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                                              the alumni newsletter of the Bing Overseas Studies Program

   August, 2010 !

Highlights In This Issue
Robert Sinclair Named new Director of BOSP              Preparing for Emergencies at BOSP Centers               Germany Gruppe IV Reunion

Report from the Stanford Program in Cape Town           Italian Foreign Policy: Bantam or Heavy-Weight          Profile: Jutta Ley, Stanford in Berlin

Stanford Program in Florence Turns 50                   Stanford-in-France III Fifty-Year Reunion               Kyoto SCTI 2000 Returns to Japan

Director’s Letter                                                                                     budget issues and a few bumpy spots along
                                                                                                      the way. But I am exceptionally fortunate to
Dear Friends,                                                                                         have been able to rely on colleagues in the
                                                                                                      home office and abroad who are first-rate
I write this "letter from the Director" on the                                                        professionals. I have enjoyed working with the
airplane returning from the 50th Anniversary                                                          Directors of our Centers, who are responsible
Celebration of the Florence center. It was a                                                          for so much of the brilliant success of our
lovely occasion, attended by over 450                                                                 programs. As an administrative organization
Stanford alumni, faculty and administrators,                                                          and as an integral part of Stanford's
students, donors, and Italian guests. We had                                                          educational mission, we have terrific support
wonderful food (of course!) and a rich                                                                from university leaders, from the trustees, and
intellectual repast, with panel discussions,                                                          from our faculty. The BOSP Advisory Council
guided study tours, and intense conversation.                                                         has been a dream to work with; the Council
It was also the perfect opportunity to express                                                        members have been both generous in their
our gratitude to Professor Giuseppe                                                                   support and wise in their advice.
                                                                                        L.A. Cicero
Mammarella, who has served the Florence
program with such brilliance and dedication        Program, Robert Sinclair, Professor of             Maybe the best part of the job has been
since its inception. Our thanks go in particular   Materials Science and Engineering and              talking to, hearing from, and reading the
to Linda Campani, our intrepid Florence            Charles M. Pigott Professor in the School of       reflections of Stanford students who have
director, for developing the idea for the          Engineering, and a "Brit" by birth and             gone abroad with our programs. That we can
reunion and carrying it out so flawlessly. With     upbringing. Bob has taught for us abroad           contribute in some way to the sense of
this issue of Abroad, we send to you               twice and brings with him great international      intellectual, academic, emotional, and spiritual
President Emeritus Gerhard Casper's keynote        experience in engineering education, which         growth they all seem to experience—just as
address: "Why Stanford in Florence?" It was a      should serve him well in expanding the reach       you yourselves experienced it in the past—
stimulating kick-off to several days of            of our programs. As you may be aware, our          has been the ongoing source of enormous
interesting discussions.                           "boss," John Bravman, Vice Provost of              satisfaction to me. I go on sabbatical
                                                   Undergraduate Education, has left the              September 1 and return to full-time teaching
By the way, we have signed a lease for a new       university to become President of Bucknell         the following September knowing that BOSP
home in Florence, the second floor and              University. We will sorely miss John and his       will continue doing the essential work of
balcony of the Palazzo Capponi, a beautiful        enthusiasm for Overseas Studies. But we are        educating Stanford students to be world
Renaissance venue a few blocks down the            pleased that the Senior Associate Vice             citizens and future leaders.
Arno from our present location. The BOSP           Provost, Prof. Harry Elam of the Drama
Advisory Council has contributed most of the       Department, has been named to step into
funding for our part of the renovations and        John's place. Harry attended our Directors'
the move itself. We expect to be in the new        Meeting last summer and has already
surroundings—with really glorious and              demonstrated a lot of interest in and support
evocative Florentine paintings and furniture—      of our programs.                                      Norman Naimark
within two years.                                                                                        The Burke Family Director of the
                                                   My five years as Director of BOSP have gone            Bing Overseas Studies Program
As of September 1, we will have a new              by very quickly indeed. I have enjoyed the job
Director of the Bing Overseas Studies              to no end. There were some very tough

                                                                            the alumni newsletter of the Bing Overseas Studies Program
                                                                   A    B       R   O    A    D

Sinclair Named New Director of                                                                               "Anyone who has participated in the Bing
                                                                                                             Overseas Studies Program, either as a student or
BOSP                                                                                                         as a faculty member, knows what a truly
Robert Sinclair, Professor of Materials Science                                                              remarkable educational and personal experience
and Engineering and the Charles M. Pigott                                                                    it provides," Sinclair said to Stanford’s News
Professor in the School of Engineering, has been                                                             Service. "I feel very fortunate to be asked to
named Director of the Bing Overseas Studies                                                                  oversee its well-being at this point in its history
Program (BOSP) effective September 1, 2010. He                                                               and to consider opportunities for even greater
will succeed Norman Naimark, the Robert and                                                                  participation from the various constituencies of
Florence McDonnell Professor of Eastern                                                                      our superb undergraduates and faculty."
European Studies, Director since 2005.
                                                                                                           Sinclair is a native of Liverpool, England, and a
As BOSP’s Director, Sinclair, who joined                                                       L.A. Cicero graduate of Cambridge University. In his research,
Stanford’s faculty in 1977, takes on responsibility                                                        he uses high-resolution transmission electron
for leading a program that now includes centers in                                   microscopy to study microelectronic and magnetic thin film
Australia, Beijing, Berlin, Cape Town, Florence, Kyoto, Madrid, Moscow,              microstructure. He received the Distinguished Scientist Award for
Oxford, Paris and Santiago. Besides the eleven programs, BOSP also                   Physical Sciences from the Microscopy Society of America in 2009. He
includes consortial programs in Barcelona and Kyoto as well as                       has also taught as faculty in residence at BOSP’s centers in Kyoto and
international internships.                                                           Oxford.

Report from New BOSP Center in Cape Town                                             engage in a
    Dani Uribe (‘11, International Relations) was a student in the first group        learning
    at BOSP’s new center in Cape Town, South Africa, this past winter.               placement.
    Here she tells Abroad about students’ experiences.                               The townships
                                                                                     are full of
This past winter quarter, twenty-four of us became pioneers in Stanford's            poverty and
first ongoing study-abroad program in Africa. The Bing Overseas Studies               misfortune, yet
Center in Cape Town is designed to facilitate the exchange of knowledge              are also
and ideas between Stanford students and the diverse communities                      replete with
found in Cape Town, home to individuals of countless nationalities and               innovation and
backgrounds, where our academic and personal interactions combined                   smiles brighter
to make a uniquely enriching and inspiring experience.                               and more
                                                                                     genuine than
We spent ten weeks exploring the city and its surrounding townships,                 many of us
being increasingly more aware of—and shocked by—the inequalities that                had ever seen
still exist in South Africa. They manifest themselves in a variety of ways,          in our lives. While we visited Rosie, a black woman who started a soup
from the most common housing issues to the more intricate failures of                kitchen for the kids in Cape Town’s largest township, Khayelitsha, she
the educational system. We visited the monumental and historic places                shared beautiful, inspiring words that characterize the determination
that attracted foreigners—from the Portuguese, to the Dutch, and the                 and resilience of those with whom we were working closely. We learned
English—and found ourselves attracted and intrigued not only by the                  graphically from their efforts to make their communities better places to
beauty, but also by the optimism and the ironies that comprise the "end"             call home. She said, as she crossed both arms (scarred from a severe
of apartheid.                                                                        burn while cooking for 200 children one morning in 2007), that she
                                                                                     knows her people do not have much, are not as fortunate as we are,
Through the service-learning component of the program, we were
                                                                                     and do not have enough to eat or fancy things. However, something
directly placed amidst that optimism and those ironies that define the
                                                                                     they did have was the reason she woke up every morning: "We have
                                                                                     each other, and we have our smiles. We will always give you our smiles,
                                                                                     that you can count on."
                                                            for many in              While in Cape Town, we embarked on invaluable individual quests
                                                            this                     where our ambitions, goals, and the ideals we had coming into the
                                                            emerging                 program to serve others ultimately served us. Students worked
                                                            African                  alongside NGO’s in areas such as microfinance, HIV/AIDS prevention
                                                            democracy.               and treatment, sustainable urban agriculture, homelessness, leadership,
                                                            Although it              and entrepreneurship. In every setting we would talk about our work,
                                                            was not                  the difficulties we faced, and the challenges that defined how we
                                                            required as              approached our service. In every setting we sought to complement the
                                                            part of the              academics, research, and our time at the various organizations with the
                                                            program’s                experiences of our house, class, and journey-mates to better
                                                            curriculum,              understand the ever-changing society around us. We have been
  UCT Professor John Parkington discusses details of a      every                    inspired to continue pushing ourselves to learn from our service in
  Middle-Stone-Age cave with Spring-Quarter 2010 students   student                  diverse communities, hoping to extend courage and determination to
  during their visit to the Cederberg Mountains made        chose to                 be of better use to our society and the world.
    possible by the Bing Cultural Fund. Photo: Tim Wolfe ’11

2                                                                                   the alumni newsletter of the Bing Overseas Studies Program
                                                                  A    B     R    O     A    D

An Emotional Return to Florence!                                                 covered such considerations as the language requirement for attending
                                                                                 Stanford in Italy, the curriculum in Florence, and whether the program
     Mike Armstrong (’70) majored in Italian and went to Florence with           should require a minimum stay overseas. There was substantial support
     Stanford in Italy, Group XVI, Spring-Summer, 1968. After working as         for the proposition that we all should do whatever we can to help students
     Assistant to the Directors with several later groups, he spent some         to go abroad for whatever amount of time they can manage because the
     years living in Florence. Mike attended the celebration of Stanford’s       value of that experience simply cannot be matched on the home campus.
     fiftieth anniversary in Florence on June 20-22 and tells Abroad about        The time abroad, of course, needs to be structured to some extent if it is
     the festivities.                                                            to be educationally meaningful, and many expressed thanks to Stanford
                                                                                 for its program. After the panel discussion, there were approximately 20
On Sunday, June 20, 2010, some 450 people gathered at the Grand Hotel            course offerings (similar to the familiar Classes Without Quizzes at reunion
in Florence for a reception and buffet dinner hosted by Helen and Peter          weekends in California) from which to choose, including tours of
Bing to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the beginning of Stanford in Italy.    museums, wine tasting, walking tours, art and architecture, and visits to
We were welcomed by Linda Campani, the current director of The Breyer            many other special places in Florence, including the Ferragamo museum.
Center for Overseas Studies in Florence, who reminded us of how
appropriate that venue was, since it was in that hotel in 1884 that Leland       Tuesday morning we reconvened, but in the Aula Magna, the grand
Stanford, Jr., died of typhoid while on a grand tour of Europe with his          assembly hall of the University of Florence, for a roundtable discussion of
parents. It was, after all, to honor his memory that Leland and Jane             “The Status Quo: European Politics and Economics.” We were honored to
Stanford founded The Leland Stanford Junior University in 1885. After            have the shared thoughts, not to mention senses of humor, of the
Linda’s warm welcome, we dined on excellent Tuscan cuisine                       following: Professors Gerhard Casper, Judy Goldstein, Roberto
accompanied by a fine Chianti and then heard additional words of                  d’Alimonte, David Kennedy, Beppe Mammarella, and former Ambassador
welcome from Norman Naimark, the current director of the Bing Overseas           Ron Spogli. Professor Leonardo Morlino, President of the International
Studies Program.                                                                 Political Science Association, moderated the discussion.

Further welcomes and recollections                                                                                     Professor Mammarella presented the
came from Giuseppe (Beppe)                                                                                             historical context of the European
Mammarella, the first and now former                                                                                    Union, and lively interaction followed
director of Stanford in Italy and                                                                                      among all the panelists on the
esteemed and much-loved professor                                                                                      subjects of the expansion of the
of political science, and former U.S.                                                                                  European Union, the Eurozone, Italy’s
Ambassador to Italy and former                                                                                         role in the European economy, the
Stanford student in Florence (Group                                                                                    current global economic situation,
XVII, Fall-Winter, 1968-69), Ronald                                                                                    and the American view of the politics
Spogli. Beppe’s thoughts about the                                                                                     and economy of Europe, as well as
origin of the program and its constant                                                                                 some very interesting Italian views on
need to balance continuity and                                                                                         the effect of American influence in
change were particularly enlightening.                                                                                 these areas. At the conclusion of a
Ron’s experience as a student and                                                                                      spirited question-and-answer
Assistant to the Directors plus his                                                                                    session, we adjourned to a light lunch
recent ambassadorship led him to                                                                                       served in the garden of the University,
emphasize the humanity of the Italian                                                                                  where there was ample time to greet
people as one of the chief                                                                                             old and new friends and head off to
contributors to the flourishing of Stanford in Italy. The entire ground floor                                          our afternoon classes, including visits
of the hotel was strewn with Cardinal red, and many current and former           to the Science Museum, Villa I Tatti, Villa San Paolo, Villa Salviatino and a
Stanford students in Florence acted as our registrars and hosts. Thanks to       surprise walk through the Vasari corridor connecting Palazzo Vecchio with
all of them for a job well done.                                                 the Pitti Palace for one lucky group who signed up to visit the hidden
                                                                                 gems of Florence!
The celebration continued Monday morning with a panel of alumni and
alumnae reminiscing about their experiences as students. This event was          For those of us who were fortunate to have been able to attend this
held in the Salone dei Cinquecento in the Palazzo Vecchio, a massive             celebration, it was an emotional return to the city where we spent
room in the city hall and the home of Florence’s governing body centuries        anywhere from an academic quarter to many years. We were thoroughly
ago. Florence’s mayor, Matteo Renzi, welcomed everyone from the heart            entertained in grand style and enjoyed thought-provoking discussions on
and told us of the special connection that exists between Stanford               many topics relevant to our study in Florence. The chance to see old
University and his city. He stressed that he wanted us to feel that his city     friends, Italian and American, and to make new ones was an integral part
was our city during the celebration. Florence is the only overseas city in       of our return, and to gain a current understanding of the Italy that we love
which Stanford has had a continuous presence for fifty years.                     was a most welcome privilege for us. Most of all, the three days were
                                                                                 infused with an aura of vivid memories: of earlier years in our lives,
We next heard from President Emeritus Gerhard Casper who offered many            profound learning, Italian hospitality, a new and still lively appreciation of
compelling reasons why Stanford University has and should maintain a             time spent abroad, and the beginning of understanding not only cultural
study center in Florence, not the least of which is the art for which the city   differences, but also how such experiences bring humans together in
is world-famous. Then each of the alums on the panel offered thoughts            unforgettable ways.
and feelings about his or her time as a student in Florence: in many cases
that experience was, indeed, life-changing. Bob Burke, past chair of the         A heartfelt Grazie Mille to Linda Campani, Fosca D’Acierno, Laura
Bing Overseas Studies Advisory Council and former student in Florence,           Umbreit, Anna Nicoletti, and all the staff in California and Florence who
masterfully led the panel through a question-and-answer session that             worked for so many months to put together this splendid celebration!

3!                                                                               the alumni newsletter of the Bing Overseas Studies Program
                                                                 A     B       R    O     A     D

Italian Foreign Policy: Bantam or Heavy-Weight?                                    countries, any military action originating from bases in Italy must have the
                                                                                   prior approval of the Italian government. The Clinton Administration,
     Ronald P. (Ron) Spogli (AB ’70, History) spent two quarters in                deeply disturbed by Milo!evi"’s intransigence, determined to act and
     Florence as a member of Italy XVII (Fall and Winter, 1968-69) and             approached the government of Premier Massimo D'Alema seeking
     returned as Assistant to the Directors for Groups XX, XXI, and XXII, in       permission to begin military activities from Aviano. Bombing commenced
     1970 and 1971. Little did he know he would return to Italy again in           in late March and lasted until early June.
     2005 as Ambassador of the United States to Italy. Here he assesses
     Italy’s international role in recent years.                                   With the benefit of hindsight, it is clear that this decision ushered in a
                                                                                   decade-long period of increased involvement by Rome in international
                                       As U.S. Ambassador to Italy from            crises. However, at the time, this interventionist decision was
                                       August 2005 until February 2009, I          extraordinarily controversial, engendering large protests around the
                                       spent a good deal of my time                country. Still, because action was taken by an Italian center-left
                                       managing the political relationship         government in conjunction with a U.S. Democratic Administration,
                                       between the two countries. On               negative reaction was less significant than would have occurred with a
                                       the foreign-policy front, although a        government of the center-right.
                                       close ally of the United States
                                       since World War II and often a              Italy's new involvement in the Balkans did not stop with the granting of
                                       partner on key issues, Italy had            permission to NATO. It has provided the largest number of peace-
                                       developed in Washington a not               keepers in the area for the last decade and has often held the command
                                       altogether flattering reputation.            of KFOR, the NATO-led assistance force responsible for peace and
                                       Disappointment centered chiefly              security in Kosovo.
                                       on the country's chronic political
                                       instability and the widespread              Italy's recent enhanced participation in foreign affairs has not been limited
                                       perception of its inability to project      to the former Yugoslavia. In 2002 it committed significant troops to the
                                       influence commensurate with its              international action against Al Qaeda in Afghanistan. It has been a major
                                       capabilities and prominence as a            presence in the country, with approximately 2,500 troops stationed
                                       member of the G-8. However                  primarily in Herat Province. Increasing commitments in the region in
                                       correct this perception of Il Bel           2003, Italy joined the U.S. and Britain in Iraq after the invasion. Until its
                                       Paese ever might have been, I               troops were withdrawn in 2006, Rome provided the fourth largest
argued passionately and often as Ambassador that, at the very least, such          commitment of military personnel, after the U.S., Great Britain, and South
a view was not an accurate reflection of the country in the first decade of          Korea, with a presence which peaked at approximately 3,000 soldiers.
the New Millennium.
                                                                                   In the summer of 2006, Rome played host to the Conference on Lebanon
For more than sixty years, Rome and Washington have had an active and              convened to address the conflict with Israel. Italy was the first to
fruitful foreign-policy relationship, and Italy has supported most issues of       announce a willingness to commit significant numbers of peacekeepers.
vital importance to America. It was a founding member of NATO in 1949              As the second largest contingent, the 2,500 Italian troops who provided a
and the EU's precursor—the European Coal and Steel Community—in                    buffer between Israel and Lebanon were determinative in encouraging
1951. In addition, Italy became a member of the United Nations in 1955.            France to make a similar-size contribution. Indeed, without this bold
In the 70's and 80's, despite Italy’s being home to the largest Communist          move, it remains an open question whether France would have come
Party in Western Europe and boasting close ties to the Soviet Union, the           forward at all to lead the peacekeeping mission.
United States could generally count on support from Rome on most
significant foreign-policy questions. Although rocked by the Mani Pulite            Kosovo, Afghanistan, Iraq, and Lebanon represented seminal
scandal for the better part of the 1990's and internally preoccupied as a          opportunities for Italy to exert leadership on the world stage, a role it had
consequence, in 1999 Italy began to make foreign-policy decisions which            been reluctant to assume prior to 1999. Interestingly, a certain
have served to raise considerably its international profile and further             bipartisanship has characterized this stepped-up presence. Two
solidify a close relationship with the U.S.                                        missions, Kosovo and Lebanon, were initiated by center-left coalitions,
                                                                                   and Afghanistan and Iraq were products of Silvio Berlusconi's center-right
In the late 1990's systematic extermination of ethnic Albanians in Kosovo          government of 2001-2006. Further, if one compares Italian involvement
by Serbia provided a major opportunity for Italy to assert its leadership.         and commitment in these international missions to those of traditional
The international community, increasingly outraged by the reports of               major continental powers, Italy in the aggregate has contributed
atrocities, including mass murder, forcible displacements on a vast scale,         considerably more. Indeed, only Great Britain, on the whole, has provided
use of civilians as human shields, and widespread rape and looting, was            more men and materiel.
unable to secure United Nations authorization to intervene because of a
threatened Russian veto. The European Union also could not intercede               It seems clear that the country has done a great deal in recent years to
when several of its members, fearing repercussions from their own ethnic           shed the stereotype of an underperformer in foreign affairs. It has gone
minorities, would not support military action to dissuade Slobodan                 from a consumer of foreign-policy resources to a clear net provider. If
Milo!evi". A resolution authorizing the Secretary-General of NATO to use           ever an appropriate characterization, it is no longer correct to think of Italy
force was reaffirmed in January 1999, providing the basis for a U.S.-led            as a bantam-weight in the international political arena.
bombing campaign in which all members of the alliance made
contributions, foremost among them Italy.                                          Does this suggest a willingness on Rome's part to continue in this
                                                                                   enhanced role in the future? To the extent that involvements present
Indeed, the country played a crucial role in this effort to stop ethnic            themselves in the geography Italy feels vital to its future, including
cleansing. NATO conducted operations principally from an air base in               Southeastern Europe, North Africa, the Eastern Mediterranean, and the
Aviano near Udine where American military personnel have been hosted               greater Middle East, further meaningful commitments could be the rule
since 1954. However, according to agreements between the two                       rather than the exception.

4!                                                                                  the alumni newsletter of the Bing Overseas Studies Program
                                                                A    B    R    O     A    D

Alums of Kyoto SCTI 2000                                                                                         We also visited the new Stanford Japan
                                                                                                                 Center on the Doshisha University
Enjoy Reunion in Japan                                                                                           campus. SCTI Director Andrew Horvat
     Alan Teo, ’01 (Human Biology) tells                                                                         and his predecessor, Terry MacDougall,
     Abroad of a reunion in Japan of                                                                             updated us on the current program, and
     some members from his SCTI                                                                                  the next day we lunched with the current
     group (Spring, 2000).                                                                                       group of SCTI students, answering their
                                                                                                                 questions about culture shock, internships,
Some alums of Kyoto SCTI 2000                                                                                    and language learning in the SCTI
recently celebrated the tenth                                                                                    program. I introduced my host father—
anniversary of their group with a trip                                                                           with whom I’ve stayed in touch all these
around Japan. Participants included                                                                              years—to the other alums. Visiting our old
Emilio Antunez, Renee Cheung, John                                                                               stomping grounds around the city#and
Gibbs, and Alan Teo; we were joined by                                           indulging in pastimes like karaoke were other highlights. Our trip was
other Class of 2001 alum friends Jenny Kheng, Nam Hee Kim, and Helen             perfectly coordinated with the cherry blossoms, and we enjoyed them
Shen (’02). The trip, both nostalgic and fun-filled, was from March 28 -          in full bloom for virtually the whole trip. After Kyoto, we stopped by the
April 4. We started off in Tokyo, where we enjoyed the city's renowned           hot-spring town of Hakone, where everyone soaked away all#the sore
cuisine and took a side trip to the temple-filled historical city of              spots and feasted on regional cuisine. Then the group returned to
Kamakura. We then bullet-trained our way to Kyoto, where we rented an            Tokyo, where everyone parted ways with one resolution: we can't wait
incredibly preserved "machiya" home near the Geisha district of Gion.            until an even grander 20-year reunion!

Study with BOSP in Santiago                        (like ordering bread at a restaurant or asking for    Stanford in Oxford Advisory
                                                   directions) could be nearly impossible in a
Brings Unexpected Surprise                         foreign language. But armed with a network of         Council
                                                   Stanford classmates and the vital
     Kathryn Rickertsen Segovia (’07 BA            encouragement of Fabia Fuenzalida, our                In February, a group of alums from the
     Communication, Minor in Spanish, ’07 MA       outstanding program coordinator, I explored the       Stanford in Oxford Programme launched the
     Psychology, and PhD Candidate in              new environment around me. Nearly every               Centre's first ever Advisory Council with an
     Communication ’12) journeyed to Santiago      weekend I traveled with a small group of my           hour-long conference call joined by alums
     in January, 2006, spending Winter Quarter     Santiago classmates to different landmarks,           from three continents.# The group intends to
     in BOSP’s Program. Here she tells Abroad      cities and countries across the continent. The        meet twice a year to help sustain the program
     about what she scarcely expected to bring     college friendships and memories that I made          and offer input on its future direction.# Among
                                                   during my time abroad are simply invaluable to        the topics discussed were a multi-class
     home with her!
                                                                                                         reunion at Reunion Weekend in October, a
There’s something about being a young college      The next part of my story is something like an        mentoring program for current students,
student dropped into a new world that brings       excerpt from a romantic fairytale and                 fundraising (including the possibility of study
out an optimistic attempt at immersion and an      undoubtedly the most prominent reminder of            tours), a lessons-learned document for the
openness to new experiences that cannot be         how studying abroad in Chile changed my life.         program and finding new ways to deepen the
replicated by other opportunities in life. My      One evening out with my Stanford classmates, I
experience                                                                                               partnership between the two universities.#
                                                                                       met Ricardo.
studying                                                                               Through a
abroad in                                                                                                According to the Director, Geoffrey Tyack,
                                                                                       combination       relations with Oxford University are on a
Santiago,                                                                              of my
Chile vividly                                                                                            strong footing, but there is scope for future
fulfilled this                                                                          Spanish, his      progress. Students now have excellent access
description                                                                            imperfect         to university and college libraries, and they are
and changed                                                                            English, and a    also more integrated into the three associate
my life in                                                                             series of         colleges. This improvement is due in part to
absolutely                                                                             dates in          the scheme introduced three years ago under
unpredictable                                                                          Santiago it       which two Oxford students from each of the
ways.                                                                                  became            three colleges attend Sophomore College at
I pursued a minor in Spanish while at Stanford,    impossible to deny we had a special                   Stanford each fall and then, on their return,
and my decision to study abroad in Santiago        connection. Ricardo and I continued our               help with orientation of the Stanford students
was in a large way motivated by my desire to       relationship after I returned to Stanford.
                                                                                                         into their colleges at Oxford. This scheme was
fully grasp the Spanish language. I had studied    Intertwined with my growing love for Ricardo
                                                   was a growing love for his homeland and the           funded by two Stanford alumni, and we are
Spanish in middle school, high school and                                                                hoping to find funding to continue it in the
college, and still I felt I was lacking what it    people, culture and language that shaped him.
                                                   Today, almost five years later, I have been to         future, as the current funding runs out this
would take to engage fluently with other
                                                   Chile more times than I can count on all of my        year.
Spanish speakers. So, I packed my bags and
boarded a plane to sunny Santiago in January       fingers, and Ricardo and I are happily married.
of 2006 with my college roommate and a few         Currently, we are both at Stanford pursuing           The Council has already recruited a full Board
close friends.                                     graduate work [Ricardo just received his              but it would greatly welcome participation
                                                   Graduate Certificate in International Security.        from any other interested alums.# For more
The challenging and exciting state of being        Ed.]. In retrospect I’m amazed, excited,              information, please contact the Chair, David
immersed in a language and culture started the     grateful, and dazzled by how one quarter              Arulanantham ('00) at:
moment I arrived in Santiago. The first few         abroad in Chile changed my life in so many
weeks were proof that even life’s simplest tasks   wonderful ways! ##

5!                                                                             the alumni newsletter of the Bing Overseas Studies Program
                                                                   A     B    R   O    A    D

                                                                BOSP Student Photo
                                                                 Contest Winners

                                                              From left to right, top to bottom
                                                            Yi Wen Chuah (Santiago), Andrew
                                                                Aw (Kyoto), Lauren Bishop
                                                             (Australia), Dayu Yang (Beijing),
                                                            Jonathan Gelbart (Moscow), Sarah
                                                               Macway (Madrid), Joy Zhang

     Stanford-in-France III Fifty-Year Reunion,                                    Meet the
     Paris and Tours                                                               Candidate
     Preparations are underway for a fiftieth-anniversary reunion of Stanford-      Winter-Quarter (2010)
     in-France Group III (Tours Trois) reunion in France in spring (mid-May)       students in Santiago
     2011. At least 20 classmates, plus spouses, presently plan to meet in         meet candidate
     Paris and Tours, revisit favorite places, and reflect on time together as      Sebastián Piñera
     students in France 50 years ago. There will surely be time to meander         during an outing to
     the Latin Quarter of Paris, visit Old Tours and the châteaux of the Loire,    explore the city.
     and lift a glass or two of Vouvray with old friends.                          Piñera was elected
                                                                                   President of Chile
     Tours Trois has had a number of delightful mini-reunions at Stanford at       shortly afterwards and
     the time of class reunions, most recently in 2008 and 2009, building          was inaugurated in
     enthusiasm for the France reunion in 2011. Classmates are encouraged          March, 2010. Thanks
     to contact Ken Fries,, or Linda Wasserman,                    to Director Iván Jaksi" for sending it to Abroad and to Katherine Donner, for details of schedule and itinerary.                   ('11; Science, Technology and Society) for her permission to use it.

6!                                                                                the alumni newsletter of the Bing Overseas Studies Program
                                                                             A     B    R    O    A    D

Jutta Ley and Her Work at Stanford in Berlin                                                  through Stanford in Berlin, but I also had the chance to see quite a
                                                                                              number of them develop, some through extending their stay for
                                                                                              internships, some even starting families and hosting next-generation
                                                                                              Stanford interns in Germany. Being exposed to an increasingly diverse
                                                                                              and ever-changing group of people from practically all around the
                                                                                              globe at a time in their lives when they strive for independence has
                                                                                              been and still is something I like a lot about my job—interacting with
                                                                                              these students has a systemic impact on me and helps me broaden my
                                                                                              own perspectives!

                                                                                               Is there a difference between students of yesteryear and today? I
                                                                                               believe there has always been a genuine curiosity in people in general,
Jutta Ley, fourth from left, with students at Stanford in Berlin.                              an eagerness for knowledge and first-hand experience outside the
                                                                                               familiar that moves our students whether in the past or present,
     Jutta Ley is Internship and Academic Assistant at Stanford in Berlin.                     whether to South Africa, Australia or Germany; it is about exploring and
     Like her dedicated colleagues at other centers, she is a major                           verifying, about energy and interest. With the world over time becoming
     component of the glue that holds centers together, a friend,                             closer, faster, and more interconnected, thereby evening out many of
     confidante, and mentor to legions of Stanford students. She thus has                      the visible cultural differences and stereotypes, our cultures have
     a unique vantage point as she works with Stanford students and                           become (seemingly) more alike; these days one must, as one of our
     faculty. Here she relates her experiences for Abroad.                                    students did last summer, do research on the distant island of Karkar
                                                                                              (near Papua New Guinea) to find a genuinely different cultural
Sitting and reading in the morning sun in a café at Berlin’s
                                                                                              experience. We have created new “e-cultures” instead: we are e-
Nollendorfplatz in 1987, I stumbled across an advertisement for a
                                                                                              moving around the globe. Everything is so easily accessible around the
position at Stanford in Berlin. As a student of American Studies and
                                                                                              clock around the world at the same time on one technical device that it
Communication at the Free University at the time, I thought to myself: If
                                                                                              is almost as if one does not really need to go anywhere.
I cannot travel the world right now, why not apply for a job that brings
the world to Berlin!                                                                          Yet what lies beyond cultural similarities and differences? I believe it is
                                                                                              seeing the little things, observing the diversity, and learning to integrate
The “Villa” at the end of the tree-fringed path had a magical influence
                                                                                              differences in approaches of different people as something valuable,
on me, and when I entered the front door of the sandstone landmark for
                                                                                              something that enriches ourselves and thus broadens our perspectives.
my job interview, I was determined to do my best to be able to work in
                                                                                              Leaving the familiar, stepping out of what we know, always helps
that beautiful building surrounded by a lush, big garden. The
                                                                                              people in their search for themselves. I personally see students’
atmosphere immediately struck me as being very relaxed; students and
                                                                                              overseas experience as an important journey into their inner selves, no
professors were sitting in the same lounge chatting—a scene very
                                                                                              matter where they travel on this earth—in Germany we have a saying
different from my interaction at the Free University, where talking to a
                                                                                              by Christoph Martin Wieland, one of the most prominent poets of the
professor was an uncommon event. Fortunately, the relaxed
                                                                                              German enlightenment: “Den Wald vor lauter Baeumen nicht sehen.” It
atmosphere on that day in 1987 surely contributed to my poise, and I
                                                                                              translates into “not to see the forest for the trees” or maybe into
was hired. I have not only seen at least a thousand students come
                                                                                              “sometimes you have to leave home to find it!”

 Reunion: Die Partei                                           Obituary: Hannelore Noack, Assistant Director at Stanford in Berlin,
 Continues                                                     1977-94
                                                                    Karen Kramer, Director at Stanford in Berlin, sends the sad news of the recent death of
 Members of Stanford-in-Germany Gruppe                              Hannelore Noack, legendary Assistant Director at the center.
 IV will celebrate the 50th anniversary of
 their time on The Burg with a reunion on                      News of Hannelore’s death prompted memories from many students and faculty on whom she left an
 and near the Stanford campus (Palo Alto,                      indelible impression. Wade French, alumnus, expressed the wonderful way she interfaced with
 not Beutelsbach). Events will begin on                        students: “Hannelore was a force... She loved life. Life was never a chore, always a challenge to be
 Thursday, September 30, and conclude                          savored...her very being spread this warmth as if it were a contagion of the most glorious kind...She
 with brunch on Sunday, October 3. In                          could also sense just how much support each person needed—students, staff, and faculty alike—and
 addition to more-or-less formal                               offered just that much, encouraging you to find the rest of the way on your own.”
 presentations by a few members of the
 group and a guest lecturer, there will be                     Prof. Larry Friedlander describes Hannelore’s relationship to him as a new faculty member in
 plenty of time for individuals to catch up                    residence: “I met Hannelore in 1982 when I arrived, nervous and eager, in Berlin to teach for the first
 with each other’s lives. Those who have                       time. Germany was an overwhelming experience for me, and those initial months were difficult. But it
 attended past reunions have stated that                       was Hannelore who guided me through that time, giving me my first real insight into the nature of
 their time on The Burg changed their lives                    Berlin. Through her I came to appreciate the extraordinary and delightful qualities of the Berliners, of
 in very positive ways. We will spend                          whom she was the very best exemplar. She combined absolute honesty, directness, and practical
 some time as a group telling each other                       smarts with a huge loving heart...”
 what that has meant. For more
 information about the agenda and lodging                      [Your editor knows from personal experience in knowing Hannelore that these recollections are only
 arrangements, contact Gene Leonardson                         two of what could be hundreds if there were space. The comments accentuate the special role that
 at (425) 488-9151 or                                          staff overseas have played in the experiences of BOSP’s 27,000+ alums over the last 52 years.]

7!                                                                                          the alumni newsletter of the Bing Overseas Studies Program
                                                                 A     B     R   O    A    D

Why Stanford in Florence?
     Delivered at the Salone dei Cinquecento, Palazzo
     Vecchio, June 21, 2010 at the 50th Anniversary of
     Stanford University’s Breyer Center for Overseas
     Studies in Florence by President Gerhard Casper

Why Stanford in Florence? At one level, the answer is,
of course, very simple. A pithy version was given by
Joan Blaeu, the great Dutch cartographer, in his Atlas
Maior of 1665, perhaps the finest atlas ever published.
In the introduction to his book on maps of Italy, Blaeu
eloquently eulogizes Italy: “[This country] has such
sweet charms that many forget their place of birth the
better to sate their hearts with its pleasures.” He then
goes on to describe the mountains clad in vineyards,
crystalline streams, forests with tall trees, beautiful
lakes, convenient ports, and opulent towns. About
Florence in particular, Blaeu quotes a “near-proverbial”
epithet by the Venetian humanist Marcantonio
Sabellicus, which proclaims Florence beautiful “for the
beauty of its buildings and the elegance of its broad,
straight streets.”
                                                                                  even more influential, the Swiss scholar Jakob Burckhardt. Michelet
Italy’s excellence is also attested to, in Blaeu’s ironic historical              summed up the age of the Renaissance as characterized—more so
summary, by the “bloody wars in which the great powers of the earth               than all other ages—by the discovery of the world and the discovery of
each disputed its possession with the other.” “No nation has not at               man. Burckhardt saw the Italian Renaissance as the beginning of
some time flirted with it: the Gauls, Carthagenians, Goths, Huns,                  modernity and, like Michelet, of the development of the individual.
Hungarians, Cimbri, Teutons, French, Basques, Navarrans, Swiss,
Germans, and Spanish have all made love to it and wished to possess               The other term that I invoked—“art”—is even more dangerous. Ernst
it, so perfectly to their taste did they find it.”                                 Gombrich begins his unsurpassed Story of Art with the statement:
                                                                                  “There really is no such thing as Art. There are only artists.” In this
Indeed, if one wants to understand the political history of Europe, Italy         sentence, Gombrich spells the word “Art” with a capital A and reminds
is the perfect place to make an initial attempt to do so. Though I will           us that art means very different things in different times and places.
confess that it took me a long time to grasp the apparent and the real
distinctions between Ghibellines and Guelphs that were of such                    Of course, the statement “there are only artists” simply shifts the
extraordinary importance to international politics for centuries. To this         definitional burden, but it does so with a twist. Gombrich writes
day, I have not truly penetrated the further differences between white            elsewhere: “I propose to go back to earlier usage, to the time when the
and black guelphs, guelfi bianci e neri. All I know in this respect, but           word ‘Art’ signified any skill or mastery …. This good old usage was
fail to appreciate, is that, of all people, Il Sommo Poeta, Dante, a              replaced in the Romantic Period by the one that is still in current use
“bianco,” was exiled from Florence by the “neri.”                                 according to which the word ‘Art’ stands for a special faculty of a
                                                                                  human mind to be classified with religion and science.”
Why Stanford in Florence?
                                                                                  Gombrich’s preference for the term art as signifying “any skill or
For anybody who is considering a stay in Italy, what Joan Blaeu called            mastery” is, of course, still expressed in the emphasis American
the “sweet charms” of Italy are certainly a sufficient justification. Since         universities, at least in theory, place on the “liberal arts.” In the Middle
I am neither a map maker nor a travel writer, I shall not dwell on sweet          Ages, the term would have referred to the seven artes liberales: the
charms. In light of a world-wide consensus it is quite unnecessary.               fundamental, tools-oriented “trivium” (grammar, dialectic, and rhetoric)
Instead, I should like to address what you might call a curricular matter.        as well as to the more advanced “quadrivium” consisting of substantive
                                                                                  knowledge in the fields of arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and music.
Because of Stanford’s Arts Initiative, the role of the arts in higher             In addition, of course, one could study law, theology, and medicine at
education has, of course, been very much on my mind. Florence as the              medieval universities. Note that with the possible exception of rhetoric,
birthplace of Renaissance art is the perfect location to reflect on the            music is the only art, as we employ the term, that was part of the liberal
subject.                                                                          arts canon. Its role in education goes back all the way to Greek
I have just used two words, “Renaissance” and “art,” which no
layperson (and I am a layperson with respect to both subjects) can                Beginning with the Quattrocento, the curriculum in universities and
employ without running the danger of being shown up as ignorant by                other places of study began to change profoundly, e.g., at the Studio
experts or missionaries.                                                          Fiorentina, the university of Florence: logic and mathematics continued
                                                                                  their role in general education, but were supplemented by philosophy
Vasari was the first author to refer to the decline and subsequent                 and the studia humanitatis—studies of humanity. Authors from
renaissance (“rinascita”) of the arts. However, the term “Renaissance”            antiquity, such as Cicero, were rediscovered and became an important
as defining a particular period in European history we primarily owe to            influence, as did classical architecture. The very concept of
two 19th century historians: one French, Jules Michelet, and the other,

8!                                                                               the alumni newsletter of the Bing Overseas Studies Program
                                                                  A    B    R   O    A    D

renaissances in European history refers to a renewed focus on Greek              (4) If you want to understand the human condition—human
and Roman antiquity, especially scholarship and literature.                      circumstances, thought, beliefs, values, as they find their expression in
                                                                                 different cultural traditions and at different times—studying its reflection
However, I shall not discuss the seven liberal arts, the humanist                and refraction in art is one way to do so. In his Italian Journey, Goethe
curriculum, or make any effort to define the term art, with or without            observed: “The most definite effect of all works of art is that they
capital A. Instead, I shall stipulate that we generally are in agreement         remove us to the times and to the situation of the individuals that
when we use the term art or arts, even if we have profound                       produced them.”
disagreements about artistic quality. I shall, however, admit that I have
always been close to Gombrich’s view that art has much to do with skill          (5) This is especially true as concerns change. One of the best ways,
and mastery.                                                                     for instance, to grasp what happened intellectually in the transition from
                                                                                 the Middle Ages to the Renaissance is to study the history of European
It has not been ordained by natural law that universities should, in             art.
addition to such subjects as the humanities, sciences, medicine,
engineering, law, emphasize the arts. Many universities the world over           (6) The arts not only capture change, they move change. The arts are
have not in the past, and do not now, include them. Many American                about freedom to change, not simply living with the status quo. The
universities, on the other hand, especially those with undergraduate             great critic Walter Benjamin put it this way: he said art “interferes”: it
colleges, cover music, art history, studio art, drama, dance, literature,        makes itself felt as “the cool wind of dawn.”
and creative writing; they have museums. I should like to spend most
of my time (though not all of it) on why this should be so.                      (7) And, finally, the arts make things possible that ordinarily seem
                                                                                 impossible. The Hasidic tradition teaches, “Through music you climb
I think there are a variety of possible reasons. Permit me to be                 to the highest palace. From that palace you can influence the universe
subjective about the matter. I offer you seven justifications—a holy              and its prison. Music is Jacob’s ladder forgotten on earth by the
number.                                                                          angels. Sing and you shall defeat death; play and you shall disarm the
                                                                                 foe.” While music is the oldest of the muses, I willingly apply this
(1) The arts are about creativity: about creating worlds, about creating         teaching to all the other arts as well.
something new, something different, about discovering connections,
about making us think, about startling us. Merce Cunningham, the                 These seven reasons to make the arts a crucial component of the
choreographer, once said: “I make dances so that I can see things that           undergraduate curriculum are also seven reasons for Stanford students
I have never seen before.”                                                       to come to Florence to have their minds, their imagination stretched,
                                                                                 their creativity prodded.
Cennino Cennini, a Quattrocento painter and the author of Il Libro
dell’Arte, a handbook on painting, begins his treatise with an account           Let me simply mention the names of three (another holy number)
of the Fall. He suggests that science and the arts are a consequence             Florentine artists from the early Quattrocento—Brunelleschi, Donatello,
of Adam’s sin and God’s injunction that Adam and Eve support                     and Masaccio—to provide examples of what can happen when the
themselves by their labor and exertions.                                         imagination is stretched.

I quote a passage from Cennini that is wonderfully direct in its naivité:        Brunelleschi’s dome of the cathedral represents not only artistic
                                                                                 greatness but was achieved through Brunelleschi’s application of
         Then Adam, knowing the sin he had committed, and being                  reason to every aspect of the construction from the vaulting of the
         nobly endowed by God, as the root and origin and father of              dome to the loading platforms, hoists and cranes, to scaffolding for the
         us all, discovered by his wisdom that it was necessary to find           protection of workers and to canteens for feeding them.
         a way to live by his own manual exertions, and thus he began
         by digging and Eve by spinning. Afterwards he carried on                As Andres, Hunisak, and Turner comment in The Art of Florence,
         many necessary arts, different each from the other, and each            Brunelleschi worked on the dome more as an inventor than designer.
         more scientific than the other; …. Now the most worthy is                Though Brunelleschi as a designer is, of course, also everywhere in
         Science; after which comes an art derived from science and              Florence. He gave us, among others, the Spedale di Santa Maria degli
         dependent on the operations of the hand, and this I called              Innocenti, the Old Sacristy at San Lorenzo, the Pazzi Chapel and Santo
         Painting, for which we must be endowed with both                        Spirito.
         imagination (fantasia) and skill in the hand, to discover unseen
         things concealed beneath the obscurity of natural objects,              The same Brunelleschi also invented a system for constructing
         and to arrest them with the hand, presenting to the sight that          perspective images with mathematical accuracy that has had lasting
         which did not before appear to exist.                                   consequences for architecture and painting. “The single point of view
                                                                                 required by perspective tied the entire perceived world into a unified
(2) Execution of an artistic project is about quality, about craft:              order related to the viewer. Man stood at the center of a world that he
painting, sculpting, making a film, designing is not “amateur hour.” For          could apprehend intellectually.” [Andres, Hunisak, and Turner]
Cennini, skill—“skill in the hand”—and imagination were of equal
importance. The unrivaled attention Renaissance painters paid to their           And then there are Donatello’s relief sculptures and his statuary. The
craft has been the subject of Michael Baxandall’s singular book on               British art historian Pope-Hennessy has said about Donatello’s pedella
Painting and Experience in Fifteenth Century Italy.                              for his Saint George at Orsanmichele that it was “one of the most
                                                                                 remarkable advances in sheer seeing that has ever taken place.”
(3) The Arts are also about media and the limitations and opportunities          Donatello’s unconventional, provocative, beautiful David at the Bargello
associated with them: from clay to frescoes to the new electronic                continues “to interfere” with expectations to this day.
media. Cennini’s handbook deals with the media needed for painting.

9!                                                                              the alumni newsletter of the Bing Overseas Studies Program
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And finally, there are the marvels of the Brancacci chapel. The focus of            Well, Burckhardt’s “veil” did not melt into air during the Quattrocento. It
Masaccio’s and Masolino’s frescoes is Saint Peter. As Anthony Molho                was no doubt lifted some but certainly faith continued (as virtually all of
of the European University Institute here in Florence has shown, the               Renaissance art will attest to) as did the significance of membership in
frescoes in their depiction of the life of Saint Peter actually address            the social groups to which one belonged.
themselves to major issues concerning Trecento and early
Quattrocento debates about the nature of the Church and the power of               In The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy, Burckhardt devoted the
the papacy within it. You do not, however, have to be a church                     entire introductory section to the emergence of the modern state,
historian to understand, for instance, what is being articulated in the            which he called a work of art (“Kunstwerk”). What made the Italian
way Masaccio depicts the payment of tribute money.                                 states of the Quattrocento “modern” to Burckhardt was the fact that
                                                                                   the older bases of legitimacy were disappearing and that brute power
Yet, it is, of course, not the socio-political significance of the Brancacci        mattered more than ever before. States were being “scientifically
cycle that is like “the cool wind of dawn” but the independence, gravity,          organized” with a view toward assuring their continued existence.
and grandeur of Masaccio’s compositions and their emotional impact.
[Cf. Andres, Hunisak, and Turner] Just think of the “drama of guilt and            Since the states that Burckhardt analyzed were mostly tyrannies, “art”
shame” that we experience in the Expulsion of Adam and Eve from                    and “science” in this context meant primarily the art of ruling as
Paradise. [Martha Hollander]                                                       detailed, for instance, in Machiavelli’s Prince. Burckhardt admired
                                                                                   Machiavelli for the objectivity of his judgment. The concentration of
In the speed-oriented video and texting culture of our age, it seems to            power and its ruthless exercise were part of “modernity” for
me to be of exceptional importance that students do not lose the “arts             Burckhardt.
of reading” (reading texts, pictures, sculptures, artifacts, buildings): to
read, to read carefully (less is more), to reread, to read in dialogue, to         At times, though, Burckhardt put forward a more complex view of the
interpret, to interpret in context. Through Brunelleschi, Donatello,               matter, most emphatically in his panegyric to Florence as the “first
Masaccio the reading of art can be taught in a context that could not              modern state”:
be more enticing to the human mind, eye, and heart.
                                                                                            The most elevated political thought and the most varied forms
You can, of course, “read” Renaissance art in the great museums of the                      of human development are found united in the history of
world. Just think of the superb collections of the Metropolitan Museum                      Florence, which in this sense deserves the name of the first
in New York or the Louvre in Paris. However, it is one thing to go to a                     modern state in the world. Here the whole people was busied
museum, it is quite something else to study and experience the art of                       with what in the despotic cities is the affair of a single family.
the Renaissance in Florence, where not only the art is inescapable but                      That wondrous Florentine spirit, at once keenly critical and
also the historical context that led to so many extraordinary questions                     artistically creative, was incessantly transforming the social
and developments of great consequence to Western civilization and,                          and political condition of the State, and as incessantly
indeed, the world. Let me turn to that context.                                             describing and judging the state.

As I said at the beginning, the concept of the Renaissance, as we use              For Burckhardt, the second aspect of the modernity of the Renaissance
it, was largely put forward by Jakob Burckhardt who, in 1860,                      in general, and of Florence in particular, was giving “the highest
published Die Kultur der Renaissance in Italien (English translation in            development to individuality” and then leading “the individual to the
1878: The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy). He saw in the                 most zealous and thorough study of himself in all forms and under all
Renaissance the beginning of modernity in general and the emergence                conditions.”
of the autonomous individual in particular. Robert Nisbet has called
this “the myth of the Renaissance.” And, indeed, Burckhardt has come               Of course, this zealous preoccupation with the self was, by no means,
in for much criticism. For one, it is said that there was not only one             understood as all good. It could turn all too easily, as Burckhardt
Renaissance but several (the Carolingian renaissance and the                       recognized, into competitive “excessive individualism.” Burckhardt
renaissance of the 12th century). Furthermore, modernity has clearly               offers descriptions of the Italian upper classes and “victorious egotism”
been a gradual development.                                                        that, but for the slaughter that was ordinarily entailed during the
                                                                                   Renaissance, remind us of the competitive excesses of our own age.
Burckhardt employed a contrast between two ages, the Middle Ages
and the Renaissance, that we all still make use of but that was way                As much as Burckhardt was inclined to praise Florence, he could also
overdrawn. Here is Burckhardt:                                                     be sobering about the city:

          In the Middle Ages both sides of the human consciousness—                         Florence … was in advance of other cities. “Sharp eyes and
          that which was turned within as that which was turned                             bad tongues” is the description given of the inhabitants [of
          without—lay dreaming or half awake beneath a common veil.                         Florence]. An easygoing contempt of everything and
          The veil was woven of faith, illusion, and childish                               everybody was probably the prevailing tone of society.
          prepossession, through which the world and history were                           Machiavelli, in the remarkable prologue to his “Mandragola,”
          seen as clad in strange hues. Man was conscious of himself                        refers rightly or wrongly the visible decline of moral force to
          only as a member of a race, people, party, family, or                             the general habit of evil-speaking, and threatens his
          corporation—only through some general category. In Italy                          detractors with the news that he can say sharp things as well
          this veil first melted into air; an objective treatment and                        as they.
          consideration of the State and of all the things of this world
          became possible. The subjective side at the same time                    In reading Burckhardt, it is striking that for our encounters with the
          asserted itself with corresponding emphasis; man became a                Italian Renaissance and with Florence it does not really matter whether
          spiritual individual, recognized himself as such.                        Burckhardt was right in every respect. Perhaps the Renaissance was,
                                                                                   like any historical period before and after, just another transition.

10!                                                                               the alumni newsletter of the Bing Overseas Studies Program
                                                                 A     B     R   O    A    D

However, Burckhardt alerted us to features of the trecento and the                         [T]he work of the artist cannot be expected to comprehend
quattrocento that gained special prominence then but that were also                        that of the scientist and the philosopher as well. It sets up the
characteristic of Europe at the time Burckhardt wrote and continue to                      hypotheses and tests them in various ways, and it gives
be part of our own “modernity.”                                                            answers, but these are not definitive. However, they need not
                                                                                           be definitive; they sing about the human situation. It is a kind
What Burckhardt said paradoxically about Machiavelli’s History of                          of truth these answers give, the truth of sorrow and of
Florence applies to Burckhardt himself: “Even if every line were                           celebration, the truth that we are stamped with immortality
demonstrated to be false, the whole would still present an                                 and the truth that we live meanly. [The New Yorker, April 26,
indispensable truth.”                                                                      2010]

Florence offers us not only some of the greatest artistic                         It is the truth of sorrow and of celebration that Florence teaches. We
accomplishments known to human history but also, in connection with               are grateful that it has done so for Stanford students for fifty years and I
these very excellences, deep insights into the human condition.                   pray that it will do so as long as Stanford exists.
Studying in Florence, studying art in Florence, if done right, serves as a
most stimulating jolt to our mental composure.

I should like to conclude with a quotation from a contemporary                    Abroad brings you President Emeritus Casper's talk as a signal
American writer whom I knew in my Chicago days. In a letter from                  statement on Stanford's decision in 1960 to open a center in Florence,
1942, Saul Bellow wrote:                                                          the only city in which Stanford has maintained an overseas program for
                                                                                  fifty consecutive years.

11!                                                                              the alumni newsletter of the Bing Overseas Studies Program
                                                                  A    B       R   O    A    D

Preparing for Emergencies at BOSP Centers                                           rations, water, and first-aid materials. During spring quarter we also
                                                                                    strictly limited students’ travel in Chile, prohibiting them from going to
  Irene Kennedy, Executive Director of the Bing Overseas Studies                    Concepción and its surrounding areas that were hardest hit. This
  Program, brings Abroad and its readers up to date regarding how                   action was for their own protection, but also to prevent their
  emergencies are handled overseas                                                  inadvertently interfering with recovery efforts. Many students, however,
                                                                                    have been active in recovery projects within the city of Santiago. We
It’s been almost four months since a massive 8.8-magnitude earthquake
                                                                                    are also requiring each student to have a personal cell phone. The staff
hit Chile, where Stanford has a BOSP center in Santiago. That natural
                                                                                    in Santiago has reviewed emergency procedures and refined plans for
disaster caused us to review conditions at the center, but also prompted
                                                                                    notification and evacuation.
a review of emergency response procedures at all BOSP programs.
                                                                                    What does BOSP do to address issues of safety and security in
How is everything at the Santiago center now?
Everything is in pretty good shape. We had seismic engineers look at the
                                                                                    We provide an orientation for students before they leave the home
center. There was no structural damage, and the superficial cracks have
                                                                                    campus. But the most important safety orientation happens on site at
already been repaired. We sent a new group of students in April for
                                                                                    the centers. So, if the center is in an earthquake zone, then the staff
spring quarter, and by all accounts they had a highly positive experience
                                                                                    talks about earthquakes. They also talk about personal safety at every
and learned much about the national response in Chile.
                                                                                    center: What is appropriate behavior on the streets or when out in the
The Provost praised the response to the earthquake at the Santiago                  evening? What are the less desirable parts of the city? They also
center during a Faculty Senate meeting. What emergency protocols                    review the emergency-response plan. Stanford has contracts with two
were in place?                                                                      emergency evacuation services that can be activated in case of a
                                                                                    serious medical situation or natural disaster or even in case of political
We have emergency protocols at all the centers, and they often reflect               instability.
the housing situation. Most centers rely on host families for housing our
students. In those places, like Santiago, we rely on our host families and          What did you learn from the Chile experience?
our communication plans to determine quickly the whereabouts and
                                                                                    The experience showed that the on-site protocol worked. But we
safety of the students. In Santiago it didn’t take long to get in touch with
                                                                                    could experience a different type of emergency elsewhere—political
all the students, many of whom had already been in touch with their
                                                                                    unrest, transportation strikes, economic crises. While the emergency
families both in Santiago and in the U.S.
                                                                                    plans we have are good, much depends on individual circumstances
Have you made any changes to the facility or program as a result of                 and developing very flexible responses. We will carry out a broad
the earthquake?                                                                     review of our plans at each center including a careful inventory of
                                                                                    emergency equipment. For example, we are providing each center a
We’ve decided to add to emergency supplies at the center itself including           satellite phone that could be very helpful if the cell-phone grid goes
emergency rope ladders (which oddly are not available in Chile), power              down or there is a lengthy power failure.
back-up systems, a satellite telephone, and a wide range of emergency

 Abroad Goes Electronic                                 Questions about the Bing
                                                                                                               Editor, Abroad: Bob Hamrdla ’59
 The last issue of Abroad reached the vast              Overseas Studies Program?                    
 majority of BOSP’s alums electronically. Many
 of you readers responded to our invitation to          See our website                                        Designer: John Chao ’99
 comment on the then temporary switch from    
 distribution of printed copies by mail.                                                                       Bing Overseas Studies Program
 Overwhelmingly, comments favored continued             For alumni and friends of Overseas
 use of e-mail as the primary means of                                                                         Stanford University
                                                        Studies:                                               Sweet Hall Ground Floor
                                                        Irene Kennedy, Associate Vice Provost and              590 Escondido Mall
 With those opinions in hand and in recognition         Executive Director                                     Stanford, CA 94305-3089
 of the substantial savings in budget and paper,        650-723-0743;
 we have decided that your copy of Abroad will
 be sent to you by e-mail from now on                   For Students: Lee Dukes, Student Services              Printed on paper certified by the Forest
 providing that you have furnished your e-mail          Specialist                                             Stewardship Council
 address to the Alumni Association. Those               650-725-0235;
 who have no valid e-mail address on record
 will receive a printed copy by mail. Also, those
 of you who prefer the printed format may
 request a copy by contacting Abroad at, by a call to
 650-725-0230, or by a note to Bob Hamrdla,
 Bing Overseas Studies Program, Ground Floor,
 Sweet Hall, Stanford, California 94305-3089.
 If you already requested a printed edition,
 there is no need to do so again.

12!                                                                                the alumni newsletter of the Bing Overseas Studies Program

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