: 1.7 cm
gilt brass

M-68f
Divider: Proportional
Unidentified Maker
Large wooden compass. Brass caps on ends of legs. Steel points embedded in ends of legs.
Compass fixed at center in double joint style.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
47.2
4.2
2.1
cm

brass, steel, wood

M-69
Compass: Reduction
Mordente, Fabricio (Born 1532)
Given by Mordente to Maximillian II, whose crest appears on the points attached to cursors.
"EXCOGITATORE / FABRICIO MORDENTE"

1572
1572
1572
4.6
16.9
2.6
cm

brass, steel

M-7
Armillary Sphere: Ptolemaic
Unidentified Maker
Internal equatorial axis.
"CABINET Du Roy VERSAILLES"

1650
1899
base: late 17th century; rest: 19th cent
67.3
37.6
37.5
cm

brass, plaster, marble

M-70
Dividers: Spring
Unidentified Maker
Gilt brass with gilt wing screw for minute adjustments.
Unsigned.

1750
1750
1750
14
3.3
1
cm

brass, steel

M-71a
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Brass dividers with steel points.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
17.4
4
1.8
cm

brass, steel, iron

M-71b
Dividers
Unidentified Maker



1700
1799
18th century
7.7
2.4
0.9
cm
Extended: 7.7 x 3.2 x 0.9 cm. Hinge diameter: 1.8 cm.
iron, brass

M-72a
Dividers: Three-legged
Lusuerg, Jacob Flourished: 1668-1719
Brass three-legged dividers with steel points.
"Iacobus Lusuerg Faciebat Rom¾1687"

1687
1687
1687
18
1.7
2.2
cm

brass, steel

M-72b
Dividers: Three-legged
Unidentified Maker
Brass, three-legged dividers with steel points. Shorter version of M-72a, but with somewhat
larger hinges.
"Dominicus Lusuerg F . Romae"
1700
1899
18th or 19th century
16.4
1.8
2.6
cm

brass, steel

M-72c
Dividers: Three-legged
Unidentified Maker
Brass three-legged dividers with steel points. Sector-type joint on main pair of legs. Floral
engraving on cheek.
". I . L . G . f ." on third leg ; ". G . B." on inside of one main leg.

1700
1799
18th century
14.3
2.2
3.1
cm

brass, steel

M-72d
Dividers: Three-legged
Unidentified Maker
Brass three-legged dividers with steel points.
Unsigned.

1750
1850
c. 1800
13.5
1.4
2.8
cm

brass, steel

M-72e
Dividers: Three-legged
Unidentified Maker
Brass three-legged dividers with steel points. Main leg connected by combination long joint and
ball joint.
Unsigned.; ;

1750
1850
c. 1800
17.6
1.5
4.4
cm

brass, steel

M-73a
Compass: Proportional
Burgi, Jost, style of
Elegant proportional compass. Markings on both faces and edges. Chiselled moulding.
Engraved decoration.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
24.4
1.2
0.7
cm

brass, steel

M-73b
Compass: Proportional
Burgi, Jost, style of
Elegant proportional compass. Markings on both faces and edges. Cursor screw with fitted
shank for groove in cursor pieces.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
24
1.4
0.6
cm

brass, steel
M-74
Compass: Proportional
Unidentified Maker
Unfinished proportional compass. Some faint, horizontal scratch lines.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
24.7
2.1
2.9
cm

brass, steel

M-75
Compass: Proportional
Saluis Roman, Franciscus De
Markings on both faces and edges. Brass cursor with steel screw or rivet with decorative steel
wing nut. One "Planorum" stripped out, and "Corporum" substituted.
"Franciscus de Saluis Roman. fecit Neap. 1682" along one edge.

1682
1682
1682
31
1.8
1.2
cm

brass, steel

M-76
Divider: Proportional
Unidentified Maker
Simply engraved proportional compass with chiselled moulding.
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
18.7
1.3
0.8
cm
brass, steel

M-77
Dividers: With screw adjustment
Unidentified Maker
Large iron dividers with screw adjustment. Long joint with brass disc between two juncture
points of the joint.
Unsigned.

1500
1599
16th century
57.1
5
4.8
cm

wrought iron, gilt brass

M-78
Dividers: With screw adjustment
Unidentified Maker
Iron dividers with adjustment similar to M-77, but shorter. Long joint with brass discs. Plates
from one leg slide into the other.
Unsigned.

1500
1599
16th century
32.2
6.2
7.1
cm

wrought iron, gilt brass

M-79
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Iron dividers designed for screw adjustment. Screw missing or never attached. Two brass discs
incorporated in long joint. Protruding caps on joint are worked as flowers.
Unsigned.

1550
1650
c. 1600
29.8
6.2
6
cm

wrought iron

M-8
Armillary Sphere: Ptolemaic
Aldinus, Franciscus
Internal ecliptic axis. Central earth with outlines of continents. Sphere with equinoctial and
solstitial colures.
"FRAN. ALDINVS FECIT ANNO 1660" on underside of horizon circle.

1660
1660
1660
38.2
19
19.8
cm
Diameter in cradle: 19.8 cm
wrought iron

M-80
Dividers: Wing
Unidentified Maker
Large iron wing dividers with flat tenoned joint. Top of joint marked with rough "X". Iron
appliquŽ decoration near joint with 3-section aperture and 2 upside-down snake or bird heads.
Wing nut missing.
"JESUS MARIA JOSEPH" on (a).; "F*S 1462" [or 1762] on (b).

1462
1762
1462 or 1762
78.9
4.1
2.5
cm
Wing: 13.0 x 7.1 x 0.6 cm
iron

M-81
Dividers: With horizontal stay
Unidentified Maker
Iron dividers with horizontal thread stay.
Unsigned.
1600
1699
17th century
53.4
5
6.1
cm
Stay: 2.1 x 18.1 x 0.5 cm
wrought iron

M-82a
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Similar in design to M-79. Possibly with screw adjustment.
Unsigned.;

1500
1599
16th century
34.6
5.2
4.8
cm

iron

M-82b
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Similar in designed to M-82a. Possibly with screw adjustment. Simple scallop-cut on inner plate
of one leg and area where screw would be attached.
Unsigned.

1500
1599
16th century
39.9
6.4
6.5
cm

iron

M-83
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Large wrought iron dividers with square flat tenoned joint.
Unsigned.

1500
1599
16th century
73.5
3.2
2.7
cm

wrought iron

M-84
Dividers
Pineau, F.
Large dividers with square flat tenoned joint.
"F. PINEAV" on friction section of one leg.

1500
1599
16th century
49.9
3.1
1.4
cm

wrought iron

M-85a
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Large, crude dividers with square, flat tenoned joint.
Unsigned.

1500
1599
16th century
68.3
3.2
1.9
cm

wrought iron

M-85b
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Large, crude dividers with round, flat tenoned joint.
Unsigned.

1500
1599
16th century
47.7
3.5
1.7
cm

wrought iron

M-85c
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Large, crude dividers with square, flat tenoned joint. Decoration similar to M-84. Bubbling and
flow marks very evident in outer layer of metal. Points with diamond cross.
Unsigned.

1500
1599
16th century
44.8
2.7
1.4
cm

wrought iron

M-85d
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Very large dividers. Square, flat tenoned joint.
"JESUS*MARIE*JOSEPH" on (a); "JOSEPH*MARIE*JESUS" on (b). All "I"s and "J"s dotted
with an asterisk.

1500
1599
16th century
77.7
4
3
cm

iron
M-86
Dividers: With screw adjustment
Unidentified Maker
Large, dividers with long joint. Two brass discs incorporated in joint. Scalloped edges on inner
plate of long joint on one leg.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
66.8
4.9
5.4
cm

brass, wrought iron

M-87
Sector
K™gler, Jeremias (1634-1688)
Sector lines drawn and labeled so that the sector hinge lies to the right, rather than to the left, as
most commonly done. Embedded circular hinge. Two pin-in-hole closure. Symbols for iron and
tin reversed on line of metals on split legs. "Lp" (marble) between end of fortification scale and
end of line of metals. On (B): "Extrem‰ ac Med: Rat Secan:". Labeled in Latin.
"Jeremias Kšgeler fec. Gedan. *1668*"

1668
1668
1668
0.7
35.2
7.2
cm
Hinge diameter: 4.8 cm
gilt brass

M-88
Sighting sector
Unidentified Maker
Circular, embedded hinge. Single pin-in-hole closure. Sight on each leg near to hinge and sights
at ends of legs. (1 sight is detached). Usual French type double scales. No lines of polygons.
When sector is fully extended, single scale on (a) for universal line of solar hours. Small single
scale on (b) for diameter of ammunition.
Unsigned.

1650
1750
c. 1700
0.6
22.9
3.9
cm
Hinge diameter: 2.6 cm. Sights: 4.3 x 1.6 x 0.2 cm.
gilt brass

M-89a
Sector: French type
Langlois, Claude (Died 1756) Flourished: 1720-56
Circular-hinged sector. Hinge engraved with foliage. Ornate, scalloped friction ledge. Two pin-
in-hole closure, pins on different legs. Usual French-type, double and single sector scales.
"C. Langlois A Paris/Au Niveau"

1730
1750
c. 1730-50
0.3
11.4
2.5
cm
Hinge diameter: 1.2 cm
brass

M-89b
Sector: French type
Desnos, Louis-Charles (1725-1782) Flourished: 1757-82
Circular-hinged sector. Hinge engraved with foliage. Scalloped friction ledge. Two pin-in-hole
closure. No line of planes or line of solids. Otherwise, usual French-type sector scales.
"Desnos/Aparis"

1757
1782
c. 1757-82
0.3
11.7
2.4
cm
Hinge diameter: 1.2 cm
brass

M-89c
Sector: French type
Pigeon, Jean Flourished: 1706-17
Circular-hinged sector. Hinge engraved as flower. Scalloped friction ledge. Two pin-in-hole
closures. Usual French-type double sector scales. Line of polygons runs 3-12.;
"Pigeon/‡ Lyon"

1714
1717
c. 1714-17
0.3
12.1
2.5
cm
Hinge diameter: 1.1 cm
brass

M-89d
Sector: French type
Meurand Flourished: 1780-94
Pocket-sized, circular-hinged sector. Possibly part of an etui. Floral engraving on hinge.
Simple scalloped friction ledge. One pin-in-hole closure. Usual French-type sector scales.
"Meurand/AParis"

1780
1794
c. 1780-94
0.3
8.9
2
cm

brass

M-89e
Sector: French type
Bion, Nicolas (1652-1733) Flourished: 1681-1733
Circular-hinged sector. Hinge engraved with foliage. Scalloped friction ledge. One pin-in-hole
closure. Usual French-type double sector scales. No line of planes or line of solids.
"N Bion/A Paris"

1681
1733
c. 1700
0.3
8.7
1.9
cm
Hinge diameter: 1.0 cm
brass
M-89f
Sector
Unidentified Maker
Circular-hinged sector. Hinge and adjacent area on legs are ornately engraved. Hinge has a
floral pattern on leg (a). Engraved with putti sitting atop architectural forms, underneath foliage
(fruit). On (b) legs are engraved with 2 scantly clad females who appear to be leaning from
balconies surrounded by foliage; also below each woman is engraved a lyre. There is a line of
metals and a double scale on the other leg which slants towards the outer edge of the legs and is
numbered 8-6-6-5-4-33, unevenly spaced, possibly a harmonic scale.
Females, harps

1625
1725
c. 1675
0.3
11
2.9
cm
Hinge diameter: 1.3 cm
brass

M-89g
Sector: French type
Unidentified Maker
Circular-hinged sector. Hinged engraved with decorative, almost floral, pattern. Scalloped
friction ledge. Single pin-in-hole closure. Usual French-type sector scales, plus some additional
scales. All scales labeled in Latin.


1700
1800
c. 1750
0.4
16.2
3.8
cm
Hinge diameter: 1.9 cm
gilt brass

M-89h
Sector: French type
[Butterfield, Michael] (1635-1724) Flourished: 1665-1724
Crudely marked, circular-hinged sector. Hinge engraved with flower. Scalloped friction ledge.
Two pin-in-hole closures. Usual French-type double scales, with some peculiarities. Line of
chords runs 0-110¡. Probably not Butterfield's work. Maker has a lack of understanding about
use of various scales.
"Butterfield/AParis"
1681
1799
18th century
0.3
14.6
3.1
cm
Extended: 7.7 x 3.2 x 0.9 cm. Hinge diameter: 1.5 cm.


M-89i
Sector: French type
Unidentified Maker
Circular-hinged sector. Crudely engraved. Floral engraving on both sides of hinge. Embedded
friction ledge not functional. Usual French-type double and single scales.;
"a L'Esperance/‡ Paris"

1700
1799
18th century
0.3
11.7
2.5
cm
Hinge diameter: 1.2 cm
brass

M-89j
Rule: Folding, Artillery
Blondeau, Roch Flourished: 1665-90
Sector-like folding artillery rule. Circular sector hinge, scalloped friction ledge extending from
one leg. Hinge nicely engraved in single flower design. Single pin alignment. One side a scale
for diameter and weight of iron bullets, as labeled, 1/4, 1/2, 1-48. Underneath certain sections are
the type of gun that would be used with that range in size of shot.
"Roch Blondeau A Paris 1666"

1666
1666
1666
0.4
11.5
2.3
cm
Open length: 21.6 cm
brass
M-89k*
Sector
Butterfield, Michael (1635-1724) Flourished: 1665-1724



1600
1799
17th-18th century
0
0
0


brass

M-89l
Sector: French type
Huber
Circular-hinged sector. Hinge engraved with beginnings of floral design. Scalloped friction
ledge. Two pin-in-hole closures. Usual French-type sector scales. Numbers engraved rather
than stamped.;
"Huber/AParis"

1760
1860
c. 1690
0.4
17.2
3
cm
Hinge diameter: 1.5 cm
brass

M-89m
Sector: French type
Le Maire II, Pierre (1717-1785) Flourished: 1730-60
Circular-hinged sector. Hinge engraved with foliage. Scalloped friction ledge. Two pin-in-hole
closures. Pins on different legs. Usual French-type double and single sector scales.
"Le Maire Filis/A Paris"

1737
1785
c. 1737-85
0.4
17.5
3.2
cm
Hinge diameter: 1.5 cm
brass

M-89n
Sector: French type
Meurand Flourished: 1780-94
Circular-hinged sector. Floral engraving on hinge. Ornate, scalloped friction ledge. Two pin-in-
hole closures. Usual French-type double sector scales. Scales labeled except line of planes.
"Meurand/AParis"

1780
1794
c. 1780-94
0.4
17.1
3.1
cm
Hinge diameter: 1.4 cm
brass

M-89o
Sector
Macarius, Johannes Flourished: 1668-89
Circular-hinged sector, very similar to W-107. Same hinge engraving, similar acanthus leaf cut
on ends of sector legs. Same scales. Additional scale around outside edge of sector, "Palmo
Architetto Romano", the "Roman Architect's Palm" measurement.
"Ioannes Maccarius Mirandolanus Fecit 1678" on inside edge of one leg.

1678
1678
1678
0.4
24.5
4.1
cm
Hinge diameter: 2.5 cm
brass

M-89p
Rule: Folding
Unidentified Maker
Unfinished folding rule, closely resembling a sector. Circular sector hinge has inner disc of steel
or silver that extends and becomes the scalloped friction ledge. Two alignment pins. When fully
open, the instrument is 12 equal increments long.
Unsigned.
1650
1750
c. 1700
0.3
18.4
3
cm

brass

M-89q
Sector
Galland, Petrus
Circular-hinged sector. Hinge fully engraved with foliage, no space has been left for extension of
double sector lines to center of hinge. Scalloped friction ledge. One pin-in-hole closure. Very
typical Lusuerg-type sector.
"Petrus Galland fecit Romae Sub Signo Pul'crae virtutis In via coronaria"

1648
1748
c. 1698
0.6
16.4
3.8
cm

gilt brass

M-89r
Sector: French type
Unidentified Maker
Circular-hinged sector. Hinge engraving as snowflake. Simple scalloped friction ledge. Two
pin-in-hole closures. All numbers and words on legs stamped. Usual French-type sector scales.


1700
1799
18th century
0.4
17.1
2.8
cm
Hinge diameter: 1.4 cm
gilt brass

M-9
Armillary Sphere: Ptolemaic
H™gh, Eiler Christian Flourished: 1730-73
Labeled in Latin and Spanish. Two cartouches. Clock key missing.
"Eiler Christian Hšgh Danicus fecit CX.3".; Coat of arms of the owner inscribed
"IOSEPH:FRAN:ANT DE REICHMANN"

1730
1773
c. 1730-73
37
37
37
cm
Circumference: 64 cm
brass, silver, steel

M-90a
Caliper: Artillery
Deane, William (1690-1738)
With some sector scales. Two arms jointed together by a rivet, 1 over the other, 360¡ motion.
One arm is cut away to expose head of other arm, which has protractor scale on it. Also drawn
around lower arm head is a scale for inches, as indicated for 0-10 by 1/4.
"W: DEANE Fecit"

1718
1738
c. 1718-38
17.4
4.6
0.6
cm

brass

M-90b
Sector: Galilean-type with strut
Unidentified Maker
Circular-hinged sector. Extra raised decorative plates adjacent to hinge, extending onto legs.
Scalloped edges. Simple outlining for decoration. Single pin-in-hole closure. Usual Galilean-
type sector scales. Somewhat crudely marked.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
0.4
26.7
4
cm



M-90c
Dividers
Unidentified Maker
Dividers with steel points. Dividers have a sector hinge, with the legs partially overlapping for
function.
Unsigned

1700
1799
18th century
15
3.7
0.4


brass, steel

M-90d
Rule: Folding
Unidentified Maker
Brass folding rule. Like a sector in construction. Circular sector hinge. Ends of legs
decoratively cut in curlicues. Outside edges bevelled. Scales along both sides drawn to the
outside edges. "PIEDE ANTICO DE ROMA" on one leg. "MEZZO BRACCIO DE MILANO"
on other leg.
Unsigned.

1600
1799
17th-18th century
0.4
16.7
3.2
cm

brass

M-90e
Sector
Unidentified Maker
Embedded circular hinge. Legs cut-out and rounded at bottom. Legs tipped in center with steel
points. Four-embedded rectangles towards left and right end of legs with small holes on one face
that may have held something.
Unsigned.
1600
1799
17th-18th century
0.5
18.7
2.9
cm
Hinge diameter: 2.0 cm
gilt brass

M-90f
Sector
H. G. H.
Circular-hinged sector. Decorative wing nut through center of hinge. Serpent on each side of
wing-nut. Single pin-in-hole closure. Scalloped ends of each leg taper to steel points. One tip
partially broken.
"H G H"

1648
1648
1648
0.6
31.1
5.4
cm
Hinge diameter: 4.5 cm
gilt brass

M-90g
Sector
Unidentified Maker
Circular-hinged sector. Hinge is fully decorated with flower. Adjacent to hinge on (b) are raised
decorative, cut-out plates, a vine flower extending 6.4 cm down each leg; this is very similar to
other sectors actually made for Galileo.
Unsigned.

1600
1650
early 17th century
0.7
28
4.1
cm
Hinge diameter: 3.1 cm
gilt brass
M-91
Protractor: Two-legged
Unidentified Maker
Part of mining instrument. Two-legged, folding protractor with wing, that opens into set square.
Brass hinge. Legs are wood overlaid with ivory on which the scales are drawn. Scales attached
to wood base by ivory pegs.


1500
1650
c. 1600
0.9
10.6
11.7
cm

ivory, wood

M-92
Protractor: A - Frame
Unidentified Maker
Two-legged, folding protractor with wing. Very similar in design to M-91. Brass scale plate
overlaid on wood base. Brass protractor wing.
"A" ; "K"

1550
1650
c. 1600
0.7
10.8
11.7
cm

brass, wood

M-93
Sector: Bow
Unidentified Maker
Circular-hinged sector. Hinge rotating on decorative nut and square bolt. Bow arm extending
from one leg and slides through slot in other leg. Free end of bow scalloped and decorated with
foliage. One leg with grooved outside edge. Single pin-in-hole closure.
Unsigned.

1600
1799
17th century
1.7
29.1
4.3
cm
Bow extension: 11.2 cm
gilt brass

M-94
Protractor: Plane table
[Danfrie, Philippe] (1525-1606)
Semicircular protractor with pierced quadrants. Limb divided 0-90-0¡ every 1¡. Base line
engraved "S" and "R" for sinistre, left and recto, right. Base trimmed with scalloped edging
engraved with an owl with wings displayed between leafy rounds repeating the wing motiff.
Unsigned.

1547
1606
c. 1597
0.5
19.9
5.7
cm

brass

M-95
Triangulation Instrument
Unidentified Maker
Folding rule with sector hinge and scales of equal parts 100-0 and 0-100 every 1 along legs. A
third, cross-over leg attached to one leg at mark 35 by a screw with a flat-leaf head. This rule
pivots and can be inserted into a box loop on other leg.
Unsigned.

1600
1699
17th century
10
3.4
43.3
cm

brass

M-96a
Squadra Mobile
Unidentified Maker
Semicircle divided 0-180¡ and 180-360¡ every 1¡ with transversals to 10'. Windrose marked by
Italian initials positioned along inner and outer arcs of semicircle. Shadow square of 60 and 12
parts labelled "OMBRA VOLTA" and "OMBRA DRITIA".
Unsigned.

1600
1650
c. 1600-50
0.9
39.7
13.1


brass

M-96b
Squadra Mobile
[Fabri, Ottavio]
Semicircle divided 0-180¡ and 180-360¡ every 1¡. Shadow square of 60 and parts labelled
"VMBRA VERSA" and"VMBRA RECTA". Fixed alidade with 2 lyre-shaped slit sights.
Movable alidade with 2 similar sights and tightening screw with pierced trefoil head.
Unsigned.

1548
1648
c. 1598
7.4
38.5
13.9
cm

brass

M-97
Thickness Gauge: Folding, clockmaker's
Unidentified Maker
Folding gauge, looks like a folding rule with sector hinge. When fully open, one edge has
rectangular cut-outs of increasing width , numbered P, then 1-26, by 1. A gear or other clock part
is placed along in these to gauge the thickness of the part.
Unsigned.

1750
1850
c. 1800
0.4
10.6
1.9
cm
steel

M-98
Protractor: Two-legged with sights
Borromei, Jules
Two legged protractor with circular hinge divided 0-90-[0]-90-0¡ every 1¡ although part of scale
is obscured by some architectural molding along the inside of the legs. As legs open, a
semicircular portion of the hinge covers the rest.
"Jules Borromej Fec: ann. 1775. Joseph Marie Robequi-Inven."

1775
1775
1775
2.5
11.4
30.4
cm

brass

M-99a
Square: Folding
Bion, Nicolas (1652-1733) Flourished: 1681-1733
Folding square with mitred hinge. Plumb-bob aperture, hole, and notch in one end.
"DEmy pied de Roy" on lower edge of X-axis. ; Last increment of this latter scale is labeled
"Lignes". ; "BION APAIRS"

1700
1733
c. 1700-33
0.4
17.2
1.9
cm

brass

M-99b
Clinometer
Unidentified Maker
Folding A-frame clinometer with sector hinge. Ends of straight cross bar hinged to interior of
legs; pierced sector hinge in center of bar. Cross bar divided 0-90¡ every 1¡. Replacement plumb
bob.
Unsigned.

1650
1699
late 17th century
15.7
2.7
0.7
cm

brass

M-99c
Square: Folding
[Butterfield, Michael] (1635-1724) Flourished: 1665-1724
Folding square with mitred hinge. Plumb-bob aperture and hole near end of one limb for plumb-
line. End of limb scallop-cut and notched.
"Butterfield Aparis". "Ponce De Roy", on the lower edge of the x-axis. "Ponce Du Rhin" on the
left edge of the y-axis.

1700
1724
c. 1700-24
0.4
0
19
cm

gilt brass

M-99d
Square
Unidentified Maker
Fixed brass square. Ends scallop cut, one with single vine tendril decoration, the other with notch
in center of scallop.
 Unsigned.; "Fran•ois".

1700
1799
18th century
0.1
18.2
12.3
cm
Limb depth: 1.5 cm
brass

M-99e
Sector
Unidentified Maker
Circular-hinge. One section of hinge squared so that sector may be opened for use as set square.
Hinge engraved in pattern of concentric circles. Single pin-in-hole closure. All double scales.
Unsigned.

1700
1799
[18th century]
0.2
10
1.7
cm
Hinge diameter: 1.2 cm
brass

M-48a
Square: Folding, part of etui
Chapotot, Louis or Jean Flourished: 1670-1721
Folding square with mitred hinge. Double pin aligment.
"CHAPOTOT A PARIS" along x-axis.; "Pouce de Roy" on y-axis.;

1670
1721
c. 1700
8.2
1.3
0.2
cm
Extended: 8.1 x 8.1 x 0.2 cm
silver

M-48b
Sector: Part of etui
Chapotot, Louis or Jean Flourished: 1670-1721
Sector with circular hinge. Hinge engraved as flower. Scalloped friction ledge near hinge.
Double pin alignment.
"CHAPOTOT A PARIS"; "Demy Pied de Roy"

1670
1721
c. 1700
8.6
1.7
0.2
cm
Extended: 16.3 x 1.7 x 0.2 cm
silver

M-48c
Dividers: Part of etui
Chapotot, Louis or Jean Flourished: 1670-1721
Dividers with steel points. Long friction joints. Cheek pieces on either side of circular hinges.
Cut-away sections in mid-section of legs for easier movement with one hand.


1670
1721
c. 1700
8.5
1
1

Extended: 15.8 x 1 x 1 cm
silver, steel

M-48d
Dividers: Part of etui
Chapotot, Louis or Jean Flourished: 1670-1721
Dividers with steel points. Long friction joints. Cheek pieces on either side of circular hinges.
Cut-away sections in mid-section of legs for easier movement with one hand. Grooved tip
adapted for use with ink (for compass, as well).


1670
1721
c. 1700
8.9
1
1
cm
Extended: 16.6 x 1 x 1 cm
silver, steel

M-48e
Pen: Part of etui
Chapotot, Louis or Jean Flourished: 1670-1721
Ruling pen. Twin leaf-shaped end. Sculpted handle.


1670
1721
c. 1700
8.4
0.8
0.8
cm
silver

M-48f
Crayon Holder: Part of etui
Chapotot, Louis or Jean Flourished: 1670-1721
Crayon holder. Sculpted handle similar to ruling pen (M-48e).


1670
1721
c. 1700
8.1
0.7
0.7


silver

M-49a
Sector: Part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Excellent example of a Guidobaldo-type sector. Protractor drawn around hinge. Steel points.


1700
1750
early 18th century
22.6
2.8
1.3
cm
Extended: 42.7 x 2.8 x 1.3 cm
brass, steel

M-49b
Pen: Part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Gilt brass tube with hook on one end. That end unscrews, revealing a feather quill pen. Other
end unscrews, revealing a cork eraser or blotter.


1700
1750
early 18th century
13.7
1.5
1.5
cm

gilt brass

M-49c
Pen: Part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Brass ruling pen with steel, double-blade pens at both ends. Hand cut wing screw for blade
adjustment on each pen.


1700
1750
early 18th century
14.4
1.4
1
cm

brass, steel

M-49d
Tube: part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Brass tube with unscrewable ends. One blunt end, the other with milled head. Purpose unclear.


1700
1750
early 18th century
15.5
1.1
1.1
cm

brass

M-49e
Compass: Proportional, part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Gilt brass fixed propotional compass. Ball joint. Inside of one arm, a royal orb over [II?]W
punchmark. Fixed ratio 2:1.


1700
1750
early 18th century
16.1
1.4
1.4
cm
Extended: 11.3 x 15.2
gilt brass

M-49f
Drawing Instrument: Part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Gilt brass drawing instrument with crayon holder at both ends. Brass tightening rings.
Punchmark "A" on handle.


1700
1750
early 18th century
17.9
0.9
0.9
cm

gilt brass, brass

M-49g
Dividers: Part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Large, gilt brass dividers. Ball joint. Steel points.


1700
1750
early 18th century
22
1.9
1.9
cm
Extended: 42 x 1.9 x 1.9
gilt brass, steel

M-49h
Extension Piece: Part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Large extension piece. Shaft at one end with milled screw. Shank at other end.
1700
1750
early 18th century
13.8
0.7
0.1
cm

brass

M-49i
Dividers: Part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Tiny gilt brass dividers with ball joint.


1700
1750
early 18th century
4.7
0.7
0.6
cm

gilt brass

M-49j
Protractor: Part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Hinged protracting instrument. Gilt brass, scalloped ends.


1700
1750
early 18th century
23.6
1.9
0.4
cm
Extended: 43.9 x 3 x 0.4 cm
gilt brass

M-49l
Compass: Part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Gilt brass compass with ball joint. One permanent steel point. One steel point insert.
Screwshank with hand cut wing-screw. Punchmark of cross on a base insidde one arm.
1700
1750
early 18th century
0.5
39.9
17.7
cm

gilt brass, steel

M-49m
Dividers: Part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Gilt brass dividers with ball joint. Steel points.


1700
1750
early 18th century
11.8
1.2
0.9
cm
Extended: 27.8 x 2 x 1.1
gilt brass, steel

M-49n
Sundial-Universal-Equatorial: Universal Ring; Part of Etui
Unidentified Maker
Universal ring dial.


1700
1750
early 18th century
11.2
9.2
0.7
cm

gilt brass

M-49p
Level: Part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Gilt brass, folding, A-frame level with cross piece. Triple pin alignment. Cross piece with scale
0-90¡ on one side, 0-100-0 on the other. Floral engraving on both hinges.


1700
1750
early 18th century
17
2.6
1
cm
Extended: 16.9 x 16.9 x 0.4 cm
gilt brass

M-49r
Extension Piece: Part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Curved extension piece with 2 shaft holes. Common wing screw and one shank.


1700
1750
early 18th century
5.9
3.7
0.7
cm

brass

M-49s
Wheel Pen Insert: Part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Joint wheel pen insert.


1700
1750
early 18th century
7.3
0.6
0.6
cm

brass

M-49t
Extension Piece: Part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Small extension piece, shaft at one end with wing screw, shank at other end.


1700
1750
early 18th century
7.1
1.2
0.6
cm

brass

M-49u
Pen insert: Part of etui
Unidentified Maker
Joint ruling pen insert. Steel blades. Hand-cut wing screw for blade adjustments.


1700
1750
early 18th century
8.2
0.9
1.1
cm

brass, steel

								
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