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The American Revolution

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The American Revolution Powered By Docstoc
					The American Revolution

        1775 – 1783
   From Paul Revere to the
       Treaty of Paris
                           Bibliography



• Patriots: A Simulation of the American Revolution. 2000.
• Build Our Nation. 2000.
• The American Revolutionary War: A Timeline of Major Events.
  http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com
• General “Mad” Anthony Wayne.
  http://americanrevwar.homestead.com
• George Rogers Clark. http://www.kdla.ky.gov
     Paul Revere’s Ride p. 1 of 2
• Date: April 18, 1775

• Who: Paul Revere, William Dawes, &
   Dr. Samuel Prescott
• Famous Silversmith, Paul Revere, rode through
  the New England countryside from Boston to
  Lexington to warn the American colonists that
  the British were coming. He didn’t actually
     Paul Revere’s Ride p. 2 of 2
reach his destination because he was captured
  by British Redcoats, but one of his
  companions, Dr. Samuel Prescott, got the
  message through.

When the British arrived in Lexington, the
  American militia was ready.
Famous line: “The Regulars are coming!”
  The Battle of Lexington p. 1 of 2
• Date: April 19, 1775

• In the Spring of 1775, British spies sent word
  to General Gage that the Minutemen were
  collecting weapons and storing them in
  Concord, a town about 17 miles northwest of
  Boston. On April 18, Gage prepared to send
  about 800 soldiers to seize the weapons. They
  left Boston at dawn on April 19th.
     Battle of Lexington p. 2 of 2
• The two armies met on the Lexington Green
(an open area in the middle of town). The battle
  that followed was hardly a battle at all. Sixty
  minutemen faced about 250 of the best-
  trained soldiers in the world. No one knows
  who fired first, but when the firing had
  stopped, eight colonists lay dead.

Slogan: “The shot heard round the world!”
      Battle of Concord p. 1 of 2
• April 19, 1775 – right after the Battle of Lexington
• After a victory cheer, the British marched on to
  Concord. Some soldiers were sent to secure the
  bridges; others set out to destroy the supply of
  weapons. They never found the weapons.
• Instead they ran into about 500 Minutemen. The
  two sides fought, and three British soldiers and
  two Minutemen were killed.
• While the British were deciding what to do next,
      Battle of Concord p. 2 of 2
--retreat or wait for more men – word spread fast.
  Bells rang, alarm guns were fired, and riders
  thundered along country roads, spreading the
  word. Thousands of Patriots headed toward
  Concord.
The British finally decided to march back to Boston.
  For most of the 17-mile march, Minutemen shot
  at them from behind trees and stone walls. By
  the time the British troops staggered into
  Charlestown, they were beaten, bloody, and
  exhausted.
 Battle of Ft. Ticonderoga p. 1 of 2
• May 10, 1775

• Who: Ethan Allen & the Green Mountain Boys

• Ft. Ticonderoga is a New York fort on the western shore
  of Lake Champlain that was originally a French fort,
  called Carillon, that was seized by the British in the
  French & Indian War.
• This fort was captured on May 10th by the Americans in
  their first “official” victory of the American
  Revolutionary War. The fort wasn’t garrisoned well,
  but still held a stock of British weapons.
       Ft. Ticonderoga p. 2 of 2
• Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys,
  along with Benedict Arnold, captured the fort
  on May 10, 1775. The capture stalled a
  planned British invasion from Canada and also
  helped the American troops to invade Canada
  themselves.
• The British recaptured this fort in 1777, but
  abandoned it in 1780.
      The 2nd Continental Congress
                p. 1 of 2
• When: May of 1775
• Where: Philadelphia, PA

• The Second Continental Congress met in 1775,
  when the Revolutionary War had started.
  Things were going badly, and the armed forces
  were disorganized. The Continental Congress
  created the Continental Army and named
  George Washington as commander-in-chief.
     The 2nd Continental Congress
               p. 2 of 2
• The Congress continued through the summer.

• Some of the delegates included John Hancock,
  John Adams, and Samuel Adams from
  Massachusetts. Benjamin Franklin was a
  delegate from Pennsylvania. George
  Washington, Richard Henry Lee, and Patrick
  Henry came from Virginia.
        The Battle of Bunker Hill
    (fought on Breed’s Hill) p. 1 of 7
• Date: June 16, 1775
• Charlestown – across the Charles River from
  Boston (check out the map on p. 269 in the
  red book)

• This was a two-day engagement between
  British forces under the command of General
  William Howe and the American forces under
  Colonel William Prescott.
     Battle of Bunker Hill p. 2 of 7
• Two hills, Bunker Hill & Breed’s Hill, were located
  on a peninsula in Charlestown, near Boston. The
  Patriots had surrounded Boston on every side
  except Charlestown, so they decided to fortify, or
  strengthen, this peninsula.
• One the night of June 16, one thousand
  Minutemen marched in the dark to Bunker Hill.
  Their commander, Colonel William Prescott,
  decided at the last minute to fortify nearby
  Breed’s Hill instead, because it was closer to
  Boston.
     Battle of Bunker Hill p. 3 of 7
• The next morning the British saw what the colonists
  were up to on Breed’s Hill. They ordered their warships
  to begin bombarding the hill with cannons. At the
  same time, they ferried thousands of soldiers across
  the river to form battle ranks at the base of the hill.

• While they watched and waited, the Americans tried to
  control their fear. They kept repeating to themselves
  the order Colonel Prescott had given them: “Don’t one
  of you fire until you see the whites of their eyes.”
     Battle of Bunker Hill p. 4 of 7
• When the order finally came to shoot, the
  Patriots’ fire sent the line of British soldiers
  reeling. One British soldier who survived the
  battle later wrote that “such a slaughter was,
  perhaps, never made upon British troops.”

• The British, with many soldiers killed or
  wounded, were forced to retreat. Within minutes
  they launched a second attack against the hill.
    Battle of Bunker Hill p. 5 of 7
• The Patriots beat them back a second time!

• The British general sent his men up the hill a third
  time. Once again, the Patriots pushed back the
  British front line. But the soldiers kept moving
  forward until the Patriots finally ran out of
  ammunition. That’s when the British charged
  with their bayonets, forcing the Patriots to give
  up the hill and flee to higher ground. By the end
  of the day, the British had taken over the
  Charlestown peninsula.
    Battle of Bunker Hill p. 6 of 7
• Most of the fighting took place on Breed’s Hill,
  but the battle became known as the Battle of
  Bunker Hill. Though it was a victory of sorts
  for the British, it cost them. British casualties
  were much higher than Patriot casualties.
   Start of Battle: Patriots = 1,500 soldiers
                       British = 2,225 soldiers
Casualties: Patriots=500         British=1,025
    Battle of Bunker Hill p. 7 of 7
• Although they lost Breed’s Hill and Bunker Hill,
  the Americans were joyful. They had stood up
  to the greatest army of the world!
      George Washington takes
             Command
• July 3, 1775
• Cambridge, Massachussetts

• George Washington takes command of the
  Continental Army which now has about
  17,000 men.
       The Olive Branch Petition
• July 5, 1775 (after the Battle of Bunker Hill)
• Congress voted to sign King George III a
  petition (a written request signed by many
  people). This one was called the Olive Branch
  Petition (an olive branch is a sign of peace).
• The Congress begged King George III to bring
  about a “happy and permanent
  reconciliation”. The King refused, calling the
  colonists rebels.
     Necessity of Taking up Arms
• July 6, 1775

• Congress, meeting in Philadelphia, issues a
  declaration that explain the causes and
  necessity of Patriots taking up arms (going to
  war).
              1st Post Office
• July 26, 1775

• An American Post Office is established with
  Ben Franklin as Postmaster General.
  Montgomery captures Montreal
            p. 1 of 2
• November 13, 1775

• General Richard Montgomery led American
  troops in the capture of Montreal.
  Montgomery then ordered General Benedict
  Arnold to capture the Canadian city of
  Quebec. Their presence in Canada, however,
  was not long lasting.
     Canadian Invasion p. 2 of 2
• To reach Canada, Arnold led his 700 men
  through the harsh Maine wilderness. After
  joining forces with Montgomery, the
  Americans attacked Quebec. Montgomery
  was killed during their attempt to capture the
  city. Arnold was severely wounded, retreated
  to Ft. Ticonderoga in New York.

• “Americaslibrary.gov”
      An American Navy and …..
• November 28, 1775

• Congress establishes the American Navy.

• The next day Congress appoints a secret
  committee to seek help from European
  nations.
      The Colonies are closed to
     commerce & France may……
• December 23, 1775

• King George III issues a royal proclamation
  that officially closes the American colonies to
   commerce and trade. This closure was to take
  place in March of 1776. Britain would no
  longer sell goods to the colonies.
In December Congress is informed that France
  may offer support in the war against Britain.
            “Common Sense”
• January 15, 1776
• Thomas Paine, an Englishman who recently
  arrived in the colonies published a pamphlet
  that persuaded many colonists to become
  Patriots.
• Paine wrote that independence from Britain
  was the only true way to prevent Britain from
  abusing the colonists’ rights.
• Sold over 100,000 copies in three months
Moore’s Creek, New Providence, &
            Boston
• February 27th – Patriots triumph at Moore’s
  Creek in North Carolina.

• March 3rd – The Continental Naval fleet
  captures New Providence Island in the
  Bahamas.
• March 17th – The British evacuate Boston.
     Should we be independent?
• June 7th – Richard Henry Lee of Virginia asked
  Congress to vote for independence. Before
  voting, Congress decided to draft a declaration
  telling why the colonies wanted to be free
  from British rule. Congress appointed a
  committee to write it. The committee
  members were: John Adams, Ben Franklin,
  Robert Livingston, Roger Sherman, and
  Thomas Jefferson.
• June 28th – Britain defends Ft. Moultrie, SC.
            Yes, we are free!
                 P. 1 of 2
• July 4, 1776 – The Declaration of
  Independence was officially approved by
  Congress.
• Two months later, on August 2nd, the
  document signers gathered in silence. They
  knew this would make them traitors, which
  was a hangable offense.
           Freedom p. 2 of 2
• Hancock said, “There must be no pulling
  different ways. We must all hang together.”

• Franklin responded, “Yes, we must indeed all
  hang together, or most assuredly we shall all
  hang separately.”

• Abigail Adams wrote to her husband asking for
  equality for women. This was not included.
     Battle of Long Island and…..
                P. 1 of 2
• August 27-30, 1776
• With the arrival of 30,000 British troops in
  New York harbor the British win the Battle of
  Long Island (Battle of Brooklyn).

• September 15th – British win the Battle of
  Harlem Heights.
• October 11th – Benedict Arnold was defeated
  at Lake Champlain.
           Long Island and……
                P. 2 of 2
• October 28th – Americans retreat at the Battle
  of White Plains, New York. Washington writes
  his brother “the game is pretty near up.”
• November 16th – British capture Ft.
  Washington in New York and Ft. Lee in
  New Jersey.
December 6th – The naval base at Newport,
  Rhode Island is captured by British.
The Battle of Trenton 12/26/1776
During the winter, both armies generally retired
 into “winter quarters.” Washington knew that
 he desperately needed a victory to show the
 American people that the cause was not lost.
 On Christmas night, 1776, he led his freezing
 army across the ice filled Delaware River and
 struck the Hessian (German soldiers who
 fought for the British for pay – mercenaries)
  garrison at Trenton, New Jersey. Surprised by
 the morning assault, over 1000 Hessian troops
 surrendered.
           Battle of Princeton
            January 3, 1777
Encouraged by his success at Trenton,
  Washington struck and scattered a British
  force on January 3, 1777, near Princeton.

This forced the retreat of the British Army from
  New Jersey to New York. Washington
  successfully demonstrated that the war was
  not hopeless and gave the young nation a will
  to resist.
                Winter Plans
• January 6 through May 28, 1777
  Throughout the long winter of 1776-1777 both
 sides rested their armies and plotted strategy for the
 spring campaigns. The British decide to attack on
 two fronts. One army would move to capture
 Philadelphia, America’s largest city, while another
 army would follow the Hudson River north from New
 York City, past Albany, isolating New England. This
 strategy was a disaster for the Redcoats.
   Brandywine & More…. P. 1 of 3
• 6/14 – Flag Resolution was passed. Flag designed by
  Hopkinson, likely sewn by Betsy Ross
   -7/5 – St. Clair surrenders Ft. Ticonderoga to the
     British.
   -7/27: Marquis de Lafayette, a French officer,
     arrived in Philadelphia to help Washington.
   -8/6: Americans defeat the British at Ft. Stanwix, in
     the Mohawk Valley in Oriskany, NY
   -8/25: British General Howe lands at Head of Elk,
     Maryland, replacing General Thomas Gage.
   Brandywine & More…p. 2 of 3
9/11: American troops under General
 Washington tried to stop British troops under
 Generals Howe and Cornwallis from reaching
 Philadelphia, the temporary American capital.
 Howe’s 18,000 British troops were more than
 enough for the 11,000 Americans, who
 backtracked to Chester, leaving Philadelphia
 dangerously exposed. The British occupied
 the capital and then pressed on to
 Brandywine.
   Brandywine & More…. P. 3 of 3
9/16: Battle at the Clouds, Pennsylvania was
 rained out.
9/19: General Burgoyne was stopped by
 Americans, led by Horatio Gates, at Freeman’s
 Farm, NY.
9/26: British, under Gen. Howe occupy
 Philadelphia.
         Battle of Germantown
• 10/4/77: After the British won at Brandywine,
  they camped at Germantown, PA, a city
  nearby. American Generals Washington and
  Nathaniel Greene marched on Germantown
  from different directions. The resulting battle
  caused the British to fall back, but American
  attempts to finish off a bunch of Redcoats
  hiding in a house resulted in more American
  casualties than British. Though a British
  victory, it was an American win of sorts.
Turning Point at Saratoga p. 1 of 2
• 10/7: Burgoyne loses a 2nd battle of Freeman’s Farm,
  NY
• 10/17: Burgoyne surrenders to American General
  Gates at Saratoga. It was the turning point in the war
  in that this victory convinced France to enter the war
  on side of the Americans. There was a 3-pronged
  attack. Burgoyne came from the south. He met at
  Albany, NY with Generals St. Leger & Howe.
• St. Leger was to move east from Ft. Oswego, on Lake
  Ontario; and Howe was to march north from Virginia.
  Burgoyne thought this was a brilliant plan!
 Turning Point of Saratoga p. 2 o 2f
• Burgoyne hoped to crush the northern army. Trouble
  was, it didn’t work.
• Howe never got the message. He went to
  Philadelphia instead. Burgoyne was stopped by Gen.
  Benedict Arnold at Saratoga. St. Leger made it to
  Albany, and had it all to himself.
• At the Battle of Saratoga (which was actually a few
  battles), Burgoyne surrended almost his entire army
  (6,000 soldiers) to Gen. Horatio Gates on 10/17/77.
  French money and supplies began to come to
  America!
           Valley Forge              p. 1 of 2
• December 1777 through June 1778
• Gen. Washington led his army into winter quarters at Valley
  Forge, PA. The winter proved to be an ordeal for the
  Continental Army, and only the determined will of Gen.
  Washington kept the army together. While enduring brutal
  cold, many soldiers lacked food, clothing, and even shoes.
• General Washington wrote to Congress, “You might have
  tracked the army…to Valley Forge by the blood of their feet.”
  One soldier wrote that his meal at Thanksgiving was “a leg of
  nothing and no turnips.” Sickness and starvation claimed over
  2,500 lives. Many, worried about their families and unable to
  endure more, deserted and went home.
            Valley Forge p. 2 of 2
• But even as the soldiers shivered in their log huts and
  endured incredible privations, Baron Friedrich von Steuben
  arrived from Prussia (Germany). His new drill technique
  simplified the complicated maneuvers soldiers must learn and
  turned the ragtag American army into a much more efficient
  fighting force.
• By late winter, better supply methods brought food and
  clothing. Though weakened by its ordeal, by the spring the
  newly organized Continental Army was ready to take the war
  to the British.
            May 1777 through 1779
  Clark’s campaign in the Northwest p. 1 of 2
• In the beginning the war was fought mainly in the Northeast.
  Then it began to spread to the West, to the Spanish territories
  in the Southwest, and to the South. In each place, heroes
  sprang up to fight for the Patriot cause.
• One of those heroes was George Rogers Clark. He and a small
  band of riflemen set out to take the Ohio River Valley away
  from the British and their Native American allies. With fewer
  than 200 men, Clark captured three forts in the summer of
  1778. During the winter, Clark captured Ft. Vincennes on the
  Wabash River. He had only about 150 men left. Cold and
  hungry they marched 180 miles through flooded lands to
  reach the fort. Taking the British troops by surprise, Clark
  forced them to surrender.
   Clark and some others p. 2 of 2
• On June 21, 1779 Spain formally declared war
  on Great Britain. Bernardo de Galvez,
  governor of the Spanish territory of Louisiana,
  gathered in New Orleans an army of militia,
  Native Americans, African Americans, and
  other volunteers. They successfully attacked
  the British at Pensacola, Natchez, and Baton
  Rouge. These victories opened up the
  Mississippi River to American ships.
     Monmouth & more battles
           p. 1 of 2
• 6/28: Washington fights to a draw at
  Monmouth Court House. Americans coming
  from Valley Forge wanted to stop the British
  advance from Philadelphia to New York. The
  heat was terrible. Exhausted, both sides
  stopped fighting. Under cover of darkness,
  the British slipped away. This battle saw the
  deeds of Mary Hays McCauly, better known as
  “Molly Pitcher”.
      Monmouth & More p. 2 of 2
• 7/4: Clark captures Kaskaskia near Detroit.
• 8/8: French and American forces besiege Newport, RI.
• 12/29: British occupy Savannah, Georgia
1779:
• 2/14: Militia beat Tories at Kettle Creek, North Carolina
• 2/25: Clark captures Ft. Vincennes
• 7/8: Fairfield, Connecticut was burned by the British
• 7/11: Norwalk, CT was burned by the British
• 7/15-16: Americans capture Stony Point, NY
      John Paul Jones & The War at Sea p. 1 of 2

• 9/23/1779: In 1775 Britain’s mighty fleet ruled the seas. The
  Patriot’s regular navy was mostly ineffective, and ships were
  either captured or sunk by the powerful British warships. The
  Americans enjoyed one key advantage: the British had to
  carry every bullet, jacket, and cracker across the wide Atlantic.
  The British merchant fleet carrying these supplies was
  vulnerable to American attack by hundreds of small, quick
  ships called privateers (private vessels fitted out with
  cannons). Privateers were fairly successful in interrupting
  British supply lines.
      John Paul Jones & the War at Sea p. 2 of 2

• In one famous and inspiring naval battle, American ship
  Captain John Paul Jones with his ship the Bon Homme
  Richard, won a fierce battle against the British ship Serapis off
  the English coast.

• Though the American naval victories were few and far
  between, brave Captains such as Jones gave the new nation a
  needed boost. John Paul Jones is generally regarded as the
  founder of the United States Navy.
   Lots more battles – Many in the South & West
• 9/28: “No Flint” Grey kills 30 Americans by bayonet. This
  became known as the Tappan Massacre.
• 10/9: Americans attempt to recapture Savannah, Georgia.
  They fail.
• Winter 1779-1780: Coldest winter of the war: Washington
  camps at Morristown, New Jersey.
1780:
5/12: British capture Charleston, South Carolina
5/29: British crush Americans at Waxhaw Creek, SC
6/20: Patriots rout Tories at Ramseur’s Mill, North Carolina
7/11: French troops arrive at Newport, RI, to aid the American
  cause.
8/6: Patriots defeat Tories at Hanging Rock, SC
                Battle of Camden
8/16/1780: The British won at Camden, SC.
 British forces under General Charles Cornwallis routed the
  American troops under General Horatio Gates. The American
  troops actually outnumbered the British troops, but discipline
  prevailed. Gates himself actually fled the field and never
  commanded another army.
The victory was important because it solidified Britain’s hold on
  South Carolina, a move made to split the American colonies in
  half, North and South. Britain kept a tight hold on South
  Carolina until January 17, 1781 (Cowpens).
 Benedict Arnold Commits Treason
• September 25, 1780
• General Benedict was a brilliant Patriot who won several
  battles against the British. He won at Lake Champlain and
  helped Ethan Allen take Ft. Ticonderoga. He played a major
  part in the American victory at Saratoga.

• Yet, he joined the British and tried to help them win the war.
  He had planned to deliver his own keys to West Point, the site
  of the US Army, to Britain’s Major John Andre. Andre was
  captured and hanged. Arnold escaped and actually
  commanded British troops later in the war. He did in Britain,
  unrecognized and alone.
        King’s Mountain to Cowpens p. 1 of 2
• 10/7: The Battle at King’s Mountain, SC lasted 65 minutes.
  American troops led by Isaac Shelby and John Sevier defeated
  Major Patrick Ferguson and one-third of General Cornwallis’s
  army.
• 10/14: Washington names Nathaniel Greene as commander
  of the Southern Army.
1781:
• 1/1: Unpaid soldiers in Pennsylvania mutinied.

• 1/17: Battle of Cowpens: This was a decisive battle that
  turned the tide of the war in the South. American forces
  under Nathanael Greene met British forces under the
  command of General Cornwallis near some cowpens in South
  Carolina. Outnumbered and ill-prepared, the Americans
   King’s Mountain to Cowpens p. 2 of 2


• Nontheless won the day with a fierce bayonet
  charge that resulted in a mass surrender.

• This victory convinced Cornwallis to look
  northward, a decision that would ultimately
  lead him to Yorktown and ……..
     The Articles of Confederation
• March 2, 1781
• These articles were a document (later replaced by our
  Constitution) that outlined the format the government would
  follow after the Revolutionary War.

• The focus was on state governments, which had tremendous
  power. This form of government proved unequal to the task
  of governing the 13 states, mainly because 9 of the 13 had to
  agree to get anything done.

• The result of this failure was the Constitutional Convention.
   Battle at Guilford Court House
• 3/15/1781: This was a British victory, but
  together with the loss at Cowpens, it
  weakened the British forces in the South.

• General Charles Cornwallis, commander of the
  British southern forces, decided to abandon
  North and South Carolina and march to
  Virginia.
               More Battles
• 6/6/81: Americans recapture Augusta,
  Georgia
• 6/18: British hold off Americans at Ninety-Six,
  South Carolina
• 7/6: “Mad” Anthony Wayne – American
  General was repulsed (pushed back) at Green
  Farms, Virgina
• 9/8: Nathanael Greene defeated at Eutaw
  Springs, SC
• 9/15: French fleet drove British naval forces
  from Chesapeake Bay.
                  Victory At Yorktown
               October 19, 1781 p. 1 of 2
• Washington’s army was now generally well fed, adequately
  armed, and reliably supplied. When General Cornwallis
  retreated from the Carolinas in 1781, Washington force-
  marched his army from New York to confront and confine the
  British on the Yorktown peninsula in Chesapeake Bay.
• With the American and French army on one side, surrounded
  on three sides by water, and with the French fleet preventing
  British re-supply, Cornwallis had no choice but to surrender
  his 8,000 soldiers in October of 1781.
• At the surrender ceremony, Cornwallis’s sword was accepted
  by General Benjamin Lincoln, while a British band played “The
  World Turned Upside Down”. This was the last major battle of
  the war, although some minor skirmishes took
         Yorktown & other things……..p. 2 of 2

• At the surrender ceremony, Cornwallis’s sword was accepted
  by General Benjamin Lincoln, while a British band played “The
  World Turned Upside Down”. This was the last major battle of
  the war, although some minor skirmishes took place for the
  next two years, until the Treaty of Paris was officially ended
  the war in 1783.
• 3/20/82: Lord North resigned as British Prime Minister.
• 7/11/82: British evacuated Savannah, Georgia.
• 11/30/82: British sign Articles of Peace.
• 12/14/82: British leave Charleston, SC.
• 4/19/83: Congress ratifies preliminary peace treaty.
                    Treaty of Paris
              September 3, 1983 p. 1 of 2
• The Treaty of Paris officially ended the Revolutionary War. It
  was signed by Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay.
  Under the terms of the treaty, Britain recognized the
  independent nation of the United States of America. Britain .
  agreed to remove all of its troops from the new nation.
• The treaty also set new borders for the United States,
  including all the land from the Great Lakes on the north to
  Florida on the south, and from the Atlantic Ocean to the
  Mississippi River.
• The United States agreed to allow British troops to still in
  America to leave and also agreed to pay all existing debts
  owed to Great Britain.
         Treaty of Paris and More…… p. 2 of 2

• The United States also agreed not to persecute Loyalists still in
  America and to allow those that left America to return.
• 11/25/83: British troops leave New York.
• 12/23/83: General George Washington resigns as
  Commander of the Continental Army.
• May of 1787: The Articles of Confederation (government
  plan) is not working. Congress asks each state to send
  delegates to a convention in Philadelphia. The purpose was to
  make the Articles of Confederation a stronger document. It
  didn’t work.
• 9/17/87: The US Constitution is ratified!
                      Conclusion
• Though war is never glorious, it is sometimes necessary to win
  freedom from oppression. The true war heroes are the
  everyday citizens who take a stand and sacrifice so that others
  will benefit. Counting troops on both sides, over half a million
  soldiers and sailors participated in the American
  Revolutionary War, with between 20,000 and 25,000
  American deaths.
• American colonists fought and died for a cause they truly
  believed was more important than their physical comfort,
  their health, or their lives. By studying the courage and
  sacrifices of our ancestors, we can more deeply appreciate
  our country, our national ideals, and our role in the future. In
  the words of Cicero, a Roman statesman, “To ignore history is
  to remain a child.”
                            Bibliography
• Patriots: A Simulation of the American Revolution. 2000.

• Build Our Nation. 2000.

• George Rogers Clark. http://www.kdla.ky.gov.

• “Mad” Anthony Wayne. http://americanrevwar.homestead.com

• Social Studies for Kids: A Timeline of the American Revolution.
  http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com

• http://Americaslibrary.gov

				
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