BADMINTON MANUAL by fdh56iuoui

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									BADMINTON
 MANUAL
    Lynne Scutt
 Oceania Badminton
 Development Officer
                          INTRODUCTION
    The badminton manual is a resource that has been created to
    assist all levels of teacher, coach or interested player to learn
    more about the sport that is played and enjoyed by millions around
    the world.
    Most basic information about badminton is covered including
    strokes, footwork, latest rules and tournament ideas.
    You will also be able to gain the knowledge to coach a lesson in
    badminton or take a group of students or players in a session and
    teach basic skills and techniques.
    This information has been put together by the Oceania
    Development officer and is aimed at assisting mainly the island
    nations but a lot of the material will relevant to everyone who
    wants to learn about badminton


                              CONTENTS
    Page
      3         Grips – forehand / backhand
      4 -6      Serving & Returning
      7 - 11    Badminton Shots:
                 Overhead (clear, drop, smash)
                 Front of court (net shots, lifts)
                 Defence, Blocks & Drives
     11 - 13    Footwork
     14         Feeding = hand & racket
     15 - 17    Planning a session
                 Warm up & warm down / Fun games
     18         Court playing areas for singles & doubles
     19         Scoring – new scoring system
     20 - 22    Tournaments – draw sheets / umpire sheets
     23         The badminton court layout




2                 Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer
               GRIPS for BADMINTON
                                          FOREHAND GRIP

To adopt the forehand grip you should ‘shake hands’ with your
racket. When holding the racket out in front of you the racket
should be parallel with the floor with the racket head angled
vertically. The ‘V’ produced between your finger and thumb
should be on top of the racket handle – pic 1A
The grip should be relaxed, the fingers will tighten on the
handle just before impact with the shuttle – the greater the
power needed the tighter the grip
                                                                                          Picture 1A


                                          BACKHAND GRIP

                To us the backhand grip your thumb must sit
                on the flat part of the racket handle (you
                must be able to see the strings) – pic 1B. The
                grip must be loose to enable the thumb to
                guide the racket through the shot.
                The racket should be held in your fingers,
                                                                                          Picture 1C
                not your palm. Your fingers and thumb should
                be used to control the racket and for power –
                pic 1C
  Picture 1B




TRAINING IDEAS:
Each player has a racket and a shuttle (if not enough rackets they can work in
pairs or 3s and take turns). Using a small controlled underarm stroke, hit the
shuttle about 1-2 metres in the air, using the forehand grip. This should be
continuous and the player should attempt to hit as many in a row as possible.
The racket needs to be pointed upwards and small strokes are to be used.
When the player is comfortable with the forehand – try the same using the
backhand grip, and then progress to alternate – forehand / backhand

Points to remember –
   • Be aware of the surrounds eg obstacles, dangers for the group
   • If outside, be aware of weather (wind) try to keep in controlled
          environment so not to lose shuttles.
   • Set targets for the good players, make sure all players attempt this skill




                         Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer                3
           SERVING AND RETURNING
                          HIGH SERVE (Singles Serve)

    The aim of the high serve is to get the shuttle as high and as far back in the
    court as possible.
     • Forehand grip to be used
     • Face the direction to serve, stand side on with non-racket
            leg forward (right handed players have left leg forward)
            - pic 2A
     • Hold the shuttle with your other hand (right handed
            players hold shuttle with left), above the level of your
            waist in front of your body – pic 2B
     • Hold the racket up ready to serve
     • Swing the racket, dropping the shuttle onto the racket to make contact -
              pic 2C
     •    Follow through in the intended direction of the shuttle ending up with your
             racket over your opposite shoulder – pic 2D
     •    Ensure to transfer weight from racket leg to non-racket leg during the
             serve.
     •    Its important that the hand holding the shuttle be held high as this will
             help making the shuttle go higher – pic 2B
     •    If contact is difficult – restrict the swing eg smaller distance to the
             shuttle
     •    In a game of singles, to serve the player should stand approximately 1m
             from the front service line and serve on the diagonal (see page 18)
     •    NOTE: it’s a fault serve if you slide or lift your feet during a serve




         Picture 2A             Picture 2B                        Picture 2C              Picture 2D




4                        Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer
                           DOUBLES SERVE (backhand)
The aim of this doubles serve is to serve as low to the net and as close to the
short single line as possible. You can use either a forehand or backhand grip, but
the easiest to learn for beginners and new players and the most consistent is
the backhand serve.

   •   Use the Backhand grip (see above)
   •   Stand close to the short service line, in a comfortable position.
          Eg some like to stand with left foot forward, some right foot, some
             face on to the net – pic 3A
   •   Have the racket against the body – below the waist line
   •   Hold the shuttle at the top by the feather in front of the racket head –
       pic 3B & 3C
   •   Using the fingers and thumb push the shuttle flat over the net, keeping
       the strings aimed in a flat line so the serve does not go too high – pic 3C
   •   On contact point the strings in the direction they want the serve to go.
   •   If you hold the racket too tight the shuttle will go too high and far




             Picture 3A                          Picture 3B                          Picture 3C




   TRAINING IDEAS
   The service in singles and doubles is very important,
   players who have a good service usually have a good
   advantage in games. Try to include serving practice in
   each session for beginners.
   For practising the action a net is not important – the
   action without a shuttle is also very useful drill.
   In pairs players can practice their serve. If they need
   a target the opposing playing can put their racket on
   the ground for the server to aim at
   Remember the aim is to get the serve as low to the net
   as possible to make it hard for the receiver to attack


                          Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer          5
                                      RETURN OF SERVICE
     In singles – players should stand in the middle of the area to be served into.
     See page 18. In doubles, the player can stand a little closer towards the
     service line – pic 4A. The player must then be ready to move fast towards
     the shuttle as soon as the serve is hit. The ideal position is to stand with
     your legs positioned with your non-racket leg in front (left leg for right
     handers). Have your knees bent so you are ready to move with your racket
     up so you can react quicker to the serve – pics 4B & 4C




             Picture 4A                                     Picture 4B                         Picture 4C



     Positioning for Serving / Returning in Doubles & Mixed
                          In mens or ladies doubles, the server will
                          stand close to the service line and their
                          partner should stand in the middle of the
                          court behind the server so they are ready to
                          cover the back of the court – pic 4D
                          Also when the pair is receiving, the partner
                          should stand behind the receiver in the
    Picture 4D            middle of the court – pic 4E                                             Picture 4E


                          In Mixed doubles it’s normal for the lady to
                          stand in front of her partner on the service
                          line when he is serving. She is then able to
                          cover the front more effectively – pic 4F.
                          When the lady is serving the man can stand
                          the same as in doubles – behind the server in
    Picture 4F            the middle of the court.                                                 Picture 4G



    Receiving for the lady is the same positioning for doubles, but when the man
    is receiving the lady can stand just behind or along side him so that both
    players aren’t standing at the front of the court and they are ready to
    cover the entire court – pic 4G. Players must always have their knees bent
    and ready to move

6                             Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer
                        OVERHEAD SHOTS
                                                CLEAR
    The clear is one of 4 overhead strokes played with the forehand
    grip – the others are the smash, drop and the snap. The aim is
    to produce these shots in the same way so that the opponent
    cannot pick which shot is going to be played until the last split
    second.
    The action for the overhead can be broken down to 4 easy steps
    and is almost exactly the same as the throwing action, eg
    throwing a ball from the outfield in cricket.
    This action is natural for some players. It’s very useful with
    beginners to practise the throwing action using the shuttle.

       1. Stand side on to the net, with elbows and upper arm parallel to the ground,
          racket head above the head. Right-handers will have their left shoulder
          pointing towards the net. This position is important to produce the power
          of the shot – pic 5A
       2. Bring the elbow through high and close to the head, at the same time
          thrusting the hip forward – pic 5B & 5C
       3. Reach up high with the racket to make contact with the shuttle, making
          sure they make contact in front of the head. Swing hard, making the
          shuttle go to the back of the court – pic 5C
       4. Follow through with the racket and step forward – pic 5D




           Picture 5A              Picture 5B                       Picture 5C           Picture 5D


        FOOTWORK for this shot:
        Chasse from base into position, then jump off the racket leg as the shuttle is
        hit. Land on the non-racket leg and move forward towards the base.

        TRAINING IDEAS
.       To practise this shot – the feeder can high serve to the player so they can
        practise this shot in a controlled situation. You can progress to continuous
        hitting and then racket feeding after the players are confident.
                        Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer                7
                                           DROP SHOT
    The aim of the drop shot is to bring the opponent in close to the net so they have
    to lunge down low to retrieve the shuttle.
    Use the same preparation steps as the clear but:
        • At the last split second, take the power out of the shot by slowing the arm
           action and by keeping the grip relaxed.
        • The contact point with the shuttle is slightly further forward than the clear,
           to make the angle of the shot in a down wards position.
        • The player should aim to land the drop approximately on the short service
           line, close to the net, so in a match the opponent would have to move a long
           way to the net to retrieve the shot.

    TRAINING IDEA
    This shot can be practised the same as a clear. Partner high serves to player or by
    racket feeding or continuous lifting from one person if it can be consistent enough
    to practise the shot

                                                SMASH
     The Smash is the most powerful and dynamic shot. It is an attacking shot that is
     used a lot to put the opponent under pressure and to win rallies.
        • Once again the preparation for the smash is the same for all overheads.
        • You should only attempt a smash when you can make contact with the shuttle
           in front of you, so the shuttle will go in a downward angle and with power to
           the ground and your body moving forward.
        • Side on preparation and bent knees are important to generate the power as is
           the elbow and hip coming through towards the net as seen in the sequence of
           photos below – pic 6
        • As you make contact with the shuttle you need to use your forearm and wrist
           to snap down to get the power and angle


                                                Picture 6




8                        Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer
                              NET SHOTS
The aim of a net shot is to play the shuttle as close as possible to the net
so that it is difficult to return. It is not so important to keep the shuttle
flat in its trajectory over the net – its more important for it to be close to
the net (tight)

   •   Stand facing the net with your racket leg forward, posture is slightly
       forward
   •   Racket is level with the top of the net (if possible) elbow bent,
       relaxed grip – pic 7A
   •   Use the fingers and wrist to initiate the striking movement – its
       important not to use your arm – pic 7B
   •   Racket face is slightly facing forward to the net
   •   Slice under the shuttle (using your fingers not arm for this action)
   •   For the backhand net shot the grip is changed but above actions are
       the same using your thumb and fingers for the action – pic 7C




         Picture 7A                               Picture 7B                           Picture 7C


 FOOTWORK for this shot
   • Its important to have practised this shot many times with adding
     the footwork
   • From the base – chasse forward then lunge with racket leg
     extended out towards the shuttle.
   • Practise one corner at a time, when the player has successfully
     completed one corner then move on to the next, then combine the
     two corners
   • Timing for the feeding is important

 TRAINING IDEA
 In pairs, feeder lobs (underarm) the shuttle gently
 over the net and the worker players a net shot.
 Practise one side at a time (forehand or backhand)
 and then add progressive footwork ie. Lunge first,
 adding more movement once the players have a
 chance to practise the shot.

                      Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer                9
                                              NET LIFT

 The net lift is played with either the forehand or the
 backhand and aims to land the shuttle in the tramlines at
 the back of the court.
    • The idea is to hit the shuttle as early as possible on
       your side of the net using as little swing as necessary
       to keep control of the shot – pic 8A
                                                                                           Picture 8A
    • The racket foot is forward and the weight transfers
       from the non-racket foot to the racket foot as the
       shot is played.
    • Using mainly your forearm with a small swing, hit the
       shuttle following through in the direction the shuttle
       is intended to travel – pic 8B
    • Don’t get too close to the shuttle or the shot will be
       too cramped and lacking in power.
                                                                                            Picture 8B

                                    TRAINING IDEA
                                    Same as net shots, with one player hand feeding and
                                    the other practising the shot, then change over.
                                    Feeding must be slow with time to recover from the
                                    previous shot.
                                    It’s important to practise the shots before adding the
                                    footwork to it.


                                      DEFENCE / BLOCK
     The basic technique for defence - this is used more in doubles
     and mixed doubles.
        • Backhand grip to be used with the racket head pointing at
           11 o’clock position (or 1’oclock for left handers) – pics 9A &
            9B
        •   Your body position is important – face the net with both
            your shoulders and feet square on to the net
                                                                                              Picture 9A
     The easiest and often the most effective way of returning at
     smash is to play a block just over the net. The idea is to take
     the pace off the smash and just block the shuttle so it lands
     inside the short service line and makes it very difficult for the
     opposition to keep attacking.
         • Important to have a very relaxed grip
         • A small movement of the racket is required – no arm
                                                                                              Picture 9B



10                        Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer
                                  DEFENCE cont

To defend by hitting the shuttle to the back of the court
   • Grips and stance as above
   • Knees bent and on your toes – as you hit the shuttle you
      will straighten your legs to get power and direction
   • For the shot you must lead with your elbow and flick your
      wrist through towards the shuttle – pic 9C
   • This action is short and fast – make sure you to hit high
      with your arm and follow through with your racket                                              Picture 9C



     TRAINING IDEA:
     In pairs, one hand feeding – overhead, throwing downwards (same angle as
     a smash) towards the other person. Feeder should stand close to the net.
     Timing and accuracy is important for the feeding.



                                              DRIVES
 A drive shot is a hard flat shot from half court to half court. This is a good shot
 for beginners to start with to practise contact with the shuttle.
 •   For the shot to be hit flat to the net the contact point for the
     racket and shuttle is about the same height as the top of the net
 •   Have the players in half court (one player v one player) stand with
     the body facing the net with the racket head up and facing in the
     direction they want the shuttle to go – pic 10A
 •   Ensure that only the forearm is used for this shot not the arm
 •   Use a loose grip so the racket easily can play this shot back and
     forth – pics 10D
 •   The aim is to make the shuttle go flat to the net so on contact
     with the shuttle the racket head needs to be flat and pointing                                   Picture 10A
     towards the other side of the net
 •   Progress then on to drives out the side of the body – pics 10B &
     10C hitting on the forehand and backhand sides




            Picture 10B Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer Picture 10D
                                                    Picture 10C                                                     11
                                        FOOTWORK
                                                      STANCE
      An effective stance will enable players to move quickly from the base (the
      central position of the court the player starts from and returns to between
      shots) in any direction. Players should be ready to move quickly.
      Important points to remember:

                         • Player should stand facing forward to the
                           net – pic 11A
                         • Feet should be at least a shoulders’ width
                           apart – pic 11B
                         • Racket foot slightly further forward
                         • Heels off the ground with knees bent
                         • Trunk leaning slightly forward
                         • Racket in front and parallel to the ground.                           Picture 11B




                                                   MOVEMENT
        Picture 11A



     At the beginner level of badminton it is not important to spend a lot of time to
     teach new players how to do proper footwork. However, there are a few
     important points that a player should be aware of.
        • Singles – the player must come back to the middle of the court (base)
           ready for the next shot – with the correct STANCE (see above)
        • The steps around the court are called chasse.
                                    FRONT OF COURT
        • To move to the front is simply – chasse from the base then a lunge
        • The lunge to the shuttle is to be with the racket foot (right foot for
           right-handers, left foot for lefthanders) – reach forward with the racket
        • Its important to keep your balance at all times
        • For the backhand – you also lunge with you with your hitting foot – pic 11D
        • To prevent injury, ensure when lunging that your knee is in line with your
           big toe and doesn’t go forward over your foot – if not this can cause knee
           problems. Always point your foot towards the shuttle, this also helps to
           be able to recover from the lunge




                  Picture 11C                                                     Picture 11D

12                              Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer
                                      BACK OF COURT
   •       Footwork to the back is also done with chasse steps, turning side on
           to hit the shuttle – pic 12A
   •       Round the head footwork (in the backhand corner) is completed with
           a rotation of the feet (pic 12B) to make it easier for the player to
           return to the middle of the court, landing on your non-hitting foot to
           push off back to the base – pic 12C
   •       Overhead in the forehand corner is usually with no rotation. Chasse
           from the base then jump out to the forehand corner (pic 12D) landing
           on your racket leg (pic 12E) then push back to the base




   Picture 12A             Picture 12B          Picture 12C            Picture 12D            Picture 12E


                             SIDE OF COURT
 To move to the side of the court to reach a smash or half court shot is
 the same movement/ footwork as to the front – fast small chasse and
 lunge.
    • Lead with your racket to move towards the shuttle with a large
        wide lunge - pic 12F
    • If lunging down for a smash keep your body low and balanced – pic
            12G
       •    Push your racket out towards the direction of the shuttle
       •    During the lunge point your foot towards where the shuttle is hit




             Picture 12F                                                             Picture 12G


Everybody is different and has different abilities – therefore some
footwork will be slightly different for players but the basics are the same.
With large groups it is possible to have many players on each court to
practise footwork.
                       Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer                       13
                FEEDING for shot practice
                             Good feeding is vital to quality of training

     •       TIMING – the shuttle must arrive at the right time for the player
     •       ACCURACY – the shuttle must go to the right spot
     •       CONSISTENCY – so that the players can concentrate on their task
     •       SPEED – of the shuttle is important and in between each shuttle.

                                                 Hand feeding
                                •    Stack the shuttles up on the non
                                     racket arm
                                •    Take the shuttle from the bottom of
                                     the stack – pic 13A
                                •    Throw underarm or overhead, with
                                     the cork facing the way the shuttle
                                     is intended to go – pic 13B
                                •    Try to throw the shuttle with
                                     accuracy and to create the shot
                                     practised. Eg underarm throw to the
                                                                                                   Picture 13B
                                     net to feed net shots and lifts,
                                     overhead feeding to practise a smash
               Picture 13A




                                               Racket feeding
         •   Stack the shuttles up on the non racket arm
         •   Take the shuttle from the bottom of the stack
         •   Take the shuttle with the thumb, forefinger and
             middle finger of the racket hand – pic 13C
         •   Drop, rather than throw the shuttle
         •   Use a short grip and a short swing with your racket
         •   Contact point high and slightly in front of the body
         •   Watch where the shuttle goes!! As you are taking the
             next shuttle
         •   Timing is important so the shot can be practised
                                                                                                 Picture 13C
             correctly




14                              Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer
FOR THE COACH or ORGANISER
                         PLANNING A SESSION
Plan the session as much as possible, taking into account the following:

   •   Facility (if outside – conditions, weather) Badminton can be taught
       outside, you just have to adapt the lesson and work with the conditions
   •   Equipment available (how many rackets, shuttles, nets) The more rackets
       the better but it is not important to have one racket per person as long
       as you keep sharing the equipment around, look after your equipment
       throughout the session.
   •   Group size - Ability of the group - Time for the session




   For beginner groups, school groups ensure that the session is fun
         and that everyone gets a turn at trying everything.

In each session or lesson try to include:
   •   A fun game related to badminton
   •   A skill or technique, depending on time – maybe 2-3
       skills maximum per session
   •   Always try for full participation of the group
   •   Set challenges for the players where possible –
       different levels of students can mean some cannot
       achieve the same results as the more advanced.
   •   Always offer positive feedback

   Where possible let the players play on the court – too much instruction
   can be too boring and players will lose interest.

   If you have a small group or one on one coaching, it’s important for the
   player(s) to be given a variety of skills to learn each session, so not to get
   bored. Sessions should vary depending on level and success of the player.
   Try to end each session with something fun so that your students will want
   to come back and try badminton again.

                  ALWAYS GIVE POSITIVE FEEDBACK!!!!
                    Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer   15
                                        EQUIPMENT
                                              RACKETS:

 Any racket can be used for beginner or school groups. The more rackets you have
 in a session the better – one per person is ideal but not necessary. Make sure the
 players take care of your equipment as badminton rackets can break easily. For
 small children there are also available shorter handled rackets to assist with
 hitting the shuttle. Lighter rackets are easier to use for all levels and tighter
 strings will help with the power.
                                                  NET:

 In some lessons or areas nets and posts will not be available.
 This isn’t a problem, many basic lessons and techniques can
 be done without nets. But you can compromise by using other
 materials eg. a rope across the whole area tied to the wall.


                                            SHUTTLES:

 There are two types of shuttles – plastic and feather

 The plastic shuttle is heavier, flies differently but lasts a lot
 longer than the feather, ideal for school groups, outside use and
 beginners. Can also be used for training sessions if feather
 shuttles are hard to come by or conditions are better suited.
                     The feather shuttle is used for most official tournaments.
                     It is much lighter and players are able to hit a wider range
                     of shots but the feathers break easily and the shuttle wont
                     last as long as the plastic.



                     WARM UP / WARM DOWN
 It is important that students / players are aware the
 need to warm up and warm down, however in most cases
 they are not going to be playing a high level competition in
 your session so a quick warm up is adequate. Some classes
 spend the first 15mins warming up in a 45-minute class.


                        You can use a fun game as the warm up. Keep it simple and
                        fun. Include something new (eg a new stretch) in each
                        lesson in the warm up or warm down so they learn the
                        exercises.



16                     Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer
                            FUN GAMES
    It is important to include fun games into sessions when possible.
    There are many different games that coaches and teachers use. If
    possible try to make the game badminton related and always change the
    game in each session unless all participants request it.

    Where you have many students but only one court then badminton related
    games are always good. Be sure to be clear in the instruction and keep in
    mind safety of the players and equipment.

•    Races - using 1 racket and shuttle per person

•    Group / team relays - with many rackets and
     given different challenges for each race

•    Round the world (round the house) players line
     up at one end of the court, hit one shot and
     run to the back of the line – this game can be
     played with a coach at the other end or in
     teams against each other

•    Rob the nest – 4 teams (each team on a corner of a half of a court, with
     shuttles in a circle in the middle of the 4 teams. Players are given a
     number in their team. When the number is called they must pick up a
     shuttle and take it back to their corner. They can steal from another
     team when a team has 3 in their corner they win. One shuttle at a time,
     Lunge to pick up the shuttle.

•    King of the court – many shuttles needed. A team on each side of the
     net. The idea of this game is for the players to throw as many shuttles
     over the net – one at a time, until time is called. Winning team has the
     least shuttles left. This game is used to practice the throwing
     technique, which is used for all overhead shots.

                            GAMES MUST BE FUN!!!!!




                    Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer   17
               COURT PLAYING AREAS
     This page shows you the areas for a player to serve into and playing areas for a
     game in singles and doubles. Something easy to help you remember for playing
     areas - Singles court is long and skinny, the doubles area is wide and fat.

     SINGLES COURT

                                                                           Server Stands in area

                                                                           The serve must land in area

                                                                            Area of play after service



                                                                                   DOUBLES COURT




     SINGLES COURT


                                                                     In Singles
                                                                     •      During the rally the outside
                                                                            tramlines are out
                                                                     •      At all times – if the shuttle
                                                                            hits on the line in the shaded
                                                                            area it is called in


                                                                                      DOUBLES COURT


 In Doubles
 •     During the rally the whole
       court is in
 •     At all times – if the shuttle
       hits on the line in the shaded
       area it is called in




18                        Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer
                     SCORING A GAME
Since January 2006 World Badminton Federation changed the scoring system so now
points are scored after all rallies. Games are played to 21 with advantage of 2 and
breaks are only at 11 or 21. Below is a basic explanation for the new scoring system.
For further details see www.internationalbadminton.org

             SIMPLIFIED NEW RALLY POINTS SCORING SYSTEM
Scoring System
   • A match consists of the best of 3 games of 21 points.
   • The side winning a rally adds a point to its score.
   • At 20 all, the side which gains a 2 point lead first, wins that game.
   • At 29 all, the side scoring the 30th point, wins that game.
   • The side winning a game serves first in the next game.

Intervals and Change of Ends
   • When the leading score reaches 11 points, players have a 60 second interval.
   • A 2-minute interval between each game is allowed.
   • In the third game, players change ends when a side scores 11 points.

Singles
   • At the beginning of the game and when the score is even, the server serves
      from the right service court. When it is odd, the server serves from the left
      service court.
   • If the server wins a rally, the server scores a point and then serves again from
      alternate service court.
   • If the receiver wins a rally, the receiver scores a point and becomes the new
      server.

Doubles
  • There is only one serve in doubles.
  • At the beginning of the game and when the score is even, the server serves
      from the right court. When it is odd, the server serves from the left court.
  • If the serving side wins a rally, the serving side scores a point and the same
      server serves again from the alternate service court.
  • If the receiving side wins a rally, the receiving side scores a point. The
      receiving side becomes the new serving side.
  • The player of the receiving side who served last stays in the same service court
      from where he served last. The reverse pattern applies to the receiver’s
      partner
  • The players do not change their respective service courts until they win a point
      when their side is serving.
  • If players commit an error in the service court, the error is corrected when the
      mistake is discovered

                       Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer   19
                        TOURNAMENTS
     There are many different ways to set up a tournament at your club or school –
     depending on numbers of entrants, time and courts available. Below is an
     example of an empty draw sheet for a maximum amount of 16 players.
     For more information and exact details on seed placement and byes go to the
     www.internationalbadminton.org


                                  KNOCKOUT DRAW

               EVENT NAME

                  Round 1     Quarterfinals        Semi finals           Final          Winner

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16




20                     Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer
                                       ROUND ROBIN DRAW
Another option for a tournament is to have a round robin draw format. This
again will depend on time and player numbers. Below are two examples of this
format – diagram 1 with 6 players and the winners of each group playing off in
the final – diagram 2 with 11 players, then including a semi final.
   • You can decide to play a full game or for time (eg 10mins) then you add all
       the scores for that person.
   • The options are endless but this format is more for local tournaments or
       fun tournaments.
   • International events must be played in accordance with the WBF
       regulations – see page 22 for details
   • Ensure you separate the top players in your tournament so they are
       spread around the groups, this will help for an even tournament.


   Group A
       1       2       3
                                                                   Diagram 1
   1                           Winner Group A
   2
   3
                                                  Winner
  Group B
       1       2       3
   1
   2                           Winner Group B
   3



   Group A
           1       2       3       4
   1                                   Winner Group A                                           Diagram 2
   2
   3
   4

  Group B                                                                Winner
           1       2       3
   1
   2                                    Winner Group B
   3
                                                             Winner
  Group C
           1       2       3       4
   1
   2                                   Winner Group C
   3
   4



                               Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer               21
                                     UMPIRE SHEET

     With the scoring system changing so have the official umpire sheets – below is
     a copy of the new umpire sheet. If you need more information on how to use
     this umpire sheet contact BOCTOC at Badminton Oceania.




For further general information on tournament regulations and laws of badminton go to
                 the link below at the World Badminton Federation

                  http://www.internationalbadminton.org/statues.asp




22                     Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer
        THE BADMINTON COURT




Note:    (1)   Diagonal length of full court = 14.723m
         (2)   Court as shown above can be used for both singles and doubles play




               Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer       23
     Badminton Oceania Confederation
                 15/8 Techno Park Drive
                   Williamstown 3016
                         Victoria
                        Australia

               www.oceaniabadminton.org
                 ph. +61 3 93974722




24     Created by Lynne Scutt – Badminton Oceania Development Officer

								
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