All About Penguins
Miss Jarnot’s Second Grade
Penguins are black and white birds. They
have black backs and white or yellow fronts.
They cannot fly, even though they have wings. These
wings help them swim fast and dive deep. They have a
thick coat of feathers. The feathers are oily to keep them
waterproof. This helps them glide faster in the water.
They have blubber that helps them keep warm. They
have black, white or orange feet. They have sharp claws
to help them walk on the ice. Penguins have many
adaptations that help them survive in the cold.
Penguins eat lots of different foods.
They get their food by swimming and
diving in the water. Some penguins can
hold their breath up to one hour to catch
their food. They eat shrimp, krill, fish and
squid. Penguins eat many kinds of foods.
Family life for penguins is cool. Penguins sing love
songs to find their mates. Penguins can lay one to two
eggs. Male penguins take care of the eggs. They carry
the eggs on their feet. Female penguins are swimming
and diving to get food for their babies. They will chew
up the food and spit it into the babies’ mouths! The
chicks have soft feathers that are not waterproof, so
they can’t go in the water. Penguins work together and
have a good family life.
Penguins live in many different places
in the southern hemisphere. They live near
the South Pole and in the cold seas in
Antarctica. Some even live off the shores
of South Africa, New Zealand and Peru.
Their homes typically have ice and snow.
They spend time in the cold water and
come on land to molt or have babies.
Penguins enjoy living in the cold weather!
• Some penguins have bright colors on their
• There can be up to one million penguins in a
• The orange markings on the penguin’s face are
special because they help penguins recognize
• Penguins bend and twist to scratch itches they
have on their backs.
• Some penguins can travel 120 km/75 miles over
frozen sea by mostly tobogganing.
• Penguins, by Melvin and Gilda Berger
• Plenty of Penguins, by Sonia W. Black
• The Penguin, by Beatrice Fontanel
• Penguins – In the Wild, by Claire
• Penguins and Other Flightless Birds, by