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					Referencing
  (HARVARD)



    By

 Ian Cole

              1
                  Referencing
                      (HARVARD)



   Demonstrate use of the Harvard
    system of referencing.
       The Why, What, How of referencing.
   Understand the guidelines for the
    submission of written work.


                                             2
            Referencing
                 (HARVARD)


Quote from the Student Handbook:

 “A reference list must be provided,
 using the Harvard referencing
 system”
 DoHS student handbook 2001/2002
 Appendix G page 45.

                                       3
          Referencing
               (HARVARD)

Why?
• Acknowledge debts to other writers.
• Demonstrate the body of knowledge
 upon which your assignment is based.
• Enable the reader(s) to locate your
 sources easily.
                                        4
  Referencing Conventions
                           (HARVARD)

What ?
• Citing/Citation
  • The way that (you) the writer refer to texts that you wish to
    include in your work – example to follow.
  • Can also be all of the information retrieved from a bibliographical
    database search.

• References
  • an alphabetical list describing each source that you have used.
• Bibliography
  • a list of material you have used for information or inspiration but
    have not referred to directly in the text.                            5
     A paraphrase is...

   your own rendition of essential information
    and ideas expressed by someone else,
    presented in a new form.
   one legitimate way (when accompanied by
    accurate documentation) to borrow from a
    source.
   a more detailed restatement than a
    summary, which focuses concisely on a
    single main idea.
                                             6
             Method of citation

•    Mention author(s)
•    Date of publication
    Cole and Kelsey (2003) conclude that….

According to Cole (2001 p 25) ‘the evidence
suggests these systems will not continue
unless……’


                                              7
 Referencing Conventions
                      (HARVARD)
                       How ?
Book Reference:
Author(s),.(Date) Title.Edition. Place: Publisher.
Nicklin, P., and Kenworthy, N. eds., (2000)
Teaching and Assessing in Nursing Practice. 3rd ed.
London: Baillière Tindall.

Journal Reference:
Nicklin, P. (2001) Safety Conscious.
Health Management. 5 (5), 24-25.
                                                      8
 Referencing Conventions
                   (HARVARD)
How to do it
• prepare citation in text (check spelling and
  date!)
• Write the reference (or a prompt note) and
  insert (alphabetically) into reference page
• when „proof reading‟ check each citation in
  the reference list
• keep your references for „re-cycling‟
                                                 9
Referencing Exercise

    Practice at
writing references

                       10
     Referencing Exercise
Journal:
 Author Surname, Author Initial. (Date) Article title. Journal
 Title, Volume (part), pages.

 Burnham, J.F.(1994) Information management education
 for students in the health care professions: a coordinated,
 integrated plan. Medical Reference Services Quarterly.
 13(2):45-62.



                                                            11
     Referencing Exercise
Journal:
 Author Surname, Author Initial(s). (Date) Article title.
 Journal Title, Volume (part), pages.

 Blythe, J., and Royle, J.A. (1993) Assessing nurses'
 information needs in the work environment. Bulletin of the
 Medical Library Association. 81(4), p433-5.




                                                            12
     Referencing Exercise
Journal - Online:
  Author Surname, Author Initial. (Date) Article title. [format]
 Journal Title, Place of Publication: Publisher: Available at:
 <URL> [ Accessed Date].

 Drury, R.M. (1997) Considerations in planning a computer
 learning lab for nursing students. [online] On-Line Journal of
 Nursing Informatics. Available at:
 http://cac.psu.edu/~dxm12/OJNI.html
 [Accessed 25 March 2003]


                                                             13
     Referencing Exercise
Journal:
 Author Surname, Author Initial. (Date) Article title. Journal
 Title, Volume (part), pages.

 Birx, E., Castleberry, K. and Perry, K. (1996) Integration of
 laptop computer technology into an undergraduate nursing
 course. Computers in Nursing. 14(2), p108-12.




                                                            14
Guidelines for submission of
        written work


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