mind, body, spirit
Fall 2006 Vol. 5 Issue 1
dean of the college of human services and health professions
Diane Lyden Murphy
senior vice president & dean of student affairs
Barry L. Wells
associate provost for academic affairs
Sandra N. Hurd
Luvenia W. Cowart, Ed.D., R.N.
student editorial board adviser
Dessa Bergen-Cico, Ph.D.
student chief editor & art director
Carly L. Migliori
Kristal Michalatos, Erin Schechtman
student copy editor
student editorial board
Yannique Benitez, Jennifer BouChamoun, Marissa Broe,
Liza Gorstan, Nicole Imbrogno, Amanda Lundblad,
Amanda Pine, Monica Roman, Azana Simon, Venise
Toussaint, Gabby Zurrow
Dessa Bergen-Cico, Ph. D., associate professor,
Department of Health and Wellness
James R. Jacobs, M.D., Ph.D., F.A.C.E.P.,
Director of Health Services, Syracuse University
Thomas V. Wolfe, Dean, Hendricks Chapel
Contact Us Healthy You is a jointly funded publication of the Syracuse
University College of Human Services and Health Professions
Healthy You welcomes letters to the and the Divisions of Undergraduate Studies and Student Affairs.
Cover illustration by Erin Schechtman
editor and story ideas. This publication enhances, broadens and supports the academic
and social experience of students.
Syracuse University The Student Editorial Board is responsible for providing the
College of Human Services work structure for the magazine’s production, which includes
and Health Professions the content, design, production, and distribution.
426 Ostrom Ave.
Syracuse, NY 13244 The information contained in this publication is not to be
construed as medical advice. Readers should consult a medical
phone (315) 443-9808 professional before engaging in any activity described. The
email at email@example.com contents of this magazine may not be reprinted without the
on the Web healthyyou.syr.edu expressed consent of the editorial director.
Make some oatmeal, eat
Thanksgiving dinner, do
yoga, and save the Earth.
a big hair DON’T understanding the going all in
6 A rarely known condition
leads to more than
Down Syndrome affects
The scope of college
a bad hair day more than those who have it
8 12 14
black market the doctor
weight loss speaks: human InConvenience
College students abuse papillomavirus Interstitial cystitis changed
prescripition drugs at A very common STI causes one woman’s life.
alarming rates more than a stigma
take the plunge
There is more to do during
the winter than cuddle up
with a movie.
the constant change good vibrations
Keeping an open mind helps Reiki can bring
during times of transition. balance to life.
quick doses of need-to-know info
GobbleGobble you healthy?
The Outrageous Truths of Thanksgiving dinner As a college student it is often
difficult to find the time in the
By Amanda Pine, child and family studies major
morning to eat breakfast before
class. Or some of us do find the
Have you ever sat around after indulging in all of the festive foods time by grabbing a donut or bagel
from your Thanksgiving dinner wondering how many calories you actu- to go. However, these aren’t the
ally consumed? To take it one step further, have you ever wondered healthiest options, and since break-
what it would take to burn off that scrumptious food or how long you fast is the most important meal of
the day, it’s essential that we start it
would have to walk to do so?
off right with a good meal.
The average Thanksgiving dinner usually consists of the following:
So, wake up a little earlier and
Drinks make a quick and healthy breakfast
1 Mixed Drink (or 2 glasses of wine) = 250 calories before you go. Not only is it bet-
ter for your health and metabolism
for the day, but it also will give you
Appetizers a little time to sit down, relax, and
de-stress in the morning before
1 T. dip for chips = 75 calories going on your busy way. One option
1 oz. tortilla chips = 150 calories that is both yummy and healthy at
the same time is oatmeal. Yes, it
3 c. lettuce with diet dressing = 100 calories sounds bland, but it really gives you
the vitamins and energy you need
to start your morning and continue
dinner through your day. There are many
6 oz. white or dark turkey = 340 calories ways to liven your oatmeal up as
well such as this recipe.
1/2 c. stuffing = 180 calories
1/2 c. cranberry sauce = 190 calories Compiled by Gabby Zurrow,
1/2 c. gravy = 150 calories
1/4 candied sweet potatoes = 150 calories Apple Oatmeal
1 dinner roll with butter = 155 calories Ingredients
3 cups apple juice
1/2 tsp ground cinnamon
dessert 1 ½ cups quick oats
½ cup chopped apple
1 slice pumpkin pie (1/8 of a 9 in. pie) = 180 calories ¼ cup maple syrup
1/2 c. whipped crème = 75 calories ¼ cup raisins
¼ cup chopped walnuts
1/2 c. ice cream = 145 calories 4 tbsp fat free vanilla yogurt
The average caloric intake for one
And for a quicker way, try this!
Thanksgiving meal is about 2,140 calories. Pick up a box of instant oatmeal
such as Quaker Oatmeal. There
If you wanted to walk are a whole bunch of options you
can try such as the new, Weight
off your meal, you would
Control Quaker Oatmeal. It comes
have to walk 21.4 miles, in an assortment of flavors including
which would break down maple and brown sugar, and the
to about 42,800 steps. For serving size for one package only
example, you would have has 160 calories and 3 grams of
to walk from the quad fat. Not to mention the 7 grams of
on main Campus to South protein you?ll be getting a long with
Campus about 22 times. fiber and other essentials for a great
Info from http://walking.about.com/library/cal/
blthanksgivingcalories.htm. Courtesy of http://lowfatcooking.
4 | healthy you
Keep it Cool
The global warming problem seems to be on
everyone’s minds today. As harmfull pollutants cause
the earth to heat up, there are easy ways to put a stop
to the epidemic.
home energy efficient.
• Visualize our earth from space.
Know that it is fragile. • Don’t drive, unless
Just breathe you have to. • Walk more. Cycle more. skate more.
• Switch to EnergyStar appliances. • Turn off lighTS whEn
you lEavE a room. • Install solar panels. • Build political
By Gabby Zurrow
will for change. • DEmanD bETTEr maSS TranSiT. • avoid drive-
thrus. • eat less meat. • Share what you have. • buy lESS
staying fit and healthy requires not
only exercise, but relaxation and
STuff. • Reuse before you recycle. • Dig up the concrete. • Plant
maintaining a healthy state of mind trees. Save forests. • put your hot water heater on a timer. • Eat
as well. since students lead such locally grown organic food. • Don’t fly unless you have to. • SupporT
busy lives, they get stressed out climaTE friEnDly poliTicianS. • support neighborhood businesses.
a lot. exercises that involve • Take pride in being resourceful. • put on a sweater. • turn off the air
a focus on breathing such as conditioner. • buy TrEE-frEE or poSTconSumEr papEr. • use a
yoga can help students stay clothesline instead of a dryer. • dream of a solar-hydrogen economy.
on top of things and manage
stress. Here are a few great • cloSE Down coal-burning powEr planTS. • buy green
yoga exercise examples you can energy. • Slow down. • Find your voice. • Don’t believe
use to keep the high amounts of what the oil and auto companies say. • Support the
stress out of your body and life. Kyoto Protocol. • Demand strict emissions controls
and fuel efficiency on all vehicles. • KiSS ThE car-
bon yEarS gooDbyE. • Visit www.
Pranayama another, bend your wrists back, and climatecrisis.net.
It is best to start off with Pranayama stretch out your body as much as pos-
or deep abdominal breathing. This is a sible. This stretches your body out and -- Carly Migliori, magazine journalism major
great exercise to relieve stress even if opens your chest up for more activity.
you aren’t into doing yoga postures.
1. Lay down on the floor (use a yoga
Padahastasana Or Shoulder Stand
mat if you have one), to get into what Or the Foot Hand Pose Lie down on your back with your
is called the Corpse Pose. Your legs For this position, you stand with your hands holding the lower portion of your
should be straight out and slightly feet together and extend your body and back up. Try to balance your entire body
apart with your feet relaxed and tilt- arms upwards. Then, bring your arms on your shoulders. Just rest your body in
ing out to the sides. Your arms should forward and touch the ground (or your that position without much tension.
be straight down along your sides, toes, if you can’t extend to the ground). This pose helps many parts of your
slightly away from your body (about Your head should be down as well and body by improving circulation of your
8-10 inches), and your palms should touching your knees. The rest of your blood and strengthening your heart
be facing up. Make sure that the small lower body should remain straight. and lungs. It also benefits your thy-
of your back is touching the floor. Your This pose helps to shape a number roid, which can help fight off obesity.
eyes should be closed as well. of different parts of your body. It helps Another benefit is that it strengthens
2. Breathe through your nose for a to reduce weight and it increases your the hair roots, which prevents hair from
count of 10 seconds. height. It also helps to make your falling out. For women, this exercise
3. Slowly exhale through your mouth shoulders and waist stronger as well treats abnormal mobility of the uterus
(with your lips shaped as if you are as your body slimmer. and the pelvic pains that result from
trying to whistle), breathing out slowly them. The spine is treated also, which
for 15 seconds. rejuvenates your whole body. Lastly, this
4. Repeat this exercise 10 times. Trikonasan pose helps expel bad odors from your
Concentrating on your breathing Or the Triangular Pose body, which is always a plus!
helps to relieve your stress and warm For this sitting position, put your legs
up your body for more strenuous Yoga poses courtesy Robert Zurrow and
as far out as you can. Then take one Lydia Matos, of Court Sports in Yonkers, New
activity. With your body relaxed it arm and reach down to the foot on
makes it easier for your lungs to York. www.courtsports2.com
that same side. Your other arm should
inhale and exhale which enables more remain held up in an arc shape. Hold
oxygen to enter into your body. The this position for about ten seconds,
benefit is that yoga breathing chang- and then switch to repeat this exercise
es your usual pattern of breathing, on your opposite side.
and this in turn changes your state of This pose helps multiple areas as
mind. As your mind becomes clearer well, relieving pain and stress in your
and more focused, your attention ribs and back. It also helps to reduce
span will increase. fat deposits around your hips, and can
After deep breathing, you should open help to increase your height and keep
yourself up by extending your arms your body well proportioned.
above your head, thumbs touching one
fall 2006 | 5
a big hair DON’T
A little known
of hair truly
suffer it. By nicole imbrogno, sport management major
illustration by kristal Michalatos, nutrition major
he is a petite college girl and in Brooke’s case, or even the hair on shealth.org. “The risk of developing
usually wears her single strand your head and pubic hair. “Recur- trichotillomania is slightly higher
of pearls. Always bubbly, rent pulling out of one’s hair result- in people who have relatives with
Brooke* is known for her Southern ing in noticeable hair loss; pleasure, the disorder…the disorder may be
charm and ability to make at least gratification, or relief when pulling inherited,” according to WebMd.
one new friend every day. Brooke out the hair; an increasing sense of com. This could explain Brooke’s
also has trichotillomania (pro- tension immediately before pulling case, as both her mother and uncle
nounced: trik-oh-till-oh-may-nee- out the hair or when attempting to suffered from the condition.
ah), a disorder that takes longer to resist the behavior” are all symp- Brooke has done everything to
pronounce than to shake. toms of trichotillomania, according control the disorder, including
Broke was about eight years old to Psychcentral.com. wearing gloves to sleep at night
when her symptoms started. In “The exact cause of trichotil- when she was quite young, using
early April, she sat in her bedroom lomania is not yet known, but it fake glasses in elementary school,
crying, upset because she could appears to involve both biological being hypnotized in middle school,
not have a snack. Brooke broke out and behavioral factors,” according and taking medication to treat
into an uncontrollable sob, causing to WebMD.com. her outbreaks as recently as this
her long eyelashes to stick together
and become a nuisance. Her tears “The risk of developing trichotillomania is slightly
turned to anger, and she began to higher in people who have relatives with the
pull out her eyelashes. disorder…the disorder may be inherited,”
When Brooke was in her seventh
grade reading class, she began to pull according to WebMd.com. This could explain
out her eyebrows. She felt terrible Brooke’s case, as both her mother and uncle
about doing so. She knew it looked suffered from the condition
awful, but she continued to pull.
Though Brooke was never clini- As Brooke discovered, her past summer. The main treatment
cally diagnosed, her mother began outbreaks were caused by stress approach for trichotillomania is a
researching when the outbreaks or unhappiness. “When I am very type of behavior therapy known as
continued to happy with very low stress, I nor- “reversal training” in addition with
happen and when mally do not pull,” she says. “When medication, to curb very intense
Brooke was old I was little, I used to pull my lashes urges, according to WebMD.com.
enough to be edu- in class. Now I would never pull in Reasons why Brooke pulls remain
cated about her class, only in the privacy of my own unclear. “When you ask those
“nervous habit.” room. The high stress times are al- people [with trichotillomania]
Internet research ways the worst.” This could explain why they do it, they probably can’t
led her mother to how the condition was named. Ac- answer,” she says. “So, when some-
see that Brooke’s cording to Kidshealth.org tricho- one asks me why I do what I do,
symptoms re- tillomania “…contains the Greek I, too, can’t really answer either.”
sembled those of word for madness (mania).” However, Brooke does know that
trichotillomania, Those who have trichotilloma- her in-between periods, when her
simply, “hair pull- nia may also have other disorders eyelashes and eyebrows grow back,
ing.” This means such as depression or anxiety. she is in the highest of spirits. “All I
hair of all types Many doctors think the condition can do after a setback of pulling is
such as eyelashes is caused by a chemical imbalance start over fresh the next day.”
and eyebrows, as in the brain, according to Kid- *Name changed.
Knowing how people
are diagnosed with
Down Syndrome and
their special needs is
important in including
them in everyday
ince the early 20th century of other problems as well. Down
many people with Down Syn- Syndrome is a mental disorder
drome lived in institutions, that hinders the development of
shunned from society. Others individuals. They often have speech
alienated and ridiculed people with impairments, ear infections, sleep
Understanding Down Syndrome, making them feel
less human. This crude behavior
apnea, thyroid disfunctions, and
congenital heart defects. According
is common in a society filled with to Venette Toussaint, a behavior
people who blatantly disapprove of specialist for the Association for the
and fear difference, while striving Help of Retarded Children, “Chil-
Chromosome to achieve the impossible status of
being “normal.” Some would shud-
der at the thought of such hateful
dren with Down Syndrome are ex-
traordinary individuals who need to
be loved and appreciated. In order
actions and words aimed at help- for these children to develop they
By Venise Toussaint, undeclared major less individuals who thrive on the must be surrounded with positive,
love and support of others around influential people who are willing
them. However, people are educat- and capable of helping them.”
ing themselves on the disorder Christopher Burke is an ac-
and are becoming more accepting tor with Down Syndrome who
and understanding of people with played Charles “Corky” Thacher
Down Syndrome. on the television series Life Goes
Down Syndrome is a chromo- On. Burke delivers inspirational
somal abnormality characterized speeches to university students.
by the presence of an extra 21st He is the Goodwill Ambassador
chromosome, according to Medlin- for the National Down Syndrome
ePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Society and serves as the editor
in chief of its quarterly maga-
“Children with Down Syndrome are zine, Straight Talk. He is also a
spokesperson for National Down
extraordinary individuals who need Syndrome Congress. Burke ap-
to be loved and appreciated,” says peared in guest roles on such tele-
Venette Toussaint. vision shows as ER, The Commish,
Touched by an Angel, and The
Those with Down Syndrome have Division, and he has also appeared
distinct characteristics, including in the film Mona Lisa Smile.
short limbs, slanted eyes, enlarged Although individuals with Down
tongues, small ears, and flat faces, Syndrome face various disabilities
according to the encyclopedia. and behavioral impairments, they
In addition to the physical traits are still in fact very capable of ex-
of the disorder, individuals with ceeding common expectations and
Down Syndrome suffer from a host living very successful lives.
• world down syndrome day is celebrated each march 21 • blue and yellow ribbons advocate for down syndrome •
fall 2006 | 7
The pressures to look good
are causing college students
to crack and abuse prescrip-
tion drugs. Some doctors
even prescribe these dan-
gerous miracle pills. Weight loss
By Liza Gorstan, magazine journalism major
ollege students have been three of them being “Adderall ing clinician.” The study also states
abusing prescription drugs for Obsessors Not So Anonymous,” “I that the illicit use of many prescrip-
decades, and while the hazard- Heart Ritalin,” and “If I had Ad- tion medications for students and
ous side effects — addiction, long- derall, I’d have a 4.0.” young adults ages 18 to 22 is at its
term health problems and death Prescriptions for Adderall and highest level in several decades and
— have been heavily publicized, Ritalin, both stimulants, have is second only to marijuana as the
problems persist. As such hyper- skyrocketed in the last 15 years. A most common form of drug abuse.
activity medications as Ritalin and study by the National Center on Physicians do not universally
Adderall become popular prescrip- Addiction and Substance Abuse accept off-label prescriptions, but
tions, they have also become popu- at Columbia University found that doctors who do prescribe off-label
larly misused, often as diet pills. between 1992 and 2002 prescrip- say that it can be a safe and effective
There is a long list of prescrip- tions for ADHD drugs went up 369 means for weight loss. Dr. Robert
tion drugs with Food and Drug percent. And while these drugs are Skversky, a bariatric physician in
Administration approval for considered relatively safe for treat- Newport Beach, Calif., and medi-
treating attention deficit hyperac- ing ADHD, at the end of August, cal director of “Weight No More,”
tivity disorder (ADHD) to epi- the FDA mandated that Dexedrine prescribes Wellbutrin and other
lepsy, which all have side effects and Ritalin carry warning labels anti-depressants for weight loss, but
of appetite suppression or weight after some patients suffered heart objects to the use of Adderall.
loss. The most common of these problems and others died. “Adderall, which is a triple am-
drugs are Adderall and Ritalin (for Along with these chilling side ef- phetamine, has no place in a medi-
ADHD), Wellbutrin (for depres- fects, the labels also list suppressed cal weight loss program because of
sion), Topamax (for epilepsy), and appetite and weight loss which its significant abuse potential,” Dr.
Glucophage (for diabetes). can catch the eyes of naive college Skversky says.
Dr. Skversky says he has been
...the illicit use of many prescription medications prescribing his recipe of medication
to his overweight patients for nine
for students and young adults ages 18 to 22 years. He adamantly defends off-
is at its highest level in several decades and is label use of drugs as efficacious, but
second only to marijuana as the most common urges the need for informed consent
form of drug abuse. and ongoing physician care.
There are two FDA-approved
Abusing drugs meant for ADHD students. Wellbutrin and Topamax drugs for long-term weight loss —
treatment is nothing new for are actually prescribed by some Meridia and Xenical. Dr. Skversky
college students. For many, these doctors for weight loss, a practice says he has not prescribed either in
drugs are perceived as a godsend termed off-labeling, which is a legal the last five years because they do
for finals week, and there is little means of prescribing a medication not show the promising results that
to no social stigma attached to it if for purposes other than its primary other drugs have presented.
the purpose of use is to study. FDA-approved use. These medical treatments are
Kate*, a sophomore political Even those with prescriptions reserved for individuals who are
science major, says Adderall is are guilty of abusing the drugs. A considered overweight or obese.
the easiest drug to get on campus, study in the March 2006 issue of the According to the National Institute
even easier than alcohol, and with Journal of Psychoactive Drugs says, of Health and Centers for Disease
two phone calls she could have her “Case reports and poison center Control, a body mass index of 25 to
little orange pill. reports suggest that individuals 29.9 is considered overweight, and
Even users on Facebook.com, a have used their own prescription a body mass index of 30 or more is
social networking web site, created stimulants for reasons other than considered obese.
groups dedicated to stimulants, what was intended by the prescrib- Most of these drugs work by
In our random sample of 4,500 college
students attending a large, midwestern
university approximately eight percent of
these students endorsed that they had used a
prescription stimulant to lose weight.
8 | healthy you
elevating various neuropeptides in pose serious side effects; Wellbutrin They cannot guarantee weight loss
the brain, such as serotonin, which even has a black box warning that it in a patient, and the other side ef-
is elevated by antidepressants and can increase suicidal tendencies in fects far outweigh losing those last
can control cravings. Few doctors children and adolescents. couple of pounds.
prescribe antidepressants for weight According to the federal govern- Erica Eisenberg, a junior nutri-
control, and seemingly none do to ment’s Substance Abuse and Mental tion major, was prescribed Ritalin
adolescents and young adults. A Health Services Administration’s for her ADHD but had to stop tak-
study in the January 2006 Psychiatric Drug Abuse Warning Network, ing the stimulant. “It gave me really
Services about psychotropic medica- approximately 7,873 drug-related bad headaches, and I was having
tions among adolescents in 2000 to
2001 found no mental health diagno- ...approximately 7,873 drug-related emergency
sis was given for 20.9 percent of visits
to a physician in which a psychotro-
department visits involved methylphenidate (Ritalin,
pic medication was prescribed. Concerta) or amphetamine-dextroamphetamine
Dr. Carol Boyd, a University of (Adderall) in 2004.
Michigan professor and one of
the researchers in the study in the emergency department visits in- heart palpitations,” says Eisenberg,
Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, wrote volved methylphenidate (Ritalin, who has since been prescribed a
in an e-mail “In our random sample Concerta) or amphetamine-dextro- different medication.
of 4,500 college students attending amphetamine (Adderall) in 2004. The paradigm of weight loss has
a large, midwestern university ap- For now, the patients must be clini- always been exercise and cutting
proximately eight percent of these cally overweight or obese to receive caloric intake, Dr. Skversky says,
students endorsed that they had off-label treatment from a doctor. As but he argues this regimen does
used a prescription stimulant to lose the trend becomes more prevalent, not work to combat obesity, which
weight.” She also wrote that these it is possible that the criteria for such is a chronic disease and “should be
students did not have prescrip- therapy can become blurred. When treated like one.”
tions, and the pills were most often given the option of exercising more
provided by their peers. and eating better or taking a pill to *Name changed.
Research and patient testimonies lose weight, the patients naturally
of these drugs offer mixed mes- prefer the easy way out.
sages for the future of weight loss. These drugs, however, are not ap-
Abused or off-label medications proved for weight loss for a reason.
fall 2006 | 9
An innocent game of
poker with friends once
each weekend will do no
harm, but the dangers of a
gambling addiction do more
than break the bank.
By Dessa Bergen-Cico, Ph.D. associate professor,
Department of Health and Wellness
sCope oF tHe problem sion of video gaming, online poker,
Recent research has found the and online betting. This large per- the most popular
rate of compulsive gambling among centage of gambling among college games were:
college students (~12 percent) to be students does not reflect problem-
three to four times the rate of the atic gambling. However 12 percent • casino games (gaming machines
general population (~3 percent). of the students reported gambling 68 percent, cards 40 percent)
Psychosocial factors contributing to on a weekly or daily basis; and pro- • playing the lottery (63 percent),
problematic gambling among col- portionally more men (19 percent)
lege students include the competi- than women (5 percent) did so at • playing cards with friends
tive environment of academics, high this level. (41 percent)
rates of alcohol use, easy accessibil- The most popular games were • sports betting (37 percent).
ity to online gaming, proximity to casino games (gaming machines 68
casinos, and college sports betting. percent, cards 40 percent) playing betting on games of skill
Until 1995, when one of the first the Lottery (63 percent), playing (such as an athletic contest) was the
studies of gambling among college cards with friends (41 percent), and category most often played weekly/
students was undertaken at the sports betting (37 percent). Betting daily by college men (7 percent);
University of Minnesota, little on games of skill (such as an ath-
was known about the extent of letic contest) was the category most for college women, lottery playing
gambling and its negative conse- often played weekly/daily by college (2 percent) was the activity with the
quences for the college population. men (7 percent); for college women, highest percentage of weekly/daily
The rate of gambling in the past 12 lottery playing (2 percent) was the involvement.
months (during the 1995 study), activity with the highest percent-
among male age of weekly/daily involvement.
students was Video slot machines, gaming and prevalence of credit card offers and
The rate of found to be 91 online gambling are often referred pre-approved credit card applica-
gambling in the percent and 84 to as the crack of gambling because tions targeting college students in
percent among of the very high rates of gambling conjunction with the accessibility
past 12 months, college women. addiction created by the immedi- of online gaming have resulted in
among male It’s notable ate feedback and reward system of unmanageable credit card debt
that this study video interaction. for a sizable percentage of college
students was was conducted students. For some college students
found to be 91 before the In- siGns oF A GAmblinG problem their gambling debt (credit card
percent and 84 ternet became As with all addictions it is the and other debts) forces them to
commonplace negative consequences and impact take leaves of absence to pay off
percent among and does not of the behavior on one’s relation- their debtors.
college women. reflect the more ships and mental health that
recent explo- are indicative of addiction. The
Many individuals with gambling
problems have co-occurring mental
health, chemical dependency,
family, academic, work, legal, and
financial problems. For these rea-
sons professional counseling and/or
such self-help groups as gamblers
anonymous are vitally important to
recovery and regaining control.
On Campus contact the Counseling
Center at 315-443-4715
south oaks Gambling screening
can be found at www.addiction
tHe FolloWinG Are siGns oF
• ambling for longer periods of
G • ragging about wins, but not
time or for more money than talking about losses. National Information
originally planned. • eing deceptive about betting
• pending excessive time gam-
S activity, hiding such evidence as Local Information
bling at the expense of school, lottery tickets and betting slips. syracuse Gamblers Anonymous
relationships, job, or family. • eeling the need to bet more
F Hotline: 315-458-0085
• xperiencing mood swings
E and more money. *
related to gambling successes/ • ying to people who are
L syracuse Area Gamblers
losses, higher when winning, important to you about how Anonymous meetings
lower when losing. much you gamble. * mondays
• reoccupation with gambling
P 7-8:30 p.m.
or with obtaining money with No single item or assessment assumption church (parish center)
which to gamble. question is adequate in determin- 812 north Salina St.
• xperiencing a special and
E ing if someone has a gambling (corner of Salina and catawba
intense pleasure, a sense of problem. However, professionals Streets catawba Street entrance)
being in "action," created by have found that answering “yes” Syracuse, ny
gambling. to one or more of these items with
• ontinuing to gamble despite
C an * is suggestive of a problem tuesdays
negative consequences, includ- deserving further assessment and noon-1 p.m.
ing large losses, financial prob- professional support. ocaa
lems, absence from school or 716 East washington St.
work, or relationship problems. Syracuse, ny
• sing gambling as a means to
cope with loneliness, anger, 7 p.m.
stress, depression, etc. gethsemane united methodist church
• xperiencing “Chasing": the
E 1700 butternut St.
urgent need to keep gambling Syracuse, ny
— often with larger bets — or
taking greater risks in order to Fridays
make up for a loss or series of 7 p.m.
losses. gethsemane united methodist church
• orrowing money to gamble,
B 1700 butternut St.
taking out secret loans, or Syracuse, ny
maximizing credit cards.
For this virus, prevention is
key. Human papillomavirus
has become the country’s
leading sexually transmitted
infection. Now, more
available resources can help
stop this dangerous trend.
HpV, a national
By Dr. James r. Jacobs, M.D., Ph.D., FACEP
Director of Health Services, Syracuse University
12 | healthy you
here has been a lot of noise to infect the anus, and even some HPV, but only between the areas of
lately about the human papillo- areas of the mouth. skin protected by the condom.
mavirus (HPV). Television ads Warts per se can be unsightly But why all the recent publicity?
during prime time. Billboards along and are occasionally a nuisance, First, research studies consistently
the interstate. What’s the big deal? but they are rarely dangerous. Nu- demonstrate that the general popu-
HPV refers to a family of viruses merous over-the-counter products lation has a woefully inadequate
that includes more than 120 known hasten the elimination of non- understanding of HPV, sexually
genotypes. In spite of decades genital warts, but anogenital warts transmitted HPV in particular. Not
of research, much about HPV should be evaluated and treated by surprisingly, then, epidemiologi-
remains a mystery. HPV infects a health care provider. Again, given cal data show that HPV is now the
only humans. It grows in skin-like enough time, most warts will even- most common sexually transmitted
tissues and usually does not circu- tually disappear without treatment. virus in the United States (surpass-
late in the blood or in other tissues. Among the HPV types that can in- ing genital herpes). Ignorance plus
Many of the various HPV types fect anogenital tissue, several do not prevalence provides ample justifica-
demonstrate a distinct preference typically produce warts but rather do tion for expansion of HPV aware-
for the specific types of skin-like have the capacity to cause malignant ness and prevention campaigns.
tissues that they infect. Further, transformation of the cells they in- Second, and certainly at the
it is increasingly understood that fect. In fact, HPV is the leading cause heart of the current high profile
persons with healthy immune of cervical cancer. The purpose of HPV blitzes, a vaccine has become
systems are able to clear most HPV the yearly Pap test recommended for available in the United States
infections within several months sexually active women is to screen within the past year that helps to
protect against up to 70 percent
“...virtually every wart that you have ever had of anogenital cancers and up to
90 percent of anogenital warts.
yourself or seen on another person was caused The vaccine consists of a series of
three injections administered over
by infection of that area of skin with HpV” a 6-month period and is recom-
mended for women age 11-26 years.
to several years, even without any cells from the cervix for evidence of It is ideally administered prior to
type of specific treatment. [HPV-induced] precancerous chang- onset of sexual activity, though
HPV infection is best known as es so that there can be intervention, there is likely some protection even
the cause of warts and some types or at least more frequent surveil- if the woman has had prior HPV
of cancer. For many, the word lance, to prevent further progression infection. Even after completing
“wart” evokes an unpleasant visceral toward cancer. Routine Pap testing the HPV vaccine series women
response. Don’t blame witches or has led to a dramatic decrease in the should continue to receive annual
toads, though, as virtually every wart incidence of cervical cancer in recent (or as directed by the health care
that you have ever had yourself or decades. When appropriate, Pap provider) cervical cancer screen-
seen on another person was caused testing can now also include screen- ing and practice protective sexual
by infection of that area of skin with ing for evidence of certain high-risk behaviors (e.g., using condoms).
HPV. The several HPV types that can HPV types. Both women and men The vaccine is not yet approved
grow in the type of skin covering the who participate in anal intercourse for males, but many health centers
bottom of the foot to cause a “plantar are at increased risk for anal cancer are willing to administer the HPV
wart” are distinct from the several caused by HPV, and you will likely be vaccine to males upon request. A
other HPV types that can grow well hearing more and more about rectal second HPV vaccine is expected
in hand and knee skin to cause a “flat Pap tests. HPV has also been associ- within the next year or two, which
wart,” and so forth. ated with penile cancers, but this is should ensure ongoing support for
A distinction is made between extremely rare in the United States. HPV prevention and education.
non-genital warts and genital With all forms of HPV it is pos-
warts. Genital warts usually result sible to be a carrier (and transmit-
As many as 80 percent
from sexual transmission of HPV ter) of the virus without any visible
(i.e., genital warts are a sexually evidence of a wart or other problem.
transmitted infection). Genital Though long assumed and preached,
warts should more accurately be a recent clinical research study with of women will get a genital
called anogenital warts, as the HPV college students has finally proven
types that demonstrate preference that latex condoms are effective in type of HPV by the age
for the genitals are evolved enough preventing sexual transmission of
of 50, according to The
Centers for Disease Control
fall 2006 | 13
The diagnosis of a rare condition
meant a life-altering change in
diet and lifestyle for one woman.
A major inConvenience
By Marissa Broe, magazine journalism major
Photograph by Melissa Pincus, advertising design major
mily Gibson was only 17 years showed ulcers, little sore spots on my pain with ejaculation while women
old when doctors told her not bladder lining.” These ulcers on the regularly suffer with penetration.
to eat chocolate anymore. She bladder wall are what the ICA calls Gibson says that a nervous feeling
was also supposed to stay away from the “hallmark of this disease.” is often associated with sex be-
her daily glass of orange juice and With a diagnosis comes treat- cause you never know whether sex
the bananas she put in her lunch bag ment, yet another problem posed will be painful or not. She feels that
every day. Gibson’s physician was for those who have IC. According intimacy is a very important ele-
not putting the Catholic University to the ICA, there is no present cure ment in the relationships of those
graduate on a weight loss regimen, or specific treatment method that with the disease. “You really have
but rather giving instructions on works for everyone with the disease. to be a selfish lover — or you will
how to prevent flare-ups of a rare “Everyone who has IC has a vary- resent your partner for causing you
disease called interstitial cystitis. ing degree of pain and suffering,” pain,” Gibson says.
Gibson remembers how she felt Gibson says. “I feel that I am able Frequent urination is a symptom
before receiving a diagnosis. “I suf- to live a normal life because I take that IC sufferers deal with daily.
fered excruciating cramping that felt freeze-dried aloe vera tablets every The ICA gave Gibson a card grant-
as if someone was sticking a knife in other day.” The aloe vera works ing her the use of any bathroom
my abdomen and twisting it around,” by coating the lining of Gibson’s anywhere. A direct connection
she says. “In addition, I had frequent bladder. This sealant protects the between IC and infertility has not
urination and stomach aches.” bladder against the foods that usu- been made, but Gibson has worries
ally would cause a flare up. “If and concerning pregnancy because of
when I eat something bad it doesn’t the disease. “I’m sure I’ll have to
IC patients should stay bother me as much.” she says. begin wearing a catheter by my
away from spicy and A change in diet along with over- second trimester,” Gibson says.
the-counter treatment may aid in One thing that may be considered
acidic foods as well as the prevention of more severe epi- an advantage of IC is the ability to
cigarettes, caffeinated sodes. IC patients should stay away claim disability. Like the card Gibson
beverages, and alcohol. from spicy and acidic foods as well received to use any bathroom, one
as cigarettes, caffeinated beverages, may be able to receive parking ben-
and alcohol. Gibson just recently efits because of IC. IC patients have
Before seeing a urologist Gibson cut caffeine out of her diet and has the choice to take advantage of this
had been put on birth control be- noticed significantly less stomach- and certain benefits are different be-
cause her primary doctor thought aches and cramping. Supplements tween states. Gibson has not sought
she may have endometriosis, a like the aloe vera that Gibson takes, more legal aid with the disease, but
disease whose symptoms also do not work for everyone. Those she has considered the possibilities.
include pelvic pain. When the oral individuals who are able to suppress “I’ve heard rumors that I can even
medication didn’t help, Gibson the pain with this treatment are still get a handicap sign so that I can park
had ultrasounds, which showed no left with the burden of having to closer to the bathroom,” she says.
abnormalities. Her experience was take something every day. For further information on the
not unlike that of others who suffer Individuals of both sexes often disease, visit the ICA’s web site,
from IC. The Interstitial Cystitis experience discomfort with sexual www.ichelp.org.
Association (ICA) says that people intercourse because of
suffering from IC have a hard time IC. The bladder, which
gaining a diagnosis and there is no is primarily affected by “I suffered excruciating cramping
clear cause for the disease. the disease, is close in that felt as if someone was stick-
To make a diagnosis, “they dis- relation to the sexual ing a knife in my abdomen and
tended my bladder and took pictures organs causing this
of it,” Gibson says. “The pictures pain. Men may suffer
twisting it around.”
14 | healthy you
fall 2006 | 15
Making excuses for missing
out on exercise during the
winter won’t cut it anymore.
There are plenty of activities
to do in Central New York
when the temperature drops.
Cure those Winter blues Take the Plunge
By Amanda Lundblad, magazine journalism and
Su students can travel 36 miles to international relations major
Greek peak mountain resort
in Cortland for discounted downhill yracuse winters are brutal. So However, if climbing up ice gives
fun. The ski and snowboard resort while physical activity is im- you more chills than thrills, the
offers a discounted season pass portant, many find themselves New York region has other op-
for college students. with a college more than perfectly content with portunities for winter recreation.
photo I.D. students can spend the slamming the door shut on the great If you want to really get your heart
winter season at greek peak for outdoors. This, however, is not the pumping, SU’s Recreation Services
$249 instead of the regular $449 case for Syracuse University Outing offers day trips to Lake Placid to test
for a pass, rentals, and locker use. Club (SUOC) leader David Lyons. out the Olympic bobsledding trail.
www.greekpeak.net Head up to the Catskills or the Ad- According to Scott Catucci, as-
irondacks when temperatures drop sistant director of the Department
right on Su’s South campus, the below freezing, and there’s a good of Recreation Services, it is one of
tennity ice pavilion provides stu- chance Lyons and other members the three places in North America
dents a place to foster their dreams of SUOC will be there, experienc- where you can test out a bobsled.
of being professional ice skaters. ing the “thrill of ascending frozen Recreation Services also offers more
Throughout the academic year the waterfalls,” as he describes it. relaxing activities, including horse-
skating rink hosts special activity Lyons has been participating in drawn sleigh rides and moonlight
nights for students on Fridays and SUOC for the past six years. Just snowshoeing hikes. The activities
Saturdays. games and prizes are last winter he and nine other mem- provide “a healthy choice activity
usually included, and Su waives the bers of SUOC went to the Catskills and also a way for students to inter-
$5 rental fee for some events. to spend the weekend ice climb- act and meet new friends and share
http://skate.syr.edu/ a great experience with their fellow
latenight.htm classmates,” Catucci says.
If you want to really get your heart Whether you enjoy hanging on to
For those who like to get out pumping, SU’s Recreation Services the side of a frozen waterfall or the
and ski the cross-country trails, offers day trips to Lake Placid to test more relaxing recreational activities,
onondaga County parks provide Central New York has something
a variety of locations. beaver lake out the Olympic bobsledding trail.
to offer for all people trying to stay
nature center in baldwinsville has active and shed the winter blues.
more than nine miles of trails for ing. Other times, he and members Snowboarding, sledding, skiing, bob-
cross-country skiing and snowshoe- travel to such local areas as Tully sledding, ice climbing, sleigh rides,
ing. For the minimal membership and Pulaski for skiing and bonzai ice skating: you name it, New York
fee of $18, students are allowed sledding. The activities don’t take probably has it. Put on a few extra
access to the entire park. much to learn, just some technical layers this winter and open the door
http://onondagacountyparks. gear and warm clothes. It will give to all the opportunities to experience
com/parks/beaver you a great workout and “a great the season. Take it from Lyons, who
appreciation for winter in New says he now “actually enjoys reports
York State,” Lyons says. of negative temperatures!”
16 | healthy you
Taking the next big step in life can be
frustrating and challenging. Being open
to these transitions makes for more
By Thomas V. Wolfe, Dean of Hendricks Chapel
illustration by Erin schechtman
hey welcomed me in and of- elaborate tent in the desert. The irony is that change is the
fered me a comfortable pillow A move to university life may be constant. Opening ourselves to it
to sit on. The water in the your first big change, or some of can be both scary and uncomfort-
kettle resting on the cooking fire you may see this new experience as able and also exciting and chal-
was already hot, and they poured yet another transition in a string of lenging. Regardless, it is a means by
me a cup of tea. It was rich and changes, but the interplay of con- which we grow and come to know
sweet. I was in the Middle East stants and change are nevertheless ourselves. There is always mean-
and a Bedouin family was offering at work. You probably brought a lot ing in change. Allow yourself the
me warm hospitality. of stuff with you to remind you of feelings that come with it. Sadness,
As the conversation warmed up where you have come from. Good. excitement, apprehension, and
and deepened we talked about our This familiar stuff is now sitting in a appreciation are all natural parts of
different lifestyles. I wanted to new room or apartment. How does the process of making the transition
know how it was to live constantly it look next to all of the new stuff to a new place. Keep in the front of
on the move. This family explained you are acquiring in this new place? your mind what choices led you to
that change had to do with seasons A bit of the old and a bit of the new. this moment and what goals you are
and tradition. Change was at I think we need all of it together. seeking to accomplish. This keeps
least familiar if not always easy or But more importantly, how are you the impact of change in perspec-
personally handling the change? tive with the purpose. And most
“There is always meaning in What I hope may surprise you of all, take stock of what you are
change. allow yourself the is what you brought with you that
you did not know was yours until
learning about yourself. Your educa-
tional experience is not only about
feelings that come with it.” you chose to introduce yourself integrating external knowledge
to change by going to college. You but also about self awareness and
comfortable. Certainly it was not may have thought that activity, who you are as the learner. Most of
automatically bad. While my child- value, or thought was something all, I will remember what I learned
hood was different in many ways, your family or friends did or be- that day in the desert. In that very
I realized that as a kid my family lieved. And now you find that it is new environment, my hosts and I
changed communities about every something that you yourself hold realized that we had something in
five or six years. deeply or don’t really care about at common only because they received
My Bedouin friends talked of all. Without the change factor you me into their dwelling. Whatever
the interplay between change and may never have come to know what you are doing and wherever it may
constancy. When paired together is yours and what is theirs. be, receive your new place.
they teach us a great deal.
Geography changes, but
your things come with you.
New relationships are always
a possibility with change,
but you bring your family
with you. Seeing the familiar
relocated in a new place
helps you see the thing you
brought with you in a new
light. Bringing your familiar
self into new relationships
gives opportunities to see
yourself anew. That was true
for me that day as I sat in an
By Jennifer H. BouChamoun, nutrition major
illustration by Erin schechtman
Achieving e all get that weird feeling to relax and reduce stress. our social lives, let alone eating
a balance sometimes when we can Almost every day we are bom- better and exercising more. Maybe
in life and sense something is about barded with ways to be healthier by it is time to find an exercise that
channeling to happen. Whether the snow is eating more fruits and vegetables helps to clear and relax our minds
positive about to fall or your best friend is and exercising more often. But just along with our bodies so that we
energy can going to call, it’s almost like a sixth because we are healthy physically, can be mentally healthy as well.
be possible sense. We pretend we’re psychics does not mean that we are healthy Reiki (pronounced ray-key)
with Reiki. when those feelings arise and, mentally. Especially as college comes from two words: rei meaning
in a way, we all are. Every living students, it is hard enough for us “universal” or “all knowing” and ki
thing has an energy to it, and at to worry about classes, exams, and meaning “life force energy.” This
times we pick up on that energy, holistic healing practice uses the
more for some than others. Each healing of touch and spirituality to
of us is surrounded by an energy If you’re interested in balance and cleanse our internal
field that needs to be kept clear meeting with a Reiki healer and external energy fields. Certified
and balanced. This energy is felt or learning more about holistic nurse Cathy Kelly describes
by those around us. For example, the energy field like when a stone is
walking into a room and sensing
Reiki, there are several thrown into water and the ripple of
your parent is in a bad mood even private practices in the rings appear around it. Just like the
before they say a word is because Syracuse area. nearby stone, we have layers that surround
of the vibration (or vibe) we get hospitals are beginning to us and all living things, including
from their energy fields. Through trees, plants, etc. The healer places
this energy we can better control offer Reiki upon request. his or her hands on the head, neck,
our bodies by healing or even just One hour sessions typically chest, abdomen, hips, knees, and
maintaining a balanced, healthy go for about $60. feet in order to guide the energy.
lifestyle. This can be done through The healer brushes out the imbal-
a Japanese technique called Reiki, www.rnholistic.com ances through the body and out
which channels our energy in order www.backntouch.com through the feet. Kelly makes the
comparison that, just like we clean Pendulums may be used over major an over-stressed college student, beyond that to steady and clear
out a dryer’s lint trap, through Reiki, chakra points of the body. These and it can help lessen back pain the life force that surrounds us. At
we clean out the energy field of the points are at the head (crown), for the elderly. The most common times people use holistic healing
stressors and impurities that affect forehead (third eye), throat, heart, uses are for stress management, as a last resort after they have tried
us. The body is like a hot air balloon abdomen, and palms. When the headaches, migraines, arthritis, all other traditional medicines. In
that is weighed down by sandbags pendulum swings in a large circle, and the immune system. Everyone many instances they find that time
when we are weighed down by this shows the body is happy and lets stress affect him or her differ- was wasted popping pills and lis-
stress and illness. Releasing these balanced. When the session comes ently. Some lives are consumed by tening to modern doctors because
weights leaves us with a lighter load to an end, the healer seals up the every little problem, while others the natural approach showed better
and calm energy field. energy field with a sweeping motion know how to let stress roll off their results. Holistic healing is safe,
backs. Reiki is not meant to cure harmless, and relaxing. We all pos-
[Reiki] can reduce anxiety in an over-stressed college or fix any problem or illness, but sess the energy for Reiki; we just
rather treat the problem over time need to be more aware of it.
student, and it can help lessen back pain for the elderly. The to alleviate and heal. It provides
most common uses are for stress management, headaches, the person with what is needed at
migraines, arthritis, and the immune system. the time, and is not something to Five reiki principles
go into with high expectations.
Reiki is an intuitive technique for almost as if they were wrapping the It is a balance between how the 1. Just for today do not worry.
both the recipient and the healer. person in gift wrap. healer can help you and how you
It is practiced with the client lying Reiki is an emotional and spiri- can help yourself. Part of the heal-
2. Just for today do not anger.
down, fully clothed, in a calm and tual healing system of the mind, ing is being aware of the self and 3. Honor your parents,
soothing environment. Where the body, and spirit. It can be used for how to protect it through cleans- teachers, and elders.
hands are placed and the sensations any age, gender, and religion. It ing and detoxing.
felt differ from each person. Sensa- has been found to rid of the chaot- Holistic healing is becoming 4. Earn your living honestly.
tions of temperature, throbbing, ic life force surrounding children more and more popular. People 5. Show gratitude to every
pulsating, and tingling are ex- with attention deficit hyperactivity are learning to de-stress through
amples felt throughout the session. disorder. It can reduce anxiety in yoga and meditation, but Reiki goes