; The Dos and Don’ts of Interviewing
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The Dos and Don’ts of Interviewing


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									The Dos and Don’ts
  of Interviewing

   A conversation between a
    researcher and one or more
   Used for obtaining information
    on what people think or feel
    (attitudinal data) as well as on
    what they do (behavioral data).
2 Kinds of Interview
1. Structured Interview
  Ask all informants exactly the same
  set of question in the same
  sequence, and preferably under the
  same set of conditions.

2. Unstructured Interview
  Ask open-ended questions on a
  general topic and expect
  interviewees to respond at their own
  pace using their own words.
Kinds of Informants
1. Casual Informant
   An informant from whom an ethnographer
   obtains information from time to time.

2. Key Informant
   An informant on whom, because of
   specialized knowledge or influence, an
   ethnographer relies heavily.

3. Focus Group
   A small group of informants (5-7) brought
   together to shade light on a particular topic.
Dos and Don’ts of Interviewing

The Dos
Spend time on:
     Forming the Interview Team
     Fixing the roles and
     Understanding the topic
     Planning the Interview
     Selecting the spot for the
The Dos of Interviewing

   Feel that you are a learner.
    Leave status, achievements,
    and experience behind.
   Show your interest and
    enthusiasm in learning from
The Don’ts of Interviewing

   Don’t feel superior to the

   Don’t feel that there is nothing
    more for you to learn.
The Dos of Interviewing

   Create an atmosphere of trust,
    confidence and enjoyment.
   Explain the purpose of the
   In as much, use the local
The Dos of Interviewing

   Conduct the interview face to
    face with the respondents.
   Don’t say anything that would
    create unnecessary
    expectations from the
   Facilitate and control the
The Dos of Interviewing

   Be sensitive to the moods such as
    anger, boredom, hurt, anguish,
    enthusiasm and others and build
    on it.
   Don’t hesitate to clear your doubts
    and curiosities with the
    respondents. But don’t do it in an
    ignorant fashion either.
   Write down the responses in
The Dos of Interviewing

   Be alert. Look for information
    and leads, seize them and
   Make your questions clear and
    easy to understand.
   Listen carefully and facilitate
    an information flow.
The Don’ts of Interviewing

   Don’t blunder about confuse.
    Probe responses which are not
   Don’t monopolize the
   Don’t interrupt. It disturbs the
    flow of thought of the
    respondent and may disturbs
    his or her concentration.
The Don’ts of Interviewing

   Don’t give leading questions.

   Avoid giving lengthy questions.

   Don’t all talk at the same time.
    It is confusing.
The Dos of Interviewing
For Group interviews
   Remember that everyone has
    something to say. Involve the
    silent ones especially women.
   Share the works among yourselves
    and change roles. Remember
    good teamwork is an important part
    of any successful activity.
   Check alienation in the group;
    involve yourself (as if you are) in
    what is going on.
The Dos of Interviewing

   Terminate bad interviews
    without feeling bad about it.
    But do try to analyze what
    went wrong.
The Dos of Interviewing

   Bring necessary identifications
    e.g., ID, residence certificate.

   Dress yourself simply and
The Don’ts of Interviewing

   Don’t dress up as if you are
    going to a party. If possible,
    leave valuables behind.
The Dos of Interviewing

   Before ending the interview,
    review the guide questions or
    survey questionnaire for
    unanswered portion or gaps.
   After the interview, don’t forget
    to thank your respondent for the
    time and information he/she


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