"Harvard Style Citation"
Referencing (HARVARD) By Ian Cole 1 Referencing (HARVARD) Demonstrate use of the Harvard system of referencing. The Why, What, How of referencing. Understand the guidelines for the submission of written work. 2 Referencing (HARVARD) Quote from the Student Handbook: “A reference list must be provided, using the Harvard referencing system” DoHS student handbook 2001/2002 Appendix G page 45. 3 Referencing (HARVARD) Why? • Acknowledge debts to other writers. • Demonstrate the body of knowledge upon which your assignment is based. • Enable the reader(s) to locate your sources easily. 4 Referencing Conventions (HARVARD) What ? • Citing/Citation • The way that (you) the writer refer to texts that you wish to include in your work – example to follow. • Can also be all of the information retrieved from a bibliographical database search. • References • an alphabetical list describing each source that you have used. • Bibliography • a list of material you have used for information or inspiration but have not referred to directly in the text. 5 A paraphrase is... your own rendition of essential information and ideas expressed by someone else, presented in a new form. one legitimate way (when accompanied by accurate documentation) to borrow from a source. a more detailed restatement than a summary, which focuses concisely on a single main idea. 6 Method of citation • Mention author(s) • Date of publication Cole and Kelsey (2003) conclude that…. According to Cole (2001 p 25) ‘the evidence suggests these systems will not continue unless……’ 7 Referencing Conventions (HARVARD) How ? Book Reference: Author(s),.(Date) Title.Edition. Place: Publisher. Nicklin, P., and Kenworthy, N. eds., (2000) Teaching and Assessing in Nursing Practice. 3rd ed. London: Baillière Tindall. Journal Reference: Nicklin, P. (2001) Safety Conscious. Health Management. 5 (5), 24-25. 8 Referencing Conventions (HARVARD) How to do it • prepare citation in text (check spelling and date!) • Write the reference (or a prompt note) and insert (alphabetically) into reference page • when „proof reading‟ check each citation in the reference list • keep your references for „re-cycling‟ 9 Referencing Exercise Practice at writing references 10 Referencing Exercise Journal: Author Surname, Author Initial. (Date) Article title. Journal Title, Volume (part), pages. Burnham, J.F.(1994) Information management education for students in the health care professions: a coordinated, integrated plan. Medical Reference Services Quarterly. 13(2):45-62. 11 Referencing Exercise Journal: Author Surname, Author Initial(s). (Date) Article title. Journal Title, Volume (part), pages. Blythe, J., and Royle, J.A. (1993) Assessing nurses' information needs in the work environment. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association. 81(4), p433-5. 12 Referencing Exercise Journal - Online: Author Surname, Author Initial. (Date) Article title. [format] Journal Title, Place of Publication: Publisher: Available at: <URL> [ Accessed Date]. Drury, R.M. (1997) Considerations in planning a computer learning lab for nursing students. [online] On-Line Journal of Nursing Informatics. Available at: http://cac.psu.edu/~dxm12/OJNI.html [Accessed 25 March 2003] 13 Referencing Exercise Journal: Author Surname, Author Initial. (Date) Article title. Journal Title, Volume (part), pages. Birx, E., Castleberry, K. and Perry, K. (1996) Integration of laptop computer technology into an undergraduate nursing course. Computers in Nursing. 14(2), p108-12. 14 Guidelines for submission of written work 15