The Dos and Don’ts of Interviewing Interviewing: A conversation between a researcher and one or more informants. Used for obtaining information on what people think or feel (attitudinal data) as well as on what they do (behavioral data). 2 Kinds of Interview 1. Structured Interview Ask all informants exactly the same set of question in the same sequence, and preferably under the same set of conditions. 2. Unstructured Interview Ask open-ended questions on a general topic and expect interviewees to respond at their own pace using their own words. Kinds of Informants 1. Casual Informant An informant from whom an ethnographer obtains information from time to time. 2. Key Informant An informant on whom, because of specialized knowledge or influence, an ethnographer relies heavily. 3. Focus Group A small group of informants (5-7) brought together to shade light on a particular topic. Dos and Don’ts of Interviewing The Dos Spend time on: Forming the Interview Team Fixing the roles and responsibilities Understanding the topic Planning the Interview Selecting the spot for the interview The Dos of Interviewing Feel that you are a learner. Leave status, achievements, and experience behind. Show your interest and enthusiasm in learning from people. The Don’ts of Interviewing Don’t feel superior to the villagers. Don’t feel that there is nothing more for you to learn. The Dos of Interviewing Create an atmosphere of trust, confidence and enjoyment. Explain the purpose of the interview. In as much, use the local language. The Dos of Interviewing Conduct the interview face to face with the respondents. Don’t say anything that would create unnecessary expectations from the respondent Facilitate and control the interview The Dos of Interviewing Be sensitive to the moods such as anger, boredom, hurt, anguish, enthusiasm and others and build on it. Don’t hesitate to clear your doubts and curiosities with the respondents. But don’t do it in an ignorant fashion either. Write down the responses in verbatim. The Dos of Interviewing Be alert. Look for information and leads, seize them and follow-up. Make your questions clear and easy to understand. Listen carefully and facilitate an information flow. The Don’ts of Interviewing Don’t blunder about confuse. Probe responses which are not clear. Don’t monopolize the interview. Don’t interrupt. It disturbs the flow of thought of the respondent and may disturbs his or her concentration. The Don’ts of Interviewing Don’t give leading questions. Avoid giving lengthy questions. Don’t all talk at the same time. It is confusing. The Dos of Interviewing For Group interviews Remember that everyone has something to say. Involve the silent ones especially women. Share the works among yourselves and change roles. Remember good teamwork is an important part of any successful activity. Check alienation in the group; involve yourself (as if you are) in what is going on. The Dos of Interviewing Terminate bad interviews without feeling bad about it. But do try to analyze what went wrong. The Dos of Interviewing Bring necessary identifications e.g., ID, residence certificate. Dress yourself simply and appropriately. The Don’ts of Interviewing Don’t dress up as if you are going to a party. If possible, leave valuables behind. The Dos of Interviewing Before ending the interview, review the guide questions or survey questionnaire for unanswered portion or gaps. After the interview, don’t forget to thank your respondent for the time and information he/she shared. END!!! MADAMO GID NGA SALAMAT!!!
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