Tom Tom 520 by junglesister


									Seafood Safety and Seafood Defence:
Two sides of the same coin
Tom Lewis and Tom Ross IAFI – Sydney, 16 September 2005

Food Defence: Safety and Security
• Why “Food Defence”?
– NOT Biosecurity
• biological agents in non-food framework

– NOT Food Security
• production and distribution of food

– BUT Food Defence
• deliberate introduction of health hazards into our food

Food Defence: Safety and Security

Food Defence: Safety and Security

Food Defence: Safety and Security
• Not confined to actual contamination • The THREAT of contamination is enough to cause economic and social disruption . . .

Food Defence: Safety and Security
New Zealand Herald -- 21 October 2004 Aria Farm says hackers' product recall message was 'sabotage'
A Waikato food company, Aria Farm, faces potential ruin following industrial sabotage, says director Erik Arndt. Computer hackers have emailed 3000 of the company's customers, saying a company product -- lamb chips -- are being recalled due to an infectious agent, and the warning has since been posted on internet message boards. Mr Arndt said the full product recall was emailed to his customers at the weekend as coming from his own company's computers, and had the potential to destroy a business.

The Seafood Supply Chain
• Seafood production and harvesting • Fresh produce direct to market • Storage and transport of raw product • Processing and manufacture • Storage and transport of processed and manufactured products • Wholesale and retail distribution • Food service sector

Why is the food supply chain a potential target?
• We all rely on it • Seafood contributes around $2.8 billion in direct sales to the Australian economy each year • It employs a large and diffuse workforce • Threats don’t have to be high tech • Even a well orchestrated hoax has the potential to cause significant social, economic and political impact

Food Defence: Safety and Security
• What are the potential hazards? • They remain the usual suspects . . .
– – – – Pathogens Toxins Physical Allergens

• Which shows that deliberate and inadvertent contamination of the food supply chain are merely different sides of the same coin

The Australian Context 1
• “Malicious contamination of food for terrorist purposes is a real and current threat.” – WHO • The threat, “will be an enduring one for the foreseeable future.” – ASIO • Terrorist “groups have produced and distributed poison recipe manuals to their operatives.” – ASIO • Terrorist “groups have undertaken, trained for and considered a large variety of terrorist methodologies.” - ASIO

The Australian Context 11
• Australia has been identified as a legitimate target

• The likelihood of a deliberate act against our agriculture or food industries is currently assessed as LOW to VERY LOW

The Australian Context 111
• It doesn’t have to be a “terrorist” . . . • . . . it might be:
– a disgruntled employee – someone with a grudge against your company or brand (or someone else’s!) – or just a nutter

The Australian response?

The Federal Government’s Critical Infrastructure Protection Program
• Launched April 2003 • Is a component of the National Counter Terrorism Arrangements • Takes an ‘All Hazards’ approach • Understands that the majority of critical infrastructure in Australia is owned & operated by the private sector • Designed to enable owners & operators to share information and develop strategies to mitigate risk


Trusted Information Sharing Network for Critical Infrastructure Protection (TISN)

National Counter-Terrorism Arrangements

Critical Infrastructure Advisory Council

Information Infrastructure Protection Group Expert Advisory Groups



Food Chain


Water Services

Emergency Services

Banking & Finance



Others as Required

The Food Chain Assurance Advisory Group
• Formed
– July 2003

• Chair
– Dick Wells, Chief Executive AFGC

• Membership
– Industry peak bodies, relevant government agencies, state agencies

• Aim
– to improve the safety and security of the Australian food supply chain

The Food Chain Assurance Advisory Group
• Operating Framework
– Terrorism is one of a range of hazards industry and governments need to consider in Risk Assessment, Management and Communication processes. – Even though the likelihood of a deliberate act against our agriculture or food industries is assessed as LOW to VERY LOW, the potential consequences of an incident are high to extreme and therefore deserve consideration.

The Food Chain Assurance Advisory Group
• Major Activities
– Undertake a strategic assessment of the Australian food chain safety and security system - to identify potential gaps & vulnerabilities – Draft a national food chain safety and security strategy to address key issues identified in assessment – Develop an implementation plan – Commence awareness raising and information sharing activities

Australian food safety and security systems
• The current status
– Robust and well managed, being based on the twin paradigms of Risk Analysis and HACCP

• The current model
– Arguably the appropriate model with which to understand and manage the threat of deliberate introduction of food safety hazards into the food supply chain

Traditional Risk Analysis Model
Risk Assessment
•Hazard identification •Hazard characterisation •Exposure assessment •Risk characterisation The interactive exchange of information and opinions throughout the risk analysis process, including the explanation of risk assessment findings and the basis of risk management decisions.

The process of weighing policy alternatives considering factors relevant for the health protection of consumers and selecting appropriate prevention and control options.

Risk Communication

Risk Management

Australian food safety and security systems
• Robust and well constructed Risk Assessments will identify and quantify gaps and vulnerabilities relating to the deliberate introduction of conventional or exotic contaminants or diseases into the food supply chain • Current Risk Management and Risk Communication systems and protocols are likely to be appropriate

What (more) needs to be done?
• The Food Chain Assurance Advisory Group is working on a National Food Chain Safety and Security Strategy
– sets out more clearly the actions considered necessary to address the key recommendations of its strategic assessment report covering:
• • • • • Communication, Consultation & Coordination Prevention Preparedness Response Recovery

• Expected to be launched by end 2005

What (more) should we be doing?
• Review business and national preparedness • Identify -- on both organisational and national scales -- potential hazards and sources, and raise awareness of these in the right communities • Enhance, as necessary, existing risk assessment, management and communication procedures

Philosophy of Food Defence
He is most free from danger, who, even when safe, is on his guard.
– Publius Syrus

Philosophy of Food Defence

Be Prepared
– Lord Baden-Powell Chief Scout

Core Partners

Core Members

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